Amós 1

Study the Inner Meaning

Portuguese: Almeida Atualizada         

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1 As palavras de Amós, que estava entre os pastores de Tecoa, o que ele viu a respeito de Israel, nos dias de Uzias, rei de Judá, e nos dias de Jeroboão, filho de Joás, rei de Israel, dois anos antes do terremoto.

2 Disse ele: O Senhor brama de Sião, e de Jerusalém faz ouvir a sua voz; os prados dos pastores lamentam, seca-se o cume do Carmelo.

3 Assim diz o senhor: Por três transgressões de Damasco, sim, por quatro, não retirarei o castigo; porque trilharam a Gileade com trilhos de ferro.

4 Por isso porei fogo à casa de Hazael, e ele consumirá os palácios de Bene-Hadade.

5 Quebrarei o ferrolho de Damasco, e exterminarei o morador do vale de Ávem e de Bete-Éden aquele que tem o cetro; e o povo da Síria será levado em cativeiro a Quir, diz o Senhor.

6 Assim diz o Senhor: Por três transgressões de Gaza, sim, por quatro, não retirarei o castigo; porque levaram cativo todo o povo para o entregarem a Edom.

7 Por isso porei fogo ao muro de Gaza, e ele consumirá os seus palácios.

8 De Asdode exterminarei o morador, e de Asquelom aquele que tem o cetro; tornarei a minha mão contra Ecrom; e o resto dos filisteus perecerá, diz o Senhor Deus.

9 Assim diz o Senhor: Por três transgressões de Tiro, sim, por quatro, não retirarei o castigo; porque entregaram todos os cativos a Edom, e não se lembraram da aliança dos irmãos.

10 por isso porei fogo ao muro de Tiro, e ele consumirá os seus palácios.

11 Assim diz o Senhor: Por três transgressões de Edom, sim, por quatro, não retirarei o castigo; porque perseguiu a seu irmão à espada, e baniu toda a compaixão; e a sua ira despedaçou eternamente, e conservou a sua indignação para sempre.

12 Por isso porei fogo a Temã, o qual consumirá os palácios de Bozra.

13 Assim diz o Senhor: Por três transgressões dos filhos de Amom, sim por quatro, não retirarei o castigo; porque fenderam o ventre às grávidas de Gileade, para dilatarem os seus termos.

14 Por isso porei fogo ao muro de Rabá, fogo que lhe consumirá os palácios, com alarido no dia da batalha, com tempestade no dia do turbilhão.

15 E o seu rei irá para o cativeiro, ele e os seus príncipes juntamente, diz o Senhor.

← Joel 3   Amós 2 →
   Study the Inner Meaning
Chapter summary

Exploring the Meaning of Amos 1      

By Steve David

Internal Meaning of Amos, Chapter 1
Verses 1-2 describe the Lord teaching us about the Word and doctrine from the Word. In this book of the Bible, the prophet Amos symbolizes the Lord. Amos was a shepherd, and of course that metaphor is used to describe the Lord Jesus Christ, too, in the New Testament.

The book of Amos describes the Lord's anger and impatience with the Children of Israel - in the literal sense. Inside, though, it is really a story of the Lord’s great love and concern for us. This is a book of promise: The Lord will triumph over hell’s quest to dominate us and destroy the gift of salvation. This victory is not an occasional interest of the Lord’s; He has an “ardent zeal” to protect us.

In verse 2, the roaring of the Lord from Zion and the uttering of His voice from Jerusalem teach us several things about Him in this context:
- He has grievous distress for His church and people.
- He has an ardent zeal for protecting heaven and the church.
- He warns of coming vastations.
- He points to the drying up of our “Mount Carmel” and the effects this will have on our “vineyards.”

There are different ways to destroy true ideas and good loves. Verses 3-15 in this chapter describe the different ways that people do this.

Verses 3-5 are talking about people who pervert knowledges from the Word, knowledges which help us form true, useful doctrine. When people successfully corrupt knowledge from the Word, they also undermine the good that would come from that knowledge. But, these people will perish, spiritually.

Verses 6-8 describe people who apply the Word to create or reinforce heretical false ideas. That's not a good thing to do; they will perish, too.

Verses 9-10 address people who pervert knowledges [cognitiones] of good and truth, and thereby injure the external sense of the Word.

Verses 11-12 are about people who pervert the sense of the letter of the Word by falsity, by which doctrine perishes.

Finally, verses 13-15 describe people who falsify the truths of the sense of the letter of the Word: they do not resist in the day of combat, but destroy the truth of doctrine.

What are we to make of this? One take-away is that the Lord loves us, and wants to protect us. Another is that he wants us to carefully read the Word and seek the truths in it - those in the literal sense, and those in the internal sense. From these we should form sound doctrine, and develop good loves that can be built on true ideas.

See Arcana Coelestia 2606, 10325, and The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 201 for further reading.

From Swedenborg's Works

Main explanations:

Arcanos Celestes 2606, 10325

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 201

Other references to this chapter:

Arcanos Celestes 367, 1197, 3995, 4171, 6419, 6804, 9340, ...

Apocalipse Revelado 343, 612

References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 419, 532, 601, 746, 817, 850

Scriptural Confirmations 9, 75

Other New Christian Commentary

  Stories and their meanings:

Hop to Similar Bible Verses

Gênesis 27:41, 36:33

Êxodo 3:1

Números 20:20

1 Samuel 6:17

2 Samuel 12:31, 14:2

2 Reis 8:12, 14:23, 28, 15:16, 16:9

2 Crônicas 20:10, 11, 21:16, 17, 26:1

Salmos 29:4

Isaías 8:4, 17:1, 21:11, 23:1, 33:9, 34:5

Jeremias 25:30, 28:8, 47:1, 49:1, 7, 23

Ezequiel 21:25, 25:1, 12, 15, 26:1, 27:1, 27, 28:1, 30:17, 35:1

Oséias 1:1, 10:8, 14:1

Amós 2:2, 5, 3:8, 9, 5:5, 7:14, 9:7

Obadias 1:1

Sofonias 2:4, 8

Zacarias 9:1, 2, 3, 5, 14:5

Malaquias 1:4

Word/Phrase Explanations

'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Jerusalem first comes to or attention in II Samuel, chapter 5 where King David takes it from the Jebusites and makes it his capital. In...

'Voice' signifies what is announced from the Word. 'Voice' often refers and is applied to things that cannot have a voice, as in Exodus 4,...

Carmel (Isa. 16:10) signifies the good of the church. Carmel also signifies the celestial church. (Isa. 35:2.)

As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

Damascus and Aroer (Isaiah 17:1, 2) signify the knowledges of truth and good. See Eliezer of Damascus.

'Iron,' in Deuteronomy 8:9, signifies natural or rational truth. Iron' signifies natural truth, and consequently, the natural sense of the Word. At the same time,...

Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

'Haza' signifies various religious principles and kinds of worship.

'A palace,' as in Psalm 144:12, represents the understanding in which truths have a beautiful form. They have a beautiful form when they are from...

Gaza (or Azzah) signifies things revealed concerning charity.

'Edom' or 'Idumea,' as in Isaiah 34:5, signifies those who are in evil and in falsities thence derived.

The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

Bosrah, as in Isaiah 63:1 signifies a vintage, which is predicated concerning truth. Bozrah has respect to the divine truth, and Edom, to the divine...

'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

To be with child, (Gen. 38:24), signifies to produce something.

'The sons of Rabbah' signify the affections of truth in the natural self.

"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...