يشوع 10

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1 فلما سمع ادوني صادق ملك اورشليم ان يشوع قد اخذ عاي وحرّمها كما فعل باريحا وملكها فعل بعاي وملكها وان سكان جبعون قد صالحوا اسرائيل وكانوا في وسطهم

2 خاف جدا لان جبعون مدينة عظيمة كاحدى المدن الملكية وهي اعظم من عاي وكل رجالها جبابرة.

3 فارسل ادوني صادق ملك اورشليم الى هوهام ملك حبرون وفرآم ملك يرموت ويافيع ملك لخيش ودبير ملك عجلون يقول

4 اصعدوا اليّ واعينوني فنضرب جبعون لانها صالحت يشوع وبني اسرائيل.

5 فاجتمع ملوك الاموريين الخمسة ملك اورشليم وملك حبرون وملك يرموت وملك لخيش وملك عجلون وصعدوا هم وكل جيوشهم ونزلوا على جبعون وحاربوها.

6 فارسل اهل جبعون الى يشوع الى المحلّة في الجلجال يقولون لا ترخ يديك عن عبيدك. اصعد الينا عاجلا وخلصنا واعنّا لانه قد اجتمع علينا جميع ملوك الاموريين الساكنين في الجبل.

7 فصعد يشوع من الجلجال هو وجميع رجال الحرب معه وكل جبابرة البأس

8 فقال الرب ليشوع لا تخفهم لاني بيدك قد اسلمتهم. لا يقف رجل منهم بوجهك.

9 فأتى اليهم يشوع بغتة. صعد الليل كله من الجلجال.

10 فازعجهم الرب امام اسرائيل وضربهم ضربة عظيمة في جبعون وطردهم في طريق عقبة بيت حورون وضربهم الى عزيقة والى مقيدة.

11 وبينما هم هاربون من امام اسرائيل وهم في منحدر بيت حورون رماهم الرب بحجارة عظيمة من السماء الى عزيقة فماتوا. والذين ماتوا بحجارة البرد هم اكثر من الذين قتلهم بنو اسرائيل بالسيف

12 حينئذ كلم يشوع الرب يوم اسلم الرب الاموريين امام بني اسرائيل وقال امام عيون اسرائيل يا شمس دومي على جبعون ويا قمر على وادي ايلون.

13 فدامت الشمس ووقف القمر حتى انتقم الشعب من اعدائه. أليس هذا مكتوبا في سفر ياشر. فوقفت الشمس في كبد السماء ولم تعجل للغروب نحو يوم كامل.

14 ولم يكن مثل ذلك اليوم قبله ولا بعده سمع فيه الرب صوت انسان. لان الرب حارب عن اسرائيل

15 ثم رجع يشوع وجميع اسرائيل معه الى المحلّة في الجلجال.

16 فهرب اولئك الخمسة الملوك واختبأوا في مغارة في مقيدة.

17 فأخبر يشوع وقيل له قد وجد الملوك الخمسة مختبئين في مغارة في مقيدة.

18 فقال يشوع دحرجوا حجارة عظيمة على فم المغارة واقيموا عليها رجالا لاجل حفظهم.

19 واما انتم فلا تقفوا بل اسعوا وراء اعدائكم واضربوا مؤخرهم. لا تدعوهم يدخلون مدنهم لان الرب الهكم قد اسلمهم بيدكم.

20 ولما انتهى يشوع وبنو اسرائيل من ضربهم ضربة عظيمة جدا حتى فنوا والشرد الذين شردوا منهم دخلوا المدن المحصّنة

21 رجع جميع الشعب الى المحلّة الى يشوع في مقيدة بسلام. لم يسن احد لسانه على بني اسرائيل.

22 فقال يشوع افتحوا فم المغارة واخرجوا اليّ هؤلاء الخمسة الملوك من المغارة.

23 ففعلوا كذلك واخرجوا اليه اولئك الملوك الخمسة من المغارة ملك اورشليم وملك حبرون وملك يرموت وملك لخيش وملك عجلون.

24 وكان لما اخرجوا اولئك الملوك الى يشوع ان يشوع دعا كل رجال اسرائيل وقال لقواد رجال الحرب الذين ساروا معه تقدموا وضعوا ارجلكم على اعناق هؤلاء الملوك. فتقدموا ووضعوا ارجلهم على اعناقهم.

25 فقال لهم يشوع لا تخافوا ولا ترتعبوا. تشددوا وتشجعوا. لانه هكذا يفعل الرب بجميع اعدائكم الذين تحاربونهم.

26 وضربهم يشوع بعد ذلك وقتلهم وعلقهم على خمس خشب وبقوا معلقين على الخشب حتى المساء.

27 وكان عند غروب الشمس ان يشوع امر فانزلوهم عن الخشب وطرحوهم في المغارة التي اختبأوا فيها ووضعوا حجارة كبيرة على فم المغارة حتى الى هذا اليوم عينه

28 واخذ يشوع مقيدة في ذلك اليوم وضربها بحد السيف وحرّم ملكها هو وكل نفس بها. لم يبق شاردا. وفعل بملك مقيدة كما فعل بملك اريحا.

29 ثم اجتاز يشوع من مقيدة وكل اسرائيل معه الى لبنة وحارب لبنة.

30 فدفعها الرب هي ايضا بيد اسرائيل مع ملكها فضربها بحد السيف وكل نفس بها. لم يبق بها شاردا وفعل بملكها كما فعل بملك اريحا.

31 ثم اجتاز يشوع وكل اسرائيل معه من لبنة الى لخيش ونزل عليها وحاربها.

32 فدفع الرب لخيش بيد اسرائيل فاخذها في اليوم الثاني وضربها بحد السيف وكل نفس بها حسب كل ما فعل بلبنة.

33 حينئذ صعد هورام ملك جازر لاعانة لخيش وضربه يشوع مع شعبه حتى لم يبق له شاردا

34 ثم اجتاز يشوع وكل اسرائيل معه من لخيش الى عجلون فنزلوا عليها وحاربوها

35 وأخذوها في ذلك اليوم وضربوها بحد السيف وحرّم كل نفس بها في ذلك اليوم حسب كل ما فعل بلخيش.

36 ثم صعد يشوع وجميع اسرائيل معه من عجلون الى حبرون وحاربوها

37 وأخذوها وضربوها بحد السيف مع ملكها وكل مدنها وكل نفس بها. لم يبق شاردا حسب كل ما فعل بعجلون فحرّمها وكل نفس بها

38 ثم رجع يشوع وكل اسرائيل معه الى دبير وحاربها.

39 وأخذها مع ملكها وكل مدنها وضربوها بحد السيف وحرّموا كل نفس بها. لم يبق شاردا. كما فعل بحبرون كذلك فعل بدبير وملكها وكما فعل بلبنة وملكها

40 فضرب يشوع كل ارض الجبل والجنوب والسهل والسفوح وكل ملوكها. لم يبق شاردا بل حرّم كل نسمة كما امر الرب اله اسرائيل.

41 فضربهم يشوع من قادش برنيع الى غزة وجميع ارض جوشن الى جبعون.

42 واخذ يشوع جميع اولئك الملوك وارضهم دفعة واحدة لان الرب اله اسرائيل حارب عن اسرائيل

43 ثم رجع يشوع وجميع اسرائيل معه الى المحلّة الى الجلجال

  

Exploring the Meaning of يشوع 10      

Joshua 10: The five kings and how the sun stood still.

After hearing that Gibeon - a sizeable city - had made a peace treaty with Israel, the king of Jerusalem called on four other Canaanite kings to join him in attacking Gibeon. The Gibeonites asked Joshua to remember his promise to keep them safe, and Israel did so, coming to their defense. A great battle ensued at Gilgal. With the Lord’s help, the Israelites defeated the five Canaanite kings. As the Canaanites were fleeing, the Lord sent large hailstones raining down on them, killing more soldiers than had died in the battle. Then, Joshua asked the Lord to make the sun stand still until the enemy was defeated, and it stopped moving across the sky for one whole day.

The defeated kings fled, and hid in a cave at Makkeda. Joshua commanded his men to roll stones over the cave entrance, and to attack the rest of their fleeing enemies. After returning to the cave, Joshua’s men brought the kings out of hiding and stood on their necks, to demonstrate that the Lord would vanquish all of Israel’s enemies. Joshua hanged them, put them back in the cave, and once again sealed the entrance with stones. The rest of the chapter chronicles Israel’s defeat of many other Canaanite cities and kings.

This story shows us that life is amazingly connected and full of consequences. Spiritual life has its share of unforeseen consequences too. When we affirm our wish to follow the Lord, evil spirits will try to fill our minds with distressing thoughts to pull us away from Him. Sometimes this can lead us to rise up and resist our decision to follow the Lord (See Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 1683).

The part of the chapter about the sun standing still represents our need to remain focused on the Lord during our struggles with temptation and regeneration. The Lord is our sun, and normally our awareness of the Lord rises and sets. This brings times when we feel the Lord’s presence strongly, and also times when we feel it is up to us to act as we wish. This is our normal rhythm, and it is right for us to have this cycle.

When we are involved in a spiritual crisis, we need to ensure that our mind’s focus stays with the Lord until we have made it through. This is like our sense of the Lord’s presence standing still ‘for a day’ in our mind’s sky, so that we will not lose our direction. This enabled Joshua and Israel to be victorious, just as it will with us (See Swedenborg’s work, Divine Love and Wisdom 105).

When the Lord sent hailstones - frozen water - on the Canaanites, it represents the way in which false ideas from evil intentions backfire on the attacker of good, because evil is notoriously self-destructive. One lie leads to more another, until the wrongdoer is exposed and judged (See Swedenborg’s Heaven and Hell 457).

The cave of Makkedah, where the five kings hid, also holds spiritual significance because of its name, which means ‘the excellent place of shepherds.’ Shepherding represents the Lord’s care for us and our care for each other. Evil may hide behind a semblance of good but it can’t last. Joshua and his men later brought the kings out of the cave and hanged them, signifying that all true life comes from the Lord and His goodness, and He will bring an end to every evil and false way (Divine Love and Wisdom 363).

Israel’s subsequent conquest of other Canaanite cities depicts the follow-through that takes place after an important point in our regeneration: a decision, a refusal, an admission, a prayer to God. This results in a period of witnessing the Lord’s blessings, which naturally follow once we have affirmed our intention to be with the Lord in our life. The chapter ends, “All these kings Joshua took at one time because the Lord God fought for Israel.”

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 10      

Joshua 10: The five kings and how the sun stood still.

After hearing that Gibeon - a sizeable city - had made a peace treaty with Israel, the king of Jerusalem called on four other Canaanite kings to join him in attacking Gibeon. The Gibeonites asked Joshua to remember his promise to keep them safe, and Israel did so, coming to their defense. A great battle ensued at Gilgal. With the Lord’s help, the Israelites defeated the five Canaanite kings. As the Canaanites were fleeing, the Lord sent large hailstones raining down on them, killing more soldiers than had died in the battle. Then, Joshua asked the Lord to make the sun stand still until the enemy was defeated, and it stopped moving across the sky for one whole day.

The defeated kings fled, and hid in a cave at Makkeda. Joshua commanded his men to roll stones over the cave entrance, and to attack the rest of their fleeing enemies. After returning to the cave, Joshua’s men brought the kings out of hiding and stood on their necks, to demonstrate that the Lord would vanquish all of Israel’s enemies. Joshua hanged them, put them back in the cave, and once again sealed the entrance with stones. The rest of the chapter chronicles Israel’s defeat of many other Canaanite cities and kings.

This story shows us that life is amazingly connected and full of consequences. Spiritual life has its share of unforeseen consequences too. When we affirm our wish to follow the Lord, evil spirits will try to fill our minds with distressing thoughts to pull us away from Him. Sometimes this can lead us to rise up and resist our decision to follow the Lord (See Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 1683).

The part of the chapter about the sun standing still represents our need to remain focused on the Lord during our struggles with temptation and regeneration. The Lord is our sun, and normally our awareness of the Lord rises and sets. This brings times when we feel the Lord’s presence strongly, and also times when we feel it is up to us to act as we wish. This is our normal rhythm, and it is right for us to have this cycle.

When we are involved in a spiritual crisis, we need to ensure that our mind’s focus stays with the Lord until we have made it through. This is like our sense of the Lord’s presence standing still ‘for a day’ in our mind’s sky, so that we will not lose our direction. This enabled Joshua and Israel to be victorious, just as it will with us (See Swedenborg’s work, Divine Love and Wisdom 105).

When the Lord sent hailstones - frozen water - on the Canaanites, it represents the way in which false ideas from evil intentions backfire on the attacker of good, because evil is notoriously self-destructive. One lie leads to more another, until the wrongdoer is exposed and judged (See Swedenborg’s Heaven and Hell 457).

The cave of Makkedah, where the five kings hid, also holds spiritual significance because of its name, which means ‘the excellent place of shepherds.’ Shepherding represents the Lord’s care for us and our care for each other. Evil may hide behind a semblance of good but it can’t last. Joshua and his men later brought the kings out of the cave and hanged them, signifying that all true life comes from the Lord and His goodness, and He will bring an end to every evil and false way (Divine Love and Wisdom 363).

Israel’s subsequent conquest of other Canaanite cities depicts the follow-through that takes place after an important point in our regeneration: a decision, a refusal, an admission, a prayer to God. This results in a period of witnessing the Lord’s blessings, which naturally follow once we have affirmed our intention to be with the Lord in our life. The chapter ends, “All these kings Joshua took at one time because the Lord God fought for Israel.”

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1616, 2799, 2909, 5156, 7553

Apocalypse Revealed 11, 53, 399

Doctrine of the Sacred Scripture 103

True Christian Religion 265, 279


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 401, 503, 655

De Verbo (The Word) 15

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خروج 9:22, 25, 11:7, 14:14, 25, 23:32, 33

عدد 13:17

تثنية 1:19, 2:23, 25, 34, 3:2, 7:19, 23, 20:1, 4, 21:23

يشوع 1:5, 6, 9, 8:3, 23, 29, 9:2, 3, 6, 8, 21, 24, 10:14, 15, 42, 43, 11:6, 7, 8, 12, 22, 12:8, 10, 12, 13, 15, 16, 15:35, 39, 19:42, 21:13, 15, 21, 24, 23:3

قضاة 4:14, 15, 16, 5:20, 6:16, 8:21

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١ ملوك 20:13, 21

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مزامير 18:13, 41, 68:13, 149:7

اشعيا 28:21, 30:30

ارميا 48:10

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رؤيا 21

Významy biblických slov

سمع
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

ملك
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

يشوع
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

جبعون
sun standing still upon Gibeon signifies total vastation of the church.

مدينة
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jeremiah 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

المدن
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jeremiah 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

الجلجال
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

اجتمع
A congregation is a group of people with common loves, interests, and purposes. It often refers to a church group. In the Word it is...

الرب
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

رجل
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

طريق
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

البرد
Hail signifies false ideas that destroy good and truth. Hail signifies the false ideas that come from evil in our exterior natural selves. 'Hail of...

كلم
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

يوم
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

عيون
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

شمس
The 'sun' signifies celestial and spiritual love. The 'sun' in the Word, when referring to the Lord, signifies His divine love and wisdom. Because the...

وادي
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

ايلون
The valley of Ajalon has respect to faith: by the sun standing still upon Gibeon, and the moon in the valley of Ajalon (Joshua 10:12)...

القمر
'The moon' signifies the Lord in reference to faith, and thus faith in the Lord. 'The moon' signifies spiritual good or truth. 'The moon' signifies...

انتقم
'To be avenged seventy and seven fold' denotes damnation.

اليوم
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

صوت
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الملوك
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

فم
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

بعد
According to Swedenborg, time and space don’t exist in spiritual reality; they are purely natural things that exist only on the physical plane. This means...

خشب
In general, plants in the Bible represent facts, thoughts and ideas – intellectual things. This makes sense: Plants are rooted in place, but can grow...

المساء
Since the light and warmth of the sun represent the Lord’s wisdom and love, it makes sense that evening, a time when the light and...

غزة
Gaza (or Azzah) signifies things revealed concerning charity.

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 Compare Joshua with Jesus
Complete a chart comparing Joshua and Jesus. Who were theys fighting? Where did they go? How did they show courage?
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Israel's Battle with the Kings Review Questions
Read Joshua 10 to complete sentences about the story. Cloze activity.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Joshua's Battle at Gibeon, Conquering and Dividing the Land
Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 The Sun Stands Still
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14


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