Ezekiel 27

Study the Inner Meaning

English: Basic English Bible         

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1 The word of the Lord came to me again, saying,

2 And you, son of man, make a song of grief for Tyre;

3 And say to Tyre, O you who are seated at the doorway of the sea, trading for the peoples with the great sea-lands, these are the words of the Lord: You, O Tyre, have said, I am a ship completely beautiful.

4 Your builders have made your outlines in the heart of the seas, they have made you completely beautiful.

5 They have made all your boards of fir-trees from Senir: they have taken cedars from Lebanon to make the supports for your sails.

6 Of oak-trees from Bashan they have made your driving blades; they have made your floors of ivory and boxwood from the sea-lands of Kittim.

7 The best linen with needlework from Egypt was your sail, stretched out to be a flag for you; blue and purple from the sea-lands of Elishah gave you shade.

8 The people of Zidon and Arvad were your boatmen; the wise men of Zemer were in you; they were guiding your ships;

9 The responsible men of Gebal and its wise men were in you, making your boards watertight: all the ships of the sea with their seamen were in you trading in your goods.

10 Cush and Lud and Put were in your army, your men of war, hanging up their body-covers and head-dresses of war in you: they gave you your glory.

11 The men of Arvad in your army were on your walls, and were watchmen in your towers, hanging up their arms on your walls round about; they made you completely beautiful.

12 Tarshish did business with you because of the great amount of your wealth; they gave silver, iron, tin, and lead for your goods.

13 Javan, Tubal, and Meshech were your traders; they gave living men and brass vessels for your goods.

14 The people of Togarmah gave horses and war-horses and transport beasts for your goods.

15 The men of Rodan were your traders: a great number of sea-lands did business with you: they gave you horns of ivory and ebony as an offering.

16 Edom did business with you because of the great number of things which you made; they gave emeralds, purple, and needlework, and the best linen and coral and rubies for your goods.

17 Judah and the land of Israel were your traders; they gave grain of Minnith and sweet cakes and honey and oil and perfume for your goods.

18 Damascus did business with you because of the great amount of your wealth, with wine of Helbon and white wool.

19 ... for your goods: they gave polished iron and spices for your goods.

20 Dedan did trade with you in cloths for the backs of horses.

21 Arabia and all the rulers of Kedar did business with you; in lambs and sheep and goats, in these they did business with you.

22 The traders of Sheba and Raamah did trade with you; they gave the best of all sorts of spices and all sorts of stones of great price and gold for your goods.

23 Haran and Canneh and Eden, the traders of Asshur and all the Medes:

24 These were your traders in beautiful robes, in rolls of blue and needlework, and in chests of coloured cloth, corded with cords and made of cedar-wood, in them they did trade with you.

25 Tarshish ships did business for you in your goods: and you were made full, and great was your glory in the heart of the seas.

26 Your boatmen have taken you into great waters: you have been broken by the east wind in the heart of the seas.

27 Your wealth and your goods, the things in which you do trade, your seamen and those guiding your ships, those who make your boards watertight, and those who do business with your goods, and all your men of war who are in you, with all who have come together in you, will go down into the heart of the seas in the day of your downfall.

28 At the sound of the cry of your ships' guides, the boards of the ship will be shaking.

29 And all the boatmen, the seamen and those who are expert at guiding a ship through the sea, will come down from their ships and take their places on the land;

30 And their voices will be sounding over you, and crying bitterly they will put dust on their heads, rolling themselves in the dust:

31 And they will have the hair of their heads cut off because of you, and will put haircloth on their bodies, weeping for you with bitter grief in their souls, even with bitter sorrow.

32 And in their weeping they will make a song of grief for you, sorrowing over you and saying, Who is like Tyre, who has come to an end in the deep sea?

33 When your goods went out over the seas, you made numbers of peoples full; the wealth of the kings of the earth was increased with your great wealth and all your goods.

34 Now that you are broken by the seas in the deep waters, your goods and all your people will go down with you.

35 All the people of the sea-lands are overcome with wonder at you, and their kings are full of fear, their faces are troubled.

36 Those who do business among the peoples make sounds of surprise at you; you have become a thing of fear, you have come to an end for ever.

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   Study the Inner Meaning
From Swedenborg's Works

Main explanations:

Arcana Coelestia 4453, 10227

Apocalypse Explained 840

Apocalypse Revealed 606, 759

Heaven and Hell 365

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 150


Other references to this chapter:

Arcana Coelestia 117, 425, 426, 1154, 1156, 1158, 1171, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 166, 406, 450, 492, 503, 538, 725, ...

The Lord 28


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 50, 70, 195, 242, 314, 355, 375, ...

Other New Christian Commentary

  Stories and their meanings:

Hop to Similar Bible Verses

Genesis 10:2, 3, 4, 7, 10, 15, 18, 28, 25:3, 13, 43:11

Exodus 30:23

Deuteronomy 3:9

Joshua 13:5

Judges 11:33

1 Kings 10:1, 2, 22

2 Kings 19:12

1 Chronicles 1:7

2 Chronicles 2:7, 9:21, 17:11

Esther 4:1, 3

Job 2:12

Psalms 48:8, 83:8

Proverbs 7:16, 17, 27:26

Song of Solomon 1:5, 4:14

Isaiah 7:8, 42:11, 60:7, 66:19

Jeremiah 2:10, 6:26, 8:22, 9:16, 19, 25:22, 46:9

Ezekiel 19:1, 23:42, 25:13, 26:1, 27:2, 32, 28:1, 30:5, 32:2, 26, 38:2, 5, 6, 13

Daniel 11:30

Joel 1:13

Amos 9

Zechariah 9:2, 3

Revelation 18:9, 11, 12, 13, 19

Word/Phrase Explanations

the Word
In general, we tend to be very aware of how knowing what's true leads to doing what is good. That starts as children, with parents...

Word
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

the Lord
The Bible refers to the Lord in many different ways, which from the text seem indistinguishable and interchangeable. Understood in the internal sense, though, there...

lord
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

son of man
The Lord, in some places, calls Himself 'the son of God,' at other times, 'the son of man (ἄνθρωπος).' This is always according to the...

Son
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

grief
Grief is anxiety of heart or will.

tyre
'Tyre,' as in Ezekiel 27:13-14, represents people with knowledge of celestial and spiritual things.

say
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

sea
'The sea and the waves roaring' means heresy and controversies in the church and individual.

Trading
'Trading' denotes to acquire and communicate knowledge with reference to the goods and truths of the Lord’s kingdom.

heart
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

seas
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

cedars
'Libanus' signifies the spiritual church. The glory of Libanus,' as in Isaiah 9:13, signifies the celestial spiritual things of the Lord's kingdom and church.

lebanon
'Lebanon' signifies spiritual good. 'Lebanon' signifies the church regarding the perception of truth from the rational self.

Ivory
'Ivory, apes, and peacocks' signify the goods and truths of the external church.

linen
The instruction not make clothing that mixes 'Woolen and linen' threads means, in the internal sense, that people's spiritual states of good and truth should...

egypt
'Mizraim' signifies the same thing as Egypt.

Blue
Blue and purple signify celestial goods and truths, and scarlet double-dyed and fine-twined linen, spiritual goods and truths. (Exod. 28:33.) Blue and purple from the...

Purple
'Purple' corresponds to divine celestial good. 'Purple' signifies genuine good.

wise
At its heart, wisdom is love's imperative desire to take form. That's a tricky statement, but think of it this way: If you love someone,...

ships
Ships were used in the ancient world – as they generally are now – to carry freight from nation to nation for trade. The various...

Put
'To put' has reference to order, arrangement, application, and influx.

war
War in the Word represents the combat of temptation when what is good is assaulted by what is evil or false. The evil that attacks...

hanging
'To hang,' as mentioned in Genesis 41:13, signifies rejecting. 'Hanging' represents the damnation of profanation.

Towers
'Towers,' as in Psalms 48:12, signify the interior truths which defend the aspects of love and charity. In the opposite sense, they denote the interiors...

Round about
'Round about' denotes the things most distant from the middle, or from good and truth.

Tarshish
Elishah, Tarshish, Kitthin, and Dodanium (Gen. 10:4) signify so many several doctrinals respecting ritual observances, and derived from external worship prevailing with Javan.

Wealth
'Wealth' signifies scientific knowledge, as seen in several passages in the Word.

silver
'Silver,' in the internal sense of the Word, signifies truth, but also falsity. 'Silver' means the truth of faith, or the truth acquired from selfhood,...

iron
'An iron pan,' as in Ezekiel 4:3, signifies the truth that was falsified and adulterated among the Jewish people.

tin
'Tin,' as in Ezekiel 22:18, has respect to the literal sense of the Word, or the goods and truths of the natural self.

Javan
'Tarshish, Pul, Lud, Tubal, and Javan,' as in Isaiah 66:19, signify varieties of external worship.

traders
'Merchants' signify people who have knowledges of good and truth. Merchants,' as in Nahum 3:16, signify people who falsify the Word, and communicate, and sell.

Brass
Brass and iron as in Isaiah 48:4 and Daniel 7:19 signify what is hard.

vessels
'Vessels,' in the internal sense, signify things serving as a receptacle, as scientific ideas and knowledges are to truths, and as truths themselves are to...

Togarmah
'Togarmah,' as in Ezekiel 27:14, signifies people in internal worship.

horses
'A horse' signifies knowledges or understanding of the Word. In an opposite sense it signifies the understanding of the Word falsified by reasonings, and likewise...

Horns of ivory and ebony
;Horns of ivory and ebony,' as mentioned in Ezekiel 27:15, signify exterior good things, which relate to worship or rituals. 'Horns of ivory and ebony...

horns
'A horn,' when spoken of the Lord, signifies omnipotence. 'The little horn that rose up,' as mentioned in Daniel 7:3-8, signifies the full perversion of...

Ebony
Ebony, as in 1 Kings 10:18, signifies divine truths in ultimates.

coral
Works, emeralds, purple broidered work, fine linen, coral, and agate, (Ezek. 27:16), signify knowledges of good.

Judah
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

Israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Honey and oil
Where 'honey and oil' are mentioned in Ezekiel 16:3, 'honey' signifies natural good, or good in the external self, and 'oil' signifies spiritual good, or...

honey
'Honey' signifies the delight derived from good and truth or from the affection thereof, and specifically the external delight. Thus it signifies the delight of...

oil
In Revelation 18:13, 'wine, oil, flour, and wheat' signify celestial principles of worship.

damascus
Damascus and Aroer (Isaiah 17:1, 2) signify the knowledges of truth and good. See Eliezer of Damascus.

white
'White' relates to truths, because it originates in the light of the sun.

dedan
Dedan (Gen. 10) signifies the knowledges of celestial things of an inferior order, such as consist in ritual observances. Dedan, in Jer. 49:8 signifies rituals...

Kedar
'Kedar' or 'Arabia' signifies spiritual good. Kedar' denotes people of the Gentiles who are in simple truth. 'Arabia' signifies the same thing.

Sheba
'Sheba, Havilah, Sabthah, Regmah, and Sabthecha,' the sons of Cush, as in Genesis 10:7, were several nations which were did not have internal worship, but...

Raamah
From Arcana Coelestia 1168: 'The sons of Raamah,' as in Genesis 10:7, signify the knowledges of celestial things. From Arcana Coelestia 1171: That by "the...

spices
'Spice,' in Ezekiel 27:22, in an internal sense, is charity. 'Spice,' in 1 Kings 10:2, signifies interior truths.

stones
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

gold
Gold means good, and just as gold was the most precious metal known to ancient mankind so it represents the good of the highest and...

haran
'Haran,' as mentioned in Genesis 11:28, signifies inward idolatrous worship. 'Haran,' as mentioned in Genesis 12:5, signifies an obscure state. 'Haran,' as mentioned in Genesis...

robes
'Robes,' as in Revelation 7, signify truths of defense. Before they were washed they signified falsities. People in falsities from ignorance in the spiritual world,...

cords
Rope or cord denotes conjunction.

Full
'To satiate' relates to the extent of a person's will, for good or evil.

waters
'Waters,' 'rivers,' and 'depths,' as in Psalm 78:15-16, signify truths from the Lord.

broken
To “break” something creates an image that is much different from “attacking,” “destroying,” or “shattering.” It is less emotional, less violent in its intent; it...

Wind
Because a nearer and stronger divine influx through the heavens disperses truths among the wicked, 'wind' signifies this dispersion of truth and the resulting conjunction...

day of
'Day of vengeance' signifies a state of damnation.

day
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

Come down
To come down (Gen. 11:5), is predicated of Jehovah, by reason of his being called the Highest. This is spoken according to appearance.

down
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

crying
As with most common verbs, the spiritual meaning of “crying” or “crying out” (meaning a shout or wail, not weeping) is highly dependent on context....

dust
'Powder' or 'dust' refers to love of self and the world.

souls
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

Numbers
All numbers in the Word signify things or states, according to the relationship they have to other numbers. When two multiples of a number, which...

the kings of
The kings of Media and Persia' represent people who are in faith separate from charity.

kings
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

earth
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

faces
“The eyes are the windows of the soul.” That’s a sentiment with roots somewhere in murky antiquity, but one that has become hopelessly cliché because...


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