Amos 6

Study the Inner Meaning

English: World English Bible         

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1 Woe to those who are at ease in Zion, and to those who are secure on the mountain of Samaria, the notable men of the chief of the nations, to whom the house of Israel come!

2 Go to Calneh, and see; and from there go to Hamath the great; then go down to Gath of the Philistines. are they better than these kingdoms? or is their border greater than your border?

3 Those who put far away the evil day, and cause the seat of violence to come near;

4 Who lie on beds of ivory, and stretch themselves on their couches, and eat the lambs out of the flock, and the calves out of the midst of the stall;

5 who strum on the strings of a harp; who invent for themselves instruments of music, like David;

6 who drink wine in bowls, and anoint themselves with the best oils; but they are not grieved for the affliction of Joseph.

7 Therefore they will now go captive with the first who go captive; and the feasting and lounging will end.

8 "The Lord Yahweh has sworn by himself," says Yahweh, the God of Armies: "I abhor the pride of Jacob, and detest his fortresses. Therefore I will deliver up the city with all that is in it.

9 It will happen, if there remain ten men in one house, that they shall die.

10 "When a man's relative carries him, even he who burns him, to bring bodies out of the house, and asks him who is in the innermost parts of the house, 'Is there yet any with you?' And he says, 'No;' then he will say, 'Hush! Indeed we must not mention the name of Yahweh.'

11 "For, behold, Yahweh commands, and the great house will be smashed to pieces, and the little house into bits.

12 Do horses run on the rocky crags? Does one plow there with oxen? But you have turned justice into poison, and the fruit of righteousness into bitterness;

13 you who rejoice in a thing of nothing, who say, 'Haven't we taken for ourselves horns by our own strength?'

14 For, behold, I will raise up against you a nation, house of Israel," says Yahweh, the God of Armies; "and they will afflict you from the entrance of Hamath to the brook of the Arabah."

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   Study the Inner Meaning
Chapter summary

Exploring the Meaning of Amos 6      

By Helen Kennedy

Woe is called upon people who seem to live a life of ease and fill it with pleasures. For example, those who “Eat lambs from the flock.” (Amos 6:4) Following Swedenborg’s correspondences it could mean “Those who attribute innocence (the lamb) to themselves,” or think they are blameless when they have actually sinned. Also, “Do horses run on rocks?”(Amos 6:12) is a great image for when our understanding is filled with only literal or external truths but doesn’t delve into deeper ones that show the Lord’s leading more clearly.

From Swedenborg's Works

Main explanations:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 206


Other references to this chapter:

Arcana Coelestia 576, 1183, 1488, 2832, 5895, 6188, 6297, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 137, 270, 360, 410, 474, 668, 774, ...

Sacred Scripture 85

True Christian Religion 51


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 163, 279, 316, 355, 375, 376, 448, ...

Marriage 51

Other New Christian Commentary

  Stories and their meanings:




Hop to Similar Bible Verses

Genesis 37:25

1 Samuel 5:8, 10

2 Samuel 8:9

1 Kings 16:24

2 Kings 15:29

2 Chronicles 29:26

Proverbs 1:32, 8:13

Isaiah 5:12, 10:9, 24:8, 28:1, 32:9

Jeremiah 2:3, 5:5, 15, 22:14, 51:14

Ezekiel 12:27, 29:3, 9

Daniel 4:27

Amos 3:9, 10, 11, 15, 4:3, 5:7, 27, 8:3, 7, 9:10

Micah 1:6, 3:1

Nahum 8

Zephaniah 1:12

Hebrews 6:13

James 5:5

Word/Phrase Explanations

mountain
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

Samaria
'Samaria,' as in Amos 4:1. 6:1, signifies the spiritual church perverted.

house
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

Israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

come
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

go
In the physical world, the places we inhabit and the distances between them are physical realities, and we have to get our physical bodies through...

see
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

down
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

Gath
Gath, a city of the Philistines, signifies the spiritual principle of the church.

philistines
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

Border
A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

Put
'To put' has reference to order, arrangement, application, and influx.

evil
'Wickedness' signifies evil, and 'iniquity' signifies falsities.

day
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

seat
If you think about sitting, it seems fair to say that where you're sitting is more important than that you're sitting. Sitting in a movie...

Violence
'Violence' signifies the outrage done to charity and the destruction of charity and faith. 'Violence,' as in Jeremiah 15:21, signifies falsities which assault the good...

ivory
'Ivory' signifies natural truth.

couches
A bed of ivory (Amos 6:4) are doctrines apparently from rational truths.

eat
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

Flock
A flock, as in Genesis 26, denotes interior or rational good. A flock signifies those who are in spiritual good. A flock signifies natural interior...

calves
Calves of the lips (Hos 14:2) are confessions from the affection of truth.

midst
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

stall
'Stables' signify instructions.

Instruments
Instruments of music,' according to correspondences, signify the pleasant and delightful affection of spiritual and celestial things. Therefore, also in many of the Psalms of...

Music
'The sound of musical instruments' corresponds to affections of spiritual and celestial love.

david
David is one of the most significant figures in the Bible. He was a musician, one of history’s greatest poets, the boy warrior who killed...

drink
To be drunken without wine (Isa. 29:9), are they who are unconcerned about the Word, and the truths of faith, and thus have no inclination...

wine
Wine played a key role in the ancient world, where safe, reliable water sources were scarce. It could be stored for long periods of time;...

anoint
Oil in the Bible represents the Lord’s love, so anointing someone (or something) with oil was a way to make that person (or object) a...

Joseph
Joseph, Jacob’s eleventh son, is one of the favorite characters in the Bible, with his troubles, his triumphs over them, and his constant trust in...

lord
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

God
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

armies
Armies of the heavens and the sands of the sea ('Jeremiah 33:15-22') signify the knowledges of truth and good in the spiritual and natural ma{ign21}

Pride
'Pride' signifies the love of self.

jacob
Jacob is told twice that his name will now be Israel. The first time is when he wrestles with an angel on his journey to...

city
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

ten
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

one
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

die
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

say
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

name
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

great
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

horses
'A horse' signifies knowledges or understanding of the Word. In an opposite sense it signifies the understanding of the Word falsified by reasonings, and likewise...

rocky
'Rocks' signify the good and truth of faith.

turned
Swedenborg says that the Lord is the sun of heaven, and like the natural sun of our world shines on everyone, good or evil. What...

justice
'Justice' signifies both good and truth.

fruit
We tend to think of "fruit" in two ways in natural language. One is as food that grows on trees and vines, sweet and delicious,...

rejoice
To make glad signifies influx and reception from joy of heart.

haven
'A haven, port, or harbor,' denotes the point where scientific matters terminate and commence, or where there is a conclusion of truth from scientific things.

horns
'A horn,' when spoken of the Lord, signifies omnipotence. 'The little horn that rose up,' as mentioned in Daniel 7:3-8, signifies the full perversion of...

own
In many cases, the spiritual meaning of "own," both as a verb and as an adjective, is relatively literal. When people are described as the...

nation
'Nations' signify people who are in the good of love and charity from the Lord. Two nations in the womb,' as in Genesis 25:23, signify...

entrance
All changes of place in the Bible represent changes in spiritual state. “Entering” – usually used as entering someone’s house or “going in unto” someone...


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