THE LIFE AND CHARACTER
COLLECTED, TRANSLATED, AND ANNOTATED
R. L. TAFEL, A. M., PH. D.
VOLUME II, PART I.
SWEDENBORG SOCIETY, BRITISH AND FOREIGN
36 BLOOMSBURY STREET, LONDON
IN offering to the public the concluding volume of the English translation of the "Documents concerning the Life and Character of Emanuel Swedenborg," attention must be called to the unforseen circumstance, that the materials for this volume have proved so extensive that it has become necessary to publish it in two parts, each of which is of the size of Volume I. As the pages in these two parts run on consecutively, they have been entitled respectively Volume II, Part I, and Volume II, Part II.
An additional section has been introduced, viz. Section XIII, which is called "Appendix." It contains some documents that have been met with since the text of the work was finished, and is intended to receive all further documents which may be discovered in future.
By way of introduction to the present volume we shall give an historical synopsis of all collections and sources of "Documents concerning Swedenborg," that have hitherto been published:
1. The first collection of "Swedenborg Documents" was published by Dr. Heinrich Wilhelm Clemm, Professor of Theology in the University of Tbingen, in his Vollstndige reprinted from no. 4; (11) Cuno's letter to Swedenborg, reprinted from no. 4; (12) Extracts from Swedenborg's autobiography, as contained in no. 4; (13) Extracts from a letter of Dr. Beyer to Prelate tinger, dated June 15, 1771 (Document 314, D. pp. 1041 et seq.)
Einleitung in die Religion und Theologie (Complete Introduction to Religion and Theology), Tubingen, 1767. In Volume IV, pp. 209 et seq. Dr. Clemm published an account of the "Three extraordinary Facts" discussed in Documents 273, 274, and 275 (see pp. 637 and 654); he also published the Latin originals of two of Swedenborg's letters to Prelate OEtinger, as well as OEtinger's answers (Documents 229, 231, 232, 233). These Documents were furnished to him by Prelate OEtinger.182
2. Swedenborg's Autobiography contained in his letter addressed to the Rev. Thomas Hartley, in August, 1769. This letter was published by the Rev. Mr. Hartley in 1769, in both the Latin and the English languages. See Document 313, no. 141, p. 1011.
3. Handlingar rorande Swedenborgianismen och de sa kallade Prediko-Forsoken (Minutes respecting Swedenborgianism and the so-called Sermon-Essays), Gottenburg, 1769 and 1770. This publication contains the official acts of Swedenborg's Controversy with the Consistory of Gottenburg; it has furnished the originals of most of the numbers from A to M in Document 245.
4. Sammlung einiger Nachrichten, Herrn Emanuel Swedenborg, und desselben vorgegebenen Umgang mit dem Geisterreich betreffend (Collection of sundry accounts respecting Mr. Emanuel Swedenborg and his alleged intercourse with the Spiritual World). Hamburg, 1770. A new edition was published in the same year. This Collection contains: (1) Extracts from a German translation of Swedenborg's autobiography, viz. no. 2, which was published in April, 1770, in the Gelehrte Mercurius (the Learned Mercury) of Altona; (2) Two letters of Joh. Christian Cuno212 of Amsterdam addressed to a friend in Hamburg (Document 256, F, pp. 482-485); (3) Cuno's Letter to Swedenborg in Latin and German (Document 256, C, pp. 465-475).
5. Sehwedische Urkunden von dem Assessor Swedenborg, welche auf dem Schwedischen Reichstag, den 13ten Juni, 1771, werden zur Entscheidung kommen (Swedish Documents about Assessor Swedenborg, on which a decision will be pronounced by the Swedish Diet, June 13, 1771), 1771. This collection was also published under the following title: Beurtheilungen der wichtigen Lehre vom Zustand nach dem Tod und der damit verbundenen Lehren des beruhmten Emanuel Swedenborg's, theils aus Urkunden von Stockholm, theils aus sehr wichtigen Anmerkunyen verschiedener Gelehrten (Examination of the celebrated Emanuel Swedenborg's important doctrine respecting the state after death, and the doctrines which are connected therewith, based partly on documents from Stockholm, partly on very important observations by various scholars), 1771. This work was compiled by Prelate OEtinger182 (see Document 314, pp. 1058-1061. It contains the following documents: (1) Dr. Ekebom's charge (Document 245, B, p. 287); (2) Swedenborg's reply (Document 245, F, p. 297; (3) Swedenborg's second letter to the Consistory (Document 245, G, p. 301); (4) Extract from the Royal Resolution of April 26, 1770 (Document 245, T, b, p. 366); (5) Swedenborg's Letter to the King (Document 245, X, p. 373); (6) Swedenborg's Letter to the Swedish Universities (Document 245, AA, p. 380); (7) Dr. Ekebom's declaration of February 12, 1770 (Document 245, P, p. 345); (8) Dr. Beyer's Defence (Document, 245, O, pp. 323 et seq.); (9) OEtinger's Declaration to the Privy Council of Wurtemberg (Document 314, C, p. 1036); (10) Cuno's letters to a friend in Hamburg, reprinted from no. 4; (11) Cuno's letter to Swedenborg, reprinted from no. 4; (12) Extracts from Swedenborg's autobiography, as contained in no. 4; (13) Extracts from a letter of Dr. Beyer to Prelate OEtinger, dated June 15, 1771 (Document 314, D, pp. 1041 et seq.)
6. Pernety's34 French translation of Swedenborg's treatise on "Heaven and Hell," published in Berlin in 1782 under the title, Les Merveilles du Ciel et de l'Enfer, &c. In a "Preliminary Discourse" this works contains in French translations (1) Sandel's Euologium (Document 4); (2) Pernety's account of Swedenborg obtained from the brothers Nordenskld (Document 6); (3) Christopher Springer's Testimony to Swedenborg (Document 261).
7. "An Eulogium on the lately deceased Mr. Emanuel Swedenborg, composed and delivered by Monsieur Sandel13 from the French; to which is added a variety of Anecdotes and Observations on Mr. Swedenborg: Collected by a Friend of his Writings; together with copies of several letters, sent by Mr. Swedenborg to his correspondents, a short time before his decease." London, R. Hindmarsh, 1784. This collection of Documents published under a separate title as an Appendix to the second edition of the treatise on "Influx" or "Intercourse." It consists of an English translation of the documents collected by Pernety (no. 6); to which are added Swedenborg's letter to Hartley (no. 2), two letters which he wrote to tinger (Documents 229 and 232), one of his letters addressed to Dr. Beyer (Document 245, H. p. 305), and three other letters which constitute Documents 225, 226, and 232.
S. Chastanier's222 Collection of Documents is contained in the Appendix to his French translation of Swedenborg's work on "Influx" entitled Du Commerce tabli entre l'Ame et le Corps," 1785, where he communicates (1) a French translation of Swedenborg's Letter to the Rev. T. Hartley (no. 2); (2) Swedenborg's Letters to the Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt (Documents 246 and 247); (3) Swedenborg's Letter to Archbishop Menander (Document 228). In another of his works entitled, Tableau Analytique et Raisonn de la Doctrine Cleste de l'glise de la Nouvelle Jrusalem &c. London, 1786, he communicates the following documents: (4) The results of his investigation into the charge of insanity raised against Swedenborg by Mathesius and J. Wesley (Document 270, p. 609); (5) Shearsmith's affidavit before the Lord Mayor of London (Document 269, C, p. 577).
9. Utdrag af ngra Bref Frn Emanuel Swedenborg til tskillige hans Vnner (Extracts from sundry letters addressed by Swedenborg to several of his friends), contained in No. 1 of Samlingar fr Philantroper, the organ of the Philanthropic Esegetic Society, printed in Stockholm in 1787. This Collection contains sixteen letters which Swedenborg addressed to Dr. Beyer, one which he wrote to Wenngren and three letters which he sent to Prelate tinger.
10. "New Jerusalem Magazine, or a Treasury of celestial, spiritual, and natural Knowledge, by several Members of the London Universal Society for Promotion of the New Church," London, 1790, 1791. It was edited by Messrs. Servant,227 J. A. Tulk,228 and C. B. Wadstrm36 (see Note 227). This Journal contains the first attempt at a systematic Life of Swedenborg, on the basis of Sandel's Eulogium, and Pernety's account. It contains besides English translations of fifteen of the twenty letters printed in the Samlingar fr Philantroper for 1787 (no. 9); two letters addressed by Lavater to Swedenborg (Documents 236 and 242); also the testimony borne concerning Swedenborg by Count Hpken (Document 252), and General Tuxen (Document 255).
11. AMagazine of Knowledge," for 1791, published by Robert Hindmarsh,225 contains: (1) The original Document of Shearsmith's affidavit (Document 269, C, p. 577); (2) Brockmer's account of Swedenborg (Document 270, C).
12. "The Intellectual Repository and New Jerusalem Magazine" from 1812-1877, has been a vast repository of Documents concerning Swedenborg. Most of these documents were introduced through the instrumentality of the Rev. Samuel Noble.228 In 1812 and 1813 it published translations from the Schwedische Urkunden, (no. 5) which were procured by Mr. J. A. Tulk.228 The Documents published are as follows: (1) Dr. Beyer's Defence (Document 245, 0, pp. 323-345)--only a small portion of this long Document was then published; (2) Swedenborg's Letters addressed to the Consistory of Gottenburg (Document 245, E, G); (3) Dr. Beyer to Prelats tinger (Document 314, D, pp. 1041-1053). In 1813 on pp. 370 et seq. it published, (4) Captain Sthammar's strictures on the Berlinische Monatsschrift (Document 276, C, p. 677). In 1815 it printed an English translation of (5) Swedenborg's Letter to Nordberg (Document 199), and (6) Swedenborg's Letters to the Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt, and to Venator his minister (Documents 246-248). In 1817 we find on pp. 449 et seq.(7) Dr. Messiter's letters to the Scotch Universities (Document 260); in 1820 on pp. 116 et seq. (8) Jung-Stilling's Testimony respecting Swedenborg (Document 257). In 1829 it communicated on pp. 537 et seq. (9) John Lewis's Testimony (Document 273); and in 1836 (11) Prove's Testimony, which was communicated by the Rev. Samuel Noble.
13. Noble's237 "Appeal in behalf of the views held by the body of Christians who believe in a New Church," &c., first edition, 1826. This work, in Section V, Parts II and IV contains the first systematic digest of all the documents concerning Swedenborg that had up to that date appeared.
Mr. Noble's own addition to our stock of the Swedenborg Documents is (1) Wesley's Testimony respecting Swedenborg (Document 265), (a) Noble on Mathesius (Document 270, G, p. 610).
14. Sammlung von Urkunden betreffend das leben und den Charakter Emanuel Swedenborg's, aus den Quellen treu wiedergegeben und mit Anmerkungen begleitet von Dr. J. F. I. Tafel309 (Collection of Documents respecting the Life and character of Emanuel Swedenborg, faithfully rendered from the original sources and furnished with annotations," &c.), Tbingen 1839-1845, 4 Parts. In Parts I and II Dr. Im. Tafel published all the documents that had hitherto been published in the Latin, French, English, and German languages, from nos. 1-13, excepting those which had appeared in Swedish. In Part III he added the following new documents: (1) A faithful translation of Robsahm's Memoirs (Document 5); (2) Ferelius' Testimony (Document 267); (3) A Memorial to the Houses of the Diet (Document 196). In Part IV he published the following new documents: (4) Extracts from Bishop Swedberg's Autobiography (Document 35); (5) Beyer's Testimony respecting Swedenborg (Document 254); (6) additional Testimony of Jung-Stilling (Documents 257, B, 274, I); (7) Klopstock's Anecdote (Document 279); (a) Peckitt's Testimony (Document 264); (9) Proof of falsification of dates in Kant's letter to Madame von Knobloch (Document 271); (10) Testimony of the second husband of Madame de Marteville (Document 274, G); (11) Dr Wilkinson's Testimony collected from Mrs. Shaw (Document 266); (12) Professor Scherer's Testimony (Document 289); (13) Atterbom's Anecdote (Document 290).
15. "Documents concerning the Life and Character of Emanuel Swedenborg, collected by Dr. J. F. I. Tafel; and, edited in English by the Rev. J. H. Smithson," Manchester 1841. In this collection are contained the Documents constituting Parts I and II of Dr. Tafel's collection, most of which he had obtained from English sources, viz. from "Noble's Appeal," the "Intellectual Repository," the "New Jerusalem Magazine" for 1790, and the "Magazine of Knowledge" for 1791. All these documents the English editor gave in the original English form, yet without stating always the sources whence he derived them. The only document in this volume which had not previously appeared in an English form is Cuno's Testimony respecting Swedenborg, published in Hamburg in 1771 (no. 4). In 1855 an enlarged edition of these documents appeared, with a supplement containing some of the new documents published by Dr. Im. Tafel in Parts III and IV of his Collection, and which had previously appeared in the "Intellectual Repository." The following numbers in Dr. Tafel's Collection were not embodied in this supplement, and hence remained unpublished in England until the appearance of the present collection, viz. nos. 1, 5, 6, 11. Nos, 7 and 13 in Dr. Wilkinson's "Life of Swedenborg."
16. "Documents concerning the Life and Character of Emanuel Swedenborg," collected by Dr. J. F. I. Tafel, translated and revised by Rev. J. H. Smithson. A new edition, with additions by Professor George Bush," New York, 1847. This edition contains the documents published by Dr. Im. Tafel in Parts I and II of his collection. Prof. Bush's additions consist of opinions given concerning Swedenborg by celebrated men, which have no documentary value.
17. Nya Kyrkan och dess inflytande p Theologiens Studium i Sverige (The New Church and its Influence on the study of Theology in Sweden), by Dr. A. Kahl. 4 Parts, Lund, 1847-1864. In Part I of this important work is contained the first systematic presentation of Swedenborg's controversy with the Consistory of Gottenburg; on this part we have largely drawn in the preparation of Document 245. In Part II are contained the Swedish originals of Documents 244 and 291, no, 6; and likewise many documents in Section VI, viz. Documents 174, 175, 180, 181, and 196. Parts III and IV were of use to us in the preparation of our Notes.
18. Mr. White's "Newchurchman" for 1856. This work contains translations of twenty-six of Swedenborg's letters addressed to his brother-in-law, Ericus Benzelius. For further particulars see Document 46. Eleven of these letters had previously been published in their original form in the Lsning fr Bildning och Nje, and also by Prof. Atterbom262 in the Appendix to his Siare och Skalder.
19. Aufzeichnungen eines Amsterdamer Brgers [Joh. Christian Cuno212] ber Swedenborg, von Dr. Aug. Scheler (Notes of an Amsterdam citizen on Swedenborg, Hanover, 1858. These Notes constitute Document 266, A, B, D, and E.
20. Swedenborg's Drmmar, 1744 (Swedenborg's Dreams in 1764), edited by G. E. Klemming,310 Stockholm, 1859. Concerning the work, see Introduction to Document 208. In an Appendix Mr. Klemming published the following additional Documents: (1) Private Memoranda (Document 298); (2) Swedenborg on the death of the Prince of Saalfeld (Document 277); (3) Signification of the Horse and Hieroglyphics (Document 300); (4) Swedenborg's Letter to the Academy of Sciences (Document 203, A); (5) A List of Valuables (Document 297).
21. "Rise and Progress of the New Jerusalem Church, in England, America, and other parts," by Robert Hindmarsh,225 edited by the Rev. Edward Madeley of Birmingham; London, 1861. This work furnishes (1) Robert Hindmarsh's Testimony concerning Swedenborg (Document 265); (2) An examination of the Charge that Swedenborg retracted his writings in his fast moments (Document 269).
The following is a list of the Biographies of Swedenborg that have hitherto appeared, in chronological order:
1769. Swedenborg's Autobiography; see above no. 2.
1772. minnelse-Tal fver Kongl. Vetenskaps-Academiens framledne Ledamot Assessoren in Kongl. Majestets och Ricksens Bergs-Collegio Herr Emanuel Swedenborg, p Kongl. Vetenskaps-Academiens vgnar, hllet i stora Riddarehus-Salen, den 7. October, 1772, af dess Ledamot Samuel Sandel, Bergs-Rd och Riddare of Kongl. Nordstjerne Orden (Eulogium on Emanuel Swedenborg, pronounced in the great hall of the House of Nobles in the name of the Royal Academy of Sciences of Stockholm, Oct. 7, 1772, by Samuel Sandels, Councillor of Mines, Knight of the Polar Star, and member of said Academy), Stockholm, 1772. This Biographical Sketch, which has served more or less as the basis of all succeeding lives of Swedenborg, constitutes Document 4.
1790. "The Life of the Hon. Emanuel Swedenborg, a Servant of the Lord, and the Messenger of the New Jerusalem Dispensation." This life appeared in the columns of the ANew Jerusalem Magazine" for 1790. During 1796 and1797 it appeared in a manuscript magazine entitled Frsamlings Tidning (Church News) which circulated among the members of the Society Pro Fide et Charitate.
1806. F. H. Walden's Assessor Swedenborg's Levnet, Adskillige Udtog of sammes skrivter, nogle blandede Tanker, tilligemed Svedenborg's System i kort udtog (Assessor Swedenborg's Life, extracts from his writings, his thoughts on various matters, and a short statement of his system), Copenhagen. This little Danish Life of Swedenborg, of which a second edition was published in 1820, is exceedingly scarce. The editor saw a copy of it in the Royal Library in Stockholm.
1820. "Emanuel Swedenborg," in a biographical Journal which appeared at Upsal entitled Samtidens Mrkvrdigaste Personer (The most celebrated persons of modern times). This biography, which fills 36 pages, is exceedingly well written, and partly based on oral communications. It has furnished the substance of Document 288.
1827. "Biography of Swedenborg" by the Rev. D. G. Goyder. pp. 40, Post 8vo. "The autobiography of a phrenologist" says, "This biography consisted of about twelve pages of anecdotes, relative to Swedenborg, including the genealogy of the noble house of Swedenborg--twelve pages of specimens of Swedenborg's correspondence, and the remainder of the principal incidents in his travels and voyages."
1830. "Life of Swedenborg" by Nathaniel Robert, Boston, America. "This Life," says the Rev. O. Prescott Hiller,* "if we mistake not was first put forth in a series of articles in the "Boston New Jerusalem Magazine" which were afterwards collected into a volume, and published at Boston in the year 1830. A second edition was published in 1845, and a third, with numerous additions, and edited by Benjamin Worcester, in 1850."
* In "The Newchurchman" for 1856, p. 32.
1840. In this year appeared a most excellent article on "Swedenborg" in the "Penny-Cyclopedia," written at the request of the Editor, Mr. George Long, by Dr. Garth Wilkinson.
1841. "The next 'Life of Swedenborg,'" says Mr. Hiller, "was by the Rev. B. F. Barret or New York; in the early part of 1841. This was little more than a re-arrangement of Mr. Hobart's materials; but it was written in a more connected form, and was very useful."
1849. "A Biographical Sketch of Emanuel Swedenborg: with an account of his Works," by Elihu Rich, London, 8vo., pp. 192. "This work," says Mr. White in 1856, "was exhausted in the course of a few months, and has not since been reprinted."
1849. "Emanuel Swedenborg: a Biography," by James John Garth Wilkinson,230 London, 8vo, pp. 370. "It is a work," says Mr. White in 1856, "which, alike for its artistic excellence as a biography, and the originality and poetic beauty of its thought, has, I believe, no equal in the English language."
1849. The article on "Emanuel Swedenborg" in the "Biographiskt Lexicon fver namnkunnige Svenska Mn" (Biographical Lexicon of celebrated Swedish men), Upsal, 1849, 8vo. It is contained in Vol. XVI, and fills there 60 pages.
1852. A "Memoir of Swedenborg," by the Rev. O. Prescott Hiller, in his volume of "Gems from the writings of Swedenborg."
1854. "Swedenborg: a Biography and Exposition," by Edwin Paxton Hood, London, 8vo, pp. 402. "This work," says the Rev. O. Prescott Hiller, "has been very effectual in making Swedenborg known in the literary world at large."
1854. W. H. Fernald in his "Compendium of the Theological and Spiritual Writings of Swedenborg" published a life of the Author, concerning which the Rev. O. P. Hiller says, "Though rather a compilation, than a regular biography, it yet contains perhaps the fullest account of Swedenborg's philosophical as well as theological works, that has yet appeared."
1856. Life of Swedenborg for Youth. By Mrs. S. P. Doughty, Boston, U. S. A. This little work was reprinted in New York in 1866, and an edition, which was undated, appeared in London.
1856. "Swedenborg: his Life and Writings," by William White. This valuable life of Swedenborg appeared first in the "Phonetic Journal" for 1854-55; "hence it was reprinted in 1856. Concerning the relation which this life holds to the larger works of Mr. White bearing the same title, see Note 308.
1860. "Emanuel Swedenborg," a Memorial Life read before the Swedish Academy by Bernhard von Beskow,263 its permanent secretary. This is justly admired for the impartial and unprejudiced spirit in which it is written, and for the exactness and accuracy of its facts-the very reverse in this respect of Fryxell's production, concerning which see below.
1863. Emanuel de Swedenborg, sa Vie, se crits, et sa Doctrine (Emanuel Swedenborg, his Life, his writings, and his Doctrine), by M. Matter, Honorary Counsellor of the University, &c., Paris, Didier & Co.--This work has been translated into the Swedish language.
1867. "Emanuel Swedenborg: his Life and Writings," by William White, in two volumes; Vol. I, pp. 604; Vol. II, pp. 674.
1865. "Do." in one Volume, pp 767. Concerning the character of these two publications, see Note 308. They contain additional documents concerning Swedenborg, or rather concerning his father, Bishop Swedberg, which are embodied in Document 294, Section XI, and also in Note 308.
1872. "Emanuel Swedenborg: a striking outline Account of the Man and his Works," by a Bible Student, London, pp. 120.
1875. "Emanuel Swedenborg" by A. Fryxell in Volume XLIII of his "Berttelser ur Svenska Historien" (Tales from Swedish History), Stockholm, 8vo, pp. 120. An exposure of the nature of this work will be found in Note 254.
1876. "Emanuel Swedenborg: Notice Biographique. Par un Ami de la Nouvelle glise." 8vo. Paris.
1876. "Emanuel Swedenborg, the Spiritual Columbus," a sketch. By U. S. E., London, foolscap 8vo., pp. 216. Two editions of this popular work have been issued within a short time, and a third is, we understand, preparing.
The position which the present work occupies in the biographical literature of Swedenborg is this. It contains not only all documents which had been previously published in the documentary sources, and also in some of the biographies enumerated above, but whenever it was necessary, and possible, they have also been translated anew from the original sources. A general rsum of our own documentary additions is contained in the preface to Volume I.
Volume II has attained to its present size chiefly from the account of the published and unpublished writings of Swedenborg in Section XII. Our aim has been in it to give a minute and definite description of every line that Swedenborg wrote during his life, which has been handed down to our times, and also to determine the place which it occupies in Swedenborg's life. The "Chronological account of Swedenborg's published and unpublished Writings," which constitutes Document 313, and which extends from p. 884 to p. 1023, will accordingly be found to contain the elements of a history of the internal development of Swedenborg's mind, which after all is the task which is imposed on the future biographer of Swedenborg.
The question of the "Missing Manuscripts" of Swedenborg naturally came up also in Section XII. Document 309, which extends from p. 802 to p. 834, is devoted to a description of the "Missing Manuscripts" and their discovery. In Document 302 we furnish by request a translation of the Additions to Swedenborg's "True Christian Religion," which have lately come into the possession of the Royal Library in Stockholm.
Another subject which required space in its discussion is the analysis of the so-called "Book of Dreams," which we consider one of the most important documents respecting Swedenborg that has been preserved, but which requires a most careful and searching analysis in the light of the subsequent inspired writings of the author, in order to enable the reader to pass a true and righteous judgment respecting it. The explanatory Notes to the "Book of Dreams" occupy seventy-two pages.
The charges of immorality and insanity have lately been brought repeatedly against Swedenborg, e. g. by Dr. H. Maudsley in the "Journal of Mental Science" for 1870; by A. Fryxell, the Swedish historian, in his biography of Swedenborg included in Volume XLIII of his "Tales from Swedish History," in 1875; by the Rev. J. W. Chadwick, Brooklyn, the United States, in the beginning of 1877, and by others. These charges have been advanced on the authority of Mr. White's "Life of Swedenborg." We, therefore, have felt ourselves specially called upon to expose the contradictory nature of the testimony of Mathesius, which Mr. White parades in his "Life," and on which Messrs. Maudsley, Fryxell, and Chadwick base their charge of insanity; this is done in Document 270. Yet we did not limit ourselves to the exposure of this particular instance, but in Note 308 we extended our critical examination to the whole of Mr. White's "Life of Swedenborg" for 1867. Justice sometimes is slow; but we believe that justice has at last been done to Mr. White's work, and that it will no longer be able to do any harm to the Lord's Church on earth.
Much pains has been taken in bringing together all the documents which have a bearing on "Swedenborg's Controversy with the Consistory of Gottenburg." Thirty distinct documents were found to belong to this question. In the historical order in which these documents are presented in Document 245, with the aid of Dr. Kahl's history of this case; in his Nya Kyrkan, &c., Part I--they throw much light on the latter years of Swedenborg's life. This document extends from pp. 252-386.
Swedenborg's interesting intercourse with John Christian Cuno in Amsterdam, is now for the first time brought in its totality before the English reader in Document 256, pp. 442-485; and Prelate tinger's singular relations to Swedenborg are for the first time exhibited clearly to the English reader in Document 314 in the "Appendix," from pp. 1027-1058; and likewise in Documents 231 and 233.
The readers of Swedenborg will welcome the first complete translation of the record of his Travels. It embraces Documents 204-207, and occupies pp. 1-133. Many explanatory footnotes were required to make a description of towns and places, as they existed one hundred and thirty years ago, fully intelligible at the present day.
All this accounts for the increase in size of Volume II. Still the thoughtful reader of the following pages will not require an apology. The intellectual size of the man whose life and character they serve to illustrate, is in itself so great and so all-embracing.
In the elaboration of the notes to the present volume the Svenskt Biografiskt Handlexicon (Swedish Biographical Dictionary), by Herm. Hofberg, has been of great assistance. In conclusion we have again to acknowledge thankfully the great assistance we have received in the preparation of our work from our kind friends, the Rev. Wm. Bruce, and Mr. James Speirs, the publisher of the work.
London, June, 1877.
SWEDENBORG'S TRAVELS AND DIARIES TO THE YEAR 1744.
204.--General Statement of Swedenborg's Travel from 1710 to 1734 3
205.--Swedenborg's Journal of Travel during 1733 and 1734 6
206.--Swedenborg's Journal of Travel from 1736 to 1739 75
207.--Swedenborg's Journal of Travel in 1743 131
208.--Swedenborg's Spiritual Experience in 1743 134
209.--Swedenborg's Spiritual Experience in l744 149
SWEDENBORG'S CORRESPONDENCE FROM 1749 TO 1772
210-214.--J. Wretman to Swedenborg 223-227
215.--Baron von Hatzel to Swedenborg 228
216.--Count Gustavus Bonde to Swedenborg 230
217.--Swedenborg to Count Bonde 231
218.--Swedenborg to Count Hpken 233
219.--J. Wretman to Swedenborg 234
220.--Swedenborg to Bishop Filenius 235
221.--Swedenborg to Dr. Beyer, Letter 1 236
222.--Dr. Beyer to Swedenborg 237
223.--Swedenborg to Dr. Beyer, Letter 2 239
224.--Swedenborg to Dr. Beyer, Letter 3 240
225.--Swedenborg to the Swedish Ambassador 240
226.--Swedenborg to the Secretary of State 243
227.--Swedenborg to Dr. Beyer, Letter 4 244
228.--Swedenborg to Archbishop Menander 245
229.--Swedenborg to Prelate tinger, Letter 1 248
230.--Swedenborg to Dr. Beyer, Letter 5 250
231.--Prelate tinger to Swedenborg 252
232.--Swedenborg to Prelate tinger, Letter 2 255
233.--Prelate tinger to Swedenborg 258
234.--Swedenborg to Dr. Beyer, Letter 6 260
235.--J. Wretman to Swedenborg 263
236.--Lavater to Swedenborg, Letter 1 264
237.--Swedenborg to Dr. Beyer, Letter 7 267
238.--Swedenborg to Prelate tinger, Letter 3 268
The Natural and Spiritual sense of the Word 269
239.--Swedenborg to a Gentleman at Leyden 272
280.--Swedenborg to Dr. Beyer, Letter 8 273
241.--Swedenborg to Dr. Beyer, Letter 9 275
242.--Lavater to Swedenborg, Letter 2 277
243.--Swedenborg to Dr. Beyer, Letter 10 278
244.--Swedenborg to Count Hpken 280
245.--Swedenborg's Controversy with the Consistory of Gottenburg 282
A. Dr. Beyer on Swedenborg and his Writings 286
B. Dr. Ekebom's Charges against Swedenborg 287
C. Dr. Beyer's Reply to Dr. Ekebom 291
D. Dr. Rosn on the Writings of Swedenborg 294
E. Swedenborg to Dr. Beyer, Letter 11 296
F. Swedenborg's Reply to Dr. Ekebom 297
G. Swedenborg to Dr. Beyer, Letter 12 301
H. Swedenborg to Dr. Beyer, Letter 13 305
I. Bishop Lamberg to the Consistory of Gottenburg 310
J. Assessor Aurell to Bishop Filenius 312
K. Bishop Filenius to Assessor Aurell 313
L. Swedenborg to Dr. Beyer, Letter 14 316
M. Royal Resolution 318
N. Swedenborg to Councillor Wenngren 321
O. Dr. Beyer's Defence 323
P. Dr. Ekebom's Declaration 345
Q. Dr. Rosn's Defence 349
R. Swedenborg to Dr. Beyer, Letter 16 352
S. Dr. Rosn to a Senator 356
T. Royal Resolution addressed to the Consistory of Gottenburg 365
U. Royal Resolution in respect to Swedenborg's Writings 367
V. Swedenborg to Dr. Beyer, Letter 16 369
W. Swedenborg to General Tuxen 371
X. Swedenborg to the King of Sweden 373
Y. Swedenborg to Augustus Alstrmer 378
Z. Swedenborg to Dr. Beyer, Letter 17 379
AA. Swedenborg to the Swedish Universities 380
BB. Swedenborg to Dr. Beyer, Letter 18 382
CC. Swedenborg to Dr. Beyer, Letter 19 384
End of Trial 385
246, 247.--Swedenborg to the Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt 386-389
248.--Swedenborg to Venator 390
TESTIMONY OF CONTEMPORARIES RESPECTING SWEDENBORG'S LIFE AND CHARACTER FROM 1747 TO 1772.
A. Testimony collected in Sweden
249.--Baron Tilas's Testimony 395
250.--Count Tessin's Testimony 398
251.--Librarian Gjrwell's Testimony 402
252.--Count Hpken's Testimony 405
253.--Testimony of the Rev. Nicholas Collin 417
254.--Dr. Beyer's Testimony 423
255.--General Tuxen's Testimony 430
B. Testimony collected in Holland
256.--Testimony of John Christian Cuno (Paulus ab Indagine) 441
A. His Experience of Swedenborg in 1769 443
B. Cuno on Swedenborg's Doctrines 455
C. Cuno's Letter to Swedenborg 465
D. Cuno's Estimate of Swedenborg 477
E. His Experience of Swedenborg in 1770 481
F. His Experience of Swedenborg in 1771 482
257.--Jung-Stilling's Testimony 486
C. Testimony collected in England
258.--Testimony of John Lewis, the Printer 492
A. First Announcement of Swedenborg's Writings 492
B. John Lewis to the Daily Advertiser 497
259.--Testimony of the Rev. Thomas Hartley 500
A. From the Preface to his Translation of the "Intercourse," &c. 500
B. From the Preface to the Work on "Heaven and Hell" 506
C. From a Letter to the Rev. J. Clowes. 511
260.--Testimony of Dr. H. Messiter 522
A. Correspondence with Prof. R. Hamilton of Edinburgh 522
B. Correspondence with Prof. R. Traill of Glasgow 524
C. Correspondence with Prof. A. Gerard of Aberdeen 526
261.--Christopher Springer's Testimony 528
262.--Testimony of Dr. Wm. Spence 534
263.--Testimony of Peter Prove 536
264.--Testimony of Henry Peckitt, Esq. 542
265.--Robert Hindmarsh's Testimony 547
266.--Testimony collected by J. J. Garth Wilkinson 554
267.--Testimony of the Rev. Arvid Ferelius 556
A. Ferelius to Prof. Trtgrd 556
B. C. J. Kns's Visit to Ferelius 562
268.--John Wesley's Testimony in 1772 and 1773 564
D. Refutation of False Reports
269.--Charge of Swedenborg having retracted his Writings in his Last Moments 572
A. Wm. Gomm to Robert Hindmarsh 573
B. Robert Hindmarsh to Wm. Gomm 575
C. Affidavit of Mr. and Mrs. Shearsmith 577
D. Benedict Chastanier's Testimony 579
270.--Critical Examination of the Charge of Insanity brought against
A. Wesley on Swedenborg in 1783 584
B. Mathesius' Account of Swedenborg 586
C. Brockmer's Account of Swedenborg 601
D. Hindmarsh on J. Wesley and Mathesius 605
E. Rev. T. Hartley on Mathesius's charge in 1781 608
F. Chastanier on Mathesius and J. Wesley in 1785 609
G. Rev. S. Noble on Mathesius 610
E. Extraordinary Facts proving Swedenborg's Intercourse with the Spiritual World
271.--A preliminary Investigation of Dates 616
272.--The Result of Im. Kant's Investigation 620
Im. Kant to Charlotte von Knobloch 625
273.--The Conflagration in Stockholm 628
A. Kant's Account 628
B. Jung-Stilling's Account 630
C. Pernety's Account 630
D. Swedenborg's account to Bergstrm 631
E. Springer's account 631
F. Letocard's Account 632
274.--The Lost Receipt 633
A. Letocard's Account 634
B. Testimony of Kant's Friend, Green 635
C. Bergstrm's Account 636
D. Dr. Clemm's Account 637
E. Robsahm's Account 638
F. Pernety's Account 639
G. Testimony of the second Husband of Madame de Marteville 641
H. Thibault's Account 644
I. Ambassador Ostermann's account 645
275.--Swedenborg and the Queen of Sweden 647
A. Swedenborg to the Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt 647
B. Springer's Testimony 648
C. J. C. Cuno's Testimony 648
D. Testimony of the "Berlinische Monatsschrift" 648
E. Prelate tinger's Testimony 649
F. Swedenborg's Account to General Tuxen 650
G. Baron C. F. von Hpken's Account 653
H. Kant's Testimony 653
I. Dr. Clemm's Account 654
J. Swedenborg's Gardener's Wife to C. F. Nordenskld 655
K. The Queen's account to the Academican Thibault 655
L. Pernety's Account 657
M. Robsahm's Account 658
N. Letocard's account 658
O. Jung-Stilling's Account 659
P. Count A. Hpken's Account 660
Q. Springer's Account to H. Peckitt 661
R. Bergstrm's account to P. Provo 662
S. The Brothers Nordenskld to Pernety 663
T. Swedenborg's Account to Count Tessin 664
U. C. F. Nordenskld's account 664
V. Captain Stlhammar's Account 665
276.--Explanation of the foregoing Facts attempted 667
A. The Berlinische Monatsschrift for 1783 on Swedenborg 668
I. Letter of a distinguished Chevalier to the Editors 668
II. Another Explanation of the Queen's Story 671
III. The Story of the Lost Receipt as explained in the
Berlinische Monatsschrift 673
B. C. G. Nordin on Swedenborg 675
C. Captain Stlhammar and the Berlinische Monatsschrift 677
D. L. L. von Brenkenhoff and the Berlinische Monatsschrift 679
I. Letter addressed to L. L. von Brenkenhoff 680
II. Letter by the Countess von Schwerin 681
III. Letocard to the Countess von Schwerin 685
IV. Letter addressed to L. L. von Brenkenhoff 686
V. Letter by the Countess von Schwerin 687
E. The Rev. C. E. Gambs on the Queen's Story 690