Joshua 4

Studovat vnitřní smysl
← Joshua 3   Joshua 5 →     

1 En toe die hele volk die deurtog deur die Jordaan voleindig het, het die HERE met Josua gespreek en gesê:

2 Neem vir julle uit die volk twaalf manne, uit elke stam een man,

3 en gee hulle bevel en : Neem vir julle vandaar, uit die middel van die Jordaan, van die plek waar die voete van die priesters vas bly staan het, twaalf klippe en bring dit saam met julle deur en sit dit neer op die slaapplek waar julle vannag gaan oorbly.

4 Toe het Josua die twaalf man geroep wat hy uit die kinders van Israel, uit elke stam een man, aangestel het,

5 en Josua het vir hulle gesê: Trek uit voor die ark van die HERE julle God tot binne-in die Jordaan, en tel vir julle 'n klip op, elke man een op sy skouer, volgens die getal van die stamme van die kinders van Israel,

6 sodat dit 'n teken onder julle kan wees. As julle kinders later vra en : Wat beteken hierdie klippe vir julle?

7 moet julle vir hulle : Omdat die water van die Jordaan afgekeer is voor die verbondsark van die HERE by sy deurtog deur die Jordaan--die water van die Jordaan is afgekeer; daarom is hierdie klippe as 'n aandenking vir die kinders van Israel vir altyd.

8 Die kinders van Israel het toe so gedoen soos Josua beveel het: hulle het twaalf klippe uit die middel van die Jordaan op-- getel soos die HERE met Josua gespreek het, volgens die getal van die stamme van die kinders van Israel; en hulle het dit saam met hulle deurgebring na die slaapplek toe en dit daar neergesit.

9 Josua het ook twaalf klippe opgerig in die middel van die Jordaan, op die plek waar die voete van die priesters, die draers van die verbondsark, gestaan het; en dit is daar tot vandag toe.

10 En die priesters wat die ark gedra het, het bly staan in die middel van die Jordaan totdat alles volbring was wat die HERE Josua beveel het om aan die volk te , volgens alles wat Moses Josua beveel het; en die volk het gou deurgetrek.

11 En toe die hele volk die deurtog voleindig het, het die ark van die HERE met die priesters voor die oë van die volk deurgegaan.

12 En die kinders van Ruben en die kinders van Gad en die halwe stam van Manasse het gewapend voor die kinders van Israel deurgetrek soos Moses aan hulle gesê het.

13 Omtrent veertig duisend wat vir oorlog gewapen was, het voor die aangesig van die HERE deurgetrek om te veg, na die vlaktes van Jérigo toe.

14 Dié dag het die HERE Josua groot gemaak voor die van die hele Israel, sodat hulle hom gevrees het soos hulle Moses gevrees het al die dae van sy lewe.

15 En die HERE het met Josua gespreek en gesê:

16 Gee bevel aan die priesters wat die ark van die Getuienis dra, dat hulle uit die Jordaan uit opklim.

17 Josua het daarop die priesters bevel gegee en gesê: Klim op uit die Jordaan.

18 En toe die priesters wat die verbondsark van die HERE gedra het, opklim uit die middel van die Jordaan, het die priesters skaars hulle voetsole gelig en die droë grond bereik, of die water van die Jordaan het na sy plek teruggekeer en soos gister en eergister op al sy walle geloop.

19 En die volk het op die tiende van die eerste maand uit die Jordaan uit opgetrek en laer opgeslaan by Gilgal, aan die oostelike grens van Jérigo.

20 En daardie twaalf klippe wat hulle uit die Jordaan geneem het, het Josua by Gilgal opgerig.

21 En hy het met die kinders van Israel gespreek en gesê: Wanneer julle kinders later hulle vaders vra en : Wat beteken hierdie klippe?

22 dan moet julle dit aan julle kinders bekend maak en : Op droë grond het Israel deur hierdie Jordaan getrek,

23 deurdat die HERE julle God die water van die Jordaan voor julle uit laat opdroog het, totdat julle deurgetrek het, soos die HERE julle God gedoen het met die Skelfsee wat Hy voor ons uit laat opdroog het, totdat ons deurgetrek het;

24 dat al die volke van die aarde kan weet dat die hand van die HERE sterk is, sodat julle die HERE julle God altyd mag vrees.

← Joshua 3   Joshua 5 →
   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 4      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth and New Christian Bible Study Staff

Joshua 4: Twelve stones are taken from the river Jordan

In this chapter we pick up on the command to take twelve men, one from each tribe, which was mentioned in chapter 3. The task is for each man to pick up a large stone from where the priests’ feet stand, and take it across, and put it in the lodging place. These stones will be as memorial stones so that later generations who ask what these stones mean will be told about the miracle of the Lord in the crossing of the river Jordan.

Later, the Israelites camped at Gilgal and Joshua set the twelve stones up as a permanent memorial.

A ‘stone’ is a piece of hard rock. It corresponds to a truth; for us it stands for a truth which we have made ours and which guides us in our life (Apocalypse Revealed 231). It might be the truth that the Lord’s providence is involved in everything that happens. It could be the great truth that we will live for ever, or that God came on earth as a human being and overcame the power of hell. These and other truths are rock hard truths or stones.

But here, it is a stone which has been washed and worked on by the waters of the river Jordan, and over much time has become fashioned and rounded by erosion. So, it could be a life-truth, for example that we are to show respect to other people. That’s a great truth, but now it is connected with our understanding of the Lord. So we are to show respect to other people because each and every person has been created by God for a unique purpose. And we can also add that we know how it feels when other people respect us.

So we assemble our twelve memorial stones. These are to be recalled, remembered, revisited by us again and again as time passes. “Yes, God brought me here from where I was before.” (Arcana Caelestia 1988). This meaning of the stones helps us with the apparent contradiction in the chapter between Joshua 4:9 where “the stones are set up in the Jordan and are there to this day” and verse Joshua 4:20 where “Joshua sets up the twelves stones from out of the Jordan, in Gilgal.” Stones can’t be in two places at once, but yes, spiritually they can and need to be.

We need to always remember and be mindful of how the Lord works with us in giving us truths for our life. Everything is the Lord! These are stones in the Jordan. Yet we need to always remember that we are to live, act, and turn away from any evil as if it is only us making that decision and doing it. These are the stones set up at Gilgal (Apocalypse Explained 700[14]). Both of them are involved in our regeneration and spiritual life.

Then we are told that the men of the tribes of Reuben, Gad and half the tribe of Manasseh went across the Jordan armed and went before all the other tribes. This links with several other mentions of these tribes who had chosen to live back over the Jordan and not in the land of Canaan. They stand for our outward life and our life in the world which, while it is not directly spiritual, must have qualities that come from God’s truths. Here, those qualities come from being willing to go in and fight to help take the land (Arcana Caelestia 2184).

Verse 13 says that about 40,000 prepared for war and crossed the river Jordan before the Lord for battle. Here is a number. Numbers in the Word are helpful clues to the inner meaning. The number 40 always stands for some kind of temptation or crisis in the Word – for example, Jesus was in the wilderness 40 days and 40 nights, tempted. Here, 40 has grown to become 40,000 but it has the same meaning of temptation (Arcana Caelestia 2273). Our spiritual life and regeneration will certainly take us into various temptations (‘battles’) and the Lord allows them so that we grow stronger through them. The whole conquest of Canaan is nothing else!

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1585, 4255


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 2838, 3858, 6804, 6983, 9396, 9416

Apocalypse Revealed 348, 529

Doctrine of Life 59

True Christian Religion 284


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 222, 430, 529, 700

Jiný komentář

  Příběhy:


  Biblická studia:  (see all)


  Související Knihy  (see all)


Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Exodus 9:16, 11:3, 12:14, 26, 28, 14:31, 15:19, 24:4

Nommers 17:5

Deuteronomium 6:2, 11:30, 16:3, 33:21

Joshua 1:14, 17, 3:7, 12, 15, 16, 17, 4:6, 21, 5:9, 9:6, 24:11

Regters 20:1

1 Samuel 10:8, 12:18, 17:46

1 Konings 3:28, 8:40, 42

2 Konings 2:1, 15

1 Kronieke 29:25

Job 40:9

Psalms 66:6, 78:4, 106:8

Jesaja 52:10, 12

Jeremia 10:7

Romeine 9:17

openbaring 15:4

Významy biblických slov

Here
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Josua
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

gesê
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

man
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

een
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

bevel
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...


As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

middel
'Middle' denotes what is primary, principal, or inmost.

voete
Our feet are the lowest and most utilitarian parts of our bodies, and in the Bible they represent the lowest and most utilitarian part of...

priesters
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

klippe
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

kinders
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

voor
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

ark
There are three arks mentioned in the Word, the ark of Noah, the ark of bulrushes for the baby Moses, and the ark of the...

God
The Lord is called "Jehovah" in the Bible when the text is referring to his essence, which is love itself. He is called "God" when...

klip
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

stamme
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

teken
'A token,' as in Genesis 9:12, 13, 17, signifies causing it to be.

water
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

beveel
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

vandag
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

bly
'To stay with,' as in Genesis 32:4, relates to the life of truth when accompanied by good, and in this instance, it means to take...

staan
'To stand,' and 'come forth' as in Daniel 7:10, refers to truth. In Genesis 24:13, it signifies a state of conjunction of divine truth with...

Moses
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

gou
'To hasten' or 'hastiness' in the internal sense, does not denote what is quick, but what is certain, and also what is full, thus every...

Ruben
'Reuben,' in the highest sense, signifies omniscience. In a spiritual sense, he signifies wisdom, intelligence, science, and faith. In a natural sense, he signifies sight....

Gad
Gad, in a supreme sense, signifies omnipotence; in a spiritual sense, the good of life, or use; and in a natural sense, works. Gad, in...

Manasse
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

veertig
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

duisend
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

oorlog
War in the Word represents the combat of temptation when what is good is assaulted by what is evil or false. The evil that attacks...

vlaktes
'A plain' signifies good and truth in the natural self, because 'the people who dwell in plains,' or 'beneath mountains and hills' are in the...

dag
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...


It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

gevrees
The fearful signify people who have no faith.

dae
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

lewe
'Lives' is used in the plural, because of the will and understanding, and because these two lives make one.

plek
'A dry place,' as in Luke 11:24, signifies states of evil and falsity which are in the life of someone who does the work of...

teruggekeer
Everyone knows the phrase "the natural order of things." It means that everything is in its proper place, occupying the niche it is meant to...

eerste
Why would it be insulting for a man to refer to his married partner as his “first wife”? Because it implies there will be a...

maand
'A month' has respect to the state of truth in a person. 'A month' signifies a full state. Month,' as in Genesis 29, signifies the...

laer opgeslaan
'Pitch,' as in Genesis 14:10, denotes lusts. 'Burning pitch,' as in Isaiah 34:9, signifies direful fantasies.

opgeslaan
'Pitch,' as in Genesis 14:10, denotes lusts. 'Burning pitch,' as in Isaiah 34:9, signifies direful fantasies.

Gilgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

vaders
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

ons
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

aarde
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

weet
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

mag
'Might' denotes the forces or power of truth.

vrees
Fear has various significations according to the thing which causes it. Fear signifies love. Fear, as in Gen 28:17, signifies a holy change.

Zdroje pro rodiče a učitele

Zde uvedené položky jsou poskytnuty se svolením našich přátel z General Church of the New Jerusalem. Můžete prohledávat/procházet celou knihovnu kliknutím na odkaz this link.


 Crossing the Jordan
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Crossing the Jordan, Jericho
Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 Israel Crosses the Jordan into Canaan
A lesson for younger children with discussion ideas and a project.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 Joshua and the Twelve Stones
Project | Ages 4 - 10

 Picking Up Stones to Make A Memorial
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Number Twelve in the Word Crossword Puzzle
Discover times when the number twelve appears throughout the Word.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13


Přeložit: