Hosea 10

Study the Inner Meaning

English: Darby Version         

← Hosea 9   Hosea 11 →

1 Israel is an unpruned vine, he bringeth forth fruit unto himself: according to the abundance of his fruit he hath multiplied altars; according to the goodness of his land they have made goodly statues.

2 Their heart is divided; now shall they be found guilty: he will break down their altars, he will destroy their statues.

3 For now they will say, We have no king, for we feared not Jehovah; and a king, what can he do for us?

4 They speak [mere] words, swearing falsely in making a covenant; therefore shall judgment spring up as hemlock in the furrows of the fields.

5 The inhabitants of Samaria shall fear because of the calf of Beth-aven; for the people thereof shall mourn over it, and the idolatrous priests thereof shall tremble for it, for its glory, because it is departed from it.

6 Yea, it shall be carried unto Assyria [as] a present for king Jareb: Ephraim shall be seized with shame, and Israel shall be ashamed of his own counsel.

7 As for Samaria her king is cut off as chips upon the face of the waters.

8 And the high places of Aven, the sin of Israel, shall be destroyed: the thorn and the thistle shall come up upon their altars; and they shall say to the mountains, Cover us! and to the hills, Fall on us!

9 From the days of Gibeah hast thou sinned, O Israel: there they stood: the battle in Gibeah against the children of iniquity did not overtake them.

10 At my pleasure will I chastise them; and the peoples shall be assembled against them, when they are bound for their two iniquities.

11 And Ephraim is a trained heifer, that loveth to tread out [the corn]; I have passed over upon her fair neck: I will make Ephraim to draw; Judah shall plough, Jacob shall break his clods.

12 Sow to yourselves in righteousness, reap according to mercy; break up your fallow ground: for it is time to seek Jehovah, till he come and rain righteousness upon you.

13 Ye have ploughed wickedness, reaped iniquity, eaten the fruit of lies; for thou didst confide in thy way, in the multitude of thy mighty men.

14 And a tumult shall arise among thy peoples, and all thy fortresses shall be spoiled, as Shalman spoiled Beth-arbel in the day of battle: the mother was dashed in pieces with the children.

15 So shall Bethel do unto you because of the wickedness of your wickedness: at day-break shall the king of Israel utterly be cut off.

← Hosea 9   Hosea 11 →
   Study the Inner Meaning
From Swedenborg's Works

Main explanations:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 193


Other references to this chapter:

Arcana Coelestia 273, 921, 1069, 1179, 1186, 1453, 3727, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 242, 298, 339, 392

Sacred Scripture 79


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 355, 391, 411, 783

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 56

The White Horse - Appendix 1

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 9, 54, 75

Other New Christian Commentary

  Stories and their meanings:


Hop to Similar Bible Verses

Exodus 23:24

Leviticus 26:30

Judges 20:21, 25

1 Samuel 24:14

1 Kings 12:28, 30

2 Kings 15:13, 17:3, 4

Job 4:8

Psalms 33:16, 118:9

Proverbs 11:18

Isaiah 2:19, 21, 5:4, 7, 45:8, 54:14, 55:6

Jeremiah 4:3, 11:13, 17

Hosea 2:10, 3:4, 4:15, 19, 5:13, 6:3, 8:5, 6, 7, 11, 9:9, 11:6, 13:2, 10

Amos 1:5, 3:14, 5:4

Zephaniah 1:4

Luke 23:30

2 Corinthians 9:10

Galatians 6:7, 8

Revelation 16

Word/Phrase Explanations

Israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

fruit
We tend to think of "fruit" in two ways in natural language. One is as food that grows on trees and vines, sweet and delicious,...

altars
The first altar mentioned in the Word was built by Noah after he came out of the ark. On that altar, he sacrificed clean animals...

land
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

heart
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

say
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

king
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

Jehovah
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

us
Because people are governed by angels and spirits, in Genesis 1:26 it says 'let us make man into our image.' But because the Lord alone...

Judgment
Judgement' pertains to the Lord's divine human and holy proceeding. Judgment' has two sides, a principle of good, and a principle of truth. The faithful...

spring
'Spring' signifies the first state of a church or spiritual era, the same as 'morning.'

hemlock
'Hemlock' signifies unpleasantness.

fields
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

Samaria
'Samaria,' as in Amos 4:1. 6:1, signifies the spiritual church perverted.

mourn
In a general sense, mourning in the Bible represents a state of grief over the lack of desires for good and true ideas about life....

Present
It was customary in the representative Ancient Church, and later in the Jewish Church, when people went to the judges, and at a later time,...

Ephraim
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

shame
On a natural level, there are a variety of things that can cause shame. We might be ashamed of physical weakness or ugliness; we might...

Ashamed
To be ashamed (Gen 2:25) signifies to be in evil

own
In many cases, the spiritual meaning of "own," both as a verb and as an adjective, is relatively literal. When people are described as the...

face
“The eyes are the windows of the soul.” That’s a sentiment with roots somewhere in murky antiquity, but one that has become hopelessly cliché because...

Waters
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

high
'Height' signifies what is inward, and also heaven.

sin
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

to
‘To grow’ signifies to be perfected.

mountains
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

cover
The "high mountains being covered " (Gen. 7:19) signifies that all the good things of charity were extin­guished.

fall
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

days
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

gibeah
Gibeah, as in 2 Samuel 6, signifies the natural or ultimate principle of the church. Gibeah, Ramah, and Bethaven, as in Hosea 5:8, denote those...

battle
War in the Word represents the combat of temptation when what is good is assaulted by what is evil or false. The evil that attacks...

children
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Overtake
'To overtake' denotes communication and influx.

bound
Being bound, as in Genesis 42:16, denotes to be separated, for he who is kept b. is separated, viz., from the spiritual good, which is...

two
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

neck
'The neck' signifies influx and the communication of interior and exterior levels and the following conjunction. The inmost or third heaven has reference to the...

judah
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

jacob
Jacob is told twice that his name will now be Israel. The first time is when he wrestles with an angel on his journey to...

righteousness
'Justice' signifies both good and truth.

reap
'To reap' signifies executing judgment. 'Reaping' denotes the reception of truth in good.

mercy
In regular language, "mercy" means being caring and compassionate toward those who are in poor states. That's a position we are all in relative to...

time
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

seek
The meaning of "to seek" in the Bible is pretty straightforward, but there is a bit of nuance: Swedenborg tells us that in most cases...

come
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

eaten
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

way
'To set a way,' as in Genesis 30:36, signifies being separated.

mighty
Mighty,' as in Revelation 19:18, signify people who are educated about doctrine derived from the Word. By extension, 'mighty' signifies education or learning derived from...

Tumult
'A tumult,' as in Isaiah 8:4, signifies eager desire to combat against truths.

arise
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...

mother
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

bethel
When Jacob had his famous dream, of a staircase leading to heaven, he named the place "Bethel," which is Hebrew for "the house of God."...

wickedness
'Wickedness' signifies evil, and 'iniquity' signifies falsities.


Translate: