Jeremiah 50

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Afrikaans 1953     

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1 Die woord wat die HERE deur die profeet Jeremia gespreek het oor Babel, oor die land van die Chaldeërs.

2 Verkondig onder die nasies en laat hoor, en steek 'n banier op, laat hoor; verberg dit nie; : Babel is ingeneem, Bel staan beskaamd, Meródag is verskrik; sy afgode staan beskaamd, sy drekgode is verskrik.

3 Want 'n volk trek teen hom op uit die Noorde; dit sal sy land 'n woesteny maak, sodat daar geen inwoner in is nie; mense sowel as diere het gevlug, weggetrek.

4 In dié dae en in dié tyd, spreek die HERE, sal die kinders van Israel kom, hulle met die kinders van Juda saam; onder geween sal hulle voorttrek en die HERE hulle God soek.

5 Hulle sal na Sion vra; op die pad hierheen sal hulle aangesig gerig wees; hulle sal kom en by die HERE aansluit in 'n ewige verbond wat nie vergeet sal word nie.

6 'n Kudde verlore skape was my volk; hulle herders het hulle laat dwaal, hulle weggevoer na die berge toe; hulle het gegaan van berg na heuwel, hulle het hul lêplek vergeet.

7 Almal wat hulle kry, het hulle opgeëet; en hulle teëstanders het gesê: Ons maak ons nie skuldig nie, omdat hulle gesondig het teen die HERE, die Woning van geregtigheid en die Verwagting van hulle vaders, die HERE.

8 Vlug uit Babel, en gaan uit die land van die Chaldeërs, en wees soos bokke voor die trop kleinvee uit!

9 Want kyk, Ek verwek en laat teen Babel optrek 'n menigte van groot nasies uit die Noordland; dié sal hulle teen hom opstel--daarvandaan sal hy ingeneem word; hulle pyle sal wees soos dié van 'n voorspoedige held wat nie met leë hande terugkom nie.

10 En Chaldéa sal 'n buit word; almal wat hom beroof, sal versadig word; spreek die HERE.

11 Al is julle verheug, al jubel julle, plunderaars van my erfenis, al huppel julle soos 'n vers wat graan dors, en runnik julle soos die hingste--

12 julle moeder staan grootliks beskaamd; sy wat julle gebaar het, is rooi van skaamte. Kyk, sy is die agterste van die nasies, 'n woestyn, 'n dor land en 'n wildernis.

13 Weens die toorn van die HERE sal dit nie bewoon word nie, maar geheel en al 'n wildernis wees; elkeen wat by Babel verbygaan, sal verbaas wees en spot oor al sy plae.

14 Stel julle op teen Babel rondom, julle almal wat die boog span! Beskiet hom, spaar die pyle nie! Want hy het teen die HERE gesondig.

15 Juig oor hom rondom--hy het hom oorgegee, sy pilare het geval, sy mure is afgebreek; want dit is die wraak van die HERE; wreek julle op hom, doen aan hom soos hy gedoen het!

16 Roei uit Babel uit die saaier en die wat die sekel hanteer in die oestyd; laat hulle vanweë die verdrukkende swaard elkeen na sy volk omdraai en elkeen na sy land vlug!

17 Israel is 'n rondgejaagde skaap wat die leeus weggedrywe het; eers het die koning van Assur hom opgeëet, en nou ten laaste het Nebukadrésar, die koning van Babel, sy gebeente afgeknaag.

18 Daarom, so die HERE van die leërskare, die God van Israel: Kyk, Ek doen besoeking oor die koning van Babel en oor sy land, soos Ek besoeking gedoen het oor die koning van Assur.

19 En Ek sal Israel na sy weiveld terugbring, en hy sal wei op Karmel en in Basan; en sy siel sal op die gebergte van Efraim en in Gílead versadig word.

20 In dié dae en in dié tyd, spreek die HERE, sal die ongeregtigheid van Israel gesoek word, maar dit sal daar nie wees nie; en die sondes van Juda, maar hulle sal nie gevind word nie; want Ek sal vergifnis skenk aan diegene wat Ek laat oorbly.

21 Teen die land Meratáim, trek daarteen op en teen die inwoners van Pekod! Verwoes en tref met die banvloek agter hulle, spreek die HERE, en doen net soos Ek jou beveel het.

22 Daar is oorlogsgeskreeu in die land en 'n groot verbreking.

23 Hoe is die hamer van die hele aarde afgekap en verbreek! Hoe het Babel geword 'n voorwerp van verbasing onder die nasies!

24 Ek het vir jou 'n strik gespan, en jy is ook gevang, o Babel, sonder dat jy dit geweet het; jy is betrap en ook gegryp, omdat jy jou teen die HERE in die stryd begeef het.

25 Die HERE het sy skatkamer oopgemaak en die werktuie van sy grimmigheid uitgebring; want 'n werk is dit wat die Here HERE van die leërskare te doen het in die land van die Chaldeërs.

26 Kom aan teen hom van alle kante, maak oop sy voorraadskure, stapel hom op soos koringmiede, en tref hom met die banvloek! Hy moet geen oorblyfsel hê nie.

27 Slaan dood al sy jong stiere, laat hulle afgaan om geslag te word. Wee hulle, want hulle dag het gekom, die tyd van hulle besoeking.

28 Hoor! Vlugtelinge en mense wat vrygeraak het uit die land van Babel, om in Sion te verkondig die wraak van die HERE onse God, die wraak van sy tempel.

29 Roep teen Babel skutters op, almal wat die boog span; slaan laer op rondom teen hom, laat daar geen ontkoming wees nie! Vergeld hom na sy werk, doen met hom net soos hy gedoen het, want hy was vermetel teen die HERE, teen die Heilige van Israel.

30 Daarom sal sy jongmanne val op sy pleine en al sy krygsmanne in dié dag omkom, spreek die HERE.

31 Kyk, Ek het dit teen jou, o vermetele, spreek die Here HERE van die leërskare; want jou dag het gekom, die tyd dat Ek oor jou besoeking sal doen.

32 Dan sal die vermetele struikel en val, en daar sal niemand wees wat hom optel nie; en Ek sal 'n vuur aansteek in sy stede, en dit sal sy hele omgewing verteer.

33 So die HERE van die leërskare: Die kinders van Israel en die kinders van Juda is saam verdruk; en almal wat hulle as gevangenes weggevoer het, hou hulle vas, weier om hulle te laat trek.

34 Maar hulle Verlosser is sterk, HERE van die leërskare is sy Naam; Hy sal hulle saak sekerlik verdedig, om die aarde rus te gee en die inwoners van Babel in onrus te bring.

35 Die swaard oor die Chaldeërs, spreek die HERE, en oor die inwoners van Babel en oor sy vorste en oor sy wyse manne!

36 Die swaard oor die grootpraters, dat hulle dwaas kan word! Die swaard oor sy helde, dat hulle verskrik kan word!

37 Die swaard oor sy perde en sy strydwaens en oor die hele gemengde bevolking wat daar binne-in is, dat hulle vroue kan word! Die swaard oor sy skatte, dat hulle geplunder kan word!

38 Droogte oor sy waters, dat hulle kan uitdroog! Want dit is 'n land van gesnede beelde, en deur die skrikgestaltes is hulle waansinnig.

39 Daarom sal daar boskatte saam met wildehonde bly; ook sal daar volstruise in bly; 'n mens sal daar in ewigheid nie meer bly nie, en dit sal nie bewoon word van geslag tot geslag nie.

40 Soos God Sodom en Gomorra met hulle bure omgekeer het, spreek die HERE, sal daar niemand woon nie, en geen mensekind daar vertoef nie.

41 Kyk, daar kom 'n volk uit die Noorde, en 'n groot nasie en magtige konings word opgewek uit die agterhoeke van die aarde.

42 Boog en lans hanteer hulle; hulle is wreed en sonder barmhartigheid; hulle geluid bruis soos die see, en hulle ry op perde, gewapend soos 'n man vir die oorlog, teen jou, o dogter van Babel!

43 Die koning van Babel het die gerug van hulle gehoor, en sy hande het slap geword; benoudheid het hom aangegryp, smart soos van een wat baar.

44 Kyk, soos 'n leeu uit die pronkbosse van die Jordaan sal daar een optrek teen die vaste woning; want in 'n oomblik sal Ek hulle daaruit wegjaag, en hom wat uitgekies is, sal Ek daaroor aanstel. Want wie is soos Ek? En wie sal My dagvaar? En wie is tog 'n herder wat voor my aangesig kan standhou?

45 Daarom, hoor die raadsbesluit van die HERE wat Hy teen Babel geneem en sy planne wat Hy teen die land van die Chaldeërs beraam het: Waarlik, die kleinstes van die kudde sal weggesleep word; waarlik, hulle weiveld sal oor hulle verslae wees.

46 Van die tyding: Babel is ingeneem! bewe die aarde, en geskreeu word onder die nasies gehoor.

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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1368

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 116


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 289, 468, 583, 1186, 1326, 1813, 2025, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 52, 173, 241, 281, 298, 299, 336, ...

A Brief Exposition of New Church Doctrine 120

The Lord 4, 34, 38, 39, 40, 53

Sacred Scripture 51, 79

Heaven and Hell 365

The Last Judgment 54

True Christian Religion 45, 83, 93, 158, 188, 294, 637, ...


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 131, 275, 278, 304, 328, 355, 357, ...

The White Horse - Appendix 1

Marriage 45, 83, 93

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 19, 51, 98

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Word/Phrase Explanations

woord
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

HERE
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

profeet
The idea of a "prophet" is very closely tied to the idea of the Bible itself, since the Bible was largely written by prophets. At...

Jeremia
Jeremiah, in the Book of Jeremiah 1:1 and what follows, represents the Lord. (Arcana Coelestia 2838 [2]). In Jeremiah 13:7, he signifies the state of...

land
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

verkondig
To "declare" something means to say it formally, publicly and with emphasis; you might say what you think, but you only declare things you're sure...

Hoor
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

banier
'A sign' is mentioned in the Word in reference to the future, which constitutes revelation. This also refers to truth, when it constitutes testification. It...


As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Bel
Bel (Isa. 46:1) signifies the profanation of truth.

afgode
Idols of stone signify worship from falsities of doctrine. Idols of wood signify worship from evils of doctrine. Idols of silver signify worship from what...

diere
"Beasts" represent the affection for doing good things, a true desire to do them from the heart. In the negative sense, "beasts" stand for the...

dae
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

tyd
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

kinders
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

kom
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

Juda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

God
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

Soek
The meaning of "to seek" in the Bible is pretty straightforward, but there is a bit of nuance: Swedenborg tells us that in most cases...

pad
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

ewige
'Perpetual' in the literal sense, means to the end of one’s life, after death, and eternity.

vergeet
To forget, in the internal sense, signifies nothing else but removal and apparent privation.

skape
A flock, as in Genesis 26, denotes interior or rational good. A flock signifies those who are in spiritual good. A flock signifies natural interior...

herders
The Writings tell us that shepherds represent those who lead and teach others, using knowledge and true ideas to help people reach the goodness of...

berge
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

teëstanders
Foes, or adversaries, denote the falsities of evil. Foes, or adversaries, when predicate of the Lord, signifies to avert falsities derived from evil.

geregtigheid
He is said to be 'just' in a spiritual sense, who lives according to divine laws. They on the right hand being called 'just,' as...

vaders
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

voor
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

groot
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

pyle
'Shafts' or 'arrows' signify truths and spiritual truth.

Chaldéa
Chaldea was a land lying along the Euphrates river near its mouth, south of Babylon, part of what is now southern Iraq. It was a...

buit
'To spoil,' as in Genesis 34:27, signifies destruction. 'Spoil,' as in Deuteronomy 13:16, signifies the falsification of truth.

versadig
'What satisfies' is what nourishes the soul.

verheug
To make glad signifies influx and reception from joy of heart.

erfenis
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

moeder
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

beskaamd
To be ashamed (Gen 2:25) signifies to be in evil

gebaar
In a general sense, being "born" in the Bible represents one spiritual state producing another, usually some form of love or affection producing or "giving...

woestyn
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

bewoon
'Inhabit' refers to good.

verbygaan
'To pass,' as in Genesis 31:52, signifies flowing in. 'To pass the night,' as in Genesis 24:54, signifies having peace. 'To pass through,' as in...

plae
'Plagues' signify evils of love, and falsities of faith. 'The plagues of Egypt' signify the falsities and lust which cause the church to perish. In...

boog
A bow signifies falsity of doctrine destroying truth, and spear, the falsity of evil de­stroying good. (Jer. 6:23.)

wreek
'To be avenged seventy and seven fold' denotes damnation.

swaard
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

vlug
Flight, as in Matthew 14:20, signifies removal from a state of the good of love and innocence. Flight, as in Mark 8:18, signifies the last...

besoeking
The end time of the church and each individual, is called 'the visitation,' and precedes judgment. 'Visitation' is nothing but an exploration of the quality...

siel
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

Efraim
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

sondes
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

gevind
To not to be found any more, signifies not to rise again.

inwoners
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

agter
Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.

beveel
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

verbreek
To “break” something creates an image that is much different from “attacking,” “destroying,” or “shattering.” It is less emotional, less violent in its intent; it...

gevang
"Catching" is used in a variety of ways in the Bible, both positive and negative. Thieves get caught; the Egyptians caught up with the Children...

geweet
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

werk
'Works,' as in Genesis 46:33, denote goods, because they are from the will, and anything from the will is either good or evil, but anything...

oop
To open,' as in Revelation 9, signifies communication and conjunction.

laat
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “bring” is highly dependent on context, but in general it represents an introduction to a new...

tempel
'A temple' represents heaven and the church. The sacred place where the ark was, represents the inmost, or third heaven, and the church among people...

vergeld
'To repay' denotes making amends by truth.

struikel
To 'stumble' denotes being scandalized or offended, and falling, as a result, from truths into falsities.

vuur
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

stede
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

verteer
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

Verlosser
Jehovah is called 'the redeemer,' because He took on a human nature.

naam
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

vorste
Captains and Rulers (Jer. 51:23) signifies principal evils and falsities. Captains and Rulers (Ezek 33:6) signifies principal truths. See Chief Captains.

helde
Mighty,' as in Revelation 19:18, signify people who are educated about doctrine derived from the Word. By extension, 'mighty' signifies education or learning derived from...

perde
'A horse' signifies knowledges or understanding of the Word. In an opposite sense it signifies the understanding of the Word falsified by reasonings, and likewise...

vroue
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

skatte
'Treasuries' denote knowledges of good and truth, and, in the opposite sense, evil and falsity.

waters
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

beelde
'Images' denote things fashioned from man’s own intelligence.

bly
'To tarry,' as in Genesis 27:44, signifies almost the same thing as 'to dwell,' except that 'to tarry' relates to the life of truth with...

Sodom
"Sodom" in the Bible represents the love of self and the love of ruling or dominating others springing from the love of self. This is...

woon
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

nasie
'Nations' signify people who are in the good of love and charity from the Lord. Two nations in the womb,' as in Genesis 25:23, signify...

konings
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

see
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

ry
'To ride' signifies being elevated regarding the intellectual part of the mind. To ride upon a cherub,' as in Psalm 18:9, 10, denotes the Lord’s...

man
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

oorlog
War in the Word represents the combat of temptation when what is good is assaulted by what is evil or false. The evil that attacks...

dogter
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

hande
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

geword
To beget or to be begotten is very similar in meaning to birth: It represents one spiritual state leading to the next spiritual state. "Beget,"...

leeu
'A lion' signifies the good of celestial love and the truth from that good.

bewe
'To tremble,' as in Jeremiah 10:10, relates to the church when falsities are believed and called truths.


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