The Bible


Luke 10:25-37 : The Good Samaritan

Study the Inner Meaning


25 And, behold, a certain lawyer stood up, and tempted him, saying, Master, what shall I do to inherit eternal life?

26 He said unto him, What is written in the law? how readest thou?

27 And he answering said, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy strength, and with all thy mind; and thy neighbour as thyself.

28 And he said unto him, Thou hast answered right: this do, and thou shalt live.

29 But he, willing to justify himself, said unto Jesus, And who is my neighbour?

30 And Jesus answering said, A certain man went down from Jerusalem to Jericho, and fell among thieves, which stripped him of his raiment, and wounded him, and departed, leaving him half dead.

31 And by chance there came down a certain priest that way: and when he saw him, he passed by on the other side.

32 And likewise a Levite, when he was at the place, came and looked on him, and passed by on the other side.

33 But a certain Samaritan, as he journeyed, came where he was: and when he saw him, he had compassion on him,

34 And went to him, and bound up his wounds, pouring in oil and wine, and set him on his own beast, and brought him to an inn, and took care of him.

35 And on the morrow when he departed, he took out two pence, and gave them to the host, and said unto him, Take care of him; and whatsoever thou spendest more, when I come again, I will repay thee.

36 Which now of these three, thinkest thou, was neighbour unto him that fell among the thieves?

37 And he said, He that shewed mercy on him. Then said Jesus unto him, Go, and do thou likewise.

   Study the Inner Meaning

Explanation of Luke 10      

By Rev. John Clowes M.A.

Verses 1-2. That all, who are in good derived from truths, are ordained of the Lord to announce His advent, since the Church, which was about to be established by the Lord, consists of many members, but the teachers of truth from the Lord are comparatively few.

Verse 3. Thus they who are in innocence are to instruct those who are opposed to innocence.

Verse 4. And to confess all to be from the Lord alone, and nothing from themselves.

Verses 5-6. And to make enquiry concerning those who received the Lord and the things of His kingdom.

Verse 7. And shall abide in the principle of love to the Lord and of charity, but should not pass to any other.

Verses 8-9. And it they come amongst those who are in the doctrine of truth and good, they may consociate with them, remove all false and evil principles, and proclaim the Lord's advent.

Verses 10-11. But if they come among those who are in opposite doctrine, they must then testify, that the evils, which reject goods and truths, adhere to those who are in evil, but not to those who are in truths and goods.

Verses 12-16. And that thus it is better not to know the truth, than to know it, and still continue in evil of life, inasmuch as doctrine the most celestial cannot deliver from condemnation, unless the life be formed accordingly.

Verse 16. For all good and truth is in connection with the Divine Human principle of the Lord, and consequently, whoever receives good and truth into his will and understanding receives the Lord, but whoever rejects good and truth, rejects the Lord.

Verses 17-19. That all the truths of good have power over the hells, and are operative to the removal of interior falsities, and this by virtue of their conjunction with the Lord.

Verse 20. But that they who are principled in such truths and goods are not to derive joy from the consideration of the omnipotence of truth and good, but rather from the thought of their conjunction of life with the Lord.

Verse 21. And also from the thought that the Divine mercy is alike operative to conceal truth from those who, through evil of life, are in false intelligence, as to make it manifest to the simple and sincere.

Verse 22. That the all of Divinity is in the Lord's Divine Human principle, which cannot be fully comprehended by man or angel, but that what proceeds from the Lord's Divine Human principle may be comprehended.

Verses 23-24. Therefore faith and obedience grounded in the Lord's Divine Human principle are blessed, but that such faith and obedience could not have birth previous to the assumption of the Human principle by the Lord.

Verses 25-29. No one therefore can enter into heaven, unless he acknowledge the Lord, even as to His Human essence, to be the Gop of heaven, and unless he live also according to the precepts of the decalogue, by abstaining from the evils which are there forbidden, and by abstaining from them because they are sins.

Verses 29-38. That there are degrees of love towards the neighbour, and that every man is to be loved according to the quality of the good which is in him.

Verse 30. Thus they are to be loved who are in the affection of heavenly knowledges, and at the same time are infested by evil spirits, who would deprive them of those knowledges.

Verses 31-32. All such however are disregarded by those, who are not principled in love to the Lord, and in charity towards the neighbour.

Verse 33. Whereas they excite mercy and charity from an interior principle with all those, who are in the affection of truth

Verse 34. And who therefore prepare a remedy against false principles, by giving instruction in the good of love and the truth of faith, as far as the understanding is capable of giving it, and by application to those who are more instructed in the knowledges of good and truth.

Verse 35. Also by other offices of charity, so far as they have ability.

Verses 36-37. Whence it is evident, that every man is a neighbour according to the good in which he is principled, and that true charity consists in doing works of kindness and mercy to all such.

Verses 38-39. That the Lord is received by the Gentiles, who are in the affection of truth and of good.

Verses 41-42. But that they who are in the affection of truth are not yet purified from the anxieties of self-love, and are instructed that they ought to attend to and exalt the higher affection of good.

From Swedenborg's Works

Explanations or references:

Arcana Coelestia 1017, 2371, 4314, 6377, 6708, 7463, 9050, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 32, 316, 681

Conjugial Love 315

Divine Providence 324

Doctrine of Life 2

True Christian Religion 287, 293, 297, 378, 410, 411, 697, ...

The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrine 87

References from Swedenborg's drafts, indexes & diaries:

Apocalypse Explained 186, 375, 376, 444, 458, 584, 622, ...

Charity 50

Hop to Similar Bible Verses

Leviticus 19:18

Deuteronomy 6:5, 30:20

2 Kings 23:25

Psalms 147:3

Proverbs 19:16

Isaiah 1:6, 8:20

Bible Word Meanings

'Lawyers,' as in Luke 11:52, signify people who searched the scriptures and taught how they were to be understood.

'To jubilate' or 'make a joyful noise' signifies worship from the delight of good.

According to Swedenborg, the Lord is life itself, and we are recipients of life. This is true even of the most evil spirits, who loved...

As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

If knowing what’s right were the same as doing what’s right, we would all be thin, healthy, hard-working, law-abiding, faithful to our spouses and free...

the law
Jews at the time of Jesus had a number of ways to break down and describe the books of the Old Testament. Among the more...

To "answer" generally indicates a state of spiritual receptivity. Ultimately this means being receptive to the Lord, who is constantly trying to pour true ideas...

Strength' relates truth and falsity. Strength,' as in Luke 10:27, signifies the will and understanding extended to extremes. Strength,' as in Revelation 1:6, signifies divine...

'The neighbor' is not only an individual person, but also people collectively, as a less or greater society, our country, the church, the Lord’s kingdom,...

To "answer" generally indicates a state of spiritual receptivity. Ultimately this means being receptive to the Lord, who is constantly trying to pour true ideas...

Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

'Robbers' signify falsities and evils.

Soft raiment,' as in Matthew 11:9, represents the internal sense of the Word.

These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

'The Samaritans,' in Luke 10, means the Gentiles in charity towards their neighbors. 'The Samaritans' signify the Gentiles or nations which would receive doctrine from...

In Revelation 18:13, 'wine, oil, flour, and wheat' signify celestial principles of worship.

In Revelation 18:13, 'wine, oil, flour, and wheat' signify celestial principles of worship.

In many cases, the spiritual meaning of "own," both as a verb and as an adjective, is relatively literal. When people are described as the...

A penny,' as in Revelation 6, signifies something so small that it is barely anything.

The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

In the physical world, the places we inhabit and the distances between them are physical realities, and we have to get our physical bodies through...

Resources for parents and teachers

The items listed here are provided courtesy of our friends at the General Church of the New Jerusalem. You can search/browse their whole library at the New Church Vineyard website.

 A Golden Heart
Make a golden heart to illustrate the beautiful heart of a person who is kind to others. 
Project | Ages up to 10

 Being a True Friend and Neighbor
If we want to be good friends, we must listen and look for the times when our friends really need us. We mustn’t just use our friends for what we can get out of them, and then leave them alone when they are in trouble.
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Be Like the Good Samaritan
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 Dramatize the Story of the Good Samaritan
Dramatize the parable of the Good Samaritan with this simple retelling of the story, 5 characters, and suggested props.
Activity | Ages up to 10

 For Discussion: Wine and Oil
Discuss ways that the "wine" in the parable of the Good Samaritan is like true ideas and the "oil" is like kindness. When might it be helpful to offer this kind of wine and oil to others?
Activity | Ages 7 - 17

 Go and Do Likewise
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 How Am I Saved?
The Lord wants to save all people but gives people the freedom to reject His love and choose the selfishness of hell instead, if they wish to.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 11 - 17

 Imagine the Lord's Joy!
 Picture the Lord's joy each time we take a step toward heaven. 
Activity | Ages over 15

 In His Name
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Keeping in a State of Hope
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 Mary and Martha
Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 Overview of Hands of Love Levels A B C for ages 3-14
Overview of the Youth Journey Program Hands of Love Inherit the Kingdom, Levels A, B and C, for ages 3-14 for Sunday schools, camps, classrooms and families.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 3 - 14

 Picture the Samaritan Helping a Stranger
Project | Ages 4 - 10

 Play: The Good Samaritan
A script for dramatizing the parable.
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 Qualities of Friendship
The Bible says we are to love the Lord and our neighbors, to value others lives more than our own life. Doing this depends on healthy relationships. Discover New Church teachings on healthy friendship.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 11 - 17

 Quotes: Being a Good Neighbor
Teaching Support | Ages over 15

 Samaritan Is Good Neighbor
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Sending Out the Seventy
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Serving The Needs Of Others
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 The Good Samaritan
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Good Samaritan
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 The Good Samaritan
We might never be on that road from Jerusalem to Jericho, but we will meet people in need of help. What will you do when you see someone in need of help at school, at home or in the neighborhood? Will you pass by on the other side or be like the good Samaritan? Sample from the Jacob's Ladder Program, Level 3, for ages 8-9.
Religion Lesson | Ages 8 - 9

 The Good Samaritan
Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 The Good Samaritan
This lesson discusses a story from the Word and suggests projects and activities for young children.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 The Good Samaritan
A lesson for younger children with discussion ideas and a project.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 The Oil of Human Kindness
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 The Value of Work
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 Who Is My Neighbor?
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Why Did God Create Me?
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 Why Two by Two?
Why did the Lord tell His disciples to go out in twos? What are some of the advantages to having friends support us in challenging situations?
Activity | Ages over 15



How Shall I Inherit Eternal Life?


By Rev. James P. Cooper

This series illustrates the Good Samaritan parable.

There are two places in the New Testament where people - not disciples - approach the Lord and ask Him straight out, "What must I do to inherit eternal life?"

One occurs in the Gospel of Luke:

"And behold, a certain laywer stood up and tested Him, saying, "Teacher, what shall I do to inherit eternal life?" (Luke 10:25).

The other occurs in the Gospel of Mark:

"Now as He was going out on the road, one came running, knelt before Him, and asked Him, "Good Teacher, what shall I do that I may inherit eternal life?" (Mark 10:17).

Jesus answers these two people with answers that are quite famous. In his answer to the lawyer, he said:

1. Love the Lord
2. Love your neighbor
3. And just in case you don't know who your neighbor is, here's the parable of the "Good Samaritan."

In his answer to the rich young man, he said:

1. Love the Lord.
2. Love the neighbor (but with a little more detail)
3. Follow the commandments
4. Then shun worldly things.
5. Be kind to others
6. And, most importantly, do this because of Me.

Taken together, these two incidents lay out four principles of life in the world that, if followed, will prepare us for eternal life in heaven.

The first principle: Believe that the Lord is God.

"And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of Man be lifted up, that whoever believes in Him should not perish but have eternal life. (John 3:14-17).

From that time many of His disciples went back and walked with Him no more. Then Jesus said to the twelve, "Do you also want to go away?" But Simon Peter answered Him, "Lord, to whom shall we go? You have the words of eternal life. Also we have come to believe and know that You are the Christ, the Son of the living God." (John 6:66-69).

"The Lord from eternity, who is Jehovah, came into the world to subjugate the hells and to glorify His Human; and without this no mortal could have been saved; and those are saved who believe in Him." (True Christian Religion 2).

The second principle: Stop focusing on the things of the natural world; stop allowing your hereditary evils and your proprium to lead you.

"So Jesus answered and said, 'Assuredly, I say to you, there is no one who has left house or brothers or sisters or father or mother or wife or children or lands, for My sake and the gospel's, who shall not receive a hundredfold now in this time; houses and brothers and sisters and mothers and children and lands, with persecutions; and in the age to come, eternal life.' " (Mark 10:29-30).

Anyone unacquainted with the internal sense of the Word will think that house , brothers , sisters , father , mother , wife , children , and fields mean house, brothers, sisters, father, mother, wife, children, and fields. But the meaning here is this The kinds of things present in a person which are properly his own must be forsaken by him, and instead of these, spiritual and celestial things which are the Lord s must be received by him. This change is effected by means of temptations, which are meant here by persecutions'. Anyone can see that if he forsakes his mother he is not going to receive mothers, nor likewise to receive brothers and sisters by forsaking these. (Arcana Coelestia 4843).

In Luke, Jesus said to the young ruler, You still lack one thing. Sell all that you have and distribute to the poor, then you will have treasure in heaven; and come, follow Me. In the internal sense these words mean that everything completely a person's own, which consists of nothing but evil desires and false ideas, ought to be alienated from him, for such desires and ideas are meant by 'all that he has', and then he will receive from the Lord good desires and true ideas, which are 'treasure in heaven'. Arcana Coelestia 5886 [5].

The Third Principle: Do good works, be kind to each other.

(Luke 10:25-29) "And behold, a certain lawyer stood up and tested Him, saying, "Teacher, what shall I do to inherit eternal life?" He said to him, "What is written in the law? What is your reading of it?" So he answered and said, " You shall love the LORD your God with all your heart, with all your soul, with all your strength, and with all your mind, and your neighbor as yourself. " And He said to him, "You have answered rightly; do this and you will live." But he, wanting to justify himself, said to Jesus, "And who is my neighbor?"

To answer this key question, the Lord told the parable of the good Samaritan.

Your neighbor is not someone of your family, town, or race. Everyone is your neighbor and deserving of your care.

God does good in the world through us! Our care for the neighbor is HIS care for the neighbor. Just as He uses us to create new angels, He uses us to do good in the world.

The Fourth Principle: Take up the cross and follow Him, that is, endure in temptations, and do this things not for yourself, but because He has asked it of you.

(Matthew 25:34-46) "Then the King will say to those on His right hand, Come, you blessed of My Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world for I was hungry and you gave Me food; I was thirsty and you gave Me drink; I was a stranger and you took Me in; I was naked and you clothed Me; I was sick and you visited Me; I was in prison and you came to Me. Then the righteous will answer Him, saying, Lord, when did we see You hungry and feed You, or thirsty and give You drink? When did we see You a stranger and take You in, or naked and clothe You? Or when did we see You sick, or in prison, and come to You? And the King will answer and say to them, Assuredly, I say to you, inasmuch as you did it to one of the least of these My brethren, you did it to Me. If you do these things, the reward will be great."

Just four principles.