1 Samuel 3

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1 And the child Samuel ministered unto Jehovah before Eli. And the word of Jehovah was precious in those days; there was no frequent vision.

2 And it came to pass at that time, when Eli was laid down in his place (now his eyes had begun to wax dim, so that he could not see),

3 and the lamp of God was not yet gone out, and Samuel was laid down [to sleep], in the temple of Jehovah, where the ark of God was;

4 that Jehovah called Samuel; and he said, Here am I.

5 And he ran unto Eli, and said, Here am I; for thou calledst me. And he said, I called not; lie down again. And he went and lay down.

6 And Jehovah called yet again, Samuel. And Samuel arose and went to Eli, and said, Here am I; for thou calledst me. And he answered, I called not, my son; lie down again.

7 Now Samuel did not yet know Jehovah, neither was the word of Jehovah yet revealed unto him.

8 And Jehovah called Samuel again the third time. And he arose and went to Eli, and said, Here am I; for thou calledst me. And Eli perceived that Jehovah had called the child.

9 Therefore Eli said unto Samuel, Go, lie down: and it shall be, if he call thee, that thou shalt say, Speak, Jehovah; for thy servant heareth. So Samuel went and lay down in his place.

10 And Jehovah came, and stood, and called as at other times, Samuel, Samuel. Then Samuel said, Speak; for thy servant heareth.

11 And Jehovah said to Samuel, Behold, I will do a thing in Israel, at which both the ears of every one that heareth it shall tingle.

12 In that day I will perform against Eli all that I have spoken concerning his house, from the beginning even unto the end.

13 For I have told him that I will judge his house for ever, for the iniquity which he knew, because his sons did bring a curse upon themselves, and he restrained them not.

14 And therefore I have sworn unto the house of Eli, that the iniquity of Eli's house shall not be expiated with sacrifice nor offering for ever.

15 And Samuel lay until the morning, and opened the doors of the house of Jehovah. And Samuel feared to show Eli the vision.

16 Then Eli called Samuel, and said, Samuel, my son. And he said, Here am I.

17 And he said, What is the thing that [Jehovah] hath spoken unto thee? I pray thee, hide it not from me: God do so to thee, and more also, if thou hide anything from me of all the things that he spake unto thee.

18 And Samuel told him every whit, and hid nothing from him. And he said, It is Jehovah: let him do what seemeth him good.

19 And Samuel grew, and Jehovah was with him, and did let none of his words fall to the ground.

20 And all Israel from Dan even to Beer-sheba knew that Samuel was established to be a prophet of Jehovah.

21 And Jehovah appeared again in Shiloh; for Jehovah revealed himself to Samuel in Shiloh by the word of Jehovah.

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Exploring the Meaning of 1_Samuel 3      

Chapter 3 features the beautiful story of the “Call of Samuel”. The story begins when young Samuel hears a voice calling to him in the night, as he lies down to sleep. Thinking that it must be Eli calling, Samuel runs to Eli, who is now old and blind, to ask what he wants. Eli says that he didn't call, and tells Samuel to return to bed. This happens two more times, and each time Samuel hears the voice calling, he goes to Eli. On the third occasion, Eli realizes that it must be the Lord's voice that Samuel is hearing. Eli then instructs him to respond to the voice with the words, “Speak, Lord, for your servant hears.” When the Lord calls him again, this is how Samuel responds.

God’s words to Samuel are clear. Because Eli’s sons had done things that were vile, and Eli had not restrained them, no amount of sacrifice could spare them from the consequences. In the morning, Eli begs Samuel to share what the Lord said to him. After Samuel shares God’s message, Eli accepts that the Lord would do to him and his family as He saw fit.

Samuel is called by the Lord three times before he realizes the nature of the voice, and answers. This is an example of the numeric symbolism found throughout Scripture. In this story, the number three represents a form of Divine completeness. Therefore when Samuel is called three times, it represents the completion of a personal process, resulting in a new ability to receive God’s message (see Apocalypse Revealed 505).

Swedenborg’s writings explain that to “hear” represents to perceive, to learn and come to understand. When Samuel hears and replies to the Lord, he is demonstrating that he is willing to listen to and understand God. For us, it's a similar thing. We may not hear the voice of God calling in the night, but we can make space in our lives to try to tune in to his message, in the Word, and in good, wise people who we can learn from.

The expression “to hear” can also signify to obey, and in this story we can see Samuel accepting his role as prophet, i.e. to understand and obey God. So, too, we can recognize His message and begin to live a life of faithful obedience (see Apocalypse Explained 14).

The literal story seems to suggest that the Lord would punish Eli and his sons for the wrongs they had done. However, the truth as shared in Swedenborgian teachings is that the Lord never destroys, or is even angry. Instead, evil distances a person from His protection and therefore leaves them vulnerable to the destruction that comes from the evil itself (see Arcana Coelestia 588).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2723, 2788, 4495

Apocalypse Revealed 505

Doctrine of the Sacred Scripture 29

True Christian Religion 211


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 532

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesis 22:1, 11, 27:1, 39:2, 3

Exodus 27:20, 21

Numbers 12:6, 15:30, 31, 23:17, 19

Deuteronomy 18:21, 22, 29:10

Joshua 5:14, 21:45

Judges 10:15, 20:1

Ruth 1:17

1 Samuel 2:11, 21, 26, 31, 4:10, 11, 15, 17, 21, 22, 9:6, 15, 10:7, 19, 14:44, 16:18, 18:5, 12, 14, 20:13, 25:22

2 Samuel 3:9, 10:12

1 Kings 1:6

2 Kings 6:31, 10:10, 15:12, 21:12, 22:16

1 Chronicles 19:13

Psalms 74:9, 85:9

Isaiah 55:11

Jeremiah 19:3, 38:14

Ezekiel 33:33

Amos 2:11

John 1:31

Acts of the Apostles 13:20

1 Timothy 3:4, 5

Hebrews 1:1

Významy biblických slov

samuel
'Samuel' signifies the Word.

ministered
People in the Word who operate the details of charity are called 'ministers.'

jehovah
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

before
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

the Word
In general, we tend to be very aware of how knowing what's true leads to doing what is good. That starts as children, with parents...

word
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

days
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

vision
Vision is the innermost revelation, which is of perception. Visions are according to the state of humankind. The visions of people whose interiors are closed,...

To
‘To grow’ signifies to be perfected.

place
'A dry place,' as in Luke 11:24, signifies states of evil and falsity which are in the life of someone who does the work of...

eyes
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

see
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

lamp
The light of a lamp' signifies illumination from the Lord. A lamp,' as in Revelation 22, signifies natural light from self-derived intelligence. 'A lamp' signifies...

God
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

the temple
'Solomon's temple' represents heaven and the church.

temple
'The Tabernacle of God,' as in Revelation 21:3, signifies the celestial church. In a universal sense, it signifies the celestial kingdom of the Lord, and...

Temple of Jehovah
The interior heavens are the temple of Jehovah.

ark
There are three arks mentioned in the Word, the ark of Noah, the ark of bulrushes for the baby Moses, and the ark of the...

called
'To proclaim' signifies exploration from influx of the Lord.

said
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

lie down
To “lie down” in the Bible represents a state of spiritual serenity, a time when temptations are distant and we are not in spiritual conflict....

lay down
To “lie down” in the Bible represents a state of spiritual serenity, a time when temptations are distant and we are not in spiritual conflict....

son
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

know
In a general sense, men represent things of the intellect – facts, ideas, knowledge, everything from the deepest truths to the most pernicious falsities about...

third
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

go
In the physical world, the places we inhabit and the distances between them are physical realities, and we have to get our physical bodies through...

lie
When people lie or speak falsely in the Bible, It represents what Swedenborg calls "falsity of faith" and the resulting "evil of faith." This is...

call
To call someone or summon someone in the Bible represents a desire for conjunction between higher and lower states of life. For instance, imagine someone...

say
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

speak
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

servant
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

heareth
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

came
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

both
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

Every one
The phrase “Every one,” where it occurs in Genesis 20:7, signifies every thing or all things.

day
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

spoken
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

house
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

judge
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

ever
In many cases, the use of “eternity” in the Bible is pretty literal, simple meaning forever. This is especially true when the text is referring...

iniquity
Folly, iniquity, hypocrisy, and error, as in Isaiah 32:6: Folly has respect to the false, iniquity signifies evil, hypocrisy, the evils spoken against goods, and...

knew
In a general sense, men represent things of the intellect – facts, ideas, knowledge, everything from the deepest truths to the most pernicious falsities about...

sworn
The Lord swearing by himself signifies that divine truth testifies, for He is divine truth itself, and this testifies from itself and means itself. It...

offering
It was customary in the representative Ancient Church, and later in the Jewish Church, when people went to the judges, and at a later time,...

morning
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

opened
To open,' as in Revelation 9, signifies communication and conjunction.

doors
In a general sense, doors in the Bible represent the initial desires for good and concepts of truth that introduce people to new levels of...

feared
The fearful signify people who have no faith.

show
'Shew' signifies instruction to the life.

spake
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

good
It seems rather circular to say that “good” in the Bible represents good, but in a general sense it’s true! The case is this: The...

words
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

fall
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

ground
Is there any difference in meaning between “earth” and “ground”? At first it doesn’t seem so; both refer to the soil making up the land...

dan
The tribe of Dan (Jer. 8:16) signifies truth in its own ultimate degree of order, here truth in the church, which is contained in the...

prophet
The idea of a "prophet" is very closely tied to the idea of the Bible itself, since the Bible was largely written by prophets. At...

Shiloh
The word "Shiloh" means "peacemaker", or just "peace". Peace on earth was, and is, one of the Lord's main goals in being born into the...

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Backdrop and figures of Eli and Samuel to color and assemble into a diorama of the Lord calling Samuel.
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