Genesis 42

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Afrikaans 1953     

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1 Toe Jakob merk dat daar koring in Egipte was, het Jakob aan sy seuns gesê: Wat kyk julle so na mekaar?

2 En hy : Kyk, ek het gehoor dat daar koring in Egipte is; trek daarheen af, en koop vir ons daar koring, dat ons kan lewe en nie sterwe nie.

3 Daarop het tien van Josef se broers afgetrek om koring uit Egipte te koop.

4 Maar Benjamin, die broer van Josef, het Jakob nie saam met sy broers gestuur nie; want hy het gedink: Altemit kan 'n ongeluk hom oorkom.

5 So het die seuns van Israel dan gekom om koring te koop onder diegene wat daar aangekom het; want daar was hongersnood in die land Kanaän.

6 En Josef was die maghebber oor die land, hy wat aan al die mense van die land koring verkoop het; daarom het die broers van Josef gekom en hulle voor hom met die aangesig na die aarde gebuig.

7 Sodra Josef sy broers sien, het hy hulle herken maar hom vreemd teenoor hulle gehou en hulle hard aangespreek en vir hulle gesê: Waar kom julle vandaan? En hulle antwoord: Uit die land Kanaän om voedsel te koop.

8 En Josef het sy broers herken, maar húlle het hom nie herken nie.

9 Toe dink Josef aan die drome wat hy aangaande hulle gedroom het; en hy vir hulle: Julle is spioene, julle het gekom om te kyk waar die land oop is.

10 Maar hulle het hom geantwoord: Nee, my heer, maar u dienaars het gekom om voedsel te koop.

11 Ons is almal seuns van een man, ons is eerlike mense; u dienaars is geen spioene nie.

12 Toe hy vir hulle: Nee, maar julle het gekom om te kyk waar die land oop is.

13 En hulle antwoord: U dienaars is twaalf in getal, ons is broers, seuns van een man in die land Kanaän; en kyk, die jongste is nou by ons vader, maar die een is daar nie meer nie.

14 Toe Josef vir hulle: Dit is wat ek julle gesê het: Julle is spioene!

15 Hieraan sal julle getoets word: so waar as Farao leef, julle sal hiervandaan nie trek tensy dat julle jongste broer hierheen kom nie.

16 Stuur een van julle, dat hy julle broer gaan haal, maar júlle moet in die gevangenis bly. So sal dan julle woorde getoets word, of die waarheid by julle is of nie. So waar as Farao leef, julle is spioene!

17 Daarop het hy hulle saam drie dae lank in bewaring laat hou.

18 En op die derde dag Josef vir hulle: Doen dit, dan sal julle lewe; ek vrees God!

19 As julle eerlike mense is, laat een van julle broers gevange bly in die huis waar julle in bewaring is; maar gaan júlle, bring die koring vir die honger van julle huisgesinne weg,

20 en bring julle jongste broer na my toe--dan sal julle woorde waar gemaak word, en julle sal nie sterwe nie. En hulle het so gedoen.

21 Toe hulle vir mekaar: Voorwaar, ons boet nou vanweë ons broer, omdat ons die benoudheid van sy siel gesien het toe hy ons gesmeek het en ons nie geluister het nie--daarom kom hierdie benoudheid oor ons.

22 Daarop antwoord Ruben hulle: Het ek nie vir julle gesê nie: Besondig julle nie aan die seun nie? Maar julle het nie geluister nie. Kyk, so word dan ook sy bloed geëis.

23 En hulle het nie geweet dat Josef dit verstaan nie, want daar was 'n tolk tussen hulle.

24 Toe draai hy hom van hulle af weg en ween. Daarna het hy na hulle teruggegaan en met hulle gespreek; en hy het Símeon onder hulle uitgeneem en hom voor hulle gebind.

25 Daarop gee Josef bevel om hulle sakke vol koring te maak en elkeen se geld weer in sy sak te sit en om aan hulle padkos vir die reis saam te gee. En so is aan hulle gedoen.

26 En hulle het die koring op hulle esels gelaai en daar weggetrek.

27 En toe die een sy sak oopmaak om sy esel in die herberg voer te gee, sien hy sy geld; en kyk, dit was somaar bo in sy sak!

28 En hy vir sy broers: My geld is teruggegee; hier lê dit dan ook in my sak! Toe het hulle hart hul begewe, en hulle draai verskrik na mekaar toe en : Wat het God ons nou aangedoen?

29 En hulle het by hul vader Jakob in die land Kanaän gekom en hom alles vertel wat hulle wedervaar het en gesê:

30 Die man, die heer van die land, het ons hard aangespreek en ons vir spioene van die land gehou.

31 Maar ons het aan hom gesê: Ons is eerlike mense, ons is geen spioene nie.

32 Ons is twaalf broers, seuns van ons vader; die een is daar nie meer nie, en die jongste is nou by ons vader in die land Kanaän.

33 Daarop het die man, die heer van die land, aan ons gesê: Hieraan sal ek weet dat julle eerlike mense is--laat een van julle broers by my bly; en neem vir die honger van julle huisgesinne en trek weg,

34 en bring julle jongste broer na my toe; dan sal ek weet dat julle geen spioene is nie. As julle eerlike mense is, sal ek julle broer aan julle teruggee, en julle mag in die land rondtrek.

35 En toe hulle hul sakke leegmaak, was elkeen se bondeltjie geld daar in sy sak! En toe hulle hul bondeltjies geld sien, hulle en hul vader, was hulle bevrees.

36 Daarop Jakob, hulle vader, vir hulle: Julle beroof my van kinders. Josef is weg! En Símeon is weg! En Benjamin wil julle wegneem! Alles is teen my!

37 Toe spreek Ruben sy vader aan en : U kan my twee seuns doodmaak as ek hom nie na u terugbring nie. Vertrou hom aan my toe, en ék sal hom na u terugbring.

38 Maar hy : My seun sal nie saam met julle aftrek nie, want sy broer is dood, en hy het alleen oorgebly; en as 'n ongeluk hom oorkom op die pad wat julle sal gaan, dan sal julle my grys hare met kommer in die doderyk laat afdaal.

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Vysvětlení slova/fráze

Egipte
In the Bible, Egypt means knowledge and the love of knowledge. In a good sense that means knowledge of truth from the Lord through the...

seuns
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

gesê
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

kyk
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...


As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

gehoor
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

koring
Corn,' as in Genesis 42:2, here stands for a word in the original language which means 'breaking,' and also for a similar word meaning to...

af
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

ons
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

sterwe
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

tien
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

Josef se
Joseph, Jacob’s eleventh son, is one of the favorite characters in the Bible, with his troubles, his triumphs over them, and his constant trust in...

broers
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

Benjamin
Also, Benjamin signifies the Word in its ultimate sense (Deut. 33:12)

broer
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

gestuur
'Being sent' everywhere signifies, in an internal sense, going forth, as in John 17:8. In similar manner, it is said of the holy of the...

Israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

land
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

Kanaän
Canaan signifies a worship in things external without internals, which arose out of the internal church corrupted, called Ham. Thus it is that Ham is...

aarde
Land' in the Word, denotes the church, for the things which signify the church also signify the things relating to the church, for these constitute...

gebuig
To bow, as in Genesis 18:2 signifies to humble.

sien
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

kom
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

drome
A dream, as in Genesis 20:3,signifies being somewhat obscure.

gedroom
A dream, as in Genesis 20:3,signifies being somewhat obscure.

spioene
'Spies,' as in Genesis 42:9, denote people who learn the church's truth only for gain.

dienaars
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

een
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

man
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...

jongste
In general, birth order in the Bible reflects the progression of spiritual states, but the specifics of those states depends greatly on context: who the...

Farao
'Pharaoh' signifies scientific ideas, or the natural principle in general. 'Pharaoh' signifies false ideas infesting the truth of the church. Pharaoh,' in Genesis 40, represents...

stuur
'To send' signifies revealing.

woorde
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

WAAR
There's a great deal of talk in Swedenborg about "truth" as a concept – it's how we learn the Lord's will, what we must seek...

waarheid
There's a great deal of talk in Swedenborg about "truth" as a concept – it's how we learn the Lord's will, what we must seek...

drie
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

dae
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

derde
'Three' denotes fullness, and 'a third,' not full.

dag
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

vrees
Fear of the unknown and fear of change are both common ideas, and together cover a broad spectrum of the fears we tend to have...

God
The Lord is called "Jehovah" in the Bible when the text is referring to his essence, which is love itself. He is called "God" when...

laat
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “bring” is highly dependent on context, but in general it represents an introduction to a new...

huis
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

gaan
All changes of place in the Bible represent changes in spiritual state. “Entering” – usually used as entering someone’s house or “going in unto” someone...

bring
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “bring” is highly dependent on context, but in general it represents an introduction to a new...

siel
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

gesien
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

geluister het
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

antwoord
To "answer" generally indicates a state of spiritual receptivity. Ultimately this means being receptive to the Lord, who is constantly trying to pour true ideas...

Ruben
'Reuben,' in the highest sense, signifies omniscience. In a spiritual sense, he signifies wisdom, intelligence, science, and faith. In a natural sense, he signifies sight....

seun
A boy (Gen. 18:7) signifies the natural man, and consequently, him who ministers and administers. Boy (Gen. 22:3) signifies the Lord's former rational principle merely...

bloed
Bloods signify evil, in Ezek. 16:9.

geweet
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

draai
Swedenborg says that the Lord is the sun of heaven, and like the natural sun of our world shines on everyone, good or evil. What...


It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

gee
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

bevel
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

sak
'A sack' in Genesis 42:25, means a receptacle, and here 'a receptacle' on the natural level, because it is a story about the truths and...

geld
'Money' relates to truth.

esels
Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

herberg
An inn' signifies a place of instruction. An inn' signifies the exterior natural level in general. This cannot be confirmed from parallel passages in the...

voer
'Provender' signifies the good of scientific truths. 'To give provender to his donkey,' as in Genesis 42:27, signifies reflection upon scientific ideas, because 'provender' is...

hart
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

weet
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

spreek
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

twee
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

dood
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

pad
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

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 Dramatize the Story of Joseph Receiving His Brothers
Retell the story or read selected portions from the Word as the children dramatize the story of the brothers going to Egypt and being reunited with Joseph. 
Activity | Ages 4 - 10

 Food for the Soul
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 Good and Bad Times
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 Joseph's Brother Bow - Level A
Complete lesson with activity choices: act out the story of Joseph's brothers traveling to Egypt and appearing before Joseph, make a sack and show that it has both grain and money in it, scripted story discussion, coloring picture, and a memory verse.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 Joseph's Brother Bow - Level B
Complete lesson with activity choices: act out a script of Joseph's brothers traveling to Egypt and appearing before Joseph, make a Lord's Prayer book (video demonstration), scripted story discussion, coloring picture, and a memory verse.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 Joseph's Brother Bow - Level C
Complete lesson with activity choices: escape a maze blindfolded to show how we need the Lord to get to heaven, explore the differences between appearance and reality, read and reflect on a door handle sign about being an instrument of God, and a scripted story discussion.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 11 - 14

 Joseph's Brother Bow - Level D
Complete lesson with activity choices: escape a maze blindfolded to show how we need the Lord to get to heaven, explore the differences between civil, moral and spiritual judgments in "You Are Spies!", read and reflect on a door handle sign about being an instrument of God, and a scripted story discussion.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 15 - 17

 Joseph Welcomes His Family
Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 Overview of Joseph a Man of Integrity Levels A B C D for Ages 3-18
Overview of the Youth Journey Program "Joseph: a man of integrity", Levels A, B, C, and D for ages 3-18.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 3 - 18

 Sacks of Grain from Egypt
This project involves either letting the children make small sacks out of felt or making the sacks ahead of time and then using them to dramatize the story.
Project | Ages 4 - 10


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