Regters 17

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1 Daar was 'n man van die gebergte van Efraim met die naam van Miga.

2 Dié het aan sy moeder gesê: die elf honderd sikkels silwer wat van u geneem is en waaroor u 'n vloek uitgespreek het en dit ook voor my ore gesê het--hier is die geld by my, ék het dit geneem. Toe sy moeder: Mag jy geseënd wees deur die HERE, my seun!

3 En hy het aan sy moeder die elf honderd sikkels silwer teruggegee. Maar sy moeder het gesê: Ek heilig plegtig die geld aan die HERE; uit my hand is dit vir my seun om 'n gesnede en 'n gegote beeld te maak; ek sal dit dan nou aan jou teruggee.

4 Toe hy dan die geld aan sy moeder teruggegee het, neem sy moeder twee honderd sikkels silwer en gee dit aan 'n goudsmid; en hy het daar 'n gesnede en 'n gegote beeld van gemaak wat in die huis van Miga gekom het.

5 Die man Miga het naamlik 'n godshuis gehad, en hy het 'n skouerkleed en huisgode gemaak en een van sy seuns aangestel om vir hom priester te wees.

6 In dié dae was daar geen koning in Israel nie: elkeen het gedoen wat reg was in sy .

7 En daar was 'n jongman van Betlehem-Juda, uit die geslag van Juda; hy was 'n Leviet wat daar as vreemdeling vertoef het.

8 En die man het uit die stad, uit Betlehem-Juda, getrek om te vertoef waar hy plek kon kry; en op sy reis het hy in die gebergte van Efraim gekom tot by die huis van Miga.

9 En Miga vra hom: Waar kom u vandaan? Toe hy vir hom: Ek is 'n Leviet, uit Betlehem-Juda, en ek is op trek om te vertoef waar ek plek kan kry.

10 En Miga vir hom: Bly by my, en wees vir my 'n vader en 'n priester, dan sal ek u jaarliks tien sikkels silwer gee en 'n stel klere en u lewensonderhoud. En die Leviet het gegaan,

11 en die Leviet het ingewillig om by die man te bly; en die jongman was vir hom soos een van sy seuns.

12 En Miga het die Leviet aangestel, sodat die jongman sy priester geword het, en hy was in die huis van Miga.

13 Toe Miga: Nou weet ek dat die HERE aan my goed sal doen, omdat ek 'n Leviet as priester het.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 17      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

The Story of Micah’s Idols

In this chapter, the story moves from the various judges of Israel to an anecdote that illustrates the overall worsening spiritual situation in the land. The people turn from the Lord and do more and more wrong among themselves. The last verse of the book of Judges is very telling, “In those days there was no king in Israel; everyone did what was right in their own eyes.” The same words come in the present chapter, in Judges 17:6.

In this story, a man named Micah (not to be confused with the prophet Micah) took a lot of silver money from his mother. He confesses that he did this, and returns the money to her. She says, “May you be blessed by the Lord, my son!” She finds a silversmith to melt down the silver money to make an idol which gets set up in their house. One of Micah’s sons is then appointed as the priest to serve this idol.

The spiritual meaning of this is that an idol of any kind is a falsifying of our own worship and sense of the Lord. An idol is a ‘thing’ in a ‘place’, vested with power, whereas our worship and sense of the Lord is that he is fully everywhere and in everything. (Arcana Caelestia 3479, 3732) The essence of idolatry is that it emphasises external forms with no attention to the place and purpose of internal forms and realities. Our ‘idols’ can be whatever we love or desire or feel is important to us, over and above the Lord.

The story then shifts to a wandering Levite, a priest of Israel, who came from Bethlehem in Judah, and is looking for any place to stay. Israel had appointed six cities for Levites to live in, but this Levite is a wanderer. He eventually meets Micah, who takes him into his house and makes him a paid priest. Micah feels important because of this development.

This part of the story depicts the decline of Israel from its worship of the Lord to a state of allowing anything to be done if it seems right in someone’s eyes. The Levite is a trained priest, trained in the law of Moses, someone who should know the commandments of the Lord and also their prohibitions. This Levite is ‘looking for a place to go to’ which describes his apparent falling away from true priesthood. (See the description in Apocalypse Explained 444, about the Levites, and in Doctrine of Life 39 about priests.)

As well as indicating the extent of the spiritual fall of Israel into idolatry and wrong practices, this chapter representatively describes our own scope for moving away from a genuine worship of the Lord into a worship of ourselves and of the world, and the change that comes within us in doing this. It often changes very gradually and inexorably so that it is imperceptible even to ourselves. This is a danger, and the reason for our self-examination and vigilant care.

The name Micah means, “Who is like Jehovah God?” which is an ironical name for someone who turns away from God to substitute an idol made from silver money, in a completely false worship. In genuine repentance, we may ask, “Who is like Jehovah God?” implying that no one is like God, including ourselves, because we are all involved in wrong feelings, thinking and actions, and we know our need of and dependence on the Lord. (Apocalypse Revealed 531)

It is important to note the mother’s first words, “May you be blessed by the Lord, my son!” saying this for his confession and return of the money. She begins her part in the story with the truest of statements, i.e. that the Lord wants to bless us, even while she may just be glad to have all her money back.

“Silver” in the Word can mean truths, truths of faith and truth of good, but in an opposite sense, when used dishonestly, it means falsities. (Arcana Caelestia 1551)

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2598


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 3704, 4111

Heaven and Hell 324


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Spiritual Experiences 2411

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Významy biblických slov

man
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...

Efraim
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

naam
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

moeder
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

gesê
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...


As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

honderd
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

silwer
'Silver,' in the internal sense of the Word, signifies truth, but also falsity. 'Silver' means the truth of faith, or the truth acquired from selfhood,...

geld
'Silver,' in the internal sense of the Word, signifies truth, but also falsity. 'Silver' means the truth of faith, or the truth acquired from selfhood,...

Here
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

seun
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

heilig
'To sanctify' denotes being led by the Lord. 'To sanctify' denotes being incapable of being violated.

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

beeld
'An image' signifies falsities from self-derived intelligence.

gee
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

goudsmid
A founder, as in Jeremiah 10:9, signifies the same as a workman – in this case, people who create false ideas and evils from their...

huis
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

huisgode
There are three universal kinds of idolatry; the first is grounded in self-love, the second in the love of the world, and the third in...

een
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

seuns
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

dae
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

koning
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

Israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...


It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

Betlehem
There is a strong relationship between Ephrath and Bethlehem in the Bible; they might be two different names for the same town, or it’s possible...

Betlehem-Juda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

Juda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

Stad
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

kom
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

bly
'To tarry,' as in Genesis 27:44, signifies almost the same thing as 'to dwell,' except that 'to tarry' relates to the life of truth with...

tien
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

klere
It is said, in Deuteronomy 22:11, "Thou shalt not wear a garment of diverse sorts; as of woolen and linen together…”. This means that the...

weet
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

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 Dividing the Land of Canaan Review Questions
Choose words from a word bank to complete sentences about the division of the land of Canaan.
Activity | All Ages

 Micah’s Idols
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14


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