1 Samuel 4

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1 En die woord van Samuel het tot die hele Israel gekom. En Israel het uitgetrek vir die geveg, die Filistyne tegemoet, en hulle het laer opgeslaan by Ebenhaéser; maar die Filistyne het laer opgeslaan by Afek.

2 Toe die Filistyne hulle opstel om Israel te ontmoet, en die geveg ontwikkel, is Israel voor die Filistyne verslaan; en hulle het op die vegterrein in die veld omtrent vier duisend man doodgeslaan.

3 Terwyl die manskappe die laer inkom, die oudstes van Israel: Waarom het die HERE ons vandag voor die Filistyne verslaan? Laat ons die verbondsark van die HERE uit Silo na ons toe bring, dat dit onder ons inkom en ons verlos uit die hand van ons vyande.

4 Daarop het die manskappe na Silo gestuur, en hulle het die verbondsark van die HERE van die leërskare wat op die gérubs troon, daarvandaan gaan haal; en die twee seuns van Eli, Hofni en Pínehas, was daar by die verbondsark van God.

5 En net toe die verbondsark van die HERE in die laer inkom, hef die hele Israel 'n groot krygsgeskreeu aan, sodat die aarde gedreun het.

6 En die Filistyne het die geluid van die gejuig gehoor en gesê: Watter geluid van 'n groot krygsgeskreeu is dit in die laer van die Hebreërs? Toe verneem hulle dat die ark van die HERE in die laer gekom het.

7 En die Filistyne het bang geword, want hulle het gesê: God het in die laer gekom! En hulle het gesê: Wee ons, want so iets het gister en eergister nie gebeur nie.

8 Wee ons! Wie sal ons red uit die hand van hierdie geweldige gode? Dit is dieselfde gode wat die Egiptenaars met allerhande plae getref het in die woestyn.

9 Wees dapper en gedra julle soos manne, Filistyne, dat julle nie miskien die Hebreërs dien soos hulle julle gedien het nie; gedra julle dan soos manne, en veg.

10 Toe het die Filistyne geveg, en Israel is verslaan, sodat hulle gevlug het, elkeen na sy tente toe. En die slagting was baie groot: van Israel het daar dertig duisend voetgangers geval.

11 Die ark van God is ook geneem, en die twee seuns van Eli, Hofni en Pínehas, het gesterwe.

12 Toe het 'n Benjaminiet van die slagveld af gehardloop en dieselfde dag in Silo aangekom met geskeurde klere en grond op sy hoof.

13 Terwyl hy aankom, sit Eli juis en uitkyk op 'n stoel aan die kant van die pad, want hy was besorg oor die ark van God. En die man het gekom om dit in die stad mee te deel, en die hele stad het geskreeu.

14 Toe Eli dan die geluid van die geskreeu hoor, hy: Wat is dit vir 'n rumoerige geluid? En die man het gou gekom en dit aan Eli meegedeel.

15 (Eli was agt en negentig jaar oud, en sy het styf gestaan, sodat hy nie kon sien nie.)

16 En die man het vir Eli gesê: Dit is ek wat van die slagveld gekom het; ja, ek het vandag van die slagveld gevlug. En hy vra: Wat het daar gebeur, my seun?

17 En die boodskapper antwoord en : Israel het voor die Filistyne gevlug, en daar was ook 'n groot neerlaag onder die manskappe, en u twee seuns, Hofni en Pínehas, het ook gesterwe, en die ark van God is geneem.

18 Net toe hy melding maak van die ark van God, val hy agteroor van die stoel af aan die kant van die poort, sodat hy sy nek gebreek en gesterf het; want die man was oud en swaar. En hy het Israel veertig jaar lank gerig.

19 En sy skoondogter, die vrou van Pínehas, was vér heen in haar swangerskap. Toe sy dan die tyding hoor dat die ark van God geneem is, en dat haar skoonvader en haar man gesterf het, het sy haar krom gebuig en gebaar, want haar barensweë het haar oorval.

20 En terwyl sy op sterwe lê, die vroue wat by haar staan: Wees nie bevrees nie, want jy het 'n seun gebaar; maar sy het nie geantwoord en dit nie ter harte geneem nie,

21 maar die seuntjie Ikabod genoem en gesê: Weggevoer is die eer uit Israel--met die oog op die wegneming van die ark van God en met die oog op haar skoonvader en haar man.

22 En sy het gesê: Weggevoer is die eer uit Israel, omdat die ark van God geneem is.

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Exploring the Meaning of 1_Samuel 4      

Although it was clear throughout Israel that Samuel had been established as the Lord’s prophet, the Israelites were still unprepared to listen to his prophecy. A new battle took place between the army of Israel and the army of the Philistines, that went decidedly in the Philistines’ favor. About four thousand men of Israel died.

The Israelites were in great distress, and they sent for the Ark of the covenant from Shiloh in order to summon the power of the Lord. Accompanying the Ark were the two sons of the High Priest Eli: Hophni and Phinehas. When the Ark reached the Israelite camp, the Israelites shouted with joy, and the Philistines became afraid. They knew that the Israelite God was surely with them, and they remembered His power from the plagues of Egypt (in Exodus 7 through 12). The Philistines, in order to avoid being enslaved by the Israelites, summoned courage and defeated Israel. In the process, they captured the Ark of the Covenant.

A messenger was dispatched to bring the bad news to Shiloh, where Eli was. Hophni and Phinehas were dead, and the Ark was in enemy hands. Upon hearing the news, the elderly Eli fell backwards from his seat and died. Phinehas’ wife was heavily pregnant. The bad news broke her spirit and she died shortly after delivering a son that she named Ichabod. The doom predicted in Chapter three of 1 Samuel had come to pass.

The Ark of the Covenant contained two stone tablets, on which were written the Ten Commandments. These were written by the finger of God, and given to Moses on Mount Sinai. The Commandments represented the covenant between the Lord and people. They would be joined together through love and faith: God’s love for His people, and their love for Him. Love, faith in God and obedience to His message would forever bind them. The covenant is only fulfilled when people, individually and collectively, do what is written on those two tablets (see True Christianity 285.)

When the Israelites lose the Ark of the Covenant in this story (and with it, the Ten Commandments) it symbolizes the loss of a person’s covenantal relationship with the Lord their Creator. This covenant can be severed, if we choose to break it, and this story is a representation of the destruction that breaking the covenant can cause. God, however, will never give up on us, and is always ready to come into our lives if we accept Him.

In True Christianity 285, Swedenborg writes that God is always ready to keep His commandment with us, but we must use our free will to keep our commandment with Him. This is illustrated in a quote from Revelation 3:20: “Behold, I stand at the door and knock. If anyone hears my voice and opens the door, I will come in to him and dine with him, and he with me.”

While this story is an example of a covenant with God described in the Old Testament of the Word, this relationship between God and His people (and, of course, with each one of us individually) is a theme throughout all of the Bible. The New Testament describes a new covenant that the Lord seeks to build with each of us.

The Philistines, whom the Israelites were battling in this chapter, are mentioned in Swedenborg’s writings, where he writes that they represent faith without charity. Both faith and charity are necessary to follow the Lord, and knowledge of what is right and true is not useful unless we apply it to our lives. If we do not, this knowledge simply becomes memory instead of an ongoing part of our life (see Arcana Coelestia 1197). In this chapter, the Israelites lose a battle to the Philistines and surrender the Ark of the Covenant, which contains the Ten Commandments. Since Philistines represent knowledge without charity, perhaps this story is telling us that in order to keep our covenant with God, it is not enough to know what is required of us, what is written on the tablet. We must also act accordingly. When we both understand the commandments and practice them, then we are able to keep our covenant with God.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1343, 1703, 2576, 4763, 9396, 9416


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 277, 700, 817

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesis 35:17, 18

Exodus 9:14, 14:14, 25, 15:14, 25:22

Lev 26:17, 37

Nommers 10:35, 14:45

Deuteronomium 29:10

Joshua 7:6, 15:53

Regters 13:1, 15:20

1 Samuel 2:34, 3:2, 11, 12, 5:1, 7, 7:12, 10:19, 14:3, 29:1, 3

2 Samuel 10:12

1 Konings 1:40, 20:26

Psalms 74:11, 78:60, 61, 62, 64, 80:2

Jesaja 59:1, 2

Klaagliedere 2:1

openbaring 11:6

Významy biblických slov

woord
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

Samuel
'Samuel' signifies the Word.

Israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Filistyne
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

laer opgeslaan
'Pitch,' as in Genesis 14:10, denotes lusts. 'Burning pitch,' as in Isaiah 34:9, signifies direful fantasies.

opgeslaan
'Pitch,' as in Genesis 14:10, denotes lusts. 'Burning pitch,' as in Isaiah 34:9, signifies direful fantasies.

ontmoet
In natural language, to "meet" someone can be positive or negative: it can be a welcoming and greeting, or it can be "meeting" them in...

voor
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

verslaan
To strike or smite, when used in the Bible, means to attack, harm or destroy, and is usually in reference to an attack on someone’s...

veld
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

vier
The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...

duisend
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

man
In general, men are driven by intellect and women by affections, and because of this men in the Bible generally represent knowledge and truth and...


As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Here
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

ons
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

vandag
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

laat
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “bring” is highly dependent on context, but in general it represents an introduction to a new...

Silo
The word "Shiloh" means "peacemaker", or just "peace". Peace on earth was, and is, one of the Lord's main goals in being born into the...

bring
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “bring” is highly dependent on context, but in general it represents an introduction to a new...

vyande
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

gestuur
'To send' signifies revealing.

gérubs
A Cherub has as its first definition in the dictionary, “A winged heavenly creature.” Cherubim is the plural of cherub. In the Word, the words...

twee
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

seuns
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

God
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

groot
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

aarde
Is there any difference in meaning between “earth” and “ground”? At first it doesn’t seem so; both refer to the soil making up the land...

gehoor
Thanks to modern science, we now understand that hearing actually happens in the brain, not the ears. The ears collect vibrations in the air and...

gesê
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Hebreërs
The term 'Hebrew' is used in the Word to signify anything relating to service, whatever its nature may be. Hence Abraham, in one passage only...

ark
There are three arks mentioned in the Word, the ark of Noah, the ark of bulrushes for the baby Moses, and the ark of the...

gekom het
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

bang
Fear of the unknown and fear of change are both common ideas, and together cover a broad spectrum of the fears we tend to have...

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

gode
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

plae
'Plagues' signify evils of love, and falsities of faith. 'The plagues of Egypt' signify the falsities and lust which cause the church to perish. In...

getref
'The smitten' signify people who are oppressed by the falsities of ignorance.

woestyn
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

gevlug
Flight, as in Matthew 14:20, signifies removal from a state of the good of love and innocence. Flight, as in Mark 8:18, signifies the last...

tente
'Tent' is used in the Word to signify the celestial and holy aspects of love, because in ancient time they performed holy worship in their...

slagting
'Slaughter' signifies perdition and damnation. 'Slaughter' and 'a storm of slaughter,' signifies evils which destroy the goods of the church. 'The day of great slaughter'...

dertig
'Thirty' has a twofold significance because it is is the product of five and six, and also three and ten. From five multiplied by six,...

dag
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

klere
'Robes,' as in Revelation 7, signify truths of defense. Before they were washed they signified falsities. People in falsities from ignorance in the spiritual world,...

sit
If you think about sitting, it seems fair to say that where you're sitting is more important than that you're sitting. Sitting in a movie...

kant
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

pad
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

Stad
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

Hoor
Thanks to modern science, we now understand that hearing actually happens in the brain, not the ears. The ears collect vibrations in the air and...

gou
'To hasten' or 'hastiness' in the internal sense, does not denote what is quick, but what is certain, and also what is full, thus every...

agt
According to Swedenborg, the number eight represents something that is complete within itself, in every respect. Two reasons are offered for this. First, eight is...


It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

sien
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

seun
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

antwoord
To "answer" generally indicates a state of spiritual receptivity. Ultimately this means being receptive to the Lord, who is constantly trying to pour true ideas...

val
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

poort
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

gesterf
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

veertig
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

vrou
The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...

gebaar
In a general sense, being "born" in the Bible represents one spiritual state producing another, usually some form of love or affection producing or "giving...

sterwe
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

harte
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

seuntjie
"Youths" or "Young men" generally represent intelligence or the understanding of truth. This is fitting, since adolescent boys tend to be more advanced intellectually than...

genoem
To call someone or summon someone in the Bible represents a desire for conjunction between higher and lower states of life. For instance, imagine someone...

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 The Capture and Return of the Ark
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
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 The Capture and Return of the Ark (3-5 years)
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 The Capture and Return of the Ark (6-8 years)
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 The Capture and Return of the Ark (9-11 years)
Project | Ages 11 - 14


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