Joshua 21

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1 Toe het die familiehoofde van die Leviete nader gekom na Eleásar, die priester, en na Josua, die seun van Nun, en na die familiehoofde van die stamme van die kinders van Israel,

2 en met hulle gespreek in Silo, in die land Kanaän, en gesê: Die HERE het deur die diens van Moses bevel gegee dat aan ons stede afgestaan moet word om in te woon, met hulle weiveld vir ons vee.

3 Toe het die kinders van Israel aan die Leviete, volgens die bevel van die HERE, uit hulle erfdeel die volgende stede met hulle weiveld afgestaan:

4 Die lot het uitgekom vir die geslagte van die Kehatiete; en die kinders van Aäron, die priester, uit die Leviete, het ontvang uit die stam van Juda en uit die stam van Símeon en uit die stam van Benjamin, deur die lot, dertien stede;

5 en die ander kinders van Kehat, uit die geslagte van die stam van Efraim en uit die stam van Dan en uit die halwe stam van Manasse, deur die lot, tien stede;

6 en die kinders van Gerson, uit die geslagte van die stam van Issaskar en uit die stam van Aser en uit die stam van Náftali en uit die halwe stam van Manasse in Basan, deur die lot, dertien stede;

7 en die kinders van Merári, volgens hulle geslagte, uit die stam van Ruben en uit die stam van Gad en uit die stam van Sébulon, twaalf stede.

8 So het dan die kinders van Israel aan die Leviete hierdie stede met hulle weiveld deur die lot gegee, soos die HERE deur die diens van Moses beveel het.

9 Verder het hulle, uit die stam van die kinders van Juda en uit die stam van die kinders van Símeon, hierdie stede gegee wat hulle met hul name genoem het:

10 die kinders van Aäron dan, uit die geslagte van die Kehatiete, uit die kinders van Levi, het ontvang--want die eerste lot was vir hulle--

11 en aan hulle is gegee: die stad van Arba, die vader van Anok, dit is Hebron, op die gebergte van Juda, met sy weiveld daaromheen;

12 maar die saaigrond van die stad, met sy dorpe, het hulle aan Kaleb, die seun van Jefúnne, as sy besitting gegee.

13 En aan die kinders van Aäron, die priester, het hulle gegee Hebron, die vrystad vir hom wat 'n doodslag begaan het, met sy weiveld, en Libna met sy weiveld,

14 en Jattir met sy weiveld, en Estemóa met sy weiveld,

15 en Holon met sy weiveld, en Debir met sy weiveld,

16 en Ajin met sy weiveld, en Jutta met sy weiveld, en Bet-Semes met sy weiveld: nege stede uit hierdie twee stamme.

17 En uit die stam van Benjamin: Gíbeon met sy weiveld, en Geba met sy weiveld,

18 en Anatot met sy weiveld, en Almon met sy weiveld: vier stede.

19 Al die stede van die kinders van Aäron, die priesters, was dertien stede met hulle weiveld.

20 En die geslagte van die kinders van Kehat, die Leviete, wat nog oor was van die kinders van Kehat, het hulle stede wat deur die lot aangewys was, ontvang uit die stam van Efraim;

21 en hulle het aan hulle gegee: die vrystad vir hom wat 'n doodslag begaan het: Sigem met sy weiveld op die gebergte van Efraim, en Geser met sy weiveld,

22 en Kibsáim met sy weiveld, en Bet-Horon met sy weiveld: vier stede.

23 En uit die stam van Dan: Élteke met sy weiveld, Gíbbeton met sy weiveld,

24 Ajalon met sy weiveld, Gat-Rimmon met sy weiveld: vier stede.

25 En uit die helfte van die stam van Manasse: Táänag met sy weiveld, en Gat-Rimmon met sy weiveld: twee stede;

26 alles saam tien stede met hulle weiveld vir die geslagte van die kinders van Kehat wat nog oorgebly het.

27 En aan die kinders van Gerson uit die geslagte van die Leviete: uit die halwe stam van Manasse, die vrystad vir hom wat 'n doodslag begaan het: Golan in Basan met sy weiveld, en Beëstéra met sy weiveld: twee stede.

28 En uit die stam van Issaskar: Kisjon met sy weiveld, en Daberat met sy weiveld,

29 Jarmut met sy weiveld, En-Gannim met sy weiveld: vier stede.

30 En uit die stam van Aser: Miseal met sy weiveld, Abdon met sy weiveld,

31 Helkat met sy weiveld, en Rehob met sy weiveld: vier stede.

32 En uit die stam van Náftali, die vrystad vir hom wat 'n doodslag begaan het: Kedes in Galiléa met sy weiveld, en Hammot-Dor met sy weiveld, en Kartan met sy weiveld: drie stede;

33 al die stede van die Gersoniete, volgens hulle geslagte, was dertien stede met hulle weiveld.

34 En aan die geslagte van die kinders van Merári, die Leviete wat nog oor was--uit die stam van Sébulon: Jókneam met sy weiveld, Karta met sy weiveld,

35 Dimna met sy weiveld, Náhalal met sy weiveld: vier stede.

36 En uit die stam van Ruben: Beser met sy weiveld, en Jahas met sy weiveld,

37 Kedémot met sy weiveld, en Mefáät met sy weiveld: vier stede.

38 En uit die stam van Gad, die vrystad vir hom wat 'n doodslag begaan het: Ramot in Gílead met sy weiveld, en Mahanáim met sy weiveld,

39 Hesbon met sy weiveld, Jaéser met sy weiveld: alles saam vier stede.

40 Al die stede was vir die kinders van Merári, volgens hulle geslagte wat nog oor was uit die geslagte van die Leviete; en hulle lot was twaalf stede.

41 Al die stede van die Leviete, tussen die besitting van die kinders van Israel in, was agt en veertig stede met hulle weiveld.

42 Hierdie stede het stad vir stad rondom hulle weiveld gehad; so was dit met al hierdie stede.

43 So het die HERE dan die hele land aan Israel gegee wat Hy hulle vaders met 'n eed beloof het om hulle te gee; en hulle het dit in besit geneem en daarin gaan woon.

44 En die HERE het hulle aan alle kante rus gegee net soos Hy hulle vaders met 'n eed beloof het; en niemand van al hul vyande het voor hulle standgehou nie; al hulle vyande het die HERE in hulle hand gegee.

45 Geen woord van al die goeie woorde wat die HERE met die huis van Israel gespreek het, het onvervuld gebly nie; alles het uitgekom.

← Joshua 20   Joshua 22 →
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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 21      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 21: The cities of the Levite priests and the end of the settlement.

In this chapter, the last remaining part of the settlement was completed: the provision for the Levites, the priests of Israel. This tribe had been appointed priests because only they had answered the call, “Who is on the side of the Lord?” when the Israelites had been worshipping the golden calf in the wilderness (see Exodus 32:26).

Much of the chapter is spent listing the cities given to the three sons of Aaron, who was appointed high priest. Each extended family of Aaron’s sons was given about sixteen cities. It seems very significant that a lot of these cities were the same ones given to the other tribes, and were also the cities of refuge.

Levi’s name means ‘joined’, which is very suitable for the Levite priests, who received cities in every tribal territory. This meant that the presence of priests was everywhere (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 342).

Spiritually speaking, this distribution is a wonderful illustration that our spirit lives throughout our whole body. Every part of us is alive! Every single thing in our body, from one blood cell to our heart and lungs, is maintained by our spirit, which itself is maintained by the influx of the Lord’s life. The function of everything in our body is in a perfect correspondence with the kingdom of heaven.

So, spiritually, the Levites stand for the presence of the Lord everywhere, in everything. This underlines the point that everything in the natural world - even the cities and territories described in this chapter of Joshua - reflect something about God and heaven (see Swedenborg’s Apocalypse Revealed 194). But there is another important meaning for the distribution of the priestly Levites in cities all through the tribal territories: we must keep on acknowledging that everything is a blessing from the Lord, that everything we do is for God, and that the Lord alone does what is truly good (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Providence 91).

After the distribution of cities to the Levites, Israel was fully established in the land of Canaan. The rest of this chapter is a consolidating statement which is worth including in full:

v43. “So the Lord gave to Israel all the land of which He had sworn to give to their fathers, and they took possession of it and dwelt in it.
v44. The Lord gave them rest all around, according to all that he had sworn to their fathers. And not a man of all their enemies stood against them; the Lord delivered all their enemies into their hand.
v45. Not a word failed of any good thing which the Lord had spoken to the house of Israel. All came to pass.”

These are words of fulfillment, culmination, assurance and blessing. Everything here traces back to the Lord. The Lord made a covenant with the children of Israel, granted them victory over their enemies, and gave them the Land of Canaan; the Lord had spoken in complete truth. “All came to pass.”

This final statement is a promise of our own capacity for regeneration and spiritual progress. We are able to overcome our natural desires and selfish states; we have been established in our life with the ability to understand and do what is good. In devoting ourselves to the Lord, we find strength to see that He will never fail us, and will change us for the better. ‘All came to pass’ is our affirmation that our life is always under God’s care and providence (Arcana Caelestia 977).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalypse Explained 444


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 1441, 1616, 2909

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Významy biblických slov

nader
'Nigh' denotes truth in affinity with good.

Josua
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

seun
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

kinders
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Silo
The word "Shiloh" means "peacemaker", or just "peace". Peace on earth was, and is, one of the Lord's main goals in being born into the...

land
Is there any difference in meaning between “earth” and “ground”? At first it doesn’t seem so; both refer to the soil making up the land...

Kanaän
Canaan signifies a worship in things external without internals, which arose out of the internal church corrupted, called Ham. Thus it is that Ham is...

gesê
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Here
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Moses
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

bevel
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

gegee
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

ons
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

stede
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

woon
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

stam
'A tribe' signifies the church with respect to its truths and goods, and in the opposite sense, with respect to its falsities and evils. 'A...

Juda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

Benjamin
Also, Benjamin signifies the Word in its ultimate sense (Deut. 33:12)

dertien
'Thirteen,' between twelve and fourteen, denotes the intermediate state. 'Thirteen,' as the sum of ten and three, denotes remains.

Efraim
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

Dan
The tribe of Dan (Jer. 8:16) signifies truth in its own ultimate degree of order, here truth in the church, which is contained in the...

Manasse
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

tien
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

Issaskar
Issachar,' in the highest sense, signifies the divine good of truth, and truth of good. In a spiritual sense, he signifies celestial conjugial love, which...

Náftali
'Naphtali' in a supreme sense, signifies the proper power of the Lord’s divine human. In a spiritual sense, he signifies temptation and victory and a...

Ruben
'Reuben,' in the highest sense, signifies omniscience. In a spiritual sense, he signifies wisdom, intelligence, science, and faith. In a natural sense, he signifies sight....

Gad
Gad, in a supreme sense, signifies omnipotence; in a spiritual sense, the good of life, or use; and in a natural sense, works. Gad, in...

beveel
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

name
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

genoem
'To proclaim' signifies exploration from influx of the Lord.

Levi
'Levi' signifies truth in practice, which is the good of life. 'Levi,' in the highest sense, signifies love and mercy, in a spiritual sense, he...

eerste
Why would it be insulting for a man to refer to his married partner as his “first wife”? Because it implies there will be a...

Hebron
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

Stad
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

dorpe
'Villages' signify the external aspects of faith and the church. Rituals are the external parts of the church. Doctrines are the internal parts when they...

Kaleb
Caleb, In Numbers 14:24, represents those who are introduced into the church, and, accordingly, his seed signifies the truth of the doctrine of the church.

nege
'Nine' signifies conjunction.

twee
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

stamme
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

Gíbeon
sun standing still upon Gibeon signifies total vastation of the church.

vier
The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...

priesters
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

Sigem
In Genesis 12:6, 'Abram’s passing through the land unto the place Shechem' signifies a new state of the Lord when the celestial aspects of love...

Ajalon
The valley of Ajalon has respect to faith: by the sun standing still upon Gibeon, and the moon in the valley of Ajalon (Joshua 10:12)...

drie
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

Mahanáim
'Mahanaim,' as in Genesis 32:2, signifies the celestial and spiritual heavens, and in the supreme sense, the divine celestial and divine spiritual of the Lord.

Hesbon
'Heshbon,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:3, signifies the fructification of truth in the natural self.

Jaéser
'Jaser' signifies false principles.

agt
According to Swedenborg, the number eight represents something that is complete within itself, in every respect. Two reasons are offered for this. First, eight is...

veertig
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

gee
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

vaders
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

n eed beloof
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eed
'To sware' is a binding.

vyande
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

voor
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

woord
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

goeie
It seems rather circular to say that “good” in the Bible represents good, but in a general sense it’s true! The case is this: The...

woorde
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

huis
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

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