'Sons of the stranger' signify counterfeit truths, or falsities. 'Our sons' signify the doctrines of truth, and 'our daughters,' the doctrines of good, as in...
'Noah,' as in Genesis 5:29, signifies the ancient church, or the parent of the three churches after the flood.
'Shem' can be understood to be internal worship, 'Japheth' is the corresponding external worship, 'Ham' is internal worship corrupted, and 'Canaan' is external worship separate...
In a general sense, being "born" in the Bible represents one spiritual state producing another, usually some form of love or affection producing or "giving...
Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.
Sons of Japheth
In Genesis 10, the people called 'the sons of Japheth,' were those who kept external worship corresponding with internal, or lived in simplicity, friendship, and...
‘Gomer’ denotes those who are in outward worship.
'Magog' signifies people in external natural worship.
'Madai,' as in Isaiah 21:1, signifies the external church, or external worship in which is the internal. See Genesis 10:2, where 'Madai' is called 'the...
'Tarshish, Pul, Lud, Tubal, and Javan,' as in Isaiah 66:19, signify varieties of external worship.
'Tiras,' as in Genesis 10:2, was one of the nations practicing external worship corresponding with internal. These nations, in an internal sense, signify several doctrines,...
'Riphath,' in Genesis 10:3, was one of several nations which had an external form of worship, and signifies several doctrinal matters, which respected ritual observances...
'Togarmah,' as in Ezekiel 27:14, signifies people in internal worship.
Sons of Javan
'Sons of Zion' and 'Javan,' as in Zechariah 9:13, signify the internal and external truths of the Word. The Apocalypse Explained 724. In Arcana Coelestia...
Elishah, Tarshish, Kitthin, and Dodanium (Gen. 10:4) signify so many several doctrinals respecting ritual observances, and derived from external worship prevailing with Javan.
Islands' signify the natural mind, or the natural human, regarding truths and falsities. People who are steeped in the internal sense of the Word, such...
'Nations' signify people who are in the good of love and charity from the Lord. Two nations in the womb,' as in Genesis 25:23, signify...
Families (Gen 8:19) signify goodnesses and truths arranged in man by the Lord, according to order. Families have respect to truths. (Nahum 3:4)
Sons of Ham
In Genesis 10, the people called 'the sons of Ham,' had a corrupt internal worship.
'Mizraim' signifies the same thing as Egypt.
'To put' has reference to order, arrangement, application, and influx.
Canaan signifies a worship in things external without internals, which arose out of the internal church corrupted, called Ham. Thus it is that Ham is...
'Sheba, Havilah, Sabthah, Regmah, and Sabthecha,' the sons of Cush, as in Genesis 10:7, were several nations which were did not have internal worship, but...
From Arcana Coelestia 1168: 'The sons of Raamah,' as in Genesis 10:7, signify the knowledges of celestial things. From Arcana Coelestia 1171: That by "the...
Dedan (Gen. 10) signifies the knowledges of celestial things of an inferior order, such as consist in ritual observances. Dedan, in Jer. 49:8 signifies rituals...
To beget or to be begotten is very similar in meaning to birth: It represents one spiritual state leading to the next spiritual state. "Beget,"...
'Nimrod,' as in Genesis 10, signifies people who make internal worship external by depending upon external worship alone.
Mighty,' as in Revelation 19:18, signify people who are educated about doctrine derived from the Word. By extension, 'mighty' signifies education or learning derived from...
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.
A help-meet for him,' or 'a help as before him,' as mentioned in Genesis 2:18, signifies proprium, or what is one's own. However, whereas the...
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...
In the Word, "beginning" doesn't just mean the beginning of something in time. In the inner sense, it means the initial phase of a spiritual...
Babylon was an ancient city built on the Euphrates river in what is now southern Iraq. It once was the capital of a great empire...
'The land of Shinar,' as in Genesis 10:10, signifies external worship, which has profane internal.
wrought (also entwined or entwisted) is predicated of the natural scientific principle, and in Isaiah 45:13, of divine natural truth.
'Nineveh' signifies the falsities of doctrinal matters, also the Gentiles, or the falsities originating in the fallacies of the senses, in the obscurity of an...
'Rehoboth,' as in Genesis 10:11, signifies false doctrines coming from the illusions of the senses, or ignorance, with a predominating desire for innovation or superiority.
Calah (Gen. 10:12) signifies falsity derived from evil lusts.
'Resen, between Nineveh and Calah,' as in Genesis 10:12, signifies false doctrinal matters of life, originating in the specific falsities signified by 'Nineveh' and 'Calah.'
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.
'Lydians,' as in Jeremiah 46:8, signify fact based rituals.
'Lehabim' signify the rituals of external worship, from a merely scientific perspective.
'Naphtuhim' signify external rituals of worship.
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...
'Sons of Canaan,' as in Genesis 10, are people who kept external worship separate from internal.
First-born, in a supreme sense, represents the Lord as to divine celestial love, and also those respectively who were of the celestial church. First-born: Inasmuch...
The daughters of Heth, as mentioned in Genesis 27:46, signify the affections of truth from a ground that is not genuine. Here they are the...
The Hivites' represent those who were in idolatry, but in which there was something of good.
A 'Hamathite' signifies variety of idolatry.
A 'hem,' 'skirt,' or 'border' signifies the extremes, or the natural principle.
In the physical world, the places we inhabit and the distances between them are physical realities, and we have to get our physical bodies through...
Gerar, as in Genesis 10:19, signifies those things which are revealed concerning faith.
Gaza (or Azzah) signifies things revealed concerning charity.
'Sodom' signifies the evil of self-love, and 'Gomorrah,' the falsity derived from it.
Lasha' signifies falsities and evils in which knowledges terminate.
'The tongue,' as an organ, signifies doctrine, but as speech, or language, it signifies religion. 'Tongue' signifies perception of truth with respect to speech, and...
Father, son, mother, and daughter, as in Luke 12:51, 53: By father against son, and by son against the father, is understood evil against truth,...
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....
In general, things that are “elder” in the Bible represent spiritual states that come before others. For example, of the two sisters Jacob married, Leah...
An elder brother (Gen. 10:21) signifies the internal church.
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.
Sons of Shem
'Sons of Shem,' as in Genesis 10, signify internal people who worship the Lord, love their neighbor, and whose church was similar to the true...
Elam, mentioned in Isaiah 21:1, signifies faith originating in charity, consequently, the internal church. Elam, in Jeremiah 49:34, (Jer. 49:34), signifies the falsification of doctrine....
'Syria,' as in Ezekiel 27:16, signifies the church regarding knowledges of truth and good.
'Uz, Hul, Gether and Mash,' as in Genesis 10:23, signify several kinds of knowledges derived from the knowledges of good, and anything pertaining those knowledges....
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...
'Peleg,' as in Genesis 10:25, signifies the internal worship of the ancient church called Eber. Peleg,' as in Genesis 11:16, being mentioned as the son...
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...
Joktan,' as in Genesis 10:25, signifies the external worship in the church called Eber.
Almodad (Genesis 10:26) was a ritual of the ancient church amongst the posterity of Eber.
'Sheleph,' as in Genesis 10:26, is a ritual of the worship of the church called Eber.
'Hazarmaveth,' as mentioned in Genesis 10:26, signifies a ritual of the worship of the church called Eber.
'Jerah,' in Genesis 10:27, is a ritual of the church called 'Eber.'
Hadoram, as mentioned in Genesis 27, signifies a ritual of the church called 'Eber.'
'Usal,' as in Genesis 10:27, signifies a ritual of the church called Eber.
Diklah, mentioned in Genesis 10:27, signifies a ritual of the church called Eber.
'Obal,' as in Genesis 10:28, signifies a ritual of the church called Eber.
Abimael (Gen 10:28), represents the ritual of the church called Eber.
'Ophir,' as in Genesis 10:28, signifies a ritual of the church called 'Eber.' Gold of Ophir,' as in Isaiah 8:13 and Psalm 45, signifies spiritual...
Habitation, as mentioned in Genesis 27:39, signifies life. The habitation of holiness signifies the celestial kingdom. The habitation of honorableness signifies the spiritual kingdom, as...
'Sephar,' as in Genesis 10:30, signifies good.
'Hills' signify the good of charity.