جوشوا 14

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Arabic: Smith & Van Dyke         

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1 فهذه هي التي امتلكها بنو اسرائيل في ارض كنعان التي ملكهم اياها العازار الكاهن ويشوع بن نون ورؤساء آباء اسباط بني اسرائيل.

2 نصيبهم بالقرعة كما امر الرب عن يد موسى للتسعة الاسباط ونصف السبط.

3 لان موسى اعطى نصيب السبطين ونصف السبط في عبر الاردن. واما اللاويون فلم يعطهم نصيبا في وسطهم.

4 لان بني يوسف كانوا سبطين منسّى وافرايم. ولم يعطوا اللاويين قسما في الارض الا مدنا للسكن ومسارحها لمواشيهم ومقتناهم.

5 كما امر الرب موسى هكذا فعل بنو اسرائيل وقسموا الارض.

6 فتقدم بنو يهوذا الى يشوع في الجلجال وقال له كالب بن يفنّة القنزي. انت تعلم الكلام الذي كلم به الرب موسى رجل الله من جهتي ومن جهتك في قادش برنيع.

7 كنت ابن اربعين سنة حين ارسلني موسى عبد الرب من قادش برنيع لاتجسّس الارض. فرجعت اليه بكلام عما في قلبي.

8 واما اخوتي الذين صعدوا معي فاذابوا قلب الشعب. واما انا فاتبعت تماما الرب الهي.

9 فحلف موسى في ذلك اليوم قائلا ان الارض التي وطئتها رجلك لك تكون نصيبا ولاولادك الى الابد لانك اتبعت الرب الهي تماما.

10 والآن فها قد استحياني الرب كما تكلم هذه الخمس والاربعين سنة من حين كلم الرب موسى بهذا الكلام حين سار اسرائيل في القفر. والآن فها انا اليوم ابن خمس وثمانين سنة.

11 فلم ازل اليوم متشددا كما في يوم ارسلني موسى. كما كانت قوتي حينئذ هكذا قوتي الآن للحرب وللخروج وللدخول.

12 فالآن اعطني هذا الجبل الذي تكلم عنه الرب في ذلك اليوم. لانك انت سمعت في ذلك اليوم ان العناقيين هناك والمدن عظيمة محصّنة. لعل الرب معي فاطردهم كما تكلم الرب.

13 فباركه يشوع واعطى حبرون لكالب بن يفنّة ملكا.

14 لذلك صارت حبرون لكالب بن يفنّة القنزي ملكا الى هذا اليوم لانه اتبع تماما الرب اله اسرائيل.

15 واسم حبرون قبلا قرية اربع الرجل الاعظم في العناقيين. واستراحت الارض من الحرب

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 14      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 14: The territories west of the Jordan, and Caleb’s inheritance.

This chapter tells how the land of Canaan would be distributed among the remaining nine-and-a-half tribes, which would be determined by drawing lots. The tribe of Levi, the priests of Israel, would not receive their own territory, but would be given cities to live in across the land. The tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh, the sons of Joseph, were each recognized as a tribe of Israel to make the number of tribes receiving land equal twelve. Caleb and his people received Mount Hebron as a special inheritance, because he had fully and whole-heartedly followed the Lord God of Israel many years ago.

Casting lots was used in those days to decide many things, because people believed that the outcome showed the will of God. Lots were often sticks or stones, each marked with a symbol, which would be cast much like rolling dice. Then the result would be examined to make a decision. The spiritual meaning of casting lots is that we should allow the Lord to show us what is required, and believe that His providence extends over everything in our lives (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 10773). “The lot is cast into the lap, but its every decision is from the Lord” (Proverbs 16:33).

The tribe of Levi, the third of the twelve sons of Jacob, had been set apart from the other tribes during their time in the wilderness; when the war cry “Who is on the Lord’s side?” was given before a battle, it was only the tribe of Levi who had responded. They were appointed as the priests of Israel for this dedication to God. Here, now, we are told that they are to live throughout the land (Arcana Caelestia 6998).

On a spiritual level, the Levites stand for the Lord’s presence throughout the whole of our life. Another way of putting this is that our spirit (and our life) is there throughout the whole of our body. And a third way of seeing this is that every part of our life should be guided by our love for the Lord. Other references to the Levites mention that all the people of Israel are to provide food and gifts for the Levites, reinforcing this same idea.

Caleb gets special treatment; he is given Mount Hebron as a new home for his people. Caleb and Joshua had been sent with 10 other men to spy out the land of Canaan 40 years earlier. They had given it a good report, and had - unsuccessfully - urged the Children of Israel to follow the Lord's leading and conquer the land at that time. Now, Caleb reminds Joshua about the Lord’s words to Moses regarding them, and Moses’ promise to give Caleb an inheritance. At the age of eighty-five, Caleb was still as strong as when spied out the land. He tells Joshua: “Now therefore, give me this mountain and the Lord will be with me to drive out the enemy” (Joshua 14:12). And it is given to him with a blessing from Joshua.

Mount Hebron is in the territory of Judah, west of the Dead Sea and south of what is now Jerusalem. Its name means ‘bound by a common bond’ or ‘accord’. Its spiritual meaning is that it brings diversity into unity, many into one, and for us, harmony in our spiritual life (Arcana Caelestia 3241[2]).

Caleb’s name means ‘bold, fearless, ferocious to enemies’. For us, Caleb is a picture of sureness and determination that to follow the Lord will always lead to success. Caleb never led Israel, but he acts as a right-hand-man to Joshua. Even though Joshua was the one to lead the children of Israel, there is still the need in each of us for Caleb’s enthusiasm, conviction and assurance to move forward with full confidence. His strength never left him, because he felt and lived the strength which the Lord gave him (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 137[5]).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 9338


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 1616, 2909, 3862

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