Hoseas 14

Study the Inner Meaning

Norwegian: Det Norsk Bibelselskap (1930)         

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1 Samaria skal bøte fordi det har vært gjenstridig mot sin Gud; for sverdet skal de falle, deres små barn skal knuses, og deres fruktsommelige kvinner opskjæres.

2 Vend om, Israel, til Herren din Gud! For du er falt ved din misgjerning.

3 Kom med [ydmyke] ord og vend om til Herren! Si til ham: Forlat all misgjerning og ta imot det gode vi kan yde - la oss betale med okser, med våre leber*! / {* d.e. med vÃ¥r takk og pris som offer; SLM 51, 19; 119, 108.}

4 Assur skal ikke hjelpe oss, på hester vil vi ikke ride, og vi vil ikke mere si til våre henders verk: Vår Gud! For det er hos dig den farløse finner miskunnhet.

5 Jeg vil læge deres frafall, jeg vil elske dem av hjertet; for min vrede har vendt sig fra dem.

6 Jeg vil være som dugg for Israel; han skal blomstre som en lilje, og han skal slå røtter som skogen på Libanon.

7 Hans skudd skal brede sig vidt utover, og hans løv skal skinne som oljetreet, og dufte skal han som Libanon.

8 De som sitter i hans skygge, skal atter avle korn og blomstre som vintreet; minnet om ham skal være som Libanons vin.

9 Efra'im! Hvad har jeg mere med avguder å gjøre? Jeg vil bønnhøre ham og se til ham; jeg er som en grønn cypress, det skal vise sig at din frukt kommer fra mig.

10 Hvem er vis, så han skjønner dette, forstandig, så han merker sig det? For Herrens veier er rette, og de rettferdige ferdes på dem, men overtrederne snubler der.

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   Study the Inner Meaning
Chapter summary

Exploring the Meaning of Hosea 14      

By Helen Kennedy

At the outset of this chapter, Hosea says:

O Israel, return to the Lord your God,
For you have stumbled because of your iniquity;
Take words with you, And return to the Lord. (Hosea 14:1)

Plainly, the Lord exhorts us to return to Him when our wrongdoing has made us turn away.

"Take words with you," is an interesting phrase. It means that we should listen to our conscience - the voice within us that urges us to repent.

The next line,“Take away all iniquity; receive us graciously” shows very clearly what the Lord will do if the people ask Him.

Next, we have this: "For we will offer the sacrifices of our lips". We need to pay attention to detail, not only what we do but also how we speak.

“We will not ride on horses”, in verse (3), shows us to stop thinking we can escape by running away, using intelligent rationales to justify wrong acts.

“Nor will we say anymore to the work of our hands, ‘You are our gods,’” shows us to stop thinking that the things we do in the world and from ourselves are the only path to follow. Instead believe the truth that God is the only source of salvation.

“For in You the fatherless finds mercy” is saying that the Lord leaves no one without protection, and abandons no one.

“I will heal their backsliding,” in verse (4) means that God has the ability to keep people from returning to their old ways. “I will love them freely,” shows that He gives His love freely and without reservation.

“For My anger has turned away,” means the sinners’ perception of the Lord will clear and people will see He was never angry, only loving.

“I will be like the dew to Israel,” in verse (5) signifies that His instruction will be gentle like dew on the grass in the morning.

“Grow like the lily,” means the errant one will change, and will grow in purity like the lily;

“Lengthen his roots. . .” like roots growing in the ground the Lord work is in the dark and unseen.

“Branches shall spread” in verse (6) means good and truth will spread into the open and be seen, like the branches on a tree.

“Beauty shall be like an olive tree,” the beauty of the olive tree is in its bearing fruit.

“Fragrance like Lebanon,” like an aroma rising up, the ones who reform will be grateful;

“Those who dwell under his shadow shall return” in verse (7) means those in the dark of false thinking about salvation will be brought into full sunlight.

“They shall be revived like grain and grow like the vine,” explains that where good can flourish like grain in the sunlit field or be abundant like grapes on the vine.

“Their scent shall be like the wine of Lebanon“ means that this new life emanates a good scent, like the aroma of a good wine. In spiritual terms it means the person can now think through or understand why it is so important to live with good and truth joined together (Apocalypse Explained 730:15).

“What have I to do anymore with idols?” in verse (8) explains that as people are renewed they will no longer depend on their own idols of false thinking and reasoning.

“I have heard and observed Him” because they have heard the Lord speaking in His Word.

“I am like a green cypress tree; Your fruit is found in me” means that like trees that bear fruit, they will have perceptions that lead them to the life the Lord wants for them.

“Who is wise? Let him understand these things,” in verse 9 means those who accept the Lord will have wisdom to see the good paths they are to follow.

“Who is prudent? Let him know them,” explains that those being renewed will use the new thinking the Lord is giving them.

“For the ways of the Lord are right,” means they will understand that only the Lord knows the way to heaven.

“The righteous walk in them,” explains that those who are prudent will follow the Lord’s leading.

“But transgressors stumble in them,” signifies that wrongdoers will find the way to heaven difficult, and will stumble and fall away.

From Swedenborg's Works

Main explanations:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 196, 197


Other references to this chapter:

Arcana Coelestia 886, 1069, 1186, 2761, 3579, 3580, 5113, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 242, 278, 298, 316, 401


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 279, 324, 355, 376, 507, 638

The White Horse - Appendix 1

Other New Christian Commentary

  Stories and their meanings:


  Bible Study Videos:


Hop to Similar Bible Verses

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Jeremias 3:12, 22, 29:12, 32:41

Esekiel 11:18, 16:46, 36:25

Hoseas 2:19, 5:5, 6:3, 9:13, 12:7, 13:9

Amos 1:13

Jonas 2:10

Mika 7:18

Sakarias 10:6

Lukas 18:13

Johannes 15:5

Apostlenes-gjerninge 3:19

Hebreerne 13:15

Word/Phrase Explanations

samaria
'Samaria,' as in Amos 4:1. 6:1, signifies the spiritual church perverted.

Gud
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

sverdet
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

falle
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

Israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

herren
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

ord
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

si
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

oss
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

hester
'A horse' signifies knowledges or understanding of the Word. In an opposite sense it signifies the understanding of the Word falsified by reasonings, and likewise...

farløse
'Orphans' signify people who are in a state of innocence and charity, and desire to know and to do what is good but are not...

vrede
'Wrath,' as in Genesis 49:7, signifies aversion from truth. 'Great wrath,' as in Revelation 12:12, signifies hatred against the new church.

dugg
Dew, in Deut. 32:2 signifies the multiplication of truth from good, and the fructification of good by truth.

lilje
'To blossom as the lily,' as in Hosea 14:5, relates to the first state of the new birth, or of regeneration. For 'a lily' signifies...

slå
'The smitten' signify people who are oppressed by the falsities of ignorance.

røtter
'A root,' as in Malachi 4:1, signifies charity. The dried up root,' as in Hosea 9:16, 17, signifies charity which could not bear fruit.

Libanon
'Lebanon' signifies spiritual good. 'Lebanon' signifies the church regarding the perception of truth from the rational self.

skygge
'The shadow is good' of the oak, poplar and elm means complacence.

Korn
Corn,' as in Genesis 42:2, here stands for a word in the original language which means 'breaking,' and also for a similar word meaning to...

vin
Wine played a key role in the ancient world, where safe, reliable water sources were scarce. It could be stored for long periods of time;...

efra'im
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

grønn
The color green is almost exclusively used in connection with plants in the Bible (the exceptions include two stomach-turning references to moldy plagues in Leviticus),...

frukt
We tend to think of "fruit" in two ways in natural language. One is as food that grows on trees and vines, sweet and delicious,...

veier
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

rettferdige
He is said to be 'just' in a spiritual sense, who lives according to divine laws. They on the right hand being called 'just,' as...

snubler
To 'stumble' denotes being scandalized or offended, and falling, as a result, from truths into falsities.

Resources for parents and teachers

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 Olive Tree and Branch
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14


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