Haggai 2

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1 In the seventh [month], in the one and twentieth [day] of the month, came the word of Jehovah by Haggai the prophet, saying,

2 Speak now to Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and to Joshua the son of Jehozadak, the high priest, and to the remnant of the people, saying,

3 Who is left among you that saw this house in its former glory? and how do ye see it now? is it not in your eyes as nothing?

4 Yet now be strong, O Zerubbabel, saith Jehovah; and be strong, O Joshua, son of Jehozadak, the high priest; and be strong, all ye people of the land, saith Jehovah, and work: for I am with you, saith Jehovah of hosts,

5 [according to] the word that I covenanted with you when ye came out of Egypt, and my Spirit abode among you: fear ye not.

6 For thus saith Jehovah of hosts: Yet once, it is a little while, and I will shake the heavens, and the earth, and the sea, and the dry land;

7 and I will shake all nations; and the precious things of all nations shall come; and I will fill this house with glory, saith Jehovah of hosts.

8 The silver is mine, and the gold is mine, saith Jehovah of hosts.

9 The latter glory of this house shall be greater than the former, saith Jehovah of hosts; and in this place will I give peace, saith Jehovah of hosts.

10 In the four and twentieth [day] of the ninth [month], in the second year of Darius, came the word of Jehovah by Haggai the prophet, saying,

11 Thus saith Jehovah of hosts: Ask now the priests concerning the law, saying,

12 If one bear holy flesh in the skirt of his garment, and with his skirt do touch bread, or pottage, or wine, or oil, or any food, shall it become holy? And the priests answered and said, No.

13 Then said Haggai, If one that is unclean by reason of a dead body touch any of these, shall it be unclean? And the priests answered and said, It shall be unclean.

14 Then answered Haggai and said, So is this people, and so is this nation before me, saith Jehovah; and so is every work of their hands; and that which they offer there is unclean.

15 And now, I pray you, consider from this day and backward, before a stone was laid upon a stone in the temple of Jehovah.

16 Through all that time, when one came to a heap of twenty [measures], there were but ten; when one came to the winevat to draw out fifty [vessels], there were but twenty.

17 I smote you with blasting and with mildew and with hail in all the work of your hands; yet ye [turned] not to me, saith Jehovah.

18 Consider, I pray you, from this day and backward, from the four and twentieth day of the ninth [month], since the day that the foundation of Jehovah's temple was laid, consider it.

19 Is the seed yet in the barn? yea, the vine, and the fig-tree, and the pomegranate, and the olive-tree have not brought forth; from this day will I bless [you].

20 And the word of Jehovah came the second time unto Haggai in the four and twentieth [day] of the month, saying,

21 Speak to Zerubbabel, governor of Judah, saying, I will shake the heavens and the earth;

22 and I will overthrow the throne of kingdoms; and I will destroy the strength of the kingdoms of the nations; and I will overthrow the chariots, and those that ride in them; and the horses and their riders shall come down, every one by the sword of his brother.

23 In that day, saith Jehovah of hosts, will I take thee, O Zerubbabel, my servant, the son of Shealtiel, saith Jehovah, and will make thee as a signet; for I have chosen thee, saith Jehovah of hosts.

  

Exploring the Meaning of Haggai 2      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff

In Chapter 2, Haggai comes a second time to Zerubbabel and Joshua, saying,

"Who is left among you that saw this house in her first glory? and how do ye see it now? is it not in your eyes in comparison of it as nothing?"

In verses 4-5 he encourages the people to be strong and persevere and in verses 6-9, he promises a great change coming. The Lord will bring about this change because an external church, a church that is just performing rituals, is of no use.

Only a church that leads people to do well in their lives, and in in their thoughts, because that is what the Lord says, is of any use. Once this truth has been falsified, or made “unclean” there is not much left of the church (verses 10-14).

Although there are abundant truths in the Word, in a church that is only external they are not found, because there is no use for them. In spite of the peoples' hardships, no one has bothered to question what they might be doing wrong.

From verse 18 Haggai’s prophecy becomes triumphant. "The seed is yet in the barn and the fig tree and the vine will come." The promise in verse 6 is repeated, "I will shake the heavens and the earth, and the sea and the dry land", i.e. He will overthrow all those who follow their own doctrine and their own false ideas.

The Lord will bring another church that is not the reconstructed ancient church or its representation, but a church built from a new knowledge of the Lord, and a new set of people. This, though not soon, will be the coming of the Lord himself. Zerubbabel is used to represent this as a shining signet, because, though governor, he was not of the Jewish people.

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Haggai 2      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff

In Chapter 2, Haggai comes a second time to Zerubbabel and Joshua, saying,

"Who is left among you that saw this house in her first glory? and how do ye see it now? is it not in your eyes in comparison of it as nothing?"

In verses 4-5 he encourages the people to be strong and persevere and in verses 6-9, he promises a great change coming. The Lord will bring about this change because an external church, a church that is just performing rituals, is of no use.

Only a church that leads people to do well in their lives, and in in their thoughts, because that is what the Lord says, is of any use. Once this truth has been falsified, or made “unclean” there is not much left of the church (verses 10-14).

Although there are abundant truths in the Word, in a church that is only external they are not found, because there is no use for them. In spite of the peoples' hardships, no one has bothered to question what they might be doing wrong.

From verse 18 Haggai’s prophecy becomes triumphant. "The seed is yet in the barn and the fig tree and the vine will come." The promise in verse 6 is repeated, "I will shake the heavens and the earth, and the sea and the dry land", i.e. He will overthrow all those who follow their own doctrine and their own false ideas.

The Lord will bring another church that is not the reconstructed ancient church or its representation, but a church built from a new knowledge of the Lord, and a new set of people. This, though not soon, will be the coming of the Lord himself. Zerubbabel is used to represent this as a shining signet, because, though governor, he was not of the Jewish people.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 232


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 28, 1551, 2252, 3780, 3813, 4759, 5321, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 191, 298, 306, 331, 437, 694, 913

Heaven and Hell 287

True Christian Religion 727


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 79, 220, 242, 253, 355, 365, 400, ...

The White Horse - Appendix 1

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 58

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Malachi 2:7

Matthew 6:33, 24:29

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2 Timothy 1:7

Hebrews 12:26

Významy biblických slov

month
'A month' has respect to the state of truth in a person. 'A month' signifies a full state. Month,' as in Genesis 29, signifies the...

one
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

twentieth
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything, or fullness, because it is ten twice. In Genesis 18:31, 'twenty', like all numbers occurring in the...

the Word
In general, we tend to be very aware of how knowing what's true leads to doing what is good. That starts as children, with parents...

word
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

jehovah
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

prophet
The idea of a "prophet" is very closely tied to the idea of the Bible itself, since the Bible was largely written by prophets. At...

speak
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

Zerubbabel
Zerubbabel, mentioned in Zech. 4, represents the Lord.

son
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

governor
'Officers' signify principles of what is false and evil.

judah
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

joshua
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

high
'Height' signifies what is inward, and also heaven.

saw
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

house
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

see
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

eyes
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

saith
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

land
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

hosts
A host and an army come from the same Hebrew word and mean the same thing in Bible; when the Children of Israel were numbered...

egypt
'Mizraim' signifies the same thing as Egypt.

fear
The fearful signify people who have no faith.

shake
'To tremble,' as in Jeremiah 10:10, relates to the church when falsities are believed and called truths.

heavens
"Air" in the Bible represents thought, but in a very general way – more like our capacity to perceive ideas and the way we tend...

earth
Land' in the Word, denotes the church, for the things which signify the church also signify the things relating to the church, for these constitute...

sea
'The sea and the waves roaring' means heresy and controversies in the church and individual.

nations
'A nation,' as in Genesis 21:18, signifies the spiritual church which should receive the good of faith. Nation from afar,' as in Jeremiah 5:17, signifies...

come
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

fill
There are two ways something can be filled: It can be filled with something bad against the wishes of its owner, or it can be...

silver
'Money' relates to truth.

gold
'Money' relates to truth.

greater
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

place
'A room' or 'place' denotes state.

give
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

peace
In ordinary life, we tend to think of "peace" as essentially "a lack of conflict." As a nation, if we're not at war, it's a...

four
The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...

second
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

priests
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

bear
Like many verbs, the spiritual meaning of "bearing" something depends greatly on context – what it is that's being borne, and why. It is further...

holy
The Bible describes many things as being holy, or sacred. The Ark of the Covenant is one very holy object. The inmost chamber of the...

flesh
Flesh has several meanings just in its most obvious form. It can mean all living creatures as when the Lord talks about the flood "destroying...

garment
It is said, in Deuteronomy 22:11, "Thou shalt not wear a garment of diverse sorts; as of woolen and linen together…”. This means that the...

touch
Imagine having your mother touch your cheek. Then imagine having your spouse or someone you love romantically touch your cheek. Then imagine having a baby...

bread
Just as natural food feeds the natural body, so spiritual food feeds the spiritual body. And since our spiritual body is the expression of what...

Wine
Wine played a key role in the ancient world, where safe, reliable water sources were scarce. It could be stored for long periods of time;...

oil
Oil – typically olive oil – was an extremely important product in Biblical times, for food preparation, medicinal ointment and for burning in lamps. As...

food
To give food, as in Genesis 41:48, signifies to store up.

answered
To "answer" generally indicates a state of spiritual receptivity. Ultimately this means being receptive to the Lord, who is constantly trying to pour true ideas...

said
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

unclean
'Pollution' denotes the truth of faith defiled.

people
The Bible generally uses two different terms for large groups: “people” and “nations.” When it uses “nation,” it is talking about a group with the...

nation
The Bible generally uses two different terms for large groups: “people” and “nations.” When it uses “nation,” it is talking about a group with the...

before
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

work
'Works,' as in Genesis 46:33, denote goods, because they are from the will, and anything from the will is either good or evil, but anything...

hands
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

day
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

stone
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

the temple
'Solomon's temple' represents heaven and the church.

temple
'A temple' represents heaven and the church. The sacred place where the ark was, represents the inmost, or third heaven, and the church among people...

Temple of Jehovah
The interior heavens are the temple of Jehovah.

came
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

twenty
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything, or fullness, because it is ten twice. In Genesis 18:31, 'twenty', like all numbers occurring in the...

measures
The Bible uses a somewhat dizzying array of unfamiliar measurement, leaving translators a choice between being accurate and confusing or inaccurate and clear. Since they...

ten
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

fifty
God rested on the seventh day of creation. That represents a state of holiness and tranquility that was preserved in the form of the sabbath....

smote
'The smitten' signify people who are oppressed by the falsities of ignorance.

blasting
Blasting and mildew (Amos 4:9) signifies evil and falsity in the ex­tremes, or from the sensual corporeal principle.

Mildew
'Mildew' signifies being unreceptive of the good of love and faith.

hail
Hail signifies false ideas that destroy good and truth. Hail signifies the false ideas that come from evil in our exterior natural selves. 'Hail of...

turned
Swedenborg says that the Lord is the sun of heaven, and like the natural sun of our world shines on everyone, good or evil. What...

day of
'Day of vengeance' signifies a state of damnation.

foundation
A foundation signifies truth on which heaven and the church, and its doctrines are founded.

jehovah's
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

seed
'A seed' signifies love, and everyone who has love, as in Genesis 12:7. 8:15, 16. 'A seed' signifies faith grounded in charity. 'A seed' signifies...

fig
The Writings tell us that the fig tree represents the "natural human," which is our outward life in the world, and the thoughts and feelings...

tree
'Trees,' in general, signify the perceptions when discussing the celestial self, but when related to the spiritual church, they signify knowledges. A person in the...

pomegranate
'Pomegranates,' as in Exodus 28:34, signify the scientific ideas of good and truth, which are doctrinal matters from the Word in the memory, which is...

olive
'An olive,' as in Isaiah 17:6, signifies celestial remains. 'An olive' signifies love and charity, because 'the olive tree' signifies the celestial church, and so...

bless
The Lord is perfect love expressed as perfect wisdom. He created us so that He could love us, could give us love and wisdom of...

throne
'The Lord's throne' signifies, in general, the whole heaven, and specifically, the spiritual heaven, and by extension, divine truth proceeding, and so, everything of heaven...

ride
'To ride' signifies being elevated regarding the intellectual part of the mind. To ride upon a cherub,' as in Psalm 18:9, 10, denotes the Lord’s...

horses
'A horse' signifies knowledges or understanding of the Word. In an opposite sense it signifies the understanding of the Word falsified by reasonings, and likewise...

Come down
To come down (Gen. 11:5), is predicated of Jehovah, by reason of his being called the Highest. This is spoken according to appearance.

down
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

sword
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

brother
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

servant
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

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