Joshua 9

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1 En toe al die konings wat wes van die Jordaan woon op die Gebergte en in die Laeveld en aan die hele kus van die Groot See na die kant van die Líbanon toe: die Hetiete en Amoriete, Kanaäniete, Feresiete, Hewiete en Jebusiete, dit hoor,

2 het hulle bymekaargekom om soos een man teen Josua en Israel te veg.

3 Maar toe die inwoners van Gíbeon hoor wat Josua met Jérigo en met Ai gedoen het,

4 het hulle ook met lis gehandel: hulle het gegaan en hulle as boodskappers aangestel en verslyte sakke op hulle esels geneem en verslyte wynsakke wat geskeur en weer toegebind was;

5 ook verslyte en gelapte skoene aan hulle voete en verslyte klere aan hulle lyf; en al die brood van hulle padkos was droog en verkrummeld.

6 So het hulle dan na Josua gegaan in die laer van Gilgal en aan hom en die manne van Israel gesê: Ons kom van 'n ver land af; sluit dan nou 'n verbond met Ons.

7 Maar die manne van Israel het aan die Hewiete gesê: Miskien woon julle onder ons; hoe kan ons dan 'n verbond met julle sluit?

8 Toe hulle vir Josua: Ons is u dienaars! Daarop het Josua hulle gevra: Wie is julle, en waar kom julle vandaan?

9 En hulle vir hom: U dienaars kom van 'n baie ver land af, vanweë die Naam van die HERE u God; want ons het die gerug van Hom gehoor, en alles wat Hy in Egipte gedoen het;

10 en alles wat Hy aan die twee konings van die Amoriete oorkant die Jordaan gedoen het, aan Sihon, die koning van Hesbon, en Og, die koning van Basan, wat in Astarot was.

11 Daarom het ons oudstes en al die inwoners van ons land met ons gespreek en gesê: Neem padkos met julle saam vir die reis en trek hulle tegemoet en aan hulle: ons is julle dienaars, sluit dan nou 'n verbond met ons.

12 Ons brood hier--warm het Ons dit as padkos uit Ons huise geneem, die dag toe Ons uitgetrek het om na julle te gaan--kyk maar, nou het dit droog en verkrummeld geword.

13 En die wynsakke hier wat ons as nuwes volgemaak het--kyk maar, hulle is geskeur; en ons klere hier en ons skoene--hulle is verslyt deur die baie lang reis.

14 Toe neem die manne van hulle padkos; maar die mond van die HERE het hulle nie geraadpleeg nie.

15 En Josua het met hulle vrede gemaak en met hulle 'n verbond gesluit, dat hy hulle sou laat lewe; en die owerstes van die vergadering het hulle dit met 'n eed beloof.

16 Maar aan die einde van drie dae, nadat die verbond met hulle gesluit was, hoor die volk dat hulle in hul nabyheid en tussen hulle in woon.

17 Die kinders van Israel het naamlik weggetrek en op die derde dag by hulle stede gekom; en hulle stede was: Gíbeon en Kefíra en Béërot en Kirjat-Jeárim.

18 Maar die kinders van Israel het hulle nie verslaan nie, omdat die owerstes van die vergadering vir hulle gesweer het by die HERE, die God van Israel; die hele vergadering het toe teen die owerstes gemurmureer.

19 Daarop al die owerstes aan die hele vergadering: Ons het self vir hulle gesweer by die HERE, die God van Israel; en nou mag ons hulle nie aanraak nie.

20 Dit sal ons aan hulle doen en hulle laat lewe, sodat daar nie toorn oor ons kom ter wille van die eed wat ons vir hulle gesweer het nie.

21 Verder die owerstes vir hulle: Laat hulle lewe! En hulle het houtkappers en waterputters geword van die hele vergadering, soos die owerstes aan hulle gesê het.

22 Toe laat Josua hulle roep en spreek met hulle en : Waarom het julle ons bedrieg deur te : ons woon baie ver van julle af--terwyl julle tussen ons in woon?

23 Nou dan, vervloek is julle! En nooit sal julle ophou om knegte, houtkappers sowel as waterputters, vir die huis van my God te wees nie.

24 Toe het hulle Josua geantwoord en gesê: Omdat aan u dienaars verseker meegedeel was dat die HERE u God aan Moses, sy kneg, bevel gegee het om die hele land aan julle te gee en al die inwoners van die land voor julle uit te verdelg, daarom was ons vir julle baie bevrees ter wille van ons lewe en het ons hierdie ding gedoen.

25 Maar hier is ons nou in u hand: doen soos dit goed en reg is in u om met ons te handel.

26 Hy het toe so met hulle gedoen en hulle gered uit die hand van die kinders van Israel, dat dié hulle nie gedood het nie.

27 So het Josua dan op dié dag houtkappers en waterputters van hulle gemaak vir die vergadering en vir die altaar van die HERE, tot vandag toe, op die plek wat Hy sou uitkies.

  

Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 9      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff and Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 9: The Gibeonites deceive Israel.

After Israel conquered Jericho and then Ai, the news about the strength of the Children of Israel - and their mighty God, Jehovah - spread quickly among the people of Canaan. In this chapter, the people of Gibeon came up with a plan to trick Joshua and the Israelites into granting them safety.

To preserve themselves, the Gibeonites cooked up a story that they had come from far away. They dressed in old clothing and worn-out sandals, and brought shabby wine-skins and moldy bread as proof of their long journey. After questioning these travelers, Joshua agreed to guarantee their safety, and the Israelites made a covenant to let them live. Note that the Israelites did not consult the Lord.

In the end, the Gibeonites admitted that they lived close by and were neighbors of Israel, just as the Hivites (the Gibeonites' ancestors) had been with Abraham. Joshua, unable to revoke his promise to them, made them wood-cutters and water-carriers for the altars of the Lord.

This chapter offers us several spiritual lessons. The main one is that there is a place for simple, well-intentioned goodness in our spiritual life, along with our love of God and our love for other people (See Swedenborg's exegetical work, Arcana Caelestia 3436, for details). This is what the Gibeonites stand for; they were not warlike but peaceful, content to live usefully day after day. This is an illustration of natural good, which is an important part of life in this world and in heaven (Arcana Caelestia 3167).

On a spiritual level, their story about living in a country far-away means that when we live good, well-intentioned lives, we are ‘far away’ from the evils of the Canaanites. Although the Gibeonites lived among the Canaanites, their higher values were entirely different. So while the Gibeonites deceived Israel to save themselves, they spoke truthfully when they said: “we come from a place a very long way away” (See Swedenborg's work, Heaven and Hell 481).

Their tattered and torn appearance is meant to illustrate the hard work of doing good. It can be quite wearing to continue doing good things, especially when we feel it is all up to us. Acknowledging that all good is from the Lord renews us, and keeps us from the burden of merit.

In the same vein, their worn-out appearance is also about our relationship with the Word. Little children love and delight in the stories of the Word, but as they grow up, this love dwindles (Arcana Caelestia 3690). But as adults, we have the choice to find those guiding principles from the Word, helping us to keep leading good lives.

The fact that Joshua commanded the Gibeonites to cut wood and draw water also holds spiritual significance. The beauty of wood is that it comes from living trees, and can be turned into many, many useful things. It stands for the steady, humble wish to do good each day (See Swedenborg's work, True Christian Religion 374). This must be present in our worship at the altars of the Lord.

Drawing water provides essential, life-giving refreshment for others. Water stands for truth, and our better actions draw the water of life for the sake of others. Truly, acknowledging the goodness in other people is part of our faith in God. This story shows us that we must allow others to live and to serve everything of God, just as Joshua showed mercy toward the Gibeonites.

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 9      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff and Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 9: The Gibeonites deceive Israel.

After Israel conquered Jericho and then Ai, the news about the strength of the Children of Israel - and their mighty God, Jehovah - spread quickly among the people of Canaan. In this chapter, the people of Gibeon came up with a plan to trick Joshua and the Israelites into granting them safety.

To preserve themselves, the Gibeonites cooked up a story that they had come from far away. They dressed in old clothing and worn-out sandals, and brought shabby wine-skins and moldy bread as proof of their long journey. After questioning these travelers, Joshua agreed to guarantee their safety, and the Israelites made a covenant to let them live. Note that the Israelites did not consult the Lord.

In the end, the Gibeonites admitted that they lived close by and were neighbors of Israel, just as the Hivites (the Gibeonites' ancestors) had been with Abraham. Joshua, unable to revoke his promise to them, made them wood-cutters and water-carriers for the altars of the Lord.

This chapter offers us several spiritual lessons. The main one is that there is a place for simple, well-intentioned goodness in our spiritual life, along with our love of God and our love for other people (See Swedenborg's exegetical work, Arcana Caelestia 3436, for details). This is what the Gibeonites stand for; they were not warlike but peaceful, content to live usefully day after day. This is an illustration of natural good, which is an important part of life in this world and in heaven (Arcana Caelestia 3167).

On a spiritual level, their story about living in a country far-away means that when we live good, well-intentioned lives, we are ‘far away’ from the evils of the Canaanites. Although the Gibeonites lived among the Canaanites, their higher values were entirely different. So while the Gibeonites deceived Israel to save themselves, they spoke truthfully when they said: “we come from a place a very long way away” (See Swedenborg's work, Heaven and Hell 481).

Their tattered and torn appearance is meant to illustrate the hard work of doing good. It can be quite wearing to continue doing good things, especially when we feel it is all up to us. Acknowledging that all good is from the Lord renews us, and keeps us from the burden of merit.

In the same vein, their worn-out appearance is also about our relationship with the Word. Little children love and delight in the stories of the Word, but as they grow up, this love dwindles (Arcana Caelestia 3690). But as adults, we have the choice to find those guiding principles from the Word, helping us to keep leading good lives.

The fact that Joshua commanded the Gibeonites to cut wood and draw water also holds spiritual significance. The beauty of wood is that it comes from living trees, and can be turned into many, many useful things. It stands for the steady, humble wish to do good each day (See Swedenborg's work, True Christian Religion 374). This must be present in our worship at the altars of the Lord.

Drawing water provides essential, life-giving refreshment for others. Water stands for truth, and our better actions draw the water of life for the sake of others. Truly, acknowledging the goodness in other people is part of our faith in God. This story shows us that we must allow others to live and to serve everything of God, just as Joshua showed mercy toward the Gibeonites.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1097, 1110, 2842, 3058, 4431, 6860


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 608

Spiritual Experiences 151, 271, 273, 330, 363, 377

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Významy biblických slov

konings
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

groot
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

see
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

kant
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

Líbanon
'Lebanon' signifies spiritual good. 'Lebanon' signifies the church regarding the perception of truth from the rational self.

Hetiete
'A Hittite' in a good sense, signifies the spiritual church, or the truth of the church. The Hittites were among the upright Gentiles who were...

Hewiete
The Hivites' represent those who were in idolatry, but in which there was something of good.

Hoor
Thanks to modern science, we now understand that hearing actually happens in the brain, not the ears. The ears collect vibrations in the air and...

een
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

Josua
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

Israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

inwoners
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

Gíbeon
sun standing still upon Gibeon signifies total vastation of the church.

ai
Hai, or Ai, signifies light derived from worldly things.

esels
Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

geskeur
'Torn,' as in Genesis 31:38, signifies death caused by another, so evil without blame. 'Torn' relates to good, which falsity is injected into, which means...

skoene
In the Word, 'the sole of the foot' and 'the heel' signifies the ultimate natural. 'The shoe' is what clothes the sole of the foot...

voete
Our feet are the lowest parts of our bodies, and they're very useful! In the Bible, feet represent the lowest and most utilitarian part of...

klere
Soft raiment,' as in Matthew 11:9, represents the internal sense of the Word.

brood
Just as natural food feeds the natural body, so spiritual food feeds the spiritual body. And since our spiritual body is the expression of what...

Gilgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

gesê
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

ons
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

kom
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

land
Is there any difference in meaning between “earth” and “ground”? At first it doesn’t seem so; both refer to the soil making up the land...

woon
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...


As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

dienaars
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

naam
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

Here
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

God
The Lord is called "Jehovah" in the Bible when the text is referring to his essence, which is love itself. He is called "God" when...

gehoor
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

Egipte
Egyptians represent those who are in natural science, thus the natural, but the Hebrews, those who are of the church, thus respectively the spiritual. The...

twee
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

koning
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

Hesbon
'Heshbon,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:3, signifies the fructification of truth in the natural self.

huise
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

dag
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

mond
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

n eed beloof
The Lord swearing by himself signifies that divine truth testifies, for He is divine truth itself, and this testifies from itself and means itself. It...

eed
'To sware' is a binding.

drie
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

dae
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

kinders
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

weggetrek
'To journey' signifies the institutes and order of life.

derde
'Three' denotes fullness, and 'a third,' not full.

stede
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

verslaan
'The smitten' signify people who are oppressed by the falsities of ignorance.

gesweer
'To sware' is a binding.

gemurmureer
'To murmur' denotes complaint and pain from the bitterness of temptation.

aanraak
Imagine having your mother touch your cheek. Then imagine having your spouse or someone you love romantically touch your cheek. Then imagine having a baby...

roep
'To proclaim' signifies exploration from influx of the Lord.

spreek
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

huis
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

Moses
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

bevel
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

gegee
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

gee
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

voor
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...


It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

altaar
The first altar mentioned in the Word was built by Noah after he came out of the ark. On that altar, he sacrificed clean animals...

vandag
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

plek
'A dry place,' as in Luke 11:24, signifies states of evil and falsity which are in the life of someone who does the work of...

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 Israel's Treaty with Gibeon Review Questions
Read Joshua 9 to complete sentences about Israel's treaty with the Gibeonites.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 The Fate of the Gibeonites
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Five Kings Captured
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Gibeonites
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3


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