Regters 7

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Afrikaanse Vertaling 1953     

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1 Daarna het Jerúbbaäl, dit is Gídeon, en al die manskappe wat by hom was, vroeg klaargemaak, en hulle het laer opgeslaan by die fontein Harod, terwyl die laer van die Midianiete ten noorde van hom was, van die heuwel More af in die dal.

2 Toe die HERE vir Gídeon: Die manskappe by jou is te veel vir My om die Midianiete in hulle hand te gee; anders kan Israel hom teen My beroem deur te : My eie hand het my verlos.

3 Roep dan nou tog uit voor die ore van die manskappe en sê: Die wat bang is en bewe, kan teruggaan en wegdraai van die gebergte van Gílead af. Toe het daar van die manskappe twee en twintig duisend omgedraai, en tien duisend het oorgebly.

4 Daarop die HERE vir Gídeon: Die manskappe is nog te veel; bring hulle af na die water, dan sal Ek hulle daar vir jou uitsoek; en van wie Ek aan jou : Hierdie een mag met jou saamgaan--dié mag met jou saamgaan; maar elkeen van wie Ek aan jou : Hierdie een mag nie met jou saamgaan nie--dié mag nie gaan nie.

5 Hy bring toe die manskappe af na die water; en die HERE vir Gídeon: Elkeen wat met sy tong die water oplek soos 'n hond lek, moet jy eenkant laat staan; en elkeen wat op sy knieë vooroor buig om te drink, anderkant.

6 En die aantal van die wat gelek het met hul hand na hul mond toe, was drie honderd man; en al die ander manskappe het op hulle knieë vooroor gebuig om water te drink.

7 Toe die HERE vir Gídeon: Deur die drie honderd man wat gelek het, sal Ek julle verlos en die Midianiete in jou hand gee; maar al die ander manskappe kan elkeen na sy woonplek gaan.

8 Daarop neem hulle die padkos van die manskappe en hulle ramshorings in hul hand; en hy het al die manskappe van Israel laat gaan, elkeen na sy tente toe; maar die drie honderd man het hy agtergehou, terwyl die laer van die Midianiete onderkant hom in die laagte was.

9 En daardie nag het die HERE vir hom gesê: Staan op, gaan af in die laer, want Ek gee dit in jou hand.

10 En as jy bang is om af te gaan, gaan jy dan saam met jou dienaar Pura af na die laer toe

11 en luister wat hulle praat; en daarna sal jou hande sterk word, en jy sal in die laer aftrek. Hy gaan toe af saam met sy dienaar Pura tot by die buitenste lyn van die gewapendes wat in die laer was.

12 En die Midianiete en Amalekiete en al die kinders van die Ooste het in die laagte gelê soos sprinkane in menigte, en hulle kamele was ontelbaar soos die sand aan die seestrand in menigte.

13 En toe Gídeon aankom, vertel 'n man aan 'n ander juis 'n droom en : Kyk, ek het 'n droom gehad: Daar rol 'n hard gebakte garsbrood in die laer van die Midianiete en kom tot by die tent en slaan dit dat dit omval en keer dit onderstebo, en toe lê die tent daar!

14 En die ander een het geantwoord en gesê: Dit is niks anders nie as die swaard van Gídeon, die seun van Joas, die Israeliet; God het die Midianiete en die hele laer in sy hand gegee.

15 Toe Gídeon dan die verhaal van die droom en sy uitlegging hoor, het hy aanbid; en hy het teruggekeer na die laer van Israel en gesê: Maak klaar, want die HERE gee die laer van die Midianiete in julle hand.

16 En hy het die drie honderd man verdeel in drie dele en aan hulle almal ramshorings en leë kruike, met fakkels binne-in die kruike, in die hand gegee

17 en aan hulle gesê: Kyk na my en maak net so; en Kyk, as ek by die buitenste lyn van die laer kom, dan moet julle maak net soos ek maak.

18 En as ek en almal wat by my is, op die ramshoring blaas, moet julle ook op die ramshorings blaas rondom die hele laer, en julle moet : Vir die HERE en vir Gídeon!

19 Toe kom Gídeon en die honderd man wat by hom was, by die buitenste lyn van die laer, met die begin van die middelste nagwaak toe hulle skaars die wagte uitgesit het, en hulle blaas op die ramshorings en slaan die kruike stukkend wat hulle in hul hand gehad het.

20 Toe blaas die drie dele op die ramshorings en breek die kruike en hou met hulle linkerhand die fakkels en met hulle regterhand die ramshorings om te blaas, terwyl hulle uitroep: Die swaard van die HERE en van Gídeon!

21 En hulle het bly staan elkeen op sy plek, rondom die laer. Daarop hardloop die hele laer, en hulle skreeu en vlug.

22 En toe die drie honderd op die ramshorings blaas, het die HERE die swaard van die een teen die ander gerig, ja, in die hele laer; en die laer het gevlug na Bet-Sitta, na Seréda toe, tot by die oewer van Abel-Mehóla by Tabbat.

23 En die manskappe van Israel uit Náftali en uit Aser en uit die hele Manasse is opgeroep, en hulle het die Midianiete agternagejaag.

24 Ook het Gídeon boodskappers gestuur in die hele gebergte van Efraim om te sê: Trek af die Midianiete tegemoet, en sny hulle van die waters af tot by Bet-Bara en die Jordaan. So het dan al die manskappe van Efraim bymekaargekom en die waters beset tot by Bet-Bara en die Jordaan.

25 En hulle het twee vorste van die Midianiete gevang, Oreb en Seëb; en Oreb het hulle gedood by die rots Oreb, en Seëb gedood by die parskuip Seëb, en hulle het die Midianiete agtervolg; en die hoof van Oreb en van Seëb het hulle na Gídeon gebring, oorkant die Jordaan.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 7      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 7: Gideon’s valiant three hundred men.

Gideon and all his men camped by the well of Harod, which can mean “eager”, and also “trembling.” The Lord told Gideon that his army was too large, which could lead Israel to boast that they won by their own efforts (rather than the Lord’s power). Gideon was instructed to send away anyone who was afraid; 22,000 went home, leaving 10,000.

Even still, the Lord said the army was too large, so Gideon tested the men by taking them down to the water to drink. The Lord directed Gideon to call out those who lapped water from out of their hands rather than kneeling down to drink with their mouths. Three hundred men were chosen by this method of selection.

The Lord then commanded Gideon to go down to the Midianite camp, and if he was afraid, to take his servant, Phurah. There, Gideon overheard one of the soldiers telling his companion that he’d had a dream, in which a loaf of bread came tumbling into the camp and struck one of the tents so that it collapsed. The other soldier said that this meant the Lord would give victory to Gideon.

Gideon gave each of his men a trumpet, and a pitcher containing a lit torch. They surrounded the Midianite camp, and at the command of Gideon, they blew their trumpets, broke their pitchers to show the torches, and shouted, “The sword of the Lord and of Gideon!” This caused panic in the camp, and every Midianite drew his sword against another, and many fled. Then Gideon ordered the capture and killing of the two Midianite princes, whose heads were brought to him.

*****

We must give glory to the Lord for successes that we seem to earn, as He alone does what is good. The Lord told Gideon to reduce the size of his army, to avoid the dangers of growing too proud. Since we live our lives as if we do everything ourselves, this is a constant threat. The fact that about two-thirds of Gideon’s army were afraid and went home shows the reality of our nature (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 442).

Lapping water from the hand reflects our need to see and examine what we take into our minds. Water stands for truth, but it can also stand for false ideas. If we drink directly from the water, we accept indiscriminately and examine nothing. Cupping and holding the water in our hands means that we can see how to apply this truth through our attitudes and actions (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 6047[2]).

Gideon’s army of only three hundred men was all it took to defeat the Midianites. The number ‘three’ stands for something which is complete or full in itself. Some spiritual examples include mind, body and soul, as well as celestial, spiritual and natural (see Swedenborg’s Apocalypse Explained 435[3] and 532[2]).

The dream Gideon overheard stands for the power of good (the bread) to break down the apparent power of what is evil and false (the tent) (Arcana Caelestia 4247[3]). The name of Gideon’s servant, Phurah, means “fruitfulness”, or “a winepress”, which is where Gideon was first called by the angel of the Lord.

The trumpet and the torch both stand for the power of truth to overcome evil and false ideas, the trumpet by its penetrating sound, and the torch by its illuminating light. There is no mention of swords for the army of Israel.

Finally, the oppression by the Midianites represents knowing what is true, but living a life governed by our own desires. This leads us increasingly further away from obeying the Lord. Of course, this must be addressed. The Midianites destroyed each other in their panic, meaning what is disorderly and against the Lord holds no validity, and eventually destroys itself (Arcana Caelestia 9320).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 8815


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 3242, 5955, 7602, 7643, 9397

Apocalypse Revealed 397


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 455, 502, 543

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Významy biblických slov

vroeg
Since the sun represents the Lord, the early morning and sunrise represent a state of enlightenment, with a new and clear understanding coming after a...

laer opgeslaan
'Pitch,' as in Genesis 14:10, denotes lusts. 'Burning pitch,' as in Isaiah 34:9, signifies direful fantasies.

opgeslaan
'Pitch,' as in Genesis 14:10, denotes lusts. 'Burning pitch,' as in Isaiah 34:9, signifies direful fantasies.

Midianiete
'Midian' signifies people who are in falsity.

More
'Moreh' signifies the earliest moment of the Lord's perception.


As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Here
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

veel
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

gee
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

Israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

eie
In many cases, the spiritual meaning of "own," both as a verb and as an adjective, is relatively literal. When people are described as the...

roep
To call someone or summon someone in the Bible represents a desire for conjunction between higher and lower states of life. For instance, imagine someone...

twee
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

twintig
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything, or fullness, because it is ten twice. In Genesis 18:31, 'twenty', like all numbers occurring in the...

duisend
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

tien
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

af
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

water
Water was obviously of tremendous importance in Biblical times (and every other time). It is the basis of life, the essential ingredient in all drinks,...

tong
'The tongue,' as an organ, signifies doctrine, but as speech, or language, it signifies religion. 'Tongue' signifies perception of truth with respect to speech, and...

hond
A dog, as in Exodus 11 (Exod. 11:7: seven, ignifies the lowest or meanest of all in the church, also those who are without the...

knieë
A knee,' as in Genesis 30:5, signifies conjugial love. The king,' as in Isaiah 66:12, signifies celestial love. A knee,' as in Ezekiel 7:17, signifies...

drink
To be drunken without wine (Isa. 29:9), are they who are unconcerned about the Word, and the truths of faith, and thus have no inclination...

mond
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

drie
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

honderd
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

man
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

tente
'Tent' is used in the Word to signify the celestial and holy aspects of love, because in ancient time they performed holy worship in their...

nag
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

gesê
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

luister
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

hande
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Amalekiete
Amalek, or the Amalekites, signifies those who are in false principles.

kinders
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

sprinkane
'Locusts' signify falsities in the extremes, which consume the truths and goods of the church in a person. 'The locusts' which John the Baptist ate...

kamele
A camel (Matt. 22:24) signifies scientific knowledge. Camels are confirming scientifics, and cattle are the knowledges of good and truth (Jer. 49:32.)

sand
'Sand,' as in Matthew 7:27, signifies faith separate from charity.

kom
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

vertel
'To tell' signifies perceiving, because in the spiritual world, or in heaven, they do not need to tell what they think because they communicate every...

droom
A dream, as in Genesis 20:3,signifies being somewhat obscure.

tent
'The tabernacle' has almost the same meaning as 'temple,' that is, in the highest sense, the Lord’s divine humanity, and in a relative sense, heaven...

slaan
'To smite' signifies condemnation. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 14:15, signifies vindication. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 32:8, signifies destruction. 'To smite the earth with...

swaard
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

seun
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

God
The Lord is called "Jehovah" in the Bible when the text is referring to his essence, which is love itself. He is called "God" when...

gegee
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

Hoor
Thanks to modern science, we now understand that hearing actually happens in the brain, not the ears. The ears collect vibrations in the air and...

aanbid
To adore, in the Word, signifies to acknowledge and believe.

teruggekeer
There are many instances in the Bible which describe people turning back, looking back or going back. In most cases it is a negative, sometimes...

kyk
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

breek
To “break” something creates an image that is much different from “attacking,” “destroying,” or “shattering.” It is less emotional, less violent in its intent; it...

bly
'To stay with,' as in Genesis 32:4, relates to the life of truth when accompanied by good, and in this instance, it means to take...

staan
'To stay with,' as in Genesis 32:4, relates to the life of truth when accompanied by good, and in this instance, it means to take...

vlug
To flee signifies to escape, and be rescued. To flee signifies to be overcome.

gevlug
Flight, as in Matthew 14:20, signifies removal from a state of the good of love and innocence. Flight, as in Mark 8:18, signifies the last...

Náftali
'Naphtali' in a supreme sense, signifies the proper power of the Lord’s divine human. In a spiritual sense, he signifies temptation and victory and a...

Manasse
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

boodskappers
'A messenger' signifies communication.

gestuur
'To send' signifies revealing.

Efraim
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

waters
Water was obviously of tremendous importance in Biblical times (and every other time). It is the basis of life, the essential ingredient in all drinks,...

vorste
Captains and Rulers (Jer. 51:23) signifies principal evils and falsities. Captains and Rulers (Ezek 33:6) signifies principal truths. See Chief Captains.

gevang
"Catching" is used in a variety of ways in the Bible, both positive and negative. Thieves get caught; the Egyptians caught up with the Children...

rots
'A rock' signifies the Lord regarding the divine truth of the Word.

agtervolg
'To pursue,' as in Genesis 14:16, signifies a state of purification, because 'to pursue enemies' is the expulsion of evils and falsities which were with...

hoof
Captains and Rulers (Jer. 51:23) signifies principal evils and falsities. Captains and Rulers (Ezek 33:6) signifies principal truths. See Chief Captains.

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 Draw Gideon's Weapons
Draw pictures of the weapons Gideon was to use to fight the Midianites--a trumpet, pitcher and torch.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Gideon Blows the Trumpet
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Gideon Defeats the Midianites Crossword Puzzle
Review Gideon's victory over the Midianites by completing a crossword puzzle.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Gideon Drives Out the Midianites
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 Gideon Review Questions
Questions for an oral review of the story of Gideon, Judges chapters 6 and 7.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Make a Pitcher Torch and Trumpet for Gideon
Color and cut out pictures of a torch, pitcher and trumpet. Reenact the story of Gideon's victory over the Midianites.
Project | Ages 7 - 13

 The Story of Gideon
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Torch and Trumpet
Project | Ages 4 - 10


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