Volume II, 1851-1890.

By the Rev. C. Th. Odhner and the Rev. Dr. William Whitehead

1976

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Preface                            P. i.
Abbreviations List              iii.
Chapters, by years

Year              Page              Year              Page
1851              1              1871              128
1852              7              72              134
53              13              73              139
54              18              74              145
55              24              75              150
56              29              76              156
57              35              77              161
58              43              78              167
59              49              79              173
60              55              80              179
61              62              81              184
62              69              82              190
63              75              83              197
64              81              84              204
65              87              85              210
66              94              86              218
67              99              87              226
68              105              88              233
69              113              89              242
70              121              90              250

Appendix                                   P. i.
       a.        Meetings and Reports              i

b.       Notable Memorials              xv
       c.       Ordinations                     xxiv


PREFACE

In these pages the student and/or reader will find much of the basic material of a most vital, productive, and exciting period of New Church history. i. e., 1851-90, which this Volume II of the Annals of the New Church covers.

It is to be hoped that this will be of aid to future historians in observing trends, in seeing significant series of events and actions and controversies. It was this period which witnessed the greatest growth in the bodies of the New Church so far, i. e., from memberships of 1,500 approx. to 7,500. It also included a great increase in New Church literature and a sometimes phenomenal outpouring of the Writings by the publishing houses to hundreds of universities and libraries in Great Britain and the United States. It saw the rise of the educational emphasis with the Academy of the New Church coming into being and the birth of a new body of the Church, i. e., the General Church, with New Church education as its special adopted use.

For the purposes and limits of this work, the reader is referred to the Preface of Volume I. by the Reverend C. Th. Odhner, which covers the years 1688-1850 and was published early in this century.

It should be noticed that the format and content of Volume II have been altered somewhat in the interests of brevity and compactness in relation to the great mass of material. As examples of this: all Notable Memorials. Meetings and Reports, and Ordinations mentioned in the main body or Chronology, but without any comment, have been lifted out and placed in lists in the Appendix. This does not mean that they are of little interest or value, but simply that the compilers, though recognizing their importance, evidently did not feel they were of sufficient value to warrant comment in the main body. However, a very little reading of the references in these lists will give the reader much of the flavor, direction, thoughts, and feelings of the New Churchmen involved and of the times in which they lived. To make comment on, or summary of, each of these items would have extended the work itself to many volumes beyond its limits of practicality, for this work is not a history but a chronicle and, hopefully, a source book for future historians.

We leave other observations to the reader and the work itself, only calling attention to the Appendix lists, with the cautionary note that these are by no means complete but only include items actually mentioned in the chronology.

It will be noticed that a key letter(s) has been placed at the end of each meeting or report mentioned in the main text and in the lists. These are very general classifications of the main subjects discussed, the key to which will be found below.

It is the custom in Prefaces for the editor to make acknowledgments of those who have assisted in a book. In this case, however, so many persons and agencies of the Church have contributed to this work that it would be too much to list them all. And besides, the editor would run considerable risk of leaving out some of the most important! The collecting of New Church periodicals and publications and their placing in the Academy of the New Churchs Collateral Literature Room by various persons of the Academy Library staff, the acquisition and cataloging of Archive material--all these efforts have given invaluable help to the work of the editor. In addition, there was the labor of reference-checking, composing the Appendix lists, the gathering and collating of material, the compacting, correcting, and final typing of the text. All these have demanded considerable devoted effort on the part of many people.

Morley D. Rich, Editor

Classification Key to Meetings and Reports.
C - Church Life - civil, social, ecclesiastical
E - Education
G - Government and Organization
M - Evangelization, Missionary
P - Publication and Translation

ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH
Vol. II:1851-90
List of Abbreviations
for periodicals, volumes, and libraries to which reference is made in this work.

AA - Archives of the Academy of the New Church, Bryn Athyn, Pa.
AL - Academy of the New Church Library.
BI - Bibliographical Index of Swedenborgs Writings. London, 1897.
BL - Library of the Massachusetts New Church Union, Boston, Mass.
BM - British Museum, London.
B Mag - New Church Magazine, Boston, 1872-73.
BPS - Boston New Church Printing Society.
Carlson - History of the Swedish Church in London.
CCR - Reports of the General Convention. 1841-52.
CH - Chevriers Histoire de la Nouvelle Eglise.
CinL - Library of the Cincinnati New Church Society.
Compton - Life of John Clowes, by Theodore Compton.
Conf R - Minutes of the General Conference of the New Church in Great Britain
Conv R - Reports of the General Convention of the New Jerusalem in the United States.
Cop L - Royal Library, Copenhagen.
D - Documents concerning Swedenborg, by Dr. R. L. Tafel.
E - Reprints of Early Minutes of New Church Conferences, London, 1885.
Ex - New Churchman Extra. by Rev. Richard de Charms.
Field - History of the New Church in Michigan, etc., by Rev. George Field.
FS - History of the New Church Society in Peter Street. Manchester, by Francis Smith.
HL - Library of Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.
I - Intellectual Repository, London, 1812-81.
IL - Library of the New Church College, Islington, London.
JD - History of the Bolton New Church Society, by James Dakeyne.
Kahl - Nya Kyrkan och dess Inflytande, by Dr. Achatius Kahl.
L - New Church Life, Bryn Athyn, Pa., 1881-90.
LRT - New Church Library, Rue Thuin, Paris.
M - New Jerusalem Magazine, Boston, 1827-72.
Mns - New Jerusalem Magazine, new series, Boston, 1875-93.
Mess. - The New Jerusalem Messenger (now New Church Messenger), New York. et al, 1855-date.
ML - Morning Light, London, 1878-1914.
MPS - Reports of the Manchester Printing Society.
Mo - Montblatter fur Die Neue Kirche, 1884-1929.
NA - New Age, Australia.
NC - New Christianity, New York, 1888-1806.
NCH - New Church Herald. 1920-date, London.
NCM - New Church Magazine, London, 1882-date.
NCR - New Church Repository, New York, 1848-56.
NC Review - New Church Review, Boston, 1894-1934.
NCW - New Church Worthies, by Rev. Jonathan Hayley.
NKB - Library of Kykyrkliga Bokforlaget, Stockholm.
NYL - Library of the American Swedenborg Printing and Publishing Society, New York.
O - Monthly Observer, London, 1857-65.
OLH - Life of Robert Hindmarsh, by C. Th. Odhner, Philadelphia, 1894.
PL - Librarie Swedenborgienne, Rue Thouin, Paris (also LRT).
RL - Royal Library, Stockholm.
RPaA - Reports of the Pennsylvania Assn. of the New Church.
RR - A Recorder and Remembrancer, by Thomas Robinson.
RSS - Reports of the Swedenborg Society, London.
SS - The Swedenborg Society, London.
SSL - Library of the Swedenborg Society, Bloomsbury St., London.
Sundelin - Swedenborgianismens Historia i Sverige, by Prof. Robert Sundelin, Upsala, 1886.
Thornton - History of the New Church in New South Wales, by Rev. J. J. Thornton.
TM- Magazin der Neuen Kirche, by Prof. Immanuel Tafel.
Tottie - Jesper Swedbergs Lefuad, by Prof. Henry Tottie, Upsala, 1886.
UL - Library of Urbana University, Urbana, Ohio.
W - New Church Weekly (Morning Light), London, 1915-20.
W Conv H - Reports of the Western Convention of the New Church.
WN - The New Churchman, edited by Wm. White, London, 1857.
WNC - Words for the New Church, Philadelphia, 1876-86.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 2

1851

AMERICA

CANADA
Berlin, Sept. 17. - Death of the Rev. John Harbin, who first introduced the New Church into Canada. Obit. M. 25:35; Mess. 47:102. St. Johns, New Brunswick, Oct. - The Rev. Wiggins receives the Heavenly Doctrines. Med. 328.

UNITED STATES

MAINE
Gardiner, Aug. 15. - Annual meeting of the Maine and New Hampshire Assn. Measures taken for the care of isolated members and friends. M. 24:293. C

MASSACHUSETTS
Boston, June 11-15. 33rd General Convention. M. 24:246. Revision of Book of Worship undertaken. First public recommendation for a university at Urbana, Ohio. Tract societies recommended. E P C

June 12, 13. - Second annual meeting of the American Swedenborg Printing and Publishing Society. Report in Med. 243. Long discussion of what should be translated and published first, together with remarks on what can be considered as good translation of the Writings. P

June 13. - First annual meeting of The American New Church Tract and Missionary Society. The meeting is held in a Unitarian Church, as the New Church Temple has been refused them. Report in NCR. 333. P

Nov. 12. - Beginning of the troubles between the American Swedenborg Printing and Publishing Society in New York and the Boston publishers, Clapp and Carter. Complete story given in M. 24:102-119.

Cambridge, Mar. 22. - Report of the conversion of the Rev. Woodbury Fernald, a former Universalist and spiritualist, to the New Church, where he became the source of much trouble. Med. 136.

MICHIGAN
Battle Creek, Feb. 7. - Ninth annual meeting of the Michigan and North Indiana Assn. Med. 49. Plans proposed, discussed and adopted for the more efficient dissemination of the truth. M

Detroit, Aug. 17. - Meeting of the Detroit Auxiliary of the American Swedenborg F. and P. Soc. Med. 243, 270-272. Publication of Arcana Coelestia protested.

NEW JERSEY
Bordentown, n. d. - Mr. John I. Hawkins, 79, lives in distress. Contributions are collected for his relief. NCR. 100.

NEW YORK
New York City, April. - A receiver from Detroit visits. He describes George Bush, Solyman Brown, the society of Thomas Hilks, the Brooklyn society, Silar Jones and his spiritistic practices; also the views of R. F. Barrett, etc. Med. 129.

Nov. 12. - Special meeting of the American Swedenborg P. and P. Soc. rescinding the resolution to publish the Arcana. Mess. 1852:67. P

2



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 3

OHIO Oct. - The disturbed and divided state of the New Church in Ohio is described in M. 24:428.

Chillicothe, Dec. 14. - Death of Mrs. Mary G. Thurman, mother of the Hon. Allen G. Thurman (the old Roman, a famous Democratic politician.) She is termed the mother of the new Church society in Chillicothe. M. 25:36: NCR. 1852:52.

Muskingum Co., Dec. 23-30. Missionary visit of Rev. David Powell. N. III:49.

Cincinnati, May 15. - Annual meeting of the Ohio Assn. Neither very interesting nor very useful. The body terminates its existence. Med. 168.

Oct. 6. - Meeting of the Cincinnati Auxiliary of the American Swedenborg P. and P. Sec. Further discussion on publication of the Arcana. Med. 340.

Urbana, May 22. - Death of Miss Margaret Bailey, daughter of Francis Bailey, of Philadelphia, and sister-in-law of J. H. James, of Urbana. Biog. NCR. 1852:148.

n. d. - A brief history of Urbana University appears in M. 24:79.

PENNSYLVANIA
Frankford, Aug. 28. Semi-annual meeting of the Pennsylvania Assn. M. 24:391. Ordination of Samuel H. Worcester into the first grade. C

Philadelphia, Feb. - A western New Churchman visits Philadelphia: describes Dr. Atlee, James Desson, W. H. Benade, Richard deCharms (a great man.) Med. 75,120.

n. d. - The Philadelphia First Society is said to be prospering under the leadership of Rev. W. H. Benade. Most of the members of the Second Soc. (Southwark), formerly under the Rev. M. B. Roche, have now joined the First. M. 23:249.

n. d. - The Rev. W. H. Benade writes: There are few things of more importance to the Age than New Church schools. Anniv. Rec. 1926:17.

Sept. - First circular of appeal by Rev. Richard deCharms; his desperate circumstances. N. 111:180.

Upper Darby, Apr. 21. - 13th annual meeting of the Pennsylvania Assn. A circulated report of the American N. C. Tract and Missionary Soc. states that the State Library has been furnished with more works of the Writings. M. 24:163-165. M

ASIA

INDIA
Benares, Jan. - The Heavenly Doctrine is received by Mr. Thomas MGonagall, a school-master and sergeant in the British army, through books sent from Glasgow. Through the Intellectual Repository, he comes into contact with receivers in Calcutta. I. 1850:196,433.


Chupar, Nov. 25. - A New Church society of 11 members is formed, with Mr. Joseph Green as leader. Mention is made of Mr. Mylne, in Calcutta. The Baptists oppose the New Church. I. 115, 152, 274; M. 24:83.

AUSTRALIA
Sydney. The first meetings of the New Church are held this year. The Writings were introduced here in 1848. Thorntons History of the New Church in Australia.

3



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 4

EUROPE
DENMARK. Particulars about Baron Dirkinck-Holmfield. NCR. 332.

FRANCE
Dec. 2. - Bayot Listard, formerly a French Catholic priest, is cast into prison for four months, and then exiled because of his reception of the Heavenly Doctrines. In England, he becomes the guest of Mr. Bateman, of London. I. 1852:193.

GERMANY
Tubingen. - Prof. Johann F. I. Tafel edits a journal called Wochenschrift fur die Erneurung der Kirche. AL.

June. - A Declaration and Confession of those who have separated themselves from the Lutheran National Church of Germany, and have united themselves to form a New Christian Church, is mentioned in M. 24:243.

n. d. - Heinrich Heine, the poet, about this time lies sick in Paris for three years, during which time he writes some remarkable things about Swedenborg, and the life hereafter. According to tradition, his mother was a receiver. Concerning his views on Swedenborg, see 1. 1873:276; ML. 1884:433: NCM. 1888:82.

GREAT BRITAIN
Edinburg, Scotland, Sept. 12. - 17th General Assembly of the New Church in Scotland. I. 434. The most certain means...for the increase of the New Church is the careful instruction of our children in the doctrines; wherefore Sunday-schools should be established in every society. E

Failsworth, Feb. 4. - Death of Mr. Thomas Wilson, the great New Church lecturer and debater. Biog. 1. 79. Cf. Wilsons Lectures. AL: 5

London, Feb. 25. - The Rev. Wm. Bruce is introduced as co-adjutor pastor to assist Rev. Samuel Noble in the Cross St. Soc. I. 158. cf. Apr. Appendix in same vol.

May 14. - 30th annual meeting of the London Missionary and Tract Soc. Discussion of, and resolutions made in regard to, contacting ministers and teachers of Christian denominations to discuss and help them with their instruction. I. 312. M E

June 17. - 42nd annual meeting of the Swedenborg Soc. Letter from Baron Dirkinck-Holmfield, Denmark, on why the New Church grows so slowly in England. RSS. 4. C

Aug. 14. - 44th General Conference at Argyle Sq. A visitor describes the reactions of the ministers to the general suspicion on the part of the laity that the clergy wished to dominate, etc. I. 353: Med. 280. C

Aug. 19. - Great meeting of the New Church, held in the Free Masons Hall, during the great International Exposition. 1500 persons are present. I. 355: M. 24:431. Full report, in pamphlet form, as appendix to I. Oct. C M

SPAIN. Particulars concerning Don Lino de Zanos, a Spanish priest and receiver of the Heavenly Doctrines. CH. 133.

4



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 5

NOTABLE ARTICLES 1851
The New Church Repository, vol. 4,

Thomas Wilks on Hahnemann and Swedenborg; against R. deCharms and homoeopathy. p. 15. Answer by deCharms, p. 101.

The Hierarchical Tendencies of the General Convention, by A Voice from Ohio. pp. 72, 114.

Critique of A. W. to Cabells Scriptural Argument for a Trine in the Priesthood. p. 125. Reply by Cabell, pp. 293, 389.

Controversy regarding the priesthood. p. 213.

A Mountain of Imagination, by George Field, who lays the sword heavily on the radicals: defends Convention, and also deCharms. Reply by George Bush, p. 223.

The Eternity of Evil and the Hells, by W. M. Fernald. Reply by G. Bush. pp. 341, 406, 509.

On the Origin of the Lot, in Reference to the Origin of the New Church Heirarchy, by Dalta. p. 533.

The New Jerusalem Magazine, vol. 24.

Caleb Reed answers Prof. Bush, defending the General Convention. pp. 133, 196.

Otis Clapp attacks the Swedenborg Printing and Publishing Society. p. 153.

Controversy with Prof. Bush and R. F. Barrett on The Priesthood: (facts of the inner history of the Conventions of 1848-50 disclosed.) p. 201, 223, 230, 239.

Controversy against the American Swedenborg Printing and Publishing Society. pp. 229, 365-382.

The Medium, 1851.

Intercourse with Spirits and Angels: an important series of articles. pp. 232, 262, 275, 307.

Quotations from the writings of Thomas Lake Harris: with a flattering personal notice of Harris. Had. 1850, p. 265. (See early history of Harris in I. 1860:185.)

Controversy between J. R. Hibbard and John Ellis, concerning the American Printing and Publishing Society. pp. 155, 166.

PUBLICATIONS
Abbott, Rev. Robert: The Desolation of the Sanctuary and Time of Restitution. London. Hodson. 188 pp. Rev. I. 1851:266. AL.

(Anonymous): A Memoir of the late Rev. Thomas Goyder. London. Simpkin. I. 1851:Nov.

On the Will and Understanding as Constituting the Human Mind.

London. Newberry. I. 1851:279.

The Happy Family. A story for young people. By a Lady.

Philadelphia. N. C. Book Store. 106 pp. AL.

Barrett, Rev. B. P.: Emanuel Swedenborg. A Sketch of his Life, Writings, and Character. Cincinnati. 31 pp. AL.

Benade, Rev. Wm. H.: Animals and their Correspondences. Philadelphia. A. C. Book Store. 253 pp. Cin. L. AL.

Brown, Rev. Solyman: The Union of Extremes. A Discourse on Liberty and Slavery. New York. Rev. in the Med. 1851:169. AL.

5



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 6

Bush, Rev. George: Life in its Origin, Gradations, forms, and Issues. 3rd Ed. London. Hodson. 16 pp. BH. AL.

Children, Robert: The Spiritual Language of Nature; or the Sun, Moon and Stars, considered according to the Divine Science of Correspondences. Detroit, Mich. J. Fox. 16 pp. AL.

Clissold, Rev. Augustus: The Spiritual Exposition of the Apocalypse, as derived from the Writings of the Hon. Emanuel Swedenborg. Illustrated and Confirmed by Ancient and Modern Authorities. 4 vols., 2153 pp. Rev. I. 1859:108; NCR. 1852:233. AL.

An important expository and doctrinal work, rich in confirmations from the Church Fathers.

Clowes, Rev. John: Predigten uber das Gleichmiss von dan Zehn Jungfrauen. Part I, Tubingen. 192 pp. AL.

deCharms, Rev. Richard: Some Views of Freedom and Slavery in the Light of the New Jerusalem. Philadelphia. 108 pp. Rev. in Med. 1851:344. AL.

Edleston, Rev. Richard: Infants in Heaven, or the Probable Future State of Deceased Children. London. Hodson. 54 pp. AL. The Immortal Fountain. 2nd Ed. London. Hodson. I. 1851:279. AL.

Hayden, Rev. W.B.: The Two Revelations, Nature and the Word. Boston. Clapp. 14 pp. AL.

Hindmarsh, Rev. Robert: Precious Stones. Being an Account of the Stones mentioned in the Sacred Scriptures. London. Hodson. 85 pp. Rev. I. 1851:310. AL.

Holcombe, Dr. Wm. H.: Human Progress since the Last Judgment in1757. Cincinnati. 16 pp. AL.

Lazarus, Dr. M. E.: The Trinity, in its Theological Scientific and Practical Aspects, Analyzed and Illustrated, New York. Fowler and Wills, 50 pp. UL.

La Boys das Guay, J. F.: Religion: its Influence on the State of Society. London. Hodson. I. 1852:Jan. Translated from the French for gratis distribution during the great London Exhibition. AL.

Mason, Rev. William: The Passion of the Cross; including an Explanation of the Import of the Blood of Christ. London. Hodson. Rev. NCR. 1852:92. AL.

       What is the Human Soul. London. Hodson. 76 pp. Rev. I. 1852:150; NCR. 1852:92. AL.

Nanz, C.F.: Emanuel Swedenborg, der Nordische Seher. Sein Leben und seine Lehre, nebst einer kurzen Kritik der Letztern. 2nd Ed. Schwab Hall. 66 pp. AL.

(PERIODICALS):

The Spirit World. Boston. See the Med. 108.
Wochenschrift fur die erneuring der Kirche, Jan., Mar., Apr., Nos. 1-5, 1851-53, Tubingen, 1853. 96 pp. 20 cm.

       Bound with Tafel, JFI Die unsterblichkeit und wiedererinner-ungskraft der seele.

Portal, Baron P.: The Signification of Colors in all Ages. London. Newberry. Rev. NCR. 1852:92. Translated from the French by Elihu Rich.

Rice, Dr. C.D.: Illustrations of Physiology. Boston. Clapp. 212 pp. Cin. L.

6



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 7

Sjoberg, K.K.A.: Andeskadaren Swedenborg. (The Spirit-seer Swedenborg). En Framstallning af denne mans personlighet och underliga lefnadsoden, jemto utdrag ur hans egna berattelser om sina syner och andeskaderier. Stockholm. Marcus. 157 pp. AL.

Tafel, Dr. J. F. Immanuel: Die Grundlehren der Neuen Kirche. Tubingen.16 pp. AL.
       Die Unsittlichkeit und Verderblichkeit des Bekenntnisszwangs. Tubingen. 64 pp. AL.
       Union, Wenigstens unter den Protestanten. Tubigen. 50 pp. AL.

Whittell, Henry: The Two Great Wonders. London. Hodson. I. 158.

Wiggins, Rev. R. B.: A Letter to the Right Rev. the Lord Bishop of Fredericton. Saint John, New Brunswick. 12 pp. AL.

Wilkinson, Dr. J. J. Garth: The Human Body and its Connection with Man. London. 491 pp. Rev. NCR:428. L. 1900:200. AL.

Woodman, Rev. Woodville: Report of Three Nights Public Discussion held in Bolton, Oct. 27, 31 and Nov. 7, 1850, between Rev. W. Woodman and Mr. Wm. Gibson. Bolton. Farnsworth. 52 pp. BI. L. AL.

Worcester, Rev. Samuel.: Sermons. Boston. Clapp. 219 pp. Rev. NCR.: 574. AL.

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
AMERICA. Publication of Harriet Beecher Stoves Uncle Toms Cabin, as serial.

Feverish railroad building in the north and midwest. Pennsylvania pushes rails towards Pittsburgh.

       Death of John James Audubon (American ornithologist.)

       Vol. I, No. 1, of New York Times is published (Sept. 18.)

AUSTRALIA. Discovery of large gold fields near Bathurst (Feb.)

FRANCE. Louis Napoleon, by a coup detat, seizes the reins of government. He re-establishes the French empire as Emperor.


GREAT BRITAIN. According to the evidence of Mr. Baines before a committee of the House of Commons, there were in Great Britain 13,193 places of worship dissenting from the tenets of the Established Church: to which may be added 597 Roman Catholic chapels, and 550 churches of minor sects and Jews, - a total of 14,340 non-conformist churches.

The great aggregate meeting of Roman Catholics, from all parts of the United Kingdom, for the inauguration of the Catholic Defence Association, is held at Dublin (Aug. 19).
Exhibition of the Norke of Industry of all Nations, inaugurated by Queen Victoria, at the Crystal Palace (May 1).
The submarine telegraph between Dover and Calais completed (Oct. 17): opened for public use, Nov. 13,

RUSSIA. Inauguration of the railway between St. Petersburg and Moscow (Sept. 1)

7



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 8

1852

AMERICA

UNITED STATES, n. d., Washington, D.C. - A separation occurs in the in the Washington New Church Society. Organization of The New Church Association of the City of Washington. Mess. vol. 62:402.

CALIFORNIA
San Francisco, Feb, 15. - Organization of the first New Church Society on the Pacific Coast. NCR. 2586.

ILLINOIS
Peoria, May 28. - Heating of the Illinois Assn. M. 25:453, 501, 532. Esp. col. 2, p. 455ff - account of Thomas Starry re his missionary journey - continued p. 501. M

INDIANA
La Porte, March. - Mr. Henry Weller begins to publish his semi-monthly journal, The Crisis, which some years later changed its title to The New Church Independent.

MASSACHUSETTS
Bridgewater, Oct. 6. - Meeting of the Massachusetts Assn. M. 25:525. Report made on Amusements for the Young. p. 530. C

MICHIGAN
Detroit. - Messrs. A. C. Frost, W. Hosford and Eben Curtis, publish a report of the Trial of Members of the Congregational Church at Olivet, Mich., for embracing the Doctrines taught by Emanuel Swedenborg. Mr. A. C. Frost was the father of the Rev. Albinus P. Frost, the New Church minister. The report presents an historical sketch of the persecution, with the reply of the accused.

n. d. - Death of the Rev. Nathaniel Holley, a member of the original new Church Society of new York, and one of the earliest New Church ministers in America. Biogr., Mess. vol. 55:203.

Feb. 13-14. - Tenth annual meeting of the Michigan and North Indiana Assn. The Spiritism of Henry Weller is causing much disturbance. M. 25:118. G His recognition as a minister of the New Church is suspended.

MISSOURI
St. Louis, Sept. 26. - The Rev. George Field, owing to disturbing elements n the St. Louis Society, resigns from the pastorate. Fields History, p. 219.

NEW YORK
New York City, Jan. - The Rev. A. B. Wiggins begins to publish a weekly New Church journal, entitled The Age, a non-separatist organ. It was discontinued in Aug. 1854. M. n. s. IX:588.

June 15 - July 25. - The Rev. Richard deCharms, by invitation, delivers a series of powerful sermons against Pseudo-Spiritualism, which is terribly infesting the New Church here. Many interesting details are given in the printed sermons. He also delivers, as sermons, his work on The Necessity of an External Church. The series is reviewed by G. Bush in NCR. 334, 373. 4L

OHIO
Pomeroy, Sept. 12. - Mr. Chauncey Giles, principal of an Academy for girls, in a Letter sketches the history of the Pomeroy or Rutland Society, N. III:51.

8



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 9

PENNSYLVANIA
Darby, March 8. - Death of Rev. Edwin A. Atlee, the Quaker Newchurchman Biogr., by R. deCharms, in N. III:22.

Philadelphia, Jan. 3. - Death of the Hon, Samuel M. Barclay the last surviving male member of the New Church society in Bedford, Pa. N. III:60.

Oct., The Central Convention is formally dissolved, at a special meeting. according to a letter by the Rev. Richard deCharms to NCR. 564. See also N. III:74. G

Oct. 23 - The Rev. Rufus Dawes, of Washington. D.C., is ordained into the second degree of the priesthood by Richard deCharms. (This took place immediately after the dissolution of the Central Convention). NCR. 566.

Nov. - The Rev. Wm. H. Benade stops the publication of his juvenile journal, The Little Truth-teller, and begins to issue The Dewdrop, a semi-monthly journal for children. It was published by Boericke and Tafel until Nov., 1854, when it ceased. 1853:11; M. X:413,414. Mr. Benade, about this time, Mess., through a radical change of mind, in favor of the views of Mr. deCharms. See Preface to his Resignation Sermon, 1854.

Nov. - The state of the Church hero is described in M. 25:499.

n. d. - Mr. Benade writes to Urbana: We (the Philadelphia society) think of establishing a school here, and would like our pupils to pass over to you. Anniv. Record 1926:17 (This school did not materialize).

Dec. 20. - A second circular appeal is made by Rev. Richard deCharms, who is in a sad state of destitution and makes wildly optimistic printing-propositions, etc. N. III:185,187.

WEST INDIES, n. d. - Letter from Rev. Elijah Bryan, giving an interesting account of the flaw Church in the Danish West Indies (now the Virgin Islands). NCR. 1853:86:m; 25:491.

AUSTRALIA
Adelaide, Jan. 15. - The state of the New Church in Australia is described in I. 355.

EUROPE
AUSTRIA. - The state of the New Church here is described in M. 30:359.

FRANCE . The state of the New Church is described in M. 25:445. Several Newchurchmen have been exiled by the Jesuitical party now in power. Interesting particulars concerning M. Sayot, M. Rollet, and M. Porte the New Church Bookseller at St. Amand, are given in I. 396. Cf. M. 25:452.

Aug. - Dr. O. Roehrig, a new receiver and a learned German orientalist, is making researches for the Ancient Word among the Tartar and Chinese manuscripts preserved in the Louvre. I. 403.


GREAT BRITAIN
Ireland, Belfast. Mr. John Simms, begins to publish The Spiritual Library a series of cheap volumes of New Church works, mixed up with Mesmerism, etc. Reviewed in I. 394, 430.

Scotland, Glasgow, April 26. Death of Mr. Caleb Ishister, aged 85 years. In 1970 he became a member of the New Church Society in Great East Cheap, London, and afterwards became one of the leading members of the New Church in Edinburgh and Glasgow. Biogr. I. 319.

9



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 10

Ipswich. - Mr. James Spilling, a journalist and publisher, receives the Heavenly Doctrines. M. L. 1897:415.
Stockport, Jan. 18. - A place of worship is opened. I. 115.

London, June 15. - Annual meeting of the Swedenborg Society. RSS. 9. Another account of the great meeting at Freemasons tavern - 1500 present. PM

July 10. - The corner-stone is laid of the New Church Temple and the Emanuel College, Islington - afterwards known as the New Theological School. I. 1852:315; 1860:16.

SWEDEN. - The Royal Academy of Sciences strikes a medal in honor of Swedenborg. Described in I. 1866:483.

n. d. - Carl Deleen, the New Church publisher in Stockholm, publishes new Swedish editions of CL., TCR. and other works. It is reported that he makes his translations while setting up the type, which may account for the faulty versions. I. 1866:483.

SWITZERLAND. - A bookseller is fined for selling a copy of Heaven and Hell, and the book is confiscated. RSS. 1.

NOTABLE ARTICLES

The Intellectual Repository, 1852.
Paper by Elihu Rich, expressing his entire disapproval of the ordained priesthood. p. 357.

The New Church Repository, vol. 5.
Letter of Eleazer Smith, on Fredrika Bremer, in defense of spiritism. pp. 37, 100.
New Church Aphorisms on Slavery and Abolition, by G. Bush. pp. 182, 216, 266, 299, 367, 389. These articles called forth angry protests from N. P. Cabell and other New Church men in the South. pp. 273, 496.
Discussion on the Spiritism of Henry Weller. pp. 227, 284, 484, 563.
N. F. Cabell defends Hindmarshs ordination by lot, versus Wm. Mason. p. 255.
Letter from Elihu Root, dragging forth the old concubinage scandal of 1789, in an attack an Hindmarsh. p. 516.
Letter from G. Field, explaining his objections to the induction of Abiel Silver as an ordaining minister. P. 288.

       Letter from William Bruce, defending Noble and his translation of H. H., against the bitter attacks of Mason. P. 464.

The New Jerusalem Magazine, vol. 25.
The permeation theory craps up in the Magazine. P. 238.
Interesting criticisms of deCharms assertions respecting the influence of the conjugial theory in the formation of the Bath., Me. Society. p. 357.

10



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 11

PUBLICATIONS

(Anonymous): A Brief Sketch of the History of the Boston Society of the New Church. Boston. 24 pp. AL.
Plain Questions to Puseyites and Catholics by Amicus Veritatis. London. Pitman. I. 1852. July.

       The Autobiography of a Newchurchman: or Incidents and Observations connected with the Life of John A. Little. Philadelphia. Lippincott. Rev. NCR. 1852:527.

       The Nineteenth Century: or the New Dispensation: being a brief Examination of the Claims and Assertions of Emanuel Swedenborg. By a Layman. New York. Allen. 425 pp. Rev. NCR 1852:46; M. 25:237; I. 1852:225. AL.

       Ueber das Schicksal des Menschen; Nach Dem Sterben, nebst Abhandlungen der Neuen Kirche. Ulm. 180 pp. AL.

Arthur, F. S.: Agnes, the Possessed. (A revelation of the evils of Mesmerism). London. Rodson. Rev. 1. 1852:432.

Benade, Rev. W. H.: Animals and their Correspondences. London. Hodson. Rev. I. 1852:432.

Beswick, Samuel: Swedenborg on the Idea of a First Cause. London Hodson. I. 1852: April.

Beurling, Carl Henry: Tillk?nnagifvande om den Nya Christna Forsamlingen. 2nd Ed. Stockholm. RL. A L

Cloves, Rev. John: Predigten uber das Gleichniss von den Zehn Jungfrauen. Part II. Tbingen. 184 pp. AL.
The Gospel according to Luke, 2nd Ed. revised. London. Hodson. Rev. I. 1852:231: TCR 1852:382. BL.

deCharms, Rev. Richard: Importance and Necessity of an External Church. Philadelphia. New Jerusalem Press. 168 pp. AL.

(Ehrenhorg, Lady Fredrika): Hwad br en Christen, t?nka om Emanuel Swedenborg? Lund, Sweden. Berling. 66 pp. AL.

Fishbough, W.: The Macrocosm and Microcosm, or the Universe without, and the Universe within. New York. Fowler. 259 pp. SSL.

Frost, A. C. and others: Trial of Members of the Congregational Church at Olivet, Mich. for embracing the Doctrines taught by Emanuel Swedenborg. Detroit, Mich. Medium Printing Office. 64 pp. A copy of this rare pamphlet is owned by Dr. W. Whitehead.

Goyder, Rev. Thomas: Spiritual Reflections. Vols. III and IV. London. Simpkins. Rev. I. 1852:391. AL.
The Gospel according to Matthew. With notes. London. Pitman. 612 pp. Rev. I. 1854:273. AL

Hayden, Rev. W. B.: Science and Revelation: or the Bearing of Modern Scientific Developments upon the first Eleven Chapters of Genesis. Boston. Clapp. 156 pp. AL.
The New Jerusalem, the Church of the Future. New York. Allen. 16 pp. AL.

Hawkins, John Isaac: Journal of Human Nature and Human Progress. Rahway, N. J. AL.

Hiller, Rev. B. Prescott: Gems from the Writings of Swedenborg. London. Hodson. Rev. I. 1852:433. AL.

Kahl, Rev. Achatius: Nya Kyrkan och dess Inflytande p Theolgiens Studium Swerige. Part III. Lund. Berling. 144 pp. AL.

11



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 12

Le Boys des Guays, J. P. E.: Lettres a un Homme du Monde qui voudrait Croire. Vo. I. St. Amand. 195 pp. AL.

(Liturgical): The Liturgy of the New Church. 5th Ed. London. General Conference. SSL.

Hadeley, Rev. Edward: Dr. Cummings Genesis and Geology Examined. London. Hodson. 30 pp. Rev. I. 1853:115. SSL. AL.

Oegger, Rev. G.: Philosophie du Christianism. Paris. 76 pp. RL.

(PERIODICALS):

       The Age, a weekly journal devoted to the interest of the New Jerusalem Church. v.l-2: July 31,1852; Aug. 5,1854. New York, J. Allen, 1852-54. 2v. Editor: R. B. Wiggins.

       The Crisis, a semi-monthly periodical devoted to the inner life of the New Church. La Porte, Ind. Weller and Sons. Apr. 15, 1852 - Dec., 1864. Name changed to New Church Independent, Jan., 1865, vol. 13.

       Dew-drop. A periodical for children and their parents. Edited by Rev. Wm. H. Benade. V.1-2: Nov. 1852 - Nov. 15, 1854. Phila., Boericke and Tafel., 1852-54. Editors: Rev. W. H. Benade, assisted by T, S. Arthur and John Frost. (See description in Archives filed under Little Truth-teller.) Friend of Youth and Child Magazine. London, vol. 1, 1852- v.8, 1859. Monthly

Rendell, Rev. E. D.: A Discussion on the Trinity. London. Pitman. 29 pp. I. 1852:199.
The Antideluvian History. Boston. Clapp. Rev. H. 25:196.

Rich, Elfhu: A Sketch of Swedenborg and His Writings. Detroit. J. Fox. 82 pp. AL.

Richer, Edouard: The Religion of Good Sense. Belfast. Simms. Rev. I. 1852:430. AL

Smithson, Rev. J. H.: The Testimony of Ancient Christianity to the Spiritual Sense of Gods word. London. Hodson. Rev. I. 1852:232.

Tafel, Dr. John Friedrich Immanuel: A Vindication of the Doctrines and Statements of Swedenborg against the perversions and attacks of Dr. Moehler and Prof. Perrone. Translated from the German by Rev. J.H. Smithson. London. Hodson. 177 pp. I. 1852:347; NCR. 1852:427. AL.

       Die Hauptwahrheiten der Religion. Vol. I, part 1. Tbingen.158 pp. AL.

       Friedens Theologie (Irenik). Also published as Swedenborg und Seine Gegner. Part 4. Tbingen. 242 pp. AL.

Woodman, Rev. W.: The Doctrine of a Supreme Being Vindicated. London. 16 pp. I. 1853:40. AL.

12



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 13

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS

AMERICA. Slavery is abolished in the Republic of New Granada (Jan. 1).

PRANCE. At the Hotel de Ville, Paris, Louis Napoleon is publicly proclaimed Emperor of the French (Dec. 2).

GERMANY. Death of Friedrick W. A. Froebel German educator and founder of the kindergarten system.

GREAT BRITAIN. Queen Victoria issues a proclamation against Roman Catholic ecclesiastics, wearing the habit of their order, exercising the rites and ceremonies of the Roman Catholic religion in highways and places of public resort (June 15).

ITALY. The pope addresses a letter to the king of Sardinia, strongly adverse to the bill under consideration in the Piedmontese parliament, permitting marriages without religious ceremonies; it is consequently withdrawn by the ministry (Dec. 20).

13



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 14

1853

AMERICA

UNITED STATES. The extension of Homoeopathy among the New Church people is noticed. Six-sevenths of the followers of Swedenborg are enthusiastic disciples of Hahnemann. Mess. 1854:365.

CALIFORNIA
San Francisco, May 1. - A New Church Sunday School is begun by J. H. Purkett. M. 27:37.

CONNECTICUT
Hartford, Nov. 1. - Formation of the Connecticut Association. Mess. 1853:319: M. 26:519. G

ILLINOIS
Chicago, June 8-12. - At the thirty-fifth General Convention, a great discussion is waged on the necessity of New Church Baptism for New Church ministers. M. 26:229; NCR. 379, etc. C E


Peoria, May 27. Meeting of the Illinois Assn. Mess. 1853:222. Motion to require New Church baptism for membership, tabled, then buried in Executive Committee. G

INDIANA
Laporte, Feb. 14. - Annual meeting of the Michigan and Northern Indiana Assn. A stormy meeting; singular actions of Henry Weller; strong speeches by Rev. J. R. Hibbard. Mess. 44, 70.

LOUISIANA
New Orleans. - Spiritistic practices exist in the New Church circle; also preaching by influx, etc. Mess. 349.

MASSACHUSETTS
Boston, April 8. - Meeting of the Massachusetts Assn. H. 26:210.
Report on the manner of spending Sabbath afternoons... (p. 214ff) C

East Bridgewater, Oct. 13. - Meeting of the Massachusetts Assn. H. 26:545. Report on the study of the natural sciences as part of New Church education. E

OHIO
Cincinnati, Feb. 1. - The Rev. J.P. Stuart begins to publish The New Church Messenger; as the successor of The Medium. Mess. Vol. 34:52.

May 26. - Second Annual Meeting of the Ohio Conference of the New Church. Mess. 167. Address by J. P. Stuart. C

Aug. 15. - The Rev. J. P. Stuart resigns from the pastorate of the Cincinnati Society and enters the missionary field, left vacant by the resignation of Rev. David Powell, who now becomes pastor of the society at Darby, Pa. Mess. 1853:229, 230.

Oct. 23. - The Rev. Chauncey Giles becomes pastor of the Cincinnati Society. Great missionary efforts ensue. Mess. 1853:264, 281.

Urbana, Sept. 7. - The Urbana University opens its sessions with 70 pupils. Messrs. J. W. Jenks and M. G. Williams are new professors. Great enthusiasm is noted. Mess. 1853:107, 181, 264, 281

n. d. - The Rev. J. P. Stuart becomes professor of philosophy and secretary of the faculty. Anniv. Record 1926:17.

PENNSYLVANIA
Chambersburg, Oct. - The Rev. Arthur O. Brickman, a German Lutheran Minister, receives the Heavenly Doctrine. Interesting biographical items in NCR. 1853:472.

14



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 15

Frankford, Aug. 25. - Meeting of the Pennsylvania Assn. M. 26:471. New Constitution - Art. XVII: Licensing and/or ordaining ministers - cf. Penna. Assoc. Journal, 1854, p. 12. Cf. The New Churchman, Redivivus, 1853, pp. 53-60 on the necessity for a priesthood. NCR. 1953:148. Mr. deCharmss illness and state are described, in Mess. 1853:13, 264, 265.

March 28. - The Pennsylvania Assn. Meets. M. 26:199. Constitutional provision made for considering the propriety of admitting into the body societies and others not connected with the General Convention. G

AUSTRALIA
Melbourne, Sept. 18. - A New Church society is organized; the members are mostly emigrants from Scotland. I. 1854:90, 520: H. 27:307; NCR. 1854:525.

EUROPE
FRANCE. - The state of the New Church is described in H. 26:551.

GREAT BRITAIN
Chester, Feb. 25, Death of Rev. C. W. Leadbeater, one of the earliest New Church preachers and publishers in England. Biogr., I. 239.

Liverpool, Oct. 23. - The New Church Society removes to a new place of worship in Linekiln Lane. I. 480.

London, June 21. - Annual meeting of the Swedenborg Society. The shorter designation, Swedenborg Society, is formally adopted. RSS. G

Aug. 27. - Death of the Rev. Samuel Noble, the distinguished New Church minister, theologian and editor, aged 74 years. Biogr. I. 365: NCR. 1854:136.

Dec. - End of the London New Jerusalem Church Free Day School I. 1857:126.

Manchester, Dec. 5. - General meeting of the Manchester and Salford Missionary Society. The name is changed to North of England Missionary and Congregational Aid Society. I. 1854, Jan. Appendix. M

New Castle, Aug. 9-12. - The Forty-sixth General Conference is reported in I. 355. Advances in sales and content of Intellectual Repository - 356. P

POLAND. A Polish Newchurchman, General Rybinski, writes to M. Le boys des Guays. CH. 200.

SWEDEN. - The terrible intolerance of the Lutheran National Church is described, also the reasons for the slow growth of the New Church, in I. 1853:480.

n. d. - M. M. Wilkinson, secretary of the Swedenborg Society, visits Sweden; meets Dr. Kahl, of Lund; Olof Fahraeus, of Gothenburg; and Fred. Fahraeus and Mr. Beurling, of Stockholn. He inspects Swedenborgs manuscripts. RSS. 1853.

The Rev. Fehr Hemming Odhner publishes a Swedish edition of The Athansian Creed (from A. E.).

15



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 16

ASIA


INDIA
Feb. 25. - The little New Church Society at Chunah is broken up in consequence of the removal of the leaders, Mr. J. Green, and Mr. J. H. Birch. News of a New Church family at Buxar. I. 233.

NOTABLE ARTICLES

The Intellectual Repository, 1853.
Strong articles against clairvoyance and open intercourse with spirits. pp. 238, 97. Elihu Rich defends clairvoyance. pp. 280, 323.

The New Church Repository, vol. 6.
The Origin of the new Church Ministry; a controversy between N. F. Cabell and M. H. Carll, on the one hand and Wm. Mason and Elihu Rich, on the other. pp. 41, 45, 80, 229, 485, 541, 555.
Discussion concerning Robert Hindmarshs excommunication from the Great East Cheap Society, on account of teaching Concubinage. Investigation is started by Sam. H. Warren and draws froth statements of facts from John Isaac Hawkins and Henry Bateman. p. 143, etc.

The New Jerusalem Magazine, vol. 26.
Our Children: Can they be educated out of the Church for the Church?; a paper by A. E. Beaman. P. 386. The Importance of New Church Schools; an historical view, by A. E. Beaman. P. 451.

PUBLICATIONS

(Anonymous): The Body, Mind, and Spirit; or, the Life of Nature, of Reason, and of Heaven, separately traced in Man. London. McClary. 125 pp. Rev. 1. 1853:363. AL.
Vlment Frsk att besvara Fragan: Hvilka ro de K?nnetecken hvarigenom sanne Christmas Lefvaude Christendom kan skrest igenknnes? Wexio. Sdergran. RL.

       Vergleichung einiger bisherigen unrichtigen Kirchenlehren der Protestanten, wit den Lehren der Neuen Kirche, Ulru. Cop. L. AL.

Brown, A.N.: Concerning the true Government or Heavenly form of order for the New Jerusalem: with a Constitution, written and published in the Providence of the Lord, for His New Church. Cleveland, O. 48 pp. AL.

Bush, Prof. George: Gold for Brass. New York. 16 pp. SSL. Swedenborg on Marriage and its Violations. New York. 40 pp. AL.

Clapp, Otis: A Document for New Church History. The New York Printing and Publishing Society, and its bearing upon private interests. Boston. 12 pp. AL.

Clowes, Rev. John: The Gospel of John. 3rd Ed., enlarged and revised. London. Hodson. BL. AL.

deCharms, Rev. Richard: A Defence of Homoeopathy against her New Church Assailants. Three parts. Philadelphia. New Jerusalem Press. 120 pp. Rev. ness. 1854:75. AL.
An Introduction to Sermons against Pseudo-spiritualism, presenting Reasons for their delivery in New York. Philadelphia. New Jersey Press. 84 pp. AL.

16



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 17

(Fernald, Rev. W. M.): A Compendium of the Theological and Spiritual Writings of Emanuel Swedenborg. Boston. Clapp. Rev. NCR. 1854:93. AL.

Ford, Rev. A. E.: Spiritual Torrents by Madame J. M. B. de la Motte Guyon. Translated by A. E. Ford, with parallel passages from the Writings of Emanuel Swedenborg. Rev. NCR. 1853:589. AL

Goyder, Rev. D. G.: Swedenborg and his Mission. London. Pitman. 92 pp. Rev. I. 1853:293. BL. AL.

Hayden, Rev. W. B.: Wine as a Scripture Symbol. Boston. Clapp. Rev. NCR. 1854:48. AL.

Hibbard, Rev. J. R.: Necromancy, or Pseudo-spiritualism viewed in the Light of the Sacred Scripture, and the Teachings of the New Church. Two discourses. Chicago. 35 pp. Rev. NCR. 1853:292. AL. An excellent exposure of Spiritualism.

Hodson, Rev. J.: Jeremiah in the Dungeon. London. Hodson. 48 pp.

Hodson, J. S.: Views of the Residence and the Summer-house of Emanuel Swedenborg, in Stockholm. Lithographic Engravings. London. Hodson. Rev. NCR. 1853:591. AL.

Holmfeld, Constant Dirckinck, Baron: Den Nye-Christelige Kirke og dens Menighen paa St. Croix. Copenhagen. 64 pp. AL.

Hume-Rothern, Mary Catherine: The Bridesmaid, Count Stephen, and other Poems. London, Chapman. 362 pp. Rev. I. 1853:352. AL.

(Kahl, Rev. Achatius): Brderna i Ohio, eller Hy-protestantiska Kyrkan. I. Nord-Amerikanska Fristaterna. Lund. Berling. 143 pp. AL.

Mason, Rev. W.: A Funeral Sermon in memory of Mrs. Sarah Madeley. London. Hodson, 16 pp. I. 1853:238. AL.

(PERIODICALS):
New Church Messenger. v. 1 - date: May 26, 1855 - date. New York, Chicago, etc. Weekly. Organ of the General Convention. The chronology of this magazine is as follows: The Medium, 1849-52: New Church Messenger, 1853-55. Sold to General       Convention. New Jerusalem Messenger, 1855-67: New Jerusalem Messenger, 1868-84; New Church Messenger, 1885-date.

Rendell, Rev. E.D.: A Treatise on the Peculiarities of the Bible. Being an Exposition of the principles involved in the most remarkable Facts and Phenomena of Revelation. London. Pitman, and Boston. Clapp. 396 pp. Rev. J. 1853:238. BL. AL.

(Rich, Elihu): Index to Swedenborgs Arcana Coelestia, or Heavenly Mysteries, contained in the Holy Scripture. Vol. I. A to L. London. Swedenborg Society. 638 pp. A most important, classified and systematic work of reference. The second volume appeared in 1860. Rev. I. 1853:324: NCR. 1854:290. AL.

Richer, Edouard: The Key to the Mystery; or, the Book of Revelation Translated. Belfast. J. Simms. 314 pp. BM. AL.

Sears, Rev. E. H.: Regeneration. Boston. Crosby and Nichols. Rev. M. 26:456 pp.

Stuart, Rev. James P.: America and Americans versus the Papacy and the Catholics. A lecture. Cincinnati. AL.

17



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 18

Tafel, Dr. John Friedrich Immanuel: Die Unsterblichkeit und Wiedererinnerungskraft der Seele.
Tbingen. 180 pp. AL.

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS

AFRICA. Kaffir chiefs send in their submission to General Cathcart, thereby closing the war in south Africa (Feb. 10). Peace concluded, March 9.

AMERICA. Franklin Pierce and William R. King declared duly elected President and Vice-President of the United States.
The first Presbyterian Chinese church is organized at San Francisco (Nov.)
The American expedition under Com Ferry arrives in Japan (July 8).
Worlds Fair opens in New York City (July 14).
Slaves emancipated in Venezuela (April 25).

GREAT BRITAIN. Treaty of alliance between England, France, and Turkey (Mar. 12).

ITALY. The pope prohibits the circulation of Uncle Toms Cabin in his dominions (May 10).

NORWAY. The first Norwegian railway opened, July 4.

SPAIN. New and stringent law against liberty of the press published (Jan. 21).

TURKEY. Turkey declares war against Russia (Oct. 23). Crimean War begins.

18



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 19

1854

AMERICA

CANADA
Sept. - The Rev. J.P. Stuart makes a visit to Canada, to the New Church circles in Toronto and Berlin, Ont. - Mess. 265; M. 28:479.

UNITED STATES
Washington, D.C., May. - A Second Society is instituted by Rev. Thomas Worcester, in opposition to the society of the Rev. Rufus Dawes, which was independent of the General Convention. Mess. 1855:7.

GEORGIA
Savannah, Feb. 16. - Meeting of the Georgia Swedenborg Association. Mess. 139. Sales of Writings and N. C. Literature. P

ILLINOIS
Chicago, June 9-10. - Meeting of the Illinois Assn. M. 27:209; Mess. 170. Report of Urbana University. p. 185. G E

LOUISIANA
New Orleans, Jan. - A pseudo-New Church Society is organized, under the directing influence of Thomas Lake Harris, who ordains S. E. Reynolds. Disorderly and spiritistic proceedings. - Mess. 108.

MAINE
Banger, Aug. 11 - 18th annual meeting of the Maine Assn. H. 27:298. Board of Education recommended - 299. G E

Portland, June 21-25. - Thirty-sixth General Convention. M. 27:49.

Standing Committee on Education established. D. 56:M. 46, 47. E

Only ordained ministers to administer sacraments. p. 64 (2) C

MASSACHUSETTS
Boston, April 6. - Meeting of the Massachusetts Assn. M. 27:154.

Beamans Resolutions on Education. p. 156. E

Oct. - Death of Caleb Reed, brother of Sampson Reed, and for many years editor of the New Jerusalem Magazine. M. 27:259.

Oct. 4. - Meeting of the Massachusetts Assn. M. 27:294.

Beamans resolutions on education adopted. E

Dec. 15. - Death of Mr. Charles Bolles, for many years the printer of the New Jerusalem Magazine, and author of a Dictionary of Correspondences, Biogr., M. 27:403.


MICHIGAN
Detroit, Feb. 10. - Meeting of the Michigan and North Indiana Assn. Mess. 1854:36. Constitution of the Association. p. 41. G

NEW JERSEY
Elizabethtown, June 30. - Death of John Isaac Hawkins, at the age of 84 years: the last surviving member of the Great East Cheap Society, London. Biogr., NCR:387.

NEW YORK
New York City, Jan. 22. - Death of Mr. James Chesterman, at the age of 76 years, one of the earliest and most influential members of the Few Church in New York. Biogr., NCR:100.

Jan. - The Rev. Sabin Hough begins to publish a weekly journal, The Herald of the New Jerusalem. M. IX:590.

May 9. - Annual meeting of the American Swedenborg Society. Report in Mess. 124. Address on Authority and Divinity of [line missing].

19



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 20

OHIO
Cincinnati, May 26. - Third Annual meeting of the Ohio Conference of the Ohio Association.
Mess. 107. G

Rutland, Meigs Co., Aug. 7. - Death of Mr. John McQuigg. He was perhaps the most active member of the circle in and around Middleport, O., and was the one who first introduced the Heavenly Doctrine to the Rev. J. R. Hibbard. Obit., Mess. 1855:3.

St. Clairsville, Aug. 28. - An account of the Rev. J. H. Williams, who published an American Edition of Swedenborgs Animal Kingdom. Mess. 233.

Urbana, June 19. - First Annual Commencement of the Urbana University. Resignation of Prof. Jenks. Mess. 137, 153.

Sept. 1. - Dr. Leonhardt Tafel is engaged as professor of Sacred Languages, on the recommendation of Mr. Benade. There is now a spirit of great enthusiasm at Urbana. Mess. 170.

PENNSYLVANIA
Chambersburg, Feb. 8. - The Rev. A. O. Brickman is tried for Swedenborgian heresy by the Lutheran Synod. He makes a splendid defense, and comes out openly for the New Church. NCR. 82, 144, 159, 208.

After his excommunication Mr. Brickman removes to Baltimore, where he begins to lecture on the New Church in German, in the Old New Church temple built by Mr. Hargrove in 1800, - long unused. He has not a cents income, is in great difficulties, and issues an appeal to the New Church. Having received some assistance, he begins to form a German New Church Society in Baltimore, and issues the Monatschrift der Neuen Kirche. Mess. 223; M. X:218. AA.

Darby, April 17. - Meeting of the Pennsylvania Assn. M. 27:46. Missionary work discussed and advanced.

Philadelphia, Sept. - The Rev. W. H. Benade, after long disagreements with leading laymen of the Philadelphia First Society, delivers a significant :Resignation Sermon (see Publications) and leaves the Society, to lead the distinctive movement which finally resulted in the organization of The Academy of the New Church.

Oct. 27. - A general meeting is held of all those who sympathized with Mr. Benade in his conflict within the Philadelphia First Society. Among these were the Revs. R. deCharms, N. C. Burnham, and Rudolph Tafel; Drs. F. E. Boericke and David Cowley; also other prominent members of the New Church. A new association for worship is informally organized. Mr. Benade is elected the minister of the new society on Nov. 16. (See appendix of Mr. Benades Resignation Sermon.) He at once begins a New Church school far alder children. AA.


n. d. In a letter to Rev. J. P. Stuart (Urbane), the Rev. W. H. Benade writes: There is prospect of our being able to start an educational movement here, which shall, in its inception and progress, embrace the whole church. ANC Anniv. Record, 1926:18, AA.

WEST INDIES.       News from the New Church here is published in NCR. 327.

AUSTRALIA
Sydney, A New Church Society is organized in Sydney. I. 430, 475. News from Melbourne.

20



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 21

EUROPE

FRANCE
n. d. - Dr. Roerig, the learned German who wrote a number of papers in the Intellectual Repository on the Ancient Word in Asia, is appointed to a post in the Astor Library, New York. NCR. 1853:592.

Paris, Feb. 27. - Death of Abbe Falicite Lamennais, the celebrated Roman Catholic theologian and philosopher, who broke with Rome in 1836. In his later years, he was evidently influenced by the Writings of the new Church. He taught that God has the triune attributes of power, intelligence and love, which in Scripture language are expressed as Father, Son, and Holy Spirit: he also prophesied the rise of a New Christianity upon the ruins of Romanism and Protestantism. (See Lamennais, in McClintock and Strongs Theol. Encycl.).

GERMANY
Tbingen, March 10. - A letter from Prof. Immanuel Tafel describes the sad state of the New Church in Germany, - over-run with fanatics and female revelators. He mentions that Mr. Benade is about to establish a German New Church Printing Society in Philadelphia, (probably refers to Boericke and Tafel). Mess. 155.


GREAT BRITAIN
Blackburn, June 4. - Dedication of the New Church temple. I. 286.

Glasgow, May. Organization of the Glasgow New Church Association. J. 1855:235.

Huddersfield, July 31. - Death of Joseph Senior, Esq.; one of the most prominent and liberal contributing members of the Church. Biogr. I. 526.

London, June 20. - Annual meeting of the Swedenborg Society. RSS. Esp. pp. 8; 9-12. A permanent House and Reading-room for the Society.

Sept. 6. - The Emanuel College changes its name to The New Church College. I. 1860:18.

Melbourne, Aug. 21. - Death of Mr. William Haimes, at the age of 81 years; founder and chief supporter of the New Church in Derbyshire. Interesting biography in I. 477.

Newcastle, Dec. 26. - The Rev. Thomas OGorman, formerly a Roman Catholic priest from Belfast, becomes the minister of the New Church in Newcastle. L 1855:87.

Norwick, n. d. - A split occurs in the New Church Society, which now is in a low state. I. 425.

St. Osyth, Jan. 10. - Death of Mr. James London, at the age of 100 years, one of the first receivers here. I. 190.

Salford, Aug. 8. - Forty-seventh General Conference. I. 221. Assistance voted for Dr. Tafel for translation and publication of the Writings. P

MALTA
Jan. - A New Church circle is formed here among some soldiers in the British garrison. I. 139.

SWEDEN
Mrs. Anna Fredrika Ehrenborg publishes a tract defending Swedenborg against the charge of Mormonism. AL.

SWITZERLAND
Herisan, Oct. - Prof. Immanuel Tafel visits the New Church circle here; finds a lay-preacher spreading heresies. M. 28:383.

21



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 22

ASIA


INDIA
Benares, n. d. - A Christian Missionary receives a prize of 400 rupees (20) from a Mohammedan Association in Benares, far an essay on The Unity of God, in which he had incorporated a translation of a New Church tract on the Trinity. 1. 1855:83.

Calcutta. - A Mohammedan receives the Heavenly Doctrine, and begins to read the Writings to his friends. I. 1855:83.

NOTABLE ARTICLES

The Intellectual Repository
Dr. Roehrig states that the Ancient Word had been found in China, transcribed Hebrew Rabbis, and brought to the Imperial Library in Vienna. p. 46.

The New Church Messenger
Lessons on Spiritualism; quotations from the Writings. pp. 7, 24.
Education essential to the Development of the New Church, Prof. Rudolph L. Tafel. p. 250.

The New Church Repository, vol. 7.
N. P. Cabell answers W. Mason on the Lot-Ordination, and the New Church priesthood. p. 107.
Controversy between George Bush and Henry James, on the latters book, The Church of God not an Ecclesiasticism. pp. 123, 166, 184, 220, 261.

PUBLICATIONS(Anonymous): Emanuel Swedenborg as a Man of Science, a Mathematician and Philosopher of Nature, as a Civilian, Seer, and Theologian, and as a Philosopher of Spirit. Boston. Clapp. 128 pp. AL.
New Church Essays on Science, Philosophy, and Religion, including Literature and the Arts. By New Church Writers in America and Europe. Boston. Clapp. 448 pp.

       Objections to The Coming Struggle and some other Interpretations of Prophecy. London. Newberry. 32 pp. AL.

Bayley, Rev. Jonathan: Athanasius and Swedenborg. London. I. 1854: 187. AL.

Beaman, Rev. E. A.: The true principles of Education. Boston. Crosby. Rev. Mess. 1855:2: NCR. 1854:527.

Benade, Rev. William H.: A Sermon to the First New Jerusalem Society of Philadelphia, preached on resigning his ministerial office in connection with that Society. Philadelphia. Boericke and Tafel. 32 pp. Rev. n. 27:524; N. III:100. AL.

Brickman, Rev. Arthur O.: Defence before the Lutheran Conference on the charge of having embraced the Doctrines of Swedenborg. New York. 19 pp. SSL. AL.

Bruce, Rev. William: War: its causes and effects, as viewed in the Light of the New Church. London. Hodson. 16 pp. AL.

Chandler, Mrs. Mary G.: The Elements of Character. Boston. Crosby. 234 on. Rev. M. 27:203.

22



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 23

Ehrenborg, Lady. A. F.: Mormonismen och Swedenborgianism. Upsala. Wahlstrom. 27 pp. AL.

Nagra Bref fran England. Upsala. Wahlstrom. AL.

Goyder, Rev. D.S.: Swedenborg and his Mission. London. 92 pp. RL. AL.
       The Gospel according to Matthew. London. Pitman. 505 pp. Rev. NCR. 1854:433. AL.

(Harrison): Menoir of William Cookworthy By his grandson. London. W. Cash. 207 pp. EL.

(Hiller, Rev. O. Prescott): Some Account of Emanuel Swedenborg and his Writings. Boston. Clapp. 32 pp. AL.

(Hodson, J. S.): A Portrait of Emanuel Swedenborg. Boston. Clapp. Rev. NCR. 1854:273.

Hood, Rev. Edwin Paxton: Swedenborg. A Biography and an Exposition. London. Hall. 414 pp, Rev. M. 28:264. AL.

                                   
James, Henry: The Church of Christ not an Ecclesiasticism. A Letter of Remonstrance to a Member of the soi-disant New Church. New York. Radfield. Severely criticized by Prof. George Bush in NCR. 1854:123, 146, 220. AL.

Kahl, Rev. Achatius: Anmrkninger med Anledning af Frslag till Kyrkohand bok. Lund. Berling. 48 pp. AL.

(Liturgical): The Liturgy or Book of Worship for the use of the New Church. Revised and published by order of the General Convention. Boston. Clapp. 310 pp. Rev. NCR. 1554:435. Sewall Library.

Madeley, Rev. Edward: Death Bed Repentance Impossible. London. Hodson. 36 pp. AL.

MOWATT, Mrs. Anna C.: Autobiography of an Actress. Boston. Ticknor. Rev. NCR. 1854:190. AL.

(PERIODICALS):
Herald of the New Jerusalem: a weekly publication devoted to the dissemination of the New Church doctrines...Sabin Hough, ed. and proprietor, New York, 1854 - Jan. 18, 1855. 1V.

       Quarterly Circular, Rodsons. London, 1854. See Intellectual Repository, 1855.

Proud, Rev. Joseph: The Aged Ministers Last Legacy to the New Church. 2nd Ed. Abridged and adopted. With a memoir of the author, by Rev. E. Neadeley. London. Hodson. 201 pp. Rev. I. 1855:80. AL.

Rendell, Rev. E.D.: Peculiarities of the Bible. 2nd American Ed. Boston. Clapp. Cin. L. AL

Smith, Francis: The Supper of the Great God. London. Pitman. I. 1854:188.

Storry, Rev. Thomas: A Defence of the Writings of Emanuel Swedenborg. Chicago. 47 pp. Rev. NCR. 1854:290. Cin. L. AL.

Von Walden, Frederick: Swedenborgs L?ra eller det Nya Jerusalems Kateshes. Carlshamn. Translated from the Danish by N. G. Hok. RL.

Wilkinson, Dr. J. J. Garth: War, Cholera, and the Ministry of Health. London. Theobald. 155 pp. AL.

23



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 24

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS

ASIA. Commercial treaty concluded between the United States and Japan (March); this marks the opening of the modern era in Japan. Treaty between Japan and Great Britain.

AMERICA.
The Amana Community (or Community of True Inspiration) moves from New York to Iowa.

The Aster Library, in New York, opens for use of the public (Jan. 9).

Death of J. Harrington last survivor of the battle of Lexington.

The first railway is opened in Brazil, the Emperor and Empress being present at the inauguration (April).

FRANCE. Death of Lammenais. Catholic apologist and radical.

GERMANY. Death of Schelling. German philosopher.

ITALY. The dogma of the Immaculate Conception of the Virgin is proclaimed by the Pope (Dec. 8).

Deputation of Friends presents to the Czar of Russia a peace memorial (Feb.).

RUSSIA. Deputation of Friends presents to the Czar of Russia a peace memorial (Feb.).

The Charge of the Light Brigade at Sebastopol (Oct. 25).

TURKEY. Complete equality before the law is pledged by treaty to all subjects of the Porte, without distinction of creed (March).

24



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 25

1855

AMERICA

CANADA. The state of the Church in Canada is described by Wm. Spiers, T. Wilks and J. H. Miller. Mess. 35; N. 28-479.

UNITED STATES, n. d. - Death of Rev. S. H. Wills, one of the earliest New Church ministers in America. Biogr. Mess. 28:276.

Washington, D.C., Dec. 13. - The two societies are united by the Rev. Rufus Dawes. Ness. 62:402.

CALIFORNIA
San Francisco, n. d. - The New Church services are described; the sacraments being administered by laymen. Mess. 15.

CONNECTICUT
Hartford, May 16. - Meeting of the Connecticut Assn. M. 28:299. Distribution of books by Dr. Warren. M P

Mystic, n. d. - The Rev. Joseph A. Lamb, a Baptist minister, is converted to the Hew Church. NCR. 528.

ILLINOIS
Peoria, June 8. - A New Church temple is dedicated at Peoria, during the meeting of the Illinois Assn. Mess. 10, 17.

KANSAS
Lawrence, Feb. 3. - The First New Church lectures in Kansas are delivered by Mr. E. D. Ladd. M. 27:548.

MAINE
Gardiner, Sept. 14. - A New Church temple is dedicated, during the meeting of the Maine Assn. Mess. 55, 57, 59: M. 28:327.

MARYLAND
Annapolis, March 14. - Death of Mr. William H. Chauvenet, professor at the Naval Academy, and a strong member of the New Church. He was one of the most earnest supporters of Mr. deCharms and the Central Convention. M. 27:500. Complete biography, by R. deCharms, in N. III:361.

Baltimore, Sept. - Mr. Brickman begins to issue his Monatschrift der Neuen Kirche. M. 28:338.

n. d. - The Rev. N. C. Burnham administers the Sacraments to a new and representative society. N. III:216.

The German Society in Baltimore; and the one led by Rev. Sam H. Worcester, the Third Society. Mess. 62:258.

The work of Mr. Brickman is described in Mess. 7.

MASSACHUSETTS
Abington, Oct. 2. - Death of Mr. Elisha Paxon, one of the founders of the New Church in Abington. M. 28:339.

Boston, June 27-July 1. - Thirty-seventh General Convention. H. 28:49; Mess. 30.

Presidential address on the importance of contributions and of tithing. 11. 28:61. Education as a Church use. G E C

Oct. - The New Jerusalem Magazine is taken over by the General Convention. M. 28:242.

NEW YORK
New York City, April. - The New Church Messenger is sold by the Rev. J. P. Stuart to the General Convention, to be published in New York as a large folio weekly, under the editorship of Rev. Wm. B. Hayden and J. L. Jewett, under the title of The New Jerusalem Magazine. N. C. Mess. 361: N. J. Mess. I:1.

The history of the periodical is given in N. ns IX:529; X:155.

25



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 26

Aug. 9. - Death of Hr. Joseph Jacobson, an early and prominent member of the Church: born in Sweden. N. III:287.

OHIO
Urbana, June 19. - Second Annual Commencement of the Urbana University. Rev. J.P. Stuart is professor of Philosophy and Dr. Leonhard Tafel, professor of languages. W. 28:172: Mess. 17.

PENNSYLVANIA
Darby, July 5. - Death of the Rev. David Powell (II), the great Newchurchman who, next to the Rev. Richard deCharms, Sr., was the chief pioneer of the Academy movement. His Autobiography was edited by Rev. W. H. Benade, and published in book form by a committee of the Darby Society in 1856. Mr. Powell, during his pastorate of the Darby Society, (1853-1854), exercised a great influence upon the theological development of Mr. Benades mind. NCR. 1855:484; N. III:287: Mess. 10,14. See AA.

Frankford, May 30. - The cornerstone of the Philadelphia Third Society is laid by the Revs. N.C. Burnham and W. H. Benade. Mess. 7; N. III:2i6.

Lancaster, May 3. - Death of Mr. Henry Pinkerton, the leader of Lancaster Circle. Mess. 3.

Philadelphia, Feb. 25. - The new temple of the Philadelphia First Society, at Broad and Brandywine Sts. is opened for worship. M. 27:499.

AUSTRALIA
Melbourne, Jan. 2. - The society now counts thirty-two members. I. 184.

EUROPE
FRANCE. The history and will of Count de las Casas are described in M. 28:475.

n. d. - Fru Ehrenborg, of Upsala, Sweden, visits Paris;: she describes the meetings of the new Church in Paris: writes of Dr. Poireon, M. Minot, H. Harle, Captain Paillard, Baroness Thiebault, etc. - Ehrenborgs Tjugufyra Bref.

GERMANY, n. d. - Fru Ehrenborg visits Dr. Tafel in Tbingen; describes his work in Switzerland. Mrs. Ehrenborg inclines to Spiritism. M. 28:381.

Stuttgart, Sept. 30. - A General Convention of the New Church in Germany is held. H. 28:384.

Tbingen, Oct. 28. - Dr. Tafel receives a visit from Mr. Joseph Andrews, of Boston. H. 28:381.

GREAT BRITAIN
Brishtlingsea, Aug. 13, - 48th General Conference. I. 1855:422. Account of a conversion, p. 424 M C

Chatham, Sept. 2. - A New Church temple is consecrated. I. 1855:475.

Scotland, Edinburgh, Jan. 22. - Death of Mr. James Macara, an early receiver, prominent as a writer. I. 55:144.

London, Jan. - Mr. William White, the agent of the Swedenborg Society, begins to publish an independent journal, called The New Churchman.

June 19. - Annual meeting of the Swedenborg Society. RSS. Pp. 14-16.

26



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 27

Purchase of Swedenborg House. W. Whites List of New Church Works. P

Surrey, Oct. 5. - Death of Mr. James Spofford, one of the original attendants of the Great East Cheap Society, of which his father was a member. I. 526.

NORWAY, n. d. - A Norwegian army officer receives the Doctrine; and calls on Mr. Bruce in London. I. 1858:522.

SWEDEN, Sept. - Dr. J. J. Garth Wilkinson visits Sweden, and meets Dr. Achatius Kahl in Lund. Both of then are strongly influenced by Spiritism. M. 28:433.

Upsala, n. d. - Fru Ehrenborg begins to publish a New Church serial, called Ngot Nytt, (Something New), of which seven parts were issued.

July. - Death of Per Daniel Atterbom, professor of Literature at Upsala University. He was one of the most renowned lyric poets of Sweden, author of Svenska Slare och Skalder, which contains an enthusiastic essay on Swedenborg. Dec. II:1248. Note 262.

ASIA

INDIA
Arrah Shahabad, Aug. 28 - Conversion of a native, Baboo Nund Lall Mitter, is described in I. 1856:37.

NOTABLE ARTICLES

The Intellectual Repository, 1855.
On the heinous nature of mixed marriages. Pp. 368, 317.

       Paper defending spirit manifestations when cultivated unsought by the pure in heart, J. F. It describes a circle of New Church friends who know the blessed effects of spirit intercourse, etc. p. 521.
S. M. Warren defends the authority of the Writings against the attacks in Whites Newchurchman. P. 555.
The Newchurchman, (deCharms) vol. III. W. H. Benades Resignation Sermon, with pointed editorial remarks. P. 88. See also Mess. 1855:2.
A Plea for the Observance of Christmas in the New Church, by J. R. Hibbard. p. 134.

       The Newchurchman. (W. White).

       A favorable review of Thomas Lake Harris spiritistic book, An Epic of the Starry Heavens. p. 102. vol. 1.

The New Jerusalem Magazine, vol. 28.
Controversy with B. F. Barrett. pp. 38, 194.
On the difference between the New Heaven and the New Church Heaven, by T. D. Hayward. D. 41.

       Henry James is denounced as a Fourierist, a Spiritist and defender of free-love. p. 241.

       On the use of the name Jehovah in worship: against W. H. Benade and D. Powell. Vol. 27, pp. 416, 481.

       W. H. Benades theology is criticized. Ibid, p. 525.

27



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 28

PUBLICATIONS

Barrett, Rev. B.F.: Beauty for Ashes: or the old and the new doctrine concerning the State of Infants after Death. New York. Appleton. 100 pp. AL.

       The Golden Reed; or the true measure of a true Church. New York, Appleton, and London. White. 311 pp. Rev. M. 28:39: I. 1856:32; NCR. 1855:331, 415. AL,

Beurling, C. H.: Cateches fr den Mya Christna Frsamlingen. Stockholm. RL. AL.

Brickman, Rev. A. O.: Liturgie und Gesangbuch fur die Neue Kirche. Baltimore. Miller. 203 pp. Rev. Mess. 1855:34. AL.

Bush, Rev. George: New Church Miscallanies: or, Essays ecclesiastical, doctrinal and ethical. New York. Rev. Mess. 1855:82. AL.

Cabell, M.P.: The Black Race in North America. Why was their Introduction permitted? Lynchburg, Va. 44 pp. Rev. Mess. 1855:107; NCR. 1856:94. AL.

Chandler, Mary G.: The Elements of Character. 3rd Ed. Boston. Crosby. 234 pp. Rev. Mess. 1855:38.

(Clissold, Rev. Augustus?): Thoughts on Intercourse with Spirits, suggested by a recent sermon of the Vicar of Ealing. London. White. 37 pp. AL.

Dawson, George: A Lecture on Swedenborg. London. Pitman. 144 pp. Rev. I. 1856:95. AL.

Duberg, C.: Om Swedenborgianismens Farer. Upsala. RL.

Gardiner, Robert: A Letter to the Rev. Henry Collins of St. Osyth, being a Repetition of his Misrepresentations of the New Church. London. Pitman. 30 pp. I. 1855:142. AL.

Giles, Rev. Chauncey: The Nature and Origin of Spiritual Beauty. Cincinnati. 14 pp. Rev. Mess. 1855:103. AL.

Hayden, Rev. W.B.: Is the Human Race One or Many? A lecture. Boston. Clapp. 24 pp. AL.
On the Phenomena of Modern Spiritism. Boston. Clapp. 137 pp. Rev. M. 28:18: NCR. 1855:334. AL.

Hiller, Rev. O. Prescott: Practical Sermons. London. White. 364 pp. Rev. I. 1855:563. AL.

James, Henry: The nature of Evil. New York. Appleton. 347 pp. AL.

(Liturgical): Hymns for the Use of the new Church. London. General Conference. 400 pp. SSL. AL.

Mahan, Rev. A.: Modern Mysteries Explained and Exposed, Boston. An attack on Spiritualism and the New Church. Rev. I. 1855:459.

(Mason, Rev. W.): Forty Moral Lectures for the Young. London. Hodson. Rev. 1. 1856:62: NCR. 1856:139. AL,

Parsons, Theophilus: Essays. 3rd Ed. Boston. Crosby. 192 pp. Mess. 1855:38.

(PERIODICALS):
Montschrift der Neuen Kirche. Dedicated to the interests of the New Jerusalem. Edited and published by Arthur O. Brickman. Baltimore, Md. 1855-67. 12 vols. Name changed to Bote der Neuen Kirche in 1867.

28



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 29

       Nagot Nytt: lasning om och for en ny tid. Upsala, Sweden, Walstrom and Ca. pts. 1-7; 1855-64. I Vol. Editor: Frederika Ehrenhorg.

       New Churchman. Denoted to the exposition and defense of the doctrines of the New Church as revealed in the writings of Swedenborg. London, William White, Swedenborg Societys House. 1855-57. 3 Vols.

       New Jerusalem Messenger. 1855-84. Antecedents: The Medium,1848-52; The New Church Messenger, a semi-monthly magazine devoted to the principles of the New Church, edited by Revs. David Powell and J. P. Stuart, Cincinnati, Ohio, published by a committee of New Church brethren, 1852-55.

       Pub. as a weekly newspaper in New York, 1855-58.

       Bought (1855) by Convention from J. P. Stuart, adopted as its organ, and re-titled as above, continuing as New Jerusalem Messenger until 1868, when it was changed back to the New Church Messenger, 1868 to date.

Powell, Rev. David: The Perpetuity of the Earth. A lecture. Philadelphia. 12 pp. Urb. L.

Ragatz, Johann H.: Uebertritt von der Alten in die Neue Kirche des Herrn: Ursachen: Warum? Chicago. 24 pp. AL.

Rendell, Rev. E. D.: The Four Leading Doctrines of the New Church. With Questions for the use of families and schools. London. Rev. I. 1855:239, 288.

       The Postdiluvian History, from the Flood to the Call of Abraham, examined and explained. London. Hodson. 467 on. Rev. I. 1855:519: NCR. 1856:93: WN. 2:6, 24. SSL. AL.

Rich, Elihu: Kristendomens Filosof, och Nya Frsanlingens Frste Apostel. Upsala. Translated from the English by Lady Enhrenborg. RL.

Tafel, Dr. Immanuel: Documents concerning the Life and Character of Emanuel Swedenborg. Enlarged Edition. London. Hodson. Translated from the German by Rev. J. H. Smithson. Rev. I. 1855:369. AL.

Weller, Rev. Henry: The Conflict of the Ages ended. La Porte, Ind. 316 pp. Rev. NCR. 1856:194. AL.

Wilks, Rev. Thomas: The Validity of the Baptism of the Consummated Church, viewed in its relations to the New Church. New York. Allen. 26 pp. Rev. M. 28:25; Mess. 1855:98. AL.

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS


AMERICA. Financial panic in California (Feb.)

       Suspension Bridge at Niagara is first crossed (March 14).

       Introduction of Civil Service Reform (May 21).

       Bessemers process for manufacturing steel is patented.

RUSSIA. Death of the Emperor Nicholas I; Alexander II succeeds (March 2).

29



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 30

1856

AMERICA

CANADA.
Berlin, Ont., March. - Death of Emanuel Christian G. Enslin, the founder of the New Church in Berlin. Biogr. NCR. 197; H. 28:623. See ANNALS 1:481.

UNITED STATES. - During this year, there were a great number of communications to the Messenger, asking that the internecine fighting in the Church he stopped. The constant controversies and quarrels among receivers are exercising an exceedingly depressing effect upon sales of books, as well as upon states of charity. Mess. 126.

MAINE
Bath, Sept. 19. - Death of Mr. Zina Hyde, one of the founders of the New Church in Maine, and one of the most active members of the Church in America. Biogr. M. 29:262.

MARYLAND
Baltimore, July-Sept. -The Rev. A. O. Brickman makes a missionary journey to Berlin, Ont., Detroit, Michigan, Urbana, O., and Monroe Co., O. Mess. 1856:62.

MASSACHUSETTS
Abington, June 19. - A House of Worship is dedicated. Mess. 6.       

Boston, June 22, - Death of the Non. Luther S. Cushing, a prominent member. Mess. 1856:35.

MICHIGAN
Detroit, April. - Resignation of the Rev. Jabez Fox: he is succeeded by George Field. Mess. 3.

Grand Rapids, n. d. - The causes of the decay of the Society, are described by George Field. Mess. 207.

NEW JERSEY
Hoboken, Nov. 9. - A New Church society is instituted by Rev. J. R. Hibbard. Mess. 87.

NEW YORK
New York City, April. - Mr. Samuel Beswick is ordained by Rev. B. F. Barrett, as pastor of the New York Society. The action is independent of the General Convention. Mess. 167.

Sept. 21. - The Rev. B. F. Barrett ordains Anthony Riker, of Illinois, independently of the General Convention. Mess. 59.

Oct. 12. - The Rev. B. F. Barrett ordains D. K. Whitaker, independently of the General Convention. NCR. 607,608.

Riverhead, L. I., Sept. 25. - Death of Rev. Maskil M. Carll, the first minister of the new Church in Philadelphia; one of the founders of the General Convention. Biogr., M. 29:502; see also M. 29:2E4; 43:55: 44:286: ANNALS I:218, 245, 251, etc.

PENNSYLVANIA
Philadelphia, April 16. - Mr. Benades society in Cherry Street formally adepts a Constitution, Charity, not piety, the basis of consociation. Education is the use of charity adopted by the society, which calls itself The Philadelphia Society meaning the Society of Brotherly Love. Mess. III:63.

June 4-8. - Thirty-eighth General Convention, It becomes known as the Coat Convention on account of a controversy about a coat dragged into Convention by Mr. Barrett.

30



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 31 On the whole, however, the meeting is characterized by greater harmony than has existed during the past few years. M. 29:1; Mess. 206.

Caustic comments in England. O. I:31.

Aug. 1. - Rev. Sabin Hough withdraws from the General Convention. NCR. 56:417.

Sept. 11. - The corner-stone of the Cherry St. school-house is laid by Rev. W. H. Benade who delivers a prophetical address. This hitherto unpublished address first appears in The Bulletin of the Sons of the Academy, October, 1916, p. 55.

Dec. 25. - Formal opening of the Cherry St. church for worship: Social reunion in the evening. Conv. Jour. 1858:57.

Pittsburgh, July. - The Rev. J.P. Stuart makes quarterly visits during the year. Mess. 15.

WEST INDIES
TRINIDAD. - A New Church movement here is described in O. I:33.

AUSTRALIA
Adelaide, Jan. 13. -Address is sent to the General Conference; complains of much disorder in the society. I. 1857:314.

EUROPE

AUSTRIA
Vienna. - Troubles in the New Church here: the Tobacco heresy Dr. Koch, Dr. Markl, Die Johannis-Brder. M. 29:500.

DENMARK. - The work of Baron Dirckinck Holmfeld is described in M. 29:448.

FRANCE. - No sale for the Writings is reported. M. 29:352.

GERMANY. - State of the new Church; infested by spiritists, the followers of Gustaf Warner, etc. Reported in M. 29:261, 305.

GREAT BRITAIN
Birmingham, Aug. 12. - The forty-ninth General Conference is described in I. 422. Education, and support of ministers. E C

London, June 17. - Annual meeting of the Swedenborg Society. RSS. Report from Sweden. pp. 14ff. C

June 22. - A letter describes the growth of Spiritism among the New Church people in London; firm opposition by the Rev. Augustus Clissold. N.C. Mag. 1889:12

Sept. 2. - An important meeting is held to consider The New Church Students and Ministers Aid Fund. I. 1856:519.

March 9. - Longton, Staffs. A new Church temple is opened. I. 1856:233.

SWEDEN. - The destitute state of the Hew Church is described. Mentions of a New Church (Lutheran) pastor near Haparanda: also a blind man in Skane (Mr. Hoffman, the father of Mrs. Swain Nelson, of Chicago.) I. 1856:447.

ASIA
INDIA, n. d. - A proposition to establish a New Church College in India, is opposed by Hund Lall Mitter. I. 1856:278, 425.

31



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 32

NOTABLE ARTICLES

The Intellectual Repository, 1856.
New Church Baptism opposed because it tends to raise against the New Church the just indignation of all Christian denominations, pp. 89, 188.

       A long and important discussion between a champion of the New Church and two of the Old Church. (The latter completely vanquished; attracts wide attention). pp. 228, 561.
Charles Dickens, in his Household Words, asserts that the New Jerusalem Church is based on revelations claiming to be Divine. This is indignantly denied by Rev. J. H. Smithson. p, 191.

       S. M. Warren defends the Authority of the Writings versus William White. p. 13. Answer by White. P. 70.

       The controversy on The Sexuality of Plants, continued. pp., 126, 130, 170, 190, 175, 264, 313, 349, 401, 505,

       Controversy on the New Church Ministry. pp. 253, 355, 305.
The New Church Bible Society. p. 329

       Historical review of the New Church Missionary organizations, p. 497.

The New Church Repository, vol. 9.
Letter from Captain John Ericson, (the Swedish Inventor), respecting the correct pronunciation on of the name Swedenborg. P. 544.

The New Jerusalem Magazine, vol. 28.
On Dr. Wilkinson as a Spiritist and Fourierist. p. 433.
Controversy with B. F. Barrett. pp. 471, 611.
Controversy with Henry Weller, respecting the adulteries of the Rev. Alexander wilder. p. 516.
Admissions of Thomas Worcester, respecting his heresy concerning Binding and Loosing. p. 600.

       Criticisms by the Magazine of the principles of W. H. Benade and N. C. Burnham. p. 602.

The New Jerusalem Messenger, 1856.
The General Convention defended against the attacks of Samuel Beswick. 1855:114.
Review of a Circular issues by W. H. Benade and N. C. Burnham, calling for a General Assembly of the New Church, to be held in Philadelphia in June 1856. p. 138.
Controversy with B. F. Barrett. p. 153.
Rev. G. Field severely denounces the evil of wearing a beard; shows the sacred duty of shaving. p, 202.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 33

PUBLICATIONS

Abbott, E. H.: The Religion of the New Church as a Philosophy of Causes. Boston. 78 pp. HL.

(Anonymous): Katechisums, oder Utereicht in den himmlischen Lehren des Neuen Jerusalems. 2nd Ed. Tbingen. 32 pp. AL.

       Rays of Light. Extracts from the Writings of Emanuel Swedenborg. 1st Series. Boston. Clapp. 128 pp. BL. AL.
       The Angel in the Mouse. A Poem. Boston. Ticknor. 201 pp. Rev. M. 29:133. AL.

       The Resurrection of the same Body, not an article of Christian Faith. London. White. 95 pp. AL.

Barrett, Rev. B. F.: A Glance at the Origin of Spiritual Tornadoes: of, a Cause of Alienation among Brethren, revealed. Mew York. 64 pp. AL.

       The question concerning the Visible Church briefly examined. New York. 108 pp. Rev. M. 28:461. AL.

Bruce, Rev. W.: Strictures on the Rev. W. Masons Earnest Address to the Members of the New Church on a Subject of paramount Importance. London. White. 34 pp. AL.

Bush, Prof. George: Letters to a Trinitarian. Boston. Clapp. Conv. Theol. School L. AL.

(Clissold, Rev. Augustus): A Letter to the Reverend, the Vice-Chancellor of the University of Oxford, on the present state of Theology in the Universities and the Church of England, and on the Causes of existing Scepticism and Infidelity. By Clericus. Oxford. 191 pp. Rev. O. 1:44: I. 1857:80. AL.

deCharms, Rev. Richard: Apples of Gold in pictures of Silver: or, the true rule of Scriptural Exegesis. Philadelphia. 32 pp. AL.

       Three Sermons preached to the First New York Society of the New Jerusalem, against the Pseudo-Spiritualism of modern times. Philadelphia. 78 pp. AL.

Doughty. Mrs. Sarah P.: Life of Emanuel Swedenborg, for Children. Boston. Clapp. M. 29:104. AL.

Ehrenborg, Lady A. P.: Tjugufyra Bref fran Frankike, Tyskland, och Sweits. Upsala. Wahlstrm. 355 pp. AL.

Grindon, L.H.: Life, its Nature, Varieties, and Phenomena. London. Rev. I. 1856:272. AL.

Hiller, Rev. O. Prescott: The Pleasures of Religion. A Poem in two parts. London. White. 136 pp. Rev. Mess. 1856:23: I. 1856:274. NCR. 1856:418. AL.

Hume, Rothern Mary C: The Bridesmaid, and other Poems. Boston. Clapp. NCR. 1856:97. AL.

       The Wedding Guests; or the Happiness of Life. A Novel in two volumes. London. Rev. O. 1:95.

(Liturgical): Liturgy, or Book of Worship far the Use of the New Church. Revised Edition. Boston. General Convention. 456 pp. Rev. Mess. 1856:39.

Mason, Rev. W.: A Help to Family and Private Devotion. 3rd edition. London. Hodson. 323 pp. AL.
       An Earnest Address to the Members of the New Church on a Subject of Paramount Importance. London. Hodson. 47 pp.

       A contribution to the controversy on the Resurrection - Body of the Lord. AL.

33



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 34

       Difficulties Obviated, and the doctrine of the Lords Resurrection firmly based on Luke XXIV:39. London. Hodson. 188 pp. AL.

       Prove all things; or, Earthly and Heavenly Doctrine contrasted. London. Hodson. Rev. O. 1:31. AL.

Noble, Rev. Samuel: The Book of Judges. Sermons in explanation of the singular histories recorded in the portion of Sacred Scriptures comprised in the first eleven chapters of Judges. London, Hodson. 178 pp. Rev. I, 1856:469.

       An important exegetical work. AL.

       The Children in the Market. The parable explained in Three sermons. London. Hodson. 26 pp. SSL. AL

       On the Glorification of the Lords Humanity, and the Nature of His Resurrection Body. With articles by John Clowes, Robert Hindmarsh, Manoah Sibly, William Mason, Dr. Tafel, and Mr. Arbouin. London. White. 226 pp. Rev. NCR. 1856:675. AL.

       The Plenary Inspiration of the Scriptures Asserted. 2nd Edition. London. Hodson. 1. 1856:94.

Parsons, Theophilus: Essays. 2nd Series. Boston. Crosby. 285 pp. AL.

Powell, Rev. David: Autobiography of the Rev. David Powell; together with eight of his sermons. Edited by Rev. W. H. Benade. Philadelphia: Committee of the Darby Society. 168 pp., with portrait. Rev. L. 1890:72. AL.

Prescott-Hiller, Mrs. Margaret: Religion and Philosophy United. 2nd Edition. London. White. 71 pp. AL.

(PERIODICALS):

       New Church Herald and Monthly Repository. Philadelphia, Pa.... v. 1. July, 1856- v. 2, Oct., 1857, in l vol. v. 102. Formerly New Church Repository and Monthly Review. S5 NR2. Editors, George Bush and Sabin Hough. Supplement: Reply to review by Perambulator....by Compaginator.

Rich, Elihu: Notes on a recently revived Controversy concerning the Humanity assumed by the Lord, and its Glorification. London. White. 68 pp. Rev. NCR. 1856:675. AL.

Scammon, J. Y.: A Glance at the Spiritual Tornadoes. Chicago.12 pp. AL.

Smithson, Rev. J. H.: The Word of God, and the Spirit Manifestations. Shoving that the Scriptures condemn Open Intercourse with Spirits, as injurious. London. White. 32 pp. Rev. I. 1856:275.

Tafel, Dr. Immanuel: Offenses Sendschreiben an Herm Prof. Dr. M. I. Schleiden in Jena. Tbingen. M. 38:261.

Tafel, Dr. Leonhard: Der Christ und der Atheist. Philadelphia Boericke. 42 pp. AL.

Turner, Mrs. Louisa W,: Principal Points of Difference between the Old and the New Christian Churches. 3rd Edition, revised and enlarged. Boston. Ticknor. 186 pp. Rev. M. 28:478; Mess.
1856:135. Library of Congress. AL.

Vaughan, R.A.: Hours with the Mystics. London. Parker. I. 1856:193.

Von Struve, Lady Philippa: Die Hens freunde, oder die hoffnungsvolle Morgen dmmerun. Tbingen. 252 pp. A New Church Novel. Rev. I. 1858:35; M. 29:259.
Thekla von Lindinthel. A continuation of Die Hans freunde. M. 29:448.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 35

White, William: Swedenborg: His Life and Writings. London. White. 156 pp. Rev. NCR. 1856:193. A valuable biography, which has seen many editions. It appeared originally in the Phonetic Journal for 1854-55. AL.

Worcester, Benjamin: A New Church Catechism for Children. 2nd Ed. Boston. Clapp. 29 pp. Rev. H. 28:515. AL.

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS

AMERICA. James Buchanan is elected 15th President of the United States.

Submarine telegraph cable laid from Cape Dreton to Newfoundland (July 12).

Revival of the African slave trade is recommended by Governor Adams in South Carolina.

RUSSIA. Treaty of peace, marking the end of the Crimean War, signed at Paris (March 30). Black Sea neutralized; kars restored to Turkey: Sebastopol to Russia: Danubian Principalities freed from Russian protectorate; navigation of the Danube free.

Alexander II is crowned Emperor of Russia (Sept. 7).

35



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 36

1857

AFRICA

MAURITIUS. First news, since 1847, is received as to the New Church on this island, Mess. III:131.

AMERICA

CANADA
Berlin, Ont., June 19. - The Rev. Frederic William Tuerk begins his long ministry here. M. 29:450.

UNITED STATES. - The year is marked by a great financial panic, unfavorably affecting the activities of the New Church N. C. Herald, 413, 453.

Washington, D.C., April. - The Rev. Jabez Fox becomes pastor of the Washington Society succeeding the Rev. Rufus Dawes. Mess. Vol. 22:176; vol. 62:402

DELAWARE
Wilmington, Aug. 6. -The corner-stone of a New Church temple is laid. Practically the whole Society is descended from Daniel Lammot, one of the founders of the New Church in Philadelphia. M. 30:157.

GEORGIA
Savannah, n. d. - Organization of the Georgia Swedenborg Assn. with Dr. D. Parsons as president and Mr. J. P. Collins as agent; book depository in Savannah, M. 30:158. G

ILLINOIS
Chicago, Aug. 23. - The Chapel of the German new Church society is dedicated: Rev. J. A. Ragatz minister. Mess. III:47.

Oct. 11. - The New Church building is destroyed by a local fire of 3 acres.

Oct 19. - A 2nd larger fire with 18-20 deaths. Mess. III:82.

Henry, Dec. 4. - Mr. Anthony Riker repudiates his disorderly ordination by B. P. Barrett. M. 30:358.

Peoria, May 29. - Meeting of the Illinois Assn.; trouble with Mr. Anthony Riker. Mess. III:2, 3, 7. C G

IOWA
Lost Nation, n. d. - The Rev. Stephen Wood introduces the New Church into Iowa. NCL. 1888:77.

MAINE
Portland, Aug. 28. - Meeting of the Maine Assn. Mr. Hayden reads a history of the New Church in Maine. M. 30:193. M C

MARYLAND
Baltimore, Oct. 4. - The Temple of the German Society is dedicated Mess. III:70; M. 30:311; O. II:128. History of the New Church movement among the Germans in America Mess. 62:262; M, 30:408.

Dec. 3 (or 30) - Organization of the Maryland Assn. of the New Church. M. 30:399; Mess. III:119, 125; 62:402. C

MASSACHUSETTS
Boston, May 5. - Incorporation of The New Church Institute of Education, by Thos. Worcester, J. B. Wilkins, T. B. Hayward, Theophilus Parsons, Sampson Road, Luther Clark and Peleg W. Chandler. (It was this body that established the New Church School at Waltham, Mass.) M. 30:152. E G

36



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 37

Brookline, April 29. - A society is organized. M. 29:588.

North Bridgewater, Jan. 22. - The House of Worship is dedicated. M. 29:447.

MICHIGAN
Detroit, Oct. 23. - Meeting of the Michigan Assn. Mess. III:110. Rules of Order adopted. G Brief summary of the history of the body.

NEW HAMPSHIRE
Contoocook, May 24. - A society is organized. M. 29:588.

NEW YORK
New York City, Jan. - The Rev. W. B. Hayden resigns from the editorship of the Messenger; Mr. J. L. Jewett becomes sole editor. Mess. 118

Jan. - Thomas Lake Harris begins to publish The Herald of Light: a monthly journal of the Lords New Church. Severely reviewed in Mess. 187.

April 26 and May 16. - Meetings are held by discontented radicals to form a General New Church Association for America, in opposition to the General Convention, and without ecclesiastical authority or government. Messrs. Barret, Bush, Beswick, Clapp, and Weller are among the leading spirits of this movement, which soon ended in failure. Mess. 190, 135, 203.

May 14. - The centennial celebration of the Last Judgment is observed by addresses by Messrs. Barrett, Bush, and Hitchcock. Mess. 194.

Watertown, April 14. - Death of Mr. Luther Bishop. M. 29:596.

OHIO
Bowling Green, Nov. 19, A Society is organized. M. 30:312.

Cincinnati, June 10-13. - At the thirty-ninth General Convention, the centenary celebration of the Last Judgment is observed. M. 30:1; Moss. Vol. III:2, 3, 6. C

Sept. 25. - Third annual Meeting of the Ohio Society of the New Church. M. 30:298. Interesting pastoral and missionary reports. G M C.

Urbana, April 21. - Death of Mr. John Murdock, one of the most prominent receivers in the West; a brother-in-law of Mr. Josiah M. Espy; N. C. Herald, 382. M. 30:119.

May 22 and June 5. - A great public discussion concerning the Doctrine of the New Church takes place between Rev. J. P. Stuart and Rev. L. H. Long, a Presbyterian. Mess. III:199, 203.

June 19. - At the Commencement exercises, essays are read by Louis H. Tafel, Norman Foster, and John C. Ager. Mess. III:10.

PENNSYLVANIA
Philadelphia, n. d. - The First Society is now without a regular minister. Mr. W. R. Smith is the reader. Mess. III:159.

Jan. - Report of the opening of Mr. Benades School, with some 14 to 18 scholars. Mess. III:63; Journ. Gen. Conv. 1858:58.

May 20. - Afflicted with disease and poverty, the Rev. Richard deCharms Sr., writes his last words to the Church. He speaks of the deep and desperate trials that are ere long to come upon the Church He pleads for the founding of a New Church University. N. III:360-361, Cf. Preface to sermon on: The True Nature of Faith

June 13. - Mr. Benades Society in Philadelphia is received into the Convention. The correspondence leading to this step is published in Conv. Journ., 1858:16, 12. Mr. Benade declares that Schools and academies are ecclesiastical affairs.

37



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 38

June 20. - Death of Mrs. Margaret Silver, aged 80 years; a member of the New Church since 1799. Obit., N. C. Herald, 334.

Sept. 19, 20. - The new temple in Cherry Street is consecrated. Mess. III:63; N.C. Herald, 1857:407.

Sept. - Mr. Benade is now assisted in the School by Miss Keller, Dr. Leonard Tafel, Dr. Cowley, and Herman Faber. There are now 37 scholars. Anniv. Record, 1926:18.

Sept. 20. - Death of Rev. Isaac Worrell, aged 68 years. Ordained in 1829, he was for many gears pastor of the Frankford Society, and other societies in Pennsylvania. M. 30:268.

Pittsburgh, July 2. - The Rev. F. W. Tuerk is deposed from the Lutheran ministry on account of preaching New Church Doctrine. Mess. III:18.

WEST INDIES
TRINIDAD. - The Rev. C.G. MacPherson, in a letter to the Bishop of Barbadoes, describes his conversion to the New Church. The movement is mixed up with Spiritualism, O. I:141, 248; II:251.

ASIA

JAVA
Batavia, n. d. - Mr. Grimm, a German missionary, receives the Heavenly Doctrine. Two Mohammedan priests converted. I. 476.

AUSTRALIA
Melbourne, May 7. - Centenary Celebration by the Melbourne Society. I. 570.

EUROPE
AUSTRIA. - The New Church in Vienna is persecuted by the Government. M. 30:359, 507.

DENMARK. June 15. - Baron Dirckink-Holmfeld, in a letter to America, defends spiritism, and asserts that Dr. Immanuel Tafel (1), as well as Dr. Kahl and Dr. Wilkinson, is in sympathy with the Spiritistic movement, in the New Church. N. C. Herald, 408.

FRANCE
Paris. - The state of the Church is described in M. 30:214.

n. d. - The Centenary is celebrated by M. La Boys des Guays, by presenting 100 sate of the Writings in French to various libraries in France. I. 933.

Boulonge, Feb. 4. - Death of Cornelius Boyle, Esq. O. I:143.

Nohant, March 22. - n. d. - Letter of George Sand to n. Le Boys des Guays, expressing her admiration for Swedenborg. Cheveirs Histoire, 210.

GERMANY. - The state of the Church here involves persecution, Spiritism, etc. M. 30:162, 507, 551.

Stuttgart, Sept. 6. - Tenth General Convention of the New Church in Germany, M. 30:267e.

Nov. - Dr. Immanuel Tafel celebrates the Centenary by selling the German translations of the Writings at half price. H. 30:406.

GREAT BRITAIN
Bath, Jan. 29. - Death of Mrs. Ann Levis, at the age of 107 years; the oldest member of the Church on record.

38



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 39 A simple domestic, but a remarkably strong New Church woman. A very interesting biography in I. 279.

Birmingham, July 12, 13. - Centenary Celebration. I. 368.

Elmham, Norfolk, July l2. - A New Church chapel is opened. I. 429.

Hawkstone, July 11. - The non-separatist party is still meeting at Hawkstone. See Report, in AL.

Leeds, July 27. - The Rev. Richard Edleston resigns from the pastorate of the Leeds Society; he accepts a call to Heywood. I. 472.

Liverpool, June 21. -The New Church temple in Bedford Street is opened for worship. I. 371; lithographic picture in I. 1857, appendix, Oct.

London, May 28. - Centenary meeting at Hanover Square. O. I:239.

June 16. - Annual meeting of the Swedenborg Society. RSS. Discussion of Prof. Bushs views on the Priesthood O. I:242. G

June 26. - Centenary meeting of the Junior Members of the New Church in London. Absurd class distinctions, are noted. O. I:281.

July 21. - Death of Mrs. Mary Ann Presland; widow of the late John Presland. Biogr. O. I:427.

Dec. 8. - Mr. Jas. S. Hodson erects a marble tablet in the Swedish Church, in memory of Swedenborg O. II:26.

Manchester, Aug. 11. - The Fiftieth General Conf. is described in I. 417; I. I:315. Celebration of Centenary of Last Judgment. C Speeches on the state of the world in regard to religion, science, and politics.

Aug. 12-19. - At the great Centennial meetings in celebration of the Last Judgment, addresses are delivered by Dr. Immanuel Tafel and M. La Boys das Guays. I. 419,4 22-424. The meetings are described by George Field, in Mess. III:54.

Dec. 23. - Inauguration of the new schoolrooms of the Manchester New Jerusalem Church Free School. I. 1858:85.

St. Heliers Isle of Jersey, Sept. 27. - At the centenary celebration, the tenets of Charles Aug. Tulk are endorsed by resolution. O. I:391.

Salford, Jan. 7. - Death of Mr. Joseph Brotherton, M. P., the leader of the sect of Bible Christians, or followers of Rev. William Cowherd. Biogr. O. I:71.

Aug. 16. - Mr. John Binns Kennerley is ordained by Mr. Madeley, and becomes the minister of the Manchester Society. I. 327:428.

Salisbury, n. d. - End of the New Church in Salisbury; history of the Society in I. 1871:303.

RUSSIA, n. d. -General Ribinsky, once generalissimo of the Polish army, translates the True Christian Religion into Polish: the receivers of the New Church in Russia are described in M. 30:214, 264.

SPAIN. - Prof. Tafel mentions a Spanish priest who had received the Heavenly Doctrine. M. 31:125.

SWITZERLAND. - The New Church movement is described in O. 1:284.

ASIA
INDIA. - Report that Swedenborgs Heaven and Hell has been translated into Hindu tongue. Description of the New Church people in India in O. I:237, 238.



39



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 40

NOTABLE ARTICLES
The Intellectual Repository, 1857.

       The Last Judgment in 1757 described. p. 1.

       Prediction as to the study of Hebrew in the New Church. p. 177.

       The Rev. G. Field is accused of Romanism, etc. pp. 478, 524.

The Monthly Observer, vol. 1.
       Spiritistic works for sale by the Swedenborg Society; attack on the Spiritism in the Society. p. 123, 321, 353.

The New Church Herald.
       Controversy between Rev. Sabin Hough and Samuel Berwick on the authority of the work on Conjugial Love. pp. 264, 275.

The New Jerusalem Magazine, vol. 30.
       On the state of the New Church in England and the growth of Spiritism. p. 264.

The New Jerusalem Messenger, vol. 3.

       Letters from England, by O. Field. Severely critical of the alleged disorderly state of the Conference; the bitter hostility to the clergy; the influence of Bush and Barrett; the ignorance of the New Church in America; the uselessness of the Sunday Schools; the great reverence for the Established Church; etc. p. 62, 66.

Strong editorials against Spiritualism. p. 86.

       The Old Church Porch, a High Church journal of the Church of England. The Rev. Mr. Bennet, 8 High Church clergyman, attacks the New Church in a long series of papers. Reviewed in I. 1857:448; O. II:91.

PUBLICATIONS
(Anonymous): A Brief Sketch of the History of the Boston Society of the New Jerusalem. Boston. 28 pp. AL.
An Episode of my Life. By an Indian Officer. London. Newberry. O. I:236.
Penzad jaranderi Perhimpoenau orang Kristen jang Bahroe adanja, akau Bergoina puda Anak-Anak. Batavia, Java. The Catechism of the General Conference, translated into Malay, and published by Mr. J. P. Grimm. Rev. O. I:357; I. 1857:471; Mess. III:14.

Barrett, Rev. B.F.: Binding and Loosing: Embracing the views of T(homas) W(orcester) and B. F. B(arrett) upon this subject. New York. 64 pp. AL.

       The Judicial Capacity of the General Convention Exemplified. New York. 43 pp. Contains matters pertaining to the famous Coat-controversy. AL.

Baxter, Thomas: A Discourse on Binding and Loosing. Isle of Jersey. 15 pp. (Controverts Rev. Thomas Worcester). Rev. O. II:29. AL.

Bush, Prof. George: Address delivered during the Celebration of the first Centenary of the Church of the New Jerusalem. New York. 39 pp. AL.
       Priesthood and Clergy unknown to Christianity; or, the Church a Community of Co-equal Brethren. By Compaginator. Philadelphia, Lippincott. 170pp. Rev. by Perambulator in NCH 1857:289, 337, 385. AL.

40



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 41

       Compaginator versus Perambulator. Philadelphia. 96 pp. Published as Supplement to the New Church Herald for 1857.

deCharms, Rev. Richard: A Theological Students first Sermon: or, a Guiding Light for such as are just coming up to the Gates of the Holy City. London. Hodson. 24 pp. Reprinted from the edition of 1832. AL.

       The Nature and Need of Faith. Philadelphia. 32 pp. AL.

Doughty, Mrs. Sarah P: Life of Emanuel Swedenborg, for Children. London. Hodson. Rev. I. 11:29. AL.

Ehrenborg, Lady Fredrika: Tjugufyra Bref Frn Frankike, Tyskland och Sweits. 2nd part. Upsala. Wahlstrm. 203 pp. AL.

Goyder, Rev. D. G.: The Autobiography of a Phrenologist. London. Simpkins. 601 pp. Rev. O. I: 105, 175, 209, 211; I. 1657:276. AL.

Harris, Thomas Lake: The Wisdom of Angels. Part I. New York. New Church Publishing Assn., 447 Broome Street. 218 pp. This is the first-fruit of the Harrisite movement in the New Church.       Rev. M. 30:111; Mess. 1857:199; NCH. 1857:288. AL.

       Hymns of Spiritual Devotion. New York. New Church Publishing Assn. Rev. NCH. 1857:287. AL.

Hayden, Rev. W. B.: De Two Aabenbaringer: Naturen og Ordet. Christiansted. St. Croix. West Indies. Cop. L. Translated from the English into Danish.

       Lessons in the Gospels. Arranged for the use of Sunday Schools and Families. Boston. Clapp. 23 pp. AL.

       The Life after Death, among the Things now Revealed. Portland, Me. Oliver Gerrish. 36 pp. Rev. M. 30:157. AL.

Hume, Rothern Mary C.: Normiton: a Dramatic Poem. London. Parker. Rev. I. 1858:84; O. II:61. AL.

James, Henry: Christianity, the Logic of Creation. Rev. C. II:17, 56. AL.

Kahl, Rev. Achatius: Anmrkningar fver underdniet Frslag till Forklaring fver Dr. Marten Luthers Lilla Katekes. Lund. Berling. 46 pp. AL.

Mills, Dr. John, M. D.: The Claims of Swedenborg. Three Orations. London. W. Freeman. Rev. I. 1857:35. AL.

Noble, Rev. Samuel: An Appeal etc. 2nd Edition, remodeled and much enlarged. Boston. Clapp. 540 pp. Rev. Mess. 1857:207. AL.

       A Sower went forth to Sow. Four sermons. London. Hodson. 30 pp. AL.

       Eight Parables Explained, in twenty three Sermons. London. Hodson. 200 pp. AL.

(PERIODICALS):
Herald of Light. Thomas Lake Harris. 1857-581 See The Dawn,1861, p. 136. N. C. Mess., May 6, 1931, p. 348.

       Monthly Observer and New Church Record. London. James S. Hodson, pub. vols. 1-9. 1857-1865.

       The Revelator. A New Church monthly periodical. New York, 1857. Jan. Dec., v. 1. Editor: Samuel Beswick.

Portal, Baron Frederic: Des Coulerus Symboliques. Paris. Treuttel. 312 pp. AL.

Ritchie, Anna Core: Twin Roses. A narrative. Boston. Ticknor. 274 pp. Rev. Mess. III:123. The authoress, afterwards Mrs. Mowatt was a famous American actress, and a member of the New Church.

41



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 42

Rymer, J. S.: Spirit Manifestations. London. White. Rev. O. I:264.

Silver, Rev. Abiel: Defence of the New Church against the Rev. J. E. Browns Attack upon its Character and Teachings. Boston. Clapp. 16 pp. Rev. Mess. 111:79. AL.

(Smithson, Rev. J. H.): Letters on the Theology of the Church of the New Jerusalem. Addressed in a Discussion with the Editor of the Christian Weekly News, by Auxator Veritatis. London. Rev. I. 1857:411. AL.

Strutt, Elizabeth: The Feminine Soul: Its Nature and Attributes. With thoughts upon Marriage, and Friendly hints upon Feminine Duties. London. Hodson. Rev. O. 1:126; I. 1857:316. AL.

Stuart, Rev. J. P.: Life and Immortality. A sermon. Cincinnati. 16 pp. AL.

Thomson, Spencer, M. D.: The Structure and Functions of the Eye. Illustrative of the Power, Wisdom, and Goodness of God. London. Groombridge. 272 pp. Rev. I. 1858:33.

Wilkinson, Dr. J. J. Garth: A Proposal to treat Lunacy by Spiritualism. London. White. 18 pp. Rev. O. 1:264. AL.

       Improvisations from the Spirit. London. White. 408 pp. A volume of poems, written under the direction of (insane) spirits. Rev. O. I:268; Mess. III:49. AL.

Woodman, Rev. Woodville: The Trinity in Unity. London. White. Rev. I. 1857:238. AL.

Worcester, Rev. Thomas: Illustrations of Scripture for the Children of the New Church. New York. General Convention. 258 pp. Rev. M. 30:246; Mess. III:62. Harv. L.

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
AMERICA. The United States Supreme Court decides the Dred Scott case by declaring the Ordinance of 1787 and the Missouri Compromise unconstitutional The decision is delivered by Chief Justice Taney (March 6).

The Atlantic telegraph cable is first joined at sea (Aug. 5), but breaks (Aug. 11).

A great financial panic in the United States begins with suspension of Ohio Life and Trust Co. (Aug. 24). Suspension of Philadelphia banks (Sept. 25 and 26) is followed by general suspension of banks in Pa., Md., D.C. and R. I. Suspension of New York City banks and Massachusetts banks follows (Oct. 13-14). The commercial failures in one year, ending Dec. 25, 1857, amount of 5129; liabilities, $29,750,000.

FRANCE. Death of Auguste Comte, French philosopher and founder of the Positivist school.

GREAT BRITAIN. The famous steamship Great Eastern is first floated (Jan. 31).

Palmerstons ministry resigns (Feb. 22); and is succeeded by Lord Derby (March 1).

Baron Rothschild takes his seat in the Rouse of Commons (July 26); the first Jewish member of Parliament.

42



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 43

INDIA. The Sepoy Rebellion in India, begins with mutiny at Meerut (May 10). It is suppressed in July.

43



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 44

1858

AFRICA
MAURITIUS, n. d. - Edmond de Chazal replies to an attack upon the New Church by the Rt. Rev. Dr. Ryan, the Anglican Bishop of Mauritius. He advertises in vain for a New Church minister to come to Mauritius. M. 31:174; I. 1858:135; Mess. 4:1.

AMERICA

CANADA
Berlin, Ont. - The Rev. W. F. Tuerk writes on the state of the New Church in Berlin. Mess. III:142.

New Hamburg, Near Berlin, Ont., May 2. - A New Church Society of 14 persons is instituted here, with Rev. Gustaf Reiche, a former Lutheran, as minister. Mess. III:142, 190. Vol. 5.

UNITED STATES
Washington, D. C., May 6-7. - First semi-annual meeting of the Maryland Assn. Mess. III:2k01; M. 31:409. G

DELAWARE
Wilmington, April 29. - A New Church temple is dedicated here. Mess. III:187.

LOUISIANA
New Orleans, Jan. - There are now two societies here. One styled the Church of the Divine Humanity, consists of the followers of T. L. Harris, with Mr. L. E. Reynolds as leader; another society called The Christian Church of the New Jerusalem, organized in 1854, is looking to the General Convention. The Rev. John M. Hofer, a German Methodist minister, is ordained by prayer. Mess. 4:11.

MAINE
Gardiner, Jan. 10. - The New Church is bitterly attacked by Bishop burgess, of the Episcopal Church. He is answered by H. B. H. before a crowded congregation in the New Church temple. Mess. III:131.

MASSACHUSETTS
Boston, Jan. - Mr. Otis Clapp is removed from his agency as publisher for the General Convention. Mess. 4:14.

June 9-13. The Fortieth General Convention is described in Mess. IV:2; M. 31:1.

Report of comm. On Religious Instruction. M. 31:24 ff. E G

Report of New Church History Comm. M. 31:46.

Informative report of coleporteur, C. A. Dunham on Coleportage, and of the comm. on Coleportage. P. 277 ff. M. 31:276.

MICHIGAN
Jackson, Oct. 15. - Seventeenth meeting of the Michigan Assn.; one of its most pleasant and useful meetings. Fields Hist. p. 240; M. 31:315. C M.

NEW YORK
New York City, Jan. - The rev. B. F. Barrett begins to publish The Swedenborgian, a bimonthly. I. 1858:237; M

July 1. - The cornerstone is laid for the New Church temple in 35th St., between Lexington Ave. and 4th Ave. Mess. 4:13.

44



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 45

OHIO
Bellefontaine, Sept. 24. Fourth meeting of the Ohio General Society of the New Church. M. 31:30. Cf. Report of W. G. Day, 309. M

Urbana, June 17. - Closing exercises of the Urbana University. Mess. 4:34.

PENNSYLVANIA
Darby, Aug. 26. - Meeting of the Pennsylvania Assn. M. 31:271; Mess. 4:50. C G cf. Min. 19, p. 272. E

Frankford, April 5. - The Pennsylvania Assn. requests the General Convention to have the Rev. Thomas Wilks consecrated an ordaining minister. M. 30:596. Min. 10. G

Lancaster, April 18. - Death of Mr. F. J. Kramph, the leading member of the Lancaster Society. (His will led to the notorious Kramph Will Trial in 1908-1911.) M. 31:139, biogr. Mess. III:183.

VIRGINIA
Warminster, Nov. 15. - A New Church society is instituted by the Rev. Abel Silver, at the home of N. F. Cabell, Esq. M. 71:772.

EUROPE
AUSTRIA, n. d. - The New Church is forbidden in Austria, for very peculiar reasons. O. II:179.

FRANCE
Paris, July 11. - The Rev. D. C. Goyder, at the invitation of the Count de la Taille, preaches at Versailles. I. 478.

Sept. - Information concerning the Count de Birague and his vagaries is given in M. 31:378, 474.

Nov. 10. - The state of the Church here is described in M. 31:375.

Dec. 8. - The state of the Church in the South of France, is noted in M. 31:426.

St. Armand. The services at St. Armand are described. Husbands and wives very seldom united in faith in the New Church in France. M. 31:320-331.

GERMANY. July. - Mrs. J. Y. Scammon, of Chicago, Ill., dies at Frankfurt. The state of the Church here is described in M. 31:120,101.

Stuttgart, Sept. -The Eleventh General Convention of the New Church in Germany and Switzerland. M. 31:328. C

Nov. - Dr. Tafel issues a warning against Spiritism. M. 31:474.

GREAT BRITAIN. - The general characteristic features of the year, within and without the New Church, are pictured in I. 1859:83.

Brighton, Sept. - Dr. J. Bayley delivers his famous Brighton Lectures. O. II:385.

Liverpool, April. - For the first time in 60 years, the Holy Supper is administered by an ordained minister, Rev. J. Cull. O. II:215.

London, Jan. 5. - Mr. Henry Bateman lectures at Islington, on The Dangers of Spiritualism. The meeting is captured by the Spiritists. O. II:69.

Jan. 21. - A New Church School is opened in the New Church College by Rev. C. G. McPherson, formerly of Trinidad. I. 181.

June 15. - Meeting of the Swedenborg Society. RSS. Long list of public institutions given sets of the Writings, pp. 8,9, - a thoroughly interesting and informative report.

Aug. 12. - The Fifty-first General Conference is characterized by anti-clerical feelings. I. 313; O. II:309. G

Oct. 2. - Death of James Knight, Esq.; for many years the legal adviser of the General Conference. He was greatly interested in astrology and spiritualism. I. 575; O. II:393.

45



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 46

Oct. 24. - The Rev. John Hyde, formerly a Mormon preacher, is ordained by Dr. J. Bayley. Mr. Hyde, at a great meeting in Argyle Square, describes his experiences among the Mormons, and his conversion to the New Church. O. II:388.

Middleton, Oct. 10. - A New Church chapel is opened here. I. 520.

RUSSIA, May 12. - The eloquent speech of General Mouravieff, urging the abolition of Serfdom, is published in O. II:197; M. 31:153.

SWEDEN
Christianstad, July 7. - A general meeting of the New Church people in Sweden is held here. 100 are collected for the publication of the Writings. I. 524; M. 42:217.

Stockholm, n. d. - A medal in honor of Swedenborg is struck by the Academy of Sciences. O. IV:143.


SWITZERLAND, Sept. 12. - The first public meeting for New Church worship in French Switzerland is held at Campague Empereur, near Vevay. M. 31:329.

NOTABLE ARTICLES
The Intellectual Repository, 1858.

       The letters of Geo. Field, of 1857, respecting the deplorable state of the New Church in Great Britain, meet with wholesale denunciations and denials. Pp. 46, 141, 375. Reply by Mr. Field. p. 279.
The wrappers of the Repository are used to advertise spiritistic works. This meets with protests. P. 279.

       Protests against the sale of spiritistic works by the agent of the Swedenborg Society. Answer from Mr. White. p. 137.

The Monthly Observer, vol. 2.

       Public discussion between Dr. Brindley and Dr. Bayley, on Swedenborgs Writings, especially Conjugial Love. pp. 137,162, 200.

       A proposition to exclude Conjugial Love from the works gratuitously distributed by the Swedenborg Society. The book is generally rejected in the Church. p. 155.
Spiritualism and Pseudo-Spiritualism, by Baron D. Holmfeld. p. 227.

The New Jerusalem Magazine, vol. 30.
Criticism of the spiritistic report of the British Swedenborg Society. p. 385.

       Attack on Henry James. P. 501.

The New Jerusalem Messenger, vol. 4.
Mythology in the light of the New Church; a valuable article. p. 121.

46



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 47

PUBLICATIONS
(Anonymous): A Deep Dip into John Brindleys Reply. By a Charity Boy. Birmingham. Rev. I. 1858:519; 1859:46.

       Catalogue of the Books bequeathed by the late Rev. Samuel Noble to the Cross Street Society, and deposited in its Library in the Church. London. 80 pp. AL.

       Christian Union, and how to get it. By a Christian Minister. London. Hodson. Rev. I. 1858:511.

       On Division among the Churches. A Letter to the Earl of Derby. By Medicus Cantabrigiensis Ridgway, England. 8 pp. O. II:417; I. 1859:143.

       Rays of Light. 2nd Series. Extracted from the Writings of Emanuel Swedenborg. Boston. Clapp. 128 pp. Rev. M. 91:225; Mess. IV:7. AL.

       The New World: the first chapter of Genesis expounded by the Science of Analogy. A Dialogue in Verse. Birmingham. H. Murdoch. 79 pp. Rev. I. 1858:178.

(Bateman, Henry): A Liturgy from the Divine Word. 2nd Edition. Islington, London. 18 pp. Sewall L. AL.

                     
Bayley, Rev. Jonathan: Great Truths on Great Subjects. Six lectures delivered at Brighton. London. Judd. AL.

       Ribband of Blue. Portland, Me. 12 pp. Harv. L.

Beurling, C. H.: Den Nya Frbindelsen mellan Himmel och Jord. Stockholm. Beckman. 4 pp. 4 W. RL.

       Drottning Lovisa Ulrika och Emanuel Swedenborg. Stockholm. J. Beckman. 14 pp. AL.

Brickman, Rev. A. O.: Ein Siegel auf die Lippen; Vertheidigung und Beleuchtung der wichtigsten Lehren des Wortes Gottes und der Neuen Kirche des Herrn. Baltimore. 64 pp. Rev. Mess. III:151. AL.

Brindley, John: Reply to Mr. George Dawsons public Enlogium of Swedenborg and his Writings. Birmingham(?) Rev. I. 1858:475; 1859:46.

Bush, Prof. George: Notes Critical and practical on the Book of Numbers. New York. 475 pp. Rev. I. 1859:129. AL.

Clapp, Otis: A Letter to the Receivers of the Heavenly Doctrines, on the want of Union. Boston. 27 pp. Rev. O. III:86. AL.

Clowes, Rev. John: En Krleksfull Upmaning till det Kristeliga Presterskapet att rlight granska Emanuel Swedenborgs Andeliga Verk. Christianstad. Sweden. Lang. 26 pp. I. 1858:523. Translated by Dr. Seven. AL.

       Exposition. of the Four Gospels. No. I. Matthew. Edited, with additional notes and illustrations, by George Bush. Boston. Clapp. 192 pp. Rev. I. 1858. 563 pp. AL.

       The Gospel according to Mark. 2nd Edition, revised and increased. London. White. Rev. I. 1858:224; O. II:376, 412. BL. AL.

Cuno, J. C.: Aufzeichnungen Eines Amsterdamer Brgers uber Swedenborg. Hannover. Rumpler. 172 pp. A collection of important documents concerning Swedenborg, edited and published by Dr. August Scheler, royal Belgian Librarian. O. III:296. AL.

Fernald, Rev. W. M.: Judah and Simeon. A Sermon. Boston. Clapp. 12 pp. AL.

47



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 48

Fox, Rev. Jabez: Perpetual Existence. A sermon delivered in the House of Representatives, at Washington, on April 4th, 1858. London. Longman. 22 pp. AL.

(Goddard, Rev. Warren): The Pythonism of the Present Day. The Resolutions of the Ministers of the Massachusetts Assn. of the New Jerusalem, on the Subject of Modern Spiritualism. Boston. Phinney. 50 pp. AL.

Harris, Thomas Lake: Arcana of Christianity. Vol. I. New York. New Church Publishing Assn. 496 pp. Severely reviewed in Mess. 4:

Hayden, Rev. W. B.: On the Character and Work of Christ. 3rd Edition. Boston, Clapp. 83~p. BL. AL.
       On the History of the Dogma of Infant Damnation. Portland, Me. 92 pp. AL.

Hiller, Rev. O. Prescott: God Manifest. A Treatise on the Goodness, Wisdom, and Power of God. London. Hodson. 466 pp. Rev. O. III:47; I. 1858:511. AL.

Hitchcock, General E. A.: Swedenborg, a Hermetic Philosopher. Being a Sequel to Remarks on Alchemy and the Alchemists: showing that Swedenborg was a Hermetic Philosopher. With a chapter on Swedenborg and Spinoza. New York. Appleton. Rev. M. 40:199; O. III:332; I. 1869:218. AL.

Hopps, J. P.: A Lecture on Heaven and Hell, as seen by Swedenborg and Mahomet. A Comparison and a Contrast. Birmingham. 94 pp. Rev. I. 1858:479. UL. AL.

(Liturgical): Liturgy, or Book of Worship, prepared and published by the New York Society of the New Jerusalem Church. New York. 254 pp. BL. AL.

Mason, Rev. W.: A Manual for Christian Mothers founded on the Lords Prayer. London. White. 40 pp. Rev. O. II:345.

(Norell, Rev. H. E.): Det Nya Salem. 3 parts. Christianstad. Lang. 3 pts. in 1 v. AL. A standard New Church Missionary work. The author was a clergyman of the Lutheran Church in Sweden. AL.

(PERIODICALS):

       The Family Instructor or Pictorial Magazine. St. Ives, Huntingdonshire, England. 1858 monthly. See Intellectual Repository 1858:190.

       The Swedenborgian. Devoted to the advocacy of spiritual Christianity and religious liberty. New York, American New Church Assn. 185-60. 4 vols. Editor: B. F. Barrett.

Reichs, Rev. Guataf: Offenes Bekenntniss der Lehre seines Glaubens, begrndet durch das Work Gottes, dem Ministerium der Evangelisch-Lutherischen Synode van Pittsburg, vorgebegt. Waterloo, Ont., Canada. 88pp. Rev. Mess. III:151.

(Rich, Elihu): Notes on certain Forms of Spiritualism, addressed to the members of the New Church. London. White. 96 pp. AL.

Robinson, Thomas: The Doctrine of Justification by Faith Alone, the Curse of Christendom. London. White. 16 pp. Rev. O. II:945; I. 1858:478. AL.

Sears, Rev. E. H.: Athanasia; or, Foregleams of Immortality. London. White. Rev. I. 1858:562. AL.

48



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 49

(Seven, Dr. J. A.): Svar till Svenska Tidningens Ernst Ludvig. Semper Invitus. Christianstad. H. Lang. 76 pp. AL.

(Smithson, Rev. J. H.): Swedenborgs Writings and Catholic Teachings; or, a Voice from the New Church Porch, in answer to a series of articles on the Swedenborgians, by the Vicar of Froome-Selwood, in The Old Church Porch. London. White 112 pp. Rev. O. II:91,119; I. 1858:134. AL.

Tafel, Dr. John Friedrick Immanuel: Erlrung der Neuen Kirche an die Menschheit. Tbingen. 24 pp. AL.

       Fretal till den Latinska Upplagan af Swedenborgs Diarium Spirituale. Christianstad. Lang. Translated from the Latin by Dr. Seven. RL.

Touche dAillant. Emanuel Swedenborgs Tankar och Syner Andliga Amnen. 2nd Edition. Stockholm. RL. AL.

Wilkins, Rev. J.: A Reply to Dr. Bayley. Brighten. England. I. 1058:567.

Wilks, Rev. Thomas: A Lecture on the Ancient Theology of the Heathen World. New York. Mess. 4:17, 21.


Woodman, Rev. W.: Report of a Discussion between Rev. W. Woodman and Mr. John Bowes, on the Doctrines of the New Jerusalem Church. London. Partridge. 176 pp. Rev. I. 1858:286. AL.

Worcester, Rev. Thomas: Illustrations of Scripture. London. White. 258 pp. Rev. I. 1858:178,

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
AFRICA. Burton and Speke discover Lakes Tanganyika and Victoria Nyanza.

In Egypt, the first train on the Suez railroad crosses the isthmus in eleven hours from Suez to Alexandria (Dec. 5).

AMERICA. Death of Nathaniel W. Taylor, first professor of theology in the Yale Divinity School, a liberal Calvinist.

The Atlantic telegraph is laid successfully (Aug. 5).

The first overland mail for California leaves St. Louis (Sept. 16).

FRANCE. Miraculous visions claimed by Catholics at Lourdes.

GREAT BRITAIN. Launching of The Great Iron Ship Great Eastern, at London (Jan. 31).

Publication of Buckles Introduction to the History of Civilization.

Death of Robert Owen, British social reformer and pioneer in the Cooperative Movement.

India is transferred from the East India Company to the British crown.

RUSSIA. The process of emancipation begins (Jan.).

49



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 50

1859

AFRICA
Graaf Reinet. Cape Colony, S. A., June 16. - A New Church society is formed by Mr. Alfred Essex; about 20 members: a lot is purchased for a temple. I. 1860:37: O. IV:430: M. 33:324: Mess. VI:74.

MAURITIUS. - Edmont de Chazal secures the services of N. Alexander Vaissiere, a young French Newchurchman, as teacher of a New Church school. The New Church is spreading among the English garrison on the Island. H. 31:627; 32:138, 188, 483, 517, 557.

AMERICA
Washington. D. C., n. d. - The Society is in a disorganized State. The Church building passes into private hands: services are conducted in private by Thomas Smith, Naval Judge Advocate. Mess. 22:176.

INDIANA
Laporte, June 14. - A New Church Society is organized under the leadership of Henry Weller. History of the Society is given in Mess. 18:11.

LOUISIANA
New Orleans, Way. - George W. Christy is the leading spiritist of the Church of the Divine Humanity. Mess. 4:178,191.

MASSACHUSETTS
Boston, Jan. 1. - The Rev. Edmund H. Sears, becomes editor of the Religious Magazine and Independent Journal. It is quasi-New Church. M. 32:167.

n. d. - The Origin of the Boston New Church Union, is described in M. 33:595. C

MICHIGAN
Marshall, Oct. 21. - At the meeting of the Michigan Assn., a paper on Baptism, by George Field, is discussed with great acrimony. Fields History, p. 245: M. 32:421. C

MISSOURI
St. Louis, Jan. 19. - The Rev. Gerhard Busman, a German New Church Missionary, is authorized by Rev. J. R. Hibbard. M. 32:55.

NEW YORK
Buffalo, May 15. - A New Church Society is organized by Rev. J. P. Stuart. M. 31:628.

New York City, Feb. 6. - The new temple is dedicated. Mess. 4:138.

May 29. - Organization of The Brooklyn Society of the New Jerusalem. History of the movement is given in Mess. 4:202.

Rochester, Sept. 19. - Death of Prof. George Bush, aged 63 years. A great New Church scholar, writer, editor and controversialist. Biogr. M. 32:252, 402.

OHIO
Glendale, Aug. 21. - Organization of the Hebron Society of the New Church. M. 32:202.

Urbana, June. - The Rev. J. P. Stuart resigns his connection with Urbana University. Anniv. Record 1926:20.

50



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 51

PENNSYLVANIA
Darby, Aug. 25. - At the 29th meeting of the Pennsylvania Assn., the Pittsburgh Society is admitted to membership. Pa. Assn. Journal, Min. 9. G

Philadelphia, Feb. 22. - 28th Heating of the Pennsylvania Assn., at Cherry St. The German Society at Shippensburg, Pa. is admitted. (It ceased to report in 1863). M. 31:519; Mess. 4:151,153. G

June 8-12. - The Forty-first General Convention. A proposal by Rev. W. H. Benade to adopt an official dress for ministers is tabled. Rev. J. R. Hibbard is authorized to ordain John M. Hofer for the Germans in New Orleans. Journal, Gen. Conv. 1859. G C

WISCONSIN
Sextonville, Jan. 1. - A small society is instituted, here. M. 31:476.

AUSTRALIA
Adelaide, July 17. - Mr. E. G. Day becomes the minister of the society. I. 1860:38, 499.

EUROPEAUSTRIA, n. d. - Dr. Koch, the former leader of the New Church in Vienna, and a spiritist, emigrates to America. M. 31:380.

FRANCE. - The state of the New Church is discussed in M. 31:564, 513.

GERMANY. - Gustaf Werners Brother House is said to be a movement mixed with socialism, spiritism, and pseudo-celestialism. W. 32:201, 358.

GREAT BRITAIN, n. d. - Death of Mr. George Harrison, a prominent Quaker New Churchman. As translated many of the Writings into Anglo-Saxon English. Biogr., NCM. 1888:127

Birmingham, Nov. - The Rev. G. B. Porteus secedes from the Methodist Free Church, and starts a Flaw Church society in Birmingham. I. 1860:389.


Derby, Aug. 11. - Fifty-second General Conference. Summary of proceedings in O. III:303: reported in I. 414. G First conference address by a layman, and attack thereon. OIV. O.IV:24e-26.

Heywood, March. - Death of Mr. John Wild, one of the founders of the New Church in Heywood. Biogr., Mess. 47:234.

London, n. d. - The Rev. S. M. Warren becomes the assistant minister of the Cross Street Society. (He remained until 1862, and was of great service in the struggle against the Spiritists in the Swedenborg Society). I. 1873:241.

Feb. 15. - The Rev. C. G. MacPherson accepts the pastorate of the Devonshire St. Society. O. III:141.

June 21. - Fiftieth anniversary of the Swedenborg Society. (O. III:248). William White, the agent of the Swedenborg Society, makes the Book Room in Bloomsbury Street one of the Headquarters for the sale of the works of Thomas Lake Harris, the American Spiritualist. O. III:l38, l72; Dec. II:1319. P

July-Aug. - The Argyle Square Society worships temporarily at Cross St. I. 1859:373.

Aug. 2. - Death of Roger Crompton, Esq. Biogr., I. 431.

Dec. 14. - Death of Mr. Alexander McNab, aged 80 years: an eminent surgeon, and Newchurchman since 1800. O. IV:70.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 52

Nottingham, Sept. 15. - Opening services of the Park St. Society. I. 1862:186.


Nottingham and Ipswich, Oct, - Splits occur in these two societies, on the issue of Spiritism. O. III:393.

ITALY
Florence. - The state of the Church is described in Mess. 4:187.

Rome. - A small English flew Church colony meets on Sundays here. Mess. 4:154.

SWEDEN
Christianstad. - A New Church Society is organized here. M. 42:217.

Stockholm. - Great excitement is caused by the discovery of the MS. of Swedenborgs Dreams of 1743 and 1744:, and its publication by the Royal Librarian, C. G. Klemming. A number of scandalous newspaper articles appear, attacking Swedenborgs morality. I. 341, 383.

Jan. 24. - Baron Bernhard von Beskow delivers his famous Eulogy on Swedenborg, before the Swedish Academy. White he is reading, there is a singular occurrence with the lights in the great hall. M. 31:570.

Sept. 12. - Dr. Prof. Immanuel Tafel arrives in Stockholm to investigate Swedenborgs manuscripts. The Academy of Sciences gives him permission to carry to Germany such of the MSS. as he intends to publish. M. 32:287, 288.

Mr. J. Y. Scammon, of Chicago, visits Mr. C. H. Beurling in Stockholm. (Ibid).

Wexi, Sodergren, n. d. - Carl Deleen begins to publish a 16 pp. monthly periodical called Den Nye Budbraren, (The New Messenger) containing translations of the Writings. (It ceased in March 1860) Copy in the Royal Library.

SWITZERLAND. - An account of certain adventurers and frauds, pretending interest in the New Church appears in Mess. 4:158. One fraud ridden on a rail in Indiana (not by New Churchmen).

NOTABLE ARTICLES
The Intellectual Repository, 1859.
A long discussion of the distinctiveness of the New Church; and on receivers of the Heavenly Doctrine worshiping with the Old Church. pp. 76, 120, 170, 225.

       Confirmations of Swedenborgs statements respecting the Africans. P. 227.

       Spiritualism, by O. P. Hiller. p. 260.

       On the state of the Priesthood in the Conference; fears it is dying cut; the prevailing clerico-phobia. pp. 311, 367.

       On the Priesthood indignities offered to it by the New Church in Great Britain: the love of dominion not confined to the clergy; predicts an ultimate hierarchy in the New Church; by Argus. p. 455. Reply to Argus: denies any distinction between the clergy and the Laity. pp. 490, 538.

       Public discussions at Bolton between Rev. Woodville Woodmand and Bradlaugh, The Iconoclast, p.83.

       Failure of the New Church (Free) Schools in England; religious instruction not given even once a week. P. 414.

52



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 53

The Monthly Observer, vol. 3.
Controversy on Spiritualism; and the sale of spiritistic works by the Swedenborg Society. p. 172.

       The state of the General Conference discussed; the ministry deficient; societies sickly and fading away. pp. 354, 384.

       The first information respecting Swedenborgs Book of Dreams, in England. p. 341.

       Controversy respecting the Resurrection-body of the Lord. pp. 98, 135, 171, 250, 319, 384.

The New Jerusalem Messenger, vol. 4.
The editor speaks plainly concerning Henry James and his free-love notions. pp. 190,196.

PUBLICATIONS
Arbouin, James: Dissertations on the Regenerate Life. First complete American Edition. Savannah, Ga. Edward J. Purse. 172 pp. AL.

(Baylay, Rev. J.?): The Newchurchmans Almanac and Christian Companion for 1859. London. White. Severely Rev. O. III:63: I. 859:142.

Cabell, N. P.: Letter on a Trinal Order for the Ministry of the New Church. 2nd Edition. Philadelphia. King. 96 pp. AL.

de Chazal, Edmond: Je suis Apostat. Port Louis. Isle of Mauritius. O. III:381.
Ma Defnse coutre les injustes Aggressions diriges contre ma Libert de Couscience par lEglise Catholique Romaine de Mauice. Port Louis. O. III:381.

       Rponse a N. le Directaur de la Croix du Sud sur 1'Institution du Marriage. Port Loufs. O. IV:167.

       Rponse a M. 1'Abb Mazny, at Deuxime Rponse a M. 1'Abb M. Rev. I. 1860:45.

Dirckinck-Holmfeld, Baron Coustant: The Divine Human. Solution of the Unitarian and Trinitarian Controversy. London. White. SSL. AL.

Fernald, Rev. W. H.: God in His Providence. London. White. A spiritistic production. BL. AL.

       The Eternal Memory of the Soul, New York. American New Church Association, 24 pp. Mess. 4:163. AL.

       The New Jerusalem. A sermon. 36 pp. AL.

Fletcher, John W.: Swedenborg: a Lecture. London. W. Tweedle. O. III:131; I. 1859:237.

Hayden, Rev. W. B.: The Scripture Doctrine of Resurrection. Portland, Me. 20 pp. AL.

Hyde, Rev. John: Will the Natural Body rise from the Grave? London. O. 1860:45. AL.

Kahl, Dr. Achatius: Narratiunculae de vitis Hominum in E. Swedenborgii Diario commemoratorum, quibus edjecta est Genealogia nobilis familiae Swedenborgiae. Published also as Section 3 of the Seventh Part of the Spiritual Diary. Tbingen. 44 pp. AL.

53



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 54

La Boys des Quays J. F. S.: Index General des Passages de la Divine Parole cits dans les crits dEmmanuel Swedenborg. 2 vols. MNS. VI:157. AL.

(Liturgical): A Manual for Sabbath Schools. Prepared and published by a Committee of the General Convention. New York. 142 pp. Rev. Mess. 4:135. AL.
       Book of Religious Services for the use of New Church Sabbath Schools. Prepared for, and published by, the Detroit New Church Society. Detroit, Mich. A copy was owned by Rev. A. F. Frost, of Boston. AL.

Mason, Rev. W.: Forty Moral Lectures for the Young. London. Hodson. 338 pp. AL.

Mill, John: The Claims of Swedenborg. Boston. Clapp. AL.

Noble, Rev. Samuel: The Plenary Inspiration of the Scriptures, asserted. 3rd Edition. London. Hodson. AL.

(PERIODICALS):
Nya Kyrkans Budbare. Copenhagen, Denmark. Monthly. 1859-60. See Swedenborgs Minneskyrka Apr. 1930. See also letter from Rev. G. Baeckstrom in A. L. file, Jan. 23, 1934. Editor: Carl Deleen.

       Die Kaube; ein kleiner bote fur der Neuen Kirche. Baltimore, Mr. Apr. 1859-May 1892, Monthly Editor: Rev. Arthur O. Brickman.

Pooley, Charles: Life, Psychically and Physically considered. London. O. III:165.

Reed, Sampson: Observations on the Growth of the Mind. Boston. Crosby. 99 pp. 5th Edition. AL.

       Swedenborg and His Mission. Boston. Phinney. 24 pp. AL.

Robinson, Thomas: The Writings of Emanuel Swedenborg. Do they encourage Adultery? London. White. I. 1859:381. AL.

Skberg, K.: Andeskaderen Svedenborg. 2nd Edition. Stockholm. RL.

Tafel, Dr. Immanuel: Frklaring stlld till Menskligheten. Christianstad. Lund. 26 pp. AL.

       Nya Frsamlingens eller det utlofvade Nya Jerusalems Grund lror. Christianstad. Lang. 26 pp. Translated from the German by Dr. Sevn. AL.

White, Miss Sophia: Dialogues. Essays, and Stories, for the use of Children. Boston. Phinney. M. 32:355.

White, William: Emanuel Swedenborg. hans Lefverne och Lara. Christianstad. Translated from the English by Dr. Sevn. RL. AL.

Woodman, Rev. W.: The Editor of the Truth Promoter and the New New Church: a Correspondence with Mr. John Bowes. London. White. I. 1859:382. AL.

Worcester, Rev. Samuel H.: First Religious Lessons for Little Children. Baltimore. 31pp. AL.

       Erster Religious unterricht fr kleine Kinder. Baltimore. T. Kroh. 30 pp. Translated from the preceding by Rev. A. O. Brickman. Rev. M. 32:193. Sewall L.

54



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 55

Worcester, Rev. Thomas: Address in Commemoration of the Last Judgment. New York.

       The Passover. A sermon. New York. 15 pp. AL.

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
ASIA. The ports of Yokohama, Nagasaki, and Hakodate, in Japan, are opened to trade.

AMERICA. Deaths of Washington Irving (American author) and Horace Mann (American educator).

John Brown seizes U. S. arsenal at Harpers Ferry, West Virginia (Oct. 16).

In Mexico, Juarez decrees the confiscation of church property (July 12).

AUSTRIA. Decree by the Emperor of Austria in favor of the rights of Jews (Jan. 10).

Death of Prince von Metternich, Austrian statesman.

FRANCE. Death of Alexis de Tocqueville, French liberal politician; author of Democracy in America [1835).

GERMANY. Death of Baron von n. Humboldt, German naturalist and explorer.

GREAT BRITAIN. Publication of Charles Darwins Origin of Species.

Death of Lord Macaulay, English historian and writer.

The Derby ministry is defeated on the second reading of the Reform Bill (March); and succeeded by a Palmerston ministry (June).

Remarkable religious revival in Ireland (June-July).

ITALY. Following the decisive battle of Solferino, Preliminaries of Peace are signed by the Emperors of Prance and Austria, at Villafranca, Italy (July 11). This is confirmed by conference at Zurich (Nov. 10). Austria cedes Lombardy to Italy.

Concordat between the Pope and Spain (Aug. 26).

SWEDEN. Death of Oscar I (July 8): is succeeded by his son, Charles XV.

TURKEY. Discovery by Tischendorf, in a convent on Mount Sinai, the bulk of a fourth century MS. of the Greek Bible (Codex Sinaiticus).

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 56

1860

AFRICA
Graff Reinet. - News appears in I. 1860:597.

MAURITIUS, March 6. - News from Mauritius is published in M. 32:636. The causes leading to the separation of M. Edmond de Chazal from the Roman Catholic Church are described in M. 33:269.

n. d. - The Rev. M. Bugnion, a self-styled Bishop of an independent Swiss-Protestant denomination, at Paris, becomes a new Church convert, and organizes a New Church congregation in Mauritius. He also publishes two catechisms, a liturgy. H. 33:315-318: O. IV:106; V:388. The history of Bishop Bugnion, actually a follower of Harris, is given in I. 1875:85.

April. - M. de Chazal publishes a small Catechism in Creole patois, for the use of the Indian children in his New Church School. AL.

AMERICA
CANADA
Ontario, June 20. - The societies in Port Elgin and Wellesley are received by the General Convention. M. 33:6.

Strathroy, n. d. - A society is organized here: Rev. R. Saul, a Methodist preacher, acts as leader. Mess. 10:102.

UNITED STATES. - According to the Government census, there are in the United States: 64 societies: 42 ordained ministers: and 2550 members of the New Church. M. VI:439.

ILLINOIS
Chicago, June 20-24. - At the forty-second General Convention, the Rev. W. M. Fernald is suspended from the ministry, and removed from connection with the Convention on account of denying the doctrine concerning the eternal duration of hell, and because of devotion to the teachings of T. L. Harris. Benades report on The book of Principles is ordered withdrawn from publication. W. 33:1, 11, 12, 29. Cf. M. VI:27, 35. General account in Mess. VI:14. G

MAINE
Bath, Aug. 17-19. - 25th annual meeting of the Maine Assn. The name is changed to the Maine and New Hampshire Association. The Contoocook, N. H. Society is received. M. 33:337.

MARYLAND
Baltimore, Aug. 24. - Laying of cornerstone of temple of the Baltimore Third Society, by Rep. Abiel Silver. Mess. VI:50.

MASSACHUSETTS
Boston, April 1. - Ordination of James Reed, by Rev. Thomas Worcester. M. 32:635.

April 5. - Ordination of Timothy O. Paine, John Worcester, and Charles A. Dunham, at the meeting of the Massachusetts Assn. M. 32:635, 639.

Oct. - A parsonage-house is presented to the Boston Society by the Hen. John H. Wilkins. M. 33:273.

Taunton, Aug. 26. - A society of 10 receivers is organized here. M. 33:168.

Waltham, June 3. - Dedication of a New Church Chapel. Mess. VI:2.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 57

Detroit, Aug. 26. - Dedication of the New Church Temple. Mess. VI:55.

Oct. 19-21. - At the 9th annual meeting of the Michigan and Northern Indiana Assn., an adverse report on the Conventions Book of Principles is made. M. 33:360. G

NEW YORK
New York City, June. - The offices and Book Room of the General Convention and Messenger remove from Appletons building to 137 Grant St. Mess. VI:2.

OHIO
Cincinnati, Sept. 14-16. - Sixth annual meeting of the Ohio Assn.: Rev. J.P. Stuart presiding. The societies in Cincinnati, Pomeroy and Kyger, are received into the Association. M. 33:347; Mess. VI.63. G

Urbana, June 13. - Mr. Joshua Trowbridge Eaton is ordained by Rev. J. P. Stuart. M. 33:352; Mess. VI:22.

Sept. 16. - Ordination of Mr. John Curtis Ager, by Rev. J. P. Stuart. M. 33:350.

PENNSYLVANIA
Edenfield, Dec. - A society is organized by Rev. James Seddon. ness. IX:59.

AUSTRALIA
According to the census, there are 106 adults and 86 children of the New Church in Australia. Other news is told in: M. 32:695: 33:276; I. 599.

EUROPE

FRANCE
St. Armand, Rev. - M. Le Boys des Guays begins to correspond with Abd-el-Kader, the captive leader and hero of the Kaybles in Algeria, respecting Swedenborgs works. Chevrier Histoire, p. 222.

Versailles, Dec. 9. - Death of the Baroness Thiebault, aged 69 years, a grandedame, a zealous receiver, and constant attendant at the New Church services in Paris. Biogr., I. 1861:191.

GERMANY
Stuttgart, Sept. O. - A General Convention of the receivers in Germany and Switzerland, Prof. Tafel preaches against the notion (of Gustaf Werner) that the New Church is to be established by external social reforms. (M. 38:450). The work and character of Werner are described in H. 33:319.

GREAT BRITAIN
Ashton-under-Lyne, April 6. - A new Church chapel is opened. I. 294.

Birmingham (Hockley), June. - Mr. J. K. Applebee, a popular lecturer, succeeds Mr. Portheus as pastor in Hockley. O. VI:390.

Bury, Dec. 13. - A new chapel is opened. I. 1861:91.

Leeds, Dec. 25. - Formation of the Yorkshire Missionary and Colportage Association. O. V:66. G M

London, Jan. - Great enthusiasm over lectures by Thomas Lake Harris on the dangers and evils of Spiritualism. These lectures are said to be an extraordinary and triumphant exposure of Spiritualism.

57



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 58 In reality they are an insidious apology for Spiritism; and opened a violent controversy, during 1860-61, within the Swedenborg Society. O. IV:59.

Jan. - Mr. W. White still advertises the works of Harris in a circular appendix to I. 1860, Jan. wrapper.

May 9. - 39th anniversary of the missionary and Tract Society. I. 297. QIV:205. Bayley lectures, and debates with Mr. Owers. M

June 19. - Fifty-first annual meeting of the Swedenborg Society. RSS. O. IV:275. Declarations of faith and purpose of the society, by its president Dr. Spurgeon. P

July 5. - The new Committee of the Swedenborg Society requests Mr. White not to permit his name to appear as the publisher of spiritistic works, (I. 1860, Aug; front appendix). This proves ineffectual; and a months notice is given to Mr. White. Dec. II:1318.


Aug. - Mr. White publishes a very large and complete catalogue of New Church and Spiritistic works, as an appendix to I. 1860, Aug.

Aug. 2. - The Committee of the Swedenborg Society adopts resolutions disavowing Spiritualism. The secretary, Mr. W. M. Wilkinson, and the treasurer, Mr. W. Fryer, issue an abusive protest against the action of the Committee, with an appeal to the members at large. I. 1860, August; front appendix.

Mr. W. H. Wilkinson issues a remarkable 8-p. Circular. It is copied verbatim from an orthodox Old Church attack on the Unitarians, but filled so as to appear to apply to Swedenborgians. I. 501; O. IV:333.

Aug. 4. - One hundred and twenty-five spiritists suddenly apply for membership in the Swedenborg Society, in order to outvote the opponents of Harris, and capture the Society. The attempt is frustrated. I. 1860, Dec., App.

Aug, 23. - The spiritistic leanings of Dr. J. J. Garth Wilkinson are described. He attended Harris professionally, and noted the peculiar chest-formation and breathing of the new revelator. See Brothertons Spiritualism, p. 55.

Aug. 27. - Death of Mr. Louis Bayot. Biogr., I. 1861:46. Caused by his imprisonment in France for his N. C. religious and political views.

Sept. - The Committee of the S. S. issues a four page Statement in Reply to the Protest of Wilkinson and Fryer. I. 1860. Sept., App.

Oct. 31. - Mr. W. White issues a circular, sent privately to each member of the Swedenborg Society, ventilating his differences with the Committee of the Society. AL.; I. 1860, Oct. wrapper.

Nov. 12, 13. - A special General Meeting of the Swedenborg Society; Alfred Waterhouse, Esq. presiding. Mr. W. M. Wilkinson issues an erroneous 64-pp. report of this meeting. Dr. J. Bayley then issues a pamphlet (32pp.), containing the full report of his own speeches, suppressed by Mr. Wilkinson, 1, 1861:38. G

Nov. 22. - The Committee issues an appeal protesting against the admission of the proposed new Harrisite members. I. 1860, Dec., App.

Dec. Mr. W. White is dismissed by the Committee. Special officers are placed in charge of the house in Bloomsburg St.; these are violently ejected by a mob of prize-fighters, hired by White and his followers, and White is re-instated. The Committee secures an injunction in Chancery. White appeals to the Court of Appeals. Mr. C. H. Alvey is appointed agent pro tem; and the case stands over. I. 1861:84.

Dec. 20. - The final injunction against White is granted. O. V:35. A general review of the entire strange conflict is published in Dec. II:1318-1329.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 59

Newcastle, June. - The Rev. G. B. Portheus is received as the minister of the Newcastle Society. I. 237.

Aug. 14. - The Fifty-third General Conference is said to be characterized by clerico-phobia. I. 434: O. IV:318. G

Norwich, Jan. 25. - Troubles in the society on account of the leader, Mr. Henry Calloway, on account of Spiritualism, etc. O. IV:98, 138, 175, 206: I. 243.

Nottingham, March 14. - Mr. T. L. Harris delivers lectures and sermons, on the invitation of Mr. Thomas Stevenson, secretary. This leads to a disruption, and the establishment of a new society. This conflict is described in I. 241: O. IV:69, 333, 364.

SCOTLAND
St. Osyth, April 18. - A new Chapel is opened. I. 293.

Sweden. - Statutes of the Christianstad Society, are drawn up after the pattern of the Statutes of the old Society, Pro Fide et Charitate

n. d. - Dr. Kahl, Mrs. Ehrenborg, and other friends of the New Church publish a second edition of the Dream book, with an introductory defense of Swedenborg. AL.

NOTABLE ARTICLES
The Intellectual Repository, 1860.
The Editor issues a general warning against the Spiritism of T. L. Harris. p. 296.

       Specimens of the inspired poetry of Harris. p, 481.

       Is there to be another Swedenborg:, by O. P. Hiller. In taking the negative, the author takes higher ground in respect to the authority of the Writings than any one in England for forty years. An important paper. p. 153.

       What is the New Church? by O. P. Hiller; a complete exposure of Harris and the permeation theory. p. 567,

       Spiritualism and its Pretensions, by Woodville Woodman. pp. 212, 259, 319, 375, 406, 474.

       The New Church, Swedenborg, and Modern Spiritualism, by Le Boys des Guays. P. 193.

       Controversy between Arcrus and Serous on the Priesthood in the New Church. Important. Pp. 23, 67.

       Controversy between H. Bateman and H. Butler on the origin, history and troubles of the New Church College, Islington, London. pp. 12, 62, 118, 164.

The Monthly Observer, vol. 4.

       On The weakness of the General Conference, by Excelsior. p. 23.
Review of the troubles in the Swedenborg Society. p. 330.
The State of the Church, by Leon Kenworthy. pp.171, 209, 212, 249.
What think you of Mr. Harris? p. 188.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 60

PUBLICATIONS
(Anonymous): Searchings after Truth. By a Physician. London. Longman, 273 pp. I. 1869:247. AL.

Barrett, Rev. B. F.: Letters on the Trinity. 2nd Ed. New York. Mason. BL. AL.

Bayley Rev. Jonathan: The Swedenborg Society and its Agent. Containing the two Speeches of Dr. Bayley at the Meeting of certain friends of Mr. White, Nov. 12th 1860. London. 32 pp.

       A copy is owned by Rev. R. S. Tilson of London. AL.

Bennett, Rev. W. J. E.: The Churchs Broken Unity. On Methodism and the Swedenborgians. London, Hayes, 315 pp. An attack on the New Church, Contains articles reprinted from The Old Church Porch. BM.

Bolton, Rev. H.: Thoughts on Spiritual Impressions. Swedenborgianism, and the Book of Job Epitomized. London. An attack on the New Church. Rev. O. V:208.

Brickman, Rev. A. O.: Katechismus, oder Unterricht in den Lehren der Neuen Kirche fr Kinder. Baltimore. 22 pp. AL.

Brotherton, Edward: Spiritualism, Swedenborg, and the New Church; an Examination of Claims. London. White. 67 pp. Rev. I. 1861:73. A plea for T. L. Harris. AL.

Bush, Prof. George: A Statement of Reasons. 10th thousand. Boston. Clapp. 28 pp. AL.

De Chazal, Edmond: Discussions sur la Nouvelle Jrusalem. Expos des Motifs qui ont dcid le Rev. C. G. Macpherson reccuvir le Doctrine de la Nouvelle Eglise. Reponses de M. Edmond de Chazal London. White. I. 1860:191. AL.

de Chazal, Rev. Richard: General Epistles for pastoral Instruction in the New Jerusalem. 5 Parts. Philadelphia. 72 pp. AL.

(Ehrenborg, Lady A. F.:) Reflexioner fwer de nyligen uppdagade Swedenborgs Drommar, 1744:. Stockholm. 94 pp. AL.

Fernald, Rev. W. M.: A New Age for the New Church. A Review of the Celestial Sense of the Divine Word, revealed through Rev. T. L. Harris. Boston. 85 pp. AL.

Memoirs and Reminiscences of the late Prof. George Bush. Boston. Clapp. 404 pp. AL.

Harris, T. L.: First Book of the Christian Religion. New York, New Church Publishing Association. 175 pp. A pseudo-New Church Catechism. AL.

       The Millennial Age. Twelve inspired discourses delivered in London. London. White. 254pp. AL.

       The New Jerusalem, The Crown of Churches. A discourse delivered to the New Church Society in Nottingham. I. 1860:297. AL.

(Haworth, Adam): The Priesthood of the New Jerusalem. A Series of articles by Serons, reprinted from the Intellectual Repository. London. White. 43 pp. Urb. L. AL.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 61

Hiller, Rev. O. Prescott: A Chanter on Slavery. Presenting a sketch of its Origin and History, with Reasons for its Permission, and the probable manner of its Removal. London. Hodson. 175 pp. Rev. O. V:81: I. 1861:128. AL.

       Sermons, Doctrinal, Miscellaneous and Occasional. 2nd Edition. Edition. London. White. Rev. O. V:21; I. 1860:247. AL.

Holcombe, Dr. W. H.: Poems. New York. Mason Bros. M. 32:692. AL.

Hyde, Rev. John: Swedenborg, the Man of the Age. London. White.

Rev. I. 1860:45.

Kahl, Dr. Achatius: Strdda Uppsastser rrande Swedenborgs Drommar. Christianstad, RL. AL.

Le Boys des Guays, J. P. E.: Das Wahre System der Religions-Philosophie, in Briefen an Einen Weltmann. Baltimore. 216 pp. Translated by Prof. Rudolph L. Tafel, and Edited by Rev. A. O. Brickman. AL.

       The New Church, Swedenborg, and Modern Spititualism. London. White. Reprinted from articles in the Intellectual Repository, SSL. AL.

       Uppenbarelse boken till dess Ande liga mening, efter Apocalypsis Revelata, med filera arbeten, framstllda. Christianstad. Lang. RL. AL.

(Liturgical): The Prayer Book, together with the Order of the Sacraments of the New Christian Church. London. Barrett. 54 pp. SSL. AL.

Pike, Rev. J. G.: Swedenborgianism depicted in its True Colours. A new Edition published by Mr. John Bowes. Dundee. ML. 1895:53. AL.

(PERIODICALS):

       The Spiritual Magazine. A general record of spiritual phenomena, in continuation of that published at Keighley. Articles by W. Howitt, E. Rich, Rev. T. L. Harris and others. To be published on Jan. 1, 1860, monthly. Published by F. Pitman, 20 Paternoster Row, London. See circular attached. Sent out with the Intellectual Repository. Jan. 1, 1860.

Rendell Rev. E. D.: The Holy Supper: the Duty of attending to this Divine Ordinance: the Signification of its Symbols; and its Spiritual Uses. London. Hodson. 44 pp. I. 1860:299. AL.

Rich, Elihu: Index to Swedenborgs Arcana Coelestia. Vol. II. M to Z. London. Swedenborg Society. 838 pp. AL.

Richer, douard: La Religion du Bon Sens. 2nd Edition. St. Armand. LRT.

Smith, Thomas: The Future State of the Blessed. A discourse in commemoration of the death of Rev. Rufus Dawes. New York. Cooper Union. 23 pp.

Smithson, Rev. J. H.: A New Translation, from the Hebrew, of the Prophet Isaiah, together with an Exposition of the Spiritual Sense of the Divine Prophecies, from the Theological Works of Emanuel Swedenborg. London. Longman.... pp. Rev. O. IV:238, 307, 375: I. 1860:230: M. 38:241. AL.

Tafel, Dr. Immanuel: Documents concerning Swedenborg. A new Edition, edited by J. H. Smithson and George Push. New York. American New Church Association, 232 pp. AL.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 62

Beskow, Baron Bernhard, von: Minne fver Emanuel Svedenborg. Stockholm. AL.

White, William: Circular Address to the Swedenborg Society. London. White. 10 pp. AL.

(Wilkinson, W. M.): Resolutions and Protest as to the Laws of the Swedenborg Society. London. 8 pp. Urb. L. AL.

Wilkinson, Dr. J. J. Garth: The Human Body and its Connexion with Man. A second, cheap, edition. London. Chapman. 385 pp. AL.       

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
ASIA. Lord Clyde proclaims the rebellion in India subdued (Jan. 7).

War is waged by the allied English and French against China (Aug. 12); Taku forts are taken by the allies, Aug. 21); allies advance on Pekin which surrenders, (Oct. 12): Treaty of Tien Tsin is ratified (Oct. 24); allies leave Pekin (Nov. 5).

AMERICA. Oil City Pennsylvania is founded after the drilling of the first oil well in the world by Edwin L. Drake.

The first Pony Express reaches Carson Valley in eight and a half days From Missouri; and news thence by telegraph reaches San Francisco in nine days from New York.

The National Republican Convention meets at Chicago (May 16), and nominates Abraham Lincoln for President of the United States.

Abraham Lincoln is elected 16th President of the United States. (Nov. 6).

FRANCE. Napoleon III concedes greater freedom of speech in the legislative chambers.

GERMANY. Death of Arthur Schopenhauer, philosopher of modern pessimism.

ITALY. A Papal Bull is directed against revolutionists, agitators and reformers (March 29).

In Sicily, Garibaldi lands at Marsala with 1000 Redshirts from Genoa (May 10); proclaims himself dictator on behalf of Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia.

A liberal ministry is formed at maples (June 28).

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 63

1861

AFRICA

SOUTH AFRICA
Graaf Reinet, Cape of Good Hope, July 15. Report of New Church society. M. 34:186. Cf. I. 1861:605.

n. d. - Second annual report. Mess. 7:74.

MAURITIUS
n. d. - First annual report of the New Church Society of Mauritius. NJM 33:604. Cf. I. 1862:43.

AMERICA
CANADA
Quebec, Jan. - Seventeen members of the New Church are now in Quebec; they intend to assemble for worship. Correspondence with Le Boys des Guays. Mess. 6:138.

Montreal, Oct. The New Church in Montreal is described. Mess. 7:82.

UNITED STATES
April 27. An editorial in The New Jerusalem Messenger, entitled. Civil War!," says, The fatal blow has been struck at Charleston. Mess. 6:182.

May 13. - Announcement that the proposed meeting of the General Convention on June 12, be indefinitely postponed on account of the disturbed state of the country. Mess. 6:194; M. 34:27.

ILLINOIS
Chicago, Jan. 29. - An Act of Incorporation of the General Convention is pushed through by J. Y. Scammon. Mess. 8:202.

Oct. 11-13. - 22d meeting of the Illinois Assn. M. 34:206. Isolated members advised not to attend old Church functions, 208. 211. N. C. Burnham resolution: laymen for lay uses, clergymen for clerical. 209. C G


MAINE
Portland, Dec. 27. - Organization of The New Church of Portland. Mess. 7:110.

MARYLAND
Baltimore, Jan. 1. - Dedication of new house of worship of the Baltimore Third Society; full account in Mess. 6:122.

MASSACHUSETTS
Boston, First annual report of the Boston New Church Union; history of its organization in 1859. Mess. 6:182. Formed to promote reading, discussion, and friendship among New Churchmen in the area. C G

March 21. - Death of Mr. Henry G. Foster. one of earliest New Churchmen in this country. M. 33:665.

April 4. - The meeting of the Massachusetts Association, resolves unfavorably on the Book of Principles. NJM. 33:610.

April 5. - Ordination of Mr. John Worcester. NCR. 1901:35.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 64

June 10. - Meeting of the Executive Committee of the General Convention. For political reasons, N. F. Cabell. Esq., resigns from the Executive Committee and the Convention. M. 34:28.

Dec. 5. - Death of John Hubbard Wilkins. Obit., Mess. 7:99. 103, 107; biogr., M. 34:291.

MICHIGAN
Detroit, May. - The society, by resolution, requests the pastor, Rev. G. Field, to refrain from preaching on re-baptism. Harsh feelings against pastor; the society disunited and demoralized. Pastors valedictory. Field, pp. 251, 258.

NEW YORK
Brooklyn, June 5. - Rev. James E. Mills is installed as pastor of the two-year-old Brooklyn society. Mess. 6:190.

New York City, Feb. 16. - Death of Samuel L. Waldo, one of the founders of the American Swedenborg Society and for several years its president. Obit., Mess, 6:147, 150.

OHIO
Urbana, May 10-13. - Seventh annual meeting of the Ohio Assoc. M. 33:665. Letters on missionary efforts. 674-678. M G

Glendale, Oct. 6. - Dedication of temple. Mess. 7:74.

PENNSYLVANIA
Philadelphia, Feb. 22. - 32d meeting of the Pennsylvania Assn. in Cherry Street. Rev. W. H. Benade reads a report, drawn up by himself and the Rev. T. Wilks, on The Nature of Swedenborgs Illumination. which concludes: ... We maintain, on the ground of our argument, that, as the Lord made His second advent through the instrumentality of Swedenborg, the truths which he has been the means of revealing to us, are divine; that they are the Lords spiritual Word, being the spiritual sense contained in the natural sense of the Sacred Scriptures, wherein the divinity of the Word resides; that these truths have all divine authority, as the Lords Word to His New Church. The report is accepted. The Rev. E. A. Beaman notes dissatisfaction: and obtains leave to print: Views of the Nature of Swedenborgs Illumination. He concludes: How shall we regard Swedenborgs writings? Shall we regard them as human or as Divine? As human, of course; for, to regard them as Divine would be to regard them as Sacred Scripture, and thus as the Word. But we must regard them as of the very highest authority next to the Word. And we must regard them as a finality not because they are necessarily infallible, as the Word is but because they are a rational and true explanation, by the chosen servant of the Lord--by him whose special use or mission it was to do this work--of the internal sense of the Sacred Scriptures, and thus of the doctrines of the New Church. Messrs. Benade and Wilks also presented a Report on the Book of Principles. under consideration by the General Convention. The Book of Principles is approved, with important exceptions concerning the orders and duties of the priesthood. RpaA.

n. d. - Owing to the war and for economic reasons, the Cherry Street school is forced to suspend its uses. Anniv. Record 1926:18.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 65

Upper Darby, Sept. 26. - 33d meeting of the Pennsylvania Assn. Draft of a proposed new Constitution is read and discussed. (Text is published in a separate 8-page pamphlet.) RPaA 1861, 6 pp.; M. 34:200. G

ASIA
EAST INDIES
Java, n. d. - News from Java. I. 1862:42.

AUSTRALIA
n. d. - The doctrines of T. L. Harris are introduced in Australia. NJM. 33:603.

Adelaide, March 19. - State of the New Church in Adelaide; complaints of neglect. I. 285.

EUROPE
AUSTRIA
Vienna. - Spiritism among the New Church people here. I. 1862:44.

FRANCE
Paris. - The receivers meet at M. Minots, after the death of M. and Mme. Hartell. A full list of names and addresses of New Church people in France in M. 34:101.

St. Amand, June 4. - A letter from Rev. Frank Sewall describes the New Church in St. Amand. Mess. 7:7.

GREAT BRITAIN
The state of the New Church in England is criticized. Of the eleven ministers (exclusive of the ordaining ministers), only two, Messrs. Boys and Kennerly, are said to be active. O. 5:391.

Feb. 18-21. - Public debate between Rev. W. Woodman and Mr. Bradlaugh, the Iconoclast. O. 5:144.

Bolton, Aug. 15. - Death of J. W. Haddock, M. D., a mesmerist leader of the society here. Biogr., I. 547.

Bradford, Aug. 7. - First annual meeting of the Yorkshire Missionary and Colportage Association. I. 494.

Chatteris, Cambridgeshire, May 9. A chapel is opened at Chatteris I. 282.

Glasgow, Scotland, Dec. 30. - The Rev. O. P. Hiller leaves Glasgow. I. 1862:141.

Hockley, Birmingham, Dec. - Mr. Applebee tries to abolish the constitution and membership of the Hockley Society; large secession. O. 6:390.

Liverpool, Lancashire, Aug. 13-19. - 54th General Conference. The Revs. Dr. Bayley, W. Woodman, and R. Storry are inaugurated into the office of ordaining ministers. A critical description of Conference speaks of Strong and bitter feeling.... Entire absence of charity ... order and courtesy were alike trampled down... so painful an exhibition was never before seen in a New Church Conference. See O. 5:314-318. Described by other visitors in Mess. 7:50; I. 418, 601. C G

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 66

London, Jan. - The Committee of the Swedenborg Society gives orders to the Union Bank not to pay any checks signed by Wilkinson. who nevertheless presents a check for 93, which is refused. Action brought against the Bank; Wilkinson enjoined from acting as secretary and Fryer from paying the Society money except under orders from the Committee. I. 181.

n. d. - White brings two suits against the Committee for damages, for trespass, and for compensation for dismissal without due notice. I. 130.

Feb. 6. - Whites first suit is tried in the Court of Common Pleas. He is nonsuited. I. 130.

Feb. 11. - Resignation of Rev. Bruce from the Cross St. Society. O. 5:107.

March 16. - Death of the Duchess of Kent, mother of Queen Victoria, who is said to have been a receiver of the Heavenly Doctrines, and to have educated her daughter in the principles of the New Church. See Mess. 1854:223.

March 18. - Mr. S. M. Warren is engaged for another year as leader of the worship at Cross Street. O. 5:140.

April. - Wilkinson and White apply for a new trial; trial is refused. I. 276.

May 8. - 40th anniversary of the London Missionary and Tract Society. I. 282. Violence of mob against Hibbard and Noble. C

May 28. - Special general meeting of the Swedenborg Society; about 160 members present. A new code of rules is proposed. 845 votes (including 685 proxies) are recorded in approbation of the Committee. I. 330; O. 5:246. For Minutes, etc., giving an explanation of the Societys troubles, see RSS. - AL. G

June 29. - Final settlement by compromise of the White trial. Terms of settlement and agreement in I. 1862:37.

July 4. - C. P. Alvey is appointed agent of the Swedenborg Society. O. 5:287.

Dec. 8. - Death of William Newberry, age 72, agent of the Swedenborg Society. Biogr.. O. 6:72.

n. d. - The languishing state of the Society in Cross Street, owing to the long sickness of the pastor is described in O. 5:35.

Manchester, Lancs., April. - Fight in the Monthly Observer, respecting bazaars and book sales. between Leon Kenworthy and some ministers in Lancashire. O. 5:177.

June 25. - 45th annual meeting of the Manchester Missionary Society. I. 380. New laws proposed. Clissolds address. G

Newcastle, n. d. - The sensational preaching of Rev. Porteous is reported in I. 231.

Nottingham, March. - Communication from T. Stevenson of Nottingham, defending Harris; and further implicating the Nottingham Society and Rev. Alex McArthur. I. 141.

Paisley, Scotland. Jan. - The Rev. Alex. McArthur disclaims any connection with Harris, though he acknowledges himself an admirer. I. 38.

Rhodes, Lancs., Dec. 29. - Opening of a New Church chapel and Sunday School here. I.1862:88.

York, Dec. 3-6. An attack of Dr. Brindley upon the Doctrines is successfully met by Woodman. I. 1862:135.

RUSSIA
Feb. 19. - Act of Emancipation of the serfs; General Mouravieff plays a leading part. I. 1865:215.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 67

NOTABLE ARTICLES - 1861
The Dawn       
       English translation of Swedenborgs Diary (Drombok). pp. 20, 40, 62, 82, 102, 122, 141, 162, 182, 202, 220. 238.
       Swedenborg and his Mission by T. L. Harris, p. 136.

The Intellectual Repository
Reply of Barrett to Mason on the Trinity, p. 12.
Who Is a New Churchman?--an attack on Hillers views on the authority of the Writings, p.
       Hiller defends his belief in Swedenborgs infallibility; against Barrett and Woodman. p. 105.
Are Doctrinals no part of the Church? In defense of Hiller, p. 119.
       Woodman against Hiller. Is it possible to believe what is not understood? Answer in the negative, p. 168.
The Celestial Sense of the Word? by Hiller, p. 200.
Woodman against Hiller. In what sense is Swedenborg infallible?. p. 206
Hiller against Woodman; Believing and understanding distinct operations of the Mind. p. 300.
Woodman against Hiller; (Controversy closed by the Editor). p. 355.
Barrett against Mason on the Trinity, pp. 403, 445.
Bruces qualifications as Editor are defended against Woodman. p. 494.
Farewell address of Rev. Smithson on retirement; autobiogr., p. 577.

The New Jerusalem Magazine, vol. 34
       Severe criticism of Edward Brotherton and his pamphlet, p. 93.
Rev. E. H. Sears on the New Church idolatry of Swedenborg and the failure of New Church ecclesiasticism Answer by the Magazine, pp. 64, 84.

New Jerusalem Messenger, vol. 7
       Description of The New Hampshire New Jerusalem Magazine and Primitive Religious Intellegencer; Portsmouth. N. H., 1805; the only copy known, p. 45.
       The National Fast, a discourse by Rev. Abiel Silver. p. 65.
       A general account of the troubles in the Swedenborg Society with W. White and the followers of Harris, vol. 6. p. 152.

PUBLICATIONS
Abbott, Edwin H.: Love of Country. A lecture. Contoocook, N. H. 20 pp.

(Anonymous): Notions of a New Church by a Swedenborgian Priest. Glasgow. I. 1861:95. A malignant attack on Rev. O. P. Hiller and the Glasgow New Church Society.
       The Introduction to an Anatomical. Physiological. and Philosophical Investigation of the Economy of the Animal Kingdom by Emanuel Swedenborg. By Medicus Cautabrigiensis. London. Hodson. 24 pp.

Arbouin. James: Dissertations on the Regenerate Life. A new edition. London. Hodson. I. 1861:494. AL.

Bayley, Rev. J.: The Necessity of Keeping the Commandments of God. London. Pitman. Rev. I. 1861:271; O. V:208.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 68

Bruce, Rev. W.: Sermons, Practical and Expository. London. Pitman. 318 pp. Rev. I. 1861:368. BL. AL.

Clissold. Rev. Augustus: Address to the Members of the Swedenborg Society, at the Special General Meeting, held on May 28. 1861. London. Mitchell. 32 pp. Contains a very full account of the recent conflict of the Society with W. White. AL.
       Inspiration and Interpretation. No. 1. Oxford. Rev. I. 1862:128. AL.

Clowes, Rev. John: On Science, and Pure Evangelical Religion Restored. New Editions. Manchester. I.1861:269. AL.

Goyder, Rev. D. G.: Sermons to my Household. London. Simpkin. 278 pp. Rev. I. 1861:417. AL.

Hayden, Rev. W. B.: The Institution of Slavery, viewed in the Light of Divine Truth. A Lecture. New York. Appleton. 28 pp. AL.

Hibbard, Rev. J. R.: War in Heaven. A Sermon. Chicago. 15 pp. CinL.

Hindmarsh, Rev. Robert: Rise and Progress of the New Jerusalem Church in England, America, and other parts. London. Hodson. 504pp. Rev. I. 1861:372. Edited by Rev. Edward Madeley. AL.

Holcombe, Dr. W. H.: Suggestions as to the Spiritual Philosophy of African Slavery. New York. Mason. 24 pp. The author defends slavery on the ground of the celestial, humble, and service-loving character of the Negro race. AL.

Hume, Rothern, Mary C.: The Wedding Guests. A new edition. London. Pitman. I. 1861:371: O. V:283.
       Twelve Obscure Texts of Scripture, illustrated according to the Spiritual Sense. London. Mainwaring. 323 pp. Rev. I. 1861:416; 1862:276; Dawn 1861:198. Tulkirm. BL. AL.

James, Henry: The Old and the New Theology. London. Longman. 200 pp. Rev. Dawn 1861:178. AL.

(Liturgical): Eglise du Seigneur: Offices, Cantiques. et Catechisme. 2d Edition. Port Louis. Mauritius. Arranged by Edmond de Chazel. Rev. O. V:388.
Hymns and Prayers for the Sunday School of the New Christian Church. Nottingham. T. Stevenson. Rev. Dawn. 1861:235.
       Order of Worship at the Dedication of the New Jerusalem Temple in Glendale. O. Cincinnati. 12pp. Sewall L. AL.

The New Church Sunday School Hymn Book. London. Pitman. Rev. O. V:307.

(PERIODICALS):
       The Dawn. A journal of social and religious progress. London. Published by F. Pitman. Also by J. W. Farquhar. Manchester; and New Church Publishing Assn. New York. 1861-62. 2v. (in 1) 27 cm. Editor: F. Pitman.
Echo de la Nouvelle Jerusalem. 1861-69. Vol. 1-6. Maurice, La Societe de la Nouvelle Jerusalem. 6 v.

Pond, Rev. Enoch D. D.: Swedenborgianism Examined. Revised Edition. Boston. American Tract Society. 250 pp. AL.

(Reed, Sampson): Sunday Lessons for the Instruction of the Children of the New Church in the Science of Correspondences. London. Alvey. I. 1862:44.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 69

Sibly, Rev. Manoah: Eight Sermons on the Prodigal Son. London. Hodson. Rev. I. 1861:271.

Silver, Rev. Abiel: A Discourse occasioned by the Death of Samuel L. Waldo. New York. 16pp. AL.

Tybeck, Rev. Johann: Samtal evellan twenne aldrige Theologer, Nathanael och Thomas. Wexjo. 80pp. RL. AL.

VonVietlinghoff, Count: Life. A Lecture. London. Pitman. 14pp. AL.

(White, W.): Extracts from Swedenborg, for the Court of Chancery and the Press: Spurgin versus White. London. 1.1861:85. A vile collection of spurious quotations from Conjugial Love. It was lent, surreptitiously, to the members of the Court and to their wives.

(Wilkinson, W. M.): A Pastoral Letter to the Members of the Swedenborg Society. London. White. 12 pp. An anonymous publication, full of malicious scandals against the New Church. A copy is owned by Rev. R. J. Tilson. AL.
       The Revival, in its Physical, Psychical, and Religious Aspects. London. Chapman. 299pp. Rev. Dawn. 1861:199.

Woodman, Rev. W.: The Existence of God. A Discussion between Rev. W. Woodman and Iconoclast. London. Hodson. AL.

(Worcester, Benjamin): A Catechism for the Children of the New Church. 7th Edition. Boston. Clapp. 23pp. AL.

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
AMERICA. Advent Christian Church is organized as a General Association, at Worcester. Mass.

Confederate States of America formed at Montgomery, Alabama (Feb. 4-9).

Jefferson Davis is chosen president. The American Civil War begins with the firing on Fort Sumter, Charleston, by the secessionists (April 12). The fort surrenders (April 14).

In Mexico, Juarez enters Mexico and is elected president (Jan.).

GERMANY. Death of Frederick William IV of Prussia; is succeeded by William I.

GREAT BRITAIN. Queens proclamation of neutrality in the American conflict (May 13).

Death of Prince Albert (Dec. 14).

Death of Mrs. Browning (Elizabeth Barrett). English poet.

ITALY. End of Bourbon rule in Italy. The Italian parliament declares Victor Emmanuel II king of Italy (Feb. 26).

Death of Count Cavour (Italian statesman. premier of Sardinia) (June 6).

PORTUGAL. Death of Pedro V; is succeeded by Luis I.

RUSSIA. Emancipation of the serfs by Alexander II (March 3).

TURKEY. Death of Sultan Abdul Medjid; is succeeded by Abdul Aziz (June 25).

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 70

1862


AMERICA


CANADA
Berlin, Jan. 26. - Meeting of the Berlin Society to consider the formation of a Canada Association. I. 235.

June 20-23. - Organization of the Canada Association of the New Church. Mess. 8:15. Adam Ruby, President; J. W. Hancock, Treasurer. A constitution is adopted. Mess. 8:15; Report in AL. I. 424.

Montreal, Dec. 14. - Ordination of Edwin Gould by Rev. Dike. A society is organized. and Temple dedicated. Mess. 8:110. 115.

Nova Scotia, n. d. - Rev. A. McArthur. having resigned from the Paisley Society, moves to Nova Scotia, tries to build up a New Church society in the wilderness. Organization of the New Church Society of Mill Brook, New Annam. Nova Scotia. I. 480.

UNITED STATES


LOUISIANA
New Orleans. - The New Jerusalem Church Society, New Orleans, publishes its Act of Incorporation. Rules of Order. and the names of its members. (Sewall; 21pp.)

MAINE
Portland, Aug. 15-17. - 27th meeting of the Maine and New Hampshire Assn. M. 35:127. Cf. esp. report of the Gardiner Society. p. 7. C

MASSACHUSETTS
Boston, June 11-15. - 43d General Convention. M. 35:1. Cf. G. Fields Report. p. 45. M G


June 16. - Organization of the General Conference of New Church Ministers; Rev. T. Worcester, President; Rev. W. H. Benade, Secretary. Journ. Gen. Conv. C

July 25. - John Goddard, son of Rev. Warren Goddard, is licensed to preach by Rev. T. Worcester. M. 35:174.

N. Bridgewater, Oct. 9. - Meeting of the Massachusetts Assn. M. 35:222. See Report of Rev. C. H. Dunham. pp. 10-11. M

Brookline, Feb. 22. - House of worship dedicated. M. 34:378

MICHIGAN
Detroit, Oct. 5. - Rev. G. Field resumes pastoral relation with the Detroit Society after they agree to New Church baptism: but the trouble in the Society continues until the pastor resigns in 1865. Fields Hist., p. 265.

Grand Rapids, Oct. 17-19. - 21st annual meeting of the Michigan and North Indiana Assn. M. 35. App. Oct. p. 222. Detroit Society Report on Baptism Requirement. p. 4. C

NEW YORK
New York City, Jan. 18. - Religio-political sermon by Rev. T. Wilks, at tacking the attitude of England in the Rebellion. Criticized by the Repository. I. 1862:132.

South Danby, Oct. - The society still existing; 8 new members. Mess. 8:78.

OHIO
Glendale, May 9-11. - Eighth annual meeting of the Ohio Assn. M. 34:507. History of the New Church in Ohio by J. P. Stuart, p. 509 ff. C

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 71

PENNSYLVANIA
Lancaster, March 6. - Death of Joseph Ehrenfried, age 79 years. Obit., Mess. VII:155; Biogr., 158. Founder of the New Church in Lancaster.

Philadelphia, April 18-19. - 34th meeting of the Pennsylvania Association, held in Temple of Philadelphia Second Society. Rev. A. O. Brickman is elected member. A new constitution is discussed, amended, and adopted. Text in Journal, pp. 6-8. RPaA. 1862. See M. 34:499. G

Oct. 16. - Death of Rev. Wm. Metcalf. M. D., pastor and founder of the Church of Bible Christians in Philadelphia. He was ordained in 1811 by Wm. Cowherd, who was regarded as semi-Swedenborgian and an advocate of vegetarianism and total abstinence. Mr. Metcalf came to America in 1817. Mess. 8:75; biogr., BM. 1:55.

Pittsburgh, Dec. - Important history of the New Church in Pittsburgh from 1841 by J. H. MClelland. Arrangements are made for visits from Rev. W. H. Benade. Mess. 8:105.

April 6. - Death of George de Charms, oldest son of Rev. R. de Charms, in the battle of Pittsburgh Landing. Obit. by W. H. Benade in Mess. VII:179.

VIRGINIA
Ocaquan Creek, Dec. 30. - Death of Lieut. Thomas G. Snyder, son of David Snyder, age 45 years; in battle on the Ocaquan Creek, Va.; an earnest member of the Darby Society. Mess. 8:127.

AUSTRALIA


NEW ZEALAND
Report of New Churchmen in New Zealand. I. 187.

EUROPE


AUSTRIA
Vienna, New Church people here are still influenced by Koch-spiritism and socialism; but there exists also a better element. I. 44.

FRANCE
Paris, Oct. - Meeting of M. Harle and B. des Guays with Prof. M. H. Matter, who is preparing a biography of Swedenborg, interesting particulars. I. 579.

n. d. - The New Testament, translated by B. des Guays and Harle, is printed at the expense of M. Ed. de Chazal. I. 1865:128.

GERMANY
Stuttgart, Sept. 7. - German General Convention. M. 35. 317; I. 531.

Oct. - Visit of Dr. Immanuel Tafel to Germany and Switzerland. Mess. 8:87.

GREAT BRITAIN
Accrington, Feb. - Mr. Porteus becomes Minister at Accrington; great excitement for a short time. Dr. Brindley attacks the New Church in Accrington but without success. I. 183, 334.

Bath, Dec. - Lectures of Porteus here. The wonderful eloquence of the man is described in I. 1863:87.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 72

Blackburn, Nov. Great distress is reported among the New Church working people in Blackburn. and in Lancashire generally, in consequence of the closing of cotton mills. An appeal is made to the Church. I. 528. 581.

Brighton, Nov. 4. - Consecration of the New Church temple in Brighten by Bayley. I. 1862:571.

Birmingham, June 3. - Mr. J. K. Applebee, leader and preacher to the Hockley New Church Society, joins the Unitarian Church. O. VI:390: VII:35.

May. - State of the New Church Bible Society is described in I. 231.

Fall. - H. Calloway becomes minister to the Hockley Society. He informs the society that there is no important difference between the Unitarian Church and the New Jerusalem. He is dismissed. The society becomes more strictly New Church. O. VII:35, 70, 107.

n. d. - The Hockley Society being left without a minister, Mr. John Bayley of Nottingham preaches; 20 members. I. 576.

Liverpool, June 5. - Rev. C. G. Macpherson becomes pastor of the Bedford St. Society. I. 378.

July 7-8. - Dr. Brindley lectures in Liverpool against the New Church. O. VI:282.

London, Jan. 5. - Rev. Prescott Hiller begins his pastorate in the Cross St. Society. O. VI:36.

May. - Fr. Ehrenborg sells copies of the original editions in London to help the New Church in Sweden. I. 385.

May 7. 41st annual meeting of the London Missionary Society. I. 284; O. VI:243. Much reporting of Dr. Bayleys lectures. M

May 8. - Death of Mr. Daniel Dunn, age 89 years, a receiver since 1796 and a prominent and wealthy member of the New Church in London. Biogr., I. 290.

June 17. - 53d meeting of the Swedenborg Society at Argyle Square. Description in I. 325; O. VI:237. C

Aug. 12-19. - 55th General Conference. Immanuel Tafel, Le Boys des Guays, and Harle are present. At a social meeting of the Conference, rings are presented to the wives of Tafel, Boys des Guays. and Harle from the ladies of the New Church in England. I. 418, 426. 481.

Aug. 31. - Bishop Bugnion, late of Mauritius, is introduced as a member of the New Church by Bayley at Argyle Square. (Not recognized by the New Church people in Port Louis.) O. VI:358.

Oct. - Address of condolence is sent to her most gracious majesty, our beloved Queen, on the removal into the spiritual world of the late Prince Consort. I. 470.

Manchester, Feb. 9. - Death of Richard Craik, age 80 years. An old receiver: bequeaths money to the Church. I. 191.

Melbourne, May. Robert R. Rodgers, formerly a Baptist local preacher, receives the Doctrines; preaches to the Derby and Melbourne Societies. I. 333.

Nottingham, May 18. The Trinity St. chapel is re-opened; Mr. Pegg, leader. I. 333.

Preston, Sept. - Dr. Brindley in Preston. Great commotion over his scandalous lectures. I. 473.

NORWAY
Christianstad, - The New Church Society in Christianstad has about 60 honorary members. Its translation and printing activities are described in I. 143.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 73

March 15. - An interesting letter from Captain T. F. Boyesen describes the state of the New Church in Scandinavia. I. 236.

RUSSIA
April 17. - News comes from Germany concerning Rt. Rev. Dr. Stephen de Djunkowskoy, a prominent Russian Roman Catholic prelate, who receives the Doctrines. M. 35:125; I. 239, 386.

N. d. - A rich Russian reader of Swedenborg publishes at his own expense a Russian translation of Heaven and Hell. I. 1863:341.

SWEDEN
Lund, March 25. - Dr. Kahl begins to realize the dangers of spiritism. I. 213.

NOTABLE ARTICLES - 1862
The New Jerusalem Magazine, vol. 35.
       Swedenborg, a Man sent of God; the Second Coming of the Lord, and the means by which it has been effected by J. R. Hibbard. (First gun in a long controversy)--p. 279.
       The Magazine thinks Hibbards views extreme and tending to error, p. 306.

The New Jerusalem Messenger, vol. 8.
       The Natural Body of the Lord by N. C. Burnham. p. 38.
       The Widow of Nain (sermon) by W. H. Benade, p. 57.

PUBLICATIONS
(Anonymous): A New Church Doctrinal Class Book. Part I. Concerning the Lord. Boston. Carter. 48pp. 2d Edition, revised. Prepared by order of the General Convention Rev. M. 34:496.
       Swedenborg och Bibeln, eller Svedenborgianismen bekraktad i sin varnande gestalt, af C. F. H. Lund. Lundberg. 126pp. Published in phonetic spelling by H. Tullberg.
       Wisdom, Intelligence, and Science, the true Characteristics of Emanuel Swedenborg. By Medicus Cantabrigiensis. London. Hodson. 54pp. Rev. O. VI:279. AL.

Hayley. Rev. J.: David Dunn: A Biography. London. Alvey. 24 pp. AL.

       The Divine Word Opened. London. Alvey. Rev. M.38:194 AL.
       Twelve Discourses on the Essays and Reviews by Seven Clergymen of Oxford. London. Alvey. AL.

(Beurling. C. H.): Bibeln och Presterna. Stockholm. RL.

Clissold. Rev. Augustus: Inspiration and Interpretation. Nos. 2-4. Oxford. Rev. M. 34:464; I. 1862:128. 517. AL.

De Chemin, F. E. Swedenborg 1Interprlete. A Lecture. Isle of Jersey. RL.

Edlestone, Rev. Richard: La Fontaine de lImmortalite. Paris. Translated from the English by A. Th. LRT.

Ehrenborg, Lady Fredrika: Om Lif och Ljus. Dagliga Hetraktelser ofver Svenska Kyrkans; Gamla och Nya Prediko-texter. 6 parts. Gefle. RL. AL. English.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 74

Evans, Rev. W. F.: The Celestial Dawn; or Connection of Earth and Heaven. Boston. Magee. 266pp. AL.

Harris, Rev. T. L.: Gud. uppenbar vorden i Kottet. Gefle. Translated from the Swedish by Lady Ehrenborg. RL.
       Hymns of Spiritual Devotion for the New Christian Age. 2 vols. New York. New Church Publishing Association. 302 and 258 pp. AL.

Hibbard, Rev. J. R.: A Sermon on the Causes and Uses of the Present. Civil War. Chicago. AL.
       A Spiritual Ground of Hope for the Salvation of our Country. Chicago. 24 pp. CinL. AL.

Hiller, Rev. O. P.: English and Scottish Sketches. London. Hodson. Rev. I. 1863:80.

Hindmarsh, Rev. Robert: Abrg de la Vrai Religion Chretienne. St. Amand. 197pp. LRT. AL.

Hitchcock, General E. A.: Emanuel Swedenborg, skildrad sosom Hermetisk Filosof. Stockholm. 202 pp. Translated from the English by Carl Wingstedt. Rev. I. 1863:218. AL.

Hobart, Nathaniel: Life of Emanuel Swedenborg. 4th Edition. Boston. Carter. 242pp. AL.

Le Boys des Guays. J. F. E., and Harl J. B. A.: Scriptura Sacra seu Verbum Domini ex lingua originali in Latinam duce Emmanuele Swedenborgio translata. Accedunt Sensus Spiritualis Explicationes ex ejusdem operibus Theologicis collectae. Tomus I. Esaias. St. Amand. 336pp. Rev. I.1862:509; Mess. VI:157.

(Liturgical): Liturgy or Book of Worship for the Use of the New Church. 6th Edition. Revised by order of the General Convention. New York. 315 pp. Sewall L.

Noble, Rev. Samuel: Appel anx hommes rflchis. Paris. 2d Edition. Translated from the English by E. Rollet. LRT. AL.

Parsons, Prof. Theophilus: Essays. Third Series. Boston. Carter. Rev. I.1862:514: M. 35:123. AL.

(PERIODICALS):
       New Church Pulpit, v. 1. 1862. New York
       The Voice of the Coming Day. Published by M. L. Wilson, Newark, Ohio. January, 1862. Ed.: M. L. Wilson. Beginning April. 1862, called The Monthly Voice.

Reed, Sampson: The Correspondences of the Sun, of Heat, and of Light. Boston. Carter. M.34:496. AL.

Sjoberg. K. A.: Andeskadaren Svedenborg. 3d Edition. Stockholm. RL. AL.

Stewart. W. H.: A New System of Nature, on the Basis of the Holy Scriptures. 2 vols. Glasgow. Bell and Bain. Rev. I. 1861:223, 265, 317. AL.

Tuerk, Rev. F. W.: Regeneration and its Perversion. Berlin, Oct. 28 pp. Translated by J. E. Bowers. AL.

Warren. Rev. S. M.: Sermon on the Death of His Royal Highness, the Prince Consort. Manchester. AL.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 75

Werner, Gustav: Das Mutterhaus Gotteshilfe in Reutlingen. Stuttgart. 29 pp. RL. AL.

Woodman, Rev. W.: The Teachings of Swedenborg on Marriage. A Debate with Dr. Brindley. London. Hodson. Rev. O. VII:62. AL.

(Worcester, Benjamin): A New Church Catechism for Children. Boston. Clapp. 29 pp. AL.

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
AMERICA. Two iron- clad vessels, the Ericsson Battery Monitor and the Merrimac meet in battle (March 9).

Slavery in the District of Columbia is abolished by Congress (April 16).

Abraham Lincoln proclaims the emancipation of all slaves (Sept. 22).

GREAT BRITAIN. Publication of Bishop Colensos work on the Pentateuch; and Herbert Spencers First Principles.

Great distress the cotton manufacturing districts. Famine is at its height (December).

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 76


1863


AFRICA

MAURITIUS
The state of the New Church here is described in O. VII:178.

AMERICA
CANADA
Berlin, Ont., June 26-29. - First annual meeting of the Canada Association. M. 36:209. Historical account of New Church in Canada. C G

Toronto, Ont., Aug. 8. - First New Church meeting in Toronto; 8 persons present. I.1864:342.

Sept. - Eight receivers begin to hold services: interest increasing. Mess. 10:102.

UNITED STATES
WASHINGTON, D. C., Sept. - Rev. Jabez Fox of Peoria, Ill., accepts call to Washington. Mess. IX:47.

DELAWARE
Wilmington, Sept. - Rev. Norman Foster resigns from Wilmington. Mess. IX:47.

ILLINOIS
Peoria, Sept. - Rev. George H. Marston accepts call to Peoria. Mess. IX:47.

MAINE
Gardiner, Aug. 21-23. - 28th meeting of the Maine and New Hampshire Assn. M. 36. App., Oct.

Portland, Aug. 30. - Ordination of Frank Sewall by Rev. S. F. Dike. Mess. IX:39. He accepts a call to Glendale, Ohio. Mess. IX:39, 47.

MASSACHUSETTS
Boston, Sept. - The Rotch Trustees come into possession of the bequest of $15, 000 by the late Mrs. Lydia S. Rotch. Mess. IX:51.

East Bridgewater, Oct. 8. - Meeting of Massachusetts Assn. M. 36, 217. C. A. Dunhams Report, p. 11.

Salem, Jan. 25. - Organization of the Salem Society by T. B. Hayward (a circle already there for 20 years). Mess. 3:135; M. 35:411.

Waltham, July 18. - Death of Mrs. Lydia S. Rotch, age 80 years. Biogr., M. 36:167.

NEW YORK
Brooklyn, Sept. - Resignation of Rev. James E. Mills. Mess. IX:59.

OHIO
Newark, Sept. The Rev. Barrels accepts call to Urbana, Ohio. Mess. M:IX:39.

Pomeroy, Nov. - Theodore Edson, minister of the Middleport and Pomeroy societies, is ordained by C. Giles. Mess. 10:58.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 77

PENNSYLVANIA
Frankford, April 3. 35th meeting of the Pennsylvania Assn. Tribute is paid to David Snyder, late treasurer of the Delaware County Society. Louis C. Iungerich succeeds him. The Phila. Second Society state their desire to be represented at the General Convention by delegates of their own choosing, and denying the right of the Association to choose for them. M. 35:App., April. This is laid on the table. Rule respecting delegates to the Convention declared to be in full force. A committee is appointed to communicate with the New Church friends in New York and New Jersey, relative to the formation of a Union Association. RPaA. 1863 (5 pp.). G

Philadelphia, Jan. 7. - Death of David Snyder of the Darby Society, age 73 years. Prominent and respected in the Penna. Association. Mess. 8:127.

June 10. - 44th General Convention at Cherry Street; Thos. Worcester is not present; J. Y. Scammon, Vice President, presiding. This is the only meeting of the General Convention ever held in Cherry St. A Charter is adopted. Unusual interest, harmony, and peace. Full report in Mess. 8:202; M. 36:1. G

June 14. - Rev. Chauncey Giles is consecrated as an ordaining minister by J. K. Hibbard. He is presented by Messrs. Stuart and Benade. Mess. 8:202.

June 15. Second annual Conference of the Ministers of the General Convention; J. R. Hibbard presiding; Benade, secretary, Mess. 8:206.

RHODE ISLAND
Providence, Sept. - Rev. E. Craige Mitchell accepts call to Providence. Mess. IX:59.

AUSTRALIA
Brisbane, Queensland, n. d. - First meeting of New Church people in Brisbane. I. 1874:89.

EUROPE


GERMANY
Rentlingen, Sept. 27. - Dr. Bayley visits Werner. Description of his institution in I. 1864:43 (Cf. M. 36:214).

Tbingen, April. Dr. Tafel is visited by Felicianus Testanowski, a Pole, and Russian Counsellor of College at Archangel. I. 341.

July. - Last communication from Dr. Tafel. I. 389.

Aug. 29. - Death of Dr. J. F. Immanuel Tafel. A history of him and of the New Church in Germany by Dr. Leonhard Tafel. M. 36, 421; Mess. 9:54; I. 441 (341).

Sept. - Dr. Bayley and Watson examine the bulk of books left by Dr. Tafel; make arrangement with Mrs. .Tafel. I. 64:41. Cf. M. 36:548 for catalog of his private library.

GREAT BRITAIN
Bath, Nov. 18. - Ordination of James Keene by Dr. Bayley. I. 1864:51.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 78

Bradford, Aug. 16-19. - 3d annual meeting of the Yorkshire Missionary Assoc. I. 479. Refs. to Wm. Mason, pp. 481-482. And to colporteur Brooks work and report, pp. 480-481. M

Bristol, Jan. - Rev. Th. Chalklen becomes pastor in Bristol. I. 292.

Derby, May 19. - Death of Rev. William Mason. I. 295; biogr. 318; Cf. O. VII:226. 245; I. 1864:47.

Glasgow, Scotland. April 2. - Mr. Porteous becomes the pastor in Glasgow. I. 241.

Hull, Aug. 30. - Rev. Chas. Wilkins, a recent convert from the Independents, preaches to the New Church in Hull. A brief history of the New Church in Hull in O. VII:377; I. 575.


RUSSIA
Moscow, Sept. - News from the New Church in Moscow; General Mourevieff, Princess Cleopatre, etc., ambitious schemes for New Church publication in Russia. I. 437.

Dec. 18. - Death of General Mourevieff. How he became interested in the New Church, learned Hebrew in order to study the Word, and employed two secretaries to copy the Writings. I. 1865:212.

ASIA


INDIA
Bombay, n. d. - Conversion of Dadoba Pandurung to the New Church. Story in Hindu Geuth Refl, pp. 1-3.

NOTABLE ARTICLES - 1863
The Monthly Observer, vol. 7
       On the tyranny and danger of majorities, and majority-rule. p. 31.
       Mason attacks Porteous statement of the trinity and eternal sonship. (This is Masons last controversy.) pp. 164. 223.
       Mason disclaims Conjugial Love as a law book for the New Church, p. 289.
       Discussion of the state of the Church; ministers and leaders underpaid; only one classical scholar in the whole priesthood. p. 345.
       Attack on the New Church by William White in Weldons Register. p. 411.

The New Jerusalem Magazine, vol. 35
       An English translation of De Verbo. pp. 354, 391, 439, 494, 552, 583.

The New Jerusalem Messenger, vol. 9
       New York, Hibbard. J. R. Swedenborg. a Man Sent of God (an address to the Ill. Assn., Oct. 3. 1863) (No. 7 of Vol. I. N. C. Pulpit (Strong-sound-magnificent; important in the history of the Authority Doctrine) AL.
       History of the New Church in Australia by John Holden. p. 15, 19, 23, 27.
       A spiritual ground of hope for the salvation of our country (sermon) by J. R. Hibbard. p. 33.
       The Year of Jubilee by Rev. W. H. Benade (sermon). p. 41.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 79

PUBLICATIONS
(Anonymous): A Sketch of the History of the Boston Society of the New Jerusalem. With two lists of members. Boston. Carter. 66pp. AL.
       Der Geisterseher Swedenborg. Weimar. Voight. 140pp. Translated from the Swedish by F. Musans. AL.
       Herrans Bons, forklarad efter sin Andeliga Mening, jemte en Lofsang till den Allsmaktige. Wexio. Sweden. RL. AL.

Atterbom, Prof. P. D. A.: Emanuel Swedenborgs Loere om Lie. Kjarlighed og Skjuhed. Copenhagen. Translated into Danish from Atterboms Slare och Skalder. Cop.

Barrett, Rev. R. F.: The Catholicity of the New Church and the Uncatholicity of a Newchurchman. New York 12pp. Harv. AL.

Broadrib, E.: The Inquisitorial and Priestly action of some who call themselves ordained of the Ministry of the New Jerusalem. Liverpool. Noticed in O. VII:279, 385. The author was a zealous Harrisite.

Chalklen, Rev. Thomas: The Written Word. Infallible. London. Noticed in O. VII:316. AL.

Clissold, Rev. Augustus: Inspiration and Interpretation. Oxford. Rev. I. 1863:328. AL.

Day, E. G.: Dr. Colensos Proofs of the unhistorical character of the Pentateuch do not furnish evidence against the absolute Truth of the Word of God. Adelaide. Australia. 17pp. AL.

Ehrenborg. Lady Frederika: Om Lif och Ljus. 1st part. Gefle. Sweden. 106 pp. AL.
       Om Ograset och Hvetet. Gefle. 32pp.

Giles, Rev. Chauncey: The Problem of American Nationality, and the Evils which hinder its Solution. Cincinnati. 24 pp.

Goldsmidt, M.: Swedenborgs Ungdom. (The Youth of Swedenborg) Copenhagen. Holt. 116pp. A poetical drama, rev. L. 1890:200.

Hayden. Rev. W. B.: Ten Chapters on Marriage. Boston. Carter. Rev. M. 35:450: I. 1863:173.

Hibbard, Rev. John R.: A Spiritual ground of Hope for the Salvation of our Country. Chicago. 24 pp. AL.
       Swedenborg: A Man sent of God. An address to the Illinois Association. New York. 16 pp. A very strong presentation of the Authority of the Heavenly Doctrines.

Hyde, Rev. James: Ode on the Marriage of H. R. H. Albert, Prince of Wales, with the Princess Alexandra of Denmark. Derby. Rev. I. 1863:224.

James, Henry: Substance and Shadow. Boston. Micknor. 539pp. AL.

(Kahl, Rev. Achatius): Nagot on Nya Kyrkan. Skofde, Sweden. 39 pp. AL.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 80

Le Boys des Guays. J. F. E.: Index Methodique ou Table Alphatetique et Analytique de ce qui est contenu dans les Arcanes Celestes. Paris. Two volumes. 1039 pp. AL.

Lewis. T.: The Divine Human in the Scriptures. London. J. Nisbet. 245 pp. AL.

(Liturgical): The Liturgy used by the Society of the New Church in Argyle Square. London. London. Alvey. 80pp. SSL.
       The New Church Sunday School Hymn Book. London. Pitman. I. 1864:55.

Matter, Jacques M.: Emanuel Swedenborg. Sa Vie. ses Ecrits, et sa Doctrine. Paris. Didier. 436 pp. This important work was prohibited in the Index Expurgatorious. Rev. by Im. Tafel in I. 1863:373, 389, 515; 1864:321. AL.

McNab, D. R.: Thoughts, past and present. on Life and Love. London. Pitman. Rev. I. 1864:138.

Parson, Theophilus: Slavery. Its Origin. Influence, and Destiny. Boston. Carter. 36pp. AL.

(PERIODICALS):
The Progressionist, a journal of progress in science, literature, and religion; edited by Rev. G. B. Porteous. London. F. Pitman. Aug. 1863-Jan. 1864. (No more published.)

Porteous, Rev. G. B.: Emanuel Swedenborg as a Philosopher, Metaphysician, and Theologian. London. Pitman. 2d Ed. I. 1863:246 AL.

Sears, Rev. E. H.: Regeneration. Glasgow. Bell and Bain. Rev. I. 1863:569. AL.

Silver, Rev. Abiel: Something New for the Soldiers. Boston. Carter. 12 pp. M. 35:455.
       Lectures on the Symbolic Character of the Sacred Scriptures. New York. Appleton. 286pp. .4L.
       The Holy Word in its own Defence. Addressed to Bishop Colenzo. New York. Appleton. 305pp. AL.

Ware, Mrs. Mary G.: Thoughts in my Garden. Boston. Crosby and Nichols. Rev. I. 1863:280; M. 35:455. AL.

Worcester, Rev. Thomas: The Christian Sabbath. Boston. 16pp. AL.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 81

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
AMERICA. President Lincoln officially proclaims the abolition of slavery (Jan. 1).

The National Academy of Arts and Sciences is founded by Congress (March 4).

The decisive battle of Gettysburg (July 1-5) virtually ends the rising tide of Confederate victory. Despite the battle of Chickamauga (Sept.), this year foreshadows ultimate military defeat for the South.

President Lincoln delivers an Address at Gettysburg (Nov. 19).

In Mexico a conservative National Assembly offers the imperial Meximilan of Austria (July 10).

DENMARK. Christian IX succeeds Frederick VII (Nov. 15).

GREAT BRITAIN. Deaths of William Makepeace Thackeray (English novelist); and Archbishop Richard Whately (English prelate and writer).

The Geo. Griswold, with food given by New Yorkers for Lancashire operatives, arrives at Liverpool (Feb. 9).

GREECE. George I, of Schleswig-Holstein. is proclaimed king; England agreeing to give up the Ionian Isles to Greece (March 30).

SWITZERLAND. The International Committee of the Red Cross is founded.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 82

1864


AMERICA


CANADA
Montreal, March 28. - Organization of the Montreal Society. Mess. 9:163.

Toronto, April 3. - Organization of a New Church Society in Toronto. I. 343.

Sept. - Eight receivers begin to hold services. Mess. 10:102.

Nov. - Letter to the Messenger from J. Parker; visit from Rev. Edwin Gould of Montreal; sixty attendants. Mess. 10:102.

UNITED STATES


ILLINOIS
Chicago, Feb. 28. - Origin of the Chicago German New Church Society; 32 adult members; Rev. J. H. Ragatz, pastor. Mess. 9:165.

June. - Rev. J. R. Hibbard baptizes Mr. George F. Root, the well-known musician, and family. Mess. 10:7.

MAINE
Bath, Aug. 19-21. - 29th meeting of the Maine and New Hampshire Assn. M. 37: App. June. 1865. V. Does. 6-13. Cf. Resolution of Mr. O. Gerrish, indefinitely postponed. p. 2. C

MARYLAND
Baltimore, May 24. - Revival of the Maryland Assn. No meetings were held during the Civil War. Mess. 10:86.

June. - Rev. A. O. Brickman returns to Baltimore. The only New Church chaplain in the war, his regiment was so badly cut up that the officers were discharged. He describes his experiences in a letter to the Messenger. Mess. 10:7. 11:3.

Dec. - Visit of Rev. Jabez Fox to the Baltimore First and Third Societies. W. H. Hinkley is the leader of the Third Society in Orchard St. In a brief history of the New Church in Baltimore, the Reverend John Hargrove is said to have first heard of the New Church from Rev. James J. Widmer, a clergyman of the Protestant Episcopal Church near Havre de Grace. Hartford Co., Maryland. Mess. 10:98.

MASSACHUSETTS
Boston, Jan. 5. - Death of Mrs. Thomazine E. Wilkins. Biogr. M. 36:453.

April 7. - Meeting of the Massachusetts Assn. M. 36:505. Report and resignation of Rev. C. A. Dunham. p. 11. M


Sept. - An original oil portrait of Swedenborg is exhibited at William F. Everetts picture store. It was presented by Swedenborg to Count Hopken. Purchased by Mr. Daunsbiom of Stockholm for a gentleman in Washington, D. C., it is offered for sale. Particulars in M. 10:46. 54.

East Bridgewater, Aug. 14. - Rev. T. O. Paine is installed as pastor. Mess. 10:46.

Yarmouth, Oct. 13. - Meeting of the Massachusetts Assn. M. 37:App., June, 1865.

MICHIGAN
Detroit, Oct. 21-23. - 23d annual meeting of the Michigan and North Indiana Assn. M.37:App. June, 1865. Cf. Doc. 12 on state of country.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 83


MINNESOTA
St. Paul, Aug. 21. - Origin of the New Church here. Dr. Hibbard baptizes and administers the Holy Supper to receivers in Minneapolis and St. Paul. Mess. V10:39.

Sept. - Services are conducted by Col. W. R. Marshall; services are also regularly conducted at Dundas, 50 miles south of St. Paul. Mess 10:39. 63.

Minneapolis. - Services here were formerly conducted by Prof. George B. Stone, now of the St. Louis University. Few receivers now remain. Mess. 10:63.

NEW YORK
Baiting Hollow, June 12. - Death of Jonathan Horton, aged 75 years, founder of the New Church societies in Baiting Hollow and Riverhead. Mess. 10:71.

New York City, June. - Rev. J. C. Ager accepts call to Brooklyn. Mess. 10:7.

April 29. - Rev. Abiel Silver resigns from the New York Society; accepts call to Wilmington, Delaware. He is succeeded by Rev. Chauncey Giles of Cincinnati. Mess. 9:171.

May. - The American Swedenborgian Printing and Publishing Society and the Messenger remove their offices and book room from Grand St. to Cooper Union; Wm. McGeorge, agent. Mess. 9:187.

June 8-12. - 45th General Convention. Rev. F. W. Tuerk is consecrated ordaining minister. M.37:1; Mess. 9:202. G

Dec. 17. - .4 Committee is appointed by the New York Society to consider the formation of a New York Association. M. 37:App.

OHIO
Cincinnati, July. - Rev. W. B. Hayden is called to Cincinnati. Mess. 10:7.

PENNSYLVANIA
Medina, June 2. - Rev. R. F. Barrett addresses a protest to the General Convention. This is answered by Messrs. Sampson Reed. T. B. Hayward, Benjamin Worcester, and J. P. Stuart. M. 37:315.

Philadelphia, March 26-27. - 36th meeting of the Pennsylvania Assn. is held in the Cherry St. Temple. Mr. Benjamin F. Glenn is elected Secretary. The Philadelphia Second Society, South Fourth Street, formally withdraws from membership in the Association. A special Committee reports at length on the causes and circumstances of the withdrawal. RPaA., 1864. 10 pp.: 41. 36:457.

June 24. - Death of Adjutant John Iungerich from wounds received in battle. Funeral address by W. H. Benade. Mess. 10:19.

Pittsburgh, Sept. - Rev. W. H. Benade will now devote his whole time to Pittsburgh. Mess. 10:63.

AUSTRALIA
Brisbane, Queensland, Nov. 25. - Mr. S. Diggles is authorized by the Conference as leader at Brisbane. I. 1874:480.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 84

EUROPE
FRANCE
Paris, St. Armand, Dec. 18. - Death of M. Le Boys des Guays, the day after he had sent to the printer the last proof-sheet of his analytical index to the Arcana Coelestia. Harle. Mess. 10:110; M. 37:460. Memoirs by Harle in I.1865:81. 125.

GREAT BRITAIN
Accrington, Dec. 29. - Mr. E. J. Broadfield, B. A., becomes minister of the Accrington Society. I. 1865:88.

Birmingham, Aug. 9. - 57th General Conference. Description in I. 427. Disagreement as to use of funds for New Church College, pp. 428. 429. E

Dalton, Sept. 25. Ordination of Mr. T. L. Marsden. I. 1864:525.

Derbyshire, May 17. - Opening of a new place of worship. I. 333.

Eccles, Nov. 1. Death of Mr. John Birchwood, an ardent New Churchman. Biogr., I. 1866:238.

Glasgow, Scotland. April. - Porteous lectures to audiences of three thousands. I. 245.

Hull, March. - Resignation of Mr. Charles Wilkins, who no longer could identify himself with the New Church. I. 389.

Islington, May 24. - Important address by Rev. O. P. Hiller stresses the difference between the Church Universal and the Church Specific; speaks against mixed marriages. I. 332.

London, Jan. - Formation of a New Church Society in South London. I. 246.

April. Mr. J. F. Potts receives his B. A. at the London University. Being aided by the Students and Ministers Aid Fund, he is the first person to graduate at an English university under the auspices and with the aid of the New Church. He begins preaching. I. 195.

June 14. - Annual meeting of the Swedenborg Society. Report in I. 329.

May 9. - 27th annual meeting of the Manchester Tract Society. Figures on Distribution. I. 285. M

December 13. - At a meeting of the ministers in Lancashire, the most useful course of study for candidates for the ministry is discussed. The London University is not considered sufficiently theological, I. 1865:42.

Melbourne, Feb. - Mr. Potts becomes the leader of the Melbourne Society after Mr. Mason. I. 334.

Middleton, Dec. 26. Introduction of Rev. W. Rothery as pastor of the Middleton Society. A former Church of England minister; a follower of Tulk; the husband of Mary C. Hume. I. 1865:84.

Nottingham, May. - Th. Stevenson is unanimously elected leader in place of Mr. John Bayley, resigned. I. 293.

Preston, Feb. 2. - Death of Hugh Becconsall, Esq., aged 90 years. Biogr. I. 196.

Snodland, Kent. June 26. - A New Church place of worship is consecrated here; built by C. T. Hook. Esq. I. 386.

NORWAY
Christiania, N. D. - A. T. Royesen publishes his Norwegian translation of Nye Jerusalems Himmelske Laere. Mess 17:297; I. 1866:439.

RUSSIA
Dec. 18. - Death of Ivan Mourevieff, son of General Mourevieff. I. 1865:217.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 85

NOTABLE ARTICLES - 1864
The Intellectual Repository, 1864
On Affliction. First published sermon by Rev. J. F. Potts. p. 201.

The New Jerusalem Magazine, 1864
       On the instrumentality of Swedenborg by .T. P. (In general, teaches that his office depended on his regeneration.), pp. 466, 511.
       Sears attacks Swedenborg on Conjugial Love (the morality of his scortatory love we vehementally reject). Answer by the Magazine, p. 128.
       Address from the General Convention to the General Conierenct, p. 338.

The New Jerusalem Messenger, vol. 10.

       Music as a Means of Spiritual Progress by G, p. 75.
       The House of Prayer (sermon) by W. H. Benade, p. 93.
       The Late Rev. John Clowes, and his non-separation from the Old Church. A series of four valuable historical papers. Vol. 9:202; 206; 10:2, 6.

PUBLICATIONS
(Anonymous): Emanuel Swedenborg, and other Poems by M. A. C. London. Rev. I. 1864:138, 325.

(Austin, E.): What is the Use of Baptism? A Glance from a Swedenborgian point of view at the Controversy between Rev. C. H. Spurgeon and the Ministers of the Church of England London. Alvey. 12pp. SSL.

Barrett, Rev. B. F.: A Plain Letter to Rev. Thos. Worcester D. D. New York. 60pp. AL.
       Correspondence between Rev. Thos. Worcester and R. F. Barrett. New York. 46pp. AL.
       The Catholicity of the New Church. Manchester. 12pp. BM. AL.

Ehrenborg, Lady Fredrika: Nagot Nytt. Lasning om och for en Ny Tid. Part VII. Gefle. Sweden. 74pp. AL.

Evans, Rev. W. F.: The Celestial Dawn, or Connection of Heaven and Earth. Boston. J. P. Magee. 266pp. Rev. M. 35:500. AL.
       The New Age and its Messenger. Boston. Carter. 110pp. Rev. M. 37:140. AL.

Giles, Rev. Chauncey: The True Source of National Prosperity. New York. Westcott. 22pp. AL.
       Goyder, Rev. D. G.: The Heart. 5th Ed. London. Pitman. AL.

Goyder, Rev. Thomas: Spiritual Meditation. A new Ed. London. Pitman. Rev. I. 1864:81.

Hiller, Rev. O. Prescott: Sermons on the Lords Prayer. London. Alvey. 114 pp. Rev. 51. 38:195; I. 1865:35.

Hindmarsh, Rev. Robert: Lettres au Dr. Priestley. Paris. Translated into French by E. Rollet. LRT. AL.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 86

Howard, D. H.: The Journey of the Israelites in the Wilderness, considered as to its Spiritual Meaning. Boston. Carter. 220 pp. Rev. M. 37:135. AL.

Hume, Margaret C.: Seven Stories for Children. London. Pitman. Rev. I. 1864:134.

(Hyde, Rev. J.): Our Eternal Homes. By a Bible Student. London. Pitman. Rev. I. 1864:572. AL.

Kahl, Rev. Achatius: Nya Kyrkan och dess Inflytande pa Theologiens Studium i Swerige. Part 4. Lund. Sweden. AL.

Keene, Rev. James: Sermons on Various Subjects. London. Hodson. Rev. I. 1864:186. AL.

Kinmont, Alexander: plain Lessons from the Holy Word. Glendale. O. 59 pp. AL.

(Liturgical): Order of Vesper Service for the use of the New Jerusalem Church. Portland, Me. 46 pp. A copy is owned by Rev. Frank Sewall. AL.

Matter. Jacques: Emanuel Svedenborg. Hans Lefnad, Hans Skrifter, och Hans Lara. Stockholm. A. Huldberg. 316 pp. Translated from the French. AL.

Rendall, Rev. E. D.: Antedihuiran History. 2d Ed. London. Pitman. Rev. I. 1864:324.

Sewall, Rev. Frank: The Book of Holy Offices, containing Lands, Matins, Vespers, and Compline. With a Catechism and Brief Manual of Devotions. Glendale. O. 54pp. AL.
       Accompanying Harmonies to the Tones, Responses and Hymns of the Book of Holy Offices. Glendale. O. 23 pp. A copy is owned by Rev. F. Sewall. AL.

Silver, Rev. Abiel: A Sermon on Redemption. New York. Westcott. 13 pp. AL.

Smith, A. Thos.: Lectures on the Lords Prayer, for the Use of Children and Youth. Washington. D. C. 86pp. AL.

Ware, Mrs. Mary G.: Death and Life. Boston. Carter. 174 pp. Rev. M. 36:451. AL.

Wood, Rev. Stephen: Discourse on the Two Witnesses. Magnoketa, Ia. 21pp. AL.

Worcester, Rev. Thomas: Address delivered before the General Convention. Boston. 21pp. AL.
       National Thanksgiving. Boston. 8 pp. AL.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 87

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
ASIA. China. Nanking, is taken by the British General Gordon; end of the Taiping Rebellion.

AMERICA. General Sherman marches to Atlanta, Georgia (May-July).

Jefferson Davis is captured (May 10).

Abraham Lincoln re-elected as President of the United States (Nov. 8).

Death of Nathaniel Hawthorne (American novelist and short story writer).

DENMARK. Prussia and Austria declare war on Denmark about Schleswig-Holstein (Jan.). The Danes are defeated. Schleswig-Holstein and Lauenburg are surrendered (Oct. 30) to Prussian and Austrian control.

GREAT BRITAIN. The first international Workingmens Association is organized in London by Marx, Engels, and other socialists.

Garibaldi visits England (April 3).

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 88

1865

AFRICA

MAURITIUS
Dec. - Particulars are recorded concerning the part played in the history of the Church here by Mr. G. K. Poole. who in 1846 moved from Adelaide to Mauritius. Mess. 11:90. See Annals. I:532.

AMERICA
Statistics concerning the progress of the New Church in America during the Civil War show some increase:

              1860                     1865                     Increase
Ministers:               54                     62                     8
Societies:               45                     62                     17

WASHINGTON, D. C.
Feb. 16. - Death of Professor Alexander Garland Pendleton. USN, aged 46 years. Born in Richmond; his father was Proctor of the University of Virginia. On his conversion to the New Church, he withdrew from the Presbyterian Church; established bookstore in Richmond; joined the society in Washington. Interesting account in Mess. 10:151.

ILLINOIS
Chicago, June 14-18. - 46th General Convention. Large attendance; Mr. Scammon presiding. Rev. Thomas Worcester in the annual address recommends the establishment of a Theological School. Abiel Silver is consecrated. Lively political discussions with resolutions against rebels, slavery, etc., but friendly sphere. Long account in Mess. 10:206; 11:2. Cf. M.38:1, 124. E

INDIANA
Laporte, - For history of The New Church Independent, formerly called. The Crisis, see M.10:153.

MAINE
Limington, April 29. - Death of Rev. George A. Marston aged 32 years; minister of the Contoocook Society; later in Peoria, Ill. Mess. 10:199.

MARYLAND
Baltimore, Aug. 4. - The Rev. A. O. Brickman is awarded a gold medal for his services as chaplain during the campaign of 1864-65. Mess. 11:30.

Oct. 12. Cornerstone laid of the Temple of the Baltimore First Society. Exeter Street, between Fayette and Gay Streets. Mess. 11:82.

Oct. 27-29. Meeting of the Maryland Assn. M. 38:App.

MASSACHUSETTS
Boston, April 13. - Meeting of the Massachusetts Association. M. 37:App.

Nov. 3. - A Magazine Club is started; (lasted until 1869). M. 8:227.

Brookline, June 25. - Ordination of Rev. Samuel M. Warren into the first degree by Thomas Worcester. M. 38:154.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 89

MICHIGAN
Detroit, Jan. 1. - Resignation of Rev. George Field from the pastorate here; ill feeling in the society. Field, p. 245.

Oct. 20-22 - 24th meeting of the Michigan Assn. M. 38:App. References to end of Civil War.

Grand Rapids, Oct. - Meeting of the Michigan and North Indiana Assn. Resignation of Rev. George Field. The association is virtually defunct. Field, p. 246.

MINNESOTA
Dundas, Rice County, April 30. - Organization of a society here. M. 37:624.

St. Paul, Dec. - Colonel W. R. Marshall, recently elected Governor of Minnesota, a New Church lecturer. Mess. 11:98.

NEW JERSEY
Newark, Aug. - A circle of twenty receivers here: most of them recently from England; services at the home of Mr. Samuel Holt. Mess. 11:31.

Paterson, Dec. 3. - Dedication of a New Church Temple by Rev. J. P Stuart. M. 38:408; Mess. 11:94.

NEW YORK
Buffalo, Feb. - A small New Church circle here; three families from Berlin, Ont. Visits from Rev. F. W. Tuerk. Mess. 10:138.

New York, Jan. - Crowded services; great interest in Mr. Giles lectures; many new converts. Mess. 10:110.

March 15. - Preliminary meeting for the formation of the New York Association. (Covering New Church societies in New York. New Jersey, and Connecticut). A second preliminary meeting is held on March 22. M. 37:App.; Mess. 10:175.

April 19. Actual organization of the New York Association; by Revs. Chauncey Giles, J. P. Stuart, J. C. Ager. Thos. Hitchcock, and others. Ibid. GC

May 17. - First annual meeting of the New York Association. M. 37:App.; Mess. 10:190. C G

Oct. 18. - Semiannual meeting of the New York Assn. M. 39:App. C G

OHIO
Cincinnati, Oct. - Rev. John Goddard is engaged as minister. Mess. 11:86.

Dec. - Organization of the First German New Church Society here; started by J. Gotlieb, a member of the New Church in Berlin; arranged for lectures by Mr. Brickman. Messrs. C. G. Helleberg and J. H. Einhaus are the leaders. Mess. 11:142; 12:10.

Cleveland, Feb. - Rev. W. G. Day lectures here in a hall in Superior Street; attendance 28. Mess. 10:138.

Urbana, May 19-21. 11th annual meeting of the Ohio Assn. M. 37:App. M E C Letter from Rev. J. H. Miller, pp. 14-16.

PENNSYLVANIA
Frankford, June 14. - Death of Rev. James Seddon. aged 68 years; pastor of the Frankford Society since 1838. Biogr. M. 38:143; Mess. 11:7.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 90

Philadelphia and Upper Darby, May 14-15. - 37th meeting of the Pennsylvania Assn. President Thomas Wilks delivers an address Relating to the uses and duties of an Association of the New Church. Resolutions are carried opposing the use of the Jewish Sabbath; and favoring Lords Day or Sunday; also on the subordination of civil governments to the Divine law.
RPaA:1865: M. 38:App.; Mess. 10:83.

Oct. 26. - Organization of the American New Church Tract and Publication Society. History of the society in Mess. 11:94: 19:25.

VIRGINIA
Petersburg, March. - The experiences of Rev. A. O. Brickman as chaplain in the war are related. I teach the New Church truths fearlessly, openly, and boldly; much interest reported. Mess. 10:159.

April. - Communication is re-opened with New Church people in the South. Receivers ask what has been published during the past four years. Mess. 10:183.

AUSTRALIA, NEW ZEALAND
Oct. - New Church lectures are given in Christ Church by J. S. Hawley. I. 1866:187.

EUROPE
FRANCE
Paris, n. d. - New Church meetings are held at the house of M. Minot. I.1866:478.

n. d. - Rev. Frank Sewall visits the Paris circle; M. Aug. Harle is leader. Mess. 11:138.

St. Amand, Feb. - Rev. F. Sewall visits here; stays with M. Le Boys des Guays for a month. A dozen families still meeting here. Mess. 11:138. (See a valuable account of the personality and home of M. Le Hoys des Guays by Mr. Sewall in Mess. 10:130.)

GREAT BRITAIN
Birmingham, Oct. 16. - Resignation of Rev. Ed. Madeley, after a pastorate of over forty years; painful circumstances. Trouble with the Committee; members support the pastor. I. 527. 568.

Dec. 11. - General meeting of the society; approval of the Committees action against Madeley. I. 1866:40.

n. d. - split in the society; committee re-elected. Removal of Mr. Madeleys sympathizers. I. 1866:42.

Glasgow, June. - Termination of Mr. Porteus ministry here. I. 430.

Hawkestone, Aug. 21. - Annual meeting at Hawkestone; eight persons present. I. 479

Leeds, n. d. - Many troubles and afflictions of the Leeds Society. indicated in I. 1867:527.

Liverpool, n. d. - Visit of Rev. Frank Sewall; Rev. M. Wm. Person, pastor.
Services described in Mess. 11:126.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 91

London, June 20. - 56th annual meeting of the Swedenborg Society described in I. 974. The translation of work of Le Boys de Guay described, p. 377. M

n. d. - The work of Rev. O. P. Hiller as Professor of Theology in the New Church College is described in I. 330; Cf. 522.

Laws of the New Church College are published. I. 566.

Nov. - Interesting letter from Dr. John Spurgin on the decline of social life in the New Church; complains of the influence of the Spiritist element. I. 513.

Wales, Aug. - Rev. T. L. Marsden preaches and baptizes in Aberdare, South Wales. 1.523.

ITALY
n. d. - Rev. F. Sewall visits Rome and Florence: in Rome Mr. and Mrs. Strutt, the latter, the authoress of The Feminine Soul; in Florence. E. A. Ford. Services at the house of Hiram Powers; 20 persons attend. Mess. 11:126.

Florence, Aug. 10. - Hiram Powers writes an interesting letter to Dr. J. Spurgin, agreeing to execute a statue of Swedenborg on generous terms. He expresses eloquent and unreserved belief in the Doctrines. I. 512; Mess.

NORWAY
Jan. - The Boyesens publish N. J. H. D., Doctrine of Faith, and Doctrine of Life in Norwegian. Capt. Adolph T. Boyesen translates Heaven and Hell. The Swedenborg Society contributes. I. 141.

Oct. - Dr. J. Bayley writes concerning the four Boyesen brothers, of Hovind, near Christiania, and their translation work. A small band of receivers exists in Christiania. Mess. 12:66.

RUSSIA
n. d. - Dr. Bayley describes the state of the New Church in Russia. The receivers are nearly all nobles (five princesses included); family worship is held. I.1867:-1.

SWEDEN
The state of the Church in Sweden is described in a letter by Frederick Coster: work of the Christianstad society and Dr. Seven; 76 members; 3 riksdaler each year. Spiritism among the wealthier members. I. 416.

n. d., Stockholm. - Death of Johan Frederic Fahraeus, Councillor of State, and a believer in the New Church. D. II:1255.

INDIA
n. d. - Report of True Christian Religion being translated into the Tamul language by a native. I. 233.

n. d. - Letter from a government officer, respecting a missionary. Bishop B.----, who preaches the Doctrines and proposes to form a central mission station on the Sheveroya. I. 564-6.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 92

NOTABLE ARTICLES - 1865
The New Jerusalem Magazine, vol. 38
       Continuation of the translation of De Ultimo Judicio. p. 286.
       Why is not New Church literature more interesting? (Asserts that Swedenborgs writings will probably never become popular. p. 319.

The New Jerusalem Messenger, vol. 10
       The Thieves on the Cross (Sermon) by the late Rev. David Powell. pp. 129, 132.
       On the assassination of President Lincoln. editorials by J. P. Stuart. Columns surrounded with black borders. p. 170.
       The Death of the President (sermon) by Abiel Silver. p. 173.

PUBLICATIONS
(Anonymous): A Manual for Sabbath Schools. New York. General Convention. 142pp. AL.
       A Triad of Essays. to define the Inspiration of Nature. Genius, and Scripture.
       By a Reconciler. London. Murray. Rev. I.1865:514.
       A Vindication of Swedenborgs Knowledge of Hebrew, against the Attacks of       the Spiritual Magazine. London. Alvey. 68 pp. AL.
       Remarks on the Character of Swedenborgs Translation of Genesis, as given and explained in his Arcana Coelestia. (Reprinted from the Spiritual Magazine). London. Allman. 16pp. RL.
       Swedenborgs Guddotter, af Pilgrimmen. A novel. 2 vols. Stockholm. RL. Royal Lib., Stockholm.

(Appleyard. Septimus): Bible Emblems. A poem. London. Alvey. 43 pp. BM. AL.

Barrett, Rev. R. F.: Lectures on the New Dispensation. Philadelphia. J. B. Lippincott.
       Mr. Barretts Reply to Strictures on himself and his Writings. Philadelphia. 28 pp. AL.
       Swedenborg and his Mission. Philadelphia. Lippincott. 48pp. AL.

Benade, Rev. W. II.: The Death of Abraham Lincoln: What it Represents. A Sermon. Pittsburgh. 28pp. AL.

Bugnion, Bishop: An Address to the Natives of India. Rev. I. 1866:90.

Carter, Hon. A. C. W.: Address on the Life. Services, and Character of the Rev. Adam Hurdus. New York. 36pp. AL.

Carter, T. H.: Prospectus for Publishing the Scientific and Philosophical Works of Em. Swedenborg. Boston. Carter. 9pp. AL.

Fernald, W. M.: A view of the Foundations: or, First Causes of Character, as operative before Birth, from hereditary and spiritual causes. Boston. W. V. Spencer. 210 pp. Severely criticized in M. 38:246. BL. AL.

Grindon, Leopold Hartley: The Little Things of Nature, considered especially in relation to the Divine Benevolence. London. Pitman. Rev. I. 1865:514. AL.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 93

Hayden, Rev. W. B.: Ten Lectures on the Book of Revelation. Boston. Carter. 226 pp.


(Hitchcock, Col.): Swedenborg viewed as an Hermetic Philosopher. New York. J. Mliller. 352pp. AL.

Holcombe, Dr. W. H.: What is Homeopathy? Chicago. Rev. M. 38:407. AL.

(Hyde, Rev. J.): Bible Photographs. London. Pitman. 149pp. Rev. 1. 1866:82. BL. AL.

(Liturgical): Die Liturgie der Neuen Christlichen Kirche. Basel. Riehm. 172 pp. UL. AL. A free translation of the Liturgy of the English General Conference. Liturgy, or Public Religious Services for the Use of the New Church. Prepared and published for the Detroit New Church Society Detroit, Mich. 92 pp. A copy is owned by Rev. Frank Sewall. AL.

Maldigny: Swedenborg: Opera Fautastique en cinq Actes. Paris. Jouonst. 82 pp. RL.

Noble, Rev. Samuel: Plenary Inspiration of the Scriptures. 4th Ed. London. Pitman. I. 1866:370.

Parsons, Theophilus: Essays. Third Series. Boston. Carter. BL. AL.

(PERIODICALS): New Church Independent and Monthly Review. La Porte, Ind. Weller and Son. Jan. 1865-Dec. 1901. Editors: J. S. Weller and others. Vols. 14-18, 26 (2 cops of v. 18). First published as The Crisis, vols. 1-12. 1865, v. 13, name changed to New Church Independent. In 1870 merged with New Church Monthly and name changed to above. Vol. 26 called New Church Independent and Fortnightly Review.

Recipient. 1865-71. A quarterly medium of greeting and friendly communication between Christians in all parts of the world where the English language is spoken, who espouse the doctrines of the New Jerusalem dispensation. Manchester, printed by James F. Wilkinson. 1865-71. Ed.: T. Robinson.

Pfirsch, Prof. William: Die Wiederbelebung und Erneuerung der Christlichen Kirche. Stuttgart (?)-I. 1866:186.

Rothery, Rev. William: Wheat and Tares; or Christianity versus Orthodoxy. London. Pitman. Severely criticized in I. 1866:28. (Tulkism)

Tafel, John Friedrich Immanuel: Das Leben Jesu. Basel. Rev. M. 39:251. AL.

Ware, Mrs. Mary C.: Thoughts in my Garden. 3d Ed. Boston. Nichols. 268 pp. AL.

Westall, Rev. John: In Memoriam. A Poem on the Death of Abraham Lincoln. Fall River. Mass. M. 38:147.

Woodman, Rev. Woodville: Swedenborgs Doctrine of Marriage and its opposites, explained and defended. London. Alvey. 399 pp. Rev. M. 38:140: I. 1866:132. Cin. L. A very able production. AL.

Worcester, Rev. Thomas: Abraham Lincoln. A Discourse. Boston. Carter. 14 pp. AL.
Address before the General Convention. Boston. Carter. 16 pp. BL. AL.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 94

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
AMERICA. General Robert Edward Lee surrenders the Army of Northern Virginia to General Ulysses Simpson Grant at Appomattox Courthouse (April 9).

President Lincoln is assassinated at Washington. D. C. (April 14), aged 56 years.

Andrew Johnson is sworn in as the 17th President of the United States (April 15).

BELGIUM. Leopold II succeeds his father Leopold I.

GREAT BRITAIN. Death of Richard Cobden (English statesman).

Fenian outbreaks in Ireland (March).

Death of Lord Palmerston (English statesman and prime minister. Oct. 18); he is succeeded by his foreign secretary, Earl John Russell.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 95

1866

AMERICA

UNITED STATES

CONNECTICUT
Mystic, Aug. - Visits by Rev. J. P. Stuart,. Mr. J. A. Lab is leader of the society; attendance of 20 to 50. Mess. 12:74.

ILLINOIS
Canton, Oct. 19-21. - 27th meeting of the Illinois Assn. Chandlers Report on Publication, p. 5. M.39:App. P

Henry, July 29. - Dedication of a temple by Rev. J. R. Hibbard. Mess. 12:30.

LOUISIANA
New Orleans, Feb. - Letter from Mr. Glendy Burke on state of the society. Rev. Hofer is the minister; regular attendance about 100. Mess. 11:138.

MAINE
Portland, July 4. - A great fire ravages the city; the New Church temple is destroyed; many of the New Church families are burned out. M. 39:167; Mess. 12:6, 18.

Dec. - Languishing state of the New Church in Maine. The Gardiner and Bangor societies are virtually extinct. The Bath and Portland societies are not so flourishing as in former years. Mess. 12:90.

MARYLAND
Baltimore, Rev. W. G. Day is pastor in the society here. The church gradually declines between 1866 and 1881. Mess. 62:260.

MASSACHUSETTS
Abington, Oct. 10. - Sabbath School Conference of the Massachusetts Assn. M:39:378. Voted to meet more often. E

Oct. 11. - Meeting of the Massachusetts Assn. M. 39:App. C

Resolution on round dances, p. 12.

Boston, April 5. - Meeting of the Massachusetts Assn. M. 38:App. C Attendance report on Boston. p. 5. E pp.12-15.

June 1-7. - 47th General Convention. An interesting report by Thos. Hitchcock; W. H. Benade inaugurates a movement for the reproduction of Swedenborgs MSS; the admission of the Edenfield, Pa. Association is unsuccessfully opposed by W. H. Benade. Troubles with Barrett. Mess. 11:198. 202. PG

East Bridgewater, Sept. 25. - Death of Rev. Adonis Howard, aged 71 years. Biogr. M. 39:494.

North Bridgewater, Sept. - Rev. E. C. Mitchell of Pawtucket. R. I., accepts call to North Bridgewater society. Mess. 12:38.

Salem, April. - Rev. Abiel Silver of Wilmington, Del., accepts call to Salem. Mess. 11:166.

North Swanzea, Jan. 29. - Death of Rev. Eleazer Smith, aged 75 years. while reading the Word. Accepting the Doctrines in 1821, he lectured in 1824, became a licensed preacher in 1825, and was ordained by Rev. John Hargrove on June 4, 1826. He preached in Bridgewater, North Bridgewater, and other societies in Massachusetts. A self-educated man, he learned Latin when past middle age. Biogr., M. 38:533.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 96

Waltham, July 3. - Opening of the Conventions Theological School: The New Church Theological Seminary in Waltham. Mass.; five students. Opening address by Rev. Thomas Worcester. M.39:125 (address). Mess. 11:206; 12:6.

Aug. 25. - Close of the first session of the theological school. Interesting account of the first school year; W. H. Benade gave two lectures on The Remains of the Ancient Church. M. 39:326.

MICHIGAN
Detroit, Nov. - Revival of interest here, owing to the lectures of A. O. Brickman. Mess.12:90.

Grand Rapids, Oct. 19-21. - 25th meeting of the Michigan and North Indiana Assn. M.39:App. G. Fields address, p. 25; Fields protest in re Detroit Society, the Association, and its action on Mr. Drysdale (Items 15, 16, 27, 28, 29): also Dec. 7, 8. G C

MISSOURI
St. Louis, April. - Rev. Charles Hardon of Urbana accepts call to St. Louis. Mess. 11:166.

NEW JERSEY
Orange, June. - Owing to the interest created by the lectures of Rev. C. Giles, the New Church circle here hire a hall and open public services; engage Mr. C. H. Mann of Chicago, as minister. Mess. 12:6.

Oct. 2. - Organization of the Orange Society. Mess. 12:62.

NEW YORK
March. - A. O. Brickman lectures to Germans in New York City; big audiences; a desire to organize a German New Church Society. Mess. 11:154, 158, 166.

Oct. 17. - Second semiannual meeting of the New York Assn. M.40:App. C G Cf. Min. 65.

OHIO
Cincinnati, Feb. 4. - Ordination of Rev. John Goddard by Rev. C. Giles. M. 38:666: Mess. 11:134.

Urbana, n. d. - Urbana University, after having been closed for some time, is re-opened by Mr. and Mrs. Phelps with 13 students. Mess. 15:10.

PENNSYLVANIA
Norristown, Sept. 2. - Death of A. Thomas Smith, Esq., Naval Judge Advocate and founder and leader of the Washington, D. C, Society. Biogr. M. 39:380.

Philadelphia, Jan. - Rev. A. O. Brickman is doing missionary work among the Germans in Philadelphia; lectures well attended; people unable to get into the hall, one of the largest in the city; tremendous applause. Mess. 11:114, 118, 126, 138.

Jan. 31. - A letter from Rev. J. P. Stuart to Rev. W. H. Benade outlines plans for an Academy movement including: An Academy of Academicians ... a sacred College of Priests ... a School where our Priests and Academicians will be educated a Cathedral-Church in the chapel and halls of which the work of education would be carried on, and the young priests at times employed a House of the Church, where Churchmen could live and where people of the Church, male and female, could find employment.... AA.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 97

May 13-14. - 38th meeting of the Pennsylvania Assn.; held in the temple of the Philadelphia Society. The Lancaster Society is admitted to membership. Address by W. H. Benade on: The establishment of the church by the self-evidencing reason of Love. The Delaware County First Society, Upper Darby, reports internal disturbances, resulting in the separation of some members. RPaA:1866 (6 pp.); M. 39:App. G

n. d. Organization of the New Church Congregational Union at the instance of Rev. B. F. Barrett in opposition to the prelatical nature of the General Convention. It publishes as its organ, The New Church Monthly, sponsored by T. S. Arthur, B. F. Barrett, Wm. Roberts, I. N. Gregory, and Julien Shoremaker. Mess. 12:110. N. C. 28, 377 G

TEXAS
Galveston, Dec. - James Elliott Carnes, a Methodist preacher, is forced out of the Methodist church and starts New Church services. His circle is increasing. Mess. 12:102. Cf. 178.

VIRGINIA
June. - Visit of Rev. W. H. Hinkley to the old societies in Warminster and Lynchburg. Mess. 11:210.

EUROPE
GREAT BRITAIN
Accrington, Aug. 14. - 59th General Conference. Report in I. 417. Growth in activities. M E

Birmingham, March 27. - Presentation of a diamond ring to Rev. Madeley by the New Church Mutual Improvement Society. I. 231.

May 20. - Mr. Madeleys supporters organize a society and open separate worship. A purse of 150 is presented by the whole society on Mr. Madeleys retirement. I. 232.

Oct. 31. - Meeting to welcome Mr. R. R. Rodgers as minister to the Summer Lane Society. I. 571.

Derby, Aug. 6. - Mr. J. Hyde leaves the Derby Society to become minister to the Manchester Society. I. 428.

Liverpool, April 8. Death of Rev. Ch. Gordon MacPherson. I. 211, 240, 283. (This marks the end of one of Liverpools societies.)

London, March 21. - Death of Mr. James Trimen, aged 55 years. He was active in the Swedenborg Society; donated 1,000. RSS. 66:8.

June 19. - 56th annual meeting of the Swedenborg Society. RSS. 66: I. 375.

Resolutions for unition of Christian Church, p. 376. C

Melbourne, Oct. 16. - Ordination of Mr. J. F. Potts by Dr. Bayley and Rev. Ed. Madeley. 1.527; Mess. 12:82.

Nottingham, Oct. - Picture of the New Church temple in Nottingham in I. 480.

n. d. - End of one Nottingham society.

Snodland, Feb. 18. - Ordination of Mr. C. Gladwell. I. 182.

NORWAY
n. d. - The state of the Church in Norway at the time of a visit by Dr. Bayley. I. 439.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 98

SWEDEN
Stockholm, July. - Dr. Bayley now in Stockholm; investigates Swedenborgs MSS. I. 486. 529.

n. d. - A report on the Swedish Publication Fund indicates $99 collected. Mess. 12:6.


Sept. 23. - A Society is organized by Abrahamsen, Tyboni, and Falk, consisting of twenty members: Mr. J. A. Noren a member. M. 39:507; I. 1875:235; Mess. 28:224.

NOTABLE ARTICLES - 1866
The Intellectual Repository
       Articles attempt to prove that David and Paul are not in hell. Criticized by F. D., of Jersey. pp. 13. 70, 95.
Articles on Rotherys Tulkism views. pp. 63, 118, 168, 205, 209.
Vigorous defense of Swedenborgs Spiritual Diary by J. F. Potts, p. 183.
Communication respecting the Anti-Mourning Association by Mrs. Hume Rothery. p. 233.

The New Jerusalem Magazine
The permeation-heresy appears in Signs of the Times. M. 38:471.
Claim that Swedenborg was the original discoverer of oxygen. M. 39:185.
Ten reasons for publishing a complete American edition of Swedenborgs Philosophical and Scientific Writings by R. L. Tafel. App.

PUBLICATIONS
(Anonymous): An Address to the New Church on the subject of a Mission to China, India, and Tartary, London (?). 50pp. I. 1866:177.
       A New Church Catechism for Children. 3d Ed. Boston. Carter. AL.
       Familiar lessons for New Church Sunday Schools. Boston. Nichols. M. 39:501. A
       The Boston New Church Union. Its history, objects, and present conditions; with a list of its members. Boston. 36pp. AL.

Brickman, Rev. A. O.: Liturgie und Gesang Buch fur die Near Kirche. Baltimore. Kroh. 256 pp. A copy is owned by Rev. F. Sewall. AL.

Cabell, N. F.: The Triads of Scripture. Lynchburg. Va. 36 pp. AL.

Chandler, P. W.: The Authenticity of the Gospels. Boston. Carter. 16 pp. AL.

Clissold, Rev. Augustus: Swedenborg and his modern Critics. London. Longmans 96pp. Rev. I. 1866:122. 173. AL.

The Re-union of Christendom. London. Alvey. 27 pp. AL.

Clowes, Rev. John: The Parables of Jesus Christ Explained. 3d Ed. London. Alvey. 306pp. Rev. I. 1866:512. AL.

Doughty, Mrs. Sarah P.: Life of Emanuel Swedenborg. For Children. New York. Gen. Convention. 108pp. AL.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 99

Giles, Rev. Chauncey: Lectures on the Incarnation, Atonement and Mediation of the Lord Jesus Christ. New York. Rev. M. 39:307. AL.

Grindon, L. H.: Life: Its Nature, Varieties and Phenomena. Boston. Carter. M.39:182. AL.
       The phenomena of Plant Life. Boston. Carter. M. 38:468. AL
       The Little Things of Nature, considered especially in relation to the Divine Benevolence. 2d Ed. Boston. Carter. M.39:175. AL.

Holcombe, Dr. W. H.: How I became a Homeopath. Chicago. 30 pp. AL.

(Hyde, Rev. J.): Our Eternal Homes. Boston. Carter. 186pp. AL.

(Johnston, James): A Short Account of a Remarkable Manuscript, entitled intercourse with Angels. New York(?). 16pp. AL.
       Last Legacy and Solemn information. 23 pp. AL.
       The Everlasting Church, as represented in the Remarkable Manuscript, etc. 155pp. AL.

(Liturgical): A Liturgy for the New Church Signified by the New Jerusalem. New York. General Convention. 4th Ed. A copy is owned by Rev. Frank Sewall.
       Order of Worship for the New Church. New York. 72 pp. Published for the Committee of Missions of the General Convention. Rev. M. 38:597. A copy is owned by Rev. Frank Sewall. AL.

Perry, Mrs. C. T.: Effie Gray, and other Stories for Little Children. Boston. Rev. M. 39:375.

Sewall, Rev. Frank: A Brief Order of Prayers for Public Use. Cincinnati. 8 pp. A copy is owned by Rev. Frank Sewall. AL.

Tafel, Rudolph L.: Ten Reasons for publishing a complete American Edition of Swedenborgs Philosophical and Scientific Works. Boston. Carter. 16 pp. AL. Published also as Appendix to M. 38. AL.

White, William: Life of Emanuel Swedenborg. Together with a brief Synopsis of his Writings, both philosophical and theological. With an Introduction by B. F. Barrett. 1st American Edition (from the English Edition of 1856). J. B. Lippincott and Co. 272pp. Rev. M. 39:177. AL.

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
AMERICA. Fourteenth Amendment (on Citizenship Rights) is proposed by the 39th Congress (June 16).

Cyrus W. Field announces the successful completion of the Atlantic Cable at Newfoundland. The first cablegram brings news of peace between Prussia and Austria (July 28).

President Johnson proclaims a general amnesty (Sept. 7).

The secret society, Ku Klux Klan, is organized.

AUSTRIA. Prussia and Italy declare war against Austria (June 18).

At the battle of Sadowa (Koniggratz), the Austrians are decisively defeated by the Prussians (July 3).

Treaty of peace is signed between Austria and Italy at Vienna (Oct. 3).

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 100

1867
AMERICA
UNITED STATES
During the year a remarkable number of sensational and adverse newspaper articles are published due to the publication of William Whites two-volume biography of Swedenborg. M. 40:532, 594, 665, 693.

WASHINGTON, D. C., Octo. 25-27. - Meeting of the Maryland Assn. M. 40:App. Very full and meaningful report. C

Oct. 25. - Ordination of Mr. John Ward Hunt by Rev. C. Giles. Mess. 13:74.

ILLINOIS
Chicago, Dec. 12. - Rev. J. R. Hibbard, having made application to join the Ministerial Union of Chicago clergymen, a discussion of Swedenborgianism ensued, involving many absurd lies about the New Church. Mess. 13:98.

Peoria, Feb. - Rev. G. F. Steams accepts call to Peoria. Mess. 12:142.

Oct. 11-13. - 28th meeting of the Illinois Assn. M. 40:App. Decision on Sunday offering, p. 8. Min. 26. C

LOUISIANA
New Orleans, April 13. - Rev. J. P. Stuart visits here. Ordains Mr. James Elliott Carnes of Galveston, Texas. 25 members in the German society, and 50 members in the English society. Dr. Holcombe repudiates spiritualism. Mess. 12:178.

MASSACHUSETTS
Boston, April 4. - Meeting of the Massachusetts Assn. M. 39:App. Significant attendance figures, p. 6. C

April 7. - Resignation of Rev. Thomas Worcester from the pastorate of the Boston Society. Mess. 12:166.

North Bridgewater, Oct. 10. - Meeting of the Massachusetts Assn. M. 40:App. Resolutions regarding T. H. Worcesters resignation, pp. 2. 3. C

Waltham, July. - The work of the New Church Theological School described. Messrs. Gage, L. G. Jordan, Wright, W. H. Mayhew, Joseph Worcester, and L. P. Mercer are now students. Mess. 13:6.

MICHIGAN
Detroit, Oct. 18-20. - 26th meeting of the Michigan and North Indiana Assn. M. 40:App. The Field affair. G

MINNESOTA
Minneapolis, Nov. 7. - Organization of the Minneapolis Society at the house of Mr. F. Putnam, who acts as reader. Mess. 13:98.

Nov. 23. - First annual meeting of the Minnesota Association; organized in Feb., 1867. Governor Wm. R. Marshall is president. Mess. 13:88. GC

MISSOURI
St. Louis, Jan. - 50 members are now in the English society; with Rev. Charles Harden as pastor. About 200 members are in the German society; Rev. H. H. Deikhoener is pastor. Mess. 12:126.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 101

Nov. 7. - Death of Rev. Hermann H. Deikhoener, pastor of the First German Society of St. Louis. A shoemaker by trade, he received the Heavenly Doctrines in Germany through reading the works of Oetinger. Coming to America in 1848, he started to evangelize among the Germans; built up the German Society. The Society ordained Deikhoener in 1857. He was greatly beloved. Obit., Mess. 13:83.

Wellsville, March. - A circle of New Church people exists here; visited by Gustave Reiche. formerly a German Lutheran minister. Mess. 12:146.

NEW JERSEY
Trenton, Jan. - Rev. J. P. Stuart gives lectures in Trenton; some receivers here since 1823. Mess. 12:114.

NEW YORK
Riverhead, L. I., Oct. 2. - Ordination of Charles H. Mann by Rev. C. Giles at the meeting of the New York Association. Mess. 13:62.

OHIO
Cincinnati, June 7-11. 48th General Convention. Mr. John Pitcairn is appointed Chairman of Committee on Transportation. M. 40:1; Mess. 12:198, 202. C

Cleveland, Nov. 3. - New Church services are opened in Lymans Hall by Calvin Day Noble, a licentiate of the Ohio Assn. Subsequent history up to 1870 in Mess. 18:106.

PENNSYLVANIA
Allegheny City, Sept. 1. - Professor Tafel delivers an address on Modern Spiritism. John Pitcairns Diary.

Frankford, July. The Philadelphia Third Society has sold its temple and united with the Frankford Society. Mess. 13:22.

Philadelphia, Jan. - Annual report of the American New Church Tract and Publishing Society; considerable work has been accomplished; J. B. Lippincott published and distributed more than 6,000 copies of Whites Life of Swedenborg. etc. Mess. 12:110.

March 5. - Death of Mr. James W. Scott, aged.50 years. He was converted to the New Church through Mr. Montsarrat in Baltimore. A prominent member of the Cherry Street Society. Mess. 12:147.

May 29. - Annual meeting of The New Church Congregational Union. A paper is read by Alfred F. Gage on Why translate Swedenborg anew? AL.

Sept. 11. - Meeting of a Committee of the General Convention at Cherry St. to investigate the charges made by Mr. W. Roberts and others against Rev. Thomas Wilks. Its lengthy report concludes that Mr. Wilks: has been most cruelly and unjustifiably treated. Mess. 13:50.

Pittsburgh, Oct. 6-7. - 39th meeting of the Pennsylvania Assn., held in the place of worship of the Pittsburgh Society. Address by Rev. Thomas Wilks on The Freedom of the Man of the New Church. (See RPaA., 1867:9-15 for text.) After full consideration of the Delaware County First Societys report on its recent disturbances; also the vindication of its pastor by the Conventions Committee of Investigation. The Association warmly supports the societys demand that Mr. Wilks be permitted to remain their pastor. A resolution is carried that this Association deem it of great importance for the dissemination and establishment of the New Church in the world that when and where possible, all children who have no natural parents or guardians should be cared for by the Church. collectively and individually; and hence that it recommend and will endeavor to found and support homes for friendless children and New Church free schools.

101



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 102 A resolution also is passed that, in the present changing condition of the physical, mental, and moral state of the Africans in this country, they be especially attended to. It is recommended that the subject be considered by the next General Convention. M. 40:App.; Mess. 13:62.

Scranton, November. - Visit of Rev. J. P. Stuart to Scranton; Mr. and Mrs. Gilmore. Mess. 13:90.

SOUTH CAROLINA
Charleston, n. d. - Interesting account of a native African, Nicholas Said from Burnu in the Soudan, who received the Heavenly Doctrines while in the U. S. Army during the war. Mess. 13:30. See letter from Said, p. 59.

AUSTRALIA
Christchurch, New Zealand, April 24. - A soiree given by the Christchurch New Church Society. I. 1867:381.

EUROPE

GREAT BRITAIN
Birmingham, June 4. - Annual meeting of the Cannon Street Society, Mr. Madeley is pastor. I. 339.

Brightlingsea, Aug. 13. - 60th General Conference. Report in I. 422. E O M

Glasgow, Feb. - The Reverend J. F. Potts becomes pastor of the Glasgow Society. I. 140. (See his Inaugural Address, p. 200.)

London, n. 3. - The Camberwell Society removes to Flodden Road. I. 425, 570.

May 8. - The 46th annual meeting of the Missionary and Tract Society. I. 330. See Dr. Bayleys speech especially. M P

June 13. - Rev. W. C. Barlow, B. A., of the Independent Church is elected tutor and schoolmaster of the New Church College.

June 18. - The 57th annual meeting of the Swedenborg Society. RSS. V P

Lowestoft, July 21. - Opening of a place of worship at Lowestoft. I. 473.

Nottingham, April - Mr. Gunton acts as peacemaker, resulting in the union of the two societies at Nottingham; Mr. Pegg is now leader of both. The Hedderley St. Societys conditions are relinquished. I. 283.

RUSSIA
N. D. - It is revealed that General Mouravieff employed two persons to write copies of the smaller works of Swedenborg (particularly the Doctrine of Life) and sent them as presents to his friends. As a result, many noblemen here and there advocated the abolition of serfdom so strongly that Mouravieff was sent in spiritual banishment to Siberia for six years. But he returned in 1855 and was elevated. I. 5.

SWEDEN
Stockholm, June 22. - $416 is presented by Americans to the New Church Society in Stockholm. The state of the Church here is described in M.40:485.

Aug. 4. - A letter from the Stockholm Society to Rev. Thomas Worcester is published in M. 40:485.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 103

NOTABLE ARTICLES
The Intellectual Repository
       Bazaars in the New Church (against), p. 114.

The New Jerusalem Magazine, vol. 39

       Swedenborgs Illumination undoubtedly gradual by W. G. --p. 747.

The New Jerusalem Messenger, vol. 12
       Swedenborgs Mistakes in the Writings is defended against John Worcester and T. O. Paine. By J. Y. Scammon. p. 150.
       Report of the Committee on the unpublished MSS of Swedenborg. (W. H. Benade urges completion of the work) p. 203. Mess. 12:203

PUBLICATIONS
(Anonymous): A Pocket Remembrancer for the Young. Boston. Carter. M. 30:631.
       A Review of William Whites Emanuel Swedenborg: His Life and Writings. London. Alvey. 29pp. AL.
       First Book of Religious Instruction. By a lady. Boston. Carter. M. 39:631.

Barrett, Rev. B. F.: Rev. Mr. Barrett and the General Convention. (Controversial documents) Philadelphia. 88pp. AL.

Bayley, Rev. Jonathan: Dr. Bayleys Observations made during a tour through Norway, Sweden, Finland, and Russia, London. Alvey. 40pp. AL.
       From Egypt to Canaan. London. Rev. I.1867:366. AL.

Benade, Rev. W. H.: Truths for Children. In Stories told again. (Collected from The Little Truth Teller) Boston. Carter. 142 pp. Rev. M. 39:563. AL.

Bruce, Rev. W.: Commentary on the Gospel according to St. Matthew. London. Pitman. and Chicago. Myers and Chandler. 682 pp. Rev. M. 39:756.

Chalklen, Rev. T.: Sermons on the Apocalypse. Vol. I. London. Alvey. 364 pp. Rev. I. 1868:29. AL.

(Chandler, Peleg W.): Observations on the Authenticity of the Gospels. By a layman. 2d Ed. Chicago. Myers and Chandler. 109pp. Rev. M. 39:501; I. 1867:369. AL.

Clissold, Rev. Augustus: The Literal and Spiritual Senses of Scripture in their relations to each other and to the Reformation of the Church. London. Longmans. 99pp. Rev. I.1867:463. AL.

Clowes, Rev. John: The Miracles of Jesus Christ Explained. 3d Ed. Manchester. 254pp. CinL. AL.

Drysdale, Allan: A Letter to the Members of the New Church. London. Alvey.16pp. AL.

Giles, Rev. Chauncey: Lectures on the Nature of Spirit and of Man as a Spiritual Being. 2d Ed. New York. General Convention. 206 pp. Rev. M. 39:819; I.1868:33. BL. AL.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 104

Gilfillan, Rev. George, M. A.: Night. A Poem in Eight Books. London. Jackson. Rev. I. 1867:308. The author, an eminent English critic, in this beautiful poem fearlessly praises Swedenborg and introduces many distinctive truths of the New Church.

Grindon, L. H.: The Sexuality of Nature. Boston. Carter. Rev. M.40:355. AL.

Hiller, Rev. O. Prescott: Who was Swedenborg? A Memoir. Chicago. Meyers of Chandler. 72pp. AL.
       Sermons on the Commandments. London. Alvey. Rev. I. 1867:467. AL.

Horton, Mrs. M. B.: The Divine Law of Birth. Boston. Carter. 63 pp. Rev. M. 40:426. AL.

Hume-Rotherey. Mrs. M. C.: The Wedding Guests: or the Happiness of Life. Boston. Rev. M. 40:162. A well-known, standard New Church novel.

Lord, N. M.: The Pretensions, Immorality, Infidelity, and Demoralization of Swedenborgianism--A System of refined religious Jugglery; a puerile Imposition. New York. 12 pp. AL.

Parsons, Theophilus: Deus-Homo: God-Man. Chicago. Myers and Chandler. 455 pp. Rev. M.40:210. AL.

(Periodicals):
       Bote der Neuen Kirche, Organ fur Mitthelungen de auszern und inneren Mission der deutchen synode der Neuen Kirche. 1867-1927. 41.
       The Childrens Hour. Philadelphia, Pa. Editor: T. S. Arthur, 1867-74, 15 vols. (Merged in St. Nicholas. 1874)
New-church Monthly. v. 1-3. Jan. 1867-Dec. 1869. Philadelphia, New Church Congregational Union, 1867-69. Edited by B. F. Barrett. Merged with New Church Independent in 1870.

Reed, Rev. James: Suffer Little Children. Boston. Carter. 18pp. AL.

Reed, Sampson: Observations on the Growth of the Mind. 7th Ed. Chicago. Myers R Chancier. 110 pp. Rev. M. 40:160. AL.

Rendell, Rev. E.D.: The Last Judgment and the Second Coming of the Lord, illustrated. London. Pitman. 366pp. Rev. I.1867:513. AL.

Sewall, Rev. Frank: A Prayer Book and Hymnal for the Use of the New Church. Philadelphia. Lippincott. 568pp. Rev. M. 39:690. A copy is owned by Rev. Frank Sewall. AL.

Silver, Rev. Abiel: Lectures on the Symbolic Character of the Sacred Scriptures. 3d Ed., revised. Boston. Carter. Rev. M. 40:168. AL.
       The Holy Word in its own Defense. 3d Ed. Boston. Carter. Rev. M. 40:168. AL.

Tafel, Dr. Rudolph L.: Emanuel Swedenborg as a Philosopher and Man of Science. Chicago. Myer 3nd Chandler. 330pp. Rev. M. 39.823; I. 1869:33. AL.

Westall, Rev. J.: Biblical Geography, A Report. Boston. 7 pp. AL.

White, William: Emanuel Swedenborg: His Life and Writings. 2 vols. London. Simpkin, Marshall and Co. 1.278 pp. Illustrated.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 105
       The publication of this dishonest and malignant biography by an apostate New Church man, now a Spiritist, attracted worldwide attention and was joyfully accepted by the Old Church everywhere. It caused much newspaper controversy and temporarily inflicted great harm to the New Church. The hypocrisy and wilful perversions of facts in this work are fully exposed in Dr. R. L. Tafels Documents. Vol. II: 1284-1332. See also the reviews in I. 1867:161, 215, 316, 485, and M. 40: 471, 533, 546, 594, 665, 643. AL.

Williams, Rev. John A.: Why I am not A Swedenborgian. A Letter to a Friend. Toronto. S. Rose. 16 pp. A silly attack on the New Church by a Wesleyan minister. See Fields History of the New Church. p. 284. AL.

Woodman, Rev. Woodville: Compendium of Scripture Teaching on the Trinity, the Atonement. Imputation, and the Resurrection. London. Pitman. Rev. I. 1868:32. AL.

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
ASIA. In Japan the Shogunate is abolished, and the Mikado restored.

AMERICA.
Treaty for purchase of Alaska from Russia is signed (March 30). Price: $7,200,000 (two cents an acre).

In Mexico Emperor Maximilian (former Austrian archduke) is executed by the Juarez party (June 19).

The Dominion of Canada is proclaimed (May 21) and established (July 1).

In Cuba the Queen of Spain decrees the freeing of all children of slave parents born after July 1.

FRANCE. Opening of the great Exposition of Industry of all Nations at Paris (April 1).

GERMANY. First parliament of the North German Confederation is opened by the King of Prussia (Feb. 24).

Promulgation of the constitution of the North German Confederation (June).

GREAT BRITAIN. Pan-Anglican synod at Lambeth. London, England (Sept. 24-27).

Death of Michael Faraday (English scientist).

ITALY. 1800th anniversary of St. Peters martyrdom is celebrated at Rome (July).

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1868

AMERICA

UNITED STATES
WASHINGTON, D. C., N. d. - President Andrew Johnson is said to have been a Swedenborgian. Mess. 29:78.

CONNECTICUT
Feb. - Rev. J. A. Lamb lectures in this state. Mess. 16:169.

GEORGIA
Columbus, Jan. 28. - Mr. George W. Chase reports that Mr. Louis H. Tafel begins to hold services here: also teaching school. Mess. 14:105.

N. d. - Movement to organize a society in Columbus; also a state association; visit of Rev. W. G. Day to the South. Mess. 15:185.

Sept. 26-27. - Organization of the New Church Association of Georgia, Florida, and South Carolina; first meeting. M. 41:610; Mess. 15:249. G

Savannah, Sept. 2. - History of the New Church here. Introduced by Dr. E. Persons in 1843: meetings instituted in 1846. Members scattered during the Civil War now desire to organize. Mess. 15:154.

ILLINOIS
Chicago, Oct. 23-25. - The 29th meeting of the Illinois Assn. M. 41:App. Tithing urged, p. 3. min. 20. Illinois New Church Sabbath-School Assoc. formed, p. 6. min. 40. Free-will offering adopted for services, p. 9. C E

Nov. 1. - Ordination of Mr. Calvin D. Noble by Dr. Hibbard. Mess. 15:313.

INDIANA
La Porte, June 11. - Death of Rev. Henry Weller, pastor of the La Porte Society. Mess. 14:409; 55:330. M.10:153.

KENTUCKY
Louisville, Feb. - New Church services are instituted. Mess. 14:169.

LOUISIANA
New Orleans, Jan. - March. - Rev. F. Sewall officiates as minister here for three months; conducts Sunday School. doctrinal classes, etc.; large increase in numbers. Mr. Glendy Burke was the chief agent in the original formation of the Society. Mess. 14:265.

MAINE
Bath, Aug. 28-30. - The 33d meeting of the Maine and New Hampshire Assn. M. 41:App. Mens and womens uses in the church discussed, pp. 2-3. Report of corresponding secy. pp. 4-6. G

Portland, April 22. - Dedication of the new temple here. M. 40:800; Mess. 14:249.

June 10-14. - The 49th General Convention. The Missouri Convention is received. The application of Rev. B. F. Barrett to be restored to the Convention is rejected. The Convention is characterized by a determination to stop talking and go to work. Evidence of fraternization with the Old Church appears. Report in Mess. 15:41. 57; editorial comments. p. 49.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 107

MARYLAND
Baltimore, Jan. - Rev. W. G. Day of East Rockport, Ohio, accepts a call to the Baltimore Third Society. Mess. 14:40.

Oct. 50-Nov. 1. - The 12th meeting of the Maryland Assn. M.41:App. Fine address by W. G. Day on the relationship which should exist in the New Church in regard to civil and political matters, pp. 7-16. C

Nov. 6. - Death of Mr. Nicholas Monsarrat, aged 78 years, the oldest member of the New Church in Baltimore since the time of Hargrove. An Irish ex-Protestant, chemist, bachelor. Obit., Mess. 15:413.

MASSACHUSETTS
Boston, Jan. 5. Rev. James Reed is installed as pastor of the Boston Society by Rev. Thomas Worcester. M. 40:554; Mess. 14:121.

April 2. - Meeting of the Massachusetts Assn. M. 40:App. Amalgamation of the Association with the Boston N. C. Union; p. 25. G

Boston Highlands (formerly Roxbury), May. - New Church services are instituted; Rev. Abiel Silver officiating. Mess. 14:329.

July 1. - Great success of Rev. Abiel Silver; attendance increased from 75 to 250. Mess. 15:9. See Edna Silvers Sketches. pp. 202-215.

East Bridgewater, Oct. 8. - Meeting of the Massachusetts Assn. M. 41:App. Report of Committee on Religious Education, pp. 21-26. C E

Salem, May. - Mr. Leonard G. Jordan accepts call to Salem; had been the assistant to Dr. Hibbard in Chicago. Mess. 14:330.

MICHIGAN
St. Joseph, Oct. 3. - Death of Mr. George Higby, a prominent member of the Pittsburgh Society. Born in New Hartford, Oneida County, New York. Mess. 15:269.

MINNESOTA
Aug. - Visit of Rev. J. R. Hibbard to Minnesota. Mess. 15:169.

MISSOURI
St. Louis, March 8. At the request of the German New Church Society, Professor Rudolph L. Tafel is ordained into the first degree by Rev. J. P. Stuart in the presence of the German and American societies of St. Louis and on the authorization of the Pennsylvania Assn. RPaA., 1868:9. 10; Mess. 14:185.

April 10-12. - Organization of the Missouri Association of the New Church; Rev. J. P. Stuart, President. (Mr. Stuart is now pastor of the St. Louis Society.) M. 40:App.; Mess. 14:281.

May 1. - Rev. C. L. Carriere of Hannibal, Monroe County, becomes the pastor of the German Society in St. Louis in succession to Rev. H. H. Deikhoener. Mess. 14:89.

June. - Proposition to organize a New Church colony. Mess. 14:361.

NEW YORK
New York City, Jan. - Rev. J. P. Stuart resigns as missionary of the New Assn. to go to St. Louis. 510. Mess. 14:9. 330.

Feb. 26. - Statement by the editor of the Messenger that Mr. Charles A. Dana, editor of the New York Sun, is a sincere New Churchman and that his assistant, Mr. Thomas Hitchcock, has for the past three years taken an active part in editing the Messenger. Mess. 14:137.

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July 29. - Rev. R. L. Tafel. accompanied by H. P. Chandler. leaves for Stockholm to examine Swedenborgs MSS. etc. Mess. 15:89.

OHIO
East Rockport, Jan. - Mr. Calvin D. Noble, a licentiate of the Ohio Association, succeeds Mr. W. G. Day in East Rockport. Mess. 14:40.

Cincinnati, Jan. 28. - Death of Mrs. Maria Loring, an early and very prominent member of the Cincinnati Society. Biogr. (by C. Giles). Mess. 14:153.


Urbana, May. - Rev. G. N. Smith preaching to the Society; 60 members. Mess. 15:10.

PENNSYLVANIA
Allentown, March 3. - Rev. A. O. Brickman begins a series of 14 lectures in Bohlen Hall (Mr. F. Bohlen a member); crowds compel a move to the Court House; 1, 200 persons present. Lectures in both German and English; 7 baptisms. Reports by S. Schweitzer and A. O. Brickman in Mess. 14:185. 217, 233.

Philadelphia, Jan. -Feb. - Lectures in German by A. O. Brickman; great success. The work is continued by Professor Leonard Tafel. Mess. 14:233.

Sept. 6-7. - The 40th meeting of the Pennsylvania Assn., held in the Cherry St. Temple. Mr. William McGeorge, Jr., is present as a delegate for the Philadelphia Society. The Ecclesiastical Council reports on What is meant by the Spiritual Mother and by obedience to her? A committee reports on Warnings of Dangers threatening the Life and Usefulness of the Association and Recommendations for their Prevention--appearing in the Report of the Delaware County First Society. The Association recommends the establishment of a New Church Bookstore. Library, and Reading Room in Philadelphia. RPaA:1868, M. 41:.App.

N. d. - Rev. N. C. Burnham is appointed missionary of the Pennsylvania Association.

TENNESSEE
Memphis, Dec. - Meeting of 40 persons (including Mr. Alfred Matthias) to organize a New Church Society here; Jude Trigg presiding. less. 16:41.

TEXAS
Galveston, Feb. - Progress here is reported; also report of work done in Texas by Rev. J. E. Garnes. Mess. 14:122; 15:345.

AUSTRALIA

NEW ZEALAND
Oct. - A Methodist minister. Mr. Tyerman, receives the Doctrines. The New Church obtains the Methodist chapel. I. 1869:107.



EUROPE

AUSTRIA
Vienna, N. d. - After the disastrous war with Prussia, the Austrian Government grants a somewhat larger share of religious freedom; and the members of the New Church (nominally about 200) ore now permitted to meet regularly for worship. Mess. 15:201.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 109

Trieste, Oct. - Readers of the Doctrines here. Mess. 15:281; I. 475.

DENMARK
Copenhagen, N. d. - Dr. J. J. G. Wilkinson assists Jon A. Hjaltalin in the Icelandic translation of DLW. On this account he is elected a member of the Icelandic Society of Copenhagen. J. S. S. 1868:21; 1869:9.

Aug. 9. First New Church services in Copenhagen. conducted by A. T. Boyesen; three persons present. Mess. 20:309.

FRANCE
N. d. - The work of M. Harle is described in I. 577.

GERMANY
N. D. - Visit of R. L. Tafel to Rheinfielden near Basie, now a center of New Church activity. Theodore Nullensiefen. Phillipa von Strewe, Fraulein von Couring, and Prof. Pfirsch are mentioned. Mess 15:266.

GREAT BRITAIN
Bolton, March 26. - Mr. Joseph Deans becomes minister at Bolton. I. 285.

Brightlinsea, April 16. A place of worship is opened here. I. 286.

Clayton-le-Moors, Nov. 8. Opening of a New Church school and meeting room. 1.286.

Edinburgh, July. - Mr. Henry Cameron becomes minister here. I. 1869:382.

London, May 13. - The 47th meeting of the Missionary and Tract Society. I. 280.

June 16. - The 58th annual meeting of the Swedenborg Society. RSS. I. 377.

Oct. - Open air missionary meetings are held by the London New Church Propagation Society. I. 523.

Oct. 15. - Institution of the Swedenborg Reading Society. I. 1870:40.

Oct. 29. - Dr. Beverley Bogg is engaged as Principal of the New Church College. I.1868:478.

Newcastle, Dec. 13. - Ordination of Mr. W. Ray by Dr. Bayley. I. 1869:48.

Norwich, Dec. - Languishing condition of the society here; it comes to an end. I. 1869:45.

St. Ives, Jan. 20. Death of Rev. William Tall. Biog. I. 142. 14 years old when he gave his first sermon (Wesleyan).

Salford, March 11. Rev. W. Westall becomes minister at Salford. I. 237.

Aug. 11-17. - At the 61st General Conference the Reverend E. D. Rendell is appointed President. A proposal to abolish the rite of ordination is defeated. Rev. O. P. Hiller makes a striking speech. Dr. R. L. Tafel is present but Dr. Bayley thinks his mission to Sweden will be fruitless. Concerning the New Church college. Dr. Bayley reports: It appears that this flourishing institution is pursuing its course to fame with the staff of no students and one professor under speedy notice to quit. I. 421; Mess. 15:186, 202. G E

Southport, July 17. - Opening of a room for Sunday services (May): and afterwards a place of worship. I. 1869:383; 1873:94.

Paisley, Scotland, Dec. 18. Annual social meeting of the New Church in Scotland.

ITALY
Florence, May 25. - Organization of the First Society of the New Church in Florence, Italy by A. E. Ford, Hiram Powers, Henry Cottrell, and nine others. Mr. Ford is the minister. Mess. 15:26.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 110

Oct. 15. - First news of Signor Loreto Scocia, minister of the Italian Evangelical Church. now a receiver of the New Church. Letters from him from Lausanne with autobiographical particulars: he wishes to translate the Writings. Mess. 15:314.

NOTABLE ARTICLES - 1868
The Intellectual Repository

       Mr. White and his reviewers. pp. 20, 76.
       On the children of New Church parents leaving the Church, p. 41.
       Discussion on O. P. Hillers denunciation of the use of the term Atonement in the New Church, pp. 318, 413, 506, 559.
       Report of the Committee appointed by the 60th General Conference to draw from the Writings of Swedenborg as to what is the source of true doctrine and the method of obtaining it and confirming it when obtained by LeCras, Rendell, Madely. and Bayley. 391, 394. Discussed on pp. 452, 508, 541.

The New Jerusalem Messenger
The Authority of the New Church Writings--Wherein does it lie? by Y. C. Burnham, vol. 15. p. 43. Further controversy, pp. 107, 122.
       Sacred Music in the New Church by Frank Sewall, p. 66.
       Is a New Church Colony desirable by J. O. C.--p. 91.
       Michael Servetus by F. M.--p. 139. Perhaps the first New Churchman to call attention to the real belief of Servetus.
       Do the Angels have Wings ? A discussion between the Editor, Frank Sewall, and others. Vol. 14, pp. 138, 147, 180.
       On Translating Swedenborg by Frank Sewall. A critical review of H. N. Fosters new translation of DLW; vol. 14, pp. 14, 18, 34, 51, 66, 82, 98, 114, 131. Cf. 195.
       A theologically important and lengthy analysis of Le Boys des Guays Letters to a Man of the World (new English edition) by W. H. Benade. Vol. 14, 169, 187, 203, 234, 351, 267.
       A thorough critique of Whites larger Life of Swedenborg by C. H. Mann. vol. 14, 210, 226.,242.
       W. H. Benade defends the Spiritual Diary against the charge of the Messenger that it is imperfect, crude, and of little value, vol. 14, 234.
       Tests of Church Membership by J. P. Stuart and the Editor, vol. 15, 4, 5.
       Lengthy list of New Documents concerning Swedenborg by R. L. Tafel. Vol. 15. p. 394. Cr. p. 298. 313, and others.

PUBLICATIONS
(Anonymous): A Cathechism or instruction for Children in the Heavenly Doctrines of the New Jerusalem. Boston. Nichols. 55 pp.
       Essays on Modern Religious Thought. No. I. Ritualism, Ecclesiastical and Revealed. II. Confession and Absolution. London. Longmans. 112 pp. Rev. I. 1868:270. BL.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 111

Expos de la Nouvelle glise, suivi du Rsum des oevres de Swedenborg. Translated from the Swedish. Basel. Schweighauser. Rev. C. H. p. 76. AL. See ANC ed S2 AEx6.
Steps towards Heaven. A series of tracts. London. Alvey. 192 pp. SSL. AL.

Bayley, Rev. J.: The Ribband of Blue. A sermon. Boston. Carter. Harv. L. AL.

(Bolles,): A Dictionary of Correspondences. 5th Ed. Boston. Carter. M. 41:51.

Butler, Henry: Maiden, prepare to become a happy Wife and Mother. A tract. London. Rev. I. 1868:323. AL.

Carter, Ann Augusta: Stories for Children, in Prose and Verse. Boston. Carter. M. 1840:479.

Clissold. Rev. Augustus: Transition, or the Passing Away of Ages or Dispensations, Modes of Biblical interpretation and Churches. London. Longmans. 262pp. Rev. I.1869:90, 321. AL.

Clowes, Rev. John: An Address to the Readers of the Theological Writings of Baron Swedenborg. London. Alvey. 39pp. AL.
       The Golden Wedding Ring. Boston. Carter. M. 41:52. AL.

Doughty, Rev. John: The Divine Character of Church Authority. Philadelphia. Lippincott. 30 pp. A controversial pamphlet, published as an apology for the authors lay-ordination. AL.

Doughty, Mrs. S. P.: Trifles, or Little Stories about Little Things. Boston. Carter. 60pp. M. 41:409, 479. AL.

Duberg, C.: Om Swedenborgianismens Farer. (On the Dangers of Swedenborgianism) Engelholm. Sweden.

Ehrenborg, Lady Fredrika: Om Swedenborgianismens Farer. Engelholm. Blomberg... Second Edition. intended as a Reply to the preceding.

Ford, Rev. A. E.: The Practice of Re-baptism in the New Church. Examined. Philadelphia. F. E. Boericke. 83pp. Rev. M.41:279. 479. AL.

Giles, Rev. Chauncey: The Magic Spectacles. Illustrated by Chapman. New York. Putnam. Rev. M. 41:414. AL.
       The Wonderful Pocket, and other Stories. New York. Putnam. Rev. M. 40:479.

(Goddard, Rev. Warren:) The Pythonism of the Present Day. The Response of the Ministers of the Massachusetts Association to a resolution of the Association. Boston. Carter. 50 pp. Rev. M.41:355. A very able presentation of the teachings of the New Church respecting open intercourse with spirits. AL.

(Gould, Rev. Edwin): An Order of Public Worship for the use of the New Church in Montreal. Montreal. J. Lovell. 83 pp. A copy is owned by Rev. F. Sewall.

Goyder, Rev. D. G.: An Essay on Swedenborg and his Mission. 3d Ed. revised. London. Pitman. 112pp. AL.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 112



Hiller, Rev. O. Prescott: Gems from the Writings of Swedenborg. With a Memoir. 2d Ed. revised and enlarged/ Boston. Carter. Rev. I. 1868:570; M. 41:356. AL.
       Sermons on the Ten Commandments. Boston. Carter. M. 40:480. AL.

Hindmarsh, Rev. Robert: A Vindication of Swedenborg. Abridged Edition. New York. General Convention. 184pp. AL.

Hitchcock, Thomas: The Childs True Christian Religion. New York. General Convention. 192pp. Rev. I. 1869:95; M. 41:286. AL.

Holcombe, Dr. W. H.: Our Children in Heaven. Philadelphia. Lippincott. 318 pp. Rev. M. 40:738; I. 1868:274. AL

Kierulff, V.: Illustrations of the Divine Word. Philadelphia. Lippincott. I. 1868:421.

Le Boys des Guays. J. F.: Letters to a Man of the World. A New Edition, translated and revised by Dr. R. L. Tafel. Chicago. Myers and Chandler. Rev. M. 40:675; I. 1868:513. AL.

(Liturgical): Hymns for the Use of the New Church. London. General Conference. 600pp. BM. AL.

       The Psalms of David. A revised Edition, pointed for Chanting, and designed for the use of the New Church. (Together with Summaries of the Internal Sense of each Psalm) London. General Conference. 271pp. AL.

       The Sunday School Hymn Book. Manchester. New Jerusalem Church Sunday School Union. SSL.

Marsden, T. L.: The Christian and New Jerusalem Dispensation. A Letter to Rev. J. G. Carey in reply to his attack on the Members of the New Church. Snodland (?) Rev. I. 1868:515.

Mason, Rev. W.: Manual of Piety. New York. J. F. Putnam. 104 pp. A copy is owned by Rev. Frank Sewall.

Moore, James H.: A Defence of some of the Leading Doctrines of the New Church. London. Pitman. 32pp. Rev. I. 1868:373.

Murin, H. S.: Morgen och Aftonboner, med tillhorande Betraktelser for hvar dag i vecken. Stockholm. RL. AL.

(PERIODICALS): Little Messenger. 1868-74. v. 1-6. Philadelphia New Church Book-room. Editors: T. P. Rodmand. W. H. Hinkley, and others.

Perry, Rev. John P.: A Cathechism on the Lords Prayer. Boston. Carter.108 pp.

Rendell, Rev. E. D.: Death, the Passage into a new Condition of Spiritual Life. Manchester. 20pp. AL.

Robertson, F,: An Exposition of the Book of Genesis. London. Trubner. 261 pp.

       The work is based on the Arcana Coelestia and the Adversaria.

Sewall, Rev. Frank: Religion and Learning in the Yew Church. Cincinnati. R. Clarke. 34 pp. AL.

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(Smith, Samuel): The Divine Humanity, its Origin, Nature, and Glorification Manchester Ratcliffe and Co. 154pp. Rev. M. 41:593. See also N. C. Mag. 1843:115. An important contribution to the Systematic Theology of the New Church. AL.

Snow, H. O.: Swedenborgianism. An open letter to the Editor of the Northwestern Christian Advocate. Batavia, Ill. 16pp. AL.

Tafel, Dr. Immanuel: The Life of Jesus. Being an Answer to Strauss. Translated from the German by Rev. W. H. Benade. Chicago. Myers and Chandler. 287pp. Rev. I. 1869:150; M. 40:741. AL.

Tafel, Dr. Leonard: Die Neue Christenthum. Adapted from Le Boys des Guays Letters to a Man of the World. M. 41:410.

Tafel, Dr. Rudolph L.: Die Zwei Zeugen der Neuen Kirche. An Address to the Missouri Association of the New Church. Baltimore, Rid. 32pp. AL.

White, William: Emanuel Swedenborg: His Life and Writings. 2d Ed. revised. In one volume, London. Simpkin. 767pp. AL.

Worcester, Rev. Thomas: Installation Sermon, at the induction of Rev. James Reed. Boston. 23pp. AL.

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
AFRICA. Capture of Magdala, Abyssinia. by Sir Robert Napiers British expedition to release captive diplomats (April 13). Suicide of King Theodore II.

AMERICA. Memorial Day is proclaimed by General John A. Logan.

President Andrew Johnson is impeached for alleged violation of tenure of office act, by radical senators. He is tried and acquitted (March-May)

Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified (July 20).

ASIA. In Japan the Mikado assumes sole power; civil war follows between his adherents and the shoguns.

AUSTRIA. Defeat of papal party at Vienna on civil marriage bill (March 21).

GREAT BRITAIN. The Derby ministry resigns (Feb. 25): Disraeli becomes prime minister (Feb. 29); the Disraeli ministry goes out (Dec. 2); Gladstone assumes leadership (Dec. 9).

TURKEY. The Papal emissaries and Greek patriarch of Constantinople disagree as to general council (Oct. 5).

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1869

AFRICA
Port Natal, Nov. 15. - State of the New Church here; four families. I. 1870:145.

AMERICA

CANADA
Chatham, Ont., March. - Lectures by Rev. John Parker; said to be a lion on the platform; his remarkable eloquence described by J. D. Ronald. Mess. 16:153.


Strathroy, Ont., Feb. - Rev. J. Parker delivers well-attended lectures. Mess. 16:123.

Oct. 7. - A New Church chapel is dedicated at Strathroy. Described in Mess. 17:266.

Toronto, Ont., July-Aug. - Street preaching by Rev. John Parker draws large, orderly crowds; many converts. Mess. 17:233.

UNITED STATES
CONNECTICUT
Feb. - Lecture work in Connecticut by Rev. J. A. Lamb. Mess. 16:169.

New Haven, April 29. - Organization of The General New Church Society of Connecticut. Mess. 16L298. G

GEORGIA
Savannah, July 3. - Meeting of the Georgia Assn. Mess. 17:41. M

ILLINOIS
Chicago, May 23. - Dedication of the New Church Temple at the corner of North La Salle St. and North Clark St. by Rev. J. R. Hibbard. Building described in Mess. 16:345.

Dec. 14. - Death of Mrs. J. R. Hibbard (born Jerusha Miller); a strong and active member of the New Church. Obit. Mess. 18:29.

Wilmington, Feb. - A New Church Temple is dedicated by Rev. J. R. Hibbard. Mess. 16:138.

INDIANA
Richmond, March 19. - A society is formed here: 15 members. Reported by Dr. O. P. Baer. Mess. 16:233.

KANSAS
Olivet, Osage County, May. - Rev. A. J. Bartels secures 1,600 acres of land for a town site for a proposed New Church colony. Mess. 16:361.

Nov. 13. - Organization of a society with 20 members; Rev. A. J. Bartels, pastor. Mess. 17:345.

KENTUCKY
Louisville, May. - Visit of Rev. F. Sewall. The society was organized on June 14, 1846, by the Reverend S. H. Wills; revived in 1868. Mess. 16:361.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 115

MASSACHUSETTS
Boston, March 30. - Annual report of the Massachusetts New Church Union. M. 41:App. C

April 8. - Meeting of the Massachusetts Assn. M. 41:App. G

Resolutions regarding the Union, p. 3.

Dec. 27. - The new rooms of the Massachusetts New Church Union are opened at No. 2 Hamilton Place; headquarters of the Massachusetts Assn. Mess. 18:9.

Bridgewater, Feb. The Society is prospering; regular attendance of 150; services conducted by Mr. T. F. Wright of the New Church Theological School. Mess. 16:137.

Oct. 3. - Rev. T. F. Wright becomes pastor of the Bridgewater Society. Mess. 17:265.

Fall River, Nov. 10. A New Church temple is dedicated. Mess. 17:345.

Newtonville, April 11. - A New Church chapel is dedicated: seats 300: cost $9,500; lot donated by T. H. Carter. Organization of The Newton New Church Society; 35 members, all previously members of the Boston Society. Rev. John Worcester is pastor. Mess. 16:249. 330.

Springfield, March 20. A New Church temple is dedicated. The society was organized nearly twenty years ago. Mess. 16:185.

Waltham, May 8. Publication of The Olive Leaf. M. 42:60.

July 4. - A New Church society organized here; 22 members, most of them previously members of the Boston Society. Mess. 17:41.

Aug. - Mr. H. H. Boyesen. after visiting Chicago. comes to Waltham, to study for the ministry. Mess. 17:121.

Dec: 19. - The New Church temple is destroyed by fire. Mess. 18:9: 20:19.

MICHIGAN
Detroit, Oct. - Rev. E. C. Mitchell is now pastor here; good attendance; building fund started. Mess. 17:266.

MINNESOTA
July-Aug. - The state of the New Church in Minnesota: missionary work by Rev. J. P. Stuart. Mess. 18:10.

MISSOURI
St. Louis, May 14. - The second annual meeting of the Missouri Assn. M. 44:App.; Mess. 16:362.

NEW JERSEY
Newark, April 17. - The organization of the society is completed. Mess. 16:265.

NEW YORK
Brooklyn, Feb. 21. - Dedication of the new house of worship of the Brooklyn Society by Messrs. Ager and Giles. Full account in Mess. 16:121.


New York City, April 21. Announcement that the Committee of the General Convention, in conjunction with the British Swedenborg Society, has determined to photolithograph all of Swedenborgs MSS; subscriptions are invited. Mess. 16:249.

April 30. The New York Sun publishes a lengthy and important article on Thomas Lake Harris colony on Lake Erie (Salem-on-Erie), written by Mr. Oliver Dyer. A full synopsis appears on May 5 in Mess. 16:282.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 116

June 9-12. The eighth annual meeting of the American Conference of New Church Ministers. Reported--Mess. 16:378. Discussion of whether an inactive minister should still be considered as a minister. G

June 16-20. - The 50th meeting of the General Convention. The Georgia Association is received. M.42:65: Mess. 16:393. G

Nov. 5. Organization of the German New Church Society of New York; ten members; meeting in Ludlow Street. John Czerny, President; F. Goerwitz, Secretary; and J. Ziegler, Treasurer. Mess. 17:297.

Dec. 31. Death of Robert L. Smith (born 1799); a member of the New Church since 1831; a prominent merchant of New York: treasurer of the General Convention since 1856; introduced the New Church into California. 1849. Mess. 18:9; biogr., 124.

Poughkeepsie, June. - Mr. S. S. Seward is engaged as licentiate preacher by Poughkeepsie Society. Mess. 16:361.

N. d. - Rev. E. R. Keyes withdraws from the Methodist Church and joins the New Church. Mess. 16:410.

Sing Sing, Nov. 21. - Rev. Oliver Dyer preaches to the prisoners in Sing Sing prison; they are said to be deeply moved. Mess. 17:329.

OHIO
Cincinnati, July 11. - Ordination of Jacob Herman Einhaus by Rev. J. P. Stuart for the German New Church Society in Cincinnati. Mess. 17:89.

Cleveland, July 25. - A New Church chapel is opened for worship. Description in Mess. 17:89.

Salem, May 19. Visit of Rev. N. C. Burnham here to Mrs. Dr. R. B. Bush (a Pitcairn) and others. An interesting characterization of the Pitcairn families in Mess. 16:314.

Steubenville, May. - Visit of Rev. N. C. Burnham to remnant of the old society; the Millers, Powells, etc. Mess. 16:314.

PENNSYLVANIA
Allentown, Feb. - Rev. A. O. Brickman again lectures here; Old Church preachers are out against the New Church. A society is forming. Mess. 16:122.

Feb. 17. Organization of the Allentown Society at Bohlens Hall; 26 members; following week, 42: then 57. (This proves to be a mushroom growth.) Mess. 16:169.

Oct. 2-Nov. 2. - Rev. A. O. Brickman lectures again; society now numbers 74 persons. Mess. 17:329.

Edenfield, Sept. 15. - Semiannual meeting of the American New Church Congregational Union; a call for a New Church paper. AL.

Philadelphia, Sept. 5-6. - The 41st meeting of the Pennsylvania Assn. Rev. Louis H. Tafel is present as a licentiate; also Dr. E. A. Farrington as a delegate for the Philadelphia Society. The Ecclesiastical Council reports on: the question whether Matthew 23:15-17 is a literal rule of discipline. Mr. Wm. McGeorge. Jr., presents resolutions favoring the union of the Maryland and Pennsylvania Assns. RPaA.:186R; M. 42:App.

Sept. 29. - The Cherry St. Church is damaged by fire; loss about $2,000. Mess. 17:249.

Dec. 29. - Services are resumed at Cherry St. after repairs. Report by Mr. Wm. McGeorge, Jr. (his first appearance in the Messenger). Mess. 18:41.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 117

Pittsburgh, N. d. - The treasurers book for the Pittsburgh Society, dated from 1864 to 1877, is preserved by Mr. Edmund Blair.

Renovo, March 4-5. - Rev. N. C. Burnham lectures here at the invitation of Mr. John Pitcairn in the waiting room of the Pennsylvania R. R. passenger depot in the evenings; about 60 in audience. Messrs. Robert B. Caldwell, Sr., and Joseph R. Kendig receive the Doctrines. Mess. 16:169; Mr. Burnhams account of the visit and of Mr. Pitcairn in Ibid, p. 218.

RHODE ISLAND
Providence, April 8. - The society here joins the Massachusetts Assn. Mess. 16:233.

SOUTH CAROLINA
Charleston, April 28. - History of the New Church in Charleston. Early members in 1844: Capt. James D. Knight, U. S. N.; Mr. S. Howard Worcester, leader; W. H. Inglesby, and others. The group is dispersed during the Civil War. Mess. 16:266.

WISCONSIN
Milwaukee, May. - Rev. J. I. Herrick is pastor of the society; here; 27 communicants. Mess. 16:282.

SOUTH AMERICA
BRAZIL
Para, May. - Terrible persecutions are reported against a Catholic priest, C. J. B. de Bigo, on account of his reception of the Doctrines. He is put in prison, burned in effigy, etc. He appeals to the New Church. I. 1869:477- 480. (He proves to be an imposter. I. 1869:575.)

AUSTRALIA
Adelaide, July 29. - Death of Mr. G. H. Poole. I. 617.

Oct. 30. - Death of Mr. T. F. Williams, aged 80 years, a New Churchman since 1797; a student of Hebrew, etc. Biogr., I. 1870:151.

Melbourne, July. - State of the Melbourne Society: 30 persons; wants a minister. M. 42:346.

EUROPE
GREAT BRITAIN
Carlisle, N. d. - End of the Carlisle Society. NCM. 1889:71.

Derby, Aug. 10. - The 62d General Conference. Report in I. 470. Long reports and important discussions. E M

Glasgow, Scotland, Oct. 21. - Meeting of the New Church societies in Scotland. I. 1870:41.

London, Jan. 13. - Dr. Tafel in London, examining Swedenborgs MSS; especially Prophets and Psalms. Mess. 16:154.

April 5. - Death of Mr. James Shirley Hodson, aged 77 years; the well known New Church publisher. Biogr. I. 271.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 118

May. - Mr. James Speirs of Glasgow is engaged as agent of the Swedenborg Society. I. 170: Mess. 16:345.

May 12. - The 48th meeting of the Missionary and Tract Society. I. 327. M P

May 24. - Building of the London New Church Propagation Society is opened in Holloway; Ramage. President. I. 381.

June 15. - The 59th annual meeting of the Swedenborg Society. RSS.:1869; I. 374. Long and thorough discussion of papal letter on Authority. C

Sept. -Dec. - Appeals by the Conference Committee on behalf of the Swedenborg MSS. and Biographical Fund to aid Dr. R. L. Tafel. whose engagement by the New Church in America has terminated. I. 450, 585.

Dec. - The Swedenborg Society Committee decides to leave the collection of funds for Tafel in the hands of the Conference Committee, since no notice is taken of the former committee. I. 615.

Nottingham, Jan. 1. - Mr. Thomas Moss, B. A., becomes minister here. I. 174.

Dec. - Retirement of the minister. Mr. Thomas Moss. I. 1870:45

St. Heliers, Jersey, May 8. - Death of Abraham Jones le Cras. Esq., aged 71 years. A follower of the Tulk movement. I. 384.

Salford, Oct. 7. - Death of Francis Goadsby, Esq., aged 91 years. An old friend of Hindmarsh; built the church at Salford; trustee of Conference, etc. Biogr., I. 576.


HUNGARY
N. d. - The Doctrines are first made known by Mathias Rienck. Meetings are held in private houses until 1891, after which public meetings are conducted. L.1898:127.

ITALY
Florence. - Publication of Signor Scocias translation of NJHD, the first of the Writings in Italian. Mess. 17:267.

Milan, Aug. - A personal description of Signor Scocia by A. E. Ford appears in Mess. 17:409.

SWEDEN
Christianstad, May. - The society is in financial difficulties. I. 569; M. 42:216.

NOTABLE ARTICLES - 1869
The Intellectual Repository, 1869.
       Practical considerations arising from the authority of Swedenborg in the New Church on the practice of remaining in the Old Church, p. 20.
       On the objections to Baptism in the New Church (thinks Old Church Baptism still efficacious), p. 83. By Woodman.
       On the objections to the Holy Supper in the New Church by Woodman, p. 194.
       Results of an Investigation into the Manuscripts of Swedenborg by R. L. Tafel, p. 151.
       Ordination: the Ministry a distinct order by Woodman, p. 191.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 119
Ordination: the imposition of hands by Woodman, p. 241.
The operation of the Holy Spirit in its relation to the clergy. 350.
Ordination and the Imposition of hands not authorized by Swedenborg by R. R. Rodgers, pp. 359, 495. Replies by Woodman, pp. 398, 589.

The New Jerusalem Messenger, 1869.
The Spiritual Mother, and Obedience to her; a report to the Pennsylvania Assn. By its ecclesiastical council (signed by N. C. Burnham, W. H. Benade, T. P. Rodman, and T. Wilks). Directed against the assumption that the General Convention is the spiritual Mother. vol. p. 36.
No Errors in Swedenborgs Writings by N. C. Burnham. Defends the masculinity of plants, etc., pp. 57, 74, 267.
Mr. Samuel Smiths work on the Divine Humanity by A. G. An able refutation, p. 202.
The Parentage of the Soul and of the Body by N. C. Burnham. On the Limbus, etc., p. 251.
Internal Respiration by C. Giles. A warning against Harris, p. 305.
Discussion on the question of Parishes and Dioceses or Societies in the New Church by J. P. Stuart, T. Hitchcock, J. C. Ager, T. P. Rodman, F. Sewall, etc., vol. 17, pp. 26, 42, 58, 74, 75, 90, 91, 105, 139.
Swedenborg and Free Masonry by S. S. R. and r. L. Tafel. Vol. 17, pp. 75, 266.

PUBLICATIONS
(Anonymous): A Call for a New Church Paper. Report of the American New Church Congregational Union. Philadelphia. 12 pp. AL.
Catechisme de la Nouvelle Jerusalem pour les Enfants. Isle of Mauritius. 31. Pp. Translated from the English by Edmond de Chazal.
Erster Religionsunterricht fur Kinder, in Zwolf Sectionen. 2d Edition. Basel. F. Riehm. 23 pp. AL.
Heads of Thought upon the Future State of Man. 2d Edition. London. Longmans. 61 pp. AL.
Kort Framstallning af Nykirkelig Troestoere. Aalborg. Denmark. Cop. L.
Presbyterianism and Swedenborgianism. Being a Defence and Reply to a Piece upon and against Swedenborgianism. By a Member of the Toronto New Church Society. Toronto, Ont. Field p. 285. AL.
The Divinim Humanum in Creation. Spiritual Revealings. London. Burns. 214 pp.
Spiritualism mixed with New Church Doctrine. AL.

Barrett, Rev. B. F.: Letters on the Divine Trinity, addressed to Henry Ward Beecher. Philadelphia. Lippincott. 160 pp. Al.

Bayley, Rev. Jonathan: From Egypt to Canaan. The Progress of Man from the unregenerate to the regenerate State. London. James Speirs. 480 pp. AL. Great Truths on Great Subjects. (The Brighton Lectures) 3d Edition. London. Pitman. AL.

(Bragg, John): The Sunday School Hymn Book. London. Rev. I. 1869:172.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 120

Brickman, Rev. Arthur O.: Die Lehren der Neuen Kirche. Nach den Theologischen Werken des Emmanuel Swedenborg. Baltimore. 310 pp. A missionary work of extraordinary power. AL.

Bush, Prof. George: Priesthood and Clergy unknown to Christianity; or, the Church a Community of co-equal Brethren. Being a Scriptural protest against the division of the Church into Clergy and Laity. Manchester. Irwin. 150 pp. AL.

Clissold, Rev. Augustus: The Centre of Unity: What is it? Charity or Authority? An Enquiry occasioned by the recent Letter of Pope Plus M to all Protestants and Non-Catholics. London. Longmans. 157 pp. Rev. I. 1869:419. AL.

Coxhead, John: (A Shoemaker): An Essay on the Secret Springs or Primary Principles of All Human. Actions. (Curious poetical reflections and comparisons of regeneration to a railway) Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Thorntons History, p. 11. AL.

Care, Salvatore de: Le Rivelazioni di Emmanuele Svedenborg. Due Lettere critiche ad un Ministro della Nuova Gerusalemme. Florence. 24 pp. A controversy with Rev. A. E. Ford. AL.

Ehrenborg, Lady F. A.: Ueber die Gefahren des Swedenborgianismus. Basel Riehm. 24 pp. Translated from the Swedish by C. J. von R. RL.

Evans, Rev. W. H.: The Mental Cure. Boston. Carter. Spiritualistic heresy. Rev. M. 42:276, AL.

Field, Rev. George: Baptism: its Meaning. Conditions. and Requirements. An address to the American Conference of New Church Ministers. Adrian, Mich. AL.

Hayden, Rev. W. G.: Light on the Last Things. New York. General Convention. Rev. M.41:731; I. 1869:416. AL.

Hibbard, Rev. J. K.: The Gloria: Psalms and Hymns, with Chants and Tunes, for the New Church. Chicago. Rev. Mess. 18:46.

Hildreth, Emily E.: Lessons from Daily Life. Philadelphia. Lippincott. 120pp. AL.

Hiller, Rev. O. Prescott: Notes on the Psalms, chiefly explanatory of their Spiritual Sense. With a new translation from the Hebrew. Vol. I. London. Speirs. 76pp. Rev. I. 1869:558. AL.

Holcombe, Dr. W. H.: In Both Worlds. Philadelphia. Lippincott. Rev. I.1870:78. 125. AL.
       The Sexes Here and Hereafter. Philadelphia. Lippincott. 277 pp. Rev. M. 42:282. AL.

James, Henry: The Secret of Swedenborg. Being an Elucidation of his doctrine of the Divine Natural Humanity. Boston. Fields. 243 pp. Rev. M. 42:472. AL.

(Liturgical): The Liturgy for the New Church. 5th Edition, revised and enlarged. Chicago. General Convention. Rev. Mess. 18:43. AL.

Parsons, Theophilus: Deus Home: God-Man. 3d Edition. Chicago. Chandler. I.1869:211. AL.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 121

Paulus, Dr.: Magicon: Wonderful Prophecies concerning Popery, and about the End of the World and the form of the New Earth the New Church. With 24 magic figures, New York 152pp. AL.

(PERIODICALS): Kristligt Sandebud. 1869-73. Upsala, Sweden. 4vols. in one. Editor: Frederika Ehrenborg.
       The Olive Leaf, May, 1869-Aug. 29, 1874. Benj. Worcester, Ed. Waltham, Mass. George Phinney. 5 vols.

Reed, Rev. James: Religion and Life. New York. General Convention. 85 pp. Rev. M. 41:605. BL. AL.

Sewall, Rev. Frank: Moddy Mike, or, the Power of Love. A Christmas Story. Philadelphia. Lippincott. Rev. Mess. 18:75.
       The Welcome. A Book of Hymns, Songs, and Lessons, for the Children of the New Church. New York. General Convention. 34pp. Sewall. AL.

Spillings, James: Things New and Old. London. Speirs. Rev. I. 1869:210. AL.

Tafel. Dr. R. L.: Results of an Investigation into the Manuscripts of Swedenborg. Edinburgh. 16pp. AL.

Weller, Henry: New Church Almanack for 1870. La Forte. Ind. 50 pp.

Werner, Gustaf: Sendbriefe aus dem Mutterhause. Rentlingen. 16 pp.

Worcester. Rev. Henry: Sermons on the Lords Prayer. Philadelphia. Lippincott. 192pp. AL.

Worcester, Rev. John: A Years Lessons from the Psalms. For the Use of the Sunday School. Boston. Carter. 130pp. Rev. M. 42:57. BL. AL.
       The Literal Sense of the Word regarded as History. Cambridge. Mass. 8 pp. AL.

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
AFRICA. The Suez Canal is formally opened (Nov. 17).

AMERICA. The Fifteenth Amendment (Negro suffrage) is passed by Congress. (Feb. 26).

The first American transcontinental railroad is completed; the Union Pacific Railway is thrown open to traffic (May 10).

Gold corner causes financial Black Friday in New York City (Sept. 24).

Wyoming territory grants complete suffrage to women (Dec. 10).

Expiration of the Charter of Hudons Bay Company; and incorporation of its territory in the Dominion of Canada (Nov.).

ASIA. In Japan the Mikado triumphs; Tokio (Yedo) is made the capital.

FRANCE. Pere Hyacinthe protests against papal infallibility and encroachments (Sept. 30).

GREAT BRITAIN. The Irish Church disestablishment bill is passed (July 26).

ITALY. The Vatican Council opens at Home (Dec. 8).

SPAIN. The first Protestant meeting for public worship is held in Madrid (Jan. 24).

Bibles in foreign languages are admitted into Spain (April 3).

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1870

AMERICA

CANADA
Clinton, Huron County, Ont. - Rev. John Parker (Toronto) conducts services here. L. 1909:616.

Toronto, Ont., June 16-19. At the meetings of the Canada Assn., it is decided to unite with the General Convention. Mess. 19:9.

UNITED STATES
The U. S. census reveals the New Church membership to be 4,150 members with 90 societies and 68 ordained ministers M. 6:440.

              
WASHINGTON, D. C., Oct. 29. - Rev. E. P. Welton a former Baptist minister, is ordained by Rev. C. Giles. Mess. 19:330.

FLORIDA
Jacksonville, N. d. - Mr. Yulee lectures on Swedenborg Mess. 18:345.

Rev. L. H. Tafel does missionary work in Florida. Mess. 18:138. 202.

GEORGIA
Jan.-July. - Rev. L. H. Tafel evangelizes in Georgia as missionary of the Georgia Assn. Visits Valdosta at the invitation of Mrs. Pendleton and delivers seven lectures: first mention of the Pendletons: Much had been done in this town by Mr. Pendleton, lately deceased, and his four sons, in calling the attention of the people to the Doctrines. Mess. 18:58, 138, 202. 266, 330.

Oct. Resignation of Rev. L. H. Tafel as missionary to take charge of the German society in Philadelphia. Mess 19:346.

Columbus, Nov. 5. Third meeting of the Georgia Assn. Mr. William Frederic Pendleton of Valdosta, Ga., now studying at Waltham for the New Church ministry, is elected missionary of the Assn. Mess. 19:346.

ILLINOIS
Chicago, March. - Rev. J. R. Hibbard explains to his society why he abandons the use of clerical robes. Mess. 18:186.

April - Missionary work among Scandinavians in America by Boyesen; the work of the Scandinavian New Church Society. Mess. 18:233-4.

Peoria, Oct. - Rev. George Nelson Smith accepts charge here. Mess. 19:265.

Oct. 14-16. - The 31st meeting of the Illinois Assn. M. 43:App., esp. pp. 19-26. E

INDIANA
Laporte, Jan. 5. - Rev. Woodbury M. Fernald, now pastor here, writes a long letter on the history and character of the society. He denies it is a society of spiritualists; and renounces any following of Thomas Lake Harris. His apology to the New Church. Mess. 18:11-12.

May 1. - Rev. W. M. Fernald resigns his pastorate. Mess. 18:233.

Richmond, Jan. 23 - A New Church temple is dedicated by Rev. G. Field. Mess. 18:89.

KANSAS
Olivet, May. - Description of the New Church colony here. Mess. 18:299.

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LOUISIANA
New Orleans, Jan. 16. - First services in the recently purchased chapel, corner of Melpomene and Camp Streets; services by A. O. Brickman. Mess. 18:57.

MAINE
April. - Rev. W. A. Dillingham returns to the Universalist Church. Mess. 18.265

Portland, Aug. 12-14. - The 35th annual meeting of the Maine Assn. Report, Mess.19:121; M. 43:App. Cf. esp. pp. 2, 3, 12 15. C M

MASSACHUSETTS
Boston, April 7. - The 80th meeting of the Massachusetts Assn. See esp. pp. 4-7, 23-26--brief historical account of early New Church in Massachusetts. M. 42:App. G C

Oct. 11. - Meeting of the Charity Association of the Boston New Church Society. Report, Mess. 19:282.

Nov. 3. - A Second Magazine Club is started; (died in 1872). M 226, 227.

Boston Highland, Dec. 18. - Organization of the society here; 49 members. Mess. 19:409. (History of the society up to 1891 is given in Mess. 60:58.)

North Bridgewater, Oct. 13. - The 81st meeting of the Massachusetts Assn. M.42:App. Admission of New Hampshire, p. 3. Report of Mass. New Church Union. pp. 20-22.

Waltham, Dec. 24. - Dedication of the new house of worship. Mess. 20:19. M

Yarmouthport, Oct. - Rev. W. H. Mayhew of East Woburn, Mass., accepts charge here. Mess. 19:217.

Dec. 27. - Dedication and description of the new house of worship. Mess. 19:393; 20:32.

MICHIGAN

Berlin and Almont, Dec. - visit of Rev. E. C. Mitchell to the Berlin Society of the New Church, made up of former members of the New Church at Paisley, Scotland. Mess. 19:395.

MINNESOTA
Minneapolis, Nov. 20. - Dedication of the New Church temple by Rev. J. R. Hibbard. Meeting of the Minnesota Assn. Mess. 19:361, 378.

St. Paul, Dec. 13. - Death of Chancellor William Chauvenet, LLD. (B. 1820); Professor of Mathematics at Annapolis; Chancellor and Professor of Astronomy at Washington University, St. Louis. A very prominent member of the New Church; and old friend of Rev. Richard de Charms, Sr. Biogr. Mess. 19:410.

MISSOURI
St. Louis, May 13-15. - Third annual convention of the Missouri Assn.; Rev. J. P. Stuart, President. Mess. 18:362; M. App:1-11.

NEW HAMPSHIRE
Contoocook, Oct. 13. - The society joins the Mass. Assn. Mess. 19:266.

NEW JERSEY
Jersey City, May 8. - New Church services opened in a public hall. Rev. C. Giles preaches. Mess. 18:313.

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Newark, Jan. - Revival of the society here. Mess. 18:170.

Vineland, January. - Beginning of New Church services: 40 to 100 persons attend. Mess. 18:169.

NEW YORK
Buffalo, Sept. - Rev. F. W. Tuerk reports the organization of a German New Church Society (Die erste deutsche Gemeinde des Neuen Jerusalems, in Buffalo); 12 baptized adults; Mr. William Graff. leader. Mess. 19:201.

NEW YORK
New York City, Oct. - Rev. J. C. Ager succeeds Mr. Thomas Hitchcock as editor of the Messenger. Mess. 19:217.

Riverhead, L. I., Aug. 28. - Rev. C. C. Lord is discharged from the pastorate of the Riverhead society, having announced his conversion to the Universalists. Mess. 19:185.

OHIO
Cincinnati (Hebron), Sept. 18. The Hebron New Church Society is dissolved; a new society is organized under the name of the Wyoming Society of the New Church. Mess. 19:330.

Monroe County, Oct. - Rev. J. J. Lehnen accepts charge here. Mess. 19:217.

Urbana, July. - Rev. Frank Sewall becomes President of the Urbana University: Dr. J. F. Moses. Headmaster. Mess. 19:57.

OREGON
Description of the New Church in Oregon. Mess. 19:41.

PENNSYLVANIA
March. - Missionary work by Rev. N. C. Burnham. (Information about Mr. Charles Benade.) Report in Mess. 18:200.

Allentown, July. Visit by Rev. N. C. Burnham; sad state of the New Church here described: subversive influences against distinctiveness. Mess. 19:201-2.

Frankford, March 6. - A new chapel is opened for a New Church society in Frankford by their minister. Mr. Gregory. Mess. 18:169.

Greenford, N. d. - Rev. N. C. Burnham does missionary work here. Mess. 19:107.

Philadelphia, n. d. - Rev. L. H. Tafel organizes the German society of the New Church in Philadelphia. Mess. 19:346.

April 14. - Death of the Reverend Thomas P. Rodman, aged 60 years; pastor of the Cherry St. Society. Mess. 18:249. 265.

June 17-21. - 51st General Convention. Rev. B. F. Barrett is restored to the General Convention. The Board of Missions is abolished; and Rev. J. R. Hibbard is appointed Superintendent of Missions with the power hitherto vested in the Board. Thomas Hitchcock is appointed editor of the New Jerusalem Messenger. Rev. W. H. Benade moves that the Convention disapprove of laymen preaching and teaching the Doctrines of the New Church; this is tabled. A warm controversy arises as to whether to invite all Christians to partake of the Holy Supper: the proposal is lost. The meetings are fully described by Thomas Hitchcock. Mess. 18:393, 403, 309; 19:11. M. 43:65. G C

Oct. 2-3. The 42d meeting of the Pennsylvania Assn. Mr. W. C. Childs attends as a delegate from Pittsburgh. A committee reports on the formation of a New Church Library, and Reading-Room Association of Phila. in a rented store at 25 South 10th St.

124



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 125 Dr. F. E. Boericke reports on the newly formed German New Church Society in Philadelphia. Dr. E. A. Farrington is appointed secretary. Changes in the Constitution are proposed. RPaA. 1870; M. 44:App. G C

Pittsburgh, March 14. - Rev. W. H. Benade writes to Rev. J. P. Stuart: Some young men of prominent families and of intelligence have come boldly forward and united with the Church by baptism. AA

UTAH
Salt Lake City, Dec. - One of Brigham Youngs wives is said to be reading Swedenborgs works with much interest. Mess. 19:361.

EUROPE
AUSTRIA
N. d. - Two societies exist in Vienna; together numbering about 300 members. Their leaders are laymen. Conv. R., 1871:74.

GERMANY
Cologne, N. d. - Catholics wage persecution against Mr. B. J. Faber, a Catholic monk. ML. 78:140.

GREAT BRITAIN
Feb. - The Editor of Intellectual Repository comments on the recent discussion between Woodman and Rodgers. I. 67.

Birmingham, April. - Union of the Hockley and Cannon societies; Mr. Madeley, minister; Mr. Lee, assistant minister. I. 290

Cumberland, May 26. - Death of Captain J. C. Chambers of Jamaica, aged 72 years, a fifth generation New Church man. Biogr., I. 1871:54.

Jersey, Aug. - Mr. Th. Moss becomes minister in Jersey. I. 439.

London, Jan. - Communication from E. J. Broadfield in reply to the Swedenborg Society Committee re MSS fund. Reply by H. Butter. I. 39, 86.

Feb. - Formation of the North London Society by Mr. P. Ramage, minister. I. 439.

March 30. - Organization of The London New Church Association. I. 289.

The first Association in Britain (in the American sense). G

May 11. - Death of Rev. O. P. Hiller. Mess. 18L361. IN memoriam account and description. Ibid. 18:411; 19:89.

June 2. - Special meeting of the Swedenborg society to present an address to Baboo Keshub Chunder Sen. (The report is appended to I. Dec.)

July. - harmony is restored between the Swedenborg Society Committee and the Conference Committee re the Swedenborg MSS Fund. I. 384.

July 14. - Rev. R. L. Tafel becomes the pastor of the Cross St. (Camden Rd.) Society. I. 386; Mess. 19:9.

July 21. - Death of Mrs. Anna Cora (Mowatt) Ritchie. Biogr., Mess. 19:107.

Newcastle, Aug. 8-13. - The 63d General Conference. I. 429. Cf. Report of New Church College, p. 37. E

Nottingham, March 21. - Mr. Moss, having left to resume his studies, Mr. Ch. Wilkins of Hull becomes minister of the Nottingham society. I. 294.

July. - Mr. Th. Stevenson moves from Nottingham. I. 389.

Wigan, Jan. - Opening of the New Church Day School here. I. 1872:167.

ITALY
Who Signor De Caro was. Mess. 30:80.

125



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 126

SWEDEN
Christiania, Dec. 23. - Death of Dr. J. A. Seven. Mess. 21:8.

SWITZERLAND
Basel. - The works published at Bale between 1870 and 1878 are said to have been by Etienne Doustanovsky, the Russian Catholic prelate, converted by Tafel (Doustanovsky died before Tafel). CH., p. 221.

Lausanne, May 25. - Signor Scocia organizes a small New Church society here; four families. Mess. 19:26.

INDIA
N. d. - Letter from a Hindu, who has embraced the Doctrines. I. 483.

NOTABLE ARTICLES - 1870
The Intellectual Repository, 1870
List of documents concerning Swedenborg and the New Church collected by R.

L. Tafel. 1868-70. (Very many not contained in the Documents) p. 128.

The New Jerusalem Magazine, vol. 43
Fears of priestcraft in the New Church. T. Parsons, p. 273.
Doctrine of the Lord in the Primitive Christian Church (Analysis of Dikes book). vol. -13, p. 457.

The New Jerusalem Messenger, 1870
       Oliver Dyer denies that there is any divinely consecrated priesthood in the New Church; all is from the authority of the people, vol. 19, p. 26. Reply by J. P. Stuart, p. 13.
       T. P. Rodman criticizes Holcombes In Both Worlds; answer by Holcombe, vol. 18. pp. 43, 197.
Is Swedenborg a finality? by C. Giles. vol. 18, pp. 337, 354.
       Does Ordination Confer Infallibility? by J. P. Stuart, vol. 19, p. 91.
       Is a General Invitation to the Holy Supper To Be Recommended in the New Church? by W. H. Benade, vol. 19, p. 372.

PUBLICATIONS

Ager, Rev. J. C.: An Order of Services for Morning and Evening Worship with Psalter. Selections, and Hymns for the Use of the New Church. Brooklyn, New York. 202 pp. Rev. Mess. 18:122. Sewall L.

(Anonymous): Introduction on Journal Orient et Swedenborg. London. Pitman. 12pp. AL. Spiritistic phantasies. New Church Catechism with Scripture Proofs. London. I. 1870:94.

Bayley, Rev. J.: The Divine Wisdom of the Word of God as Seen in the Spiritual Sense of the Histories of Samuel, Saul, David, Solomon, and Daniel. London. Speirs. Rev. I.1871:42. AL.

Beswick, Samuel: Swedenborg Rite and the Great Masonic Leaders of the Eighteenth Century. New York. Masonic Publishing Co. Rev. M. 42:790; Mess. 18:51. BL. AL.

126



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 127

Bayley, Ann M.: Natural Phenomena and their Spiritual Lessons. London. Speirs. 211 pp. Rev. Mess. 20:263; I. 1870:566. BL. AL.

Brickman, Rev. A. O.: Anleitung Zum Leichten Verstandniss der Himlischen Lehren der Neuen Kirche. Baltimore. 100 pp. Rev. Mess. 19:315. AL.
       Andachts Buch fur Sountags Schulen Nebst Gebeten fur Kinder daheirn. Baltimore 82pp. Rev. Mess. 19:315. AL.

Bruce, Rev. W.: A Sermon on the Death of Rev. Oliver Prescott Hiller. London Speirs. 16pp. AL.
Commentary on the Gospel according to St. John. London. Speirs. 522 pp. Rev. I. 1870:426, 467; M. 43:326. AL.

Clissold, Rev. Augustus: The Prophetic Spirit in its Relation to Wisdom and Madness. London. Longmans, 326 pp. Rev. I. 1871:77; M. 43:650. AL.

Dike, Rev. S. F.: Doctrine of the Lord in the Primitive Christian Church. Boston. Carter. 61 pp. Rev. M. 43:457; Mess. 19:363. AL.

Field, Rev. George: The Two Great Books, of Nature and Revelation: or the Cosmos and the Logos. New York. S. R. Wells. 500 pp. Rev. Mess. 18:235; M. 42:738; I. 1871:347; BM. I:701. AL.

Gorman, Rev. Thomas Murray: The Athanesian Creed and Modern Thought. London. Longmans. 1699 pp. Rev. I. 1870:276; M. 43:264. AL.

Gould, Rev. Edwin: Swedenborg and Modern Biblical Criticism. Boston. Carter. 214 pp. Rev. Mess. 19:363; M. 43:392; I. 1871:239. AL.

Goyder, Rev. Thomas: Spiritual Reflections for every Day in the Year. London. Speirs. I. 1870:71. AL.

Hayden, Rev. W. B.: On the Dangers of Modern Spiritualism. 4th Edition. New York. New Church Tract Society. 138 pp. Rev. Mess. 19:411. AL.

James, Henry: Is Marriage Holy? London. Pitman. 19pp. AL.

Jobson, Robert: The Spiritual World as the World of Life and Cause. A Lecture. London. Speirs. 24 pp. AL.

Mackenzie, C. A.: Presbyterianism and Swedenborgianism, Being a Defence and Reply to a Piece upon and against Swedenborgianism, appearing in the Home and Foreign Record of the Canada Presbyterian Church for Nov., 1869. Toronto, Ont. 16 pp. AL.

Noble, Rev. Calvin D.: Correspondence. An address at the Annual Commencement of Urbana University. Cleveland, O. 22 pp.

Parsons, Theophilus: Who and What Are Priests? Philadelphia. New Church Congregational Union. 29 pp. AL.

Reed, Rev. James: Man and Woman, Equal but Unlike. Boston. Nichols. 78 pp. Rev. M. 42:534; Mess. 18:75. AL.

Richer, Edouard: The Religion of Good Sense. London. Speirs. Rev. I. 1870:476. AL.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 128

Rodgers, Rev. R. R.: Swedenborg, the Philosopher and Theologian. London. Pitman. I. 1871:47. AL.

Sewall, Rev. Frank: The New Church, Divine, not Swedenborgian. Boston. 19 pp. AL.

Silver, Rev. Abiel: Discourses on the Rationality of the Christian Religion and the Harmony of its Doctrines. Boston. Carter. 272 pp. Rev. M. 43:461; Mess. 20:190. AL.

Strutt, Elizabeth: The Feminine Soul. Boston. Carter. 199 pp. Rev. M. 42:538. AL.

Tafel, Dr. R. L.: Emanuel Swedenborg: hans Personlighet och Verksamhet. Stockholm. Reprinted from Framtiden. AL.

Wilson, Thomas: A Course of Theological Lectures. 2d Edition. Glasgow. Thomson. 162pp. BM. AL.

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
AMERICA. The Fifteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified (March 30).

FRANCE. Napoleon III is lured by Bismarcks strategy into declaring war on Prussia (July 19). The Franco-Prussian War ends with the surrender of Frances large army at Sedan (Sept. 4).

GREAT BRITAIN. Organization of an English committee to revise the Authorized Version of the Bible (May 25).

Compulsory education is adopted in England. Elementary Education Act is passed (Aug. 9).

Death of Charles Dickens (English novelist and social reformer).

ITALY. The Pope issues a decree condemning the Fenians (Jan. 12).

The doctrine of papal infallibility is adopted by the Ecumenical Council in Rome by vote of 547 to 2. 764 prelates were present. The only American objector was Bishop Fitzgerald of Little Rock, Ark. (July 18).

Rome is occupied by the troops of Victor Emmanuel II in the name of the Kingdom of Italy (Sept. 20). Rome and the rest of the Papal State are annexed by a plebiscite (Oct. 2).

The Pope excommunicates all concerned in annexing Rome to Italy (Nov. 23).

SPAIN. Queen Isabella of Spain abdicates in favor of her son Alfonso (June 25).

128



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 129

1871

AFRICA

SOUTH AFRICA
Graaf Reinet, Jan. 28. - Death of Mr. Alfred Eases, aged 76 years. A former prominent member of the Cross St. (London) Society. I. 207.

AMERICA
UNITED STATES
WASHINGTON, D. C.
Oct. 28-30. - The 14th meeting of the Maryland Association. M. 43:App. Incorporation discussed. Committee of History and Statistics, of Ministers, and of Missions, adopted and formed. G

ILLINOIS
Chicago, June. - Formation of the German New Church Union. Mess. 21:32. G

June 2-7. - The l0th annual meeting of the American Conference of New Church Ministers. Mess. V.20:203. The uses of dramatic representations in instruction discussed. E

June 9-13. - The 52d General Convention. Conv. H. 1871; described in Mess. 20:295; M. 44:1. Canada Assoc. admitted to membership. G

July. - The University of Chicago confers the degree of Doctor of Divinity upon Rev. J. R. Hibbard leaves for Europe to recover his health. Mess. 21:31.

Aug. - The state of the New Church just before the great fire is described as marked by a great neglect of the Writings. Mess. 21:103.

Oct. 8-9. - The Great fire in Chicago. The New Church temple is burned; and the society purchases a small Methodist church on Harrison St. mess. 1871:187, 211, 225.

Oct. 20. - Annual meeting of the Illinois Assn. (First meeting after the Fire). Mess. 21:284. C

Nov. 4. - The state of the New Church during and after the fire is described in a letter from Mr. Scammon. Mess. 21:237.

Nov. - Collections are made in England to help Chicago New Church men. I. 1872:51.

MAINE
Bath, Sept. 29-Oct. 1. - The 36th meeting of the Main Assn. Cf. esp. Report of G. Stears, pp. 5-7, M. 44:App. M

MASSACHUSETTS
Boston, April 6. - The 82d meeting of the Massachusetts Assn. M. 43:App. Cf. Report of the Committee of Ministers, pp. 22-25. G M

Mansfield, June 28. - Dedication of a house of worship. Mess. 21:20.

MINNESOTA
Minneapolis, Sept. 27. - The 6th annual meeting of the Minnesota Assn. Report in Mess. 21:189. Short account of the New Church in Minnesota. C

MISSOURI
St. Louis, May 26-28. - The 4th annual meeting of the Missouri Assn. Reports in Mess. 20:273; M. 44:App. M.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 130

NEW YORK
New York, Jan. Ordination of Edwin R. Keyes, late minister of the Methodist Church, by Rev. C. Giles. Mess. 20:31.

Oct. 21. - Death of Mr. Edward C. Riley, a son of the founder of the New York Society. Mess. 21:252.

OHIO
Pomeroy, Oct. 27-29. - The 18th meeting of the Ohio Assn. M. 44:App. Cf. Beamans report, pp. 9. 10. M

Urbana, June 6. Mr. H. H. Boyesen is appointed Instructor in Greek and Latin. Mess 21:7.

PENNSYLVANIA
Allentown, Aug. - Mr. J. Waelchly is leader here: Rev. L. H. Tafel preaches once a month. Mess. 21:67.

Philadelphia, Feb. 14. Annual report of the American New Church Tract and Publication Society. Mess. 20:117. P 1.000.000 pages printed.

March, Union of the Philadelphia Third Society with the Frankford Society. Mess. 20:127.

N. d. - Resignation of Rev. B. F. Barrett from the Philadelphia First Society: Rev. E. R. Keyes becomes the pastor. Mess. 20:139.

May. - Friendly intercourse between the Broad St. and Cherry St. Societies. Mess. 20:224.

Pittsburgh, Sept. 17-18. The 43d meeting of the Pennsylvania Assn., held in the place of worship of the First New Jerusalem Society of Pittsburgh. Mr. Franklin Ballou is among the delegates from the Pittsburgh Society. The propriety and usefulness of Sunday-schools is challenged by the Delaware County Society; referred to Ecclesiastical Committee. The Reverend W. H. Benade moves drastic changes in the Constitution and organization of the Association, with a view to the bringing-together of all the members of the New Church in this State into a general body, for the performance of general Church uses. After considerable discussion, the amendments are carried unanimously the Reverend Thos. Wilks and Dr. Stacy Jones chosen: President. Rev. N. C. Burnham (Lancaster); Treasurer, Mr. W. A. Fleck (Philadelphia); Secretary. Mr. E. V. M. Candless (Pittsburgh). Messrs. Boericke (Chairman), Wilks, Benade, Koethen, and Burnham are appointed a Committee of Five with authority to convene a general meeting of the members of the New Church in Pennsylvania to hear and act upon the report of the Committee on Re-organization. RPaA., 1871. (7pp.) GC

ICELAND
Reception of the Icelandic translation of DLW is described by Jon A. Hjaltalin. I. 538.

EUROPE
FRANCE
Paris, - The state of the New Church here during the siege and the Commune is described by 21. Harle. I. 501: Mess. 21:128.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 131

GERMANY
Stuttgart, Oct. 8. - Marriage of Rev. J. R. Hibbard to Miss Sarah de Charms. Mess. 21:216.

GREAT BRITAIN
Accrington, June 1. - Death of Mr. Adam Haworth, aged 75 years. Biogr., I. 407.

London, Jan. 16. - First meeting of the London New Church Association; objects of the Association are described in I. 203. 247. G

Feb. - Dr. R. L. Tafel is not tutor in Theology at the New Church College. I. 146.

March 1. - Death of Edward Beverley Bogg. N. M., R. N. (son of John Bogg of Louth), at Brompton. He translated Doctrine of Life and the Creed of the New Church into Spanish, I. 255.

June. - An old picture of Swedenborg is discovered in London; in possession of Mr. J. Bragg. I. 353.

Aug. 8. - The 64th General Conference. Report in I. 445. Very full and informative report in all categories.

Aug. 13. - Opening and consecration of the New Church Temple at Deptford. I. 456.

Aug, 14. - Ordination of Messrs. A. Th. Boyesen and Hermann Peisker. I. 1871:438.

Sept. - Mr. W. C. Barlow is appointed Principal of the New Church College. I. 497.

Manchester, Nov. 14. - Amalgamation of the Manchester Printing Society and the Manchester Missionary and Tract Society; now to be called Manchester Tract and Printing Society. I. 602 G M

Salisbury, Jan. - Opening of a Chapel here; Mr. D. T. Dyke is engaged to preach. 1.303.

ITALY
Florence. - Death of Count Henry Cottrell, aged 61 years; son-in-law of Chas. A. Tulk, and member of the New Church Society in Florence. I. 256.

Dec. 18. - Appeal is made on behalf of Signor Scocia. I. 1872:104.

Rome, Dec. - The first New Church service and administration of the Holy Supper is conducted in Rome by Dr. Hibbard. Mess. 22:56.

SWEDEN
The state of the Christianstad Society is described in Mess. 21:8.

NOTABLE ARTICLES - 1871
The Intellectual Repository, 1871
       Exchange of opposing views on T. L. Harris by E. W. Berridge, M. D., and Mr. MCully. pp.288, 339, 381, 527, 585.

The New Jerusalem Magazine, 1871
       W. H. Benade answers in a powerful article Th. Parsons attack on the priesthood, vol. 43, pp. 553, 602.
Our Ministers Salary by T. F. Wright. Answered by Sacerdos, pp. 627, 740.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 132
       The Parsons denies Swedenborgs inspiration and infallibility. p. 761.
       The Magazine upholds Swedenborgs authority; and points out the unsafeness of human reason as an infallible guide, p. 784.
       On Swedenborgs gradual illumination by T. F. Wright. vol. 44. p. 146.
       Church Schools by P. B. Cabell. vol. 1 (new series), p. 445.

The New Jerusalem Messenger, 1871
       Correspondence of Musical Instruments by G. W. Chase. vol. 21, p. 4.

PUBLICATIONS
(Anonymous): The Man: the Mighty God, London, Longmans. 301 pp. Rev. Mess. 29:120; I. 1873:33.

Barrett. Rev. B. F.: Episcopalianism. Philadelphia. Lippincott. 180pp. Rev. M. 44:62: Mess. 21:57. AL.

Booth, Newton: Emanuel Swedenborg: a lecture delivered before the Sacramento Literary Institute. Rev. Mess. 44:55.

Brickman, Rev. A. O.: Andachts Buch fur Sonntags Schulen der Neuen Kirche. Baltimore. 82 pp. AL.

Bruce. Rev. William: Marriage, a Divine Institution and a Spiritual and Enduring Union. London. Speirs. 118pp. Rev. I. 1872:41; M.44:507. AL.
       The Story of Joseph and his Brethren. London. 127 pp. Rev. I. 1872:43. AL.

Clissold, Rev. Augustus: The Present State of Christendom in its relation to the Second Coming of the Lord. London. Longmans. 99 pp. AL.

Colby, Albert: Which is best: Light or Darkness, Good or Evil, Heaven and Hell. Choose ye, but first read Why people love to go to Hell, or the Wonderful Experience of a New York Reporter. Lowell. Mess. 76 pp. AL.

Deans, Rev. Joseph: A defence of Revealed Religion. Being Strictures upon the Views of Rev. C. Voysey. London. Speirs. 127pp. Rev. I. 1872:43. AL.

Doughty, Rev. .John: A Manual of New Church Doctrine. Philadelphia, Lippincott. 47pp. AL.

Ed Ieston, Rev. R.: The Immortal Fountain. London. Speirs. 6th English edition. Rev. I. 1871:237. AL.

Field, Clara: Seven Weeks with the Spirits, Showing the Danger of the Practice of Spiritism. London. Jarrold. 79pp. AL.

(Ford, Rev. A. E.): Vor Tids Hovedvildfarslser, eller, to protestantiske Praesters Grunde for deses Overgang til den Nye Kirke. Copenhagen 24 pp. AL.

Goyder, Rev. D. G.: The Rook of Family Worship. London. Pitman. 397 pp. AL.

Hiller, Rev. O. P.: Sermons on the Lords Prayer, 3d Edition. London. Speirs. 115pp. AL.

Holcombe, Dr. W. H.: The Other Life. Philadelphia. Lippincott. 273pp. A popularized epitome of Heaven and Hell, with the addition of Universalistic notions. Rev. I. 1871:292; Mess. 20:95. AL.

132



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 133

(Hyde, Rev. John): Talks with a Philosopher on the Ways of God to Man. By a Bible Student. Philadelphia. Lippincott. 108 pp. Rev. M. 43:655.
       The Sunday Class Book and Home Teacher. London. Speirs. 132 pp. Rev. I. 1872:44. SSL.

Jewett, Mrs. S.: From Fourteen to Fourscore, A Novel. New York. Hurd, Rev. Mess. 21:71.

Lamb. Rev. J. A.: Judgment and the Loss of Garments. New London, Conn, 16 pp. AL.
       Time and Manner of the Lords Second Coming. New London. Conn. 16 pp. AL.

Le Cras, Abraham J,: A Compendium of the Doctrines of Spiritual Christianity. Edited by Rev. E. D. Kendell. London, Pitman. 260 pp.
A Compendium of the heresy of C. A. Tulk. AL.

Mitchell, Rev. Edward C.: Something New to think upon. What the New Jerusalem Church will do for you. Detroit, Mich. 16pp. AL.

Moses, Dr. Thomas: An Essay on the Spiritual Nature of Force. Cincinnati. R. Clarke. 46pp. AL.

(Osborne, Henry J.): The Star! The Star!! The Star!!! of Bethlehem. By a Melchizedek. 2 numbers, Augusta, Ga. Ravings of a lunatic. AL.

Pedder, Henry C.: Man and woman considered in their Relations to each other and to the world. New York. S. R. Wells. Rev. Mess. 20:179.

(PERIODICALS): Kinderboten. Sonntagschulblatt der Neuen Kirche. Philadelphia. F. E. Boericke. (For German Missionary Union). 1871-77. 6 v. illus. Ed.: L. H. Tafel.

       Nuova Epoca. 1871-76. Periodico mensile religioso, filosofico, morale ... Torino ... Firenze....

       Saltaire New Jerusalem Herald. A monthly miscellany of New Church teachings and information. Jan., 1871.

       The Star! The Star!! The Star!!! of Bethlehem!!! by A Melchixedek, spiritually of the New Christian age. Augusta, Ga., Feb., 1871, and May, 1872. Published by Henry Osborn (insanity).

       True Christianity. London. 1871. A weekly.

Phillips, George S.: The Divine Evolution of the Churches; or, the New Church as the Church of Humanity. Philadelphia. Lippincott. 38pp. AL.

Rodgers, Rev. R. R.: Swedenborg, the Philosopher and Theologian. London. Pitman. 30pp. AL.

(Tybeck, Rev. Johan): Le Nouveau Salem, ou, le Temoignage des Trois. Bale.
       Schweighauser, 397 pp. Rev. C. H. p. 76. Translated from the Swedish. AL.

Weller, Henry: The New Church Almanac for 1871. La Porte, Ind. M. 43:528.

Williams, I. T.: Lay Preaching, Philadelphia. 16pp. AL.

Wilson, Thomas: A Course of Theological Lectures, Glasgow. Thompson. 2d edition. I. 1871:195. AL.

133



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 134

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
AFRICA. Henry M. Stanley. American newspaper man, politely greets David Livingstone, missionary, at Ujiji, Tanganyika, Central Africa (Nov. 10).

AMERICA. Religious riot in New York; Catholics against Orangemen: 62 killed, 117 wounded (July 12).

Exposure of Tweed ring by New York Times (July).

Great fire at Chicago; 18,000 building destroyed; $200,000,000 loss (Oct. 8-9).

First attempts at civil service reform made by President Grant (Dec. 19).

ASIA. Abolition of feudalism in Japan; beginning of the era of Western influence.

AUSTRALIA. Australia is connected by submarine telegraph with the Indo-European telegraph system (Sept. 8).

FRANCE. Paris capitulates (Jan. 28); French National Assembly meets in Bordeaux (Feb. 2); German troops enter Paris, and remain 48 hours (March 1-3).

Communist rising in Paris (March 18-May 28); France-German peace treaty signed at Frankfort (May 10); France cedes Alsace and Lorraine and pays five milliards of francs.

GERMANY. William I of Hohenzollern is proclaimed emperor of Germany at Versailles (Jan. 18).

Meeting of the first German Reichstag (March 21).

Prussia begins Kulturkampf against Roman Catholic Church (July 8).

Old Catholic meeting at Bonn against new dogma of infallibility. (Sept. 22).

ITALY. The Italian Parliament passes the Law of Guarantees, granting the Pope and his successors possession of the Vatican, the Lateran, and the Villa of Castel Gondolfo; and a yearly allowance of about $645,000, which was never claimed (May 13).

25th anniversary of accession of Plus IX celebrated at Rome (June 16).

Rome becomes the capital of Italy (July 2).

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 135

1872

AFRICA

MAURITIUS
March. - News of renewed stirrings after long inactivity. I. 266.

AMERICA

CANADA
Strathroy, Ont., June 20. - Annual meeting of the Canada Assn. Report in Mess. 23:32.

Toronto, Ont., Aug. 25. - Death of Rev. John Parker, aged 49 years. Biogr., I. 568; Mess. 23:168.

Oct. - Rev. Geo. Field becomes pastor of the Toronto Society. Field, p. 276.

UNITED STATES
Negroes receive the Doctrines (in Providence, Minneapolis, Wyoming, Ohio, etc.), E. C. Mitchells work; he teaches a Methodist minister. Mess. 22:152.

DELAWARE
Wilmington, Oct. 1. - Resignation of Rev. W. H. Hinkley from the pastorate. Mess. 23:45.

GEORGIA
April. - Mr. Wm. F. Pendleton is engaged in distributing books, tracts, etc., in the South and especially on steamboats. Mess. 22:163.

ILLINOIS
Chicago, Oct. 1. - Organization of The Second Swedenborgian Society in Chicago Mr. C. D. Noble, pastor, Rev. Hibbard returns to the First Society, History of the Society, and of its separation from the Illinois Assn. Mess. 23:236; 25:285.

Dec. 22. Dedication of the Union Park Temple on the West side. Mess. 24:21.

MASSACHUSETTS
Boston, April 4. - The 84th meeting of the Massachusetts Assn. M. 44:App.

Report on caring for the isolated. Pp. 17-24. C

June 7-11. - Meeting of the General Convention. Largest attendance on record. Controversy over the Board of Publication. Report in Mess. 22:296, 308. P

June. - The German New Church Missionary Union is organized for a number of years it leaders were Academy men, e. g., Dr. F. E. Boericke. Mess. 67:282. G

Waltham, Nov. 22. - Closing exercises of the Theological School. Mess. 24:9.

Nov. - Great fire in Boston; many New Church mens homes and businesses are burned out. Mess. 29:248.

Dec. 5. - Organization of The Swedenborg Club. Mess. 24:22. C G

June. - Mr. Wm. F. Pendleton resumes his studies in the Conventions Theological School. Mess. 23:20.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 136

MICHIGAN
Detroit, Nov. 3. - Dedication of the new temple of the Detroit Society. Mess. 23:248.

MISSOURI
St. Louis, May 10. - The 5th annual meeting of the Missouri Assn. Report in Mess. 23:22. M C

Wellsville, July. - Organization of the New Church Society here. Mess. 24:283.

NEW JERSEY
Vineland, Dec. 10. - Ordination of Dr. E. R. Tuller into the New Church ministry. Mess. 24:8; 61:94.

NEW YORK
New York, June. - Publication of New Jerusalem Magazine Index, Vols. 1-44. M. 44:App.

PENNSYLVANIA
Erie, Feb. - The work of Messrs. De Charms. E. S. Hothan, and others is described in Mess. 22:79.

Philadelphia, Jan. - Feb. - Efforts are made to form a Pennsylvania Assn. out of the old one, together with those who did not belong to the Convention. The futile effort for harmony is described by Wm. McGeorge. Esq., in Mess. 22:128.

Feb. - The German Society moves to Mitchells Hall on Fourth St. Mess. 22:116.

N. d. - Mr. L. C. Iungerichs offer of TCR to the clergy meets warm response. Mess. 23:224.

Pittsburgh, April 3. - Rev. W. H. Benade makes an appeal in behalf of the endowment of Urbana University; with a strong plea for New Church education. Mess. 22:164.

Salem-on-Erie, Sept. 1. - Messrs. John Pitcairn and Walter C. Childs investigate the Thomas Lake Harris colony. Sir. Harris is in a trance; but they have a long interview with one of his disciples. J. P. Diary.

EUROPE
AUSTRIA
Vienna, N. d. - A society is started under Mr. Peisker. A petition to the Secretary of State for freedom to worship is refused on the ground of insufficient membership (200 not enough). A Sunday school of 5 children. I. 268.

GERMANY
The history of the New Church in Germany between 1872 and 1877 (including differences between Messrs. R. L. Tafel and Mittnacht), is described in I. 45; Mess. 64:204.

GREAT BRITAIN
July. - Rev. Thomas Child of the Independent Church comes into the New Church. I. 418.

Accrington, Lancs. - Rev. Joseph John Thorntun, a Congregational minister, receives the Doctrines of the New Church. I. 103; ML. 1897:291.

Aug. 20. - J. J. Thornton becomes pastor of the Accrington Society. I. 419; 1874:587; 1875:549.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 137

Birmingham, May 25. - Death of Mr. John Rocliffe Lee, aged 63 years. Leader of the Hockley Society. Biogr., I. 423. End of one of the societies here. NCM. 1889:71.

Jersey, St. Heliers, Feb. - Rev. Chalken becomes pastor at St. Heliers. I. 167.

Glasgow, Scotland. - Rev. J. F. Potts begins to work on his Concordance. ML. 1886:268.

Kersley, Nov. 15. - Death of Rev. Woodville Woodman. Biogr., I. 614; 1873:45; Mess. 2-1:121. Memorial poem by R. Abbott in I. 1873:30.

London, March 20. - Dedication of the newly purchased Kensington (Palace Gardens) Church; Rev. J. Bayley, pastor. I. 268.

April. - The Cross St. Society moves to its new temple in Camden Road. I. 255. 106.

June 18. - The 62d annual meeting of the Swedenborg Society. - A Factional use of proxies removes six of the most efficient members of the Committee. I. 368; 1874:219. G

Preston, Lancs., Aug. The 65th General Conference. Report in I. 459. See esp. reports of president and Secy., pp. 459, 460. G

Newcastle. - A split develops in the Society. Mr. Ray and others separate; and open their own worship. The others continue in the temple with the Reverend Thomas Child as minister for a short time; after him. Mr. Maclagan.

Southport, Oct. - Mr. D. J. Smithsen of London is appointed minister of the society here. I. 1873:94.

RUSSIA
Moscow, March 16. - News of the Church in Russia is received from Princess Cleopatre Schaoffskey. I. 267.

NOTABLE ARTICLES - 1872
The Intellectual Repository, 1872.
       Swedenborg, regarded from an Eastern point of view by Princes Schahoffskoy of Russia (comments by the Editor). p. 356.

The New Church Magazine (Boston), vol. 1.
Swedenborgs One Great Book by T. F. Wright, p. 44.

The New Jerusalem Messenger.
       The Clergy and Ordination by N. C. Burnham; (strong and original article), vol. 23, pp. 106, 117.

PUBLICATIONS
Barrett, Rev. R. F.: The New View of Hell; showing its Nature, Whereabouts, Duration, and how to escape it. Philadelphia. Lippincott. Rev. Mess. 22:107; M. 44:506. AL.

Boyesen, Rev. Adolph T.: Foredrag om Herrens Andet Komme, Copenhagen. FL. AL.

Brickman, Rev. A. O.: Am Grabe unserer Kinder Baltimore. 127 pp. AL.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 138

Chandler, Peleg W.: Letters on the Use of Hymns, in the public services of the New Jerusalem Church. Boston. John Wilson. 63pp. AL.

Deans, Rev. Joseph: The Rev. Woodville Woodman. A Biographical Discourse. Bolton. 27pp. AL.

Ferris, B. G.: A New Theory of the Origin of Species. New Haven, Conn. 70 pp. Rev. Mess. 21:12. UrbL.

Frost, A. R.: Nagra Bidrag till Belysning af den sa kallade Nya Kyrkans Uppkomst. Uppsala. 32 pp. Tundelin, p. 271. AL.

Giles, Rev. Chauncey: Forelasningar om Andens Natur och om Menniskan sasom ett Andligt Vasen. Christianstad. Translated from the English. AL.
       Heavenly Blessedness; What It is, and How Attained. London. Speirs. Rev. I. 1872:601. AL.

Hayward, Rev. T. B.: A Brief Criticism of Swedenborgs Latin, as used in his Theological Works. Boston. J. C. Regan. 28 pp. AL.

(Hyde, Rev. John): Emanuel Swedenborg, By a Bible Student London, Speirs Rev. I. 1872:508. AL.

Keyes, Rev. S. R.: Wesley and Swedenborg. A fraternal Appeal to Methodist Ministers inviting them to consider the relations of Methodism to the New Church. Philadelphia. Lippincott. 72pp. Rev. Mess. 23:11; BM. 1:56; I.1872:603. AL.

Lamb, Rev. J. A.: Baptism: its Uses, Subjects, and Mode. New London. Conn. 16pp. AL.

(Liturgical): Liturgy, or Book of Worship, for the Use of the New Church. Ninth edition. New York. New Church Board of Publication. Sewall L.
       Supplement to the Hymns for the New Church. London General Conference. 246 pp. Tilson L.

Parsons, Theophilus: The Infinite and the Finite. Boston. Roberts Bros. 186 pp. Rev. Mess. 22:119; I. 1872:360. AL.
       What Is Ordination? Philadelphia. 22pp. Anticlerical. AL.

Pegg, J. G. B.: The New Eschatology: showing the Indestructability of the Earth. Philadelphia. Lippincott. 88 pp. Rev. Mess. 22:60. AL

(PERIODICALS): The Evangelist. Devoted to the promotion of a rational understanding of the Sacred Scriptures, a firm faith in the Lord. and a life of obedience to His commandments. Cleveland, Ohio. 1872-73. Detroit, Mich. 1873-74. Ed.: Rev. L. P. Mercer.
Melbourne New Church Herald. May 1, 1872. See Intellectual Repository, 1872, p. 603. N. C. Messenger, v. 23, p. 115.
New Church Magazine. vol. 1. 2; Nov., 1852-Oct., 1874. Boston, Mass.
New Church Union. 1873-74. No more published. Ed.: Charles H. Drew.
Wochenshcrift fur die Neue Kirche. 1872-74. Redigirt von Professor Dr. R. L. Tafel und I. G. Mittnacht. Stuttgart. Verlag der Neukirchlichen Buchhandlung. 3 vols.
New Jerusalem Magazine Index, vols. 1-44. M. 44:App.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 139

Potts, Rev. John Faulkner: On the Unity of the Church. A Lecture. Glasgow. A. MGregor. 18 pp. AL.

Pulsford, E. II.: A Short Address on the Faith of the New Jerusalem Church. Leicester, England. 7 pp.

(Robinson, Thomas): New Church Public Defined; and Microcosm Reviewed. Glasgow. Thomson. 3l pp. Tilson L. AL.

Rodgers, Rev. R. R.: Microcosm: or the Earth viewed as the Symbolic Record of the History and Progressive Life of Man. London. Pitman. Rev. I. 1872:504; BM. 1:2R8. BL. AL.

Storry, Rev. Richard: Sermon in Memory of the late Rev. Woodville Woodman. London. Speirs. 27 pp. Tilson L. AL.

Tafel, Rev. Leonhard, Ph.D.: Interlinear Translation of the Sacred Scripture. Part I. Rev. I. 1872:603.

Tafel, Rev. R. L.: Rundschreiben an die Freunde der Neuen Kirche in Deutschland und Amerika. Rev. I. 1872:45.

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
AMERICA. The Lutheran Synodical Conference of North America organizes by synods in order to hold to the stricter doctrines of the Lutheran Church and to closer adherence to the historical confessions.

Great fire in Boston, resulting in loss of $80,000,000 (Nov. 9-10).

DENMARK. Death of Nikolai Grundtvig, Danish educator and writer.

GERMANY. Jesuits expelled from Germany (June 19).

Diplomatic relations broken off between the pope and Germany (Dec. 31).

GREAT BRITAIN. Publication of Herbert Spencers Study of Sociology.

ITALY. Death of Guiseppe Mazzini (Italian patriot and revolutionist).

NORWAY. 1,000th anniversary of kingdom of Norway celebrated (July 18).

SWEDEN. Death of Charles XV of Sweden; succeeded by Oscar II (Sept. 18).

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 140

1873
AFRICA
SOUTH AFRICA
Cape Town, May 4. - Organization of a New Church society here. I. 1873:488; Mess. 54:248.

AMERICA
CANADA
Phillipsburg, Ont., March 17. - Death of Mr. Christopher Doering. Mess. 24:192.

UNITED STATES
CONNECTICUT
Bridgewater, Oct. 16. - Annual meeting of the Massachusetts Assn. Report in Mess. 25:212. Interesting and Vital reports and addresses. Attendance of 500. See Mass. Assoc. Journal. C

ILLINOIS
Chicago, March 16. - The Chicago Tribune makes a fierce attack on Mr. J. Y. Scammon; the Chicago Society defends him. Mess. 24:249.

LOUISIANA
New Orleans, Jan. -Feb. - Messrs. John Pitcairn, Ballou, and McCandless, also Rev. W. H. Benade, spend some weeks in contact with the New Church here. They report Dr. Holcombe a leading mind but influenced by spiritism and pseudo-celesrialism. J. P. Diary.

MASSACHUSETTS
Boston, May. - The New Church Magazine (Boston) criticizes the Board of Publication and its alleged dilatory proceedings. M. I:414.

MINNESOTA
Minneapolis, Jan. 27. - Mr. Herman C. Vetterline receives the Doctrines: wants to study for the ministry. Mess. 24:58.

St. Paul, June 1. Formation of a society here. Mess. 25:32.

NEW JERSEY
Vineland, Feb. 25. - Dedication of a new church building here. Hestons South Jersey. A History. 1664-1923, vol. 2, p. 975.

NEW YORK
New York, Oct. -Nov. - Dr. Traneus and Mr. F. B. I. Sharleck are lecturing to Scandinavian immigrants. Mess. 25:210. 247.

Lansingbury, Aug, 24. - Rev. W. H. Benade assists in the organization of a New Church society here. Mess. 25:127.

Riverhead, Oct. 23. - The nth semiannual meeting of the New York Assn. Report in Mess. 25:235.

OHIO
Cincinnati, June 6-10. - The 54th General Convention. Full report in BM. I:1873:302; Mess. 24:295.

June 7. - Consecration of Rev. W. H. Benade as ordaining minister. Report in Mess. 24:297.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 141

Greenford, March 20. - Rev. A. O. Brickman lectures here. Particulars about the members in Mess. 24:260.

Urbana, June. - Resignation of H. H. Boyesen as Professor of Languages; he is engaged by Cornell University. Mess. 25:7.

PENNSYLVANIA
Allentown, Jan. - Rev. A. O. Brickman preaches and lectures to large audiences of 700-1,000 persons. Mess. 24:92.

Erie, July. - Resignation of Mr. Goodner; the society is disbanded. Mess. 25:103.

Philadelphia, March. - Mr. Iungerichs offer of TCR is continued. Mess. 24:116.

April 5. - Rev. W. H. Benade is elected president of the Pennsylvania Assn.; he is recommended to be consecrated as an ordaining minister.

April. - Rev. W. F. Pendleton begins to preach in Cherry St. Mess 24:200.

N. d. - Mr. Pendletons efforts during 1873 and 1874 to cultivate a spirit of union between the Broad St. and Cherry St. societies are rebuked by Mr. Benade on the ground that such efforts would prove to be futile. AA.

Sept. 7. - Ordination of Rev. Wm. F. Pendleton by Bishop W. H. Benade. Described in Mess. 25:152.

N. d. - The German Society of Philadelphia is admitted to membership in the Pennsylvania Assn. (It amalgamated with the Advent Society in 1877.)

Pittsburgh, Oct. 19. - Dedication of the temple by Revs. Benade and Hibbard. Mr. Samuel N. Hicks is baptized. Description by J. P. Stuart in Mess. 26:44; Cf. J. P. Diary.

UTAH
Salt Lake City, Dec. 31. - Interesting attempt to form a Swedenborgian Club in Salt lake City. Mess. 25:319.

AUSTRALIA
Brisbane, Jan. 26. - Regular New Church services are instituted at Brisbane. I. 1874:489.

Melbourne, March 27. - Opening of the New Church temple here. State of the New Church in Melbourne and Brisbane is described in I. 396, 398.

Sept. - Death of Augustus Henry Tulk, aged 63 years. Son of J. A. Tulk; and a former contributor to the Intellectual Repository. I. 1874:392.

EUROPE
AUSTRIA
Vienna, April. - Particulars concerning the state of the New Church here. Mess. 24:261.

Aug. 31. - Visit of Rev. R. L. Tafel. Mr. Neumayer is chairman of the committee in charge. The New Church is regarded as a political club and gets police surveillance. Laymen completely control the minister through extreme reaction from the Roman Catholic Church. Members are opposed to reading the Word, prayer, and hymns. The society is forbidden to perform baptism; but Mr. Tafel baptizes 12 persons. I. 535-539.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 142

DENMARK
Copenhagen, Aug. - A three-day meeting of New Church men (30) from Sweden, Denmark, and Norway. I. 1874:488; Mess. 26:260.

Dec. - Hard time for Mr. Boyesen; on verge of starvation. Mess. 26:57; I. 444.

FRANCE
Paris. - The state of the New Church here is described in Mess. 25:176.

GERMANY
The state of the New Church in Germany is explained in Mess. 25:153.

Sept. - Rev. R. L. Tafel visits Mr. Mittnacht in Stuttgart and Dresden. I. 535.

GREAT BRITAIN
Bacup, April 5. - Mr. J. R. Boyle is minister here. I. 1873:252.

Birmingham, N. d. - The Hockley Society is dispersed; its temple is sold to the Church of England, owing to the debt on the building. Mr. Madeley is left without a charge. I. 297. 348.

Clayton-le-Moors, Feb. 15. - Mr. Isiah Tansley becomes minister here. I. 1873:185.

Glasgow, Scotland, Oct. 23. - Annual meeting of the New Church in Scotland; speeches by Messrs. Potts and Tafel favoring the authority of the Writings and the distinctiveness of the New Church as against the permeation theory. I. 578. C

Nov. 4. - Rev. John Faulkner Potts begins work on The Swedenborg Concordance, while minister of the Glasgow Society. (By a singular coincidence, Mrs. Mary Wells Clark of Chicago, Ill., begins to compile a similar concordance in the same month. L.1923:701.

Heywood, Aug. 11. - Stormy meeting of the General Conference. Reports in I. 437; Mess. 25:140. New Church baptism for ordained ministers discussed. I. 440. C G

Kersley, Aug. - Mr. P. Ramage of Buttersland St., London, becomes minister at Kersley. I. 491.

London, N. d. - End of the Hammersmith Society. NCM. 1889:71.

Feb. 12. - Annual meeting of the London New Church Association. Tafel preached on the authority of the Writings. Report in I. 250.

N. d. - A needed pecuniary testimonial is raised by subscription for Mr. Elihu Rich in recognition of his Index to the Arcana Celestia. I. 253.

March 19. - The foundation stone of the Camden Road Church is laid. Report of the ceremonies (including a history of the society) in I. 233, 240.

June. - A committee draws attention to the bare living needs of Mr. Madeley. I. 300.

Aug. - Mr. Clissold writes to the Swedenborg Society, warning against any special recognition of the New Church organization, as the Swedenborg Society is an entirely independent body. I. 395.

Nov. 8. - First meeting of The Auxiliary New Church Missionary and Tract Society, later known as The New Church Evidence Society. I. 539; ML. 1892:441 - gives history. C

Nov. 18. - Mr. S. B. Dicks of Camberwell becomes minister to the Buttersland St. Society. I. 1874:45.

Paisley, March. - Mr. R. C. Barlow becomes pastor here. I. 1873:190.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 143

Wigan, Oct. - Appeal on behalf of the Wigan Society (with picture of its temple) in I. Oct. App.

ITALY
Florence, June 27. - Death of Mr. Hiram Powers, noted American sculptor. Biogr., Mess. 25:72, 67; Bayleys New Church Worthies, p. 292.

SWEDEN
Linkoping, May 20. - Death of Mrs. Anna Fredricka Ehrenborg, aged 79 years. Biogr., Mess. 25:168: 26:166. 178.

NOTABLE ARTICLES - 1873
New Church Magazine (Boston), 1873
Criticism of Wrights article by T. Parsons, G. N. Smith, and S. M. Warren. Vol. 1, pp. 283, 346, 417. Cf. 449.
       Thomas Robinson opposes Dr. Tafel, the proposed Swedenborg Documents and the Priesthood, vol. 1, p. 682. (Answered by Mr. Potts, in vol. 2. p. 439).
The Office of the Church by T. F. Wright, vol. 2, p. 15.

New Jerusalem Messenger, 1873
On the necessity for distinctive New Church organization by D. H. H., vol. 24, pp. 221, 233.
On the Priesthood by Abiel Silver, p. 225, (opposed by the Messenger, p. 273).
The Standard of Authority in the New Church, as contained in the Divine and infallible Doctrines of the New Church in which the LORD makes His second advent by W. H. Benade, p. 307.
The Messenger criticizes the New Church Independent, vol. 25, p. 132.
T. Parsons against Dr. Hibbard on the Priesthood, p. 236. (Answered by E. C. S.-- p. 298.

PUBLICATIONS
(Anonymous): The Ministry of the New Church, Being a Reply to Dr. Tafels Pamphlet entitled Is the New Church To Have a Distinct Ministry? By a Preacher. Manchester. Ledsham. 32 pp. AL.
The New Church Almanac and Year Book for 1873. London. Speirs. Rev. I. 1872:503.
Was die Neue Kirche lehrt; oder, Swedenborgs Religions System in kurzen Umrissen. Stuttgart. 30 pp. AL.

Backhouse, W.: Creation and Eternity. London. Blanchard. Rev. I. 1873:177.

Barrett, Rev. B. F.: Letters on the Future Life, addressed to Henry Ward Beecher. Philadelphia. Claxton. 191 pp. AL.
The New View of Hell, 3d edition. Philadelphia. Claxton. Rev. W. N. C. I:22. AL.

Boston Society: A Sketch of the History of the Boston Society of the New Jerusalem with a list of its members. Printed for the use of the Society. Boston: John C. Regan. 116 pp. AL.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 144

Boyesen, Rev. A. T.: Gudstjenste - order for den Nye Christclige Kirke. Salmer og Aandelige Sanger. Copenhagen. Cop. L. See ANC ed. S20; S1878 AL.

Clissold, Rev. Augustus: Paul and David; or the Relations between personal Character and the apostolic and prophetic Offices. London. Speirs. 180 pp. AL.
       The Creeds of Athanasius, Sahellius, and Swedenborg examined and compared with each other. London. Longmans. 189pp. Rev. I. 1873:178.
       A second edition, revised and enlarged. 242 pp. was published in the same year. AL.

Clowes, Rev. John: Outlines of Swedenborgs Doctrines. In Dialogues between Sophron and Philadelphus. A new edition. London. Longmans. 177 pp. Rev. I.1874:32. AL.

Doughty, Rev. John: A Review of Gov. Booths Oakland Lecture on Swedenborg. San Francisco. Boericke and Tafel. 20 pp. AL.

Giles, Rev. Chauncey: Lectures on the Nature of Spirit. Philadelphia. Lippincott. 6th edition. Rev. BM. I:120. AL.

Hayden, Rev. W. B.: Light on the Last Things. Philadelphia. Lippincott. 193 pp. Rev. BM. I:120. AL.

Kahl, Dr. Achatius: Gudsbegreppet fran Biblisk Synpunkt betraktadt. Lund. Berling. 17pp. AL.

(Knos. Prof. Gustaf): Le But de la Vie Humaine Terrestre et la Nouvelle Eglise du Seigneur. Rale. Schweighauser. 484 pp. Translated from the Swedish.
       Rev. Chevriers Histoire de la Nouvelle Eglise. p. 76. AL.

(Liturgical): Liturgy or Book of Worship for the Use of the Sew Church. 10th edition. New York. N. C. Board of Publication. AL.

(PERIODICALS): Good Tidings. Published monthly by The New Church Union of Washington, D. C., vols. 3-5, 1873-75 in 1 vol. Publications suspended June, 1879.

Robinson, Jonathan: Review of Dr. Tafels Preaching Gift. London. Speirs. 24pp. AL.

Robinson, Thomas: Is the New Church To Have or To Be a Ministry? A Reply to Dr. Tafel. Glasgow. Thomson. AL.

       Remarks upon New Church Science. To which is added Objections to a New Church Ministry considered. Glasgow. Thomson. AL.

Stuart, Rev. J. P.: The New Doctrine of Prayer. Cincinnati. 40 pp. AL.

Tafel, Rev. Rudolph L.: Is the New Church To Have a Distinctive Ministry? London. Speirs. 56pp. AL.
       Modern Spiritism in the Light of the New Church. London. Speirs. SSL. AL.

Van Osterzee, J. J.: Emanuel Swedenborg, de Noordsche Geestenziener. Amsterdam. De Hoogh. 80 pp. AL.
       Emanuel Swedenborg, den Nordiske Andeskadaren. historiskt skildrad. Lund. Berling. Translated from the Dutch by C. L. H. Forslund. AL.

Weller, Henry: The New Church Almanac for 1874. Chicago Weller, 32 pp. AL.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 145

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
AMERICA. Bank failures start financial panic in New York City (Sept. 18-20).

Seven economic crisis in country. U. S. A. adopts gold standard.

Death of Samuel S. Schmucker, Lutheran leader of the liberal movement to provide an American Recension of the Augsburg Confession.

Slavery abolished in Puerto Rico (March 22).

FRANCE. Last installment or German indemnity paid (Sept. 5); last Germans leave France (Sept. 16). French Pretender (Comte de Chambord) refuses to accept tricolor as national flag; destroys hope of restoration of monarchy (Oct. 27.)

GERMANY. The Falk Laws in Prussia mark the height of the struggle with the Roman Catholic Church known as the Kulturkampf (May).

Triple alliance of the three Empires of Germany, Russia, and Austria-Hungary (Oct. 22).

GREAT BRITAIN. Deaths of Dr. David Livingstone (Scottish missionary and explorer) and John Stuart Mill (English philosopher and economist).

ITALY. Jesuits expelled from their convents and colleges at Rome (Oct. 21).

SWITZERLAND. International postal congress at Berne (Sept. 15); adopts postal system (Oct. 7).

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 146

1874

AMERICA

WASHINGTON, D. C.
Nov. 29. - Death of Mrs. Margaret Milburn, Biogr., Mess. 27:323.

ILLINOIS
Chicago, Oct. 23. - The 35th annual meeting of the Illinois Assn. Report in Mess. 27:238. See esp. Dr. J. R. Hibbards address and Mrs. Hibbards remarks on the instruction of children on living representations. E C

MARYLAND
Baltimore, March. - Union of the First New Church Society with the Third. The Calvert St. Church is erected. History of the movement in Mess. 26:117.

MASSACHUSETTS
Abington, Rev. Joseph Pettee resigns from the pastorate of the Abington Society; becomes general missionary of the Massachusetts Assn. Mess. 27:285.

Oct. 15. - Annual meeting of the Massachusetts Assn. Report in Mess. 27:212. Resignation of T. H. Worcester. C

MINNESOTA
Minneapolis, Oct. 11. - Annual meeting of the Minnesota Assn. Report in Mess. 27:212. Statistics on societies and members. C

OHIO
Cleveland, Oct. 25. - Bishop Benade dedicates the New Church temple in Cleveland. Mess. 27:261, 272.

Greenford, Oct. 26. - Organization of a New Church society here; 13 members; Mr. Spencer the minister. Mess. 29:91. History of society. L. 1883:24.

Richmond, Oct. 17. - Annual meeting of the Ohio Assn. Report in Mess. 27:236. Ordination of S. H. Spencer, formerly a preacher of the Church of the Disciples. C

Urbana, June 30. - Commencement exercises at Urbana University. Mess. 27:44.

PENNSYLVANIA
Frankford, Jan. -March. - A series of missionary lectures is given here by Revs. Powers, Pendleton, Tafel, and Barrett. Much public interest is aroused. Mess. 26:152.

Pittsburgh, Jan. 12 (Monday). - Bishop Benade and Messrs. John Pitcairn, Frank Ballou, and Walter C. Childs lunch together at the Atlantic Gardens restaurant. They organize a New Church Club and elect Mr. Benade, Pres.; W. C. Childs, Secy.; and Frank Ballou, Treas. The resolve to found an Academy of the New Church. J. P. D.; AA.: L. 1894:39.

April 11. - Bishop Benade presides at the meetings of the Pennsylvania Assn. Rev. Frank Sewall preaches. J. P. D.

Philadelphia, During the year the Reverend Wm. F. Pendleton effects more cordial relations between the Cherry St. and the Broad St. Societies. Mess. 26:201.

Feb. 26. - Death of Mr. Coddington Cheeseborough. Biogr., Mess. 26:132.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 147

July 6. - In the Broad St. Society, Rev. W. F. Pendleton is elected pastor, assisted by Rev. E. R. Keyes for one year. Mess. 27:31.

Oct. - Rev. G. V. Stearns becomes pastor to the Cherry St. Society. Mess. 27:223.

VIRGINIA
Mount Vernon, Sept. - Bishop Benade preaches to the Society here. Rev. J. P. Stuart is present. Mess. 27:130

AUSTRALIA
Brisbane. - The state of the New Church here is reported in I. 489.

Sydney. - The Right Reverend Bishop Bungnion appears in Sydney. He uses a liturgy with the New Church teachings mixed with Harrisism and spiritism. I. 378; Thorntons History, p. 13ff.

EUROPE
Aug. to Oct. - Bishop Benade visits New Church centers in Germany. Switzerland, Austria, and Italy. J. P. D.

AUSTRIA
Vienna. - Account of the New Church in Vienna in I. 1873:535.

FRANCE
Paris, Aug. 23. - Visit of Mr. Bateman to Paris. Services at the house of Dr. Poirson; Mr. Harle is the regularly appointed minister. State of the New Church in Paris is described in I. 490; Mess. 25:176.

Sept. - Dr. Bayley reports that the New Church in France is totally inactive. I. 565.

GERMANY
State of the New Church in Germany is reported in Mess. 25:153.

GREAT BRITAIN
Accrington, Oct. 18. - Rev. J. J. Thornton is inducted into the New Church ministry and pastorate here by Rev. E. D. Rendell. I. 587.

Bristol. - The society moves to Oddfellows Arms, Rupert St. (It remained here until 1877.) ML. 1895:166.

Edinburgh, Scotland, Oct. 22. - Annual meeting of the New Church in Scotland. Formation of The Scottish Association of the New Church. I. 584; Mess. 27:260. G

London, Jan. 1. - Consecration of the Church at Camden Road.

May 28? - Annual meeting of the Missionary and Tract Society. Increase in distribution, publications, and sale. I. 337. M

Aug. - General Conference. A vigorous controversy is waged (Aug. 17) between the Revs. Rudolph L. Tafel and John Hyde on the Authority of the Doctrines. I. 426. C

Oct. 12. - Meeting of the Camden Road Society; discussion of Authority in the New Church. I. 543.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 148

Newcastle, Oct. - Mr. A. Lacovsky. secretary of the Newcastle Society, is expelled from membership. I. 1815:May (wrapper).

ITALY
Florence, Sept. 12. - Bishop Wm. H. Benade attends the Oriental Congress in Florence; meets Maspero, Neville. and Oppert. J. P. D.

Sept. - Messrs. John Pitcairn and Walter C. Childs visit the studio of the late Hiram Powers and there meet his son and daughter. L. 1917:295; J. P. D.

SWEDEN
Stockholm, Oct. 21-23. - At a meeting of New Church people in the Hotel du Nord, 50-80 persons attend. Boyesen is present; a society is formed. Mess. 27:295. 319.

Nov.-Dec. - Boyesen makes a second visit to Stockholm: lectures to large audiences. Mess. 28:70.

NOTABLE ARTICLES
New Church Magazine (Boston). 1874
       T. Parson declares that the present external New Church is not a true and genuine New Church, vol. 2, p. 179. E. Gould challenges this, p. 312.
       Ought New Church men to partake of the Holy Supper as administered in the Old Church? Answered in the negative by K; the editor dissents. p. 307.
The Priesthood by S. M. Warren. Answered in the same number, p. 631.

New Jerusalem Messenger, 1874
       On the Priesthood; Abiel Silver against Worcester and Hibbard, vol. 26, p. 3.
       On the Priesthood by D. H. H.--p. 16.
       On the Priesthood by S. M. Warren against T. Parsons, p. 25.
       Oct. 28. Mr. Burnhams art. That the LORD can he seen in Person since His Ascension by N. C. Burnham, vol. 27, p. 214.

Intellectual Repository

       The Work of a New Church College by R. L. Tafel. p. 119 (wants a New Church Academy of Sciences).

PUBLICATIONS
(Anonymous): Cremation considered in reference to the Resurrection. By a Truthkeeper. London. Speirs. 22pp. AL.
       Is It Reasonable or Scriptural To Believe in the Resurrection of the Natural Body? Portland, Me. 85 pp. AL.
       The New Church Almanac for 1874. London. Speirs. SSL.

Barrett, Rev. B. F.: The Golden City. Philadelphia. Claxton. 253pp. Rev. I.1874:220. AL.
Den Nya Laran om Helvetet. Wexuo. Sodergren. 128 pp. RL.

148



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 149

Buignon, Bishop: Abridged Catechism for the Use of Christian Believers in Mauritius, Bourbon, India, the Southern States, Cuba, Russia, and Australia, Sydney. New Church Printing Society. 115 pp. A mixture of Harris spiritualism with New Church Doctrine; written partly in English, partly in French. Rev. in. Thornton, p. 15. AL.

Clissold, Rev. Augustus: Sancta Cogna; or the Holy Supper explained on the Principles taught by Em. Swedenborg. London. Longmans. 112pp. AL.

Compton, Theodore: The Life and Correspondence of the Rev. John Clowes. London. Longman. 256pp. Rev. I. 1874:529, 576. AL.

De Chazal. Edmond: Discussions sur les Propositions du Rev. Pere E. Rebreyand. S. J. Port Louis. Mauritius. Rev. I. 1874: 378.

Fernald, Rev. W. M.: The True Christian Life, and How To Attain It. Boston. Noyes. 309 pp. Rev. BM.: II:502; Mess. 27:132. AL.

Fletcher, John W.: Swedenborg: A Lecture. London. Speirs. 16pp. AL.

Fox, Rev. Jabez: Perpetual Existence. A Discourse Delivered in the House of Representatives in Washington. London. Speirs. 16 pp. AL.

Giles, Rev. Chauncey: De La Nature de lEsprit et de lHomme Considere comme Etre Spirituel. London. Speirs. I. 1875:184.
Om Andens Natur. 2d Swedish edition. Christianstad. RL. AL.
Our Children in the Other Life. Six Lectures. New York. New Church Board of Publications. 32 pp. AL.
The New Jerusalem, a New Church in Outward Form as well as Inward Life. London. Speirs. 15 pp. AL.

(Hyde, Rev. John): Character: Its Elements and Developments. London. Speirs. Rev. I. 1875:35. AL.
The Angels. By a Bible Student. London. Speirs. 311 pp. Rev. I. 1874:275. AL.

Kahl, Rev. Achatius: Bonen Fader Var, forklarad enligt Bibeln. Lund. Berling. RL.

Mandsley, Henry, M. D.: Emanuel Swedenborg, och hans sjalstillstand, Stockholm. Ebeling. 64 pp.

Mayhew, Rev. W. H.: A Practical Catechism for Little Children. Boston. Carter. BL.
(PERIODICALS): New Church Chronicle. Containing reports of the proceedings of the 67th and 68th General Conference of the New Church. 1874, 1875. London and Manchester.

Porteous, G. B.: Emanuel Swedenborg as a Philosopher, Metaphysician, and Theologian. New York. Swinney. AL.

Potts, Rev. John F.: The Baptism of the New Jerusalem, distinct from that of the First Christian Church. London. Speirs. 16 pp.
A Reply to Jon. Robinsons pamphlet on Rebaptism. Rev. Mess. 27:179. AL.

Presland, Rev. John: The Lords Prayer, Eight Sermons. London. Speirs. Rev. I. 1874:377; Mess. 27:287. AL.

149



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 150

Robinson, Jonathan: Christian Baptism and New Church Re-Baptism. London. Speirs. Rev. I. 1874:228.
       Review of Dr. Tafels Preaching Gift. London. Speirs. I. 1874: Nov.
       The Difference between a Church of State and a Church of Christ. Manchester. Ledsham. I. 1874:Nov.

Tafel, Dr. Leonhard: The Bible is The Word of God. New York. 36pp. Rev. Mess. 27:132. AL.

Tafel, Dr. Rudolph L.: Modern Spiritism. London. Speirs. 32pp. AL.
       The Preaching Gift. The Abrogation of Representatives, and other Subjects. London. Speirs. 64pp. AL.


Worcester. Rev. S. H.: The Order in which the Works of Swedenborg Follow each other. New York. 30pp. AL.

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
AMERICA. The Henry Ward Beecher scandal breaks out (July).

Triennial Episcopalian convention; canon against ritualism (Oct. 27).

Boss W. M. Tweed in New York City is sentenced for fraud (dies in jail, 1878) (Nov. 19).

BELGIUM. International congress at Brussels on laws of war.

FRANCE. Death of Francois Guizot, statesman and historian.

GERMANY. Death of David Strauss, theologian and philosopher.

GREAT BRITAIN. Gladstone ministry out (Feb. 17); Disraeli succeeds to power (Feb. 21).

Great Britain passes Public Worship Regulation Act (Aug. 7).

Annexes the Fill Islands (Oct. 25).

France gives public thanks to Britain for friendship during war with Germany (Dec. 3).

RUSSIA. Russia adopts general conscription.

SPAIN. Marshal Serrano becomes dictator of Spain (Jan. 3).

SWITZERLAND. Death of Hagenbach, ecclesiastical historian.

150



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 151

1875

AMERICA

UNITED STATES
WASHINGTON, D. C., May. - Dedication of the New Church building. Report in Mess. 28:247.

DELAWARE
Wilmington, July 23. - Death of Mrs. Anna P. Lammot, wife of Daniel Lammot, Jr. Mess. 29:60.

Oct. 8-9. - Meeting of the Maryland Assn.; Rev. Wm. F. Pendleton present. Mess. 28:188.

ILLINOIS
Chicago, June 27. - Rev. J. R. Hibbard preaches on the subject of the Conference of New Church Ministers. Mess. 29:37.

MARYLAND
Baltimore, March 21. - Dedication of a new temple; Rev. Wm. F. Pendleton present. Mess. 28:200.

MASSACHUSETTS
Boston, April 8. - Meeting of the Massachusetts Assn. Womens place in the ecclesiastical affairs of the Church discussed. Report in Mess. 28:188.

Summer. - Meeting of the Executive Committee with the old Liturgy Commission; they fail to agree on translation of the Word. Mess. 29:260.

Brockton, Jan. - Resignation of Rev. S. S. Seward from the Brockton Society. Mess. 27:247.

NEW YORK
Catskill Mountains, Summer. - Rev. Wm. F. Pendleton preaches here. Mess. 29:163.

New York City, May 11. - The 26th annual meeting of the American Swedenborg Publication Society. Report in Mess. 28:236.

June 4. - The 35th General Convention is held at 35th St. A copy of the photolithographed MSS is presented to Bishop Benade in consideration of his faithful services in the work of the Committee on Swedenborgs MSS. He receives one vote for president. He also leads a vigorous discussion on the revision of the Conventions Liturgy; and reads the Report of the Committee on Ecclesiastical Affairs, which is accepted and printed. Report in Mess. 28:272, 283, 295.

June 1-3. - At the New Church Ministers Conference, held in Brooklyn, Rev. N. C. Burnham delivers an illustrated lecture on Degrees. J. P. D.

June 4. - Mr. John Pitcairn notes in his diary: June 4, Friday... Dr. Burnham, Stuart, Saul, Warren, Hibbard, and Benade spent evenings with us. Organized Academy. J. P. D.

OHIO
Cincinnati, Oct. 15. - The meeting of the Ohio Assn. Report in Mess. 29:236. G

Greenford, Dec. 12. - Dedication of the temple at Greenford by Messrs. Brickman and S. H. Spencer. Mess. 30:20.

The history of the New Church here is written by E. J. Stebbing. L. 1898:143.

151



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 152

PENNSYLVANIA
Allentown, May 10. - The society here is admitted to membership. Pa. Assn. Journal. May 10, p. 1. C G

Clearfield Co., April. - An amusing report of a defence of the New Church by fisticuffs on a raft in the presence of Rev. W. M. Goodner appears in Mess. 29:32.

Philadelphia, - The Philadelphia Society (admitted in 1858) is reported for the last time. (It was amalgamated with the Society of the Advent in 1877).

March 3. - The 9th annual report of the American New Church Tract and Publishing Society is published in Mess. 28:105. 3,000 copies of TCR distributed to clergymen. Had requests for 3,000 HH, over and above 3,500 already distributed. Demand runs to 300 per month. P M

April 12. - Organization of The Pennsylvania Conference of New Church Ministers with monthly meetings; Bishop Wm. H. Benade, President. G C

Dec. - Rev. S. F. Stearns resigns from the Cherry St. Society. Mess. 29:271.

Pittsburgh. - During the winter Rev. A. O. Brickman lectures in German; baptizes 5 persons. Mess. 30:22.

Renovo. - Beginning of the New Church in Renovo with Messrs. Kendig and Caldwell. Mess. 32:45.

DANISH WEST INDIES
St. Croix. - A small New Church society here is heard from. Mess. 30:9.

AUSTRALIA
Brisbane, Queensland. - State of the society here is described in I. 457.

Sydney, June 24. - The formation of the Sydney New Church Society. I. 594.

EUROPE
AUSTRIA
Vienna. - Rev. Hermann Peisker conducts regular services and reading meetings; a Sunday school; 60 communicants and 32 children. I. 44. Mess. 28:96.

FRANCE
Paris. - M. Edouard de Chazal is preaching and lecturing in Paris. Mess. 29:19.

GERMANY
Stuttgart, Oct. 31. - Organization of the General Society of the New Church in Germany with 114 members. Mess. 71:435; 30:104.

GREAT BRITAIN
Accrington. - Resignation of Rev. J. J. Thornton on account of illness. I. 549.

Bradford, Sept. 15. - Mr. J. R. Rendell, B. A., becomes minister at Bradford. I. 550.

Birmingham, June 16. - The foundationstone of the new temple in Wretham Road is laid. I. 356.

Blackburn, March. - Retirement of Mr. Bates from the active work of the ministry. I.144.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 153

Jersey, May. - Rev. T. Chalken encounters difficulties in Jersey. I. 291.

Leeds, March 28. - Rev. W. OMant, a Baptist preacher, becomes pastor at Leeds. I. 239.

London, Jan. 21. - Meeting of the Swedenborg Reading Society. Discussion on Dr. Tafels paper on Authority; only one agrees with the author. Critical account in I. 142.

June 15. - The 65th annual meeting of the Swedenborg Society. Report in I. 1875:330. Great number of Writings sold and distributed gratis. M

June. - The 54th annual meeting of the Missionary and Tract Society. I. 355. Sale and distribution of many tracts and other works. Glowing report.

June 11. - Death of Mr. Elihu Rich, aged 56 years. Born of Swedish parents; in late years he became a strong believer in Swedenborgianism and a prolific contributor to New Church periodicals. I. 412; biogr., 459.

July 10. - Rev. C. Giles arrives in London; his visits described in Mess. 29:68.

Oct. 1. - The 2d annual meeting of the Auxiliary New Church Missionary and Tract Society. I. 548. M

Manchester, Aug. 9. - The 68th General Conference. Long report in I. 444 C G

Ramsbottom, Aug. 4. - Opening and consecration of the new place of worship at Ramsbottom. I. 458.

ITALY
March 15. - An Italian New Church boy is baptized into the name, Swedenborg Guscchi. Report of the New Church in Italy in Mess. 29:56, 81.

Florence, Jan. - Rev. L. Scocia begins preaching in Florence. I. 98.

SWEDEN
Stockholm, April-May. - The third visit of Boyesen is described in Mess. 29:7.

N. d. - The miserable state of the New Church society heir is described in I. 1876:32.

N. d. - Swedenborgs house is offered to the Swedish New Church Society for $6,000 by Baron Oxenstjerna. M. 14:175.

May 6. - Messrs. Boyesen and Abrahamson issue a circular inviting Americans and Englishmen to be shareholders in a company to purchase Swedenborgs house; interesting scheme. Mess. 29:58.

N. d. - Missionary work of Boyesen in Stockholm, Tarna, Christianstad, and Copenhagen. I. 501; Mess. 30:224.

Oct. 21-23. - General meeting of the New Church in Sweden. Formation of Nya Kyrkans Bekannare. Boyesen, Pres.; Tyboni, leader; Abrahamson, Secr.; Prof. Cronhamn, Treas. Report in I. 99.

SWITZERLAND
Zurich, N. d. - Organization of the Swiss New Church Union with 111 members, of whom 90 lived in the little canton of Appenzell. Mr. Solomon Bauman is ordained by the German Association as the first minister for Switzerland. History of the movement by E. Goerwitz in Mess. 71:435.

Herisan, Sept. 26. - First annual meeting of the Swiss New Church Association. Report in Mess. 32:133.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 154

NOTABLE ARTICLES - 1875
Intellectual Repository
       The Present Condition and Future Prospects of the New Church by Oxon (wants to suppress the name of Swedenborg), p. 200.
       Is the New Church a Development of the Old? by B. A. Lord; (answer to Oxon). p. 299.

New Jerusalem Messenger

       The Priesthood by T. Parsons, vol. 28. p. 303.
       Discussion on Swedenborg versus the botanists. Mess. 29:287, 299.

PUBLICATIONS
(ANONYMOUS): Das Ewige Leben. In zehn Lehrstunden unsern Kindern erklart. Stuttgart. Neukirchlichen Buchhandlung. 81pp. Translated from the English. AL.
Inbjudning till det Nya Jerusalem. Af A.S. E. Stockholm. 32 pp. RL.
A Critical Examination of the Science of Correspondence or System of Biblical Interpretation, promulgated by Swedenborg. London. Trubner. A scientific attack on the New Church Rev. by Dr. R. L. Tafel. I. 1876:76. AL.
A Reply to the Liberal Tract Society, and also to all who interpret the Scriptures from self-derived intelligence. Boston. Carter. 83 pp.
New Church Almanack and Year Book for 1875. London. Speirs. Rev. I. 1874:529.

Barrett, Rev. B. F.: The Swedenborg Library. Vol. I Death, Resurrection, and Judgment, 191pp.
Vol. II Heaven. 282pp. Philadelphia. Claxton. AL.

Bush, Prof. George: A Plea for the Doctrines of the New Jerusalem. New York. Swinney. 24pp. AL.
Statement of Reasons. New York. Swinney. 120pp. AL.

(Chevrier, Edmond de): Emmanuel Swedenborg.
       Notice Biographique et Bibliographique. Paris. 174 pp. Rev. Mess. 29:311. I.1875:396, AL.

Collingwood, Cuthbert: A Vision of Creation. A poem. Edinburgh. Paterson. 217pp. AL.

Giles, Chauncey: Lectures on the Incarnation. 6th edition. Philadelphia. Lippincott. 94pp. AL.
       Menruskets Aandelige Natur. 2d Danish Edition. Copenhagen. Cop. L.

German, Rev. T. M.: Christian Psychology: The Soul and the Body in their Correlation and Contrast. London. Longmans. 502pp. (See above under Swedenborg) AL.

Holcombe, Dr. W. H.: Our Future Life. New York. Burns. 12pp. With six pages engraved in phonetic shorthand. AL.

(Liturgical): Liturgy for the New Church. London. Speirs. 204pp. Sewall L. AL.

MCully, Richard: Swedenborg Studies. Speirs. London. Rev. I. 1875:587. AL.

Mill, John: The Claims of Swedenborg. Boston. Clapp. AL.

Mitchell, Rev. E. C.: Prayer: its Uses and Abuses. Minneapolis. 20 pp. AL.

Moore, R. : The Aritzans Guide and Everybodys Assistant. Montreal. 479 pp. Contains an appendix with full information about the New Church. Harv. L.

(PERIODICALS): Neukirchenblatter. 1875-83. Herans gegeben von J. G. Mittnacht. 8 vols. V. 1, 2, Stuttgart. Neukirchlichen Buchhandlung, 1875. 76. V. 3. 4.
       Zurich, verlag neukirchlichen Schriften. 1877-78. V. 5, Frankfurt am Main, Verlag Neukirchlichen schriften. 1879. V. 1-3, n. (Zweite folge) Frankfurt am Main. Verlag Neokirchlichen. 1880-82.

Potts, Rev. John F.: The Church of the New Jerusalem a Visible as well as a Universal New Church. London. Speirs. 16 pp. AL.

Reed, Sampson: Swedenborg and his Mission. New York. Swinney. 24 pp. AL.
       The Future of the New Church. Boston. Massachusetts New Church Union. 40 pp. AL.

Rich, Elihu: Perception, the best witness to the Truth of Swedenborgs Revelation of the Spiritual Sense of the Word. London. Speirs 34pp. AL.

Rodgers, Rev. R. R.: Light on Life. London. Speirs. 245pp. Rev. I. 1875:541.

Sewall, Rev. Frank: The Christian Hymnal. Philadelphia. Lippincott. 232 pp. Sewall I. AL.

Svenson, C. Y. N.: Luther och Swedenborg. Gottenburg. 39 pp. AL.

Tafel, Dr. Rudolph L.: Documents concerning the Life and Character of Emanuel Swedenborg. Vol. I. London. Swedenborg Society. 725 pp. AL.
The second volume of this monument work appeared in two parts in 1877. AL.
       New Church Baptism. London. Speirs. 63 pp. AL.

Warren, Rev. Samuel M.: A Compendium of the Theological Writings of Emanuel Swedenborg. New York. New Church Board of Publication, and London, Speirs. 763 pp. Rev. Mess. 29:59; I. 1875:389. AL.

Worcester, Rev. John: Correspondences of the Bible. Part I. Animals. Boston, Mass. N. C. Union. 276 pp. Rev. Mess. 29:131. AL.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 155

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
AMERICA. Civil Rights Bill (for Negroes) passed (Feb.). Senate rejects new reciprocity treaty with Canada (Feb. 4).


Beecher trial ends. Jury disagrees: 9 to 3 for Beecher (July 2).

Publication of Mrs. Eddys Science and Health.

Helena P. Blavatsky. Russian theosophist and occultist, together with prominent New York spirits, founds the Theosophical Society.

First American cardinal (McCloskey) is received at Rome (Sept. 30).

ASIA. Island of Saghalien ceded by Japan to Russia (April 5).

DENMARK. Death of Hans Christian Andersen. Danish poet, novelist, and writer of fairy tales.

FRANCE. Constitutional changes in direction of a republican system.

GREAT BRITAIN. The Alliance of the Reformed Churches Throughout the World Holding the Presbyterian System is formed in London.

Moody and Sankey, the revivalists, arrive in London (March 9); endeavor to revive the British until August 4.

Disraeli announces purchase of Suez Canal shares from Khedive of Egypt (Nov. 25).

TURKEY. National bankruptcy in Turkey.

155



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 156

1876


AMERICA


UNITED STATES


ILLINOIS
Chicago, Oct. 27. - Formation of The Young Peoples Class of the Chicago Society; Rev. E. C. Bostock, President. Mess. 31:260.

Henry, Sept. 29. - The 37th meeting of the Illinois Assn. Report in Mess. 31:188. G M C

MINNESOTA
Dodge Centre, Feb. 13. - Death of Rev. Solyman Brown, aged 86 years. Biogr., Mess. 30:108.

MISSOURI
Wellsville, May 12. - The 9th annual meeting of the Missouri Assn. Report in Mess. 30:272. C Full and informative pastors reports. M


NEW YORK
New York City, Jan. - Mr. Carl Bjerregard conducts a mission among the Scandinavians in N. Y., Brooklyn, and vicinity. Mess. 30;11.

OHIO
Cleveland, Sept. 8-10. - The 23d meeting of the Ohio Assn. Report in Mess. 31:165. C M P

Greenford. - The Greenford Society adopts the Philadelphia Liturgy. Mess. 31:224.

Middleport. - Rev. W. H. Benade visits here, introducing the Reverend Richard De Charms as their first resident pastor. (He remained for two years.) I. 1806:134. History of Middleport Society.

Selma, Clarke Co., May 2. - Death of Rev. John H. Miller, missionary in Ohio. He was ordained May 23, 1852. Mess. 55:250.

PENNSYLVANIA
Oil City, April-May. - Rev. A. O. Brickman delivers missionary lectures in Wheeling, Allegheny, and Oil City. Mess. 30:272.

Philadelphia, June. - The Conference of Ministers of the General Convention meet in the Church of the Frankford Society; 27 ministers present. Rev. Rudolph L. Tafel of London, England, reads a treatise on Authority in the New Church, which is unanimously recommended for publication. Account by Rev. John E. Bowers, pastor of the Frankford Society, in L. 1922:261.

June 9-13. - Meeting of the General Convention. A vigorous controversy, headed by Bishop W. H. Benade, is waged over arbitrary decisions by the Board of Publications concerning two liturgies--one prepared by the Ministers Conference, and another by the Executive Committee. The split centers on the accuracy of translations of the Word, the inclusion of doctrinal statements from the Writings. The Board is finally requested to publish both; and the protesting ministers are reimbursed for printers bills already incurred. Mess. 30:294, 306, 309; L., 1906:72. P C

June 18. - At a preparatory meeting of a number of ministers and laymen at the house of Dr. Boericke, 222 Franklin St., steps are taken to organize The Academy of the New Church.

156



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 157 A Board of Finance is appointed; and Rev. J. P. Stuart and Mr. Walter C. Childs are elected secretaries. The Reverends Wm. F. Pendleton, J. E. Bowers, Richard de Charms, Mr. J. Gillespie, and Dr. David Cowley are nominated as additional members. L. 1906:73. G

June 19 (Monday evening). - A full quorum of the twelve members of the Academy Council. viz., W. H. Benade, J. P. Stuart, N. C. Burnham, J. R. Hibbard, S. M. Warren, Rudolph L. Tafel, Louis H. Tafel, John Pitcairn, Walter C. Childs, Franklin Ballou, F. E. Boericke, and David McCandless, meet to consider a Declaration of Principles, drafted by Chancellor Benade, as the basis of the organization of the Academy of the New Church. The twelve ministers and laymen present sign the written document, as having for their end the building up of the Church in an ever more rational and intelligent reception of its Heavenly Truths. Afterwards, the Sacrament of the Holy Supper is administered. L. 1906:73; 1917:423-5. G

Nov. 9. - The Academy Council takes steps to coordinate the theological studies now being given in Pittsburgh, Philadelphia, Chicago, and New York to Candidates Richard de Charms, Jr., Herman C. Vetterling, John Whitehead, Adolph Roeder, Gustaf Borschur, Edward C. Bostock, E. J. E. Schreck, Andrew Czerny, and W. H. Schliffer, with a view to a central Theological School. The instructors at present are the Reverends Wm. F. Pendleton, J. R. Hibbard, W. H. Benade, and Dr. Leonhardt Tafel. AA., L. 1917:426. G

AUSTRALIA
Sydney. - The society declines to accept the services of Bishop Bugnion. His views on the apostolic succession are described in I. 1877:186.

EUROPE


FRANCE
Paris, June 18. - Death of M. Auguste Harle. Biogr., C. H. 112; I. 407.

Aug. - Mr. Bateman describes the state of the Church in Paris. I. 497.

GERMANY
Holstein, Aug. 10. - Baron Hohnfeld writes; recommending assistance to Boyesen in Mess. 31:129.

Sept. 10. - Mr. J. G. Mittnacht and four others are ordained as Kirchenvorsteher (Directors of the Church). Mess. 63:189

GREAT BRITAIN
Accrington, Aug. 7. - The 69th General Conference. Report in I. 441. Included perhaps the first airing of the idea of a minimum income for ministers. p. 442e. G

Bath, Oct. - Rev. Thomas Child is now pastor of the society at Bath. I. 550.

Birmingham, Nov. 22. Dedication of the new temple in Wretham Head. I. 1877:37.

Cheshire, Feb. 4. - Death of G. B. Ollivant, Esq. (at Sale Moor), aged 72 years. Biogr., I. 191.

Glasgow, Scotland, Oct. 26. Annual meeting of the Scottish Association of the New Church. I. 595. G

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 158

Horncastle, Lincs., Aug. 28. - The 10th annual meeting of the Lincolnshire New Church Association. I. 1876:546. M P

Leeds, April 24. - Mr. W. OMant becomes pastor at Leeds. I. 282.

London, Jan. - Mr. G. S. Allbutt, B. A., of Cambridge begins to preach in the New Church. I. 1877:142.

May 31. - Annual meeting of the Missionary and Tract Society. I. 351. M P Statistical report of interest, such as 11, 000 copies of books printed.

June 7. - Death of Mr. F. Skelton, President of the Camberwell Society. I. 406.

June 20. - The 66th annual meeting of the Swedenborg Society. Report in I. 322. P Cf. Clissold letter on Church and State. Also pp. 328-332. Committee Rep.

SWITZERLAND
Herisan, Oct. 1. - The 2d annual meeting of the Swiss New Church Union. Report in Mess. 32:133. C G

       
NOTABLE ARTICLES - 1876
Intellectual Repository
On the Importance of a Genuine Translation of the Sacred Scripture by R. L. Tafel, p. 154.
The New Church and the old: their mutual relations, pp. 457, 505.

New Jerusalem Messenger
The Mistakes of Swedenborg by D. C.reply by Editor. vol. 30, p. 69. On sexes in plants by Beaman, p. 170.
       On the State of the Christian world by John Pitcairn and C. C. B.--vol. 31, pp. 34, 57, 105

PUBLICATIONS
(Anonymous): Die Wahre Freiheit und wie man zu derselben gelangt. Den Freunden der Freiheit gewidmet von Freunden der Freiheit. Allentown, Pa. 38 pp. UrbL.
Emanuel Swedenborg, the Spiritual Columbus. By U. S. E. London. Speirs. 216 pp. Rev. I. 1876:345. A very popular biography of Swedenborg. AL.

Austin, Ed.: The New Church Almanac and Year Book for 1876. London. Speirs. I. 1875:597.

Barrett, Rev. B. F.: Den Nya Laran om Helvete. Christianstad. FL. AL.

Bayley, Rev. Jon: Great Truths on Great Subjects. London. 216 pp. BM.

Carlson, Dr. H. I.: Anmarkningar vid Herr Professor Anders Fryxells Skildring af Emanuel Swedenborg. Stockholm. Nya Kyrkans Bekannare. (N. K. B.) 73

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 159

(De Chevrier, Edmond): Melanges de Physiologie, dHygiene et de Medecine, dapres les Ecrits de Swedenborg. Paris. Treuttel. 199 pp. AL.

Farnsworth, R. L.: The Real Man is Spirit only. St. Paul, Minn. 168 pp. AL.

Field, Rev. George: Does Sheol or Hades Mean Hell? Strathroy, Ont. 12 pp. AL.

Hancock, J. W.: The Cares of the World. London. Speirs. 254pp. Rev. I. 1876:392. AL.

Hiller, Rev. O. Prescott: Posthumous Papers. Being Selections from unpublished Writings. Edited by Frederic Allen. London. Speirs. 166pp. Rev. I. 1876:437. BL.

Hoffer, J. R.: Thoughts Heavenward. Mount Joy. Pa. 56pp. AL.

(Liturgical): A Liturgy for the New Church (The Academy Liturgy). The Book of Worship. Prepared for the Use of the New Church, by order of the General Convention. In three editions; with Rites and Sacraments. New York. N. C. Board of Publ. 638pp. Sewall L.

Parsons, Theophilus: Outlines of the Religion and Philosophy of Swedenborg. 2d edition, revised. Boston. Roberts Bros. 218 pp. Rev. Mess. 30:19; I.1876:391. BL.

(PERIODICALS): New Age Lecturer. 1876. Published by R. L. Farnsworth. St. Paul, Minn.
       Nya Kirkans Tvdning. Stockholm. Nykyrkliga Bokforlaget, Vol. I. Ed. Rev. C. J. Manby. From Jan. 1976-March. 1891, published under title, Skandinavisk Nykyrk-tidning. Title changed in 1891.
       Sandinavisk Nvkyrk-Tidning. 1876-1891. Continued as Nya Kirkans Tidning.1891-date.

Phelps, J. R.: Sunday School Services. Boston. Lockwood. 98 pp. BL.

Sewall, Rev. Frank: The Hem of His Garment. Spiritual Lessons from the Life of our Lord. Philadelphia. Lippincott. 223pp. BL.
       The Pillow of Stones. Divine Allegories in their Spiritual Meaning. Philadelphia. Lippincott. 226pp. Rev. I. 1876:178; Mess. 29:310. BL.

Simpson, Samuel: The Delusions and Errors of Swedenborg. North Walsham. Mass. 27pp. HarvL.

Tafel, Dr. R. L.: The Importance of a Genuine Translation of the Sacred Scripture. London. Speirs. 16pp. AL.
       The Lords Glorified Body. London. Speirs. 32 pp. AL.

White, William: Other World Order. Suggestions and Conclusions thereon. London. Allen. 156pp. Rev. 1. 1876:273. AL.

Whittington. Charles J.: Responses arranged for the new Liturgy of the New Church. London. Speirs. I. 1876. July.

Wilkinson. Dr. J. J. Garth: On Human Science, Good and Evil, and its Works, and on Divine Revelation and its Works and Sciences. Philadelphia. Lippincott. 590pp. Rev. Mess. I:79. AL.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 160

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
AMERICA. Centennial Exhibition in Philadelphia (May-Nov.).
Custers last stand at Little Big Horn, Montana (June 33).

Alexander Graham Bell makes first telephone conversation (Oct. 9).

Colorado admitted into Union (Aug. 1).

Rutherford B. Hayes chosen President by 185 votes against 184 for Tilden (Nov. 7).

Death of Horace Bushnell, American preacher and theologian, who aided in the decline of the New England theology.

Dictator Porfirio Diaz enters Mexico to rule for many years

GREAT BRITAIN. Queen Victoria proclaimed Empress of India (May 1).

Gladstone thunders against Turkish atrocities in Bulgaria (Sept. 6).

INDIA. Great cyclone in India.

TURKEY. Turkey at war with Serbia and Monenegro. Sultan Abdul-Azil deposed; Murad V succeeds (May 30).

Sultan Murad deposed; Abdul Hamid II succeeds (Aug. 31).

160



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 161

1877


AMERICA


CANADA
Strathroy, Ont., Oct. 2. - Death of Rev. Richard Saul. Biogr., Mess. 33:224.

UNITED STATES



DELAWARE
Wilmington, Sept. 20. - Death of Mr. Daniel Lammot. aged 95 years. Biogr., Mess. 33:195.

ILLINOIS
Chicago, Feb. - A split occurs in the Church here; another congregation is started. Mr. Mercer is engaged as minister. Mess. 32:80.

April 8. - Opening services of the Central Society of the New Church in Chicago or the Union Swedenborg Church with Mr. Mercer as minister. Mess. 32:188.

July 2. - Rev. J. R. Hibbard resigns from the pastorate of the Chicago Society to take up the work of General Superintendent of the work of Church Extension. Mess.33:92.

Sept. - Rev. W. F. Pendleton is reported to be preaching on the West Side with great acceptance. Mess. 33:176.

KANSAS
Osage City, Oct. 26-28. - The 10th annual meeting of the Missouri Assn. Revs. Hibbard and De Charms are present. Report in Mess. 33:288.

MAINE
Bath, Jan. - Death of the Honorable Wm. D. Sewall (father of Frank Sewall). Biogr., Mess. 32:110.

Sept. 1-2. - The 42d meeting of the Maine Assn. Report in Mess. 33:149. C Cf. next item.

Fryeburg, May. - Rev. B. N. Stone leaves the Congregational Church to come into the New Church. Part of his congregation follows him. Mess. 32:261, 272. Full story of his conversion in M. 1:524.

MASSACHUSETTS
Boston, April 12 and Oct. 11. - The 94th and 95th meetings of the Massachusetts Assn. Journal in M. I. end. P New monthly magazine, revival of New Jerusalem Messenger, pp. 10, 11.

MICHIGAN
Detroit, Sept. 21. - Revival of the Michigan Assn. after 11 years of inactivity; chiefly through the activities of Dr. Hibbard. Report in Mess. 33:205. G

Kalamazoo, March 26. - Death of Judge William Wallace Peck, aged 42 years. L., 1924:496. 502.

NEW YORK
New York City, June 30. - Rev. W. H. Benade and Mr. John Pitcairn sail for Europe and the East. Mess. 33:8.

Dec. 30. - Rev. Chauncey Giles delivers his farewell sermon to the New York Society before leaving for Philadelphia. C. H. Mann succeeds him a editor of the Messenger, whose history is outlined in Mess. 33:351; 34:22.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 162

During the year there is considerable discussion here of the principles which should govern a new translation of the Word for the use of the New Church.

OHIO
Cincinnati, May 31. - The 10th annual meeting of the American New Church Sunday School Association. Report in AL. See its Journals (1876-96)

June 1-5. - At the 57th General Convention Revs. Wm. H. Benade. W. B. Hayden, and Mr. John Pitcairn, Jr., are appointed as official representatives to the General Conference in England; also to confer on the new translation of the Word. Reports in Mess. 32:314; WNC. 1:70-72. 145-150.

Middleport, Jan. - The Middleport Society adopts the Philadelphia Liturgy. Mess. 32:43.

Urbana, May 23. - Meeting of the Ministers Conference. Report in Mess. 32:300.

Sept. 21. - Meeting of the Ohio Assn. Report in Mess. 33:191. O

PENNSYLVANIA
Philadelphia, Jan. 1. - Death of Mrs. Catherine S. Raguet, the widow of Condy Raguet, Esq. Biogr., Mess. 32:36.

June. - Rev. J. E. Bowers resigns from the Frankford Society, owing to the hard times. Mess. 33:8.

Aug. 27. - Organization of the New Jerusalem Society of the Advent. Services are in English in the morning and in German in the afternoon or evening. A Sunday School is established with 56 scholars and 20 adults. Doctrinal classes for adults on Wednesday evenings. Confirmation class for 15 young people on Monday evenings. Social meetings are held in the basement of the temple. Total of 57 members; attendance about 80. AA.

Sept. 1. - Rev. Wm. F. Pendleton closes his pastorate of the Philadelphia First Society. He is succeeded by Rev. Chauncey Giles. Mess. 33:8.

Sept. 2. - The Advent Society opens public services at Cherry St. The Academy-inclined members resign from the Philadelphia First Society. AA.

Sept. 3. - Opening of the College and Divinity School of The Academy of the New Church in Cherry St. L. 1917:521, 595, 605.

Oct. 3. - First announcement of the Advent Society by the Messenger. Mess. 33:191.

Nov. 3. - The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania grants a Charter to The Academy of the New Church. AA.

Dec. 12. - The Messenger publishes a misleading account of the newly incorporated Academy of the New Church in Mess. 33:330. (Another account by Dr. Hibbard on p. 333)

Pittsburgh, Dec. - Excitement here over the wearing of clerical robes.

WEST INDIES

Trinidad, Oct.-Nov. - Meetings are resumed here. The state is described in I. 1878:90.

              
AUSTRALIA
Sydney. - Mr. Brereton is now the leader here. Thorntons History.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 163


EUROPE


GREAT BRITAIN
Alloa, Scotland, Jan. 6. - A new temple is dedicated at Alloa. I. 92.
Oct. 27. - Annual meeting of the Scottish Assn. I. 41.

Birmingham, Aug. 13. - At the 70th General Conference, Rev. W. H. Benade delivers an address which the Messenger calls a notable incident. Mess. 33:162. Reports in I. 436, 354; WNC., I:145.

Dec. 14. - Death of Rev. Edward Madeley, aged 76 years. Reminiscences. I. 1878:58; biogr., 94; ML. 78:26.

Liverpool, Dec. - Resignation of Mr. Goldsack. I. 1878:47.

London, March 26. - Death of Rev. J. W. Barnes, aged 83 years; founder of the Bath Society. Biogr., I. 240.

June 19. - The 67th meeting of the Swedenborg Society. Report in I. 314.

p. 319-321. P S Great increase in distribution of books noted, pp. 319-21.

Oct. 2. - Rev. J. J. Thornton is inaugurated as an ordaining minister. I. 1877:543.

Dec. 12. - Meeting of the New Church Bible Society; only 3 persons attend. Rev. W. H. Benade is present. Most of the former members are dead. Holds 527 in Bateman and Watson trusts; funds grow by a 20 a year. I.88, 136, 480; 1878:45, 91.

Melbourne, Derbyshire, May 23. - Death of Mr. J. W. Hancock. LLB, aged 72 years. Biogr., I. 403.

FRANCE
Paris, Nov. - Rev. W. H. Benade is in Paris. The state of the New Church here is described in I. 604.

Dec. 12. - The school of Mile Cheminet is highly recommended by Mr. Benade. Mess. 33:330. (An opposite opinion by Dr. R. I. Tafel is published in Mess. 34:247).

Dec. 23. - Rev. W. H. Benade baptizes 20 persons among them Dr. Poirson and wife. Mr. Benades visit will mark a new era in the life of the New Church in France. I. 1878:44, 90.

SWEDEN
Jonkoping, Sept. - Death of Mr. Frank O. Swanberg, a musical prodigy; favorite of Ole Bull; and member of the New Church in Boston. Biogr., Mess. 33:223.

Stockholm. - The work of Boyesen in Stockholm, Tarna, and Goteborg is reported in I. 89.

NOTABLE ARTICLES - 1877
Intellectual Repository
The Nature and extent of Swedenborgs Illumination by W. Bruce, pp. 241, 353.
The Policy of the New Church by J. W. T.p. 359.
The Nature and Extent of Swedenborgs Illuminationp. 510.
Dec. Rep. Swedenborg and the Lords Second Coming (beginning of a series) by R. L. Tafel, p. 572.

163



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 164

New Jerusalem Magazine (New Series), vol. 1

       The Sexuality of Plants (affirmative), vol. I. 1. 19.
       Swedenborgs authority as a translator denied, p. 56.
       J. Worcester wants an English Bible in English Idioms (and not in Hebrew). p. 145.
       Review of Tafels Authority in the New Church by W. p. 323.
       Attack on Dr. Tafels Authority. p. 382.
       First attack of the Magazine on the Academy in review of the Words for the New Church. No. 1, by J. R.--p. 331.

New Jerusalem Messenger
       Swedenborgs Inspiration by O.C. (against T. Parsons), vol. 32. p. 21.
       Swedenborg not a Revelator by A. E. Beaman. vol. 32, p. 136.
       Swedenborg and Revelation by A. Layman (in answer to Beaman); answer by Giles. vol. 32, pp. 192. 182.
       The Prophets and Swedenborg by Beaman. vol. 32, p. 232.
       Are the Writings of Swedenborg inspired? by J. P. P. (negative), vol. 33, 151.
The Inspiration of Swedenborg by J. O. Colburn. vol. 33. pp. 52. 43.
Authority of the New Church Doctrines by F. W. Tuerk. vol. 33. pp. 89. 101.
Are the Writings of Swedenborg Divine Truth by A Layman) reply by the editor), vol. 33, p. 263.

Words for the New Church (serial). 1877, vol. 1.
       The Advent of the Lord by N. C. Burnham. pp. 4-55.
       Ecclesiastical History of the New Church by Swedenborg (text in Latin and English); translated by S. H. Worcester and L. H. Tafel. pp. 57-59.
       The Issue by J. P. Stuart. p. 60.
       The Old Issue Again by J. P. Stuart. p. 61.
       Inspiration of Swedenborg by J. P. Stuart. p. 66.

PUBLICATIONS
(Anonymous): Petit Arcana Coelestia. 2 vols. Basel, Schweighauser. 894 pp.
       Rev. L. 189:201: Chevriers Histoire de la Nouvelle Eglise, p. 70. AL.
       Sown in the Springtime. Sunday School Addresses by various authors. London. Speirs. Rev. M. N. S. I:569.

(Austin, Ed.): The New Church Almanac for 1877. London. Speirs. I. 1876:Oct.

Barrett, Rev. B. F.: The New Church: its Nature and Whereabouts. Philadelphia. Claxton. 213pp. AL.

Bayley, Rev. Jon: Christian Instruction for Young People. London. Speirs. 64 pp. Rev. I. 1877:383. AL.

Beaman, Rev. E. A.: The Scientiests Theology. New York. 16 pp. AL.
Why Scientists Are Not Christians. New York. 16 pp. AL.

Benade, Rev. W. H.: A Discussion of the Principles which should govern a new Translation of the Word. A report by a committee of the General Convention. New York. N. C. Board of Publ. 23pp. AL.

164



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 165

Beswick, Rev. Samuel: The Sacred Cubit of the Great Pyramid. and Solomons Temple. Strathroy, Ont. 27 pp. Masonic rites, explained according to correspondences. AL.

Boyesen, Rev. Adolph T.: Davids-Harpan. Sju andliga Sanger, med accompagnementmaf Piano. Stockholm. 14pp. AL.
       Kort Framstallning af den Sanna Kristna Religionen. eller Nya Kyrkans Lara. Stockholm. N. K. B. 122pp. AL.
       Statuter for den Nye Jerusalems Kirkes Medlemmer og Deltagere i Danmark. Copenhagen. 18pp. AL.

Bruce, Rev. W.: Commentary on the Revelation of St. John. London. Speirs. 458pp. Rev. I.1877:481; M.n.s. I:130. BL.
       Wesley and Swedenborg. A Review of Rev. John Wesleys Thoughts on the Writings of Baron Swedenborg. London. Speirs. 80 pp. Rev. I. 1877:378. AL.

Carlson, H. I.: Ar Herr Professor Anders Fryxells framstallning af Emanuel Svedenborg Sann och ovaldig? Stockholm. J. W. Helm. 78 pp. AL.

Clissold, Rev. Augustus: The Divine Order of the Universe, as interpreted by Emmanuel Swedenborg, with especial relation to modern Astronomy. London. Longmans. 121pp. Rev. M. 1:273. AL.

De Soyres, Rev. J.: Montanism and the Primitive Church. London. George Bell. Contains many references to Swedenborg and some false information respecting the New Church. Rev. ML. 1878:496.

Edger, Rev. Samuel: Emanuel Swedenborg, the Man, the Seer, and the Interpreter of Religion. Manchester. Larkin. 83pp. The author was an Episcopalian Clergyman of Auckland, New Zealand. BL.

Fernald, Rev. W. M.: Barns Religiosa Uppfostran. Stockholm. N. K. B. 27 pp. AL.

Goldsack, Rev. R.: Spiritualism, an Abomination unto the Lord. London. Speirs. I. 1877:June.              
St. Paul, Luther, and Wesley. London. Speirs. I. 1377:339.


Hayden, Rev. W. B.: Light on the Last Things. London. Speirs. I. 1877:Sept.

Horton, Mrs. Mary B.: The Divine Order of Degrees in Man, exemplified in the order of the Four Gospels. Boston. Mudge. 70pp. Rev. W. N. C. I:273. M. I:274; Mess. 33:308. AL.


Le Boys des Guays, J. F. E.: Scripturea Sacra--ex Linguia Originali in Latinam dece Emmanuele Swedenborgio translata Pars Tertia, Psalmi, Faris. 418 pp. Rev. M. V1:386. AL.

(Liturgical): Hymns for the Use of the New Church. London. General Conference. 600pp. SSL.

Mayhew. Rev. W. H.: Doctrine: its Nature, its Use, and its Source. London. Speirs. 30pp. BL.

Mercer, Rev. L. P.: The New Church. Its Spirit, Scope, and Purpose. 16 pp. SSL.
       Four Sermons on the New Age, the New Church, the New Civilization, and the New Science. Chicago. Weller. Rev. M.II:329.

165



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 166

Mosby, Miss Ella: The Ideal Life. Cincinnati. 245pp. AL.

(PERIODICALS): The University Courant. Vol. I, March. 1877. Urbana, Ohio. Eds.: Julian K. Smyth and others: W. R. Taylor and others; John B. Niles.

Presland, Rev. John: is there a Personal Devil? London. Grattan. I. 1877:339.

Sewall, Rev. Frank : A Talk about Swedenborg. New York. N. C. Board of Publ. 36pp. Rev. M. I:380. AL.

       The Holy Supper. A Treatise on its proper Preparation. New York. Swinney.15pp. AL.

Spilling, James: The Evening and Morning. A Narrative. London. Speirs. 227 pp. Rev. I.1877:387: M. I:571. BL.


Starkey, Dr. George R.: An Answer to the Question, Is Swedenborg a Revelator? An open letter to the editor of the New Jerusalem Messenger by Layman No. 2. Philadelphia. 13 pp. AL. Rev. Mess. 32:343.

Tafel, Dr. Rudolph L.: Authority in the New Church. New York. N. C. Board of Publication, and London, Speirs. 272 pp. Rev. W. N. C. I. 67 I. 1877:384; ML. 1878:57 AL.
Documents concerning the Life and Character of Emanuel Swedenborg. Vol. II, parts 1 and 2. London. Swedenborg Society. 1,382 pp. Rev. W. N. C. I:156; M. I:419; I. 1877:595. AL.

(Wornum, R. N.): Saul of Tarsus, or Paul and Swedenborg. By a Layman. London. Williams. 392 pp. BL.

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
AFRICA. The Transvaal annexed to the British Empire (April 12).

AMERICA. Invention phonograph. Death of Brigham Young (American leader of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints).

Electoral Commission created to decide on election of Hays or Tilden (Jan. 25-26).

Hayes declared elected (March 2).

Diaz is in possession of power in Mexico; Ex-President Lerdo escapes to San Francisco (Feb.).

FRANCE. Death of Adolphe Thiers (Sept. 3), French statement, historian, and journalist.

GERMANY. The German quarrel with Rome has caused the deposition of four bishops and six archbishops; expulsion of 600 persons (120 priests) from Cologne alone; vacancy of 476 parishes in seven bishoprics alone (July).

GREAT BRITAIN. The First Presbyterian General Council is held in Edinburgh (July 2-9).

ITALY. Jubilee at Rome; 50th anniversary of popes episcopate (May 21).

RUSSIA. Russia declares war against Turkey and enters Romanian (April 24).

Roumania declares itself independent.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 167

1878


AFRICA

March. - News is received concerning a white tribe in the interior of Africa. I. 139.

AMERICA


CANADA
Berlin, Ont., June 26. - At the 17th annual meeting of the Canada Assn., Mr. Tuerk attacks Tulkism. ML. 1878:378. C

UNITED STATES
Interest is aroused by Julian Hawthornes references to Swedenborg. ML. 1878:29.

DELAWARE
Wilmington, Feb. 22. - Annual meeting of the Maryland Assn. See remarks on N. C. funeral services by the Committee of Ministers. Report in Mess. 34:148. GC

GEORGIA
Jefferson County, March 2. The Honorable Herschel V. Johnson. Governor of Georgia. and his family are baptized into the New Church by Rev. A. O. Brickman. Mess. L. 1933:342.

ILLINOIS
Chicago, April. - Conferences between Revs. Wm. F. Pendleton. L. P. Mercer, and Mr. Barler every Sunday morning. Mess. 34:204.

MASSACHUSETTS

Boston, April 11. The 96th meeting of the Massachusetts Assn. See esp.: report of Boston Sec., pp. 5-9. Index for N. J. Mag. undertaken, p. 20.

Remarks in Missionary Board report. p. 21. Report in N. m. s. II:App. G P M

May 30. - The 11th annual meeting of the American New Church Sabbath School Assn. Journal 1878. AL.

May 31. - The 58th General Convention is fully reported in Mess. 34:330. G P M

See esp. discussion of the new Michigan Assn. societies and individuals out side the boundaries of associations may be taken in by the Convention, p. 331. G

Report and discussion of Iungerich Fund and work, p. 333. P

J. R. Hibbards report. pp. 334-336. 51

A determined opposition to the Academy group develops. Rev. J. R. Hibbard is not re-employed as General Missionary. In fruitless protest.

Rev. W. H. Benade is nominated for President of the General Convention.

The Magazine denounces the extremists and their small numbers ... The sentiment of the Church is overwhelmingly opposed to all vagaries ... etc. M. n. s. II:189.

Aug 14. - Death of Rev. Thomas Worcester. Biogr., Mess. 35:120: M. II:330.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 168


Oakdale, Sept. 19 - A biography of Rev. Tilly Brown Hayward appears in Mess. 35:203; M. II:381.

NEW JERSEY
Vineland, May. - A spirit occurs in the society here. Mess. 36:350.

OHIO
Greenford, May 18. - The Greenford Society is admitted to membership in the Pennsylvania Assn.

PENNSYLVANIA
Philadelphia, March. - Rev. J. P. Stuart moves from Vineland, N. J., to Woodstock St., Philadelphia. Journal Pa. Assn., 1878, p. 10 (Phila.).

May 18. - Meeting of the Pennsylvania Assn. Journals of the Pennsylvania Assn., 1845-83. AL. S6P3.

Oct. - The Academys Theological School is reopened with 10 students. An Intellectual Gymnasium is organized by the students. ML. 1878:429.

RHODE ISLAND
Providence, Oct. 10. - The 97th meeting of the Massachusetts Assn. M. n. s. II:App. C

Encomiums, memorials, and resolutions regarding Thomas H. Worcester.

AUSTRALIA
Melbourne, Feb. 8. - Rev. J. J. Thornton arrives here. Mess. 35:203.

April 7. - Ordination of Mr. E. G. Day of Adelaide by Rev. J. J. Thornton. I. 505; ML. 159.

Sydney. - The state of the New Church here is described in I. 601; ML., 468.

EUROPE


AUSTRIA
Vienna. - The New Church Society is dissolved; meetings are forbidden by police authorities thru Jesuitical influences. ML. 298.

DENMARK
Copenhagen. - The state of the New Church in Denmark is reported in ML. 119.

FRANCE
Paris, Summer. - Rev. W. H. Benade visits new Church men several times before and after the General Conference in England. AA.

Dec. 25. - Mr. Benade arrives in Paris from Italy; finds a split among the New Church men. Miss Plummer is appointed librarian of the New Church Reading Room. AA.

GREAT BRITAIN
Besses-o-th-Barn, Lanc., Aug. 10. - Rev. I. Tansley is minister here. I. 462.

Bolton, June 21. - Mr. Thomas Mackereth becomes minister again at Bolton. Began here in 1849 but resumed his former use as teacher of the New Church Day School at Salford. I. 1878:354.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 169

Bradford, June 29. - Death of Rev. D. G. Goyder. F. E. S., aged 83 years. Biogr., ML. 270. 277; I. 404, 394.

Bristol, April 7. - Opening of a new house of worship here. I. 238.

Edinburgh, Scotland, Oct. 24. - Annual meeting of the Scottish Assn. The Reverend J. Potts speaks up strongly for the authority of the Writings. Reports in ML. 447; I. 600. C

Glasgow, May. - Rev. J. Potts is fined 2 pounds, 5 shillings, for refusing to allow his daughter Alice to be vaccinated. ML. 190.

Hull, April. - Mr. J. R. Boyle becomes minister here. I. 355.

Kearsley, Dec. 4. - Opening and dedication of a new temple of the New Church. ML. 498; I. 1879:44.                            

Keighley, Dec. 18. - Reappearance of the old society here. I. 1879:91.

London, - Catholic priests are reported to be desirous of studying the works of Swedenborg for light upon new and strange forms of naturalism and superstition. I. 499.

Feb. 25. - The 8th annual meeting of the London Association of the New Church. Reports in ML. 99; I. 194.

Feb. 26. - Dr. R. L. Tafel delivers lectures at the New Church College on The Use of Natural Science to the New Church (afterwards published in Words for the New Church). ML. 109.

April 30. - The 11th annual meeting of the New Church College. Report in ML. 189. Facilities fully used. 54 students and 3 theological students. G C

May 16. - At the monthly meeting of the Swedenborg Reading Society, a vigorous discussion takes place on the Eternity of Hell; Mr. Spalding attacks the infallibility of the Writings. ML. 227. C

Anniversary of the Tract and Missionary Society of the New Church. Reports in ML. 238; I. 352.

June 18. - The 68th annual meeting of the Swedenborg Society. Reports in ML. 256; I. 324. Full, thorough, and stimulating reports.

Aug. 10. - Morning Light publishes a description and strongly recommendatory account of the Academy of the New Church. ML. 318.

Oct. 24. - The 4th annual meeting of the Auxiliary New Church Missionary and Tract Society is held at Camberwell. Reports in ML. 448; I. 601.

Nov. 30. - Resignation of Mr. E. Austin as leader of the Camberwell Society. ML. 519.

Dec. 15. - First public preaching of Mr. R. J. Tilson, a student under Dr. Tafel. ML. 519.

Manchester, April 4. - Reception for Rev. C. H. Wilkins as the new pastor by the Peter St. Society. ML. 179; I. 239.

May 14. - Annual meeting of the Manchester Printing and Tract Society. I. 286.

August 11. - Rev. W. H. Benade preaches at Peter St. ML. 310.

Salford, Aug. 12. - The 71st General Conference. Reports in ML. 331; I. 449. G

Saltaire, Jan. 29. - Swedenborgs birthday is celebrated here. ML. 60.

ITALY
Sept.-Dec. - Bishop Wm. H. Benade spends four months in Italy. As a member of the Oriental Congress (Sept. 12) at Florence. he meets leading scholars. AA.       

Milan. - New Church services are held here. The work of Scocia and its difficulties are described in I. 284. 394.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 170

NOTABLE ARTICLES - 1878
Intellectual Repository
Swedenborg and the Lords Second Coming by R. L. Tafel, pp. 17, 68, 112, 175, 272, 303.

Attack on Tafels teachings, especially on the sexuality of plants, by P. T., p. 229.
Swedenborgs Illumination (the Editor repudiates the doctrine of authority).--p. 387.

Morning Light, vol. 1
The Creed of the New Church by J. Presland, pp. 41, 81, 131, 171, 211, 261, 301, 351, 391, 431, 481.
Controversy on the sexuality of plants; W. Bruce against R. Gardiner, pp. 423, J. B. Keene against Bruce, p. 456; R. L. Tafel against Bruce, p. 466; R. Gardiner again, p. 486; final article by Potts, p. 516.
Words for the New Church by J. F. Potts. (Enthusiastic recommendation)--p. 73.
J. F. Potts defends Swedenborgs authority and the mono-sexuality of plants against the Intellectual Repository, p. 325; Reply by G. T., p. 356.
Swedenborg and the Botanists by S. J. --p. 395.

New Jerusalem Magazine, new series.
Authority in the New Church, and how the Writings of Swedenborg are to be regarded, 2vol. 1, p. 491. (Expects future revelations).
The Magazine attacks the Academy position on the state of the Christian world and the authority, vol. 1, p. 521. A claim is asserted for the Divine nature of Swedenborgs Writings, which is to us simply astounding.
The character of Swedenborgs Writings by Pettee, vol. 1, p. 539.
Swedenborgs use of the word lectus in AE 163 by Dr. Worcester, vol. 1, p. 548.
The Magazine again attacks Dr. Tafels work on Authority, vol. 1, p. 56.
On the translation of A Domino per me by S. H. W. --vol. 2, p. 42.
J. F. Potts defends the position that the Doctrines are the Word. The Magazine indignantly answers, vol. 2, p. 43.
On the state of the Christian world by S. M. Warren, vol. 2, p. 71.
The Magazine on the limitations of Swedenborg, vol. 2, pp. 94, 95. The internal sense of the Word which we have in the Writings is a portion of the Divine Truth as possessed by the angels of the lowest heaven.
The Magazine claims that the Writings are merely human, yet full of Divine Truth, nor are they the Internal Sense, vol. 2, p. 287.

New Jerusalem Messenger
Discussion on the state of the Christian World between P, and W. G., vol. 34; 247.

Words for the New Church (serial) 1878, vol. I
State of the Christian World by N. C. Burnham, pp. 76-129.
Swedenborg as a Translator of Scripture by L. H. Tafel, pp. 130-143.

170



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 171
The Rendering of the Word by L. H. Tafel. pp. 143-145.
       The Writings and the Issue by J. P. Stuart, pp. 151-155.
       The Translation of the Word by L. H. Tafel. pp. 252-257.
       The (New Jerusalem) Magazine on Authority in the Church, by L. H. Tafel. p. 258.
       Words for the New Church Reviewed (by New Church Independent). Reply by L. H. Tafel. p. 264.

PUBLICATIONS
(Anonymous): Emmanuel Swedenborg. En Andlig Columbus. Af U. S. E. Stockholm. N. K. B. Translated from the English by J. Sundblad. RL.
       Rev. Joseph Cook on Swedenborg. By a Swedenborgian. London. Speirs. 15pp. Tilson L.

(Austin, Ed.): New Church Almanac and Year-Book for 1878. London. Speirs. 32pp. Tilson L.

Barrett, Rev. B. F.: An Open Letter to the First New Jerusalem Society of Philadelphia. Philadelphia. 12pp. AL.

Bayley, Rev. Jon: Sermons for the Times. A series of tracts. London. Grattan. Rev. I. 1878:186.

Beaman, Rev. E. A.: Froward to the Froward. New York. 28 pp. AL.

Boyesen, Rev. A. T.: Gudstjenst-Ordning for Nya Kyrkan. Stockholm. N. K. B. 156pp. RL. AL.
       The present Liturgy of the New Church in Sweden.

Chalklen, Rev. Thomas: Sermons on the Apocalypse. Vol. II. London and Rev. I. 1878:496. AL.

Doughty, Rev. John: The Lake of Fire. Four lectures. San Francisco. 62pp. Mess. 35:154.

Hume-Rothery, Rev. and Mrs.: The Divine Unity. Trinity. and At-One-Ment. Manchester, Heywood. 40pp. A restatement of Tulks heresy. Rev. I.1878:232. AL.

Hyde, Rev. John: The Doctrine of Redemption: Deliverance, not from the Wrath of the Justice of God but from the Powers of Hell. Manchester. 32 pp. AL.
       Emannuel Swedenborg. An Outline of his Life and Writings. 3d edition. London. Speirs. 120pp. Tilson L.

Jobson, Robert: The Spiritual World, the World of Life and Cause. London. Speirs. 31pp. BL.

(Liturgical): The Hosanna: A Book of Hymns. Chants, and Anthems for Children. New York. N. C. Board of Publications. 218 pp. Rev. W. N. C. I:588. AL.

Mayhew, Rev. W. H.: Christian Charity. London. Speirs. 23 pp. Tilson L.

Panduring, Dadoba: A Hindu Gentlemans Reflections respecting the Works of Swedenborg and the Doctrines of the New Jerusalem Church. London. Speirs. 87pp. Rev. W. N. C. I:365. AL.

171



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 172

Parsons, Theophilus: Outlines of the Religion and Philosophy of Swedenborg. London. Pitman. 136 pp. RL.

(PERIODICALS): Morning Light, a New Church weekly journal; London; James Speirs. Vol. I, 1878--v. 37, 1914. Changed to New Church Weekly, v. 38, Jan., 1915--v. 43, 1920. Ed. Rev. Arthur Wilde. Changed to New Church Herald, v. 1 N. S. 1920--date. Ed. Rev. Charles A. Hall.

Wood, Rev. Stephen: The Formation of Plants and Animals. Chicago. Weller. 93 pp. Rev. Mess. 36:14. BL.

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
AMERICA. First commercial telephone exchange is opened at New Haven, Connecticut (Jan. 28).

Protectionists are successful at Canadian elections; Sir John A. MacDonald becomes premier; and tariff laws are passed (Sept.).

FRANCE. Pere Hyacinth (Rev. Chas. Loyson) founds a Gallican church in Paris.

GERMANY. Treaty of Berlin signed by European Powers (July 13).

GREAT BRITAIN. Defensive treaty with Turkey signed, by which Cyprus is ceded to Great Britain (June 4).

Rev. William Booth reorganizes his movement as The Salvation Army.

ITALY. King Victor Emmanuel of Italy dies and is succeeded by his son Humbert (Jan. 9).

Leo XIII becomes Pope.

RUSSIA. Treaty of San Stefano between Russia and Turkey (March 3).

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 173

1879


AFRICA


MAURITIUS
The state of the New Church in Mauritius is described in I. 184.

Feb. 12. - Death of M. Edmond de Chazal. Biogr., Mess. 36:219; I. 240.

AMERICA


CANADA
Toronto, May 9. - The Toronto Society is seriously disturbed by the views of followers of Charles Augustus Tulk. Rev. A. O. Brickman promptly attacks Tulks theories. AA--#BF3.

Aug. 13. - A meeting of the society is held to expel the Tulkites from membership. Account in Mess. 37:92, 211, 261.

UNITED STATES


MASSACHUSETTS
Boston, April 3. - The 98th meeting of the Massachusetts Assn. M. n. s. III:App. P

Brockton, Oct. 9. - The 99th meeting of the Massachusetts Assn. M. n. s. III:App.

NEW HAMPSHIRE
Hollis, Sept. 7. - Death of Mr. T. Oilman Worcester; translator of the Boston edition of True Christian Religion. Mess. 37:224.

NEW YORK
New York City, May 22. - The General Conference of the New Church Ministers is held in the Brooklyn Temple. Reports in Mess. M. III:188.

May 29. - 12th annual meeting of the American New Church Sunday School Association. Report in AL. See Journal of ANCSSA.

May 30-June 2. - At the 59th General Convention, the Academy group is well represented. Reports in Mess. 36:323; W. N. C. I.:574. Cf. p. 368.

July 31. - Death of Mr. John Geddes, one of the pillars of the American Printing and Publication Society. Mess. 37:98.

PENNSYLVANIA
Philadelphia, Aug. 31. - Rev. W. H. Benade arrives from Europe. He now lives at 110 Friedlander St., Philadelphia.

Oct.-Nov. - Considerable commotion in Philadelphia on account of the Y. M. C.A. refusing to allow Rev. Chauncey Giles to lecture in their hall. Mess. 37:268. 288. 344.

              
Pittsburgh, Jan. 12. - Death of Mr. David McCandless. Rev. J. P. Stuart conducts the funeral. Memorial meeting at Oak Nest; also in Philadelphia. Obit., Mess. 36:84.

Sept. - Resignation of Rev. Wm. H. Benade as pastor of the society; he is succeeded by Rev. H. Vetterling. Mess. 37:232.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 174

AUSTRALIA
Sydney, May. - Visit of Mr. Thornton to Sydney. State of the New Church in Australia is described in I. 401, 448.

EUROPE


AUSTRIA
Vienna, April. - Rev. W. H. Benade visits New Church people here. Private services are forbidden; but he baptizes 30 persons. He has conference with Count Kinsky. I. 285; J. P. D.

N. d. - The state of the New Church in Vienna is reported in I. 183.

July 28. - The New Church society is again permitted by the government to exist. Mess. 37:134.

Trouble between the Committee and Mr. Peisker is reported, shortly before his death. I. 1880:296.

FRANCE
Paris, Jan. 12. - Notable New Church meeting. Mons. H. Berthean is elected leader; he objects to Mr. Benade baptizing and administering the Holy Supper.

Feb. 22. - Mr. Benade organizes the Society of the Advent in Paris. He ordains Rev. Alfred Bellais into the priesthood. AA.; L. 1885:96.

GERMANY
March 9-Aug. - Rev. W. H. Benade, accompanied by Mr. John Pitcairn, visits New Church men in Frankfort, Nuremberg, and other cities in Germany, returning by way of Holland to London. J. P. D.; AA.

GREAT BRITAIN
Clayton-le-Moors, June. - Rev. T. K. Payton becomes minister here. I. 287.

Glasgow, Scotland, April 30. - Rev. F. W. Hamperley of Providence, R. I., exchanges pulpits with Rev. John Potts for three months. I. 287.

Liverpool, Oct. 15. - Reception of Mr. Robert Tilson as pastor. I. 600.

London, May 21. - The 58th meeting of the Missionary and Tract Society. Report in I. 352.

June 17. - The 69th annual meeting of the Swedenborg Society. Report in I. 321.

July 25. - Mr. W. C. Barlow becomes minister at Camberwell. I. 453.

Aug. 4. - Meeting of the Lincolnshire New Church Association. I. 503.

Aug. 11. - The 72d General Conference. Report in I. 441.

Sept. 29. - Ordination of Mr. W. C. Barlow at Camberwell. I. 548.

Dec. - Resignation of Mr. E. Austin from the leadership of the Camberwell Society. I. 47.

Manchester, May 11. - Annual meeting of the Manchester Printing and Tract Society. I. 280.

Melbourne, Derbyshire, June 1. - Death of Rev. Walter Bates, aged 36 years. Biogr., I. 359.

Nottingham, Oct. 6. - Reception of Mr. OMant as pastor. I. 600.

174



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 175

ITALY
Florence, Nov. - It is announced that a marble bust of Swedenborg has been executed by Preston Powers. son of Hiram Powers. of Florence. M. III:381.

NOTABLE ARTICLES - 1879
Intellectual Repository
       Discussion on sacramental wine and total abstinence by Deans, etc., pp. 36, 79, 83, 130, 175, 216, 273, 274.

Morning Light, vol. 2.
       Discussion on Teetoalism by H. S. Sutton. J. J. G. Wilkinson. J. Deans, and others. pp. 111, 122, 166, 187, 216, 237, 251, 276, 326.


New Jerusalem Magazine
       Sampson Reed distinctly denies Swedenborgs inspiration, vol. 2, p. 471.
       The Magazine attacks the doctrine that the Writings are the Word, vol. 2, p. 470.
S. M. Warren answers the criticism in Words for the New Church (no. I. p. 351) of his review of the Academys teaching of the state of the Christian world, vol. 3, pp. 402. 457.

New Jerusalem Messenger
       Rev. S. Jepson--out ag. the Academy. Mr. Start corrects the errors in the account of the Academy in Mess. 33:330: Mess. 34:9.
       Opening shot of the long discussion on the Wine-Question 1. Wine and alcoholic drinks by John Ellis: Mess. 37:332.

NOTEWORTHY ARTICLES
Words for the New Church (serial). 1879. vol. I
Science and Philosophy in the Light of the New Church by R. L. Tafel. pp. 330, 371-446, 475-570.
       The New Jeresy (Are the Writings the Internal Sense of the Word?) by J. P. Stuart. 331.

       The True Nature of Authority in the Church by J. P. Stuart. p. 349.

       State of the Christian World by N. C. Burnham. p. 351.

       Total Abstinence by L. H. Tafel. p. 447.
Authority (Erroneous teachings) by J. P. Stuart. p. 453.
The Memorable Relations by J. P. Stuart (or L. H. Tafel). p. 457.
The Writings and the Internal Sense of the Word by J. P. Stuart. p. 463.
The Writings of Swedenborg as viewed in 1799" by 3. P. Stuart. p. 470.
Resume of the Issue by J. P. Stuart. p. 571.
Sheol and Hades by L. H. Tafel. p. 578.

175



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 176

PUBLICATIONS
(Anonymous): Emannuel Swedenborg, der Geistige Columbus. Von. U.S. E. Zurich. M. 11:572. AL.
Manual of the Doctrines of the New Church compiled from the Writings of Emannual Swedenborg. London. Speirs. 147 pp. Rev. M.III:468. AL.
Statement by the Council of the New Church College with respect to the Difference of Opinion between it and the Committee of the Students and Ministers Aid Fund on the question of the election of a Theological Professor. London.
G. Berridge. 15 pp. An attack on the Academy and Dr. Tafel. AL.

(Austin, Ed.): The New Church Almanack and Year-Book for 1879. London. Speirs. SSL.

Barrett, Rev. B. F.: Swedenborg and Channing. Philadelphia. Claxton. 288 pp. and Rev. W. N. C. 1:583; M. 11:425; I. 1879:348, AL.
The Swedenborg Library, Vol. IV. Philadelphia. Claxton. Rev. M. 11:521. AL.


Bayley, Rev. Jon: The Magnificent Scenes in the Book of Revelation. London. Speirs. 168 pp. AL.

Boyesen, Rev. A. T.: Psalmbok for Nya Kyrkan. Stockholm. N. K. B. AL.

Brickman, Rev. A. O.: To the Members and Friends of the New Church in Toronto, Ont. Toronto. 4 pp. A circular, warning in forcible words against the heresy of C. A. Tulk. AL.

Bruce, Rev. W.: The First Three Kings of Israel. London. Speirs. Rev. I. 1880:289; M. III:470. AL.

Child, Rev. Thomas: Skepticism. A course of three lectures, published in phonetic spelling. London. Pitman. 32 pp. Tilson L.

Clapp, Otis: Rev. Joseph Cook versus Emanuel Swedenborg. A Refutation of Errors. Boston. Carter. 32 pp. AL.

Clissold, Rev. Augustus: The Consummation of the Age, being a Prophecy now Fulfilled and Interpreted in the Writings of Emanuel Swedenborg. London. Longmans. 140 pp. Rev. I. 1879:347. AL.

(De Chevrier, Edmond): Histoire Sommaire de la Nouvelle Eglise Chretienne, fondee sur les Doctrines de Swedenborg. Paris. 246 pp. Rev. I. 1879:587; M. IV:388. AL.

Doughty, Rev. John: The Lake of Fire. San Francisco. Brodie. M. 11:525.

Field, Rev. George: The Difference between Sheol, Hades, and Gehenna, and the Meaning of Infernus or Infernum. Detroit, Mich. 34 pp. Rev. W. N. C. I:573. I. 1879:179. AL.
Memoirs, Incidents, and Reminiscences of the Early History of the New Church in Michigan, Indiana, Illinois, and Canada. Toronto, Ont. R. Carswell. 363 pp. Rev. M.III:279. AL.

Giles, Rev. Chauncey: Human Stewardship; or, Mans Title to His Possessions. Philadelphia. Lippincott. 48 pp. AL.

176



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 177
       The Second Coming of the Lord: its Causes, Signs, and Effects. Philadelphia.       Lippincott. 264pp. Rev. W. N. C. 1:587. M. 111:276; I. 1879:348. AL.
       Vara Barn i Andra Lifvet. Stockholm. N. K. B. Translated by J. Sundblad. RL. AL.

Grindon, L. H.: Figurative Language. London. Rev. I.1879:438.

Howard, D. H.: A Collection of Poems. Brockton. Mass. 123 pp. Rev. Mess. 37:375. BL.

Howells, Hon. W. C.: The Science of Correspondences. London. Speirs. 24 pp. AL.

Hultgren, B. J.: Om Svedenborgs Syner och Uppenbarelser, Genmale till Professor Anders Fryxell. Stockholm. 32 pp. RL.

Hyde, Rev. J.: Emanuel Swedenborg. An Outline of his Life and Writings. London. Speirs. and 3d edition. I. 1879:178.

James, Henry: Society, the Redeemed Form of Man. Boston. Houghton. 485 pp. Rev. M. III:39. AL.

(Liturgical): Sunday School Services. Boston. 98pp. Prepared by Mr. J. R. Phelps and Miss Ednah Silver. Rev. Mess. 38:84.
       The Book of Sacraments and Rites. New York. N. C. Board of Publ. 99pp. Rev. Mess. 36:322.

Mercer, Rev. L. P.: The Bible: its true Character and Spiritual Meaning. Chicago. Jansen. 197pp. BL.

Parsons, Theophilus: The Mystery of Life, and other Papers. Philadelphia. Lippincott. 328pp. Rev. W. N. C. I:585. M. III:89. AL.

(PERIODICALS): New Jerusalem Magazine. Dec., 1879-Jan., 1880. 401-416, 1-11pp. Contains The Establishment of a New Church.

       Salem Nvkirkeligt Maandsskrift Utgivet af Ny-Jerusalem-Kirkens. Immanuel-Samfund I Kjobengavn ved W. Winslow. Kjobenhavn. Hvidbergs. 1879-83.

       Words for the New Church. A serial controlled by the Academy of the New Church. Philadelphia. Pa. J. B. Lippincott. 1879-86. 3 vols. For contents, see main card. Index comp. by W. Whitehead. Extracted from Journal of Education, v. 16. p. 163-174. April. 1917.

Reed, Rev. James: Herrens Andet Komme. Sek Foredrag. Copenhagen. Cop. L.

Swift, Edmund. Jr.: Evolution and Natural Selection in the Light of the New Church. London. Speirs. 16pp. AL.

Warren, Rev. S. M.: Compendium of the Theological Writings of Emanuel Swedenborg. With a biographical Introduction by Hon. John Bigelow. 2d edition, revised. Philadelphia. Lippincott. 764pp. Rev. M. III:376. RL.

(Worcester, Rev. John): A Report by the Ministers of the New Church. New York. N. C. Board of Publications. Treats of the subject of Permissions in Conjugial Love. AL.

Zahn, Theodor: Sclaverei und Christenthum. Heidelberg. 44 pp. AL.

177



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 178

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS

AFRICA. Mirza Ghulam Admad declares himself the promised Mahdi and founds the Moslem sect, Admadiya.

Prince Louis Napoleon killed by the Zulus (June 1).

The Zulu king, Cetewayo, captured (Aug. 28).

AMERICA. Death of Richard Henry Dana, Sr. (American poet and essayist).

GERMANY. Construction of the first electric railroad (at Berlin).

Invention of a universal language (Volapuk) by J. M. Schleyer, a German.

SWEDEN. The Northeast (Polar) Passage made by Nordenskjold.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 179

1880

AMERICA

UNITED STATES

GEORGIA
Jefferson Co., Aug. 16. - Death of ex-Governor Herschel V. Johnson. Biogr., Mess. 39:112. 344.

IOWA
Homer, Hamilton Co., Sept. 26. - Death of Rev. John H. Williams. Obit., Mess. 39:318.

KANSAS
Harvey Co., Oct. - Mr. George Unruh, the first convert to the New Church among the German Mennonites, begins to spread the Doctrines among his brothers and friends. Mess. 64:395.

MAINE
Portland, June 18-22. - At the 60th General Convention. Memorial, dealing with doctrinal beliefs and policies, is presented by Mr. Otis Clapp of Boston; it is signed by 93 others. Reports in M. IV:App., p. 83; Mess. 38:351; W. N. C. II:73-77 (by W. H. Benade); L. 1882:115. C G

MASSACHUSETTS
Boston, April 8. - The 100th meeting of the Massachusetts Assn. M. IV:App.

July 8. - Death of Rev. Sampson Reed. Biogr., Mess. 39:51; M. IV:285. 301.

OHIO
Urbana, April 9. - Death of Mr. Mile G. Williams. Dean of the Urbana University, aged 76 years. A member of the New Church in Cincinnati since 1822. Autobiogr., Mess. 38:248; 55:347. Biogr., M.V:388.

PENNSYLVANIA
Philadelphia, April 1. - Death of Dr. Leonhardt Tafel. Biogr., Mess. 38:290.

June 5-6. - Meeting of the Pennsylvania Assn. See Reports of 1880.

June 9-14. - Meeting of the American Conference of New Church Ministers in the Cherry St. Church. Reports in Mess. 38:206, 331. 344; W N. C. II:70.

July 23. - Death of Dr. Constantine Hering. Biogr., Mess. 39:64. Father of Homeopathy in the U. S.

Renovo, April 4. - Six adults and six children here are baptized by Rev. J. E. Bowers. L. 1924:503.

AUSTRALIA
The Melbourne Society sends an address to the General Conference. Spiritism is reported among New Church people in Brisbane. The general state in Australia is described in I. 552, 553, 555.

EUROPE
GREAT BRITAIN
Alloa, Sept. 25. - Reception of Mr. E. M. Pulsford as pastor of the society here. 1.560.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 180

Bury, Lancs., Nov. 7. - Mr. Charles Griffiths is elected minister of the small New Church society at Bury. I. 598.

Edinburgh, Scotland, March 5. - Mr. W. A. Presland becomes minister here. I. 201.

Isle of Wight, May 20. - Death of Mrs. L. C. Bailey, wife of Dr. Bailey, aged 76 years; daughter of Rev. F. M. Hodson of Accrington. Biogr., I. 369.

Liverpool, Aug. 9- 14. - At the 73d General Conference a controversy breaks out concerning the Academy and the granting of a degree to Rev. R. J. Tilson. Reports in Mess. 39:168 (a critical report by Rev. C. Giles); WNC. II:82 (a critical report by Rev. W. H. Benade). Also in I. 453; and ML., Aug. 21.

London, June 15. - The 70th annual meeting of the Swedenborg Society. Report in I. 333. See Opening Address of Chairman.

Oct. - Much feeling exists on account of Dr. R. L. Tafel granting a theological degree to Rev. R. J. Tilson. I. 513.

Nov. - Rev. J. Potts defends the Academy. I. 534.

Nov. 21. - Death of Henry Bateman, Esq., aged 74 years. Biogr., I. 1881:47.

Nov. 25. - Meeting of London Association of the New Church. I. 188 1:43. C G See Presidents address esp. Discussion of exchanges of ministers.

Manchester, Jan. - Transfer of the Manchester New Church Day Schools to the Manchester School Board; history of the schools in I. 200.

Middleton, April. - Rev. W. Westall becomes minister of the Middleton Society. I. 250.

Salford, April. - Resignation of Rev. W. Westall from the pastorate of the Salford Society. I. 245.

AUSTRIA
Vienna, April 7. - Sudden death of Rev. Hermann Peisker. I. 296 (Facts concerning his life in Mess. 39:64).

Dec. 30. - The difficulties of the society here under Austrian laws are vividly described in a letter in L. 1881, Jan. But the Sunday meetings are attended by about 60 persons, the majority being men.

GERMANY
Holstein. - Death of Baron Constant Kirchkinch Hohnfeld; notice in Mess. 39:52.

HUNGARY
The state of the New Church in Hungary is described in I. 153.

POLAND
The state of the New Church in Poland is reported in I. 1881:135.

SWEDEN
Stockholm. - Swedenborgs house is taken down; its place is filled at first with a bakehouse, afterwards with a large tenement house. M. XIV:175.

NOTABLE ARTICLES - 1880
Intellectual Repository
What does Swedenborg teach on the Doctrine of the Second Coming of the Lord? by Ed. Swift, Jr., p. 398.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 181

Morning Light

       The Brain and its Connection with the Soul and the Body by R. L. Tafel. p. 31.
       The Aims of the Academy of the New Church by R. L. Tafel. p. 171.
       Unity in the New Church by F. Sewall, p. 323.

New Jerusalem Magazine, vol. 4
Use and Abuse of Wine by A. T. Lowe, p. 80.
       Has pure fermented substance a good correspondence? by Pettee. p. 154.

New Jerusalem Messenger, vol. 38
       Controversy on the Wine question. p. 51.

Words for the New Church (serial) 1880. vol. II
       The Conflict of the Ages by J. P. Stuart. pp. 5. 7, 22. 35. 58.
       The American Convention and its Theological School, the Urbana University, and the Academy (a reply) by Dr. George R. Starkey. Sr., p. 91
       Alcohol by Dr. Ernest A. Farrington. p. 128.

PUBLICATIONS
(Anonymous): Emanuel Swedenborgs Leben und Lehren. Frankfort. Mittnacht.
717 pp. A German Compendium of New Church Doctrine. AL.
       Papers read before the Swedenborg Reading Society. 1879-1880. London. Speirs. 113pp. Rev. I. 1880:594; M. V:42 AL.
       Reply of the Committee of the Students and Ministers Aid Fund to the Statement issued by the Council of the New Church College. Dec. 22. 1879, Edinburgh. 14 pp. A defence of Dr. Tafel. AL.

       The Lost Truths of Christianity. Philadelphia. Lippincott. 284pp. Rev. M. III:566: 1.1880. 238 AL.

(Austin, Ed.): The New Church Almanac and Year-Book for 1880. London. Speirs. 32pp. Tilson L.

Boyesen, Rev. A. T.: En Ny Losning af Edsfragan. Stockholm, 36 pp. RL.

Cone, Henry C.: To the New Church: Prelude to a future work entitled Out of the Wilderness to God. Fort Collins, Cole. 103 pp. Tulkism, worse confounded. AL.

(De Chevrier, Edmond): Etudes sur les Religions de lAntiquite. Paris. 181 pp. Rev. I. 1881:80. AL.

Ellis, Dr. John: A Letter to Rev. George Field on the Subject of Lay Lecturing and Rebaptism. New York. 27 pp. AL.

       Pure Wine and Fermented Wine and other Alcoholic Drinks, in the Light of the New Dispensation. New York. 48 pp. Rev. M.IV:297. AL.

Forbespeare, William: Swedenborgianism. London. Richardson. Rev. I. 1881:126.

French, Prof. Thomas: Three Addresses on Emanuel Swedenborg as a Scientist, Philosopher, and Theologian. New York. Swinney. 40 pp. AL.

181



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 182

Giles, Rev. Chauncey: Laeren om Forsoningen. Fire Foredrag. Copenhagen. Cop. L.

Hardon, Rev. Charles: The New Church and its Relation to other Churches. Providence, R. I. 16 pp. AL.

(LITURGICAL): Hymns for the Use of the New Church. London. General Conference. 683 pp. Tilson L.
Liturgie der Neuen Kirche. Philadelphia. Deutschen Missions-Vereins der Nevel Kirche in America. 568 pp. AL.

Mercer, Rev. L. P.: Swedenborg and Skepticism. New York. Swinney. 30 pp. AL.

Pond, Chester E.: Helpful Thoughts about the One True God. 46 pp. Rev. M. V:92. AL.

Potts, Rev. John F.: Letters from America. London. Speirs. 303 pp. Rev. I. 1880:234; M. IV:232. AL.

The External of the Church as well as its Internal, essential to its existence. London. Speirs. 13 pp. AL.

Reed, Rev. James: Swedenborg and the New Church. Boston. Houghton. Rev. M. IV:132. I. 1880:407.


Reed, Sampson: A Biographical Sketch of Thomas Worcester, D. D. Boston, Mass. N. C. Union 140 pp. Rev. I. 1880:237. M.III:523; Mess. 38:42 BL.

Robinson, Thomas: A Christian Testimony from one who has been greatly aided and blessed by the Writings of Swedenborg. Manchester. 15 pp. The writer was a follower of T. L. Harris rather than of Swedenborg. Tilson L.

Spillings, James: Amid the Corn. A New Church novel. London. Speirs. Rev. M.IV:234.

Swift, J. Edmund, Jr.: A Manual of the Doctrines of the New Church. London. Speirs. Rev. I. 1880:239.

Tafel, Dr. Rudolph L.: The Aims of the Academy of the New Church. London. Speirs. 16 pp. AL.

White, William: Swedenborg, his Life and Writings. Philadelphia. 266 pp. AL.

Woodford, Rev. J. J.: In Memoriam: Henry Bateman. London. 17 pp. AL.

Worcester, Samuel: Catechism for the Children of the New Church. Revised edition. New York. N. C. Board of Publication. 36 pp. Rev. M. IV:442, Mess. 39:142. AL.

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
AFRICA. Rising of the Boers in the Transvaal against the British Government; they declare their independence (Nov. -Dec.).

AMERICA. James Abram Garfield is elected 20th President of the United States (Nov. 4); Chester A. Arthur, Vice President.

The Salvation Army is established in the United States.

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The National Baptist Convention. U. S. A., Inc.--the older and parent convention of Negro Baptists--is formed in Montgomery, Alabama.

Kansas adopts prohibition amendment to constitution (Nov. 4).

Death of Lucretia Mott (American reformer and feminist).

Slavery abolished in Cuba (Feb. 18).

GERMANY. Prussia passes bill to subordinate all clergy to the State (July 3).

Completion of Cologne Cathedral begun in 1248 (Aug. 14).

GREAT BRITAIN. Resignation of Beaconsfield (Benjamin Disraeli) as prime minister (April 21).

House of Commons refuses to allow Bradlaugh, the atheist, to take his seat (June).

Flogging abolished in British Navy (Dec. 8).

INDIA. Lord Roberts enters Kandahar after a famour march for its relief (Aug. 31).

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1881

AMERICA

CANADA
Berlin, June 23-25. - The 9th Annual Meeting of the Canada Assn. met in the stone temple of the Berlin Society. Revs. Tuerk, Field, Bowers, Hibbard, Benade, L. H. Tafel, and Kirk; also delegates from the Toronto, Strathron, Wellesley, and Berlin Societies are present. After reviewing the reports of the recent General Convention, it was unanimously agreed that the representative character of the General Convention ought to be maintained. Full report in L., July, p. 4. Critical accounts in Mess. 41:34, 41, 65. Reply by L. H. Tafel, Mess. 41:74. C

UNITED STATES
Washington, D. C., May 20-23. - The 61st General Convention is held for the first time in the nations capital. Rev. Win. H. Benades request to have his Report on the Priesthood referred to the Committee on Ecclesiastical Affairs is granted. Reports in M. V:App., and Mess. 40:337. A critical report by Rev. Win. H. Benade in WNC. 11:232. A lively and entertaining report by Mr. E. P. Aushutz in L., June, pp. 6-12. Cf. p. 4. G C

May. - The General Conventions publication salesroom reports that: The book trade of the New Church has completely dried up; hardly a book is sold. We sell nothing but tracts. L., 1882:1.

July 27. - Rev. Frank Sewall writes a vigorous censure on Rev. T. F. Wright and the Magazine on account of their ultracritical attitude at the last Convention. Mess. 41:58.

INDIANA
Indianapolis, - The society here numbers about 17 members; with a Sunday School of 72. Pastor, Rev. W. H. Hinkley. L., 1881; May, p. 5.

MASSACHUSETTS
Boston, March 26. - Death of Rev. Abiel Silver by drowning. Mess. 40:216. Biogr., Mess. 40:245; M.V:226. See E. C. Silvers Sketches of the New Church in America, chap. 8.

April 7. - 102d meeting of the Massachusetts Assn. M. V:App. See p. 6-- Envelope Method of offerings. C

May 3. - The Convention Theological School holds its annual closing exercises in the rooms of the Mass. New Church Union; with four regular students present plus 4 others and an audience of 17 persons. The principal, Rev. John Worcester, conducts the exercises. L., June, p. 12. Mess. 40:312.

NEW JERSEY
Orange, Oct. 15. - The New York New Church Sabbath Conference is reported in L.:Nov., p. 5. Mess. 41:248.

OHIO
Urbana, - A visitor writes an interesting description of the large colony of New Church people and well-organized society at Urbana. L., June, p. 13.

June 14. - Death of Col. John H. James, the founder of Urbana University. Biogr., Mess. 40:409.
See E. C. Silvers Sketches of the New Church in America, p. 21.

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Sept. 22. - Conference of the ministers of the Ohio Assn. Report in L. Oct.: 4. Discussion on re-baptism. Mess. 41:232. C

PENNSYLVANIA
Lancaster, June. - The Lancaster Society is reported to be in a comatose state; it is barely able to retain its organization, and nothing more. L.: June, p. 15.

AUSTRALIA
Melbourne, Feb. 1-8. - The first Australian Conference of the New Church is held in Melbourne. Report in I. 263. C G Much vital news and historical description of this field.

Sydney. - The state of the New Church in Sydney is reported in I. 539.

EUROPE

FRANCE
Dec. - Dr. Bayley visits France; meets M. and Mdme. Humann. Account in N. C. Mag., I. pp. 11, 12.

GREAT BRITAIN
Colchester, Oct. - Rev. Deans begins lecturing in Colchester. N. C. Mag., p. 238.

Edinburgh, Scotland, Jan. 30. - Death of Rev. W. C. Jamieson, minister of the Church of Scotland, but a Swedenborgian. Biogr., I. 211.

Liverpool, Feb. 2. - Death of Mr. George Pixton, an old and prominent member of the Liverpool Society. Biogr., I. 142.

London, Donation of fund for a New Church Orphanage. I. 171.

April. - A New Church society formed at Anerley. London. S. E. Mr. Gunton is the pastor. I. 281.

June 21. - 71st annual meeting of the Swedenborg Society. Report in I. 315. Cf. Chairmans Address, p. 316.

Dec. - The Editor announces the change of title of the Intellectual Repository to New Church Magazine. I. 572.

Manchester, Aug. 8-15. The 74th General Conference is held in the Peter St. Church. Report in I. 433. Critical report by Rev. Wm. H. Benade in W. N. C., II:228.

Aug. 8. - Annual meeting of the New Church Temperance Society. I. 493.

Snodland, Nov. 20. - Death of Mrs. Hook, founder of the New Church in Snodland. Biogr. in NCM. 1:48.

SWEDEN
Stockholm. - The Executive Committee of the Society here issues a circular, calling on all receivers of the Doctrines to cooperate in petitioning the Government for recognition as a religious body. L., June, p. 12.

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NOTABLE ARTICLES - 1881
Intellectual Repository
On the Academy (Editorial reply to a letter from Mr. Potts in regard to the granting of Academy degrees), p. 29.
The Reverend Joseph Cook and Swedenborg, p. 359.
J. R. Boyle attacks the integrity of the Word and Dr. Tafels position, 379.

Morning Light, vol. 4
On the integrity of the MSS of the Word by S. Noble and R. L. Tafel, pp. 276, 281, 291.
The Free Will of Man, and the Origin of Evil by Hon. W. C. Howells, pp. 403, 415.
The Pre-Adamites by R. L. Tafel, p. 493.

The Souls of Animals by J. Speirs, p. 528.

New Church Life, vol. 1
The New Church (editorial), March, p. 1; April, p. 1.
A plea for stronger social organizations for the young people of the Church (editorial), May, p. 1.
Historical sketch on the original portrait of Swedenborg, June, p. 16.
An Interesting Date. A discussion of 19th of June and S. D. 3029 (editorial) (August, p. 1).
Education, Aug., p. 5; Nov., p. 2.

The Second Coming of the Lord (editorial), Sept., p. 2.
Authority, Sept., p. 5.
The Doctrine concerning Authority, Oct., p. 1; Nov., p. 1.

Words for the New Church (serial), 1881, vol. II
The Conflict of the Ages by J. P. Stuart, pp. 141-227.
An Error To Be Avoided by J. P. Stuart, p. 236.

PUBLICATIONS
(Anonymous): A. History and Catalogue of the New Church Theological School, established by the General Convention. Cambridge, Mass. 16 pp. Since 1757; or, a Brief Review of Some of the Results of the Second Coming of the Lord. London. Speirs. Rev. NCM. 1:40. AL.
The Gateways of Knowledge, considered naturally and spiritually. Eight essays by various writers on the Correspondence of the Senses, read before the Swedenborg Reading Society. London. Speirs. Rev. 1.1881:535; M.VI:108. AL.

Barrett, Rev. B. F.: Lectures on the New Dispensation. Philadelphia. Claxton. 326 pp. M. V:237.
Memorial to the General Convention. Philadelphia. Swedenborg Publishing Association. Rev. Mess. 42:80. AL.
Rejected Communications. Philadelphia. AL.
The Report on Mr. Clapps Memorial Reviewed. Germantown. 15 pp. AL.
The Swedenborg Library. Vols. VII-XII. Philadelphia. Claxton. Rev. WNC. II:251; M. V:141, 188, 333, 458, 508; VI:107. AL.

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Beaman, Rev. E. A.: Swedenborg and the New Age. Philadelphia. Lippincott. Rev. M. V:505: Mess. 41:304: WNC. II:327; L. 1881:Oct.; 1882:28. 60. AL.

Benade, Rev. W. H.: The Establishment of the Church by the Self-Evidencing Reason of Love. London. Speirs. 15pp. AL.

Boyle, Rev. J. R.: Swedenborg and the Letter of the Word. Manchester. Ledsham. 30pp. Rev. I. 1881:571. AL.

CALENDAR of Daily Lessons in the Word and the Writings.
       L. 1881; No. 3, p. 4. 1882, p. 13. 1883, p. 10. 1884, p. 92. 1885, p. 10. 1886, p. 8. 1887:7. 1888:10. 180. 1890:14. 245. 1891:30. 1892:14. 189. 1893:187. 1897:12.

Fernald, Mrs. C. F.: What the Angels See, and other Rhymes for Children. London. Speirs. 30pp. Rev. M. V:93.

Field, Rev. George: The Gates of the Old Church and the Gates of the New. Detroit. J. F. Eby. 24 pp. Rev. L. 1882:43. In addition to further historical data concerning the early Church in the Western States and Canada. he takes a strong stand on the Old Church. Lay Preaching. Baptism. and the Holy Supper. AL.

Froleen. J. F.: Om Svedenborgianismen och Spiritismen. Stockholm. RL. 43 p. AL.

Giles, Rev. Chauncey: The Valley of Diamonds, and other Stories. Philadelphia. Lippincott. 232pp. Rev. Mess. 42:64. AL.

Helleberg, C. G. : Part of two years Spiritual Investigations, through three Mediums. Cincinnati. 15 pp. Spiritualistic ravings by a professed New Church man. AL.

Hibbard, Rev. J. R.: Preaching the Gospel of the New Jerusalem. A Sermon to Ministers and Laymen London. Speirs. 15pp. AL.

Hitchcock, Thos. The Childs True Christian Religion. 3d edition. New York. 192pp. Rev. Mess. 40:208. AL.

Holcombe, Dr. W. H.: The End of the World, with new interpretations of History. Philadelphia. Lippincott. 395pp. Rev. WNC. II:573. I.1881:568: M.V:282. AL.

Johnston, James: Diary of the Mission, spiritual and earthly, of the late James Johnson. (Liverpool) 523 pp. Published by John Martin of Liverpool and A. Q. Manning of San Francisco. A record of spiritualistic visions. Rev. M.VI:213. AL.

King, Rev. Thomas A.: Reasons for Embracing the Doctrines of the New Church. Philadelphia. Rev. Mess. 41:368. AL.

Noble, Rev. Samuel: Inquiry whether the Word in all its Integrity, though preserved, at present exists in any individual copy. London. Speirs. 103 pp. Rev. I. 1881:285: M.V:365. AL.
The Lord Jesus Christ, the true object of Christian Worship. London. Speirs. 32pp. BL. AL.

Pandurung, Dadoba: A Hindu Gentlemans Reflections respecting the Works of Swedenborg and the Doctrines of the New Church. Translated into Makahti by Miss Ahlyabai Tarkhedker. Bombay. Nirnaya Sagar Press. RL. AL.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 188

Payne, A.: A Study of the Internal or Spiritual Sense of the Book of Moses, called Deuteronomy. Rev. NCM. 1:41. AL.

(PERIODICALS): The Bazaar. Philadelphia. Tuesday, Dec. 6-Sat., Dec. 10, 1881. Under the auspices of the members of the Ladies New Church bazaar at the Baker Bldg., 1520 Chestnut St. 5 issues (complete).
Intellectual Repository and New Jerusalem Magazine. 1812-81. London. General Conference of the New Church. 56 vols. For note as to the various series, see card under Intellectual Repository, main catalog, AL.
New Church Life; a monthly magazine, devoted to the teachings revealed through Emanuel Swedenborg. Jan., 1881, to date, 1974. Published by (1) the Academy of the New Church, Feb., 1890, to July, 1899; from Aug., 1899, to date, by the General Church of the New Jerusalem.

Potts, Rev. J. F.: The Leading Vice of the Age, and the Divine Method in Dealing with it. A sermon on the woman taken in adultery. London. Speirs. Rev. NCM. 1:40. AL.

Reed, Rev. James: Swedenborg and the New Church. Boston, Mass. N. C. Union. 143 pp. Rev. WNC. II: 87. AL.

Sewall, Rev. Frank: The New Ethics; an Essay on the Moral Law of Use. New York. G. P. Putnam and Son. 61 pp. Rev. L. 1882:13. A scholarly and valuable treatise on spiritual-moral values and the training of the will.

Speirs, James: New Church Almanack and Year Book for 1882. London. Rev. 1:571. Swift, Harold: Heart voices in Poetry and Prose. London. Speirs. M. VI:162. AL.


Tafel, Dr. Immanuel: Brief e von Dr. J. F. Immanuel Tafel an Fraulein Julie Conring. Frankfort, Mittnacht. 82 pp. AL.

Tafel, Dr. Rudolph L.: Socialism and Reform. London. Speirs. 142 pp. AL.
Authoritat in der Neuen Kirche. Philadelphia. German Missionary Union of the New Church. 274 pp. AL. Translated from the English by Rev. F. W. Tuerk. Rev. WNC. II:360. AL.
The Integrity of the Word. London. Speirs. 29 pp. AL.
The Letter of the Divine Word: its Use in former Churches, and its use in the New Church. London. Speirs. Rev. NCM. 1:40.
The Temperance Question in the Light of the New Church. London. Speirs. AL.

Warren, L. E.: Birds of the Sacred Scriptures. Their Correspondence and Signification. London. Speirs. 104 pp. M. V:139. AL.

Young, David, Jr.: Unbeaten Tracks, A collection of Poems. Dundee. Rev. I. 1881:270.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 189

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
AFRICA. British troops defeated at Majuba Hill by the Beers of the Transvaal (February 27).

AMERICA. President James Abram Garfield is shot in Washington (July 2); dies at Elberon, N. J. (Sept. 19). Chester Alan Arthur takes oath of office as president.

Revised New Testament published in America (May).

The first Christian Endeavor Society is organized by Dr. Francis E. Clark in the Williston Congregational Church of Portland. Maine (Feb. 2).

GREAT BRITAIN. Deaths of Thomas Carlyle (Scotch philosopher and historian) and Dean Arthur P. Stanley (ecclesiastical historian and leader in Broad Church policies in the Church of England).

Revised New Testament published in England (May).

RUSSIA. Alexander II is assassinated by Nihilists.

ROUMANIA. Roumania declared a kingdom (March 26).

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 190

1882

AFRICA

EGYPT
Luxor, Feb. 16. - Dr. Bayley discusses doctrine with the Arabs; gives them New Church truths. NCM. I:204.

ASIA

INDIA
Bombay, Oct. 17. - Death of Rev. Bakadoor Dadoba Pandurung; 68 years old. Biogr., NCM., 1:598.

AMERICA

CANADA
Toronto, May. - Mr. N. H. Clark, a former member of the New Church in Boston, lectures here. The lectures are discontinued when he is discovered and Cone. L. 80.

UNITED STATES GEORGIA
Savannah, April 10. - First annual meeting of the Southern New Church Missionary Society. Report in L. 96e.

INDIANA
Brooklyn, Dec. 20. - Death of Mr. William Roberts of Philadelphia, aged 85 years. For many years Secretary of the Pennsylvania Association and historian of the New Church. Mess. 44:28.

ILLINOIS
Canton, Dec. 22. - Death of Hon. Jonas Rawalt, a pioneer of the New Church in Illinois. Biogr. in Mess. 44:53.

Chicago, June 9-13. - At the 62d General Convention a controversy wages around the incorporation of the Board of Publications. Journal in M. :VI:App. Reports of meetings in M. n. s. VI:388; WNC. II:464 (by Rev. L. H. Tafel); L. 103 (by Chas. Stuart). G At this convention, the following Standing Recommendation (No. 3) was adopted: Associations are recommended to make such specific rules, under the general rules for the regulation of the ministry, as they may consider necessary or desirable. Cony. /R., 1882:25, 121.

MASSACHUSETTS
Abington, Oct. 12. - 105th meeting of the Massachusetts Assn. Reports in L. 174; M. VI:App. G

Boston, April 6. - 104th meeting of the Massachusetts Assn. Report in M. :VI App.

Cambridge, Jan. 26. - Death of Professor Theophilus Parsons. Dane Professor of Law at Harvard in his 85th year. Biogr., Mess. 42:72; M. VI:163, 189. See Silvers Sketches, p. 227.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 191

MICHIGAN
Detroit, April. - The Holy Supper is administered with unfermented grape juice. L.:169.

NEW YORK
New York. - Difficulties in the German Society are reported in L. 111.

OHIO
Cincinnati. - The state of the New Church here is reported in L. 171.

Urbana, Oct. 13-15. - Annual meeting of the Ohio Assn. A resolution recognizing Old Church baptism is passed. Account of Mr. Carpenter in L.:172.

But cf. Ohio Journal 1882:6. Also F. Sewalls letters. Mess. 43:363. 378. G Cf. also Presidents Address, p. 11-16.

Wyoming, Dec. 24. - Death of Mrs. Emily S. White. a noted New Church woman. Obit. Mess. 44:42; Biogr., L. 1883:32.

N. B. - Sept. -Oct. - The fall meetings of the Maine, Ohio, Massachusetts, and Illinois Associations were occupied with questions regarding the priesthood and its relation to the episcopacy as the true form of Church organization. In Massachusetts it is asserted that largely through the influence of one man. Dr. Thomas Worcester, a real episcopati was established... although not by name. NCR. 1883:291-8.

AUSTRALIA
Adelaide, July. - Visit of Rev. J. J. Thornton to Adelaide. NCM. 1883:464.

Brisbane, Nov.10. - Mr. W. A. Bales of Greenock becomes minister of the Brisbane Society. NCM. 1883:142.

Rodborough, Victoria, Dec. 17. - A house of worship is opened at Rodborough. ML. 1883:487.

Sydney, May 1. - The state of the New Church in Sydney is reported in NCM. 1882:411.

September. - Rev. J. Cook attacks the Doctrines of the New Church. NCM.1883:46.

EUROPE

GREAT BRITAIN
Alloa, Oct. 21. - Ordination of Mr. E. M. Pulsford, leader of the Alloa Society. NCM.I:603.

Derby, Sept. 18. - Resignation of Rev. J. Ashby from the Derby Society. NCM. I:559.

Glasgow, Scotland, Aug. 11. - The 75th General Conference meets in Scotland for the first time since its formation. Reports in NCM. 1:417; critical reports in WNC. II:529 (by Bishop Benade) and L. 1882:159.

London, Jan. 13. - Death of Rev. W. Bruce Biogr., NCM. 1:49. 142.

April 25. - Annual meeting of the New Church College at Islington. Rev. Presland is Theological Tutor. Rev. OMant, Principal. NCM. I:287.

May 24. - The 61st annual meeting of the New Church Missionary and Tract Society. NCM. I:367.

May 28. - Death of William Maxwell. Esq., aged 64 years. Biogr., NCM. I:415.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 192

June 7. - Opening of a New Church place of worship in the Poplar district; Mr. D. Noel is leader. NCM. I:368.

June 20. - 72d annual meeting of the Swedenborg Society. Report in NCM. II: 324. N. B. Address of Chairman, J. Garth Wilkinson. C

Sept. 20. - Death of Rev. Samuel Edger, B. A., a nonconformist minister of New Zealand, who preached the Doctrines of the New Church. NCM. I:594.

Oct. 8. - Rev. P. Ramage becomes minister at Anerley. NCM. I:559.

Oct. 30. - Death of Rev. Augustus Clissold, aged 86 years. Biogr., NCM. 1882:589; 1883:45.

Manchester, May 9. - The annual meeting of the New Church Tract and Printing Society. Reports 1,078 books and 17,836 tracts issued. NCM. 1882:287.

Oct. 10. - A special general meeting of the Peter St. Society is held to oppose the Academy movement. Report in AL.; reviewed in WNC. 11:58 6.

Newcastle, July 9. - Opening of a new temple here. NCM. 1882:463.

Radcliffe, July. - Mr. W. T. Stonestreet is elected assistant minister to Rev. James Boys. NCM. 1882:288.

Salisbury, Aug. - Mr. T. F. Robinson becomes pastor here. NCM. 1:511.

Snodland, Kent, June 27. - Consecration of the New Church temple here. NCM. I:414.

Southport, Sept. 24. - Rev. Joseph Ashby becomes minister at Southport. NCM. I:560.

SWITZERLAND
Jan. 23. - Death of Rev. Solomon Baumann, aged 44 years. Biogr., L. 1882:33.

NOTABLE ARTICLES - 1882
Morning Light, vol. 5
The Imprecatory Psalms; their meaning and use by J. Fox, p. 101. Swedenborgs Doctrines, and the translations of his works by J. J. G. Wilkinson, p. 241.
The Power of Church Organization by C. Giles, p. 331.
The Source of Doctrine for New Church Ministers by R. L. Tafel, pp. 401, 414, 421.
Agnosticism in the Light of the New Church by J. H. Spalding, p. 441.
That the Doctrine of the Church is to be drawn from the sense of the letter of the Word and to be confirmed by it by W. A. Presland, pp. 461, 475, 402, 497.
History of the New Church in Adelaide, South Australia by J. J. Thornton, p. 495.

New Church Life, vol. 2
How the New Church Is To Be Established by R. DeCharms, Sr., L. 1882:82. (Disproves the permeation theory).
Authority versus Difficult and Unacceptable Doctrines, pp. 2, 19, 34, 53, 67, 133, 149.
Education, pp. 4, 21, 38, 68, 179.
The Three Great Languages, p. 23.
How a Man Lives versus What a Man Thinks.--p. 28; Cf. pp. 28, 42, 77.
Baptism and the Holy Supper, p. 43. Review of G. Fields position.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 193
       The Wine Question, p. 60. Review of Dr. Ellis position.
       The Relation of New Church Ministers to the Sacrament of the Supper. Letters from G. Field, p. 61, 75. Reply by A Layman, p. 122.
       The State of the Christian World. pp. 69, 74.
       Baptism by B. F. Barrett, p. 89.
       What do the words New Church mean? by G. Field, p. 97.
       The Wine Question by Dr. John Ellis. p. 121. Reply by Editors, p. 117. (Cf. pp. 60. 117. 141. 142) Controversy continues on pp. 154, 155, 158, 168, 169.
       Difference between the Old Church and the New by G. Field, p. 139. (On Baptism).
       Bigotry. p. 165.
       Baptism by W. H. Benade. -p. 182; Cf. p. 172. 182, 188.

New Jerusalem Magazine, vol. 6
       The Magazine criticizes Holcombe and Christys heresy on the unitization of sex. etc., p. 205.
       Designations of the ministerial functions, p. 321.
       On the opening of the celestial degree. p. 517. (Controversy with Dr. Holcombe.)

New Church Magazine (formerly Intellectual Repository), vol. 1
       On the Revision of the Arcana Coelestia, etc., pp. 241. (Important report of Committees for the Swedenborg Society). P. 241. 564.

Words for the New Church (serial), 1882, vol. II
       The Conflict of the Ages by J. P. Stuart. pp. 261-326; 365-421.
       The Wine Question by L. H. Tafel, pp. 422-448
       The Important Issue by L. H. Tafel, p. 449.
       Infant and Orphan Homes by Wm. F. Pendleton, p. 452-461.

PUBLICATIONS
Academy of the New Church: The Wine Question. Philadelphia. Academy of the New Church. 30pp. A reprint from Words for the N. C., No. 10. AL.

Anonymous: Concerning Mixed Marriages. Rev. M.VI:331. AL.
       Introductory Lecture concerning the Nature of the Sacred Scriptures. Toronto; Hunter. Rose and Co. 24 pp. Rev. L. 1882:73; M. V1:33. A pamphlet espousing views similar to those of Chas. A. Tulk. AL.

Ashby, Rev. Joseph: The Stability of the Church. Darby. 11 pp. A farewell sermon, on leaving the Derby Society. Tilson

Barrett, Rev. B. F. : A Bishops Gun Reversed. Philadelphia. Swedenborg Publishing Assn. 40pp. Rev. L. 1883:61. An extensive reply to the late Bishop Burgess attack on the New Church, entitled Swedenborgianism. AL.
       A Series of Tracts. Philadelphia. Sw. Publ. Assoc. See M. VI:162.

       The Man and His Mission. Philadelphia. Swedenborg Publishing Assn. 60 pp. Rev. Mess. 43:78; L. 1882:112. A popular biography of Swedenborg and his teachings.
       Rejected Communication. Philadelphia. A pamphlet published by the author. Noted in L. 1883:10. Eight communications rejected by various New Church periodicals. AL

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 194

Barlow, Rev. W. C.: The World and the Word, or Teaching by Parables. London: Speirs. 16 pp. Rev. N. C. Mag. 1:186. AL.

(Bartels, A. J.): Abwehr Gegen Einen Strom Schruntzigen Wassers, susgepiern von Karl A. Schlipf. Baltimore. 26 pp. AL.

Bayley: The Ribband of Blue. London. Speirs. 23 pp. AL.

Boys des Guays: Scripta Saera, Seu Verbum Domini: Novum Testamentum. Paris. Rev. M. VII, 442. BI.

Boyesen, A. Th.: Herrens Uppstan delse. Stockholm. 16 pp. A Sermon. AL.

Boyle, Rev. J. R.: Bibliotheca Novae Ecclesia. A list of all theological works by New Church writers, together with a short notice of each writer, a list of secular books by New Church writers, and a list of books written in opposition to the New Church. London. Chas. Higham. 7 pp. Rev. N. C. Mag. 1:509; L. 1882:138. A prospectus of a work never published. AL.
Collatio Editionis Impressoe Ojseris E. S. Clavis Hieroglyphica. Hull. BI. Bibliographical index of Swedenborg's writings.
Critical Notes on the original Manuscript of Emanuel Swedenborgs Arcana Coelestia. Hull. C. H. Barnwell. An attack on Dr. Tafel, the Academy, and the Authority of the Writings. Tilson. AL.

Brereton, J. Le Gay, M.D.: One Teacher: One Law. Melbourne. 67 pp. Rev. N. C. M. 83:236. AL.

Brickman, Rev. A. O.: Am Grabe Unserer Kinder. A new edition. Noted, L. 1882:90. 127 pp. AL.


Cabell, Philip B.: Nvad ar Bibeln? Stockholm. 24 pp. A sermon. AL.

Doughty, Rev. John: The Garden of Eden. New York. Swinney. 90 pp. Rev. M. VII:50. Nine sermons from the Messenger. AL.

The World Beyond. Philadelphia. Swedenborg Publishing Association. 182 pp. Rev. L. 1892:187. A series of missionary lectures delivered in San Francisco in 1878. AL.
Ellis, Dr. John: The Wine Question in the Light of the New Age. New York. 228 pp. Rev. W. N. C. II:422; M.VI:218. Cf. M.VII:54. Also L. 1882:60. A total abstinence advocate uses the Bible and the Writings to oppose the use of fermented grape juice in the Holy Supper. AL.
A Letter to the Reverend George Field on the Subject of Lay Lecturing and Rebaptism. New York. 24 pp. Rev. W. N. C. 11:98. AL.

Farnsworth, R. L.: The Real Man is Spirit Only. St. Paul, Minn. Noted L. 1882:74. AL.

Hall, Rev. Armstrong: Are New Church Men Christian? London: Speirs. 30 pp. Rev. N. C. Mag. 1:186. A controversy arising from the religious census at Bristol. AL.

Hyde, Rev. John: Emanuel Swedenborg. Philadelphia. Tract Society. Pocket ed. Rev. L. 1882:186. AL.

King, Rev. Th.: Reasons for Embracing the Doctrines of the New Church. Philadelphia. Tract Society. Rev. M.VI:471. AL.

Mann, Rev. C. Th.: Five Sermons on Marriage. New York. Swinney. 48 pp. Rev. M.VI:216. AL.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 195

Mercer, Rev. L. P.: Manual of the New Church Doctrine. Chicago. Western N.C. Union. 72 pp. Rev. M.XII:308. AL.

(PERIODICALS): The Age, a weekly journal devoted to the interests of the New Jerusalem Church, vol. 1, 2; July 31, 1852-Aug. 5, 1854. New York. J. Allen. Ed.: R. B. Wiggins
New Church Magazine. London. General Conference of the New Church. v. 1-1882.
New Church Review. v. 1 (nos. 1-8); Apr., 1882-Jan., 1884. Chicago. Fairbanks. Palmer and Co. Quarterly. Eds.: Frank Sewall, L. P. Mercer, Edwin Gould. No more published.

Potts, Rev. John: Divine Truth: Its Substantiality and Creative Power. London. Speirs. 16 pp. AL.

Presland, Rev. J.: Is There a Personal Devil? London. 24 pp. Rev. N. C. Mag. 1:186. AL.

Sewall, Frank: A Drama of Creation. Urbana. 30 pp. A study of Swedenborgs Worship and Love of God. AL.

Speirs, James: A Circle of New Church Doctrine. London. Speirs. 254 pp. AL. Rev. N. C. Mag. 1:365; M. VI:474. A compilation from various leading ministers. Cin.
New Church Almanac and Year-Book for 1883. London. Speirs. Rev. N. C. Mag. 1:600.

Spilling, James: Our Society: A New Church without an old Ecclesiasticism. London. Speirs. 258 pp. Rev. N. C. Mag. 1:458; M.VI:583. A Novel. AL
Things New and Old. London. Speirs. 94 pp. Rev. N.C. Mag. 1:503; M. VI:531. Lectures. AL.

Storry: Rev. Richard: The Lords Kingdom and the Ministry of Angels therein. London. Rev. N. C. Mag. 1:138. AL.

Swift, Harold: Heart Voices. London. Speirs. Rev. N. C. Mag. 1:89. Poetry and prose. AL.

Tafel, R. L.: The Gates of the New Jerusalem. London. Speirs. A Memorial Sermon for the late Reverend Augustus Clissold. A series of expositions, all published in London by Speirs. AL.
The Despoiling of the Egyptians. AL.
Balaams Ass Speaking. 16 pp. AL.
The Rainbow. 15 pp. AL.
The Six Days of Creation. 16 pp. AL.
The Banishment from Eden. 16 pp. AL
Eve and the Serpent. 16 pp. AL.
Cain and Abel. 15 pp. AL.
Reception of the Holy Spirit. 16 pp. (not in AL.)
The Power in Samsons Hair. 16 pp. AL.
The Sun and Moon Standing Still. 16 pp. AL.
Noah and the Ark. 16 pp. AL.
The Creation of Eve in the Garden of Eden. 16 pp. AL.
The Tower of Babel. 16 pp. AL.
The Incarnation of Jehovah. 16 pp. AL.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 196

Terry, Rev. Milton S.: Swedenborgianism: Its Founder and its Errors. New York. Carleton. 40 pp. Rev. M. VI:472. A Methodist attack on the New Church.

Tuller, Rev. E. R.: Cathechism No. 2 for Sunday Schools of the New Jerusalem Church. Vineland, N. J. AL. (No. 3 was published in 1883) AL.

Van Calcar, E.: Emanuel Swedenborg de Ziener (the Seer). Gravehnage, Holland. 335 pp. Noted, L. 1882:157. AL.

Webb, Prof. G. J.: Collection of Selections and Hymns from the Book of Worship. New York. 48 pp. AL.

Wright, H. W.: Index to the New Jerusalem Magazine. Boston. to 1-44; Vols. 1827-1872. AL.
271 pp. Index
CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
AMERICA. Great increase in the use of Edisons electric light.

The French begin the Panama Canal (Jan. 20).
The Edmunds Law against polygamy in Utah passed.

Deaths of Ralph Waldo Emerson (essayist and poet) and Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (Poet).

FRANCE. Death of Leon Gambetta (statesman and orator).

GERMANY. Prof. Robert Koch announces discovery of the tuberculosis germ (March 24).

ITALY. Death of Charles R. Darwin (English naturalist and author of Origin of Species).

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1883

AMERICA

CANADA
Toronto, - May 31-June 3. - 20th meeting of the Canada Assn. Report in L. 108. Mess. 44:345.

UNITED STATES

FLORIDA
Orange Park, Nov. 17. - Death of Rev. George Field, a standard-bearer of the New Church. Mess. 45:308, 309, 319, L. 1884:19, 28. 29.

MASSACHUSETTS
Boston, June 1-5. - At the 63d General Convention, the following preamble and resolution, recommended by the Committee on Ecclesiastical Affairs, were adopted:
       Whereas. The New Church claims to be a spiritual Church. and ought to regard all questions relating to the organization of the Church from a spiritual point of view, and all the relations of individuals to Societies, and of Societies to Associations as essentially spiritual; and
       Whereas. The spiritual relations are prior to and more important to the spiritual welfare, and conduce more effectively to the use of the larger bodies; and
       Whereas. The laws of charity also demand that Societies of the New Church should be left in entire freedom to choose their immediate social and spiritual relationships as may be most congenial to themselves; therefore
       Resolved. That, while for convenience, or other external reasons, it is expedient. and perhaps necessary, that an Association of the Church should have certain geographical metes and bounds, which ought in general to be observed, yet the rule of geographical boundary should not be so gifidly applied as to interfere with the freedom of any Society to choose, from doctrinal, or other internal considerations, to affiliate itself with any Association with which it can conveniently act.
       Note: The Committee on Ecclesiastical Affairs consisted of all the ministers belonging to the Convention with Rev. Joseph Pettee as Chairman and Rev. Theodore F. Wright as Secretary. Conv. R. 1883:8. 132. G

Brockton, May 23-27. - The 21st annual meeting of the American Conference of New Church Ministers. Reports in L. 98; AL. G J. H. Hibbard recommends disbanding the organization.

NEW JERSEY
Newark, Dec. 2. - Rev. A. O. Brickman organizes a German New Church Society here. The 18 members all come from the Baptist Church. L. 1884:16.

NEW YORK
Brooklyn, Feb. 22. - 19th meeting of the New York Assn. Report in L. 63. M C See esp. Palmers report on work with Old Church ministers. Permanent pastors salary fund discussed.

OHIO
East Rockport, Sept. 14-16. - Meeting of the Ohio Assn. Reported in L. 156. E

Decease of Ohio Sunday School Union.

Dec. 21. - Death of Henry James. Sr., in his 71st year. L. 83:1.



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PENNSYLVANIA
Allentown. - Troubles in the Allentown Society are described in Mess. 44:289; 46:37, 79, 107, 123, 134.


Philadelphia, March 5. - Death of Mr. Benjamin F. Glen. Biogr., L. 1883:49.

March 17. - Last meeting of the Pennsylvania Association. A new Constitution is adopted, entitled, Instrument of Organization of the General Church of Pennsylvania heretofore known as the Pennsylvania Association of the New Church. The episcopal form of government is approved; and Rev. William Henry Benade (former General Pastor of the Pa. Association) is given the title of Bishop. Bishop Benade appoints a Consistory and a Council of the Laity. Mr. John Pitcairn, delegate from Pittsburgh, is elected Chairman of the Council. Complete text of the Constitution is published as an appendix to the Journal, pp. 11-15; and reprinted in L. 65-6. See comment in Mess. 44:169. Cf. L. 1883:163. G

June 10. - Ordination of Revs. Andrew Czerny, E. J. E. Schreck, and Schliffer. L. 98.

The Academy Schools, on Friedlander St., are described in L. 1917:605. Sept. 12. - Mr. Carl T. Odhners work is described in Mess. 45:149, 332; 46:10.

Bishop Wm. H. Benade, during the winter of 1883-1884. begins a series of weekly classes for the closer study of the subject of education in the New Church. L. 1885:17.

January. - Report of Swedenborg Publishing Association. Report in Mns VII:App. Writings distributed to 165 libraries in country during the year. P M Dec. 17. - Mr. T. S. Arthur describes the work of the American New Church Tract and Publication Society and its relation to Mr. Giles Philadelphia Society. L. 1884:14.

VIRGINIA
Norfolk, Sept. 12 - Death of Prof. Jean Odendhal, a New Church man, who came to America as private secretary to General Lafayette. Mess. 45:224.

EUROPE
GREAT BRITAIN
Besses othe Barn, Oct. 3. - Opening of a New Church Temple here. NCM. 83:558.

Derby. - Mr. W. J. Adcock, a Conference student, ministers here. NCM. 83:189.

Glasgow, Scotland. - The Scottish Assn. reports for 1882-83. AL.

Dec. 5. - The first Russell soiree is held on the occasion of the centenary of the first public meeting of those interested in the Writings. L. 1902:111.

Ipswich, Jan. - Rev. G. H. Lock, a Congregational student, is appointed pastor at Ipswich. NCM. 47, 143.

Kearsley, March 7. - Rev. J. Elstob is now minister here. NCM. 190.

June 19. - The 73d anniversary meeting of the Swedenborg Society. Report in NCM. 337.

Aug. 13-16. - The Meeting of the General Conference is described in NCM. 453; L. 155, 156.

Dec. 5. - The celebration of the 100th anniversary of the organization of the New Church is described in NCM. 84:86; L. 84:14.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 199

Lowestoft, - Mr. Griffiths now ministers here. NCM. 240. Manchester, Sept. 24. - Centennary celebration of the institution of the New Church by the Peter St. Society., NCM. 84:11.

Melbourne, March 18, - Mr. J. F. Buss is now minister at Melbourne. NCM. 190.

Newcastle,. - End of one of the New Church societies here. NCM. 1889:71.

April. - Rev. J. R. Boyle of Hull becomes the pastor at Newcastle. NCM 96.

Salford, May 8. - The 12th annual meeting of the Manchester New Jerusalem Church Printing and Tract Society. Report in NCM. 287.

June 13. - Death of Rev. Robert Abbott. Biogr., NCM. 289.

ITALY
La Nuova Epoca is suspended. NCM. 95.

The missionary work of Scocia is described in NCM. 414.

RUSSIA
N. d. - Death of Princess Cleopatra Schakoffskoy, sister-in-law to the renowned General Murrevieff, champion of the serfs. An ardent New Church woman. Biogr., NCM. 1884:199; L. 1884:65.

NOTEWORTHY ARTICLES
Morning Light, vol. 6.
Vaccination in the light of the New Church by J. F. Potts, p. 61. The Origin of the Doctrine of the Trinity in the Christian Church, pp. 91, 106, 114.
The Moon a Habitable Globe by T. Mackereth, p. 391.

New Church Life, vol. 3.
Hahnemann and his discovery, p. 2, cf. p. 17.
Communication with Angels and Spirits, pp. 4, 24, 37, 51, 68, 84, 103.
Can Man Destroy a Divine Sacrament? by Rev. Frank Sewall, p. 12. Reply by W. H. Benade, p. 5. Discussion continued by Sewall, Benade, and others, pp. 12, 21, 33, 39, 42, 44, 47, 56, 79, 83, 107.
Aphorisms of the New Life by Dr. W. H. Holcombe, pp. 28, 70, 78, 99,122-126. Causes extended discussion.
Endowing Churches by Rev. John Whitehead, p. 30.
True Physiology, p. 53.
Suggestions on the Reformation of the Arts and Sciences; Music, p. 116; Poetry, p. 133; Architecture, p. 150; Natural Sciences, p. 170; Art and Science as applied to Man, p. 180.
The Hebrew Language, pp. 118, 139, 148.
Martin Luther and his belief, pp. 164, 169. Cf. p. 176.
Priestcraft and Laycraft, p. 184.

New Church Magazine, vol. 2.
Answers by the Academy to R. R. Rodgers; also answers by a lady, and by Rodgers, p. 273.
R. R. Rodgers on Philadelphia and the Academy, p. 119. (A controversial attack)
On the illumination and infallibility of Swedenborg by W. Bruce, p. 458.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 200

New Church Review
       Revision of the Constitution of the General Convention. April, 374.
       The Two Proposed Constitutions of the General Convention, p. 503.
       The Episcopal New Church. p. 512. A forthright espousal of a New Church episcopate as represented by the newly formed General Church of Pennsylvania.

New Jerusalem Magazine, vol. 7.

       Baptism by J. Worcester, p. 18.
       Dr. Th. Worcester on Methodism by T. Worcester. p. 170. It is a sort of external new church adapted to external minds. Article begins p. 159.
       The Magazine on Baptism, p. 185.
       The Magazine favorable to Faith Cure, MI. VII:188.

New Jerusalem Messenger, vol. 44
The Messenger criticizes R. R. Rodgers, p. 182, col. 1.

Words for the New Church (serial), 1883, vol. II.
       The Conflict of the Ages by L. H. Tafel, pp. 479-528.
The End of the World by W. H. Benade, pp. 573-586.
A Stand Against the Academy by Dr. George R. Starkey, pp. 586-596.

PUBLICATIONS
American New Church Sabbath-School Association: Bible Stories for Youngest Classes. (Manuals of Religious Instruction: Bible Series No. 1) Boston. New Church Union Press. 219 pp. AL. Rev. NCM. 1883:367; M.VII:482; L. 1883:142. First of a series of Bible and doctrinal textbooks. AL.

Anonymous: New Studies in Christian Theology by a Graduate of Oxford. London. Elliot Stock. 303 pp. Rev. NCM. 551; M.VIII:50. AL

Barrett, B. F.: The Apocalyptic New Jerusalem. Philadelphia. 108 pp. Rev. M. VII:441. The question concerning its visibility carefully considered. AL.
The Doctrines of the New Church briefly explained. Philadelphia. Claxton. (No. 5, N.C. Popular Series) Rev. Mess. 45:252. M. VII. 678. AL.

Bayley, Dr. J.: Reply to the Times and other Journals. London. Speirs. 150 pp. M.VII:742; NCM. 501; Rev. L. 1885:45. An optimistic appraisal of the results of the Last Judgment. AL.

Boyle, Rev. J. R., and Henry MLagan: Present-Day Questions in the New Church. Newcastle. 47 pp. A. controversial work against Dr. R. L. Tafel and the Academy. AL.

Brereton, (M.D.) John (Le Gay): One Teacher: One Law. Melbourne, Australia. Rev. M. VII, 483. AL.
Sydney New Church Series. n. 1 and 2. Sydney. 76 pp. Rev. NCM. 1883:554.
The Goal of Time. Melbourne. 56 pp. Rev. NCM. 594; M. VIII:47. A poem describing the history of the churches. AL.

Bridgewater Society: Fiftieth Anniversary of the Society of New Jerusalem, Bridgewater, Mass. May 29, 1883. Boston, Mass. N. C. Union. 45 pp. Rev. NCM. 557. Notable addresses. AL.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 201

Brixton Association of the New Church: Order of Services, with supplementary Hymns. London. 31pp. Tilson.

Broadfield, E. J.: A Reply to Dr. Tafel on Freedom and Faith in the New Church. Manchester. 39pp. Rev. L. 1883:107. AL.
       A Word in Reply to Dr. Tafels Defence of the Truth. Manchester. 10 pp. Controversial. AL.
       The Coming Conference. Manchester. 78 pp. A reply to Deans. AL.

Buss, Rev. J. F.: From Earth to Heaven. London. Speirs. 15pp. Rev. NCM. 1883:503. A Funeral sermon.

Clissold, Rev. Augustus: A Sermon Preached in the Parish Church of St. Martin-in-the-Fields, during the Rectorate of Dr. Richards. Oxford. 15 pp. Sewall.
       The Last Judgment in its Relation to Apostoloc Expectations. London. 24 pp.
       An address to the Swedenborg Society in 1872. Printed after his death for private circulation; with a full list of his works. AL.

David, Rev. Joseph S.: Methodism in its Relation to the New Jerusalem. Boston. Mass. N. C. Union. 22pp. By a former Methodist Minister. AL.

Deans, J.: Dr. Tafel and the Presidency of Conference. London. 11 pp. Defending Dr. Tafels appointment. AL.
       The Coming Conference. A Reply to Mr. E. J. Broadfield. Leeds. 12 pp.
       Defending Dr. Tafel. AL.

Doughty, Rev. John: The World Beyond. Philadelphia. Claxton. (N. C. Popular Series, No. 1). AL.

Ellis, John: A Reply to The Academys Review of The Wine Question in the Light of the New Dispensation. New York. Author. 270 pp. Rev. Mess. 44:280; XI. VII:374: AL.

Field, G.: Reply to Questions, etc., of Rev. B. F. Barrett. Detroit. 14 pp. AL.

Giles, Rev. C.: Perfect Prayer. Philadelphia. Lippincott. 234 pp. Rev. M.VII:309. AL.

       The Principles and Functions of Ecclesiastical Government. Philadelphia Tract Society. 20 pp. An address to the General Convention. Tilson. AL.

Goddard, John: New Church Education. Cincinnati. 11 pp. A Report of the Church Council of the First New Jerusalem Society. AL.

Hayden, Wm. B.: Ten Chapters on Marriage. New York. N. C. Board of Publ. 2d ed. 160pp. Rev. M.VII:441. AL.

Holcombe, Dr. W. H.: Aphorisms of the New Life. Philadelphia. Claxton R Co. 106 pp. (N. C. Popular Series. No. 3). Rev. and discussed, M.VII:112; L. 1883:28. 70. 78. Reflections on The Life of God in the Soul; with extracts from Paul. Fenelon. and Mad. Guyon. AL.

Mercer, Rev. L. P.: The True Character of the Bible. Philadelphia. Swedenborg Publishing Association. 185 pp. (rev. ed.) Noted. L. 1883:96. AL.

(PERIODICALS): The Dawn: a New Church Nome Journal. London. E. W. Allen. 1883-93. Vols. 1-11.
       Our Church Work. Brooklyn. N. Y. Church of the New Jerusalem. Ed.: Rev. J. C. Ager 1883- Vol. 1.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 202

Perkins, David Page: History of the Society of the New Jerusalem in Portland, Me. Portland, Me. 52 pp. Rev. M.VII:374; L. 1883:96.

Potts, Rev. John F.: The End of the World and the New Age. London. Speirs. Rev. NCM. 1883:596. A. series of ten important lectures. Al.

Presland, Rev. John: The Creed of the New Church. London. Speirs. . Rev. NCM. 1883:499. M.VII:679. AL.

Robinson, Jonathan: The Word and the Writings. Manchester. 47 pp. Noticed. L. 1883:A reply to Dr. Tafels Freedom and Faith and to portions of his Authority in the New Church. AL.

Scocia, (Prof.) Loreto: Breve Cenno sulla vita e he operedi Emanuele Swedenborg con documenti riveduto tradotto e amplifato. Florence. 184 pp. Rev. Mess. 44:140; M.VII:304; NCM. 1883:234.

Searle, Arthur Hodson: General Index to Swedenborgs Scripture Quotations. London. Speirs. 396 pp. Rev. M. IX:305; L. 1883:192. A revised edition of standard reference work; now includes references to Tafels Documents. AL.

Smithson, Rev. J. H.: Letters on the Theology of the New Church. Philadelphia. Claxton. 230 pp. (N. C. Popular Series, No. 2). Rev. M.VII:l11. Addressed, in a discussion, to the editor of the Christian Weekly News. AL. Reviewed, L. 1882:187. A compendium of information concerning the New Church; with calendar of lessons, and contributions by prominent New Church men.

Spilling, James: Amid the Corn. A Story. New York. Cooper Union. 90 pp. AL. The True and Saving Faith. London. Speirs. 16 pp.

Sutton, H. S.: The Letter and Authority of Swedenborg, and the Freedom and Faith of Dr. Tafel. Manchester, England. 36 pp. Rev. L. 1883:143. An attack on Swedenborgian literalists; with some curious views on ecclesiastical government. AL.

Swedenborg Reading Society: Papers Read before the Swedenborg Reading Society. London. Speirs. 108 pp. Delivered at its 1881-82. Tilson. AL.

Swift, Edmund, Jr.: Emanuel Swedenborg: The Man and His Works. London. Speirs. 218 pp. Rev. M.VII:238; NCM. 1883:90. AL.

Tafel, Rev. Rudolph L.: Freedom and Faith in the New Church. London. 91 pp. Rev. L. 1883:60. A. doctrinal reply to the report of a special general meeting of the Peter St. Society, Manchester, England, which attacked the Academy of the New Church. AL.
Swedenborgs Mission and the Writings of the New Church. London. Speirs. AL.
A Word in Defence of the Truth. London. 13 pp. A review of the pamphlet by Messrs. E. J. Broadfield, J. Robinson, and H. S. Sutton. AL.
The Process of Death. London. Speirs. 23 pp.
Man, the End of Creation. London. Speirs. 16 pp.
The Second Coming of the Lord. London. Speirs.
The Last Judgment. London. Speirs. 16 pp. AL.
How God Created the Universe. London. Speirs. 16 pp. AL.
Whom God Hath Joined Together. London. Speirs. 16 pp.
Conscience. London. Speirs. 15 pp.
The Intermediate State. London. Speirs. 20 pp. AL.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 203

White, John W.: A Full Report of the Trial of John W. White for Heresy by the Huntingdon. Pa., Presbytery. Philadelphia. Claxton. 95 pp. Rev. M. VIII:116. AL.

Wilkinson. J. J. G.: Pasteur and Jenner: A Warning and an Example. (Had a second edition)

Wood, Stephen: The New Philosophy. Chicago. Weller and Son. 67 pp. Deals with the Science of Correspondence, as unfolded in the Writings. Whitehead. AL.

Worcester, John: A Journey in Palestine in the Spring of 1882. Boston. Mass. N. C. Union. Rev. NCM. 1884:145. AL

Worcester, Dr. Samuel H.: in Memoriam: Sarah Sargent, wife of Samuel Worcester. Boston. 12pp.

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
AMERICA. Civil Service Reform Act (passed by Congress in Jan.) goes into operation (July 16).

Civil Rights Act (giving colored people equal privileges in hotels, theaters, etc., with whites) pronounced unconstitutional by the Supreme Court (Oct. 15).

Standard time substituted for local time in U. S. and Canada (Nov. 18).

GERMANY. 400th Anniversary of the birth of Martin Luther.

ITALY. Italy joins the alliance between Germany and Austria, thus forming the Triple Alliance (Dec. 4).

RUSSIA. Coronation of Alexander III, reactionary czar of Russia, at Moscow (May 27).

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 204

1884

AFRICA

MAURITIUS
The Society here reports 31 communicants with an average attendance of 35. L. 192.

AMERICA

CANADA
Berlin, Ont., Sept. 5-7. - At the 21st annual meeting of the Canada Assn., Rules for License and Ordination are changed to agree with sections 16-21 of the Constitution of the General Convention. Minutes of C.A., p. 8. Cf. 1877, p. 28; see report in L. 158.

UNITED STATES
The marked activities of Germans in the New Church in this country are described in L. 65. From statistics collected by Rev. Frank Sewall, it appears that out of 61 societies only 5 societies use the ministerial robe; only 8 societies celebrate the 19th of June. Seven different liturgical books are used in worship. L. 96, 107.

ILLINOIS
Chicago, N. d. - Rev. Jacob Staub of Pekin, Ill., withdraws from the Baptist faith and is preaching for the German New Church Society of Chicago. L. 192.

INDIANA
La Porte, Sept. 25. - Death of Rev. Cyrus Scammon, pastor of the La Porte Society and President of the Illinois Assn. Biogr., M. n. s. IX:34; Mess. 47:224, 290; L. 176.

MISSOURI
Upper Loutre, June 7. - Rev. Jacob Kimm dedicates a church building for The First German Society of the New Jerusalem here. The society consists of five families (including 21 children), four of whom came from Elgin, Ontario, Canada. L. 108.

MASSACHUSETTS
Boston, April 3. - 108th meeting of the Massachusetts Assn. Journal in M. n. s. VIII:App. M 30,000 cheap Heaven and Hell volumes distributed, p. 27. M. n. s. IX:138.

N. d. - Death of Mrs. Sarah Parsons Doughty, daughter of Rev. Samuel Worcester, and author of many published childrens stories. L. 128.

Brockton, April 17. - Death of Mr. David Hudson Howard, aged 70 years. He was, for many years, a prominent contributor to New Church periodicals under the signature of D. H. H. Biogr., Mess. 46:247; L. 80.

NEW YORK
New York - Two First German New Church Societies now exist here. The second, familiarly known as Mr. Diehls society or the Lynch Street Society, was organized December 7, 1884. L. 1885:36.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 205

OHIO
Middleport, - Sept. 19-21. - 31st meeting of the Ohio Assn. Report in L. 157. G

PENNSYLVANIA
Philadelphia, May 28. - The American New Church Sabbath School Association holds its 17th Annual Meeting at 22d and Chestnut Streets; Mr. Wm. McGeorge presiding. Manuals for use in schools and families are adopted. L. 96.

May 29-31. - The 64th General Convention is held in the church of the Philadelphia First Society. 22d and Chestnut Sts., reports in Mess. 46:323; critical account of presidents address in L. 106 by E. P. Anshutz.

June 2-4. - The 22d meeting of the American Conference of New Church Ministers. A full eye-witness account of the Ministers Conference and Presidential Address appears in L. 106-7. The Conference appoints a committee to prepare a Book of Prayer and a Book of Hymns for the use of the whole Church. It is recommended that $5,000 be raised each year for missionary work. L. 113, 144.

N. d. - Opposition grows to the proposed investiture of Rev. Jabez Fox into the office of General Pastor of the Maryland Association on the ground of irregular procedures by leaders in the General Convention. L. 106.

RHODE ISLAND
Providence, Oct. 9. - The 109th meeting of the Massachusetts Assn. Reports in M. VIII:App.; L. 176. E Cf. Mins. 12-15 and pp. 10-12.

TENNESSEE
Crossville - The small society here, in charge of Rev. J. P. Smith. is said to be the only one in the South that has a temple of its own. L. 139.

TEXAS
Galveston, March 2. - Rev. W. A. L. Campbell describes his missionary work here in L. 63. 128.

AUSTRALIA
Adelaide, July 7. - The 40th anniversary of the Adelaide Society is celebrated; Rev. E. G. Day presiding. L. 85:16.

EUROPE
GREAT BRITAIN
Rev. G. H. Smith withdraws from the New Church ministry to become a Unitarian. L. 192.

Leeds, May 7. - The cornerstone is laid for a new House of Worship to cost 2,300 and accommodate 240 persons. L. 96.

London, Feb. 11. - At the annual meeting of the Camden Road Society, the membership is reported as 111. L. 58.

June 17. - 74th meeting of the Swedenborg Society. Reports in NCM. 352; L. 128. See esp. the chairmans address.

June 19. - First meeting of the recently incorporated New Church Educational Institute. ML318. vol. 7. p. 260: L. 128. Cf. p. 139. E

Oct. 15. - Death of the Countess of Hopetown. Biogr., NCM. 1885:47.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 206

Newcastle, July 14. - Death of Rev. William Ray, minister of the Nun Street Society, aged 69 years. Biogr., NCM. 84:424; L. 144.

DENMARK
The New Church here is said to comprise about 100 members. L. 33.

GERMANY
Berlin, Oct. 3. - About 40 of the followers of Swedenborg are said to have met on this date to form an Association. L. 192.

SWEDEN
Gothenburg. - A new society is formed here with Mr. Manby, former editor of the Skandinavisk Ny Kyrk Tidning, as leader. L. 32.

Efforts are made by the General Convention and General Conference, looking to the building of a Swedenborg Memorial Church in Stockholm. L. 153, 177.

NOTEWORTHY ARTICLES
Morning Light, vol. 7
The Growth of the Church by R. L. Tafel, p. 461.

New Church Life
Conflicts between Editors, p. 2. First joust between the New Jerusalem Magazine and New Church Life.
The New Church: Its Organization and Government by John Whitehead, pp. 60, 77, 93, 108, 124, 141, 156, 171, 189; 1885, p. 12.
The difference between minister and pastor (editorial), p. 81.
Universals and General Facts in Physiology, pp. 84, 100, 122.
The Error Involved in Total Abstinence by G. N. Smith, p. 118.
Mohammedanism (editorial), p. 129.
Black Garments (editorial), p. 139.
On Episcopal versus One-Man Government in the Church by S. P., p. 143.

New Jerusalem Magazine, vol. 8.
On the Doctrine of Permissions by Scammon, p. 30.
The Magazine regrets the publication of the Spiritual Diary in English, p. 163.
Authority in the New Church by Gilbert Hawkes, p. 269.
A. Protest against the Effort of the Academy of the New Church To Found a new Hierarchy, according to the Organization of the General Church of Pa., p. 316.

Words for the New Church (serial), 1884, vol. III
The Conflict of the Ages by L. H. Tafel, pp. 5-50.
The Government of the Church (a review of the two proposed Constitutions of the General Convention) by W. H. Benade, pp. 51-93 (Cf. M. 8:52).
A Reply to the New Church Review (July, 1883) by W. H. Benade, pp. 93-98.

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PUBLICATIONS - 1884
Anonymous: Manuals of Religious Instruction. Doctrinal Series. No. 1. The Catechism. New York: N. C. Board of Publication. 18pp. AL.

Appleyard, Septimus: Poems and Rhymes. London: Speirs. 50 pp. AL.

Ashby, Rev. J.: The Lord He is God. London: Speirs. 15 pp. A lecture. Tilson.
       Swedenborgs Testimony. London: Speirs. 16pp. Tilson. AL

Bailey, David: The Testimony of Jesus. London: Pitman. In phonetic spelling. Tilson. AL.

Barrett, Rev. B. F.: Footprints of the New Age, being a Verification of Swedenborgs Disclosures Respecting the Last General Judgment. N. C. Popular Series. No. 8. Philadelphia: Swedenborg Publishing Ass. 248 pp. Rev. M. VIII. 670; NCM. 1884:562; L. 1885:45. An optimistic view of the effects of the Last Judgment. AL.

Bayley, Rev. J.: New Church Worthies. London: Speirs. 339pp. Rev. M. IX:481. A series of biographies. AL.

Boyesen, A. Th.: Gudstjenst ordning for Nya Kyrkam. Stockholm. 34 pp. (Contains services for Ordination and consecration of Bishop)

Buss, Rev. J. F.: The Attitude of Modern Christendom towards Christ. London: Speirs. 23pp. AL.
       The Origin and Transmission of Evil. London: Speirs. 22pp. God. London: Speirs. Rev. NCM. 1884:251. A lecture. AL.

       Is Salvation by Faith Alone Possible? London: Speirs. Rev. NCM. 1884:251. A lecture.

Dewson, F. A.: Manuals of Religious Instruction. Bible Series. No. 2. The Gospel Story. New York: N.C.B. P. 224 pp. Rev. L. 1885:76: M. IX:115. AL.

Ellis, Rev. J.: Deterioration of the Puritan Stock and its Causes. New York: Author. 52pp. AL.

Giles, Rev. C.: Our Children in the other Life. Philadelphia: N. C. T. P. Sec. 142pp. Rev. M.VIII:179. AL
       Minnesvarcligheternas. Natur och Nytta. Orebro. 16pp. (Translated by Baron F. von Gedda in Tiskeboda) RL.

       Willie Harpers Two Lives. London: Speirs. 42 pp. Rev. L. 1885:11. A story for the young.

Goyder, Thomas: The Key of Knowledge. Philadelphia: Claxton. 188pp. Rev. M.VII:308. AL.

Hough, Rev. Sabin: Prospectus of a work on Our National Destiny. New York. 24pp. AL.

Madeley, Rev. Edward: The Science of Correspondences Elucidated: The Key to the Heavenly and True Meaning of the Sacred Scriptures. Edited by his son. London: Speirs. 391pp. Rev. NCM. 1884:183. Revised and enlarged by B. F. Barrett in first American ed. Philadelphia: E. Claxton and Co. 742 pp. Rev. L. 1884:148; M. VIII. AL.

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Brickman, Arthur Ott: Em Protest gegen den Versuch der akademiee der Neuen Kirche Eine neue Hierarchie Zu Grunden gemass der organisation der allgemeinen Kirche von Pennsylvanien von Laienbrudern der Kirche des N. J. New York. 15 pp. Anti-Academy tract. AL. S2V6-N.

Odhner, C. T.: Swedish Tracts. Philadelphia: Tract Society. Noted, L. 1884:64. Missionary tracts in Swedish.

Paine, Albert W.: The New Philosophy. Bangor, Me.: O. F. Knowles and Co. 168 pp. Rev. M.IX:51. AL.

Parsons, Theophilus: Memorial of Theophilus Parsons. with portrait. Boston: Mass. N. C. Union. 24 pp. AL.

(PERIODICALS): Hinkley, W. H. Historical Sketch of the Periodical Literature of the New Church in America. In New Jerusalem Magazine, n. s. v. 8: 22, 93, 139, 215, 587; v. 9: 211, 523, 588; v. 10: 153, 277, 346, 412.
Montblatter fur die Neue Kirche. Zurich, vol. 1, 1884 - Col. 45, 1928. Eds.: 1884-1907, Fedor Georwitz; 1908 - Adolph Goerwitz. Name changed to Die Neue Kirche, Jan., 1929, v. 46.
De Nieuwe Courant. Grand Rapids, Mich. 1884. Jacob Quintas. See New Church Magazine, v. 8, p. 678.
Our Church Uses. Mass. N. C. Union 1884-90.
Our Reading Circles. Chicago, Ill., edited by Rev. L. P. Mercer. 1884

Presland, Rev. John: New Truths for a New Age. London: Speirs. 152 pp. Rev. Mess. 48:140. Twelve discourses. AL.

Scocia, Prof. Loreto: Catechismo o Manuale per instruirei fanciulli nelle Dottrine della Nova Chiesa. Florence. 37 pp. Sewall.

Searle, A. H.: General Index to Swedenborgs Scripture Quotations. London: Speirs. 296 pp. Rev. NCM. 1884:143. AL.

Sewall, Rev. F.: Is a New Church Possible? Philadelphia: Claxton. 142 pp. Rev. M. VIII:365. Seven neighborly talks with a sequel. Rev. M. AL.

The New Churchmans Prayer Book and Hymnal: A. Complete Manual of Devotions. Philadelphia: Lippincott. 747 pp. 2d edition; the 1867 edition revised and enlarged. Rev. NCM. 1884:607; M.VIII:742.

A Daily Psalter and Hymnal with Tunes for Schools and Households. New York. 242 pp. Sewall.

Spilling, James: Amid the Corn. London: Speirs. 158 pp. Rev. NCM. 1884:187. A New Church story. AL.
Me and Mine. London: Speirs. Rev. NCM. 1884:560. A New Church story. AL.

Swedenborg Reading Society: Questions of the Day. London: Speirs. 79 pp. Rev. M.VIII:363; NCM. 1884. 145. Papers read before the Society.

Tafel, Rev. Rudolph L.: The Growth of the Church. London: Speirs. 16 pp.
According to your Faith shall it be done unto you. London: Speirs. 15 pp. AL.

Winslow: Memorial respecting the ordination of Mr. Winslow. Copenhagen. 16 pp.

Worcester, Rev. John: Correspondences of the Bible: The Animals. Boston: Mass. N. C. Union. 294 pp. Rev. L. 1884:186; M. VIII:671. Also London: Speirs, 200 pp. Rev. NCM. 1884:250. AL.
A Journey in Palestine. Boston: Mass. N. C. Union. 119 pp. Rev. M. VIII: 118. AL.

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CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
AMERICA. Grover Cleveland wins election (Nov. 4) as 22d President of the U. S.

Financial panic in New York City (May 5-7).

Jehovahs Witnesses, led by Faster Charles Tate Russell, obtain a charter for the Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society.

Gen. Porfirio Diaz becomes president of Mexico (Dec. 1).

ASIA. Annexation of Cambodia (part of China) to French territories (June 19).

Introduction of railroads into China sanctioned by the Government (June 20).

FRANCE. Discovery of inoculative remedy for rabies announced by Louis Pasteur, French chemist (May 19).

GERMANY. German annexations on African slave coast and in the Pacific Ocean are beginnings of a new German colonial policy.


GREAT BRITAIN. 500th anniversary of John Wyclif, English Protestant reformer.

The pope condemns the Irish Land League.

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1885

AFRICA

SOUTH AFRICA
Port Natal, Dec. - News from the New Church Society here; a historical view. NCM. 1886:136.

AMERICA
CANADA
Toronto, Ont., Oct. 7-10. - 22d annual meeting of the Canada Assn. The question of its better representation in Convention is discussed. A. resolution is adopted, asking for a higher quality of the collateral publications used for missionary uses. Report in L. 174.

UNITED STATES

DELAWARE
Wilmington, N. d. - Rev. John E. Smith withdraws from the Wilmington Conference of the Methodist Church and joins the New Church. L. 80.

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
Washington, Oct. 1. - Rev. Jabez Fox resigns his position in the U. S. Treasury to become pastor of the Washington Society. L. 144.

ILLINOIS
Chicago, Nov. 5. - Meeting of the Illinois Assn. The St. Louis Society (Rev. S. C. Eby, pastor) is admitted to membership. (Rev. Rev. T. F. Houts, formerly of the Methodist Church, proclaims his belief in the Heavenly Doctrines. Report in L. 193.

INDIANA
La Porte. - Mr. H. H. Grant now preaches here. L. 112.

KANSAS
Topeka. - The Topeka Society, of which Rev. H. C. Dunham is pastor, is received into the Convention. L. 112.

MARYLAND
Baltimore. - Encouraging report of the progress of the society here. L. 27.

MASSACHUSETTS
Boston, April 2. - The 110th Massachusetts Assn. meeting is attended by 17 ministers and 80 delegates, representing 16 societies with 1, 512 members (the Boston Society alone numbers 629 members). The various societies report great activity. Reports in M. IX:App.; L. 80.

Brockton. - The late Mr. Lyman Clark leaves $10,000 to the Mass. New Church Union; $15,000 to the Brockton Society; $10,000 to the Conventions Theological School, and $10,000 for the fund for supporting poor and needy New Church ministers. L. 144.

Dorchester (Boston). - Under the leadership of Mr. W. H. Alden, a group of New Church men here is gradually crystallizing into a distinct society. L. 194.

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East Bridgewater, Oct. 1. - The 111th meeting of the Massachusetts Assn. Report in M. M:App.

Waltham, June 24. - The 25th year of the Waltham School closes: 70 pupils from Waltham, New Brunswick, Maine, Massachusetts, New York, Pennsylvania, Georgia, Ohio, Illinois, Kansas, Colorado, California, and Oregon, L.128.

OHIO
The records show that twenty-two societies in Ohio have died. The causes are discussed in Mess., Nov. 4, 85, and v. 49:245, and L. 179.

Cincinnati, May 27. - The 18th annual meeting of the American New Church School Association. Report in AL.

May 28-31. - 65th annual meeting of the General Convention. Present: 32 ministers and 46 delegates. A new constitution is adopted. The nongeographical features of the General Church of Pennsylvania are discussed. A general disposition to change the name of the General Convention to The New Church of America meets with legal difficulties. Journal in M. IX:App.; other reports in Mess. 48:309; M. IX:435; L.97. G

June 1-2. - At the Ministers Conference here, valuable papers on doctrine and liturgical matters take first place. Favorably reported in L. 103.

Urbana. - The Girls School here has 40 pupils. L. 176.

OREGON
Portland. - New Church men here organize a society and meet every other Sunday at the house of one of its members. L. 80.

PENNSYLVANIA
Philadelphia, March 6. - Death of Mr. T. S. Arthur, editor and publisher of Arthurs Home Magazine, author of numerous temperance and other stories, and president of the New Church Tract and Publication Society. L. 63.

N. d. - 20th annual meeting of the American New Church Tract and Publication Society. Mess. 48:163; M. n. s. 10:250, 313.

Dec. 13. - Ordination of Rev. William Worcester, son of Rev. John Worcester, by Rev. Chauncey Giles; assistant to Mr. Giles. L. 80; 1886:16.

TEXAS
Galveston. - Twenty to thirty New Church men meet here for worship every Sunday. L.96.

AUSTRALIA
Melbourne. - The Y. M. C. A. here intelligently refuses the application of the Melbourne Society for admission into membership on the ground that the New Church faith is not that of the Evangelical Churches. L. 64.

EUROPE
AUSTRIA
Vienna. - The Vienna Society has on its rolls 427 names but only about 60 active members. It is not yet recognized by the Austrian Government. L. 80.

FRANCE
Paris, June 12. - Death of Rev. J. Edwin Paxton Hood of England, author of a popular biography of Swedenborg. L.125.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 212

GERMANY
Rev. F. Goerwitz continues his arduous work here and in Austria, Hungary, and Switzerland, despite severe financial restrictions. L. 176, 179.

Stuttgart, Wurtemberg, N. d. - The German New Church Society (general body in Germany) holds an annual meeting. Marked doctrinal differences arise between Rev. Fedor Geoerwitz and Dr. Otto Hahn, leader of the liberal movement. L. 1886:17.

GREAT BRITAIN
Various New Church societies have Bands of Hope (total abstinence organizations). L.80.

A number of the churches have Junior Members Societies. Some have 100 to 200 members. L. 112.

Many of the societies hold Harvest Thanksgiving services. L. 176.

Accrington. - The society reports a membership of 500. The Day School scholars number 809; the Sunday School 678. L. 112.

June 22. - 46th annual meeting of the Sunday School Union. Present 17 ministers and 40 representatives. 6, 223 pupils are registered, average attendance 2,566; with 760 teachers. L. 128.

Bristol. - The New Church temple in Terrell St. is depicted in M. L. 1895:166.

Cheltenham, Feb. 14. - Death of Mrs. (Mary Catherine) Hume-Rothery, authoress of The Wedding Guests. Biogr., NCM. 289; Life of Tulk, 2d ed. 1890; L. 63.

Derby, Aug. 10. - General Conference is attended by 28 ministers and 68 representatives. The 64 Conference societies consist of 5,741 members. 474 new members admitted during the past year, of whom 158 are from the Sunday Schools. Assistance is withheld from the Stockholm Society on account of the difficulties there. The American Convention continues its support of Mr. Boyesen. Reports in NCM. 460; L. 160, 171.


Leeds, Scotland, Jan. 1. - Rev. J. Deans becomes pastor of the Leeds Society. NCM. 94.

Jan. 18. - Dedication of the new temple. NCM. 145; L. 1885:48.

London, May 27. - 64th anniversary of the Missionary and Tract Society of the new Church. L. 108.

May 27. - Death of Mrs. Marry Dunn, a remarkable New Church woman. Biogr., NCM. 370.

June 2. - Death of Mr. Henry Butter, aged 90 years. Biogr., NCM. 426.

June 16. - 75th annual meeting of the Swedenborg Society. Report in NCM. 340.

Salford, Nov. - Rev. H. Cameron is now the minister at Salford. NCM. 1885:594.

Ynysmendevy, Swansea Valley, Wales, Oct. 27. - Organization of the New Church society here by 7 families which have been expelled from the Dalvinistic Congregational Church on account of Swedenborgian heresy. John Mainwaring, leader; Mr. L. Michael, secretary. Visits from Rev. W. Rees from Llechryd, Cardiganshire. History in Mess. 57:266; L. 1886: 16.

HUNGARY
Budapest. - A Hungarian, Mr. Arvay Nagy, who is said to be a man of education and favorably inclined to the Doctrines, translates Le Boys des Guays Letters to a Man of the World from the German version into Hungarian. L. 107.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 213

SWEDEN
Gottenburg, Feb. 1. - Ordination of Mr. C. J. N. Manby by laymen. L.48. 64.

Stockholm. - The active state of the New Church in Sweden is described in L. 32. (Bishop Benade discusses the conflicts within the Church. p. 49).

Feb. - Several laymen publish a circular letter defending Pastor A. T. Boyesens position in regard to the recent ordination of Mr. Manby by the New Church Society of Gottenburg. L. 62. 64; Cf. p. 75.

N. d. - The Ecclesiastical Department of the Swedish Government grants to Pastor Boyesens new society the privilege of separating from the established Church, subject to confirmation by the King. L. 80.

The King sanctions full religious liberty to the Stockholm Society. (The first application was made in 1795 by Augustus Nordenskiold) L. 111.

April 26. - The Stockholm Society accepts the new constitution as published in the Skandinavisk Nykyrktiding       

April 26. - The general New Church Society in Sweden accepts unmodified a Constitution drawn up by Messrs. Manby and Laurell. L. 111.

May 31. At the 11th annual meeting of the Believers in the New Church (formerly The General New Church in Sweden), financial reasons are given for dismissing Pastor Boyesen. 130 persons walk out of the meeting, leaving 20 to dispose of the Societys property L. 128.

SWITZERLAND
St. Gall, Sept. 29. - 11th annual meeting of the Swiss New Church Union. The Union now numbers 90 members. Report in L. 194.

NOTEWORTHY ARTICLES
Morning Light, vol. 8
       The Second Coming of the Lord by J. Deans, pp. 151. 161.
       New Church Ethics by F. A. Gardiner. pp. 171. 187
       The Revised Old Testament, pp. 222, 243, 251, 263, 276, 287, 306, 328, 355, 365, 375, 457, 463.
       The Training of Ministers for the New Church by R. L. Tafel. p. 271.
       The Early Records of our Church. p. 315.
       The Catholicity of the New Church by J. H. Spalding. p. 481.

New Church Life
Conversations on Education by Bishop W. H. Benade. pp. 17, 36, 51, 68, 83, 100, 116, 135, 148, 164, 182.
       The Teachings of the Writings concerning Conjugial Love and concerning Scortatory Love by E. D. D., p. 63.

       Total Abstinence to some a necessity. p. 70.
       On the labor question (editorial), p. 113. Cf. pp. 161, 173.
       On the Extension of the General Church of Pennsylvania by W. H. Benade. p. 123.
       Iterated Marriages. p. 184.

       The (Birth) Date of the New Church, p. 184.
       Chart of New Church Education by W. H. Benade. p. 177.

New Church Magazine
Discovery of new Documents concerning Swedenborg by Prove, p. 371.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 214

New Jerusalem Magazine, vol. 9
       The Trend of New Church Thought. p. 311. (An attack on the Academy)
       On Holcombes New Movement by A. E. Ford. pp. 507. 580. 643. (Shows the universalism in it.
       Fords criticisms of Holcombes New Movement answered by Barrett. p. 708.

PUBLICATIONS
Ager, Rev. J. C.: Emanuel Swedenborg. Philadelphia: N. C. Tract Society. 32 pp. A biographical sketch. AL.

Anonymous: Out of the Shadow. In Transitu. A story. By H. C. London: Speirs. 167pp. Rev. NCM. 1885:233. AL.
       The Lord Jesus Christ. By A Disciple of St. Luke. London: Speirs. 21 pp. AL.
       The Psalm of the Good Shepherd. London. Speirs. 75 pp. Rev. Mess. 48:84.
       Psalm XXIII, spiritually explained. AL.

Arthur, T. S.: Lily, the Fireside Angel. London: Speirs. A story in tract form. AL.

Ashby, Rev. Joseph: The World and Life Beyond. London. Speirs. Rev. NCM.1885:235. Missionary lectures. AL.

Barler, Rev. O. L.: Missionary Addresses. Philadelphia: N. C. Tract Society. 56pp. AL.

Barrett, B. F.: Heaven Revealed: Being a popular presentation of Swedenborgs disclosures about Heaven. Philadelphia: Porter and Coates. 382 pp. Rev. L.1886:8; M. IX:610; NCM.1886:182. AL.

Bayley, Rev. Jonathan: New Church Worthies: or, Early but Little-known. Disciples of the Lord in Diffusing the Truths of the New Church. London: Speirs. 339 pp. Rev. NCM. 1885:281; L. 1884:174; 1885:125. A popular series of biographical sketches which originally appeared in The Dawn. AL.

Boston Society: Lists of Members of the Boston Society of the New Jerusalem. March. 1885. Boston: Mass. N. C. Union. 39pp.

Boyesen, Rev. A. T.: Forslag till Forsamlings-Ordning. Stockholm. 8 pp. Noted. L. 1885:59. A Church Order for the New Jerusalem Church in Sweden. (Cf. another scheme (1885) by Messrs. Manby and Laurell)

Brotherton, Mrs. Eliza Harriet: Lectures on the New Church Italian Mission. Edited by Rev. F. Sewall. Boston: Mass. N. C. Union. 52 pp. Noted. L. 1885:107. AL.

Bush, George S.: Reasons for Embracing the Doctrines and Disclosures of Emanuel Swedenborg. With a Memoir of the Author. London: Speirs. 121 pp. AL.

Deans, Joseph: The Present Difficulties. Dangers, and Hopes of Christendom. London: Speirs. Rev. NCM. 1885:236. A lecture. AL.

Doughty, Rev. J.: The Garden of Eden. Philadelphia: Swedenborg Publ. Ass. 156 pp. Rev. M. IX:245. AL.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 215

Ellis (M.D.), John: Address to the Clergy; Skepticism and Divine Revelation. New York. Author. AL.

Ellis, John: Intoxicants, Prohibition. and our New Church Periodicals in 1884-5. New York: Published by the author. 120pp. Rev. NCM. 1886:130; L.1886:7.
       Sixty of its pages are occupied with controversy with New Church Life. AL.

General Conference: Minutes of the First Seven Sessions of the General Conference of the New Church, together with those of other contemporary assemblies of a similar character. Reprinted from original editions. London: Speirs. 297 pp. Rev. NCM. 1885:507; L. 1885:171, 190. AL.
       Rules and Articles of the General Conference of the New Church. London: General Conference. 78pp. Tilson. AL.

Giles, Rev. Chauncey: Wat de Nieuwe Kerk is, en wat Zij niet is. Philadelphia. Rev. L. 1886:7. AL.

Hartman, Joseph: Facts and Mysteries of Spiritism. Philadelphia: Thomas W. Hartley and Co. 278 pp. Rev. L. 1885:192; M.X:50. Disillusioning experiences with spiritualism during seven years by a well-known Pittsburgh New Church man. AL.

Lamb, Rev. J. A.: The Second Coming of the Lord. 24 pp. Rev. L. 1885:93. AL.

Le Boys des Guays, J. F. E.: Letters to a Man of the World. Translated from the German version into Hungarian by Mr. Arvay Nagy. Noted. L. 1885:107. Said to be the first theological work in the Hungarian language.

Mackereth, Rev. Thomas: What Is Heaven? Where Is It? London: Speirs. 16 pp. A lecture. AL.

Manby, Carl Johan Nilson: Forslag the Nya Kyrkans in Sverige Forsamlings Ordning. Gottenburg. L. 85:50. See ANC S2 v. 93 #h.

Mann, Rev. C. H.: Three Sermons on the Healing of the Body through the Soul. New York. 34 pp. (A second edition in 1887) AL.

Paine, Rev. Timothy Otis: Solomons Temple and Capitol. Boston and New York: Houghton. Mifflin and Co. Fully illustrated. Rev. M.X:86; L. 1885:171. A scholarly work by the professor of history at the Conventions Theological School. AL.

(PERIODICALS): Harolden: Nya fiyrkans Sandebud ... Stockholm. March. 1885-December, 1895, v. 1-11 (in 4 vols.). For continuation of this periodical, see Nja Kyrkans Harold. Ed.: J. E. Boyesen.
The Juvenile Magazine. Published for the New Church Sunday-School Union by the Manchester New Church Printing and Tract Society. London ... Manchester. Vol. 1, 1885, to vol. 27, 1913. Eds.: Rev. Isaiah Tansley and others. Junvenila Magazine, v. 1 and 2. 1885-86. 1st new series: v. 1-14, 1887-1900. 2d new series: name changed to Juvenile Magazine and Young Peoples Record. v. 1, Jan.-June, 1901. July, 1901, name changed to New Church Young Peoples Magazine, vols. 1-4, 1901 04. 3d n. s. vols. 1-9. 1905-13. See Annals.
Light for Doubters. See New Jerusalem Tidings. The first issue of the N. J. Tidings (Jan., 1835) was called Light for Doubters.
New Jerusalem Tidings. Toronto. Mission Board of the Canada Assn. of the New Jerusalem. v. 1. No. l-v. 2. Jan., 1885, to Jan., 1889. First issue called Light for Doubters. Continued as New Church Tidings. 1889-94. (see above)

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 216

Reformations-blatter. 1885-87. Antwort aus die Frage: Kedurfen unsere kirchen einer Reformation. Bugleich Aufforderung zur Bildung einer wahren evangelischen, der freien deutschen kirche, von Otto Hahn. Vol. 1, Nov., 1885-April. 1887. Reutlingen. 96pp. Artopeism.
The Review. Young Peoples Assn. of the Boston Society. 1885. Edited by W. H. Alden and others.
Yr Oes Newydd, misolyn ansectol ... Ystalyfera (Wales) Argraffwyd Gan E. Rees ... 1885-86. Cyf (vol.) 1. Text in Welsh.

Presland, Rev. W. A.: The Bible: Its Divine Side. London: Speirs. 16 pp. AL.
       The Bible: Its Human Side. London: Speirs. 16 pp. AL.
       The Bible: its Sceptical Critics Answered. London: Speirs. 16 pp. AL.
       The Spiritual World, London: Speirs. 150pp. Twelve discourses. AL.


Prince, John T.: The Childs Life and Regeneration. Boston: Mass. N. C. Union.19 pp. Rev. L. 1885:107. A paper read before the Mass. Assn.

Reed, Sampson: Observations on the Growth of the Mind. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin and Co. 2d ed. with portrait and biographical sketch by Rev. James Reed. Rev. NCM. 1886:35; L.1885:171. AL.

Robinson, Jonathan: Kristlight Dopoch Nykyrklig omdopning. (translated from the English by Manby. Stockholm. 16pp. Beekman. AL.

Sewall, Rev. F.: Guide to the Holy City. Boston: Mass. N. C. Union. Rev. M. IX:308. AL.

Spillings, J.: Out of the Shadow. London: Speirs. 167pp. Rev. M.IX:308. AL.

Swedenborg Reading Society: Evil Uses. and other Papers. London: Speirs. 72 pp. Rev. NCM. 1885:234.

Tafel, Rev. Louis H.: The Dirge for Pharaoh. Philadelphia: Academy of the New Church. Pamphlet. Text in L.1885:34. AL.

Tafel, Rev. Rudolph L.: The Issues of Modern Thought. London: Speirs. 179 pp. Rev. NCM. 1885:414; L.1885:125. Eight lectures. AL.
       The Training of Ministers for the New Church. 16 pp. London: Speirs. 16 pp. Rev. M.IX:612. An Address. AL.

Thornton, Rev. J. J.: Prayers for the Worship of the Lord Jesus Christ. Melbourne, Australia. 48 pp. Rev. NCM. 1885:419; L. 1885:170. Compiled by the pastor of the Melbourne Society. AL.

Tottie, Henry W.: Jesper Svedbergs lif och verksambet. Bidrag till Svenska Kyrkans historia. Akadenisk avhandling. (Jesper Swedbergs Life and Works. A Contribution to the History of the Church in Sweden. An Academical Dissertation.) Upsala: Academy Printing Office. 2 vols. (1885 and 1886) Rev. L. 1892:75. The most complete biography of Emanuel Swedenborgs father that has ever been published. It is an impartial and thorough work, founded on original documents. AL.

Wilkinson (M. D.), J. J. G.: The Greater Origins and Issues of Life and Death. London: Speirs. 496 pp. Rev. M.IX:547; L. 1886:8; NCM. 1885:416. A brilliant and fascinating discussion of scientific and social problems by a distinguished New Church layman. AL.

Wright, Rev. T. F.: Life Eternal. Boston: Mass. N. C. Union. 183 pp. Rev. L.1885:94. M.IX:304; NCM.1885:236. Twelve sermons. AL.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 217

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
AFRICA. Formation of Congo Free State.

Khartoum captured by the Mahdi (Jan. 26); Gordon slain at Omdurman; relief expedition under Lord Wolseley arrives too late; British forces withdraw from Soudan.

AMERICA. Publication at New York of the Revised Version of the Old Testament (May).

First electric street railway in the U. S. is opened in Baltimore (Aug. 10).

Outbreak of Riels Insurrection in Canada (March).

Riel surrenders (May 15).

GREAT BRITAIN. Defeat of the Liberal Gladstone ministry (June 8).

Formation of Conservative ministry under the Marquis of Salisbury (June 23).

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 218


1886

AMERICA

CANADA
Toronto, Parkdale, March 28. - The Parkdale Society is organized with 18 members under the care of Rev. J. S. David. L. 48, 96.

May 3. - Resignation of Rev. E. D. Daniels. M. X. 448.

June. - Valedictory of retiring editor (Rev. E. D. Daniels) of the New Jerusalem Tidings. Rev. J. S. David succeeds as editor. L. 104.

UNITED STATES
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA, Washington, Feb. 22. - The Maryland Assn. votes to employ Rev. J. E. Smith, formerly of the Methodist Church, as its missionary. M.X:248. M

June 15. - The Washington Society invites Rev. E. D. Daniels to become its pastor. M. X:487.

June 17. - A special committee of the society, on the initiative of Mr. Job Barnard, sends out a circular urging remedies for the unsatisfactory state of the society. L. 104.

Dec. 19. - Rev. E. D. Daniels is installed as pastor. Mess. 52:303.

CALIFORNIA
Riverside, San Bernardino County, April 18. - Dedication of a New Church house of worship; society numbers about 30 members. L. 96.

San Jose. - Rev. N. T. Ravlin, pastor of the First Baptist Church here, is excluded from the Central Baptist Assn. on account of his Swedenborgian views. His congregation retains him. L. 16.

ILLINOIS
Chicago, March 4-6. - A Congress of representatives of the New Church in the West (west of the Pa. state line) is held in the Van Buren St. Temple to further the needs of the New Church in the West. As a result, a Western New Church Union is formed to perform missionary and educational work, establish a bookroom and library, and publish a monthly, New Church Reading Circle (editor, Rev. S. C. Eby). Rev. L. P. Mercer is elected president and secretary. L. 56-59. Cf. p. 65. Also M.X:314. OC

The Chicago Society (Rev. L. P. Mercer, pastor) gives possession of its Lincoln Park Chapel on the West Side to St. James Episcopal Church. It is hereafter to be known as All Saints Church. L. 98, 112.

N. d. - An article on The Swedenborgians in America appears in Svenska Amerikanaren, a Swedish weekly paper here. L. 170.

Olney, Feb. 4. - Rev. T. F. Houts, in a lecture to 600 persons, renounces the Methodist Episcopal Church, and accepts the New Jerusalem Church. L.48; M.X:247.

May 17. - Formation of a New Church Society in Olney. M. X:448.

June 10. - Ordination of Rev. Thomas Franklin Houts by Rev. Goddard. M. X:487.

MAINE
Portland, Jan. 22. - Rev. H. C. Dunham of Topeka is called to the Portland Society. M.X:247.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 219

MASSACHUSETTS
Boston, April 8. - At the meeting of the Massachusetts Assn., a movement is begun to establish an Orphanage. M. X:380. C

N. d. - The Boston New Church Mission opens a reading room for boys and young men and a sewing school for girls at 1441 Tremont St. L. 175.

N. d. - At its semiannual meeting, the Massachusetts Assn. aims at building up the small companies of the New Church within its borders. The German Society of Manchester. N. H. (organized by Rev. A. O. Brickman in 1881), with 29 members. is received into the Assn. L. 175; M. X:App. G

Brookline, Sept. 21. - Death of Mr. Otis Clapp in his 81st year. From 1832 to 1858 he was publisher of the New Jerusalem Magazine. Biogr., by Rev. S. H. Worcester. Mess. 51:235; M. X:689.

Springfield, Feb. 8. Ordination of Rev. Gardiner I. Ward by Rev. Joseph Pettee. He takes charge of the prosperous society here. M.X:248.

Waltham. - The Waltham School now has 65 pupils of whom 19 are girls and all but one or two of New Church connection. L. 80.


MICHIGAN
Detroit, April 27. - Death of Mr. (formerly Rev.) Eugene Laible, aged 62 years. Obit., Mess. 50:266; Biogr., 51:10; M. X:380.

NEW HAMPSHIRE
Manchester. - The German New Church Society in Manchester is the only one in the state. L. 80.

New Ipswich, July 30. - Death of Rev. J. P. Perry. Biogr., Mess. 51:121; M. X:596.

NEW YORK
New York City, Feb. 22. - At the meeting of the New York Assn., the German Society in Newark, N. J. is recognized (31 members). M. X:248. G

June 1-3. - 24th annual meeting of the American Conference of New Church Ministers is held in Brooklyn. L. 112.

May 27-30. - At the 66th meeting of the General Convention, 5, 148 members are reported; with 89 societies, 8 general pastors, 98 pastors and ministers, and 9 authorized candidates and preachers. Journal in M. X:App. (130 pp.).

Aug. Reports also in Mess. 50:309 and L. 112. 170. C

N. d. - Rivalry appears between the newly-formed German New Church Union of N. Y. and the fourteen-year-old German Missionary Union of the New Church in America. L. 139.

Nov. - Death of Rev. Edwin R. Keyes. Biogr., notice, Mess. 51:332.

Dec. 24. - Death of Lieut. Col. E. Hazzard Swinney, aged 67 years. During 14 years, manager of the New Church Board of Publication and the Messenger. Notice in Mess. 52:1.

OHIO
Toledo, Oct. 7. - As a result of the annual meeting of the Ohio Assn. here, a reading circle of 36 adults is organized. L. 175.

The Ohio Assn. is reported to include 12 societies situated in Ohio, parts of Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Kentucky, and Indiana, with 6 ministers and 617 persons. See Journal (54 pp.); L. 22. C

Urbana, July 7. - Rev. Frank Sewall resigns from the presidency of Urbana University. M. X.487; L. 128.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 220

ASIA

SYRIA
Haife - Death of Lady Lawrence Oliphant, known in the U. S. A. as one of the members of T. L. Harris New Life community. L. 48.

AUSTRALIA
Adelaide. - The society here suffers from the prevailing economic depression. L. 48.

Brisbane, Queensland. - The society opens a mission house at Rocklea, capable of holding 120 persons. L. 176.

Sydney, July. - Since Dr. Brereton was forced to give up leadership here for reasons of health, activities are resumed under Rev. J. J. Thornton, with Dr. Jackson as leader. Membership increases from 57 to 86. L. 160.

EUROPE

AUSTRIA
Vienna. - A split occurs in the Verein der Neuen Kirche. The minority favors the form of ecclesiastical government adopted by the General Church of Pennsylvania. L. 1896:188.

DENMARK
Copenhagen. - Though hampered by poverty and debt, the society, under Rev. W. Winslow, numbers 60 adults and 24 children. L. 160.

FRANCE
Troyes, April 20. - Death of Madame Victorine Keller, translator of Giles Nature of Spirit into French. NCM. 291.

St. Amand, Sept. 19. - Death of Madame Le Boys des Guays. Biogr., NCM. 552.

GERMANY
The importance of New Church baptism is said to be recognized more clearly by Germans here and in Switzerland and America. L. 138.

Turbulence and persecution arise out of the meetings held by Mr. Artope. L.112.

GREAT BRITAIN
Bath. - Rev. J. Martin takes ministerial charge of the Bath Society. L. 175.

Blackburn, Oct. 16. - Rev. Mark Rowse is recognized as the minister here. L.192.

Colchester, May 23. - A New Church Sunday School opens here with 30 present. The Academy movement begins here at this time. L. 112, 144.



Glasgow, Scotland, June 28. - Another New Church society is formed of 44 members seceding from the Cathedral St. Society. They worship in the Y. M. C. A. rooms. L.144, 174.

Dec. 8. - Rev. Frank Sewall is now pastor of the South Side Society. NCM. 1887:42.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 221

Heywood, Lancs., Aug. 9. - 79th General Conference. Rev. R. R. Rodgers of Birmingham is elected president. Rev. Dr. J. R. Hibbard represents the General Convention in an address. Dr. Root of Chicago accompanies him. The Conference reports 56 societies and 5,730 members. NCM. 442; L. 160; Cf. 161. G

Liverpool, April 28. - Rev. Isaiah Tansley becomes pastor in Liverpool. M. X:448: L.96.

London, Jan. - The new Catalog of the British Museum reveals that from Jan., 1880, to Aug., 1885, there were four times more publications devoted to Swedenborgianism than to any other form of belief. London Times; Manchester Examiner; L. 123.

April -. - Rev. Thomas Child becomes assistant minister to Dr. Bayley at Kensington. NCM. 94.

May 12. - Death of Rev. Jonathan Bayley, M. A. Ph. D., aged 76 years. Biogr., NCM. 279. 293. 331; M. X:448; L. 96.

May 27. - 65th annual meeting of the Missionary and Tract Society of the New Church at Camden Road. L. 112.

June 19. - Annual meeting of the New Church Educational institute. Dr. R. L. Tafel is re-elected president; Rev. J. F. Potts, vice-president; Mr. Whittington, secretary; and Mr. Gibbs, treasurer. L. 144.

June 22. - 76th annual meeting of the Swedenborg Society. Great interest in the Doctrine in Wales is reported. Report in NCM. 341.

July 13. - Rev. Thomas Child is appointed pastor at Kensington, as successor of Dr. Bayley. NCM. 413.

Aug. - After fourteen years announcement is made of the forthcoming publication of Pottss Concordance, in monthly parts, to fill four volumes. L. 123, 128, 129.

N. d. - The New Church College re-opens with one student. Rev. J. Presland is the theological professor; and Rev. W. C. Barlow, M. A., has charge of secular studies. L. 174.

N. d. - The Peckham Road and Bermondsey Societies unite in one body under the name The South London Alliance of New Church Societies with the Reverend W. C. Barlow as pastor. L. 96.

N. d. - Mr. Storry resigns as editor of New Church Magazine, after serving for 19 years. Rev. John Presland is appointed as editor. L. 157.

Death of Mrs. Sarah Goyder, widow of the late Reverend D. G. Goyder, in her 93d year. NCM. 510.

ITALY
Florence. - Professor Scocia publishes a seven-page pamphlet. giving an account of his work in Italy during 1885-1886. Reviewed in L. 139.

Nov. - After four years interval. Signor Scocia begins the publication of a small monthly periodical, the Bibliotheca della Nuova Epoca, as a substitute for his earlier journal, the La Nuova Epoca (New Age), which continued for 9 years. Mess. 53:81.

POLAND
Monethen. - Rev. A. Schiwsk. 72 years of age, has 48 communicants here, of whom 17 are Poles. L. 16.

SWEDEN
Stockholm, - A New Church Sunday School is established; first of its kind in Sweden. L.16.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 222

SWITZERLAND
Herisan, Oct. 3. - Five members of the Council of the Swiss Union denounce the views of Rev. F. Goerwitz; and transfer the property of the Swiss Union to the Herisan Society. L. 192; 87; 16.

Nov. 7. - The supporters of Goerwitz meet to protest against the Herisan meeting. L. 1887:16.

NOTEWORTHY ARTICLES - 1886
Morning Light
The Principles of Government: its true form and function by T. Socialistic Principles by T. Child, p. 71.
Representations in the New Church by R. L. Tafel, pp. 95, 116, 121.
Ritualism in the New Church by J. Robinson, p. 271.
Sleep: its physiology, uses, and correspondence by J. Presland, p. 391.
The place of the Orphanage in the New Church by R. L. Tafel, p. 433.

New Church Life
Conversations on Education by W. H. Benade, pp. 4, 19, 36, 49, 68, 84, 116, 132, 148, 164, 181.

The Labor Question (comms.), p. 15 (cf. p. 1).

Wine at the Holy Supper by W. A. Presland, p. 14, 47. Cf. pp. 2, 38, 142.

The New Jerusalem Magazine on the Immanuel Church by W. H. Benade, p. 29.
Representatives, pp. 40, 69, 85, 115.
The Essence of True Freedom: What Is It? by G. C. Ottley, p. 50.
The Function of an External Church by W. F. Pendleton, p. 66. Cf. p. 63.
Variation versus Authority, p. 70.

New Church Magazine
Important address from the General Conference to the members of the New Church in Great Britain and Ireland (written by R. J. Tilson), p. 422.

New Jerusalem Magazine, vol. 10
Barrett answers Ford about improvements in the Hells, p. 94.
The Magazine on the Ministry (assumes the golden middle), p. 376.

Words for the New Church (serial), 1886, vol. III
The Conflict of the Ages (series ends with Council of Trent, 1563 A. D.) by L. H. Tafel, p. 103-185.
Pseudo-Celestialism by J. R. Hibbard, pp. 186-211.
The Ministry of Sacred Things among Men by W. H. Benade, pp. 212-219.

PUBLICATIONS
Anonymous:       Steps Towards Heaven: Stories of direction, encouragement, and warning. London: Speirs. 216 pp. AL.
The Garden of Eden by Isaac Sanctuary. Bingley. Yorks: Dawson. 8 pp. 2d ed. A discourage for the young. AL.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 223

Barrett, Rev. B. F.: The Bible? or the Creed? Philadelphia: Swedenborg Publ. Assn. 28 pp. Rev. L. 1887:7; M.X:606. An address to ministers, urging accommodation.
       The Ecclesiastical Spirit, with a Few Illustrations. Rev. L. 1887:26. A pamphlet reprint of articles in the New Church Independent: directed against the Academy and New Church Life.
       The True Catholicism; Revealing the Breadth and Comprehensiveness of the New Christian Church. Philadelphia: Swedenborg Pub. Assn. 177pp. Rev. L. 1886:88; M.X:372. A controversial work. AL.

Bogg, J. Stuart: Pearls for Truth Seekers. London: Speirs. Rev. M.X:438; NCM.1886:332. AL.
       The New Church Birthday Book. London: Speirs. Rev. L. 1886:124; NCM.1886:265; M.X:438. AL.

Brereton, John Le Gay: Beyond the other Poems. Sydney. Rev. M. XI:550.

Child, Rev. T.: Immortality. London: Speirs. 22pp. Rev. NCM. 1886:403. A memorial sermon on the death of Dr. Bayley. AL.

Collingwood, Cuthbert: The Bible and the Age, or, an elucidation of the principles of a consistent interpretation of Scripture. London: Unwin. 418 pp. AL.

Eby, Samuel C.: The Western New Church Union. Chicago: Western N. C. Union. 16pp. An address. AL.

Edger, Rev. Samuel: Autobiographical Notes and Lectures. London: W. Ibister. 328 pp. Rev. L. 1887:26. .4 posthumous publication. edited by the authors daughters. AL.

Ellis (M.D.), John: Religiost Tyvifvel och Guddomlig uppenbarelse. Stockholm. Translated by Boyesen. 2d edition.
       The New Church: Its Ministry, Laity, and Ordinances. New York: Published by the author. 124 pp. Rev. L. 1886:73. Curious views on the priesthood with diatribes on intoxicants. AL.

       The Wine-Question in the Light of the New Dispensation. New York: Author. 728 pp. Actually, five works in one, viz.: 1. Pure Wine: 2. The Wine Question; 3. Reply to the Academy; 4. Intoxicants; 5. Deterioration of the Puritan Stock. AL.

Frost, Rev. Albert F.: Our Childrens Spiritual Nature. Chicago: Western N. C. Union. 18pp. Rev. L.1886:122. An address before the New Church Congr. Chicago. 1886. AL.

General Conference: Manual of the External Organization of the New Church in Great Britain. London: Speirs. 16 pp. Rev. L. 1886:170; NCM.1887:93.


Giles, Rev. C.: De la Nature de 1Esprit et de lhomme considerem commune etre spiritual. Paris.
       II Conflittor fra il Lavoro e il Capitale. Florence. 12 tracts. AL.

       The Nature of Spirit and of Man as a Spiritual Being. New York: N. C. Board of Pub. 206pp. 6th ed. AL.

       The Angels Christmas Tree. London: Speirs. Rev. NCM. 1886:586. AL.

       Une Nouvelle Dispensation de la verite divine. Paris. AL.

Hay, Rev. Henry Clinton: Moral Instruction and Influence of the Sabbath School. Boston: Mass. N. C. Union. 15 pp. Rev. L. 1886:72. A sound address on religious instruction and education. AL.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 224

Hibbard, Rev. J. R.: Pseudo-Celestialism, Philadelphia: Academy Rook Room. 28 pp. A monograph review of Dr. Holcombes Letters on Spiritual Subjects. AL.

Holcombe, W. H.: Helps to Spiritual Growth. Philadelphia: Swedenborg Publ. Ass. 188 pp. Rev. M. X:117. AL.

Leach, George: An Open Letter to Mr. B. F. Barrett. Riverside, California. Rev. L. 1886:88. A spiritualists diatribe against ecclesiasticism.

Mackereth, Rev. T.: The Sun Standing Still at the Command of Joshua. London: Speirs. Rev. NCM. 1886:231.

Odhner, Carl T.: Swedenborg och Nya Kyrkan. Philadelphia.

Paine, Rev. T. O.: The Holy Houses Restored. Rev. NJM. Feb.: L. 1886:41.

PERIODICALS: Biblioteca della Nuova Epoca, 1886, Firenzi, Italy.
       New Church Herald. Published at Eldwick Grange, Bingley, Yorks. Vol. 1. nos. 1-6. Aug., 1886-Jan., 1887. 1 v.
       New Church Reading Circle. Published by the Western New Church Union, St. Louis. Mo. V. 1, April, 1886, to June. 1887. Published in Chicago, Ill., Aug., 1887, to v. 5. 1890. Changed to New Church Reading Circle and Parish Register, Feb., 1889. Editor: S. C. Eby.

Potts, Rev. John: The Reverend Dr. Bayley. London: Speirs. 24 pp. A memorial discourse.

Ravlin, Rev. N. F.: Progressive Thought on Great Subjects. Philadelphia: Swedenborg Publ. Assn. 188 pp. Rev. L. 1885:170; 1886:169; 41.X:606.
       Four sermons preaching Swedenborgian doctrines by the pastor of the First Baptist Church. San Jose, Calif. AL.

Reed, Rev. Sampson: Observations on the Growth of the Mind. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin and Co. New ed., with a biographical notice by James Heed. Rev. M. IX:737. AL.

Smyth, Rev. Julian K.: Footprints of the Savior: Devotional Studies in the Life and Nature of our Lord. Boston: Roberts Bros. 225pp. Rev. M. X:736; NCM.1887:89; I. 1887:7, 26. AL.

Speirs, J.: New Church Almanack and Year Book, 1887. London: Speirs. Rely. NCM. 1886:586.

Spilling, James: Swedenborg and the Brownings. London: Speirs. 16pp. AL.
       The Wreath and the Ring. London: Speirs. 172pp. Rev. L. 1886:139; NCM. 1886:503. M.X:607. A story. AL.

Sundelin, Prof. Robert: Svedenborgianismens historia i Sverigr under forra arhundradet. History of Swedenborgisnism in Sweden during the Last Century. Upsale: W. Schultz. 288 pp. Rev. by C. T. Odhner in L. 1887:27. The author is Professor of Theology at the University of Upsala.

Sutton, N. S.: Poems. Glasgow. Rev. M. XI:550. AL.

Wilkinson (M. D.), J. J. S: Emanuel Swedenborg: A Biographical Sketch. London: Speirs. 296pp. New ed. Rev. M.X:184. AL.

Worcester. Rev. John: Lectures upon the Doctrines of the New Church. Boston: Mass. N. C. Union 97 pp. Rev. L. 1886:41; M. X:239; NCM. 1886:183. AL.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 225
Notes to Heaven and Hell, the Divine Love and Wisdom, the Divine Providence, the True Christian Religion. Prepared for the New Church Correspondence School. Boston: Mass. N. C. Union. Rev. L.1886:23. AL.

Worcester, Rev. Samuel H.: Quod omnis Religio sit Vitae. Bridgewater, Mass. 8 pp. Rev. L.1886:123. A study on the proper translation of religio, presented to the Conference of N. C.
Ministers, July, 1886. AL.

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
AMERICA. The Andover (Theological Seminary) Controversy has its origin in vigorous dissensions over the future state of those heathen to whom the Christian gospel has never been preached.

James Gibbons is created a cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church.

Geronimo and his band of Apache Indians surrender (Sept. 4).

Final abolition of slavery in Cuba (Oct. 27).

Barthodis statue of Liberty Enlightening the World (a gift from France) unveiled in N. Y. harbour (Oct. 28).

Women allowed to vote in Toronto (Jan. 4).

ASIA. Annexation of Burma to British Empire (Jan. 1).

GREAT BRITAIN. Defeat of Conservative ministry on question of governing Ireland (Jan.

Formation of Liberal ministry under Gladstone (Feb. 26).

Formation of new Conservative ministry under Lord Salisbury (July 21).

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 226

1887

AMERICA

CANADA
Berlin, Ont., April 1. - First appearance of Neukirchenblatt, the organ of the German New Church Missionary Union of America. Review in L. 56.

June 16-19. - The Canada Assn. celebrates its 25th anniversary. L. 127.

Toronto, Ont., Feb. 6. - Rev. G. M. Davidson, pastor here, is ordained into the second degree by Rev. F. W. Tuerk. Mess. 52:134.

Aug. 7. - Rev. G. L. Allbutt, B. A., of Cambridge, England, becomes pastor. Mess. 53:92.

UNITED STATES
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA, Washington, Dec. - Rev. E. D. Daniels resigns the pastorate to take up missionary work for the Ohio Assn. Mess. 53:392.

ARKANSAS
Eureka Springs, March 10. - Death of Rev. Adams Peabody. Obit., Mess. 52:155; biogr., p. 206.

CALIFORNIA
Ontario, Dec. 1. - Rev. D. V. Bowen leaves Salem to take charge of the society here. Mess. 53:298; 192.

ILLINOIS
Chicago, Oct. 7-9. - At the meeting of the Illinois Assn. Rev. S. C. Eby is engaged as part-time missionary, the Assn. paying one half of his support and the Peoria Society the other half. L. 176. M


Oct. 27-30. - Organization of the German Synod. Rev. A. J. Bartels ordains J. C. Menschner of Newark, N. J., and J. H. Sudbrack of Iowa. This causes controversy. Mess. 53:298, 316; L. 177, 183.

N. d. - The Van Buren St. Society organizes an Industrial School with 70 pupils and about 12 teachers. L. 32.

IOWA
About 150 receivers are said to be in Iowa, more than half of whom are Germans. Four New Church ministers reside in the State, viz., Revs. J. J. Lehnen, J. J. Kimm, S. Wood, and J. T. V. Croy. L. 16.

KANSAS
Topeka, Oct. 22. - The Osage Society, now nearly extinct, transfers its property to the Topeka Society. Mess. 53:283; L. 192.

Wichita. - Death of Captain William S. White, aged 52 years. He wills $40, 00 to the New Church Board of Publication. He was an ex-student of Urbana University; and editor of the Wichita Beacon. Biogr., Mess. 53:65.

MASSACHUSETTS
Boston and Newton, April 7 and Oct. 6. - 114th and 115th meetings of the Massachusetts Assn. Journals in M. XI:App. 114th--see Min. 24, Brookline report, p. 14- -relations with other churches. C

MICHIGAN
Detroit, June 9-12. - 67th General Convention. Full reports in Mess. 52:337; L. 101-110; M.XI:437. G

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 227

June 14. The former American Conference of New Church Ministers is dissolved on the ground of decreasing interest. Its uses are taken over by the Council of Ministers of the General Convention. L. 114. Accounts of the last meeting in L. 136; Mess. 52:346.

MINNESOTA
St. Paul, Nov. 6. - A New Church temple is dedicated by Rev. E. C. Mitchell. Mess. 53:363.

MISSOURI
St. Louis, Oct. - Rev. S. C. Eby resigns as pastor of the English New Church Society. Mess. 53:202; L. 176.

N. d. - Mr. E. B. Beyer establishes a German New Church School in the First German N. J. Church. L. 127.

Wellsville, - Two small societies adjacent to Wellsville unite under Rev. G. Reiche as pastor. L. 64.

NEW JERSEY
Beach Haven, Jul- 18. - Death of Mr. Charles T. Parry of the Baldwin Locomotive Works, Philadelphia: a contributor to the building of the Chestnut St. Church; and one of the founders of the Beach Haven (N. J.) resort. L. 144; C. E. Nash. The Lure of Long Beach (1955). pp. 74. 86.

Orange, Sept. 11. - Dedication of a New Church temple here. Mess, 53:154.

Oct. 7. - Death of Professor George James Webb; for many years the organist of the Boston Society. Biogr. Mess. 53:284; L. 1888:55.

NEW YORK
New York City, Jan. 22. - Death of Mr. John Allen, aged 84 years; publisher of New Church works; one of the founders of the American Swedenborg Printing and Publishing Society. Biogr. Mess. 52:70.

April 4. - Death of Rev. Sabin Hough, aged 75 years; ordained in 1847. Obit., Mess. 52:210.

N. d. - .The Young Peoples League of the New York Society conducts a Mission School of 100 pupils and an Industrial School of 130 pupils. L. 32.

Oct. - Death of Miss Wealtha A. Neale in Brooklyn leaves extensive bequests to New Church organizations, which the Courts confirm. L. 128.

Long Island, Hempstead. - New Church men in Garden City and Hempstead form a society here. L. 16.

N. d. - Rev. W. H. Bastow, former Methodist minister, acts as Colporteur in Long Island. L. 16.

OHIO
Pomeroy, June 19. - Death of Hon. Tobias A. Plantz, aged 76years; at one time vice president of the General Convention; also a lay preacher. Biogr., Mess. 53:10 and Mess. 52:351.

PENNSYLVANIA
Clifton Heights, Oct. 5. - Death of Mr. Thomas Kent. aged 75 years: a manufacturer and prominent member of the New Church in Darby. Obit. Mess. 53:289.

Darby, Nov. - The Darby church is destroyed by fire of unknown origin. L. 192.

Philadelphia. - The German New Church Missionary Union with headquarters at 1011 Arch St. appeals for financial support. It publishes, imports, and distributes German New Church books, pamphlets, and tracts. and contributes to the support of German preachers. L. 7.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 228

TENNESSEE
Chattanooga, Dec. - Revival of New Church services here by Rev. J. P. Smith, who preaches three Sundays each month. Mr. D. H. Rains is secretary. Mess. 54:8.

TEXAS
Galveston, Aug. 7. - Dedication of a New Church temple. Mess. 59:155: L. 144.

AUSTRALIA
Adelaide, June 23. - Third meeting of the Australasian Conference of the New Church. It is decided to publish a monthly journal, The New Age. Mess. 53:106; NCM. 462; L. 176.

Sydney, January. - Resignation of Dr. H. W. Jackson as leader. NCM. 290.

ASIA

INDIA
Public libraries at Bombay, Calcutta, and Rangoon are supplied with New Church books. L. 128.

EUROPE
FRANCE
Paris. - M. and Mme. Human receive valuable lecturing support from an eloquent barrister, M. Henri Bertheau, LLD. L. 32.

A Biblical Society of the New Christian Church, called the New Jerusalem is formed. L. 32.

N. d. - Mr. Nussbaum opens a mission school here for about 50 poor children. L. 176.

GERMANY
Berlin, April. - Mr. Artope claims to have a personal revelation, a perception from the Lord, a sensible life in the heavens. L. 74; Mess. 52:290.

June. - Rev. T. F. Wright visits the New Church circles in Germany. In Berlin he meets Albert Artope and is favorably impressed but says he would be benefitted by a thorough study of the Doctrines. Mess. 53:51.

Monethen, East Prussia. - Rev. Adam Schiwek has a preaching circuit of seven townships near the Russian boundary line. His Polish society numbers 17, and his German society, 43. L. 32.

March 19. - Death of Rev. Adam Schiwek, aged 74 years. Converted to the New Church in 1876, he made 60 converts, despite persecution by the Imperial government. His last report (for 1886) appears in Mess. 52:93. Biogr., Mess. 52:275.

June. - New Church men here continue services under the leadership of Mr. Frontzek. A small fund is raised for the widow of the late Reverend A. Schiwek. This is the last news of the New Church in Monethen. Mess. 53:22, 38.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 229

Reutlingen, Aug. 2. - Death of Mr. Gustaf Werner, founder of the Brother-house in Reutlingen, aged 78 years. Although connected with the early history of the New Church in Germany, he had for many years devoted himself exclusively to establishing homes and schools for orphans. L. 192.

Stuttgart, Sept. 11. - 13th meeting of the general New Church body of Germany. The application for membership from Mr. Artopes Berlin Society of 53 members is not acted upon. L. 192.



GREAT BRITAIN
The jubilee year of Queen Victorias reign is celebrated by various New Church societies: and especially by the Swedenborg Society. L. 127.

N. d. - Steps are taken by the New Church general bodies in Britain and America to assure financial support to Rev. J. P. Potts so that he may devote all his time to the completing and editing of the Concordance. L. 81, 97, 110, 182.

N. d. - In England 13 New Church Day Schools are reported with a total attendance of 4,042 pupils. L. 1.

Bolton. - Resignation of Rev. Thomas Mackereth for 9 years, minister of the Bolton Society. L. 96.

Heywood, N. d. - The society at Heywood appoints Mr. George Meek of Cambridge as assistant to the pastor, Rev. Richard Storry, who has just concluded fifty years of ministerial service. L. 176.

Leeds, June 15. - 48th meeting of the Sunday School Union: 52 ministers and representatives attend. L. 128.

London, June 28. - The Swedenborg Society holds its 77th annual meeting at 36 Bloomsbury St. Its reports are unusually interesting. NCM. 376; L. 127.

August 8-12. - 80th General Conference is held in the Argyle Square Church; Dr. R. L. Tafel presiding. NCM. 456. Lengthy reports in L. 158. 174.

Manchester, May 11. - 16th annual meeting of the Manchester Printing and Tract Society. The Society employs a colporteur. L. 128.

Newcastle. - Rev. J. F. Buss accepts the pastorate of the Newcastle Society. L. 176.

N. d. - Rev. J. R. Boyle requests that his name be dropped from the list of Conference ministers. L. 176.

Paisley, Scotland. Oct. 6. - Annual meeting of the Scottish Association of the New Church. Report in NCM. 605.

Dec. 18. Mr. Lewis A. Slight becomes minister at Paisley. History of the Society is given in NCM. 1888:93.

Preston, May 17. - Rev. W. T. Stonestreet begins his pastorate here. L. 128.

RUSSIA
The first public lecture on Swedenborg and his works in Russia is said to have been arranged by Mr. C. E. Kerby for April 23 (O. S.). L. 96.

SWEDEN
Stockholm, May 13. The King of Sweden allows the establishment of Mr. Manbys Swedish Congregation of the New Church in Stockholm. L. 128. Six regular societies in Sweden are now reported besides nine smaller circles of receivers. L. 192.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 230

SWITZERLAND
Appenzell. - The Circuit Court of Appenzell renders a decision in favor of Rev. A. Goerwitz and his followers. L. 96.

St. Gall, July 10. - After an exciting meeting. Rev. F. Goerwitz is elected president of the Swiss Union of the New Church. L. 144. G

              
NOTEWORTHY ARTICLES - 1887
Morning Light, vol. 10
       The Conflict between Labour and Capital by C. Giles. p. 21.
       Emanuel Swedenborg by J. F. Buss, pp. 291, 301. 311.
       The Wine of the Holy Supper by R. L. Tafel, p. 451.
       Swedenborgianism and Spiritualism by J. D. L.--pp. 503, 513.

New Church Life, vol. 7
Conversations on Education by W. H. Benade, pp. 5, 21, 37, 53, 68, 85, 116, 133, 150, 181.
Liquor Legislation, pp. 18, 45, 141.
       The Church in Sweden (A review of Sundelins History of Swedenborgianism). p. 27.
       New Church Orphanage by W. F. Pendleton, p. 44.
       The New Church Christmas (discussion by Frank Sewall and others). pp. 49, 53, 94. (Cf. Mess., March 2, 1887) 52:113.
The Kalewala, p. 71.
Growth of the New Church by G. N. Smith. p. 77.
Our Young in the Church (comm.) by F. A. Gardiner. p. 171.
The Reconstruction of the Sciences by C. T. Odhner, p. 188.

New Church Messenger, vol. 53
Withholding the Divine Origin of the Doctrines by the Editor, p. 195.

PUBLICATIONS
Ager, Rev. J. C.: Spiritual Stewardship. Philadelphia: American N. C. Tract Society. Rev. NCM. 1887:195. Three sermons. AL.

Anonymous: Dictionary of Correspondences. Boston. 9th ed. BI. AL.

Artope, Albert: Neukirchliches Gesangbuch. Berling, Germany. Published by the compiler. 30 hymns and songs, Noted. L.1887:167.

Barrett, Rev. R. F.: Ends and Uses. A Compilation from the Writings of Emanuel Swedenborg. Philadelphia: Swedenborg Assn. 160pp. AL.

Bayley, Rev. Jonathan: The Divine Word Opened. With portrait of author and a lengthy memoir by Rev. J. Presland. London: Speirs. 658 pp. Rev. NCM. 1887:192. This Memorial Edition was published in England for only one shilling and sixpence. AL.

Bogg, J. Stuart (Comp.): Gems of Heavenly Wisdom. from the Writings of Swedenborg. London: Speirs. 350pp. Rev. NCM. 1887:286; M. Xl:373. AL.

230



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 231

Brereton, John le Gay: Beyond, and other poems. Sydney: Turner. Rev. NCM. 561.
       The Triumph of Love. Sydney. 156 pp. A collection of poems. AL.

Boyesen: Andliga Perlor ur N.J.s Skattkammare; Stockholm: J. W. Hohn. AL.

Burnham, Rev. N. C.: Discrete Degrees in Successive and Simultaneous Order. Illustrated by diagrams. Philadelphia: Academy of the New Church. 1821 Wallace St. 174pp. Rev. L.1890:42. Cf. 1886:72; 1888:63; M. XII:687. Long regarded by the best thinkers in the New Church in America as a classic statement of the Doctrines of Discrete Degrees and the Glorification of the
Lord as seen at the time. AL.

Child, Rev. Thomas: The Key to Life; Its Facts and Difficulties. London: Speirs. 189pp. Rev. Mess. 53:192. AL.

Collingwood, Cuthbert: The Bible and the Age; or, An Elucidation of the Principles of a Consistent and Verifiable Interpretation of Scripture. London: T. Fisher Unwin. Rev. L. 121: Cf. 158. 159; NCM. 187. AL.

Dyer, Rev. Oliver: Six Sermons on Leading New Church Doctrines. N. Y.: Cooper Union. 79 pp. Rev. Mess. 53:337; M. XII:51. AL.

Eby, Rev. S. C.: Emanuel Swedenborg and the Church of the New Jerusalem. St. Louis: The First Society 20pp Rev. L.73. No. 1 of a series of New Church Chapel Discourses. AL.

Ellis, (M. D.). John: The New Christianity. New York: Published by the author. 511pp. Rev. L. 91; M. XI:676. On disease, urine, etc. AL.

Ellis, J.: Unglaube and Offenbarung Translated into German by A. Roeder. Vineland. N. J. 294 pp. AL.

Giles, Rev. C.: Steps toward Heaven. Philadelphia: Alden. 148 pp. Rev. M. XI:674. AL. Arch. NCCL. 52; G. 39 1

Higgins, Rev. F. L.: The Heretics Sermon. London: Speirs. Rev. L.41. A quaint and entertaining missionary appeal in ballad form.

Holcombe, W. H.: Condensed Thoughts about Christian Science. Chicago: Purdy Publishing Co. 53 pp. Rev. Mess. 54:76; L. 1888:108. AL.

Mann, Rev. Charles H.: Five Sermons on Interior Spiritual Living. New York: Cooper Union. 44 pp. Rev. NCM. 1888:88. AL.

       Three Sermons on the Healing of the Body through the Soul. New York: N. C. Board of Publication. Rev. L. 1888:109. AL.

Mercer, Rev. L. P.: The New Birth with a chapter on Mind Cure. Chicago: C. H. Kerr and Co. 127 pp. Rev. Mess. 53:14; NCM. 1888:188: L.1887:121. An outline of mans regeneration AL.

Padgham, Richard: In the Midst of Lift We Are in Death; A Laymans Thoughts. London: Kegan Paul. Rev. NCM. 1888:44.

PERIODICALS:

       Die Neue Kirche, Berlin, Germany. 1887-91. Edited by A. Artope. vols. 1-5. Name changed to Aufwarts in 1893. See NCL. v. 87. p. 41.

       Neukirchenblatt 1887-1910. Berlin, Canada, and Lancaster, Pa., vols. 1-23, monthly. Ed.: Rev. Louis H. Tafel.

       New Age. An Australian monthly journal, advocating the doctrines of the New Church. Published for The New Church in Australia, Melbourne, Brisbane, vol. 1. 1887, to date.

231



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 232
New Church Monthly, Colchester, England. 1887-92. 1 vol., 248pp. (Early numbers not paged) Early nos. have title, The Colchester New Church Standard, 1893-96, 1922-23. Eds. : C. A. McQueen. F. E. Gyllenhaal, R. J. Tilson, G. C. Ottley.

Pooley, C.: Aben-Ben-Israel: or the Vision of Judgment. London: Speirs. 18 pp. 2d ed. Rev. L. 1887:120. A little tale written in imitation of the style of the Ancient Church. AL.

Reed, (James), Worcester and J. K. Smythe: The New Church in its Relation to Other Organizations. Boston: Mass. New Church Union. 36 pp. Rev. L. 1888:9. Printed by order of the Mass. Assn. An important discussion by three leaders of the General Convention. AL.

Scocia, L.: Biblioteca della Nuova Epoca. Florence. Rev. NCM. 1887:193.

Sturge, Charlotte: A Short Memoir of Frederic Allen. Bristol: J. W. Arrowsmith. Rev. NCM. 1888:86.


Tafel, Rev. Rudolph L.: The Raising of Lazarus from the Dead. London: Speirs. 16 pp.

Thompson, John A.: History of the Boston Highlands Society of the New Jerusalem. Boston. 109 pp. Rev. Mess. 54:366; M. XII:435. AL.


Wetterling, C. H.: (Philangi Dasa): Swedenborg the Buddhistm or the Higher Swedenborgianism; its Secrets and Thibetan Origin. Los Angeles: The Buddhistic Swedenborgian Brotherhood. Rev. L. 1888:24: NCM. 1892:10. A theosophical attack on the New Church. AL.

Wilkinson, (M. D.), J. J. G.: Revelation, Mythology. Correspondences. London: Speirs. 244pp. Rev. M. XI:552; Mess. 53:128; NCM. 1887:284; L. 1888:12. A collection of brilliant essays, centering on the religions of ancient man. AL.

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
AFRICA. Annexation of Zululand to the British Empire (May 12).

Anglo-French convention neutralizing the Suez Canal (Oct. 24).


AMERICA. Women allowed to vote in Kansas (Feb. 16).

Excommunication of Dr. McGlynn in New York for advocacy of land theories of Henry George (July 8).

Death of the Reverend Henry Ward Beecher, Congregational preacher and lecturer.

Statue of Liberty is unveiled on Bedloes Island. New York Harbor (Oct. 28).

GREAT BRITAIN. Opening of the Peoples Palace in London (May 14).

Jubilee celebration in London of the 50th anniversary of Queen Victorias accession to the throne (June 21).

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 233

1888


AFRICA


MAURITIUS
Monthly services are still held here with attendances varying from 30 to 110. The De Chazals are prominent and numerous. L. 1889:32.


AMERICA


CANADA
Berlin, Ont., June 28-July 1. - 25th meeting of the Canada Assn. The Strathroy Society is virtually defunct. L. 144. Report in Mess. 55:25.

Toronto, Ont., Aug. 1. - Rev. G. L. Allbutt of London is engaged as pastor for five years. Mess. 54:296.

Dec. - Rev. J. S. David resigns from the Parkdale Society to become the minister of the New Church in Minneapolis. Mess. 55:360.

UNITED STATES
The General Convention reports 98 societies with 5,177 members and 8 isolated societies. The clergy number 108. All the larger societies in North America are connected with the Convention except the First Society of Philadelphia and two German ones in St. Louis. Conv. Journal, 1888.

CALIFORNIA
The New Church Pacific reports 10 New Church organizations on the Pacific slope, viz., the San Francisco First Society (OFarrell St.), the San Francisco Society (Sutter St.); societies in San Diego, Riverside, Oakland, Portland (Ore.), Ballston (Ore.), Alameda: the Oakland New Church Assn.; and the Berkeley Circle. N. C. Pacific. 1:4.

Ontario. - The Land Company of Ontario gives 6 building lots to the Ontario Society. Most of the large number of New Church families here came from Ontario, Canada. L. 80.

San Diego. - Early instances of cremation, under New Church auspices, are noted in L. 144.

ILLINOIS
Joliet, May 12. - Death of Mr. Martin C. Bissell, aged 86 years. He wills an estate of $250. 000 almost entirely to New Church organizations; legal contest ensues. Obit. Mess. 54:410: L. 96, 128.

Olney. - The Olney Society purchases a Moravian chapel. Mess. 55:248.

N. d. - Rev. A. J. Bartels, now a Christian healer, organizes a society separate from the one of which he was pastor. L. 112.

INDIANA
Kokomo, Jan. 12. - Dedication of a New Church building by Rev. L. P. Mercer. The $30,000 building is the gift of the late Mr. Lewis Defenbaugh of Kansas and includes a large hall, library, and stores. History of the movement here since 1874 in Mess 54:73.

La Forte, Sept. 1. - Resignation of Rev. H. H. Grant. Mess. 55:120.

Richmond, August 10. Death of Dr. Oliver Ferry Baer, aged 72 years. The most prominent New Church man in Richmond; founder of the society and a great student of the Writings. Mess. 55:127; L. 160.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 234

KANSAS
Pawnee Rock, Barton Co., Nov. - Here Rev. A. J. Bartels finds 10 families, formerly Mennonites, who are receivers of the Doctrines. He organizes them into a society of 15 members. Mess. 46:9.

Topeka. - Rev. Gustav Reiche takes charge of the Kansas and Missouri Mission for one year. L. 175. Mess. 46:105.

MAINE
Portland, Aug. 25. - 53d annual meeting of the Maine Assn. Report in L. 175.

Dec. 3. - Death of Mr. Oliver Gerrish, the patriarch of the New Church in Maine; prominent in the General Convention for 50 years. He was born in 1796. Biogr., Mess. 55:377.

MARYLAND
Baltimore, Jan. 9. - Death of Mr. Charles Reese, aged 65 years; one of the strongest members and supporters of the New Church in Baltimore since 1850. Biogr., Mess. 54:108.

MASSACHUSETTS
Abington, July 25. - Celebration of the 50th anniversary of the ordination of Rev. Joseph Pettee. Biogr., M. XII:526; L. 144.

Ashburnham, July 4. - Death of Dr. Abraham T. Lowe, aged 91 years. Almost the last survivor of the first generation of the Boston Society; one of the most widely known and esteemed members. Obit., Mess. 55:126; Biogr., M. XII:533.

Boston, Jan. 6. - The Boston Young Peoples Assn. decides to issue a call for the organization of an American Union of New Church Young Peoples Societies. Mess. 54:40.

May 19. - 1st Convention of the American League of New Church Young Peoples Societies. 15 young peoples societies report. A constitution is proposed. See Minutes and Reports (53 pp.); L. 180.

May 19-22. - 68th General Convention. Full reports in Mess. 54:337; L. 85; 88-94, 97. G Cf. Discussion and action in re the role and powers of general pastors and The Masculine and Feminine.

N. d. - Mr. John A. Thompson writes a history of the Boston Highlands Society. L. 106, 125.

Kingston, Nov. 26. - Death of Mrs. Hannah Carll, aged 79 years, widow of Rev. M. M. Carl, the first New Church pastor in Philadelphia. Obit., Mess. 55:367.

Newtonville, Oct. 26. - Death of Col. M. Pulsifer of the Boston Herald. Aged 45 years, he was a wealthy member of the Newtonville Society and for several years president of the New Church Board of Publication. Biogr., Mess. 55:298.

Salem. - Deaths of Miss Mary Eveleth (aged 83 years) and Mrs. Hannah Ingersoll (aged 55 years); two of the original 13 members of the Salem Society. L. 1889:48.

Shrewsbury, Jan. 7. - Death of Rev. Joshua Trowbridge Eaton, aged 84 years. An Episcopal priest until 1856, when he was deposed on account of Swedenborgianism; preached at Urbana, Wilmington, Yarmouth until 1870, when he retired on account of ill health. Obit., Mess. 54:239; biogr., M. XII:238.

MICHIGAN
Oct. - 12th annual meeting of the Michigan Assn. Discussion on missionary uses. Journal; L. 180. M

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 235

MINNESOTA
Minneapolis, May 1. - Rev. W. H. Butterfield resigns on account of poor health. Mess. 54:232.

NEW YORK
New York City, - Feb. 22. - 24th annual meeting of the New York Assn. Full report and editorial criticism in L. 49, 59. G General pastors office discussed. Cf. Gen. Conv.

N. d. - A proposal by The New Christianity to merge with the New Church Messenger is declined by the Board of Publication on the ground of incompatibility. L. 125.

N. d. - Mr. N. N. Ailing, a young Danish sculptor and a member of the Copenhagen Society, makes a new bust of Swedenborg. L. 32

Riverhead, July. - Rev. George M. Davidson is now minister here. Mess. 55:8.

OHIO
Belleville, Richland Co., Aug. - Proposal to erect a monument to Jonathan Chapman (Johnny Appleseed). (It was subsequently erected.) Mess. 55:185.

Cincinnati, Oct. 25-28. - 2d annual meeting of the German Synod. Report in L. 192. G Trinal order of priesthood rejected.

Urbana, Jan. 29. - Celebration of the bicentennial of Swedenborgs birth. Report in Mess. 54:120.

Oct. 11. - 35th annual meeting of the Ohio Assn. An important discussion on the uses of General Pastors and the strength and weakness of the episcopal form of government. Journal, N. J. Magazine (Dec., 1888); L. 175; 89:7-8. G

PENNSYLVANIA
Philadelphia, January 8. - Rev. C. Giles celebrates his 10th anniversary in the pastorate of the First Philadelphia Society. He estimates that 750,000 copies of discourses delivered to this Society within the last eight years have been distributed. L. 32.

TENNESSEE
Bridgeville, Chattanooga. - A society is formed here; Rev. J. P. Smith officiates. L. 48.

TEXAS
Galveston, Dec. 24. - The Galveston Society has 22 members and a Sunday School of 20 but no pastor. L. 1889:15.

AUSTRALIA
The Australian Conference reports four societies, viz: Adelaide (53 members). Melbourne (82). Brisbane (70), and Sydney (85). Total membership in Australia is estimated at 1, 400. L. 48.

Adelaide, Jan. 29. - Celebration of Swedenborgs 200th birthday. NCM. 373; L.96.

July 9. - The Society celebrates its 44th anniversary; brief history in The New Age (Aug.).

NEW ZEALAND
Auckland, - A small society here has a dozen members. L 48.

N. d. - Death of Mr. John Lambert, aged 63 years, one-time leader of the Auckland Society. L.64.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 236

Christchurch, Oct. 1. - A New Church revival here. Once 3 numerous society but was shattered by joining with the Free Thinkers: no organization for more than ten years; about 20 sincere members left. Mess. 56:24.

EUROPE


AUSTRIA
Vienna. - A New Church society is founded by Mr. Frederick Stamminger, aided by Rev. Fedor Georwitz (Zurich). The Doctrines have been known and propagated for a long time here; and for their sake Mr. Stamminger and others were even in prison about the middle of the century. I. 1810:450

June. - 30 persons including the pastor, Rev. F. Goerwitz, sign an Instrument of Organization for the Vienna Society. L. 160

DENMARK
Copenhagen, Aug. - Account of the terrible poverty among New Church people here in Mess. 55:201.

FRANCE
Paris, Jan. 22. - Organization of the Societe Francaise de la Nouvelle Eglise Chretienne dite Nouvelle Jerusalem at Rue Thonin by M. and Madame Humann. Interesting account of the New Church in France and of the opposition of many to the distinctive establishment of the New Church, by Dr. J. K. Hibbard. Mess. 54:153.

N. d. - M. and Mme. Humann give the $50,000 Church property in trust to the General Convention in America. They also pay the regular expenses of maintaining services. L.48.

July. - Rev. Frank Sewall visits Paris; he describes the state of the Church there in Mess. 55:121.

GERMANY
Stuttgart, Oct. - The German New Church Union is dissolved; a Committee of three appointed to take over its property. A Swedenborg Vercin is organized. Mess. 55:360.

N. d. - Mr. Albert Artope issues a call to New Church men in Germany, Austria, and Switzerland for the formation of a new association to replace the defunct Union of Germany. L. 1889:16.

GREAT BRITAIN
The General Conference reports 5,822 registered members. 38 ministers, and 5 lay preachers. Five societies, with 108 members, are not connected with Conference. L. 155.

Thirteen New Church Day Schools are reported in England, with 5. 475 pupils. L.112.

The wine question continues to he the subject of much controversy in England. L.96.

Accrington, Aug. 13-18. - 81st General Conference. Considerable discussion on the wine question. Reports in NCM. 466; L. 160: Mess. 55:268-170. See Journal (with Index). C

Bath. - The annual report of the Bath Society contains a history of the society from its earliest days to 1898, written by the treasurer. Mr. David Chivers. L. 1889:78.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 237

Birmingham. - The valuable library of Mr. J. R. Boyle is purchased by the Society for 500. L.106.

Bolton. Sept. - Rev. J. T. Treeth becomes minister here. NCM. 420; L. 176.

N. d. - Mr. James Dakeyne writes and publishes a history of the Society from 1781 to 1888. L. 155.

Cheltenham. Oct. 27. - Death of Rev. William Hume-Rothery, aged 66 years; a Church of England clergyman who received the Doctrines. He married Mary C. Hume, the New Church author. Biogr. NCM. 1889:94: Obit., Mess. 56:142.

Glasgow, Scotland. May 17. - Rev. F. Sewall leaves the South Side Society. L.112.

Oct. 4. - Annual meetings of the Scottish Assn. and the Church in Scotland, at the Cathedral St. Church. Reports in NCM. 564.

Hull, Dec. 3. - Rev. G. H. Lock becomes minister at Hull. NCM. 1889:45.

London, N. d. - The Swedenborg Society begins to publish Potts Concordance (publication completed in 1902). L, 1946:606.

N. d. - The Swedenborg Society declares the publication of Swedenborgs scientific and philosophical writings to be one of the legitimate uses of the Swedenborg Society. L. 125.

N. d. - The Council of the New Church College resolves to establish branches at Accrington, Birmingham, and Leeds to assist young men engaged as missionary preachers. L.96.

Oct. 31. - Seventh annual meeting of the New Church Orphanage. 26 orphans are at present under its care. L. 192.

Manchester, April. - The Peter Street church building is sold after nearly 95 years of usefulness. NCM. 1890:89: L. 159.

May 8. - 17th annual meeting of the Manchester Printing and Tract Society at Peter St. L. 112.

Walworth. - The Society, by a very large majority, votes to continue the use of two wines at the Holy Supper. L. 96.

HUNGARY
Buda-Pesth. - The Society here is said to have dwindled away to only a few. L. 64.

ITALY
Florence, Nov. - Drs. Hibbard and Sewall visit Florence. The work of Loreto Scocia is described in Mess. 55:393.

SWEDEN
Stockholm, Jan. 29. - The members of the Royal Academy honor Swedenborgs birthday at the Grand Hotel. Full reports in Mns. XII:272: L. 32, 41-45.

SWITZERLAND
Zurich, July. - Revs. Sewall and Hibbard visit the New Church here. Interesting account in Mess. 55:170, 202.

Sept. 9. - 13th annual meeting of the Swiss Union of the New Church. Revs. Sewall and Hibbard of America are present. Rev. F. Goerwitz is re-elected pastor of the Union for six years. Reports in Mess. 55:281; L. 176.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 238

NOTEWORTHY ARTICLES - 1888
Morning Light, vol. 11
       Concubinage and New Church Doctrine by J. F. Buss, p. 261.
       The Soul, or Rational Psychology by T. Mackereth, pp. 353. 366, 386.
       History of the Bolton Society by R. S. D. p. 503.

New Church Life, vol. 8

       Conversations on Education by Bishop W. H. Benade, pp. 5, 20, 37, 52, 68, 84, 100, 117, 135, 164.

       Prudence in the Marriage Relation, p. 6. 47.

       Discussion on Wine in the Holy Supper, pp. 6, 38, 46, 55, 129, 141, 142, 145.

       Imagination by E. S. Hyatt. p. 20.
       On the Relation of the Scientific Works to the Writings by W. H. Acton. p. 21.

       Discussion on Vestments in Heaven and the Church. pp. 31, 46, 47, 62, 114, 127, 184.
       The Royal Academy of Sciences in Stockholm by C. T. Odhner. p. 40.
       That Love is Life and that Life is Eternal by N. D. Pendleton, p. 57.
       Rewards and Punishments in Schools, pp. 72, 85, 105.
       The desire for a new translation of the Word (A history of the movement), p. 73; cf. p. 95.
       Early History of the Church in Iowa by S. Wood, p. 77.
       Henry George and New Church Doctrines, pp. 79, 81.
       Concubinage and New Church Doctrine (beginning of a prolonged discussion by E. J. E. Schreck, J. F. Buss. C. W. C. Barlow, and others), pp. 81, 145, 148, 188, 189, 190.
       The Study of Hebrew in the New Church, p. 101.
       The Future Whereabouts of the New Church by G. N. Smith, p. 118.
       The Name Iehowah by O, pp. 129, 151, 165.
       Is the External of the Word separate from the Internal Divine, p. 167.
       Law and Order in the New Church, p. 169.
       Support of the Pastoral Office by W. H. Benade, p. 183.

New Jerusalem Magazine, vol. 12
       The nature and use of Communion Wine, pp. 212, 224, 330.
       Healing the Sick by Prayer and Working Miracles in the New Church by Mann, p. 449
       On the General Pastorate by F. Sewall, p. 667.

New Jerusalem Messenger, vol. 55
       On the Two Genealogies of the Lord by A. Roeder. p. 51, vol. 54.
       Biographies of the Revs. Adam Hurdus and Thomas Newport by M. G. Williams. p. 76, 90.
       Biography of Rev. David Powell by M. G. Williams. p. 137.
       The Accommodation of the Word by C T. Odhner. p. 131.
       Biographies of Josiah M. Espy. Alexander Kinmont, John Murdoch, Oliver Lowell, Rev. Nathaniel Holley, and Dr. William Brezier by M. G. Williams. pp. 155, 172, 186, 202, 218.

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PUBLICATIONS
Barrett, Rev. B. F.: Ends and Uses. Philadelphia: Swedenborg Pub. Assn. 160 pp. Rev. L. 1888:23. A useful compilation of passages from the Writings. AL.

Benade, Rev. W. H.: Conversations on Education. Vol. I. Philadelphia: Academy of the New Church. 1821 Wallace St. 222 pp. Rev. L. 24. Cf. 67.
       These weekly talks on New Church education, as delivered originally between 1883 and 1886, to a class of teachers. parents, and students, exercised a profound influence on the Academys philosophy of religious education. They first appeared in article form in New Church Life (Feb., 1885, to Dec., 1886). The lectures continued after 1886 and were published in L. 1887:5, 21, 37, 53, 68, 85, 116, 133, 150, 181; 1888:5, 20, 37, 62, 68, 84, 100, 117, 135. 164; 1889:3, 21, 37, 53, 69, 84, 107, 124, 140, 156. AL.

Bigelow, Hon. John: Emanuel Swedenborg, Servus Domini. New York: G. P. Putnam. 86pp. Rev. L.1889:6. A brief account of Swedenborg and his writings. AL.

Brown, O. B. (ed.): Songs. Hymns, and Carols: (Parts I (3lpp. and 11(31 pp.). Boston: Mass. N. C. Union. Rev. L. 125; 1889:57. AL.

Clowes, Rev. John: The Golden Wedding Ring. London: Speirs. 24 pp. BM. AL.

Deans, Rev. Joseph: The Church and the World. London: Speirs. 90 pp. Rev. NCM. 1888:455; M. X1I:432. Eight discourses on marriage. children, business, labor, etc. AL.
       Notes on the Down-grade Controversy. London: James Speirs. Rev. NCM. 1888:238: L. 1888:107. A New Church mans analysis of the late differences between Mr. Spurgeon and the English Baptist Union.

Ellis (M. D.), John: The New Christianity: An Appeal to the Clergy and to all Men in behalf of its Life of Charity. New York.: Author. 500 pp. AL.

General Convention: The New Church Almanack for the year of our Lord 1889. Compiled by T. W. Harris. Boston: Mass. N. C. Union. 164pp. AL.

Hall, R. A.: Swedenborgianism: or an Assault on Christian Doctrines. London: Wm. Hunt. 420 pp. Rev. M. XII:549. The author was incumbent of Zuivvy, in the diocese of Kilmore, Ireland. BL. AL.

Hayden, Rev. William B.: Our Heavenly Fathers Book: A Compilation of Truths and Facts about the Bible. Part II. -New Testament. New York: N. C. Board of Publication. 737 pp. Rev. Mess. 54:286: NCM. 1888:41; M. XII:309; L. 1088:R4 This manual was prepared for the American N. C. Sabbath School Assn. (No. IV of Bible Series of Manuals of Religious Instruction). AL.

Hyatt, Rev. E. S.: What Is the New Church? Erie: Published by the author. 4 pp. Rev. L.1888:180. An excellent tract. AL.

Manby, Rev. C. J. N.: Hvem var egentligen Emanuel Swedenborg? Stockholm. 16 pp. A biographical sketch. AL.

Mercer, Rev. L. P.: The New Church: What it is: What it Teaches: A Manual of New Doctrine. Chicago: Western N. C. Union. 69pp. Rev. Mess. 54:254; NCM. 1888:457; L. 1888:55. Compiled for young people and inquirers. AL.

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       Robert Elsmere A New Light on His Problems. Chicago: Western N. C. Union. 37pp. Rev. L. 1888:180. AL.

Mitchell, Rev. E. C.: The Parables of the New Testament. Spiritually Unfolded. New York: N. C. Board of Publication. 544 pp. Rev. Mess. 54:206; M. XII:247. AL.

PERIODICALS:
       The Fraternity. Roxbury, Mass., 1888. Ed.: W. H. Edmond. Kinderbote. 1888-1900. Brooklyn. N. Y. Vols. 1-12 in 2 vols.
       League. The. Published bimonthly by the press committee of the Young Peoples League of the First New Jerusalem Society of Cincinnati. Ohio, vol. 1. Jan., 1888- Eds.: R. L. Bower. Anna Hobart, Stella Hunt, J. T. Helleberg.
       New Christianity. 1888-1906. Philadelphia, Pa. 19vols. Eds.: S. H. Spencer. B. F. Barrett.
       Nya Kyrkliga Missionblad. Published by C. J. N. Manby. Stockholm. 1888.
       New Church Pacific. San Francisco. The New Church Book Depository. Jan., 1888-Dec., 1895. Eds.: Rev. John Doughty, F. H. Dewey.
       Nykirkeligt Senebud. 1888-96. Manedsskrift, udgivet af den Nye Kirkes Immanuels Menighed. Ved: W. Winslow

Potts, Rev. J. F.: The Swedenborg Concordance. Vol. I. London: Swedenborg Society. 893pp. Rev. M. XIII:180; L.1888:107. AL.

Presland, Rev. John: The Creed of the New Church. London: Speirs. Rev. NCM. 1888:23. One of a series of missionary booklets (about 80 pp. each), containing chapters of the original book. AL.

Sewall, Rev. F.: The Ethics of Service. London: Speirs. 32 pp. Rev. NCM. 1889:90. AL.

The New Church Divine, not Swedenborgian. London: Speirs. 16pp. AL.

The New Metaphysics: or The Law of End, Cause, and Effect. With other essays. London: Speirs. 208 pp. Rev. Mess. 54:318; NCM. 1888:282. AL.

Silver, Rev. Abiel: The Holy Word in its own Defence. Boston: Mass. N. C. Union. 305pp. New ed. Rev. M. XII:505. AL.

Spilling, James: Among the Flowers, a Summer at Sunberry. London: Speirs. 211 pp. Rev. NCM. 1888:595; M. XII:504. Originally published as a serial story in the Messenger. AL.

Tafel, Rev. Rudolph L., and others: The Wine of the Holy Supper in the Light of Antiquity. Scripture, and Doctrine. London: Speirs. 141pp. Rev. L.1888:141: M. XII:628. Articles by four leading ministers, viz. R. L. Tafel, J. Presland, T. Child, and R. J. Tilson. Probably the best brief presentation of this controversial question. AL.

Thompson, John A.: History of the Boston Highlands Society of the New Jerusalem. Boston: Published by the Society. Illustrated. 109 pp. Rev. L. 1888:125.

Wilkinson (M. D.), J. J. G.: Oannes. according to Berosus: A Study in the Church of the Ancients. London: Speirs. 263pp. Rev. M. XII:308: NCM. 1888:230; L. 1888:155. This work was regarded by the author as one of his most valuable studies. A gifted scholar demonstrates how the legend of Oannes enshrines the story of the establishment of the Ancient Church. A veritable mine of historical, mythological, and philosophical suggestions. AL.

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Worcester, Rev. John: Correspondences of the Bible. Part II: The Plants, the Minerals, and the Atmospheres. Boston: Mass. N. C. Union. 330 pp. Rev. Mess. 55:410; M. XIII:49; L. 1889:86. AL.

Wright, Rev. T. F.: The Realities of Heaven. Philadelphia: W. H. Alden. 120 pp. Rev. Mess. 55:94; M.XII:629; L. 1888:125. Eight lectures. AL.

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
AFRICA. Suppression of African slave trade resolved upon by European powers (Nov. 10.)

Suez Canal Convention ratified by the powers (Dec.).

AMERICA. The Churches of God in Jesus Christ (Adventist) formed in Philadelphia.

Meeting of the first international convention of women at Washington (March 26).

Chinese Exclusion Act passed (Sept. 13).

Bankruptcy of the Panama Canal Company (Dec.).

Death of Louisa May Alcott (writer of childrens books).

AUSTRALIA. Opening of international exhibition at Melbourne in celebration of centennial of foundation of New South Wales (Aug. 1).

GERMANY. Accession of Frederick III to German throne (March 9) on death of his father. William I.

Accession of William II to German throne (June 15) on death of his father, Frederick III.

GREAT BRITAIN. Death of Matthew Arnold (English educator, religious and social critic).

RUSSIA. Celebration at Kieff of 900th anniversary of introduction of Christianity into Russia (July 27).

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1889


AMERICA


CANADA
Toronto, Ont., June 27-30. - Meeting of the Canada Assn.; controversy about Mr. T. M. Martins license on the ground of the disorderliness of lay preaching. Reports in Mess. 57:57: L. 135. 152. Cf. p. 163. G

UNITED STATES
Washington, D. C., Feb. 9. - The New Church temple on North Capitol St. is gutted by fire (Rev. W. B. Hayden., pastor). Mess. 56:104. 120; 70:516.

May 21. - Meeting of the Conventions Council of Ministers. Report in Mess. 56:344. G Discussion of a New Church Evidence Society for this country. Committee appointed.

May 24. - 22d annual meeting of the American New Church Sunday School Assn. See Journal; L. 147. P

N. d. - Rev. Frank Sewall accepts a call to be pastor of the Society. L. 104.

May 25. - 2d annual meeting of the American League of New Church Young Peoples Societies, representing 21 societies. L. 120.

May 25-28. - 69th General Convention. Full reports in Mess. 56:353; L. 88-101. G Cf. Council of Ministers Report, p. 356. New Pennsylvania Assn. admitted (as distinguished from General Church of Pa.).

GEORGIA
Savannah, Aug. 21. - Death of Dr. Elisha Parsons, aged 83 gears. Since 1832 the president of the New Church in Savannah. Biogr., Mess. 57:172; L.168.

Dec. 1. - Dedication of the New Church chapel here by Revs. Chauncey Giles and J. Smith. Mess. 57:360. 392. 406.

ILLINOIS
Olney, Aug. 18. - Resignation of Rev. T. F. Houts to accept call from La Porte. Mess. 57:152.

N. d. - Rev. Louis G. Landenberger is called to be pastor of the Olney Society.

Peoria, July 6-7. - 50th anniversary of the Illinois Assn. Report in Mess. 57:285. See Journal in New Church Reading Circle (Dec. App.).

INDIANA
La Porte, n. d. - Rev. Thos. F. Houts is called to the pastorate here. L. 168.

July 7. - The 3d annual encampment of the New Church Assembly of New Church ministers is held at Stone Lake. L. 136.

Richmond, Sept. 1. - Rev. H. H. Grant is called to the pastorate here. Mess. 57:56.

IOWA
Norway, Benton Co., Aug. 10. - Organization of The General Society of the New Church in Iowa. The chief promoters are Revs. Stephen Wood and J. J. Lehnen. There are about 200 New Church people in Iowa. Reports in Mess. 57:137; L.152. 168.

MAINE
Banger, Dec. 6. - Death of Mr. Isaac S. Whitman, the last male member of the Banger Society. Mess. 57:399.

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MARYLAND
Preston, Caroline Co., N. c. - Organization of a New Church society by the Reverend J. E. Smith, late of the Methodist Church. Mess. 57:313; 71:33.

November 3. - The new church building is dedicated by Rev. C. Giles. L. 200.

MASSACHUSETTS
Bridgewater, Aug. 20. - Death of Mr. Thomas Cushman, aged 93 years. One of the founders of the Bridgewater Society in 1883 and often its leader. Mess. 57:158.

Brockton (North Bridgewater), Sept. 19. - 50th anniversary of Rev. Warren Goddards pastorate here. Biogr. M. XIII:669; L. 168.

Oct. 29. - Death of Rev. Warren Goddard, Sr., aged 89 years. Mess. 57:289: Biogr., 307.

Boston, April 4. - 118th meeting of the Massachusetts Assn. Report in M. XIII:App.

Sept. 26. - The Conventions Theological School is moved from Boston to Cambridge adjacent to Harvard University. Rev. T. F. Wright is appointed resident professor. Mess. 56:184: L.64, 65. 184; 1890:55.

MICHIGAN
Grand Rapids, Oct. 5. - At the meetings of the Michigan Assn., Rev. Geo. H. Dole is ordained by Rev. John Goddard. Rev. G. N. Smith is engaged as missionary. Mess. 57:266. L. 200. MG

MISSOURI
Kansas City, Oct. 20. - A Reading Circle is organized here. Mess. 57:296.

St. Louis, Oct. 8. - At the 3d meeting of the German Synod of the New Church, societies at Quincy, St. Louis (German), and Wellsville are received into membership. Rev. Gerhard Russmann is elected president and granted ordaining functions. L. 200. G

NEW HAMPSHIRE
Manchester, March. The German New Church Society, with about 50 members, decide to build a chapel. Mess. 56:186.

NEW JERSEY
Elwood, Sept. 1. - Death of Rev. Elephalet Whittlesey, aged 73 years. Formerly a Congregational missionary to the Sandwich Islands, but since 1867 a devoted receiver: pastor to the small Elwood Society. L. 168.

NEW YORK
New York City, Oct. 1. - Rev. J. B. Parmeler commences duties as the missionary of the New York Assn. L. 136.

OHIO
Indianapolis, Indiana. Oct. 16-20. - 36th annual meeting of the Ohio Assn. It is reported that during the last 35 years. 24 societies have gone out of existence. This is attributed to lack of funds. See Journal: L. 200, 193. C

RHODE ISLAND
Providence, April 15. - Resignation of the Reverend Warren Goddard. Jr., from the pastorate to enter law. Mess. 56:249.

May. - Rev. H. C. Hay of Cincinnati is called as pastor. Mess. 56:312.

Oct. 15. - 50th anniversary of the Society. Organized Oct. 15, 1939; Mr. Waldo Ames and Mr. George B. Holmes, the first receivers. History and reminiscences in Mess. 57:282, 332.

TEXAS
Galveston, Nov. 24. - The General Society of the New Church in Texas is organized; Mr. Henry Maney (of Pearsall). President: Rev. Stephen Wood, Missionary. Mess. 57:377; L. 1890:16.

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AUSTRALIA
Melbourne, Jan. 20-23. - 4th annual Conference of The New Church in Australia. Rev. J. J. Thornton is appointed Ordaining Minister to the Conference. A resolution is passed expressing deep regret at the effort made elsewhere to erect teetotalism into an apparent dogma of the Church and to intrude it as a practice over the Holy Supper. Mess. 57:41; L. 104, 111,135.

EUROPE


FRANCE
Paris, May 19. - Ordination of M. Chas. Humann by the oldest lay member of the society. M. Miclos. M. XIII:697.

GERMANY
Berlin, Feb. 6. - First account (in the Messenger) of Albert Artopes heresies and disorderly proceedings. He denies the historical existence of Christ and the necessity of the Sacraments. Mess. 56:88-89; L. 193.

N. d. - A split takes place in the Berlin Society. Carl Mertin and others form a new group under Mr. Goerwitz. Mess. 56:104.

Leonberg, Sept. 15. - The 15th meeting of the German New Church Society decides the organization should be just a Publication Society. Difficulties with Mr. Arthur Artope are aired. L. 184.

GREAT BRITAIN
Alloa, Scotland, Oct. 3. - Annual meeting of the Scottish Assn. NCM. 566.

Bristol, July 17. - Rev. C. H. Wilkins becomes minister here. NCM. 459.

Failsworth, May 8. - Dedication of the new temple. NCM. 373.

Glasgow, Scotland, N. d. - Rev. S. A. Presland accepts the pastorate of the Queens Park Church. L. 136.

Sept. 27. - Dedication of Queens Drive (Crosshill) Church by the pastor. Rev. W. A. Presland. NCM. 562.

London, Willesden, March 29. - Dedication of a new place of worship for the Willesden Society by Rev. John Presland. L. 104.

June 18. - 79th meeting of the Swedenborg Society. Reports in NCM. 332; L.127.

July 26. - 25th annual meeting of the New Church College, which now superintends the studies of 21 students through different centers, 7 in London and 14 in various countries. L. 152.

Preston, June 24. - 50th annual Conference of the British New Church Sunday-School Union. L. 136.

Radcliffe, Aug. 12-17. - 82d General Conference; Rev. Joseph Deans of Leeds presides. The Conference reports 75 societies with 6,161 members; also 5 ordaining ministers, 33 ordained ministers, and 11 licentiates. Reports in NCM. 425. 465; L. 161-163.

Ramsbottom-Lancs., May 23. - Death of Rev. Samuel Pilkington, aged 55 years. Biogr., NCM. 287.

Wales, Ynysmeudwy (pronounced Inismedo). - The first New Church society in Wales is organized by Rev. R. R. Rodgers. L. 152.

HOLLAND
Utrecht, Sept. 29. - New Church services are held at the house of Mr. Barger by Rev. F. Sewall. NCM. 567.

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NORWAY
Hallingdal. - A small society of 20 to 30 persons is formed through the efforts of Captain E. Boyesen. L. 64.

SWITZERLAND
Zurich, Sept. 8. - 14th annual meeting of the Swiss New Church Union. Signor Scocia is present. Jacob Eggmann of Herisan rejoins the union. Mess. 57:280; L. 184.

NOTEWORTHY ARTICLES - 1889
Morning Light, vol. 12
       Prayer: Its Aims and Nature, by J. F. Buss, p. 11.
       The Adelaide Society, by W. H., p. 48.
       Was Swedenborg a Theosophist? by J. L. Williams, pp. 176, 191, 201, 261, 281.
History of the Birmingham Church, p. 181.
Sketch of the Failsworth Society. by J. Robinson. p. 211.
The Difference between the Church and Heaven, by J. F. Potts. p. 413.

New Church Life, vol. 9
       Conversations on Education, by W. H. Benade. pp. 3, 21, 37, 53, 69, 84, 107, 124, 140, 156.
       Concubinage and New Church Doctrine (discussion continued), pp. 8, 28, 29, 62, 153, 199.
       Expositions of the Internal Sense of Genesis (chaps. 12-18), pp. 22, 38, 50, 70, 108, 173, 186. Cf. p. 49.
       The Wine of the Lords Supper and Church History, by Stephen Wood, p. 31. Cf. pp. 46, 47, 78, 81, 121, 196.
       Prudence in the Minister, by G. N. Smith. p. 62.
       The Convention Theological School and Harvard University (editorial), p. 65.
       Old Church Education (editorial), pp. 105, 121.
       Solemnizing Marriages of the Divorced, by E. J. E. Schreck, p. 128.
        The Priesthood, by N. D. Pendleton, p. 131.
       On What Does the Success of New Church Societies Depend? by G. C. Ottley, p. 132.
       Mythology in the Light of the New Church, by C. T. Odhner, pp. 141, 157, 177, 191.
       Principles of Government, by W. H. Acton, p. 165.
       The Progressive Illumination of Swedenborg, p. 172.
       The Doctrine of the Authority as taught in the Word, p. 190.
       Are secular uses part of a Church Societys work? (editorial). p. 197.

New Church Magazine, vol. VIII
       Sketch of Aug. Clissold, by T. Compton. p. 8.
       List of all ordained ministers of the New Church in England: with dates of ordination, recognition. death, or withdrawal, p. 226.

       History of the General Conference and of the societies in England; also list of the societies, dates of formation. and disappearance. p. 64.
       The Church of the Lord and its Ministers, by T. K. Payton. p. 202.
       New Church Education, by L. F. Hite (against the removal of the Convention Theological School to Harvard, Cambridge. Mass., p. 283. (Reply by John Worcester in Mess. 56:297) Mess. 56

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 246

New Jerusalem Magazine, vol. 13
       No Schisms in the New Church, p. 693; Cf. 314, 371, 439.
       Unity of Spirit (a bitter attack on the Academy), p. 571.
       A New State of the Church, by John Worcester, p. 715.
       On the Divine Authority of the Writings, by L. H. Tafel. p. 303.

New Church Messenger, vol. 56
The Final State of Judas Iscariot, by S. S. Carpenter, p. 10.
The Atmospheres, by F. L. Higgins. pp. 116, 133, 148. 164.

PUBLICATIONS
Anonymous: Swedenborg Bifrons, or Swedenborg. the New Church sect and the Theosophical Society. London: Theosophical Society. Pamphlet. Rev. L. 1889:77. An attack on Swedenborgianism. AL.

Bartels, Rev. Adolph J.: Swedenborgs Lehren und die Metaphysische oder geistige Heilungs-Philosophie (Swedenborgs Doctrines and the metaphysical or spiritual philosophy of Healing). Chicago: Metaphysical College. 20 pp. Noted in L. 1889:159, 181. The author, who is the president and ordaining minister of the German Synod, announces himself as Preacher of the New Church and Doctor of the Metaphysical Science of Healing. AL.

Bevan, Rev. Wm.: Swedenborg on the Spiritual Sense of the Holy Scriptures Toronto: Wm. Briggs. 37 pp. Rev. L. 1889:111. A pamphlet attack, by the Incumbent of Christ Church. West Flambore, on the spiritual sense of the Word. AL.

Bowers, Rev. J. E.: Missionary Talks on Subjects of New Church Doctrine. London: Speirs. 185pp. Rev. Mess. 56:110; M. XIII:244. Originally appeared as articles in Messenger and Morning Light. AL.

Burnham, Mrs. Susan Wood: Truths that I Have Treasured; or Studies of Health on a Psychic Basis. Chicago: Purdy Publishing Co. 88 pp. Rev. L. 1889:77. AL.

Child, Rev. Thomas: The Unseen World. London: Speirs. 242 pp. Rev. Mess. 58:78: M. XIV:113. AL.

Ellis (M. D.), J.: Address to the Clergy, and skepticism and Divine Revelation. New York. 260pp. AL.

General Conference: A service for the Introduction of the Young into Junior Memberships with Societies of the New Church. London: Speirs. Rev. L.1889:147. AL.

General Convention: A Short Liturgy for Missionary Services, with chants and hymns for the use of the New Church. New York: N. C. Board of Publication. 96 pp. Rev. Mess. 57:318. Prepared by a Committee of the Council of Ministers of the General Convention: compiled from the Book of Worship. Reprints of the Early Journals of the General Convention. Part I. 1817-1826. New York. Rev. Mess. 56:110: M. XIII:312. AL.

Giles, Rev. C.: The Forgiveness of Sin. Philadelphia: N. C. Book Association. 96 pp. Rev. NCM. 1890:135; Mess. 58:78; M. XIII:376. AL.
       La Morte, Porta della Vera Vita--La Felicite nel Lavoro. Translated by Scocia. Rev. NCM. 1889:458. AL.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 247

Harris, T. W. (ed.): New Church Almanac for 1889. Boston: N. C. Union. Rev. L. 1889:6; M. XIII:51. First issue of a highly useful reference annual. AL.

Hoffer, J. R.: The Holy Supper is Representative. Mount Joy, Pa. 36 pp. On the wine controversy. AL.

Holcombe (M. D.), W. H.: The Influence of Fear in Disease. Chicago: Purdy Publishing Company. Rev. 89:147.

Holdemann, John: A Brief Refutation of Swedenborgs Unscriptural Assumption of his Greatness and his Heretical Teachings. Jasper. Mo. Rev. Mess. 57:318. A crude attack.

Humann, Rev. Charles: La Nouvelle Jerusalem. Paris. 330 pp. Rev. L 1889:195; M. XIII:564. A presentation in French of Swedenborgs mission; doctrines; the history and organization of the Church; applications of doctrine to society, science, art, and literature. AL. (incomplete)

       

Leresche, Samuel J.: The Holy Supper: a Feast of Charity. London: Isaac Pitman. 32pp. AL.

Manby, Rev. C. J. N.: A Supplement to the New Church Liturgy in Sweden. Rev. L. 1889:194. Eighty hymns are added to the Book of Hymns.
Hvem var egentligen Emanuel Swedenborg? Stockholm. 15 pp. AL.

Mann, Rev. C. H.: Five Sermons on Marriage. 2d ed. New York: N. C. Board of Publication. 74pp. Rev. Mess. 58:63; M. XIV:182. AL.

Meuschner, J. C.: Verhaltniss Gottes zu seiner Kirche und ide Neue Kirche des Herrn. Vineland. N. J.: Adolph Roeder. 50pp. AL.

Mercer, Rev. L. P.: Swedenborgs Doctrine of Correspondence: A Key to the Intercourse between the Soul and the Body. Chicago: Western N. C. Union. 196 pp. Rev. L. 1889:86; M. XIII:373. A variable exposition; also an answer to Christian Science. AL.

Mills (M. D.), John: The Claims of Swedenborg: Three Orations. New York: S. C. Board of Publication. Rev. L. 1889:112. AL.

Noble, Rev. Samuel: The Trinity in the Person of the Lord Jesus Christ. London: Speirs. 16pp. AL.

Ottley, Rev. Glendowor C.: Is Marriage Lawful, and Conjugial Love possible between people of different faiths? London: N. C. Educational Institute. 32 pp. Rev. L. 1889:149; 1890:88. Originally appeared in NCM., April-Nov., 1888. The pamphlet was prohibited from circulation in Russia (set L. 1890:88). AL.

PERIODICALS:
       New Church Tidings. Toronto: Mission Board of the Canada Assn. of the New Jerusalem. 1889-July, 181)4. Vol. 2-3. No. 28. Continuation of the New Jerusalem Tidings. the first issue of which has the title Light for Doubters.
       Olive Leave, The. Denver Edition. Jan. 9, 1889)-April 15, 1900. Ed.: J. E.

Phillips, Mrs. A.: Man Proposes. London: Allen. Rev. NCM. 1890:79. A New Church novel.

Potts, Rev. J. F.: How Can We Obtain the Religion of the New Jerusalem? London: N. C. Educational Institute. Rev. L. 1890:200. An important tract. AL.

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       New Churchmen leaving their first love, and the present state of the Christian world as the cause of it. London: N. C. Educational Institute. 5 pp. Rev. L. 1889:148; M. XIII:696. A striking appeal. AL.

Preston, John: Sermons by an Artist. Saltaire: New Church Society. 250 pp. Rev. NCM. 1890:179. AL.

Roeder, Rev. Adolph: The Marriage Covenant. Three possibilities in Marriage. Vineland. N. J. 29pp. AL.
       Unconscious Education. Vineland. N. J. 20pp. AL.
       Woman: or the Affection of Truth. Vineland, N. J. 15 pp. AL.

Sewall, Rev. F.: The Ethics of Service. London: Speirs. 32 pp. Rev. Mess. 56:46. AL.

Smith, Benj. G.: From Over the Border. Rev. L. 1890:13. 43. A story of the spiritual world. Denies the eternity of hell. Chicago. AL.

Smith, Samuel: The New Church Philosophy of the Origin of Evil. Bath, Me. Pamphlet. Rev. L. 1889:111. Reprinted from articles in New Church Independent.

Speirs, J.: New Church Almanack and Year Book, 1890. London: Speirs. Rev. NCM. 1890:183.

Sundblad, Johannes: Andeverlden i forestallningun, folksangnen och verkligheten. Norrkoping.

Sutton, Henry S. (ed.): Outlines of the Doctrine of the Mind, according to Emanuel Swedenborg. London: Speirs. 36pp. Rev. M. XIII:506. AL.

Tafel, Rev. Louis H.: Protest against a Decision of the Bishop of the General Church of Pennsylvania. Phila. 54pp. AL.

Tafel, Rev. Rudolph L.: Huxley and Swedenborg: Three Claims of Agnosticism critically examined. London: Speirs. 121pp. Rev. Mess. 58:62; NCM. 90:20; M.XIII:692. Three powerful lectures. AL.
       Order in the New Church. London: Speirs. 11pp. Rev. NCM. 1889:395; M. XIII:436; L.1889:111. 127. AL.

       Swedenborg and the Doctrines of the New Church. London: Speirs. 571 pp. Rev. M.XIV:177. AL.

Teed, Cyrus R.: Emanuel Swedenborg, His Mission. Chicago: Guiding Star Pub. House. 34 pp. A Koreshanite absurdity. AL.

Thornton, Rev. J. J.: Pure Theology. Melbourne, Australia. 60 pp. AL.

Tilson, Rev. R. J.: The Writings. London: Camberwell Society. 4pp., folio. Rev. L. 1889:160. A collection of 43 extracts from the Writings in testimony of their Divine authority.

Tulk, Charles Augustus: The Science of Correspondency, and other Spiritual Doctrines of Holy Scripture: with illustrative Spiritual Expositions. Edited by Charles Pooley. London: Speirs. 230 pp. Rev. L. 1889:160; 1890:89; Mess. 57:174; ML. Aug. 10. 1889; M. XIII:566: NCM. 1889:595. AL.

Williams, J. L.: Was Swedenborg a Theosophist? London: Speirs. 54 pp. AL.

Worcester, Rev. John: Physiological Correspondences, Boston: Mass. N. C. Union. 432pp. Rev. M.XIII:503. AL.

248



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 249

Worcester, Rev. Wm. L. (compiler): A Booklist for the help of children, parents, and teachers.
Prepared by the N. C. Sunday-School Associations Committee on Libraries. Pamphlet. Rev. L.1889:147; M. XIII:631. AL.

Wright, Rev. T. F.: The Realities of Heaven. Philadelphia: Alden. Rev. NCM. 1889:511. AL.

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
AFRICA. The British South Africa Company chartered (Oct. 15).

AMERICA. Great flood at Johnstown, Pa. (May 31).

Opening at Washington of the Roman Catholic University of America (Nov. 13).

Death of Jefferson Davis (American statesman); President of the Southern Confederacy.

              
Death of John Ericsson (Swedish-American inventor and marine engineer).

Dom Pedro II of Brazil, the last emperor on American soil, is forced off the throne after he frees slaves (Nov. 15). A republic is established.

ASIA. New constitution for Japan proclaimed; with two legislative chambers (Feb. 11).

Death at Molokai, Hawaii, of Father Damien. the leper priest (April 10).

FRANCE. Eiffel Tower opened at Worlds Fair in Paris. First automobile exhibited (a Benz) (May 6-Nov. 6).

GREAT BRITAIN. Numerous Prolonged strikes keep thousands of workmen out of work and cause much suffering in England.

Death of Robert Browning (English poet).

PORTUGAL. Accession of Carlos I to Portuguese throne (Oct. 19) on death of his father. Luis I.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 250

1890


AMERICA


CANADA
Toronto, Aug. - Three meetings of the Society vigorously discuss the action taken by the Canada Assn. in refusing a renewal of Mr. T. M. Martins license. Mr. Robert Carswell resigns as President. L. 172.

Oct. 7. - The Society appoints Mr. T. M. Martin as President in place of Mr. Carswell. L. 224.

Nov. 28. - The Toronto Society separates from the Canada Assn., owing to the Academy influences in the Assn. Mess. 59:376.

UNITED STATES


CALIFORNIA
Kaweah, Tulare County. - It is reported that a number of New Church men, influenced by Edward Bellamys book, Looking Backward, have formed a Looking Backward Colony here. L. 140.

Los Angeles. - Rev. D. V. Bowen accepts a call to the pastorate here. L. 64.

San Diego. Feb. 13. - Death of Dr. George William Barnes, aged 65 years; leader of San Diego Society. After bequests, he leaves the remainder of his estate to the Society. L. 96.

San Francisco. Aug. - Organization of the Pacific Coast New Church Association. Twelve New Church societies agree on a Constitution. L. 132. G

N. d. - First annual meeting of the Pacific Coast New Church Assn., held in the OFarrell St. Church. Membership of the Assn. is 389. Rev. D. A. Dryden is ordained. L. 208. G

N. d. - The First New Jerusalem Society sells its church property; and worships temporarily in the Hall of Rev. Jos. Worcesters society at 413 Sutter St. L.224.

ILLINOIS
Chicago, March 17. - Death of Mr. Jonathan Young Scammon, aged 78 years. One of the pioneers and prominent citizens of early Chicago. At one time Vice President of General Convention; always an active member of the Chicago Society and the Illinois Assn. Biogr. Mess. 58:193. 200; M. XIV:263; L. 64.

June 20. - 23d annual meeting of the American New Church Sunday School Assn. AL.

June 21-28. - The 70th General Convention is held in the temple on Van Buren St. The report of the General Church of Pennsylvania is refused. Its cause is lost by one vote. This resulted in ultimate separation. See Journal. Reports in Mess. 59:1, 14. Full verbatim report by Rev. Alfred Acton in L. 117-131; comment by Rev. N. D. Pendleton, 191; editorial, 113. G

June. - In his report as Chairman of the Committee on the Publication of Swedenborgs MSS. Bishop Wm. H. Benade tenders his resignation. L. 141.

Joliet, April 1. - Organization of the Joliet Society of the New Jerusalem. L.80.

Olney, June 29. - Dedication of the Olney Societys house of worship by Rev. Chauncey Giles. L. 132.

July 1. - Rev. L. G. Landenberger resigns to take charge of the Joliet Society. Mess. 58:345.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 251

Oct. 10-12. - 51st annual meeting of the Illinois Assn. Account in Mess. 59:265. GC

Peoria, March 18. - The New Church here is virtually defunct; no services for three years; temple sold. Mess. 70:229.

Pontiac, Livingstone Co., Sept. 7. - Organization of the Pontiac Society: Mr. J. S. Saul, leader. Mess. 61:248.

Quincy, Oct. 10-12. - Annual meeting of the German Synod. Aid is sent to New Church men in Hungary. Benjamin P. Unruh is ordained. Four followers of Artope withdraw. L.208.

INDIANA
Richmond. - The New Church pastor. Rev. H. H. Grant, and Rev. Milton Mahin. D. D., of the Methodist Episcopal Church, engage in controversy on the Atonement in the Richmond Daily Palladium. L. 105.

IOWA
Sept. 6-7. At the 2d annual meeting of the General Society, 128 members are reported; an increase of 104. L. 208.

MAINE
Bath, Jan. 20. - Death of Mr. John B. Swanton, aged 85 years; one of the founders of the New Church in Bath. Obit. Mess. 58:127.

July 6. - Rev. S. F. Dike delivers his farewell sermon to the Bath Society, which he has served as pastor uninterruptedly for 50 years. L. 132.

MARYLAND
Baltimore, Feb. 22. - Annual meeting of the Maryland Assn. L. 64. Full account --Mess. 58:168; cf. pp. 153. 185, 235.

Dec. 29. - First meeting of the Maryland Conference of New Church Ministers. Report in Mess. 60:26. M G

MASSACHUSETTS
Bridgewater. - Rev. George S. Wheeler accepts a call to the pastorate. L. 132; 1801:37, 55.

Lancaster, March 20. - Death of Dr. Calvin Clark, aged 89 years; a prominent member of the New Church and brother of Dr. Luther Clark, Mrs. Thomas Worcester, Mrs. Nathaniel Hobert. Mrs. Sampson Reed, and Mrs. T. H. Carter. Obit. Mess. 58:222.

Yarmouth. - Rev. Wm. II. Mayhew is called again to his old Society here. L. 1890:112.

MICHIGAN
Detroit, Oct. 25-26. - 14th annual meeting of the Michigan Assn. For the first time. a missionary (Rev. G. N. Smith) has been employed the whole year. L. 224. M

MINNESOTA
Minneapolis. Oct. 24. - Annual meeting of the Minnesota Assn.; 40 members attend (11 from St. Paul). L. 224. C

MISSOURI
St. Louis, N. d.- Rev. J. B. Parmelee accepts the pastorate of the St. Louis Society. L. 08.

NEW YORK
New York City, Jan. 8. - Celebration of the 25th anniversary of the pastorate of Rev. J. C. Ager in the Brooklyn Society. L. 32.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 252

Feb. 22. - Annual meeting of the New York Assn. at Brooklyn. L. 64. Full report. Mess. 58:136.

March 26. - Death of Mr. Edwin A. Gibbens, aged 56 years. Founded the Waltham New Church School in 1860, and its first principal. Beginning in 1865, he was one of the leading members of the New York Society. Biogr., Mess. 58:223.

Oct. 27. - Death of Mr. John L. Jewett, aged 54 years. Treasurer of the General Convention, 1878-1883. Obit., Mess. 59:303.

OHIO
Cleveland, March. - Rev. Philip B. Cabell resigns to accept the pastorate in Wilmington, Delaware. Mess. 58:200.

Glendale, Dec. 12. - Death of Mrs. Mary Allen, aged 76 years. She leaves property valued $65,000 in trust to Rev. Frank Sewall for the purpose of establishing a New Church School. Biogr., Mess. 59:427. L. 1891:56, 72. 104.

Urbana, May 12. - Rev. W. H. Maynew resigns in order to accept a call to Yarmouth, Mass. Mess. 58:344.

N. d. - Urbana University earmarks a legacy of $9,000 as the beginning of an endowment fund for a classical department. L. 64.

PENNSYLVANIA
Philadelphia, April 4. - 2d annual meeting of the Pennsylvania Assn. Rev. W. L. Worcester advocates that the children of the Church should be educated exclusively in New Church Schools. L. 72. 80. Mess. 58:233. Full Acct. E See Pa. Assn. Manual. May.

Oct. 14. - Rev. and Mrs. B. F. Barrett celebrate their golden wedding anniversary at Germantown. L. 224.

RHODE ISLAND
Providence, Feb. 21. - Death of Mrs. Martha K. Oldfield, aged 80 years. One of the earliest New Church pioneers in Providence. Obit., Mess. 58:287.

TENNESSEE
Crossville, Dec. 14. - Ordination of Rev. Louis Rich by Rev. John Goddard. L. 1891:55.

WISCONSIN
Milwaukee, March 18. - The Milwaukee Society is virtually defunct. History of the Society in Mess. 70:231.

ASIA
INDIA
Allahabad, Nov. 23. - John McGowan is baptized, confirmed, appointed, and consecrated as Bishop of the Lords New Church in India by Rev. S. F. Dike. Mess. 60:41; 62:186; L. 1891:52. 33.

AUSTRALIA
Brisbane. - Rev. W. A. Bates is compelled to resign his pastorate here for lack of adequate sustenance. L. 148.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 253

EUROPE
GERMANY
Berlin, July. - Scandals concerning Mr. Arthur Artope reach the U. S. See Chicago Daily News. July 31.

N. d. - Increasing disorder in the New Church through the teachings and practices of Mr. Arthur Artope. A full account of Mr. Artope and his movement appears in L. 198-199.

Monethen, East Prussia. - The late Mr. Schieweks society renounces the New Church and follows the Artope movement. L. 148.

GREAT BRITAIN
Accrington, Sept. 24. - Rev. J. R. Rendell becomes pastor of the Society. NCM. 559.

Besses-o-th-Barn, Oct. 5. Rev. Edward Jones becomes pastor here. NCM. 560.

Blackpool, Aug. 31. Dedication of the Societys new school building. L.172.

Edinburgh, Scotland. Oct. 2. - 16th annual meeting of the Scottish Assn. Report NCM. 603.
Encouraging report of growth in all categories. M

Higher Broughton. - Rev. W. T. Stonestreet is called to the pastorate of the North Manchester Society. L. 80.

London, June 17. - 80th annual meeting of the Swedenborg Society. Dr. J. J. G. Wilkinson urges the completing of the photo-lithographing of Swedenborgs MSS. Report in NCM. 326; comment in L. 206. 132.

N. d. - Death of Mr. William White, aged 58 years. One-time agent of the Swedenborg Society; editor of The Newchurchman (London, 1855-1857): author of two biographies of Swedenborg. In his later years he became interested in the movement of Thomas Lake Harris and spiritualism. L. 141.

Aug. 11. - 83d General Conference is held in Addison Hall; 34 ministers and 86 representatives are present. Reports in NCM. 1890:460:59:154. Full account in L. 180-190; editorial comment. 173-174, 193-194; New Church Monthly (Dec.); L. 1891:37, 45.

Oct. 27. - 9th annual meeting of the New Church Orphanage; 32 children are now in its care. L. 224.

Manchester, June 6. - Dedication of the temple of the North Manchester Society; 17 New Church ministers are present. L. 112.

Jan. 10. - Dedication of the temple of the South Manchester Society. L.64.

Norwich, Nov. 29. - Dedication of a temple here by Rev. J. Deans. NCM. 1891:46.

Nottingham, Oct. 5. - Rev. Geo. Meek. B. A., becomes pastor at Nottingham. NCM. 560.

Oxford, Nov. - Death of Rev. Th. Murray Gorman. M. A. For a brief period a New Church minister; later an Angelican priest. M.XV:124; L. 1891:46.

Preston, Nov. 4. - Rev. Isaiah Tansley becomes pastor at Paisley. NCM.1891:47.

Ramsbottom, May. - Rev. Chas. Griffiths becomes pastor here. NCM. 143.

Salford, N. d. - The New Church temple in Bolton St. (built 1813), associated with Rev. Robert Hindmarshs ministry, is sold. L. 208.

Snodland, July 19. - Rev. Arthur Faraday becomes pastor at Snodland. NCM. 512.

Southport, Oct. 14. - Dedication of the new temple at Southport. NCM. 563.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 254

HUNGARY
Budu-Pesth, - New Church men here choose Dr. J. B. Nahrhaft as their leader. L. 224.

SWEDEN
Floda Station, near Gottenburg, July 22. - Death of Mr. Johan Hjelmqvist, aged 50 years. A pioneer and leading supporter of the New Church. L. 172.

Upsala. - The Chief Librarian of Upsala University rejects the assertion of Dr. Buckley, in a recent article in Century Magazine, that he had seen Swedenborgs MSS., written in the English tongue, in the Universitys Library. L.98.

Stockholm, - Mr. Albert Bjorck is employed as missionary to Sweden by the (American) General Convention. L. 172.

SWITZERLAND
Zurich. - A member of the society sends a beautifully bound copy of TCR to Prince Bismarck. who responds in a personal letter. L. 172.

Sept. 7. - 15th annual meeting of the Swiss Union; 40 persons present. The Union embraces 108 members. Full report in L. 205.

NOTEWORTHY ARTICLES - 1890
Morning Light, vol. 13
       Carlyle and Swedenborg, by J. Dakeyne. p. 54.
       The Social Teachings of Carlyle, by Henry Rose. pp. 116, 125, 143, 151, 202, 222.
Charles Augustus Tulk, by J. Spilling, p. 193.
Keighley New Church Society, pp. 215. 227.
The Social Teaching of John Ruskin, by H. Rose, pp. 242, 285, 322.
The Social Teaching of Henry George, by H. Rose, pp. 451. 471. 485.

New Church Life, vol. 10
On the state of the General Convention (editorial). P. 1.
Mythology in the Light of the New Church (Assyria, Babylonia, and Egypt), by C. T. Odhner. pp. 20, 39, 59, 104, 138.
       Use and Abuse of Wine. p. 22.
Preservation of New Church Documents, by W. C. Childs, p. 30.
Order among the priests, by E. J. E. Schreck. p. 45.
On prevalence of birth control (editorial), p. 65. Cf. p. 110.
Manuscripts of Swedenborg not yet photo-lithographed, p. 69. Cf. p. 1-11.
Influence of the Ancient Church on the Mexicans, by B. Pendleton. p. 70.
The Voice of the People versus The Voice of God. by J. Stephenson. p. 75.
       Why ecclesiastical titles borrowed from the dead Church (editorial), p. 79.

       Laws of Marriage and of Pellicacy (extended discussion), pp. 85, 110, 173, 184, 190 (discussion in General Conference), 209.

       Work in the World (Should New Churchmen go into politics?), p. 87.
       Tulkism Revived, p. 89.
       The Study of Anatomy and Physiology in the New Church, by J. E. Rosenqvist, p. 91.
       Glimmerings of Correspondence in Negro Folk-lore, by L. Pendleton, p. 93.

254



ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 255
       The Internal and External of the Church (editorial), p. 97.
       What are your Works? p. 100. (Uses)
       The Faith of the New Church (Diagramatic view), p. 102.
       Artopeism and the New Church in Central Europe (history of the heresy), p. 198.
       Search for the missing manuscripts of Swedenborg, p. 212.
       History of Swedenborgs Reply to Ernesti, p. 213.
       MSS. in the Royal Library at The Hague, p. 215.
       A New Version of the Story of the Lost Receipt, p. 216.
       The Causes that Led to Shearsmiths Deposition, p. 217.
       The Lord Acknowledged as the Son of God by the Mohammedans, by B. F. Tydeman, p. 218.

New Jerusalem Magazine, vol. 14
       A condemnation of mixed marriages, p. 59.
       Discussions on the Academy and the General Church, pp. 172, 505, 572, 626, 692, 757.

New Jerusalem Messenger, vol. 58
       The Early History of the New Church in Sweden: The Great Religious Trial in Gothenburg; (2) The New Church in the Diocese of Skara. pp. 42, 187.
       Johnny Appleseed. Personal recollections of Jonathan Chapman (Johnny Appleseed), p. 204.


New Church Messenger, vol. 59
       Secession of the General Church of Pa. (editorial) (Bids it Godspeed), p. 369.

New Church Magazine
Mr. Tulk on the Divine Humanity, by R. McCully. NCM. 1890:202.

PUBLICATIONS
Ababrelton, Robert: A Protest to all Receivers of the Heavenly Doctrine against the Academys teachings on the subject of Pellicacy and Concubinage. London. A circular, by a Protest Committee: signed by Robert Ababrelton. Seer. AL.

Academy of the New Church: Concerning the Disturbances caused by the Rev. Louis Tafel in the Academy of the New Church and the General Church of Pennsylvania. Philadelphia: Academy of the New Church. 334 pp. Rev. Mess. 59:142; M. XIV:697. Advertised in L. 1890:132. Compiled by a Joint Committee, representing the ANC and the General Church of Pa. AL.

Bowers, Rev. J. E.: Missionary Talks on Subjects of New Church Doctrine. London: Speirs. 185pp. Rev. NCM. 1890:550. AL.

Boyesen, A. Th.: Om Herrens Andra Ankomst. Stockholm. 100 pp. AL.

Bragg, John: Sonnets and Short Poems. Leeds: Inman. 2d Series. Privately printed. 128 pp. Rev. NCM. 1890:229; M. XIV:242; L. 61. AL.

Buss, Rev. James F.: The Two Christianities. Old and New. London: Speirs. 107 pp. Rev. Mess. 59:158; M. XIV:632; L. 141. A clear, strong comparison of the old and new theologies. AL.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 256

Dickinson, Lydia Fuller: The Law and the Gospel in relation to Health of Mind and Body. New York: Cooper Union. 67 pp.

Doughty, Rev. John: The Secret of the Bible. San Francisco: N. C. Pacific Publ. Co. 281pp. Rev. M. XIV1440; Mess. 59:206; L. 106. AL.

Ellis (M. D.), John: Doute et Revelation. Vineland, N. J.: Roeder. Translated into French by Ch. Aug. Nussbaum. Rev. Mess. 59:318. AL.

Enestrom, Gust.: Emanuel Swedenborg sasom Matematiker. Stockholm: Norstedt. RL. 29pp. AL.

Fairchild (M. D.), Mrs. (M. A.) Augusta F.: Woman and Health. 302pp. Rev. L. 61. Described as A Mothers Hygenic Hand-Book. AL.

Giles, Rev. C.: Nature of Spirit. New York: N. C. Board of Publ. 206 pp. 7th ed. AL.

       Predikningar. Stockholm. 2 vols. AL.

       The Gate of Pearl. New York: N. C. Board of Publ. 176pp. A story for children. AL.

       The Magic Shoes and other Stories. New York: Ibid. 185 pp. AL.

       The Magic Spectacles. New York: Ibid. 180 pp. A fairy tale for children. AL.

       The Wonderful Pocket, and Other stories. New York: Ibid. 163 pp.

       Why I Am a New Churchman. Philadelphia American N. C. Tract and Publ. Soc. 126pp. Rev. NCM. 1890:272; Mess. 58:190; M. XIV:310; L.61. AL.

Graham, William: Three Tracts of New Church Doctrines. Rev. L. 200. Three fine missionary tracts written and published by the N. C. International Leaflet Assn.

Grant, Rev. H. H.: The Atonement. Richmond. Lnd. 20pp. Noted. L.105. Reprint of a controversy between the author and Rev. Milton Makin, a minister of the Methodist Episcopal Church in the Richmond Daily Palladium. AL.

Griffiths, Rev. C.: The Growth of the New Church. London: Speirs. 88 pp. Rev. L. 202; M. XVI:180; NCM. 1891:140: Mess. 59:286. AL.

Higham, Charles: A Correspondence between the Rev. R. J. Tilson. (Minister of the Camberwell Society of the New Jerusalem Church) and a Member of that Society. London. 12pp. Rev. L. 1891:48. A controversy on the Authority of the Writings. AL

Holcombe (M.D.), W. H.: A Mystery of New Orleans. Philadelphia: Lippincott. 332 pp. Rev. L. 1891:99; M XV:119. A novel. AL. Lazarus. Stockholm. AL.
       The Power of Thought in the Production and Cure of Disease. Chicago: Purdy Co. 21pp. Rev. L. 61; M. XIV:242. Originally a paper read before the American Institute of Homeopathy. AL.

Hume, Mrs. Mary C.: A Brief Sketch of the Life, Character, and Religious Opinions of Charles Augustus Tulk. London: Speirs. 77pp. 2d edition; edited by Charles Pooley. Rev. L. 73, 89. AL.

Leresche, Samuel J.: The Holi Supper: a feast of Chareti. Bath, England: Pitman. Pamphlet. L. 140, 200. Written in the Reformed Spelling. AL.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 257

Martin, T. Mower: Report Exemplifying the Methods of the Academy in Canada. Toronto: Adams and Sons. 15pp. Noted, L. 199. AL

Meuschner, J. C. (and A. J. Bartels): Die Lehren der Neuen Kirche. Vineland, N. J.: Deutsche Synode. 43pp. AL.

Mercer, Rev. L. P.: Notes on the Gospel of Mark: Suggestions of Spiritual Doctrine. Chicago: Western N. C. Union. 53pp. Rev. L. 42. AL.

       The Multitude of the Heavenly Host. Chicago: Western N. C. Union. 63 pp. Rev. Mess. 59:414; M. XV:120. AL.

       The New Birth; or, the Law of Mans Spiritual Creation. Chicago: Western N. C. Union. 106pp. 2d ed. Rev. M. XIV:695. AL.

Niles, Marston: Tubs with Bottoms, and Without. A Rambling Letter from a Coopers Apprentice to a Swedenborgian. New York: 20 Cooper Union. 345 pp. Rev. L. 1890:61; Mess. 58:190; M. XIV:311 A curious criticism of the New Church. AL.

PERIODICALS:
Indian New Church Messenger; a monthly journal. Published at Allanhabad, India by Rt. Rev. John McGowan. Vol. 1. 1890 - Vol. 2. 1894. (2 in 1 v.)
Der Regenbogen; eln blatt der Neuen-Kirche. New York. Jahrgang. 1890. Ed.: Rev. W. H. Schliffer.

Phillips, Mrs. A.: Man Proposes. London: W. H. Allen. Rev. NCM.; L. 41. A New Church novel.

Potts, Rev. J. F.: How Can We Obtain the Religion of the New Jerusalem? London: N. C. Educational Institute. 7 pp. Rev. L. 200. AL.

Rodgers, Rev. R. R.: New Views of Heaven London: Speirs. 151pp. Rev. M. XIV:438; L. 88. Six lectures AL.

Roeder, Rev. A.: Kalender fur die Neue Kirche. 1891. Vineland. N. J. 69pp. Rev. M. XIII:757. AL.

Savory, George W.: Hvarfore jag gar in i Nya Kyrkans. Goteborg. 16 pp. RL. AL.

Smith, Benjamin G.: From over the Border; or Light on the Normal Life of Man. Chicago: Chas. H. Kerr and Co. 238 pp. Rev. M. XIV:116; L. 43. AL.

Speirs. J.: New Church Almanack and Year book. 1891. London: Speirs. Rev. NCM. 1891:43.

Spilling, James: Charles Robinson. A Phase in the History of a Soul. London: Speirs. 163pp. Rev. Mess. 59:114. AL.

Tafel, Rev. Louis H.: The Church of the Academy and the General Convention. Lancaster. Pa. 39pp. Rev. Mess. 58:312: M. XIV:635.

Tafel, Rev. Rudolph L.: Swedenborg and the Doctrines of the New Church. London: N. C. Educational Institute. 571pp. Rev. NCM 1891:83, AL.

Teed, Cyrus R.: Emanuel Swedenborg, His Mission. Chicago: Koreshan Library. Rev. L. 41:84. AL.

Tilson, Rev. R. J.: A Correspondence between the Rev. R. J. Tilson. Minister of the Camberwell Society, and a Member of that Society (Mrs. Charles Higham) London: Published and circulated by Mr. Charles Higham. Rev. L.1801:48. A debate on the authority of the Writings. AL.

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 258

Wallberg, Anna Cronhjelin: The Romance of Swedenborgs Life. San Francisco: C. A. Murdock. 67 pp. Rev. M. XV:117. AL.

Wilkinson (M. D.). J. J. G.: The Soul Is Form and Doth the Body Make. London: Speirs. 317 pp. Rev. Mess. 59:46; M. XIV:504. AL.

Williams, J. L.: Was Swedenborg a Theosophist? England. Pamphlet. Rev. L. 1890:41. An answer to Buddistic-Swedenborgian literature; originally appeared as a series of articles in Morning Light. AL.

Worcester, John: Lectures on Genesis and Exodus. Boston: Mass. N. C. Union. 183pp. Rev. M. XV:116. AL.

Worcester, Rev. W. L.: Descriptions of the Spiritual World. New York: N. C. Board of Publication. 288 pp. Rev. Mess. 59:286: M. XIV:752: L.1891:49. No. 3 of Doctrinal Manuals of Religious Instruction, prepared for the American N. C. Sabbath-School Assn. for children. Based on CL, TCR, and HH, AL.

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
AMERICA. Proclamation of religious equality and separation of church and state in Brazil (Jan. 8).

Organization of the Womans Christian Temperance Union at Cleveland, Ohio (Jan. 23).

A New York newspaper reporter completes a journey around the world in 72 days (Jan. 25).

The Mormon church declares against the practice of polygamy (Oct.).

Sitting Bull, chief of Sioux, killed (Dec. 15).

ASIA. First Japanese parliament opens (Nov. 29).

GERMANY. Bismark resigns the chancellorship (March 18).
Expiration of Anti-Socialist law in Germany celebrated by a great Socialist congress at Halle (Oct. 12).

HOLLAND. William III of the Netherlands dies and is succeeded by his daughter Wilhelmina under the regency of her mother (Nov. 23).

RUSSIA. Revival of edicts against the Jews; aiming at their concentration in the towns and restricting their educational opportunities (July).

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ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH 1851-1890 p. 259

ANNALS OF THE NEW CHURCH

Volume II. 1851-90.

APPENDIX

Containing Lists of
1.        Meetings and Reports.
2.        Notable Memorials and Obituaries.
3.        Ordinations.

SUBJECT KEY FOR MEETINGS AND REPORTS
C - Church Life, - civil, social, and ecclesiastical.
E - Education
G - Government and 0rganization
H - Evangelization, missionary
P - Publication and Translation

1851
American Swedenborg Printing and Publishing Society. Medium 243 P Medium 270-72; 1852:67; 1851:340.
American New Church Tract and Missionary Society. NCR 1851:333
Conference, General I. 353. Med. 280 C.
Convention, General M. 24:249. E P C
London Missionary and Tract Society. I. 312 M E
Maine Assoc. M. 24:293 C
Michigan and Northern Indiana Assoc. Med. 49 14
New Church Meeting extraordinary I. 355; M. 24:431. C 14
Ohio Assoc. Med. 1851:168
Pennsylvania Assoc. M. 24:163-165, 391. M
Scottish Assembly of the New Church I. 434. E
Swedenborg Society RSS 1851:4. C.

1852
Conference, General. I. 352. P
Convention, General. M. 25:241. P
Illinois Assoc. M. 25:453, 501, 532 M
Massachusetts, Assoc. M. 25:151 C
Michigan and North Indiana Assoc. M.25:118.
Ohio Conference. M.25:533. G
Pennsylvania Assoc. M.25:451.
Scottish New Church Assembly. L. 358.
Swedenborg Society. RSS. P M

1853
Connecticut Assoc. Mess. 319 M. 26:519 G
Conference, General I. 355 P
Convention, General M. 26:229 NCR 379 C E
Illinois Assoc. Mess. 222 M
Manchester and Salford Assoc. G
Massachusetts Assoc. M. 26:210 M
Massachusetts Assoc. M. 26:545 M
Michigan and N. Indiana Assoc. Mess. 44, 70.
Missionary Society I. 54
Ohio Conference Mess. 167 M
Pennsylvania Assoc. M. 26:471 M
Pennsylvania Assoc. M. 26:189 M
Swedenborg Society. RSS G

1854
Conference, General I:421.
Convention, General M. 27:49 E C
Georgia Swedenborg Assoc. Mess. 139 P
Illinois Assoc. M. 27:209 Mess. 170 G
Maine Assoc. M. 27:298 G
Massachusetts Assoc. M. 27:154 E
Massachusetts Assoc. M. 27:294 E
Michigan and N. Indiana Assoc. M. 54:36 G
Ohio Conference Mess. 107 G
Pennsylvania Assoc. M. 27:46 M
Swedenborg Society Mess. 124 C

1855
Connecticut Assoc. M. 28:289 P
Conference, General I. 422 C
Convention, General (Germany) M. 28:384 G
Convention, General M.28:49 Mess. 30. G
Swedenborg Society RSS C P

1856.
Conference, General I. 422 E G
Convention, General M.29:1 Mess. 56:206 C
Illinois Assoc. M. 29:104, Mess. 56:203, 205
Swedenborg Society RSS 56

1857
Conference, General I. 417 O. I. 315
Convention, General M. 30:1 Mess. Vol. III 2, 3, 6
Convention, General (Germany) M. 30 267e
Georgia Swedenborg Assoc. M. 30:158 P
Illinois Assoc. Mess. III 2, 3, 7 col. l C
Maine Assoc. M. 30:193 M
Maryland Assoc. M. 30:399 M. III 119, 125 62:402
Michigan Assoc. Mess. III 110
Ohio General Society M. 30:298
Swedenborg Society RSS O. I. 28 G

1858
Conference, General I. 58:419 O. II:309 C
Convention, General Mess. IV:2 M. 31:l.
Convention, General M. 31:328
Maine Assoc. M. 31:227 Mess. 4:51
Maryland Assoc. Mess. III:201 M. 31:409
Massachusetts Assoc. Fields History p. 240 M. 31:315 C
Ohio General Society M. 31:308
Pennsylvania Assoc. M. 31:271 Mess. 4:50
Pennsylvania Assoc. M. 30:596, Min. 10 G
Swedenborg Society RSS

1859
Conference, General O. III:303 I.4M Cf. O. IV 24e-26
Convention, General Journal Gen. Conv. 1859
Convention, General(Germany) M. 32:285
Michigan Assoc. Fields History p. 245 M. 32:4a M C
Ohio General Society M. 32:365.
Pennsylvania Assoc. M. 31:519 Mess. 4:151, 153 G
Pennsylvania Assoc. Pa. Assoc. Journal, Min. 9 G
Swedenborg Society O. III:248 O. III:138, 172 Doc, II:319.

1860
Conference, General I. 434 O. IV:318 C
Convention, General M. 33;1, 11, 12, 29 Cf. N. VI:27, 35 Mess. VI:14.
Illinois Assoc. M. 33, 277
Maine Assoc. M. 33:337 G
Massachusetts Assoc. M. 33:329
Michigan and Northern Indiana Assoc. M. 33:360
Missionary and Tract Soc. I. 297 O. IV 205 M
New Church (Scotland) I. 497.
Ohio Assoc. M. 33:347 Mess. VI:63 G
Pennsylvania Assoc. M. 32:585
Swedenborg Society RSS O.IV:275 P
Swedenborg Society I. 1861:38
Yorkshire Missionary and Colportage Assoc. O. V:66 G

1861
Conference, General O. V:314 Mess. 7:50 I. 418, 601 G C
Convention, General M. 34:28 G
Illinois Assoc. M. 34:206.
Manchester Missionary Society I. 380.
Massachusetts Assoc. M. 34:189.
Massachusetts Assoc, N. J. M. 33:610 C
Michigan and Northern Indiana Assoc. M. 34:337.
Ohio Assoc. M. 33:665 G
Pennsylvania Assoc. Report Pa. Assoc 1861 98 pp.
Pennsylvania Assoc. Report Pa. Assoc. 1861 6 pp. M. 34:200 G
Swedenborg Society I. 330 O. V:246 RSS. A. L. G
Swedenborg Society
Yorkshire Missionary and Colportage Assoc. I. 494

1862
Canada Assoc. Mess. 8:15 G
Conference, General Journal Gen. Conv. G
Conference, General I:418, 426, 481
Convention, General M. 35:1
German Convention, General M. 35, 317 I:531
Illinois Assoc. M. 35 App. Oct. p. 222
London Missionary Society I:284 O. VI:243
Maine and New Hampshire Assoc. M. 35:127
Manchester and Salford Tract Soc. I:289
Massachusetts Assoc. M. 35:222
Massachusetts Assoc. M. 34:451
Michigan and Northern Indiana Assoc. M.35 App Oct. p. 222 p. 4 M
Ohio Association M.34:507, 509 C
Pennsylvania Assoc. Journal pp. 6-8 Report Pa. A. M. 34:499.
Scottish New Church I:477
Swedenborg Society I. 325 O. VI:237
Yorkshire Missionary and Colportage Assoc. I:525

1863
Canada Assoc. M. 36:209 G
Conference, General Mess. 8:206
Convention, General Mess. 8:202 M. 36:1 G
Illinois Assoc. M. 36:App. Oct.
Maine and New Hampshire Assoc. M. 36: App. Oct.
Massachusetts Assoc.       M. 35:511
Massachusetts Assoc.       M. 36:217
Michigan and Northern Indiana Assoc. M. 36 App. Oct.
Ohio Assoc. M. 35:599
Pennsylvania Assoc.       R. Pa. A. 5pp. M. 35:App. April G
Yorkshire Missionary and Colportage Assoc. I:479

1864
Conference, General I:427
Convention, General Mess. 37:1 Mess. 9:202 G
Illinois Assoc. M. 37 App. June 1865
London Missionary and Tract Soc. I:288
Maine and New Hampshire Assoc. M. 37 App. June 1865 Doc. 6-13 Constitution p.13
Manchester Tract Soc. I:285
Maryland Assoc. Mess. 10:86 C
Massachusetts Assoc. M. 36:505
Massachusetts Assoc. M. 37:App. June 1865
Michigan and Northern Indiana Assoc. M. 37 App. June 1865
Ohio Assoc. M. 37:625
Pennsylvania Assoc. Report Pa. A. 10 pp. M. 36:457 G
Swedenborg Society I:329
Yorkshire Missionary Assoc. I:529

1865
American N.C. Tract and Publication Society Mess. 11:94 19:25 P
Conference, General I:422
Convention, General Mess. l0:206 11:2 Cf M. 38:1, 124. C
Illinois Assoc. M. 38: App.
Maine and New Hampshire Assoc. M. 38 App.
Maryland Assoc. M. 37: App.
Maryland Assoc. M. 38: App.
Massachusetts Assoc. M. 37: App.
Michigan Assoc. M. 38: App.
Michigan and Northern Indiana Assoc Field, p. 246 G
Missionary and Tract Society I:276
New York Assoc. M. 37: App. Mess. 10:175
New York Assoc. M. 37 App. Mess. 10:190
New York Assoc. M. 39: App.
Ohio Assoc. M. 37: App.
Pennsylvania Assoc. Report Pa. A. M:38 App. Mess. 10:83 C

1866
Conference, General I:417
Convention, General Mess. 11:198 202 P G
Illinois Assoc. M:39 App.
London Missionary and Tract Society I:279
Maine and New Hampshire Assoc. M. 39 App.
Maryland Assoc. M. 39: App.
Massachusetts Assoc. M. 39:378
Massachusetts Assoc. M. 38 App.
Massachusetts Assoc. M. 39 App.
Michigan and Northern Indiana Assoc. M. 39: App.
New York Assoc. M. 40: App.
Ohio Assoc. M. 39 App.
Ohio Assoc. M. 39: App.
Pennsylvania Assoc. R. Pa. A:1866 (6pp); M. 39: App.
Sabbath School Conference, Massachusetts Assoc. M. 39:378
Swedenborg Society RSS 66 I:375

1867
American N.C. Tract and Publishing Soc. Mess. 12:147
Conference, General I:422
Convention, General M. 40:1 Mess. 12:198, 202 C
Convention, General Mess. 13:50 G
Illinois Assoc, M. 40:App.
London Missionary and Tract Soc. I:330 M P
Maryland Assoc. M. 40:App. C
Massachusetts Assoc. M. 39:App. C
Massachusetts Assoc. M. 40:App.
Michigan and Northern Indiana Assoc. M. 40:App. G
Minnesota Assoc. Mess. 13:98 G
New Church Congregational Union A. L. P
Pennsylvania Assoc. M. 40:App. Mess. 13:62 G
Swedenborg Society RSS:1867

1868
Conference, General I:421 Mess. 15:186, 202 C E
Convention, General Mess. 15:41, 57, 49 G
First Society of the N. C. in Florence Italy Mess. 15:26
Illinois Assoc. M. 41:App.
London Missionary and Tract Society I:280
London N. C. Propagation Society I:523 M
Maine and New Hampshire Assoc. M. 41 App.
Maryland Assoc. M. 41:App. C
Massachusetts Assoc. M. 40:App. G
Massachusetts Assoc. M. 41:App. C E

Missouri Assoc. M. 40:App. G
New Church Assoc. Georgia, Florida and South Carolina M. 41:610 Mess. 15:249 G
Ohio Assoc. M. 41:App.
Pennsylvania Assoc. R. Pa. A. M. 41:App. G
Scottish New Church - social meeting I:1869:109 C
Swedenborg Reading Society I:1870:40
Swedenborg Society RSS 1868 I:377

1869
American Conference of N. C. Ministers Mess. 16:378
American N.C. Congregational Union A. L.
Conference, General I:470 E M
Convention, General M. 42:65 Mess. 19:393 G
General N. C. Society of Connecticut Mess. 16:298 G
Georgia Assoc. Mess. 14:41
Illinois Assoc. M. 42:App. C
London Missionary and Tract Society I:327 14 P
Maryland Assoc. M. 42:App. C
Massachusetts N. C. Union M. 41:App. C
Massachusetts Assoc. M. 41:App. G
Massachusetts Assoc. M. 42:App.
Missouri Assoc. M. 44:App. Mess. l6:362
Ohio Assoc. M. 42:App.
Pennsylvania Assoc. R. Pa. A 1869 M. 42:App. C
Scottish N. C. Societies I. 1870:41
Swedenborg Society RSS 1869 I:374

1870
Canada Assoc. Mess. 19:9 G
Charity Assoc. Boston N. C. Soc. Mess. 19:282
Conference, General I:428 E
Convention, General Mess. 18:393, 403, 409 19:11, M. 43:65 C G
Georgia Assoc. Mess. 19:346
Illinois Assoc. M. 43:App. E
London N. C. Assoc. I:289 G
Maine Assoc. Mess. 19:121 M. 433. App. C
Massachusetts Assoc. M. 42:App. G
Massachusetts Assoc. M. 43:App.
Minnesota Assoc. Mess. 19:361, 378
Missouri Assoc. Mess. 18:362 M. App:1-11
New York Assoc. Mess.18:329
Ohio Assoc. Mess. 19:234 M. 43:App.
Pennsylvania Assoc. R. Pa. A. 1870 M. 44:App.
Swedenborg Society I:Dec.

l871
American Conference of N. C. Ministers Mess. V:20:293 G
American N. C. Tract and Publishing Soc. Mess. 20:117
Conference, General I:445
Convention, General Conv. R.1871 Mess. 20:295 M. 4:1
German N. C. Union Mess. 21:32
Illinois Assoc. Mess. 21:284
London N.C. Assoc. I:203, 247
Maine Assoc. M. 44:App.
Manchester Tract and Printing Soc. I:602 P G
Maryland Assoc. M. 43:App.
Maryland Assoc. Mess. 21:237 M. 44:App.
Massachusetts Assoc. M. 43:App. G
Massachusetts Assoc. M.44:App.
Minnesota Assoc. Mess. 21:189
Missouri Assoc. Mess. 20:273 M. 44:App.
New York Assoc. Mess. 20:259
Ohio Assoc. M. 44:App.
Pennsylvania Assoc. R. Pa. A.1871 7pp. G C
Swedenborg Society I:399

1872
Canada Assoc. Mess. 23:32
Conference, General I:459 G
Conference, N.C. Ministers Mess. 22:296
Convention, General Mess. 22:296, 308
German N.C. Missionary Union Mess. 67:282
London N. C. Assoc. I:311
Maryland Assoc. Mess. 23:201
Massachusetts Assoc. M. 44:App.
Missouri Assoc. Mess. 23:22
Ohio Assoc. Mess. 23:189
Second Swedenborg Society, Chicago. Mess. 23:236 25:285 G
Swedenborg Club Mess. 24:22 C G
Swedenborg Society I:368 G

1873
Conference, General I:437 Mess. 25:140 C
Convention, General B. M. 392 Mess. 24:295
Illinois Assoc. Mess. 25:199
London New Church Assoc. I:250
London New Church Assoc. I:539
Massachusetts Assoc. Mess. 25:212
Minnesota Assoc. Mess. 25:212
Missouri Assoc. Mess. 24:272
New Church Evidence Society M. L.1892:441 I. 539 history
New York Assoc. Mess. 25:235
Scottish New Church Assoc. I:578

1874
Academy of the New. Church (1st meeting). J. P. D A. A. L. 1894:39
Conference, General I:426 C
Illinois Assoc. Mess. 27:238
London Missionary and Tract Soc. I:337 14
Maine Assoc. Mess. 27:105
Manchester Printing and Tract Soc. I:339 P
Maryland Assoc. Mess. 27:237
Massachusetts Assoc Mess. 27:212 C
Minnesota Assoc. Mess. 27:212
New York Assoc. Mess. 27:224
Ohio Assoc. Mess. 27:236
Pennsylvania Assoc. J. P. D.
Scottish New Church Assoc. I:584 Mess. 27:260

1875
American N.C. Tract and Publishing Soc. P M Mess. 28:105
American Swedenborg Publishing Soc. Mess. 28:236
Auxiliary N. C. Missionary and Tract Soc. I:548 M
Conference, General I:444
Convention, General Mess. 28:272, 283, 295
General Society of the N. C. in Germany Mess. 71:435 30:104
Illinois Assoc. Mess. 29:224
London Missionary and Tract Soc. I:355
Maine Assoc. Mess. 29:128
Maryland Assoc. Mess. 29:188
Massachusetts Assoc. Mess. 28:188
Missouri Assoc. Mess. 28:273
New Church Ministers Conference J. P. D.
New York Assoc. Mess. 29:224
Ohio Assoc. Mess. 29:236
Pennsylvania Conference of N. C. Ministers
Swedenborg Reading Soc. I:142
Swedenborg Society I:330 M
Swedish New Church I:99 P
Swiss New Church Union Mess. 71:435 Mess. 32:133

1876
Academy Council Meeting L.1906:73 1917:423-5 A. A. G
Canada Assoc. Mess. 31:33
Conference of Ministers Gen. Conv. L. 1922:261 C
Conference, General I:441 G
Convention, General Mess. 30:294, 306, 309 P L. 1906:72
Illinois Assoc. Mess. 31:188
Lincolnshire N.C. Assoc. I:546
London Missionary and Tract Soc. I:351 M
Maine Assoc. Mess. 31:152
Maryland Assoc. Mess. 31:201 M
Missouri Assoc. Mess. 30:272
Ohio Assoc. Mess. 31:165 C
Scottish New Church Assoc. I:595
Swedenborg Society I1:322 P
Swiss New Church Union Mess. 32:133

1877
American N. C. Sunday School Assoc. A. L.
Conference, General Mess. 33:162 I. 436, 354 W. N. C. I:145
Convention, General Mess. 32:314 W. N. C. G P I:70-72, 145-150
Maine Assoc. Mess. 33:149
Massachusetts Assoc. Journal in M. I. P
Michigan Assoc. Mess. 33:205
Ministers Conference Mess. 32:300
Missouri Assoc. Mess. 33:288
New Church Bible Society I:88, 136, 480 I.1878:45, 91
Ohio Assoc. Mess. 33:191
Pennsylvania Assoc.
Scottish New Church Assoc. I. 1878:41
Swedenborg Society I:314, 319-321

1878
American Conference of N.C. Ministers Mess. 34:302 W. N. C. I:368
American New Church Sabbath School Assoc. A. L.
Auxiliary N. C. Missionary and Tract Soc. M. L. 448 I:601
Canada Assoc. M. L.:378 C
Conference, General M. L. 331 I:449
Convention, General Mess. 34:330
Convention, General M. n. s. II:189 G
London Association of the N.C. M.L.:99 1:194
London Tract and Missionary Society M. L.:238 I:352
Manchester Printing and Tract Society I:286
Maryland Assoc. Mess. 34:148
Massachusetts Assoc. M. n. s. II:App.
New Church College M. L.:189
Pennsylvania Assoc. Journals P. A. 1845-83 A. L. S6P3
Scottish New Church Assoc. M. L:447 I:600 C
Swedenborg Reading Society M. L.:227 C
Swedenborg Society M. L.:256 I:324

1879
American New Church Sunday School Assoc. A. L. Conference, General of N. C. Ministers Mess. 36:317 W. N. C. I:572 M. III:188
Conference, General I:441
Convention, General Mess. 36:323 W. N. C. I:574 Cf. p.368
Lincolnshire New Church Assoc. I:503
London Missionary and Tract Society I:352
Manchester Printing and Tract Society I:280
Massachusetts Assoc. M. n. s. III:App.
Swedenborg Society I:321

1880
American Conference of N. C. Ministers Mess. 38:206, 331, 344 W. N. C.II:70
Conference, General Mess. 39:168 W. N. C. II:82 I:453 M. L. Aug. 21
Convention, General M. IV:App. Mess. 38:351 W. N. C. II:73-77 L. 1882:115 C
London Assoc. of the N. C. I. 1881:43 G
Massachusetts Assoc. M. IV:App.
Massachusetts Assoc. M. IV:App.

Pennsylvania Assoc. R. Pa. A. 1880
Swedenborg Society I:333

1881
Australian Conference N. C. I:263
Canada Assoc. L., July Mess. 4:34, 41, 65 Mess. 4:74
Conference, General I:433 W. N. C. II:228
Convention, General M. V:App. Mess. 40:337 W. N. C. II:232 L., June:612 cf. p.4 C G
Illinois Assoc. L. I:Dec. p.4
Manchester N. C. Printing and Tract Society I:276 P
Massachusetts Assoc. M. V:App.
Massachusetts Assoc. M. V:App.
Ministers Conference Ohio Assoc. L. I:Oct p. 4 C
New York N. C. Sabbath Conference L. I:Nov. p.5
New Church Temperance Society I:493
Swedenborg Society I:315

1882
College, New Church N. C. M. I:287
Conference, General N. C. M. I:417 W. N. C. II:529 L:159
Convention, General M. VI :App. M. VI:388 W. N. C. II:464 L:103 Conv. R 25:121
Massachusetts Assoc. L:174 M. VI:App. G
Massachusetts Assoc. M. VI:App-o
N. C. Missionary and Tract Society N. C. M. I:367
N. C. Tract and Printing Society N. C. M.:287
Ohio Assoc. L. 11:172
Southern N. C. Missionary Society L. II:96e.
Swedenborg Society N. C. M. I:324 C

1883
American Conference N.C. Ministers L. 98 A. L. G
American Swedenborg Printing and Publishing Soc. M. VII :App.
Canada Assoc. L:108
College, New Church N. C. M.:287
Conference, General N. C. M.:453 L:155, 156
Manchester Printing and Tract Soc. N. C. M. 287
Massachusetts Assoc. M. VII:App. Conv. L8, 132
Massachusetts Assoc. M. VII:App.
New York Assoc. L:63 14
Ohio Assoc. L:156 E
Pennsylvania Assoc. Journal pp.11-15 L:65-6 Mess. 44:169 Cf. L:163
Scottish Assoc. 1882-3 A. L.
Swedenborg Society N. C. M. 337

1884
American Conference of N.C. Ministers L:106-7 L:113,144
American N. C. Sabbath School Assoc. L:96
Canada Assoc. minutes p. 8 Cf. 1877 p. 28 L:158
Convention, General Mess. 46:323 L:106
Massachusetts Assoc. M. n. s. VIII:App. M
Massachusetts Assoc. M. VIII:App. L:176
Michigan Assoc. L:192
N. C. Educational Institute M. L. vol. 7 p. 260, 318 L:128 Cf.139
Ohio Assoc. L:157
Swedenborg Society N. C. M.352 L:128

1885
American S.C. School Assoc. A. L.
American N. C. Tract and Publishing Society Mess. 48:163 M. n. s. 10, 250, 313
Canada Assoc. L:174 M G
Conference, General. N. C. M:460 L:l60, 171
Convention, General M. IX:App. Mess. 48:309 M. IX:435 L:97 G
German S. C. Society L. 1886:17 C
Illinois Assoc. L:193 C
London Missionary and Tract Society L:108
Manchester Printing and Tract Society N. C. M. 286 L:108 P
Massachusetts Assoc. M. IX:App. L:80 C
Massachusetts Assoc. M. IX:App.
Ministers Conference L:103 C
Sunday School Union L:128
Swedenborg Society N. C. M. 340
Swedish New Church L:128
Swiss New Church Union L:194

1886
American Conference N. C. Ministers L.112.
Conference, General N. C. M. 442 L:160 Cf. 161 G
Connecticut Assoc. M. X:248
Convention, General M. X:App. l30 pp. Aug. Mess. 50:309 L:112, 170
London Missionary and Tract Society L:112
Maryland Assoc. M. X:248 14
Massachusetts Assoc. M. I:380 C
Massachusetts Assoc. L:175 M. X:App. G
N. C. Educational Institute L:144
New York Assoc. M. 1:248 G
Ohio Assoc. L:175 Journal 54 pp. L:22 C
Swedenborg Society N. C. M. 341 C
Swiss New Church Union L:192 87:16 C
Western New Church Union L:56-59 Cf.65 M. X:314

1887
American Conference of N. C. Ministers L:114 L:136 Mess. 52:346
Australasian Conference of the N. C, Mess. 53:106 N. C. M. 462 L:176
Canada Assoc. L:127
Conference, General N. C. M. 456 L:158, 174
Convention, General Mess. 52:337 L:101-110 M. XI:437
German New Church L:192
German New Church Missionary Union
German Synod Mess. 53:298, 316 L:177, 183
Illinois Assoc. L:176 C
Manchester Printing and Tract Soc. L:128 P
Massachusetts Assoc. M. XI:App.
Massachusetts Assoc. M. XI:App.
N. C. Educational Institute L:176
Ohio Assoc. L:172
Scottish Assoc. N. C. M:605
Sunday School Union L:128
Swedenborg Society N. C. M.376
Swiss Union L:144 G

1888
American League Young Peoples Societies minutes and reports 53pp L:180
American U.C. Sunday School Assoc. A. L.
Australian Conference L:48 C
Canada Assoc. L:144 Mess. 55:25
Conference, General N. C. M. 466 L:160 Mess. 55:168-170 Journal, index
Conference, General L:115 C
Convention, Genera]. Cony. Journal, 1888
Convention, General Mess. 54:337 L.85 88-94, 97
Council of Ministers- Gen. Conv.- L:96 Mess. 54:328
Council N. C. College L:96
German N.C. Union Mess. 55:360
German Synod L:192
London Missionary and Tract Society L:112
Maine Assoc. L:175
Manchester Printing and Tract Society L:112
Massachusetts Assoc. Journal MXIII:App. L:80
Massachusetts Assoc. M.XII:App. L:175
Michigan Assoc. L:180 M
Minnesota Assoc. L:175
N. C. Board of Publications L:112 P
N. C. Educational Institute L:144 E
N. C. Orphanage L:192 New York Assoc. L:49, 59
Ohio Assoc. Journal, N. J. M. Dec L:175 L:1889:7-8
Scottish Assoc. N. C. M. 564.
Swedenborg Society N. C. M. 333
Swiss N. C. Union Mess. 55:281 L:125 L:176

1889
American League N.C. Young Peoples Socs. L:120
American N. C. Sunday School Assoc. Journal L:147
Australian N. C. Mess. 57:41 L:104, 111, 135
British N. C. Sunday School Assoc. L:136
Canada Assoc. Mess. 57:57 L.135, 152 Cf .163 C
Conference, General N. C. M. 425, 465 L:161-3 C
Convention, General Mess. 56:353 L:88-101
Council of Ministers - Conv.- Mess. 56:344
General Society N. C. Texas Mess. 57:377 L:16
German N.C. Society L:184 P G
German Synod L:200 G
Illinois Assoc. Mess. 57:285
Maryland Assoc. L:80
Massachusetts Assoc. M. XIII
Massachusetts Assoc. M. XIII:App.
Michigan Assoc. Mess. 57:266 L:200 M G
Minnesota Assoc. L:200
N. C. Assembly of Ministers L:136
New Church College L:152 E
N. C. Reading Circle Dec. App.
Ohio Assoc. Journal L:200,193
Scottish Assoc. N. C. M. 566
Swedenborg Society N. C. M:332 L:127
Swiss N. C. Union Mess. 57:200 L:184

1890
American N. C. Sunday School
British N. C. Orphanage L:224
Canada Assoc. L:172 G
Conference, General N. C. M. 460 Mess. 59:154 L:180-190, 173-4, 193-4 N. C. Monthly Dec.
L:1891:37, 45
Convention, General Journal Mess. 59:1,14 L:117-131, 191, 113, 141 G
Council of Ministers- Conv.- Mess. 58; 407 L:132
German Synod L:208 C G
Illinois Assoc. Mess. 59:265
London Missionary and Tract Soc. L:132
Maryland Assoc. L:64 Mess. 58:168 Cf. 153, 185, 235
Maryland Conference of Ministers Mess. 60:26
Massachusetts Assoc. M. XI.V:App.
Michigan Assoc. L:224 14
Minnesota Assoc. L:224 C
New York Assoc. L:64 Mess. 58:136
Ohio Assoc. L:208
Pennsylvania Assoc. L:72, 80 Mess. 58:233
Scottish Assoc. N. C. M:603
Swedenborg Society N. C. M.326 L:206, 132
Swiss N. C. Union L:205

NOTABLE MEMORIALS
1851
*Allen, John Med. 79
*Bailey, - Miss Margaret. NCR 1852:148.
*Harbin, Rev. John. M. 25:35. Mess. 47:102.
Lyon, Hon. Lucius. NCR.579.
*Thurman, Mrs. Mary G. M.25:36. N4CR 1852:52.
*Wilson, Thomas. I. 79.

1852
*Atlee, Rev. Edwin A. N. III:22.
*Barclay, Hon. Samuel M. N. III:60.
*Holley, Rev. Nathaniel. Mess. 55:203.

1853
*Leadbeater, Rev. C. W. I. 239.
*Noble, Rev. Samuel I. 365. NCR 54:136

1854
*Bolles, Charles M.27:403.
*Chesterman, James NCR 54:100
*Haines, Win. I.477.
*Hawkins, John Issac NCR. 387.
*Lamennais, Abbe Falicite McClintock and Strongs Theol. Encyl.
*London, James I. 190
*McQuigg, John Mess. 55:3
*Reed, Caleb M. 27:259.
*Senior, Joseph I.526.

1855
*Atterbom, Per Daniel Doc. II:1248.
Bradley, Rev. James 1.335.
*Chauvenet, Win. M. M. 27:500 M. III:361.
*Faxon, Elisha M. 28:339.
*Jacobson, Joseph M. III:287.
*Macara, James I:144.
*Pinkerton, Henry Mess. 3.
*Powell, Rev. David II NCR 484. N. III:287 Mess. 10, 14 A. A.
*4Spofford, James I. 526.
*Wills, Rev. S. H. Mess. 28:276.

*Accompanied with comment in text.-Ed.

1856
*Carll, Rev. Maskil M. M. 29:502 M. 29:264 43:55 44:286 Annals I 1, 245 etc.
*Gushing, Hon. Luther S. Mess. 502
*Enslin, Emanuel Christian G. NCR 197 Annals I:481.
Howarth, Rev. David I. 57:44.
*Hyde, Zina M. 29:262.
*Shaw, Rev. T. C. O. 135, 72 I. 57:44.

1857
Bishop, Luther M. 29:596.
Boyle, Esq., Cornelius O. I:143.
*Brotherton, M. P., Mr. Joseph O. I:71.
*Lewis, Mrs. Ann I:239.
*Murdock, John N. C. Herald 382 M. 30:19.
*Odhner, Rev. Pehr Hemming AA (Odhner) Annal I. p. 184
*Presland, Mrs. Mary Ann O. I:71.
*Silver, Mrs. Margaret N. C. Herald 334.
*Worrell, Rev. Isaac M. 30:268.

1858
*Knight, Esq., James I:575 O. II:393.
*Kramph, F. J. M. 31:139 biogr. Mess. III:183.
*Scammon, Mrs. J. Y. M. 31:120, 181.

1859
Bragg, J. K. biogr. O. III:177.
*Bush, Prof. George biogr. M:32:252, 402.
Crompton, Esq., Roger biogr. I:431.
Cull, Rev. John biogr. I:190.
Fawcett, Col. Win., biogr. I. 1860:46.
*Harrison, George biogr. NCM 1888:127.
*McNab, Alexander O. IV:70.
Nicholson, James M. XIV:40.
*Wild, John biogr. Mess. 47:234.

1860
Bayot, M. Louis biogr. I.1861:46.
Dawes, Rev. Rufus. NCCL Pamp.1996 AL.
Melrose, Rev. James biogr. Mess. VI:27.
*Thiebault, Baroness biogr. I. 1861:191.

1861
Foster, Henry G. biogr. M. 33:559.
*Haddock, M. D., J. W., biogr. I:547.
Kenworthy, Leon biogr. O. VI:70.
*Newberry, Wm. biogr. O. VI:72.
*Waldo, Samuel L. obit. Mess. 6:147, 150.
Wilkins, John H. obit. Mess. 7:99, 103, 107 biogr. M. 34:291.

*Accompanied with comment in text.-Ed.

1862
*Craik, Richard I:191.
*de Charms, George obit. Mess. VII:179
*Dunn, Daniel biogr. I:290
*Ehrenfried, Joseph obit. Mess VII:155 biogr. 158
*Metcalf, M. D., Rev. Em. Mess. 8:75 biogr. B. M. 1:55
Scott, Rev. James biogr. M. 35:365
*Snyder, Lieut., Thomas G. Mess. 8:127

1863
Mason, Rev. Wm. I:295 biogr. 318 CF. O. VIII: 226, 245 I.1864:47
*Mourevieff, General I. 1865:212
Rotch, Mrs. Lydia S. biogr. M. 36:1.67
*Snyder, David Mess. 8:127
*Tafel, Dr. J. F. Immanuel, M. 36, 421

1864
*Becconsall, Eds., Hugh biogr. I:196
*Birchwood, John biogr. I. 1866:238
Hooper, Rev. Richard Mess.9:127, biogr. I.35
*Horton, Jonathan Mess. 10:71
*Iungerich, Adjutant John Mess. 10:19

*Le Boys de Guays, M. Harle, Mess. 10:110 M. 37:460. I.1865:81, 125
*Mourevieff, Ivan I.1865:217
Smithson, Rev. J. H. I:285
Wilkins, Mrs. T. E. M. 36:453

1865
*Fahraeus, Johan Frederic Doc. II:1255
*Marston, Rev. George A. Mess. 10:199
*Pendleton, Alexander Garland Mess. 10:151
*Provo, Miss Hester Sophia I.1866:190
*Seddon, Rev. James biogr. M. 38:143 Mess. 11:7

1866
Bogg, John biogr. I:285
Howard, Rev. Adonis biogr. M. 39:494
*MacPherson, Rev. Ch. Gordon I:211, 240, 283
*Smith, Esq., A. Thomas biogr. M. 39:380
*Smith, Rev. Eleazer biogr. M. 36:533
Spurgin, M. D., John biogr. I:235, 334
*Trimen, James RSS 66:8

1867
*Deikhoener, Rev. Hermann H. obit. Mess. M:83
Dunbar, Asaph biogr. M. 40:600
*Scott, James W. Mess. 12:147

1868
*Highby, George Mess. 15:269
*Loring, Mrs. Maria biogr. Mess. 14:153
*Monsarrat, Nicholas obit. Mess. 15:413
Perry, Mrs. Caro1ine Thacher M. 40:745
Tall, Rev. Wm. biogr. I:1.42
*Weller, Rev. Henry Mess. 14:409 55:330 M. 10:153

1869
Fonerden, Dr. John obit, Mess. 16:31.7
*Goadsby, Esq., Francis biogr. I:576
*Hibbard, Mrs. J. R. obit. Mess. 18:29
Hiller, Rev. O. Prescott I.1870:296-7
*Hodson, James Shirley biogr. I. 271
Hofer, Rev. John M. Mess. 121
*Ie Cras, Esq., Abraham Jones I. 384
Poole, G. H. I. 617
*Smith, Robert L. Mess. 18:9 biogr., 124
*Williams, T. F. biogr. I. 1870:151.

1870
Chambers, Captain J. C. biogr. I. 1871:54
*Chauvenet, Chancellor Wm. biogr. Mess. 19:410
Hiller, Rev. O. P. Mess. 18:361. Mess. 18:411 19:89
Ritchie, Mrs. Anna Cora (Mowatt) biogr. Mess. 19:107
*Rodman, Rev. Thomas P. Mess. 18:249, 265
Seven, Dr. J. A. Mess. 21.8

1871
*Bogg, Edward Beverley I:255
*Cottrell, Count Henry I:256
*Essex, Alfred I:207
Haworth, Adam biogr. I:407
*Riley, Edward C. Mess. 21:252

1872
*Lee, John Rocliffe biogr. I:423
Parker, Rev. John biogr. I:568 Mess. 23:168
Wilks, Rev. Thomas Mess. 24:24
Woodman, Rev. Woodville biogr. I:614

*Accompanied with comment in text.-Ed.

1873
Andrew, Joseph Mess. 24:311 biogr. 25:96
Cline, Hon., A. J. Mess. 24:72
Doering, Christopher Mess. 24:192
Ehrenborg, Mrs. Anna Fredricka biogr. Mess. 25:168; 26:166,178
Fernald, Rev. Woodbury 14 Mess. 26:36
Jewett, John L. biogr. Mess. 25:48
*Powers, Hiram biogr. Mess. 25:72, 67 Bayleys New Church Worthies p. 292
*TuIk, Augustus Henry I. 1874:392

1874
Brotherton, Joseph H. biogr. I:496
Cheesborough, Coddington biogr. Mess. 26:132
Dyke, Rev. David Thomas biogr. I:496
Milburn, Mrs. Margaret biogr. Mess. 27:323
Sartorius, J. G. Mess. 26:240

1875
Binhaus, Rev. Jacob biogr. Mess. 28:204
Finnie, Esq., J. biogr. I:481.
Hyde, John biogr. I:468, 509
Keene, Rev. James biogr. I. 1876:95
*Lammot, Mrs. Anna P. Mess. 29:60
*Rich, Elihu 1:412 biogr. 459
Sheldon, Ralph I:556

1876
Broadfield, John biogr. I:526, 553
Brown, Rev. Solyman biogr. Mess. 30:108
Couring, Miss Julie von biogr. Mess. 30:179
de Portal, Ban Frederic biogr. I:95
Drysdale, Allan biogr. I:359
Harle, M. Auguste biogr. C. H. 112 1:407
Hoskins, Henry B, biogr. Mess. 30:1.79
*Miller, Rev. John H. Mess. 55:250
Ollivant, Esq., G. B. biogr. I:191
Rendell, Rev. E. D. biogr. I:289, 356, 271
*Skelton, F. I:406

1877
*Barnes, Rev. J. W. biogr. I:240
Hancock, J. W., L. L. B, biogr. I:403
*Lammot, Daniel biogr. Mess. 33:195
Madeley, Rev. Edward reminiscences I.1878:58 biogr. 94 M. L. 78:26
Peck, Judge Wm. Wallace L.1924:496, 502
*Raguet, Mrs. Catherine S. biogr. Mess. 32:36
Saul, Rev. Richard biogr. Mess. 33:224
*Sewall, Hon., Wm. D, biogr. Mess. 32:110
*Swanberg, Frank O. biogr. Mess. 33:223

1878
Goyder, Rev. D. G . - F. E. S. biogr. M.L. 270, 277 I:404, 394
Meek, Esq., George biogr. I:145
Shankland, John R, biogr. Mess. 34:56
Worcester, Rev. Thomas biogr. Mess. 35:120 M III:330
Yules, Rev. E. biogr. Mess. 34:224

1879
Allen, Frederic biogr. N. C. M. 1888:86
Bates, Rev. Walter biogr. I:359
Bayliey, Miss Ann 14. I.1880:48
de Chazal, M. Edmond biogr. Mess. 36:219 I:240
*Geddes, John Mess. 37:98
*McCandless, David obit., Mess. 36:84
Watson, Esq., Thomas biogr. I:550
*Worcester, T. Gilman Mess. 37:224

1880
*Bailey, Mrs. L. C. biogr. I:369
Bateman, Esq., Henry biogr. I:1881:47
*Bush, Mrs. Mary W. obit. Mess. 39:382
Hering, Dr. Constantine biogr. Mess. 39:64
Hohnfeld, Baron Constant Kirchkinch Mess. 39:52
*Johnson, ex-Governor Herschel V. biogr. Mess. 39:112, 344
*Peisker, Rev. Hermann I:296, Mess. 39;64
Reed, Rev. Sampson biogr. Mess. 39:51. M. IV:285,301
Tafel, Dr. Leonhardt biogr. Mess.38:290
Williams, Milo G. autobiogr. Mess. 38:248 55:347 biogr. M:V:388
*Wiiliams, Rev. John H, obit. Mess. 39:31.8

1881
*Hook, Mrs. biogr. N. C. M. I:48
*James, Cola. John N. biogr. Mess. 40:409 Silvers Sketches p.21.
*Jamieson, Rev. W. C. biogr. I:211.
*Pixton, George biogr. I:142
*Silver, Rev. Abiel Mess. 40:216 biogr. Mess. 40:245 Silvers Sketches chapter 8

*Accompanied with comment in text.-Ed.

1882
Baumann, Rev. Solomon biogr. L:33
Bruce, Rev. W. biogr. N. C. M. I:49,1.42
Chalklen, Rev. T, biogr. N. C. M. I:416
Clissold, Rev. Augustus biogr. N. C. M. 589 1883:45
*Edger, B. A., Rev. Samuel N. C .M. I:594
Harlow, Wm. N. biogra. M. VI:569
Maxwell, Esq., Wm. biogr. N. C. M. I:415
Pandurung, Rev. Bakadoor Dadoba biogr. N. C. M. I:598
*Parsons, Prof. Theophilus biogr. Mess. 42:72 M. VI:163, 189 Silvers Sketches p. 227
*Rawalt, Hon. Jonas biogra. Mess. 44:53
*Roberts, William Mess. 44:28
*White, Mrs. Emily S. obit. Mess. 44:42 biogr. L. 1883:32
Wynn, Rev. Joseph Francis biogr. N. C. M. I:604

1883
Abbott, Rev. Robert biogr. N. C. M. 288
Aspinall, George biogr. N. C. M. 288
Bogg, John biogr. N. C. M. 191
Glen, Benjamin F. biogr. L:49
James, Sr., Henry L:1
*Odendhal, Prof. Jean Mess. 45:224
*Sargent, Sarah biogr. M. VII:71.9
*Schakoffskoy, Princess Cleopatra biogr. N. C.M. 1884:199 L.1884:65

1884
Countess of Hopetown biogr. N. C. M:1885:47
*Doughty, Mrs. Sarah Parsons L:128
Dunham, Rev. Charles Atwood biogr. Mess. 47:358 M. n. s. IX:138 L.1885:32
Eschmann, Rev. John biogr. Mess. 46:296
*Howard, David Hudson biogr. Mess. 46:247 L:80
Ray, Rev. Wine biogr. N. C. M:424 L:144
Scaminon, Rev. Cyrus biogr. M. n. s. IX:34 Mess. 47:224, 290 L:176
Williams, Esq., Henry R. biogr. N. C. M. 1885:48

1885
*Arthur, T. S. L:63
Bragg, Mrs. John biogr. N. C. M:595
*Butter, Henry biogr. N. C. M:426
*Dunn, Mrs. Mary biogr. N. C. M:370
Eadie, James N. C. M:242
*Hood, Rev. J. Edwin Paxton L:125
Hughes, Wm. biogr. N. C. M:553, 564
*Hume-Rothery, Mrs. Mary Catherine biogr. N. C. M:289 Life of Tulk 2nd ed., 1890 L:63
biogr. N. C. M:514
1886
*Bayley, Rev. Jonathan biogr. N. C. M. 279, 293, 331 M. X:448 L:96
Brereton, Dr. Le Gay biogr. N. C. M.1887:44
Brickman, Rev. A. O. M. n. s. X:247, 125 L:17. biogr. Mess. 50:39
*C1app, Otis biogr. Mess. 51:235 M. X:689
Gardiner, Wm. M. X:315
*Goyder, Mrs. Sarah N. C. M:510
*Keller, Madame Victorine N. C. M:291.
Keyes, Rev. Edwin R. biogr. Mess. 51:332
*Laible, Eugene obit. Mess. 50:266 biogr. 51:10 M. X:380
Le Boys des Guays, Madame biogr. N. C. M:552
Lever, Rev. John W. Mess. 51:196
*Oliphant, Lady Lawrence L:48.
Penn, John C. biogr. N. C. M:339
Perry, Rev. J. P. biogr. Mess. 51:121 M. X: 596
Small, Dr. A. E. biogr. Mess. 52:28
*Swinney, Lieut. Col. E. Hazzard Mess. 52:l
Webster, Hon. John G. biogr. Mess. 50:165 M. X:248

1887
*Allen, John biogr. Mess. 52:70
*Fie1d, Mrs. Jane B. obit. Mess. 52:266
*Hough, Rev. Sabin obit. Mess. 52:210
*Kent, Thomas obit. Mess. 53: 289
*Parry, Charles T. L:144 C. E. Nash-The Lure of Long Beach (1955) pp.74, 86
Peabody, Rev. Adams obit. Mess. 52:155 biogr. 206.
Pitman, Frederick biogr. N. C. M:47
*Plantz, Hon. Tobias A. biogr. Mess. 53:50 52:351.
*Schiwek, Rev. Adam biogr. Mess. 52:275
*Webb, Prof. George James biogr. Mess. 53:284 L:55
*Werner, Gustaf L:192
*Whitey, Captain Wm. S. biogr. Mess. 53:65

1888
*Baer, Dr. Oliver Perry Mess. 55:127 L:160
*Bissell, Martin C obit. Mess. 54:410 L:96, 128
*Carll, Mrs. Hannah obit. Mess. 55:367
*Eaton, Rev. Joshua Trowbridge obit, Mess. 54:239 biogr. M. XII:238
*Eveleth, Miss Mary L.1889:48
*Gerrish, Oliver biogr. Mess. 55:377
*Hume-Rothery, Rev. Wm. biogr. N. C. M:1889:94 obit. Mess. 56:142
*Ingersoll, Mrs. Hannah L.1889:48
*Lambert, John L:64
*Lowe, Dr. Abraham T. obit. Mess. 55:126 biogr. M. XII:553
*Neale, Miss Wealtha A. L:128

*Pulsifer, Col. M. biogr. Mess. 55:298
*Reese, Charles biogr. Mess. 54:108

1889
Chandler, Hon. Peleg Whitman biogr. Mess. 57:26 M. XIII:492
*Cushman, Thomas Mess. 57:158
Fox, David. biogr. N. C. M. 1890:46
Gilmour, David biogr. N. C. M:315
*Goddard, Rev. Warren, Sr. Mess. 57:289 biogr. 307
*Parsons, Dr. Elisha, M. D. biogr. Mess. 57:172 L:168
Pilkington, Rev. Samuel biogr. N. C. M:287
*Whitman, Isaac S. Mess. 57:399
*Whittlesey, Rev. Elephalet L:168

1890
*Allen, Mrs. Mary biogr. Mess. 59:427 L.1891:56, 72, 104
*Barnes, Dr. George Wm. L:96
Best, Isaac A. biogr. N. C. M:239
Brady, Alfred biogr. N. C. M.1891:94
*Clark, Dr. Calvin obit. Mess. 58:222
*Gibbens, Edwin A. biogr. Mess. 58:223
*Gorman, Rev. T. Murray M. XV:124 L.1891:46
Hjelinqvist, Johan L:172
*Jewett, John L. obit. Mess. 59:303
*Oldfield, Mrs. Martha K. obit. Mess. 58:287
*Scammon, Jonathan Young biogr. Mess. 58:193, 200 M. XIV:263 L:64
*Swanton, John B. obit. Mess. 58:127
Westall, Rev. John. biogr. Mess. 58:218, 226 M. XIV:340
*White, Wm. L:141

*Accompanied with comment in text.-Ed.

ORDINATIONS
ANNALS VOLUME II
1851-1900
Key - M for Minister
P - for General Pastor

1851       none
1852       Dawes, Rufus 2nd degree by Rev. Richard de Charms U. S. NCR:566
Williams, John H. 2nd degree by Rev. David Powell U. S. Mess. 53:170 N III:52
1853       Giles, Chauncey M by Rev. David Powell U. S. Mess 53:172
1854       Children, Robert M by Rev. J. R. Hibbard U. S. Mess. 54:38
1855       none
1856       Beswick, Samuel M by Rev. B. F. Barrett U. S. Mess. 56:167
Whitaker, D. K. M by Rev. B. F. Barrett U. S. Mess. 56:607, 8
1857       none
1858       Hyde, John M by Dr. J. Bayley G. B. O. II:38
Wilks, Thomas P by               U. S. M 30:546 Min. 10 G
1859       Busman, Gerhard M by Rev. J. R. Hibbard G. B. M 32:55
Day, E. G. M by Mr. Jacob Pitman Australia I. 60:38, 499
Hofer, John H. M by Rev. J. R. Hibbard U. S. Mess. 4:11
1860       Ager, John Curtis M by Rev. J. P. Stuart U. S. M 33:350
Dunham, Charles A. 1st degree by Rev. Thomas Worcester M 32:635, 639
Eaton, Joshua Trowbridge M by Rev. J. P. Stuart U. S. M. 33:352 Mess. 11:22
Herrick, John I. M by U. S. M 33:284
Mills, James E. 1st degree by Rev. S. F. Dike U. S. M 33:168
Paine, Timothy O. 1st degree by Rev. Thomas Worcester M 23:635, 639
Reed, James 1st degree by Rev. Thomas Worcester U. S. M 32:635
Smith, George Nelson P by Rev. Thomas Worcester U. S. M 33:15
Worcester, John 1st degree by Rev. Thomas Worcester U. S. M 32:635, 639
1861       Hyde, John M by Dr. J. Bayley G. B. I:533
Mills, James E. M by Rev. Dyke U. S. Mess. 6:190
Storry, R. P by Rev. J. H. Smithson G. B. O. 5:210
Worcester, John M by Rev. Thomas Worcester U. S. NCR 1901:35
1862       Goddard, John P by Rev. Thomas Worcester U. S. M 35:174
Gould, Edwin M by Rev. S. F. Dike Canada Mess. 8:110, 115
1863       Edson, Theodore M by Rev. Chauncey Giles U. S. Mess. 10:58
Giles, Chauncey P by Rev. J. R. Hibbard U. S. Mess. 8:202
Keene, James M by Dr. J. Bayley G. B. I64:51
Sewall, Frank M by Rev. S. F. Dike U. S. Mess. IX:47
1864       Marsden, T. L. M by Rev. E. Madeley G. B. I:525
Tuerk, F. W. P by Rev. Thomas Worcester U. S. M 37:1 Mess. 9:202
1865       Silver, Abiel P by Rev. Thomas Worcester U. S. Mess. 10:206 Mess. 11:2
Warren, Samuel M by Rev. Thomas Worcester U. S. M 38:154
1866       Gladwell, Charles M by Dr. Bayley G. B. I:182 Goddard, John M by Rev. Chauncey Giles U. S. M 38:666
Potts, John F. M by Dr. Bayley G. B. I:527 Mess 11:134 Mess 12:82
1867       Hunt, John Ward. M by Rev. Chauncey Giles U. S. Mess 13:74
Mann, Charles H. M by Rev. Chauncey Giles U.S. Mess 13:62

1868        Noble, Calvin D. M by Dr. J. R. Hibbard U.S. Mess. l5:313
Reed, James P by Rev. Thomas Worcester U. S. Mess 14:121 M. 40:554

Rey, W. M by Dr. Bayley G. B.
Tafel, Rudolph L. 1st degree by Rev. J. P. Stuart U. S. R. Pa. A. 9, 10 Mess 14:185

1869        Einhaus, Jacob Herman. by Rev. J. P. Stuart U.S. Mess 17:89
Mayhews, W. H. M by U.S. Mess 16:233
Pilkington, S. M by Dr. Bayley G. B. I:571
Presland, John. M by Dr. Bayley G. B. I:474
Reiche, Gustave by Rev. J. P. Stuart U. S. M 44: App. Mess 16:362

Seward, S. S. M by Rev. Chauncey Giles U. S. Mess 17:249
Tafel, Louis H. M by Rev. Chauncey Giles U. S. Mess 17:21.7
Wright, T. F. M by U. S. Mess 16:233
1870       Pendleton, W. F. L by the Georgia Assoc. U. S. Mess 19:346
Welton, E. P. by Rev. Chauncey Giles U.S. Mess 19:330
Whitehead, Eli M by Rev. R. Storry G. B. I:53:2
1871       Boyesen, A. Th. M by Dr. Bayley U. S. I:498
Chase, George W. 1st degree by Rev. Dr. Worcester U.S. Mess 21:139
Keyes, Edwin R. by Rev. Chauncey Giles U. S. Mess 20:31
Payten, T. Kidd M by Rev. B. Madeley G. B. I74:14.3
Pseisker, Hermann M by Dr. Bayley U. S. I:498.
Tafel, Leonard M by Rev. Chauncey Giles U. S. Mess 20:175
1872       Tuller, E. R. M by Rev. Chauncey Giles U. S. Mess. 24:8 Mess 61:94
1873       Benade, William Henry P by U.S. Mess 24:297
Bowers, John Eby by Rev. J. P. Stuart U.S. Mess 24:237
Lebrun, J. J. by Rev. J. P. Stuart U. S. Mess 24:237
Pendleton, William F. 1st degree by Bishops W. F. Benade U. S. Mess 25:152
Wilkins, Charles H. M by Dr. Bayley G. B. I:299
1874       Pettee, Joseph P by Messrs. Dike, Hibbard and Stuart U.S. Mess 29:92
Ramage, Peter M by Rev. E. D. Rendell G. B. I:541
Tansley, Isaiah M by Rev. R. Starry G.B. I75:592
Thornton, J .J. M by Rev. E. D. Rendell G. B. I:587
1875       Ashby, Joseph M by Dr. Bayley G. B. I:593
Deans, Joseph M by Rev. R. Storry G. B. I:593
Goldsack, Rodman M by Dr. Bayley G. B. I:594, I76:46
Rogers, R. R. M by Dr. Bayley G. B. I:592
1876       Baumann, M by              Germany Mess 63:189
Bruce, W. P. by Dr. Bayley G. B. I:351
Mittnacht,       M by       Germany Mess 63:189
Schiwek,        M by        Germany Mess 63:189
Zahn, M by               Germany Mess 63:389
1877       Thornton, J. J. P by Dr. Bayley G. B. I:543
Vetterling, H. C.        By       U. S. J. P. A. 45:83 Pa. As. Re. P. 5
1878       Cameron, Henry M by Rev. R. Storry G. B. ML 408 I:557
Child, Thomas M by Rev. R. Storry G. B. ML 427 I:554
Day, E. G. M by Rev. J. J. Thornton Australia I:505 ML 129
Mackereth, Thomas M by Rev. R. Storry G. B. ML 97:46 I:558
Martin, John M by Dr. Bayley G. B. ML 367 I:507
Rendell, J. R. M by Dr. Bayley G. B. I79:356
1879       Barlow, W. C. M by Rev. W. Bruce G. B. I:548
Bellais, Alfred 2nd degree by Rev. W. H. Benade France L85:96 A. A.
Jones, Edward M by Rev. R. Storry G. B. I:499
OMant, W. M by Rev. R. Storry G. B. I:500
Smyth, Julian K. M by Rev. S. F. Dike U. S. mess 36:50
1880       Bostock, E. C. M by Rev. W. H. Benade U. S. mess 38:330
Roeder, Adolph M by Rev. Chauncey Giles U. S. mess 38:260
Whitehead, John M by Rev. W. H. Benade U. S. mess 38:330

1881       Boyle, J. R. M by Rev. R. Storry G. B. I:495
Woodford, J. J. M by Dr. Bayley G. B. I:538
1882       Elstob, John M by Dr. Bayley G. B. NCM 559
Pulsford, E. M. M by Rev. J. Presland G. B. NCM 603
Westall, W. P by Dr. Bayley G. B. NCM 83:48
1883       Czerny, Andrew 1st degree by Rev. W. H. Benade U. S. L:98
Schliffer, W. H. 1st degree by Rev. W. H. Benade U. S. L:98
Schreck, E. J. E. 1st degree by Rev. W. H. Benade U. S. L:98
1884       none
1885       Buss, James M by Rev. Dr. Tafel G. B. L:176 NCM 552
Manby, C. J. N. M by laymen Sweden L:48, 64
Stonestreet, W. T. M by Dr. Bayley G. B. L:194 NCM 552
Washburn, J. M. M by Rev. Chauncey Giles U. S. L:176
Worcester, Wm. 1st degree by Rev. Chauncey Giles U. S. L:80 L86:16
1886       Alden, Wm. Hyde M by Rev. Chauncey Giles U. S.
Butterfield, W. H. M by Rev. J. Goddard U. S. L:192
Diehel, Wm. M by Rev. Chauncey Giles U. S. L:48
Freeth, J. T. M by Rev. Richard Storry G. B. NCM 508
Grant, Henry H. by              U. S.
Higgins, Frank L. M by               Canada
Houts, Thomas Franklin M by Rev. Goddard U. S. M X:487
Smith, John Edward M by Rev. Chauncey Giles U. S.
Ward, Gardiner I. M by Rev. Joseph Pettee U. S. M X:284
1887       Buss, Wm. Henry M by Rev. J. Presland G. B. NCM 604
Davidson, G. M. 2nd degree by Rev. F. W. Turek Canada
Griffiths, Charles M by Dr. Tafel G. B. NCM 603
Lock, G. H. M by Rev. Richard Storry G. B. NCM 515
Menshcner, J. C. by Rev. A. J. Bartels U. S. L:177, 183 Mess 53:298
Sudbrack, J. H. by Rev. A. J. Bartels U. S. L:177, 183 Mess 53:298
1888       Cullen, Michael John M by Rev. J. Pettee U. S.
Potter, Arthur M by Dr. Tafel G. B. NCM 604
Wheeler, George S. M by              U. S.
1889       Dole, George Henry M by Rev. John Goddard U. S. Mess 57:266
Faraday, Arthur M by Rev. J. F. Potts G. B. NCM 562
Freeman, H. W. M by Rev. John Presland G. B. NCM 566
Humann, Charles M by M. Nichols (layman) France M XIII:697
McIntosh, Wm. M by Rev. Jabez Fox U. S. mess 56:201
Meek, George M by Rev. Richard Storry G. B. NCM 602
Thornton, J. J. P by (appointment) Australia L:104, 111, 135 Mess 57:41
1890       Beilby, Arthur E. M by Rev. J. Presland Australia NCM 512
Billings, Percy M by Rev. J. Pettee U. S. L:112
Bjorck, Albert              By Rev. J. Pettee Sweden
Cleare, Albert John       By Rev. Chauncey Giles U. S.
Dryden, D. A. M by Revs. Doughty, Edmiston, Bowan and three laymen U. S. L:144 mess 67:122, 126
Hayes, John H. M by Rev. J. Pettee U. S. L:112
Landenberger, Louis G. M by Rev. John Goddard U. S. L:48
McGowan, John P by Rev. S. F. Dike India Mess 60:41 62:186 L91:52, 33
McLagan, Henry M by Rev. J. Presland G. B. NCM 560
Rich, Louis M by Rev. John Goddard U. S. L91:55
Slight, Lewis Alexander M by Dr. R. L. Tafel G. B. NCM 561
Spiers, J. B. M by Rev. J. Pettee U. S. L:112
Unruh, Benjamin P. M by Rev. A. J. Bartel, Rev. G. Busman and Mr. Klages U. S. L:208


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