Deuteronomium 19

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1 As die HERE jou God die nasies uitroei wie se land die HERE jou God jou sal gee, en jy hulle uit hul besitting verdrywe en in hulle stede en in hulle huise woon,

2 dan moet jy vir jou drie stede afsonder in jou land wat die HERE jou God jou sal gee om dit in besit te neem.

3 Jy moet vir jou die pad regmaak en jou grondgebied wat die HERE jou God jou laat erwe, in drie dele verdeel, sodat elkeen wat 'n doodslag begaan het, daarheen kan vlug.

4 En dit is die saak van hom wat 'n doodslag begaan het, wat daarheen vlug, dat hy kan lewe: hy wat sy naaste sonder opset doodslaan, terwyl hy hom van gister en eergister af nie vyandig was nie;

5 en hy wat saam met sy naaste in die bos gaan om hout te kap en sy hand swaai met die byl om die boom af te kap, en die yster glip van die steel af en tref sy naaste, sodat hy sterwe--hy moet in een van hierdie stede vlug om in die lewe te bly;

6 sodat die bloedwreker hom wat 'n doodslag begaan het, nie agtervolg as sy hart verhit is en hom inhaal--omdat die pad lank is--en hom doodslaan nie, terwyl hy die dood nie verdien het nie, omdat hy hom van gister en eergister af nie vyandig was nie.

7 Daarom gee ek jou bevel en sê: Drie stede moet jy vir jou afsonder.

8 En as die HERE jou God jou grondgebied uitbrei, soos Hy aan jou vaders met 'n eed beloof het, en jou die hele land gee wat Hy beloof het om aan jou vaders te gee

9 --as jy sorgvuldig al hierdie gebooie hou wat ek jou vandag beveel om dit te doen, om die HERE jou God lief te hê en altyd in sy weë te wandel--dan moet jy vir jou nog drie stede by hierdie drie byvoeg,

10 sodat geen onskuldige bloed vergiet word binne-in jou land wat die HERE jou God jou as erfenis sal gee, en bloedskuld op jou kom nie.

11 Maar as iemand sy naaste vyandig is en hom voorlê en teen hom opstaan en hom lewensgevaarlik slaan, sodat hy sterwe, en hy in een van hierdie stede vlug,

12 dan moet die oudstes van sy stad stuur en hom daarvandaan laat haal, en hulle moet hom in die hand van die bloedwreker oorgee, dat hy kan sterwe.

13 Jou oog mag hom nie verskoon nie, maar jy moet die onskuldige bloed uit Israel wegdoen, dat dit met jou goed kan gaan.

14 Jou naaste se grenslyn, deur die voorvaders getrek in jou erfdeel wat jy sal erwe in die land wat die HERE jou God jou sal gee om dit in besit te neem, mag jy nie verlê nie.

15 Een getuie mag nie teen iemand optree insake enige misdaad of enige sonde, by enige misstap wat hy begaan nie; op die verklaring van twee getuies of op die verklaring van drie getuies sal 'n saak van krag wees.

16 As 'n kwaadwillige getuie teen iemand optree om van 'n oortreding teen hom te getuig,

17 dan moet die twee manne wat die regsaak het, gaan staan voor die aangesig van die HERE, voor die priesters en die regters wat daar in dié dae sal wees.

18 En die regters moet terdeë ondersoek doen, en is die getuie 'n valse getuie, het hy vals teen sy broer getuig,

19 dan moet julle met hom doen soos hy gedink het om met sy broer te doen; so moet jy dan die kwaad uit jou midde uitroei.

20 En die ander moet dit hoor en vrees en nie meer verder by jou so iets verkeerds doen nie.

21 En jou oog mag nie verskoon nie: lewe vir lewe, oog vir oog, tand vir tand, hand vir hand, voet vir voet.

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Explanation of Deuteronomy 19      

Napsal(a) Alexander Payne

Verses 1-3. When the soul follows sincerely the truths it knows, faults committed through ignorance do not bring guilt or hurt to the soul.

Verses 4-10. An example of this.

Verses 11-13. But theories which are maliciously and persistently against charity are to be destroyed.

Verse 14. The highest standard of good and truth the soul can reach to be rigidly maintained.

Verse 15. One unconfirmed truth not to condemn anything, but several agreeing together to be taken as a proof of evil.

Verses 16-21. On the decisions in the soul between evil and good, and between truth and falsity. Evil and falsity when brought to light to be destroyed.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 4197, 6353, 8223, 8908, 9011, 9262

Apocalypse Revealed 167, 505, 610, 774


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 97, 329, 556, 750, 1145

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesis 9:5, 6, 15:18

Exodus 21:6, 13, 14, 23, 25, 23:1

Nommers 35:9, 31, 33

Deuteronomium 3:18, 4:21, 41, 42, 5:20, 11:22, 12:29, 13:6, 12, 16:18, 17:6, 21:9, 26:1, 27:17, 24

Joshua 20:1, 24:13

2 Samuel 14:7

1 Konings 2:31

Psalms 27:12

Spreuke 19:5, 22:28, 28:17

Daniel 6:25

Matthew 5:38, 18:16, 26:60, 27:25

openbaring 11:3

Významy biblických slov

Here
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

God
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

nasies
'A nation,' as in Genesis 21:18, signifies the spiritual church which should receive the good of faith. Nation from afar,' as in Jeremiah 5:17, signifies...

land
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

gee
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

stede
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

huise
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

woon
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

drie
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

pad
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

vlug
To flee signifies to escape, and be rescued. To flee signifies to be overcome.

bos
Plants in general stand for facts, knowledge, ideas, so it makes sense that a forest in the Bible represents a collection or system of external,...

gaan
All changes of place in the Bible represent changes in spiritual state. “Entering” – usually used as entering someone’s house or “going in unto” someone...

hout
In general, plants in the Bible represent facts, thoughts and ideas – intellectual things. This makes sense: Plants are rooted in place, but can grow...

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

boom
'Trees,' in general, signify the perceptions when discussing the celestial self, but when related to the spiritual church, they signify knowledges. A person in the...

yster
'Iron,' in Deuteronomy 8:9, signifies natural or rational truth. Iron' signifies natural truth, and consequently, the natural sense of the Word. At the same time,...

sterwe
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

een
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

agtervolg
'To pursue,' as in Genesis 14:16, signifies a state of purification, because 'to pursue enemies' is the expulsion of evils and falsities which were with...

lank
'Long' and thence to prolong, refer to good.

bevel
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

vaders
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

n eed beloof
The Lord swearing by himself signifies that divine truth testifies, for He is divine truth itself, and this testifies from itself and means itself. It...

eed
'To sware' is a binding.

hou
"Keeping" in the Bible generally has to do with controlling the actual actions of life, though in some cases it can mean holding something away...

vandag
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

beveel
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

lief
To some degree, there really is no spiritual meaning to the word “love” in the Bible. Why? Because if you truly love another, that is...

bloed
Bloods signify evil, in Ezek. 16:9.

erfenis
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

opstaan
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

slaan
'The smitten' signify people who are oppressed by the falsities of ignorance.

Stad
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

stuur
'To send' signifies revealing.

oog
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

Israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

getuie
In court, a witness is someone who saw a crime being committed, or observed something that could help determine the guilt or innocence of the...

sonde
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

twee
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

getuies
In court, a witness is someone who saw a crime being committed, or observed something that could help determine the guilt or innocence of the...

staan
'To stay with,' as in Genesis 32:4, relates to the life of truth when accompanied by good, and in this instance, it means to take...

voor
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

priesters
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

regters
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

dae
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

broer
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

kwaad
'To hurt,' as mentioned in Revelation 6:6, signifies violation and profanation. 'To hurt' as mentioned in Revelation 9:4, signifies perverting the truths and goods of...

Hoor
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

vrees
The fearful signify people who have no faith.

tand
'Tooth,' as in Exodus 21:24, denotes the exterior understanding, and natural truth.

voet
Our feet are the lowest and most utilitarian parts of our bodies, and in the Bible they represent the lowest and most utilitarian part of...


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