Regters 8

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1 Toe die manskappe van Efraim vir hom: Wat is dit wat u ons aangedoen het, dat u ons nie geroep het toe u weggetrek het om teen die Midianiete te veg nie? En hulle het heftig met hom getwis.

2 Maar hy vir hulle: Wat het ek nou gedoen in vergelyking met julle? Is die na-oes van Efraim nie beter as die wynoes van Abiëser nie?

3 God het die vorste van Mídian, Oreb en Seëb, in julle hand gegee, maar wat kon ek doen in vergelyking met julle? Toe bedaar hulle opgewondenheid teenoor hom nadat hy hierdie woord gespreek het.

4 En Gídeon het gekom by die Jordaan, en hy en die drie honderd man wat by hom was, het oorgetrek, moeg en besig om te agtervolg.

5 En hy aan die manne van Sukkot: Gee tog broodjies vir die manskappe wat op my voetspore volg, want hulle is moeg, en ek is besig om Seba en Sálmuna, die konings van die Midianiete, agterna te jaag.

6 Maar die vorste van Sukkot vra: Is die handpalm van Seba en van Sálmuna nou al in u hand, dat ons aan u leër brood moet gee?

7 Toe Gídeon: Daarom, as die HERE Seba en Sálmuna in my hand gee, sal ek julle vlees met woestyndorings en distels dors.

8 En daarvandaan het hy opgetrek na Pnuel en met hulle net so gespreek; maar die manne van Pnuel het hom geantwoord net soos die manne van Sukkot geantwoord het.

9 Daarop spreek hy ook met die mense van Pnuel en : As ek met vrede terugkom, sal ek hierdie toring omgooi.

10 Seba en Sálmuna was toe in Karkor, en hul leër by hulle, omtrent vyftien duisend, al wat oor was uit die hele leër van die kinders van die Ooste; maar die gesneuweldes was honderd en twintig duisend man wat die swaard kon uittrek.

11 En Gídeon het opgetrek met die pad van die tentbewoners, ten ooste van Nobag en Jógbeha, en hy het die leër verslaan terwyl die leër gerus was.

12 En Seba en Sálmuna het gevlug, maar hy het hulle agternagejaag en die twee konings van Mídian, Seba en Sálmuna, gevang nadat hy die hele leër uiteengejaag het.

13 En toe Gídeon, die seun van Joas, terugkom uit die geveg, van die nek Heres af,

14 vang hy 'n seun van die mense van Sukkot en vra hom uit; en dié het vir hom die vorste van Sukkot en sy oudstes opgeskrywe, sewe en sewentig man.

15 En toe hy by die mense van Sukkot kom, hy: Hier is Seba en Sálmuna oor wie julle my gesmaad het deur te : Is die handpalm van Seba en van Sálmuna nou al in u hand, dat ons aan u vermoeide manskappe brood moet gee?

16 Daarop neem hy die oudstes van die stad saam met die woestyndorings en die distels, en hy het die manne van Sukkot daarmee 'n les geleer.

17 En die toring van Pnuel het hy omgegooi en die manne van die stad gedood.

18 En hy het Seba en Sálmuna gevra: Wat vir manne was dit wat julle by Tabor gedood het? En hulle antwoord: Soos u, so was hulle: elkeen van gestalte koninklike seuns.

19 Daarop hy: Dit was my broers, seuns van my moeder. So waar as die HERE leef, as julle hulle laat leef het, sou ek julle nie doodmaak nie.

20 En hy aan Jeter, sy eersgeborene: Staan op, maak hulle dood! Maar die seun het sy swaard nie uitgetrek nie, omdat hy bang was; want hy was nog 'n seun.

21 Toe Seba en Sálmuna: Staan u self op en val op ons aan, want soos die man is, is sy krag. Gídeon het toe opgestaan en Seba en Sálmuna gedood, en die maantjies wat aan die nekke van hulle kamele was, het hy geneem.

22 Daarop die manne van Israel vir Gídeon: Heers oor ons, u sowel as u seun en u kleinseun, want u het ons verlos uit die hand van die Midianiete.

23 Maar Gídeon antwoord hulle: Ek wil nie oor julle heers nie, en ook my seun mag nie oor julle heers nie: die HERE sal oor julle heers.

24 Verder het Gídeon vir hulle gesê: Ek wil aan julle 'n versoek doen: Gee nou elkeen vir my die ring uit sy buit! Want hulle het goue ringe gedra, omdat hulle Ismaeliete was.

25 Toe hulle: Ons wil dit graag gee; en hulle het 'n mantel uitgesprei en elkeen 'n ring van sy buit daarop gegooi.

26 En die gewig van die goue ringe wat hy gevra het, was sewentien honderd sikkels goud, behalwe die maantjies en die oorversiersels en purper klere wat die konings van Mídian gedra het, en behalwe die kettings wat aan die nekke van hulle kamele was.

27 En Gídeon het daar 'n skouerkleed van gemaak en dit in sy stad, in Ofra, opgestel; en die hele Israel het dit daar agternagehoereer, en dit het vir Gídeon en sy huis 'n strik geword.

28 So moes die Midianiete dan buig voor die kinders van Israel, en hulle het hul hoof nie meer opgetel nie; en die land het in Gídeon se dae veertig jaar lank gerus.

29 En Jerúbbaäl, die seun van Joas, het in sy huis gaan woon.

30 En Gídeon het sewentig seuns gehad wat uit sy lende voortgekom het, want hy het baie vroue gehad.

31 En sy byvrou wat in Sigem was, het ook vir hom 'n seun gebaar, en hy het hom die naam Abiméleg gegee.

32 En Gídeon, die seun van Joas, het gesterf in goeie ouderdom en is begrawe in die graf van sy vader Joas, in Ofra van die Abiësriete.

33 Maar net toe Gídeon dood was, het die kinders van Israel weer die Baäls agternagehoereer en van Baäl-Berít vir hulle 'n god gemaak.

34 En die kinders van Israel het nie gedink aan die HERE hulle God wat hulle uit die hand van al hul vyande rondom gered het nie.

35 En hulle het geen guns bewys aan die huis van Jerúbbaäl, dit is Gídeon, vir al die goed wat hy aan Israel gedoen het nie.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 8      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 8: Gideon subdues the Midianites.

In this chapter, Gideon continued to dismantle Midian’s oppression over Israel, facing opposition from some of his fellow Israelites in the process. First, the men of Ephraim complained that he did not call them to war. Gideon replied by praising them for their vineyards, and for capturing the two Midianite princes. So, Ephraim’s indignation subsided.

Then Gideon went to the city of Succoth, and asked for bread to feed his army. But the men of Succoth refused, instead taunting him because he had not yet captured the kings of Midian. Gideon told them them he would punish them with thorns and briars, after he had killed the two kings. The people of Penuel were equally dismissive when Gideon asked them for help, and he swore to tear down their tower.

In due course, Gideon captured the two Midianite kings, Zebah and Zalmunna. Gideon told his oldest son to kill them, but he was young, and too afraid to do it. So Gideon killed the two kings, and punished the people of Succoth and Penuel.

When he returned from battle, the people of Israel asked Gideon to rule over them. However, he refused, saying that the Lord would rule Israel. He then collected gold from people’s earrings, used it to make an ephod (a priest’s garment), and set it up in his own city, Ophrah. The people began to worship it, and it became a snare for Gideon.

And Israel had peace for forty years under Gideon. Gideon had seventy sons, and died at an old age. As soon as he passed away, the Israelites forgot all the goodness that the Lord had shown them, and turned to worship other gods.

*****

The message of Gideon’s exchange with the Ephraimites is that sincerity and openness are the most powerful response to confrontation. Gideon, led by his trust in the Lord, could see the reason for Ephraim’s outburst, so he dealt with it by praising their strengths. This encounter shows how our faith in the Lord gives us a broader perspective, granting us the ability to respond rather than react (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 8159[3]).

When Gideon lashes out at the people of Succoth and Penuel, it may appear that he is acting purely from anger, and a wish to retaliate. In reality, he is filled with zeal to drive out the Midianites and free Israel. It is unthinkable to him that his own people would refuse to give his soldiers food. In our own lives, we can at times be astounded by our own resistance to serving the Lord’s purpose. We are constantly torn between two forces: heaven and hell (Arcana Caelestia 3839[3]).

The killing of the two Midianite kings reflects the need for justice in spiritual matters. If we fail to heed the truths we know and believe, we will suffer the consequences of fear and guilt. These are not inflicted by the Lord, but follow on from our own choices (Arcana Caelestia 2447). Gideon’s son’s inability to kill the kings means that behind spiritual justice, there must be an understanding of the essential value of all life (Arcana Caelestia 5826[2]).

Gideon’s ephod is a symbol showing how easily we can deviate from obeying the Lord. The text does not tell us the reason for Gideon’s actions, but perhaps he felt it was better for the people to worship something superficially related to worshiping the Lord, rather than following a foreign god. Seeing a priest’s garment reminds us that a priest serves the Lord. But we can so easily focus on the majesty of the ephod itself, and think no more about the priest’s duty nor about the Lord. We sometimes drift further from the Lord without even realizing it (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Providence 327).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 3021, 3242, 3246, 3263, 8301

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Regters 2:2, 3, 17, 19, 3:7, 11, 4:6, 12, 5:23, 6:11, 24, 7:12, 13, 24, 25, 8:27, 32, 9:1, 2, 4, 16, 46, 10:6, 12:1, 17:5

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Významy biblických slov


As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Efraim
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

ons
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

Midianiete
'Midianites' signify people who are in the truth of simple good.

God
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

vorste
Captains and Rulers (Jer. 51:23) signifies principal evils and falsities. Captains and Rulers (Ezek 33:6) signifies principal truths. See Chief Captains.

Mídian
'Midianites' signify people who are in the truth of simple good.

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

gegee
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

woord
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

drie
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

honderd
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

man
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...

agtervolg
'To pursue,' as in Genesis 14:16, signifies a state of purification, because 'to pursue enemies' is the expulsion of evils and falsities which were with...

Sukkot
'Succoth,' as in Genesis 33:17, and Psalms 60:6-7 and 108:7-8, signifies the quality of the holy state of truth from good, because 'Succoth' signifies tents,...

gee
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

volg
The basic meaning of "follow" in the Bible is pretty obvious if we consider what it means to "follow the Lord." That obviously doesn't mean...

konings
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

brood
The word “bread” is used two ways in the Bible. In some cases it means actual bread; in others it stands for food in general....

Here
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

vlees
Flesh has several meanings just in its most obvious form. It can mean all living creatures as when the Lord talks about the flood "destroying...

dors
'To thresh,' as in Micah 4:13, signifies dissipating evils among people of the church.

Pnuel
'Peniel' signifies a state of temptation. 'Jacob called the name of the place Peniel,' in Genesis 32, in the internal historical sense, signifies a state...

spreek
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

toring
'A tower,' as in Genesis 11:4, signifies the worship of self, which consists of a person exalting himself above others, even to the point of...

vyftien
Fifteen, as in Genesis 7:20, signifies so few as to be scarce anything.

duisend
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

kinders
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

twintig
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything, or fullness, because it is ten twice. In Genesis 18:31, 'twenty', like all numbers occurring in the...

swaard
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

pad
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

verslaan
'To smite' signifies condemnation. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 14:15, signifies vindication. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 32:8, signifies destruction. 'To smite the earth with...

gevlug
Flight, as in Matthew 14:20, signifies removal from a state of the good of love and innocence. Flight, as in Mark 8:18, signifies the last...

twee
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

gevang
"Catching" is used in a variety of ways in the Bible, both positive and negative. Thieves get caught; the Egyptians caught up with the Children...

seun
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

vang
"Catching" is used in a variety of ways in the Bible, both positive and negative. Thieves get caught; the Egyptians caught up with the Children...

opgeskrywe
In John 8:2-11, the Lord wrote twice on the ground, when the woman taken in adultery was brought to him, which signifies the condemnation of...

sewe
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

kom
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

Stad
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

seuns
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

broers
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

moeder
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

doodmaak
'To slay a man to his wounding,' means extinguishing faith, and 'to slay a young man to his hurt,' signifies extinguishing charity, as in Genesis...

eersgeborene
When the Bible talks about generations or birth order, the internal meaning has to do with the progression of spiritual states and their relative importance....

bang
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opgestaan
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

nekke
'The neck' signifies influx and the communication of interior and exterior levels and the following conjunction. The inmost or third heaven has reference to the...

kamele
A camel (Matt. 22:24) signifies scientific knowledge. Camels are confirming scientifics, and cattle are the knowledges of good and truth (Jer. 49:32.)

Israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

gesê
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

buit
'To spoil,' as in Genesis 34:27, signifies destruction. 'Spoil,' as in Deuteronomy 13:16, signifies the falsification of truth.

goue
Gold means good, and just as gold was the most precious metal known to ancient mankind so it represents the good of the highest and...

Ismaeliete
'Ishmaelites' represent people who are in simple good of life, and thence in natural truth regarding doctrine.

sewentien
'Seventeen' signifies both the beginning and the end of temptation, because it is made up of the numbers seven and ten. This number, when it...

goud
Gold means good, and just as gold was the most precious metal known to ancient mankind so it represents the good of the highest and...

klere
Soft raiment,' as in Matthew 11:9, represents the internal sense of the Word.

huis
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

voor
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

land
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

dae
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

veertig
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

woon
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

baie
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

vroue
The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...

Sigem
In Genesis 12:6, 'Abram’s passing through the land unto the place Shechem' signifies a new state of the Lord when the celestial aspects of love...

gebaar
In a general sense, being "born" in the Bible represents one spiritual state producing another, usually some form of love or affection producing or "giving...

hy het
To beget or to be begotten is very similar in meaning to birth: It represents one spiritual state leading to the next spiritual state. "Beget,"...

naam
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

Abiméleg
Abimelech, his companion Ahusath, and Phicol, the chief captain of his army (Genesis 26:26), represent the doctrinals of faith as grounded in the literal sense...

gesterf
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

goeie
It seems rather circular to say that “good” in the Bible represents good, but in a general sense it’s true! The case is this: The...

graf
A grave, as in Psalm 88:5, signifies hell. ‘To come forth out of the grave,’ as in John 5:29, signifies to come forth out of...

dood
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

baäl
Baalim and her lovers (Hosea 2:13) signify those things which belong to the natural man, and are loved; such as the lusts and falsities thence...

Baäls
Baalim and her lovers (Hosea 2:13) signify those things which belong to the natural man, and are loved; such as the lusts and falsities thence...

vyande
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

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 Gideon, the Lord Shall Reign Over You
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