Amos 6

Study the Inner Meaning

English: Douay-Rheims         

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1 Woe to you that are wealthy in Sion, and to you that have confidence in the mountain of Samaria: ye great men, heads of the people, that go in with state into the house of Israel.

2 Pass ye over to Chalane, and see, and go from thence into Emath the great: and go down into Geth of the Philistines, and to all the best kingdoms of these: if their border be larger than your border.

3 You that are separated unto the evil day: and that approach to the throne of iniquity;

4 You that sleep upon beds of ivory, and are wanton on your couches: that eat the lambs out of the flock, and the calves out of the midst of the herd;

5 You that sing to the sound of the psaltery: they have thought themselves to have instruments of music like David;

6 That drink wine in bowls, and anoint themselves with the best ointments: and they are not concerned for the affliction of Joseph.

7 Wherefore now they shall go captive at the head of them that go into captivity: and the faction of the luxurious ones shall be taken away.

8 The Lord God hath sworn by his own soul, saith the Lord the God of hosts: I detest the pride of Jacob, and I hate his houses, and I will deliver up the city with the inhabitants thereof.

9 And if there remain ten men in one house, they also shall die.

10 And a man's kinsman shall take him up, and shall burn him, that he may carry the bones out of the house; and he shall say to him that is in the inner rooms of the house: Is there yet any with thee?

11 And he shall answer: There is an end. And he shall any to him: Hold thy peace, and mention not the name of the Lord.

12 For behold the Lord hath commanded, and he will strike the greater house with breaches, and the lesser house with clefts.

13 Can horses run upon the rocks, or can any one plough with buffles? for you have turned judgment into bitterness, and the fruit of justice into wormwood.

14 You that rejoice in a thing of nought: you that say: Have we not taken unto us horns by our own strength?

15 But behold, I will raise up a nation against you, O house of Israel, saith the Lord the God of hosts; and they shall destroy you from the entrance of Emath, even to the torrent of the desert.

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   Study the Inner Meaning
Chapter summary

Exploring the Meaning of Amos 6      

By Helen Kennedy

Woe is called upon people who seem to live a life of ease and fill it with pleasures. For example, those who “Eat lambs from the flock.” (Amos 6:4) Following Swedenborg’s correspondences it could mean “Those who attribute innocence (the lamb) to themselves,” or think they are blameless when they have actually sinned. Also, “Do horses run on rocks?”(Amos 6:12) is a great image for when our understanding is filled with only literal or external truths but doesn’t delve into deeper ones that show the Lord’s leading more clearly.

From Swedenborg's Works

Main explanations:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 206


Other references to this chapter:

Arcana Coelestia 576, 1183, 1488, 2832, 5895, 6188, 6297, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 137, 270, 360, 410, 474, 668, 774, ...

Sacred Scripture 85

True Christian Religion 51


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 163, 279, 316, 355, 375, 376, 448, ...

Marriage 51

Other New Christian Commentary

  Stories and their meanings:




Hop to Similar Bible Verses

Genesis 37:25

1 Samuel 5:8, 10

2 Samuel 8:9

1 Kings 16:24

2 Kings 15:29

2 Chronicles 29:26

Proverbs 1:32, 8:13

Isaiah 5:12, 10:9, 24:8, 28:1, 32:9

Jeremiah 2:3, 5:5, 15, 22:14, 51:14

Ezekiel 12:27, 29:3, 9

Daniel 4:27

Amos 3:9, 10, 11, 15, 4:3, 5:7, 27, 8:3, 7, 9:10

Micah 1:6, 3:1

Nahum 8

Zephaniah 1:12

Hebrews 6:13

James 5:5

Word/Phrase Explanations

mountain
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

Samaria
'The woman of Samaria' signifies the church which would be founded among the Gentiles.

people
The Bible generally uses two different terms for large groups: “people” and “nation.” When it uses the term “nation,” it is talking about a group...

State
A general description of the six states of regeneration can be found in Arcana Coelestia 6-13, a description of a full state, in Arcana Coelestia...

house
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

pass
'To pass,' as in Genesis 31:52, signifies flowing in. 'To pass the night,' as in Genesis 24:54, signifies having peace. 'To pass through,' as in...

see
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

go
In the physical world, the places we inhabit and the distances between them are physical realities, and we have to get our physical bodies through...

go down
To go up and to go down: in the Word, mention is made of going up and going down when speaking of going from one...

down
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

geth
Gath, a city of the Philistines, signifies the spiritual principle of the church.

philistines
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

border
A 'hem,' 'skirt,' or 'border' signifies the extremes, or the natural principle.

evil
'Wickedness' signifies evil, and 'iniquity' signifies falsities.

day
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

iniquity
In Isaiah 59:6, 'webs' and 'garments' signify aspects of the understanding, or thought, 'Iniquity' and 'violence,' aspects of the will, or works.

Ivory
'Ivory, apes, and peacocks' signify the goods and truths of the external church.

couches
A bed of ivory (Amos 6:4) are doctrines apparently from rational truths.

eat
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

Flock
A flock, as in Genesis 26, denotes interior or rational good. A flock signifies those who are in spiritual good. A flock signifies natural interior...

calves
'Oxen' or 'calves' signify the affections of the natural mind.

midst
The "midst" of something in the Bible represents the thing that is most central and most important to the spiritual state being described, the motivation...

instruments
Instruments of music,' according to correspondences, signify the pleasant and delightful affection of spiritual and celestial things. Therefore, also in many of the Psalms of...

music
'The sound of musical instruments' corresponds to affections of spiritual and celestial love.

david
David is one of the most significant figures in the Bible. He was a musician, one of history’s greatest poets, the boy warrior who killed...

drink
To be drunken without wine (Isa. 29:9), are they who are unconcerned about the Word, and the truths of faith, and thus have no inclination...

Wine
In Revelation 18:13, 'wine, oil, flour, and wheat' signify celestial principles of worship.

anoint
Oil in the Bible represents the Lord’s love, so anointing someone (or something) with oil was a way to make that person (or object) a...

Joseph
'The tribe of Zebulon' signifies the conjunction of people in the third heaven with the Lord, 'the tribe of Joseph,' the conjunction of people in...

head
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

the Lord
The Bible refers to the Lord in many different ways, which from the text seem indistinguishable and interchangeable. Understood in the internal sense, though, there...

lord
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

god
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

soul
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

Hosts
When the divine power of good or omnipotence is being discussed in the Word, then says 'Jehovah Zebaoth,' or 'Jehovah of hosts,' and also 'Lord,'...

Pride
'Pride' signifies the love of self.

jacob
Jacob is told twice that his name will now be Israel. The first time is when he wrestles with an angel on his journey to...

hate
If you truly hate someone, that means you would kill them and destroy their reputation if you could do so without repercussion – not a...

city
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

ten
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

one
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

die
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

Bones
Bones are strong and supportive, providing a framework for our bodies and making motion and action possible. They are also the least "alive" part of...

say
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Mention
'Make mention' denotes communication.

name
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

name of the lord
Names in the Bible are not simply names; they represent the qualities of the people who bear them. So the various names of the Lord...

greater
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

horses
'A horse' signifies knowledges or understanding of the Word. In an opposite sense it signifies the understanding of the Word falsified by reasonings, and likewise...

Rocks
'Rocks' signify the good and truth of faith.

turned
Swedenborg says that the Lord is the sun of heaven, and like the natural sun of our world shines on everyone, good or evil. What...

Judgment
Judgement' pertains to the Lord's divine human and holy proceeding. Judgment' has two sides, a principle of good, and a principle of truth. The faithful...

fruit
In Zechariah 8:12, 'the vine shall give her fruit, and the ground her increase,' signifies that the spiritual affection of truth produces the good of...

Justice
'Justice' signifies both good and truth.

wormwood
'Wormwood' signifies infernal falsity because of its intense bitterness, which makes meat and drink awful. 'Waters of wormwood' signifies falsities of evil.

rejoice
To make glad signifies influx and reception from joy of heart.

Us
Because people are governed by angels and spirits, in Genesis 1:26 it says 'let us make man into our image.' But because the Lord alone...

horns
'A horn,' when spoken of the Lord, signifies omnipotence. 'The little horn that rose up,' as mentioned in Daniel 7:3-8, signifies the full perversion of...

own
In many cases, the spiritual meaning of "own," both as a verb and as an adjective, is relatively literal. When people are described as the...

nation
'Nations' signify people who are in the good of love and charity from the Lord. Two nations in the womb,' as in Genesis 25:23, signify...

entrance
All changes of place in the Bible represent changes in spiritual state. “Entering” – usually used as entering someone’s house or “going in unto” someone...


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