جوشوا 17

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1 وكانت القرعة لسبط منسّى. لانه هو بكر يوسف. لماكير بكر منسّى ابي جلعاد لانه كان رجل حرب وكانت جلعاد وباشان له.

2 وكانت لبني منسّى الباقين حسب عشائرهم. لبني ابيعزر ولبني حالق ولبني اسريئيل ولبني شكم ولبني حافر ولبني شميداع هؤلاء هم بنو منسّى بن يوسف الذكور حسب عشائرهم.

3 واما صلفحاد بن حافر بن جلعاد بن ماكير بن منسّى فلم يكن له بنون بل بنات. وهذه اسماء بناته محلة ونوعة وحجلة وملكة وترصة.

4 فتقدمن امام العازار الكاهن وامام يشوع بن نون وامام الرؤساء وقلن. الرب أمر موسى ان يعطينا نصيبا بين اخوتنا. فاعطاهنّ حسب قول الرب نصيبا بين اخوة ابيهنّ.

5 فاصاب منسّى عشر حصص ما عدا ارض جلعاد وباشان التي في عبر الاردن.

6 لان بنات منسّى اخذن نصيبا بين بنيه وكانت ارض جلعاد لبني منسّى الباقين.

7 وكان تخم منسّى من اشير الى المكمتة التي مقابل شكيم وامتد التخم نحو اليمين الى سكان عين تفوح.

8 كان لمنسّى ارض تفوح. واما تفوح الى تخم منسّى هي لبني افرايم.

9 ونزل التخم الى وادي قانة جنوبي الوادي. هذه مدن افرايم بين مدن منسّى. وتخم منسّى شمالي الوادي وكانت مخارجه عند البحر.

10 من الجنوب لافرايم ومن الشمال لمنسّى وكان البحر تخمه. ووصل الى اشير شمالا والى يساكر نحو الشروق.

11 وكان لمنسّى في يساكر وفي اشير بيت شان وقراها ويبلعام وقراها وسكان دور وقراها وسكان عين دور وقراها وسكان تعنك وقراها وسكان مجدّو وقراها المرتفعات الثلاث.

12 ولم يقدر بنو منسّى ان يملكوا هذه المدن فعزم الكنعانيون على السكن في تلك الارض.

13 وكان لما تشدد بنو اسرائيل انهم جعلوا الكنعانيين تحت الجزية ولم يطردوهم طردا

14 وكلم بنو يوسف يشوع قائلين. لماذا اعطيتني قرعة واحدة وحصّة واحدة نصيبا وانا شعب عظيم لانه الى الآن قد باركني الرب.

15 فقال لهم يشوع ان كنت شعبا عظيما فاصعد الى الوعر واقطع لنفسك هناك في ارض الفرزّيين والرفائيين. اذا ضاق عليك جبل افرايم.

16 فقال بنو يوسف لا يكفينا الجبل. ولجميع الكنعانيين الساكنين في ارض الوادي مركبات حديد. للذين في بيت شان وقراها وللذين في وادي يزرعيل.

17 فكلم يشوع بيت يوسف افرايم ومنسّى قائلا. انت شعب عظيم ولك قوة عظيمة لا تكون لك قرعة واحدة.

18 بل يكون لك الجبل لانه وعر فتقطعه وتكون لك مخارجه. فتطرد الكنعانيين لان لهم مركبات حديد لانهم اشداء

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 17      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 17: The tribe of Manasseh receives the western half of its territory.

The previous chapter (Joshua 16) dealt with the territory given to Ephraim, Manasseh’s younger brother; this one covers the western half of Manasseh (the other half tribe of Manasseh was bound to live across the Jordan).

Interestingly, this chapter mentions many people by name, instead of only describing locations as we’ve seen before. Verses 1 and 2 list all seven of Manasseh’s sons and their families. Then verse 3 mentions Zelophehad, the great-grandson of Manasseh, who had had five daughters, but no sons. When Zelophehad died on the journey through the wilderness, his daughters came to Joshua to claim the inheritance Moses had promised them (see Numbers 27). So, both the sons and daughters of Manasseh’s family received land.

After the area given to Manasseh was outlined, the people of Ephraim and Manasseh came to Joshua and complained that they deserved more land, because of their important standing among the tribes of Israel (verse 14). They claimed that they had been specially blessed, and should receive much more.

Joshua told them that if they were such a great people, they should go to the forest country and seize land from the Perrizites and the giants living there. The people were not pleased, and told Joshua that the Canaanites who still roamed there were strong, and had chariots of iron. Even so, Joshua told them again to cut down the wood and use it, because they would eventually be able to drive out the Canaanites.

The spiritual meaning of this story is all about the relationship between good and truth. Again, there are many names to indicate the geography of the area of “West Manasseh”, and the meaning of these names very often links in with the spiritual meaning of the tribe. Beyond that, the specific area in Canaan given to a tribe is spiritually important. Ephraim and Manasseh are right in the middle of the land because they stand for truth and good, for truth leading to good, for good coming from truth.

The story about Zelophehad’s five daughters also relates to the place of truth and good. This is because sons stand for truths, often for truths which fight for us during our temptations, while daughters stand for the good in our spiritual life which bears ‘children’ (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 8993 [3,4]).

Verses 5 and 6 describe this union of good and truth very beautifully: “Ten portions were given to Manasseh because the daughters of Manasseh received an inheritance among his sons; and the rest of Manasseh’s sons had the land of Gilead.” It is worth noting here that the spiritual meaning of the number ‘ten’ has to do with wholeness, and also ‘remains,’ or memories, which the Lord imparts to us when we are very young (Arcana Caelestia 4638).

When the people of Ephraim and Manasseh complained to Joshua, it is much like us wanting our spiritual life to be easy. We want it to be something given to us, and not something which we will need to work on and even fight for in ourselves.

Finally, the meaning of using wooden chariots to fight the Canaanites means to fight from our love of what is good. This is because wood corresponds to good, since it is alive and has grown. ‘Iron’ here stands for the harshness of truth without any good, which appears invincible, but in reality is weaker than the power of goodness and love (Arcana Caelestia 426[3]).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalypse Revealed 349


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 1574, 3708, 3858, 3862, 9338


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 431, 440

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