Hosea 12

Study the Inner Meaning

English: Basic English Bible         

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1 Ephraim's food is the wind, and he goes after the east wind: deceit and destruction are increasing day by day; they make an agreement with Assyria, and take oil into Egypt.

2 The Lord has a cause against Judah, and will give punishment to Jacob for his ways; he will give him the reward of his acts.

3 In the body of his mother he took his brother by the foot, and in his strength he was fighting with God;

4 He had a fight with the angel and overcame him; he made request for grace to him with weeping; he came face to face with him in Beth-el and there his words came to him;

5 Even the Lord, the God of armies; the Lord is his name.

6 So then, come back to your God; keep mercy and right, and be waiting at all times on your God.

7 As for Canaan, the scales of deceit are in his hands; he takes pleasure in twisted ways.

8 And Ephraim said, Now I have got wealth and much property; in all my works no sin may be seen in me.

9 But I am the Lord your God from the land of Egypt; I will give you tents for your living-places again as in the days of the holy meeting.

10 My word came to the ears of the prophets and I gave them visions in great number, and by the mouths of the prophets I made use of comparisons.

11 In Gilead there is evil. They are quite without value; in Gilgal they make offerings of oxen; truly their altars are like masses of stones in the hollows of a ploughed field.

12 And Jacob went in flight into the field of Aram, and Israel became a servant for a wife, and for a wife he kept sheep.

13 And by a prophet the Lord made Israel come up out of Egypt, and by a prophet he was kept safe.

14 I have been bitterly moved to wrath by Ephraim; so that his blood will be on him, and the Lord will make his shame come back on him.

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   Study the Inner Meaning
From Swedenborg's Works

Main explanations:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 195


Other references to this chapter:

Arcana Coelestia 367, 414, 1186, 1232, 1462, 2588, 3304, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 503, 585

Sacred Scripture 79

Heaven and Hell 365

True Christian Religion 247, 322


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 24, 236, 373, 375, 419, 624, 654, ...

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 56

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 9, 54, 75

Other New Christian Commentary

  Stories and their meanings:


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Hop to Similar Bible Verses

Genesis 25:26, 28:2, 29:20, 32:25, 35:9, 49:18

Exodus 3:15, 20:2

Leviticus 23:42

Numbers 12:6

Deuteronomy 18:15, 18, 26:5

2 Kings 17:4, 13, 18, 20, 23

2 Chronicles 21:11

Job 15:2

Psalms 49:7, 78:36

Proverbs 11:1, 30:12

Ecclesiastes 5:15

Isaiah 30:6, 56:1

Jeremiah 2:9, 5:27

Ezekiel 7:3, 8, 17:2

Hosea 4:1, 9, 15, 6:8, 7:1, 11, 8:9, 10, 11:9, 13:4, 14:2

Joel 2:12

Amos 4, 4:13, 8:5

Micah 6:2

Zechariah 7:9, 11:5

Revelation 3:17

Word/Phrase Explanations

ephraim's
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

wind
Because a nearer and stronger divine influx through the heavens disperses truths among the wicked, 'wind' signifies this dispersion of truth and the resulting conjunction...

day
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

oil
In Ezekiel 27:17, 'wheat of minnith, and pannag honey,' 'oil,' and 'balsam' denote the good things that come from love and charity, and the happiness...

egypt
'Mizraim' signifies the same thing as Egypt.

the Lord
The Bible refers to the Lord in many different ways, which from the text seem indistinguishable and interchangeable. Understood in the internal sense, though, there...

lord
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

judah
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

Punishment
Punishment' is the consummation of evil, because after punishment, reformation succeeds. This is why it says in Deuteronomy 25:3, 'that no more than forty stripes...

jacob
Jacob is told twice that his name will now be Israel. The first time is when he wrestles with an angel on his journey to...

ways
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

brother
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

god
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

angel
'A messenger' signifies communication.

beth-el
When Jacob had his famous dream, of a staircase leading to heaven, he named the place "Bethel," which is Hebrew for "the house of God."...

armies
Armies of the heavens and the sands of the sea ('Jeremiah 33:15-22') signify the knowledges of truth and good in the spiritual and natural ma{ign21}

back
Everyone knows the phrase "the natural order of things." It means that everything is in its proper place, occupying the niche it is meant to...

mercy
In regular language, "mercy" means being caring and compassionate toward those who are in poor states. That's a position we are all in relative to...

right
He is said to be 'just' in a spiritual sense, who lives according to divine laws. They on the right hand being called 'just,' as...

Canaan
Canaan signifies a worship in things external without internals, which arose out of the internal church corrupted, called Ham. Thus it is that Ham is...

scales
In Isaiah 40:12 'to weigh the mountains in a balance, and the hills in scales,' signifies that the celestial aspects of love and charity are...

deceit
The spiritual meaning of being deceitful is pretty close to the literal meaning: According to the Writings it means using false thinking and logic to...

hands
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

said
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Wealth
In Jeremiah 20:4-5, 'wealth,' 'labor,' 'precious things,' and 'all the treasures of the kings of Judah' signify the knowledges of faith.

seen
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

land
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

tents
'Tent' is used in the Word to signify the celestial and holy aspects of love, because in ancient time they performed holy worship in their...

prophets
The idea of a "prophet" is very closely tied to the idea of the Bible itself, since the Bible was largely written by prophets. At...

visions
Vision is the innermost revelation, which is of perception. Visions are according to the state of humankind. The visions of people whose interiors are closed,...

Gilead
Mount Gilead, as in Genesis 31:21, 23, as a boundary, in a spiritual sense, signifies the first good, which is that of things pertaining to...

Gilgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

Offerings
'Offerings' signify worship.

Oxen
'Oxen' or 'calves' signify the affections of the natural mind.

altars
The first altar mentioned in the Word was built by Noah after he came out of the ark. On that altar, he sacrificed clean animals...

field
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

Flight
Flight, as in Matthew 14:20, signifies removal from a state of the good of love and innocence. Flight, as in Mark 8:18, signifies the last...

aram
'Syria,' as in Ezekiel 27:16, signifies the church regarding knowledges of truth and good.

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

servant
Generally speaking, those who are at lower levels of an organization serve those at higher levels. Bosses boss and their employees serve; coaches devise strategy...

wife
It is because of a celestial and angelic proprium, or selfhood, that the church is called 'a woman,' 'a wife,' 'a bride,' 'a virgin,' and...

kept
"Keeping" in the Bible generally has to do with controlling the actual actions of life, though in some cases it can mean holding something away...

blood
Bloods signify evil, in Ezek. 16:9.

Resources for parents and teachers

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