Joel 2

Study the Inner Meaning

English: Basic English Bible         

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1 Let the horn be sounded in Zion, and a war-cry in my holy mountain; let all the people of the land be troubled: for the day of the Lord is coming;

2 For a day of dark and deep shade is near, a day of cloud and black night: like a black cloud a great and strong people is covering the mountains; there has never been any like them and will not be after them again, from generation to generation.

3 Before them fire sends destruction, and after them flame is burning: the land is like the garden of Eden before them, and after them an unpeopled waste; truly, nothing has been kept safe from them.

4 Their form is like the form of horses, and they are running like war-horses.

5 Like the sound of war-carriages they go jumping on the tops of the mountains; like the noise of a flame of fire burning up the grain-stems, like a strong people lined up for the fight.

6 At their coming the people are bent with pain: all faces become red together.

7 They are running like strong men, they go over the wall like men of war; every man goes straight on his way, their lines are not broken.

8 No one is pushing against another; everyone goes straight on his way: bursting through the sword points, their order is not broken.

9 They make a rush on the town, running on the wall; they go up into the houses and in through the windows like a thief.

10 The earth is troubled before them and the heavens are shaking: the sun and the moon have become dark, and the stars keep back their shining:

11 And the Lord is thundering before his forces; for very great is his army; for he is strong who gives effect to his word: for the day of the Lord is great and greatly to be feared, and who has strength against it?

12 But even now, says the Lord, come back to me with all your heart, keeping from food, with weeping and with sorrow:

13 Let your hearts be broken, and not your clothing, and come back to the Lord your God: for he is full of grace and pity, slow to be angry and great in mercy, ready to be turned from his purpose of punishment.

14 May it not be that he will again let his purpose be changed and let a blessing come after him, even a meal offering and a drink offering for the Lord your God?

15 Let a horn be sounded in Zion, let a time be fixed for going without food, have a holy meeting:

16 Get the people together, make the mass of the people holy, send for the old men, get together the children and babies at the breast: let the newly married man come out of his room and the bride from her tent.

17 Let the priests, the servants of the Lord, be weeping between the covered way and the altar, and let them say, Have mercy on your people, O Lord, do not give up your heritage to shame, so that the nations become their rulers: why let them say among the peoples, Where is their God?

18 Then the Lord had a care for the honour of his land and had pity on his people.

19 And the Lord made answer and said to his people, See, I will send you grain and wine and oil in full measure: and I will no longer let you be shamed among the nations:

20 I will send the one from the north far away from you, driving him into a dry and waste land, with his front to the sea of the east and his back to the sea of the west, and the smell of him will go up, even his evil smell will go up.

21 Have no fear, O land; be glad with great joy; for the Lord has done great things.

22 Have no fear, you beasts of the field, for the grass-lands of the waste are becoming green, for the trees are producing fruit, the fig-tree and the vine give out their strength.

23 Be glad, then, you children of Zion, and have joy in the Lord your God: for he gives you food in full measure, making the rain come down for you, the early and the late rain as at the first.

24 And the floors will be full of grain, and the crushing-places overflowing with wine and oil.

25 I will give back to you the years which were food for the locust, the plant-worm, the field-fly, and the worm, my great army which I sent among you.

26 You will have food in full measure, and give praise to the name of the Lord your God, who has done wonders for you:

27 And you will be certain that I am in Israel, and that I am the Lord your God, and there is no other: and my people will never be shamed.

28 And after that, it will come about, says the Lord, that I will send my spirit on all flesh; and your sons and your daughters will be prophets, your old men will have dreams, your young men will see visions:

29 And on the servants and the servant-girls in those days I will send my spirit.

30 And I will let wonders be seen in the heavens and on the earth, blood and fire and pillars of smoke.

31 The sun will be made dark and the moon turned to blood, before the great day of the Lord comes, a day to be feared.

32 And it will be that whoever makes his prayer to the name of the Lord will be kept safe: for in Mount Zion and in Jerusalem some will be kept safe, as the Lord has said, and will be among the small band marked out by the Lord.

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   Study the Inner Meaning
From Swedenborg's Works

Main explanations:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 199


Other references to this chapter:

Arcana Coelestia 31, 46, 217, 488, 547, 574, 588, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 8, 37, 51, 53, 164, 312, 331, ...

A Brief Exposition of New Church Doctrine 78

The Lord 4, 14, 38, 49

Sacred Scripture 14, 86

Heaven and Hell 119, 570

The Last Judgment 3

True Christian Religion 82, 198, 251, 318, 620, 689


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 72, 109, 183, 193, 261, 329, 340, ...

Canons of the New Church 27

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 3, 56, 58

Marriage 82

Scriptural Confirmations 3, 4, 9, 55, 75

Other New Christian Commentary

  Stories and their meanings:



Hop to Similar Bible Verses

Genesis 2:8

Exodus 10:6, 14, 33:5, 34:6

Leviticus 26:4, 5, 12

Numbers 10:2, 3, 11:29, 23:21

Deuteronomy 4:29, 8:10, 11:14, 32:36

Joshua 7:9

Judges 2:4

Ruth 1:6

1 Samuel 7:6

2 Samuel 16:12, 24:10

1 Kings 8:36

2 Kings 19:31

2 Chronicles 6:27, 20:13, 30:6

Nehemiah 9:1

Job 37:13

Psalms 18:14, 42:4, 11, 65:13, 68:18, 86:15, 126:3, 147:8

Proverbs 1:23, 30:27

Isaiah 1:13, 12:6, 13:6, 9, 10, 22:12, 25:1, 30:23, 33:4, 41:16, 44:3, 45:6, 17, 46:9

Jeremiah 1:14, 3:22, 5:17, 13:6, 16, 18:8, 30:6, 7, 36:7

Ezekiel 8:16, 12:23, 21:12, 34:26, 36:8, 29, 30, 39:29, 47:18

Hosea 12:7

Joel 1:2, 4, 6, 9, 13, 14, 15, 19, 3:4

Amos 5:18, 20

Jonah 3:9

Micah 7:10

Nahum 2:11, 3:2

Habakkuk 1:6, 3:18

Zephaniah 1:7, 15, 3:14

Haggai 2:19

Zechariah 1:14, 2:9, 8:12, 14:6

Malachi 3:11

Matthew 23:35

Mark 13:19, 24

Acts of the Apostles 2:20

James 4:9

Revelation 6:17, 9:2, 7

Word/Phrase Explanations

horn
'Trumpets,' and all other wind instruments, relate to celestial affections.

holy
'Sanctuary' signifies the truth of heaven and the church. 'Sanctuary,' as in Ezekiel 24:21, signifies the Word.

mountain
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

people
The Bible generally uses two different terms for large groups: “people” and “nation.” When it uses the term “nation,” it is talking about a group...

day of
'Day of vengeance' signifies a state of damnation.

the Lord
The Bible refers to the Lord in many different ways, which from the text seem indistinguishable and interchangeable. Understood in the internal sense, though, there...

lord
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Coming
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

a day
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

dark
"Darkness" is a state without light. "Light" is truth from the Lord, so "darkness" is a state where truth is lacking.

cloud
In Isaiah 19:1, "Jehovah rides upon a light cloud, and comes into Egypt", signifies the visitation of the natural man from spiritual-natural Divine Truth, for...

mountains
In Isaiah 40:12 'to weigh the mountains in a balance, and the hills in scales,' signifies that the celestial aspects of love and charity are...

after
According to Swedenborg, time and space don’t exist in spiritual reality; they are purely natural things that exist only on the physical plane. This means...

generation
To “generate” something is to create it, and that idea underpins the meaning of a “generation” of people – it is a group that was...

before
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

fire
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

Flame
A flame signifies spiritual good, and the light of it truth from that good. A flame of fire, as in Revelation 1:14, signifies spiritual love,...

Garden
A garden and paradise signify intellect and wisdom.

Garden of Eden
A Garden in Eden eastward, as in Genesis 2:8... 'Garden' means intelligence, 'Eden' love, 'the east' the Lord. 'A garden in Eden, from the east'...

Eden
According to the Writings, “Eden” by itself means love, in most cases the love that comes from the Lord and our love for the Lord,...

horses
'A horse' signifies knowledges or understanding of the Word. In an opposite sense it signifies the understanding of the Word falsified by reasonings, and likewise...

war
War in the Word represents the combat of temptation when what is good is assaulted by what is evil or false. The evil that attacks...

Tops of the mountains
'On the first of the month, the tops of the mountains were seen,' as in Genesis 8:5, signifies the truths of faith, which begin to...

noise
'A voice crying,' and 'the voice of a cry,' are common expressions in the Word, and are applied whenever there is a noise or disturbance,...

Pain
'Pain' signifies repugnant things arising from interior falsities, because what is repugnant is painful.

faces
“The eyes are the windows of the soul.” That’s a sentiment with roots somewhere in murky antiquity, but one that has become hopelessly cliché because...

over
'Upon' or 'over' signifies being within.

wall
In Lamentations 2:8-9, 'wall,' 'rampart,' 'gates,' and 'bars' signify doctrines.

man
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

Way
'To set a way,' as in Genesis 30:36, signifies being separated.

No one
'No one,' or 'none' denotes the negative side of something.

sword
The three words, sword, famine and pestilence, appear in a group in 26 different Bible verses. That's not an accident. Sword, famine and pestilence describe...

Go up
To go up and to go down: in the Word, mention is made of going up and going down when speaking of going from one...

windows
'Window' signifies truth in the light.

earth
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

Heavens
Heavens are celestial and spiritual things. Consequently, they are inmost things, both of the Lord's kingdom in heaven the and in the earth. This also...

Sun
The 'sun' signifies celestial and spiritual love. The 'sun' in the Word, when referring to the Lord, signifies His divine love and wisdom. Because the...

Moon
'The moon' signifies the Lord in reference to faith, and thus faith in the Lord. 'The moon' signifies spiritual good or truth. 'The moon' signifies...

Stars
'Stars' signify the knowledge of truth and good. 'Stars' are frequently mentioned in the Word, and always signify goods and truths, but in an opposite...

shining
'To shine' or 'shining' signifies being exempt from falsity, or pure by reason of truth.

forces
Forces denote the power of truth.

great
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

gives
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

Word
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

back
Everyone knows the phrase "the natural order of things." It means that everything is in its proper place, occupying the niche it is meant to...

Weeping
'Weeping' represents both sorrow and love.

clothing
Soft raiment,' as in Matthew 11:9, represents the internal sense of the Word.

god
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

Full
'To satiate' relates to the extent of a person's will, for good or evil.

angry
Anger is an emotion so common to people that it requires no definition. However a couple of points of interest can be raised. 1) The...

mercy
In regular language, "mercy" means being caring and compassionate toward those who are in poor states. That's a position we are all in relative to...

turned
Swedenborg says that the Lord is the sun of heaven, and like the natural sun of our world shines on everyone, good or evil. What...

Punishment
Punishment' is the consummation of evil, because after punishment, reformation succeeds. This is why it says in Deuteronomy 25:3, 'that no more than forty stripes...

Meal
'Meal and farina' signifies the truth of faith, or truth from good.

Zion
Zion, in 1 Kings 8:1 and Revelation 14:1 signifies heaven and the church where the Lord alone is worshipped. (Apocalypse Revealed 612). Zion, in the...

old
'Old waste places' signify the celestial aspects of faith.

breast
The breast (Ezek. 16:7), signifies natural good.

Room
'A room' or 'place' denotes state.

bride
It is because of a celestial and angelic proprium, or selfhood, that the church is called 'a woman,' 'a wife,' 'a bride,' 'a virgin,' and...

tent
'The sanctuary and habitation' together signify heaven and the church, 'sanctuary' regarding the good of love, and 'tabernacle' regarding truths of that good, because the...

Priests
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

Altar
The first altar mentioned in the Word was built by Noah after he came out of the ark. On that altar, he sacrificed clean animals...

heritage
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

Nations
'Nations' signify people who are in the good of love and charity from the Lord. Two nations in the womb,' as in Genesis 25:23, signify...

answer
To "answer" generally indicates a state of spiritual receptivity. Ultimately this means being receptive to the Lord, who is constantly trying to pour true ideas...

said
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

see
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

send
'Being sent' everywhere signifies, in an internal sense, going forth, as in John 17:8. In similar manner, it is said of the holy of the...

grain
Corn,' as in Genesis 42:2, here stands for a word in the original language which means 'breaking,' and also for a similar word meaning to...

Measure
'To measure' signifies knowing and exploring the quality of something.

sea
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

Smell
'The sense of smell,' in general, corresponds to the affection for perceiving.

Fear
Fear has various significations according to the thing which causes it. Fear signifies love. Fear, as in Gen 28:17, signifies a holy change.

Glad
To make glad signifies influx and reception from joy of heart.

beasts
"Beasts" represent the affection for doing good things, a true desire to do them from the heart. In the negative sense, "beasts" stand for the...

field
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

tree
In general, plants in the Bible represent facts, thoughts and ideas – intellectual things. This makes sense: Plants are rooted in place, but can grow...

Trees
'Trees,' in general, signify the perceptions when discussing the celestial self, but when related to the spiritual church, they signify knowledges. A person in the...

fruit
We tend to think of "fruit" in two ways in natural language. One is as food that grows on trees and vines, sweet and delicious,...

fig
The Writings tell us that the fig tree represents the "natural human," which is our outward life in the world, and the thoughts and feelings...

children
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Come down
To come down (Gen. 11:5), is predicated of Jehovah, by reason of his being called the Highest. This is spoken according to appearance.

down
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

first
Why would it be insulting for a man to refer to his married partner as his “first wife”? Because it implies there will be a...

floors
The floor, as in Matthew 3:12, signifies the world of spirits which is between heaven and hell, and where the separation of evils and falsities...

locust
'Locusts' signify falsities in the extremes, which consume the truths and goods of the church in a person. 'The locusts' which John the Baptist ate...

plant
'A shrub' signifies the knowledges of truth.

name
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

flesh
Flesh has several meanings just in its most obvious form. It can mean all living creatures as when the Lord talks about the flood "destroying...

Sons
'Sons of Canaan,' as in Genesis 10, are people who kept external worship separate from internal.

daughters
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

dreams
A dream, as in Genesis 20:3,signifies being somewhat obscure.

young
'The son of a cow' signifies the celestial natural level and natural exterior good.

servant
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

days
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

blood
Bloods signify evil, in Ezek. 16:9.

smoke
'Smoke' signifies divine truth in extremes, because 'fire' which gives off smoke, signifies love. 'Smoke' also signifies the same thing as 'cloud' in many places....

comes
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

mount
'Mount Olivet' signifies the celestial church, or celestial good, which comes from love towards the Lord, and divine love.

Jerusalem
Jerusalem first comes to or attention in II Samuel, chapter 5 where King David takes it from the Jebusites and makes it his capital. In...


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