Joshua 8

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1 Daarop die HERE vir Josua: Wees nie bevrees of verskrik nie; neem al die weerbare manskappe met jou saam en maak jou klaar, trek op na Ai; kyk, Ek gee die koning van Ai en sy volk en sy stad en sy land in jou hand.

2 En jy moet met Ai en sy koning doen soos jy met Jérigo en sy koning gedoen het; net sy buit en sy vee mag julle vir julself buitmaak. Stel vir jou 'n hinderlaag op teen die stad, aan die agterkant.

3 Toe het Josua hom gereedgemaak met al die weerbare manskappe om op te trek na Ai, en Josua het dertig duisend man, dapper helde, uitgesoek en hulle in die nag uitgestuur

4 en aan hulle bevel gegee en gesê: Kyk, julle moet teen die stad 'n hinderlaag opstel, aan die agterkant van die stad; moenie te ver van die stad af weggaan nie, en hou julle almal gereed;

5 en ek met al die manskappe wat by my is, ons sal na die stad toe aankom; as hulle dan 'n uitval maak om ons te ontmoet, soos die vorige keer, sal ons voor hulle uit vlug;

6 en hulle sal uittrek agter ons aan totdat ons hulle van die stad afgesny het--want hulle sal dink: Hulle vlug voor ons uit soos die vorige keer--en ons sal voor hulle uit vlug.

7 Dan moet julle uit die hinderlaag opstaan en die stad inneem; want die HERE julle God sal dit in julle hand gee.

8 En as julle die stad verower het, moet julle die stad aan die brand steek, na die woord van die HERE moet julle handel; kyk, ek gee julle bevel.

9 So het Josua hulle dan uitgestuur, en hulle het getrek na die hinderlaag en gebly tussen Bet-el en Ai, aan die westekant van Ai; maar Josua het dié nag onder die manskappe deurgebring.

10 Die môre vroeg het Josua hom klaargemaak en die manskappe gemonster en opgetrek met die oudstes van Israel, op die voorpunt van die manskappe, na Ai toe.

11 En al die weerbare manskappe wat by hom was, het opgetrek en nader gegaan en teenoor die stad gekom, en hulle het laer opgeslaan aan die noordekant van Ai, sodat die dal tussen hulle en Ai was.

12 So het hy dan omtrent vyf duisend man geneem en hulle in 'n hinderlaag opgestel tussen Bet-el en Ai, aan die westekant van die stad.

13 En hulle het die manskappe opgestel, die hele leër wat noordelik van die stad was, met sy agterhoede aan die westekant van die stad, maar Josua het dieselfde nag die laagte ingetrek.

14 En toe die koning van Ai dit merk, het die manne van die stad hulle in die vroegte gou klaargemaak en uitgetrek om Israel in die geveg te ontmoet, hy en al sy manskappe, op 'n afgesproke plek voor die vlakte; maar hy het nie geweet dat daar vir hom agter die stad 'n hinderlaag lê nie.

15 en Josua en die hele Israel het hul laat verslaan voor hulle en gevlug in die rigting van die woestyn.

16 Al die manskappe in die stad is toe opgeroep om hulle agterna te jaag; en terwyl hulle Josua agtervolg, is hulle van die stad afgesny,

17 sodat niemand in Ai en Bet-el oorgebly het wat nie agter Israel aan uitgetrek het nie; en hulle het die stad oop laat staan en Israel agternagejaag.

18 En die HERE het vir Josua gesê: Steek die spies wat in jou hand is, na Ai toe uit, want Ek wil dit in jou hand gee. Daarop steek Josua die spies wat in sy hand was, na die stad uit.

19 En die hinderlaag het gou van sy plek af opgestaan en gestorm net toe hy sy hand uitgesteek het, en hulle het in die stad ingekom en dit ingeneem en die stad gou aan die brand gesteek.

20 Toe die manne van Ai agter hulle omkyk, sien hulle hoe die rook van die stad na die hemel optrek; maar hulle het geen kans gehad om hierheen of daarheen te vlug nie, want die manskappe wat op die vlug was na die woestyn, het omgedraai teen die vervolgers.

21 Toe Josua en die hele Israel sien dat die hinderlaag die stad inneem en dat die rook van die stad opstyg, het hulle omgedraai en die manne van Ai aangeval.

22 Daarop trek dié uit die stad hulle tegemoet, sodat hulle tussen Israel in geraak het, 'n deel duskant en 'n deel anderkant; en hulle het hul verslaan totdat daar niemand van hulle oor was wat vrygeraak of ontvlug het nie.

23 Maar hulle het die koning van Ai lewendig gevang en hom na Josua gebring.

24 En nadat Israel al die inwoners van Ai in die veld, in die woestyn waar hulle hul agtervolg het, geheel en al van kant gemaak het, en hulle almal tot die laaste een toe deur die skerpte van die swaard geval het, het die hele Israel teruggekom na Ai en dit met die skerpte van die swaard verslaan.

25 Al die gesneuweldes op dié dag, manne sowel as vroue, was twaalf duisend--al die mense van Ai.

26 En Josua het sy hand met die uitgestrekte spies nie teruggetrek voordat hy al die inwoners van Ai met die banvloek getref het nie.

27 Net die vee en die buit van daardie stad het die Israeliete vir hulle buitgemaak, volgens die woord van die HERE wat Hy Josua beveel het.

28 Toe het Josua Ai verbrand en daarvan 'n puinhoop gemaak vir ewig, 'n wildernis tot vandag toe.

29 En die koning van Ai het hy aan 'n paal opgehang tot die aand toe; maar teen sonsondergang het Josua bevel gegee, en hulle het sy lyk van die paal afgehaal en dit by die ingang van die stadspoort gegooi en 'n groot hoop klippe op hom gestapel wat vandag nog daar is.

30 Toe het Josua 'n altaar gebou vir die HERE, die God van Israel, op die berg Ebal,

31 soos Moses, die kneg van die HERE, die kinders van Israel beveel het, soos geskrywe staan in die wetboek van Moses: 'n Altaar van ongekapte klippe waaroor geen yster geswaai is nie; en dáárop het hulle aan die HERE brandoffers gebring en dankoffers geslag.

32 En daar het hy 'n afskrif van die wet van Moses op die klippe geskrywe, wat hy geskrywe het voor die oë van die kinders van Israel,

33 terwyl die hele Israel met sy oudstes en die opsigters en sy regters aan weerskante van die ark staan--teenoor die Levitiese priesters, die draers van die verbondsark van die HERE--die vreemdeling sowel as die kind van die land: die een helfte daarvan teen die berg Gerísim en die ander helfte daarvan teen die berg Ebal, soos Moses, die kneg van die HERE, tevore bevel gegee het om die volk van Israel te seën.

34 En daarna het hy al die woorde van die wet voorgelees, die seën en die vloek, net soos dit geskrywe staan in die wetboek.

35 Daar was geen woord van alles wat Moses beveel het, wat Josua nie voorgelees het voor die hele vergadering van Israel, met die vroue en die kinders en die vreemdeling wat onder hulle saamgetrek het nie.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 8      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth and New Christian Bible Study Staff

Joshua 8: The fall of Ai and the renewal of the covenant.

The events of this chapter - and their spiritual meaning for us - follow on from the previous chapter. After their first setback at Ai, the Children of Israel take the city of Ai by using a clever ruse. Joshua chose thirty thousand men for the battle. The plan was for five thousand of them to hide near the city, while he led the main army to attack the city. Then, Joshua and his forces would pretend to run away, pursued by the men of Ai. Those who had hidden were then to come out, go into the city, and set it on fire. The men of Ai would see this and run back, get ambushed, and be caught between Joshua’s two armies.

It all happened as planned, and Israel took Ai. (See Arcana Caelestia 1557). As with Jericho, everything in Ai was commanded to be destroyed, except that in this case the livestock and the city’s spoils were to be kept. The whole city was burned and its king was hanged on a tree until sunset and then his body was thrown down at the city entrance with a great heap of stones put over it.

The basic spiritual meaning of any battle in the Bible such as this, is to show how a heavenly principle can and will overcome a hellish or evil attack, especially for us, during some temptation - when we seek to resist and fight back.

Evil is only strong in illusion and fear-mongering; when the light of what is true shines on evil it gets shown for what it is. (Heaven and Hell 49)

The city’s name “Ai” means “a heap”. The word gets used several times in the text of the chapter. A heap implies rubble and rubbish. Cities sometimes look noble and well-planned; in Ai’s case it was the very opposite - a heap, a ruin. (Heaven and Hell 586[2])

While Jericho generally represents our wrong thinking, which first stands in the way of our regeneration and spiritual will, Ai represents our evil emotions and our selfish passions. Both of them must fall before we can make further progress.

Joshua chooses a large number to go against a relatively few in Ai, who nevertheless all rush out to fight Israel. “There was not a man left in Ai or Bethel who did not go out after Israel. Thus they left the city open.” (Joshua 8:17)

Joshua’s tactic of drawing out the men of Ai means our challenge to evil - by confronting it with the truths and commandments we know and obey. Joshua’s pretence of fleeing away draws Ai out in glee, interpreting the flight as a real retreat. Then everything turns, and Joshua’s men go forward representing the power of the truth, the Word and our persuasion of their effectiveness in winning. (Arcana Caelestia 6344[4])

Ai’s men see their city on fire, for other Israelites entered Ai and set it ablaze. This represents the self-condemnation of evil, of hell, when it is exposed to what is true, heavenly and of God. But Joshua’s men, lying in ambush and waiting for the moment, represent our keen observation of how our selfish desires work to cause havoc in us. They are 5,000. Symbolically, in the Bible, five or its multiples always stand for a small amount - but enough to use.

Hanging the king of Ai stands for our need to put down the controlling power of any evil which stirs us. And all Ai is destroyed, because all evil must be turned against and refused.

Then, and only then, Joshua remakes the covenant with the Lord God; he builds an altar, he writes a copy on stones of the Law of Moses in the presence of all Israel, the priests stand in two groups in front of two mountains, then Joshua reads the words of blessing and cursing and all the Law of Moses.

After we resist any evil and its temptation, we must re-hear and re-affirm the truth that this was the Lord’s victory, not ours, and re-dedicate ourselves to the life the Lord gives us. (True Christian Religion 13[2])

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 796, 878, 1298, 1453, 2799, 5156, 6752, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 457, 662


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 585, 655, 937

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesis 12:7, 8

Exodus 8:1, 17:9, 12, 13, 20:25

Nommers 15:15, 16, 29

Deuteronomium 2:34, 35, 7:18, 21, 11:29, 13:17, 21:22, 23, 27:2, 8, 14, 28:28, 29:9, 10, 31:11, 12

Joshua 1:9, 2:24, 3:1, 6:2, 21, 7:26, 9:3, 10:7, 22, 26, 27, 11:14, 12:9

Regters 9:32, 20:29, 31, 32, 34, 37, 40, 41

1 Samuel 15:5

Nehemia 8:2, 3

John 4:20

1 Tessalonisense 5:27

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ai
Hai, or Ai, signifies light derived from worldly things.

kyk
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gee
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land
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buit
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man
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helde
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nag
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vlug
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agter
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opstaan
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opgeslaan
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na
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groot
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hoop
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altaar
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gebou
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berg
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yster
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helfte
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seën
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woorde
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vloek
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vergadering
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