Hosea 14

Study the Inner Meaning

German: Luther (1545)         

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1 Bekehre dich, Israel, zu dem HERRN, deinem Gott; denn du bist gefallen um deiner Missetat willen.

2 Nehmet diese Worte mit euch und bekehret euch zum HERRN und sprechet zu ihm: Vergib uns alle Sünde und tue uns wohl, so wollen wir opfern die Farren unserer Lippen!

3 Assur soll uns nicht helfen, und wollen nicht mehr auf Rossen reiten, auch nicht mehr sagen zu den Werken unserer Hände: Ihr seid unser Gott; sondern laß die Waisen bei dir Gnade finden,

4 so will ich ihr Abtreten wieder heilen, gerne will ich sie lieben; dann soll mein Zorn sich von ihnen wenden.

5 Ich will Israel wie ein Tau sein, daß er soll blühen wie eine Rose; und seine Wurzeln sollen ausschlagen wie Libanon,

6 und seine Zweige sich ausbreiten, daß er sei so schön als ein Ölbaum; und soll so guten Ruch geben wie Libanon.

7 Und sollen wieder unter seinem Schatten sitzen. Von Korn sollen sie sich nähren und blühen wie ein Weinstock; sein Gedächtnis soll sein wie der Wein am Libanon.

8 Ephraim, was sollen mir weiter die Götzen? Ich will ihn erhören und führen; ich will sein wie eine grünende Tanne; an mir soll man deine Frucht finden.

9 Wer ist weise, der dies verstehe, und klug, der dies merke? Denn die Wege des HERRN sind richtig, und die Gerechten wandeln drinnen; aber die Übertreter fallen drinnen.

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   Study the Inner Meaning
Chapter summary

Exploring the Meaning of Hosea 14      

By Helen Kennedy

At the outset of this chapter, Hosea says:

O Israel, return to the Lord your God,
For you have stumbled because of your iniquity;
Take words with you, And return to the Lord. (Hosea 14:1)

Plainly, the Lord exhorts us to return to Him when our wrongdoing has made us turn away.

"Take words with you," is an interesting phrase. It means that we should listen to our conscience - the voice within us that urges us to repent.

The next line,“Take away all iniquity; receive us graciously” shows very clearly what the Lord will do if the people ask Him.

Next, we have this: "For we will offer the sacrifices of our lips". We need to pay attention to detail, not only what we do but also how we speak.

“We will not ride on horses”, in verse (3), shows us to stop thinking we can escape by running away, using intelligent rationales to justify wrong acts.

“Nor will we say anymore to the work of our hands, ‘You are our gods,’” shows us to stop thinking that the things we do in the world and from ourselves are the only path to follow. Instead believe the truth that God is the only source of salvation.

“For in You the fatherless finds mercy” is saying that the Lord leaves no one without protection, and abandons no one.

“I will heal their backsliding,” in verse (4) means that God has the ability to keep people from returning to their old ways. “I will love them freely,” shows that He gives His love freely and without reservation.

“For My anger has turned away,” means the sinners’ perception of the Lord will clear and people will see He was never angry, only loving.

“I will be like the dew to Israel,” in verse (5) signifies that His instruction will be gentle like dew on the grass in the morning.

“Grow like the lily,” means the errant one will change, and will grow in purity like the lily;

“Lengthen his roots. . .” like roots growing in the ground the Lord work is in the dark and unseen.

“Branches shall spread” in verse (6) means good and truth will spread into the open and be seen, like the branches on a tree.

“Beauty shall be like an olive tree,” the beauty of the olive tree is in its bearing fruit.

“Fragrance like Lebanon,” like an aroma rising up, the ones who reform will be grateful;

“Those who dwell under his shadow shall return” in verse (7) means those in the dark of false thinking about salvation will be brought into full sunlight.

“They shall be revived like grain and grow like the vine,” explains that where good can flourish like grain in the sunlit field or be abundant like grapes on the vine.

“Their scent shall be like the wine of Lebanon“ means that this new life emanates a good scent, like the aroma of a good wine. In spiritual terms it means the person can now think through or understand why it is so important to live with good and truth joined together (Apocalypse Explained 730:15).

“What have I to do anymore with idols?” in verse (8) explains that as people are renewed they will no longer depend on their own idols of false thinking and reasoning.

“I have heard and observed Him” because they have heard the Lord speaking in His Word.

“I am like a green cypress tree; Your fruit is found in me” means that like trees that bear fruit, they will have perceptions that lead them to the life the Lord wants for them.

“Who is wise? Let him understand these things,” in verse 9 means those who accept the Lord will have wisdom to see the good paths they are to follow.

“Who is prudent? Let him know them,” explains that those being renewed will use the new thinking the Lord is giving them.

“For the ways of the Lord are right,” means they will understand that only the Lord knows the way to heaven.

“The righteous walk in them,” explains that those who are prudent will follow the Lord’s leading.

“But transgressors stumble in them,” signifies that wrongdoers will find the way to heaven difficult, and will stumble and fall away.

From Swedenborg's Works

Main explanations:

der Propheten und der Psalmen Davids 197


Other references to this chapter:

Arcana Coelestia 886, 1069, 1186, 2761, 3579, 3580, 5113, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 242, 278, 298, 316, 401


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 279, 324, 355, 376, 507, 638

The White Horse - Appendix 1

Other New Christian Commentary

  Stories and their meanings:


  Bible Study Videos:


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Word/Phrase Explanations

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Gott
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

missetat
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

uns
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

Lippen
'A lip' signifies doctrine. A lip,' as in Isaiah 6:3, 7, signifies the interior parts of a person, consequently, internal worship, where adoration is grounded....

Reiten
'To ride' signifies being elevated regarding the intellectual part of the mind. To ride upon a cherub,' as in Psalm 18:9, 10, denotes the Lord’s...

sagen
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Hände
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Waisen
'Orphans' signify people who are in a state of innocence and charity, and desire to know and to do what is good but are not...

Zorn
'Wrath,' as in Genesis 49:7, signifies aversion from truth. 'Great wrath,' as in Revelation 12:12, signifies hatred against the new church.

Tau
Dew, in Deut. 32:2 signifies the multiplication of truth from good, and the fructification of good by truth.

wurzeln
'A root,' as in Malachi 4:1, signifies charity. The dried up root,' as in Hosea 9:16, 17, signifies charity which could not bear fruit.

Libanon
'Lebanon' signifies spiritual good. 'Lebanon' signifies the church regarding the perception of truth from the rational self.

schatten
'The shadow is good' of the oak, poplar and elm means complacence.

Korn
Corn,' as in Genesis 42:2, here stands for a word in the original language which means 'breaking,' and also for a similar word meaning to...

Wein
Wine played a key role in the ancient world, where safe, reliable water sources were scarce. It could be stored for long periods of time;...

Ephraim
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

frucht
We tend to think of "fruit" in two ways in natural language. One is as food that grows on trees and vines, sweet and delicious,...

Finden
To not to be found any more, signifies not to rise again.

Wege
'To set a way,' as in Genesis 30:36, signifies being separated.

richtig
He is said to be 'just' in a spiritual sense, who lives according to divine laws. They on the right hand being called 'just,' as...

fallen
To 'stumble' denotes being scandalized or offended, and falling, as a result, from truths into falsities.

Resources for parents and teachers

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 Olive Tree and Branch
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14


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