Jonas 3

Study the Inner Meaning

French: Martin (1744)         

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1 Puis la parole de l'Eternel fut [adressée] à Jonas une seconde fois, en disant :

2 Lève-toi, et t'en va à Ninive la grande ville; et y publie à haute voix ce que je t'ordonne.

3 Jonas donc se leva, et s'en alla à Ninive, suivant la parole de l'Eternel. Or Ninive était une très-grande ville, de trois journées de chemin.

4 Et Jonas commença d'entrer dans la ville le chemin d'une journée, et il cria et dit : Encore quarante jours, et Ninive sera renversée.

5 Et les hommes de Ninive crurent à Dieu, et publièrent le jeûne, et se vêtirent de sacs, depuis le plus grand d'entre eux jusqu'au plus petit.

6 Car cette parole était parvenue jusqu'au Roi de Ninive, lequel se leva de son trône, et ôta de dessus soi son vêtement magnifique, et se couvrit d'un sac, et s'assit sur la cendre.

7 Puis il fit faire une proclamation, et on publia dans Ninive par le décret du Roi et de ses Princes, en disant : Que ni homme, ni bête, ni bœuf, ni brebis, ne goûtent d'aucune chose, qu'ils ne se repaissent point, et qu'ils ne boivent point d'eau.

8 Et que les hommes soient couverts de sacs, et les bêtes aussi; et qu'ils crient à Dieu de toute leur force, et que chacun se convertisse de sa mauvaise voie, et des actions violentes qu'ils ont commises.

9 Qui sait si Dieu viendra à se repentir, et s'il se détournera de l'ardeur de sa colère, en sorte que nous ne périssions point.

10 Et Dieu regarda à ce qu'ils avaient fait, [savoir] comment ils s'étaient détournés de leur mauvaise voie, et Dieu se repentit du mal qu'il avait dit qu'il leur ferait, et ne le fit point.

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   Study the Inner Meaning
From Swedenborg's Works

Main explanations:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 213


Other references to this chapter:

Arcanes Célestes 588, 623, 4779, 7520, 7523, 9437, 9723, ...

L’Apocalypse Révélée 166, 337, 492, 567

La Doctrine de l'Écriture Sainte 51

La Vraie Religion Chrétienne 226


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 195, 408, 637, 650

Other New Christian Commentary

  Stories and their meanings:



Hop to Similar Bible Verses

Exode 33:6

1 Samuel 6:5

2 Samuel 12:22

1 Rois 21:27, 29

2 Rois 19:1

2 Chroniques 20:3

Esther 4:1, 3

Proverbes 28:13

Ésaïe 1:16, 58:6

Jérémie 1:7, 17, 6:26, 18:7, 28:8, 42:10

Joël 2:13, 14

Amos 5:15, 7:3, 6

Jonas 1:1, 2, 15, 4:2

Zéphanie 2:3

Matthieu 11:21, 12:41

Luc 11:32

Word/Phrase Explanations

l'eternel
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Jonas
'Jonah' represents the Jewish nation.

Ninive
'Nineveh' signifies the falsities of doctrinal matters, also the Gentiles, or the falsities originating in the fallacies of the senses, in the obscurity of an...

ville
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

trois
'Thirteen,' between twelve and fourteen, denotes the intermediate state. 'Thirteen,' as the sum of ten and three, denotes remains.

entrer
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

dit
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

quarante
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

Dieu
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

sacs
'Being clothed in sackcloth' signifies lamentation because of the devastation of truth in the church. 'Sackcloth,' as in Revelation 6:12, relates to destroyed good.

roi
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

trône
'The Lord's throne' signifies, in general, the whole heaven, and specifically, the spiritual heaven, and by extension, divine truth proceeding, and so, everything of heaven...

cendre
Ashes as in ('Ezekiel 27:30') signify what is condemned; because fire from which they are derived signify infernal love. Ashes of the furnace ('Exodus 9:8')...

brebis
It’s pretty easy for most people to read the Bible and get a sense for what “sheep” means without any help. They are simple, peaceful,...

goûtent
Our five senses correspond to spiritual affections, or the attraction we feel toward spiritual things. The sense of taste, according to the Writings, corresponds to...

sait
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

Resources for parents and teachers

The items listed here are provided courtesy of our friends at the General Church of the New Jerusalem. You can search/browse their whole library at the New Church Vineyard website.


 Beauty for Ashes
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 9 - 12

 How the Lord Saved Jonah
A retelling of the story for young children with beautiful color illustrations. 
Story | Ages 4 - 6

 Jonah
Article | Ages 15 - 17

 Jonah
Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 Jonah and the Gourd
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Jonah and the Gourd (3-5 years)
Project | Ages 4 - 6

 Jonah and the Gourd (6-8 years)
Project | Ages 7 - 10

 Jonah and the Gourd (9-11 years)
Project | Ages 11 - 14

 Jonah and the Great Fish
A lesson for younger children with discussion ideas and a project.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 Jonah Goes to Nineveh
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Quotes: Divine Providence and Evil
Teaching Support | Ages over 15

 The Prophet Jonah
This article shows how the Lord tried to teach Jonah to be merciful and kind when Jonah disobeyed the Lord because of his hatred toward the Assyrians. 
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14


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