Regters 18

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Afrikaanse Vertaling 1953     

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1 In dié dae was daar geen koning in Israel nie; en in dié dae het die stam van die Daniete vir hom 'n erfdeel gesoek om in te woon, want tot dié dag toe het onder die stamme van Israel geen genoegsame erfdeel aan hom toegeval nie.

2 En die kinders van Dan het uit al die dele van hulle geslag vyf man, dapper manne, uit Sórea en Estáol gestuur om die land te verken en dit te deursoek, en vir hulle gesê: Gaan deursoek die land. En hulle het die gebergte van Efraim ingegaan tot by die huis van Miga en daar die nag oorgebly.

3 Toe hulle by die huis van Miga was en die stem van die jongman, die Leviet, herken, draai hulle daar af en vir hom: Wie het jou hierheen gebring, en wat maak jy hier, en wat soek jy hier?

4 Daarop hy vir hulle: So en so het Miga met my gedoen, en hy het my gehuur, en ek het sy priester geword.

5 Toe vra hulle hom: Raadpleeg God tog, dat ons kan weet of ons pad waarop ons reis, voorspoedig sal wees.

6 En die priester vir hulle: Gaan in vrede; voor die HERE lê julle pad waar julle langs sal gaan.

7 Toe gaan die vyf manne weg en hulle kom by Lais; en hulle sien dat die volk wat daarin was, veilig woon volgens die gewoonte van die Sidoniërs, rustig en onbesorg; en daar was niemand wat in enigiets leed doen in die land deur vermoë in besit te neem nie; en hulle was ver van die Sidoniërs af, terwyl hulle met geen mens gemeenskap gehad het nie.

8 En toe hulle by hul broers kom in Sórea en Estáol, hul broers vir hulle: Wat julle?

9 En hulle antwoord: Maak klaar, en laat ons teen hulle optrek! Want ons het die land gesien, en kyk, dit is baie goed; en julle sit stil! Wees nie traag om te trek, in te gaan, die land in besit te neem nie.

10 As julle daar kom, sal julle by 'n onbesorgde volk kom, en die land is alkante toe wyd; want God gee dit in julle hand, 'n plek waar aan niks op aarde gebrek is nie.

11 Toe het daarvandaan weggetrek, uit die geslag van die Daniete, uit Sórea en Estáol, ses honderd man, omgord met wapens.

12 En hulle het opgetrek en laer opgeslaan by Kirjat-Jeárim in Juda; daarom noem hulle dié plek Dan-se-Laer tot vandag toe; dit lê daar agter Kirjat-Jeárim.

13 En daarvandaan het hulle oorgetrek in die gebergte van Efraim en gekom tot by die huis van Miga.

14 Daarop het die vyf man wat gegaan het om die land van Lais te verken, aan hulle broers begin : Weet julle dat in hierdie huise 'n skouerkleed en huisgode en 'n gesnede en 'n gegote beeld is? Weet dan nou wat julle moet doen!

15 Hulle het toe daarheen uitgedraai en gekom by die huis van die jongman, die Leviet, die huis van Miga, en hom na sy welstand gevra.

16 Onderwyl die ses honderd man wat uit die kinders van Dan was, met hulle wapens omgord voor die ingang van die poort gaan staan,

17 het die vyf man wat gegaan het om die land te verken, opgegaan, daar ingekom, die gesnede beeld en die skouerkleed en die huisgode en die gegote beeld geneem, terwyl die priester by die ingang van die poort bly staan saam met die ses honderd man met wapens omgord.

18 Toe daardie manne dan die huis van Miga ingegaan en die gesnede beeld, die skouerkleed en die huisgode en die gegote beeld geneem het, vra die priester vir hulle: Wat maak julle?

19 En hulle vir hom: Bly stil, sit jou hand op jou mond en gaan saam met ons, en wees vir ons 'n vader en 'n priester: is dit beter vir jou om priester te wees vir die huis van een man of om priester te wees vir 'n stam en 'n geslag in Israel?

20 Toe word die priester se hart vrolik, en hy neem die skouerkleed en die huisgode en die gesnede beeld en gaan tussen die manskappe in.

21 En hulle het weggedraai en voortgetrek, met die kinders en die vee en die waardevolle goed op hulle voorpunt.

22 Nadat hulle 'n hele ent weg was van Miga se huis af, is die manne van die huise wat by Miga se huis staan, bymekaargeroep, en hulle het die kinders van Dan agtervolg

23 en na die kinders van Dan geroep. Toe draai dié hulle gesigte om en vra vir Miga: Wat is dit met jou dat julle bymekaargeroep is?

24 En hy : My gode wat ek gemaak het, het julle weggeneem saam met die priester, en julle trek weg; wat het ek nou oor? En hoe kan julle dan vir my : Wat is dit met jou?

25 Maar die kinders van Dan vir hom: Moenie jou stem by ons laat hoor nie, sodat nie miskien manne met 'n bitter gemoed op julle aanval en jy jou eie lewe en die lewe van jou huis verloor nie.

26 Daarop gaan die kinders van Dan hulle koers, terwyl Miga, toe hy sien dat hulle sterker was as hy, omdraai en na sy huis teruggaan.

27 Maar hulle het saamgeneem wat Miga gemaak het, en die priester wat hy gehad het; en hulle het Lais, 'n rustige en onbesorgde volk, oorval en dié met die skerpte van die swaard verslaan en die stad met vuur verbrand.

28 En daar was geen redder nie, want dit was ver van Sidon af en hulle het met niemand gemeenskap gehad nie: dit het in die dal gelê wat by Bet-Rehob behoort. Hulle bou toe die stad weer op en woon daarin,

29 en noem die stad Dan, na die naam van hulle vader Dan wat vir Israel gebore is; maar tevore was die naam van die stad Lais.

30 En die kinders van Dan het vir hulle die gesnede beeld opgerig; en Jónatan, die seun van Gersom, die seun van Moses, hy en sy seuns was priesters vir die stam van die Daniete tot op die dag van die ontvolking van die land.

31 En hulle het vir hulle die gesnede beeld van Miga opgerig wat hy gemaak het, al die dae dat die huis van God in Silo was.

← Regters 17   Regters 19 →
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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 18      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

The Tribe of Dan Adopts Micah’s Idolatry

This chapter shows the way in which one person’s distortion of truth, turning it into a falsity, can have severe consequences on a larger scale.

The tribe of Dan – one of the twelve tribes of Israel – was given land to the west, by the coast, but they found it hard to hold on to. The name of the tribe of Dan means ‘to judge’, but if judgment isn't based on the Word there will be chaos. (Arcana Caelestia 842)

Faced with competition for their homeland, the tribal leaders of Dan went looking for a place for themselves elsewhere. They sent five men of valour to spy out the land. These men came to Micah’s house, and they recognised the voice of the young Levite there. They questioned him about his situation, and he told them that Micah had hired him to be a priest to his household. The men of Dan asked the Levite to ask the Lord if their search would be prosperous, and he told them that it would be.

The spiritual meaning of this part of the chapter is to do with an intensifying wrongness. At the textual level, there is reference to the Lord, and an apparent normality in what takes place. But underlying it, there's a wrongness, which will become apparent later in the chapter. The pointers to it here are the five men from Dan, them coming straight to Micah’s house, and the hiring of a priest.

The number ‘five’ has a good meaning in many parts of the Word, but it can also have a bad meaning, as it does here. In this context, it stands for only a little, for disunion and the destruction of the Word (Apocalypse Revealed 738).

Coming directly to Micah’s house and recognising the Levite brings together two evil intentions: Micah’s idol and the men of Dan’s search to take a home for themselves. An example for us could be where two people plot to seek the harm of a third person. (Arcana Caelestia 4724)

The hiring of a priest is something disallowed, for priests are there to serve the Lord and they are provided for by the people, not to be hired. Hiring, spiritually, stands for seeking reward for what you do, whereas the true reward is heaven for those who serve without expecting a reward. (Arcana Caelestia 8002)

The five men leave Micah's house, and go on to Laish in the far north, where there are people who dwell securely in peace and without rulers, far from others and with no ties. Laish means ‘fearless and kneaded together’. It is a picture of perfection, of heaven. (Divine Love and Wisdom 200)

The five men then return to their tribe of Dan and report about Laish. They say that it is ideal for the taking because it has plenty of land and its people are secure. They say that “God has given it into your hands”.

Six hundred men of the tribe of Dan set out and they too, come to the house of Micah. The five spies tell them about the idols and they meet and greet the young Levite. Then the five spies go in and take all the idols in the house. The Levite joins up with the men from Dan and they go on together.

One spiritual meaning in the story is that evil (Dan, gone bad) loves to destroy peace and innocence (Laish).

The complete loss to Micah of all his idols and his hired priest, shows, too, that in fully turning to evil, there is the final loss of everything that might bring a person back. (Arcana Caelestia 9039)

People living near Micah go and accost the men of Dan about what they have taken -- but Micah is told to stop complaining or his household will be killed.

The Danites leave, and go and capture Laish, killing and burning, and re-naming the city Dan. There they set up the images and appoint priests. These images remain in Dan all the time that the house of God is in Shiloh.

The spiritual meaning of one evil or falsity becoming greater or more numerous is in the way that we might hold a negative emotion or a distorted view in our mind where it then spreads to other emotions and views we have and brings them into greater evil and falsity. This is the intention of evil and also of hell’s influence, to extend it to be as widespread as possible.

This is the outcome of everything that has developed through this and the previous chapter. It describes the spread of evil to become a terrible force for destruction and spiritually, for an individual person, for self-destruction. In the context of the decline of Israel to where ‘everyone did what was right in their own eyes’ this progression presents the pathway and process of that spiritual loss. (Divine Providence 19)

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2598, 6396


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 2799, 3704, 3923, 4111, 8301

Heaven and Hell 324


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Spiritual Experiences 2411

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gestuur
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 Dividing the Land of Canaan Review Questions
Choose words from a word bank to complete sentences about the division of the land of Canaan.
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