Amos 1

Study the Inner Meaning

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1 De Ord, som Amos, der hørte til fårehyrderne fra Tekoa, skuede om Israel, i de Dage da Uzzija var Konge i Juda, og Jeroboam, Joas's Søn, i Israel, to År før Jordskælvet.

2 Han sagde: HE EN brøler fra Zion, fra Jerusalem løfter han sin øst; Hyrdernes Græsmarker sørger, vissen er Karmels Top.

3 siger HE EN: For tre Overtrædelser af Damaskus, ja fire, jeg går ikke fra det: de tærskede Gilead med Tærskeslæder af Jern

4 så sender jeg Ild mod Hazaels Hus, den skal æde Benhadads Borge;

5 jeg knuser Damaskus's Portslå, udrydder Bikat-Avens Borgere og den, som bærer Scepter i Bet Eden; Aramæerne skal føres til Kir, siger HE EN.

6 siger HE EN: For tre Overtrædelser af Gaza, ja fire, jeg går ikke fra det: de bortførte hele Byer og solgte dem til Edom

7 så sender jeg Ild mod Gazas Mur, den skal æde dets Borge;

8 jeg udrydder Asdods Borgere og den, som bærer Scepter i Askalon; jeg vender min Hånd imod Ekron, og den sidste Filister forgår, siger den Herre HE EN.

9 siger HE EN: For tre Overtrædelser af Tyrus, ja fire, jeg går ikke fra det: de solgte hele bortførte Byer til Edom uden at ænse Broderpagt

10 så sender jeg Ild mod Tyruss Mur, den skal æde dets Borge.

11 siger HE EN: For tre Overtrædelser af Edom, ja fire, jeg går ikke fra det: med Sværd forfulgte han sin Broder og kvalte sin Medynk, holdt altid fast ved sin Vrede og gemte stadig på Harme

12 så sender jeg. Ild mod Teman, den skal æde Bozras Borge.

13 siger HE EN: For Ammoniternes tre Overtrædelser, ja fire, jeg går ikke fra det: de oprev Livet på Gileads svangre Kvinder for at vinde sig mere Land

14 så sætter jeg Ild på abbas Mur, den skal æde dets Borge under Krigsskrig på Stridens Dag, under Uvejr på Stormens Dag.

15 Landflygtig skal Kongen blive, han og alle hans Fyrster, siger HE EN.

← Joel 3   Amos 2 →
   Study the Inner Meaning
Chapter summary

Exploring the Meaning of Amos 1      

By Rev. George McCurdy

The Internal Meaning of Amos, Chapter 1.

Verses 1-2 describe the Lord teaching us about the Word and doctrine from the Word. In this book of the Bible, the prophet Amos symbolizes the Lord. Amos was a shepherd, and of course that metaphor is used to describe the Lord Jesus Christ, too, in the New Testament.

The book of Amos describes the Lord's anger and impatience with the Children of Israel - in the literal sense. Inside, though, it is really a story of the Lord’s great love and concern for us. This is a book of promise: The Lord will triumph over hell’s quest to dominate us and destroy the gift of salvation. This victory is not an occasional interest of the Lord’s; He has an “ardent zeal” to protect us.

In verse 2, the roaring of the Lord from Zion and the uttering of His voice from Jerusalem teach us several things about Him in this context:
- He has grievous distress for His church and people.
- He has an ardent zeal for protecting heaven and the church.
- He warns of coming vastations.
- He points to the drying up of our “Mount Carmel” and the effects this will have on our “vineyards.”

There are different ways to destroy true ideas and good loves. Verses 3-15 in this chapter describe the different ways that people do this.

Verses 3-5 are talking about people who pervert knowledges from the Word, knowledges which help us form true, useful doctrine. When people successfully corrupt knowledge from the Word, they also undermine the good that would come from that knowledge. But, these people will perish, spiritually.

Verses 6-8 describe people who apply the Word to create or reinforce heretical false ideas. That's not a good thing to do; they will perish, too.

Verses 9-10 address people who pervert knowledges [cognitiones] of good and truth, and thereby injure the external sense of the Word.

Verses 11-12 are about people who pervert the sense of the letter of the Word by falsity, by which doctrine perishes.

Finally, verses 13-15 describe people who falsify the truths of the sense of the letter of the Word: they do not resist in the day of combat, but destroy the truth of doctrine.

What are we to make of this? One take-away is that the Lord loves us, and wants to protect us. Another is that he wants us to carefully read the Word and seek the truths in it - those in the literal sense, and those in the internal sense. From these we should form sound doctrine, and develop good loves that can be built on true ideas.

For further reading, see Arcana Coelestia 2606, 10325, and The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 201.

From Swedenborg's Works

Main explanations:

Arcana Coelestia 2606, 10325

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 201


Other references to this chapter:

Arcana Coelestia 367, 1197, 3995, 4171, 6419, 6804, 9340, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 343, 612


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 419, 532, 601, 746, 817, 850

Scriptural Confirmations 9, 75

Other New Christian Commentary

  Stories and their meanings:



Hop to Similar Bible Verses

Genesis 27:41, 36:33

Exodus 3:1

Numbers 20:20

1 Samuel 6:17

2 Samuel 12:31, 14:2

2 Kings 8:12, 14:23, 28, 15:16, 16:9

2 Chronicles 20:10, 11, 21:16, 17, 26:1

Psalms 29:4

Isaiah 8:4, 17:1, 21:11, 23:1, 33:9, 34:5

Jeremiah 25:30, 28:8, 47:1, 49:1, 7, 23

Ezekiel 21:25, 25:1, 12, 15, 26:1, 27:1, 27, 28:1, 30:17, 35:1

Hosea 1:1, 10:8, 14:1

Amos 2:2, 5, 3:8, 9, 5:5, 7:14, 9:7

Obadiah 1:1

Zephaniah 2:4, 8

Zechariah 9:1, 2, 3, 5, 14:5

Malachi 1:4

Word/Phrase Explanations

ord
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

Israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

dage
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

konge
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

Juda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

Søn
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

Før
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

Jerusalem
Jerusalem first comes to or attention in II Samuel, chapter 5 where King David takes it from the Jebusites and makes it his capital. In...

siger
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

tre
The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

overtrædelser
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

Damaskus
Damascus and Aroer (Isaiah 17:1, 2) signify the knowledges of truth and good. See Eliezer of Damascus.

fire
The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...

jern
'Iron,' in Deuteronomy 8:9, signifies natural or rational truth. Iron' signifies natural truth, and consequently, the natural sense of the Word. At the same time,...

ild
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

hus
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

eden
According to the Writings, “Eden” by itself means love, in most cases the love that comes from the Lord and our love for the Lord,...

Gaza
Gaza (or Azzah) signifies things revealed concerning charity.

Edom
'Edom' or 'Idumea,' as in Isaiah 34:5, signifies those who are in evil and in falsities thence derived.

hånd
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

herre
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Tyrus
'Tyre,' as in Ezekiel 27:13-14, represents people with knowledge of celestial and spiritual things.

sværd
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

forfulgte
'To pursue,' as in Genesis 14:16, signifies a state of purification, because 'to pursue enemies' is the expulsion of evils and falsities which were with...

holdt
"Keeping" in the Bible generally has to do with controlling the actual actions of life, though in some cases it can mean holding something away...

vrede
'Wrath,' as in Genesis 49:7, signifies aversion from truth. 'Great wrath,' as in Revelation 12:12, signifies hatred against the new church.

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