Joshua 5

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Afrikaanse Vertaling 1953     

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1 En toe al die konings van die Amoriete wat anderkant die Jordaan na die weste was, en al die konings van die Kanaäniete wat by die see woon, hoor dat die HERE die water van die Jordaan voor die kinders van Israel uit laat opdroog het, totdat hulle deurgetrek het, het hulle hart versmelt en was daar in hulle geen moed meer vanweë die kinders van Israel nie.

2 In dié tyd het die HERE vir Josua gesê: Maak vir jou klipmesse en besny weer die kinders van Israel vir die tweede keer.

3 Toe het Josua vir hom klipmesse gemaak en die kinders van Israel besny by die heuwel van die voorhuide.

4 En dit is die rede dat Josua hulle besny het: Die hele volk wat uit Egipte uitgetrek het, die manspersone, al die krygsmanne, het op pad in die woestyn gesterwe, op hulle trek uit Egipte.

5 Want die hele volk wat uitgetrek het, was besnede; maar die hele volk wat op pad in die woestyn gebore is, op hulle trek uit Egipte, het hulle nie besny nie.

6 Want veertig jaar lank het die kinders van Israel in die woestyn getrek, totdat die hele volk omgekom het, die krygsmanne wat uit Egipte weggetrek het, wat nie aan die stem van die HERE gehoorsaam was nie; vir wie die HERE gesweer het dat Hy hulle die land nie sou laat sien wat die HERE hulle vaders met 'n eed beloof het om aan ons te gee nie--'n land wat oorloop van melk en heuning.

7 Maar in hulle plek het Hy hul seuns gestel; dié het Josua besny; want hulle was onbesnede, omdat hulle op pad nie besny is nie.

8 En toe die hele volk klaar besny is, het hulle op hul plek in die laer gebly totdat hulle gesond was.

9 Toe het die HERE vir Josua gesê: Vandag het Ek die smaad van Egipte van julle afgewentel. Daarom het hulle dié plek Gilgal genoem tot Vandag toe.

10 Terwyl die kinders van Israel by Gilgal gelaer was, het hulle die pasga gehou op die veertiende dag van die maand in die aand, in die vlaktes van Jérigo.

11 En hulle het die dag ná die pasga van die opbrings van die land geëet: ongesuurde brode en gebraaide koring, daardie selfde dag.

12 En die dag nadat hulle van die opbrings van die land geëet het, het die manna opgehou, sodat die kinders van Israel verder geen manna gehad het nie; maar hulle het geëet van die opbrings van die land Kanaän in daardie jaar.

13 En terwyl Josua by Jérigo was, slaan hy sy op en kyk, en daar staan 'n man teenoor hom met 'n ontblote swaard in sy hand; en Josua het na hom gegaan en hom gevra: Behoort U by ons of by ons vyande?

14 En Hy : Nee, maar Ek is die leërowerste van die HERE; Ek het nou gekom. Toe val Josua met sy aangesig op die grond en buig hom neer en vra Hom: Wat wil my HERE aan sy dienskneg ?

15 Toe die leërowerste van die HERE vir Josua: Trek jou skoene van jou voete af, want die plek waar jy op staan, is heilig. En Josua het so gedoen.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 5      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth and New Christian Bible Study Staff

Joshua 5: The Circumcision and the Passover

In this chapter, the Israelites are now in the land of Canaan, and local Amorite and Canaanite kings lose heart to oppose them because of God’s miracle at the river Jordan.

God tells Joshua to circumcise all the men who were born since they left Egypt, because none were circumcised in the wilderness, and their fathers who were have now all died. So Joshua obeys, requiring circumcision of all the men of Israel.

As a result, God says to Joshua : “I have this day rolled away the stain of Egypt from you.” The place was therefore called Gilgal, which means “rolling”. The Children of Israel camped there till they were healed. They then ate the Passover using the food of the land for the very first time, and the daily manna, which had been provided by God every day in the wilderness, stopped.

Then, Joshua has an encounter with an angel:

When Joshua lifted his eyes he saw a man opposite him with a drawn sword in his hand. Joshua asked him, “Are you for us or for our adversaries?” The man answered, “No, but as Commander of the army of the Lord I have now come.” Joshua fell and worshipped and asked what he should do? The man said, “Take your sandal off your foot, for the place where you stand is holy”. And Joshua did so.

Note that this chapter is the very first one when the Israelites are in Canaan, and straightaway two important Jewish rituals are carried out – circumcision and the Passover. Circumcision is the cutting off of the foreskin. It means to become purified from loving oneself and the world, and the outer things of life, and to be righteous before God inwardly. (See Arcana Caelestia 2102.)

This meaning helps us see why elsewhere in the Bible it often talks about “circumcising your heart”. The circumcision in Canaan was to mark the new generation, which spiritually for us means that our regeneration always involves new states. (True Christian Religion 601)

The Passover was originally a meal to mark leaving slavery in Egypt, so it is very appropriate for celebrating entering the promised land. The spiritual meaning of the Passover is rich and complex, but, put simply, it is about the presence of the Lord with us, especially when we attribute life’s good events and blessings to the presence of God. “The Lord has done this for me… The Lord has done that for us.” (Arcana Caelestia 7902) The reason that it is a meal is that we share meals together, often in families, and spiritually everything in us comes together to be joyful and thankful.

The first camp of the Israelites in Canaan was at Gilgal, a place close to Jericho, the name of which means “rolling”. We’ve looked at its connection with circumcision but more generally, to ‘roll’ is to move forward, move on, keep going. This is a powerful early-in-the-story description of our regeneration, with its trials and blessings, both of which aim to keep us moving forward to be evermore in the life the Lord wants us to have. (Arcana Caelestia 8911)

With all this early first feeling of having finally got to Canaan, the land which God had always promised to give them, it is so very appropriate that Joshua is met by a militant angel of the Lord, the Commander of the army of the Lord. (Arcana Caelestia 7277). Note carefully that when Joshua asks if he is for us or for our enemies, the Commander says “No.” Spiritually this is very significant because the Lord uses everything – good and evil – peace and temptation – to lead us towards heaven.

The Commander declares that Joshua is to remove his sandal from off his foot because where he stands, this is holy ground. Spiritually, “holy ground” is the whole sweep of life, and our sense that all of it is the Lord’s gift to us. (See Arcana Caelestia 566, 1585)

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1664, 1748, 1784, 2039, 2799, 6846, 8294, ...


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 458, 619

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 49

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Významy biblických slov

konings
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

see
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

Hoor
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Here
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water
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voor
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

kinders
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

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'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

tyd
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gesê
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

besny
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keer
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

voorhuide
Heaven is filled with the love and delight of marriage, which has its origin in the marriage of love and wisdom in the Lord and...

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In the Bible, Egypt means knowledge and the love of knowledge. In a good sense that means knowledge of truth from the Lord through the...

pad
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

woestyn
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

veertig
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

stem
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gesweer
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land
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laat sien
'Shew' signifies instruction to the life.

sien
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

vaders
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n eed beloof
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eed
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ons
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gee
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melk
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heuning
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seuns
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onbesnede
'The uncircumcised,' as in Ezekiel 31:18, signifies people lacking the good of charity.

vandag
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Gilgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

genoem
'To proclaim' signifies exploration from influx of the Lord.

pasga
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veertiende
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dag
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ongesuurde
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gebraaide
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manna
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Kanaän
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kyk
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staan
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man
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swaard
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vyande
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val
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buig
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skoene
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voete
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