Lamentations 4

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1 Alef. Ag, hoe is die goud verdonker, die goeie goud verander, die heilige stene weggegooi op die hoek van al die strate!

2 Bet. Die kinders van Sion, die kosbares, wat teen fyn goud geskat was, ag, hoe is hulle gereken soos erdekruike, die werk van pottebakkershande.

3 Gimel. Selfs jakkalse gee die speen, laat hulle kleintjies drink, maar die dogter van my volk het wreed geword soos die volstruise in die woestyn.

4 Dalet. Die tong van die suigling kleef aan sy verhemelte van dors, kindertjies vra brood, niemand breek dit vir hulle nie.

5 He. Hulle wat lekkernye geëet het, het versmag op die strate; die wat op purper gedra is, het die ashope omarm.

6 Wau. Want die ongeregtigheid van die dogter van my volk was groter as die sonde van Sodom wat soos in 'n oomblik omgekeer is, sonder dat iemand die hand daaraan geslaan het.

7 Sajin. Haar vorste was helderder as sneeu, witter as melk, rooier van liggaam as korale, hulle gestalte 'n saffier.

8 Get. Maar hulle voorkoms het donkerder as swartsel geword, hulle is nie herken op die strate nie; hulle vel kleef aan hul gebeente, dit het droog geword soos hout.

9 Tet. Die wat deur die swaard verslaan is, is gelukkiger as die wat deur die honger verslaan is, wat, deurboor, vergaan het uit gebrek aan veldvrugte.

10 Jod. Die hande van teerhartige vroue het hulle eie kinders gekook; dit het hulle voedsel geword in die verbreking van die dogter van my volk.

11 Kaf. Die HERE het sy grimmigheid laat uitwoed, sy toorngloed uitgegiet en in Sion 'n vuur aangesteek wat die fondamente daarvan verteer het.

12 Lamed. Hulle het dit nie geglo nie, die konings van die aarde en al die inwoners van die wêreld, dat 'n teëstander of 'n vyand in die poorte van Jerusalem sou kom nie.

13 Mem. Dit was oor die sondes van haar profete, die ongeregtighede van haar priesters wat daar binne-in die bloed van die regverdiges vergiet het.

14 Noen. Blind het hulle deur die strate gewaggel, met bloed bevlek, sodat 'n mens hulle klere nie kon aanraak nie.

15 Samek. Staan opsy, onrein! --het die mense hulle toegeroep. Staan opsy, staan opsy, moenie aanraak nie! As hulle vlug, ja waggel, is onder die heidene gesê: Hulle mag hier nie langer vertoef nie.

16 Pe. Die aangesig van die HERE het hulle verstrooi, Hy sal hulle verder nie meer met welgevalle aansien nie. Vir die persoon van die priesters het hulle geen agting gehad, aan die grysaards het hulle geen genade bewys nie.

17 Ajin. Nog altyddeur smag ons tevergeefs na hulp vir ons; op ons wagpos sien ons met verwagting uit na 'n nasie wat nie sal help nie.

18 Sade. Hulle het jag gemaak op ons voetstappe, sodat ons op ons pleine nie kon loop nie; ons einde het nader gekom, ons dae was vol, ja, ons einde het gekom.

19 Kof. Ons vervolgers was vinniger as die arende van die hemel, op die berge het hulle ons hewig agtervolg, in die woestyn het hulle ons voorgelê.

20 Resj. Die asem van ons neus, die gesalfde van die HERE, is in hulle kuile gevang, hy onder wie se skaduwee ons gedink het om te lewe onder die nasies.

21 Sjin. Verbly en verheug jou, dogter van Edom, wat in die land Us woon; ook na jou sal die beker kom, jy sal dronk word en jouself ontbloot.

22 Tau. Jou straf het sy einde bereik, dogter van Sion, Hy sal jou nie weer in ballingskap laat wegvoer nie. Hy besoek jou ongeregtigheid, dogter van Edom, Hy openbaar jou sondes.

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Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 122


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 96, 374, 382, 1073, 1234, 1460, 2336, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 47, 305, 312, 343, 379, 501, 502, ...

Sacred Scripture 87

True Christian Religion 252


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 79, 175, 183, 195, 196, 239, 240, ...

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 58

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 59

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Word/Phrase Explanations

goud
Gold means good, and just as gold was the most precious metal known to ancient mankind so it represents the good of the highest and...

goeie
It seems rather circular to say that “good” in the Bible represents good, but in a general sense it’s true! The case is this: The...

heilige
'Sanctuary' signifies the truth of heaven and the church. 'Sanctuary,' as in Ezekiel 24:21, signifies the Word.

strate
The phrase 'in the streets and synagogues' in Matthew 6:2, 5, and Luke 8:26-27, refers to a representative rite amongst the Jews to teach in...

kinders
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

werk
'Works,' as in Genesis 46:33, denote goods, because they are from the will, and anything from the will is either good or evil, but anything...

dogter
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

woestyn
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

tong
'The tongue,' as an organ, signifies doctrine, but as speech, or language, it signifies religion. 'Tongue' signifies perception of truth with respect to speech, and...

suigling
To 'suckle' denotes taking in good, because 'a nurse,' or 'one who suckles' signifies implanting good. To 'suckle,' as in Genesis 21:7, signifies implanting the...

kleef
On a natural level, "clinging" to someone clearly indicates a desire to be close to them and conjoined with them. It often has a negative...

brood
Just as natural food feeds the natural body, so spiritual food feeds the spiritual body. And since our spiritual body is the expression of what...

geëet
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

ongeregtigheid
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

Sodom
"Sodom" in the Bible represents the love of self and the love of ruling or dominating others springing from the love of self. This is...

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

sneeu
'Snow' signifies truth in extremes, because it is water, which signifies the truths of faith. It also relates to truth because it is white. 'Snow,'...

melk
Water represents true ideas about day-to-day life, and other drinks and liquids in general represent different forms of truth. Milk is a drink that contains...

vel
'Skin' corresponds to truth or to falsity in the extremes. 'The skin,' as relates to the grand human, means the natural self. There are spirits...

droog
In the Bible (and in life), the idea of withering is usually connected to plants, and plants generally wither if they don't get enough water....

hout
'Wood' signifies good, as well the good of love to the Lord as the good of charity towards our neighbor.

swaard
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

verslaan
'The slain' when referring to the Lord, as in Revelation 5, means the separation of everything from the divine. In denial of His divinity, He...

gebrek
'Want of spiritual nourishment,' denotes a lack of knowledge, intelligence, and wisdom.

vroue
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

eie
In many cases, the spiritual meaning of "own," both as a verb and as an adjective, is relatively literal. When people are described as the...

gekook
'To seethe' signifies destroying truths and goods by falsities.

HERE
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

vuur
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

fondamente
A foundation signifies truth on which heaven and the church, and its doctrines are founded.

konings
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

aarde
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

inwoners
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

wêreld
The term "world" has both general and more specific meanings in the Bible, including the relatively literal sense of the natural, physical world. In more...

vyand
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

Jerusalem
Jerusalem first comes to or attention in II Samuel, chapter 5 where King David takes it from the Jebusites and makes it his capital. In...

kom
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

profete
The idea of a "prophet" is very closely tied to the idea of the Bible itself, since the Bible was largely written by prophets. At...

priesters
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

bloed
Bloods signify evil, in Ezek. 16:9.

klere
'Vestments' signify truth, and in relation to the Lord, divine truth. 'Vesture' signifies truth clothing good, and when describing the Word, it signifies the Word...

aanraak
Imagine having your mother touch your cheek. Then imagine having your spouse or someone you love romantically touch your cheek. Then imagine having a baby...

onrein
'Pollution' denotes the truth of faith defiled.

heidene
'The time of the heathen,' as mentioned in Ezekiel 30:3, signifies the heathen, or wickedness.

gesê
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

ons
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...


It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

nasie
'Nations' signify people who are in the good of love and charity from the Lord. Two nations in the womb,' as in Genesis 25:23, signify...

jag
'To hunt' signifies in general 'persuading,' and in particular, 'to captivate and ensnare people's minds,' by flattering them in the pursuit of the things of...

nader
'Near,' in the Word, signifies presence and conjunction. 'To be near' signifies being on internal levels. Near,' as in Genesis 19:20, signifies truth bordering upon...

dae
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

arende
Eagle wings, referred to in Daniel 7:3, signify rational principles grounded in man's proprium.

hemel
Heavens are celestial and spiritual things. Consequently, they are inmost things, both of the Lord's kingdom in heaven the and in the earth. This also...

berge
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

agtervolg
'To pursue,' as in Genesis 14:16, signifies a state of purification, because 'to pursue enemies' is the expulsion of evils and falsities which were with...

asem
'Breath' is the life of the body corresponding to spiritual things, just like the motion of the heart is the life of the body corresponding...

neus
'A blast of the breath of the nostrils' signify the same thing as 'his anger and wrath.'

gevang
"Catching" is used in a variety of ways in the Bible, both positive and negative. Thieves get caught; the Egyptians caught up with the Children...

onder
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

skaduwee
'The shadow is good' of the oak, poplar and elm means complacence.

verbly
To make glad signifies influx and reception from joy of heart.

Edom
'Edom' or 'Idumea,' as in Isaiah 34:5, signifies those who are in evil and in falsities thence derived.

woon
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

straf
Punishment' is the consummation of evil, because after punishment, reformation succeeds. This is why it says in Deuteronomy 25:3, 'that no more than forty stripes...

besoek
The end time of the church and each individual, is called 'the visitation,' and precedes judgment. 'Visitation' is nothing but an exploration of the quality...


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