Deuteronomium 20

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Afrikaanse Vertaling 1953     

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1 As jy na die oorlog uittrek teen jou vyand en perde en strydwaens sien, 'n volk meer in getal as jy, dan moet jy vir hulle nie vrees nie; want die HERE jou God wat jou uit Egipteland laat optrek het, is met jou.

2 En as julle na die geveg kom, moet die priester nader kom en die volk toespreek;

3 en hy moet aan hulle : Hoor, Israel, julle trek vandag nader om te veg teen julle vyande; laat julle hart nie week word nie, wees nie bevrees en beangs en word nie verskrik vir hulle nie;

4 want dit is die HERE julle God wat saam met julle trek om vir julle te stry teen julle vyande, om aan julle die oorwinning te gee.

5 Dan moet die opsigters die volk toespreek en : Wie is die man wat 'n nuwe huis gebou en dit nie ingewy het nie? Hy kan teruggaan huis toe, dat hy nie in die oorlog sterwe en iemand anders dit inwy nie.

6 En wie is die man wat 'n wingerd geplant en dit nie in gebruik geneem het nie? Hy kan teruggaan huis toe, dat hy nie in die oorlog sterwe en iemand anders dit in gebruik neem nie.

7 En wie is die man wat hom met 'n vrou verloof en haar nie geneem het nie? Hy kan teruggaan huis toe, dat hy nie in die oorlog sterwe en iemand anders haar neem nie.

8 Dan moet die opsigters verder die volk toespreek en : Wie is die man wat bevrees en week van hart is? Hy kan teruggaan huis toe, dat die hart van sy broers nie smelt soos sy hart nie.

9 En as die opsigters die volk klaar toegespreek het, moet leërowerstes aan die hoof van die volk aangestel word.

10 As jy naby 'n stad kom om daarteen te veg, moet jy dit vrede aanbied.

11 En as dit jou 'n antwoord van vrede gee en vir jou oopmaak, moet die hele volk wat daarin gevind word, aan jou dienspligtig wees en jou dien.

12 Maar as dit geen vrede met jou sluit nie, maar oorlog teen jou wil voer, moet jy dit beleër.

13 En die HERE jou God sal dit in jou hand gee, en jy moet al die manne daarin met die skerpte van die swaard verslaan;

14 net die vroue en die kinders en die vee en alles wat in die stad is--die hele buit moet jy vir jou roof; en jy moet die buit van jou vyande eet wat die HERE jou God jou gegee het.

15 So moet jy met al die stede maak wat baie ver van jou af is, wat nie by die stede van hierdie nasies behoort nie.

16 Maar van die stede van hierdie volke wat die HERE jou God jou as erfenis sal gee, moet jy niks wat asem het, laat lewe nie.

17 Maar jy moet hulle heeltemal met die banvloek tref: die Hetiete en Amoriete, die Kanaäniete en Feresiete, die Hewiete en Jebusiete, soos die HERE jou God jou beveel het;

18 sodat hulle julle nie leer om te handel volgens al hulle gruwels wat hulle vir hul gode gedoen het, en julle teen die HERE julle God sondig nie.

19 As jy 'n stad baie lank beleër deur oorlog daarteen te voer om dit te verower, moet jy sy bome nie verwoes deur die byl daarteen te swaai nie; maar jy mag daarvan eet en mag dit nie afkap nie; want is die bome van die veld dan mense, dat hulle deur jou in beleëring moet kom?

20 Net bome waarvan jy weet dat dit geen vrugtebome is nie, dié mag jy verwoes en afkap; en jy moet teen die stad wat teen jou oorlog voer, 'n skans bou totdat dit val.

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Explanation of Deuteronomy 20      

Napsal(a) Alexander Payne

Verses 1-4. The soul must not be afraid of evils and falsities when opposed by them in temptations, but must rely upon heaven.

Verses 5-9. Directions for combating with evil and falsity.

Verses 10-15. On contending with doctrines in the external mind that oppose regeneration.

Verses 16-18. But those derived from interior evil to be utterly destroyed.

Verses 19-20. But care to be taken not to destroy any genuine knowledges and perceptions in contending with false doctrines.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1097, 1444, 1664, 2913, 6394, 6858, 7111

Apocalypse Revealed 400, 847


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 109, 725, 734, 750, 919

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesis 15:20, 21

Exodus 14:13, 20:2, 23:32, 33

Nommers 10:9, 13:29, 14:9, 31:6, 7, 9, 17

Deuteronomium 1:21, 29, 30, 2:26, 35, 4:21, 7:2, 4, 21, 9:3, 12:30, 31, 18:9, 24:4, 5, 28:30, 31:6

Joshua 1:5, 9, 9:9, 10:8, 11, 23:10

Regters 6:12, 16, 7:3, 11:12

1 Samuel 14:23, 17:32

2 Samuel 18:1

1 Konings 5:1, 11:15

2 Konings 3:19, 25

1 Kronieke 14:15

2 Kronieke 10, 32:8

Psalms 33:17, 46:8

Jeremia 16:14

Sagaria 10:5

1 Korintiërs 9:7

Významy biblických slov

oorlog
War in the Word represents the combat of temptation when what is good is assaulted by what is evil or false. The evil that attacks...

vyand
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

perde
'A horse' signifies knowledges or understanding of the Word. In an opposite sense it signifies the understanding of the Word falsified by reasonings, and likewise...

sien
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

vrees
Fear of the unknown and fear of change are both common ideas, and together cover a broad spectrum of the fears we tend to have...

Here
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

God
The Lord is called "Jehovah" in the Bible when the text is referring to his essence, which is love itself. He is called "God" when...

nader
'Near,' in the Word, signifies presence and conjunction. 'To be near' signifies being on internal levels. Near,' as in Genesis 19:20, signifies truth bordering upon...


As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Hoor
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

Israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

vandag
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

vyande
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

man
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

huis
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

gebou
There are really two meanings for "build" in the Bible. When something is being built for the first time, or built in the most typical...

sterwe
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

wingerd
'A vine' signifies spiritual good and truth. 'A vine' or 'vineyard' signifies the church where the Word, and the Lord in it, is known, or...

geplant
'To plant' denotes regeneration.

vrou
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

broers
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

smelt
'To melt' denotes vanishing before the heat of lust.

hoof
Captains and Rulers (Jer. 51:23) signifies principal evils and falsities. Captains and Rulers (Ezek 33:6) signifies principal truths. See Chief Captains.

naby
'Near,' in the Word, signifies presence and conjunction. 'To be near' signifies being on internal levels. Near,' as in Genesis 19:20, signifies truth bordering upon...

Stad
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

antwoord
To "answer" generally indicates a state of spiritual receptivity. Ultimately this means being receptive to the Lord, who is constantly trying to pour true ideas...

gevind
To not to be found any more, signifies not to rise again.

dien
Generally speaking, those who are at lower levels of an organization serve those at higher levels. Bosses boss and their employees serve; coaches devise strategy...

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

gee
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

swaard
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

verslaan
To strike or smite, when used in the Bible, means to attack, harm or destroy, and is usually in reference to an attack on someone’s...

vroue
The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...

buit
'To spoil,' as in Genesis 34:27, signifies destruction. 'Spoil,' as in Deuteronomy 13:16, signifies the falsification of truth.

eet
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

gegee
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

stede
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

nasies
'Nations' signify people who are in the good of love and charity from the Lord. Two nations in the womb,' as in Genesis 25:23, signify...

erfenis
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

Hetiete
'A Hittite' in a good sense, signifies the spiritual church, or the truth of the church. The Hittites were among the upright Gentiles who were...

Hewiete
The Hivites' represent those who were in idolatry, but in which there was something of good.

beveel
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

gode
The Lord is called "Jehovah" in the Bible when the text is referring to his essence, which is love itself. He is called "God" when...

baie
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

lank
'Long' and thence to prolong, refer to good.

bome
In general, plants in the Bible represent facts, thoughts and ideas – intellectual things. This makes sense: Plants are rooted in place, but can grow...

daarvan eet
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

veld
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

kom
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

weet
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

skans
Bulwarks (Isa. 26:2) signify truths.

bou
wrought (also entwined or entwisted) is predicated of the natural scientific principle, and in Isaiah 45:13, of divine natural truth.

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