Genesis 18

Studovat vnitřní smysl

       

1 Daarna het die HERE aan hom verskyn by die terpentynbome van Mamre terwyl hy by die ingang van die tent sit op die warmste van die dag.

2 Toe hy sy opslaan en kyk, staan daar drie manne voor hom. En toe hy hulle sien, loop hy hulle tegemoet van die ingang van die tent af en buig hom na die aarde toe.

3 En hy : My heer, as ek nou genade in u gevind het, gaan dan tog nie by u kneg verby nie.

4 Laat hulle tog 'n bietjie water bring, en was u voete, en lê en rus onder die boom.

5 En laat ek 'n stukkie brood gaan haal, en versterk u hart--daarna kan u verder gaan--want daarom het u by u kneg aangekom. En hulle antwoord: Doen soos u gesê het.

6 Toe loop Abraham haastig in die tent na Sara en : Maak gou, knie drie mate meel, die beste, en maak roosterkoeke.

7 Daarop loop Abraham na die beeste en vang 'n jong, mooi kalf en gee dit aan die dienaar, wat dit gou klaargemaak het.

8 En hy neem dikmelk en soetmelk en die kalf wat hy klaargemaak het, en sit dit aan hulle voor, terwyl hy self by hulle onder die boom bly staan; en hulle het geëet.

9 Toe hulle vir hom: Waar is Sara, u vrou? En hy antwoord: Daar in die tent.

10 En Hy : Ek sal oor 'n jaar sekerlik weer na jou toe kom--dan sal jou vrou Sara 'n seun hê. En Sara het geluister by die ingang van die tent wat agter Hom was.

11 Maar Abraham en Sara was oud, ver op hulle dae; dit het met Sara nie meer volgens die reël van die vroue gegaan nie.

12 En Sara het by haarself gelag en gedink: Sal ek wellus hê nadat ek oud geword het en my heer oud is?

13 Toe die HERE vir Abraham: Waarom het Sara daar gelag en gedink: Sou ek ook werklik baar nou dat ek oud geword het?

14 Sou iets vir die HERE te wonderbaar wees? Hierdie tyd, oor 'n jaar, sal Ek na jou terugkom, en Sara sal 'n seun hê.

15 Maar Sara het dit ontken en gesê: Ek het nie gelag nie--want sy was bang. Maar Hy : Nee, maar jy het gelag.

16 Toe staan die manne daarvandaan op, en hulle het gekyk na die kant van Sodom; en Abraham het saam met hulle gegaan om hulle weg te bring.

17 Daarop die HERE: Sal Ek vir Abraham verberg wat Ek gaan doen,

18 terwyl Abraham tog sekerlik 'n groot en magtige nasie sal word en al die nasies van die aarde in hom geseën sal word?

19 Want Ek het hom verkies, dat hy aan sy kinders en sy huis ná hom bevel sou gee dat hulle die weg van die HERE moet hou om geregtigheid en reg te doen; sodat die HERE oor Abraham kan bring wat Hy oor hom gespreek het.

20 Verder het die HERE gesê: Die geroep oor Sodom en Gomorra is waarlik groot, en hulle sonde is waarlik baie swaar.

21 Ek wil neerdaal en sien of hulle werklik gehandel het soos die geroep oor hulle is wat by My gekom het; en so nie, Ek wil dit weet.

22 Toe het die manne daarvandaan weggedraai en na Sodom gegaan, maar Abraham het nog bly staan voor die aangesig van die HERE.

23 En Abraham het nader gekom en gesê: Sal U ook die regverdige saam met die goddelose ombring?

24 Miskien is daar vyftig regverdiges binne-in die stad; sal U hulle ook ombring en die plek nie spaar ter wille van die vyftig regverdiges wat daarin is nie?

25 Laat dit ver van U wees om so iets te doen: om die regverdige saam met die goddelose om te bring, sodat die regverdige gelyk is met die goddelose. Laat dit ver van U wees! Sal die Regter van die ganse aarde geen reg doen nie?

26 Toe die HERE: As Ek in Sodom vyftig regverdiges vind binne-in die stad, dan sal Ek die hele plek spaar om hulle ontwil.

27 En Abraham antwoord en : Kyk tog, ek het dit gewaag om met die Here te spreek alhoewel ek stof en as is.

28 Miskien sal daar aan die vyftig regverdiges vyf ontbreek; sal U ter wille van vyf die hele stad verwoes? En Hy antwoord: Ek sal dit nie verwoes as Ek daar vyf en veertig vind nie.

29 En hy het nog verder met Hom gespreek en gesê: Miskien sal daar veertig gevind word. En Hy antwoord: Ek sal dit ter wille van die veertig nie doen nie.

30 Verder hy: Laat die Here tog nie toornig wees nie, en mag ek nog iets . Miskien sal daar dertig gevind word. En Hy antwoord: Ek sal dit nie doen as Ek daar dertig vind nie.

31 Toe hy: Kyk tog, ek het dit gewaag om met die Here te spreek. Miskien sal daar twintig gevind word. En Hy antwoord: Ek sal dit ter wille van die twintig nie verwoes nie.

32 Toe hy: Laat die Here tog nie toornig wees nie en laat my net hierdie keer mag spreek. Miskien sal daar tien gevind word. En Hy antwoord: Ek sal dit ter wille van die tien nie verwoes nie.

33 En die HERE het weggegaan toe Hy opgehou het om met Abraham te spreek, en Abraham het na sy woonplek teruggekeer.

  

Exploring the Meaning of Genesis 18      

Napsal(a) Emanuel Swedenborg

Here are some excerpts from Swedenborg's "Arcana Coelestia" that help explain the inner meaning of this chapter:

AC 2136. In the first place, this chapter treats concerning the Lord’s state of perception in the Human and concerning the communication with the Divine at that time, before the perfect union of His Human Essence with the Divine Essence, which state is also that in regard to which the Lord says,

"No one hath seen God at any time, the Only-begotten Son who is in the bosom of the Father" (John 1:18).

AC 2137. The Lord‘s state of perception in the Human at that time is signified by the "oak-groves of Mamre" (verse 1); and that in this state He perceived the Divine which was manifesting itself before His Human (verse 2); at which He rejoiced (verse 3); and desired that the Divine should draw nearer to His Human by putting on something natural (verse 4), and His Human nearer to the Divine by putting on the celestial (verse 5). The celestial and the derivative spiritual, which He put on, are signified by the "three measures of meal of fine flour" of which the cakes were made (verse 6); and that He also put on a conforming natural, is signified by the "son of an ox" (verse 7); the result being conformation, and a communication of the Divine with the Human, and of the Human with the Divine (verse 8).

AC 2138. In the second place, this chapter treats concerning the Lord’s perception in that state respecting the rational with Him, in that it would put off the Human, and be made Divine.

AC 2139. That the rational would be made Divine, is signified by the "son" whom Sarah was to bear (verse 10). That the human rational truth that was with the Lord did not perceive this, and thus did not believe it, is signified by Sarah‘s "laughing" at the door of the tent that was behind him (verses 10-13, 15). It is confirmed that the Lord would put off this also, and would put on in its place truth Divine (verse 14).

AC 2140. In the third place, the chapter treats concerning the Lord’s grief and anxiety over the human race, because men were so greatly imbued with the love of self, and from this with the cupidity of exercising command over others from what is evil and false, for whom in that state He interceded, and obtained that those should be saved with whom there should be goods and truths; and who these are, is recounted in order.

AC 2141. The Lord‘s perception concerning the human race, that it was in evil and falsity, "Sodom" being the love of self and the derivative cupidity of exercising command from what is evil, and "Gomorrah" being the same from what is false (verses 16, 20). That this could not be concealed from the Lord in that state, because by Him and from Him is all salvation (verses 17 to 19); that is to say, they were to be visited when their wickedness reached its height (verses 20, 21). That when He was in this perception (verse 22), He interceded for them; first for those with whom there should be truths, and these truths full of goods, who are signified by the "fifty" (verses 23 to 26); also for those with whom there should be less of good, but this good nevertheless conjoined with truths, who are signified by the "forty-five" (verses 27, 28); next for those who have been in temptations, who are signified by the "forty" (verse 29); as likewise for those who have been in some combats against evils, who are signified by the "thirty" (verse 30); afterwards for those with whom there should be states of the affection of good from any other source, who are signified by the "twenty" (verse 31); lastly for those with whom there should be states of the affection of truth, who are signified by the "ten" (verse 32); and the constant answer was that they should be saved (verses 26, 28 to 32). These things being accomplished, the Lord returned into His former state of perception (verse 33). These are the arcana contained in the internal sense of this chapter, which are not manifest from the letter.

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Genesis 18      

Napsal(a) Emanuel Swedenborg

Here are some excerpts from Swedenborg's "Arcana Coelestia" that help explain the inner meaning of this chapter:

AC 2136. In the first place, this chapter treats concerning the Lord’s state of perception in the Human and concerning the communication with the Divine at that time, before the perfect union of His Human Essence with the Divine Essence, which state is also that in regard to which the Lord says,

"No one hath seen God at any time, the Only-begotten Son who is in the bosom of the Father" (John 1:18).

AC 2137. The Lord‘s state of perception in the Human at that time is signified by the "oak-groves of Mamre" (verse 1); and that in this state He perceived the Divine which was manifesting itself before His Human (verse 2); at which He rejoiced (verse 3); and desired that the Divine should draw nearer to His Human by putting on something natural (verse 4), and His Human nearer to the Divine by putting on the celestial (verse 5). The celestial and the derivative spiritual, which He put on, are signified by the "three measures of meal of fine flour" of which the cakes were made (verse 6); and that He also put on a conforming natural, is signified by the "son of an ox" (verse 7); the result being conformation, and a communication of the Divine with the Human, and of the Human with the Divine (verse 8).

AC 2138. In the second place, this chapter treats concerning the Lord’s perception in that state respecting the rational with Him, in that it would put off the Human, and be made Divine.

AC 2139. That the rational would be made Divine, is signified by the "son" whom Sarah was to bear (verse 10). That the human rational truth that was with the Lord did not perceive this, and thus did not believe it, is signified by Sarah‘s "laughing" at the door of the tent that was behind him (verses 10-13, 15). It is confirmed that the Lord would put off this also, and would put on in its place truth Divine (verse 14).

AC 2140. In the third place, the chapter treats concerning the Lord’s grief and anxiety over the human race, because men were so greatly imbued with the love of self, and from this with the cupidity of exercising command over others from what is evil and false, for whom in that state He interceded, and obtained that those should be saved with whom there should be goods and truths; and who these are, is recounted in order.

AC 2141. The Lord‘s perception concerning the human race, that it was in evil and falsity, "Sodom" being the love of self and the derivative cupidity of exercising command from what is evil, and "Gomorrah" being the same from what is false (verses 16, 20). That this could not be concealed from the Lord in that state, because by Him and from Him is all salvation (verses 17 to 19); that is to say, they were to be visited when their wickedness reached its height (verses 20, 21). That when He was in this perception (verse 22), He interceded for them; first for those with whom there should be truths, and these truths full of goods, who are signified by the "fifty" (verses 23 to 26); also for those with whom there should be less of good, but this good nevertheless conjoined with truths, who are signified by the "forty-five" (verses 27, 28); next for those who have been in temptations, who are signified by the "forty" (verse 29); as likewise for those who have been in some combats against evils, who are signified by the "thirty" (verse 30); afterwards for those with whom there should be states of the affection of good from any other source, who are signified by the "twenty" (verse 31); lastly for those with whom there should be states of the affection of truth, who are signified by the "ten" (verse 32); and the constant answer was that they should be saved (verses 26, 28 to 32). These things being accomplished, the Lord returned into His former state of perception (verse 33). These are the arcana contained in the internal sense of this chapter, which are not manifest from the letter.

Swedenborg

Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 468, 1420, 1616, 2072, 2142, 2143, 2144, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 658

True Christian Religion 755


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 340, 397, 1153

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 49

Jiný komentář

  Příběhy:



Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesis 6:12, 11:5, 12:3, 7, 13:13, 18, 17:16, 17, 19, 22, 24, 19:1, 3, 13, 27, 21:2, 6, 24:1, 32, 36, 32:1, 33:3, 35:2, 42:6, 43:24, 44:18

Exodus 32:11

Nommers 16:22

Deuteronomium 4:9, 10

Joshua 5:13, 13:1

Regters 6:18, 19, 20, 39, 13:3, 19:5, 21

1 Samuel 28:24

2 Samuel 24:17

2 Konings 4:16, 27

1 Kronieke 16:33

2 Kronieke 14:3, 19:7

Job 34:10, 12

Psalms 7:12, 25:14, 44:22, 50:6, 75:3, 78:5, 119:60

Jesaja 3:9, 65:8

Jeremia 5:1, 32:17

Amos 3:7

Jonah 1:2

Sagaria 8:6

Matthew 11:23, 13:29, 19:26

Romeine 3:5, 4:13, 9:9

1 Korintiërs 11:3

Gal 3:8

1 Timoteus 4

Hebreërs 6:10, 11:11, 12:23, 13:1, 2

James 5:16

1 Petrus 3:6

Judas 1:7

openbaring 18:5

Významy biblických slov

Here
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Mamre
Mamre was an Amorite who lived in the land of Canaan, in the area called Hebron in what would much later be the kingdom of...

ingang
In a general sense, doors in the Bible represent the initial desires for good and concepts of truth that introduce people to new levels of...

tent
'The tabernacle' has almost the same meaning as 'temple,' that is, in the highest sense, the Lord’s divine humanity, and in a relative sense, heaven...

sit
If you think about sitting, it seems fair to say that where you're sitting is more important than that you're sitting. Sitting in a movie...

dag
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...


It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

kyk
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

drie
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

sien
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

buig
To bow, as in Genesis 18:2 signifies to humble.

aarde
"Earth" in the Bible can mean a person or a group of like-minded people as in a church. But it refers specifically to the external...


As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

gevind
Finding, or being found, can have different meanings in the Word, depending on the context. Here are two examples, From Arcana Coelestia 5756, 'Behold, the...

water
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

voete
The foot, as in Deuteronomy 33:3, signifies an inferior principle. To set the right foot on the sea and the left on the earth, as...

onder
In the Bible, things that are lower down, or under, physically, generally represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases, the...

boom
In general, plants in the Bible represent facts, thoughts and ideas – intellectual things. This makes sense: Plants are rooted in place, but can grow...

brood
Just as natural food feeds the natural body, so spiritual food feeds the spiritual body. And since our spiritual body is the expression of what...

hart
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

gesê
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Abraham
Abraham (or Abram, as he is named in the beginning of his story) was the ancestor of all the Children of Israel, through his son...

haastig
'To hasten' or 'hastiness' in the internal sense, does not denote what is quick, but what is certain, and also what is full, thus every...

sara
'Sarah' denotes truth joined to good. Sarai was called 'Sarah' so she would represent the divine intellectual principle by adding the 'H' from the name...

gou
'To hasten' or 'hastiness' in the internal sense, does not denote what is quick, but what is certain, and also what is full, thus every...

meel
Flour, or meal, signifies celestial truth, and wheat, celestial good. Flour and oil signify truth and good from a spiritual origin, and honey, good from...

jong
"Youths" or "Young men" generally represent intelligence or the understanding of truth. This is fitting, since adolescent boys tend to be more advanced intellectually than...

gee
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

voor
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

bly
'To stay with,' as in Genesis 32:4, relates to the life of truth when accompanied by good, and in this instance, it means to take...

staan
'To stand,' and 'come forth' as in Daniel 7:10, refers to truth. In Genesis 24:13, it signifies a state of conjunction of divine truth with...

geëet
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

vrou
The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...

na
Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.

seun
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

agter
Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.

dae
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

vroue
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

geword
To beget or to be begotten is very similar in meaning to birth: It represents one spiritual state leading to the next spiritual state. "Beget,"...

tyd
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

bang
The fearful signify people who have no faith.

Sodom
"Sodom" in the Bible represents the love of self and the love of ruling or dominating others springing from the love of self. This is...

wat
The "high mountains being covered " (Gen. 7:19) signifies that all the good things of charity were extin­guished.

groot
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

magtige
'Might' denotes the forces or power of truth.

nasie
'A nation,' as in Genesis 21:18, signifies the spiritual church which should receive the good of faith. Nation from afar,' as in Jeremiah 5:17, signifies...

nasies
'The time of the heathen,' as mentioned in Ezekiel 30:3, signifies the heathen, or wickedness.

kinders
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

huis
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

bevel
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

hou
"Keeping" in the Bible generally has to do with controlling the actual actions of life, though in some cases it can mean holding something away...

geregtigheid
The word "righteous" has taken on a bit of negative shading in modern language. That may be because we hear it most often as part...

reg
He is said to be 'just' in a spiritual sense, who lives according to divine laws. They on the right hand being called 'just,' as...

bring
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “bring” is highly dependent on context, but in general it represents an introduction to a new...

sonde
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

baie
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

neerdaal
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

gekom het
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

weet
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

nader
'Nigh' denotes truth in affinity with good.

regverdige
He is said to be 'just' in a spiritual sense, who lives according to divine laws. They on the right hand being called 'just,' as...

goddelose
Swedenborg several times associates the “wicked” with “malevolence,” defines “malevolence” as “destroying good, interior and exterior,” and says that the wicked do this by disowning...

vyftig
God rested on the seventh day of creation. That represents a state of holiness and tranquility that was preserved in the form of the sabbath....

Stad
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jeremiah 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

plek
'A dry place,' as in Luke 11:24, signifies states of evil and falsity which are in the life of someone who does the work of...

regter
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

vind
Finding, or being found, can have different meanings in the Word, depending on the context. Here are two examples, From Arcana Coelestia 5756, 'Behold, the...

antwoord
To "answer" generally indicates a state of spiritual receptivity. Ultimately this means being receptive to the Lord, who is constantly trying to pour true ideas...

spreek
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

stof
Dust, in Ezekiel 26:12, signifies the lowest things which are of the sensual principle of man. In Isaiah 40:12, the dust signifies exterior or natural...

as
Ashes as in ('Ezekiel 27:30') signify what is condemned; because fire from which they are derived signify infernal love. Ashes of the furnace ('Exodus 9:8')...

vyf
Five also signifies all things of one part.

ontbreek
'Want of spiritual nourishment,' denotes a lack of knowledge, intelligence, and wisdom.

veertig
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

dertig
'Thirty' has a twofold significance because it is is the product of five and six, and also three and ten. From five multiplied by six,...

twintig
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything, or fullness, because it is ten twice. In Genesis 18:31, 'twenty', like all numbers occurring in the...

net
He is said to be 'just' in a spiritual sense, who lives according to divine laws. They on the right hand being called 'just,' as...

tien
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

teruggekeer
Everyone knows the phrase "the natural order of things." It means that everything is in its proper place, occupying the niche it is meant to...

Videa od Swedenborg Foundation

Zde uvedená videa jsou poskytnuta se svolením našich přátel ze Swedenborg Foundation. Více se o nich dozvíte zde: swedenborg.com.


Was God Really Angry With Sodom and Gomorrah?

As Jesus said on the road to Emmaus, the Old Testament is teaching us about Jesus's inner life. What can we learn from the story of Sodom and Gomorrah?

Genesis 18:16-26 >> 03:36
, 06:39

The Meaning of Sodom and Gomorrah

Focus on the internal meaning of the Sodom and Gomorrah story

Genesis 18:16-26 >> 13:28
, 16:33
Zdroje pro rodiče a učitele

Zde uvedené položky jsou poskytnuty se svolením našich přátel z General Church of the New Jerusalem. Můžete prohledávat/procházet celou knihovnu kliknutím na odkaz this link.


 Abraham and Lot
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 Abraham and Sarah's Family
The Lord promises Abraham many descendants.
Story | Ages 2 - 8

 Abraham and the Angels
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Abraham and the Angels, Birth of Isaac
Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 Isaac’s Birth Foretold
A lesson for younger children with discussion ideas and a project.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 The Appearing of the Angels to Abraham
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14


Přeložit: