Joshua 18

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1 Daarop het die hele vergadering van die kinders van Israel in Silo byeengekom en daar die tent van samekoms opgeslaan, aangesien die land voor hulle onderwerp was.

2 Maar daar was onder die kinders van Israel nog sewe stamme oor wie se erfenis hulle nie verdeel het nie.

3 Toe Josua aan die kinders van Israel: Hoe lank sal julle jul so traag hou om die land in besit te gaan neem wat die HERE, die God van julle vaders, aan julle gegee het?

4 Bring tot drie man uit elke stam, dat ek hulle kan uitstuur, en dat hulle kan klaarmaak en die land deurgaan en dit beskrywe met die oog op hulle erfdeel; dan moet hulle na my toe kom

5 en dit onder mekaar in sewe dele verdeel: Juda moet sy gebied in die suide behou, en die huis van Josef moet sy gebied in die noorde behou.

6 Maar julle moet die land in sewe dele beskrywe en die beskrywing hier na my toe bring; dan sal ek vir julle die lot werp, hier voor die aangesig van die HERE onse God.

7 Want die Leviete het geen aandeel onder julle nie, omdat die priesterskap van die HERE hulle erfdeel is; en Gad en Ruben en die halwe stam van Manasse het hulle erfdeel ontvang oorkant die Jordaan in die ooste, wat Moses, die kneg van die HERE, hulle gegee het.

8 Die manne het toe klaargemaak en gegaan; en by hulle vertrek het Josua hulle bevel gegee om die land te beskrywe, met die woorde: Gaan heen, trek rond in die land en beskrywe dit, en kom na my terug; dan sal ek hier vir julle die lot werp voor die aangesig van die HERE in Silo.

9 En die manne het gegaan en die land deurgetrek en dit in 'n boek beskrywe, volgens die stede, in sewe dele, en na Josua gekom in die laer van Silo.

10 Toe het Josua vir hulle die lot gewerp in Silo, voor die aangesig van die HERE; en Josua het die land daar onder die kinders van Israel verdeel volgens hulle afdelings.

11 En die lot het opgekom van die stam van die kinders van Benjamin volgens hulle geslagte; en die gebied wat vir hulle deur die lot aangewys is, het uitgekom tussen die kinders van Juda en die kinders van Josef;

12 en hulle lyn aan die noordekant was: van die Jordaan af; dan loop die lyn op na die noordelike hang van Jérigo, en dit loop op in die gebergte in westelike rigting en loop dood by die woestyn van Bet-Awen;

13 en daarvandaan loop die lyn oor na Lus, na die suidelike hang van Lus, dit is Bet-el; verder loop die lyn af na Atrot-Addar, op die gebergte wat suid lê van Bet-Horon-Onder;

14 dan buig die lyn om en swaai na die westekant, teen suid, van die gebergte wat suid teenoor Bet-Horon lê; verder loop dit dood by Kirjat-Baäl, dit is Kirjat-Jeárim, die stad van die kinders van Juda; dit is die westekant;

15 en die suidekant begin by die uiteinde van Kirjat-Jeárim; en die lyn loop aan in die weste en dan na die waterfontein van Neftóag;

16 dan loop die lyn af na die uiteinde van die berg wat teenoor die dal Ben-Hinnom, noordelik in die dal van die Refaïete lê; dan loop dit af na die dal Hinnom, na die suidelike hang van die Jebusiete, en loop af na die fontein Rogel;

17 verder buig dit noord om en loop aan na die fontein Semes; dan loop dit aan na die klipkrale wat teenoor die hoogte van Adúmmim lê, en loop af na die klip van Bohan, die seun van Ruben;

18 dan gaan dit oor na die hang teenoor die Araba in noordelike rigting en loop af na die Araba;

19 verder loop die lyn oor na die hang van Bet-Hogla in noordelike rigting; dan loop die lyn dood by die noordelike tong van die Soutsee, aan die mond van die Jordaan in die suide; dit is die suidelike lyn;

20 en die Jordaan begrens dit aan die oostekant. Dit is die erfdeel van die kinders van Benjamin na hulle geslagte, volgens sy lyne rondom.

21 En die stede van die stam van die kinders van Benjamin, volgens hulle geslagte, was: Jérigo en Bet-Hogla en Emek-Kesis,

22 en Bet-Araba en Semaráim en Bet-el,

23 en Haäwim en Para en Ofra,

24 en Kefar-Haämmóni en Ofni en Gaba: twaalf stede met hulle dorpe;

25 Gíbeon en Rama en Beërot,

26 en Mispe en Kefíra en Mosa,

27 en Rekem en Jírpeël en Táreala,

28 en Sela, Elef en Jebúsi, dit is Jerusalem, Gíbeat, Kirjat: veertien stede met hulle dorpe. Dit is die erfdeel van die kinders van Benjamin volgens hulle geslagte.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 18      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 18: The rest of the land is divided up among the 7 remaining tribes, and the tribe of Benjamin receives its lot.

After several chapters covering the allocation of the land for Reuben, Gad, Judah, Ephraim and Manasseh, there were still seven tribes to be provided for. Before this was done, Joshua gathered these seven tribes together and told them to choose three men from each tribe. These men went and surveyed the region, divided up all the land and cities into seven parts, and recorded everything in a book. Then they came back to Joshua, who cast lots to decide where the seven remaining tribes would live.

The first of the seven allocations was for the tribe of Benjamin. Benjamin was the youngest of the sons of Jacob, and he was a full brother to Joseph. Their mother, Rachel, whom Jacob had loved so much, died giving birth to Benjamin.

The city of Jerusalem was first allocated to Benjamin, but in time became more associated with Judah. In fact, these were the two tribes which later made up the kingdom of Judah, as opposed to the ten northern tribes forming the kingdom of Israel. Benjamin’s territory included the cities of Jericho, Ai and Gibeon, all of which had been significant soon after Israel crossed the River Jordan. Saul, the first king of Israel, was a Benjamite.

This story about surveying the land represents our need to know things as they truly are. This could mean many things: for example, exploring the idea of heaven, or hell, or life in this world, or a spiritual teaching such as providence. It might be to learn about justice and compassion, or true freedom. It may be our need to look honestly within ourselves and recognize some of our self-centred ways (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 1612).

The Israelite’s findings about the land were recorded in a book, which really would have been a scroll. This is like our ‘book of life’, in which everything about us down to the least detail is preserved so that in eternity, we shall know who we are (see Swedenborg’s Apocalypse Explained 199). Joshua drew lots so the Lord’s will would be clear to the people of Israel.

The spiritual meaning of Benjamin needs some careful explanation. Technically, it means ’the spiritual of the celestial’, and this is our ability to understand the reason for the most loving experiences we can have. It is heightened thinking joining with heightened feeling. Benjamin was the youngest son, the special brother of Joseph, who stands for the Lord (Arcana Caelestia 4585).

With this in mind, it is useful to know that Bethlehem, the town where Jesus was born, lay in the territory of Benjamin. Bethlehem’s name means ‘house of bread’ giving us the idea of nourishment for our physical and our spiritual lives. God came into the world to bring us the food of heaven and nourishment from the Word, so that we may fight our evils and choose what is good (Arcana Caelestia 6247, 4594).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalypse Revealed 349


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 3708, 3858, 3862, 3923, 4556, 4592, 6396, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 361


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 417, 431, 434, 449

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesis 28:19, 35:24

Nommers 32:22

Joshua 1:6, 6:1, 9:3, 17, 12:6, 13:1, 14, 16, 17, 14:2, 5, 15:1, 5, 8, 12, 16:1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 18:13, 22, 19:29, 51, 21:2, 17, 22:19, 23:4

Regters 1:16, 21, 11:34, 18:9, 31, 19:10, 12, 13, 20:1, 21:12

1 Samuel 1:3, 19, 7:5, 6, 16, 10:26, 13:3, 17

2 Samuel 2:9, 4:2, 5:25, 21:14, 23:31

1 Konings 15:17, 22

2 Konings 23:8, 25:23

1 Kronieke 8:28, 29, 24:5

2 Kronieke 13:4

Esra 2:26

Nehemia 11:1, 31, 33

Psalms 78:60

Jesaja 10:29

Jeremia 6:1, 7:12, 31:15, 40:6

Ezekiel 48:23, 29

Miga 1:10

Handelinge van die apostels 7:45, 13:19

Hebreërs 4:8, 11

Významy biblických slov

kinders
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Silo
The word "Shiloh" means "peacemaker", or just "peace". Peace on earth was, and is, one of the Lord's main goals in being born into the...

tent
'Tent' is used in the Word to signify the celestial and holy aspects of love, because in ancient time they performed holy worship in their...

land
"Earth" in the Bible can mean a person or a group of like-minded people as in a church. But it refers specifically to the external...

voor
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

sewe
The number 'seven' was considered holy, as is well known, because of the six days of creation, and the seventh, which is the celestial self,...

stamme
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

erfenis
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...


As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Josua
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

lank
'Long' and thence to prolong, refer to good.

gaan
All changes of place in the Bible represent changes in spiritual state. “Entering” – usually used as entering someone’s house or “going in unto” someone...

Here
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

God
The Lord is called "Jehovah" in the Bible when the text is referring to his essence, which is love itself. He is called "God" when...

vaders
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

gegee
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

bring
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “bring” is highly dependent on context, but in general it represents an introduction to a new...

drie
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

kom
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

Juda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

huis
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

priesterskap
'The priesthood' represents the Lord regarding the work of salvation, because this proceeds from the divine good of his divine love. 'The priesthood of Aaron,...

Gad
Gad, in a supreme sense, signifies omnipotence; in a spiritual sense, the good of life, or use; and in a natural sense, works. Gad, in...

Ruben
'Reuben,' in the highest sense, signifies omniscience. In a spiritual sense, he signifies wisdom, intelligence, science, and faith. In a natural sense, he signifies sight....

Manasse
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

Moses
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

bevel
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

terug
There are many instances in the Bible which describe people turning back, looking back or going back. In most cases it is a negative, sometimes...

boek
(Rev. 10:9.) "And I went unto the angel, saying, give me the little book," signifies the faculty of perceiving the quality of the Word from...

stede
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

stam
'A tribe' signifies the church with respect to its truths and goods, and in the opposite sense, with respect to its falsities and evils. 'A...

Benjamin
Also, Benjamin signifies the Word in its ultimate sense (Deut. 33:12)

noordelike
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

woestyn
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

Lus
'Luz,' as in Genesis 28, signifies a state wherein truth and good are together in the ultimate principle of order.

suidelike
'South' denotes truth in light.

Suid
'South' denotes truth in light.

Bet-el
When Jacob had his famous dream, of a staircase leading to heaven, he named the place "Bethel," which is Hebrew for "the house of God."...

af
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

Stad
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

berg
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

Refaïete
'The Rephaim' signify people who, above all others, were in the love of self, and so most completely natural. From the persuasion of their own...

noord
'North' signifies people who are in obscurity regarding truth. North,' in Isaiah 14:31, signifies hell. The North,' as in Jeremiah 3:12, signifies people who are...

klip
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

seun
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

tong
'The tongue,' as an organ, signifies doctrine, but as speech, or language, it signifies religion. 'Tongue' signifies perception of truth with respect to speech, and...

dorpe
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

Gíbeon
sun standing still upon Gibeon signifies total vastation of the church.

Rama
'Ramah' denotes things that pertain to spiritual truth derived from celestial truth.

Jerusalem
Jerusalem, on Mount Zion, signifies the doctrine of love to the Lord, and how it governs your life. Jerusalem first comes to our attention in...

Gíbeat
Gibeah, as in 2 Samuel 6, signifies the natural or ultimate principle of the church. Gibeah, Ramah, and Bethaven, as in Hosea 5:8, denote those...

veertien
Fourteen, as in Genesis 31:40, signifies a first period of time. The fourteenth year, as in Genesis 14:5, signifies the first temptation of the Lord...

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