Amos 1

Study the Inner Meaning

French: Louis Segond (1910)         

← Joël 3   Amos 2 →

1 Paroles d'Amos, l'un des bergers de Tekoa, visions qu'il eut sur Israël, au temps d'Ozias, roi de Juda, et au temps de Jéroboam, fils de Joas, roi d'Israël, deux ans avant le tremblement de terre.

2 Il dit: De Sion l'Eternel rugit, De Jérusalem il fait entendre sa voix. Les pâturages des bergers sont dans le deuil, Et le sommet du Carmel est desséché.

3 Ainsi parle l'Eternel: A cause de trois crimes de Damas, Même de quatre, je ne révoque pas mon arrêt, Parce qu'ils ont foulé Galaad sous des traîneaux de fer.

4 J'enverrai le feu dans la maison de Hazaël, Et il dévorera les palais de Ben-Hadad.

5 Je briserai les verrous de Damas, J'exterminerai de Bikath-Aven les habitants, Et de Beth-Eden celui qui tient le sceptre; Et le peuple de Syrie sera mené captif à Kir, dit l'Eternel.

6 Ainsi parle l'Eternel: A cause de trois crimes de Gaza, Même de quatre, je ne révoque pas mon arrêt, Parce qu'ils ont fait une foule de captifs pour les livrer à Edom.

7 J'enverrai le feu dans les murs de Gaza, Et il en dévorera les palais.

8 J'exterminerai d'Asdod les habitants, Et d'Askalon celui qui tient le sceptre; Je tournerai ma main contre Ekron, Et le reste des Philistins périra, dit le Seigneur, l'Eternel.

9 Ainsi parle l'Eternel: A cause de trois crimes de Tyr, Même de quatre, je ne révoque pas mon arrêt, Parce qu'ils ont livré à Edom une foule de captifs, Sans se souvenir de l'alliance fraternelle.

10 J'enverrai le feu dans les murs de Tyr, Et il en dévorera les palais.

11 Ainsi parle l'Eternel: A cause de trois crimes d'Edom, Même de quatre, je ne révoque pas mon arrêt, Parce qu'il a poursuivi ses frères avec l'épée, En étouffant sa compassion, Parce que sa colère déchire toujours, Et qu'il garde éternellement sa fureur.

12 J'enverrai le feu dans Théman, Et il dévorera les palais de Botsra.

13 Ainsi parle l'Eternel: A cause de trois crimes des enfants d'Ammon, Même de quatre, je ne révoque pas mon arrêt, Parce qu'ils ont fendu le ventre des femmes enceintes de Galaad, Afin d'agrandir leur territoire.

14 J'allumerai le feu dans les murs de Rabba, Et il en dévorera les palais, Au milieu des cris de guerre au jour du combat, Au milieu de l'ouragan au jour de la tempête;

15 Et leur roi s'en ira en captivité, Lui, et ses chefs avec lui, dit l'Eternel.

← Joël 3   Amos 2 →
   Study the Inner Meaning
Chapter summary

Exploring the Meaning of Amos 1      

By Steve David

Internal Meaning of Amos, Chapter 1
Verses 1-2 describe the Lord teaching us about the Word and doctrine from the Word. In this book of the Bible, the prophet Amos symbolizes the Lord. Amos was a shepherd, and of course that metaphor is used to describe the Lord Jesus Christ, too, in the New Testament.

The book of Amos describes the Lord's anger and impatience with the Children of Israel - in the literal sense. Inside, though, it is really a story of the Lord’s great love and concern for us. This is a book of promise: The Lord will triumph over hell’s quest to dominate us and destroy the gift of salvation. This victory is not an occasional interest of the Lord’s; He has an “ardent zeal” to protect us.

In verse 2, the roaring of the Lord from Zion and the uttering of His voice from Jerusalem teach us several things about Him in this context:
- He has grievous distress for His church and people.
- He has an ardent zeal for protecting heaven and the church.
- He warns of coming vastations.
- He points to the drying up of our “Mount Carmel” and the effects this will have on our “vineyards.”

There are different ways to destroy true ideas and good loves. Verses 3-15 in this chapter describe the different ways that people do this.

Verses 3-5 are talking about people who pervert knowledges from the Word, knowledges which help us form true, useful doctrine. When people successfully corrupt knowledge from the Word, they also undermine the good that would come from that knowledge. But, these people will perish, spiritually.

Verses 6-8 describe people who apply the Word to create or reinforce heretical false ideas. That's not a good thing to do; they will perish, too.

Verses 9-10 address people who pervert knowledges [cognitiones] of good and truth, and thereby injure the external sense of the Word.

Verses 11-12 are about people who pervert the sense of the letter of the Word by falsity, by which doctrine perishes.

Finally, verses 13-15 describe people who falsify the truths of the sense of the letter of the Word: they do not resist in the day of combat, but destroy the truth of doctrine.

What are we to make of this? One take-away is that the Lord loves us, and wants to protect us. Another is that he wants us to carefully read the Word and seek the truths in it - those in the literal sense, and those in the internal sense. From these we should form sound doctrine, and develop good loves that can be built on true ideas.

See Arcana Coelestia 2606, 10325, and The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 201 for further reading.

From Swedenborg's Works

Main explanations:

Arcanes Célestes 2606, 10325

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 201

Other references to this chapter:

Arcanes Célestes 367, 1197, 3995, 4171, 6419, 6804, 9340, ...

L’Apocalypse Révélée 343, 612

References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 419, 532, 601, 746, 817, 850

Scriptural Confirmations 9, 75

Other New Christian Commentary

  Stories and their meanings:

Hop to Similar Bible Verses

Genèse 27:41, 36:33

Exode 3:1

Nombres 20:20

1 Samuel 6:17

2 Samuel 12:31, 14:2

2 Rois 8:12, 14:23, 28, 15:16, 16:9

2 Chroniques 20:10, 11, 21:16, 17, 26:1

Psaumes 29:4

Ésaïe 8:4, 17:1, 21:11, 23:1, 33:9, 34:5

Jérémie 25:30, 28:8, 47:1, 49:1, 7, 23

Ézéchiel 21:25, 25:1, 12, 15, 26:1, 27:1, 27, 28:1, 30:17, 35:1

Osée 1:1, 10:8, 14:1

Amos 2:2, 5, 3:8, 9, 5:5, 7:14, 9:7

Abdias 1:1

Zéphanie 2:4, 8

Zacharie 9:1, 2, 3, 5, 14:5

Malachie 1:4

Word/Phrase Explanations

'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Jerusalem first comes to or attention in II Samuel, chapter 5 where King David takes it from the Jebusites and makes it his capital. In...

'Voice' signifies what is announced from the Word. 'Voice' often refers and is applied to things that cannot have a voice, as in Exodus 4,...

Carmel (Isa. 16:10) signifies the good of the church. Carmel also signifies the celestial church. (Isa. 35:2.)

'Thirteen,' between twelve and fourteen, denotes the intermediate state. 'Thirteen,' as the sum of ten and three, denotes remains.

Damascus and Aroer (Isaiah 17:1, 2) signify the knowledges of truth and good. See Eliezer of Damascus.

'Iron,' in Deuteronomy 8:9, signifies natural or rational truth. Iron' signifies natural truth, and consequently, the natural sense of the Word. At the same time,...

Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

«Eden» en soi signifie amour, dans la plupart des cas, l'amour qui vient du Seigneur et notre amour pour le Seigneur, qui est le plus...

'Syria,' as in Ezekiel 27:16, signifies the church regarding knowledges of truth and good.

Gaza (or Azzah) signifies things revealed concerning charity.

'Edom' or 'Idumea,' as in Isaiah 34:5, signifies those who are in evil and in falsities thence derived.

The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

'Tyre,' as in Ezekiel 27:13-14, represents people with knowledge of celestial and spiritual things.

'To remember,' as in Genesis 41:9, signifies conjunction. 'Remembering' denotes conjunction because the remembrance of anyone in the other life joins them together, because as...

Bosrah, as in Isaiah 63:1 signifies a vintage, which is predicated concerning truth. Bozrah has respect to the divine truth, and Edom, to the divine...

The children of Ammon ('Jeremiah 49:1'), signify those who falsify the truths of the Word, and of the church.

To be with child, (Gen. 38:24), signifies to produce something.

Often translated as “edge,” “border,” “boundary,” “outskirts,” “far places” and other ways, this term is used in the Bible for the farthest reaches of an...


"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

War in the Word represents the combat of temptation when what is good is assaulted by what is evil or false. The evil that attacks...

On July 3, 1863, 12,500 Confederate troops attacked their Union foes during the Battle of Gettysburg, a turning point in the American Civil War. The...