Regters 4

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Afrikaanse Vertaling 1953     

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1 Maar ná die dood van Ehud het die kinders van Israel weer gedoen wat verkeerd was in die van die HERE.

2 Daarom het die HERE hulle verkoop in die hand van Jabin, die koning van Kanaän, wat in Hasor geregeer het; en sy leërowerste was Sísera, 'n inwoner van Haróset van die heidene.

3 En die kinders van Israel het die HERE aangeroep; want hy het nege honderd ysterwaens gehad en die kinders van Israel twintig jaar lank swaar verdruk.

4 En Debóra, 'n profetes, die vrou van Láppidot, het in dié tyd Israel gerig;

5 en sy het gesit onder die palm van Debóra, tussen Rama en Bet-el, op die gebergte van Efraim; en die kinders van Israel het na haar opgegaan vir regspraak.

6 Toe laat sy Barak, die seun van Abinóam, uit Kedes in Náftali, roep en vir hom: Het die HERE, die God van Israel, nie bevel gegee nie: Gaan, trek na die berg Tabor, en neem tien duisend man van die kinders van Náftali en van die kinders van Sébulon met jou saam?

7 dan sal Ek Sísera, die leërowerste van Jabin, met sy strydwaens en sy menigte na jou, na die spruit Kison trek, en Ek sal hom in jou hand gee.

8 Maar Barak vir haar: As u met my saamtrek, sal ek gaan; maar as u nie met my saamtrek nie, gaan ek nie.

9 Toe sy: Ek sal sekerlik met jou saamtrek, maar die eer sal nie joue wees op die pad wat jy sal gaan nie; want die HERE sal Sísera in die hand van 'n vrou verkoop; en Debóra het opgestaan en saam met Barak na Kedes getrek.

10 Daarop het Barak Sébulon en Náftali bymekaargeroep na Kedes toe, en tien duisend man het op sy voetspore opgetrek, en Debóra het saam met hom opgetrek.

11 En Heber, die Keniet, het hom afgeskei van Kain, van die kinders van Hobab, die swaer van Moses, en het sy tente opgeslaan tot by die terpentynboom by Saänáim, naby Kedes.

12 En toe hulle aan Sísera berig bring dat Barak, die seun van Abinóam, na die berg Tabor opgetrek het,

13 het Sísera al sy strydwaens, nege honderd ysterwaens, en al die manskappe wat by hom was, uit Haróset van die heidene na die spruit Kison bymekaargeroep.

14 Daarop Debóra vir Barak: Maak jou klaar, want dit is die dag waarop die HERE Sísera in jou hand gee. Trek die HERE nie voor jou uit nie? Toe trek Barak van die berg Tabor af, en tien duisend man agter hom aan.

15 En die HERE het Sísera met al die waens en die hele leër deur die skerpte van die swaard in verwarring gebring voor Barak uit, en Sísera het van sy wa afgeklim en te voet gevlug.

16 Maar Barak het die waens en die leër agternagejaag tot by Haróset van die heidene, en die hele leër van Sísera het deur die skerpte van die swaard geval; daar het selfs nie een oorgebly nie.

17 Toe vlug Sísera te voet na die tent van Jael, die vrou van Heber, die Keniet; want daar was vrede tussen Jabin, die koning van Hasor, en die huis van Heber, die Keniet.

18 En Jael het uitgegaan Sísera tegemoet en vir hom gesê: Draai uit, my heer, Draai uit na my! Moenie bang wees nie! En hy het na haar uitgedraai, na die tent, en sy het hom met 'n kombers toegemaak.

19 Daarop hy vir haar: Gee my tog 'n bietjie water om te drink, want ek het dors; sy maak toe die melksak oop en laat hom daaruit drink en maak hom weer toe.

20 En hy vir haar: Gaan staan by die tentdeur, en as iemand kom en jou vra en : Is hier iemand? antwoord dan: Nee.

21 Toe neem Jael, die vrou van Heber, 'n tentpen en vat die hamer in haar hand en gaan stilletjies na hom en dryf die pen terwyl hy vas aan die slaap was dwarsdeur die slaap van sy hoof, sodat dit in die grond indring. So het hy dan bewusteloos geword en gesterwe.

22 En kyk, terwyl Barak Sísera agtervolg, gaan Jael uit hom tegemoet en vir hom: Kom, en ek sal u die man wys wat u soek; en toe hy by haar inkom, lê Sísera daar dood, met die pen deur die slaap van sy hoof!

23 So het God dan op dié dag Jabin, die koning van Kanaän, voor die kinders van Israel onderwerp.

24 En die hand van die kinders van Israel het al swaarder gaan druk op Jabin, die koning van Kanaän, totdat hulle Jabin, die koning van Kanaän, uitgeroei het.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 4      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 4: Deborah

Yet again, the children of Israel had disobeyed the Lord. At this point in time, they had been under the yoke of Jabin, a Canaanite king, for twenty years. He had nine hundred chariots of iron, and was apparently very powerful.

The Lord raised up Deborah, a prophetess, to free the Israelites from oppression under Jabin. The text says that she would pass judgements for the children of Israel while she sat under the palm tree of Deborah.

Deborah summoned Barak, an army officer, and told him to go with ten thousand men from the tribes of Naphtali and Zebulun to fight King Jabin’s armies. Barak said he would only go if Deborah went as well, so she agreed to join him. Deborah then prophesied that Sisera, the enemy commander, would be defeated by a woman.

The two armies clashed at by the River Kishon, and all of Sisera’s men were killed. Sisera then fled to the tent of Heber, an Israelite who was on peaceful terms with King Jabin. Jael, Heber’s wife, invited Sisera to come in with the comforting words, “fear not”. She covered him with a blanket, gave him milk to drink, and let him sleep there.

Then Jael quietly took a tent peg and drove it into Sisera’s temple using a hammer, so that the peg stuck in the earth. When Barak came to the tent, pursuing Sisera, Jael went out to tell him, “come, and I will show you the man you seek.” And she showed him Sisera, dead, with a peg through his temple.

So Jabin’s army was defeated that day, and Israel grew stronger until their oppression under Jabin came to an end.

*****

Deborah is an especially significant character in the Bible, because she was the only female judge of Israel. It was very unusual for a woman in those times to rise to power, yet she truly earned the respect of her people. Deborah, as a woman, stands for the nurturing power of the Word to strengthen us during regeneration. Her name means ‘a bee’, but this comes from a word meaning ‘to speak’ – here, to speak the Word. Bees make honey; honey is nutritious; God’s word is our nourishment (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 3424[2]).

The fact that Deborah judged from under a palm tree may seem like a passing detail, but even this contributes to the spiritual meaning of the story. Palm trees stand for the divine truths of the Word, which means that Deborah was judging the people from her understanding of the Lord’s truths.

King Jabin’s nine hundred iron chariots represent the apparent power of false beliefs, thoughts and persuasions over us. The number ‘nine’ stands for something which is complete, and ‘iron’ here stands for either natural truths or falsities. A ‘chariot’, being pulled by a horse, always stands for a set of teachings or doctrine. These three symbols add to the picture of a very powerful enemy: false ideas and views that can weaken and overwhelm us (Arcana Caelestia 4720[2]).

The spiritual meaning of the complex arrangement between Barak and Deborah is that we can only deal with our spiritual conflicts if we take the Word’s power (Deborah) with us. Barak, a man, represents the power of truth, but Deborah says a woman will gain victory over Sisera. The feminine stands for the power of love: our charity, our affection for good, and our wish to be useful. These qualities are always essential in our spiritual life (see Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Explained 1120[2]).

The story about Jael and Sisera is really about actively resisting the temptations of evil in our lives. Jael, a woman, stands for the power of good to overcome what is false in our mind. Driving the tent peg through Sisera’s head stands for the complete destruction of what is false. Driving it right through and into the ground stands for the power of good in our life and in our regeneration, because the ground represents our actions (Arcana Caelestia 268).

When Barak and Jael meet, it stands for the unity between good (Jael, a woman) and truth (Barak, a man). This unity of good and truth appears again at the start of the next chapter, in which Deborah and Barak sing of Israel’s victory.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2799


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 447, 811

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Psalms 68:8, 28, 83:10, 89:13, 106:42

Jesaja 43:17

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Hosea 5:1

Hebreërs 11:16, 32

Významy biblických slov

dood
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

kinders
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...


It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

Here
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

verkoop
'To sell,' as in Genesis 41:56, means transferring to another as their own, because what is sold becomes the property of the one who buys...

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

koning
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

Kanaän
Canaan signifies a worship in things external without internals, which arose out of the internal church corrupted, called Ham. Thus it is that Ham is...

Hasor
'The inhabitants of Hazor,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:30, signify those who possess spiritual riches, which are the things of faith. 'Hazor,' as mentioned in...

heidene
'The time of the heathen,' as mentioned in Ezekiel 30:3, signifies the heathen, or wickedness.

nege
'Nine' signifies conjunction.

honderd
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

twintig
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything, or fullness, because it is ten twice. In Genesis 18:31, 'twenty', like all numbers occurring in the...

vrou
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

tyd
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

onder
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

Rama
'Ramah' denotes things that pertain to spiritual truth derived from celestial truth.

Bet-el
When Jacob had his famous dream, of a staircase leading to heaven, he named the place "Bethel," which is Hebrew for "the house of God."...

Efraim
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

seun
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

Náftali
'Naphtali' in a supreme sense, signifies the proper power of the Lord’s divine human. In a spiritual sense, he signifies temptation and victory and a...

roep
'To proclaim' signifies exploration from influx of the Lord.


As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

God
The Lord is called "Jehovah" in the Bible when the text is referring to his essence, which is love itself. He is called "God" when...

bevel
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

berg
The Writings tell us that the Lord's love is the sun of heaven, and it is natural for us to look above ourselves to the...

tien
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

duisend
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

man
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...

spruit
A 'stream' signifies aspects of intelligence.

gee
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

pad
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

opgestaan
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

Kain
'Cain' signifies the doctrine of faith separated from love. See Arcana Coelestia 338 and the sections that follow it.

Moses
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

tente
'Tent' is used in the Word to signify the celestial and holy aspects of love, because in ancient time they performed holy worship in their...

dag
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

voor
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

af
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

agter
Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.

swaard
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

voet
Our feet are the lowest and most utilitarian parts of our bodies, and in the Bible they represent the lowest and most utilitarian part of...

gevlug
Flight, as in Matthew 14:20, signifies removal from a state of the good of love and innocence. Flight, as in Mark 8:18, signifies the last...

een
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

vlug
Flight, as in Matthew 14:20, signifies removal from a state of the good of love and innocence. Flight, as in Mark 8:18, signifies the last...

tent
'The tabernacle' has almost the same meaning as 'temple,' that is, in the highest sense, the Lord’s divine humanity, and in a relative sense, heaven...

huis
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

gesê
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

draai
Swedenborg says that the Lord is the sun of heaven, and like the natural sun of our world shines on everyone, good or evil. What...

bang
The fearful signify people who have no faith.

water
Water was obviously of tremendous importance in Biblical times (and every other time). It is the basis of life, the essential ingredient in all drinks,...

dors
Food in the Bible generally relates to the desire for good, and drink generally relates to ideas of what is true. It makes sense then,...

oop
To open,' as in Revelation 9, signifies communication and conjunction.

gaan
All changes of place in the Bible represent changes in spiritual state. “Entering” – usually used as entering someone’s house or “going in unto” someone...

staan
'To stay with,' as in Genesis 32:4, relates to the life of truth when accompanied by good, and in this instance, it means to take...

kom
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

pen
'A peg' denotes the conjoining and strengthening principles.

grond
Is there any difference in meaning between “earth” and “ground”? At first it doesn’t seem so; both refer to the soil making up the land...

kyk
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

agtervolg
'To pursue,' as in Genesis 14:16, signifies a state of purification, because 'to pursue enemies' is the expulsion of evils and falsities which were with...

Wys
'Shew' signifies instruction to the life.

soek
The meaning of "to seek" in the Bible is pretty straightforward, but there is a bit of nuance: Swedenborg tells us that in most cases...

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 Canaanite Chariots
Project | Ages 7 - 14

 Chariots in the Word Crossword Puzzle
Complete a crossword on chariots in the Word by looking up references to stories in the Old ad New Testaments.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Deborah and Barak
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Go with Me
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 Jael Hides Sisera in Her Tent
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Palms in the Word Crossword Puzzle
A crossword puzzle about palms in the Word. Complete the puzzle using reference clues.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13


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