Amos 5

Study the Inner Meaning

Dutch Staten Vertaling         

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1 Hoort dit woord, dat Ik over ulieden ophef, een klaaglied, o huis Israels!

2 De jonkvrouw Israels is gevallen, zij zal niet weder opstaan; zij is verlaten op haar land, er is niemand, die haar opricht.

3 Want zo zegt de Heere HEERE: De stad, die uitgaat met duizend, zal honderd overhouden, en die uitgaat met honderd, zal tien overhouden, in het huis Israels.

4 Want zo zegt de HEERE tot het huis Israels: Zoekt Mij, en leeft.

5 Maar zoekt Beth-El niet, en komt niet te Gilgal, en gaat niet over naar Ber-Seba; want Gilgal zal voorzeker gevankelijk worden weggevoerd, en Beth-El zal worden tot niet.

6 Zoekt den HEERE, en leeft; opdat Hij niet doorbreke in het huis van Jozef als een vuur, dat vertere, zodat er niemand zij, die het blusse in Beth-El;

7 Die het recht in alsem verkeren, en de gerechtigheid ter aarde doen liggen.

8 Die het Zevengesternte en den Orion maakt, en de doodsschaduw in den morgenstond verandert, en den dag als den nacht verduistert; Die de wateren der zee roept, en giet ze uit op den aardbodem, HEERE is Zijn Naam.

9 Die Zich verkwikt door verwoesting over een sterke; zodat de verwoesting komt over een vesting.

10 Zij haten in de poort dengene, die bestraft, en hebben een gruwel van dien, die oprechtelijk spreekt.

11 Daarom, omdat gij den arme vertreedt en een last koren van hem neemt, zo hebt gij wel huizen gebouwd van gehouwen steen, maar gij zult daarin niet wonen; gij hebt gewenste wijngaarden geplant, maar gij zult derzelver wijn niet drinken.

12 Want Ik weet, dat uw overtredingen menigvuldig, en uw zonden machtig vele zijn; zij benauwen den rechtvaardige, nemen zoengeld, en verstoten de nooddruftigen in de poort.

13 Daarom zal de verstandige te dier tijd zwijgen, want het zal een boze tijd zijn.

14 Zoekt het goede, en niet het boze, opdat gij leeft; en alzo zal de HEERE, de God der heirscharen, met ulieden zijn, gelijk als gij zegt.

15 Haat het boze, en hebt lief het goede, en bestelt het recht in de poort, misschien zal de HEERE, de God der heirscharen, aan Jozefs overblijfsel genadig zijn.

16 Daarom, zo zegt de HEERE, de God der heirscharen, de Heere: Op alle straten zal rouwklage zijn, en in alle wijken zullen zij zeggen: Och! och! en zullen den akkerman roepen tot treuren, en rouwklage zal zijn bij degenen, die verstand van kermen hebben.

17 Ja, in alle wijngaarden zal rouwklage zijn; want Ik zal door het midden van u doorgaan; zegt de HEERE.

18 Wee dien, die des HEEREN dag begeren! Waartoe toch zal ulieden de dag des HEEREN zijn? Hij zal duisternis wezen en geen licht.

19 Als wanneer iemand vlood voor het aangezicht eens leeuws, en hem ontmoette een beer; of dat hij kwam in een huis, en leunde met zijn hand aan den wand, en hem beet een slang.

20 Zal dan niet des HEEREN dag duisternis zijn, en geen licht? En donkerheid, zodat er geen glans aan zij?

21 Ik haat, Ik versmaad uw feesten, en Ik mag uw verbods dagen niet rieken.

22 Want ofschoon gij Mij brandofferen offert, mitsgaders uw spijsofferen, Ik heb er toch geen welgevallen aan; en het dankoffer van uw vette beesten mag Ik niet aanzien.

23 Doe het getier uwer liederen van Mij weg; ook mag Ik uw luiten spel niet horen.

24 Maar laat het oordeel zich daarhenen wenden als de wateren, en de gerechtigheid als een sterke beek.

25 Hebt gij Mij veertig jaren in de woestijn slachtofferen en spijsoffer toegebracht, o huis Israels?

26 Ja, gij droegt de tent van uw Melech, en den Kijun, uw beelden, de ster uws gods, dien gij uzelf hadt gemaakt.

27 Daarom zal Ik ulieden gevankelijk wegvoeren, ver boven Damaskus henen, zegt de HEERE, Wiens Naam is God der heirscharen.

← Amos 4   Amos 6 →
   Study the Inner Meaning
Chapter summary

Exploring the Meaning of Amos 5      

1-3 The Lord is sorrowful that the church, the Truth from the Divine flowing into the world, has successively been devastated, as is seen in the previous chapter, Amos 4. Verse 3 says, “The city that goes out by a thousand shall have a hundred left.” So very little truth is left to nourish the people, and this bad state is by their own doing.

4-9 Amid this dying out, the Lord entreats, almost anxiously, “Seek Me and live,” then names traps or states that will turn people from Him: Bethel, Gilgal, and Beersheba. The first is falsifying knowledges, the second sensuous or external pleasures; and the last “negative attitudes towards everything that constitutes faith and its doctrine (SH 3923:6). The next warning is to those “who turn justice into wormwood,” v. 7 or turn good into evil (SH 1488:2). He wants them to return to him and explains clearly that He is the source of power, the one who, “Made the Pleiades and Orion,” v. 8 and the one who “rains ruin upon the strong” v.9.

10-13 In their self-intelligence they continue to reject the Lord, to “tread down the poor,” rejecting even the little bits of truth coming to them. The people are warned, “Though you have built houses of hewn stone, yet you shall not dwell in them,” stone meaning truths of the natural (AE 745:3). The dictionary meaning of “hewn” means a workman making something, so it can be seen as coming from themselves, or their own intelligence. Anything like that is “devoid of life from the Divine” (SH 9852:2).

14-15 The path is shown for the way the Lord can be with them, “Seek good and not evil, that you may live.” It can’t be any plainer. In that way the Lord can reach out with His mercy, and “be gracious to the remnant of Joseph” v.15. The remnant is the small amount of truth, and Joseph is the spiritual part of us (SH 3921:3).

16-20 Here people are warned of how bad it will be for them when the day of the Lord comes. “Is not the day of the Lord darkness?” for those who are in evil, “with no brightness in it?” v.20. A person’s suffering will be painful, “as though he went into the house, leaned his hand on the wall, and a serpent bit him,” and terrorizing, “As though a man fled from a lion and a bear met him,” v. 19.

21-22 Their worship won’t be accepted, shown by, “I hate, I despise your feast days” v. 21. The strong language of the Lord is the mirror opposite of the depth of the evil the people are in, since only a remnant of the truth is with them, as in v. 3.

23-25 Take away your noisy songs and melodies, the Lord says, take away what sounds beautiful to you but is hurtful to the Divine because of the lack of goodness and truth. In its place he wants people to “Let justice run down like water, and righteousness like a mightly stream” v. 24.

26-27 If people don’t return to the Lord, everything good will be taken from them, shown in “Therefore I will send you into captivity beyond Damascus” v. 27. Damascus was the furtherest boundary of Canaan, or beyond where spiritual things reside. The “boundary of Damascus” is also used in Ezekiel 47:16-18 (AE 1088).

From Swedenborg's Works

Main explanations:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 205


Other references to this chapter:

De hemelse Verborgenheden die in de Heilige Schrift of het Woord van de Heer 195, 468, 576, 922, 925, 1071, 1715, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 316, 410, 413, 501, 573, 620, 650, ...

Leer Over De Heer 4, 38

Leer over de Gewijde Schrift 85

Ware Christelijke Religie 51, 82, 689, 761


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 208, 365, 376, 448, 519, 526, 573, ...

Canons of the New Church 27

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 5, 56

Marriage 51, 82

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 9, 56, 75

Other New Christian Commentary

  Stories and their meanings:



Hop to Similar Bible Verses

Genesis 26:23, 33

Exodus 11:4, 23:3, 6

Leviticus 26:16

Deuteronomium 28:30, 62, 63, 32:22

Jozua 5:9

I Samuël 15:22

I Koningen 14:15, 21:20

2 Kings 15:29, 17:23, 18:36, 20:3, 23:8

2 Chronicles 15:2, 20:3, 4, 24:20, 21, 34:25

Job 9:9, 20:19

Psalm 34:13, 69:33, 97:10, 105:4

Proverbs 15:8, 21:27

Ecclesiastes 10:8

Jesaja 1:14, 5:19, 20, 10:2, 3, 24:18, 46:12, 58:2

Jeremia 4:4, 9:9, 16, 21, 18:8, 13, 22:3, 33:2, 38:20, 48:13

Ezechiël 20:16, 21:3, 34:21, 45:9

Hosea 4:3, 4, 15, 9:2, 10:12

Joël 2:2

Amos 1:5, 2:7, 3:1, 15, 4:1, 4, 13, 6:7, 12, 7:9, 10, 8:14, 9:6, 14

Jonah 3:9

Micha 2:3, 3:2, 9, 11, 6:15

Habakkuk 1:4

Zefanja 2:3

Mattheüs 24:29

Acts of the Apostles 7:42, 43

Romans 12:9

Galatians 4:16

Ephesians 5:16

Hebrews 12:29

James 5:6

Word/Phrase Explanations

woord
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

klaaglied
The children of Israel represent 'lamentation' by various things which signified some evil of the church among them for which they were punished. When they...

huis
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

israels
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

opstaan
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

zegt
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

stad
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

duizend
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

honderd
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

tien
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

Beth-El
When Jacob had his famous dream, of a staircase leading to heaven, he named the place "Bethel," which is Hebrew for "the house of God."...

Gilgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

Jozef
Joseph, Jacob’s eleventh son, is one of the favorite characters in the Bible, with his troubles, his triumphs over them, and his constant trust in...

vuur
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

alsem
'Wormwood' signifies infernal falsity because of its intense bitterness, which makes meat and drink awful. 'Waters of wormwood' signifies falsities of evil.

gerechtigheid
'Justice' signifies both good and truth.

aarde
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

morgenstond
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

dag
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

nacht
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

wateren
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

zee
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

naam
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

vesting
Fortifications denote truths so far as they defend good. Fortifications signify defense against falsities and evils.

haten
If you truly hate someone, that means you would kill them and destroy their reputation if you could do so without repercussion – not a...

poort
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

spreekt
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

gebouwd
wrought (also entwined or entwisted) is predicated of the natural scientific principle, and in Isaiah 45:13, of divine natural truth.

wonen
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

wijngaarden
'A vine' signifies spiritual good and truth. 'A vine' or 'vineyard' signifies the church where the Word, and the Lord in it, is known, or...

wijn
Wine played a key role in the ancient world, where safe, reliable water sources were scarce. It could be stored for long periods of time;...

geplant
'A shrub' signifies the knowledges of truth.

drinken
To be drunken without wine (Isa. 29:9), are they who are unconcerned about the Word, and the truths of faith, and thus have no inclination...

weet
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

overtredingen
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

rechtvaardige
He is said to be 'just' in a spiritual sense, who lives according to divine laws. They on the right hand being called 'just,' as...

tijd
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

God
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

heirscharen
Armies of the heavens and the sands of the sea ('Jeremiah 33:15-22') signify the knowledges of truth and good in the spiritual and natural ma{ign21}

straten
The phrase 'in the streets and synagogues' in Matthew 6:2, 5, and Luke 8:26-27, refers to a representative rite amongst the Jews to teach in...

heeren
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

duisternis
"Darkness" is a state without light. "Light" is truth from the Lord, so "darkness" is a state where truth is lacking.

licht
Nov. 4, 1879: Thomas Edison filed a patent for a long-burning light bulb. Nov. 5, 1879: The light bulb was universally accepted as the symbol...

beer
Bears represent the power of the literal external stories and ideas of Bible, separate from their deeper meanings. Since they are wild carnivores, this is...

kwam
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Slang
'The bite of a snake' or 'serpent,' as in Amos. 5:19, signifies falsification of the Word, from the interior dominion of falsity from evil.

luiten
'Psalteries' correspond to spiritual good.

horen
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

oordeel
Judgement' pertains to the Lord's divine human and holy proceeding. Judgment' has two sides, a principle of good, and a principle of truth. The faithful...

beek
A 'stream' signifies aspects of intelligence.

veertig
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

woestijn
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

ster
'Stars' signify the knowledge of truth and good. 'Stars' are frequently mentioned in the Word, and always signify goods and truths, but in an opposite...

damaskus
Damascus and Aroer (Isaiah 17:1, 2) signify the knowledges of truth and good. See Eliezer of Damascus.


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