Jonah 3

Study the Inner Meaning

Dutch Staten Vertaling         

← Jonah 2   Jonah 4 →

1 En het woord des HEEREN geschiedde ten anderen male tot Jona, zeggende:

2 Maak u op, ga naar de grote stad Nineve; en predik tegen haar de prediking, die Ik tot u spreek.

3 Toen maakte zich Jona op, en ging naar Nineve, naar het woord des HEEREN. Nineve nu was een grote stad Gods, van drie dagreizen.

4 En Jona begon in de stad te gaan, een dagreis; en hij predikte, en zeide: Nog veertig dagen, dan zal Nineve worden omgekeerd.

5 En de lieden van Nineve geloofden aan God; en zij riepen een vasten uit, en bekleedden zich met zakken, van hun grootste af tot hun kleinste toe.

6 Want dit woord geraakte tot den koning van Nineve, en hij stond op van zijn troon, en deed zijn heerlijk overkleed van zich; en hij bedekte zich met een zak, en zat neder in de as.

7 En hij liet uitroepen, en men sprak te Nineve, uit bevel des konings en zijner groten, zeggende: Laat mens noch beest, rund noch schaap, iets smaken, laat ze niet weiden, noch water drinken.

8 Maar mens en beest zullen met zakken bedekt zijn, en zullen sterk tot God roepen; en zij zullen zich bekeren, een iegelijk van zijn bozen weg, en van het geweld, dat in hun handen is.

9 Wie weet, God mocht Zich wenden, en berouw hebben; en Hij mocht Zich wenden van de hittigheid Zijns toorns, dat wij niet vergingen!

10 En God zag hun werken, dat zij zich bekeerden van hun bozen weg; en het berouwde God over het kwaad, dat Hij gesproken had hun te zullen doen, en Hij deed het niet.

← Jonah 2   Jonah 4 →
   Study the Inner Meaning
From Swedenborg's Works

Main explanations:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 213


Other references to this chapter:

De hemelse Verborgenheden die in de Heilige Schrift of het Woord van de Heer 588, 623, 4779, 7520, 7523, 9437, 9723, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 166, 337, 492, 567

Leer over de Gewijde Schrift 51

Ware Christelijke Religie 226


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 195, 408, 637, 650

Other New Christian Commentary

  Stories and their meanings:



Hop to Similar Bible Verses

Exodus 33:6

I Samuël 6:5

II Samuël 12:22

I Koningen 21:27, 29

2 Kings 19:1

2 Chronicles 20:3

Esther 4:1, 3

Proverbs 28:13

Jesaja 1:16, 58:6

Jeremia 1:7, 17, 6:26, 18:7, 28:8, 42:10

Joël 2:13, 14

Amos 5:15, 7:3, 6

Jonah 1:1, 2, 15, 4:2

Zefanja 2:3

Mattheüs 11:21, 12:41

Lucas 11:32

Word/Phrase Explanations

woord
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

heeren
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Jona
'Jonah' represents the Jewish nation.

stad
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

Nineve
'Nineveh' signifies the falsities of doctrinal matters, also the Gentiles, or the falsities originating in the fallacies of the senses, in the obscurity of an...

drie
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

een
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

zeide
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

veertig
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

dagen
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

God
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

zakken
'Being clothed in sackcloth' signifies lamentation because of the devastation of truth in the church. 'Sackcloth,' as in Revelation 6:12, relates to destroyed good.

kleinste
In general, birth order in the Bible reflects the progression of spiritual states, but the specifics of those states depends greatly on context: who the...

stond op
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

troon
'The Lord's throne' signifies, in general, the whole heaven, and specifically, the spiritual heaven, and by extension, divine truth proceeding, and so, everything of heaven...

Zak
'A sack' in Genesis 42:25, means a receptacle, and here 'a receptacle' on the natural level, because it is a story about the truths and...

as
Ashes as in ('Ezekiel 27:30') signify what is condemned; because fire from which they are derived signify infernal love. Ashes of the furnace ('Exodus 9:8')...

konings
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

beest
"Beasts" represent the affection for doing good things, a true desire to do them from the heart. In the negative sense, "beasts" stand for the...

smaken
Our five senses correspond to spiritual affections, or the attraction we feel toward spiritual things. The sense of taste, according to the Writings, corresponds to...

water
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

drinken
To be drunken without wine (Isa. 29:9), are they who are unconcerned about the Word, and the truths of faith, and thus have no inclination...

Mens
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

bedekt
The "high mountains being covered " (Gen. 7:19) signifies that all the good things of charity were extin­guished.

weg
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

geweld
'Violence' signifies the outrage done to charity and the destruction of charity and faith. 'Violence,' as in Jeremiah 15:21, signifies falsities which assault the good...

weet
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

zag
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

werken
'Works,' as in Genesis 46:33, denote goods, because they are from the will, and anything from the will is either good or evil, but anything...

kwaad
'To hurt,' as mentioned in Revelation 6:6, signifies violation and profanation. 'To hurt' as mentioned in Revelation 9:4, signifies perverting the truths and goods of...

Resources for parents and teachers

The items listed here are provided courtesy of our friends at the General Church of the New Jerusalem. You can search/browse their whole library at the New Church Vineyard website.


 Beauty for Ashes
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 9 - 12

 How the Lord Saved Jonah
A retelling of the story for young children with beautiful color illustrations. 
Story | Ages 4 - 6

 Jonah
Article | Ages 15 - 17

 Jonah
Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 Jonah and the Gourd
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Jonah and the Gourd (3-5 years)
Project | Ages 4 - 6

 Jonah and the Gourd (6-8 years)
Project | Ages 7 - 10

 Jonah and the Gourd (9-11 years)
Project | Ages 11 - 14

 Jonah and the Great Fish
A lesson for younger children with discussion ideas and a project.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 Jonah Goes to Nineveh
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Quotes: Divine Providence and Evil
Teaching Support | Ages over 15

 The Prophet Jonah
This article shows how the Lord tried to teach Jonah to be merciful and kind when Jonah disobeyed the Lord because of his hatred toward the Assyrians. 
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14


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