Regters 20

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Afrikaanse Vertaling 1953     

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1 Toe het al die kinders van Israel uitgetrek, en die vergadering het soos een man, van Dan tot Berséba, saam met die land Gílead, byeengekom by die HERE in Mispa;

2 en die hoofde van die hele volk, van al die stamme van Israel, het in die vergadering van die volk van God gaan staan--vier honderd duisend man te voet wat die swaard uittrek.

3 En die kinders van Benjamin het gehoor dat die kinders van Israel opgetrek het na Mispa. Toe die kinders van Israel: Vertel julle hoe hierdie misdaad gepleeg is.

4 Daarop antwoord die Levitiese man, die man van die vermoorde vrou, en : Ek het in Gíbea wat aan Benjamin behoort, gekom, ek en my byvrou, om te vernag.

5 En die burgers van Gíbea het teen my opgestaan en in vyandskap teen my die huis omsingel in die nag; hulle het gemeen om my dood te maak, en my byvrou het hulle onteer, sodat sy gesterf het.

6 Toe het ek my byvrou gegryp en haar in stukke verdeel en haar rondgestuur in die hele gebied van die erfdeel van Israel, omdat hulle 'n gruwel en 'n skanddaad in Israel begaan het.

7 Hier is julle, kinders van Israel, nou almal: gee julle hier woord en raad!

8 Toe staan die hele volk op soos een man en : Geeneen van ons sal na sy tent toe gaan en geeneen van ons wegdraai na sy huis toe nie;

9 maar dit is nou die ding wat ons Gíbea sal aandoen: Op teen hom volgens die lot!

10 Ons sal naamlik tien man neem uit elke honderd van al die stamme van Israel, en honderd uit duisend, en duisend uit tien duisend, om padkos vir die manskappe te gaan haal, om as hulle gekom het, met Gíbea-Benjamin te handel volgens die skanddaad wat hy in Israel begaan het.

11 Toe versamel al die manne van Israel by die stad, soos een man saamverbonde.

12 En die stamme van Israel stuur manne deur die hele stam van Benjamin om te : Wat vir 'n misdaad is dit wat onder julle gepleeg is?

13 Lewer dan nou die slegte manne uit wat in Gíbea is, dat ons hulle om die lewe kan bring en die kwaad uit Israel kan uitroei. Die Benjaminiete wou egter nie na hulle broers, die kinders van Israel, luister nie;

14 maar die kinders van Benjamin het bymekaargekom uit die stede na Gíbea toe, om na die oorlog uit te trek teen die kinders van Israel.

15 En die kinders van Benjamin uit die stede is op dié dag getel ses en twintig duisend man wat die swaard uittrek, behalwe die inwoners van Gíbea wat getel is: sewe honderd uitgesoekte manne.

16 Uit al hierdie manskappe was daar sewe honderd uitgesoekte manne wat links was; hulle almal het met 'n klip op 'n haar geslinger sonder om te mis.

17 En die manne van Israel, behalwe Benjamin, is getel: vier honderd duisend man wat die swaard uittrek, hulle almal was krygsmanne.

18 En hulle het klaargemaak en opgetrek na Bet-el en God geraadpleeg; en die kinders van Israel het gesê: Wie van ons moet eerste optrek om te veg teen die kinders van Benjamin? Toe die HERE: Juda eerste.

19 Daarop het die kinders van Israel die môre klaargemaak en laer opgeslaan teen Gíbea.

20 En die manne van Israel het uitgetrek om te veg teen Benjamin, en die manne van Israel het hulleself in slagorde teen hulle opgestel, na Gíbea toe.

21 Toe trek die kinders van Benjamin uit Gíbea uit, en hulle het op dié dag in Israel twee en twintig duisend man teen die grond vernietig.

22 Maar die manskappe, die manne van Israel, het hulle sterk gehou en hulle weer in slagorde opgestel op die plek waar hulle hul die vorige dag opgestel het.

23 En die kinders van Israel het opgetrek en geween voor die aangesig van die HERE tot die aand toe en die HERE geraadpleeg en gesê: Moet ek weer nader trek om te veg teen die kinders van Benjamin, my broer? En die HERE : Trek teen hom op!

24 En toe die kinders van Israel die tweede dag nader kom na die kinders van Benjamin,

25 het Benjamin uit Gíbea op die tweede dag uitgetrek om hulle te ontmoet en van die kinders van Israel nog agttien duisend man wat almal die swaard uittrek, teen die grond vernietig.

26 Daarop trek al die kinders van Israel, ja, die hele volk weg, en hulle het na Bet-el gekom; en hulle het geween en daar gebly voor die aangesig van die HERE en dié dag gevas tot die aand toe en brandoffers en dankoffers voor die aangesig van die HERE gebring.

27 En die kinders van Israel het die HERE geraadpleeg--want die verbondsark van God was in dié dae daar,

28 en Pínehas, die seun van Eleásar, die seun van Aäron, het in dié dae voor Hom gedien--en gesê: Moet ek nog weer uittrek om teen die kinders van Benjamin, my broer, te veg, of moet ek ophou? Toe die HERE: Trek op, want môre sal Ek hom in jou hand gee.

29 En Israel het rondom teen Gíbea hinderlae opgestel.

30 En die kinders van Israel het op die derde dag teen die kinders van Benjamin opgetrek en hulle teen Gíbea opgestel soos die vorige kere.

31 En die kinders van Benjamin het uitgetrek, die manskappe tegemoet--hulle is van die stad afgesny--en, soos die vorige kere, het hulle begin om sommige van die manskappe op die grootpaaie te verslaan, waarvan die een opgaan na Bet-el, en die ander deur die veld na Gíbea--omtrent dertig man in Israel.

32 Toe dink die kinders van Benjamin: Hulle is voor ons verslaan soos die eerste keer! Maar die kinders van Israel het gesê: Laat ons vlug en hom van die stad afsny na die grootpaaie toe.

33 En al die manne van Israel het hulle stelling verlaat en hulle by Baäl-Tamar opgestel, terwyl die hinderlaag van Israel aanruk uit sy stelling, uit die oop plek by Geba.

34 En tien duisend uitgesoekte manne uit die hele Israel het teenoor Gíbea vandaan gekom, en die geveg was hewig; maar Benjamin het nie gemerk dat die onheil hulle sou tref nie.

35 Toe het die HERE Benjamin voor Israel verslaan, en die kinders van Israel het op dié dag in Benjamin vyf en twintig duisend een honderd man wat almal die swaard uittrek, vernietig.

36 So het dan die kinders van Benjamin gesien dat hulle verslaan is. En die manne van Israel het aan Benjamin terrein gegee, omdat hulle vertrou het op die hinderlaag wat hulle teen Gíbea opgestel het.

37 Toe het die hinderlaag vinnig na Gíbea gestorm--en die hinderlaag het getrek en die hele stad met die skerpte van die swaard verslaan.

38 En die manne van Israel het 'n afspraak met die hinderlaag gehad dat hulle 'n groot rookwolk uit die stad moet laat optrek.

39 Daarom het die manne van Israel omgedraai in die geveg; en die Benjaminiete het begin om onder die manne van Israel sommige neer te slaan, omtrent dertig man, want hulle het gedink: Hy is regtig heeltemal voor ons verslaan soos in die vorige geveg.

40 Intussen het die wolk begin optrek uit die stad, 'n rookpilaar; en toe Benjamin agter hom omkyk, trek die hele stad al in rook na die hemel op!

41 Toe die manne van Israel dan nou omdraai, het die manne van Benjamin geskrik, want hulle het gesien dat die onheil hulle gaan tref;

42 en hulle het voor die manne van Israel omgedraai op pad na die woestyn; maar die geveg het hulle ingehaal, terwyl die wat uit die stede kom, hulle daar tussenin vernietig:

43 hulle het Benjamin omsingel, hom agtervolg, hom op die rusplek vertrap tot teenoor Gíbea, aan die oostekant.

44 En daar het van Benjamin agttien duisend man geval, en dit almal dapper manne.

45 Toe spring hulle om en vlug na die woestyn, na die rots Rimmon; maar hulle het in die nageveg op die grootpaaie vyf duisend man van hulle gedood en hulle agternagesit tot by Gídeom en twee duisend man van hulle verslaan.

46 En al die gesneuweldes van Benjamin op dié dag was vyf en twintig duisend man wat die swaard uittrek, en dit almal dapper manne.

47 Maar ses honderd man het omgedraai en gevlug na die woestyn, na die rots Rimmon en vier maande by die rots Rimmon gebly.

48 Toe gaan die manne van Israel terug na die kinders van Benjamin en verslaan hulle met die skerpte van die swaard, sowel mense as diere en alles wat voorgekom het; ook al die stede wat hulle aangetref het, het hulle aan die brand gesteek.

← Regters 19   Regters 21 →
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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 20      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Israel’s war with the tribe of Benjamin

The events of the previous chapter carry over into the last two chapters of the book of Judges, this one and the final one. The overall content of this chapter is about the division between Israel and the tribe of Benjamin (where the town of Gibeah was situated) and the eventual long war in which thousands on both sides died.

All Israel gathered together at Mizpah, four hundred thousand foot soldiers with swords, from every tribe, except the tribe of Benjamin who heard about the gathering. The reason for coming together, prompted by the dismembered parts of the concubine, was to decide what to do. The Levite told the story of the events. The men of Israel heard and decided that they would all immediately go up against the tribe of Benjamin, for them to hand over the perverted men of Gibeah for justice to be done and for Israel to be redeemed. They agreed to take one man out of every ten to go and, if necessary, to fight.

The spiritual meaning in this opening and gathering of Israel at Mizpah is mostly about its incompleteness. The tribe of Benjamin was not present even though Mizpah was in Benjamin’s territory. Spiritual incompleteness in us is to leave something out of our love and faithfulness to the Lord which makes each one of us a whole being. The twelve tribes of Israel stand for all the qualities which come together to form our spiritual life and purpose. (True Christian Religion 38)

The men of Israel go up and ask the Lord who should go to fight first. The reply is that Judah go first. The men of Benjamin refuse to hand the men of Gibeah over and they form an army to fight Israel. In the fighting, the men of Benjamin cut down twenty-two thousand men of Israel. Israel goes and weeps to the Lord and asks if they should go up again against their brother Benjamin. The Lord says they are to go up again.

The spiritual meaning of the tribe of Benjamin is that it stands for the ‘medium’ or the vital connection between what is internal or celestial and what is external or natural. If this connection is absent there is no passage or mutual link between these two and they are separated. This removes the completeness of our spiritual life as a whole. (See Arcana Caelestia 5822.)

Israel goes up against Benjamin on the second day and eighteen thousand men of Israel are cut down by the army of Benjamin. Israel goes to the house of the Lord and weeps, and asks if they should yet go out to fight their brother Benjamin. The Lord says that they are to fight a third time, and the He will deliver them into their hand.

Israel weeps. Weeping or crying stands for mourning the loss of something which is no longer present. In a good sense ‘weeping’ can be for the sense of loss of what is loved and what is part of us, here represented by ‘to battle the children of my brother Benjamin’.
The Lord wept over Jerusalem (Luke 19:41-44). (Arcana Caelestia 4293.3)

Israel fights on three consecutive day, and on the third day they defeat the tribe of Benjamin. ‘On the third day’ (see verse 30) stands for the need for conflict and personal states in our spiritual temptations and battles to be worked through until they are brought to an end and we can be brought out of temptation, into a new state. (Arcana Caelestia 5159)

The men of Israel laid an ambush and then went as before to fight the men of Benjamin. They moved away from them and Benjamin followed them and killed some men of Israel. The men in ambush arose and went to Gibeah and by arrangement made a great column of smoke after killing the men of the city. (Arcana Caelestia 9144) The men of Benjamin saw this and panicked, and twenty three thousand of them were slain. Six hundred men escaped and hid, and Israel went all around and destroyed men of Benjamin wherever they were found.

The spiritual meaning of this final battle is in the extent of the numbers killed and the aftermath of the victory with further killing. To ‘kill’ (or destroy) when it is used in the Word is to work completely towards the full expulsion of states, thoughts and intentions in us which are in opposition to the way of the Word and its wholeness and healing. (Arcana Caelestia 9320) This is the meaning of the term ‘vastation’ in which things which are opposed to the Lord need to be worked through and brought to an end so that a new state can come.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1453, 2723, 2799, 6804, 9396, 9416, 9422

Apocalypse Revealed 342


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 417, 687

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Významy biblických slov

kinders
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

een
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

man
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...

Dan
The tribe of Dan (Jer. 8:16) signifies truth in its own ultimate degree of order, here truth in the church, which is contained in the...

land
Is there any difference in meaning between “earth” and “ground”? At first it doesn’t seem so; both refer to the soil making up the land...

Here
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Mispa
'Mizpah,' as in Genesis 31:49, signifies the quality of the Lord’s presence with people who are principled in the goods of works, or with the...

stamme
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

vergadering
A congregation is a group of people with common loves, interests, and purposes. It often refers to a church group. In the Word it is...

God
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

vier
The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...

honderd
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

duisend
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

swaard
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

Benjamin
Also, Benjamin signifies the Word in its ultimate sense (Deut. 33:12)

gehoor
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...


As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

vertel
'To tell' signifies perceiving, because in the spiritual world, or in heaven, they do not need to tell what they think because they communicate every...

antwoord
To "answer" generally indicates a state of spiritual receptivity. Ultimately this means being receptive to the Lord, who is constantly trying to pour true ideas...

vrou
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

Gíbea
Gibeah, as in 2 Samuel 6, signifies the natural or ultimate principle of the church. Gibeah, Ramah, and Bethaven, as in Hosea 5:8, denote those...

opgestaan
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

huis
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

omsingel
To encompass, as in Genesis 19:4, signifies to be contrary, or to attack and assault with a hostile intention.

nag
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

dood
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

gesterf
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

woord
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

ons
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

tent
'The tabernacle' has almost the same meaning as 'temple,' that is, in the highest sense, the Lord’s divine humanity, and in a relative sense, heaven...

tien
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

gaan
All changes of place in the Bible represent changes in spiritual state. “Entering” – usually used as entering someone’s house or “going in unto” someone...

gekom het
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

versamel
To gather, as in Genesis 6:21, refers to those things which are in the memory of man, where they are gathered. It also implies that...

Stad
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

stuur
'Being sent' everywhere signifies, in an internal sense, going forth, as in John 17:8. In similar manner, it is said of the holy of the...

kwaad
'To hurt,' as mentioned in Revelation 6:6, signifies violation and profanation. 'To hurt' as mentioned in Revelation 9:4, signifies perverting the truths and goods of...

broers
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

luister
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

stede
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

oorlog
War in the Word represents the combat of temptation when what is good is assaulted by what is evil or false. The evil that attacks...

dag
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

twintig
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything, or fullness, because it is ten twice. In Genesis 18:31, 'twenty', like all numbers occurring in the...

inwoners
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

sewe
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

klip
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

Bet-el
When Jacob had his famous dream, of a staircase leading to heaven, he named the place "Bethel," which is Hebrew for "the house of God."...

gesê
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Juda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

môre
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

laer opgeslaan
'Pitch,' as in Genesis 14:10, denotes lusts. 'Burning pitch,' as in Isaiah 34:9, signifies direful fantasies.

opgeslaan
'Pitch,' as in Genesis 14:10, denotes lusts. 'Burning pitch,' as in Isaiah 34:9, signifies direful fantasies.

twee
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

grond
Is there any difference in meaning between “earth” and “ground”? At first it doesn’t seem so; both refer to the soil making up the land...

plek
'A dry place,' as in Luke 11:24, signifies states of evil and falsity which are in the life of someone who does the work of...

voor
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

aand
Since the light and warmth of the sun represent the Lord’s wisdom and love, it makes sense that evening, a time when the light and...

nader
'Nigh' denotes truth in affinity with good.

broer
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

ontmoet
In natural language, to "meet" someone can be positive or negative: it can be a welcoming and greeting, or it can be "meeting" them in...

dae
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

seun
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

gee
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

derde
'Three' denotes fullness, and 'a third,' not full.

verslaan
'The smitten' signify people who are oppressed by the falsities of ignorance.

veld
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

dertig
'Thirty' has a twofold significance because it is is the product of five and six, and also three and ten. From five multiplied by six,...

eerste
Why would it be insulting for a man to refer to his married partner as his “first wife”? Because it implies there will be a...

vlug
Flight, as in Matthew 14:20, signifies removal from a state of the good of love and innocence. Flight, as in Mark 8:18, signifies the last...

vyf
Five also signifies all things of one part.

gesien
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

gegee
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

slaan
'The smitten' signify people who are oppressed by the falsities of ignorance.

rook
'Smoke' signifies divine truth in extremes, because 'fire' which gives off smoke, signifies love. 'Smoke' also signifies the same thing as 'cloud' in many places....

agter
Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.

na
Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.

hemel
Heavens are celestial and spiritual things. Consequently, they are inmost things, both of the Lord's kingdom in heaven the and in the earth. This also...

pad
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

woestyn
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

agtervolg
'To pursue,' as in Genesis 14:16, signifies a state of purification, because 'to pursue enemies' is the expulsion of evils and falsities which were with...

rots
'Rocks' signify the good and truth of faith.

ses
Like most numbers in the Bible, "six" can have various meanings depending on context, but has a couple that are primary. When used in relation...

gevlug
To flee signifies to escape, and be rescued. To flee signifies to be overcome.

maande
'A month' has respect to the state of truth in a person. 'A month' signifies a full state. Month,' as in Genesis 29, signifies the...

terug
There are many instances in the Bible which describe people turning back, looking back or going back. In most cases it is a negative, sometimes...

diere
"Beasts" represent the affection for doing good things, a true desire to do them from the heart. In the negative sense, "beasts" stand for the...


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