Joshua 14

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1 En dit is wat die kinders van Israel as erfdeel in die land Kanaän ontvang het, wat Eleásar, die priester, en Josua, die seun van Nun, en die familiehoofde van die stamme van die kinders van Israel aan hulle as erfenis uitgedeel het

2 deur verloting van hulle erfdeel, soos die HERE deur die diens van Moses beveel het, met betrekking tot die nege en 'n halwe stam.

3 Want Moses het die erfdeel van die twee en 'n halwe stam oos van die Jordaan gegee, maar aan die Leviete het hy geen erfdeel onder hulle gegee nie.

4 Want die kinders van Josef was twee stamme: Manasse en Efraim; maar aan die Leviete het hulle geen aandeel in die land gegee nie, behalwe stede om in te woon, met hulle weiveld vir hulle vee en hulle goed.

5 Soos die HERE Moses beveel het, so het die kinders van Israel gedoen en die land verdeel.

6 Toe het die kinders van Juda nader gekom na Josua in Gilgal, en Kaleb, die seun van Jefúnne, die Kenissiet, het vir hom gesê: U weet die woord wat die HERE met Moses, die man van God in Kades-Barnéa gespreek het met betrekking tot my en met betrekking tot u.

7 Veertig jaar was ek oud toe Moses, die kneg van die HERE, my uitgestuur het van Kades-Barnéa af om die land te verken, en ek het hom berig gebring soos dit in my hart was;

8 maar my broers wat saam met my opgetrek het, het die hart van die volk laat versmelt, terwyl ek volgehou het om die HERE my God te volg.

9 En dié dag het Moses gesweer en gesê: Waarlik, die land wat jou voet betree het, sal aan jou en aan jou kinders in ewigheid as 'n erfdeel behoort, omdat jy volgehou het om die HERE my God te volg.

10 En nou, kyk, die HERE het my laat lewe, soos Hy gespreek het, nou al vyf en veertig jaar sedert die HERE hierdie woord met Moses gespreek het toe Israel in die woestyn getrek het; en kyk nou, ek is vandag vyf en tagtig jaar oud;

11 ek is vandag nog so sterk soos die dag toe Moses my uitgestuur het; soos my krag toe was, so is my krag nou nog, om te veg en om uit te gaan en in te gaan.

12 Gee my dan nou hierdie bergland waarvan die HERE daardie dag gespreek het; want u self het dié dag gehoor dat dáár Enakiete is en groot versterkte stede; miskien sal die HERE met my wees, sodat ek hulle kan verdrywe, soos die HERE gespreek het.

13 Toe het Josua hom geseën en aan Kaleb, die seun van Jefúnne, Hebron as erfdeel gegee.

14 Daarom het Hebron die erfdeel geword van Kaleb, die seun van Jefúnne, die Kenissiet, tot vandag toe, omdat hy volgehou het om die HERE, die God van Israel, te volg.

15 En die naam van Hebron was tevore stad van Arba; hy was die grootste man onder die Enakiete. En die land het gerus van oorlog.

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Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 14      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 14: The territories west of the Jordan, and Caleb’s inheritance.

This chapter tells how the land of Canaan would be distributed among the remaining nine-and-a-half tribes, which would be determined by drawing lots. The tribe of Levi, the priests of Israel, would not receive their own territory, but would be given cities to live in across the land. The tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh, the sons of Joseph, were each recognized as a tribe of Israel to make the number of tribes receiving land equal twelve. Caleb and his people received Mount Hebron as a special inheritance, because he had fully and whole-heartedly followed the Lord God of Israel many years ago.

Casting lots was used in those days to decide many things, because people believed that the outcome showed the will of God. Lots were often sticks or stones, each marked with a symbol, which would be cast much like rolling dice. Then the result would be examined to make a decision. The spiritual meaning of casting lots is that we should allow the Lord to show us what is required, and believe that His providence extends over everything in our lives (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 10773). “The lot is cast into the lap, but its every decision is from the Lord” (Proverbs 16:33).

The tribe of Levi, the third of the twelve sons of Jacob, had been set apart from the other tribes during their time in the wilderness; when the war cry “Who is on the Lord’s side?” was given before a battle, it was only the tribe of Levi who had responded. They were appointed as the priests of Israel for this dedication to God. Here, now, we are told that they are to live throughout the land (Arcana Caelestia 6998).

On a spiritual level, the Levites stand for the Lord’s presence throughout the whole of our life. Another way of putting this is that our spirit (and our life) is there throughout the whole of our body. And a third way of seeing this is that every part of our life should be guided by our love for the Lord. Other references to the Levites mention that all the people of Israel are to provide food and gifts for the Levites, reinforcing this same idea.

Caleb gets special treatment; he is given Mount Hebron as a new home for his people. Caleb and Joshua had been sent with 10 other men to spy out the land of Canaan 40 years earlier. They had given it a good report, and had - unsuccessfully - urged the Children of Israel to follow the Lord's leading and conquer the land at that time. Now, Caleb reminds Joshua about the Lord’s words to Moses regarding them, and Moses’ promise to give Caleb an inheritance. At the age of eighty-five, Caleb was still as strong as when spied out the land. He tells Joshua: “Now therefore, give me this mountain and the Lord will be with me to drive out the enemy” (Joshua 14:12). And it is given to him with a blessing from Joshua.

Mount Hebron is in the territory of Judah, west of the Dead Sea and south of what is now Jerusalem. Its name means ‘bound by a common bond’ or ‘accord’. Its spiritual meaning is that it brings diversity into unity, many into one, and for us, harmony in our spiritual life (Arcana Caelestia 3241[2]).

Caleb’s name means ‘bold, fearless, ferocious to enemies’. For us, Caleb is a picture of sureness and determination that to follow the Lord will always lead to success. Caleb never led Israel, but he acts as a right-hand-man to Joshua. Even though Joshua was the one to lead the children of Israel, there is still the need in each of us for Caleb’s enthusiasm, conviction and assurance to move forward with full confidence. His strength never left him, because he felt and lived the strength which the Lord gave him (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 137[5]).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 9338


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 1616, 2909, 3862

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1 Kronieke 6:4, 41, 23:14

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Psalms 37:9

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Ezekiel 45:1

Matthew 12:34

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Významy biblických slov

kinders
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

land
"Earth" in the Bible can mean a person or a group of like-minded people as in a church. But it refers specifically to the external...

Kanaän
Canaan signifies a worship in things external without internals, which arose out of the internal church corrupted, called Ham. Thus it is that Ham is...

Josua
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

seun
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

Here
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Moses
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

beveel
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

nege
'Nine' signifies conjunction.

stam
'A tribe' signifies the church with respect to its truths and goods, and in the opposite sense, with respect to its falsities and evils. 'A...

twee
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

gegee
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

Manasse
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

Efraim
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

stede
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

woon
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

vee
Animals in the Bible generally refer to spiritual activity, the things we actually do on a spiritual level. "Cattle," as typically used in the Bible,...

Juda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

nader
'Nigh' denotes truth in affinity with good.

Gilgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

Kaleb
Caleb, In Numbers 14:24, represents those who are introduced into the church, and, accordingly, his seed signifies the truth of the doctrine of the church.

gesê
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

weet
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

woord
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

man
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...

God
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

veertig
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

verken
'Spies,' as in Genesis 42:9, denote people who learn the church's truth only for gain.

broers
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

hart
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

volg
The basic meaning of "follow" in the Bible is pretty obvious if we consider what it means to "follow the Lord." That obviously doesn't mean...

dag
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

gesweer
The Lord swearing by himself signifies that divine truth testifies, for He is divine truth itself, and this testifies from itself and means itself. It...

voet
The foot, as in Deuteronomy 33:3, signifies an inferior principle. To set the right foot on the sea and the left on the earth, as...

ewigheid
In many cases, the use of “eternity” in the Bible is pretty literal, simple meaning forever. This is especially true when the text is referring...

vyf
Five also signifies all things of one part.

woestyn
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

vandag
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

tagtig
Swedenborg tells us that 80, like 40, can represent a state of temptation, when we face and battle our desires for evil – and that...

gaan
All changes of place in the Bible represent changes in spiritual state. “Entering” – usually used as entering someone’s house or “going in unto” someone...

gee
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

gehoor
Thanks to modern science, we now understand that hearing actually happens in the brain, not the ears. The ears collect vibrations in the air and...

groot
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

Hebron
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

naam
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

grootste
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

oorlog
'Wars,' in the Word, signify spiritual war, which consists of challenging truth, and are conducted by rationalizations from falsities. This is why the ministry of...

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