Joshua 6

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Afrikaanse Vertaling 1953     

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1 Maar Jérigo het die poort gesluit en gesluit gebly vanweë die kinders van Israel; niemand het uit-- of ingegaan nie.

2 Toe het die HERE vir Josua gesê: Kyk, Ek gee Jérigo met sy koning en dapper helde in jou hand.

3 Julle moet dan om die stad trek, al die krygsmanne; trek die stad een maal om; so moet jy doen ses dae lank.

4 En sewe priesters moet sewe ramshorings voor die ark dra; maar op die sewende dag moet julle die stad sewe maal omtrek; en die priesters moet op die horings blaas;

5 en as hulle lang geluide op die ramshoring blaas, as julle die geluid van die horing hoor, moet die hele volk 'n groot krygsgeskreeu aanhef: dan sal die stadsmuur op sy plek inval; en die volk moet inklim, elkeen reg voor hom uit.

6 Toe het Josua, die seun van Nun, die priesters geroep en aan hulle gesê: Neem die verbondsark op, en laat sewe priesters sewe ramshorings voor die ark van die HERE dra.

7 En aan die volk het hy gesê: Trek op en gaan om die stad; maar die gewapendes moet voor die ark van die HERE optrek.

8 En net toe Josua dit aan die volk gesê het, het die sewe priesters, die draers van die sewe ramshorings, opgetrek voor die aangesig van die HERE en geblaas op die horings, terwyl die verbondsark van die HERE agter hulle aan gaan.

9 Die gewapendes het ook voor die priesters getrek wat op die horings geblaas het, terwyl die agterhoede agter die ark aan gaan en daar gedurig op die horings geblaas word.

10 En Josua het aan die volk bevel gegee en gesê: Julle mag nie skreeu of julle stem laat hoor nie, en geen woord mag uit julle mond uitgaan nie tot op die dag dat ek vir julle : Skreeu! dan moet julle skreeu.

11 Toe het die ark van die HERE om die stad getrek, een keer rondom; daarna het hulle in die laer gekom en in die laer die nag oorgebly.

12 En Josua het die môre vroeg klaargemaak, en die priesters het die ark van die HERE gedra;

13 en die sewe priesters wat die sewe ramshorings gedra het, het voor die ark van die HERE gedurig geloop en blaas op die horings, terwyl die gewapendes voor hulle loop; en die agterhoede het agter die ark van die HERE aan gegaan, terwyl gedurig op die horings geblaas word.

14 So het hulle dan op die tweede dag die stad een keer omgetrek; daarna het hulle in die laer teruggekom. So het hulle ses dae lank gedoen.

15 Maar op die sewende dag het hulle vroeg klaargemaak toe die rooidag uitkom, en die stad op dieselfde manier sewe maal omgetrek; net maar dié dag het hulle die stad sewe maal omgetrek.

16 En toe die priesters die sewende keer op die horings blaas, Josua vir die volk: Skreeu! want die HERE gee die stad aan julle oor.

17 Maar die stad met al wat daarin is, moet 'n banoffer aan die HERE wees; net Ragab, die hoer, mag lewe, sy en almal wat by haar in die huis is, omdat sy die boodskappers wat deur ons gestuur was, weggesteek het.

18 Maar neem julle net in ag vir die ban, dat julle nie, terwyl julle met die banvloek tref, tog van die bangoed neem en die laer van Israel onder die ban bring en dit in die ongeluk stort nie.

19 Maar al die silwer en goud en die koper-- en ystervoorwerpe is heilig aan die HERE: dit moet by die skat van die HERE kom.

20 Toe skreeu die volk, en hulle het op die horings geblaas; en toe die volk die geluid van die horing hoor, het die volk 'n groot krygsgeskreeu aangehef; en die muur het op sy plek ingeval, en die volk het in die stad geklim, elkeen reg voor hom uit, en hulle het die stad ingeneem.

21 En alles wat in die stad was, het hulle deur die skerpte van die swaard met die banvloek getref, man sowel as vrou, jonk sowel as oud, tot bees, skaap en esel toe.

22 En aan die twee manne wat die land verken het, het Josua gesê: Gaan in die huis van die hoer, en bring die vrou en almal wat aan haar behoort, daaruit, soos julle vir haar gesweer het.

23 Die jongmanne, die spioene, het toe ingegaan en Ragab met haar vader en haar moeder en haar broers en almal wat aan haar behoort het uitgebring--al haar familiebetrekkinge het hulle uitgebring en hulle buitekant die laer van Israel laat bly.

24 En die stad met alles wat daarin was, het hulle met vuur verbrand; net die silwer en die goud en die koper-- en ystervoorwerpe het hulle by die skat van die huis van die HERE gevoeg.

25 Maar Josua het Ragab, die hoer, laat lewe en haar familie en almal wat aan haar behoort het; sodat sy onder Israel gewoon het tot vandag toe, omdat sy die boodskappers weggesteek het wat Josua gestuur het om Jérigo te verken.

26 In dié tyd het Josua hulle laat sweer met die woorde: Vervloek is die man voor die aangesig van die HERE wat sal opstaan om hierdie stad Jérigo op te bou: ten koste van sy eersgeborene sal hy sy fondamente lê, en ten koste van sy jongste sal hy sy poorte insit.

27 En die HERE was met Josua, en die gerug van hom het deur die hele land gegaan.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 6      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth and New Christian Bible Study Staff

Joshua 6: The Fall of Jericho

Here, the first conflict for Israel in Canaan presents itself: the taking of the city of Jericho, which stands directly and obstinately in the path of the Israelites, preventing them from moving forward. This conflict embodies the whole essence and scope of all the rest of the conquests in the Joshua story, which in the inner meaning is to overcome and rule the things in our lives which oppose what God wants for us.

Jericho is to be taken with a siege, and God gives Joshua a procedure to follow: You shall march round the city once a day for six days in absolute silence. Seven priests shall carry seven rams’ horns before the ark. On the seventh day you shall march round the city seven times, and then the priests shall blow their trumpets. All the people are to shout with a huge shout, and then the walls of the city will fall down flat. And all the people are to go up and take the city.

This is quite unlike any other siege, where walls have to be scaled and fire catapulted in to burn things, but... this is a spiritual siege. The siege of Jericho represents how we are to lay siege to, or deal effectively with, our own evils and tendencies. It is the description blueprint for the battle between good and evil, which is our battle too. (See Doctrine of Faith 50).

In the Bible, Jericho is sometimes called the ‘city of palm trees’, giving a lovely idea of it. Its name means “a place of fragrance”, or, “his (the Lord’s) sweet breath”. It sounds perfect, but this has been usurped by invaders and takers who are now in complete possession of this sweet city and who will hold on for all they're worth (Apocalypse Explained 502[11]). This is really an account of the influence of hell in human life, and especially our unregenerate lives, when we are open to whatever feels self-gratifying.

Jericho, we hear, is shut up tight. It is not going to be an easy matter – because the work of regeneration never is – but this also describes hell’s fear; it is shut up tight because of the Israelites (Heaven and Hell 543). In us, when we become aware of a better way to live and we want to follow the Lord - whose yoke is easy and whose burden is light - hell will soon hit back in some devious imperceptible way to hold on to what it has got. It is scared of losing us.

This takes us to the siege and its tactics. The march once a day around the city for six days, carrying the ark, is to see every part of our situation from every angle, and it is also to parade our worship and adoration of the Lord (by parading the ark). The time period, six days, is always to do with the work involved in our regeneration as we see evil and shun it, pray to God, stand back and determine. (Arcana Caelestia 10373)

The seventh day involves seven marches round the city, then the trumpets and the shouts. This is the culmination, the Sabbath. For us, it is the avowal that we know the Lord is now ruling our will and our life and there will be no turning back or weakness of giving in. Jericho is now taken! The command is that every living thing in the city is to be completely destroyed because we must be unrelenting against all the things in our lives that go against God.

The gold, the silver, and the vessels of brass and iron, were put into the treasury of the house of Jehovah. The "gold and silver" represent the knowledges of spiritual truth and good, and "the vessels of brass and iron" represent knowledges of natural truth and good. In the profane hands of the idolaters of Jericho, those knowledges could be tools to serve dire falsities and evils. In the house of Jehovah, they could be serviceable knowledges, applied to good ends - hence their being salvaged. (See Heaven and Hell 487)

The prostitute Rahab (who had hidden Israel’s spies and confessed the Lord’s power) and all her family are brought out and given safekeeping. For us, this is the acknowledgement of the truth that we are sinful (as she was) and that if it were not for the Lord we would plunge into who knows what. But now we know and confess the power and truth of God. And then, the Israelites burn the city with fire and Joshua pronounces a curse on anyone who ever rebuilds this city. We are to abhor evil for what it is and be faithful to the Lord our God.

The story of the destruction of Jericho is then the pattern for all our resistance and resolve in seeing and overcoming evil, while confessing, as we do this, that the battle is the Lord’s. (Charity 166)


Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 8815

Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 728, 2799, 2838, 2973, 5955, 9396, 9416

Apocalypse Revealed 397, 529

Doctrine of Life 59

True Christian Religion 284

Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 55, 458, 502, 700

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Významy biblických slov

There are only a couple of references in the Writings to "close" used as a verb, and both stem from Amos 9:11, which talks about...

A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

Mighty,' as in Revelation 19:18, signify people who are educated about doctrine derived from the Word. By extension, 'mighty' signifies education or learning derived from...

'Might' denotes the forces or power of truth.

Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

Like most numbers in the Bible, "six" can have various meanings depending on context, but has a couple that are primary. When used in relation...

The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

'Trumpets,' and all other wind instruments, relate to celestial affections.

In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

A coffin (Gen. 1:26) signifies that wherein something is shut up or concealed.

The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

The sounds of trumpets are heard in heaven when assemblies and appointments happen. So among the children of Israel, for whom everything was representative of...

'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.

To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

'Voice' signifies what is announced from the Word. 'Voice' often refers and is applied to things that cannot have a voice, as in Exodus 4,...

'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

To encompass, as in Genesis 19:4, signifies to be contrary, or to attack and assault with a hostile intention.

Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

'A harlot' signifies the affection of falsities, thus the church corrupted.

A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

'A messenger' signifies communication.

'Being sent' everywhere signifies, in an internal sense, going forth, as in John 17:8. In similar manner, it is said of the holy of the...

'To observe' stands for all aspects of the Word in general.

'Money' relates to truth.

'Money' relates to truth.

'Iron,' in Deuteronomy 8:9, signifies natural or rational truth. Iron' signifies natural truth, and consequently, the natural sense of the Word. At the same time,...

'Treasure,' as in Matthew 13:44, signifies divine truth in the Word.

As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

'A wall' signifies truth in outer extremes. 'A wall,' as in Revelation 21, signifies the divine truth proceeding from the Lord, and so, the truth...

"Catching" is used in a variety of ways in the Bible, both positive and negative. Thieves get caught; the Egyptians caught up with the Children...

A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...

The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...

The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

'Spies,' as in Genesis 42:9, denote people who learn the church's truth only for gain.

All changes of place in the Bible represent changes in spiritual state. “Entering” – usually used as entering someone’s house or “going in unto” someone...

As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “bring” is highly dependent on context, but in general it represents an introduction to a new...

The Lord swearing by himself signifies that divine truth testifies, for He is divine truth itself, and this testifies from itself and means itself. It...

'Spies,' as in Genesis 42:9, denote people who learn the church's truth only for gain.

In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “bring” is highly dependent on context, but in general it represents an introduction to a new...

Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

'To sware' is a binding.

It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

To build something generally means to put together a variety of simpler pieces to make a useful and more complex structure, as to build a...

When the Bible talks about generations or birth order, the internal meaning has to do with the progression of spiritual states and their relative importance....

A foundation signifies truth on which heaven and the church, and its doctrines are founded.

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