Regters 3

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1 En dit is die nasies wat die HERE laat oorbly het om Israel, almal wat al die oorloë van Kanaän nie geken het nie, deur hulle op die proef te stel--

2 net dat die geslagte van die kinders van Israel dit kan weet--om hulle te leer oorlog voer, ten minste die wat daar vroeër nie van geweet het nie:

3 vyf vorste van die Filistyne en al die Kanaäniete en Sidoniërs en Hewiete wat in die gebergte Líbanon gewoon het, van die berg Baäl-Hermon af tot by die ingang na Hamat.

4 Hulle was dan daar om deur hulle Israel op die proef te stel; om te weet of hulle na die gebooie van die HERE wat Hy hulle vaders deur Moses beveel het, sou luister.

5 So het die kinders van Israel dan onder die Kanaäniete, Hetiete en Amoriete en Feresiete en Hewiete en Jebusiete gewoon,

6 en húl dogters vir hulle as vroue geneem en hulle eie dogters aan húl seuns gegee en hul gode gedien.

7 En die kinders van Israel het gedoen wat verkeerd was in die van die HERE en die HERE hulle God vergeet en die Baäls en die heilige boomstamme gedien.

8 Daarop het die toorn van die HERE teen Israel ontvlam, en Hy het hulle verkoop in die hand van Kusan Risatáim, die koning van Mesopotámië, en die kinders van Israel het Kusan Risatáim agt jaar lank gedien.

9 Maar toe die kinders van Israel die HERE aanroep, het die HERE 'n verlosser vir die kinders van Israel verwek, wat hulle verlos het: Otniël, die seun van Kenas, die jonger broer van Kaleb.

10 En die Gees van die HERE het op hom gekom, en hy het Israel gerig en uitgetrek om oorlog te voer; en die HERE het Kusan Risatáim, die koning van Aram, in sy hand gegee, sodat hy die oorhand oor Kusan Risatáim gekry het.

11 Toe kry die land rus veertig jaar lank. En Otniël, die seun van Kenas, het gesterwe.

12 En die kinders van Israel het weer gedoen wat verkeerd was in die van die HERE. Toe maak die HERE Eglon, die koning van Moab, sterk teen Israel, omdat hulle gedoen het wat verkeerd was in die van die HERE;

13 en hy versamel by hom die kinders van Ammon en Amalek. Daarop het hy weggetrek en Israel verslaan, en hulle het die Palmstad in besit geneem.

14 En die kinders van Israel het Eglon, die koning van Moab, agttien jaar lank gedien.

15 Maar toe die kinders van Israel die HERE aanroep, het die HERE vir hulle as verlosser verwek: Ehud, die seun van Gera, die Benjaminiet, 'n man wat links was. Deur hom stuur toe die kinders van Israel die belasting aan Eglon, die koning van Moab.

16 En Ehud het vir hom 'n swaard gemaak, aan twee kante skerp, een el lank, en dit onder sy klere aan sy regterheup vasgegord;

17 en hy het die belasting aan Eglon, die koning van Moab, gebring; en Eglon was 'n baie vet man.

18 En toe hy die belasting volledig afgelewer het, bring hy die mense wat die belasting gedra het, weg;

19 maar hy self het omgedraai by die gesnede beelde wat by Gilgal was, en gesê: Ek het 'n geheime opdrag aan u, o koning! Dié toe: Stil! En almal wat by hom staan, het van hom af weggegaan buitentoe.

20 En toe Ehud by hom inkom, terwyl hy in die koel bo-kamer sit wat vir hom alleen was, Ehud: Ek het 'n woord van God aan u! En toe hy van sy stoel af opstaan,

21 steek Ehud sy linkerhand uit en gryp die swaard van sy regterheup af en steek dit in sy buik,

22 sodat selfs die hef agter die lem ingedring het en die vet, want hy het die swaard nie uit sy buik uitgetrek nie, om die lem toegesluit en by die wond uitgepuil het.

23 Toe gaan Ehud uit op die galery, maar hy het die deure van die bo-kamer agter hom gesluit en gegrendel.

24 Net toe hy uitgegaan het, kom sy dienaars; en toe hulle sien en kyk: die deure van die bo-kamer was gegrendel, hulle: Hy is seker besig om sy voete te bedek in die koel kamer.

25 En hulle het gewag totdat hulle verleë was; maar--hy het die deure van die bo-kamer nie oopgemaak nie! En toe hulle die sleutel gaan haal en oopsluit, lê hulle heer daar dood op die grond!

26 Maar terwyl hulle nog talm, het Ehud ontvlug en die gesnede beelde verbygegaan en na Seïra ontsnap.

27 En toe hy aankom, blaas hy op die ramshoring op die gebergte van Efraim, en die kinders van Israel het saam met hom van die gebergte afgetrek, en hy voor hulle uit.

28 Toe hy vir hulle: Volg my, want die HERE gee julle vyande, die Moabiete, in julle hand; en hulle het agter hom aan afgetrek en die Moabiete van die driwwe van die Jordaan afgesny en niemand toegelaat om deur te gaan nie.

29 En hulle het in dié tyd van Moab omtrent tien duisend man verslaan, almal goed geboude en almal dapper manne, en niemand het vrygekom nie.

30 So moes Moab dan dié dag buig onder die hand van Israel; en die land het tagtig jaar lank gerus.

31 Toe kom ná hom Samgar, die seun van Anat, wat van die Filistyne ses honderd man met 'n osdrywerstok verslaan het; en ook hy het Israel verlos.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 3      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 3: In which we hear about the nations who remain in the land; and about the judges Othniel, Ehud, and Shamgar.

This chapter begins with a very important set of statements about the nations still undefeated in the land. First, it says that the Lord would test Israel by means of these nations; secondly, that this test would “teach [the new generations] war”; and finally, that this would reveal whether or not Israel would obey the Lord. The text goes on to say that Israel now took the daughters of other nations to be wives, and also gave their own daughters to the sons of other nations.

Being ‘tested’ by the Lord refers to the temptations and spiritual conflicts we must experience during regeneration. The Lord does not test in order to make us falter, or to see how much we can endure. Rather, the testing is to make us stronger and more steadfast in our intention to follow the Lord (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 126).

The new generations who would not have known war stand for those future states, in which we might begin to let go, and forget what the Lord has done for us. While all external wars should cease, we will always need to quell the spiritual wars within us. The key to victory is in our willingness to obey the Lord’s commandments. This wish to obey the Lord must be imprinted in our hearts and minds (see Swedenborg’s work, Doctrine of Faith 50).

‘Taking the daughters of other nations as wives’ describes the ways in which the spiritual marriage of good and truth in us becomes perverted. When our evil desires harm truths, and false ideas harm genuine loves, our sense of what is right becomes so distorted that we have no principles left to follow.

Because Israel kept forgetting the Lord and worshipping other gods, the Lord raised judges to deliver Israel. This chapter tells the stories of three judges, and we will examine the spiritual meaning of each.

The first judge discussed in this chapter was Othniel (see Judges 1). Israel was taken by Chushan-Rishathaim, the king of Mesopotamia, for eight years. His name means ‘the blackness of injustice”. Othniel delivered Israel from captivity, and there was peace for forty years. Spiritually, this describes our power, given to us by the Lord, to break free from evil wishes and thoughts. The number ‘forty’ describes the temptations we must overcome in doing this (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 8098).

The next judge, Ehud, ruled at the time when Eglon, a Moabite king, took Israel captive for eighteen years. Ehud made a long, double-edged dagger and went to the king to pay tribute. When those with him were leaving, he stayed and said to King Eglon, “I have a gift for you from God”, and plunged the dagger into the king’s belly so that his fat covered the blade. Then he left, locking the doors behind him, and Eglon’s servants eventually found their king dead. Ehud then attacked, and freed Israel from the Moabites.

The meaning of this graphic event is to show the power of the truth when it is used to combat evil. Eglon was fat, representing the seemingly large and imposing nature of evils. The double-edged dagger stands for the power of the Word. It went straight into the king’s fat belly, which stands for the absolute power of the Word to tear down evils and falsities. This then allows us to reassert our leading intentions, and return to our service for the Lord (see Apocalypse Revealed 52).

The third and final judge mentioned in this chapter was Shamgar, who killed six hundred Philistines with an ox goad and delivered Israel. The Philistines – who later became a major enemy of Israel – stand for the belief that faith alone will save us, without any need for good actions in life. This can have an insidious influence on us and needs constant attention, represented by the number six hundred. The ox goad (prodder) indicates that we need to keep pushing ourselves to do good, just as an ox is prodded to work strenuously (Arcana Caelestia 1198).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1444, 2722, 6858, 8301

Apocalypse Revealed 367


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 458, 811

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesis 24:10

Exodus 34:16

Lev 26:17

Nommers 13:29, 23:18

Deuteronomium 8:11, 14, 18

Joshua 2:7, 13:3

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1 Samuel 10:6, 10, 12:9, 13:3, 17:50

2 Samuel 4:6, 20:9, 10

1 Konings 9:20, 11:3

1 Kronieke 8:3, 5

2 Kronieke 9:24, 15:1

Nehemia 4:14

Psalms 78:58, 83:6, 106:35, 36, 41

Hosea 6:4

2 Korintiërs 14

Významy biblických slov

nasies
'A nation,' as in Genesis 21:18, signifies the spiritual church which should receive the good of faith. Nation from afar,' as in Jeremiah 5:17, signifies...

Here
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

oorloë
'Wars,' in the Word, signify spiritual war, which consists of challenging truth, and are conducted by rationalizations from falsities. This is why the ministry of...

Kanaän
Canaan signifies a worship in things external without internals, which arose out of the internal church corrupted, called Ham. Thus it is that Ham is...

kinders
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

weet
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

oorlog
War in the Word represents the combat of temptation when what is good is assaulted by what is evil or false. The evil that attacks...

geweet
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

vyf
Five also signifies all things of one part.

Filistyne
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

Hewiete
The Hivites' represent those who were in idolatry, but in which there was something of good.

berg
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

Líbanon
'Lebanon' signifies spiritual good. 'Lebanon' signifies the church regarding the perception of truth from the rational self.

ingang
All changes of place in the Bible represent changes in spiritual state. “Entering” – usually used as entering someone’s house or “going in unto” someone...

vaders
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

Moses
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

beveel
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

luister
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

Hetiete
'A Hittite' in a good sense, signifies the spiritual church, or the truth of the church. The Hittites were among the upright Gentiles who were...

dogters
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

vroue
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

eie
In many cases, the spiritual meaning of "own," both as a verb and as an adjective, is relatively literal. When people are described as the...

seuns
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

gegee
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

gode
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...


The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

God
The Lord is called "Jehovah" in the Bible when the text is referring to his essence, which is love itself. He is called "God" when...

vergeet
To forget, in the internal sense, signifies nothing else but removal and apparent privation.

Baäls
Baalim and her lovers (Hosea 2:13) signify those things which belong to the natural man, and are loved; such as the lusts and falsities thence...

toorn
'Wrath,' as in Genesis 49:7, signifies aversion from truth. 'Great wrath,' as in Revelation 12:12, signifies hatred against the new church.

verkoop
'To sell,' as in Genesis 41:56, means transferring to another as their own, because what is sold becomes the property of the one who buys...

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

koning
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

agt
According to Swedenborg, the number eight represents something that is complete within itself, in every respect. Two reasons are offered for this. First, eight is...

seun
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

jonger
In general, birth order in the Bible reflects the progression of spiritual states, but the specifics of those states depends greatly on context: who the...

broer
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

Kaleb
Caleb, In Numbers 14:24, represents those who are introduced into the church, and, accordingly, his seed signifies the truth of the doctrine of the church.

Aram
'Syria,' as in Ezekiel 27:16, signifies the church regarding knowledges of truth and good.

land
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

rus
When something is described as quiet, still or calm in the Bible, it represents the state of peace that comes with being aligned with the...

veertig
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

Moab
'Moab,' in a positive sense, signifies people who are in natural good, and allow themselves to be easily seduced, but in an opposite sense, it...

versamel
To gather, as in Genesis 6:21, refers to those things which are in the memory of man, where they are gathered. It also implies that...

Ammon
The children of Ammon ('Jeremiah 49:1'), signify those who falsify the truths of the Word, and of the church.

Amalek
Amalek, or the Amalekites, signifies those who are in false principles.

verslaan
To strike or smite, when used in the Bible, means to attack, harm or destroy, and is usually in reference to an attack on someone’s...

man
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

stuur
'Being sent' everywhere signifies, in an internal sense, going forth, as in John 17:8. In similar manner, it is said of the holy of the...

swaard
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

twee
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

lank
'Long' and thence to prolong, refer to good.

onder
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

klere
Soft raiment,' as in Matthew 11:9, represents the internal sense of the Word.

vet
Fat signifies the celestial principle. Fat things, full of marrow, signify goodnesses. Fat and blood signify interior goods and truths, and hence the Israelites, prior...

beelde
'Images' denote things fashioned from man’s own intelligence.

Gilgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

gesê
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...


As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

staan
'To stay with,' as in Genesis 32:4, relates to the life of truth when accompanied by good, and in this instance, it means to take...

sit
If you think about sitting, it seems fair to say that where you're sitting is more important than that you're sitting. Sitting in a movie...

woord
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

opstaan
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

agter
Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.

deure
In a general sense, doors in the Bible represent the initial desires for good and concepts of truth that introduce people to new levels of...

gesluit
There are only a couple of references in the Writings to "close" used as a verb, and both stem from Amos 9:11, which talks about...

kom
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

dienaars
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

sien
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

kyk
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

voete
The foot, as in Deuteronomy 33:3, signifies an inferior principle. To set the right foot on the sea and the left on the earth, as...

dood
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

grond
Is there any difference in meaning between “earth” and “ground”? At first it doesn’t seem so; both refer to the soil making up the land...

talm
'To linger,' as in Genesis 19:16, signifies resistance from the nature of evil. Lingering' signifies a state of doubt. When a state of life passes...

Efraim
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

voor
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

volg
The basic meaning of "follow" in the Bible is pretty obvious if we consider what it means to "follow the Lord." That obviously doesn't mean...

gee
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

vyande
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

Moabiete
'Moab,' in a positive sense, signifies people who are in natural good, and allow themselves to be easily seduced, but in an opposite sense, it...

tyd
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

tien
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

duisend
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

dag
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

tagtig
Swedenborg tells us that 80, like 40, can represent a state of temptation, when we face and battle our desires for evil – and that...

ses
Like most numbers in the Bible, "six" can have various meanings depending on context, but has a couple that are primary. When used in relation...

honderd
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

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 Ehud and Eglon
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The First Three Judges of Israel Complete the Chart
Learn the cycle of the Judges by completing information about the first three judges of Israel.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 The First Three Judges Review Questions
Read Judges 3 to find answers to fill in the blanks. Cloze activity.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13


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