Regters 1

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1 En ná die dood van Josua het die kinders van Israel die HERE geraadpleeg en gesê: Wie van ons moet eerste optrek teen die Kanaäniete om teen hulle te veg?

2 En die HERE het gesê: Juda moet optrek. Kyk, Ek gee die land in sy hand.

3 Toe Juda aan sy broer Símeon: Trek saam met my op in my aandeel, dat ons die Kanaäniete kan beveg, dan sal ek ook met jou saam optrek in jou aandeel. En Símeon het saam met hom getrek;

4 en toe Juda optrek, het die HERE die Kanaäniete en Feresiete in hul hand gegee, sodat hulle tien duisend man van hulle by Besek verslaan het.

5 En hulle het Adóni-Besek aangetref in Besek en teen hom geveg, en die Kanaäniete en Feresiete verslaan.

6 En toe Adóni-Besek wegvlug, het hulle hom agternagejaag en hom gevang en sy duime en sy groottone afgekap.

7 Daarop Adóni-Besek: Sewentig konings met afgekapte duime en groottone het onder my tafel krummels opgetel: soos ek gedoen het, so het God my vergeld. En hulle het hom na Jerusalem gebring, en daar het hy gesterwe.

8 En die kinders van Juda het teen Jerusalem geveg en dit ingeneem en dit met die skerpte van die swaard verslaan en die stad aan die brand gesteek.

9 En daarna het die kinders van Juda afgetrek om te veg teen die Kanaäniete wat op die Gebergte en in die Suidland en in die Laeveld gewoon het.

10 Juda het dan teen die Kanaäniete uitgetrek, die inwoners van Hebron--maar die naam van Hebron was tevore Kirjat-Arba en hulle het Sesai en Ahíman en Talmai verslaan.

11 En daarvandaan het hy uitgetrek teen die inwoners van Debir--maar die naam van Debir was tevore Kirjat-Sefer.

12 En Kaleb het gesê: Hy wat Kirjat-Sefer verslaan en dit inneem, aan hom sal ek my dogter Agsa as vrou gee.

13 Daarop het Otniël, die seun van Kenas, die jonger broer van Kaleb, dit ingeneem; en hy het sy dogter Agsa aan hom as vrou gegee.

14 En toe sy aankom, het sy hom aangespoor om van haar vader 'n stuk grond te vra; en toe sy van die esel afklim, Kaleb vir haar: Wat wil jy hê?

15 En sy vir hom: Gee my tog 'n geskenk; omdat u my na 'n dor land versit het, moet u my waterfonteine Gee. Toe Gee Kaleb haar fonteine op die hoogte en fonteine in die laagte.

16 En die kinders van die Keniet, die swaer van Moses, het saam met die kinders van Juda opgetrek uit die Palmstad na die woestyn van Juda wat in die suide van Arad lê; en hy het heengegaan en met die volk saamgewoon.

17 En Juda het saam met sy broer Símeon getrek, en hulle het die Kanaäniete verslaan wat in Sefat gewoon het en dit met die banvloek getref; daarom noem hulle die stad Horma.

18 En Juda het Gasa met sy grondgebied en Askelon met sy grondgebied en Ekron met sy grondgebied ingeneem.

19 En die HERE was met Juda, sodat hy die gebergte in besit geneem het; maar die bewoners van die laagte kon hy nie verdrywe nie, omdat hulle ysterwaens gehad het.

20 En hulle het Hebron aan Kaleb gegee, soos Moses gespreek het; en hy het die drie seuns van Enak daaruit verdrywe.

21 En die kinders van Benjamin het die Jebusiete, die inwoners van Jerusalem, nie verdrywe nie, sodat die Jebusiete saam met die kinders van Benjamin in Jerusalem woon tot vandag toe.

22 En die huis van Josef, hulle het ook opgetrek na Bet-el, en die HERE was met hulle.

23 En toe die huis van Josef Bet-el laat bespied--maar die naam van die stad was tevore Lus--

24 sien die spioene 'n man uit die stad uitkom, en hulle vir hom: Wys ons tog 'n plek om in die stad in te kom, dan sal ons jou 'n guns bewys.

25 Hy wys hulle toe 'n plek om in die stad in te kom; en hulle het die stad verslaan met die skerpte van die swaard; maar die man en sy hele geslag het hulle laat gaan.

26 En die man het weggetrek na die land van die Hetiete, en hy het 'n stad gebou en dit Lus genoem; dit is sy naam tot vandag toe.

27 En Manasse het Bet-Sean met sy onderhorige plekke en Táänag met sy onderhorige plekke en die inwoners van Dor met sy onderhorige plekke en die inwoners van Jíbleam met sy onderhorige plekke en die inwoners van Megíddo met sy onderhorige plekke nie verdrywe nie; en die Kanaäniete het verkies om in hierdie land te bly woon.

28 Maar toe Israel sterk word, het hy die Kanaäniete dienspligtig gemaak; hy het hulle egter nie heeltemal verdrywe nie.

29 En Efraim het die Kanaäniete, die inwoners van Geser, nie verdrywe nie; sodat die Kanaäniete in sy midde in Geser bly woon het.

30 Sébulon het die inwoners van Kitron en die inwoners van Náhalol nie verdrywe nie; sodat die Kanaäniete in sy midde bly woon het; maar hulle het dienspligtig geword.

31 Aser het die inwoners van Akko en die inwoners van Sidon en Aglab en Agsib en Helba en Afik en Rehob nie verdrywe nie;

32 sodat die Aseriete bly woon het onder die Kanaäniete, die bevolking van die land, want hulle het hulle nie verdrywe nie.

33 Náftali het die inwoners van Bet-Semes en die inwoners van Bet-Anat nie verdrywe nie, sodat hy bly woon het onder die Kanaäniete, die bevolking van die land; maar die inwoners van Bet-Semes en Bet-Anat het aan hulle dienspligtig geword.

34 En die Amoriete het die kinders van Dan die gebergte in gedruk, want hulle het hul nie toegelaat om na die laagte af te kom nie;

35 sodat die Amoriete verkies het om te bly woon in Har-Heres, in Ajalon en in Sáälbim; maar die hand van die huis van Josef was swaar, sodat hulle dienspligtig geword het.

36 En die grens van die Amoriete was van Skerpioen-nek, van die rots af, en verder op.

← Joshua 24   Regters 2 →
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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 1      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 1: The continuing conquest of Canaan.

The book of Judges follows on almost seamlessly from Joshua. It is called ‘Judges’ because a number of regional leaders arose and made judgments for the people, often actively defending Israel from outside oppression. A pattern emerges in Judges: Israel disobeys the Lord – an enemy oppresses Israel – the Lord raises a leader – the leader is victorious against the enemy – there is peace for a time – Israel disobeys the Lord again.

There were twelve judges in all, about whom we either hear very much or next to nothing. The number twelve (as with the twelve tribes of Israel, the twelve disciples, and other examples in the Word), stands for all the various aspects of spirituality that we need to understand, develop, and put to use. A clue is often found in the meaning of their names, because biblical names are nearly always linked to spiritual qualities, such as ‘courage’, or ‘one who walks with God’ (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 10216).

The theme of this first chapter is the further conquest of the land. The Israelites asked the Lord, “Who shall go up and fight for us?” And the Lord said that the tribe of Judah would go, because the Lord had delivered the land into their hand. Judah then called on the tribe of Simeon to join them, and they won many battles against the Canaanites still in the land.

One Canaanite king, Adoni-bezek, fled and was captured by the Israelites, who then cut off his thumbs and big toes. Adoni-bezek said that God had dealt justice by punishing him, as he had previously cut off seventy kings’ thumbs and big toes, and they had to gather scraps of food under his table.

Then Caleb, a leader of Israel during the journey through the wilderness, said that the man who took Kirjath-sepher (Caleb’s inheritance city) from the Canaanites would marry his daughter, Achsah. Caleb’s nephew, Othniel, took the city and Achsah was given to him. Achsah asked her father for the blessing of springs of water, and Caleb gave her the upper and lower springs.

Next, spies were sent to Bethel. They met a man there, and said that if he directed them the entrance to the city, they would show him mercy. He helped them, and they took the city but showed mercy on the man and all his family. After all of this, the man built a new city called Luz in the land of the Hittites.

The chapter ends by listing the twelve tribes, as well as the Canaanite peoples who remained unsubdued in each of their territories.

*****

The overarching spiritual theme of Judges is the process of our regeneration. As the opening of Judges reminds us, there were still parts of the land and various tribes that Israel needed to conquer. In fact, the Israelites never finished driving enemies out of their land. In the same way, we need to control our inherited human nature, but it is never completely wiped out (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Love and Wisdom 238).

During regeneration, we will discover deeper and subtler self-centered states in ourselves, which need to be mitigated. Each judge raised by the Lord stands for our determination to deal with these states, using the Word as a guide. This brings us a period of peace, followed by the start of another personal discovery.

When the Israelites chose which tribes would fight for them, it was no coincidence that they selected Judah and Simeon. Judah (who was a prominent tribe of Israel) and Simeon (who usually acts with another tribe) stand for the highest things in our spiritual life: our love for the Lord, and our obedience to the Lord’s Word. Choosing Judah and Simeon as our strength will always bring victory in our regeneration (see Arcana Caelestia 3654 and Apocalypse Explained 443).

The spiritual meaning in the story of Adoni-bezek is about taking away the power of our self-love, as cutting off thumbs and big toes makes hands and feet virtually useless. When we work on our lower nature, we are to minimize its control over us. It is the same with any influences from hell; their power must end. Adoni-bezek’s comment about doing the same to seventy kings vividly describes how self-love can only lead to our downfall (Arcana Caelestia 10062[4]).

The delightful story of Caleb, Achsah and Othniel illustrates that after battle, there is rest and reward. In the same way, we strengthen the ‘marriage’ of good and truth in us after overcoming spiritual struggles (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Love and Wisdom 409). The springs of water given to Achsah stand for the truths which flow into our mind, both about the ‘upper’ things of the Lord and heaven, and those ‘lower’ ones about spiritual life and responsibility.

The episode about the man from Bethel means that when we open up our life to the Lord to allow Him to guide us, we become blessed (Arcana Caelestia 3928). Then our life can be re-built in very practical and good ways, represented by the Hittites.

The final mention of the Canaanites still in the land points to the continuing presence of our unregenerate qualities. Although we may progress through the work of regeneration, we are still human, and we will always have flaws left to improve on.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 66, 1408, 1574, 1616, 2799, 2838, 2909, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 367

True Christian Religion 614


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 458, 734

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 41

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesis 9:26, 49:8, 24

Exodus 18:1, 15

Lev 24:19, 20

Nommers 10:29, 14:45, 27:21, 34:4

Deuteronomium 2:23, 34:3, 4

Joshua 2:1, 12, 14, 24, 6:22, 23, 25, 11:21, 12:8, 14:9, 13, 15, 15:11, 13, 16, 63, 16:1, 2, 10, 17:11, 16, 18:21, 28, 19:15, 24, 28, 29, 30, 38, 42, 43, 47

Regters 1:8, 21, 27, 2:8, 9, 3:5, 9, 13, 4:3, 11, 9:24, 57, 14:19, 16:1, 18:1, 19:11, 20:18, 23, 27, 28

1 Samuel 10:22, 15:6, 33, 18:5, 12, 14, 30:15, 31:10

1 Konings 9:21, 16:31, 21:19, 22:5

2 Konings 18:7, 23:29

1 Kronieke 2:55

Psalms 106:34

Jesaja 33:1

Jeremia 25:20

Sefanja 3:19

Matthew 7:1, 15:27

openbaring 22:12

Významy biblických slov

dood
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

Josua
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

kinders
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Here
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

ons
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

gesê
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Juda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

gee
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

land
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...


As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

broer
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

gegee
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

tien
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

duisend
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

man
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...

verslaan
'The smitten' signify people who are oppressed by the falsities of ignorance.

konings
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

onder
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

tafel
Food and drink in the Bible represent the desire to be loving and the understanding of how to be loving, gifts that flow from the...

God
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

vergeld
'To repay' denotes making amends by truth.

Jerusalem
Jerusalem, on Mount Zion, signifies the doctrine of love to the Lord, and how it governs your life. Jerusalem first comes to our attention in...

ingeneem
"Catching" is used in a variety of ways in the Bible, both positive and negative. Thieves get caught; the Egyptians caught up with the Children...

swaard
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

Stad
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

inwoners
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

Hebron
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

naam
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

Kaleb
Caleb, In Numbers 14:24, represents those who are introduced into the church, and, accordingly, his seed signifies the truth of the doctrine of the church.

dogter
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

vrou
The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...

seun
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

jonger
In general, birth order in the Bible reflects the progression of spiritual states, but the specifics of those states depends greatly on context: who the...

Moses
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

woestyn
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

getref
'To smite' signifies condemnation. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 14:15, signifies vindication. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 32:8, signifies destruction. 'To smite the earth with...

noem
To call someone or summon someone in the Bible represents a desire for conjunction between higher and lower states of life. For instance, imagine someone...

Gasa
Gaza (or Azzah) signifies things revealed concerning charity.

drie
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

seuns
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

Benjamin
Also, Benjamin signifies the Word in its ultimate sense (Deut. 33:12)

woon
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

vandag
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

huis
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

Bet-el
When Jacob had his famous dream, of a staircase leading to heaven, he named the place "Bethel," which is Hebrew for "the house of God."...

Lus
'Luz,' as in Genesis 28, signifies a state wherein truth and good are together in the ultimate principle of order.

sien
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

Wys
'Shew' signifies instruction to the life.

Hetiete
'A Hittite' in a good sense, signifies the spiritual church, or the truth of the church. The Hittites were among the upright Gentiles who were...

gebou
wrought (also entwined or entwisted) is predicated of the natural scientific principle, and in Isaiah 45:13, of divine natural truth.

genoem
To call someone or summon someone in the Bible represents a desire for conjunction between higher and lower states of life. For instance, imagine someone...

Manasse
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

bly
'To tarry,' as in Genesis 27:44, signifies almost the same thing as 'to dwell,' except that 'to tarry' relates to the life of truth with...

Efraim
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

Náftali
'Naphtali' in a supreme sense, signifies the proper power of the Lord’s divine human. In a spiritual sense, he signifies temptation and victory and a...

Dan
The tribe of Dan (Jer. 8:16) signifies truth in its own ultimate degree of order, here truth in the church, which is contained in the...

af
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

Ajalon
The valley of Ajalon has respect to faith: by the sun standing still upon Gibeon, and the moon in the valley of Ajalon (Joshua 10:12)...

grens
A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

rots
'Rocks' signify the good and truth of faith.

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 Books of Joshua and Judges Multiple Choice Review
Review events from the books of Joshua and Judges with a multiple-choice activity.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Caleb Gave Othniel His Daughter, Achsah, to Be His Wife
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Chart of the Judges Review Activity
Review the Judges of Israel by completing a chart to show their enemies, enemy rulers, weapons and years of peace.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Qualities of a Hero Review of Joshua and Judges
Identify heroes who showed courage, obedience to the Lord, strength and trust in the Lord. Choose additional qualities shown in Judges.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Review of Joshua and Judges Crossword Puzzle
Review events from the books of Joshua and Judges by completing a crossword puzzle.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13


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