Jonas 4

Study the Inner Meaning

French: Martin (1744)         

← Jonas 3   Michée 1 →

1 Mais cela déplut à Jonas, il lui déplut extrêmement, et il en fut en colère.

2 C'est pourquoi il fit [cette] requête à l'Eternel, et dit : Ô Eternel! je te prie, n'est-ce pas ici ce que je disais, quand j'étais encore en mon pays? C'est pourquoi j'avais voulu m'enfuir en Tarsis; car je connaissais que tu es un [Dieu] Fort, miséricordieux, pitoyable, tardif à colère, abondant en gratuité, et qui te repens du mal [dont tu as menacé].

3 Maintenant donc, ô Eternel! ôte-moi, je te prie, la vie; car la mort m'est meilleure que la vie.

4 Et l'Eternel dit : Est-ce bien fait à toi de t'être [ainsi] mis en colère?

5 Et Jonas sortit de la ville, et s'assit du côté de l'Orient de la ville, et se fit là une cabane, et se tint à l'ombre sous elle, jusqu'à ce qu'il vît ce qui arriverait à la ville.

6 Et l'Eternel Dieu prépara un kikajon, et le fit croître au-dessus de Jonas, afin qu'il lui fît ombre sur sa tête, et qu'il le délivrât de son mal; et Jonas se réjouit extrêmement du kikajon.

7 Puis Dieu prépara pour le lendemain, lorsque l'aube du jour monterait, un ver qui frappa le kikajon, et il sécha.

8 Et il arriva que quand le soleil fut levé Dieu prépara un vent Oriental qu'on n'apercevait point, et le soleil frappa sur la tête de Jonas, en sorte que s'évanouissant il demanda de mourir, et il dit : La mort m'est meilleure que la vie.

9 Et Dieu dit à Jonas : Est-ce bien fait à toi de t'être ainsi dépité au sujet de ce kikajon? Et il répondit : C'est bien fait à moi que je me sois ainsi dépité, [même] jusqu'à la mort.

10 Et l'Eternel dit : [Tu voudrais] qu'on eût épargné le kikajon, pour lequel tu n'as point travaillé, et que tu n'as point fait croître; car il est venu en une nuit, et en une nuit il est péri;

11 Et moi, n'épargnerais-je point Ninive, cette grande ville, dans laquelle il y a plus de six vingt mille créatures humaines qui ne savent point [discerner] entre leur main droite et leur main gauche, et où il y a aussi une grande quantité de bêtes.

← Jonas 3   Michée 1 →
   Study the Inner Meaning
From Swedenborg's Works

Main explanations:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 214


Other references to this chapter:

Arcanes Célestes 10441

La Doctrine de l'Écriture Sainte 51

La Vraie Religion Chrétienne 226


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 401, 419

Other New Christian Commentary

  Stories and their meanings:


  Bible Study Videos:



Hop to Similar Bible Verses

Genèse 4:6, 41:6

1 Rois 19:4, 21:4

Job 7:2, 15, 16

Psaumes 86:15, 145:9

Ecclésiaste 7:9

Osée 13:15

Jonas 1:2, 3:9

Matthieu 2:10, 20:15

Luc 15:28

Word/Phrase Explanations

Jonas
'Jonah' represents the Jewish nation.

l'eternel
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

dit
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

enfuir
Flight, as in Matthew 14:20, signifies removal from a state of the good of love and innocence. Flight, as in Mark 8:18, signifies the last...

miséricordieux
In regular language, "mercy" means being caring and compassionate toward those who are in poor states. That's a position we are all in relative to...

colère
'Wrath,' as in Genesis 49:7, signifies aversion from truth. 'Great wrath,' as in Revelation 12:12, signifies hatred against the new church.

abondant
'Sufficiency' relates to the reception of good, because good is the spiritual nourishment of the soul, as natural food is the nourishment of the body.

mal
'Wickedness' signifies evil, and 'iniquity' signifies falsities.

la vie
'Lives' is used in the plural, because of the will and understanding, and because these two lives make one.

ville
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

côté
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

ombre
'The shadow is good' of the oak, poplar and elm means complacence.

sous
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

Dieu
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

tête
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

se réjouit
To make glad signifies influx and reception from joy of heart.

ver
'A worm' denotes falsity of evil in the good derived from the proprium or selfhood. 'That dies not,' denotes infernal torment related to falsity. 'Worm'...

frappa
'To smite' signifies condemnation. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 14:15, signifies vindication. 'To smite,' as in Genesis 32:8, signifies destruction. 'To smite the earth with...

soleil
The 'sun' signifies celestial and spiritual love. The 'sun' in the Word, when referring to the Lord, signifies His divine love and wisdom. Because the...

levé
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

Vent
Because a nearer and stronger divine influx through the heavens disperses truths among the wicked, 'wind' signifies this dispersion of truth and the resulting conjunction...

mourir
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

Ninive
'Nineveh' signifies the falsities of doctrinal matters, also the Gentiles, or the falsities originating in the fallacies of the senses, in the obscurity of an...

grande
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

vingt
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything or fullness, because it is ten twice. 'Twenty,' as in Genesis 18:31, like all numbers occurring in...

mille
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

Resources for parents and teachers

The items listed here are provided courtesy of our friends at the General Church of the New Jerusalem. You can search/browse their whole library at the New Church Vineyard website.


 Jonah
Article | Ages 15 - 17

 Jonah
Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 Jonah and the Gourd
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Jonah and the Gourd (3-5 years)
Project | Ages 4 - 6

 Jonah and the Gourd (6-8 years)
Project | Ages 7 - 10

 Jonah and the Gourd (9-11 years)
Project | Ages 11 - 14

 Jonah and the Great Fish
A lesson for younger children with discussion ideas and a project.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 Jonah Goes to Nineveh
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 The Prophet Jonah
This article shows how the Lord tried to teach Jonah to be merciful and kind when Jonah disobeyed the Lord because of his hatred toward the Assyrians. 
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14


Translate: