Joshua 4

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1 En toe die hele volk die deurtog deur die Jordaan voleindig het, het die HERE met Josua gespreek en gesê:

2 Neem vir julle uit die volk twaalf manne, uit elke stam een man,

3 en gee hulle bevel en : Neem vir julle vandaar, uit die middel van die Jordaan, van die plek waar die voete van die priesters vas bly staan het, twaalf klippe en bring dit saam met julle deur en sit dit neer op die slaapplek waar julle vannag gaan oorbly.

4 Toe het Josua die twaalf man geroep wat hy uit die kinders van Israel, uit elke stam een man, aangestel het,

5 en Josua het vir hulle gesê: Trek uit voor die ark van die HERE julle God tot binne-in die Jordaan, en tel vir julle 'n klip op, elke man een op sy skouer, volgens die getal van die stamme van die kinders van Israel,

6 sodat dit 'n teken onder julle kan wees. As julle kinders later vra en : Wat beteken hierdie klippe vir julle?

7 moet julle vir hulle : Omdat die water van die Jordaan afgekeer is voor die verbondsark van die HERE by sy deurtog deur die Jordaan--die water van die Jordaan is afgekeer; daarom is hierdie klippe as 'n aandenking vir die kinders van Israel vir altyd.

8 Die kinders van Israel het toe so gedoen soos Josua beveel het: hulle het twaalf klippe uit die middel van die Jordaan op-- getel soos die HERE met Josua gespreek het, volgens die getal van die stamme van die kinders van Israel; en hulle het dit saam met hulle deurgebring na die slaapplek toe en dit daar neergesit.

9 Josua het ook twaalf klippe opgerig in die middel van die Jordaan, op die plek waar die voete van die priesters, die draers van die verbondsark, gestaan het; en dit is daar tot vandag toe.

10 En die priesters wat die ark gedra het, het bly staan in die middel van die Jordaan totdat alles volbring was wat die HERE Josua beveel het om aan die volk te , volgens alles wat Moses Josua beveel het; en die volk het gou deurgetrek.

11 En toe die hele volk die deurtog voleindig het, het die ark van die HERE met die priesters voor die oë van die volk deurgegaan.

12 En die kinders van Ruben en die kinders van Gad en die halwe stam van Manasse het gewapend voor die kinders van Israel deurgetrek soos Moses aan hulle gesê het.

13 Omtrent veertig duisend wat vir oorlog gewapen was, het voor die aangesig van die HERE deurgetrek om te veg, na die vlaktes van Jérigo toe.

14 Dié dag het die HERE Josua groot gemaak voor die van die hele Israel, sodat hulle hom gevrees het soos hulle Moses gevrees het al die dae van sy lewe.

15 En die HERE het met Josua gespreek en gesê:

16 Gee bevel aan die priesters wat die ark van die Getuienis dra, dat hulle uit die Jordaan uit opklim.

17 Josua het daarop die priesters bevel gegee en gesê: Klim op uit die Jordaan.

18 En toe die priesters wat die verbondsark van die HERE gedra het, opklim uit die middel van die Jordaan, het die priesters skaars hulle voetsole gelig en die droë grond bereik, of die water van die Jordaan het na sy plek teruggekeer en soos gister en eergister op al sy walle geloop.

19 En die volk het op die tiende van die eerste maand uit die Jordaan uit opgetrek en laer opgeslaan by Gilgal, aan die oostelike grens van Jérigo.

20 En daardie twaalf klippe wat hulle uit die Jordaan geneem het, het Josua by Gilgal opgerig.

21 En hy het met die kinders van Israel gespreek en gesê: Wanneer julle kinders later hulle vaders vra en : Wat beteken hierdie klippe?

22 dan moet julle dit aan julle kinders bekend maak en : Op droë grond het Israel deur hierdie Jordaan getrek,

23 deurdat die HERE julle God die water van die Jordaan voor julle uit laat opdroog het, totdat julle deurgetrek het, soos die HERE julle God gedoen het met die Skelfsee wat Hy voor ons uit laat opdroog het, totdat ons deurgetrek het;

24 dat al die volke van die aarde kan weet dat die hand van die HERE sterk is, sodat julle die HERE julle God altyd mag vrees.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 4      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth and New Christian Bible Study Staff

Joshua 4: Twelve stones are taken from the river Jordan

In this chapter we pick up on the command to take twelve men, one from each tribe, which was mentioned in chapter 3. The task is for each man to pick up a large stone from where the priests’ feet stand, and take it across, and put it in the lodging place. These stones will be as memorial stones so that later generations who ask what these stones mean will be told about the miracle of the Lord in the crossing of the river Jordan.

Later, the Israelites camped at Gilgal and Joshua set the twelve stones up as a permanent memorial.

A ‘stone’ is a piece of hard rock. It corresponds to a truth; for us it stands for a truth which we have made ours and which guides us in our life (Apocalypse Revealed 231). It might be the truth that the Lord’s providence is involved in everything that happens. It could be the great truth that we will live for ever, or that God came on earth as a human being and overcame the power of hell. These and other truths are rock hard truths or stones.

But here, it is a stone which has been washed and worked on by the waters of the river Jordan, and over much time has become fashioned and rounded by erosion. So, it could be a life-truth, for example that we are to show respect to other people. That’s a great truth, but now it is connected with our understanding of the Lord. So we are to show respect to other people because each and every person has been created by God for a unique purpose. And we can also add that we know how it feels when other people respect us.

So we assemble our twelve memorial stones. These are to be recalled, remembered, revisited by us again and again as time passes. “Yes, God brought me here from where I was before.” (Arcana Caelestia 1988). This meaning of the stones helps us with the apparent contradiction in the chapter between Joshua 4:9 where “the stones are set up in the Jordan and are there to this day” and verse Joshua 4:20 where “Joshua sets up the twelves stones from out of the Jordan, in Gilgal.” Stones can’t be in two places at once, but yes, spiritually they can and need to be.

We need to always remember and be mindful of how the Lord works with us in giving us truths for our life. Everything is the Lord! These are stones in the Jordan. Yet we need to always remember that we are to live, act, and turn away from any evil as if it is only us making that decision and doing it. These are the stones set up at Gilgal (Apocalypse Explained 700[14]). Both of them are involved in our regeneration and spiritual life.

Then we are told that the men of the tribes of Reuben, Gad and half the tribe of Manasseh went across the Jordan armed and went before all the other tribes. This links with several other mentions of these tribes who had chosen to live back over the Jordan and not in the land of Canaan. They stand for our outward life and our life in the world which, while it is not directly spiritual, must have qualities that come from God’s truths. Here, those qualities come from being willing to go in and fight to help take the land (Arcana Caelestia 2184).

Verse 13 says that about 40,000 prepared for war and crossed the river Jordan before the Lord for battle. Here is a number. Numbers in the Word are helpful clues to the inner meaning. The number 40 always stands for some kind of temptation or crisis in the Word – for example, Jesus was in the wilderness 40 days and 40 nights, tempted. Here, 40 has grown to become 40,000 but it has the same meaning of temptation (Arcana Caelestia 2273). Our spiritual life and regeneration will certainly take us into various temptations (‘battles’) and the Lord allows them so that we grow stronger through them. The whole conquest of Canaan is nothing else!


Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1585, 4255

Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 2838, 3858, 6804, 6983, 9396, 9416

Apocalypse Revealed 348, 529

Doctrine of Life 59

True Christian Religion 284

Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 222, 430, 529, 700

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