Joshua 18

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1 Daarop het die hele vergadering van die kinders van Israel in Silo byeengekom en daar die tent van samekoms opgeslaan, aangesien die land voor hulle onderwerp was.

2 Maar daar was onder die kinders van Israel nog sewe stamme oor wie se erfenis hulle nie verdeel het nie.

3 Toe Josua aan die kinders van Israel: Hoe lank sal julle jul so traag hou om die land in besit te gaan neem wat die HERE, die God van julle vaders, aan julle gegee het?

4 Bring tot drie man uit elke stam, dat ek hulle kan uitstuur, en dat hulle kan klaarmaak en die land deurgaan en dit beskrywe met die oog op hulle erfdeel; dan moet hulle na my toe kom

5 en dit onder mekaar in sewe dele verdeel: Juda moet sy gebied in die suide behou, en die huis van Josef moet sy gebied in die noorde behou.

6 Maar julle moet die land in sewe dele beskrywe en die beskrywing hier na my toe bring; dan sal ek vir julle die lot werp, hier voor die aangesig van die HERE onse God.

7 Want die Leviete het geen aandeel onder julle nie, omdat die priesterskap van die HERE hulle erfdeel is; en Gad en Ruben en die halwe stam van Manasse het hulle erfdeel ontvang oorkant die Jordaan in die ooste, wat Moses, die kneg van die HERE, hulle gegee het.

8 Die manne het toe klaargemaak en gegaan; en by hulle vertrek het Josua hulle bevel gegee om die land te beskrywe, met die woorde: Gaan heen, trek rond in die land en beskrywe dit, en kom na my terug; dan sal ek hier vir julle die lot werp voor die aangesig van die HERE in Silo.

9 En die manne het gegaan en die land deurgetrek en dit in 'n boek beskrywe, volgens die stede, in sewe dele, en na Josua gekom in die laer van Silo.

10 Toe het Josua vir hulle die lot gewerp in Silo, voor die aangesig van die HERE; en Josua het die land daar onder die kinders van Israel verdeel volgens hulle afdelings.

11 En die lot het opgekom van die stam van die kinders van Benjamin volgens hulle geslagte; en die gebied wat vir hulle deur die lot aangewys is, het uitgekom tussen die kinders van Juda en die kinders van Josef;

12 en hulle lyn aan die noordekant was: van die Jordaan af; dan loop die lyn op na die noordelike hang van Jérigo, en dit loop op in die gebergte in westelike rigting en loop dood by die woestyn van Bet-Awen;

13 en daarvandaan loop die lyn oor na Lus, na die suidelike hang van Lus, dit is Bet-el; verder loop die lyn af na Atrot-Addar, op die gebergte wat suid lê van Bet-Horon-Onder;

14 dan buig die lyn om en swaai na die westekant, teen suid, van die gebergte wat suid teenoor Bet-Horon lê; verder loop dit dood by Kirjat-Baäl, dit is Kirjat-Jeárim, die stad van die kinders van Juda; dit is die westekant;

15 en die suidekant begin by die uiteinde van Kirjat-Jeárim; en die lyn loop aan in die weste en dan na die waterfontein van Neftóag;

16 dan loop die lyn af na die uiteinde van die berg wat teenoor die dal Ben-Hinnom, noordelik in die dal van die Refaïete lê; dan loop dit af na die dal Hinnom, na die suidelike hang van die Jebusiete, en loop af na die fontein Rogel;

17 verder buig dit noord om en loop aan na die fontein Semes; dan loop dit aan na die klipkrale wat teenoor die hoogte van Adúmmim lê, en loop af na die klip van Bohan, die seun van Ruben;

18 dan gaan dit oor na die hang teenoor die Araba in noordelike rigting en loop af na die Araba;

19 verder loop die lyn oor na die hang van Bet-Hogla in noordelike rigting; dan loop die lyn dood by die noordelike tong van die Soutsee, aan die mond van die Jordaan in die suide; dit is die suidelike lyn;

20 en die Jordaan begrens dit aan die oostekant. Dit is die erfdeel van die kinders van Benjamin na hulle geslagte, volgens sy lyne rondom.

21 En die stede van die stam van die kinders van Benjamin, volgens hulle geslagte, was: Jérigo en Bet-Hogla en Emek-Kesis,

22 en Bet-Araba en Semaráim en Bet-el,

23 en Haäwim en Para en Ofra,

24 en Kefar-Haämmóni en Ofni en Gaba: twaalf stede met hulle dorpe;

25 Gíbeon en Rama en Beërot,

26 en Mispe en Kefíra en Mosa,

27 en Rekem en Jírpeël en Táreala,

28 en Sela, Elef en Jebúsi, dit is Jerusalem, Gíbeat, Kirjat: veertien stede met hulle dorpe. Dit is die erfdeel van die kinders van Benjamin volgens hulle geslagte.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 18      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 18: The rest of the land is divided up among the 7 remaining tribes, and the tribe of Benjamin receives its lot.

After several chapters covering the allocation of the land for Reuben, Gad, Judah, Ephraim and Manasseh, there were still seven tribes to be provided for. Before this was done, Joshua gathered these seven tribes together and told them to choose three men from each tribe. These men went and surveyed the region, divided up all the land and cities into seven parts, and recorded everything in a book. Then they came back to Joshua, who cast lots to decide where the seven remaining tribes would live.

The first of the seven allocations was for the tribe of Benjamin. Benjamin was the youngest of the sons of Jacob, and he was a full brother to Joseph. Their mother, Rachel, whom Jacob had loved so much, died giving birth to Benjamin.

The city of Jerusalem was first allocated to Benjamin, but in time became more associated with Judah. In fact, these were the two tribes which later made up the kingdom of Judah, as opposed to the ten northern tribes forming the kingdom of Israel. Benjamin’s territory included the cities of Jericho, Ai and Gibeon, all of which had been significant soon after Israel crossed the River Jordan. Saul, the first king of Israel, was a Benjamite.

This story about surveying the land represents our need to know things as they truly are. This could mean many things: for example, exploring the idea of heaven, or hell, or life in this world, or a spiritual teaching such as providence. It might be to learn about justice and compassion, or true freedom. It may be our need to look honestly within ourselves and recognize some of our self-centred ways (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 1612).

The Israelite’s findings about the land were recorded in a book, which really would have been a scroll. This is like our ‘book of life’, in which everything about us down to the least detail is preserved so that in eternity, we shall know who we are (see Swedenborg’s Apocalypse Explained 199). Joshua drew lots so the Lord’s will would be clear to the people of Israel.

The spiritual meaning of Benjamin needs some careful explanation. Technically, it means ’the spiritual of the celestial’, and this is our ability to understand the reason for the most loving experiences we can have. It is heightened thinking joining with heightened feeling. Benjamin was the youngest son, the special brother of Joseph, who stands for the Lord (Arcana Caelestia 4585).

With this in mind, it is useful to know that Bethlehem, the town where Jesus was born, lay in the territory of Benjamin. Bethlehem’s name means ‘house of bread’ giving us the idea of nourishment for our physical and our spiritual lives. God came into the world to bring us the food of heaven and nourishment from the Word, so that we may fight our evils and choose what is good (Arcana Caelestia 6247, 4594).


Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalypse Revealed 349

Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 3708, 3858, 3862, 3923, 4556, 4592, 6396, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 361

Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 417, 431, 434, 449

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