Volume II: 1938-1976


by William Whitehead and Morley D. Rich


1976

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Prefatory Notes and Acknowledgments       P. i
List of Abbreviations              P. ii

1938       1              1957       140
39       9              58       147

40       17              59       155
41       24              60       162
42       32              61       170
43       39              62       176
44       46              63       181
45       52              64       189
46       59              65       195
47       66              66       202
48       73              67       208
49       80              68       214
50       87              69       220
51       95              70       226
52       104              71       232
53       113              72       238
54       120              73       243
55       126              74       248
56       133              75       254

Editors Epilog       260
Appendix:

Meetings and Reports       P. i

Notable Memorials              Xi

Ordinations                            Xxv

PREPARATORY NOTES AND ACKNOWLEDGMENTS


Reversing his former position, the editor of these Annals would like to make particular and grateful acknowledgment for their valuable assistance to:

Miss Elizabeth Whitehead, for her cheerful and patient work in checking al references and in composing the Appendix lists.

Mrs. Leslie Weaver and Miss Anne Tessler (now Mrs. Frank Rich) for their expert and patient typing of the manuscript.

Prof. Eldric Klein, Academy Archivist, for his indispensable guidance in their historical work entailed.

The Academy Library staff for their willing cooperation.

Finally to Bishop Willard D. Pendleton, who has given me every organizational assistance and support, and has also even given of his valuable time in latter years of the work itself.

It will be seen by the reader that this second Volume of the Annals of the General Church continues the general format of the first.

Students will also observe the inevitable deficiencies of this second volume due to the short historical perspective involved (1938-76).

Morley D. Rich, Ed.

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
for periodicals, books and libraries to which references are made in these volumes (Annals of the Academy of the New Church, and Annals of the General Church of the New Jerusalem.)

AA - Archives of the Academy of the New Church, Bryn Athyn, Pa.
AL - Academy of the New Church Library.
Anniv. Record - The Academy of the New Church, 1876-1926. AL.
Block - The New Church in the New World.
BSA - Bulletin of the Sons of the Academy.
Coll. Lres. - College Letters, AL, 1886.
I - Intellectual Repository. London, 1812-81.
JE - Journal of Education (of the Academy), AL, 1901-.
Journal - Journals of the General Church of Pennsylvania, 1845-89.
JPD - John Pitcairn Diary. AA.
L - New Church Life, Bryn Athyn, Pa. 1881 - date.
LM - The New Jerusalem Magazine, tendon, 1826-.
M - New Jerusalem Magazine, Boston, 1827-72.
Mns - New Jerusalem Magazine, new series. Boston, 1875-93.
Mess. - New Jerusalem Messenger (now New Church Messenger), New York, et al, 1855 - date.
ML - Morning Light. London, 1878-1914.
NCH - New Church Herald. London, 1920 - date.
NCM - New Church Magazine. London, 1882 - date.
NCQ- New Church Quarterly, 1910-18.
NCReview - New Church Review, Boston. 1882-1934.
NCT - New Church Tidings. Toronto. 1889-94.
NE - Early Days of the Immanuel Church. Glenview, III. S.G. Nelson, 1927. AL.
PES - Pastoral Extension Service. Bryn Athyn, 1944-. AL.
TA - Theta Alpha Journal. Bryn Athyn.
WNC - Words for the New Church, Philadelphia, 1876-86.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 2

1938


AFRICA
Alpha, Ladybrand, O. F. S., March 1. - Nineteen ministers and teachers of the New Church Mission meet to debate the problem of Mission 5chools versus New Church Schools. - L. 281.

Aug. 7. - Sept. 3. - Episcopal visits by Bishop De Charms to various points of the South African Mission; Natal (Mayville, Tongaat); Zululand (Entumeni); Transvaal (Greyllingstad, Spring, Vereeniging) North Natal (Kalabasi, Lusitanla) O. F. S. (Ladybrand). The Rev. Philip Stole (Mayville) is ordained into the pastoral degree; Candidates S. Mkize, B. Nzimande, P. Sabela and A. Zungu (Zululand) are ordained into the ministerial degree. - Account in L. 1939:23-27; photos., 25.

Sept. 6-11. - Second General Assembly of the South African Mission; Bishop De Charms presiding. Attendances reach about 400. The proceedings include 6 council meetings with the ministers, leaders, and teachers. Candidates S. Buthelezi, J. Kandisa, J. Lunga, A. Mphatse, W. Mkizo and George Nteso are ordained into the ministerial degree. - Account in L. 1939:27-37; Bishops address, 8; group photo., 37.

NATAL
Durban, Jan. 29. - Celebration of Swedenborgs birthday. - L. 235.

July 31-Aug. 18. - Bishop and Mrs. De Charms visit the Durban Society. - Account in L. 1939:88-9.

Aug. 9-14. - Fourth South African Assembly; Bishop De Charms presiding; 110 attend the four formal sessions. Full account in L. 1939:13-17; group photo., 14.

AMERICA


CANADA
Kitchener, Ont., Sept. - Candidate Norbert H. Rogers is appointed assistant to the pastor of the Carmel Church.. - L. 239, 476.

Sept. 6. - The Carmel Church Day School opens with 40 pupils in 7 grades. - L. 476.

Oct. 8-10. - 25th Ontario District Assembly; Bishop A. Acton presiding. The 50th anniversary of New Church education in Kitchener is celebrated. Report in L. 1939:46-7.

Toronto, Ont., N. d. - The Olivet Society authorizes 8 committee to purchase a tract of land, about eight miles from Toronto, for the purposes of a New Church community. - L. 328. Cf. 377.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 3

-During the summer, Candidate Bjrn Boyesen assists in the work of the Olivet Church. - L. 474.

Sept. 7. - The Olivet Day School opens with twelve children in six grades. - L. 475.

Nov. 1. - Death of Sir John Daniel, aged 68 years. A native of Carmarthen, Wales, he became a reader of the Writings at 21 years. He first joined an organized body of the Church in 1929, when he became an active member of the Olivet Church. Author of The Philosophy of Ancient Britain. - L. 576; obit., 572.

UNITED STATES


ILLINOIS
Chicago, Sept. - The Rev. Morley D. Rich becomes pastor of the Sharon Church, succeeding the Rev. Willis L. Gladish who has ministered to this society for 18 years. - L. 288. Cf. 568; 1939:44.

Glenview, Jan. 29. - Special celebration of Swedenborgs birthday, - L. 139.

April 8. - The total membership of the Immanuel Church is now 141. - L. 238.

June 18. - The first ninth grade of this Church School graduates its five pupils.

Sept. - The Immanuel Church School opens with 71 pupils in 9 grades. - L. 525.

Oct. 28-30. - 33rd Chicago District Assembly; Bishop Acton presiding; 140 to 204 persons attend. A future High School in Glenview is discussed. Report in L. 568-9; paper, 1939:63.

Nov. - The Life Class marks its 550th meeting. - L. 1939:45.

Rockford, Dec. - Ten persons meet regularly in a reading group. - L. 568, 569.

MICHIGAN
Detroit, March 5-6. - The MichiganOntario members meet under the leadership of Rev. Norman Reuter. - L. 237.

Oct. 11-12. - Bishop A. Acton visits the Detroit group. - L. 567.

OHIO
Akron, March 25-27. - The Northern Ohio group is stimulated the Sons of the Academy; 58 persons attend. Bulletin S. A.; L. 236. Cf. 285.

Oct. 13-16. - Bishop Acton visits the Northern Ohio group. Graphic account of the origin of the group in L. 569-572.

Dec. - The Northern Ohio group leases a hall in the Portage Hotel for Sunday services every alternate month. - L. 1939:82.

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Wyoming, Sept. - The Rev. Norman H. Reuter, resident pastor here, is appointed Visiting Pastor of the General Church in the Middle West and South. - L. 239.

OREGON
Redmond, Dec. 14. - Death of Mr. John Daniel Fogle, aged 70 years. A well-known member of an old New Church family in Bourbon, Indiana. - L. 1939:96; obit., 86.

PENNSYLVANIA
Bryn Athyn, Jan. 12. - The celebration of Founders Day is marked by a notable historical address on The Academy: Retrospect, introspect, and Prospect by the Rev. Dr. C. E. Doering. - L. 109-123.

Jan. 28. - A notable address at the celebration of Swedenborgs birthday is given by Bishop Alfred Acton. - Text in L. 207-222.

March 28-April 1. - 41st annual meeting of the Council of the Clergy; Bishop De Charms presiding; 21 attending. Important discussions on three papers and pastoral problems mark the five sessions. Three sessions with the Academy Faculty also are held. - Account in L. 250-252; address, 310; papers, 352, 344.

April 2-3. - The annual Philadelphia District Assembly centers on the origin and uses of Council and Assembly. - Account in L. 325; paper, 295.

April 6. - Death of Mrs. Robert Morris Glenn (Cara Starkey), in her 75th year. Widow of one of the Academys earliest officers, her home (Glenhurst) was a center of social and intellectual activity and well-known throughout the General Church. - L. 240; memorial address, 279.

May 13. - The society confirms the appointment of the Rev. Elmo C. Acton as an Assistant Pastor. A Boys Club is authorized. - L. 333.

June 11. - Joint meeting of the Academy Corporation and Faculty. - L. 334.

June 14. - The Elementary School graduates 25 pupils. L. 333.

June 15. - At the Academys commencement exercises, 33 students graduate. Among the degrees, the honorary degree of Ph.D. is granted to the Rev. Wm. Whitehead; and the degree of B. Th. to Messrs. M. D. Rich and N. H. Rogers. - L. 335; address, 337.

June 18-19. - The observance of New Church Day is described in L. 333; address, 362.

Oct. - The publication of New Church Sermons, is discontinued, owing to increased printing costs. - L. 480.

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Nov. 4. - Reception to Bishop De Charms on his return from a round-the-world episcopal journey. - Account in L. 575.

Dec. 31. - Death of Mary Lawson (Young) Pendleton, widow of the late Bishop Emeritus Wm. F. Pendleton, in her 88th year. - L. 1939:96; biogr. sketch, 112; memorial address, 107.

Lake Wallenpaupack. - Sunday services are now held regularly throughout the summer, by the Revs. H. Synnestvedt and K. R. Alden; about 40 persons attend. - L. 520.

Jan. 29. - In celebration of the 250th anniversary of Swedenborgs birth, the General Church broadcasts an Informational interview by the announcer of Station KYW (Phila.) with the Rev. Messrs. H. L. Odhner and W. Whitehead. A Bryn Athyn choir sings the 48th Psalm. - Text of script in L. 127-130. Cf. 143.

Pittsburgh, June 9. - The Pittsburgh Church School completes its 53rd year. Despite the depression of the last eight years, the work has advanced through volunteer teachers. - L. 329.

Sept. 9. - The Day School opens with 18 pupils in six grades, and two full-time teachers. - L. 573.

Sept. 16. - A record membership of 98 is reported by the society. - L. 524.

Sept. 30-Oct. 2. - Pittsburgh District Assembly; Bishop A. Acton presiding. Report in L. 524.

Oct. - A New Philosophy Club is formed; chairman, Rev. W. D. Pendleton. L. 574.

Dec. 18. - Death of Mr. Samuel Stewart Lindsay, aged 83 years. Baptized by Bishop Benade in 1881, he became a much loved councillor in the General Church, and treasurer of the Pittsburgh society for over thirty years. - L. 1939:96, 87; biogr. sketch, 117; memorial address, 113; photo., 267.

AUSTRALIA
Hurstville, Aug. 4. - The societys membership is now 24; the Sunday School, 25.- L. 522.

Oct. 9-13. - Episcopal visit by Bishop De Charms. Pastors report, with group photo., in L. 1939:18-22. Cf. 85.

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EUROPE


FRANCE
Paris, June 19. - The Paris Society and the Federation group under the Rev. Norman Mayer together celebrate New Church Day; 29 persons present. - L. 375.

St. Cloud. S. et O., Nov. 21. - Death of Madame Stephanie Hussenet, widow of the late Rev. Ferdinand Hussenet, aged 73 years. - L. 1939:96.

GREAT BRITAIN
London, May 22. - Bishop R. J. Tilson announces his retirement from the 52 years - pastorate of the Michael Church, terminating 59 years of ministerial service in England. - Account in L. 425.

June 26. - The induction of the Rev. A. Wynne Acton as pastor of the Michael Church is described in - L. 426.

July 14. - Bishop De Charms visits the Michael Church. - L. 522.

July 30-Aug. 1. - The 31st British Assembly is held at the Michael Church; the Rev. F. E. Gyllenhaal presiding. The prevailing theme is the good of life. About 100 persons present. - Report in L. 467, 471.

New Moston, Manchester, Aug. - The New Moston circle reports some thirty persons interested in the work of the circle. - L. 473. Cf. 1940:40.

HOLLAND
The Hague, Jan. 29. - The General Church group honors the day. Dutch newspapers contain long articles about Swedenborg as scientist and theologian. - L. 189; (see photo. of the Hague group, 332).

March. - The Hague society is given legal status in Holland. - L. 526; see group photo, 332.

NORWAY
April - A reading group meets each Sunday. The average attendance at Mr. Baeckstrms lectures is 100. - L. 328.

Nov. - The Rev. G. Baeckstrm lectures in Oslo, Bergen and Stavanger. - Account in L. 1939:82.

SWEDEN
Gothenburg, April. - A small reading Circle (Nykyrkilga Cirkein) is formed here. - L. 330.

Jnkping, N. d. - A young peoples club is formed here; Mr. Lennart Alfelt, chairman. - L. 330.

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Stockholm, Jan. 29. - At the first Swedish-Norwegian New Church Assembly in Stockholm, the Swedenborg anniversary is celebrated by 88 persons. Interesting accounts in L., 185-7.

NOTEWORTHY ARTICLES
New Life, vol. 58.

The Academys Mission, by Rev. Willard D. Pendleton. - p. 14.

Discussion on the Hague Movement, - pp. 24, 85, 179,180.

The History of the New Church in Wyoming, Ohio. - p. 232.

Early New Church Families in Sweden, by Mrs. S. O. Sigstedt. - p. 304.

Spiritual Influx, by Rev. T. S. Harris. - p. 344.

The Spiritual Sun, by Rev. Willard D. Pendleton. - p. 352.

Evangelizing our Children, by Mr. Harold F. Pitcairn. - p. 362.

Swedenborg and Spirits: His effect upon the Spiritual World, by Rev. E. E. Iungerich. - p. 433.

The Gospels of the Advent: Elizabeth and Mary; The Word made Flesh, by Rev. H. L. Odhner. - pp. 455, 497.

The Connection and Series of Doctrines in the Writings: A Study, by Rev. W. C. Henderson. - p. 489.

Introducing the Writings: What Work Would You Give?, by Rev. W. C. Henderson. - p. 512. See 1939, pp. 79, 81, 322, 372.

Religion in the Home, by Rev. H. L. Odhner. - p. 541.

The New Philosophy,1938.

Swedenborg and the nebular hypothesis, by Rev. A. Acton. p. 9.

The Letters and Memorials of Swedenborg: 1709-1748 (trans. and edited by A. Acton). - p. 33. Continued for a number of years, and published in book form in 1948.

PUBLICATIONS
ACADEMY OF THE NEW CHURCH: Communication. A Monograph for New Church English Teachers. Written and compiled by a group of teachers and students in the Academy of the New Church. Bryn Athyn, Pa. Quarto (mimeographed) 73pp.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 8

DE CHARMS, BISHOP GEORGE: The Worship of the Divine Human. South Africa. Pamphlet, 8pp. (Sermon, originally appearing in L. Oct. 1938).

PENDLETON, LOUIS BEAUREGARD: Echo of Drums, A Novel. New York: Sovereign Noticed in L. 1938:373.

PENDLETON, BISHOP NATHANIEL DANDRIDGE: Selected Papers and Addresses . A Memorial volume with portrait. Biographical sketch and bibliography by Rev. William Whitehead (editor). Bryn Athyn, Pa.; The Academy of the New Church - Buckram, 8 vo., pp. 251. - Reviewed in L. 1939:219; The New Christianity, Summer no., 1939 (Cf. L.1939:465).

SWEDENBORG, EMANUEL: Three Transactions on the Cerebrum. Vol. I. Now first translated and edited from a photostat copy of the original manuscript by Alfred Acton, M. A., D. Th. Philadelphia, Pa.: Swedenborg Scientific Association. Cloth, octavo, pp. 731. Also Book of Anatomical Plates, pp. 180. - Reviewed in L. 1939:169.

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS


1938
America.              Mexico. Mexico nationalizes its oil Industry (March 18).

Austria.                     Hitler invades Austria; and the political and geographic union of Germany and Austria is announced (March 13).

Czechoslovakia.              Eduard Benes resigns as president (Oct. 5).

The occupation, by Germany, of Czechoslovakias Sudetenland, is completed (Oct. 10).

The actual partition of Czechoslovakia, by Germany, Hungary, and Poland, is completed (Nov. 27).

Germany.              Britain and France yield to Nazi demands at a conference in Munich, Bavaria.

Great Britain.              A Church of England Commission reports that the creation narrative in Genesis is mythological, with a symbolic rather than a historic view (Jan. 13).

June 19th is observed in England as Thanksgiving Sunday in honor of the 400th anniversary of the first placing of Coverdales English translation of the Bible in the churches of England.

Italy.       The Italian Parliament is dissolved; and succeeded by the Chamber of Fasces and Corporations (Dec. 14).

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 9

Russia.        The first session of the U. S. S. R.s Red Parliament, elected under the new constitution, opens in the Kremlin (Jan. 12).

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 10

1939


AFRICA
Alpha, Ladybrand, O. F. S., June. - No Theological School is held in 1939; but the Superintendent gives special doctrinal lectures in five centers, in addition to the customary annual meetings with ministers, leaders and teachers. - L. 526; address, 1940:158.

Aug. 14. - Death of Mrs. Catherine Letele, in her 55th year. Associated with the Mission as a teacher from its early Basutoland days in 1921, she was Head Mistress of the Alpha Mission Day School, 1925-939. - Obit., L. 527; Cf. 1943:117.

NATAL
N. d. - Mr. W. M. Buss presents to the Durban Society the historic volumes of the Writings brought to South Africa in 1850 by Mr. and Mrs. James Ridgway. - Durban Society Adviser, May 5; Cf. L. 1930, June; 1939:379.

AMERICA


BRAZIL
Rio de Janeiro, N. d. - Mr. Oscar Mattson, a member of the Gothenburg (Sweden) Circle, described a visit to the Rio de Janeiro Society. - L. 431.

Nov. 22. - The Rev. Henry Leonardos describes the work, personnel, and new church building of the Society, in an interesting letter to Bishop De Charms. - L. 1940:129-135; photos., 130, 133.

CANADA
July-Aug. - The Rev. F. E. Gyllenhaal and Mr. Otho W. Heilman visit isolated members and groups of the General Church in Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta and British Columbia. - Account in L. 1940:83-9.

Kitchener, Ont., Sept. 5. - The Day School opens with two teachers and 39 pupils in six grades. L. 472.

Quebec, Oct. 14-15. - Bishop A. Acton visits the Montreal Circle; 21 present, representing seven families. - L. 379, 574.

Toronto, Ont., June. - The Olivet Church School has 13 pupils and one teacher. - L. 472.

- During the summer months, the Rev. B. Boyesen ministers to the Society. - L. 473.

N. d. - The Olivet Church Day school opens with 11 pupils. - L. 524.

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Oct. 79. Ontario District Assembly; Bishop Acton presiding. - L. 1940:46.


N. d. - The title to the community property at Weston is now declared clear, and ready for development. The Chatterbox periodical becomes the official organ of the Olivet Society, Editor, Miss Vera Craigie. - L. 1940:46; description of property, 1939:409.

UNITED STATES
Washington, D. C., March. - The Washington Society now numbers 16 members and 12 children. - L. 139.

COLORADO
Denver, - During the summer, the Rev. Willard D. Pendleton makes pastoral visits to Spokane, San Francisco, Los Angeles and Denver. - Account in L. 522.

CONNECTICUT
Gaylordsville, Dec. 20. - Death of Dr. William Cowley in his 76th year. A homeopathic physician in East Liberty, Pa., he was one of the active supporters of the Pittsburgh Society and School, throughout all their vicissitudes. His well-known interest in Swedenborgs philosophical works became a legend in New Church circles. His son, Malcolm Cowley, at whose home he died, is a distinguished American writer and critic. - L. 1940:96; obit., 80, 93.

GEORGIA
Atlanta, Jan. 11-16. - The Visiting Pastor (Rev. N. H. Reuter) conducts classes and services here for some forty persons. - Account in L. 137.

ILLINOIS
Glenview, June 17. - Seven pupils are graduated from the Elementary School. - L. 382.

June 18. - Joint celebration of New Church Day by the Sharon and Immanuel Churches in service, pageant, and banquet. - L. 381, 382.

Sept. 18. - The Church School opens with 70 pupils. 16 young people have left for the Academy Schools. - L. 571.

Oct. 13-15. - 34th Chicago District Assembly; Bishop De Charms presiding; attendance reaches 196. - Account in L. 571.

N. d. - The Park News begins publication. - L. 331.

N. d. - The Glenview Chapter of Theta Alpha suggests that some means be found to give religious instruction to the children of isolated families. - L. 1951:453.

Rockford, Jan. - The organization of a Rockford Circle is announced, and monthly services and doctrinal classes are held with the Rev. Morley D. Rich as visiting pastor. - L. 90; 1940:142.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 12

MARYLAND
Arbutus, April. - The Rev. Homer Synnestvedt writes an interesting description of the state of the Arbutus community and Circle. Quarterly services and classes are still maintained. - L. 189; 1940:191.

MICHIGAN
Detroit, May 13-14. - A Middle West Assembly meets in the Fort Shelby Hotel; Bishop De Charms presiding; 100 persons present (Michigan, 41; Ohio, 26; Ontario, 19; Illinois, 10; Penna., 4). The uses of assemblies and of the General Church occupy the leading interest. - Full account, with group photo., in L. 366-371.

OHIO
Akron, March 26. - It is decided to make Akron the Sunday services center for the Northern Ohio groups (Cleveland, Akron, Niles and Youngstown). - L. 334.

Oct. 18. - Bishop De Charms visits the Northern Ohio group. Interesting account in L. 568-570.

Wyoming, Jan. - The Rev. N. H. Reuter, as Visiting Pastor, visits isolated members and groups in Alabama, Georgia, Florida, and Tennessee. - Account in L. 137.

PENNSYLVANIA
Bryn Athyn, Jan. 12. - Founders Day is informally celebrated Academy officers and teachers. - L. 186.


March 27-April 1. - 42nd annual Council of the Clergy; Bishop De Charms presiding; 22 present. The present needs of the General Church, on account of the protracted period of economic depression, are discussed, especially publication, adult education, and the better organization of District and Local Assemblies. Seven sessions are held. Report in L. 254-6; episcopal address, 248; paper, 351.

March 28-29, 31. - Three meetings of Elementary School teachers of the General Church are held. - Full report in Parent-Teacher Journal. May, pp. 219-224.

April 1. - 45th Joint Council of the Clergy and Executive Committee; 34 present. The problems of New Church Life and the Orphanage Fund receive especially full discussion. Report in L. 258-266; annual reports, 268-282; group photo., 257.

May 6-7. - At the Philadelphia District Assembly, Bishop De charms delivers a notable address on The Uses of the Church. Account of session and banquet in L. 285-7. Full and enlarged text of the address on pp. 337, 385, 481, 536.

May 13. - Death of Mr. Louis Beauregard Pendleton, in his 79th year.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 13 Author of The Wedding Garment (1894) The Invisible Police (1932), Lost Prince Almon (1898), and In Assyrian Tents (1904); he was best known for his Life of Alexander Stevens (1908), a recognized text in U. S. colleges. From 1899 to 1914 he was an editorial writer for his brothers newspapers Macon Daily Telegraph, and thereafter conducted a syndicated editorial service. - L., 288; sketch and photo., 306; memorial address, 301.

June 15. - Closing exercises of the Bryn Athyn Elementary School; 22 pupils graduate. - L. 378.

June 16. - Commencement exercises of the Academy Schools; 29 students graduate. Mr. B. A. H. Boyesen receives the degree of B. Th. Account in L 378.

June 18-19. - Celebration of New Church Day; about 400 persons participate. - Described in L. 377.

Aug. 17. - Death of Emma Gertrude Beebe Caldwell, In her 89th year. Widow of the late Robert B. Caldwell Sr., she was, in her earlier years, a famous operatic singer well known throughout Canada. - L. 432.

Dec. 24. - The childrens Christmas service is attended by 774 persons. - L. 1940:90.

Philadelphia, April. - The work of the two groups of the Advent Church (West Side and North Side) is now in charge of the Revs. E. C. Acton and H. Synnestvedt. Their recent history is described in L. 190.

Nov. 21. - Death of the Hon. Robert von Moschzisker, in his 70th year. Becoming a Judge at 33, he was, six years later, made Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania. A member of the Advent Society, he was a keen student of the Writings. At his memorial service in the Bryn Athyn Cathedral, the large congregation included a distinguished gathering of the Pennsylvania judiciary and members of the bar. L. 1940:48; obit., 78,

Pittsburgh, May. - An unique copy of the Word for the altar is presented to the Pittsburgh society. - Described in L. 327.

May 19. - The society now has 100 members on its roll, a 30 per cent increase in four years. - L. 380.

June. - Candidate Ormond Odhner assists in the work of the society during the summer. - L. 381, 525.

June 14. - Five pupils are graduated from the Day School. - L. 380.

Sept. 11. - The Church Day School opens with 17 pupils in six grades and two teachers. - L. 525.

Sept. 29-Oct. 1. - Pittsburgh District Assembly; Bishop De Charms presiding; attendance reaches 120. Addresses and discussions center on the General Church. - L. 526.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 14

Dec. - In this society of 101 members, in addition to the regular worship and doctrinal class, five regular classes are studying doctrinal, educational and philosophical subjects. Virtually every member is enrolled. - L. 570.

Tarentum, Dec. - A monthly doctrinal class of 20 members, conducted by Rev. W. D. Pendleton, is now in its fifth year. - L. 570.

AUSTRALIA
Hurstville, (Sydney), Aug. 3. - The membership of the society is 25. Social life is now centered in the church hail. - L. 523; 1940:42.

Sept. 17. - At a special service and open meeting, the Pastor (Rev. W. C. Henderson) discusses The Church and War. - L. 1940:42.

Oct. 12. - At a testimonial dinner to honor the 20th anniversary of the ordination of the Pastor Emeritus (Rev. Richard Morse), letters of greeting from leaders of the New Church in America and Australia are read. - L. 1940:43.

EUROPE

FRANCE
Paris, - The Rev. E. E. Iungerich and Mr. Louis Lucas alternate in conducting fortnightly services for the Society at 1 rue Barthelemy, Paris. - L. 1946:190.

GREAT BRITAIN
Colchester, Aug. 5-7. - 32nd British Assembly, Bishop De Charms presiding. About 140 attend. Extension work in Great Britain for one year is agreed upon; the Rev. B. Boyesen to be in charge. - Report in L. 476-8.

London, Sept. 3. - On this day (Sunday) war is announced; and an Air Raid warning breaks up the Michael Church service. It is agreed that nothing is to interfere with the continuance of Sunday services, despite black-outs and gas-mask. Interesting description of war conditions in L. 1940:45-46. Cf. 1945:429.

Oct. 8. - The pastor of the Michael Church, Rev. A. Acton, calls a special meeting to consider the duties and opportunities arising out of war conditions. - L. 1940:45.

New Moston, Manchester, N. d. - The Revs. A. W. Acton, and \/. J. Gladish alternate in monthly visits to the New Moston Circle. - L. 1940:40.

July 22-23. - Bishop De Charms visits the New Moston Circle. Account in L. 1940:41.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 15

Wallington. Surrey, April 6. - Death of Mrs. F. W. (Louisa Waters) Elphick in her 81st year; widow of a well-known artist, whose home was the center of some of the early London Assemblies. - L. 288,429.

HOLLAND
The Hague, Jan. - The General Church Society begins the publication of a monthly periodical in Dutch, De Nieuwe Bedeeling (The New Dispensation). Editor, Rev. E. E. Iungerich. - L. 43, 78. Cf. 142, 283.

Aug. 11-13. - Bishop De Charms visits the Hague Society - Account in L. 470.

NORWAY
March. - The Rev. G. Baeckstrm visits Oslo. At one lecture, 160 persons are present. - L. 237.

Nov. 9-10. - Missionary lectures by Rev. G. Baeckstrm. - L. 1940:137.

SWEDEN
Gothenburg, March 27. - Death of the Rev. Joseph Elias Rosenqvist, B. Th., aged 77 years. Ordained in 1891, he ministered in Berlin (Kitchener), Rock ford, Stockholm, Philadelphia, and Gothenburg. An earnest exponent of Academy principles, he worked zealously for New Church education; and to the end engaged in translating the Writings into Swedish. - L. 240; obit., 234. Cf. 255

Jnkping, June 18. - An interesting survey of the Jnkping Societys first year of public uses appears in L. 424-7.

Oct. - The Jnkping Society publishes a monthly, mimeographed magazine, Tro och Liv (Faith and Life); editor, Rev S. Sandstrm. - L. 559; 1940:41.

N. d. - The society moves to a more central two-room church hall. - L. 1940:42.

Dec. - The pastor, Rev. Erik Sandstrm is called to serve in the army as military pastor in one of the hospital departments of his regiment. L. 1940:141.

Stockholm, Jan. 29. - Among the guests at the General Church societys celebration of Swedenborgs birthday, Captain Emanuel Swedenborg represents the Swedenborg family. - L. 283.

NOTEWORTHY ARTICLES
New Church Life, vol. 59.

Spiritistic Infestations, (A survey of the Harris and Davis movements). - p. 127.

Discarding Anonymity, (Why Swedenborg, in 1768, abandoned anonymity), by Rev. A. Acton. - p. 193.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 16

Perception: The Human Reaction to Affluent Stimuli, by Mr. Stanley Wainscot. - p. 206.

Correspondence and the Grand Man, by Rev. G. H. Smith. - p. 295.

What I believe and some reasons why, by Mr. Conrad Howard. - p. 309. (Replies by Mr. H. F. Pitcairn, p. 410; by Rev. H. L. Odhner, p. 411; by Rev. E. Sandstrm, p. 468; by Rev. E. E. Iungerich, p. 519. Rejoinder by Mr. Howard, p. 518).

The Uses of the Church, (Five addresses on: (1) What is the Church in its Essence? (2) The Church must be Organized for Use; (3) individual Uses; (4) Society Uses; (5) The Uses of the General Church), by Bishop G. de Charms. - pp. 337, 385, 444, 481, 536.

Perception, by Rev. W. L. Gladish. - p. 346.

The Holy, by Rev. Willard D. Pendleton. - p. 351.

Swedenborg and the Egyptian Hieroglyphics, by Rt. Rev. A. Acton. - p. 396.

The Academy View: The Academy teaches that the Writings are the Word, by Mr. Edward C. Bostock. - p. 415.

Man a Receptacle, (On no plane is he life itself), by Rev. E. E. Iungerich. - p. 561. Cf. 1940, p. 135.

PUBLICATIONS
ACTON, REV. ALFRED, M. A., D. TH.: (Translator and Editor) The Mechanical Inventions of Emanuel Swedenborg. Bryn Athyn, Pa; Swedenborg Scientific Association. pp. 52. With plates. - Reviewed in L. 1940:38.

ELPHICK, REV. F. W.: Outline Notes concerning the Agreement and Difference between The General Church and The Hague Position? (Based upon and supplementary to, Lectures given to the Native Ministers of the General Church Mission in South Africa, at the various Mission Stations, Dec. 1938 - June, 1939. Published by the Author at Alpha, Ladybrand, O. F. S., South Africa. - Pamphlet, Octavo, 55pp. Noticed in L. 1940:126.

GENERAL CHURCH: Liturgy and Hymnal. For the use of The General Church of the New Jerusalem. Fourth and revised edition. Bryn Athyn, Pa: Academy Book Room. Pp. 667, buckram and leather. Pre-publication - review in L. 1938:513.

HENDERSON, REV. W. CAIRNS: Towards a Living Religion. Hurstville, N. S. W., Australia. Pamphlet, 36pp. Noticed in L. 1940:330. (Seven Sermons)

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PITCAIRN, REV. THEODORE: The Ten Commandments: A Series of Sermons. Bryn Athyn, Pa.: The Lords New Church Which is Nova Hierosolyma. Pp. 70.

SWEDENBORG, EMANUEL: The Cerebrum Vol. ii Translated and edited by Alfred Acton M. A., D. Th. With Index and Appendices, Bryn Athyn, Pa; Swedenborg Scientific Association. Described in L. 1940:559.

SWEDENBORG, EMANUEL: De Redel like Psychologie (Rational Psychology) The Hague: Swedenborg Genootschap, Nassauplein 29. Pp. 318, cloth. Reviewed in L. 1940:127. (The first Philosophical work of Swedenborg to appear in Dutch translation)

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
1939
America.       The Methodist Church (U.S.A.) is organized in a unification of the Methodist Episcopal Church, the Methodist Episcopal Church South and the Methodist Protestant Church.

The New York Worlds Fair opens (April 30).

Germany.        Germany and Soviet Russia sign a mutual 10-year non-aggression pact (August 24).

Hitlers Germany declares war on Poland, thereby setting off World War II (Sept. 1).

Great Britain.        The British House of Commons votes conscription (April 27).
Great Britain and France declare war on Germany (Sept. 3).

Italy.       Death of Pope Pius XI (Feb. 10).

Eugenio Pacelli becomes Pope Pius XII (March 12).

Italy seizes Albania (April 7).

Pope Plus XII visits the King of Italy for the first time in over 70 years (Dec. 28).

Spain.        The Spanish Civil War ends in total victory for Franco and the Nationalists (March 29).

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 18

1940

AFRICA

NATAL
Durban, May 28. - The Rev. Philip N. Odhner resigns from membership in the General Church. He is succeeded in the pastorate here by the Rev. F. W. Elphick as Acting Pastor. - L. 380,601.

June. - Nearly all the men of the Durban Society are now in the war. - L. 462.

July 30. - The Superintendent of the South African Mission of the General Church, (Rev. F. W. Elphick), reviews the history of the movement; and reports that four Zulu and seven Basuto ministers have resigned, to join the new body, The Mission of the Lords New Church which is Hierosolyma, with offices In Durban and at Alpha. Ten Zulu and Xosa ministers stay with the General Church Mission. All day schools, but one, at Kent Manor are closed. The land settlement scheme is abandoned because of insufficient means and the complex problems of land transfer. - L. 595-600.

AMERICA

BRAZIL
Rio de Janeiro, Aug. - Episcopal visit of Bishop De Charms to the members of the General Church in Brazil. Of about 200 receivers In Brazil, about 120, including children, reside in Rio de Janeiro. Full account, in - L. 542-9.

Aug. 18. - Dedication of a new Church building, by Bishop De Charms. Described, with photos of building and group, in L. 545-9.

Dec. - Members of the Society here send individual greetings on phonograph disks to the members of the Bryn Athyn Society. - L. 1941:94.

BRITISH GUIANA
Georgetown, Aug. 30-Sept. 3. - During an episcopal visit by Bishop De Charms, the Rev. Henry Algernon is ordained into the first and second degrees of the priesthood (Sep. 1), and recognized as a pastor in the General Church. Mr. Algernon takes formal charge of the Tabor Mission Society In Georgetown. The Rev. W. E. Fraser, pastor of the local General Convention Society, cooperates in special services. Accounts with photo, in - L. 578-582, 560; 1941:45.

DUTCH GUIANA
Paramaribo, Sept. - Bishop De Charms visits Mr. Carpentier, leader of the Convention Mission here. - L. 581.

CANADA
June 30-Aug. 2. - Pastoral tour in Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia, by the Rev. K. R. Alden. Full account in L. 492-501.

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July. - The Rev. F. E. Waelchli (Bryn Athyn) writes a historical sketch of the history of the New Church in Western Canada, 1884-1939. - L. 311-325; map 310. Cf. 83.

Kitchener, Ont., June 19. - The Carmel Day school graduates 11 pupils. - L. 380.

Sept. - The Carmel Day School opens with 34 pupils in 6 grades. - L. 380.

Oct. 12-14. - Ontario District Assembly; Bishop De Charms presiding. - L. 1941:44; episcopal address, 1.

Nov. 3. - Death of Mr. George Scott, in his 83rd year; one of the oldest members of the Carmel Church. - L. 606; 1941:48.

UNITED STATES

FLORIDA
- Oct. 7. - Death of Mr. Joachim J. Fritz, aged 84 years; an ardent and remarkable member of the General Church. - L. 560; obit., 558.

ILLINOIS
Glenview, Feb. - The Rev. G. H. Smith urges that the General Church should own and operate its own radio station. - L. 69.

Sept. - The Immanuel Church School opens with 65 pupils in 9 grades. - L. 557.

Oct. 11-13. - 35th Chicago District Assembly; the Rt. Rev. Alfred Acton presiding. - L. 604.

Dec. 25. - A record congregation of 276 persons is present at the Christmas morning service. - L. 1941:94.

MICHIGAN
Covert, Oct. - The early history of the New Church meeting-house here is described in L. 508.

MINNESOTA
North St. Paul, Summer. - Mrs. Paul Carpenter starts a reading group at Sliver Lake, out of which grows the St. Paul-Minneapolis Circle. History, with group photo., in L. 1948:369-376.

Oct. - The Rev. Victor J. Gladish reports successful missionary classes and services here, initiated by Mr. and Mrs. Paul Carpenter, and carried on with the cooperation of the Rev. Clyde Broomell, minister of the St. Paul Society of the General Convention. - L.1941:91.

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NEW JERSEY
Westfield, Feb. 19. - Death of the Rev. Thomas Stark Harris, in his 83rd year. While a young Methodist minister he studied Swedenborg, and finally resigned (1895) to train in the Cambridge Theological School. Ordained in 1897, he held pastorates at Providence, R. I., and Abington, Mass. (1901). Joining the General Church in 1908, he was pastor in Abington until 1915, and at Arbutus, 1915-1934. - L. L.192, 191; obit., 185; memorial resol., 261, 268.

NEW YORK
New York City, Nov. 3. - At a society meeting of 22 members (Bishop De Charms presiding), a new executive committee is elected, viz., John Wilde (chairman), Leon Rhodes (secretary), Margaret Wilde (treasurer), Sydney Childs and Harold Sellner. - L. 1941:43.

OHIO
Akron, Oct. 5-6. - The Pittsburgh District Assembly is held at the Portage Hotel, Akron; Bishop De Charms presiding; 72 persons present. A more representative character for district assemblies is planned. Account in L. 601,605; episcopal address, 1941:1.

Fall. - During the fall, the Rev. Norman H. Reuter organizes church activities, consisting of regular services, doctrinal classes, childrens classes and social gatherings, in Akron, Detroit, Youngstown, Cleveland and Erie. - L. 1941:139.

Wyoming, Sept. 1. - The Rev. O. deC. Odhner commences duties here as Assistant to the Visiting Pastor (Rev. N. H. Reuter) who moves to Akron. - L. 380. Cf. 506.

Dec. - The Rev. Victor J. Gladish is appointed Pastor of the Wyoming Circle, and Visiting Pastor to the Southern States. - L. 1941:96.

PENNSYLVANIA
Bryn Athyn, Jan. 1. - Death of Mr. Harold Thorpe Carswell, in his 54th year, at Philadelphia. Trained under Ralph Adams Cram, noted ecclesiastical architect, he was a member of the architectural staff at the Bryn Athyn Cathedral, from 1916. Later he designed the church of the Pittsburgh Society and many other churches and homes. His affection for the spirit of the early Christian Church was a factor leading to his baptism into the New Church in 1919. - L. 96; obit., 79. Cf. 93.

Jan. - The early history of New Church Life is analyzed on its 60th anniversary. - L. 449-454. Cf. 503.

Jan. 14. - All Academy workers celebrate Founders Day at a banquet at Glencairn. L., 189.

April 9-13. 43rd annual Council of the Clergy; Bishop De Charms presiding; 25 present.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 21 The Rev. L. W. T. David is appointed Secretary. An organization of all General Church teachers is discussed. A resolution of sympathy and support is sent to the nine ministers serving in countries engaged in war. - Account in L. 260-262.

April 13. - 46th Joint Council of the Clergy and Executive Committee; 28 attending. A Committee on Adult Education reports a pamphlet series for the isolated, entitled, Pastoral Extension Service. A General Church Orphanage Committee is established. The changed status of the Missions in South Africa is considered. Minutes in L. 263-8; annual reports, 268-281.

April 28. - Death of Mrs. Theodore (Elizabeth Doering) Bellinger; in her 92nd year, at Bustleton, Pa. A member of the Berlin (Ont., Can.) Society from its earliest days, all her children, grandchildren and great-grandchildren were educated In the Academy Schools. - L. 287; obit., 284.

June 13. - 30 pupils graduate from the Bryn Athyn Elementary School. - L. 335.

June 14. - At the Academy Commencement exercises, the degree of B. Th. is conferred upon Messrs. O. de C. Odhner and M. Pryke. Other graduations, Junior College, 7; Boys Academy, 9; Girls Seminary, 16. - L. 335; address, 367.

June 30. - The Academy Finance Association is formally dissolved and its assets and records turned over to the Academy, in the belief that the work could be done better by the Academy itself. The Association had collected about $142,000. - L. 394-6.

Sept. 7. - The Rev. Dr. E. E. Iungerich and family arrive home, after an adventurous journey from Holland, via Berlin, Switzerland, Spain and Portugal. - L. 510.

Pittsburgh, Jan. 24. - Death of Mrs. Samuel S. (Helen Pitcairn) Lindsay, aged 77 years. - L.143; obit., (W. D. P.), 139.

June 25. - At a special Teachers Conference, the groundwork is laid for the better integration of studies and programs between the schools of the General Church and the Academy. - L. 439.

June 26-30. - Seventeenth General Assembly of the General Church; Bishop De Charms presiding; 401 persons attending. A General Church Banner is accepted for symbolic use. - Journal in L. 385-403; annual reports, 442-460, addresses, 337, 347, 356, 404, 485, 528; banquet, 415-421; speeches, 421, 428, 432; assembly notes, 439-441.

June. - Theta Alpha unanimously approves of the idea of conveying religious instruction to the children of isolated families; a working Committee is organized, under the leadership of Mrs. Richard de Charms. - L. 1951:454.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 22

AUSTRALIA

Hurstville, March. - The pastor begins evangelical Sunday evening services. - L.283.

EUROPE

FRANCE
Paris - Mr. Louis Lucas carries the Societys services unaided. - L. 1946:190.

GREAT BRITAIN
Colchester, June. - The Rev. Victor Gladish, after a pastorate of 12 years, is compelled to leave for America within three days, on account of British war regulations applying to alien residents. He is succeeded by the Rev. Martin Pryke. - L. 375, 379, 380, 509, 604.

Aug. - Death of Mrs. Fredk. R. (Laura Procter) Cooper, in her 82nd year; one of the earliest members of the General Church here. - L. 511; obit., 508.

Sept. - The work of the Day School is suspended by the war-time evacuation of children. - L. 558.

London, Aug. 4. - The 33rd British Assembly is not held, owing to war-time difficulties. Special celebrations are held in lieu thereof, in London and Colchester. - L. 463, 509. Cf. 558, 605.

St. Albans, Jan. 7. - Death of Mr. Conrad Arthur Howard, in his 52nd year. An artist in stained glass, he worked in the construction of the Bryn Athyn Cathedral, until World War I called him to military service in Mesopotamia. A perceptive student of the Doctrines, he was a contributor to New Church periodicals. - L. 143; obit., 187. Cf. 379.

HOLLAND
The Hague, April. - The Rev. E. E. Iungerich delivers five missionary lectures in a public hall. - L. 375.

SWEDEN
Jnkping. Dec. - The Society now holds its services in the home of the pastor, at Kortebo. - L. 510.

NOTEWORTHY ARTICLES
New Church Life, vol. 60.

A new document (1785) regarding the confiscated copies of Conjugial Love, by Rev. A. Acton. - p. 32.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 23

The Beginning of the New Church in Western Canada, (Historical sketch, with map), by Rev. F. E. Waelchli. - pp. 310-325.

Address to the Seventeenth General Assembly, (On the distinguishing features of our doctrine, organization and government), by Bishop G. de Charms. - p. 337. Cf. p. 386.

The Extension Work of the General Church, by Rev. N. H. Reuter, - p. 347.

Distinctive New Church Education, by Prof. R. R. Gladish. - p. 421.

Distinctive New Church Social Life, by Mr. Walter C. Childs. - p. 428.


The Principle of Distinctiveness, by Rev. Willard D. Pendleton. - p. 432,

The History of New Church Life, by Rev. W. B. Caldwell. - pp. 449. Cf. pp. 503, 552.

The Spiritual World and the Natural, by Rt. Rev. Alfred Acton. - p. 465.

Effective Powers of Revelation: The Word, the Internal Man, and Spiritual Attendants, by Rev. E. E. Iungerich. - p. 501.

Influx; especially concerning Mediate and Immediate Influx, by Rev. Elmo C. Acton. - p. 528.

The New Philosophy,1940.

The mechanical inventions of Swedenborg, by G. Genzlinger. - p.257.

Swedenborgs Psychology, by Rt. Rev. G. de Charms. - p. 328. The inhabitability of the Planets, by E. F. Allen. - p. 355.

PUBLICATIONS
BAECKSTRM REV. GUSTAF: 666-Vilddjurets Tall Uppenbarelseboken (666 - The Number of the Beast in the Apocalypse). Stockholm: Nova Ecclesia. Booklet, 48pp. - Reviewed in L. 1941:141.

GENERAL CHURCH Pastoral Extension Service: A series of 48 mimeographed pamphlets, providing unpublished sermons, classes, childrens addresses, and extension lectures for individual, family, and group reading. Editors: Revs. Win. Whitehead and Norman H. Reuter. Bryn Athyn, Pa.: Committee on Adult Education. - List in L. 1940:384. Reviewed in L. 1942:43.

ROSE, DON: Mother Nature Knows Best. Published by the Author at 437 St., Philadelphia, Pa. illus. - Described in L. 1941:46.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 24

SWEDENBORG, EMANUEL: Det Nya Jerusalems Lara om Manniskokarleken (Doctrine of the New Jerusalem concerning Charity). Swedish version by T. Holm and E. Sandstrom. Stockholm: Bokforlaget Nova Ecclesia. Paper, 16 mo., 112pp. - Reviewed in L. 1941:514.

SWEDENBORG, EMANUEL: Three Transactions on The Cerebrum, A Posthumous work. Now first translated and edited by Alfred Acton, M. A. D. Th., from a photostat copy of the original manuscript. Vol. II The Dura Mater. Philadelphia, Pa.: Swedenborg Scientific Association. Cloth, 288pp. Reviewed in L. 1941:38.

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
1940
America.        United States. The Selective Service Act becomes law (Sept. 16).

Franklin D. Roosevelt is elected President of the U. S. (3rd term) on (Nov. 5).

Asia.              Tibet. A boy of six is enthroned as the 14th Dalai Lama, at Lhasa, Tibet (Feb. 22).

Great Britain.        The Coalition Government of Prime Minister Winston Churchill is formed (May 10).

British retreat from Dunkirk (May 26-June 4).

Nazi air bombing of Britain begins, preparatory to invasion (July 10).

A Finnish-Russian peace treaty is signed in Moscow (Mar. 12). Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania are annexed by Russia (July 14).

Spain.       The new Spanish Government restores the property of the Jesuits (Jan. 27).

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1941

AFRICA

SOUTH AFRICA
- Jan. 1. - The South African Mission reports that the following societies have severed their connection with the General Church; in Natal, Lusitania, Chakas Kraal, and Tongact; in Basutoland: Mafika, Lukas, Khopane, Qupo and Sequnyane; and in Orange Free State: Alpha. The native ministers from the 12 remaining societies - one in Cape Province, six in Natal, two in the Transvaal, and three in Zululand -report 419 baptized adult members and 92 unbaptized adherents, 70 young people, and 202 children under 14. Day schools are maintained at Kent Manor, Zululand; and a night school in Durban is maintained by Government grant. Report in L. 269.

May. 15. - Although officially the Day Schools had been closed down at the end of 1939, on account of the curtailment of funds, small schools have been maintained by native initiative at Kent Manor, Zululand, and Greylingstad, Transvaal. Report in L. 375.

Dec. - Report of the work in the South African Mission, during 1941, in L. 1942:84-5.

NATAL
Durban, March 11-16. - Twelve native ministers of the South African Mission consider the economic situation created by the recent division. It is agreed to request the Rev. Theodore Pitcairn to allow the use of certain properties in Natal and Zululand for the continued use of the Mission. (Later a mutual arrangement was made whereby, with a loan agreement for a year, the two Missions divided the properties for mutual use, those in Natal and Zululand for the General Church Mission, and those in Basutoland and at Alpha, including the printing press, for the New Mission). - L. 375. Cf. 1940:595-600.

N. d. - The Rev. F. W. Elphick contributes to The Natal Mercury a series of New Church doctrinal articles. - L. 334.

Nov. 24. - Death of Mr. Charles R. Grix, aged 80 years, a foundation member of the Durban society. - Obit., L. 1942:185.

N. d. - The Kainon School of the Durban Society is now classed as a Preparatory School, having 15 children on the roll, ranging from kindergarten to Grade VI. - L. 189.

Hambrook, July 13. - A new Church building at Hambrook, Acton Homes, (200 miles from Durban), is dedicated by the Rev. F. W. Elphick. The native minister in charge is the Rev. S. E. Butelezi. - L. 516.

ZULULAND
Katazo, - March. - Leader Kalishwayo and his society resign from the General Church Mission and join the New Mission. - L. 375.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 26

AMERICA
BRAZIL
Rio de Janeiro, Oct. - A photograph of the Church of the Rio de Janeiro Society appears in L. 469.

CANADA
June 20-Aug. 19. - Bishop De Charms tours Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and the Peace River country; returning through Washington, Oregon, Colorado, and Texas. In all, he traveled 10,400 miles, ministering to about 375 persons, In 29 places, by means of services, lectures, and religious instruction to children. 11 persons were baptized, and the Holy Supper administered 9 times. Full account in L. 433-443.

Milverton, Ont., March 31. - Death of Mr. Ferdinand Doering, aged 94 years. - L. 240.

Toronto, Ont., Jan. 6. - The day school of the Toronto society reopens with 14 pupils in five grades and kindergarten. Of necessity the two highest classes are sent to the public school. - L. 138.

May 15. - Death of Mr. Alec Openshaw Sargeant, aged 57 years; a loyal and versatile New Churchman who dies suddenly a few moments after delivering a talk on world-events in the light of the Doctrines. - L. 336; address, 315-318.

UNITED STATES
Jan. - The Rev. Norman H. Reuter makes a third annual auto journey to members of the General Church in the Southern states, traveling about 4, 000 miles. Account in L. 183-187.

April 23 to May 25. - The Rev. Victor J. Gladish makes pastoral visits to 83 persons in the Southern states. Of these, 30 are members of the General Church; 35 children and young people are baptized into the New Church. - L. 371-5.

ILLINOIS
Chicago, N. d. - The Sharon Church reports a custom of Sunday dinners on the first Sunday of each month. After service and dinner, the pastor leads a discussion of the topic treated in the sermon. - L. 284.

July. - The Rev. Morley D. Rich resigns as pastor of the Sharon Church. - L. 334.

Sept. - The Rev. Harold Covert Cranch is appointed minister of the Sharon Church, and as Assistant to the Pastor of the Immanuel Church, in Glenview. - L. 576.

Oct. 2. - Death of Mr. Oscar Theodore Lindrooth, aged 72 years; one of the first members of the Immanuel Church. - L. 528, 570.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 27

Jan. 19. - A complete Sunday morning service, at the Immanuel Church, is broadcast over Station WGN (Chicago), by the Rev. Gilbert H. Smith and his congregation. Full account in L. 97-106, 188, 223.

March 10. - Death of Mr. Seymour Gabriel Nelson aged 83 years. - Obit., and photo in L. 230; memorial resol., 261.

Sept. - The Immanuel Church reports: 64 boys and girls start another year of New Church education, as the children of this society have done under the leadership of four generations of teachers. - L. 569.

Oct. 17-19. - The 36th Chicago District Assembly; Bishop De Charms presiding. About 200 in attendance. Reports in L. 559-562; 1942:9-23, 49-60.

MARYLAND
Arbutus, Sept. 27-28. - Local Assembly at Baltimore and Arbutus; Bishop De Charms presiding. The report includes a brief history of the Society, and a photograph of the Baltimore Reading and Social Circle in 1900. - L. 518-520.       The Rev. Morley D. Rich is appointed Visiting Pastor.

MICHIGAN
Detroit, Sept. 27-28. - Second meeting of the Middle West Assembly, Bishop A. Acton presiding. 87 persons attend (Michigan, 37, Ohio 23, Pennsylvania 12, Illinois 8, Ontario 5, New York 1, and Indiana 1). Account in L. 522.

Linden Hills, Summer. - The Rev. Willis L. Gladish conducts Sunday services on the porch of his home. - L. 1942:375.

MINNESOTA
North St. Paul, Sept. 15. - The North St. Paul group (originally organized by Bishop Alfred Acton) is recognized as a Circle of the General Church. - L. 1942:268; account of its origin, 270-1.

NEW JERSEY
June 22. - The members of the Northern New Jersey Circle initiate the custom of inviting the New York Society to a joint celebration of New Church Day. - L. 1942:141.

NEW YORK
New York City, Jan. 6. - The Rev. Bjrn A. H. Boyesen begins as resident pastor of the New York Society and of the Northern New Jersey Circle. - L. 46.

OHIO
- Feb. - The Rev. Victor J. Gladish is appointed pastor of the Circle in Wyoming, and visiting pastor in the Southern States, residing in Cincinnati. - LU.96.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 28

July. - The Wyoming Circle reports a membership of 12 adults and 17 children. - L. 330.

PENNSYLVANIA
Bryn Athyn, Jan. 1. - The total membership of the General Church now stands at 2240 persons. 1282 live in the United States, and 958 abroad; 51 new members were added during 1940. 17 societies and 5 circles are reported. Day schools are conducted in Bryn Athyn (11 teachers, 165 pupils); Glenview (5 teachers, 72 pupils); Pittsburgh (2 teachers, 21 pupils); Kitchener (2 teachers, 32 pupils); Toronto (2 teachers, 14 pupils); Colchester (1 regular teacher, 11 pupils); and Durban (4 teachers, 14 pupils). These schools cover the work of all or part of the elementary grades. (Glenview includes also the 9th grade). - L. 269.

Jan. - New Church Life reports that five General Church societies publish mimeographed news-sheets, viz., Glenview, Ill. (The Park News); Toronto, Canada, (Chatter-Box); Durban, S.A. (The Adviser); London (News Letter); and Bryn Athyn, Pa. (Bryn Athyn Post). - L. 46.

Jan. 12. - The 67th anniversary of Founders Day is observed by about 80 persons associated with the history of the Academy. Some hitherto unpublished material is revealed by the Rev. Messrs. C. E. Doering and W. Whitehead. - Full account in L. 112-129.

March. - In an open letter in N. C. Life, Bishop De Charms proposed the formation of an Educational Council of the General Church, open to all who are actively engaged in the work of New Church Education, whether in local schools or in the Academy. The aim is to coordinate the various units of the educational system; to supplement systematically the teacher training program; and to make provision for a progressive development of New Church education. - L. 1941:143. Cf. 1951:371.

April 14-19. - The 44th regular meeting of the Council of the Clergy has an attendance of 2 bishops, 18 pastors, 1 minister and 1 authorized candidate. it is unanimously resolved, by a rising vote, that the Council express heartfelt admiration for the courage and faithfulness of their brethren In the priesthood now sustaining the cause of the New Church in their countries so heavily afflicted by warlike conditions. The Rev. Walter E. Brickman is again recognized as a pastor of the General Church. - L. 254-278.

April 15-17. - First meetings of the Educational Council of the General Church. A notable address on the aims of the council, by Bishop De Charms, is discussed, followed by conferences on history teaching and teacher training. - L. 289-302.

April 19. - At the Joint Council, Bishop De Charms presents for discussion a brief history of the South African Missions and of the problems involved. - L. 261-265.

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June. - Bishop De Charms proposes a Military Service Committee whose purpose is to provide suitable church literature and personal letters for all General Church men in the armed forces, thereby keeping them in touch with church activities and thought. - L. 1942:283.

Sept. - A General Church Military Service Committee is organized, under the chairmanship of Mrs. Philip C. Pendleton, to minister to the needs and interests of New Churchmen in military service throughout the world. - L. 384, 430.

Oct. 20. - Death of Mr. Frederick James Cooper, aged 57 years. - L. 576; memorial address, 546; biogr. sketch and photo, 550, 572.

Oct. 24-25. - The annual celebration of Charter Day includes an address on The Conflicts of the Academy, by the Rev. F. E. Gyllenhaal; also a remarkable banquet (attendance 300) at which no less than twenty members of the Academy Faculty give four-minute speeches. Raymond Pitcairn, Esq. is toastmaster. - L. 568, 538-545.

Dec. - The Bishop of the General Church defines a Society as a congregation under the leadership of a resident Minister of Pastor; while a Circle is an organized group receiving regular visits from a non-resident Minister or Pastor. - L. 567.

Philadelphia, Aug. - For the first time in twelve years, the Advent Society has a resident pastor, the Rev. Morley D. Rich. Services are held in the Presser Building, 17th and Chestnut Sts. - L. 1942:89.

Pittsburgh, Feb. 1. - The Rev. 0. de C. Odhner becomes assistant pastor of the Pittsburgh Society. - L. 96.

Nov. 7-9. - The society celebrates its 100th anniversary. Bishop De Charms presides; and delivers an address. At a banquet, the Rev. O. Odhner and Mr. J. Edmund Blair deliver two historical addresses. it is recalled that the Bishops grandfather, the Rev. Richard de Charms, Sr., Issued the original Certificate of Organization, certifying that A. J. Cline, John H. Mellor, Geo. Smitt, Elizabeth Young, Annie Aitken, Mary Jane Foster and D. W. Coats, were regularly instituted a Society of the New Jerusalem Church in the United States, at a meeting called for that purpose at the home of John H. Mellor in the city of Pittsburgh, Saturday evening, Nov. 6th, 1941. Signed: Richard de Charms, Ord. Mm. N. J. C. - See L. 480. Cf. Annals vol. 1:465.

SOUTH CAROLINA
Pineville, Nov. 30. - Death of Captain J. D. Cozby, aged 69 years; author of The Christian Doctrine of Temperance Versus the Mohammedan Doctrine of Prohibition - Obit., L. 1942:527. Cf. 1923:630.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 30

AUSTRALIA
Hurstville, Oct. 5. - At the annual meeting of the Society, the membership is reported to be 27; the Sunday School has 22 pupils. - L. 1942:87.

EUROPE

FRANCE
Paris, N. d. - Mr. Louis Lucas keeps the property of the Paris Society in a rented room at 173 rue de Paris, Montreuil, eastern suburb of Paris. - L. 1946:190.

ENGLAND
March 15. - The Peckham Rye Society reports regret that the frequent blitz siren breaks up the continuity of the service, when liturgies and books must be gathered up at its untimely wail and the service recommenced downstairs. - L. 282.

Aug. - The Rev. A. Wynne Acton is appointed temporary Honorary Librarian of the Swedenborg Society. - L. 518.

Sept. 7. - Bishop and Mrs. R. J. Tilson celebrate their sixtieth wedding anniversary. Among the messages of congratulation is a telegram from the King and Queen; and an engraved silver bowl is presented to them by the members and friends of the Michael Church. - L. 518.

HOLLAND
The Hague, N. d. - The Hague group is reported to be holding together under the leadership of Mr. Emanuel Francis. - L. 1942:277.

SWEDEN
Jnkping, Oct. - The Rev. Erik Sandstrm devotes his entire time to the young people in the Stockholm society. Regular ministerial visits, however, are made to the Jnkping Society, which has met with various adverse circumstances. - L. 334, 470.

Stockholm, Oct. 26. - At the annual meeting of the Society, an average attendance of 46, at the 42 public services held during the year, is reported. - L. 1946:73.

NOTEWORTHY ARTICLES
New Church Life, vol. 61.
The Road to Freedom, by Bishop C. de Charms. - p. 1.

The Book of Jonah: an exposition of its four senses, by Rev. E. E. Iungerich. - p. 19.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 31

The Church in 1874, by Rev. C. E. Doering. - p. 115.

Propaganda and the Early Academy, by Rev. W. Whitehead. - p. 123.

Gleamings from New Church History: Academy students in 1880; Letters of Charles Park Stuart. - p. 130.

The Spiritual World: differences of view discussed, by Rev. W. L. Gladish. - p. 171.

Eternal Redemption, by Bishop Wm. F. Pendleton. - p. 193.

Hiram Powers, by Rev. W. B. Caldwell (photo.). - p. 224. Cf. p. 328.

The Temptation of the Human, by Rev. Willard D. Pendleton. - p. 241.

Aims of the Educational Council, by Bishop G. de Charms, (with discussion). - p. 289.

The Last Days of James Glen, by Rev. W. Whitehead. - p. 337.

The Reclamation of Human Society, by Rev. M. D. Rich. - p. 360.

Divine and Human Spheres, by Rev. G. H. Smith. - p. 385.

Academy Aims, by Rev. W. Whitehead. - p. 400.

The Church, by Rev. M. Pryke. - p. 456.

Church of the Rio de Janeiro Society (photo). - L. 1941:469.

A Notable Spiritual Experience, (Swedenborg in the city called Sodom and Egypt), by Rev. E. E. Iungerich. - p. 497.

The Conflicts of the Academy, by Rev. F. E. Gyllenhaal. - p. 538.

PUBLICATIONS
ACADEMY OF THE NEW CHURCH: The Facultys Choice: Selected literary efforts secondary school students of the Academy of the New Church. Bryn Athyn, Pa. Pamphlet, 2lpp.

BOSTOCK, EDWARD C.: Substance and Form. Bryn Athyn, Pa. Published by the author. Pamphlet, 31 pp.

PITCAIRN, RAYMOND: Today We Are Americans All. Philadelphia, Pa. Booklet, 30pp. - Noticed in L. 1942:300.

ROSE, DON: My Own Four Walls, New York: Doubleday, Doran and Co., Inc. Buckram, 277pp. Illustrated. Reviewed in L. 1941:169.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 32

SWEDBERG, EMANUEL: (Alfred Acton) A New System of Reckoning which turns at 8 instead of the usual turning at the number 10. Translated by Alfred Acton, M. A. , D. Th., from a Photostat Copy of the Original Swedish Manuscript, now preserved in the Royal Literary, Stockholm. Philadelphia, Pa.; Swedenborg Scientific Association. Paper, stiff cover 8 vo., 36pp. - Reviewed in L. 1941:412.

SWEDENBORG, EMANUEL: The Word of the Old Testament Explained. English version. Translated from the Latin text of a phototyped copy of the original manuscript by Alfred Acton, M. A., D. Th. Vol. V. Exodus XXIII to XXXVI: 4, 5. Bryn Athyn, Pa: Academy of the New Church. Cloth, octavo, pp. 500. - Reviewed in L. 1942:172.

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
1941
America.               Roosevelt and Churchill meet in the North Atlantic to agree on a common program for the defense of free nations. They issue a joint declaration of peace aims, The Atlantic Charter. (Aug.)

The Congress of the United States designates the fourth Thursday of November as Thanksgiving Day.

Japanese planes and submarines suddenly attack U. S. Pacific fleet at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. Japan declares war on the U. S. Great Britain and the British Dominions. (Dec. 7)

The Congress of the United States declares a formal state of war against Japan. (Dec. 8)

Germany.               Death of Wilhelm II, former German Kaiser, at Doom, the Netherlands. (June 4)

Hitler orders German armies into the Soviet Union without a declaration of war. (June 22)

Russian armies appear to be crushed. (Oct. 3)

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 33

1942

AFRICA

SOUTH AFRICA
Natal, Durban, March. - Because of calls for evacuation, the highest classes of the Kainon School are closed; but some remain in town; and Miss Pemberton continues school with 5 pupils in kindergarten and Standards I and II. - L.1943:46.

April 27. - Death of Mr. Rowland Alfred Ridgway, aged 78 years; a widely read student of the Writings; an expert engineer and surveyor who held a Government appointment for many years. - L. 384.

May 5. - Death of Emma Cordelia Ridgway (Mrs. James Henry Ridgway), aged 69 years; a life-long and ardent worker in the Durban Society. - L. 384.

May 22. - Death of Robert Melville Ridgway, Esq., aged 63 years. - L. 432; memorial address, biogr. sketch and photo. pp. 418, 478.

Sept. 6. - The Durban Society observes the National Day of Prayer; the pastor, Rev. F. W. Elphick, preaching on the text, in your patience possess ye your souls. - Luke 21:19). - L. 1943:40, 46.

Oct. - The Durban Society has 33 men and one woman engaged in military service. - L. 474.

Dec. 15. - Lieut. Brian M. Ridgway is cited by His Majestys Government for gallant and distinguished services in the Middle East. - L. 1943:565.

Dec. - The Revs. Moffat B. Mcanyana and John M. Jiyana relate how they came into the New Church. - L. 545, 548.

Hambrook, Acton Homes, Ladysmith, Natal, March. A cyclone seriously damages the new church building here. - L. 1943:36.

AMERICA

CANADA
July - The Rev. Elmo C. Acton makes an extended pastoral visit to New Church members and friends in the Canadian Northwest. - Full account in L. 1943:80-84.

Kitchener, Ont., Oct. 2-9. - Bishop Alfred Acton visits the Society in place of the customary Ontario District Assembly - Reported in L. 1943:44.

Toronto, Ont., Dec. 8. - Death of Flying Officer Laurence Theodore Izzard, aged 28 years. - L. 1944:48; obit., and photo, 44:44.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 34

UNITED STATES
The editors of New Church Life (General Church) and New Church Messenger (Convention) warn against New Church writers and periodicals neglecting their spiritual uses by becoming absorbed in current world happenings. - L. 281; Mess. vol. 161:324.

May 17-June 15. - The Rev. Bjrn A. H. Boyesen makes pastoral visits to General Church members and friends in the Southern States. - Charleston (W. Va.), Wyoming (Ohio), Birmingham (Ala.), Atlanta and Brunswick (Ga.), Miami, West Palm Beach, Oak Hill and Jacksonville (Fla.), Columbus (S.C.), and Quantico (Va.). Full account in L. 372.

Oct. 4-Nov. 17. - The Rev. Bjrn A. H. Boyesen makes pastoral visits to New Churchmen in Kentucky, Alabama, Georgia, Florida, South Carolina, and North Carolina. Full account in - L. 1943:85-7.

ILLINOIS
Chicago, Oct. 25. - Dedication of the re-modeled Sharon Church by Bishop De Charms. - L. 573.

Glenview, Jan. 18. - The Rev. Gilbert H. Smith broadcasts over Station WGN (Chicago) a second complete service from the Immanuel Church. The aim is to present a typical sermon from a New Church pulpit. The immediate response was about 25 letters requesting copies of the sermon, half of them from strangers (two men and the remainder from women). - L. 137, 189.

Nov. 29. - The Rev. Gilbert H. Smith delivers the first radio talk of a series entitled The Voice of the New Church, sponsored by the Western New Church Union, Chicago, and broad cast over Station WJJD. It is estimated that at least 60, 000 persons listened to this 13-minute first New Church sermon, - L. 1943:44, 94.

NEW JERSEY
Ocean City, - Death of Mr. Alexander James Moir, aged 68 years an early member of the Bryn Athyn Society, and ardent supporter of Miss Lillian Beekman and her teachings. - L. 384.

NEW YORK
New York City, - Under the new resident pastor of the New York Society, (Rev. Bjrn A. H. Boyesen), worship is held on the first and third Sundays of each month; with a monthly doctrinal class in the various homes. - L. 140.

OHIO
Cincinnati, - The Rev. Victor J. Gladish resigns as pastor of the Wyoming Circle, and as Visiting Pastor for the Southern States, for reasons of health. He engages in secular work. - L. 248, 275.

PENNSYLVANIA
Bryn Athyn, Jan. 1. - The General Church reports show that (for 1941) its total membership was 2240 (U. S. A., 1282; abroad, 958); 31 members died; 5 resigned; net increase for 1941, 43.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 35 Day Schools were conducted in Bryn Athyn (9 teachers, 173 pupils), Glenview (5 teachers, 63 pupils), Pittsburgh (2 teachers, 19 pupils), Kitchener (2 teachers, 31 pupils), Toronto (3 teachers, 14 pupils), Colchester (1 teacher, 10 pupils), and Durban (3 teachers, 15 pupils). In certain cases the Pastor was also a teacher; and assistant or volunteer teachers took part in the work. Sunday Schools held classes in Chicago, Philadelphia, Washington, D. C., Arbutus, Md., Detroit, Akron, O., Erie, Toronto, Colchester, Stockholm and Hurstville. The South African Mission reports a baptized membership of 441 adults, and 21 unbaptized adherents; also 220 children under 14, and 158 over 14. - L. 263.

- The General Church reports a clergy list of 3 priests of the episcopal degree, 34 pastors and 4 ministers. No candidates. In addition, the South African Mission reports 3 pastors and 8 ministers. - L. 267.

Jan. 11. - Founders Day is commemorated by a banquet in the choir hail; 75 persons being present; the theme of the speeches being The Academy, Past and Present. - L. 91, 97.

April 6-11. - 45th annual meeting of the Council of the Clergy of the General Church; Bishop De Charms presiding. 2 bishops, 17 pastors, and 3 ministers attend. Report in L. 248, 346.

April 11. - 48th regular meeting of the Joint Council; Bishop De Charms presiding. A full discussion of the policy and contents of New Church Life resulted in a request to the Bishop to appoint a Committee to study what should be the form of the official organ of the General Church. The Orphanage Fund Committee reports that the British Finance Committee has assumed responsibility for the English members. The South African Mission Committee is enlarged. It is recommended that a General Assembly be held in 1943, war conditions permitting. Full account and reports in L. 256-284.

Aug. 22. - Death of the Rev. Fred E. Waelchli, aged 77 years. - L. 480; memorial address, biogr. sketch and photo. pp. 445, 451, 479.

N. d. - The Rev. Harold Cranch and Miss Margaret Bostock take charge of Theta Alpha Extension Work among the children of isolated families. - L. 1951:455.

Oct. 16. - Charter Day is observed by a special service. - L. 1943:21-28.

Oct. 18. - Death of Lieutenant Richard Alvin Walter, On the Asiatic Front, aged 27 years. - L. 576; obit. and photo. p. 557; memorial address, p. 558.

Dec. 31. - The Rev. Homer Synnestvedt is compelled, by advancing age and falling health, to retire from active service as Professor of Education in the Academy Schools. - L. 1943:362.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 36

Philadelphia, Jan. 7. - Station WFIL broadcasts an address by the Rev. E. E. Iungerich, on The Era of Restored Freedom. - L. 91.

Pittsburgh, Oct. 9-11. - Celebration of the 50th anniversary of the Pittsburgh Society (after it moved from the North Side), as a part of a Local Assembly; Bishop De Charms presiding. - L. 569-570.

AUSTRALIA
Hurstville, Nov. - It is reported that in one way and another the Society is quite fully engaged in the War effort. - L. 522.

EUROPE
FRANCE
Pau, March 4. - Death of Baron Henry de Geymuller, aged 43 years. - Obit., L. 238.

GREAT BRITAIN
May 17. - The Rev. Martin Pryke is formally accepted by the Colchester Society as its Pastor. - L. 1943:36-8.

June 20-21. - At the celebration of New Church Day by a large assembly, Mr. J. S. Pryke gives a notable address on The Universality of the Final Revelation. - L. 525-6; address and photo, of assembly, pp. 412, 476.

Nov. 29. - The Society initiates a fund for the purpose of erecting a building for worship only. - L. 1943:94.

- The Rev. Martin Pryke preaches on Matt: 10:34, to a group of over fifty cadets of the Air Training Corps, including four officers. - L. 1943:52-7, 93.

London, March 1. - Ordination of the Rev. Martin Pryke into the pastoral degree; Bishop Robert J. Tilson officiating, assisted by Rev. A. W. Acton. This was the last public appearance of Bishop Tilson. - L. 240, 574.

May 14. - Death of the Rt. Rev. Robert James Tilson, aged 86 years. - L. 288, 574; memorial address, p. 337; biogr. Sketch, with photo, p. 343.

Sept. 6. - The Michael Church (Burton Road) celebrates its 50th anniversary. - L. 575.

NORWAY
Oslo, June 19. - New Church Day is celebrated here by a small group, for the first time in Oslo. - L. 520; 1946:77.

SWEDEN
Jnkping, June 14. - At its annual meeting, the young peoples organization, Vigor, adopts a new constitution. - Nova Ecclesia; L. 1946:72.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 37

N. d. - During the absence of the pastor, Rev. Erik Sandstrm, on a three months period of military service, Mr. Lennart Alfelt acts as leader of the society. - L. 520.

NOTEWORTHY ARTICLES
New Church Life, vol. 62.

The Spiritual World and the Natural, by Rev. W. C. Henderson. - p. 35.

Reflections on the Development of Government in the Academy, by Bishop G. de Charms. - p. 97.

The Millennium: A. D. 1757-1765, by Rev. E. E. Iungerich. - p. 119.

The New Church in a Country at War, by Rev. A. Wynne Acton. - p. 145.

Our South African Mission, by Rev. H. L. Odhner. - p. 309. pp. 309-318.

The Church and Humanity, by Rev. W. Whitehead. - p. 346.

The Church and the War: Some Thoughts for Christians, by Rev. G. H. Smith. - p. 385.

Unpublished parts of the Arcana Coelestia by Rt. Rev. A. Acton. - p. 392.

PUBLICATIONS
(ANONYMOUS) Handbook of Correspondences. N. J. 44pp. Second (revised) edition. 1942 N. C. Col. Pamp. 228.

BEALES, WILLIAM H.: Behold I Make All Things New. 45pp. A series of radio talks. May 1942. Date of presentation to Rev. H. Synnestvedt. NC Col. Pamphlet 227.

GENERAL CHURCH: Liturgy (in the Zulu language). Compiled by Rev. M. B. Mcanyana, and others. Alpha, Ladybrand, O. F.S., South Africa: Mission Press. Paper, 10pp. Reviewed in L. 1942:424.

HENDERSON, REV. W. CAIRNS: The States of the Christian Church. Bryn Athyn, l2pp. Pastoral Extension Service 5. Permissions of Providence. NC Col. Pamphlet 225.

HENDERSON, REV. W. CAIRNS: Withholding of Essential Truth. Bryn Athyn. 12pp. Pastoral Extension Service 6. Permissions of Providence. NC Col. Pamphlet 225.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 38

IUNGERICH, REV. E. E.: The Era of Restored Freedom and the New Church. Bryn Athyn. 6pp. Pastoral Extension Service. NC Col. Pamphlet 225.

ODHNER, REV. HUGO Lj.: An Historical Perspective of Education. Bryn Athyn. 6pp. Pastoral Extension Service. NC Col. Pamphlet 226 C 229.

The Life Everlasting. Bryn Athyn. 16pp. Pastoral Extension Service 1. NC Col. Pamphlet 226.

       
The Life Everlasting. II The Resurrection. Bryn Athyn. 16pp. Pastoral Extension Service II. NC Col. Pamphlet 226.

The Life Everlasting. The Peculiar Faculties of Spirits. III. Bryn Athyn. 16pp. Pastoral Extension Service III. NC Col. Pamphlet 226.

The Life Everlasting. The Progress of Novitiate Spirits IV. Bryn Athyn. 16pp. Pastoral Extension Service 1V. NC Col. Pamphlet 226.

Swedenborgs Epic of Paradise and its Literary Sources. Bryn Athyn. 20pp. Pastoral Extension Service. NC Col. Pamphlet 226 and 229.

ODHNER, REV. ORMOND: Prudence. Bryn Athyn. 12pp. Pastoral Extension Service. NC Col.
Pamphlet 226.

PENDLETON, PROFESSOR CHARLES R.: The Doctrine of Use and the Present Emergency. Bryn Athyn. 4pp. Pastoral Extension Service. NC Col. Pamp. 225.

PENDLETON, REV. WILLARD D.: The Home and the Church. The Pre-School Child II. Bryn Athyn. 15pp. NC Col. Pamphlet 225.

The Home and the Church. The School Child III. Bryn Athyn. 12pp. Pastoral Extension Service. III NC Col. Pamphlet 225.

The Home and the Church. The Sociological Implications of Conjugial Love. I. Bryn Athyn. 16pp. NC Col. Pamphlet 225. Pastoral Extension Service I.

PERIODICALS: The Communique. A monthly publication of the General Church military service committee. Bryn Athyn, Pa. Vol. 1, March 19-42 Vol. 7, August 1948. Editors: W. D. Pendleton, O. de C. Odhner, Mrs. L. E. Gyllenhaal, Jr. Name changed to the General Church Communique. May, 1946. Editor: Charles Pendleton Gyllenhaal. April 1948, Editor, Marjorie I. Rose.

ROGERS, REV. NORBERT H.: Talks to Children. The Watchful Servant. Bryn Athyn. 16pp. Pastoral Extension Service. NC Col. Pamphlet 225.

WHITEHEAD, REV. WM.: Pastoral Extension Service. Bryn Athyn, 4pp. NC Col. Pamphlet 225.

Environment. Bryn Athyn. 11pp. Pastoral Extension Service. NC Col. Pamphlet 226.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 39

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
1942
America.       The first self-maintaining nuclear chain reaction is initiated is an uranium-graphite pile at Stagg Field Stadium, University of Chicago (December 2).

North Africa.       Capture of Tobruk by General Rommel (June 21). General Montgomery defeats German forces at El Alamein. Germans retire to Tunisia (October 25). American and British armies, under Lieut. Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower, land on French North Africa (November 8).

Philippines.       Philippines surrender to Japan (May 6).

Russia.              During the coldest winter in 150 years, Russian offensive power rallies and steadily mounts.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 40

1943

AFRICA

SOUTH AFRICA
Jan. 1. - The General Church Mission reports a total membership of 472 baptized adults, 16 adherents, 120 young people, and 289 children. There are 3 pastors and 8 ministers. Eleven societies report. - L. 356.

Sept. - Umcazi (The Expositor), official journal of the South African Mission, reports fully on the activities of the various centers. - L. 1944:130.

NATAL
Durban, Jan. 1. - It is officially confirmed that six members of the Durban Society were taken prisoners of war at Tobruk. - L. 237.

March 8. - Death of Rev. Philip Johannes Stole, aged 61 years. - L. 336; obit., 332; memorial resolution, p. 394; account of conversion, p. 421.

Aug. 10. - The Durban Society reports 41 names on its list of men in war service. - L. 379.

Sept. 8. - The Society is full of joy over the radio news of the unconditional surrender of Italy, as indicating the early release of a number of its members taken prisoner at Tobruk. - L. 570; 1944:187.

Dec. 19. - The Durban Society presents an illuminated address, with accompanying gifts, to Miss Elsie Champion, recently retired as Principal of the Kainon High School, after twenty years of service. - L.1944:235.

AMERICA
BRITISH GUIANA
Georgetown, June 1920. - The two societies here, under the leadership of the Revs. Henry Algernon and W. F. Fraser, hold joint celebrations of New Church Day. - L. 428.

CANADA
Kitchener, Ont., Feb. 9. - Death of Sergeant Pilot Ralph Roschman Hill, aged 20 years; killed on active service with the Royal Canadian Air Force, in Wales, Great Britain. - Obit. and photo. in L. 186, 232.

Toronto, Ont., Oct. - During a visit by Bishop De Charms, much consideration is given to the advisability of removing to the Olivet Estates property, purchased by a corporation formed within the Olivet Church during the past five years, for the purpose of establishing a New Church center. At a banquet, on Oct. 9, the 50th anniversary of the founding of the Parkdale School is commemorated. 14 pupils are reported to be attending the Day School, with Miss Edith Carter as teacher. - L. 573.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 41

Waterloo, Ont., Jan. 20. - Death of Mr. Isaac Bretz Steen, aged 94 years; one of the pioneer members of the Kitchener Society. - L. 144, 143.

Windsor, Ont., Sept. 29. - Death of Flying Officer William George Bellinger aged 22, in the European theatre of air operations. - Biogr. sketch and photo. in L. 566; obit., 1944:43, 48.

UNITED STATES

ILLINOIS
Chicago, Jan. 1. - The Rev. H. C. Cranch reports on the radio broadcasting work done in cooperation with Rev. G. H. Smith. - L. 366.

Aug. 29. - The Sharon Church holds its first service in the Masonic Hall, at 64th and Green Streets (South Side); 76 persons attend. Sunday school classes for 12 children precede the service. The pastor, Rev. Harold C. Cranch, alternates with Rev. Gilbert H. Smith (recently appointed Missionary Pastor) in conducting services On the North and South sides. - L. 524, 544.

Glenview, April 7. - A description of the external changes in the environment of the Glenview community is given in New Church Life. - L. 232. Cf. 429.

May 7. - The Immanuel Society celebrates the 25th anniversary of the pastorate of the Rev. Gilbert H. Smith; gifts are presented to the pastor and his wife. - L. 334.

Aug. 30. - The Immanuel Church chooses the Rev. Elmo Acton to be its next pastor, to succeed the Rev. Gilbert H. Smith, recently resigned. - L. 523.

Sept. 14. - 23 of the young people leave to attend the Academy Schools. - L. 523.

Sept. 20. - The Day School begins its 50th year, with 41 pupils, spread over eight grades and kindergarten. - L. 523.

Oct. 1. - The Rev. Elmo C. Acton becomes Pastor of the Immanuel Church. - L. 525.

Oct. 22-24. - 38th Chicago District Assembly; Bishop De Charms presiding. The various addresses and discussions center on the disturbed states of the world; also the organization of the General Church. The Sunday service is attended by 172 persons. - Report in L. 568.

MICHIGAN
Detroit, Oct. 1-3. - Bishop A. Acton visits the Detroit Circle. Report in L. 571.

                            
NEW YORK
New York City, Feb., June and Nov. - The Rev. Bjrn A. H. Boyesen makes pastoral tours in the Southern States. Full accounts in L. 235, 524; 1944:283.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 42

July 20. - Death of Miss Josefine Sellner, aged 84 years, a sister of Mr. Anton Sellner, Sr., she came with him from Bohemia, over 60 years ago, and together they joined the New Church. - L. 432.

OHIO
Wyoming, N. d. - The Circle here is reported to consist of nine adults and nine children. - L. 43.

PENNSYLVANIA
Bryn Athyn, Jan. 1. - During 1942, the membership of the General Church increased by 36, despite 26 deaths and 3 resignations; 65 new members were added. Total membership, 2319 (U. S. A. 1,321; abroad, 962). A list of members of uncertain status is published. - L. 356, 359.

- The clergy list of the General Church includes 2 bishops; 35 pastors and 2 ministers (no candidates). - L. 942:564; 1943:361.

Feb. - A General Church Service Flag is presented to Bishop De Charms. - L. 90.

March. - The Rev. E. E. Iungerich completes the MS. of his expository book, The Drama of the Apocalypse, (reviewed by F. M. Buell in L. 1944:29). Owing to lack of funds, the Academy Publication Committee is unable to publish same. - L. 1944:177. (The MS. is now in the Academy Archives).

May 12. - Death of Rev. Ernest J. Stebbing, aged 74. - L. 288; memorial address, p. 308.

May 25. - The annual meeting of the Civic and Social Club reports a record variety of activities; nearly 300 persons are present. - L. 332.

June. - At the annual meeting of the Corporation of the Academy, a resolution is unanimously adopted defining the relationship of the Academy of the New Church and the General Church of the New Jerusalem as distinct organizations, legally and financially, but united by the spiritual bond of a common faith, and by mutual need and use. A full explanatory statement by Bishop De Charms appears in L. 337-340.

June 16. - The commencement exercises witness the largest Girls Seminary graduating class in the history of the Academy; 25 girls receive diplomas. - L. 334.

June 22-24. - At the four sessions of the Educational Council of the General Church, four papers are read and discussed; various group or panel meetings are held. - L. 414, 403, 443.

June 21-26. - At the 46th annual meeting of the Council of the Clergy, 2 bishops, 16 pastors and 1 minister are in attendance. In addition to the reports, papers and discussion, memorial resolutions in honor of Bishop R. J. Tilson, Rev. F. E. Waelchli, and Rev. P. J. Stole, are adopted. - L. 392; annual reports, 356-373.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 43

- The Military Service Committee reports that 280 names appear on the roll of men and women in the armed services; exactly twice the number reported a year ago. - L. 372.

June 25. - The Executive Committee of the General Church authorizes the Pension Committee to consider pensions for teachers of General Church local schools. - L.1944:182.

June 26. - The 49th regular Joint Council is attended by 19 members of the clergy and 11 laymen. In addition to the regular reports, the Committee on Adult Education reports that, during the past four years, 91 pamphlets have been published, under the title of Pastoral Extension Service. Out of a total of 9100 copies, 4733 have been distributed. Rev. W. B. Caldwell announces the withdrawal of his request to retire as Editor of New Church Life, at the urging of the Bishop and others. After discussion, the Council endorses the resolution of the Corporation of the Academy defining the relationship of the Academy and the General Church; and approves the published statement made by the Bishop in explanation of the same. - L. 395, 337.

July. - A description of the many uses of the Womens Guild of the Bryn Athyn Church, appears in L. 313.

Sept. 22. - Death of the Rev. Llewellyn Warren Towne David, aged 59 years. - L. 528; memorial address, 500; biogr. sketch with photo. 504; memorial resolution, 1944: 249.

Oct. 1. - The Rev. Gilbert H. Smith is appointed a Missionary Pastor of the General Church. He will have pastoral charge of the Circles in Rockford, III., St. Paul, Minn., and the groups in St. Louis, Mo., and Clinton, Ill. He will also aid in filling the pulpit in Chicago; and will continue his radio talks on The Voice of the New Church. - L. 525.

- The Rev. Norbert H. Rogers becomes an Assistant Pastor of the Bryn Athyn Church. - L. 525.

Oct. 15-16. - The Charter Day celebrations include a banquet, attended by 320 persons; the theme of the speeches is, The Preservation of the General Church. One speaker (Mr. Carl Asplundh) presents a series of charts, illustrating the number of ex-students who have become members of the General Church. - Report in L. 572.

Oct. 27. - Death of Lieut. Justin Hugh Davis, aged 20 years, as the result of an automobile accident at Camp Shelby, Miss. -L. 576; obit. and photo., 566.

Nov. 15. - Death of Sergeant Kenneth Von Waldeck Price, aged 22 years; who died off the Atlantic coast of the United States. - L. 1944:48; obit. and photo., 48, 91.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 44

Pittsburgh, N. d. - The mortgage on the church buildings is burned at the Societys spring meeting, with great rejoicing - L. 522.

EUROPE

GREAT BRITAIN
Chelmsford, Essex, Sept. 15. - Death of Mr. James Samuel Pryke, aged 70 years. - L. 528; obit., 555; memorial address, 1944:70.

Colchester, Aug. 6-8. - The second Young Peoples Assembly is held; Rev. Martin Pryke presiding. - Report in L. 525.

Jersey (Isle of), Sept. 14. - Death of Dr. Frederich Emanuel Doering, aged 89 years. - Obit., L. 1944:94.

London, Jan. 1. - The pastor of the Michael Church reports frequent visits of men from the United States and Canada serving in the armed forces. - L. 368.

Jan. 15. - At the celebration of Swedenborgs birthday by the Michael Church, notable addresses are given by Miss Ethel Spalding on The Social and Historical background of England and Sweden in Swedenborgs day and by Lt. Philip Wareing on The scientific thought preceding and contemporary with Swedenborg (The latter paper appears in the London News Letter of
reports frequent visits of March 1, 1943). - L. 285.

Dec. 31. - Death of the Rev. William Henry Acton, aged 83 years, at Upper Norwood. - L. 1944:192; obit., 121; Cf. 334, 282.

SWEDEN
Stockholm, March 17. - The pastor of the Stockholm Society reports that, among the fifty persons present at the Swedenborgs Birthday banquet, were Lieutenant-Colonel Emanuel Swedenborg, with his wife, a son and daughter and her husband. - L. 379.

July 24. - The Society receives a donation of over 50, 000 kronor from one of its members, Fru Ida Ruckstuhl. - L. 1946:74.


NOTEWORTHY ARTICLES
New Church Life, vol. 63.

The Use and Importance of Doctrine, by Bishop G. de Charms. - p. 1.

The Miracles of the Word, by Rev. W. C. Henderson. - p. 58.

The Divine Blessing Upon the Church, (Conjugial Love and the Love of Offspring), by Rev. F. E. Waelchli. - p, 120.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 45

Bethrothal, by Rev. Elmo C. Acton. - p. 201.

The Place of the Humanities in our Education, by Bishop G. de Charms. - p. 205.

The Academy Library: A Brief History, by Miss Freda Pendleton. - p. 253.

The Human Essence, by Bishop G. de Charms. - p. 346.

Streamlining Instruction, by Rev. G. H. Smith. - p. 385.

Divine Revelation, how effected, by Rt. Rev. A. Acton. - p. 433.

Science and the Humanities, by Prof. E. S. Klein. - p. 443.

Swedenborg House at Axmar, (with photos.), by Cyriel Lj. Odhner. - p. 468.

What Shall We Teach About Nationalism?, by Bishop G. de Charms. - p. 529.

Swedenborgs Mothers, by Rev. Ormond Odhner. - p. 550.

Journal of Education, Vol. 28.

The Academy and the General Church. - p. 276. Cf. 274.

The New Philosophy, 1943.

Dynamic aspects of Swedenborgs psychology, by Howard D. Speerl. - p. 25';

                            
Swedenborg and the College of Mines, by Rev. W. C. Henderson. - p. 293.

PUBLICATIONS
ACTON, RT. REV. ALFRED: The Spiritual World and the Natural. Bryn Athyn, Pa. Academy Book Room. Pamphlet (Address delivered at the 17th General Assembly). Noted in L.1943:143.

DE CHARMS, RT. REV. GEORGE: The Life of the Lord, Bryn Athyn, Pa. The Parent-Teacher Journal ..vols. Mimeographed. - Described in L. 1943:335.

ODHNER, REV. C. TH.: Emanuel Swedenborg The Servant of the Lord. Bryn Athyn, Pa.; Academy Book Room. Hard edition. Cloth, illus., 114pp. Described in L. 1943:48.

ODHNER, REV. H.L.: First Elements of the True Christian Religion. Bryn Athyn, Pa.; Academy Book Room. Second edition 76pp. - Described in L. 1943:48.

ROSE, DONALD F.: Mr. Wickers War. 250pp. - Described in L. 1943:575.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 46

                     
SIGSTEDT, SIGRID ODHNER: Strait is the Gate. Los Angeles, California: The Swedenborg Association. Mimeographed 10pp. Illus. New Church Herald, July 3, 1943. Cf. L. 1943:511.

SMITH, REV. GILBERT H.: The Voice of the New Church. Five Radio Talks. Chicago, III. Octave, pp.20 and cover. (Given in 1942 and 1943 in a series sponsored by the Western New Church Union, 17 N. State St., Chicago, Ill. through the facilities of Station WJJD, Chicago). Reviewed in L.1943:513.

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
1943
America.       Chicagos first subway is opened (October 16). U. S. President signs the bill repealing the 60 years old Chinese Exclusion Act (December 17).

Canada.       The Trans-Canada Highway is opened (June 12).

Italy.       Allies begin attack on Italy (June). Mussolini is forced to resign (July 25). Dwight D. Eisenhower named General of the Army in Italy (August 31). Italy surrenders unconditionally (Sept. 3).

Russia.       Stalingrad is surrendered by the Germans to the Russians (January 31). The Communist International (Comintern) is dissolved in Moscow (May 22).

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 47

1944

AFRICA

NATAL
Durban, Feb. - The Kainon School is inspected and registered by the Natal Education Department as a suitable Elementary School under the new regulations of 1944. - L. 381.

April 1. - Death of Mr. George Elliott Pemberton, aged 82 years; a foundation member of the Durban Society. - L. 384, 381; obit., 1945:189.

April 14. - The young people of the Society organize a Social Club - L. 475.

May 7. - Death of Sgt. James Martin Buss, aged 34 years; killed in action somewhere in Italy. - L. 384, 382; obit., and photo., 427, 476.


June 6. - On Invasion Day, the Rev. F. W. Elphick, at a special service preaches to a large congregation on Habukkuk 3:16, When he cometh up unto the people, he will invade them with his troops. - L. 475; sermon, 493.

July 12-18. - The varied problems of the General Church South African Mission, arising since its organization in 1941, are discussed during nine sessions by 11 ministers and leaders; Superintendent F. W. Elphick presiding. Report in L. 1945:21; 1947:510.

ZULULAND
Kent Manor, S.A., Feb. 27. - Mr. and Mrs. W. N. Ridgway leave for Durban, after over eleven years of service in this Mission Station; Rev. A. B. Zungu is left in charge of the Mission buildings and homestead. - L. 332.

Transvaal, Oct. 8-20. - The Rev. F. W. Elphick visits Johannesburg and Pretoria; confers with Rev. Edwin Fieldhouse on mission building problems. Full report in L. 1945:220.

AMERICA
CANADA
June-Aug. - The Rev. K. R. Alden makes a pastoral tour through the Canadian Northwest. - Full report in L. 536-545.

July 17. - Death of Lieutenant Allen William Kuhl, aged 22 years; killed in action in France. - L. 479; obit. And photo., 470.

Toronto, Ont., Feb. 18. - Death of Mr. Edward Craigie, aged 83 years; the oldest member of the Olivet Society, having served in it for 33 years. - L. 192, 188.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 48

UNITED STATES
Feb. 29.-March 28. - The Rev. Bjorn A. H. Boyesen makes his sixth pastoral journey. - Report in
L. 283-6.

July 16-Aug. 14. - The Rev. O. Odhner brings service of the Church to 67 persons in 6 localities in the Southern States. - Report in L. 476.

Washington, D. C., Sept. - The Society begins to hold services in the Washington Academy of Music, 1730 16th Street, N. W. The membership consists of 23 adults and 15 children. - L. 1945: 140.

ILLINOIS
Glenview, Nov. - The church buildings are reported as inadequate for the growing congregation. - L. 945:46.

MARYLAND
Arbutus, Dec. 1. - A revival of interest and activity here is reported as steadily growing during the past three years. - L. 1945:45.

NEW JERSEY
Montclair, Nov. 16. - Death of Private Jeremy Leonard, of the U. S. Army Medical Corps, aged 21 years; killed in action in Germany. - Obit. and photo. L. 1945:89.

Nutley, N. d. - The Rev. Norbert H. Rogers is appointed Visiting Pastor to the group in Nutley, N. J. - L. 1945:170.

Aug. 1. - The Rev. Bjrn A. H. Boyesen resigns as Pastor of the New York Society and the New Jersey Circle. - L. 480.

OHIO
Barberton, N. d. - A Circle here, with members in Akron, Youngstown, Warren, Columbiana, Painesville, Cleveland, Cleveland Heights, Lakewood and Ashland, rents the Odd Fellows Hall, Barberton, for Sunday services for about a year; later moving into the administration building of Norton Homes, a new Government housing project. - L. 945:139.

Norton Center, N. d. - Monthly services and bi-weekly classes are held at the home of the Edmund Glenns; 14 pre-school children are in the group. - L. 93.

Salem, Jan. 13. - Death of Mr. Tirzah Renkenberger, in his 82nd year; member of an old New Church family, and of the Akron Circle; a manufacturer and twice mayor of Columbiana, O. - L. 144; obit., 123.

Zanesville, June. - Death of Captain Stevens Loomis, of the U. S. Army Air Corps, aged 32 years; killed while flying priority cargo in China. - Obit., L. 569.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 49

PENNSYLVANIA
Bryn Athyn, Jan. 1. - The General Church reports a total membership of 2349 (U.S.A., 1352; abroad, 967); a net increase of 30. During 1943: Deaths, 33; Resignation, 1; Dropped from roll, 20; New members, 84. - L. 168. The clergy list of the General Church now consists of 37 priests (2 bishops, 33 pastors, 2 ministers). The South African Mission is headed by 2 pastors and 8 ministers. - L. 174.

Feb. 3. - To meet the call of the U. S. A., nine seniors of the Boys Academy are graduated at the end of the first semester. Prof. Eldric S. Klein delivers an address on Chivalry. - L. 139; 149-154.

April 10-14. - 47th Annual Meeting of Council of the Clergy, Bishop De Charms presiding. Present: 2 bishops, 19 pastors and 1 minister. At its five sessions, three papers are presented. The curriculum of the Theological School is discussed. - L. 248; papers, 254, 296, 303; annual report, 174.

April 11-14. - Annual meetings of the Educational Council. Full report in L. 248-253; papers, 312, 263, 272.

April 15. - 50th regular meeting of the Joint Council. Full account in L. 289-296; annual report, 168-182.

May 25. - 47th annual meeting of the Swedenborg Scientific Association. - L.1944:333.

June 14. - Commencement exercises of the Academy Schools. Owing to war service, only 5 of the 19 senior students in the Boys Academy are present to receive their diplomas. The Commencement address, (Vision and Use), is by Mr. Geoffrey S. Childs. - L. 374; address, 402.

July. - The Rev. Willard D. Pendleton accepts a position as Instructor in the Academy Schools. He is also appointed Visiting Pastor to the New York Society and to the group in Westfield, N. J. - L. 1945:170, 173.

Aug. - The General Church receives from 15 anonymous donors a fund of $1,068.00, in memory of the men and women who gave their lives in the war. - L. 373.

Aug. 10. - Death of Professor Frederick Adam Finkeldey, aged 55 years. - L. 432; memorial address and photo. pp. 460, 571.

Aug. 16-29. - The first Academy summer school for General Church teachers is conducted by Professor W. Whitehead and Mrs. Robert M. Cole; 15 teachers attend courses on the teaching of history and astronomy. - L. 253, 336, 384, 478.

Sept. - 19 Canadians attend the Academy Schools. - L. 525.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 50

Oct. 13-14. - At the Charter Day celebration, 376 persons attend the banquet. - L. 545, 570.

Pittsburgh, July 1. - The Rev. Willard D. Pendleton resigns as Pastor of the Pittsburgh Society. - L. 480.

Aug. 1. - The Rev. Bjrn A. H. Boyesen commences his duties as Pastor of the Pittsburgh Society. - L. 480.

Oct. - The Rev. O. Odhner resigns as Assistant to the Pastor of the Pittsburgh Society, to become Visiting Pastor of the Chicago District and the Southern States. - L. 480.

RHODE ISLAND
Quonset Point, April 22. - Death of Ensign Oswald Eugene Asplundh, Jr. (Glenview) aged 22 years. - L. 288; obit. and photo., 280.

AUSTRALIA
Hurstville, N. S. W., Jan. - Mr. Edwin Freeman, member of the Society, celebrates his 90th birthday. As a young man he sat under Dr. Bayley in the Kensington Church, London. - L. 234. Mr. Freeman died, on April 21, aged 90 years. - L. 1944:384, 378.

June 19. - At the celebration of New Church Day, Mr. William Burl, leader of the Sydney Society and President of The New Church in Australia, is present as the representative of both the General Conference and the General Church. - L. 474.

Sept. 6. - The Hurstville Society reports: members, 28; young people, 2; children in Sunday School, 13. - L. 572.

Oct. 14. - Death of the Rev. Richard Morse, aged 86 years. - L. 576; autobiogr. sketch, 1945:67; memorial address and photo., p. 60; memorial resolutions, 66, 255; Cf. pp. 136, 169.

Oct. 18. - The Society authorizes its legal incorporation. - L. 1945:136,

EUROPE

FRANCE
Paris, Dec. - News is received from members of the Church here. - L. 1945:95.

GREAT BRITAIN
Colchester, Dec. 27. - Death of Mr. Horace Henry Howard, aged 89 years. - L. 1945:145; obit., 184.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 51

ITALY
Dec. 31. - During the year, the Rev. Martin Pryke has visited isolated Church members in Thurloxton, Street, Bath, Bristol, Cheltenham, Manchester, Warrington. Wallasey, Portsmouth and St. Albans. - L. 1945:173.

Rome. Dec. 6. - Signorina Loreta Gnocchi writes to Bishop Acton concerning the miseries and privations of Italian New Churchmen. - L. 1945:142,

SWEDEN
Stockholm, Jan. 7. - Death of Mr. Bertil Gustaf Lidn, aged 23 years, drowned on Air Force duty. - L. 288, 282.

June. - Miss Senta Centervall, a member of the Stockholm Society, is reported to have published a successful novel, The Hackaert Family. - L. 282.

NOTEWORTHY ARTICLES
New Church Life, vol. 64.

The Academy, Authority, and Freedom, by Rev. B. A .H. Boyesen. - p. 9.

The Preservation of the General Church: Perpetuation of Academy Uses, by Rev. Willard D. Pendleton. - p. 19.

The Distinctiveness of the New Church, by Bishop G. de Charms. - pp. 97, 155, 193, 241.

Spurious Revelations, (Books of Jasher and Enoch), by Rev. H. L. Odhner. - p. 221.

Scripture Recitations; (on the use of the letter of the Word), by Rev. F. E. Gyllenhaal. - p. 263.

The External Uses of the Hells, by Rev. Ormond Odhner. - p. 303.

Knowledge and Insight, by Bishop G. de Charms. - p. 312.

Every Man can Understand the Truth, by Rev. M. D. Rich. - p. 349.

Man and Woman, by Rev. A. Wynne Acton. - p. 385.

Three Festivals (Passover, Harvest and Tabernacles), by Rev. B. A. H. Boyesen. - p. 433.

The Proper Study of Mankind, by Mr. D. F. Rose. - p. 481.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 52

PUBLICATIONS
DE CHARMS, RT. REV. GEORGE: The Distinctiveness of the New Church. Bryn Athyn, Pa.: Academy Book Room. Pamphlet (Seven doctrinal lectures which appeared serially in New Church Life. March to June, 1944) - Described in L. 1944:287. 48pp.

ODHNER, REV. HUGO L.: The Moral Life. Some reflections on Morality and Its Virtues. Bryn Athyn, Pa.: General Church Military Service Committee. Pp. 139, cloth. - Reviewed in L. 1945:131.

SMITH, REV. GILBERT HAVEN: The New Jerusalem: An Introduction to the Doctrine of the New Church. Bryn Athyn, Pa. Academy Book Room. Booklet, 85pp. with diagrams, and cover. - Described in L. 1943:574.

SWEDENBORG, EMANUEL: Translated by Rev. Gustaf Baeckstrm. Om Himlen och dess underbara ting och one Helvetet. Stockholm: Bokforlaget Nova Ecclesia. Crown octave, 479 pp. (A Swedish translation, based upon the Im. Tafel edition of the Latin text (1862) - Reviewed in L. 1946:309.

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
1944
America.       Dumbarton Oaks Conference at Washington lays foundations of the United Nations (August 21-October 7). Franklin D. Roosevelt is elected President of the U. S. for his 4th term (Nov. 7).

France.       Invasion of Normandy, France, by Allied Expeditionary Forces, under Supreme Commander Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower (June 6, D-Day). Battle of the Bulge, (December 16 to January 31, 1945).

Japan.       Battle of Leyte Gulf (October 22-27).

Philippines.        General Douglas C. MacArthur returns to Philippines (October 20).

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 53

1945

AFRICA

NATAL
Durban, March 17. - The Durban Society celebrates the 21st birthday of its church building at 125 Musgrave Road. - L. 332.

May 8. - The Society holds a Service of Thanksgiving for V-E Day. - L. 376.

June 19. - The New Church Day is celebrated by a banquet in the Durban Society, (address in L. 1946:253), also throughout the mission field. - Full account in L. 1946:42.

Aug. 15. - V-J Day is celebrated by a Service of Thanksgiving. - L. 564.

Aug. 27. - The Rev. F. W. Elphick delivers an address on The Visible and the Invisible to the Students Christian Association, Howard College, Natal University. The address is published in its Journal. (Reprinted in L. 1946:119-130. cc. 133, 136.)

AMERICA

CANADA
June 14-Sept. 1. - The Rev. Karl R. Alden makes pastoral visits through the Canadian Northwest. Full account in L. 506-518; photos., 554-5.

Benton, Alberta, Jan. 14. - Death of Sgt. Pilot Arthur Leslie Evens, of the Royal Canadian Air Force, aged 23 years; killed in action over Belgium. - L. 1945:280; obit., and photo., 281.

Kitchener, Ont., Fall. - The pastor, Rev. Alan Gill, tears up the mortgage on the Church building. - L. 1945:570.

Toronto, Ont., May 8. - The surrender of Germany is celebrated in a special service. - L. 333, 286-7.

Sept. 9. - The Rev. F. E. Gyllenhaal, pastor of the Olivet Church for 17 years, announces he has offered his resignation to the Bishop, to take effect on July 31, 1946. - L. 574; 1946:44.

UNITED STATES
Washington, D. C., Nov. 3. - The Washington Society celebrates the 35th anniversary of Dr. Actons pastorate. - L. 1946:91.

COLORADO
Aug. - The Rev. Harold C. Cranch makes pastoral visits in Colorado and New Mexico. - Report in L. 1947:26-8.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 54

ILLINOIS
Chicago, Feb. 23. - Death of Mr. Louis Victor Riefstahl aged 74 years; one of the charter members of the Sharon Church, and its first secretary. - L. 191; obit., 236.

Dec. - As a result of the end of the war, the building used by the General Church members on the South Side is no longer available. - L. 569.

Glenview, June 15-19. - The Immanuel Church celebrates the 50th anniversary of its school. - Full account in L. 378-382, 540-6; address, 1946:31-6.

Aug. 15. - A special service of Thanksgiving celebrates victory in the war. - L. 478.

MARYLAND
Arbutus, Nov. 23-25. - A joint assembly of the Arbutus Circle and the Washington Society is held under the leadership of Bishops De Charms and Acton; 48 persons attending. - L. 1946:46, 91.

NEW YORK
New York, N. d. - The Rev. Morley D. Rich assists the pastor by conducting a monthly doctrinal class. - L. 1946:173.

PENNSYLVANIA
Bryn Athyn, Jan. 1. - The membership of the General Church is reported as 2376 (U. S. A., 1409); Abroad, 967). 74 new members were received during 1944. New Church Life reports a paid subscription list of 628, an increase during the year of 41. - L. 165. L. 1946:181.

March 25. - The 100th anniversary of the birthday of the late Bishop Emeritus William Frederic Pendleton is observed by a large gathering of old and young at his former home. Speeches are made by Bishops De Charms and Acton. Members of the family present three inscribed offertory bowls carved by Thorsten Sigstedt, the sculptor, to the Bryn Athyn Church. - L. 348-351 (illus.).

March. - The Rev. Willard D. Pendleton accepts appointment as Corresponding Chaplain to members of the General Church in the armed services. - L.134.

April 9-14. - 48th Annual Meeting of the Council of the Clergy; Bishop De Charms presiding; 18 members in attendance. Besides three leading papers, a discussion is held on the question, Can only the Regenerate see the Spiritual Sense? - L. 254-5; 256-9.

April 10-13. - Fifth annual Meeting of the Educational Council. The leading subjects are: The application of Swedenborgs Philosophy to classroom instruction; Our Post-War Alms; Guidance Tests; The Normal School, - L. 320-323; 306-317, 352-363.

April 14. - 51st Joint Council; Bishop De Charms presiding.

54



ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 55 It is reported that the General Church owns sixteen funds (fifteen Trusts and one general). In each of its 16 organized centers, the General Church has appointed Treasury agents. It is resolved to work out a detailed pension fund plan to aid ministers and teachers. - L. 270-279; annual reports, 165-178.

April 15. - A memorial service is held in honor of the late President, Franklin Delano Roosevelt. The Rev. H. L. Odhner delivers the address. - L. 296-300.

May 8. - V-Day is celebrated by a service in the Cathedral. Address in L. 391.

June 11. - Joint Meeting of Corporation and Faculty; 150 present. The annual address is given by Prof. Eldric S. Klein. - L. 375.

June 13. - At the Academys Commencement exercises, the honorary degree of Doctor of Letters is granted, in absentia, to Rev. Gustav Baeckstrm, of Stockholm, Sweden. - L. 375-6, address, 363-7.

Sept. 21. - The Civic O Social Club reports a membership of 452. - L. 526.

Oct. 19-20. - At the Charter Day service, the Rev. Alan Gill delivers the address; 470 attend the banquet. The class of 1925 presents a portrait of Prof. Enoch S. Price, the work of Mr. Winfred Hyatt. The occasion is notable for the number of returned soldiers present. - L. 571; address, 529-537.

Oct. 20. - Steps are taken to form a Church Contributions Committee to draw the attention of all members to the financial needs of the General Church, its societies, and the Academy. - L. 946:160-2.

Philadelphia, Jan. 17. - Death of Pfc. Carl Land Hansen, aged 37 years; killed in action on the Western Front in Europe. - L. 143; obit., and photo., 281.

Sept. - The pastor of the Advent Church initiates a kindergarten in his home, conducted by a volunteer teacher. - L. 1946:45.

Pittsburgh, June 30. - Death of the Rev. Homer Synnestvedt, aged 79 years. - L. 384; memorial address with photo., 402-406; biogr. sketch, 407-409; memorial resolution, 1946:157.

Aug. 14. - The church bell rings in celebration of the news that the war with Japan is over. The following day a special service is held. - L. 525.

Willow Grove, Oct. 18. - Death of Dr. Charles Louis Olds, aged 76 years, in an automobile accident. - L. 576.

VERMONT
Shaftsburg, N. d. - Rev. Gilbert H. Smith takes up permanent residence in the Green Mountains devoting himself to the profession of landscape painting but continuing some work in missionary radio broadcasting. - L. 376.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 56

WISCONSIN
Madison, Oct. 14. - By request of isolated New Church receivers, the Rev. Odhner begins meetings here. - L. 1951:523.


AUSTRALIA
Hurstville, May 8 and Aug. 16. - Thanksgiving services are held in honor of V-E and V-J Day. - L. 524; 1946:88.

EUROPE

DENMARK
Copenhagen, Sept. 30. - Services are held here by Pastor Baeckstrm for the first time since 1940, when Pastor Johansen was forced by the Germans to leave for America. The Society has a house of its own. - L. 1946:79.

GREAT BRITAIN
Colchester, May 9. - A service of Thanksgiving celebrates V-E Day. - L. 431.

June 23-24. - New Church Day is celebrated by a considerable group. Description and photos., in L. 430-1, 472-3, 556.

July 20-22. - The Young Peoples annual gathering is attended by 34 young people. - L. 478.

London, May 9. - The Michael Church celebrates the day of victory in a special Service of Thanksgiving. - L. 429.

HOLLAND
The Hague, June 26. - The privations of the members of the Hague Society are portrayed in a letter from Mr. Emanuel Francis. - L. 427.

NORWAY
Oslo, June 26. - A vivid description of the sufferings of New Church members in Norway is given by Rev. Gustav Baeckstrm. - L. 426.

SWEDEN
Gothenburg, March 7. - The Gothenburg Circle of the Nya Kyrkans Samfund is formally organized. Rev. Erik Sandstrm gives a public lecture, attended by some 200 persons. - L. 1946:76, 178.

Stockholm, N. d. - The fund to aid in the establishment of New Church education in Sweden, is reported to have increased to a little over eight thousand kroner. - L. 1946:73.

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PHILIPPINES
Manila, June. - Mr. William Fay Boericke, a well-known mining engineer employed by the Philippine government, relates the many deeds of kindness by Filipino New Churchmen, while he was a prisoner in St. Tomas, Manila. - L. 469; Mess., V. 165:197.

NOTEWORTHY ARTICLES
New Church Life, 1945

Swedenborg and the Angelic Language: his unique experience, by Rev. W. B. Caldwell. - p. 30.

The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse: A Commentary, by Rev. E. E. Iungerich. - pp. 97, 157, 202, 246.

Religion in the Ranks, by Prof. R. R. Gladish. - p. 113.

Languages of the Nations: Variety and Unity(editorial). - p. 125.

Our Daily Intelligence, by Mr. D. F. Gladish. - p. 151.

Musical Forms in Our Worship: Sources and Origins, by Mrs. B. E. Smith. - p. 210.

Providential Leading through Ultimates, by Rev. O. Odhner. - p. 256.

Some Post-War Alms for New Church Schools, by Rev. W. Whitehead. - p. 306.

Principles of Swedenborgs Philosophy: Applicable to Elementary and High School Instruction, by Rev. H. L. Odhner. - p. 352.

The New Church and our Times of Reconstruction, by Rev. F. W. Elphick. - p. 440.

The Father in the Home, by Rev. F. E. Gyllenhaal. - p. 540.

Journal of Education, Vol. 28.

Academy Products and Their Market, by E. S. Klein. - p. 43.

The New Philosophy, 1945.

The use of Swedenborgs preliminary works, by Rev. E. E. Iungerich. - p. 5. Cf. p. 120.

A critique of the Beekman correlation theory, by Rev. H. L. Odhner. - pp. 38, 81.

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Toward a knowledge of the soul. by H. D. Spoerl. - p. 71.

PUBLICATIONS
COOPER, WILLIAM R.: The War Department Regrets What does the New Church teach about the death of our loved ones? Bryn Athyn, Pa.: Cathedral Book Room. pamphlet 6pp. (A missionary pamphlet) - Described in L. 1945:420.

GLADISH, REV. WILLIS LINDSAY: The Lord. Sermons Concerning the Lord. Bryn Athyn, Pa.: Academy Book Room. Crown octave, stiff cover; pp. 190 vii. (A collection of twenty-one sermons; with preface and portrait of author and his wife.) - Reviewed in L. 1945:419.

SIGSTEDT, SIGRID ODHNER: New Horizon. Published by the Author at Bryn Athyn, Pa. 16mo. stiff cover, 60pp. (A missionary story) - Reviewed in L. 1946:87.

                            
SWEDENBORG, EMANUEL: A Nova Jerusalem e a sua Doutrina Celeste (The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrine). Translated into Portuguese by Rev. Joao de Mendonca Lima, from the French version of le Boys des Guays, 1954. Paper, 12 mo, 351pp. (The third work of the Writings to be published in Brazil in a Portuguese translation) - Reviewed in L. 1946:323.

TILSON, RT. REV. ROBERT JAMES: (Bishop in the General Church of the New Jerusalem) London. Published by the Members of Michael Church; with a Foreword and, Biographical Sketch by Rev. A. Wynne Acton. Frontispiece, portrait of the author. Cloth; crown octave, pp. 72 viii. - Reviewed in L. 1946:221

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
1945
America.       Death of president Franklin Delano Roosevelt. Harry S. Truman, of Missouri, becomes president of the United States (April 12). The Charter of the United Nations is signed by 50 nations (June 26; in effect Oct. 24). The U. S. is chosen as the permanent seat of the United Nations (December 15).

Germany.       American troops cross bridge on the Rhine (March 7). U. S. First Army meets Russian army at Torgau on the Elbe (April 25). Adolph Hitler shoots himself and his wife under the Reichs-chancerllery, Berlin (April 30). The act of unconditional surrender is signed by Germany (May 7, 2:41 a. m.). War operations cease (May 8, 11:01 p.m.). Truman, Churchills Stalin and Atlee reach agreements at Potsdam, Germany (July 17-August 2).

Great Britain.       Churchills Coalition Government comes to an end in Great Britain (May 23).

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 59 The Labor Party, headed by Clement P. Atlee wins general elections in Great Britain (July 26).

Italy.       German armies in Italy finally beaten (April). Benito Mussolini is shot by partisans, together with his mistress, on Lake Como (April 28).

Japan.       Battle for Iwo Jima ends (March 16). First atomic bomb ever used in war is dropped on Hiroshima, Japan (August 6). U. S. S. R. declares war on Japan, and invades Manchuria (August 8). Second A-bomb is dropped on Nagasaki (August 9). Japan surrenders unconditionally (August 14). Japan signs formal articles of surrender on U.S. Missouri in Tokyo Bay (September 2, V-J Day). General Douglas MacArthur takes over supervision of the Japanese government (September 9). The Japanese Cabinet extends suffrage to women (October 13). General Douglas MacArthur abolishes Shinto as Japans national religion (December 15).

Korea.        U. S. forces begin the occupation of Korea (September 8).

Norway. Vidkun Quisling, traitor premier of Norway, is put to death (October 23).

Russia.        Roosevelt, Churchill and Stalin reach secret agreements at Crimean Conference, Yalta (February). At the insistence of the U. S., China and the Soviet Union sign a treaty of friendship and alliance, in Moscow (August 14).

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1946

AFRICA

NATAL
Durban, May. - The Society holds an official reception for the Rev. and Mrs. Norbert H. Rogers. - L. 567.

Oct. 27. - The Rev. F. W. Elphick returns, after a five months visit to the United States, Canada, England, and Holland. - L. 1947:45.

AMERICA
CANADA
June 20- August 16. - The Rev. Karl R. Alden makes extended pastoral visits through the Canadian Northwest. Full account in L. 556-560; 594-602.

Kitchener, Ont., April 30. - The Rev. Alan Gill announces his resignation as pastor of the Carmel Church. - L. 284.

Aug. 7. - The Rev. W. Cairns Henderson takes up duties as pastor of the Kitchener Society. - L. 463, 569.

Montreal, Quebec, Nov. 30. - The Montreal group welcomes its new visiting pastor, Rev. A. Wynne Acton. - L. 1947:45.

Toronto, Ont., Jan. 12. - The Olivet Society accepts the resignation of Rev. F. E. Gyllenhaal as pastor; with a resolution of keen appreciation of his long services. Under the chairmanship of Bishop De Charms, the Society extends a unanimous call to the Rev. A. Wynne Acton to become its pastor. A new method of choosing a pastor is initiated. To avoid the discussion of candidates in public meeting, the Society elected a special council of twelve members pledged to secrecy. To this council the Bishop presents the names of several candidates. The council then chooses one for recommendation to a meeting of the Society, which is then free to accept the recommendation or to ask for a reconsideration. - L. 142.

July 13. - The Society gives a banquet in honor of the Rev. and Mrs. F. E. Gyllenhaal, on their departure for Bryn Athyn. - L. 523.

Aug. 7. - The Society welcomes the Rev. and Mrs. A. Wynne Acton. - L. 570.

Oct. 10-14. - A Local Assembly; Bishop Acton presiding. Report in L. 1947:40-1.

UNITED STATES
Feb. - The Rev. Harold C. Cranch makes an extensive pastoral tour through the Western States. - Full report in L. 1947:28-36.

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COLORADO
Denver, June 2. - Death of Miss Hilda M. Hager, in her 98th year. - L. 335; obit. , 462.

ILLINOIS
Chicago, Sept. 30 - Oct. 2. - Bishop De Charms makes episcopal visits to the South and North Side groups. - Reported in L. 621.

Glenview, April 15. - Death of Rev. Willis Lindsay Gladish, aged 80 years. L. 287; memorial address, and biogr. sketch with photo., 297-303, 282.

May 25. - A Welcome Home banquet is given to some 40 returned men and women who represented every branch of the armed services. - L. 330.

July.- Plans to provide for a future High School are described in L. 329.

Oct. 4-6. - 41st Chicago District Assembly; Bishop De Charms presiding. Reported in L. 619.

Oct. 19. - Death of Mr. David Francis Gladish, in his 50th year. - L. 624; memorial address and biogr. sketch with photo., 591-3; 1947:91.

Dec. 11. - A Civic and Social Club is organized; 61 members sign the roll. - L. 1947:91.

MICHIGAN
Detroit, Sept. 28-29. - Seventh Michigan District Assembly; Bishop De Charms presiding. - Report in L. 573.

OHIO
Urbana, Oct. 15. - Bishop De Charms holds gatherings here, attended by members from Central Ohio.

Wyoming, Oct. 18. - With the increase of members living in or near Urbana the Rev. Norman Reuter holds alternate monthly services at Urbana and Wyoming. - L. 615; 1947:134.

PENNSYLVANIA
Bedford, Dec. 1. - Deaths of Mr. Milton Emerson Good, aged 38 years, and Mrs. Anna Belles Good, aged 36 years, in an automobile accident. - L. 48; memorial address, 85, 142.

Bryn Athyn, Jan. 1. - The General Church reports show that for the year 1945, its total membership was 2418 (U. S. A., 1428; Abroad, 991): died, 29; 1 resignation; net increase for 1945. 42. - L. 169.

Jan. 19. - The Civic and Social Club celebrates its 50th anniversary. - L. 141.

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Jan. 24-26. - Special meetings of the Council of the Clergy are largely devoted to practical pastoral problems, and to preparation for the forthcoming General Assembly. - L. 157.

Jan. 26. - 52nd regular Joint Council; Bishop De Charms presiding. Much attention is given to ways and means of providing wider financial support for the General Church, the Societies, and the Academy. The advisability of enlarging the membership of the Corporation is discussed. The Bishop points out that urgent need for the ordination of a priest into the third degree of the priesthood, rests on the imperative need for assistance in the episcopal office; also on taking wise precaution to protect the ordaining power in the Church. After explaining the steps taken to secure a confidential expression of opinion as to the man best qualified for the responsibilities of an Assistant to the Bishop, he reports that the trend of opinion is clear and definite, and is in accord with his own view as to the best choice. He announces that the man whom he desired to ordain into the third degree of the priesthood is the Rev. Willard D. Pendleton. A Pension plan for ministers and teachers, and a Correspondence Sunday School for the isolated, are discussed. Full account and reports in L. 158-182.

June 8. - Joint Meeting of Corporation and Faculty; nearly 100 present; President De Charms presiding. Prof. Stanley Ebert delivers the Address, Physical Education in the Academy. - L. 376; J. E.

June 14. - Commencement exercises of the Academy Schools. Rev. A. Wynne Acton, who had been a graduating student of all departments of the Academy, from kindergarten to theological school, gives the Commencement address. Members of the Church in Canada, present a Canadian flag to the Academy. - L. 377.



June 15-19. - The Eighteenth General Assembly, (Bishop De Charms presiding) is held in the woodworkers building adjacent to the Cathedral, after a lapse of six years, owing to war conditions. 1143 persons attend. The President of the General Convention (U. S. A.) and the Conference in Australia send cordial greetings. The Assembly approves the probable dissolution of the Corporation as an Illinois corporation, and the transfer of its assets to a new corporation, to be organized under the laws of Pennsylvania. The proposed Pension Plan is approved in principle. The Rev. Willard D. Pendleton is ordained into the third degree, Bishop De Charms officiating. The Banquet is attended by 1050 persons. Official journal, including discussions, in L. 385-405; Reports, 412-425; Addresses, 337-346, 354-365, 426-437, 465-477, 478-493, 493-499; Sermons, 347-353, 501-506; Declaration of Faith (W. D. P.) 499-500; Notes on, 507; impressions, 372-5.

July 1. - The Academys Pension Plan goes into effect. - L. 1951:177.



July 31. - The Rev. F. E. Gyllenhaal takes charge of furnishing materials for the Sunday School work of the General Church, and for the regular instruction of the isolated. - L. 159, 166-8.

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- Theta Alpha members, a treasurer, librarian, and art director, to work with Mr. Gyllenhaal. - L. 554. Cf. 1951:456.

Oct. 25-26. - At the Charter Day banquet, a portrait of Bishop N. D. Pendleton painted by Mr. Winfred Hyatt, is unveiled and presented to the Academy by the Rt. Rev. and Mrs. Willard D. Pendleton. - Report in l. 621-3; address, 580.

Oct. 26. - The Rt. Rev. Willard Pendleton is elected Executive Vice-President of the Academy. - L. 623.

Nov. 18. - The Rev. Wallace Winchell, Pastor of the First Congregational Christian Church, of Milford, N. J., writes a poem on Cathedral Church of Bryn Athyn. - L. 1947:36.

Dec. 28. - Members of the Society present a golden bowl to the Rev. and Mrs. Charles E. Doering on their Golden Wedding anniversary. - L. 1947:93; portrait, 328.

Pittsburgh, Summer. - In the absence of the pastor in Sweden, services are conducted by Mr. Kenneth Stroh, authorized candidate. - L. 618.

Sharon Hill, Delaware Co., Dec. 16. - Death of Miss Lillian Grace Beekman, aged 89 years. Bishop A. Acton officiates at the funeral. - Obit., L. 1947:93.

AUSTRALIA
Hurstville, Feb. 17. - As a consequence of the resignation of the pastor, Rev. W. Cairns Henderson, the Society chooses Mr. Lindthman Heldon as leader. - L. 379.

April 23. - The Hurstville Chapter of the Swedenborg Scientific Association holds its first regular meeting. - L. 380.

July 10. - The Society bids farewell to Rev. W. Cairns Henderson, after a pastorate of nearly eleven years. - L.1947:89.

EUROPE

GREAT BRITAIN
Colchester, July. - The Society holds a farewell party for the Rev. Martin Pryke. - L. 572.

Aug. 3-5. - 33rd British Assembly; Bishop De Charms presiding. Over 100 members sign the roll, in addition to many visitors from America, Sweden, Holland, and South Africa. The News Letter is adopted as the British official organ of the General Church; the Bishop appoints the Rev. Alan Gill as editor. The Assembly asks the Bishop to appoint a Committee to consider the development of New Church Education in Great Britain. - News Letter, Sept., L. 548-554 (Full report with photo.).

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Sept. 6. - The Society holds a reception for the Rev. and Mrs. Alan Gill. - L. 1947:154.

London, Jan. 29. - The pastor of Michael Church, Rev. A. Wynne Acton, announces his resignation. - L. 234.

May 11. - Over 100 members and friends of the Michael Church give a farewell party and gifts to Rev. and Mrs. A. Wynne Acton. - L. 381.

N. d. - The British Museum, in answer to an enquiry, gives assurance that the famous copy of the Brief Exposition. with the autograph Inscription, Hic liber est Adventus Domini, Scriptum ex mandate is safe, and is now in its place in the Library. - L. 561.

Sept. 1. - The Michael Church welcomes its new pastor, the Rev. Martin Pryke. - L. 615; 1948:328.

NORWAY
Halden, Dec. - Miss Sigrid Heide, a member of the General Church, who suffered harrowing experiences in German concentration camp, writes a war novel, of which the first edition sells wt in two weeks. - L. 1947:119; 1945:426.

Oslo, Feb. - Pastor Baeckstrm reports that the minister in the State Church who ministered to Quisling and other prisoners at the trial is very much interested in the Doctrines. One of the last books Quisling read before his death was Baeckstrms The Riddle of Death. - L. 280.

SWEDEN
N. d. - The activities of the Church in Scandinavia during war-time, are described in L. 72-9.

NOTEWORTHY ARTICLES
New Church Life, 1946.

The Lord and the Spiritual Sun, by Bishop G. de Charms. - p. 1.

The As of Ones Self, by Rev. W. C. Henderson. - p. 25.

The Earth Will Abide Forever, by Rev. W. L. Gladish. - p. 65. (Discussed, pp. 232, 314, 315, 514.)

The Seven Last Words, by Rev. W. C. Henderson. - p. 106.

Where Do Spirits Live? by Rev. F. E. Gyllenhaal. - p. 111.

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The Affirmative Response, by Rev. W. D. Pendleton. - p. 203.

Swedenborg and The Word Explained, by Bishop A. Acton. - pp. 256, 304.

The Church and its Growth, by Bishop G. de Charms. - p. 337.

Power, by Rev. E. Sandstrm. - p. 354.

The Academy, by Rev. C. E. Doering. - p. 426.

Our Relationship with Other Organizations of the New Church. by Rev. H. Cranch. - p. 441. Cf. p. 606.

The Mystery of the Human Will, by Rev. H. L. Odhner. - p. 465.

The Last Judgment and the World today: a study of the Apocalypse, by Rev. G. Baeckstrm. - p. 537.

Journal of Education, Vol. 28.

Physical Education in the Academy, by S. F. Ebert. - p. 93.

The New Philosophy, 1946.

Science and philosophy, by C. R. Pendleton. - p. 273.

Reflections on physical science, by D. F. Gladish, M. D. - p. 391.

PUBLICATIONS
BAECKSTRM, REV. GUSTAF: Aktenskapet och Himlen, och Karlekens foriorade ideal. (Marriage and Heaven, and the Lost Ideal of Love). Stockholm, Bokforlaget Nova Ecclesia. Pamphlet, 16pp. - Reviewed in L. 1946:311.

BAECKSTRM, REV. GUSTAF: Jungfrufodelsen (The Virgin Birth) Stockholm: Bokforlaget Nova Ecclesia. Pamphlet 8pp. - Reviewed in L. 1946:311.

DE CHARMS, BISHOP GEORGE: Palestras Para Criancas Portugese by J. M. Lima. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Homilies for Children, booklet: royal octavo, 62pp. (Sixteen talks to children on the general subject of heaven.) - Reviewed in L. 1946:375.

IUNGERICH REV. E. E.: Swedenborgs Philosophical Concept of Things Divine and Spiritual. Bryn Athyn, Pa.: Published by the Author. Booklet, pp. 32 - Noted in L. 1946:513.

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SWEDENBORG, EMANUEL: The Word Explained. (Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy nos. 6340-7566) Translated by Alfred Acton, M. A., D. Th. - Described in L. 1945:523.

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
1946

America.       Pope Plus XII canonizes Mother Frances Xavier Cabrini, first American citizen to be granted Saintship (July 7).

The President of the U.S. proclaims the cessation of hostilities of World War II (December 31).

The Norwegian Lutheran Church of America adopts the name, The Evangelical Lutheran Church.

France.              The first World War II Peace Conference is held in Paris (July 29-Oct. 15).

Great Britain.       Representatives of 51 nations meet in London for the first meeting of the United Nations General Assembly (Jan. 10).

Greece.              The Greek people vote to recall King George II to the throne (Sept. 1).

Japan.              The Japanese Parliament reduces the Emperors status from divinity to a national symbol (Oct. 7).

Philippines.       The Republic of the Philippines becomes an independent nation (July 4).

Switzerland.       League of Nations (Geneva) votes itself out of existence and turns over assets to United Nations (April 18).

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1947

AFRICA

NATAL
Durban (Mayville), April 3-6. - Third meeting of the South African Mission; Rev. F. W. Elphick presiding; 12 native ministers attend. Full report (with two group photos) in L. 405-412; 458-463. Cf. 400. The activities of the Mission are described. - L. 236-8.

April 19. - Death of Miss Laura Grix, aged 81 years; one of the early members of the church in Natal. - L. 336, 331.

June 19. - New Church Day is widely celebrated in the various Native Societies, as well as in the Durban Society. - L. 507-510.

December 27. - The Rev. F. W. Elphick reports on a visit to Mission stations in the Transvaal. - L. 1948:65-68.

ZULULAND
Nkandhla, Nov. 8 - Death of Mr. Colin Owen Ridgway, aged 32 years. - L. 1948:48, 134; obit., 44.

AMERICA

CANADA
June 19-Aug. 18. - The Rev. K. R. Alden makes extensive pastoral visits through the Canadian Northwest; full account with photo. in L. 488-501.

Toronto, Ont., Oct. 11-13. - 28th Eastern Canada Assembly, (formerly called Ontario District Assembly;) Bishop De Charms presiding; 135 persons attend 3 services, 3 sessions and a banquet, all in the Purdy Auditorium in the center of Toronto. Report in L. 1948:37-40; addresses, 1-10.

UNITED STATES

ARIZONA
Tucson, Aug. 28. - The General Church group (27 adults) holds regular lay services. - L. 522.

Aug. - Nine New Church families here organize a Circle, under the leadership of Rev. Harold Cranch. Average attendance: 14 adults, 8 children. - L. 1948:89.

CALIFORNIA
Los Angeles, Feb. 15-20. - The Rev. H. Cranch holds services and classes for the group here. - L. 232.

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ILLINOIS
Chicago, Sept. 28. - The pastor adds Sunday School rooms to the church property by remodeling a garage. - L. 525.

Rockford, Dec. - Members of the Rockford Circle, which meets twice monthly, hold a Christmas party at Sweden House. - Account and group photo. in L. 1948:132-3.

MARYLAND
Baltimore, May 23-25. - Joint meetings of the Baltimore and Washington societies, under the leadership of Bishop De Charms. - L.1948:136.

MICHIGAN
Detroit, Feb. 2. - The members of the Detroit Circle attend the dedication of the new building of the Detroit (Convention) Society, at the invitation of the Pastor, Rev. William H. Beales. - L. 189.

Linden Hills, July 20. - Death of Mary Elizabeth Remington Graham (Mrs. John A. Graham), aged 87 years; one of the pioneer members of the General Church movement in Detroit. - L. 432; obit., 476.

NEW YORK
New York City, N. d. - The services of the Society are moved from the West Side (West 51st St.) to the East Side of Manhattan (247 East 53rd St.). - L. 426.

OHIO
June 14. - a proposal is made to the General Church, by the Northern Ohio Group, to establish a New Church School near Akron. - L. 1948:179.

PENNSYLVANIA
Bryn Athyn, Jan. 1. - The General Church reports membership of 2,425 (USA 1430; Abroad, 955); 93 new members were received during 1946; but these were practically offset by 41 deaths, 2 resignations, and 45 dropped in a radical revision of the rolls. - L. 172.

Jan. - Mr. Leonard E. Gyllenhaal Jr. is appointed Assistant Treasurer of the General Church and the Academy; also Assistant Business Manager of New Church Life. - L. 48.

Jan. 10. - A Committee on General Church Religion Lessons is appointed, under the chairmanship of Rev. F. E. Gyllenhaal; over 600 children are on the roll of pupils receiving regular instruction. - L. 1948:174.

Feb. 7. - Death of the Rev. Dr. Eldred Edward Iungerich, aged 71 years. - L. 143; memorial address and photo., 157-161; memorial resolution, 242.

March. - The work done by the Committee on Visual Education is described. - L. 117.

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March 23. - A banquet celebrates the liquidation of the mortgage on the Club House. - L. 280.

April 7-9. - Annual meetings of the Council of the Clergy; 17 members present. Most of the sessions are devoted to practical pastoral problems. - L. 241-2; reports, 172-186; papers, 357-365; 246-256.

April 9-11. - The Educational Council meets after a lapse of two years (due to General Assembly); Bishops De Charms and Pendleton presiding. Four general sessions and two study sessions are held. It is decided to separate the Annual Meetings from those of the Council of the Clergy, and hold them in the last week of August. The headmasters of local schools are appointed a standing committee on program. Report in L. 243-5; Cf. 1951:372.

              
April 11. - The 50th Anniversary of the General Church is celebrated by a Banquet in the Assembly Hall, Rev. J. L. Odhner as toastmaster, introduces speeches by the Revs. W. Whitehead, C. E. Doering, K. R. Alden, and Bishop De Charms. - Described (with photo.) in L. 257-268.

April 12. - 53rd Meeting of the Joint Council of Clergy and Executive Committee; Bishop De Charms presiding. Present: 16 ministers and 18 laymen. Reports show that the financial activities for 1945 and 1946 reflect a material prosperity for the General Church greater than before. $94,900 was added to its capital. Its income from contributions increased; inflation, however, was a factor. A Pension and Annuity Plan is formally presented, explained, and accepted. - L. 289-297.

May 2. - The Bryn Athyn Society celebrates the 50th anniversary of its organization, (July 18, 1897). Many old photographs of founding families and early buildings, collected from Bryn Athyn members, are shown. - L. 329-330.

May 9. - It is announced that the Assembly Hall is now free from debt. - L. 330.

June 1. - The General Churchs Pension Plan goes into effect. - L. 1951:177.

June 7. - Annual Joint Meeting of Corporation and Faculty; Bishop W. D. Pendleton presiding. Before a full audience, Randolph Childs, Esq., delivers an address on Should the Youth of our Church Attend our Junior College. - L. 381.

June 13. - At the Academys Commencement exercises, 16 women and 2 men receive Junior College certificates; 4 women receive B. A. degrees from the Senior College. The College this year has the largest enrollment in its history, chiefly due to GIs. Dr. Frank L. Doering (Pittsburgh) gives the Commencement address. - L. 376.

N. d. - At its annual meeting, Theta Alpha votes to extend its membership to women who are members of the General Church, and are interested in New Church education. - L. 334.

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Sept. 20 - At the Academys opening exercises, Bishop W. D. Pendleton delivers notable address on Mark Hopkins and the Log. - L. 526, address, 535-543.

N. d. - The distinction between a Society and a Circle of the General Church is officially defined. - L. 568.

                     
Oct. 3. - The membership of the Society is now about 500. - L. 569.

Oct. 24-25. - The Charter Day banquet, managed by laymen, centers around the significance of the Atomic Age. The Synnestvedt family present to the Academy a portrait of the late Rev. Homer Synnestvedt. - L. 570-572.

Nov. 3. - Death of Miss Elsa Anna Synnestvedt, aged 51 years, author of Father all holy, Lord of Creation and other hymns and poems. - L. 575; obit., 1948:43; biogr. sketch, 1952:242-250.

Nov. 15. -The Boys Academy is placed on the list of accredited Secondary Schools of the Middle States Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools. - L. 1948:46.

Pittsburgh, July-Aug. - Candidate David R. Simons conducts the societys activities during the summer. - L. 522.

Sept. 26-28. - District Assembly; Bishop De Charms presiding; members are present from Detroit, Windsor, Saginaw, Urbana, Barberton, Cleveland, Youngstown, and Erie. Many General Church problems are discussed in two sessions, a Forum, and a banquet. - Report in. L. 502-6, 523.

TEXAS
Fort Worth, March 2-3. - The newly organized group (14) here has its first visit from a New Church minister (Rev. Harold Cranch). - L. 232.

N. d. - A group of 16 members now holds monthly meetings in different homes. - L. 524.

AUSTRALIA
Hurstville, May 31. - Mr. Lindthman Heldon, authorized leader, reports that, during the past year, 50 services were conducted; and 3 doctrinal classes each month. - L. 1948:178.

EUROPE
DENMARK
Copenhagen, April - The society here reports 34 adult members. - L. 422.

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GREAT BRITAIN
Bath, Sept. 7. - General Church members and friends in the West country hold gatherings in the (Conference) Bath Society building, under the guidance of the Revs. Martin Pryke and Alan Gill. - L. 1948:94.

Colchester, Aug. 29-30. - The Young Peoples Week-end movement is limited to those from 14 to 23 years of age. - L. 1948:94.

London, Aug. 2-4. - 34th British Assembly (first in London for nine years), is held in Swedenborg House; the Rev. Alan Gill presiding; 111 members and 29 visitors attend the three sessions. The 50th anniversary of the General Church is celebrated. Report and presidential address in L. 433-445.

HOLLAND
The Hague, April 24. - Mr. Emanuel Francis, leader, advertises weekly in Rijswijksche Courant, inviting those who sympathize with Swedenborgs Writings to visit the bookroom of the Swedenborg Study Circle, Stadhouderstraat, 30, Rijswikj, Z-H. - L. 279, 286.

NORWAY
Oslo, May 15. - A Circle of 12 members is definitely constituted, and recognized by the civil authorities, under the name pen name Den Nye Kirkes Menighet. - L. 421; Cf. 119.

NOTEWORTHY ARTICLES
New Church Life, 1947.

The Spirit of Charity, by Bishop G. de Charms. - p. 1.

Betrothal, by Rev. H. L. Odhner. - p. 19.

The Uses of the General Church, by Rev. W. C. Henderson. - p. :51.

The Lords Mercy with the Evil, by Rev. A. W. Acton. - p. 208.

The Stream of Providence. by Rev. A. W. Acton. - p. 246.

A New Beginning (illustrated), by Rev. C. E. Doering. - p. 259.

The Fascination and Futility of Mysticism, by Mr. H. F. Pitcairn. - p. 269.

The Celestial Sense of the Word, by Rev. E. E. Iungerich. - p. 298.

Remains, the Gateway of Regeneration, by Mr. A. S. Wainscot. - p. 344.

The Marriage of the Lamb, by Rev. W. C. Henderson. - p. 331.

The term Word in the Writings, (editorial). - p. 514.

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The Advent of the Lord (editorial). - p. 557.

Journal of Education, Vol. 28.

The Policy of the Academy as to Post Graduate Teacher Training, by Bishop G. de Charms. - p. 144.

The Academy College, by Rev. W. Whitehead. - p. 147.

The Importance of a Study of the Curriculum, by Bishop G. de Charms. - p. 154.

The New Philosophy, 1947.

The physical organism after death, by Rev. E. E. Iungerich. - p. 16. Cf. 40.

The mathematical point and the concept of simple substance, by Rev. H. L. Odhner. - p. 48.

The Source of Knowledge, by E. F. Alien. - p. 74.

PUBLICATIONS
COOPER, WILLIAM R.: What is Swedenborgianism? Bryn Athyn, Pa.: Cathedral, Book Room, Booklet, pocket-size, 36 pp. - Noticed in L. 1947:327.

CUNO, J. C.: J. C. Cunos Memoirs on Swedenborg, to which is Added Dr. J. A. Ernestis Libellous Attack and Its Refutation. Translated from the German by Claire E. Berninger, and edited, with additional translations, by Alfred Acton, D. Th. Bryn Athyn, Pa.: Academy Book Room. pp. 180. (Preface and Introduction, pp. lii-xix. -Reviewed in L. 1948:165; N. P., October.

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
1947
America.       Death of Henry Ford, originator of mass production methods (April 7).

Denmark.       Death of King Christian of Denmark (April 20).

Germany.       The State of Prussia is formally abolished and carved into several smaller states (Mar. 1).

Great Britain.       The British Government nationalizes the countrys coal mines, cables and wireless communications (Jan. 1). Britain and France sign a 50-year treaty of alliance (Mar. 4).

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India.        Moslem Pakistan and Hindu India become autonomous Dominions within the framework of the British Commonwealth (Aug. 14).

Palestine.       The U. N. General Assembly approves the plan to partition Palestine into sovereign Jewish and Arab States (Nov. 29).

Poland.       The Cominform is secretly organized in Poland to oppose the power of the United States and Britain (Oct. 5).

Rumania.       King Michael of Rumania abdicates and a Communist-controlled Peoples Republic is proclaimed (Dec. 30).

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1948

AFRICA

NATAL
Durban, March 11. - Death of Rev. Moffat B. Mcanyana, in his 67th year, at Mayville. - L. 287, 237; obit., 258-260; memorial resolution, 266; photo. 1928:449.

March 14-27. - Superintendent Rev. F. W. Elphick makes a journey to the Orange Free State, Cape Province, and Basutoland. - Described in L. 260-261.

May. - It is reported that there are, in the Durban Society, 61 children up to the age of 15. - L. 377.

June 12. - The Rev. and Mrs. Philip Odhner and family arrive here. - L. 377.

Sept. 30-Oct. 6. - Third General Assembly of the General Church Native Mission; Bishop De Charms presiding. The withdrawal of the Rev. Theodore Pitcairn and some of the Native Ministers from the Mission was reviewed; and the doctrinal that a basis of cooperation between the two bodies be sought, and, in so doing, the matters of faith be excluded; and that the heads of the two bodies be asked to formulate such basis, if possible. (At a subsequent conference of the Bishop with Rev. Philip N. Odhner, who represented Rev. Theodore Pitcairn in South Africa, it is decided that the two Missions will remain distinct but will cooperate in general uses.) At an Ordination Service, on Oct. 3, eight Native Ministers are ordained into the 2nd degree and 3 leaders into the 1st degree. The Confession of Faith is recited in Zulu by all in unison. At the seven sessions, papers are given by various Native Ministers. Full account, with addresses, in L. 1949:49-74; ordination photo., 16.

Sept. 14-19. - The Fifth South African Assembly is held in the Church Hall, 125 Musgrave Road; Bishop De Charms presiding. Four evening sessions are attended by 40 to 59 persons. The Bishops address is on The Lords Own with Man. Several papers are given by ministers and laymen. Full account, with addresses, in L. 1949:1-15; 105. Cf. 38.

Sept. 25-26. - Oct. 9-10. - Bishop and Mrs. De Charms visit two outlying Mission centers in Deepdale, near Bulwer, Natal, and Kent Manor Eshowe, Zululand. Account in L. 1949:18-21.


Oct. 6. - At the invitation of the Durban Society, an Interracial Meeting is held, attended by society members and Zulu ministers, leaders and members of the native Mission. Three Zulu ministers deliver addresses which are discussed. European and Zulu songs are sung. (This meeting was the first of its kind in the history of the Mission.) - L.1949:17-18, 38.

Oct. 25. - The 25th anniversary of the Kainon School is celebrated. - L. 1949:39.

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AMERICA
CANADA
June 17-Aug. 14. - The Rev. K. R. Alden makes annual pastoral visits through the North West. Report in L. 1949:118-126, 175-185.

Toronto, Ont., N. d. - A Laurence Izzard Memorial Fund is established to aid anyone in the Society who cannot attend the Academy Schools without extra financial help. - L. 334.

UNITED STATES
Oct. 19-Nov. 24. - The Rev. O. Odhner makes his tenth trip as visiting pastor in the Southern States. - Report in L. 1949:80-88.

ARIZONA
Tucson, March 13-14. - The Rev. Harold Cranch visits the members here. - Account, with group photo., in L. 230-232.

Nov. 26. - The group here is officially recognized as a Circle of the General Church. - L. 1949:137. Cf. 38.

ILLINOIS
Chicago, Dec. 8. - Death of Mr. William John Smeal, aged 77 years; an early member of the Immanuel Church. First clerk of the village of Glenview; in his latest years President of the Glenview State Bank. - L.1949:48; obit., 92.

Glenview, N. d. - The Property Owners Association is revived. - L. 282.

April 19. - Death of Mr. George Kendall Fiske, aged 57 years; Treasurer of the Immanuel Church for 21 years. - L. 287; obit., 282. Cf. 1945:365.

Nov. 26. - Death of Mr. William Hubbard Junge, aged 94, a member of the Academy movement from its early days. - L. 1949:48; obit., and photo., 74-77.

Rockford, March. - Brief history and news of the Rockford Circle, by its visiting pastor, (with group photo.,). - L. 132.

MICHIGAN
Detroit, May 2. - The General Church group holds its first meeting in the new Ferndale Community Center, at 400 Nine-Mile Road East. - Described in L. 138, 331.

N. d. - The Stamp Plan of the Sons of the Academy, which was virtually suspended during the war, is turned over to the Detroit Chapter to re-activate and publicize; Norman P. Synnestvedt in charge. - L. 235.

July 4. - Rev. Kenneth Stroh becomes the first resident minister to the newly recognized Detroit Circle. He is appointed Assistant to the Rev. Norman H. Reuter. - L. 331, 428, 522.

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Linden Hills, Sept. - A correspondent describes this summer colony of about 50 New Church persons. - L. 428.

MINNESOTA
Minneapolis, Aug. 13. - Death of Anna Andersen Boker (Mrs. Vitus A. Boker) aged 83 years; one of the original members of the North St. Paul Circle. - L. 480; obit., 572.

OHIO
Columbiana, March. - Historical account of the Jacob Renkenberger family, whose farm was the center of much pioneer New Church activity in Ohio. - L. 142.

PENNSYLVANIA
Bryn Athyn, Jan. 1. - The General Church reports that, for the year 1947, its total membership was 2481 (USA, 1468; Abroad, 1013); died, 22; 1 resignation; net increase for 1947, 56. - L. 170.

The General Church Ministerial Salary Plan goes into effect. - L. 1951:176.

Because of Bishop De Charms extended trip to England and South America, no District Assemblies are held this year. - L. 1949:170.

Feb. - Bishop A. Acton completes his translation of The Word of the Old Testament Explained. - L. 88.

Feb. 13. - Raymond Pitcairn Esq., begins a cultural course in vocal and instrumental music, as a part of the Fine Arts work in the College; 66 students attend the bi-weekly sessions held at Glencairn. - L. 184-5.

Feb. 29. - Raymond Pitcairn, Esq., gives an address at the Club House on, The Religion of Abraham Lincoln. - L. 190.

March 30-April 2. - Annual Meeting of the Council of the Clergy; Bishop De Charms presiding. 2 bishops, 14 pastors, 1 minister and 2 authorized candidates, are present. The eight sessions include papers on Heredity, The Received Text of the Word and The Concept of God in the Church. The Council meetings this year are separated from those of the Educational Council (August). Many practical problems are discussed. Summary in L. 265-267; reports, 170-181; public address, 248-258.

April 3. - 54th Joint Council; Bishop De Charms presiding. Present, 14 members of the clergy and 20 laymen. It is decided to keep the Illinois corporation in existence for a limited time after the transfer of assets, to avoid legal difficulties in case of possible bequests. It is reported the Pension Fund has been accepted by our major societies in the United States and Canada. The net worth of the General Church has more than doubled in the last ten years. The percentage of contributors, however, had never reached fifty per cent of the potential contributors. Mr. Colley Pryke, of Colchester, England, reports or the eleven-year old British Finance Committee of the General Church.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 77 Full account and reports in L. 268-278.

May 14. - At its annual meeting, the Bryn Athyn Society hears a report by Bishop W. D. Pendleton on the possibility of establishing a Junior High School here. - L. 332.

July. - The Rev. D. R. Simons is appointed to teach Religion, and undertake general direction of the 7th and 8th grade boys in the Bryn Athyn Elementary School. - L. 1949:170.

Aug. 23-28. - Seventh Annual Conference of the Educational Council; Bishop W. D. Pendleton presiding. The four general sessions art devoted to: Teacher Training; The Normal School; and Visual Education. Four summer school classes, of three hours each, are given to the Teaching of Science, and an equal amount of time is devoted to the Social Studies. A banquet closes the sessions. - Account in L. 504-509.

Oct. 16. - At the Charter Day banquet, the five purposes of the Charter are set forth by Raymond Pitcairn, Esq., Dr. C. E. Doering, Dr. H. L. Odhner, and Mr. R. R. Gladish; Toastmaster, Dr. W. Whitehead. 450 are present. - Report in L. 558-561, address, 1949:21.

Nov. 7. - The Rev. Joao de Mendonca Lima, Pastor of the Rio de Janeiro Society, makes his first visit to Bryn Athyn. - L. 1949:45.

Nov. 11 (Thursday). - A fire, of incendiary origin, destroys virtually all but the stone walls of Benade Hall, the central Academy building, however, resume classes on Nov. 15 (Monday), in other building. The schools, Cathedral, and in private homes, under the direction of Bishop W. D. Pendleton. A new building is immediately planned. - L. 575; 1949:45-46, 171.

Dec. 13. - At a special meeting of members of the Joint Council it unanimously agreed that the 19th General Assembly should be postponed, because of conditions created by the fire in Benade Hall. - L. 1949:159.

Mayview, Oct. 6. - Death of Mr. Jasper Swedenborg Hunter, aged 91 years; son of Robert and Ellen Robb Hunter, early New Church pioneers in Pittsburgh. - L. 576; obit., 571.

Pittsburgh, N. d. - In the fall, the Pittsburgh Society begins to publish a (mimeographed) monthly society newspaper, The Pittsburgh Reporter. - L. 570.

TEXAS
Fort Worth, N. d. - The General Church group is further organized. - L. 279.

AUSTRALIA
Flaxley (South Australia), July 24. - Death of Mr. John F. White, aged 66 years. - L. 1949:96; obit., 280.

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EUROPE

GREAT BRITAIN
Colchester, July 31-Aug. 2. - 35th British Assembly; Bishop De Charms presiding; 117 members and 25 visitors from the U. S., France, and Sweden sign the roll. The presidential address deals with Why the New Church must produce a New Education. Rev. Erik Sandstrom gives an address on The Mechanism of the Divine Providence. Rev. Martin Pryke reports covering 4564 miles as Visiting Pastor. At the request of the Assembly, Bishop De Charms appoints a Committee on Education in Great Britain, to do what may be feasible toward the ultimate establishment of a New Church School in Britain. Report in L. 532-5; addresses, 536-557; Cf. 1949: 170.

Sept. 13-20. - The Rev. Martin Pryke makes a semi-annual pastoral visit to Paris, Brussels and The Hague. - Account in L. 519.

NORWAY
Oslo, Sept. 4. - Death of Mr. Ragnar Boyesen, aged 80 years; the founder of the first Norwegian manufactory of pharmaceutical preparations. - L. 576; obit., 574.

SWEDEN
Stockholm, Oct. 14. - The Stockholm Society honors the 70th birthday of the Rev. Dr. Gustaf Baeckstrm at a reception. His friends and admirers present him with 800 crowns as a token of gratitude. Pro Patria, a Swedish philanthropic society dating from 1814, presents him with a gold medal, in recognition of his 33 years of service in his field - L. 567.

NOTEWORTHY ARTICLES
New Church Life, 1948.

Spiritual Temptation, by Bishop G. de Charms. - p. 1.

Swedenborgiana (Carl Gustaf Tessin and his Circle), by Rt. Rev. Acton.- p. 111.

Government (Its relation to the Church and freedom), by Mr. Colley Pryke. - p. 151.

The Concept of God in the Church, by Rev. W. C. Henderson. - p. 248.

The Philosophy of Art, by Mr. Winfred S. Hyatt. - p. 307.

Some New Swedenborg Documents (from Dr. Ernst Bents Swedenborg in Deutschland) Edited by Dr. A. Acton. - pp. 353, 393.

History of the North St. Paul Circle, by Mr. Robert I. Coulter (illustrated). - p. 369.

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Liberum Arbitrium (Free Choice), by Rev. W. B. Caldwell. - p. 419.

Dreams by Rev. A. W. Acton. - p. 440.

A New Education: Why the New Church must produce a new education, by Bishop G. de Charms. - p. 536.

The Mechanism of the Divine Providence, by Rev. E. Sandstrom. - p. 546.

The New Philosophy, 1948.

Controversy on the nature of the human form after death, by Rev. A. Acton, T. Sigstedt, and H. F. Pitcairn. - pp. 129, 161, 169, 258; 1949, pp. 296, 314.

The natural point, or the point of Zeno, by C. R. Pendleton. - pp. 172, 260.


The beginning of the Swedenborg Scientific Association, by Rev. C. E. Doering. - p. 222.

The letters and memorials of Swedenborg, by Rev. A. Acton. - p. 229.

PUBLICATIONS
ACTON, RT. REV. ALFRED: (Translator and Editor) The Letters and Memorial; of Emanuel Swedenborg, Bryn Athyn, Pa.: Swedenborg Scientific Association. (Table of Contents and Preface, pp. v-xv) - Reviewed in L. 1948:498.

DE CHARMS, RT. REV. GEORGE: The Life of the Lord, Bryn Athyn, Pa.: Academy of the New Church Press. Cloth, pp. 531. (Preface and Introduction to the First Volume, pp. i-xiv.) Reviewed in L.1949:406.

SANDSTRM, REV. ERIK: En Ny Kristen Kyrka (A New Christian Church) Appelviken, Stockholm. Cloth, 12mo., 90pp. - Reviewed in L. 1949:408.

SWEDENBORG, EMANUEL: The Word of the Old Testament Explained. English version. Translated by Alfred Acton, M. A., D. Th., from the text of a phototyped copy of the original manuscript preserved in the Royal Academy of Sciences, Sweden. Volume VIII: Nos. 7567-8263, explaining the text of the Books of the Prophets Isaiah and Jeremiah. Bryn Athyn, Pa.: Academy of the New Church, Cloth 8vo. pp.417; Appendix, pp. 421-441, Index of Biblical Proper Names. - Reviewed in L. 1948:465. Cf. 88,428.

TOKSVIG, SIGNE: Emanuel Swedenborg, Scientist and Mystic, New Haven Conn: Yale University Press. Cloth, 389pp. - Reviewed by Bishop George de Charms, - L. 1948:324.

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CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
1948
America.       Harry S. Truman is elected President of the United States (Nov. 2).

The U. N. General Assembly approves a U. S. resolution for controlling atomic energy (Nov. 4). The United Nations adopt a 31-article Declaration of Human Rights (Dec. 10).

Czechoslovakia.       Communists take charge of the government of Czechoslovakia (Feb. 25).

Holland.       Princess Juliana is crowned Queen of the Netherlands, in Amsterdam, after the abdication of Queen Wilhelmina (Sept. 6).

India.       Assassination of Mohandas K. Gandhi, Hindu religious leader and patriot (Jan. 30).

Palestine.       The birth of the Free State of Israel is proclaimed in Tel Aviv. The British evacuate Palestine (May 14).

Count Folke Bernadotte, U. N. mediator, is assassinated in the Jewish section of Jerusalem (Sept. 17).

South America.       21 American states, at Bogota, Columbia, create an Organization of American States (May 2).

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1949

AFRICA

NATAL
Durban, N. d. - During the past two years, the Rev. F. W. Elphick has contributed eleven Saturday sermons to The Natal Mercury, a Durban daily newspaper with a circulation of over 40,000. - L. 188.

March 16. - The Society celebrates the 25th anniversary of the dedication of its House of Worship. - L. 281.

N. d. - The Rev. F. W. Elphick holds services and doctrinal class twice a month for a small group at Pinetown, near Durban; average attendance adults and 6 children. - L. 429.

June 19. - New Church Day is observed by the Durban Society, and by all the Mission centers. - Full account in L. 501.

AMERICA
CANADA
- During the summer, the Rev. A. Wynne Acton makes the annual pastoral visit through the Canadian North-West. - Full account in L. 1950:70-80; history of this work, 70.

Kitchener, Ont., July 1-3. - The first Canadian Young Peoples Week End, is held here, composed of teenagers from Ontario and Quebec. 26 young people attend. Described in L. 427-8.

Oct. 8-10. - Second Eastern Canada Assembly; Bishop De Charms presiding: 194 persons sign the roll. At the three sessions, papers are given on Spiritual Perception, Uses with Angels and Men and The Concept of Government in the General Church. The banquet, in the Masonic Hall, Waterloo, deals with The Uses of Assemblies. Full account, with group photo., in L. 555-559, 574.

Montreal, Quebec. May. - Mr. Ernest Izzard resigns as leader of the group; and Mr. Desmond H. McMaster is elected to perform the use. - L. 374.

Toronto, Ont., Jan. 13. - Death of Miss Doris Margaret Raymond, aged 46 years. - L. 144; obit., 190.

April 3. - Death of Mr. Peter Bellinger, aged 85 years; a charter member of the Society. - L. 287; obit., 325.

May 15. - Miss Edina Carswell presents to the Society a public-address system, to honor the memory of Miss Blanche Somerville. - L. 374.

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UNITED STATES

ILLINOIS
Chicago, N. d. - In the fall, the Rev. H. C. Cranch reports an average attendance at the Sharon Church of 57 persons. Photo. of group and building at 5220 Wayne Ave., North Side, in L. 1950:90.

Nov. 14. - Death of Mrs. Amy Synnestvedt Riefstahl, widow of Mr. Louis Victor Riefstahl, aged 78 years; one of the charter members of the Sharon Church. - L. 1950:47; obit., 91. Cf. 1949:324.

Glenview, Feb. 14. - The Rev. O. Odhner and family move into the new house built by members and friends of the Immanuel Church for an Assistant Pastor. Dedicated on March 6. - L. 189, 285.

Sept. 30-Oct. 3. - Chicago District Assembly; Bishop De Charms presiding; 181 members present. Addresses are by the Bishop (Spiritual Perception), Rev. W. Whitehead (Elementary School Work), and Rev. H. C. Cranch (Educational Problems in the Chicago District). A resolution is passed asking for a committee to study the possibility of a Junior High School in Glenview. Full account (illus.) in L. 546-554.

Oct. 1. - The new school room for the use of the Immanuel Church are dedicated by Bishop De Charms, assisted by Rev. E. C. Acton. - Full report and photos. In L. 551-4.

Dec. 10. - The congregation now numbers 394 persons. - L. 1950:137.

MARYLAND
Arbutus, July. - The Arbutus Circle is described in L. 310.

Baltimore, N. d. - Captain Roscoe L. Coffin completes his 50th year as church organist. - L. 1950:43.

MICHIGAN
Linden Hills, July 24. - Summer services are resumed in the small Chapel here. - L. 475. Cf. 1914:583.

NEW JERSEY
July. - The North Jersey Circle is described in L. 311.

NEW YORK
New York City, July. - The New York Circle is described in L. 312.

Oct. 2. - The General Church Circle begins to hold services in a new location, the Green Room of the Hotel Sutton. - L. 1950:34.

OHIO
Barberton, Jan. 1. - The reports for 1948 show that in the Northern Ohio area, with Barberton as a center, there are 43 General Church members, 9 non-members 3 young people and 26 children.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 83 34 services and 43 doctrinal classes were held. - L. 238.

Cincinnati, April 23. - Death of Mr. Donald Merrell aged 49 years. - L. 1949:336; obit., biogr., and photo. 306-309; memorial resolution, 1950:164.

OREGON
Portland, April 22. - Death of Minna Crandall Blake, widow of Mr. George Blake, aged 81 years; a pioneer in the western plains; also an early student in the Academys Girls School (1887-1889); and the organizer of a Circle in Baker, Oregon. - L. 335; obit., 322.

PENNSYLVANIA
Bryn Athyn, Jan. 1. - Statistics of membership for 1948 are reported in L. 165.

Jan. 22. - The Society holds a Memorial Meeting in honor of the late Benade Hall, which housed not only the Academy Schools but for 17 years (1902-1919) was used for services and doctrinal classes. - L. 135.

Feb. 1-4. - Annual Meetings of Council of the Clergy, Rt. Rev. Willard D. Pendleton presiding in place of Bishop De Charms, absent for reasons of health. 13 members of the pastoral degree, and 3 members of the first degree are present. At the six regular sessions, three major papers are read, on Modern Biblical Criticism The Divine Omniscience, and Divine Providence in Natural Events. Practical problems are a feature of the sessions. Report in L. 145-147; 236; address 148-159.

Feb. 5. - Joint Council Annual Meeting; Rt. Rev. Willard D. Pendleton presiding. Among the annual reports, the work done by the Religious Education Program Committee, and the proposed resumption of New Church Sermons, receive full discussion. - L. 159-164; reports, 165-175, 234-236.

Feb. 22. - Bishop De Charms returns to his duties after a seven weeks illness. - L. 191.

April 22-May 8. - Bishop De Charms makes episcopal visits to Maryland, New Jersey, New York and Philadelphia. - L. 310-314.

May 13. - The congregation now numbers 1026; plus 103 students from elsewhere during the school year. - L. 330.

N. d. - There are now 140 homes in the borough of Bryn Athyn; 20 being occupied by non-members of the Church. 22 New Church families, with 46 children; live outside the borough boundaries. - Bulletin S. A., June, 1949, p. 19; L. 330.

June 4. - Joint Meeting of the Corporation and Faculty; over 200 persons present. Reports and plans of the rebuilding of Benade Hall are discussed.

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The resignation of Miss Lucy Potts, as teacher of the 1st elementary grade for nearly 50 years, is announced. Rev. K. R. Alden gives the annual address, on Reflections on 25 years in the Academy Schools - L. 376; reports and addresses, J. E. 1949.

June 6. Actual construction begins on the new Benade Hall. - L. 331.

June 14. - Academy Commencement exercises; 17 students receive Junior College certificates; 6 Senior College students are granted A. B. degrees. - L. 377; address, 366-372.

Aug. 22-27. - Eighth Educational Council; Bishop De Charms presiding. Opening address is on The Education of Girls; four morning sessions are devoted to The Teaching of English. Civics, Science, and Educational Measurements occupy afternoon sessions. - Report in L. 504-508, 478.

Sept. 23. - At its annual meetings, the Society votes to discontinue the reservation of pews in the Cathedral. - L. 525.

Oct. 21-22. - Charter Day celebrations; with Annual Address on Hope by Rev. A. Wynne Acton. About 500 persons attend banquet; speeches on The promotion of New Church education In all its forms. Account in L. 1999:572-4; address, 1950:8-13.

Oct. 31. - A committee (The General Church Sound Recording Committee) is appointed to record and circulate religious instruction, services, and historical events, for the use of the General Church. A catalog of records is sent to pastors and officers. - L.1950:45, 442.

Nov. 1. - A community gathering pays tribute to Miss Phoebe Bostock who has resigned after nearly thirty years of voluntary and dedicated service as the community nurse. - L. 1950:40.

Dec. 5. - Death of Mr. Dominique Berninger, aged 52 years at Philadelphia; a nationally known architect who designed the new De Charms Hall, and many homes in Bryn Athyn community. - L. 1950:47; obit., 94.

Philadelphia, July. - The uses and personnel of the Advent Church are described in L. 313.

July 9-Aug. 19. - The Rev. Morley D. Rich makes a pastoral tour of the western states of Missouri, Kansas, Colorado, Washington, Oregon, California, Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas; ministering to 240 persons. - Reported in L. 473.

TEXAS
Fort Worth, June 21. - The Fort Worth group is officially recognized as a Circle of the General Church. - L. 374.

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EUROPE
GREAT BRITAIN
Colchester, Aug. 21. - The society celebrates the 25th anniversary of the dedication of its church building; the Rt. Rev. Willard D. Pendleton preaches the sermon. - L. 523.

July 30-Aug. 1. - 36th British Assembly; the Rt. Rev. Willard D. Pendleton presiding. 91 members and 58 visitors attend; (U. S. A., South Africa, Holland, France and Switzerland are represented). The Presidential Address is on Love to the Lord. The three formal sessions include: a lively discussion on Mr. Charles S. Coles paper on The Importance of Science to the New Church; also a debate on ways and means of preparing for an ultimate High School at Colchester. At the New Church Club, at Swedenborg House. Mr. Percy Dawson gives an address on The Crown of Thorns. Account in L. 445-450; addresses, 433-444, 487-501; 1950:134.

HOLLAND
The Hague, Feb. - Mr. Emanuel Francis reports the organization here of a Swedenborg Study Circle for anyone who has an interest in the study of the Writings. He reports four similar centers at Nymegen, Scheveningen, Rotterdam, and Rijswijk, Z. H. - L. 90.

Oct. 23. - It is decided to hold services alternately at the homes of Mrs. I. Francis and Mr. Herman G. Engeltjes. - L. 1950:131l.

Rijswijk, Z. H., June 30. - Death of Mr. Emanuel Francis, aged 71; an ardent receiver, and president of the Hague Society at its inception (1937). - L. 384; obit., biogr. sketch, and photo., 464-467.

SWEDEN
Stockholm, Aug. 12-14. - The First Scandinavian Assembly; Bishop Willard D. Pendleton presiding; about 130 persons attend the three sessions, held in the Alvik Public School. Addresses are given by Bishop Pendleton and the Revs. G. Baeckstrm and E. Sandstrm. Full account, with group photo in L. 539-545; also Nova Ecclesia.

Nov. 12. - The Providentia Association, organized in 1901 to establish New Church schools, decides to support a Sunday School and religious lessons for isolated children. - L. 1950:41.

NOTEWORTHY ARTICLES
New Church Life, 1949.

The Lords Own with Man, by Bishop G. de Charms. - p, 6.

The Friendship of Love: A Doctrinal Study, by Rev. B. A. H. Boyesen. - p. 148.

Providence, by Rev. N. H. Rogers. - p. 199.

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New Church Education As a Priestly Use, by Rev. W. C. Henderson. - p. 219.

Principle and Personality, by Rev. F. W. Elphick. - p. 260.

Instructing Angels and Spirits: A Function of the Revelator at the Second Coming (editorial). - p. 315.

The Communion of Saints and Collectivism: True and False Concepts, by Rev. V. J. Gladish. - p. 349.

Love to the Lord, by Rt. Rev. W. D. Pendleton. - p. 433.

Science and the New Church, by Mr. Charles S. Cole, Jr. - p. 487.

An Optical Cylinder: Swedenborgs Undistorting Mirror Pictured (illustrated), by Mr. Alex. McQueen. - p. 516.

The New Philosophy, 1949.

Notes on the philosophy of color, by S. E. Lee. - pp. 320, 362, 382.

The purpose of the philosophical works, by Rev. W. C. Henderson. - p. 345.

Some relations of science to civilization, by R. H. McClarren. - p. 395.

PUBLICATIONS
BAECKSTRM, REV. GUSTAF: Herrens Aterkomst. Bromma, Stockholm: Bokforlaget Nova Ecclesia. paper, stiff cover, 12mo pp. 32. The Lords Return. Reviewed in L. 1949:564.

PITCAIRN, REV. THEODORE: O Livro Selado Com Sete Selos. A Portuguese Translation by J. Rosa da Silva and J. Lopes Figueiredo. Rio de Janeiro. Pp.151 and Index, 16mo. The Book Sealed with Seven Seals. - Reviewed in L. 1949:470.

SANDSTRM, REV. ERIK: En Ny Kristen Kyrka Appelviken, Stockholm, (Cloth, 12mo, 90pp. A reply to a veiled attack on Swedenborg by Prof. Hilding Pleijel of Lund in a work on Swedish history). A New Christian Church. - Reviewed in L. 1949:408.

SWEDENBORG, EMANUEL: The Messiah About to Come. Translated by Alfred Acton, M. A., D. Th. Bryn Athyn, Pa: Academy of the New Church. Cloth, royal 8vo. pp. 112. preface and Table of Contents, pp. i-ix. - Reviewed in L. 1949:468.

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CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
1949
America.       Twelve nations adopt a North Atlantic Defence Pact (Mar. 16). U. N. adopts an international code designed to promote freedom of press communications (May 14). U. N. Commission on Human Rights adopts covenant outlawing arbitrary arrest torture, slavery and forced labor (June 20). The North Atlantic Treaty goes into effect (Aug. 24). It is announced that an atomic explosion has occurred in the U. S. S. R. (Sept. 23). Dr. Albert Einstein discloses a new theory entitled, Generalized Theory of Gravitation (Dec. 26).

Bulgaria.       A Communist court in Sofia, Bulgaria, convicts 15 Protestant ministers of alleged espionage for U. S. and Britain (Mar. 8).

Czechoslovakia.              Pope Plus XII excommunicates Premier Gottward, of Czechoslovakia, and other high Czech officials (June 20). The Roman Catholic bishops of Czechoslovakia warn the government in Prague not to interfere in church affairs (Dec. 4).

Eire.              Eire severs its last ties with Britain (April 18).

Germany.       The Nuremberg war crimes trials (begun 1945) now end (April 14). A Federal Republic of Western Germany is proclaimed in Bonn. (Sept. 12). The Western Powers end military government in Western Germany and promulgate a civilian occupation statute (Sept. 21). The Soviet Union sets up a German Democratic Republic in Eastern Germany (Oct. 7).

Holland.       Queen Juliana, of the Netherlands, signs an act giving full autonomy to the United States of Indonesia, after over 300 years of Dutch rule (Dec. 27).

Hungary.       Joseph Cardinal Mindszenty, Roman Catholic primate of Hungary is given life imprisonment, by the Communist government in Budapest (Feb. 8). Pope Plus XII excommunicates all persons involved in Mindszentys prosecution (Feb. 12).

Palestine.               Israel and Arab nations conclude armistice under terms proposed by U. N. mediator Ralph Bunche (Feb. 23). Israel is admitted to the United Nations (May 11). A program of work and relief is adopted by U. N. to aid the 652 million Arabs who lost their homes in Palestine (Dec. 8).

Rumania.        Rumanias Communist government orders dissolution of 15 Roman Catholic charitable and social organizations (Aug. 1).

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1950

AFRICA
General Church Mission, March 26-27. The Rev. T. Matshinini dedicates the Alexandra Township Church House; over 200 persons present. Full account, with group photo., in L. 583-586.

Alpha, O. F. S., April 2. - Death of the Rev. F. W. Elphick, aged 67 years. - L. 1950:239; photo. memorial address, native tribute, and biogr. sketch, pp. 300-309, 458; memorial resolution, 1951:157.

NATAL
Durban, N. d. - The Rev. N. H. Rogers resigns as pastor of the Durban Society. - L. 1951:169.

Sept. - The Society presents farewell gifts to the Rev. Mr. and Mrs. Norbert Rogers, on their departure for the U. S. Members of the family of the late Rev. James Buss, the first pastor of the Durban Society (1903-1906), present to the Society a portrait in memory of their father. - L. 1951:36.

Sept. 1. - The Rev. Martin Pryke accepts a unanimous call to the pastorate of the Durban Society; he is also appointed Superintendent of the General Church Mission in South Africa. - L. 1951:168. Cf. 36.

AMERICA
BRAZIL
Rio de Janeiro, July 19. - Death of the Rev. Henry Leonardos, aged 80 years; President of the New Church Society in Brazil. - L. 464; obit., and photo., 538-540; memorial resolution, 1951:157.

CANADA
Canadian Northwest, June 21-Sept. 10. - The Rev. K. R. Alden makes pastoral visits through the Northwest. - Full account in L. 1951:16-24; 72-82.

Kitchener, Ont., March 31. - The Rev. W. C. Henderson resigns as Pastor of the Carmel Church. - L. 1951:168.

April 14. - At a special meeting of the society (Bishop De Charms presiding), the Rev. Norman H. Reuter is chosen as Pastors his duties to commence during the summer. - L. 1950:283; 1951:168.

UNITED STATES
Washington, D. C., Oct. 7. - The Society celebrates the 40th anniversary of Bishop Actons ministrations as Visiting Pastor. - L. 1951:38,

ILLINOIS
Glenview, N. d. - It is decided to abandon the custom of reserving pews. - L. 403.

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Oct. 20. - The membership of the Society reaches 200. - L. 195l:40.

MARYLAND
Baltimore, N. d. - Captain Roscoe L. Coffin has served over fifty years as organist of the Circle. Notes on the history of the Baltimore Circle, with photo., in L. 237.

MASSACHUSETTS
Newtonville, N. d. - The Rev. A. Acton is invited to address the Convention Society here. At a meeting attended by 75 persons, including the ministers and members of several of the societies In the Boston district, he explains the order, organization, and general principles of belief and practice of the General Church. - L. 285.

MICHIGAN
Detroit, N. d. - The Rev. K. O. Stroh resigns as assistant to the Rev. N. H. Reuter. - L. 1951:169.

Nov. 22. - The Rev. N. H. Rogers begins duties as Pastor of the Detroit Circle and Visiting Pastor of the North Ohio territory. - L. 1951:44, 169.

NEW YORK
New York City, Dec. 11. - The Rev. K. R. Alden is elected a life member of the Swedenborg Foundation, Inc.; and is also elected a member of the Board of Directors, to fill the unexpired term vacated by a members resignation. - L. 1951:95.

OHIO
Akron, July 15. - The Rev. N. H. Reuter resigns as Pastor of the Circle here; also as Visiting Pastor to the isolated in Ohio, and to the Erie (Pa.) Circle. - L. 1951:168.

North Ohio, N. d. - Because of the gap left by the departure of Rev. N. H. Reuter in the three major North Ohio centers of Cleveland, Barberton and Youngstown, the laymen organize regular lay-conducted services and classes; using tape recorders In each of the three centers. - L. 1951:39.

PENNSYLVANIA
Bryn Athyn, Jan. 31-Feb. 3. - Annual meetings of the Council of the Clergy; Bishop De Charms presiding. Present: 3 bishops, 15 pastors, and 4 ministers. Four major addresses are discussed during its six sessions; Degrees of the Priesthood and their respective functions; How should we define the Spiritual in contradistinction to the Natural; The Reciprocal in the Glorification; and Are Conjugial Pairs Born? The Religious Curriculum from kindergarten to College is analyzed in a two-session panel discussion. Report in L. 145-147, 143; addresses, 148-160, 200-216.

Feb. 3. - The transfer of assets from the Illinois Corporation to the Pennsylvania Corporation is formally approved by the Board of Directors; and the Pennsylvania Corporation begins active conduct of the lay affairs of the Church. - L. 1951:173.

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Feb. 4. - 56th Joint Council; Bishop De Charms presiding; 17 members of the clergy, and 15 laymen attend. Considerable attention is given to the status and circumstances of the South African Mission. The total membership of the General Church is reported to be 2,568. There are 34 members of the clergy, three of whom are of the episcopal degree. Of the 34, only 24 are active in ecclesiastical uses; of these 24; six or seven are mainly occupied in the teaching profession. Only fourteen are engaged solely in ministering to societies. Account in L. 160-164; reports, 165-184, 433.

N. d. - Beginning with the Church Contributions Committee of the Bryn Athyn Society, organized by Mr. Carl Asplundh and others, a plan to establish Church Contributions Committees throughout the General Church gains momentum. - L. 179-181, 435-441; 1951:180-182; 1952:194-195.

March 1. - Death of Paul Synnestvedt, Esq., aged 80 years. - L. 192; memorial address, photo., and biogr. sketch, 226-228; memorial resolution, 1951:159.

April. - Bishop De Charms publishes a statement on the reasons for the new Corporation of the General Church. - L. 184-186.

May. - The teachers and students of College and Secondary Schools now abandon the temporary quarters used for a year and a half; and begin to use the completed sections of the new Benade Hall. - L. 285.

June 3. - The Annual Joint Meeting of Corporation and Faculty is held for the first time in the Chapel of the new Benade Hall; President De Charms presiding. The various reports emphasize the new adjustments opened up by the enlarged and modernized Benade Hall; also the many changes in staff personnel. To mark his retirement after 59 years of service as teacher, administrator, and priest, Dr. Charles E. Doering is presented with a set of nine silver goblets. The annual address by Dean Wertha P. Cole, is on The Responsibility of Women in the Establishment of a Church. - L. 399.

June 14. - At the Academy Commencement exercises, the address is given by Rev. Erik Sandstrm, on The New Beginning on Earth. - L. 399, 494-499.

June. - Mr. Otho W. Heilman retires as principal of the Elementary School. He is succeeded by the Rev. David R. Simons. - L. 330.

June 15-19. - Nineteenth General Assembly; Bishop George de Charms presiding. Meetings are held in Carpenters Hall; the registration (1106) persons and attendance mark a record. Six addresses and many reports occupy the six sessions; greetings are sent to the General Convention (Boston), the General Conference (London), and the Conference of the New Church in Australia. The Assembly presents a testimonial to the Rev. Wm. B. Caldwell, D. Th., recording its affectionate esteem and deep appreciation of his faithful and distinguished services, during 32 years, as Editor of the New Church Life.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 91 The Bishops nomination of the Rev. W. C. Henderson as the new Editor is unanimously approved. An unusual number of pastoral changes is noted, 923 persons attend the final banquet. At a Young Peoples Luncheon, 300 attending, the speeches keynote Responsibility. This is the first General Assembly to be completely recorded by tape recorder. Official journal, including discussions, in L. 409-427; reports, 410, 425, 426, 433-447; addresses, 289, 337, 358, 375, 465, 481; sermons, 385, 352; banquet, 448-454, 506; Cf. 395, 455.

June 16. - The first meeting of the new Pennsylvania Corporation of the General Church is held; 87 members present; a Board of Directors is elected. (Later the Board elects four officers). The meeting of the old Illinois Corporation is held concurrently. - L. 431.

June 17. - It is reported that local committees have been formed to develop the Use of General Church sound-recordings in the following centers; Saginaw, Fort Worth, Madison, Tucson, Detroit, Pittsburgh, Glenview, New York, Washington, and Bryn Athyn. - L. 443.

July 17. - Bishop De Charms projected visit to the South African Mission is canceled, due to ill health.

Sept. - The Rev. W. C. Henderson begins duties as Editor of New Church Lifer also as part-time Instructor in Religion in the Academy Schools. - L. 1951:168.

Sept. 14. - Dedication of the new Benade Hall to the uses of New Church education, by the Rt. Rev. W. D. Pendleton, acting Vice-President of the Academy. After the dedication address, Mr. Harold F. Pitcairn, Chairman of the Building Committee, delivers to Bishop Pendleton the key to the building. - Full account, with photos. of the building and Chapel Chancel, in L. 561-571.

Oct. 13-14. - The Charter Day exercises stress the 75th anniversary of the Academy; the address is given by the Rev. H. C. Cranch. 445 persons attend the banquet, which is devoted to the relative places of sciences, humanities and theology in New Church education. - L. 604; address, 592-598.

Dec. - The use of the term Executive Committee, in connection with the officers of the Corporation of the General Church, is now superseded by the use of the term Board of Directors, as applied to the Pennsylvania Corporation. - L. 599.

Erie, May 20. - The Erie Circle celebrates its centennial at a banquet; the secretary, Mr. Charles Edro Cranch, reads a Brief History of the Erie Circle (1850-950). - L. 331-333.

TEXAS
Fort Worth, Sept. - The Rev. C. E. Doering begins a six-month visit to the Fort Worth group. Throughout the winter, he conducts Sunday services, fortnightly doctrinal classes, and a class in religion for children once a week. - L. 1951:93, 170, 375.

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EUROPE

GREAT BRITAIN
Colchester, Aug. 5-7. 37th British Assembly; the Rev. A. Gill presiding; an average of 135 persons attend the three sessions. The Presidential Address is on Heredity and the Nature of Man. Rev. G. Baeckstrm speaks on An Old Prophecy of a United Humanity. The Education Fund is reported to have reached 1338. - L. 513-516; addresses, 517-537; sermon, 577. Cf. 1951:37.

July 31. - The Rev. Martin Pryke resigns as pastor of the Michael Church. The Society welcomes its new pastor, the Rev. Kenneth Stroh. - L. 1951:168, 169, 35.

Aug. 27. - Representatives of the various groups connected with the Michael Church present gifts to the Rev. M. Pryke in recognition of his services during his pastorate (the third pastorate in the history of the Society). Over 100 persons are present. - L. 1951:34.

SWEDEN
Stockholm, N. d. - Mr. August Magnusson, a member of the Stockholm Society, contributes an article on Swedenborgs teachings to a book, My Long Life Has Taught Me, - a symposium of the views of seventy Swedish citizens. - Nova Ecclesia, March-April, 1950; L. 325.

NOTEWORTHY ARTICLES
New Church Life, 1950.

Rejection of the Lords Divinity, by Rev. H. L. Odhner, (Review of Schweitzers Quest of the Historical Jesus). - p. 13.

Music in Worship; its function and quality, by A. Stanley Wainscot. - p. 18.

Date of Swedenborgs Birth (editorial). - p. 81. Cf. p. 275.

The Priesthood and the Laity, by Randolph W. Childs, Esq. (Respective roles in the uses of the Church). - p. 109.

Revealed Knowledge of the Planets, by Rev. W. B. Caldwell. - pp. 118, 187, 263, 314.

Degrees of the Priesthood and Their Respective Functions, by Bishop G. de Charms. - p. 148.

Typical States of the Church, by Rev. M. D. Rich. - p. 200.

"June Nineteenth and the Calendar", (editorial), - p. 275.

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The New Church and the Second Coming of the Lord, by Bishop G. de Charms. - p. 289.

A Brief History of the Erie Circle, by Mr. Charles Edro Cranch, - p. 331.



The Essential Use of the Church, by Rev. E. C. Acton. - p. 337.

The Method of Giving Revelation, by Rev. M. Pryke. - p. 358.

Conjugial Love, by Rt. Rev. W. D. Pendleton. - p. 375.

Our Responsibility to the Future: The Challenge of New Church Education, by Rev. H. L. Odhner. - p. 465.

Heredity and the Nature of Man, by Rev. A. Gill. - p. 517.

The New Church in South Africa, (an analysis of the history and opportunities of the Church), by Mr. F. H. D. Lumsden. - p. 587.

The New Philosophy, 1950.

On The Worship and Love of God; Part I, by Rev. A. W. Acton. - p. 6.

The Preparatory Works, by Rev. E. C. Acton. - p. 56.

Swedenborgs Rational Psychology, by Rt. Rev. A. Acton. - p. 73.

PUBLICATIONS
SWEDENBORG, EMANUEL; Rational Psychology A Posthumous Work. A new translation from the Latin by Norbert H. Rogers and Alfred Acton, and Edited by Alfred Acton. Philadelphia, Pa.: Swedenborg Scientific Association. Cloth, 8vo. pp. xli 343 (including Text, Appendix, and Index) - Reviewed in L. 1951:13.

SWEDENBORG, EMANUEL: Hemelsche Verborgenhedenn (Arcana Coelestia). Vol. VI, nos. 4422-5190, Genesis xxxiv-xl. The Hague: Swedenborg Genootschap (Society), 1950. Cloth, pp. 626. - Reviewed in L. 1951:89.

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
1950
Africa.               Palestine. Publication of the oldest extant manuscript of the Book of Isaiah, found in a cave near Jericho by Arab Bedouins. The Knesset (parliament) in Jerusalem formally proclaims the Holy City as the capital of Israel (Jan. 23). The Jordan Parliament in Amman votes to annex Arab Palestine and incorporate it into the Kingdom of Hashemite Jordan (April 24).

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 94 The U. S., Britain and France agree to regulate the sale of arms to the Arab states and Israel on a basis of parity (May 25). The failure to inter-nationalize Jerusalem is conceded by officers of the U. N. (June 14). Five Arab nations sign a mutual security pact (June 17).

South Africa. The South African government passes a bill to split the country into white and non-white zones (June 13).

America.
              Canada. The U.S. and Canada sign a 50-year treaty providing for a large-scale expansion of the power output of the Niagara River, on an equal basis to both countries (Feb. 27).

United States. President Truman announces his instruction to the Atomic Energy Commission to produce the hydrogen bomb (Jan. 31).

Prof. Albert Einstein calls for the creation of a supra-national judicial and executive body to control atomic weapons (Feb. 11).

United States air and naval forces are ordered to fight with South Koreas army against invading forces from North Korea (June 27).

In reference to the Korean War, President Truman proclaims a state of national emergency (Dec. 16).

Asia.              China. Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek resumes the Presidency of the Chinese Nationalist Government in Taipei, Formosa (March 1).

Following disastrous floods, 16 million civilians starve in North China (March 15).

India.        India, for nearly 200 years a British dominion, is formally proclaimed an independent republic in New Delhi (Jan. 25).

Pakistan and India agree on a law granting broader religious and civic rights to minorities (April 10).

Indonesia. The Republic of Indonesia is proclaimed by President Sukarno (August 15). Viet Nam becomes a sovereign nation in the French Union (Dec. 23).

Korea. The armed Communist forces of North Korea invade the Republic of Korea. Korean War begins (June 24). The United Nations Security Council denounces the Invasion (June 25). The United States Government orders air and sea forces into action (June 26).

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Europe.       Great Britain. Great Britain grants full recognition to the Communist regime of Mao Tse-tung in China (Jan. 6). In the British general election, the Labor Party is returned to power by a slim majority of 6 seats (Feb. 23). Dr. Fuchs, German-born scientist, is imprisoned for 14 years for betraying atomic secrets to Soviet Russia (March 1).

Italy. Pope Pius II proclaims as a dogma of Catholic faith that the Virgin Mary ascended to heaven in body as well as in spirit (Nov. 1).

Russia. The Soviet Union repudiates the Yalta agreement as to China; and signs a new 30-year treaty of friendship and mutual assistance with the Peoples Republic centered in Peking, China (Feb. 15).

Switzerland. The Red Cross International Committee asks 62 nations to outlaw atomic weapons and non-directed missiles (May 2).

Turkey.        In Turkeys first free election, the people vote overwhelmingly against government controls and in favor of free enterprise (May 14).

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1951

AFRICA
Jan. 1. - The baptized membership of the General Church Mission is reported as 412 adults, 99 young people, and 280 children. - L. 164.

NATAL
Durban, N. d. - After a series of special meetings, the Society decides to purchase a site of approximately ten acres at Westville, about eight miles from the center of Durban, with a view to establishing a New Church community. - L. 235.

Sept. - The Rev. M. Pryke describes the three main areas of the Mission, in Natal (including Zululand), the Transvaal, the Cape Province and Basutoland. - L. 424.

AMERICA
BRAZIL
Rio de Janeiro, Aug. 19. - Sr. Jose Lopes de Figueiredo is authorized, pending his ordination, to assist the Rev. Joao de Mendonca Lima in performing the duties of the priesthood. - L. 477.

N. d. - The A Nova Igreja, suspended in 1928, resumes publication as the official organ of the Society, under the editorship of the Rev. J. de M. Lima. - L. 559.

CANADA
June 21-Aug. 15. - The Rev. K. R. Alden makes pastoral visits through the Canadian Northwest. Full account in L. 1952:22, 77.

Kitchener, Ont., Sept. 4. - At the opening of the 63rd consecutive year of the Carmel Church school, only seven pupils are enrolled. - L. 574.

N. d. - A motion at the Societys annual meeting to abolish assigned seats in the church is carried. - L. 574.

Oct. 31. - The men of the Society institute quarterly meetings to discuss society uses or problems. - L. 1952:101.

Oct. 17. - Death of Mr. Rudolph Roschman, aged 91 years, at Waterloo, Ont. Born in Ulm, Germany; baptized into the New Church on arrival in Canada, 1882. The last surviving member of the original Carmel Church; an active and staunch lay supporter of the Academy movement and the General Church. At the time of his death, he has 30 grandchildren and 18 great-grandchildren, nearly all of whom are baptized into the church. - L. 1952:48; obit., 41.

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Nov. - At a society-school meeting, the report of the Ontario Hope Commission on Education is felt definitely to threaten the continuance of private schools. - L. 1952:101.

Toronto, Ont., Oct. 16. - Death of Mr. William Alexander McFall, aged 73 years; a vigorous and much loved Canadian layman. Hundreds of friends attend his funeral service. - L. 1952:48; obit., 41.

N. d. - The Toronto (Convention) Society sells its church building to secure a more suitable location. - L. 1952:45.

UNITED STATES

ARIZONA
Tucson, Oct. - Quarterly visits to the Circle are now made by the Rev. H. Cranch. - L. 1953:250.

ILLINOIS
Glenview, June 24. - The society celebrates the Golden Wedding anniversary of Mr. and Mrs. Louis S. Cole. - L. 1951:379.

Sept. 19. - At the 73rd opening of the Immanuel Church School, it is noted that Miss Adah Nelson and Miss Emelia Nelson are the only surviving pupils of the original school. - L. .572.

Oct. 12-14. - Chicago District Assembly; Bishop Willard D. Pendleton presiding; 297 attend the first session, including 56 visitors from nearby states. During the three sessions and banquet, addresses are given on: The Doctrine of Correspondences; The Pattern of Rational Thought; Providential Control of Evils; and The Mature Mind. - Report in L. 529-532; addresses, 532; 1952:64, 136, 447, 119.

MICHIGAN
Detroit, March. - The Society reports twenty or more children under twelve; and the increasing need for school facilities. - L. 133.

NEW JERSEY
N. d. - The monthly Sunday services of the Northern New Jersey group are now held in the Masonic Hall, Summit, N. J. - L. 1952:104.

NEW YORK
New York City, Jan. 28. - At the invitation of the New York (Convention) Society, the General Church Society joins in a mutual celebration of Swedenborgs birthday. The Rev. Dr. Arthur Wilde conducts a special service, attended by about 125 persons; the Rev. Morley D. Rich delivers an address. A joint luncheon is followed by birthday greetings for Dr. Wilde, now 81 years of age. - L. 136.

OHIO
Urbana, N. d. - Services for General Church members in southern Ohio are held monthly in the home of Mr. and Mrs. Robert G. Barnitz, 609 South Main St., Urbana; 17 adults and 7 children attend. - L. 527.

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PENNSYLVANIA
Bryn Athyn, Jan. 1. - The annual reports show the membership of the General Church to be 2,625 (U. S., 1,567; Abroad, 1,058). The membership of the Clergy is 33 (ten of these are retired or engaged in secular work); also one authorized candidate; one pastor in the British Guiana Mission; and three authorized lay leaders. The South African Mission has 9 pastors and 3 ministers. - L. 164, 167.

- A questionnaire as to the advisability of continuing the Calendar of daily readings from the Word and the Writings, is sent to 1,500 persons; 332 reply. Of these, 135 follow the Calendar; 14 intend to do so; 53 believe it should be continued; 101 believe it is not needed. - L. 167.

- The Rev. W. C. Henderson takes over the editorial duties of New Church Life with the January issue. He reviews the uses and the policy of the magazine. - L. 1950:606; 25-27.

Jan. 23-26. - Annual meetings of the Council of the Clergy; Bishop Willard D. Pendleton presiding in the absence of Bishop De Charms through illness. Present: 14 pastors and one minister. In response to a letter from the Bishop, giving Mr. Pendleton full authority to act as his representative in the uses of government pending his return, the Council expresses its complete confidence in Bishop Pendletons leadership, and its desire to cooperate. At the six regular sessions, papers are read on: Creation for Specific Heavenly Uses; A New Church Orientation Course in the Modern World; and Justice on the Economic and Civil Plane; also three brief papers on pastoral problems. The annual address is on The Human Essence of the Lord. - Report ink, 141, 155-158, 160; addresses, 193, 249.

Jan. 27. - 57th Joint Council, Bishop Pendleton presiding. Present 15 members of the clergy, and 16 members of the Board of Directors. A message of affectionate hope for his speedy recovery is sent to Bishop De Charms. The Council expresses its confidence in the interim leadership of Bishop Pendleton. The Illinois Corporation is kept alive to avoid possible legal difficulties in the case of gifts or bequests made to the Corporation. The use of sound recording in the General Church is reported to have increased rapidly. 54 recorders are now in use in 26 different localities. A Catalog lists 250 recordings in the Committees library. - L. 158-163; 175, 183; annual reports, 164-186.

Feb. 1. - Messrs. Geoffrey Childs, Jr., David Holm, Dandridge Pendleton and Frank Rose are accepted as authorized candidates for the priesthood. - L. 141.

May. - It is reported that, out of 207 adult baptisms administered in the Cathedral since its dedication, 88 became interested through marriage with a New Church partner; 34 became interested by association with a New Church friend.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 99 During the same period, 837 infants and children received baptism. - L. 215. The Cathedral Book Room reports that, during the past 25 years, it has sold approximately 60, 000 pieces of New Church literature, and over 50,000 picture postcards of the Cathedral. - L. 213.

June 2. - Annual Joint Meeting of the Academy Corporation and Faculty; Executive Vice-President W. D. Pendleton presiding; about 200 attending. The annual address is given by Miss Margaret Wilde on, The Well Dressed Feminine Mind. - L. 334.

June 14. - At its annual meeting, the Corporation of the General Church passes an amendment to the by-laws, providing for the appointment of a committee to nominate members for election to the Board of Directors. - L. 1952:188.

June 15. - At the Academys Commencement exercises, Mr. Louis Blair King receives the degree of B. Th., from the Theological School. - L. 373; address, 343.

June 19. - Ordination of Louis Blair King into the first degree of the priesthood; Bishop Willard D. Pendleton officiating. - L. 383, 354.

- The customary New Church Day banquet is marked by the presence of more than a hundred members of the General Convention, now meeting in Philadelphia. The Rev. Dr. Leonard I. Tafel, President of Convention, speaks on behalf of the guests. - L. 380.

June 20-Aug. 15. - By appointment, the Rev. Louis B. King makes pastoral visits throughout the West, holding 78 meetings. - Report in L. 518. Cf. 287.

- During the summer, the four authorized candidates, Messrs. Geoffrey S. Childs, Jr., B. David Holm, Dandridge Pendleton, and Frank S. Rose, aid in the summer services in the societies in Glenview, Bryn Athyn, Detroit, Pittsburgh, Kitchener and Toronto. - L. 237.

Aug. 20-24. - The Eighth Educational Council; Bishop Pendleton presiding. The regular sessions concentrate on Mathematics and Foreign Languages. The opening address is on The Formation of the Natural Mind. Committee reports and discussions deal with English and Science. - Report in. L. 460-463, 497.

Sept. - After an illness of fifteen months, Bishop De Charms begins to resume some of his official duties. - L. 1952:185.

Sept. 12. - At the opening exercises of the Academy Schools, Prof. E. S. Klein delivers the welcoming address. - L. 527; address, J. E. Oct. 1951.

Oct. 12-13. - Over 100 guests from the United States and Canada attend the Charter Day celebration. The annual address is on Education in the Name of the Lord. 553 persons attend the banquet, the central theme of which is The Academy as a Society. - L. 570; address, 1952:27.

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Dec. - Bishop De Charms resumes conduct of the regular services. - L. 1952:104.

Dec. 21. - The Society present; to Mr. and Mrs. Raymond Pitcairn a silver bowl and inscribed scroll, as a token of affectionate gratitude for the many uses they have performed to the Society, including the traditional Christmas Sing held just before Christmas, at Glencairn for many years. - L. 1952:104.

Dec. 31. - The Treasurer of the General Church reports in detail on the Ministerial Salary Plan and the Pension Plan. - L. 1952:191-194. Cf. 204.

- 48 new members have joined the new Pennsylvania Corporation of the General Church during the year; making the total membership 220. - L. 1952:188.

Pittsburgh, Dec. 13. - Death of Mrs. Daniel E. Horigan (Margaret Drynan), aged 89 years; the oldest member of the Pittsburgh Society and the last personal link in this city with the founders and pioneers of the Academy movement.

WISCONSIN
Madison, Aug. 19. - The group here organizes with a view to recognition as a Circle of the General Church, (granted Sept. 5). - L. 523, 439.

EUROPE

GREAT BRITAIN
Colchester, Whitsun. The Young Peoples Weekend is held under the leadership of the Rev. A. Gill. - L. 427.

Dec. - The Day School reports 18 pupils between the ages of 5 and 10 in five grades. Only 5 of these children are of New Church parentage; but there are 7 of pre-school age in the society. - L. 1952:214.

London, Jan. - The damages done to the Michael Church by the war have now been repaired. - L. 34.

April 18. - Death of Mr. Robert Archibald Stebbing, aged 72 years; one of the original pupils in the Academy School at Burton Road; a founder member of the New Church Club; and the last Secretary of the Peckham Rye Society. - L. 288; obit., 473.

Aug. 4-6. - 38th British Assembly; the Rev. Alan Gill presiding; average attendance 93. At the three regular sessions, addresses are given on: External Worship; Some Aspects of the Psychology of Man and Woman; and The Doctrine of the Lord. - Report in L. 481-484 addresses, 484-491; 1952:9-19.

N. d. - Because of difficulties of distance, doctrinal classes are held periodically in Finchly and Chadwell Heath. - L. 472.

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NORWAY
N. d. - The Rev. Erik Sandstrm reports that a small Norwegian Liturgy and Hymnal has been prepared, and is ready for publication. - L. 1952:187.

SWEDEN
Stockholm, Jan. 28. - At the Societys celebration of Swedenborgs birthday, the toastmaster (Rev. Erik Sandstrm) welcomed, as an honored guest, Mr. Swedenborg, the present head of the Swedenborg family, and a relative of Mrs. Von Axelson, one of the members of the Society. - L. 134.

Oct. 28. - The Society celebrates the 35th anniversary of its legal recognition by the State as an independent religious body. - L. 1952:42.

Dec. - During the year, 46 services are held, with an average attendance of 36; doctrinal classes are held fortnightly. A worship hall is rented for Sunday services only. Weekly doctrinal classes are held for the young people of the Vigor Club; and the Sunday School has 14 pupils. - L. 1952:103.

NOTEWORTHY ARTICLES
New Church Life, vol. 71.

Forgotten Pages of New Church History, (a series of historical sketches of little- known episodes and characters), by Rev. W. Whitehead. - p. 1, 54, 196, 151, 216, 260, 314, 356, 449, 513, 544. Cf. p. 182.

Is the New Church Celestial? Discussion by Messrs. H. F. Pitcairn, F. Elphick and the Editor. - pp. 31, 188, 225.

Our Psalmody, by Mrs. Besse E. Smith. (A history and description of Whittingtons Psalmody of 1898). - p. 57. Cf. p. 227.

The Origin and Nature of Evil, by Rev. B. A. H. Boyesen. - p. 67.

A Review of the Dutch Position, by James Pendleton. - p. 109. Discussed pp. 283, 276, 323.



The Lords Human Essence, by Rev. H. L. Odhner. - p. 193.

Some Facts, Figures, and Reflections on Missionary Work, (experiences in the B. A. Cathedral), by Mr. W. R. Cooper. - p. 211.

Discussion of The New Christianitys editorial position that too large a portion of Swedenborgs writings is devoted to the flogging of dead horses. - pp. 224, 505, 520.

Creation for Specific Heavenly Uses, by Rev. O. Odhner. - p. 249.

Some Reflections on Atomic Energy and the Atom, by Mr. W. Howard. - p. 263.

"Are Conjugial Pars Provided from Creation"", by Rev. E. C. Acton. p. 299.

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Divine Providence and the Stillborn, by Rev. O. Odhner. - p. 348.

History and uses of The Educational Council, by the Editor. - p. 370.

Eternal Worship, or the Observance of the Third Commandment, by Rev. A. Gill. - p. 484.

The Doctrine of Correspondences or The Law of Communication, by Rt. Rev. Willard D. Pendleton. - p. 532.

Divine Omniscience and Human Prudence, by Rt. Rev. A. Acton. - p. 552; discussed in L. 1952:96, 152.

Principles of the Church (A brief summary of the stated belief of the Hague Movement in 1939). - Quoted on p. 459. Cf. p. 559.

Journal of Education, vol. 30.

The Significance of Founders Day, by Rev. W. Whitehead. - p. 1.

How we teach Religion, by R. R. Gladish. - p. 24.

The Well-Dressed Feminine Mind, by M. Wilde. - p. 33.

The New Philosophy, 1951.

The relation of Swedenborgs philosophical works to the Writings, by Rev. A. Acton. - p. 133.

The motion of the Brain and Electro-Encephalography, by Edith D. Bancroft, M. D. - p.169.

The Natural Point and other points, by C. R. Pendleton. - pp. 180, 270, 306.

PUBLICATIONS
ACTON, ALFRED, M. A., D. TH.: Swedenborgs Preparation D. Th., Swedenborg Society Transactions Number Five. London, Paper, pp. 53. - Reviewed in L. 1952:89.

CRANCH, RAYMOND G., C. P.A.: Justice in Social Relations. With a Preface by the Author, and Introductory Comments by Don Rose. Published by the Author, Bryn Athyn, Pa. Pp. 111 (Preface and Introduction, i-vii). Cloth and paper. - Reviewed in L. 1951:41 6.



GENERAL CHURCH: Isihlabelelo: SeSonto Elisha (Hymnbook for the South African Mission of the General Church) Edited by the Rev. Mafa Lutuli and the Rev. Aaron Zungu. Durban, Natal, South Africa. Cloth, pp. 68. - Reviewed in L. 1952:147.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 103 (A Zulu Hymnal, with 100 original hymns and a translation of one of the Offices of the General Church Liturgy).

PENDLETON, RT. REV. WILLARD O. Family Worship for Little Children. Stories from Genesis. Edited by the Rev. F. E. Gyllenhaal. General Church Religion Lessons. Bryn Athyn, Pa. Mimeographed, pp. 148. - Reviewed in L. 1951:516. (A manual for parents, on the use of the Word).

ROSE, DON: Full House, Drawings by Jo Metzer. Philadelphia and New York, J. B. Lippincott Co., Cloth, pp. 256. - Reviewed in L. 1951:227. (The story of a large Swedenborgian family, and how it grew up).

SWEDENBORG, EMANUEL: Hemelsche Verborgenheden (Arcana Coelestia) Vol. VIII, nos. 5867-6626, Genesis 44-50. The Hague, Holland: Swedenborg Genootschap (Society), Cloth, pp. 460. - Reviewed in L. 1952:540.

SWEDENBORG, EMANUEL: The Word of the Old Testament Explained. A posthumous Work. Vol. IX, Indices Prepared by Alfred Acton. Bryn Athyn, Pa. Academy of the New Church. Cloth, pp. 229. - Reviewed in L.1952:36.

THE WORD, THE SACRED SCRIPTURE, OR THE WORD OF THE LORD. New Church Canon. A new edition for children, in large type and with colored maps. Cloth, Bryn Athyn, Pa.: The Academy Book Room. Described in L.1951:517, 559.

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
1951
Africa.              Iran. Iran nationalizes oil and expropriates the property of a British oil company (April 30).

Israel. In Israel, a coalition government, similar to its predecessor, is formed by the Mapal socialists and the religious parties (Oct. 4).

Libya. Libya becomes independent, the first nation to achieve complete freedom under U.N. auspices. The former Italian colony, now a democratic constitutional monarchy, has 3 provinces - Tripolitanla, Cyrenaica and the Fezzan. Bengazi and Tripoli are made co-capitals (Dec. 24).

America.       United States. The 22nd Amendment to the U. S. Constitution, limiting future Presidents to two terms, goes into effect (Feb. 26).

The Rosenbergs are sentenced to death for betraying atomic secrets to Russia (March 29).

General of the Army Douglas MacArthur is relieved of all his commands in the Far East (April 11).

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Asia.              China. Tibet is forced to become a province of Communist China (May 27).

Peiping radio announces regulations ordering Chinese churches to sever relations with American and other missions financed by U. S. funds (July 27).

India. Prime Minister Jawaharial Nehru of India elected president of the governing Congress party following the resignation of Purshottamdas Tandon. Nehrus victory gives him the power to appoint the partys working committee and the election board, which chooses candidates (Sept. 8).

Europe.       Great Britain. British foreign exchange market is reopened for the first time since the end of World War II (Dec. 17).

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1952

AFRICA

NATAL
Deepdale, Dec. 14. - Dedication of a small Zulu Mission church building, by the Rev. M. Pryke. Described in - L 1953:272.

Feb. 15. - A memorial service is held in honor of the late King George VI. - L. 261.

Feb. 20. - Death of Mrs. George Elliot Pemberton (Clara Lilla Cockerell), aged 90 years. - L. 61; obit., 256.

June 19. - The Rev. B. D. Holm is appointed Assistant to the Pastor of the Durban Society and Assistant Superintendent of the South African Mission. He is officially welcomed on August 27. - L. 264; 1953:43.


Dec. 1. - Death of Mr. James Johnson Forfar, in his 78th year. A well known business man, and for many years virtually the leader of the New Church society, he was respected and loved both within and without his Church. - L. 1953:143, 250; obit., 139.

AMERICA

CANADA
Summer. - The Rev. K. R. Alden makes pastoral visits through the Northwest. Full account in L. 1953:27, 73.

Dawson Creek, British Columbia, July 31. - The first Peace River Block District Assembly of the General Church is held; the Rev. K. R. Alden presiding; members are present from the Grande Prairie (Alberta) and Dawson Creek groups. The Assembly is preceded by three broadcasts over Station CJDC. Report in L. 460.

Kitchener, Ont., Feb. 15. - A Memorial Service is held in tribute to the late King George VI. - L. 257.

May 8. - Death of Mr. Frederick Emanuel Stroh, aged 62 years, at Waterloo, Ont. He gave life-long service to the Camel Church; notably as Secretary and then as Treasurer, during its most trying years. - L. 407; obit., 402.

Toronto, Ont., June 30. - Episcopal visit of Bishop De Charms to the Olivet Society. - L. 1953:42; address, 1952:561.

Vancouver, B. C., Feb. 17. - Death of Lady Sarah Ann Daniel, in her 84th year. - L. 1953:96.

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UNITED STATES
Washington, D. C.., Jan. 23. - Resignation of the Rt. Rev. Alfred Acton as Visiting Pastor to the Circle here, after forty-two years service (effective June 30). - L. 1953:182; 1952:155.

June 19. - The Rev. Dandridge Pendleton is appointed Minister of the Washington, D. C., and Baltimore, Md., Circles, and Visiting Minister to the Southeastern States. - L. 264.

Nov. - General Church services here are now held at Friendship House, a southeast settlement house with an auditorium seating 100 persons. - L. 548; 1953:251.

CALIFORNIA
Los Angeles, Feb. 4. - The group here is formally recognized as the Los Angeles Circle of the General Church; the Rev. H. C. Cranch becomes pastor. - L. 282.

Sierra Madre, Sept. - The Rev. H. C. Cranch takes up residence here, as a center from which to act as Visiting Pastor to the groups and isolated members of the General Church in the western states. - L. 504; 1953:182.

COLORADO
Denver, May 14. - The group here is formally recognized as the Denver Circle of the General Church. - L. 295.

ILLINOIS
Chicago, Sept. 2. - The Rev. H. C. Cranch resigns as Pastor of the Sharon Circle. He is succeeded by the Rev. Louis B. King. - L. 504; 1953:44, 182.

Nov. 17-19. - Episcopal visit of Bishop De Charms. - L. 1953:45.

Glenview, June 27-29. - The 44th annual meetings of the Sons of the Academy; 259 men and women attend the banquet. - Bulletin of S. A. (Oct. p. 19); L. 403.

Sept. - The Board of Finance appoints a Glenview Park Real Estate Committee to assist buyers and sellers, in various practical ways, to keep Park properties in the hands of New Church members. - P.N., Sept. 24, 1953.

N. d. - The Rev. O. de C. Odhner is appointed Visiting Pastor to the isolated members and Circles in the south central States. - L. 1953:182.



MARYLAND
Baltimore, April 5. - The Baltimore Circle presents a gift to the Rev. Morley D. Rich, in appreciation of his ten years services which terminate June 30. - L. 155, 305.

Arbutus, Aug. 30. - The Rev. D. Pendleton commences his pastoral duties in the Baltimore Circle. Improvements are made in the chapel property. - L. 1953:203.

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OHIO
Oct. 31. - The General Church group (28) in North Ohio is formally recognized as the North Ohio Circle of the General Church, under the pastoral care of the Rev. N. H. Rogers (Detroit). - L. 1953:33.

Barberton, Nov. - Only two General Church families now remain here. - L. 547.

Painesville, June 15. - The North Ohio group celebrates New Church Day at Lake Erie College here. - L. 547.

Sept. - Arrangements are made for monthly visits by different pastors to minister to the Urbana-Cincinnati group. - L. 1953:183.

PENNSYLVANIA
Bryn Athyn, Jan. 1. - The membership of the General Church is now 2690 (U. S., 1608; abroad, 1082); 89 new members were added during the past year. - L. 181.

- The Military Service Committee explains the purposes and activities of The Communique. - L. 46.

Jan. 22. - The Academy Board of Directors, on the recommendation of the College Faculty, unanimously suspends the granting of the degree of Bachelor of Arts at the end of the current school year; and approves the granting of the degree of Bachelor of New Church Philosophy, and Bachelor of New Church Education, in its stead. - L. 135.

Jan. 29-Feb. 1. - Annual meetings of Council of the Clergy; Bishop De Charms presiding;. Present: 3 bishops, 17 pastors, 3 ministers and 4 candidates. At the six regular sessions, two papers are read on the doctrine of the Lords Glorification and one on The Time of Betrothal. An entire session is devoted to a discussion as to the continuance of the South African Mission. After a detailed exposition of the problem by Superintendent Rev. M. Pryke, the Council favors such continued support as is possible. Account in ~ 175 177; addresses, 217, 274.

Feb. 2. - 58th Joint Council; Bishop De Charms presiding; 18 members of the clergy, and 11 members of the Board of Directors present. It is agreed that the 20th General Assembly take place in 1954. The general plan as to the future of the South African Mission is approved, with some restrictions as to the purchase of real estate. The Bishops revised statement of the Order and Organization of the General Church (see L.,. 55-63) is discussed. Account in L. 177-180; reports, 181-205).

Feb. 17. - Death of Miss Caroline Augusta Hobart, aged 95 tears, at Willow Grove, Pa. After teaching in the public schools of Ohio, most of her life (until 1915) was spent in teaching in the schools of the Academy. - L. 264; obit., 173.

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April. - A questionnaire as to the usefulness of the Calendar of Daily Readings was answered by 387; - a 26% response. 166 continued; 113 did not; and 23 were indifferent. Many preferred to select their own readings. - L. 183.

May. - The Rev. W. C. Henderson is appointed Chairman and Editor of the General Church Committee on Sound Recordings. - L. 261.

June. - The Academy Junior College is officially accredited by the Middle States Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools. - L. 295.

June 7. - At the Annual Joint Meeting of Corporation and Faculty, the Board of Directors express delight that the visiting accrediting committee had recognized the devotion of Academy teachers In their distinctive work. The annual address is given by Bishop W. D. Pendleton, on The Good and Useful Man. - J. E. Sept., p. 89, 1952; L. 398.

- The Rt. Rev. Alfred Acton resigns as Dean of the Theological School and as Professor in the Academy schools. The Board and Faculty express profound gratitude for his long and distinguished services to the Academy. He is succeeded by the Rev. Hugo L. Odhner. - L. 312.

- Mr. Hubert Hyatt resigns as Treasurer of the Academy, after serving for 21 years; Mr. Leonard E. Gyllenhaal is elected Acting Treasurer. Raymond Pitcairn, Esq., resigns as Secretary of the Corporation; and Mr. Hyatt is elected to fill his unexpired term. - L. 312.

- Mrs. Harold T. Carswell resigns as House Mother of Glenn Hall, after serving for ten years. She is succeeded by Miss Elizabeth Childs. - L. 312.

June 13. - At the Commencement exercises, four theological students receive the B. Th. degree; and 6 college students the B. A. degree. Bishop De Charms, on behalf of the Faculty, presents a silver bowl to Bishop Alfred Acton on the occasion of his retirement from active service in the Schools. Professor Edward F. Allen delivers the address. - L. 398; address, 364-368.

- Mr. Hubert Hyatt resigns as Treasurer of the General Church, after serving in that office for thirty years; the Board of Directors accepts with regret, and records its deep appreciation of his services. - L. 312.

June 13. - Annual meetings of the Corporations of the General Church. - A. A. (mimeographed report); L. 404.

June 19. - Messrs. Geoffrey Stafford Childs, Jr., Bernhard David Holm, Dandridge Pendleton, and Frank Shirley Rose are ordained into the first degree of the priesthood, Bishop De Charms officiating. - L. 406.

Aug. 5. - Death of Mrs. Edward Sumner Hyatt (Mary Leather), aged 90 years. Widow of the late Rev. E. S. Hyatt, she was the first lay teacher of the Park dale School, Toronto, Ont., Canada. - L. 456; obit., 451.

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Aug. 18-22. - 10th Educational Council; 55 members present; Bishop Willard D. Pendleton presiding. The philosophy, content, and methods of the Religion curriculum is the leading theme of the sessions. Workshops in five other subject areas are held each day. Report in - L. 457.

Sept. - The enrollment of the Elementary Schools in the General Church is reported to be 299 (Bryn Athyn, 190; Glenview, 63; Pittsburgh, 28; Toronto, 10; Kitchener, 8). - L. 551.

Nov. 10-11. - The Academy Girls Seminary is approved for admission to the list of Accredited Schools, at a meeting of the Commission on Secondary Schools, Middle States Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools. - L. 1953:42.

Dec. 4. - Death of Mrs. Lucy Lyons (Cooper) Doering, wife of Dr. C. E. Doering, in her 77th year. - L. 1953:48; memorial address, 71.

Dec. - The Directory of the General Church lists 13 societies and 17 circles at the close of the year. - L. 591.

Erie, May 8. - The General Church group here is formally recognized as the Erie Circle. - L. 295.

May 11. - The Rev. R. G. Cranch is appointed Visiting Minister to the Erie Circle. - L. 1953:182.

Philadelphia, Jan. 27. - The building purchased and renovated by the Advent Church (5507 Penn St. Phila., 24) is dedicated by Bishop De Charms, in the presence of over 100 members and friends; dedication address is delivered by the Rev. M. D. Rich. Account and address, with photo. of chancel, - L. 157-162; description of building and brief history of the Advent Church, 211-212.

March 18. - The Rev. Morley D. Rich resigns as Pastor of the Advent Church, and as Visiting Pastor to the Baltimore, New York, and North Jersey Circles, and as chairman of the General Church Sound Recording Committee. - L. 264; 1953:182.

April 22. - Candidate Geoffrey S. Childs, Jr., commences the duties in the Advent Society vacated by the Rev. M. D. Rich. - L. 453.

June 19. - The Rev. G. S. Childs is appointed Minister of the Advent Society, and Visiting Minister of the New York and North Jersey Circle. - L. 264.

Pittsburgh, Oct. 26-28. - Meeting of the Ohio, Michigan, and Pittsburgh District Assembly; Bishop Willard D. Pendleton presiding; 136 persons attend. Addresses are given by Bishop Pendleton and the Revs. N. H. Rogers and B. A. H. Boyesen. - Account in L. 258.

TEXAS
Fort Worth, Dec. - The active Circle here now number 19 adults and 11 children. - L. 1953:93.

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EUROPE

GREAT BRITAIN
June 19. - The Rev. Frank S. Rose is appointed Visiting Minister to the isolated in Great Britain, and to the General Church Circles at Paris and the Hague. - L. 264. Cf. 1953:249.

Colchester, Aug. 2-4. - 39th British Assembly; the Rev. H. L. Odhner presiding, as representative of the Bishop; average attendance is 138, the highest since the war. Addresses are given by the Revs. H. L, Odhner, M. D. Rich, and F. S. Rose. Report in L. 505-509,549; addresses, 509-519; 1953:16-25, 60-69.

London, Feb. 17. - The Rev. Kenneth O. Stroh resigns as Pastor of the Michael Church, because of ill health; the Rev. M. D. Rich is appointed Acting Pastor. - L. 264; 1953:92, 182, 428.

HOLLAND
Amsterdam, Sept. 6. - The Rev. Frank S. Rose begins his visits to the Circle here, and to the Isolated members and friends of the General Church in the Netherlands. - L. 598.

Nijmegen, Summer. - A Swedenborg Study Circle is organized by Messrs. M. Rijksen (Nijmegen) and P. Windig (Arnhem). A quarterly mimeographed magazine, Organ der Swedenborg Studiekring, is begun. - L. 1953:171.

NORWAY
Stavanger, Oct. 26. - Death of Mr. Michael Eckhoff, in his 79th year. Translator of several of the Writings into Norwegian. - L. 1953:143; obit., 139, 140.

Aug. - The Rev. H. L. Odhner visits the Society; preaching twice in Swedish. - L. 595.

NOTEWORTHY ARTICLES
New Church Life, vol. 72.

The Swedenborg Portrait, (illus.) by Barbara B. Barnitz. - p. 1.

The Principles of the Academy, by Rev. E. C. Acton. An interpretation of the statement made by Bishop Wm. F. Pendleton at Berlin, Ontario, Canada, in 1899. - pp. 19, 82, 116, 170, 235, 283, 325, 361, 413, 474, 533, 536, 580. Cf. L. 1899:117.

A Statement of the Order and Organization of the General Church of the New Jerusalem. - p. 55.

"Rebaptism: An Historical Review", by Rev. R. Franson. p. 128.

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The Glorification of the Lord, by Rev. K. R. Alden. - p. 274. Cf. p. 499.

The Book of Psalms, by Rev. H. L. Odhner. - p. 286.

Moravians and the Father of Bishop Benade, by Professor Eldric S. Klein. (A study of the Moravian background of Andrew Benade, noted Pennsylvania educator and Moravian bishop). - p. 333.

The Philosophic Background of Communism, by Donald Fitzpatrick, Jr. - p. 369.

Words for the New Church: A Review and Revaluation in 1952:, by Kenneth Rose.. (A review of the first periodical of The Academy of the New Church, from the viewpoint of a new regeneration). - p. 416. Cf. p. 542.

Use and Human Freedom, by Geoffrey Pell Dawson. - p. 421.

The Pattern of Rational Thought, by Sydney E. Lee. - pp. 64, 136. Reply by Sydney Lee. - p. 447. Cf. p. 303.

Journal of Education, Vol. 30.

The Good and the Useful Man, by Rt. Rev. W. D. Pendleton. - p. 89.

The New Philosophy, 1952.

Spiritual Substance and the Rational Psychology, by H. F. Pitcairn. - p.353.

Swedenborgs Chemistry, by R. M. Cole. - p. 359.

A discussion on the pure intellect, by H. F. Pitcairn and the Revs. H. L. Odhner and G. de Charms. - pp. 374, 379, 381.

PUBLICATIONS
ACADEMY OF THE NEW CHURCH: Report on the College of the Academy of the New Church. Bryn Athyn, Pa.: The Academy of the New Church. Mimeographed l7lpp. with three appendices. - Reviewed in L. 1952:294. Prepared for the Accreditation Committee of the Middle States Association of Colleges and Secondary School and containing a complete picture of the Academys College and its operation. - L. 1952:294.

GENERAL CHURCH: A Hymnal for the Use of Schools and Families in the General Church of the New Jerusalem. The Academy Book Room, Bryn Athyn, Pa. Pp. 64. Stiff paper. Noted in L. 1952:438. (A photo offset reproduction of selections from the 1914 Hymnal).

GENERAL CHURCH: New Church Life 51 Year Index 1900-1950.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 112 Edited by Prof. Eldric S. Klein. Bryn Athyn, Pa.: Academy of the New Church Library. 2 vols., dittoed pp. 705. Limited edition (50 sets) - Reviewed in L. 1953:132.

GENERAL CHURCH: Tape-Recordings Loan Library Catalogue: 1952 Bryn Athyn, Pa. The General Church Sound Recording Committee (Lists 315 tape-recording of church services for adults and children, doctrinal classes, and special events, of use to members of the New Church) - Reviewed in L.1952:144.

GYLLENHAAL REV. F. E.: (Compiler) Stories from the Word. Vol. V, Joshua and Judges. Illustrated by Donald Moorhead. Bryn Athyn, Pa. General Church Religion Lessons. Mimeographed, Pp. 180. - Reviewed in L.1952:435. (A text and workbook of religious instruction for the fourth grade, and for family worship). - Reviewed in L. 1952:435.

ODHNER, REV. HUGO LJ.: The General Church of the New Jerusalem: A Handbook of General Information. Bryn Athyn, Pa.: The Academy Book Room. Paper, pp. 56, pocket-size. - Reviewed in L. 1952:437. (A general summary of the faith, history, organization, and aims of the General Church of the New Jerusalem).

PENDLETON, AMENA: The Golden Heart and Other Stories. Illustrated by Eudora Sellner. Bryn Athyn, Pa.: The Academy Book Room. Pp.76 Stiff cover. Reviewed in L. 1952:438. (A reproduction, by photo offset process, of this popular childrens book, first published in 1922).

SANDSTRM, REV. ERIK (Translator): Den Stora Mnniskan (The Grand Man) Stockholm: Bokfrlaget Nova Ecclesia. Paper, pp. 215. - Reviewed in L. 1952:540. (A revised edition of The Doctrine of Representations and Correspondences).

SIGSTEDT, CYRIEL ODHNER: The Swedenborg Epic, the Life and Works of Emanuel Swedenborg. New York: Bookman Associates. Reviewed in L. 1953:84.

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
1952
Africa.                      British Africa. Appelate Division of Cape Supreme Court held unconstitutional High Court of Parliament instituted by Premier Daniel F. Malan in drive to curtail franchise of colored voters.

British troops suppressed Mau Mau, native terrorists of Kikuyu tribe in Kenya.

South Rhodesia, Northern Rhodesia and Nyasaland opposed British project for Federal Government of Central Africa.

Union of South Africa opposed effort of United Nations to create trustee territory out of former German Southwest Africa.

America. United States. Republican victory at polls ended 20-year Democratic administration.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 113 Dwight D. Eisenhower elected President, and Richard M. Nixon vice-president by 442 electoral votes against 89 cast for Democratic candidates Adlai Stevenson and John J. Sparkman. Control of Congress Republican by one vote in Senate.

United States detonated thermonuclear weapon. Described as related to hydrogen bomb, it destroyed an island at Eniwetok.

United States Senate ratified contract with Federal Republic of Germany. Will end war status, withdraw commissioners, open normal diplomatic relations. Also ratified German participation in European Defense Community.



President Truman seized steel mills to forestall strike. Supreme Court voided seizure as illegal. Strike of 53 days gave men major part of demands, raised price of steel.

Asia.        China. Communist China and Soviet Union blocked Korean peace. Demanded forcible return of all prisoners, Soviet Union rejected conciliatory project offered by Republic of India. Soviet Union In U. N. vetoed impartial investigation of germ warfare, charged against U. S. by Communist China and Soviet Union.

Europe.        Great Britain. George VI, British King, died. His daughter acceded as Elizabeth II.

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1953

AFRICA

NATAL
Durban, April 11. - Death of Mr. Leonard Garth Pemberton, in his 60th year. A prominent Industrialist, he was also a very active life-long member and officer of the Durban Society. - L. 304; obit., 298.

Oct. 7. - The Rev. A. Wynne Acton is appointed Pastor of the Durban Society and Superintendent of the South African Mission, replacing the Rev. M. Pryke (resigned). in the interim, the Rev. B. D. Holm is authorized to perform the uses involved. - L. 526.

AMERICA

CANADA
June 13-Aug. 23. - The Rev. K. R. Alden makes a pastoral tour in the Canadian Northwest. Detailed account in L. 508, 553.

Dawson Creek, B. C., Dec. 16. - The Rev. Roy Franson begins duties as resident minister to groups of General Church members in Dawson Creek and Grande Prairie, Alta. Services at Dawson Creek are held in the Elks Hall, 5th Avenue and 100th St., and in Grande Prairie in the homes of members. - L. 576; 1954:15, 138, 181.

Grande Prairie, Aug. 9. - 2nd Peace River District Assembly; the Rev. K. R. Alden presiding. Steps are taken towards the obtaining of a resident pastor. - Report in L. 458.

Kitchener, Ont., Sept. - The Camel School opens with 8 pupils in 5 grades. - L. 1954:44.

- The society appoints a committee to investigate the possibility of forming a community near Kitchener. - L. 1954:44.

Oct. 10-12. - Eastern Canada District Assembly; Bishop De Charms presiding. A committee is appointed to study the development of district uses. - L. 1954:44, 181.

Toronto, Ont., May. - The Rev. A. Wynne Acton conducts a service in commemoration of the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II. - L. 382.

June 25. - Closing exercises of the Olivet Day School. - L. 382.

Oct. 7. - The Rev. A. Wynne Acton resigns the pastorate of the Olivet Church. - L. 574; 1954:181. Account of farewell banquet (Dec. 19), 141.

Oct. 13. - The Rev. Martin Pryke becomes the pastor of the Olivet Church. - L. 526, 574; 1954:181.

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UNITED STATES
Washington, D. C., - During 1953, the Rev. D. Pendleton makes pastoral visits to isolated members in Virginia, Georgia and Florida. Report in L. 1954:35.

Sept. - The Washington Circle begins to have service every Sunday, for the first time in its history. - L. 573.

CALIFORNIA
Arlington, March 24. - Death of Mr. John Alexander Fraser in his 91st year; a, well-known and much loved New Churchman. - L. 256.

ILLINOIS
Chicago, March 26. - Celebration of the 50th anniversary of the Sharon Church. - L. 426.

April 18. - The Sharon Church Society unanimously chooses the Rev. Louis B. King as pastor. - L. 302, 427; 1954:180.

April 19. - Ordination of the Rev. Louis B. King into the pastoral degree; Bishop De Charms officiating. - L. 255.

Glenview, Jan. 8, - Death of Dr. Alfred Victor Holm, in his 86th year. - L. 208.

January 10. - Death of Mr. George Alexander McQueen, in his 93rd year. A native of Colchester, England, he became an ardent New Churchman from 1882. Editor and founder of New Church Monthly (1887). Member of the Academy (1890) and of the General Church (1897) in London, he moved to America in 1907. Treasurer of the Immanuel Church for many years. - L. 208; biogr. sketch, 108.

Oct. 30-Nov. 1. - At the Chicago District Assembly (203 attending), a ten-year plan is adopted, looking to the endowment of a future high school in Glenview. Bishop De Charms presides over the three sessions. Account in L. 1954:29-31, 37; episcopal address, 1953:535; report of educational committee, 1954:67.

MASSACHUSETTS
Boston, Jan. - Mrs. Cyriel O. Sigstedt addresses the Swedenborg Fellowship on: Biographers Interpret Swedenborg. Text in The New Christianity (Spring no.). - L. 142.

MICHIGAN
Detroit, June. - The Detroit Circle now numbers over 110 members, associate members and children. A church building is contemplated. - L. 299.

July 17. - Death of Mr. William Wayne Walker, in his 79th year; a life-long, active member of Conference, Convention and the General Church. - L. 432; obit., 472.

Sept. - After 11 years at the Ferndale Community Center, the Detroit Circle now holds its worship at the Oakridge Womens Club. - L. 1954:91.

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Oct. - The New York Circle holds its monthly services in the Sunday School room of the Convention Society on East 35th St., (since 1950). - L. 474.

OHIO
Cleveland, N. d. - The services of the North Ohio Circle are now held in the Tudor Arms Hotel, East Cleveland. - L. 202.

Dec. - The active North Ohio Circle now includes about 40 adults and children. The Visiting Pastor (Rev. N. H. Rogers) makes monthly visits. - L. 1954:91.

Painesville, Sept. 11-13. - The Western Pennsylvania-Ohio-Michigan District Assembly is held on the campus of Lake Erie College. Bishop Willard D. Pendleton presiding. Report in - L. 490-3, 572; paper, 496.

Dec. 9. - The Rev. Louis B. King is appointed Visiting Pastor to the Urbana group. - L. 1954:44, 138, 180.

PENNSYLVANIA
Bryn Athyn, Jan. 27-30. - Annual meetings of the Council of the Clergy; Bishop De Charms presiding; 23 present. At its eight sessions, seven papers and addresses are considered. Account in L. 172-4; papers, 152, 220, 233.

Jan. 31. - 59th Joint Meeting of the Clergy and Board of Directors; 20 ministers and 19 laymen present. Four new circles are reported. The ministers and teachers minimum salary plans are amended. Minutes in L. 174-178; annual reports, 178-196.

May 29. - Death of the Rev. Vincent Carmond Odhner, in his 49th year. - L. 352.

June 6. - Annual joint meeting of the Academy Corporation and Faculty. Mr. Wilfred H. Howard retires as instructor of physical science, after 40 years of continuous service. - L. 380.

June 12. - Commencement exercises of the Academy Schools. Graduations: Theological School, 1; Senior College, 5; Junior College, 9; Boys Academy, 21; Girls Seminary, 18; Total, 54. - L. 380; address, 359.

June 13. - Annual meeting of the Corporation of the General Church; Bishop De Charms presiding. The term Board of Directors is substituted for the former Executive Committee. - L. 381.

Aug. 24-28. - The 11th annual meeting of the General Church Educational Council deals chiefly with the New Church philosophy of subject matter in the field of New Church education. Report in L. 455; address, Sons Bulletin 38:4. Cf. Curricular Studies C - General Church Educational Council. - A. L.

Sept. - The total student enrollment in the Academy Schools for 1953-1954 is 187. (Theological School 3; College, 58; Boys Academy, 60; Girls Seminary, 66). - L. 480.

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- An official Local Schools Directory reveals that the regular teaching personnel in the elementary schools of the General Church numbers 28 (Bryn Athyn, 10; Colchester, 2; Durban, 2; Glenview, 6; Kitchener, 2; Pittsburgh, 4; Toronto, 2). Part-time teachers are not included. The total enrollment of pupils for 1953-1954 is 324 (Bryn Athyn, 211; Glenview, 62; Pittsburgh, 30; Toronto, 12; Kitchener, 9). - L. 425, 480.

Sept. 14. - The Rt. Rev. Alfred and Mrs. Acton celebrate their Diamond Wedding Anniversary. - Account (with photo.) in L. 481.

Nov. - New Church Life publishes a brief review of the General Assemblies. - L. 513.

Dec. - The Military Service Committee ceases publication of The General Church Communique. - L. 1954:44, 196.

Pittsburgh, June. - The Rev. Roy Franson ministers to the society during the summer. - L. 572.

Oct. 2. - The Society reports a membership of 104. - L. 572.

ASIA
JAPAN
Tokyo, N. d. - A new magazine entitled The New Church is published here. It is edited by the Rev. Shiro Torita. - Mess. L. 574.

EUROPE

GREAT BRITAIN
May. - The Rev. Frank S. Rose describes the methods used in making quarterly visits to members scattered through the country. - L. 249.

London, May 10. - The annual report of the Michael Church shows a total membership of 152 in the congregation. - L. 428.

June 24. - Death of Mrs. Robert A. (Ruby Hart) Stebbing, in her 70th year; the last surviving ex-pupil of the original Academy School at Burton Road. - L. 432; obit., 429. Cf. 1951:473.

July 26. - The Rev. Morley D. Rich is elected Pastor of the Michael Church. - L. 430, 571.

Aug. - 40th British Assembly; Bishop De Charms presiding. The British Education Committee recommends the formation of a legally organized British Academy of the General Church for the carrying on of the uses of New Church education in Great Britain. This is adopted. Full report in L. 1954:25-29, 37 address, 56.

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Nov. 28. - First meeting of The British Academy of the General Church of the New Jerusalem. Pending legal incorporation, temporary officers are elected under the chairmanship of the Rev. M. D. Rich. 19 charter members are present. - L. 1954:76.

HOLLAND
The Hague, Aug. 2. - Bishop De Charms visits the Hague Circle. Account in L. 569.

SWEDEN
Stockholm, Aug. - Bishop De Charms visits the Stockholm Society. - Account in L. 569.

Nov. 9. - The Rev. Gustaf Baeckstrm resigns as Pastor of the Stockholm Society after 38 years service; but remains editor of Nova Ecclesia, manager of the Book Room, and Visiting Pastor to the Oslo Circle. - L. 1954:44, 181, 249.

Dec. 6. - The Rev. Erik Sandstrm is unanimously elected Pastor of the Stockholm Society. - L. 1954:44, 181.

NOTEWORTHY ARTICLES
New Church Life, vol. 73.

The Doctrine of Charity, by Bishop G. de Charms. - pp. 9, 55, 102, 166, 213, 273. (A series of six addresses on the nature and functions of natural and spiritual charity).

The General Confession, pp. 14, 69, 107, 164, 218, 278, 325, 368, 390, 392, 445, 493, 544, 559. (A series of fourteen belief expositions of the significance of the General Confession of Faith included in the Liturgy of the General Church. Each article is written by a different member of the clergy.) Cf. p. 34.

The Necessity of Swedenborgs Introduction into the Spiritual World, by Rev. F. S. Rose. - p. 60.

Some little known Facts concerning Swedenborgs Spiritual Diary, by Rt. Rev. A. Acton. - p. 112.

The Third Use of the Church, by Rev. H. C. Cranch. - p. 152. (A plea for missionary work.)

Who Is My Neighbor? by Rev. W. C. Henderson. - pp. 247, 296, 345, 378, 420, 470, 522, 560. (A series of editorials).

Philosophy and the New Church, by Rev. H. L. Odhner. - p. 310.

The Degrees of the Law, by Rev. M. D. Rich. - pp. 370, 405.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 119

Education: the Work of Charity for all the Church, by Rev. O. Odhner. - p. 394. Cf. L. 1954, p. 246.

The Origin of the Academy Seal, by Rev. W. C. Henderson. - p. 433. Cf. BSA.

Conscience and Education, by Rev. B. A. H. Boyesen. - p. 496.

The Operation of the Holy Spirit in the New Church, by Bishop G. de Charms. - p. 535.

Journal of Education, Vol. 30.

Distinctive Avenues to Truth, by E. B. Glenn. - p. 143.

In Both Worlds Simultaneously, by Rt. Rev. A. Acton. - p. 9.

Swedenborg, an anatomical dissector, by Rt. Rev. A. Acton. - p. 31.

Evolution, by Rt. Rev. A. Acton. - p. 34.

Swedenborgs property, (Illus.), by R. Lyman. - p. 43.

The theory of evolution and New Church principles, by Rev. H. C. Cranch. - p. 49.

The use of philosophy, by E. F. Allen. - p. 74.

Lillian Grace Beekman, (A biography, with photo.), by Rt. Rev. A. Acton. - pp. 88, 104; 1954, p. 145.

PUBLICATIONS
DE CHARMS, RT. REV. GEORGE: The Growth of the Mind A New Church Interpretation. Bryn Athyn, Pa. (Second revised Edition) Pp.308 xviii. - Reviewed in L. 1953:416.

ODHNER, REV. C. T.: Emanuel Swedenborg The Servant of the Lord A True Story for the Young. Bryn Athyn, Pa.: Academy Book Room. Third Edition. Cloth, illus., pp.114. - Reviewed in L. 1953:465.

ODHNER, REV. HUGO LJUNGBERG: The Divine Allegory New York: Swedenborg Foundation, Inc. Cloth, pp.150. - Reviewed in L. 1954:131.

SWEDENBORG, EMANUEL: Conjugial Love, Translated by Alfred Acton. London: The Swedenborg Society (Inc.) Cloth, pp. 484 v-xxxix. - Reviewed in L. 1954:336.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 120

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
1953
Africa.       Egypt. Egypt and Britain signed an agreement in Cairo (Feb. 12), providing for self-government in the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan and for self-determination by the Sudanese within 3 years, ending the 54-year-ld condominium.

Kenya. Barbarism in Africa by the Mau Mau Society, secret anti-white organization, climaxed sporadic attacks by the murders of 71 of their fellow Kikuyu tribesmen. Unrest and terror spread over territorial demands by the natives for European-reserved Kenya highlands.

America.       United States. U. S. Atomic Power was pledged to aid against aggression at the NATO Council in Paris (April 25).

Asia.              Burma. Worlds first Asian Socialist Conference met in Rangoon (Jan. 9-15), and approved ties with the Wests Socialist International.

Nepal. Mount Everest, worlds highest point of land (29,002 ft.) conquered May 29 by E. P. Hillary and T. Norkay. News of the Royal Expedition reached London just before coronation of Queen Elizabeth II.

Europe.       High Authority of the European Coal and Steel Community set up a single market for coal Feb. 10, for steel May 1.

Germany. Riots in East Berlin (June 17) became a general strike killing 16; resulted in reforms and reorganizations.

Russia. Joseph V. Stalin, 73, premier of the Soviet Union 29 years dies and is succeeded by Georgi M. Malenkov.(March)

L. P. Beria, first deputy premier of the Soviet Union is executed (Dec. 23), in an extended purge of Soviet states.



Soviet Union (August 20) announced test of hydrogen bomb, and called for U. N. - supervised disarmament.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 121

1954

AFRICA

NATAL
Durban, June. - Reception to the new pastor, the Rev. A. Wynne Acton. - L. 1955:45.

AMERICA

CANADA
Dawson Creek, B. C., Aug. 1. - 3rd annual Peace River Block District Assembly; the Rev. Roy Franson presiding, 50 persons present. Account in L. 535.

Montreal, Quebec, July. - The Rev. Norman H. Reuter is appointed Visiting Pastor of the Montreal Circle. - L. 348.

Toronto, Ont., Sept. 7. - The Olivet Day School opens with 15 pupils. - L. 610. The Olivet Society purchases an acre and a quarter of land for future settlement. - L. 1955:180.

UNITED STATES
Washington, D. C., Sept. 11. - The Washington and Baltimore Circles are recognized as Societies, under the pastoral care of the Rev. Dandridge Pendleton. - L. 516.

- N. d. - The Washington Society reports about 60 men, women and children in the society. - L.1955:141.

CALIFORNIA
Glendale, July 30-Aug. 1. - First Western District Assembly of the General Church; Bishop De Charms presiding. A constitution and by-laws are adopted. The building of church uses for the isolated families, groups and circles in the Western States is the leading theme. Account in L. 1955:33-35; group photos, 1.

N. d. - A church building to seat about 140 persons is projected. - L. 1955:179.

ILLINOIS
Aurora, Dec. 24. - Death of Mr. Harold Alvin Lindrooth, B. S., in his 52nd year. A successful business man, he was a life-long active and valued worker in the Glenview Society. - L. 1955:96; obit., 203.

Glenview, July 5. - Death of Dr. George Goddard Starkey, in his 94th year. Ordained in 1894, he was connected with New Church Life from its inception and became its editor (1896-1901). In 1902 he became pastor of the Denver Society, but ill-health compelled retirement. - L. 464; memorial resolution, 1955:174.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 122

Rockford, Sept. 6. - Death of Mr. Theodore Gladish, in his 49th year. A son of the late Rev. W. L. Gladish, he was largely responsible for the formation of the present Rockford Group. - L. 564; obit., 609.

MARYLAND
Baltimore, April 4. - It is proposed to recognize the Washington and Baltimore Circles as societies under the pastorship of the Rev. Dandridge Pendleton. - L. 346, 456.

Sept. 11. - At its annual meeting, the Baltimore Congregation of the General Church changes its official name to The Baltimore Society of the General Church of the New Jerusalem. - L. 1955:143.

MASSACHUSETTS
Sharon, July 23, - A Sharon Group of General Church members begins to meet. - L. 610.

MICHIGAN
April 24. - The Detroit Circle is formally recognized as the Detroit (Mich.) Society of the General Church. (The first addition to the list of General Church societies since 1921). - L. 296, 346.

N. d. - The Society purchases five and a third acres of land in a rural district in Troy township, approximately 20 miles from downtown Detroit, for the future use of church and school buildings. - L. 559; 1955:179.

NEW JERSEY
- The Rev. Geoffrey Childs ministers to the North Jersey Circle. - L. 458.

OHIO
Oct. 8. - The Urbana (Ohio) Group is officially recognized as the South Ohio Circle of the General Church; visiting pastor, Rev. L. B. King (Chicago). - L. 550, 609.

OREGON
Portland, Oct. 23-24. - A group of 24 persons holds meetings with the Rev. H. C. Cranch. - L. 550, 609.

PENNSYLVANIA
Bryn Athyn, Jan. 21. - Death of the Rev. Emil Robert Cronlund, B. A., B. Th., in his 79th year. Ordained in 1899, he ministered in Philadelphia and Baltimore until 1903, when he began a 17 year pastorate at Parkdale, Toronto, Canada. Resigning in 1921 he entered a secular profession, but continued to preach and do translation work until the end of his life. - L. 144; biogr. sketch, 128; memorial address, 126; memorial resolution, 170. Cf. 158.

Feb. 2-5. - Annual meetings of the Council of the Clergy of the General Church; Bishop De Charms presiding; 22 members present. Besides the consideration of six papers, the Council, after discussion, unanimously adopts the Bishops recommendation that an Assistant Bishop be provided, and that the Rt. Rev. Willard Pendleton should be nominated at the 20th General Assembly for election as Assistant Bishop of the General Church.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 123 Account in L. 168; addresses and papers, 145, 216, 221.

Feb. 3. - Theta Alpha celebrates its 50th anniversary. Account in L. 202; Cf. 251.

Feb. 6. - Joint Council of the Clergy and Board of Directors of the General Church; 18 ministers and 15 laymen present. It is generally agreed that the uses of the General Church should be presented more fully to the General Assembly. Proceedings in. L. 168-175; annual reports, 175-197.

March 12. - Death of Miss Helene de Lesseps Iungerich, in her 77th year. A life-long member of the New Church, she was also a brilliant artist of the impressionist school, well known in America and Europe; for many years a director of the New York Society of Independent Artists. - L. 255; obit., 297.

June 5. - Annual joint meeting of the Academy Corporation and Faculty. Account in L. 348; annual reports and address J. E. (Sept.).

June 15. - 76th Commencement exercises of the Academy Schools; 775 persons present; 54 students graduate from the College and Secondary Schools. - Account in L. 395; address, 489.

June 16-20. - 20th General Assembly of the General Church; Bishop De Charms presiding. 1129 persons attend. Besides the episcopal address on The General Church, its uses and its needs, seven papers and addresses are given and discussed. The Rt. Rev. Willard D. Pendleton is unanimously chosen as Assistant Bishop of the General Church. Official Journal (illus.) in L. 401-414; addresses and papers, 305, 360, 372, 432, 435, 465, 478; 1955:23, 79; reports, 415-423; banquet, notes, etc., 445, 447, 451, 387 sermons, 355, 426; biogr. sketch (with photo.) on Bishop W. D. Pendleton, 353.

June 16. - The Sound Recording Committee sends tape-recordings of the episcopal address by airmail to 14 different places, two hours after its delivery. (Most of the Assembly proceedings were similarly reported to many groups in the United States, Canada, and England). - L. 396.

June 27. - The authorized: candidates (Messrs. Junge, Schnarr and Weiss) assist in the summers pastoral work in Kitchener, Toronto, Pittsburgh, Detroit, Glenview and Chicago. - L. 298.

July. - The accredited Academys College is commended for its progress by the Commission on Institutions of Higher Learning of the Middle States Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools. - L. 332.

July. - The Academy Museum starts a collection of New Church ecclesiastical vestments. - L. 335.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 124

Sept. - Out of the 2776 members of the General Church, 2012 are reported as belonging to organized societies, circles or groups. See list in L. 425; Cf. 415.


Sept. 5. - Death of Miss Celia Centennia Bellinger, in her 79th year. A life-long Toronto New Church elementary school teacher in Kitchener, Pittsburgh, and Bryn Athyn; respected and loved by several generations of pupils. - L. 516; biogr. sketch, 581; memorial address, 539.

Sept. 10. - Opening exercises of the Academy Schools. 198 students are en rolled in the higher schools. - L. 514; address, 547.

Sept. - The enrollment in the seven Local Schools of the General Church, for 1954-1955, is reported as 352. - L. 564.

Paupack, July 11-Sept. 5. - Summer Sunday morning services are held by Rev. K. R. Alden in the administration building at Mountain Bay Airport, for the New Church people at Lake Wallenpaupack. - L. 609.

Pittsburgh, July 22. - Death of Mr. Alexander Pitcairn Lindsay, in his 71st year. A life-long active member of the Pittsburgh Society and a valued counselor in the General Church and Academy. An outstanding attorney and civic leader in Pittsburgh, noted for his integrity and independent views. - L. 465, 512; biogr. sketch, 501; memorial address, 500; memorial resolution, 1955:180.

Sept. 13. - The Pittsburgh Day School opens with 29 pupils and 3 teachers. - L. 1955:44.

Oct. - The Pittsburgh societys day school faces the problem of families moving into the country. - L. 511.

TEXAS
Fort Worth, July 14-21. - Episcopal visit by Bishop De Charms. - L. 61.

EUROPE
FRANCE
Paris, N. d. - Death of M. Louis Jules Lucas. Active in the Paris Circle for many years and its recognized leader from 1946 to the time of his death. - L. 1955:174.

GREAT BRITAIN
Colchester, March 16. - Death of Mr. James Elphick Waters, in his 76th year. - L. 255.

July 31-Aug. 2. - 41st British Assembly; Rev. Alan Gill presiding; average attendance, 117. The three regular sessions are devoted to doctrinal addresses. The British Academy of the General Church reports its activities. Account in L. 517-520, 537; addresses, 521, 572.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 125

SWEDEN
Stockholm, June. - A young peoples camp is organized in Sermanland province, by the Rev. E. Sandstrm. Account in L. 1955:41.

NOTEWORTHY ARTICLES
New Church Life, vol. 74.

The Lords Prayer, by Rev. F. E. Waelchli. - pp. 16, 54, 110, 164, 214, 274, 333, 389, 452, 502, 538, 588,

Fear, by Rev. F. E. Rose. - p. 56.

Bishop N. D. Pendletons Contribution to New Church Education, by Rev. Whitehead. - p. 111.

The Formation of the Human, by Rt. Rev. Willard D. Pendleton. -p. 145. (On the uniting of the Human Essence, to the Divine Essence.).

Conjunction with the Lord, by Rev. E. C. Acton. - p. 216.

Conjunction, by Rev. L. B. King. - p. 221.

Invitation by the Holy Spirit, by Rev. M. D. Rich. - p. 266. (An Interpretation of Swedenborgs Invitation to the New Church).

The General Church, Its Uses and its Needs, by Bishop G. de Charms. - p. 305.

Public Service, by Mr. Sigfried T. Synnestvedt. - 321. (A plea for New Churchmen to enter public and social service.)

The Uses of the General Church, by Messrs. P. C. Pendleton, E. C. Bostock and L. Asplundh. - p. 432.

The Faith of Love, by Rev. W. C. Henderson. - p. 465.

The Transfiguration, by Rt. Rev. Willard D. Pendleton. - p. 478.

The Schmidius Marginalia, by Rt. Rev. A. Acton. - p. 542.

The Necessity of Truth, by Rev. M. Pryke. - p. 583.

The Value of Betrothal, by Rev. G. H. Smith. - p. 552. Cf. 1955, pp. 55, 140, 246, 247, 330, 445.

The New Philosophy, 1954.

The human mind: a study, by Rev. H. L. Odhner. - pp. 133, 165, 243; 1955, pp. 277, 308, 357; 1956, p. 17.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 126

The New Philosophy, 1909-1953; (a historical review), by Rev. W. C. Henderson. - p. 178.

Swedenborgs Journal for 1733, by E. S. Klein. - p. 208.

PUBLICATIONS
SMITH, REV. GILBERT H.: Wonderful Swedenborg. Dorset, Vermont. Published by the Author. Pamphlet, 8pp. - Reviewed in L. 1955:136.

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
1954.
America.        United States. Democrats capture House of Representatives, hold Senate by one vote and take 18 out of 33 governors in close November elections.

Racial segregation in the public schools ruled unconstitutional by the Supreme Court of the U. S., in unanimous decision (May 17).

Asia.              China. Communist China sentencing of 13 American spies in series of international abuses causes action by United Nation.


Indo-China. Peace announcement (August 11) ends 7-1/2 years of revolt, with French withdrawal and first cessation of major fighting since World War II.

Europe.       Switzerland. Geneva Conference on Foreign Affairs (April 26-July 21) Includes 19 nations with Communist China. 77,000 sq. ml. to Viet Minh Communists and 50,000 to Viet Nam. Communists oppose unification of Korea.

Organization of Western European Union provides for sovereignty, arming of West Germany, Autonomy of Saar and stronger supreme command. Counteraction by Soviet Union.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 127

1955

AFRICA
SOUTH AFRICA
- N. d. - The General Conference Mission Year Book reports a total African membership of 5030, in 135 societies and groups organized into 17 circuits. These are served by 9 presiding ministers, 12 ministers, 6 probationary ministers, 6 evangelists, and 211 lay preachers. - L. 380.

NATAL
Durban, March. - The Durban Society decides to sell its land at Westville, and devote the proceeds to improving the Musgrave Road property. - L. 1956:43.

July 15. - Messrs. E. C. Bostock and L. E. Gyllenhaal meet with the Native Ministers Council. - L. 1956:119.

Johannesburg, June 24. - Messrs. E. C. Bostock and L. E. Gyllenhaal (Bryn Athyn) arrive for a study of the status of the South African Mission. A full account appears in L. 1956:119-128.

AMERICA

CANADA
Grande Prairie, Aug. 7. - 4th Peace River Block District Assembly; the Rev. Roy Franson presiding; 44 persons present. - Account in L. 549.

Kitchener, Ont., March 4. - A substantial majority of the Society votes in favor of forming a community outside the city. - L. 252.

Sept. 1. - The Rev. Jan Hugo Weiss is appointed Assistant to the Pastors in Kitchener and Toronto. - L. 320, 524; 1956:138.

Sept. 6. - The Carmel Church School opens with 15 children in 6 grades. - L. 1956:138.

Dec. - The society debates the formation of a New Church community. - L. 1956:138.

Toronto, Ont., Sept. 6. - The Olivet Day School opens with 12 pupils. - L. 524.

Oct. 8-10. - Eastern Canada Assembly; Bishop De Charms presiding; 164 persons present. Account in L. 1956:5-8; addresses, 1955:529; 1956:9.

UNITED STATES

ARIZONA
Tucson, N. d. - The Tucson Circle acquires a small building for worship and classes. - L. 573.

CALIFORNIA
San Francisco, April 25. - The San Francisco-Bay Area Circle is officially recognized during a visit by Bishop Willard D. Pendleton; 22 persons are present.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 128 The Circle meets monthly. - L. 523.

COLORADO
Denver, Aug. 21. - The Rev. Robert S. Junge conducts his first service for the Denver Circle in the Y. M. C. A. building. He is to assist the Rev. H. C. Cranch in the Western District. - L. 570. Cf. 204, 380.

CONNECTICUT
West Haven Dec. 10-11. - The first meetings of a General Church group in Connecticut are held by the Rev. W. C. Henderson, as visiting pastor in New England. - L. 1956:45.

FLORIDA
Sept. 1. - The Rev. Morley D. Rich is appointed Visiting Pastor to the Southeastern United States and Resident Pastor of the Miami Group. - L. 320.

ILLINOIS
Chicago, June 19. - The Rev. Frederick L. Schnarr is chosen minister of the Sharon Circle. - L. 380, 426.

N. d. - The Sharon Church begins to publish The Sharon Report, - a mimeographed monthly pamphlet; editor, Mrs. Alan Childs. - L. 556.

Glenview. Oct. 14-16. - Chicago District Assembly; Bishop De Charms presiding. The leading theme is Religious Toleration. The Assembly approves the plans for extending the New Church educational facilities in the district, including a future high school in Glenview. Account in L. 551-4; addresses, 529; 1956:22, 30.

N. d. - The growing pains of the Glenview society are reviewed in L. 1956:42.

N. d. - The average attendance at Sunday morning services is reported as 163. - L. 1956:42.

Dec. - A description of Christmas celebration customs, typical of the larger General Church societies, appears in L. 1956:92-93.

OHIO
Glendale, Sept. - The Rev. Fredk. L. Schnarr begins to minister to the South Ohio Circle (Glendale and Urbana). - L. 570.

PENNSYLVANIA
Bryn Athyn, Jan. 25-28. - Annual meetings of the Council of the Clergy; Bishop De Charms presiding; 24 present. Seven papers and addresses are given at the regular and public sessions. The leading theme is The origin, nature, and place of representatives in New Church worship. Account in L. 172-175; address, 145-154.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 129

Jan. 29. - 61st regular joint meeting of the clergy and directors of the General Church corporations; 39 present. Minutes in L. 175-181; annual reports, 181-198.

Feb. 21. - Dedication of the new primary buildings of the Bryn Athyn Elementary School; Bishop De Charms officiating. - Account in -L. 203.

June 4. - Annual joint meeting of the Academy Corporation and Faculty; 182 present. Report in L. 376; address and annual reports in J. E.



June 14. - Commencement exercises of the Academy Schools. The degrees of B. Th. and B. Sc. are granted to five students. Other graduations: Junior College, 15; Boys Academy, 15: Girls Seminary, 30. - L. 376; address, 343.

June 15. - Annual meetings of the General Church Corporations; 48 members present. Account in L. 377.

June 19. - Ordinations of Messrs. Robert Schill Junge, Frederick Laurier Schnarr, and Jan Hugo Weiss into the first degree of the priesthood; Bishop De Charms officiating. - L. 382; declarations of faith, 347-9.

July 22. - Death of Mrs. Alfred Acton (Emeline Carswell), in her 93rd year. L. 432; biogr. sketch, 392; memorial address, 391.

Aug. 22-26. - 12th annual General Church Educational Council; 61 teachers present; Bishop W. D. Pendleton presiding. - Account in L. 441-3.

Sept. 10. - Opening exercises of the Academy Schools; 222 students enroll in the higher schools. L. 478; address, 489.

Oct. - The seven Elementary Schools of the General Church report 30 regular teachers and principals. This does not include part-time and special teachers, voluntary or otherwise. The total enrollment of pupils for 1955-1956 is 343. Detailed lists in L. 474, 478.

Nov. - The Academy begins to publish News from the Academy, an occasional four page report, to supplement the annual literary number of the Journal of Education; editor, Mr. E. Bruce Glenn. - L. 556.

Dec. 16. - Death of Mr. Oswald Eugene Asplundh in his 66th year. Founder of the Asplundh Tree Expert Co., (1908); since 1938 a valued church worker and civic leader in Glenview, Ill. - L. 1956:95 biogr. sketch, 61; memorial address, 60.

Pittsburgh, April 10. - The Rev. Bjrn A. H. Boyesen is called to the pastorate of the Stockholm Society. - L. 379. Cf. 525.

May 14-15. - The Pittsburgh Society unanimously calls the Rev. Louis B. King (Chicago) to its pastorate. He begins his ministry in September. - Cf. 301, 524.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 130

Sept. - The Day School opens with 24 pupils. - L. 525.

TEXAS
Fort Worth, Dec. - The Fort Worth Circle decides to join the Western District Society, with the Rev. Robt. S. Junge as visiting minister. - L. 1956:136.

AUSTRALIA
Hurstville, April 6-19. - Episcopal Visit by Bishop Willard D. Pendleton to the Hurstville Society. Full account with group photo. in L. 323-326; 357- 358; 379.

April 16. - The Society holds a banquet celebration of its 50th anniversary. Account in L. 357. Cf. 325.

ZEALAND
Auckland, April 5. - Bishop Willard D. Pendleton visits the independent Auckland Society; also New Church families in the southern towns. Account in L. 1955:321.

EUROPE
GREAT BRITAIN
London, Feb. - The serious illness of the Rev. Morley D. Rich compels his resignation as pastor of the Michael Church. He leaves for Florida, U. S. A., to recuperate. - L. 1955:179.

March 13. - The Michael Church calls the Rev. Erik Sandstrm (Stockholm) to its pastorate. - L. 206. Cf. 250.

June 26. - The Michael Church celebrates New Church Day, and welcomes its new pastor, the Rev. Erik Sandstrm. - L. 476.

SWEDEN
Stockholm, June 19. - The Society holds a farewell gathering for Pastor Erik Sandstrm. - L. 378.

July 1. - Death of Miss Sophie Hedvig Eleonora Nordenskild, in her 82nd year. The last member of that branch of the family which has been connected with the New Church since Swedenborgs time and still bearing the family name. - L. 432; obit., 426.

Oct. - The Rev. Bjrn A. H. Boyesen commences pastoral duties in the Stockholm Society. - L. 1956:136.

NOTEWORTHY ARTICLES
New Church Life, vol. 75.



The Ten Blessings and Education, by Rev. D. R. Simons. - pp. 6, 67, 103, 167, 214, 273, 309, 341, 410, 438.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 131

The Origin of Variety, by Rt. Rev. A. Acton. - p. 29.

The Body of the Lord and His Divine Sphere, by Rev. G. H. Smith. - p. 57. (An examination of opposing theories of the process of Glorification).

The Guardian of Conjugial Love, by Rev. O. Odhner. - p. 69. (Men, not women, the orderly guardians of conjugial love.) Cf. p. 246.

Distinctiveness in Religion, by Rev, H. C. Cranch. - p. 79.

The Arcane of Judgment, by Rev. M. D. Rich. - p. 111. (On the Arcana as the basis on earth for the Last Judgment).

Gleanings from Emersons Study, by Mr. E. Bruce Glenn. - p. 123. (Emersons attitude to Swedenborg).

Correspondences, Representatives and Significatives, by Mr. Roy H. Griffith. - p. 127.

The Use of the Old and New Testaments, by Bishop G. de Charms. - p. 145.

A Notable Passage (Invitation to the New Church, no. 25), by Rev. G. H. Smith. - p. 289. (Cf. p. 298).

The Essential Feminine, by Rev. Dandridge Pendleton. - p. 312.

A Brief Story of the Swedenborg Document Work, by Mrs. Cyriel O. Sigstedt. - p. 393.

Unity in the Church, by Rev. W. C. Henderson. - p. 405.

Milo Williams Sunday School, (1832), by Mr. R. R. Gladish. - p. 412.

Reasons for Early Betrothals, by Rev. O. Odhner. - p. 445.

List of Memorabilia. - p. 465. (A graphic tabulation of the Memorabilia in the Writings and their chronological sequence.) Cf. p. 472.

The Honor of Office, by Rev. M. D. Rich. - p. 493. (An examination of the teachings of the Writings).

Religious Toleration, by Bishop G. de Charms. - p. 529.

The New Philosophy,1955.

Machines that think, by K. Rose. - p. 338.

Transcendentalism: a brief view, by E. B. Glenn. - p. 368.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 132

PUBLICATIONS
BRYN ATHYN CHURCH: Our Customs at Weddings. Bryn Athyn, Pa. Bryn Athyn Church of the New Jerusalem. Booklet, pp. 14. - Reviewed in L. 1956:36.

GENERAL CHURCH: A Hymnal for the Use of Schools and Families in the General Church of the New Jerusalem. Part I Bryn Athyn, Pa.: Academy Book Room Offset process. (Revised edition supervised by Rev. F. E. Gyllenhaal) Reviewed in L. 1955:556.

GENERAL CHURCH: The Life of the Lord (Vol. 9 General Church Religion Lessons) Glenview, III.: Pools Press, Inc. Twenty-six lessons based on Bishop De Charms book. Sponsored by Theta Alphas Glenview Chapter. - Reviewed in L. 1955:374. First of two volumes offering a course of religious instruction for 8th and 9th grade pupils.

GENERAL CHURCH: The General Church Sound Recording Library Catalogue. Bryn Athyn, Pa.: General Church Sound Recording Committee. Mimeographed loose-leaf. (Contains 765 titles) - Reviewed in L. 1955:295.

MCQUEEN, MILDRED HARK AND NOEL: Junior Plays for All Occasions. A collection of royalty-free one-act plays for children. Boston, Mass,: Plays, Inc. Cloth, pp. 576 v-vii. - Reviewed in L. 1955:237.

SWEDENBORG, EMANUEL: The Letters and Memorials of Emanuel Swedenborg, (1748-1772) Volume II. Translated and edited by Alfred Acton. Bryn Athyn, Pa.: Swedenborg Scientific Association. Cloth, pp. 295, including index to both volumes. - Reviewed in L. 1956:401.

SWEDENBORG, EMANUEL: Det Jerusalem och des Himmeiska Lra (The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrine) Published by Rev. Gustaf Baeckstrm Pp. 104. - Reviewed in L. 1956:198. (Translation by T. Holm; revised by Dr. Baeckstrm. - See L. 1931:117).

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
1955
Africa.              Threat of war in the Near East, by the border clashes of Israel and Egypt, the dispute over territory, the delivery of arms to Egypt by the Soviet Union, and the covert penetration of the Near East by the Soviet Union, disturbing the balance of forces.

America.       United States. A major event of the year was the general prosperity of the U. S., with unemployment at its lowest figure, labor earning its highest wages, industries prospering and Government revenues increasing.

Asia.              Bandung. Delegates from 29 Asia-African countries met (April 18-27) to condemn colonialism, demand self-determination, independence and membership in the U. N. individual nations repudiated the neutralism of India.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 133

Europe.       Austria. A treaty of peace for the Republic of Austria was guaranteed (May 15); by the Big Four to ensure neutrality, and the resulting withdrawal of all occupation troops.

Germany. Germany formally enters NATO (May 9) as a sovereign Republic nation, starting program of rearmament.

Russia. A major event of the year was the new look of the Soviet Union, with which the leaders conciliated Marshal Tito, agreed to a Treaty of Peace with Austria, opened relations with the Federal Republic of Germany, and extended arms and loans to other foreign nations, without changing objectives.

Switzerland. At a Summit Conference at Geneva (July 16-23) and a Conference of Foreign Ministers (Oct. 27-Nov. 16) the Western Powers demonstrated their will to peace, and the Soviet Union rejected every project that threatened the hold of communism.

An important event of 1955 was the atoms-for-Peace program of the U. S., which called the scientists of the world to the Atom Conference at Geneva (August 8-20), and signed agreements giving atomic information to other nations.

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1956

AFRICA
Johannesburg, Jan. - Annual ministers meetings of the South African Mission. L. 365; addresses, 350, 353, 396.

AMERICA

CANADA
Dawson Creek, B. C., July 15. - The fifth Peace River Block District Assembly is held in the South Dawson Hall. A building fund is authorized for the erection of a church building in Dawson Creek. Account in L. 574-5.

Kitchener, Ont., June 19. - The Rev. N. H. Reuter announces his resignation as pastor of the Carmel Church. - L. 414.

July 4. - Death of Mr. Alfred Kenneth Hasen, in his 68th year; a member of the Academy Corporation and a staunch life-long worker in the Camel Church. - L. 416; obit., 1957:44.

Aug. 26. - The Rev. Geoffrey S. Childs, Jr. (Phila.) commences duties as the new pastor. - L. 368; 1957:43.

Sept. - The Carmel Church School opens with 16 pupils. - L. 1957:43.

Dec. 8. - Death of Miss Edna Stroh, aged 74 years; she devoted much work to the preservation of the early documents of the Church In Canada. - L. 1957:351.

UNITED STATES

CALIFORNIA
San Francisco, June. - The Rev. H. Cranch exhibits a documentary film designed to introduce the doctrines of the New Church. - L. 1957:40.

CONNECTICUT
June. - The General Church group here now numbers about 32 adults and children. The average travelling distance to the services for each family is about 60 miles. The Rev. W. C. Henderson is visiting pastor. - L. 409.

N. d. - During the year, the Connecticut Group holds six meetings, with an average attendance of 18 adults and 6 children. - L. 1957:89.

ILLINOIS
Chicago, Jan. - The Sharon Church begins to publish Sharon Report, a monthly society periodical; editors, Mr. and Mrs. Alan Childs. - L. 141.

Glenview, Jan. 17. - Death of the Rev. Walter Edward Brickman, in his 82nd year. Youngest son of the Rev. Arthur O. Brickman, he was ordained in 1900, and held the pastorate of the Conventions Allegheny (now Northside Pittsburgh) Society till 1903.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 135 After graduating from the Academys Theological School in 1905, he served for three years in the Conventions Berlin society. During his ensuing years in secular uses in Pittsburgh and Texas, he performed many voluntary services to the Church. - L. 1956:143; biogr. sketch, 225; memorial address, 224. Cf. 173:180.

May 25. - Steps are taken to oppose a threatened annexation of community land by the United States air-base. - L. 461.

June 15. - The Immanuel Church school graduates 6 pupils. - L. 461.

July 15. - As a reminder of the embarrassing proximity of the U. S. Navy flying field, it is recorded that 27 jets roared overhead during the sermon this Sunday. - L. 1957:139.

MICHIGAN
Detroit, (Troy), April 21. - Dedication of the new church building of the Detroit Society; Bishop De Charms officiating. Full illustrated description in L. 257-262; brief history of the society and building, 297-8. Cf. 296.

June. - The Detroit Society reports 54 adults and 48 children. - L. 298.

Aug. - The Detroit Society holds a farewell gathering in honor of the Rev. N. H. Rogers at the termination of his five and a half years pastorate. - L. 1957:40.

Sept. 1. - The Rev. Norman H. Reuter (Kitchener) enters on his pastorate of the Detroit Society. - L. 368; 1957:41.

Saginaw, Dec. 6. - Death of Mr. Geoffrey Stafford Childs, in his 65th year. Youngest son of Mr. Walter C. Childs, one of the founders of the Academy, he was an energetic lay worker in the organizations of the General Church and the Academy; and five times president of the Sons of the Academy, Vice-President of the Autogiro Company of America; and later president of the United States Beet Sugar Association. He was prominent in civic and patriotic movements. - L. 1957:47; biogr. sketch, 82,96; memorial address, 78, memorial resolution, 183.

OHIO
Urbana, Feb. 19. - For the first time, joint services of the Convention society and the General Church society are begun in the Conventions church building. Both congregations approve. The Revs. Ernst Tolle and Fredk. L. Schnarr are in pastoral charge. - Account of movement in L. 205.

PENNSYLVANIA
Bryn Athyn, Jan. 24-27. - Annual meetings of the Council of the Clergy; Bishop De Charms presiding; 24 present. The formation of a missionary committee is approved.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 136 The modes of administering the Holy Supper and the authority of the Writings. - Account in L. 171-3; Cf. 203; papers and addresses, 153, 209, 235, 274, 280.

Jan. 25. - Death of Professor Camille Vinet, in his 90th year. Originally a teacher of French in the Institut Noorthey Voorschoten, Holland, he joined the Academy faculty in 1897. A lover of the things of nature, he was also a scholarly student of Swedenborgs science and philosophy. He enjoyed the affection of generations of Academy students. - L. 143; memorial address, 112.

Jan. 28. - 62nd joint meeting of the Council of Clergy and Board of Directors; 21 ministers and 20 laymen attend. 2851 members are reported, a net gain of 58. The salary standards of elementary school teachers and the expansion of publication uses are leading themes. Minutes in L. 173-18O annual reports, 180-197.

April 27. - Death of the Rt. Rev. Alfred Acton, in his 89th year. - L. 303; biogr. sketch, 324, 357, 392; memorial address, 270; tributes from Convention and Conference, 452,328; mem. resol., L. 1957:185.

May 19. - Death of Mr. Charles George Merrell, in his 89th year. President, for 25 years, of the Merrell Chemical Co. of Cincinnati, Ohio; for 40 years a member on the boards of the General Church; and for 30 years a member of the Academy Corporation. - L. 335; memorial address, 348; memorial resolution, 1957:183.

June 15. - Annual meetings of the two corporations of the General Church; 41 members attend. Steps are taken to increase the Ministers and Teachers Salary Plans. Ill health compels the resignation of Mr. Hubert Hyatt as Treasurer and Secretary. He is succeeded by Mr. Leonard E. Gyllenhaal. - L. 363, 470.

June 15. - 78th Commencement exercises of the Academy Schools. 57 students graduate (Senior College, 6; Junior College, 19; Boys Academy, 18; Girls Seminary, 14). - L. 362.

July 1. - Candidates D. W. Heinrichs (at Pittsburgh and Glenview) and D. L. Rose (at Kitchener and Toronto) commence assisting in summer pastoral work. - L. 301.

Sept. - The President of the Academy announces a broader and more vigorous policy adopted by the Academy Publication Committee. - L. 400.

Oct. - Seven Elementary Schools of the General Church report a total of 34 regular teachers, exclusive of part-time and special teachers. Six of these schools report a total enrollment of 455 pupils. Bryn Athyn has 254 of these. - L. 457, 466, 530.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 137

Nov.- It is estimated that during the past ten years, 38% of the increase in the membership of the General Church came by way of adult baptism from outside the New Church. Only 8% came from other New Church bodies. In 2% of the cases, the previous church affiliation is unknown; 52% of the increase came from families of the General Church. - L. 576.

Nov. - A General Church Publication Committee is authorized, to act independently of the Academy although cooperating with it. The chairman is the Rev. H. L. Odhner. - L. 519.

Sept. 1. - The Rev. Norbert H. Rogers (Detroit) begins his pastor-ate of the Advent Church. He is also appointed visiting pastor to the New York and Northern New Jersey Circles. - L. 368.

Pittsburgh, Sept. - The Church Day School opens with 31 pupils. - L. 1957:42.

TEXAS
Fort Worth, Aug. 5. - Death of Mr. Herbert Schoenberger (60) and Mrs. Herbert Schoenberger (57) in a tragic automobile accident. Mr. Schoenberger was president of the Fort Worth Circle. - L. 468; obit., 459.

EUROPE



DENMARK
Copenhagen, Feb. 2. - A group of receivers here is recognized as the Copenhagen Circle of the General Church; visiting pastor, Rev. Bjrn A.H. Boyesen. - L. 143.

GREAT BRITAIN
Colchester, July 22. - 95 visitors to the General Assembly visit the society and ancient borough. - L. 449; 1957:138.

N. d. - The Church Day School registers 17 pupils. - L. 1957:138.

July 24. - Meeting of the Council of the Clergy at Swedenborg House; 15 ministers present (U. S. 10; England, 3; Sweden, 1; South Africa, 1). Church problems of an international nature are discussed. Account in L. 573. Cf. 450.

July 25-29. - The 21st General Assembly is held at Victoria Hall; 384 persons attend; eleven countries are represented. In addition to the episcopal address (The Charity that Makes the New Church) five papers are read and discussed. A valuable survey of the South African Mission is given by the Superintendent, Rev. Wynne Acton. Journal of the proceedings in L. 469-519; reports, 484- 494; banquet, 447; impressions, etc. 449, 494, 518; addresses, 369, 420, 438, 499; 533, 547.

July 31. - A group of Assembly members, from seven countries, tours Swedenborgs London under the guidance of the Rev. Dennis Duckworth, pastor of the North Finchley (Conference) Society, and author of A New Churchmans Guide to London. - L. 1957:92.

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Nov. - The first correspondence lecture course of the British Academy is given by the Rev. Erik Sandstrm, on The Philosophy of New Church Education. - L. 1957:92.

NETHERLANDS
Zeist. June 12. - Death of Mr. Adrianus van Pernis, in his 82nd year; an ardent convert to the Church, he translated the Apocalypse Revealed into Dutch (MS now in the Academy Archives). - L. 468; obit., 458.

NORWAY
Oslo, June. - The Rev. Gustaf Baeckstrm resigns as visiting pastor of the Oslo Society. The Rev. Bjrn Boyesen takes on the use. - L. 587.

SWEDEN
Stockholm, Aug. - Thirty-nine of the visitors to the General Assembly in London also visit Stockholm and Upsala. - L. 587.

Aug. 10. - Bishop De Charms holds meetings with the societys councils. - L. 587.

N. d.- A Womens Guild is organized here. - L. 1957:305.

NOTEWORTHY ARTICLES
New Church Life, vol. 76.

Natural Good, by Rev. Martin Pryke. - p. 9.

The Messiah about to come, by Rev. M. D. Rich. - p. 63. (On the significance of Swedenborgs work of 1745). Cf. p. 202.

Priest and Layman, by Rev. M. Pryke. - p. 153.

What is Meant by the Divine Authority of the Writings?, by Rev. H. L. Odhner. - p. 209.

Administration of the Holy Supper, (historical survey), by Rev. W. C. Henderson. - p. 274.

The Holy Supper, (analysis of its essential uses), by Rev. Elmo C. Acton. - p. 280.

The Source of Doctrine, by Rev. E. Sandstrm. - p. 319.

The Dead Sea Scrolls and the Preservation of the Old Testament, by Rev. H. L. Odhner. - pp. 341, 381.

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The Charity that Makes the New Church, by Bishop G. de Charms. - p. 369.

The Human Soul, or Spirit, by Rev. Elmo C. Acton. - p. 499.

The Temptation on the Mount, (Nature of the Lords temptations), by Bishop Willard D. Pendleton. - p. 547.

The New Philosophy, 1956.

An introductory course in Philosophy, by Rev. W. D. Pendleton and C. S. Cole. - pp. 1, 33, 97.

The Cosmology of the Bible; its sources, purpose, and influence, by Rev. H. L. Odhner. - p. 45.

The foundations of mathematics, by Joel Pitcairn. - p. 79.

American Pragmatists and Pragmatism, by L. A. Pendleton. - p. 117.

PUBLICATIONS
GENERAL CHURCH RELIGION LESSONS COMMITTEE: The Life of the Lord (Vol. 10 General Church Religion Lessons) Glenview, Ill. Pools Press, Inc. Offset illustrated. (17 lessons for a 9th grade course) - Reviewed in L. 1956:199.

PENDLETON, RT. REV. WILLIAM FREDERIC: Notes and Papers on Ritual. Bryn Athyn, Pa. Academy Book Room. Cloth, pp. 178. - Reviewed in L. 1956:578.

SWEDENBORG, EMANUEL: Angelic Wisdom Concerning Marriage Being two Indices by Emanuel Swedenborg to his Missing Draft on Marriage. Arranged in the order of the paragraph numbers by Alfred Acton. Bryn Athyn, Pa.: The Academy of the New Church. Cloth, pp.116. - Reviewed in L. 1956:405.

SWEDENBORG, EMANUEL: Kort Framstllning av den Nya Kyrkans Lra (Brief Exposition of the Doctrine of the New Church) A New translation into Swedish, Rev. Gustaf Baeckstrm. Bromma, Sweden: Bokfrlaget Nova Ecclesia. - Reviewed in L. 1957:520.

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
1956
Africa.              Egypt. Joint military action by Great Britain and France against Egypt to recover control of Suez Canal, and by Israel to stop border attacks, which wrecked operation of Canal, increased Arab solidarity, accelerated Soviet penetration and incurred American opposition.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 140

First International police force, the United Nations Emergency Force, organized with backing of United States and 18 other nations, to take over disputed Suez points after cease-fire and withdrawal was obtained by U. N.

Decree by President Nasser of Egypt seizing the Suez Canal Co., and nationalizing Canal, prompted by withdrawal of proposed loans by United States, Britain and the International Bank to finance Aswan Dam.

America.       Reelection of President Eisenhower on record of peace and prosperity, and vote of confidence for Democratic Congress.

Opposition to desegregation of schools in the South, with manifesto of lawful resistance by 19 U. S. Senators and 80 Representatives; acts to shut out Negroes in the University of Alabama and in Clinton, Tenn.; adoption of constitutional amendments by Virginia authorizing use of tax funds for private schools.

Sinking of Italian liner Andrea Doria after collision with Swedish liner Stockholm off New England coast; all but 50 saved.

Extension of social security to women at 62 and to Armed Forces by Congress, which appropriated $34 billion for defense, nearly $4 billion for foreign aid, and authorized a 16-year highway program to costs 33 billion,

Europe.       Hungary. Open revolt by Hungary against Soviet occupation and massacre of Hungarians by Soviet machine guns and tanks in support of puppet government.

Poland. Revolt of Poznan workers in Poland and rise of national spirit for Independence from Soviet domination and withdrawal of Soviet troops, partially achieved.

Russia. Reversal of Stalinist tough policy by Khrushchev and Bulganin, after denunciation of the crimes of Stalin and the cult of the individual, leading to concessions to Tito, abolition of Cominform, removal of Molotov as foreign minister, confounding party policies and stirring up satellites.

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1957
AFRICA
Durban, June. - The Rev. Daniel W. Heinrichs is appointed assistant to the superintendent of the South African Mission and assistant to the pastor of the Durban Society. - L. 258, 385

Greylingstad, Transvaal, Jan. 31. - Death of Dr. Robert Werner Schnarr in his 84th year. An outstanding layman of the Church, and a successful homeopathic physician, he was also a horticulturist of distinction. - L. 144, 349; obit., 351.

March. - The idea of forming a New Church community is deferred indefinitely. - L. 350.

Sept. - The Carmel Church School opens with two full time teachers for 19 pupils (grades 1 to 8). For the first time a kindergarten is started. - L. 1957:141.

Ontario, Oct. 12-14. - Eastern Canada Assembly; Bishop De Charms presiding. 135 adults attend. A permanent executive committee to support ministrations to the isolated is adopted. Account in L. 545-7; addresses, 481; 1958:5.

Montreal, Quebec, Nov. - The Montreal Circle is reported to consist chiefly of five families. Bi-monthly services and classes are conducted by the Rev. Pryke. - L. 524.

UNITED STATES

ARIZONA
Tucson, July, - Dedication of the new chapel; Bishop De Charms officiating. - L. 1958:302; photos., 261.

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COLORADO
Denver, May 26. - The Denver Circle holds the first Sunday service in its new chapel building at 3629 West 32nd St. - L. 385.

CONNECTICUT
June 8-9. - Bishop De Charms makes his first episcopal visit to the New England Group. - L. 471.

FLORIDA
Aug. - The Rev. Morley Rich extends his pastoral activities to 23 adults and children in central Florida. - L. 385.

ILLINOIS
Chicago, N. d. - During the year, the Sharon Church begins to remodel its old building on Wayne Ave. - L. 386, 573.

Oct. 10. - For the first time In the history of the Chicago City Council, a Swedenborgian pastor (Rev. Fred L. Schnarr) delivers the opening prayer of the session. - L. 573.

Glenview, March 14. - Death of Mr. John B. Synnestvedt, in his 90th year; he was among the earliest members of the society. - L. 308, 389.

March 31. - Death of Miss Adah Nelson, in her 93rd year; one of the original members of the society. - L. 308, 389.

N. d. - The society gives a farewell picnic in honor of the Rev. O. de C. Odhner (assistant pastor 1944-1957). - L. 1958:39.

Sept. 1. - The Rev. Jan H. Weiss (Kitchener-Toronto) becomes assistant to the pastor here; also visiting pastor to the Madison, St. Paul-Minneapolis Circles and groups of the Chicago District. - L. 210. Cf. 1958:40.

Sept. - 90 pupils register in the day school. - L. 1958:40.

Oct. 11-13. - Chicago District Assembly; Bishop Willard D. Pendleton presiding. Over 180 persons attend. After an extensive report by a Committee on Education (see full text in L. 1957:548-556), 135 persons become charter members of an incorporated organization called The Midwestern Academy of the New Church, whose object is to establish, promote and maintain facilities for secondary and higher education in the Midwest, and to raise the necessary funds for the endowment thereof, looking at all times to the priesthood of the Chicago District of the General Church for its supervision of the educational policies to be employed. A Board of Directors of eight persons is elected. Officers: President, Rev. Elmo C. Acton; Vice-President Mr. Crebert Burnham; Secretary, Mr. Harvey Holmes; Treasurer, Mr. Geoffrey Blackman. Account in L. 1958:16-19.

Dec. 16. - Death (in Chicago) of Mr. Warren Adolph Reuter, in his 51st year. - L. 1958:96; obit., 352; memorial resolution, 1958:182.

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MICHIGAN
Detroit, July. - It is noted that in less than a quarter of a century, Detroit has grown from a few General Church members to the fourth largest society in the United States. - L. 349.

NEW JERSEY
Madison, Oct. - This year the Northern New Jersey Circle holds its services in rooms at the Madison Y. M. C. A. - L. 472.

OHIO
Urbana, N. d. - The Rev. B. David Holm (South Africa) is appointed pastor of the North and South Ohio Circles; also assistant to the pastor of the Pittsburgh Society. - L. 258, 385, 428.

Oct. 4-6. - Western Pennsylvania-Ohio-Michigan District Assembly; Bishop De Charms presiding; 71 persons attend. The services are held in the Conventions church building. Account in L. 562.

PENNSYLVANIA
Bryn Athyn, Jan. 22-25. - Annual meetings of the Council of the Clergy; 25 present. A leading theme is the more systematic development of missionary work. Account in L. 179-181; address, 162. Cf. 186.

Jan. 26. - 63rd Joint Council; 24 ministers and 17 laymen present. Minutes in L. 181-190; annual reports, 191-206.

Feb. 1. - Death of the Rev. Dr. Charles Emil Doering, in his 86th year. - L. 144; memorial address, 172; photo., 145; memorial resolution, 352, 1958:182.

Feb. 6. - he 60th anniversary of the General Church is signalized by articles by Bishop De Charms and the editor of New Church - L. 49,86,88.

June 7. - Annual joint meeting of the Academy Corporation and Faculty; 177 present. - L. Account in L. 383.

June 14. - At the Commencement exercises, 72 young men and women receive degrees, diplomas or certificates. Messrs. D. L. Rose and D. W. Heinrichs are granted the B. Th. degree. - Account in L. 383-5.

Aug. 19-23. - 13th annual Educational Council; 69 teachers attend. The papers and discussions chiefly concern the elementary school grades. Account in L. 433.

Sept. - The Rev. O. de C. Odhner (Madison-St. Paul) is appointed instructor in the Academy Schools. - L. 210, 388.

Oct. - The elementary schools of the General Church report the following regular teaching staffs; Bryn Athyn, 14; Colchester, 2; Durban, 2; Glenview, 7; Kitchener, 3; Pittsburgh, 6; Toronto, 3. - L. 470.

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N. d.- Charter Day celebration. Address in L. 556.

Oct. 25. - Formal inauguration of the Asplundh Field House, a 150 by 160 feet building for assemblies, banquets and athletic contests; capacity 3000 persons. Offices of the Sound Recording and Religion Lessons Committees are under the same roof. President De Charms receives the key from Mr. Lester Asplundh; Vice-President Willard D. Pendleton delivers the Inaugural address. Full account in L. 1958:20-25.

Nov. - 214 students are reported enrolled in the Academys higher schools. The Bryn Athyn elementary school registers 246 pupils. The five other elementary schools of the General Church report a total of 182 pupils. - L. 526.

WASHINGTON
Oakville, July 27-28. - District Assembly of members in the North-West; 31 present; Bishop De Charms presiding. The Rev. Roy Franson is chosen as pastor. - Account in L. 473.

AUSTRALIA
Hurstville, N. S. W., June. - The Rev. Donald L. Rose is appointed minister of the Hurstville Society. - L. 258, 385.

Aug. 31. - The Hurstville society welcomes the Rev. D. L. Rose. - L. 1958:38.

EUROPE

FRANCE
Orleans, Dec. 22. - The Paris Circle and other members of the New Church celebrate Christmas at the chateau of Col. and Mrs. Wm. R. Kintner. The Rev. Frank Rose officiates. - L. 300.

GREAT BRITAIN
Bristol. - Beginning early in the year, a monthly lay-conducted service is now held. - L. 1958:256.

Colchester, Aug. 3-5. - 42nd British Assembly (last assembly in 1954); the Rev. Alan Gill presiding. 142 persons sign the roll. Study groups in Bristol, Bath, and Heywood are reported. A plan of uses for the British Academy is presented. Account in L. 488-492; addresses, 493, 498, 503, 535; 1958:67.

London, Oct. 27. - The Michael Church purchases the freehold of its church premises from the Minet estate, at a price of 800. - L. 1958:93.

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Dec. - During the year, the pastors of the Kensington (Conference) Society and the Michael Church (General Church) exchange pulpits. - L. 1958:94, 254.

Middleton, N . d. - The Rev. Frank S. Rose holds monthly services for General Church members in the Manchester area, at the Middleton community center (five miles north of Manchester). - L. 1958:255.

SWEDEN
Jnkping, Dec. - The Jnkping Circle now holds its services in a rented apartment. - L. 1958:138.

NOTEWORTHY ARTICLES
New Church Life, vol. 77.

Series of important articles and editorials on the Last Judgment, by Bishop De Charms. - pp. 1,261; Rev. W. C. Henderson. - pp.30, 39, 382; Rev. H. L. Odhner. - pp. 56, 101, 152, 225, 268, 315, 363.

The Spiritual-Natural Uses of Science, by Rev. M. D. Rich. - p. 9.

A Notable Anniversary, by Bishop G. de Charms. (On the 60th anniversary of the General Church). - p. 49.

The Worship and Love of God: Part III, by Rt. Rev. A. Acton. - p. 65.

The Functions of the Specific New Church, by Mr. G. A. de C. de Moubray. - pp. 69, 125, 300.

Swedish Words in the Spiritual Diary, by Cyriel O. Sigstedt. - p. 112.

The Writings as the Word: A study in the History of Doctrine, by Rt. Rev. A. Acton. - pp. 213, 282.

The History of the Coronis, by Rt. Rev. A. Acton. - p. 372.

Human Rights, by Geoffrey P. Dawson. - p. 398.

The Formation of the Rational, by Cohn M. Greenhalgh. (On the part played by use). - p. 441.

Divine Intercession, by Rev. L. B. King. - p. 459.

Divine Providence and Human Prudence in the Establishment of the Church, by Bishop G. de Charms. - p. 481.

Council, Assembly and Communication, by Rev. A. Gill. - p. 493.

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Education and Evangelization, by Rev. E. Sandstrm. - p. 535.

Journal of Education, Vol. 31, No. 4.

A New Response to an Ancient Call, by Rev. W. C. Henderson. - p. 1.

The New Philosophy, 1957.

Is there an Ether? by W. H. Howard. - p. 129.

Tradition vs. Octonary Arithmetic, by K. Rose. - p. 142.

Some aspects of modern science, by E. F. Allen. - p. 150.

Concepts of Space through the Ages; in the Philosophical works and in the Writings. by C. R. Pendleton. - pp. 161, 204, 225.

Swedenborgs Miscellaneous Observations, by Rev. A. Acton. - p. 178.

Geologists and Atlantis, by Cyriel O. Sigstedt. - p. 184.

Existentialism, by G. Hyatt. - p. 244.

PUBLICATIONS
BAECKSTRM, REV. GUSTAF: Vgen till Livet (The Way to Life) Stockholm, Published by the Author. Paper, pp.80. Noted in L. 1958:32. (A series of sermons)

GENERAL CHURCH: First Songs for Little Children. Fifty-nine songs (words and music) for children, arranged by Warren F. and Hildegarde (Odhner) David. Illustrated by Sanfrid E. Odhner. Bryn Athyn, Pa.: The General Church of the New Jerusalem. Paper, pp. 53. - Reviewed in L. 1958:83.

ODHNER, REV. HUGO L.: The Moral Life Second edition, revised. Bryn Athyn, Pa.: Academy Book Room. Cloth, pp.140. - Reviewed in L. 1957:297.

PENDLETON, RT. REV. WILLARD D.: Foundations of New Church Education. Bryn Athyn, Pa.: Academy Book Room, Cloth, pp. 116. - Reviewed in L., 1958:29.

ROSE, REV. FRANK S.: The New Church and Swedenborgs Claim. London: The British Finance Committee of the General Church of the New Jerusalem. Pamphlet, mimeographed. pp. 13. - Reviewed in L. 1957:250.

SWEDENBORG, EMANUEL: De Verrukkingen der Wijsheid Aangande De Echtelijke Liefde, waarna volgen De Wellusten van den Waanzin aangaande de hoerse liefde (Conjugial Love). The Hague, Holland: Swedenborg Genootschap. Reviewed in L. 1958:31. (A Dutch translation of Conjugial Love)

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CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
1957
Africa.        Ghana. The Gold Coast in Africa becomes officially the new state of Ghana, and independent member of the British Commonwealth, and joins UN (March).

America.        Canada. Conservatives score big upset to end Liberal Party 22-ear rule. They win most seats in House of Commons, John Diefenbaker becomes Premier (June).

United States. Eisenhower Doctrine, approved by Congress, empowers U. S. to assist any nation subjected to Communist aggression, if asked. Much opposition by Soviet Union and friends.

Longest speech ever delivered in U. S. Senate is given by Sen. Strom Thurmond against the Civil Rights bill (August 28-29).

Asia.        Malaya. Malaya becomes a Free and United Federation in independence from British Rule, but remains in the Commonwealth (August).

Europe.       Great Britain. Harold Macmillan succeeds Anthony Eden as Prime Minister in crisis over Suez Canal (Jan.).

The Mayflower II sails from Plymouth England to Plymouth, Mass. (April 20), following original course of 1620.

Italy. Representatives of six nations sign treaties in Rome in big step towards European unification (March).

Switzerland. The Aga Khan, 79-year old Moslem religious leader dies (July 11), and is succeeded by grandson as leader of ancient Ismaili Moslem sect.

Russia. The Soviet Union launches the first artificial earth satellite (Oct. 4). The second Sputnik contains a live dog (Nov. 3).

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1958

AFRICA

SOUTH AFRICA
March 21-April 14. - Episcopal visit by the Rt. Rev. Willard D. Pendleton. He conducts meetings, services and classes at Alexandra, Irene, Greylingstad, Hambrook, Durban, Ohlange, and Kent Manor. General account in L. 361-370.

Alexandra Township, Johannesburg, Transvaal, March 23. - Ordinations of Mr. Paulus Mbedzi into the first degree, and the Rev. Paul Pefeni Sibeko into the pastoral degree of the priesthood; the Rt. Rev. Willard D. Pendleton officiating. - L. 353. Cf. 362.

June 23. - Death of the Rev. Timothy Mathsinini, in his 70th year. - L. 440.

NATAL
Durban, April 4-6. - 6th South African Assembly, Assistant Bishop Willard D. Pendleton presiding. Its three sessions, banquet, and services are described in -L. 363-6; addresses, 489, 370.

Kent Manor, Zululand, April 8-13. - Annual meetings of the African ministers Assistant Bishop Willard D. Pendleton presiding. In addition to the Superintendent and his Assistant, (Revs. A. W. Acton and D. W. Heinrichs), 13 African ministers are present. An address of welcome and thanks to the Assistant Bishop is presented. A review of the meetings appears in L. 366-370.

April 13. - Ordinations of Messrs. Win. Kunene and Armstrong Magelepo into the first degree, and the Rev. Mafa Lutuli into the pastoral degree of the priesthood; the Rt. Rev. Willard D. Pendleton officiating. - L. 353. Cf. 369.

AMERICA

CANADA
Grande Prairie, Alberta, April 20. - The first service is held in the new church building, begun in 1954 from an old, dismantled school. Account in L. 531.

Aug. 3. - 7th annual Peace River District Assembly; the Rev. K. R. Alden presiding. The new Grande Prairie church building is dedicated. - Account in L. 526. Cf. 531.

Toronto, Ont., Jan. 5. - Death of Mr. Robert Morgan Brown, in his 50th year; a valued counselor in the General Church and the Olivet Church. - L. 96; memorial resolution, 183.

May 4. - Laying of the cornerstone of the new building of the Olivet Church; the pastor, the Rev. Martin Pryke, officiating. Full account in L. 340.

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Nov. 23. - Dedication of the new Olivet Church building, at 279 Burnhamthorpe Road, Toronto; Bishop De Charms officiating; 336 persons present. Full account in L. 1959:53-62; sermon, 53; photos., 53. Cf. 89.

Nov. 24. - Dedication of the school Repository of the Olivet Church; Bishop De Charms officiating. - L. 1959:136.

UNITED STATES
Washington, D. C., March 11. - The Rev. Dandridge Pendleton, pastor for the past six years, resigns to teach in the Academy Schools in September. - L. 1959:45,46, 189.

April 20. - The Rev. Fred L. Schnarr accepts a call to the pastorate of the Washington Society. - L. 1959:45, 189.

Nov. - The young people of the Washington Society begin a society paper titled Echo. - L. 1959:46.

ARIZONA
Tucson, N. d. - The Bryn Athyn Society presents a bronze bell to the Tucson Circle, for use in the chapels bell tower. - L. 303.

FLORIDA
Miami, Jan. - The Rev. M. D. Rich reports regular services in. a halt of the Miami Pioneers Club; attendances average 30-35. He describes the various groups visited in the Carolinas, Georgia, Alabama and Florida. - L. 42.

June 20. - The Miami group is formally recognized as the Miami Circle, with the Rev. M. D. Rich as resident pastor. - L. 352.

ILLINOIS
Chicago, June. - The Rev. Frederick L. Schnarr resigns as pastor of the Sharon Church, to accept the pastorates of the Washington, D. C., and Baltimore, Maryland, Societies. - L. 305.

Sept. - The Rev. Elmo C. Acton agrees to supervise the pastoral work of the Sharon Church, assisted by the Rev. Victor J. Gladish and tape-recorded services. - L. 432. Cf. 1959:93.

Glenview, Jan. - Enough pledges are received to warrant the construction of a large, new all-purpose building, on which members of the Immanuel Church contribute labor and skills during the year. - Account in L. 351. Cf. 578.

Sept. - The Immanuel Church School enrolls 101 pupils for 1958-1959. - L. 1959:449.

- A Real Estate Committee, formed some time ago, is reactivated to assist New Church members in selling or buying homes. - L. 440.

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KENTUCKY
Louisville, May 24. - The South Ohio Circle, at its annual meeting, votes an increase of 50% in contributions from all members. - L. 1959:202.

MICHIGAN
Detroit, Jan. 25. - At its annual meeting, the Detroit Society unanimously votes to begin a local school in the fall. - L. 302.

NEW JERSEY
Morristown - During the year, the Northern New Jersey Circle holds its monthly services in the hail of the Y. M. C. A. building. - L. 1959:92.

May 4. - A District Assembly of the three groups to which the Rev. Norbert Rogers is pastor is held; Bishop De Charms presiding. About 80 persons are present. Report in L. 344, 577. Cf. 1959:92.

OHIO
Urbana, Sept. - The Rev. B. D. Holm now devotes all his time to the North and South Ohio Circles, with periodic visits to Erie, Pa. - L. 1959:202.

PENNSYLVANIA
Bryn Athyn, Jan. 28-1. - Annual meetings of the Council of the Clergy; Bishop De Charms presiding; 25 present. The leading theme is Influx and Enlightenment. Account in L. 176-8; papers, 103, 153, 225.

Jan. 30. - The General Church Sound Recording Committee reviews its ten years of use in providing tape-recordings of services, sermons, doctrinal classes, childrens services, etc. The current circulation library catalogue contains 1230 titles. Account in L. 65.

Feb. 1. - 64th regular meeting of the Joint council; 19 ministers and 15 laymen present. An important discussion on the responsibility of the General Church for the elementary schools and the isolated members results in a special committee for further study. - Full report in L. 178-183; annual reports, 183-199.

April 10. - Death of Miss Clara Hobart Hanlin, in her 81st year. Graduating from the Academys Girls' School in Philadelphia, (1895), most of her life was spent in teaching in New Church schools (Glenview, 1899-1902; Pittsburgh, 1922; Bryn Athyn, 1923-1929. Dean of College Women, 1929-1946). - L. 307; memorial address, 336.

May 23. - For the first time, the annual Joint Meeting of the Academy Corporation and Faculty is held following the societys Friday Supper; attendance about 250. The Dual Responsibility of Our Junior College is the main theme. - L. 400; address and annual reports in J. E.

June 14. - Annual meetings of the Corporations of the General Church; Bishop De Charms presiding. 67 members attend out of a total membership of 260. Report in L. 437.

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June. - The 81st Commencement exercises are held, for the first time, in the Asplundh Field House. 56 young men and women graduate. The Glencairn Award for outstanding service to the Academy is received by five faculty members. - L. 400-1; address, 379.

June. - The Rev. Hugo L.. Odhner resigns as assistant pastor of the Bryn Athyn Church, after thirty years of service. The Rev. Kenneth O. Stroh is chosen as an assistant pastor. - L. 305.

July 1. - Candidate K. H. Asplundh is appointed to assist the pastors in Kitchener and Toronto. Candidate D. McL. Taylor goes to Glenview and Pittsburgh. - L. 206.

Aug. 14. - The U. S. Census Bureau estimates that, in six years (1950-1956), the population in Montgomery county, in which Bryn Athyn is situated, jumped 33.3 per cent. The adjoining county (Bucks) rose 97.4 per cent. The average rise for the eight counties that comprise Metropolitan Philadelphia was 13.2. The city itself dropped 0.24 per cent. - Phila. Evening Bulletin, August16, 1958.

Aug. 18-29. - The Educational Council sponsors a summer school. About 60 teachers attend two courses. Account in L. 523.

Aug. 25-29. - 14th annual meeting of the General Church Educational Council. A leading theme is The Academys Teacher Training Program. Account in L. 523-5.

Sept. 1. - For reasons of health, the Rev. Frederick E. Gyllenhaal retires from the directorship of the General Church Religion Lessons program. The Rev. Karl R. Alden, who retires from the Academy Faculty, is appointed as Director. - L. 212.


Sept. - Bishop George de Charms describes the organization of the General Church Religion Lessons, now going to over 600 recipients in America, England, South Africa, Australia and Europe. See article on An important Development in New Church Education, in L. 405-8.

Sept. - The Rev. F. E. Gyllenhaal retires from the editorship of New Church Education, and is succeeded by the Rev. K. R. Alden. - L. 432.

Sept. 6. - Opening exercises of the Academy Schools. Address in L. 558.

- The student enrollment in the Academy Schools totals 225. The local schools of the General Church report 472 pupils. - L. 534.

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Sept. - The Rev. Dandridge Pendleton becomes instructor in Religion in the Academy. - L. 251.

Oct. 17-18. - Charter Day celebration. - L. 487; address, 544.

Oct. 18. - Resignation of Bishop George de Charms as President of the Academy of the New Church. Statement of reasons in L. 1959:1.

Nov. 6. - The Academys Board of Directors accepts the resignation of the President, and adopts a lengthy resolution in grateful appreciation of his 23 years of service. Text of acceptance in L. 1959;2; tribute resolution, 2-7.

N. d. - The Academy Faculty expresses its appreciation of the services of President Emeritus George de Charms. - Feb., 1959.

- The Academys Board of Directors elects Bishop Willard D. Pendleton to the presidency of the Academy. Resolution in L. 1959:7.

Pittsburgh, April 18. - Death of Miss Helena Johanna Schoenberger, in her 80th year. A pupil in the North Side (Allegheny) School when it began in 1888. - L. 354; obit., 483.

Oct. - The Pittsburgh Church School (now nearly 70 years old) reports 39 pupils, with four trained teachers and the pastor in charge. - L. 482; 1959:140.

VERMONT
South Shaftesburg, Dec. 14. - Death of the Rev. Gilbert Haven Smith, in his 76th year. - L. 1959:96; memorial address, 120; memorial resolution, 179, 182, photo., 97.

AUSTRALIA
Hurstville, N. d. - The Rev. Donald Rose founds the Hurstville Society Courier, a magazine for the General Church in Australia and New Zealand. - L. 1959:138.

EUROPE

GREAT BRITAIN
London, April 20. - Bishop Willard D. Pendleton visits the Michael Church. Account in L. 436.

Aug. 2-4. - 43rd British Assembly; Bishop Willard D. Pendleton presiding; 110 persons sign the roll. Mr. Coiley Pryke resigns as Treasurer of the British Finance Committee, after 22 years of service. He is succeeded by Mr. Kenneth Pryke. Report in L. 441-5; episcopal address, 489; papers, 450, 498.

Nov. 5. - On the invitation of the vicar of the Swedish State (Lutheran) Church, Harcourt St., W. 1, the Rev. Erik Sandstrm delivers, in Swedish, an address on the life of Swedenborg. - L. 1959:136.

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Street, Somerset, Jan. 5. - The Visiting Pastor, Rev. Frank S. Rose, inaugurates monthly meetings here. - L. 256.

HOLLAND
Nijmegen, March 1. - Death of Mr. Marinus Rijksen, in his 67th year. Founder of the Swedenborg Study Circle and its quarterly magazine, he lectured on the Writings throughout Holland, with special effort to interest the educated. - L. 259; obit., 349. Cf. 1959:137.

SWEDEN
Stockholm, July 25-27. - 2nd Scandinavian Assembly; Bishop Willard D. Pendleton presiding. Account in L. 530; episcopal address, 489.

NOTEWORTHY ARTICLES
New Church Life, vol. 78.

Swedenborg and Wesley, by Rev. O. Odhner. - p. 55.

The Lords Temptations after His thirtieth year, by Rev. Dan Pendleton. - p.103.

The Status of the Writings, by Mr. G. A. de C. de Moubray. - pp. 115, 325.

The Lords Prayer and the Creation Week, by Rev. E. Sandstrm. - pp. 122, 169, 232, 275, 319, 392, 424, 469, 519, 549. (A series of ten articles showing how the six petitions relate to the six days of spiritual creation).

The Nature of influx, by Rev. K. O. Stroh. - pp. 153, 224.

The Doctrine of Miracles, by Bishop G. de Charms. - pp. 218, 269, 384, 413, 463. (A series of six doctrinal papers on the nature and law of genuine miracles).

Crossroads of Faith, by Rev. W. C. Henderson. - pp. 244, 298, 347, 399, 434, 479, 529. (A series of seven editorials on: Anxiety, Guilt, Doubt, Vocation, Marriage, Suffering and Death).

Guarding against Heresy, by Rev. Donald L. Rose. - p. 280. (A doctrinal study).

The Visible God, by Bishop Willard D. Pendleton. - p. 489.

The New Philosophy, 1958.

Introduction to Sins (by Bishop George Berkely), by R. R. Gladish. - p. 257.

The Treatise on the Infinite, by Rev. W. C. Henderson. - p. 268.

The Rational Psychology, by D. C. Fitzpatrick, Jr. - p. 285.

Space and Spiritual Extense, by Rev. H.L. Odhner. p. 301.

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Transmutation, by E. F. Allen. - p. 289.

The Philosophic Preparations for Christianity, by Rev. D. M. Taylor. - p. 315.

Comments on the Gothenburg Trial, by R.W. Childs. - p. 336.

Space, Trine and the Ether, by R. M. Cole, Ph. D. - p. 357.

A Critique of Materialism, by G. A. do C. do Moubray. - p. 367; 1959: pp.1, 85.

Swedenborgs Scientific Contemporaries, by Norman Turner, B. S. - p. 379.

PUBLICATIONS
ALDEN, REV. KARL R.: The City of God, or Conversations on the Doctrines of the New Church. Bryn Athyn, Pa.: General Church Publication Committee. Cloth, pp. 217. - Reviewed in L. 1958:564.

DE CHARMS, CARITA P. AND WALSH, EUDORA S.: Seeds and Fruits. Bryn Athyn, Pa.: General Church Religion Lessons Committee. Paper, offset, process, pp. 24. Reviewed in L. 1959:88. (Booklet for children).

ODHNER, REV. HUGO L.: Spirits and Men> Some Essays on the Influence of Spirits upon Men, as described in the Writings of Emanuel Swedenborg. Bryn Athyn, Pa.: Academy Book Room. Cloth, pp. 222. - Reviewed in L. 1958:562.

PENDLETON, CONSTANCE (Editor): Confederate Memoirs: Early Life and Family History of William Frederic Pendleton and Mary Lawson Young Pendleton. Supplement.

ROSE, REV. DONALD L. Come and See. An introduction to the Writings of the New Church. Bryn Athyn, Pa.: Academy Book Room. Paper, pp. 47. - Reviewed in L. 1959:87.

ROSE, REV. FRANK S.: The New Church and the Unique Claim of Emanuel Swedenborg about the Second Advent of the Lord. Paper, pp. 21. - Reviewed in L. 1958:398; 1959:87; 1963:12b. (Revised ed. of 46pp. In 1963.)

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
1958
Africa.       Egypt. United Arab Republic formed by President Nasser by combining Egypt and Syria under Egyptian military domination, with federation by Yemen, followed by attempts to influence Iraq, Jordan, Sudan and Tunisia.

America.       United States. The election of 1958.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 155 It disclosed a strong Democratic tide, foreshadowing a close race in 1960. It enlarged Democratic power in Congress, replaced conservative Republicans by moderates, showed labors ability to defeat unwanted laws. It also marked a resurgence of Republicanism in New York State and made Nelson A. Rockefeller, new Governor, a force in the party.

First rocket to the moon. Despite failure (August 17), it marked the peak of American scientific strategy, which sent four satellites into space.

Submarine Nautilus trip under North Pole, followed quickly by Skate, demonstrated achievements of American nuclear science and our enlarged capacity for defense.

U. S. Marines to the Middle East. This military action under Eisenhower Doctrine halted conspiracies against Lebanon, checkmated Communists, demonstrated American support of peace and order.

Alaska becomes the 49th state (July 1) and elects a Governor, two Senators, one Representative, all Democrats.

Asia.              China. Communist Chinas attacks on Quemoy and Matsu, dramatizing Red Chinas growing capacity to jeopardize world peace and causing a division in American policies supporting Nationalist China.

Europe.       France. France organizes the Fifth Republic under the firm leadership of Gen. Charles de Gaulle, with new constitution, reduction of Communist influence for disorder, and autonomy for some overseas territories (Nov. 30).

Russia. Ultimatum by Premier Khrushchev, Nov. 27, serving notice on Great Britain, France, United States and West Germany that USSR in six months would withdraw from international agreements governing Berlin, leaving to Communist East Germany control of supply routes. Proposed to treat West Berlin as free city with evacuation of all Allied forces.

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1959

AMERICA

CANADA
Kitchener, Ont., March.- The Kitchener Society votes in favor of selling its present property in order to obtain a new building. - L. 299; 1960:142.

Aug. 9. - Death of Mr. Samuel Roschman, at Waterloo in his 84th year; an active member of the Kitchener Society for over 50 years. - L. 512; 1960:141.

Sept. - The Carmel Church School enrolls 34 pupils. - L. 1960:142.

N. d. - During the fall and winter, the men of the Kitchener Society build a house, the proceeds on its eventual sale to go to the church building fund. - L. 1960:141.

UNITED STATES
Washington, D. C. - N. d. - The Washington Society acquires a church building (formerly Baptist), at 2800 Douglas St., N. E., Washington 18, D.C. - L. 445. Cf. 550, 554.

Sept. 19-20. - Dedication ceremonies of the societys church building; Bishop De Charms officiating. Full account, with pastors sermon, in L. 577-589; episcopal address, 583; photos of building, 561. Cf. 1960:208.

CALIFORNIA
San Diego, July 1. - The congregations of the Convention and General Church societies hold a joint service and communion under the leadership of the Revs. Robert Young and Harold C. Cranch. - Mess; L. 606.

FLORIDA
March 24-April 5. - Episcopal visit of Bishop De Charms to the east-central Florida groups and the Miami Circle. - Account in L. 323-4.

GEORGIA
Atlanta, March 21-23 - Episcopal visit by Bishop De Charms to the Atlanta group. Described in L. 322.

ILLINOIS
Glenview, June. - The final stages of the completion of the William Frederic Pendleton Hall are described in L. 449. Cf. 1960:212.

June 14. - Inauguration of Pendleton Hall, by the pastor, Rev. Elmo C. Acton. Full account in L. 496-500. Cf. 449.

- 378 persons attend the first Thanksgiving service in Pendleton Hall. - L. 1960:212.

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Lake Forest, June 17-21. - The 22nd General Assembly of the General Church is held in the Lake Forest College (a Presbyterian institution of some 93 acres, about 30 miles north of Chicago), and in the new Pendleton Hall at Glenview; Bishop De Charms presiding. Total registered attendance, 622. A message of good wishes from the President of the General Convention is reciprocated. In addition to the episcopal address, five doctrinal addresses are delivered and discussed. A proposal to express appreciation of President Eisenhowers nonpartisan leadership in the cause of freedom is tabled, owing to differences of opinion. The membership of the General Church is reported as 2894. Complete account in the Assembly Journal, L. 453-467; addresses, 337, 345, 381, 394, 410, 482; reports, 468-477; sermon, 364; banquet, 431; impressions, 429. Cf. 450, 477, 480, 481.

MARYLAND
Baltimore, Sept. - The Baltimore Society formally unites with the Washington Society. The Baltimore Society will still exist as a legal entity, under a two- member trusteeship, until its building and land are sold. But, except for weekly childrens classes, no services are now conducted in Baltimore. - L. 555; 1960:47.

Nov. - A nostalgic memorial history of the Baltimore Society, now united with the Washington Society, appears in L. 554-5.

MICHIGAN
Detroit, N. d. - The Detroit Society purchases a manse near the church, for the pastor. - L. 377.

Oct. 11. - Dedication of the new manse. - L. 1960:210.

Nov. - Episcopal visit to the Detroit Society by Bishop Willard D. Pendleton. - L. 377.

Linden Hills, N. d. - During the summer, the New Church meeting house at Linden Hills, erected in 1914, is demolished. A brief obituary appears in L. 1960:306.

PENNSYLVANIA
Bryn Athyn, Jan. 1. - Death of Mrs. Robert MacFarlan Cole (Wertha Pendleton), at Philadelphia, Pa., in her 68th year. - L. 96; memorial address, 166; photo., 208.

Jan. 12. - Death of Miss Anna Magdalena Klein (at Willow Grove, Pa.), in her 97th year. - L. 143.

Jan. 27-30. - Annual meetings of the Council of the Clergy; Bishop De Charms presiding; 24 members present. The leading doctrinal themes presented deal with various phases of marriage. - L. 178-180; address, 151. Cf. 204.

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Jan. 31. - 5th regular meeting of the Joint Council; Bishop De Charms presiding; 24 ministers and 21 laymen present. The support of parish schools, and the raising of teachers minimum salaries, receive major attention. The subscription price of New Church Life, is raised from $3 to $5, Minutes in L. 180-184; annual reports, 185-198. Cf. 302,

Feb. 1. - Death of Miss Dorothy Evelyn Davis, in her 63rd year. - L. 143; memorial address and photo., 169; memorial resolution, 171.

March. - The Bryn Athyn Society votes to assume responsibility for the ninth grade, at present carried as the first year of the Academys High School. The change will take place in the 1962-1963 school year. - L. 375.

March 23. - Death of Mrs. Thorsten Isedor Sigstedt (Sigrid Cyriel Ljungberg Odhner), in her 71st year. - L. 255; memorial address, 234.

April 18. - Death of Mrs. Roydon Hamilton Smith (Besse Edmonds) at Philadelphia, Pa., in her 89th year. - L. 303; memorial address, 320.

May 22. - Annual joint meeting of Academy Corporation and Faculty, with a record attendance of over 300. A notable address by President Willard D. Pendleton, A New Opportunity in New Church Education, deals with the development of the Academy College. Addresses and annual reports in J. E. - See L. 1959:331.

June 12. - Commencement exercises of the Academy Schools, 56 students graduate. - L. 373; address, 358.

Summer. - For the first time, the Bryn Athyn Boys Club gives up the use of Camp Pendleton, - a property at The Delaware Water Gap, once owned successively by Miss Lillian Beekman, Dr. C. E. Doering, Paul Synnestvedt, Esq., and the Bryn Athyn Society; and used by several generations of Academy students. The boys now use a farm in the Poconos. - L. 605.

July 1. - Candidates Kurt H. Asplundh and Douglas McL. Taylor are assigned to assistant pastoral work for the summer, in the Glenview, Pittsburgh, Kitchener and Toronto societies. - L. 298,556; 1960:141, 213.

Sept. - Opening exercises of the Academy Schools. 232 students are enrolled. - L. 558.

Sept. - Dedication of the new Intermediate building and its altar; Bishop De Charms officiating. - L. 605.

Oct. 2. - The Bryn Athyn Society celebrates the 70th birthday of Bishop George de Charms with a gift presentation. A number of biographical addresses, delivered on the occasion, are mimeographed in a 55pp. book. - A. A. account in L. 605.

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Oct. 23-24. - The annual celebration of Charter Day, with a record attendance of 588, includes a banquet, at which the main theme is The Education of Women. Four of the women members of the Academy Faculty give addresses. - L. 1960:42; address, 28.

Nov. - The local Church schools of the General Church report 39 regular teachers and headmasters, viz., Bryn Athyn, 15; Colchester, 2; Durban, 2; Glenview, 6; Kitchener, 4; detailed list in L. 553. The total pupil enrollment is 505. - L. 1959:558.

Nov. - The history and methods of the Epsilon Society, a Bryn Athyn missionary organization formed in 1951, are analyzed by Mr. Douglas Taylor in L. 539-547; Cf. 1960:334-338.

Nov. 23. - Death of the Rev. Frederick Edmund Gyllenhaal; in his 77th year. - L. 1960:47; memorial address, 24; photo., 1; memorial resolution, 188.

Dec. 4. - Death of the Rev. William Beebe Caldwell, D. Th., in his 87th year. Editor of New Church Life from 1918 to 1950. - L. 1960:47; memorial address, 73; photo., 49; ed. tribute, 90; memorial resolution, 189.

Pittsburgh, June. - The Rev. Kurt Horigan Asplundh is appointed assistant to the pastor of the Pittsburgh Society. - L. 1960:125.

Sept. 9. - Death of Mr. Telford O. Rhodes, in his 89th year. The oldest member of the Pittsburgh Society; and a successful business man whose life-long support of the Church and New Church education earned our affectionate memory. - L. 608; obit., 556.

State College, Nov. 8. - Ministers of the General Church resume holding services for groups of New Church students. - L. 1960:344.

WASHINGTON
Walla Walla, Aug. 22-23. - Northwest District Assembly; the Rev. Roy Franson (Dawson Creek, B. C.) presiding. Held at the Y. M. C. A.; up to 50 persons attend. - Report in L. 590.

AUSTRALIA
Canberra, Aug. 30. - The first New Church service to be held in the capital of Australia, is conducted by the Rev. Donald Rose. - L. 1960:140.

EUROPE
GREAT BRITAIN
Bridgewater, Somerset, Aug. 8-15. - A successful Holiday and Summer School is held at the Wembdon School, for the young people of the General Church. - L. 1960:44.

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Colchester, March 24. - Death of Mr. William Edward Everett, in his 93rd year; one of the earliest members of the Colchester Society. - L. 255.

July 17-19. - 44th British Assembly, held at the Endsleigh School, Lexden Park; Bishop Willard D. Pendleton presiding. 132 sign the roll. The British Academy reports a projected two or three-year high school at Colchester in 1961. Besides the episcopal address, two doctrinal addresses are discussed. Account in L. 513-6. Cf. 1960:44; addresses, 1959:525, 569.

March 31. - Death of Mr. Gilbert Owen Waters, 0.6.2., in his 55th year; a former pupil of the Peckham Rye School, and a distinguished aviation leader in the Fleet Air Arm during World War II. - L. 255; obit., 301.

NOTEWORTHY ARTICLES
New Church Life, vol. 79.

William Blakes New Church critics, by Mr. Donald C. Fitzpatrick, Jr. - p. 20.

Scripture Texts Explained in New Church Life: 1881-1958. pp. 37-43. (A valuable index compiled by the Editor).

Spheres, by Rev. L. B. King. - p. 151. (A valuable doctrinal study).

The Holy Supper, by Mr. G. A. de C. de Moubray. - p. 223. (A study in correspondences).

The Seven Churches, by Rev. W. C. Henderson. - pp. 248, 296, 329, 370, 444, 504, 550, 594. (A series of editorial studies of the states of reception represented by the seven churches in AE and AR).

The Laity and Evangelization, by Mr. E. Bruce Glenn. - p. 273.

The New Church and the leading of the Holy Spirit, by Bishop G. de Charms. - p. 337.

Freedom, by Rev. B. A. H. Boyesen. - p. 345.

In Defense of Scripture, by Rev. H. L. Odhner. - p. 381. (On the duty of the New Church to defend biblical historicity).

On Doctrine, by Rev. N. Rogers. - p. 410. (A study of the place and uses of doctrine).

The Concept of God, by Rev. N. H. Reuter. - p. 482.

Acknowledgment of the Word since the Second Advent, by Mr. Percy Dawson. - p. 525.

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Into the Light of Heaven, by Rev. F. S. Rose. - p. 569. (A study of the degrees of enlightenment).

The New Philosophy, 1959.

Swedenborg and the International Geophysical Year, by E. F. Allen. - p. 13.

Swedenborg the Mathematician, by Margaret Jackson. - p. 20.

Swedenborg and the Cartesians: Some Paradoxes as to influx, by Rev. H. L. Odhner. - p. 33.

The Shape of the Earth, by K. Rose. - p. 43.

Appearance and Reality, by Rt. Rev. G. de Charms. - p. 74.

Stress and the Adaptation Syndrome, by Marlin Heilman, M. D. - p. 89.

Pelhams Philosophy. - pp. 97, 134.

PUBLICATIONS
GASKILL, JENNIE: An Introduction to the Hebrew Language. Bryn Athyn, Pa.: Academy Book Room. Paper, pp. 36. (A primer for teachers and pupils of second grade. includes Hebrew text of the Ten Commandments) - Reviewed in L. 1959:592.

ODHNER, J. D.: Catechism for the New Christian Church meant by the New Jerusalem in the Revelation. The Hague, Holland: Swedenborg Genootschap. Paper, pp.68. - Reviewed in L. 1960:37.

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
1959
America.              South America. Cuba. Fidel Castro and his radical revolutionary party take control of Cuba from the dictatorial regime of F. Batista (Jan. 1). This overthrow leads to repercussions throughout Latin America and affects U. S. policies.

United States. On the death of J. F. Dulles (May 24) Eisenhower assumes diplomatic leadership; leading to consultations with Western heads of state and Pilgrimage of Peace to Europe and Asia.

Hawaii is admitted to the Union as the 50th state (March 4).

Soviet Premier Khruschevs trip to U. S. (Sept. 15) begins a change from the cold war to a competitive truce, and paves the way to a future summit conference.

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Antarctic.       The Antarctic Treaty (Dec. 1) signed by 12 nations, guarantees free access, bans nuclear explosions and military activity and stops further claims on Antarctic.

Asia.              Communist China crushes Tibetan revolt (March 10), and attacks northern borders of India, stiffening the attitude of Nehru and the government of India.

Guerilla troops from North Vietnam attack Laos and lead to U. N. inquiry.

Europe.       Russia. USSR rocket hits the moon and a satellite moves around the moon, photographing the dark side. These related events have incalculable meaning for the future.

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1960

AFRICA

NATAL
May 25. - It is reported that the two largest and most active groups of isolated members (of the General Church) are situated in the Johannesburg-Pretoria area and in Zululand. - L. 524.

Dec. 25. - The Christmas morning service had a record attendance of 162 adults and children. - L. 1961:305.

N. d. - Umchazi, the official organ of the General Church Mission in South Africa, is now published twice a year in separate English and Zulu editions. Editor: Rev. A.W. Acton. - L. 1961:201.

Esididini, April 23. - Death of the Rev. Johannes M. Lung, in his 69th year. - L. 312.

AMERICA

CANADA
Dawson Creek, Aug. 7. - District Assembly. Account in L. 1961:205.

Kitchener, May. - The Rev. Henry Heinrichs is appointed part-time assistant, for one year, to the pastors of the Kitchener and Toronto societies. - L. 221.

Sept. 7. - The Carmel Church School opens with 36 pupils, the largest in many years. - Carmel C. C.; L. 1961:203.

Toronto, Ont., Oct. 8-10. - Eastern Canada District Assembly; Bishop De Charms presiding; 177 members present. An Eastern Canada Executive Committee is approved. The general theme is Application of Doctrine to Thought and Life. - Report in L.; address, 536.

N. d. - The Toronto chapter of the Sons of the Academy celebrates its 50th anniversary. - L. 1961:142.

UNITED STATES
Washington, D. C., N. d. - The church building now houses a library and book room. - L. 522.

ARIZONA
Tucson June 4. - The Rev. Harold Cranch makes his last appearance as visiting pastor. - Account in L. 1961:41.

Aug. 30. - The Rev. Douglas Taylor arrives as first resident minister to the Tucson Circle. - L. 1961:42.

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Sept. 1. - The Rev. Douglas McLeod Taylor is appointed resident minister to the Tucson Circle, and visiting minister to Phoenix, Arizona, and San Diego, California. - L. 125.

CALIFORNIA
Glendale, Nov. 4-6. - Third Western District Assembly; Bishop Willard D. Pendleton presiding. - Report in L. 1961:133, 140.

N. d. - The Glendale Circle now has a Sunday School of five grades, ranging from infants to high school age. - Described in L. 1961:202.

Los Angeles, Aug. - Ground is broken for a building to house the Sunday School rooms. - L. 1961:140.

Sept. 1. - The Rev. Harold C. Cranch resigns as visiting pastor to Tucson, Phoenix and San Diego; and will give his entire time to the resident pastorate of the Los Angeles Circle and to visiting the San Francisco Circle. - L. 125.

COLORADO
Denver, Fall. - Episcopal visit by Bishop Willard D. Pendleton. - L. 1961:140.

CONNECTICUT
Sandy Hook, Aug. 27-28. - Third annual joint meeting of members from Connecticut and Massachusetts; 22 present. - Account in L. 571.

ILLINOIS
Glenview, June 19. - A stronger emphasis on the celebration of New Church Day is described in L. 430.

Sept. 9. - Death of Miss Helen Maynard (at Evanston, Illinois) in her 76th year. A life-long member, teacher, and librarian in the Glenview society. - L. 576; memorial address, 557; biogr. note, 559.

Sept. 14. - The Immanuel Church School opens with 116 pupils and 9 teachers. - Park News.

N. d. - Mr. Sydney Lee establishes a New Church Book Room at 55 Park Drive. - L. 1961:208.

Oct. 14-16. - Chicago District Assembly; Bishop De Charms presiding. it is agreed that the Detroit Society be received as a member of the District Assembly, and that the name of the Assembly be changed to Midwestern Assembly. - Account in L. 1961:27. Cf. 43; address, 55.

Oct. 15. - Meeting of the Corporation of the Midwest Academy; Rev. Elmo C. Acton presiding. It is emphasized that the new movement aims at the support of a school by a district of the church, the first step being the establishment of a tenth grade in Glenview in 1963-1964. - Account in L. 1961:27.

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MICHIGAN
Detroit, March 11-13. - Episcopal visit of Bishop De Charms to the Detroit Society. - L. 572. Cf. 573.

NEW JERSEY
Morristown, April 30-May 1. - Second Regional Assembly for the north eastern area, (members from New Jersey, New York, New England, and Philadelphia). - Account in L. 375.

NEW YORK
Fall. - Rev. O. de C. Odhner is appointed visiting pastor. - L. 1961:304.

OHIO
Urbana, June. - The Rev. B. David Holm resigns as visiting pastor to Ohio and to Erie, Pa. - L. 310..

PENNSYLVANIA
Bryn Athyn, Jan. 24. - Death of Miss Dorothy Burnham (at Warrington, Pa.) in her 74th year. - L. 144; memorial address, 171.

Jan. 26-29. - Annual meetings of the Council of the Clergy; Bishop De Charms presiding; 23 members present. Five papers are discussed; also problems involving ordination into the third degree, and birth control. - L. 175-7; papers, 222, 270; address, 156. Cf. 259.

Jan. 30. - 66th regular joint meeting of the clergy and directors of the General Church corporations; Bishop De Charms presiding; 22 ministers and 22 laymen present. Most of the session is devoted to a full and candid discussion of the orderly mode of selecting and electing a second Assistant to the Bishop. The Committee on Salaries reports a plan to increase the salaries of ministers and teachers. Full minutes in L. 177-190; annual reports, 190-206. Cf. 145.

Jan. 31. - Death of Mrs. Nathaniel Dandridge Pendleton (Beatrice Walton Childs), at Abington, Pa., in her 80th year. - L. 144; memorial address, 168.

March 22. - Death of Mr. Hubert Hyatt, in his 73rd year. - L. 264; memorial address, 293.

April 22. - At a presentation supper, the society celebrates the 75th birthday of Raymond Pitcairn, Esq. Among the many greetings, personal messages from the President and Vice-President of the United States are read. - L. 1960:428. (Full mimeographed 48 page transcript of speeches, etc. in A. A.)

April 23. - Death of Mr. Harold Frederick Pitcairn, in his 63rd year. - L. 312; memorial address, 296.

April. - Candidates Gudmund Boolsen and Geoffrey Howard are assigned to assist in summer pastoral work in Denmark, Glenview, Kitchener and Toronto. - L. 208.

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May 20. - Annual joint meeting of the Academy Corporation and Faculty; President Willard D. Pendleton presiding; some 300 persons present. The main theme is planning for expansion needs. Summary reports in L. 80.

June 17. - 83rd Commencement exercises of the Academy Schools; 69 students graduate. The secondary schools graduate the largest class in the Academys history. The Glencairn Award for outstanding service to New Church education is received by five members of the faculty. Account in L. 380-381; address, 402.

Aug. - The editor of New Church Life visits five circles and one society in the West and Midwest. - L. 469; 1961:41, 43.

Aug. 22-31. - 15th annual meeting of the General Church Educational Council; 66 members attend. The general theme is, The application of the religion curriculum to secular subjects. A summer school gives courses in Education in Depth, and Discipline. - Account in L. 496-8.

Sept. - The student enrollment in the upper Academy Schools totals 218 (Theological School, 6; College, 77; Boys School, 64; Girls' School, 71). - L. 526.

Sept. 13. - Death of Mr. Edward Crary Bostock, in his 76th year. - L. 528; memorial address, 505.

Nov. - A Local Schools Directory reveals 7 Headmasters and 33 teachers in the General Church parochial schools, with 570 pupils. - L. 520, 526.

Dec. - The General Church Directory lists 2 bishops, 31 pastors, 4 ministers, 3 authorized candidates and 1 authorized leader; British Guiana Mission, 1 pastor-in-charge; South African Mission, 7 pastors and 2 ministers. Also 15 societies and 19 circles. - L. 564.

Pittsburgh, N. d. - The Rev. Kurt H. Asplundh becomes assistant to the pastor. - L.1961:426.

AUSTRALIA
Summer. - The Rev. Douglas Taylor and Dean Charles S. Cole visit the Adelaide, Hurstville, and Melbourne societies. - L. 1961:45, 94. Cf. New Age.

EUROPE

DENMARK
Copenhagen, July. - Bishop and Mrs. De Charms visit the Copenhagen Circle. Account in L. 1961:204.

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FRANCE
St. Cloud, Jan. 22. - Death of Colonel Eugene Louis Jeunechamp, in his 65th year. - L. 215.

GREAT BRITAIN
Colchester, N. d. - A committee is formed to consider a new church building. - L. 473.

Aug. - Episcopal visit by Bishop De Charms. - L. 1961:303.

London, July 30-Aug. 1. - The 45th British Assembly is held in the City Temple; Bishop De Charms presiding; 132 persons sign the roll. The British Academy reports postponement of the high school project, owing to an insufficient number of students and teachers; but provides a summer school and financial aid for New Church students. - Report in L. 433; addresses, 349, 499; 1961:6. Cf. 299.

N. d. - It is noted that the Rev. Erik Sandstrm conducts six different doctrinal classes. - L. 1961:206.

Aug. 10-20. - The British Academy Summer School is held at Earsham Hall School, near Bungay, Suffold. About 28 register. - L. 1961:206.

HOLLAND
The Hague, July 8. - Bishop and Mrs. De Charms visit the Hague Circle. - L. 1961:255.

SWEDEN
Stockholm, Feb. 7 (14). - Death of Mrs. Hedvig Sofia Amalia Wahlstrm in her 92nd year; the oldest and one of the first members of the Stockholm Society. - L. 257, 348.

March 22. - Death of Mrs. Ebba Adolfina Boyesen, in her 85th year. A New Church woman of remarkable strength of character; mother of the Rev. Bjrn A. H. Boyesen and Dean Margit K. Boyesen. - L. 348.

July 15-17. - Bishop and Mrs. De Charms visit the Jnkping Circle and Stockholm Society. - Account in L. 1961:204.

Aug. 18. - Death of Mr. Nils Lovn, in his 86th year. An architect by profession, he was for 40 years an active member of the Stockholm Society. - L. 528; obit., 521.

NOTEWORTHY ARTICLES
New Church Life, vol. 80.

Immortal Man, by Rev. Hugo L. Odhner. (Three doctrinal articles: 1. Birth, Death and Survival; 2. The Limbus; 3. The Spiritual Body). - pp. 5, 64, 111.

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The Gothenburg Trial, by Rt. Rev. Alfred Acton. - pp. 14,53.

Clowes and De Quincey, by Rev. W. R. Homer. - p. 87. Cf. 255.

The Preadamites, by Rev. Ormond Odhner. - p. 101. Cf. 471.

Mediate Good, by Rev. G. S. Childs. - pp. 222, 270.

Judgment on Judas, by Rev. Hugo L. Odhner. - p. 280. (An expository study).

Sharing of Spiritual Strength, by Rev. Dan Pendleton. - p. 287.

Remains: A study, by Rev. J. H. Weiss. - pp. 319, 362, 409.

Freedom and Religion, (An interesting statement of belief and purpose as to missionary work, by the Epsilon Society of Waterloo, Ont. Canada). - p. 334.

Natural and Spiritual Charity, by Bishop G. de Charms. - p. 349.

The Doctrine of Merit, by Bishop G. de Charms. - pp. 443, 490, 548. (A series of three doctrinal articles).

Affirmative arid negative states, by Rev. D. R. Simons. - p. 449.

The Fivefold Word, by Rev. W. C. Henderson. - p. 456.

The Academy Journal, Vol. 1, No. 2.

Principles of Composition, by E. B. Glenn, - p. 2.

The Academy in the field of Swedenborgiana, by B. G. Briscoe, Rev. H.L. Odhner and L. Alfelt. - p. 9.

The Academy Geology Collection, by E. J. Brock. - p. 15.
Uses of Accreditation, by E. S. Klein. - p. 18.

Literary Output of Some Former Academy Students, by E. F. Allen. - p. 33.

The New Philosophy, 1960.

Swedenborgs Antecedents, by Rev. H. L. Odhner. - p. 117.

Does a Scientist Need Philosophy? by E. F. Allen. - p. 128.

The Doctrine of Degrees Re-examined, by Rev. Kurt H. Asplundh. - p. 145.

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Discrete Degrees in Physics, by E. F. Allen. - p. 154.

The Use of the Philosophical Works to the Church, by K. Rose. - p. 185.

Evolution, by Rev. D. Pendleton. - p. 201.

Documents in Wood, by S. Cyriel Odhner. - p. 208.

Notes on the College of Mines, by S. Cyriel Odhner. - p. 213.

PUBLICATIONS
DE CHARMS, RT. REV. GEORGE: Principles of Government. Bryn Athyn, Pa.; Academy Book Room. Cloth, pp. 74. - Reviewed in L. 1960:249.

PENDLETON, RT. REV. WILLARD D.: Foundations of New Church Education (Revised Edition) Bryn Athyn, Pa.: Academy Book Room. Cloth, pp. 172. (Based on two series of doctrinal lectures given in Bryn Athyn, Pa., in 1957 and 1960). - Reviewed in L. 1960:512.

PITCAIRN, HAROLD F. (Compiler): A Concordance of Selected Subjects treated of in the Rational Psychology of Emanuel Swedenborg, Bryn Athyn, Pa.: Swedenborg Scientific Association, Cloth, pp. 337. - Reviewed in L. 1961:33. Cf. 1960:570.

PRYKE, REV. MARTIN: Our Funeral Customs. Bryn Athyn, Pa.: General Church Publication Committee. Paper, pp. 16. - Reviewed in L. 1960:421.

SWEDENBORG, EMANUEL: The Animal Kingdom. Photo offset reproduction of London edition of 1843-1844, translated from the Latin by; J. G. Garth Wilkinson. Bryn Athyn, Pa.: Swedenborg Scientific Association. 2 vols. Cloth, pp. 1844. - Reviewed in L. 1961:34. Cf. 1960:574.

SWEDENBORG, EMANUEL: Arcana Coelestia First Latin Edition. Tome 1 (nos. 1-1885) Bryn Athyn, Pa.: The Lords New Church which is Nova Hierosolyma. Pp. 630. - Reviewed in L. 1960:340.

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
1960
Africa.       Nazi war criminal Adolph Eichman, captured in Argentina (May 22) is tried, and sentenced in Jerusalem. He is hanged (May 31, 1962) for crimes against humanity.

America.       United States. A wave of sit-in strikes (Feb.-Sept.) involve more than 70,000 negroes and white in Civil Rights protests.

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Europe.       France. Frances first nuclear text explosion is set off in the Sahara Desert (Feb. 13).

Russia. The shooting down of a U. S. reconnaissance plane, U-2, causes Premier Khrushchev to demand an apology from President Eisenhower. in consequence, a scheduled Paris summit conference does not take place in spite of the attendance of the Big Four.

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1961

AFRICA

NATAL
Durban, May 24. - The general state of the Durban Society is described in L. 476.

Johannesburg, Alexandra Township, Jan. 10-15. - The annual ministers meetings of the Mission consider certain practices and policies of the General Church. The new Bantu Assistant Superintendent is the Rev. B. I. Nzimande. - Report in - L. 305; address, 234.

AMERICA

CANADA
Kitchener, Ont., Sept. 6. - The Carmel Church School opens with 27 pupils. - Carmel Church Chronicle, Oct. 1.

Oct. 1. - It is announced that a new church building will be erected on a residential zoned community property of 120 acres, to be designated Chalon Estates, eight miles north of the present church. Mr. John Evans gives a five-acre church site to the society. The minimum purchase for members will be half an acre. - C. C. Chronicle, Oct. 1; L. 576.

Oct. 13. - The society, having received the first payment on its King St. property, inspects the plans and model for its new church building, which is estimated to cost $167,000.

Toronto, Ont., March. - The Olivet Church now has an average attendance of 111. Its Day School has 19 pupils, and 2 regular teachers. - L. 141, 530; 1962:254.

June 23-24. - Annual meetings of the Sons of the Academy. Mr. Roy Rose is elected President; Mr. Hugo Henderson as Editor of The Bulletin. See accounts in Bulletin of S. A. Sept., 1961.

UNITED STATES
Washington, D. C., Dec. - The state of the society is described in L. 577.

ARIZONA
Tucson, Dec. 10. - Rev. D. Taylor gives New Church doctrinal address over KVOA. - L. 1962:114.

CALIFORNIA
San Diego, Oct. 25. - The group is now recognized as the San Diego, (California) Circle, under the pastoral care of the Rev. D. Taylor as visiting minister. - L. 573; 1962:293.

ILLINOIS
Glenview, April. - The day-by-day uses of the Glenview Society are graphically described in L. 207.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 172

June 18. - Death of Mrs. Alvin E. Nelson (Helen Farrington), at Muncy Valley, Pa., in her 86th year. - L. 391, 429.

June 20. - The Rev. Geoffrey Horace Howard is appointed assistant to the pastor of the Immanuel Church, succeeding the Rev. Jan H. Weiss. - L. 270, 430.

Oct. 6. - The Immanuel Church decides to purchase the Philip Gladish property for a manse. The principle of maintaining a distinctive New Church Community is strongly affirmed at a special meeting. - L. 444.

Oct. 11. - Theta Alpha sponsors a Sunday School for those who, do not attend the Immanuel Church school. Park News, Oct. 17.

Oct. 27. - The semi-annual meeting reports 198 members. The annual budget is now $34,500, as compared with $8,835 for 1944. - Park News, Oct. 31.

Nov. 10-12. - Midwestern District Assembly. The Detroit Society is welcomed as a member. - L. 1962:94.

Nov. 26. - Death of Mr. Rudolph McClean Barnitz, (at Evanston, Ill.), in his 61st year. Member of a family identified with American art since 1759. - Sharon Report, Dec., L. 1962:47.

Dec. 3. - The First Park Drive Association is organized for the more orderly transaction of community property problems. - Park News.

MICHIGAN
Detroit, April. - The Midwest Academy project is discussed in the Detroit Society. - L. 386.

June. - The Detroit Society is now affiliated with the Midwest District. - L. 306, 385.

NEW YORK
New York City, June. The New York Circle continues to hold services in the church building of the Convention Society on 35th St. Classes are held at various homes. - L. 1961:303.

OHIO
Cuyahoga Falls, June. - The North Ohio Circle holds a monthly service at a womens club, with an average attendance of 18 adults and 12 children. The Rev. L. B. King is visiting pastor. - L. 1962:128.

Glendale, March. - The Rev. B. David Holm resumes some pastoral work here. - L. 111.

PENNSYLVANIA
Bryn Athyn, Jan. 1. - The membership of the General Church now stands at 2,942, (U. S. A. - 1845; Others - 1097), a net increase of 28. - Detailed report in L. 177-180.

- The clergy list now numbers 37, (2 bishops, 31 pastors, and 4 ministers). Only 4 are semi-retired or in secular work. - L. 180.

Jan. 8. - Death of Mr. Bertrand Louis Smith, in his 64th year. For many years the maintenance supervisor for the Academy. - L. 96.

Jan. 18. - On this date, the membership of the Bryn Athyn Society is reported to be 665. - B. A. Post, July 20.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 173

Jan. 24-27. - Annual meetings of the Council of the Clergy; Bishop De Charms presiding; 25 members present. The leading theme of the sessions is preparation for marriage. - Summary report in L. 169. Cf. 38; address, 154.

Jan. 24. - At the beginning of the annual meetings of the Council of the Clergy, Bishop De Charms announces his retirement, on June 30, as Bishop of the General Church, after an episcopate of 24 years. A formal public statement of his reasons for doing so appears in L. 153. Cf. 169, 96; portrait, 261. See editorial, An Episcopate Ends, in L. 198; also on, The Election of a Bishop, in L. 1962:12.

Jan. 28. - 67th regular joint meeting of the Council of the Clergy and the Directors of the Corporations of the General Church. The leading discussion concerns the distribution of ministers and how best to secure their adequate support. - Minutes in L. 171-6; annual reports, 177-197. Cf. 38.

May 12. - The semi-annual meeting of the Bryn Athyn Society gives unanimous assent to Bishop Willard D. Pendletons proposal to invite Bishop De Charms to serve as Dean of the Bryn Athyn Society until after the next Bishop of the General Church has taken office. (At a later date, Bishop De Charms accepts the appointment). See statement on The Pastoral Office in an Episcopal Society, in L. 269.

June 16. - At the Academys 84th Commencement exercises, 63 students receive degrees, diplomas and certificates, (Theological School, 2; Senior College, 6; Junior College, 15; Boys School, 18; Girls School, 22). - Account in L. 384; address, 413.


June 17. - Annual meeting of the General Church Corporation. - L. 186.

July 1. - The Rt. Rev. George de Charms becomes Dean of the Bryn Athyn Society. - L. 270; see editorial, An Interregnum, 342.

Aug. 16-25. - At the Summer School, two courses on the teaching of religion and mathematics are given to about 40 teachers. - Report in L. 520.

Aug. 21-24. - 16th general meeting of the Educational Council; 62 members attending. At its six sessions, curriculum development is studied, especially as to the biological sciences and history. - Report in L. 518.

Sept. - The Bryn Athyn Church is reported to have 645 regular and 24 associate members. - B. A. Post, Oct. 5.

Sept. - Exclusive of the principals (pastors), the teachers in the local schools of the General Church now number 35. 16 of these are in Bryn Athyn. The pupil enrollment totals 573. - See Local Schools Directory in L. 528.

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Sept. 9. - Opening exercises of the Academy Schools, with an enrollment of 247 students. (Theological School, 5; College, 95; Boys School, 70; Girls School, 77). - L. 531.

Sept. 11. - Opening exercises of the Bryn Athyn Elementary School, with 353 pupils enrolled. - L. 531.

Oct. - The General Church publishes a 4pp statement of the organizations and officers of the General Church and the Academy, and their relation to the local society, group or circle.

Oct. 20-21. - At the Charter Day celebration, a notable address on the relation of the Academy to the General Church is given by the Rt. Rev. Geo. de Charms. - Text in L. 1962:6.

Nov. - It is noted that 22 per cent of the College students come from six countries outside the United States. - News Acad., Nov.

Philadelphia. - The years activities of the Advent Church are described in L. 1962:42. Eighteen of its children daily attend the schools in Bryn Athyn.

Pittsburgh, Sept. - The Society now has 113 voting members. The day school has an enrollment of 40 pupils, including kindergarten. - L. 426.

State College, N. d. - Occasional services and classes are conducted here by General Church ministers for ex-Academy students. - About 49 attend. - L. 1962:442.

TEXAS
Fort Worth, Nov. 16. - Death of Mr. Thomas F. Pollock, brother of Mrs. Gerald Glenn, in his 76th year. Student in the Academy in 1903. - L. 1962:47.

WASHINGTON
Bellevue, Aug. 19-21. - 5th Northwest District Assembly; the Rt. Rev. Geo. de Charms presiding. The hope of a resident pastor and place of worship is raised. Between 70 and 100 persons attend the meetings. Report in L. 522.

EUROPE

DENMARK
Copenhagen, June. - The Rev. Gudmund Boolsen is appointed assistant to the Rev. B. A. H. Boyesen, and resident minister to the Copenhagen Circle. - L. 270.

GREAT BRITAIN
Bungay, Suffolk, Aug. 12- 26. - The third annual British Academy Summer Schools are held at Earsham Hall School; 26 students attending. - L. 143; detailed account, 560.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 175

Colchester, March 28. - The Rev. Frank S. Rose is appointed Assistant to the Pastor. He will devote one-third of his time to the Open Road and the continent. - L. 209.

June. - It is reported that, of the congregation of 120, one-third consists of children under 15, one-third of parents and one-third of those aged 50 and over. The day school now has 21 pupils between the ages of 5 and 11. - L. 303.


London, May 20-22. - The London Society is host to the young peoples weekend. - L. 475.

NORWAY
Oslo, Aug. 21. - Death of Mrs. Agnes Boyesen (Mrs. Eyvind Boyesen), in her 90th year. - L. 532.

NOTEWORTHY ARTICLES
New Church Life, vol. 81.

The Inhabited Universe, by Rev. F. L. Schnarr. - pp. 20, 71, 102, 217, 271, 314, 355, 400; Cf. 138. (A series of eight articles discussing the teachings of the Writings concerning the planets and earths of the universe.)

The New Church is the Crown of all the Churches, by Mr. G. A. de C. de Moubray. - p. 112. (A study of the succession of churches.)

Responsibility for Mental States, by Rev. F. L. Schnarr. - p. 154. Cf. 344. (A challenging article for theologians and medical scholars working together).

The Function and Importance of Form, by Prof. E. B. Glenn. - p. 285. (A plea for the more specific ultimation of spiritual ideals in distinctive uses).

The Mohammedan Religion, by Rev. R. S. Junge. - pp. 326,364. (Two articles on the faith and present significance of Islam).

The Natural Man, by Bishop Willard D. Pendleton. - pp. 440, 489, 540. (Three doctrinal lectures on regeneration, drawn from the story of Jacob.)

The Apostolic Writings, by Rev. Hugo L. Odhner. - pp. 449, 510. Cf. 251,249, 250. (Two articles on their nature and status).

The Generations Following, by Rev. A. Gill. - p. 457. (A thoughtful discussion of the problems of those born within the New Church).

Use; by Rev. B. A. H. Boyesen. - p. 499.

The Academy Journal, Vol. 1, No. 5.

On Proof, by K. Rose. - p. 2.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 176

Three Figures in the Academy Landscape of the Past, (Benade, Stuart, Beekman), by R. R. Gladish. - p. 12.

Operation Moonwatch, by K. Rose. - p. 27.

The New Philosophy, 1961.

By Means of the Things of Sense, by Hugh Gyllenhaal. - p. 266.

Is There Room Here for the Arts? by E. B. Glenn. - p. 274.

The New Church and Current Old Testament Scholarship, by Rev. George Dole. - p. 302.

The Essence of Swedenborgs Philosophy, by Rev. Erik Sandstrm. - p. 317.

External Confirmations of Truth, by Rev. O. Odhner. - p. 328. Swedenborgs Flying Machine, by Lennart Alfelt. - p. 334.

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
1961.
Africa.       Rhodesia, Dag Hammarskjoid, Secretary General of the United Nations, dies in a plane crash (Sept. 18). U. Thant of Burma succeeds him in U.N. (Nov. 3).

America.       Cuba. Bay of Pigs invasion by Cuban rebels against the Castro regime falls (April 17).

United States. U. S. severs diplomatic and consular relations with Cuba (Jan. 3).

Alan Shepherd becomes first U. S. astronaut in Americas first manned sub-orbital flight at Cape Canaveral, Florida (May 5). Gus Grissoms similar flight follows (July 21).

Europe.       Germany. East Germany closes the border between East and West Berlin (August) and erects the infamous Wail dividing the city.

Russia. Yuri Gagarin becomes the worlds first man in space after circling the globe in the flight of Vostok I (April 12). Vostok II, with cosmonaut G. F. Titov, makes 17 circuits (August 6-7).

World protests fail to halt Soviet nuclear blasts (Oct.), largest man-made explosions to date.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 177

1962

AFRICA
Kent Manor, Jan. 9-14. - Annual ministers meetings of the South African Mission; Rev. A.W. Acton presiding. - L. 333.



AMERICA

CANADA
Dawson Creek, B. C., Aug. 5. - The 9th Peace River District Assembly; Rev. R. Franson presiding. - L. 298, 335.

Kitchener, June 10. - Laying of the cornerstone of the new Carmel Church building. Full description in - L. 436.

Nov. 23-25. - Dedication of the new Church and school building. - L. 510.

UNITED STATES

CONNECTICUT
Niantic, Aug. 19. - A joint meeting of the Massachusetts and Connecticut groups, held in the Masonic Hall, marks the seventh consecutive year of doctrinal classes and Sunday worship, 26 adults and 16 children attend. Visiting pastor Rev. W. C. Henderson. - L. 558.

ILLINOIS
Glenview, April. - The Immanuel Church Book Room is commissioned by the General Church Board of Directors to serve as a General Church book center. - L. 165.

Jan. 23. - Death of Miss Vida Louise Gyllenhaal, in her 77th year. For 17 years a teacher in elementary schools. From 1921 to 1951 a science teacher in the Academy Girls School. During 20 of these years she was manager of the Academy Dining Hail. - L. 132; memor. add., 214.

MINNESOTA
May. - The St. Paul-Minneapolis Circle now numbers 16 adults and ten children. - L. 293.

NEW YORK
New York City, Oct. - The Rev. Ormond Odhner is appointed visiting pastor to the New York Circle. (The average attendance during the year is 17.) - L. 512; 1963:567.

PENNSYLVANIA
Bryn Athyn, Jan. 23-26. - Council of the Clergy annual meetings; Acting Bishop W. D. Pendleton presiding; 30 members present.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 178 After full discussion of the principle and procedure involved in selecting a Bishop, and after a written ballot, the Council unanimously names the Rt. Rev. Willard Dandridge Pendleton as their choice as Bishop of the General Church. Summary report in L. 166.

Jan. 27. - At the 68th regular Joint Council, 50 members present, the Board of Directors reports unanimous accord on the nomination of Bishop Pendleton. After considerable discussion, the question as to whether the nomination should be voted on by ballot, or by viva voce vote is referred to the General Assembly without recommendation. It is also unanimously resolved that Bishop George de Charms be recognized as the Bishop Emeritus of the General of the General Church. - Minutes - L. 166; annual reports, 180-199.

April. - Over one thousand worshippers are present at the childrens Easter Sunday Service; 838 at the adult service.

May 16. - The 65th annual meeting of the Swedenborg Scientific Association; 105 attend, (54 members). The Presidents theme is Cause in Science. - Minute New Ph. - L. 333.

June 15. - 85th Commencement exercises of the Academy schools, 57 students of the senior and junior colleges and the secondary schools are graduated. - L. 372; add., 363.

June 15-19. - Twenty-Third General Assembly; the Acting Bishop, Rt. Rev. W. D. Pendleton presiding. - See Journal in L. 480-501.

June 27. - A membership certificate is granted to the five-thousandth member to be received into the General Church since its inception in 1897. - L. 376.

- The enrollment of students in the Academy Schools shows 246 students, Theological School, 8; College, 63; Girls School, 92; Boys School, L. 510.

Sept. 28. - At its annual meeting, the Bryn Athyn Society resolves to continue the office of Dean of the Cathedral. For the reasons for this step, see Bishop W. D. Pendletons address in L. 522.

Oct. - A Local Schools Directory for 1962-1963 reveals the following teaching staffs in the elementary schools of the General Church: Bryn Athyn, 17; Colchester, 2; Durban, 2; Glenview, 6; Kitchener, 3; Pittsburgh, 6. Total: 36. - L. l962:507. The pupil enrollment was: Bryn Athyn, 343; Colchester, 15; Durban, 10; Glenview, 125; Kitchener, 21; Pittsburgh, 44; Toronto, 23. Total: 581. - L. 510. (The total enrollment in Academy and General Church schools is 827.)

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 179

Nov. - The Rev. Elmo C. Acton accepts an invitation, effective Sept. 1, 1963, to become Dean of the Bryn Athyn Church. - L. 560.

Nov. 10. - Death of Mrs. Jane Synnestvedt Cronlund, in her 49th year; teacher of music in the Academy Schools. - L. 1963:47.

Pittsburgh, June 8. - The 77th school closing exercises are described in L. 1962:444.

State College, Sept. - The Rev. K. Asplundh (Pittsburgh) conducts a service for the recognized group here; 28 persons present. - L. 1963:421.

Dec. - Bishop Willard D. Pendleton conducts a group service in the Eisenhower Chapel; 60 persons attend. (During the year, the group meets 38 times.) - L. 1963:421.

EUROPE

GREAT BRITAIN
Colchester, Sept. - The Rev. Alan Gill resigns as pastor of the Colchester Society, for reasons of health, after 18 years of service here. The Rev. Frank Rose is appointed acting pastor. Mr. Gill was ordained in 1925, and after serving three years as minister and pastor in New York, he served as pastor in Kitchener from 1928 to 1946. His retirement marks 38 years of pastoral service. - L. 512.

London, July 20-22. - The 47th British Assembly; Rev. A. Gill presiding. The British Academy reported that a N. C. high school in Great Britain was presently impracticable; but financial support was given to young people and adults in several forms including a summer school. As many as 152 attended Assembly worship. - Report, L. 546; address, 525.

SWEDEN
Bromma, July 14. - Death of the Rev. Gustaf Baeckstrm, in his 84th year. - L. 356,512; biogr. sk., with photo, 542, 513; mem. add., 540.

Jnkping, July 27-30. A Scandinavian Summer School is conducted by Rev. B. Boyesen. Full account in - L. 324.

NOTEWORTHY ARTICLES
New Church Life, vol. 82.

Much Ado about Swedenborgs Skull, by Rev. Hugo L. Odhner. - p. 19. Cf. 53.

The Uses of Friendship in Marriage, by Rev. M. D. Rich. - p. 54.

Judgment, by Rev. W. C. Henderson. - pp. 107, 143, 241. (Three doctrinal lectures on the judgment of man, of men, and of the works of men).

The Divine Proceeding to Create, by Rt. Rev. G. de Charms. - p. 217.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 180

Accommodation and the Visible God, by Rev. K. H. Asplundh. - p. 267.

The Perpetuation of the New Church, by Rt. Rev. G. de Charms. - p. 339.

One God and One Word, by Rt. Rev. Willard D. Pendleton. - p. 347.

The Most Fruitful Field", by Prof. R. R. Gladish. - p. 398. (A review of New Church educational history.)

Correspondence and Representation, by Rev. M. Pryke. - p. 415.

What is the Good of the Church? by Rev. Elmo C. Acton. - p. 453.

Eighteenth Century Swedish Betrothal, by Rev. Ormond Odhner. - p. 571.

The Academy Journal, Vol. 2, No. 2.

Room 17", by E. Allen. - p. 14.

Dr. Alfred Actons unpublished record of Swedenborgs Life, by L. Alfelt. - p. 32.

The New Philosophy, 1962.

The Spiritual and the Natural, by Rev. H. L. Odhner. - p. 1.

Jacobs Ladder, by Rev. Frank Rose. - p. 15.

A Model of Swedenborgs Flying Machines, (illus.), by Gustav Genzlinger. - p. 33.

Cause, by E. F. Allen. - p. 66.

PUBLICATIONS
DE CHARMS, GEORGE: The Doctrine of the Proprium. Bryn Athyn, Pa. 57pp. Rev. L. 584.

DIEM, GERTRUDE N.: In The Kings Service, illus. by Ken Hultgren. Vantage Press, Inc., New York. Cloth, 96pp. Rev. L. 1963:125.

LAZAR, BASIL: All Things New. Published by Author. Canberra, Australia. Paper, l6pp. Rev. - L. 238.

NEW CHURCH READERS GUIDE: Robert S. Junge, Ed. General Church Publication Committee. Bryn Athyn, Pa. 72pp. Rev. L. 584.

ROSE, DONALD L.: Come and See; an Introduction to the Writings of the New Church. Academy Book Room, Bryn Athyn, Pa. Revised edition. Paper, 46pp. Rev. L.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 181 1963:126.

SIMONS, DAVID R.: Unity in the Universe, illus. by L. S. Rhodes. Published by author. Cloth, 156pp. Rev. L. 1963:87.

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
1962
Africa.       A truce agreement ends the 7-year Moslem revolt against French rule in Algeria (March 18). President Charles de Gaulle declares the country independent (July 3).

America.       United States. Lt. Col. John H. Glenn, Jr. becomes the first American in orbit when he circles the earth 3 times in the Mercury capsule Friendship 7 (Feb. 20). M. S. Carpenter (May 24) and W. M. Schirra, Jr., make later flights in 1962.

The U. S. Supreme Court rules in a 6-1 decision that the reciting of an official prayer in the public schools of New York State is unconstitutional (June 25).

President John F. Kennedy reveals a Soviet offensive missile buildup in Cuba (Oct. 22). An agreement is reached with Soviet Premier Khruschev to end the crisis (Oct. 28), and the Soviet missile bases in Cuba were to be dismantled (Nov. 2).

Russia.       Two Soviet cosmonauts are sent into space in flights of August 11th and 12th for a total of 112 orbits of the earth.

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1963

AFRICA

NATAL
Durban, June 10. - Candidate Peter Buss arrives to assist in the work for the summer. - L. 467.

June 15. - The resident membership statistics of the thirteen societies of the South African Mission, are reported to be: Adults, 388; young people, 93; children, 353. Isolated members: Adults, 71; young people, 10; children, 47. Total membership, 962. - L. 1964:179.

June 19. - A notable celebration of the Day, by 95 members, is reported in L. 468.

Dec. 31. - The Superintendent of the South African Mission, (Rev. A. Wynne Acton), writes an interesting report on the state of the Mission, its need for more ministers and trained laymen, and the difficulties arising out of the Governments Group Areas Act. - L. 1964:178. Cf. 140.

Hambrook, June 30-July 7. - The Missions annual Winter School enrolls 29 students. - L. 469.

AMERICA

CANADA
Caryndale, Blair, Ont. - At its semi-annual meeting in the spring, the Carmel Church Society votes to name its new church community, Caryndale. The name is made up of Car from Carmel, yn from Bryn, and dale from the hills and dales of the property. - L. 1964:295.

June. - The manse is completed, and dedicated by Bishop De Charms. The pastors family become the first residents. - L. 1964:295.

Nov. 8-10. - The first Canadian Assembly to be held in the new Community, is attended by 272 people. Report in L. 1964:80-82; addresses, 18, 54.

UNITED STATES
Washington, D. C.., Jan. 27. - Death of Robert Coffin Hilldale, Esq., in his 73rd year. A lawyer, life-long member of the General Church, and a prominent founding member of the Washington Church. - L. 163, 197, 200.

ARIZONA
Tucson, July. - The Rev. Douglas Taylor, resident pastor, reviews the history of the South West District circles and groups in Tucson, Phoenix, and San Diego (Cal.), since Sept. 1, 1960.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 183 Substantial progress is noted. He leaves for Australia on July 4. - L. 423. Cf. 570.

Sept. 19. - The Rev. Geoffrey Horace Howard arrives to become resident Pastor of the Tucson Circle, and also visiting Pastor of the Phoenix group, and the San Diego (Cal.) Circle. - L. 257, 573.

CALIFORNIA
Glendale, Jan. 17. - The Glendale Church, formerly known as the Los Angeles Circle, is now recognized as the Glendale Society. its pastor is the Rev. Harold C. Cranch. - L. 96.

COLORADO
Denver, Sept. 1. - The Rev. Robert Hudson Pendleton Cole is appointed visiting Minister to the Central Western District, resident in Denver. - L. 257; 1964:245, 246.

CONNECTICUT
Oct. - The Rev. Robert S. Junge accepts appointment as Visiting pastor to New England, replacing the Rev. W. C. Henderson. - L. 470.

FLORIDA
Miami, April 13. - Dedication of a church building for the Miami Circle, at 15101 N. W. 5th Ave., by Bishop Willard D. Pendleton. The building, on a property of nearly two acres, includes a worship hail for eighty persons. A full description of the dedication service and banquet, with photo, appears in L. 289, 301. Cf. 307.

ILLINOIS
Glenview, May. - At the annual meeting of the Society, the Rev. Elmo C. Acton reviews the nearly twenty years of his pastorate. - L. 467.

June 19. - The Society and the departing pastor (Rev. Elmo C. Acton), exchange gifts. - L. 467. Cf. 1964:93.

Sept. 1. - The Rev. Louis B. King commences his pastorate here. - L. 466.

- The Rev. Kurt Paul Nemitz is appointed assistant to the pastor here; also visiting minister to the Madison and St. Paul-Minneapolis Circles, and the Rockford and St. Louis groups. - L. 313.

- The state of the society and school is described in L. 1964:93.

Oct. 17. - At the seventh annual meeting of the Midwestern Academy steps are taken to insure a more direct relationship between the Bishop of the General Church and the educational policies of the Midwestern Academy. The Rev. Louis B. King is elected President of the Board, and the Rev. Elmo C. Acton is elected honorary life member. - L. 1964:78.

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Oct. 18-20. - At the Chicago District Assembly, Bishop Willard D. Pendleton presiding, it is decided to change the name to Midwest District Assembly. Two of the sessions are devoted to the progress of the Midwestern Academy. Attendance about 250 persons. - Reports of proceedings in L. 78; 1964:94; address, 1964:67.

Dec. - The Society now has 198 members, and the average attendance is 181 at family services, and 125 at adult services. The approximate attendance at Friday supper is 120. The school has an enrollment of 133, with 15 pupils in the kindergarten. The library has about 7,000 books and a circulation of 1,500 books a year.

MICHIGAN
Detroit, N. d. - The Detroit Society considers a future day school plan. - L. 568.

May 5. - The young peoples group of the Convention society attends the evening service. - L. 569.

NEW YORK
New York City. - During the year, seven of the monthly services of the New York Circle are held on the premises of the New York (Convention) Society, at 112 East 35th St. - L. 567.

OHIO
Cleveland, Oct. - The Rev. Erik Sandstrm accepts appointment as visiting pastor to the Cleveland (North Ohio) Circle, and makes monthly visits at Cuyahoga Falls. The state of the circle is described. - L. 479 1964:43.

PENNSYLVANIA
Bryn Athyn, Feb. - The re-evaluation of the Academy Schools is made by the Middle States Association of Colleges and Secondary School; represented by a committee of nineteen educators. - L. 74.

May 15. - The 66th annual meeting of the Swedenborg Scientific Association; 112 persons present. Professor Edward F. Allen retires from his seventeen-year presidency, and is succeeded by Mr. Donald C. Fitzpatrick, Jr. 285 members are reported. - Full account in New Philosophy, July. Cf. L. 331.

June 14. - At the Academys 86th Commencement, 73 students are graduated from the five schools, viz: Theological School, 3; Senior College, 7; Junior College, 14; Boys School, 23; Girls School, 26. A rising ovation is given to Mr. Donald F. Rose for his address on Memory. Among the graduates are four of his grandchildren and a son-in-law. - Account in L. 373.

June 15. - The Rev. Dr. Hugo L. Odhner retires as Dean of the Academys Theological School, and is succeeded by the Rev. W. Cairns Henderson. - L. 216.

July 2. - The Academy of the New Church is notified by the Commission on institutions of Higher Education, of the Middle States Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools, that the accreditation of the Junior College, the Senior College, and the Theological School has been renewed for another ten-year period. - L. 362; 1964:96.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 185 (Note: The Boys School and the Girls School were accredited on Jan. 2, 1964, for the period ending Dec, 1, 1968).

Aug. 16-23. - At the annual meetings of the General Church educational Council, classes on philosophy and art are followed by discussions on anatomy, English, arithmetic, science, and The Burden of the New Church Morality. Miss Mae Carden gives a course on reading. Seventy-two active New Church teachers and eighteen others attend the sessions. - Report in L. 492.

Sept. 1. - The Rev. Erik Sandstrm becomes Professor of Theology and Religion in the Academy of the New Church. - L. 216, 331.

- The Rev. Kenneth O. Stroh, formerly Assistant Pastor, becomes full-time Musical Director of the Bryn Athyn Church. - L. 126.

- The Rev. Lorentz Ray Soneson is appointed assistant to the Dean of the Bryn Athyn Church, and assistant to the Principal of the Bryn Athyn Elementary School. - L. 257.

Sept. - The 87th school year opens with an enrollment of 253 students; Theological School, 6; College (full-time) 66; Girls School, 100; Boys School, 81. - L. 510.

Oct. - The sixth complete catalogue of the General Church Sound Recording Committee lists 1560 titles. This includes 417 complete services, 438 lessons and sermons only, 44 joint services, and 99 childrens services. For fourteen years, this work has proved of vital use to Circles, groups, and families of New Church people. - L. 453.

- A Local Schools Directory for the General Church, lists the elementary schools staffs as follows: - Bryn Athyn, 19; Colchester, 2; Durban, 2; Glenview, 6; Kitchener, 3; Pittsburgh, 6; Toronto, 3. Total, 41, (not including part-time teachers). The total enrollment of pupils is 624. (Bryn Athyn, 365; Colchester, 15; Durban, 12; Glenview 133; Kitchener, 27; Pittsburgh, 36; Toronto, 36. The total student enrollment in Academy and General Church schools is 877. - L. 465, 510.

Oct. 11-12. - At the 47th Charter Day celebration, open house is held in the newly completed college mens 5 dormitory on Buck Road. Pleas for more New Church specialization in the Academys work characterize the addresses. 618 guests attend the banquet. - Account in L. 573; addresses, 532, 537, 541, 544.

Nov. 7. - Death of Miss Harriet Elizabeth Ashby, in her 94th year. - L. 575; address, 1964:27.

Nov. 25. - At a moment service, the Dean of the Cathedral delivers an address in memory of the late President of the United States, John Fitzgerald Kennedy. - Address in L. 550. Cf. 1964:247.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 186

Dec. - Attendance at the regular Friday evening doctrinal classes averages 262. But no less than 13 other specialized group classes for adults and newcomers provide instruction for 260 persons. These include a Mens Discussion Group, initiated by the Dean of the Cathedral, but organized and run by a lay leader. - L. 1964:248.

Huntingdon Valley, Aug. 20. - Death of Mr. Fred Martin Grant, in his 68th year. For many years an active worker in the Washington Society. - L. 472.

Pittsburgh, May. - The society gives a farewell supper and gift to the Rev. Mr. and Mrs. Louis King. - Described in L. 422.

Sept. 1. - The Rev. Kurt H. Asplundh (formerly assistant), commences duties as pastor to the Pittsburgh Society. - L. 35. Cf. 1964:140.

Sept. - The state of the school is described in L. 1964:140.

Dec. 31. - The membership of the society is now 101. There are 35 children in the school, from kindergarten to 9th grade. - L. 1964:142.

TEXAS
Fort Worth. - The state of the society is described in L. 1964:245.

WASHINGTON
Spokane, Aug. 17-18. - Sixth Biennial Pacific Northwest District Assembly; Rev. Roy Franson presiding. The difficulties of isolation, especially for young people, occupy attention. - Report in L. 454.

Nov. - The state of the Spokane group is described in L. 1964:92.

AUSTRALIA
Hurstville, Jan. 27. - The Hurstville Society presents eight tableaux in honor of Swedenborgs birthday. - L. 195.

Sept. 1. - The Rev. Douglas McLeod Taylor commences his pastorate in the Hurstville Society. - L. 257. Cf. 567; also 1964:46.

EUROPE

DENMARK
Copenhagen, N. d. - The Rev. Gudmund Ulirich Boolsen resigns as assistant to the Rev. B. A. H. Boyesen, and as resident minister of the Copenhagen Circle. - L. 1964:174.

GREAT BRITAIN
Colchester, Feb. 25. - The Colchester Society chooses the Rev. Frank S. Rose as its Pastor. - L. 216, 507. Cf. 1964:44.

June 16. - The 60th anniversary of the Society is celebrated by the reading of documents dating from 1882. - L. 507.

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July 19-21. - At the 48th British Assembly, 204 persons sign the roll. Bishop Willard D. Pendleton presides over the three formal sessions, which include three doctrinal addresses and discussion. - Account in L. 488-491, 507; address, 522.

Sept. - For the first time, all of the 15 pupils in the school are from New Church families. The children under 14 years of age in the Society number 40. - L. 508.

N. d. - The Society purchases land adjacent to the church on Maiden Road, including two dwellings. - L. 508.

London, March 29. - Death of Mr. James Thomas Clennell, in his 71st year, at Chadwell Heath. One of the most active members of the Michael Church. - L. 288, 360; biogr.

April 7. - The Rev. Donald L. Rose, (late of Hurstville, Australia), is unanimously accepted as pastor of the Michael Church, to become effective Sept. 1. - L. 216, 331, 567.

May 21. - At the 153rd annual meeting of the Swedenborg Society, official regret is expressed over the departure of the Rev. Erik Sandstrm who, for eight years, had assisted in the translation work, especially on the Latin Arcana Coelestia, Editorial Committee. - L. 425.

June. - The Rev. Frank S. Rose delivers a valuable address on The Crucial Years: 1743-1748, at the Swedenborg Societys celebration of Swedenborgs birthday. - Address, with chart, in - L. 1964:6-17.

Aug. 17. - The London Society, and many other friends of the Rev, and Mrs. Erik Sandstrm, hold a presentation and farewell party in their honor. - Account in L. 1964:44.

Watford, N. d. - The fifth British Academy Summer School, held at Shirley House School, is attended by 25 students. - L. 508.

HOLLAND
The Hague. - The Dutch Circle rents a room for Sunday services, and for the weekly lectures of the Swedenborg Scientific Society, (founded in 1962). - L. 1964:295.

SWEDEN
Stockholm. The Society faces the problem of giving up its rented place of worship, owing to the city demolition plans. - L. 1964:247.

NOTEWORTHY ARTICLES
New Church Life, Vol. 83.

The Mission of the Academy, by Rt. Rev. G. de Charms. - p. 65.

The Academy and Its Future, by Rev. Hugo L. Odhner. - p. 69.

Russia and Atheism: A Study, by Rev. Donald L. Rose. - pp. 75, 258.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 188

The Doctrine of Genuine Truth, by Rt. Rev. G. de Charms. - pp. 103, 146, 207, 252, 296. (Five doctrinal classes).

Thomas Which is Called Didymus, by Rev. W. C. Henderson. - p. 217. (A study).

The Holy Spirit, by Rev. G. H. Howard. - pp. 347, 384, 435. (Three doctrinal classes).

William Frederic Pendleton, by Theodore Klein. - p. 401. (A biographical sketch). Imputation, by Rev. W. C. Henderson. - p. 481. (A study).

The Understanding of the Word, by Rev. E. Sandstrm. - p. 522.

The New Philosophy, 1963.

The Philosophy of Swedenborgs Principia, by George de Charms. - pp. 205, 245, (Lectures i-iii); Cf. 1964:289, 339, 374 (IV-VI); 1965:1 (VII)

PUBLICATIONS
DE CHARMS, GEORGE: The New Church and Modern Christianity. General Church Publication Committee. Bryn Athyn, Pa. Cloth, 136pp. Rev. L. 1964:84.

LAZER, BASIL: Gems from the Writings. Published by author. Canberra, Australia. Paper, 40pp. Rev. L. 236.

MCQUEEN, MILDRED AND NOEL: Mary Lou and Johnny: an Adventure in Seeing, illus. by Taylor Oughton. Franklin Watts, Inc., 575 Lexington Ave., New York. Cloth, 228pp. Rev. L. 555.

PRYKE, MARTIN: Discipline. General Church Publication Committee. Bryn Athyn, Pa. Paper, 99pp. Rev. L. 1964:34.

SANDSTRM ERIK: The Visible God. Published by author. London, Eng. Paper, mimeograph, 43pp. Rev. L. 366.

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
1963
America.       United States. Project Mercury ends with the 22-orbits flight of U. S. Air Force Major L. Gordon Cooper (May 15-16).

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 189

The U. S. Supreme Court rules 8-1 that state and local laws requiring recitation of the Lords Prayer or Bible verses in public schools is unconstitutional (June 17).

A limited nuclear test-ban treaty (effective Oct. 10) is agreed upon by the U. S., the USSR and Britain. The treaty bars all nuclear tests except those conducted underground. (July 25)

A Washington demonstration by 200,000 persons (Aug. 28) in support of Negro demands for equal rights is highlighted by Dr. Martin Luther Kings I have a dream speech.

John F. Kennedy, 35th U. S. President, is shot and fatally wounded in a motorcade through Dallas, Texas. Texas Governor John B. Conally, Jr. is also wounded (Nov. 22). Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson is sworn in on an airplane soon after, in Dallas. The alleged assassin is murdered by nightclub owner Jack Ruby while in the hands of the police (Nov. 24). Ruby is later convicted and sentenced but dies while awaiting retrial (Jan. 3, 1967).

Asia.              South Vietnam. The government of President Diem is overthrown in a coup by the armed forces (Nov. 1-2). Diem and his secretpolice chief brother are captured and killed.

Europe.       England. Biggest armed robbery to date (Aug. 8) occurs in a mail-train theft. Some of the 2,500,000 is recovered and over a dozen men sentenced.

Russia.       Two Soviet cosmonauts, one of them the first woman in space, make orbital flights (June 14, 16).

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1964


AFRICA


NATAL
Durban, June 28. - Death of the Rev. A. Wynne Acton, age 57. A good shepherd, of abiding patience and kindliness. L. 409: 1965:44.

Aug. 12. - Rev. Daniel W. Heinrichs elected pastor at annual meeting of society and appointed Superintendent of the Mission by Bishop Willard D. Pendleton. - L. 466.

Full report of Mission statistics shows 13 societies and a total of 962 adults, children and isolated. Comment made on difficulty of obtaining ministerial candidates, due to economic conditions. - L. 170.

AMERICA


CANADA
Dawson Creek, B. C., Aug. 12. Tenth Peace River District Assembly Bishop Willard D. Pendleton presiding. An outstanding group of meetings during this, his first visit. - L. 517.

Toronto, Ont., Aug. 1. - The Rev. Peter M. Buss appointed assistant to the pastor. - L. 300.

UNITED STATES

FLORIDA
And Southeastern States. - An eight-year summary report of the work in this district, by the Rev. Morley D. Rich, Visiting Pastor, and first resident pastor of the Miami Circle. - L. 479.

ILLINOIS
Chicago, Sept. 1. - Rev. Alfred Acton appointed Assistant to Rev. L. B. King, Glenview, and resident minister of the Sharon Church, Chicago. - L. 300.

Glenview, Dec. 13. - Dedication of addition to Immanuel Church school. - L. 1965:62.

NEW YORK
New York, Aug. - Rev. Ormond Odhner resigns as Visiting Pastor to the New York Circle; Rev. Lorentz Soneson is appointed Visiting Minister. - L. 365.

OHIO
North Circle. - State of Group. Cooperation in uses with Convention Group. - L. 43.

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PENNSYLVANIA
Bryn Athyn, Jan. J. - Death of the Rev. Karl R. Alden in his 72nd year....       a man of unbounded energy and enthusiasm... loved by all who knew him... a dear friend, a faithful servant of the Lord who gave his all to promote the spirit and the life of the Heavenly Doctrine. - L. 72, 49, 96.

Jan. - The Academy publishes the first Faculty Handbook, by Prof. E. S. Klein, as a result of several years of consideration and discussion. Among the most important statements is the following: - if the teacher is not a graduate of the Academys College or Theological School, he shall complete for credit at least 4 full-year courses in New Church education and/or Philosophy, and/or Religion at senior college or post-graduate level. - p. 3. under Tenure.-- A J v. 4 No. 1:8.

Jan. 28-31. - Annual Meeting of the Council of the Clergy. A new Committee appointed by Bishop Willard D. Pendleton on Modes of Selecting a Bishop, with himself acting as chairman. Dr. Hugo Odhner having resigned as chairman of the General Church Publication Committee, the Rev. Robert Junge is appointed in his place. - L. 66-168.

May 13. - The Swedenborg Scientific Assn. discusses what would constitute appropriate contents for a New Philosophy presentation and discussion of the planets. - L. 345. Cf. On Discovering Planets. NP, 322, by Kenneth Rose.

Philadelphia, Aug. 31. - Rev. Norbert H. Rogers resigns as pastor of the Advent Church, and Rev. W. Cairns Henderson is appointed Supervising Pastor. - L. 365.

EUROPE


GREAT BRITAIN
Colchester, Essex, March. - Episcopal Visit by Rt. Rev. Willard D. Pendleton. State of the Church in England discussed. - L. 286.

London, July 17-19. - 49th British Assembly. - L. 463.

HOLLAND
The Hague. - Historical Sketch of the society, by Herman G. Engeltjes. - L. 503.

NORWAY
Copenhagen, Apr. - Rev. Gudmund U. Boolsen resigns as Assistant to Rev. Bjorn AH. Boyesen, and as resident minister of the Copenhagen Circle. - L. 174.

SWEDEN
Stockholm, Feb. 27. - An Episcopal Visit by Bishop Willard D. Pendleton.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 192 Spurred by the imminent prospect of losing their rented hair for worship, there is much discussion of the possibility of obtaining a society home of their own. - L. 246.

NOTEWORTHY ARTICLES
New Church Life, Vol. 84.

Authority, The, of the Writings, by Rev. Geoffrey S. Childs. - p. 54.

Church and the Issues, The, by Rev. Cairns Henderson. - p. 522.

Church, The, in the Netherlands, by Herman G. Engeltjes. - p. 503.

Commandments, The Two Great, by Rev. Morley D. Rich. - p. 493.

Crucial Years: 1743-48, The, by Rev. Frank Rose. - p. 7.

Divine Human, The Ascension of the, by Rev. B. David Helm, - pp. 229, 307.

Enlightenment, by Rev. Norbert H. Rogers. - pp. 151,211.


Holy of Holies, The, by Rt. Rev. George de Charms. - p. 355.

Love of Self, Can the, be Good?, by Rev. Bjorn A.H. Boyesen. - p. 106.

Missionary Work, Swedenborgs, by Rev. Donald L. Rose. - pp. 61, 262, 367.

Non-Canonical Books, The Use of the, by Rev. Harold C. Cranch. - p. 325.

Reason and Rationality (a series of doctrinal classes), by Rev. Elmo C. Acton. - pp. 320, 371, 404, 450, 506.

Truth, The Two Foundations of, by Edward F. Allen. - p. 440.

The New Philosophy, Vol. 67.

Dreams and Visions, The Function of, in Swedenborgs Preparation as servant of the Lords Second Coming, by Rev. Frederick L. Schnarr. - p. 277.

Dualism and Revelation, by Alison Glenn. - p. 349.

God and Matter, by J. D. Odhner. - p. 361.

Planets, On Discovering, by Kenneth Rose. - p. 322.

Principia, Lectures on the Philosophy of Swedenborgs, by George de Charms, - 205, 245, 289, 339, 374.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 193

New Church Education, Vol. 28 and 29.

Angels, The Occupations of, by Rev. Dr. Hugo Lj. Odhner. - p. 139.

Bread on the Waters, by Richard R. Gladish. - p. 159.

Education, What is New Church Elementary?, by Josephine O. Kuhl (Mrs. Roger Kuhl). - pp. 36, 66.

Evil, The Origin of, by Robert L. Brown. - p. 167.

PUBLICATIONS
EBY, LOELLA: When Men Believe. The Carmel Church of the New Jerusalem, Blair, Ont., Can., 1964. Mimeo., pp. 123. An historical sketch of the Carmel Church. Reviewed in L. 467.

EDUCATION AND YOU: Essays on British Education and Relevant New Church Principles. Compiled by the Social Service Comm. of the General Conference.1964. Mimeo. pp. 45. Reviewed in L. 1965:292.

HENDERSON, W. CAIRNS, REV.: Our New Church Vocabulary L. 1961: pp. 37, 121, 167, 244, 295, 325, 374, 412, 462. L. 1962: pp. 40, 70, 123, 199, 287, 328, 383, 454, 539. L. 1963: pp. 16, 64, 102, 145, 222, 268, 306, 363, 385, 450, 487, 530. L. 1964: pp. 17, 83, 127, 164, 210, 285, 377, 462, 510, 543. L. 1965: pp. 26, 66, 105, 275, 313, 383, 418, 466, 534, 536, 544. L.1966: pp. 6, 65, 121, 276, 327.

HOTSON, CORNELIA H.: The Shining East. Vantage Press, Inc., 120 W. 31st St., New York, 1964. Cloth, pp. 107. Reviewed in L. 1965:246.

HYMNAL FOR SCHOOLS AND FAMILIES: General Church of the New Jerusalem. Bryn Athyn, Pa. 1964. Cloth. Reviewed in L. 1965:86.

LAZER, BASIL: We Now Proceed. Pub. by Author, Canberra, Australia, 1964. Mimeo., paper, pp. 31. Reviewed in L. 423.

LOVE AND MARRIAGE ON EARTH IN HEAVEN: Extracts from the Writings. The Swedenborg Society, London, 1964. Paper, pp. 3. Reviewed in L.1965:37.

MILLIKAN, ROBERT ANDREWS: Evolution in Science and Religion (New Haven, Yale University Press, 1927. Reviewed in NP:260.

ODHNER, REV. HUGO LJ.: Creation. Doctrinal Essays, Academy Pub. Comm. Bryn Athyn, Pa., 1964, pp. 112, cloth. Reviewed in L. 379.

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SHAPLEY, HARLOW: The View from a Distant Star. New York, Basic Books 1963. Reviewed in NP:297.

Le Opere Scientifiche Filosofiche Theologiche (The Scientific, Philosophic and Theological Works) di Emanuele Swedenborg, by Lodovico Vergnana, published by Stab: Grafico F. III lega Faenza (Fayance), 1964. Pp. 27. Rev. in NP: 1972:219.

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
1964.
Space Exploration.       The Ranger 7 U. S. space craft takes 4,316 pictures of the moon paving the way for later landings by the astronauts (July 31).

Africa.       The Independent Republic of Zambia is created from the former British protectorate of Northern Rhodesia (Oct. 23).

Great Britain.       Harold Wilson, Labor party leader is named Prime Minister (Oct. 16).

India.       Prime Minister Jawaharal Nehru dies at 74 years after 17 years of leadership (May 27).

Malta.       After 162 years of British rule the Mediterranean island of Malta gains independence (Sept. 21).              

Sweden.       The Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, 35-year-old negro civil is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

United States.       General of the Army Douglas MacArthur dies (April 5) and the Pacific War hero is buried with highest honors in Arlington National Cemetery.

The Civil Rights Act becomes law on July 2nd - the most sweeping measure of its kind since Reconstruction - in Washington, D. C.

Herbert Hoover, the 31st president of the U. S. dies (Oct. 20) in New York City at age 90.

Democrat Lyndon B. Johnson incumbent, achieves an overwhelming victory over Republican Senator Barry M. Goldwater of Arizona (Nov. 3) and is elected the 36th president of the United States.

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U. S. S. R.       In a surprise move, Nikita Khrushchev is ousted as Premier and head of the Soviet Communist party (Oct. 15). He is replaced Dec. 3 by Leonid I. Brezhnev.

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1965


AFRICA


NATAL
Durban, Mar. 4-7. - Seventh South African District Assembly, the first in seven years, and a memorable one, presided over by Bishop Willard D. Pendleton. - L. 332-339.

May - Rev. Peter Buss accepts appointment as Superintendent of the Mission, and Visiting Pastor to isolated groups and persons. - L. 257.

Irene, Transvaal, N. d. - The group here is reported to be the largest isolated group in South Africa. - L. 481.
- N. d. - Second summer school held, with 15 young people attending. - L. 1966:211.

AMERICA


CANADA
Dawson Creek, June. - Rev. Willard D. Heinrichs appointed resident pastor, and visiting pastor to the Northwest District. - L. 291,

Kitchener, N. d. - 11 homes and 57 people reported in the new community of Caryndale. - L. 1966:208.

Toronto, June. - Rev. Daniel Goodenough appointed assistant to the pastor. - L. 291.

Oct. 9-11. - Ninth Eastern Canada District Assembly, Bishop Willard D. Pendleton presiding. Gives addresses on The Testimony of Truth, and The Uses of the General Church. - L. 1966:66.

Vancouver, B. C., June 26, 27. - Seventh Pacific Northwest District Assembly. Bishop Willard D. Pendleton presiding. A panel of speakers discusses How the General Church of the New Jerusalem Affects Business. - L. 523.

UNITED STATES


ARIZONA
Tucson, June 18. - Description of lively Young Peoples weekend. - L. 429.

COLORADO
Denver, Sept. 1. - Rev. Morley D. Rich begins serving as resident pastor, and visiting pastor to the Central-west District. - L. 291.

FLORIDA
Miami, Sept. 1. - Rev. Roy Franson accepts appointment as resident pastor of the Circle, and visiting pastor to the Southeast District. - L. 291.

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GEORGIA
Atlanta, June. - Newsnotes report change of visiting pastors, growth of group to 30JO adults and children; talk of having own resident pastor. - L. 1966:45.

ILLINOIS
Glenview, Sept. 1. - Rev. Robert H. P. Cole appointed assistant to the pastor. - L.291.

- The school reports 144 pupils, 8 teachers and 7 special instructors. - L. 1966:211.

- 480 attend Thanksgiving service. - ibid.

- Society endorses effort to establish a Tenth Grade. - ibid.

MICHIGAN
Detroit, Feb. 28. - Dedication of addition to Church building. - L. 581.

NEW ENGLAND
- June. - Rev. David R. Simons appointed visiting pastor to New England states. - L. 291, 390.

PENNSYLVANIA
Bryn Athyn, Jan. 25-29. - Annual Council of the Clergy meetings. Membership of the General Church reported at 3088. 196 families including 446 children received the General Church Religion Lessons. - L.172, 174, 175.

May 20. - Death of Randolph W. Childs, Esq. L. 342, 352. The son of a founder of the Academy, he faithfully bore the torch of the life and spirit of the movement.

Sept. - Bishop Willard D. Pendleton responds in kindred spirit to a resolution of charity unanimously passed by the General Convention at their annual meetings in Brockton, Mass. - L. 397. See letter at end of this chapter-year. Cf. Conv. Journal 1965:55, Mins. 20, 21; Mess. 1965:14, 1966:100. Cf. Conv. Journal, 1909:13, 14; The New Church in the New World, by M. Block, pp. 255ff.; L. 1966:341; 1967:167ff.

- Total enrollment in Academy is now 312.

Nov. - Thanksgiving service is held in Asplundh Field House. The largest attendance of all time for worship in General Church - 1273. - L. 1966:141.

Pittsburgh, N. d. - Pittsburgh Society statistics reported: 100 adult members, 97 children and young people, school enrollment of 35. - L. 142.

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Washington, D. C., Nov. 5-7. - Dedication of Church building in Acton Park by Bishop Willard D. Pendleton; the official beginning of a new Church community. - L. 1966:7.

SOUTH AMERICA


BRAZIL
Petropolis, N. d. - Death of the Rev. Joao de Mendonca Lima. - L. 211, 339. A faithful and hard-working priest for the New Church in Rio de Janeiro. See historical account in L. 339.

AUSTRALIA
Hurstville, N. d. - Radio advertising of the Church and new book-room by Rev. Douglas Taylor. - L.137.

NEW ZEALAND
Auckland, - Brief history of the General Church group here. - L. 254.

EUROPE
GREAT BRITAIN
Colchester, July 16-18. - 50th British Assembly. - L. 351, 470.

London, June 13. - Death of Mr. Percy Dawson. - L. 396. An unforgettable character with a tremendous love of truth, and a knowledge of the Writings beyond the ordinary. - L. 1966:285.

June 19. - 19 adults and 25 children gather for church weekend at Dorset. - L.1966:284.

Aug. - Seventh British Academy summer school. It is reported that there are 50 children in the London area. - L. 1966:284.

SWEDEN
Stockholm, July 24 - Aug. 8. - First Scandinavian summer school. 29 young people, 7 staff members; Rev. Bjorn A. H. Boyesen, pastor, Rev. Frank S. Rose, preacher. - L.1966:78.

NOTEWORTHY ARTICLES
New Church Life, Vol. 85.

Appearances, by Geoffrey P. Dawson. - pp. 513, 552.

Freedom, Doctrine, Problems and Applications, by Rev. Cairns Henderson. - pp. 325, 374, 419, 448.

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God, Where is Thy?, by Rt. Rev. Willard D. Pendleton. - p. 306.

Good of Life, Teaching and leading to the, by Rev. Erik Sandstrm. - p. 314.

Jonah, The Prophecy of, by Rev. Morley Rich. - p. 127.

Liturgy, The Revision of the, by Rt. Rev. George de Charms, - pp. 101, 153, 218.

Messianic Prophecy, The, and its Fulfillment, by Rt. Rev. Willard D. Pendleton. - pp. 497, 545.

Missionary Work, Towards a Philosophy of, by Rev. Robert S. Junge. - p. 455.

Moral Virtues, The State of the, in the Church, by Rev. Frederick L. Schnarr. - pp. 159, 223, 276.

New Church, William Schlatter and the, by Richard R. Gladish. - pp. 74, 115.

Reflection, by Rev. Daniel W. Heinrichs. - p. 403.

Responsibility, The Relation of parents to children, by Rev. Lorentz R. Soneson. - p. 232.

Swedenborg, Emanuel, by Rev. Hugo Lj. Odhner. - pp.6, 55.

Swedenborgs Affections, by Rev. Donald L. Rose. - p. 268.

Swedenborg, Elizabeth Barrett Browning and, by Robert W. Gladish. - p. 506, 559.

Theology, A Constructive Critique of the newest, by George de Moubray. - p. 67.

The New Philosophy, Vol. 68.

New Philosophy, Principles of the, by Hugo Lj. Odhner. - p. 40.

Pre-Theological Works, The Importance of the, by Alfred Acton II. - p. 9.

Rational Psychology, Swedenborgs, by Erik Sandstrm. - pp. 93, 124. 1966 pp. 155, 198, 249, 287.

Society, The Racial Man and the Human Form of, by Hugo Lj. Odhner. - p. 82.

Swedenborgs Principia, Lecture VII on the Philosophy of - the value of Swedenborgs Philosophical Works to New Church Education, by George de Charms. - p. 1.

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New Church Education, Vol. 29 and 30.

Art, Some Reflections On the, Curriculum, by Rev. Robert S. Junge. - pp. 6, 30, 71, 95, 121, 133.

Education, What is New in New Church, by Rev. Lorentz Soneson. - p. 141.

Education, Some current Trends in the Philosophy of, by Theodore Klein. - p. 119.

Academy Journal, Vol. 4, No. 2.

Swedenborg Library, Collection, A Report on the, in the Library of the Academy of the New Church, by Beryl G. Briscoe. - p. 8.

PUBLICATIONS
A Sabedoria Angelica Sobre O Divine Amor E Sabre A Divino Sabedoria (Angelic Wisdom concerning the Divine Love and Wisdom), by Emanuel Swedenborg. Translated into Portuguese by Joao Mendonca Lima., Rio, Brazil, 1965. Cloth, pp. 246. - L. 1966:86.

CRANCH, HAROLD C: Do you understand the Scriptures? General Church Pub. Comm. Bryn Athyn, Pa. 1965. Paper, pp. 12. Rev. in L. 1966:86.

CRANCH, HAROLD C: Sunday School Teachers Manual. The S. S. Comm. Of the Extension Comm. of the General Church. 1965. Mimeo., pp. 231. Rev. in L. 1966:37.

General Church of the New Jerusalem, The: A Handbook of General Information. Revised by Robert S. Junge. General Church Pub. Comm. Bryn Athyn, Pa. 1965. Paper pp. 48. Rev. in L.1966:135.

LAZER, BASIL: A Great Revelation. Published by Author, Canberra, Australia. 1965. Mimeo., Paper, pp. 11. Rev. in L. 475.

LAZER, BASIL: This Is Our God. Published by Compiler, Canberra, Australia.1965. Mimeo. Paper, pp. 56. Rev. in L. 1966:135.

KIRVEN, ROBERT H.: Ph. D. Dissertation Emanuel Swedenborg and the Revolt against Deism, Brandeis University, 1965 Ann Arbor, Michigan: University Microfilms, Inc., Publication No. 65-14, 424. Rev. in NP 1973:364.

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
1965
International              Former Democratic candidate for President and U. N. ambassador, Adlai E. Stevenson, dies in London age 65 (July 14).

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An acre of ground at Runnymeade, England is bequeathed to the American people in memory of the late President John F. Kennedy. (May 14)

Africa       Dr. Albert Schweitzer, world-famous missionary, author and doctor dies at Lambarene, Gabon, at age 90 (Sept. 4).

France       President Charles de Gaulle is elected to his second term of seven years (Dec. 16).

Great Britain       Sir Winston Churchill, Englands great wartime leader dies in London at age 90. Televised services from St. Pauls Cathedral are watched by millions (Jan. 30).

England observes the 900th anniversary of the founding of Westminster Abbey by Edward the Confessor (Dec. 28).

United States        Civil rights demonstrations include the Selma and Montgomery marches (March 7) and the Watts riots in California (August 11).

The worst floods in a century hit the Midwest in the upper Mississippi area (April 6).

President Lyndon 8. Johnson signs the Medicare Bill (July 30) and the Voting Rights Bill (August 6).

The worst power failure in United States history affects 30 million people in eight states and Canada (Nov. 9).

A RESOLUTION

As Bishop of the General Church I would express my deep appreciation of the following resolution which was unanimously adopted by the Council of Ministers of the General Convention on June 22, 1965, at Brockton Massachusetts, and was unanimously approved by the General Convention on June 24, 1965, at the same place. It reads:

Resolved: That the General Convention of the New Jerusalem, recognizing that the General Church of the New Jerusalem, since its inception, has shared with us a central dedication to New Church life and teachings and a desire to serve our Lord Jesus Christ in His Second Coming, and acknowledging our rights and opinions as distinct bodies, testifies to its sincere desire that we shall live together in mutual It therefore calls upon its President, now and in the years to come, to further the following ends:

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 202

First: The fuller and freer exchange of information concerning the structure, policies and activities of our two bodies.

Second: Joint participation in such activities as may well be undertaken together.

Third: Exploration and discussion of differences and misunderstandings that may remain or arise between us.

Fourth: Encouragement of dialogue among us on ministerial and lay levels, wherever and whenever this may show promise of being fruitful.

I know that all members of the General Church will share in my appreciation of this resolution and will look forward with confidence to a new era of understanding and cooperation between the General Convention and the General Church.

It should be noted that this resolution was delivered to me in person by the Rev. Richard Tafel, President of the General Convention, and that the ensuing discussion centered around our mutual interest in the establishment of the New Church among men.

(Signed) Willard D. Pendleton,
Bishop of the General Church

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1966


AFRICA


NATAL
Durban, Dec. 11. - Retirement of Miss Sylvia Pemberton, teacher in the societys school for 40 years. Miss Pemberton is retiring after forty years of incredible devotion and competence. - L. 1967:140.

AMERICA


CANADA
Dawson Creek, B. C., Aug. 30. - The group here is recognized as a Circle under the ministerial care of the Rev. Willard L. D. Heinrichs. - L. 501.

Toronto, Summer. - Receiving a call to become Executive Vice-president of the Academy, the Rev. Martin Pryke resigns from the Olivet Church pastorate after thirteen years of service to that society. - L. 1967:248 - account. See p. 222.

UNITED STATES


CALIFORNIA
Mar. 4-6. - Fourth Western District Assembly, Bishop Willard D. Pendleton presiding. 98 register.

Glendale, Summer. - The Rev. Harold C. Cranch, receiving a call to the Olivet Church (Canada) pastorate, resigns as pastor of the society and of the California District. See account of the progress of the society and district in the 14 years of his work with the society and the twenty years of his visits to the Western District. - L. 566.

Sept. 1. - The Rev. Lorentz R. Soneson accepts call to serve the Los Angeles society, and the San Francisco Circle. - L. 294.

OHIO
Oberlin, June 15-19. - Twenty-fourth General Assembly, held in a new location, Oberlin University, Bishop Willard D. Pendleton presiding, well managed by the strenuous efforts of the North Ohio Circle and its pastor, the Rev. Erik Sandstrm, and superbly fed by a number of very fine papers. - L. 428. See Account, - Assembly Impressions, - L. 502.

Urbana, June 21. - Address by Bishop W. D. Pendleton to the Council of Ministers of the General Convention. L. 341. - An historic document. Mess. 72,100; Annals. 1965, under PENNSYLVANIA. Rev. R. L. Tafel invited to address the General Church Council of the Clergy in 1967; see L. 1967:167ff.

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PENNSYLVANIA
Bryn Athyn, Jan. 24-28. - Annual Council Meetings. Bishop Willard D. Pendleton presiding, gives encouraging account of the years progress in the Pacific Northwest, Glenview, Toronto, and points to the new community and church in Washington, D. C., the establishment of a tenth grade in Glenview, and the attaining of new and more cordial relations with the General Convention. - L. 166ff.

April 16. - Inauguration of Pitcairn Hall to serve the administrative needs of the Academy and the General Church. In his address for the occasion, Bishop Pendleton makes good distinction between dedication and inauguration, the former being a rite for places of worship, the latter a ceremony for places related to other uses of the church. - L. 266ff.

April 22. - First mens weekend held at Long Beach, N. J. with Dean Elmo C. Acton. - L. 335.

April. - Retirement of Mr. William R. Cooper as Curator of the Bryn Athyn Cathedral, after 1147 years of devoted service. - L. 334.

May. - The General Church Film Committee reports completion of A Sermon in Stone, a photographic presentation and description of the Cathedral. - L. 232.

July 12. - Death of Mr. Raymond Pitcairn, Esq., lawyer, business man, architect, a lover of the arts, but above all a dedicated and useful man devoted to the cause of the New Church. - See L. 352, 402, 405, 464, 541, 547.

Sept. 1. - The Rev. Martin Pryke, elected by the Board of Directors of the Academy to serve as Operating Executive of the Academy subject to the President, and as Executive Vice-president, enters upon his duties. - L. 222.


- Publication of New Liturgy and Hymnal for the General Church, under the direction of the Rt. Rev. George de Charms. The Fifth Edition. See Publications. -Rev. L. 452.

State College of Pa. - New Church students meet regularly for worship and classes with tape recordings. - L. 462.

AUSTRALIA
Hurstville, Feb. - The Rev. Douglas Taylor begins of radio talks - L. 462.

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EUROPE


GREAT BRITAIN
London, May 17. - 156th meeting of the Swedenborg Society reports that Vol. VI of the Third Latin Edition of the Arcana Coelestia, and also the new translation of the Apocalypse Revealed by Rev. F. F. Coulson, are making good progress. - L. 400.

NOTEWORTHY ARTICLES
New Church Life, Vol. 86

Academy Schools, The, by Rev. Kurt H. Asplundh. - p. 17.

Assembly, Banquet Address, by Raymond Pitcairn. - p. 541.

Church, The, and the Human Form, by Rev. Hugo Lj. Odhner. - p. 384.

Conjugial, The Preservation of the, by Rev. Martin Pryke. - p. 54.

Conjugial, The Preservation of the, through the love of offspring by Rev. Hugo Lj. Odhner. - p. 532.

Correspondences, Representatives and Significatives, by Rev. Ormond Odhner. - p. 551.


Council of Ministers - General Convention, An Address to the, by Rt. Rev. Willard D. Pendleton. - p. 341.

Dead Sea Scrolls, The, and the Divinity of the Lord Jesus Christ, by Rev. B. David Holm. - p. 477.

Degrees, Discrete and Continuous, by Rev. Louis B. King. - p. 353.

Free Choice, The Secret of Mans, by Rt. Rev. George de Charms. - p. 223.

Gentiles, Who are they?, by Wm. R Kintner. - p. 303.

Gospel According to Mark, The, by Rev. Frank F. Coulson. - pp. 154, 234.

Honesty and the Orientation of the Mind, by Rev. Geoffrey H. Howard. - p. 126.

If I make my bed in Hell, by Rev. Frank S. Rose. - p. 414.

Image, The, and Likeness of God, by Rev. W. Cairns Henderson. - p. 372.

Influx, The Doctrine of, and the Inspiration of the Word, by Rev. Victor J. Gladish. - p. 103.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 206

Morality, A New, by Rev. Kurt F. Nemitz. - p. 22.

Rainbow, The Message of the, by Sydney E. Lee. - p. 313.

Word, The Risen, by Rt. Rev. Willard D. Pendleton. - p. 295.

The New Philosophy, Vol. 69.

Swedenborgs Infinite and Final Cause of Creation, by Daniel Goodenough. Jr. - p. 267.

Swedenborg Manuscripts, The - a forgotten introduction to cerebral physiology, by T. H. Schwedenberg, M. D. - p. 280.

Swedenborg, Emanuel (1688-1772), and his contributions to neurology, by Konrad Akert and Michael P. Hammond. - p. 210.

Truth, Two Sources of, - or two Foundations? by Rev. Ormond Odhner. - p. 240.

New Church Education, Vol. 30 and 31.

Curriculum and Classroom, by Donald C. Fitzpatrick, Jr. - p. 135.

Morals and manners: distinctions and relationships, by E. Bruce Glenn. - p. 236.

Sunday School Kindergarten, The, by Virginia C. David. - p. 211.

Academy Journal, Vol. 5, No. 2.

Some Summer School Success Secrets, by Kenneth Rose. - p. 15.


Swedenborg, Reading and Translating, by Lennart O. Alfelt. - p. 2.

PUBLICATIONS
HILL, GEORGE T.: Something New. The Missionary Soc. of the New Church. London, England, 1966. Paper, pp.19. Rev. in L. 1967:82.

LAZER, BASIL: All Things New. Pub. by author, Canberra, Australia, l966. Mimeo., Paper, pp. 47. Rev. in L. 559.

LAZER, BASIL: Gems from the Writings of Emanuel Swedenborg, Pub. by author, Canberra, Australia, 1963, second edition, 1966. Paper, pp. 70. Rev. L.1967:127.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 207

Liturgy and Hymnal for the use of the General Church of the New Jerusalem. Fifth and revised edition. General Church of the New Jerusalem, Bryn Athyn, Pa., 1966. Cloth. pp. 669. Rev. in L. 452.

Summaries of General Doctrine. General Church Pub. Comm. Bryn Athyn, Pa. 1966. Paper. pp. 34. Rev. in L. 559.

Thinking about Religion. New Church Enquiry Center. London, England, 1966. Paper, p. 5.
Rev. in L. 1967:82.

VICKERS, PAUL V: Growing Up. Love and Sex before Marriage. Making a Marriage. The General Conference of the New Church, London, England, 1966. Paper, pp. 6, 8, 8. Rev. in L 1967:40.

CALATRELLO, ROBERT L.: The Basic Philosophy of Emanuel Swedenborg with Implications for Western Education. A dissertation presented to the faculty of the School of Education, University of Southern California, in partial fulfillment for the degree doctor of education, June, 1966. University Microfilms, Ann Arbor, Michigan. Rev. in NP:1973:397.

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
1966
Space Exploration              The United States achieves several spectacular manned space flights during me year 1966.

Lunar Orbiter 2 radios back amazing pictures from the surface of the moon (Nov. 23).

Great Britain       King Arthurs legendary Camelot is reported found in an Iron Age fort at S. Cadbury in Somerset (July 29).

India              Mrs. Indira Gandhi becomes the first woman in modern times to head a major nation with her election (Jan. 19).

       
Italy              Disastrous floods cause extensive damage to 885 art objects as the Arno River overflows into the famous Uffizi Gallery (Nov. 4).

United States       The escalation of the Vietnamese war results in a large increase in the number of U.S. casualties.

Chicago, Cleveland, Brooklyn, Omaha, Baltimore, San Francisco and Jacksonville are wracked by racial riots in July.

President Lyndon B. Johnson makes a 17-day, 26, 000 mile Asian tour - including the Manila Conference on Vietnam with six allied leaders (October).

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 208

U. S. S. R.       An unmanned space craft lands on the planet Venus after 175 million mile journey from the Soviet Union, marking the first cosmic non-moon landing in history.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 209

1967


AFRICA


SOUTH AFRICA
Durban, Natal, April - It was decided unanimously that the society school (Kainon) be extended by one grade every year. - L. 521.

AMERICA


CANADA
Kitchener, Oct. 7-9. - 10th Eastern Canada District Assembly, Rt. Rev. Elmo C. Acton presiding. - L.551. His first assembly as a bishop. Subject of his address: Eternal Light and Eternal Values. The community of Caryndale is now reported as containing 80 members and 17 homes. - L. 469b.

Toronto, Sept. 1. - Rev. Daniel Goodenough leaves, due to his appointment to the teaching staff of the Academy. - L. 143, 286; 1968:45, 168.

UNITED STATES
FLORIDA
Miami, May 20, 21. - First Southeastern District Assembly, Bishop W. D. Pendleton presiding. - L.1968:572, 169.

ILLINOIS
Chicago, N. d. - Rev. Alfred Acton accepts call to the pastorate of Sharon Church. - L. 139.

Glenview, June 30. - Death of Dr. Donald G. Gladish, one of the last strictly homeopathic physicians of the New Church, and much loved in the community. - L. 471.

- Oct 10. - Death of Mr. Sydney E. Lee, an active contributor to the life and literature of the Church, and of the community. - L.1968:166.

OREGON
Portland, July 15, 16. - Eighth Pacific Northwest District Assembly, the Rev. L.R. Soneson presiding as the Bishops representative. - L. 474.

PENNSYLVANIA
Bryn Athyn, Jan. 23-27. - Council of the Clergy Meetings, Bishop Willard D. Pendleton presiding. - L.164. The Bishop presents to the Joint Council an address on Our Mode of Selecting an Executive Bishop. - L. 145; cf.171-9. The Rev. Richard H. Tafel, president of Convention, addresses the Council. - L. 167ff.

April. - The General Convention having become a member of the National Council of Churches, the New Church Life comments thereon. - L. 202. Cf. Gen. Conv. Jour., 1967:9, 10, 181.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 210

April. - Memorial for Edward H. Davis, Esq. - L. 170. (d. Feb. 28, 1966; L. 1966:215) ...a man whom we knew for his kind consideration of the views of others, his Intense love for the church and his resolute determination... to further the work of The Academy and the General Church.

June 4. - Ordination of the Rev. Elmo C. Acton into the third degree of the priesthood. - L. 251, 337.

July 2. - Death of Mr. Carl Hj. Asplundh. A man of outstanding... leadership and financial management, he demonstrated his devotion to the interests of the whole General Church, and was greatly concerned with the development of local societies and groups. L. 1968:165.

Aug.21-25. - Educational Council Meetings. Principal subjects: The Visible God in New Church Education, and The Swedenborg Century. - L. 452.

Sept. 1. - Board of Directors of the Academy approves the appointment of E. Bruce Glenn as Dean of the College. - L. 37.

Sept. - Academy of the New Church. Prof. Richard R. Gladish resigns as Principal of the Boys School. - L. 37. The Rev. Dandridge Pendleton appointed Principal of the Boys School. - L. 30.

Nov. 30. - Death of the Rev. Raymond G. Cranch. His interest ... was the problem of bringing into practice in social relations the principles of Divine Justice revealed in the Heavenly Doctrines. - L. 1968:164.

- News of the Academy Expansion Program. - L. 574.

EUROPE
ENGLAND
Colchester, April 15. - Dedication of new extension to church school by Bishop Willard D. Pendleton. - L. 312.

July 14-16. - 52nd British Assembly, Bishop Willard D. Pendleton presiding. A large number of attenders enjoy hearing and discussing such subjects as What is Man (Presidential Address), The Opening of the Natural Mind, and Men of Armageddon. - L. 544.

London, Aug. - Third New Church Holiday held at Charmouth, 29 adults and 42 children attend from the society. - L. 1968:46.

- British Academy Summer School. Attendance of fifty from eight countries - L. 1968:46.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 211

NOTEWORTHY ARTICLES
New Church Life, Vol. 87.

Affliction turned to Good, by Rev. Donald L. Rose. - p. 351.

Beauty, by Rev. Geoffrey Childs. - pp. 433, 484.

Conscience, The formation of, as a goal of New Church education, by Rev. Norman H. Reuter. - p. 530.

Executive Bishop, Our method of selecting, by Bishop Willard D. Pendleton. - p. 145.

Gold like unto clear glass, by Rev. Erik Sandstrm. - p. 260.

Harmony of the Old and New Testaments, A suggested, by Rt. Rev. George de Charms. - p. 215.

Heaven and its Wonders and Hell, by Freda G. Griffith. - p. 104.

History, A New Church view of, by Wm. R. Kintner. - p. 493.

Home, On being at - Some thoughts on reading Arcana Coelestia by Edith Elphick. - p. 229.

Ideas, by Rev. Elmo C. Acton. - pp. 31,65, 93.

Marriage, The Eternity of, by Rev. Frederick L. Schnarr. - p. 76

Minds, sending, by Fred Elphick. - p. 117.

Natural Mind, The opening of the, by E. Bruce Glenn. - p. 506.

New Church Education, The need for, by Rev. Kurt P. Nemitz. - p. 379.

Reflection, The Basis of genuine, by Colin M. Greenhalgh. - p. 54.

Sleep, The signification of, by Rev. Frederick L. Schnarr. - p. 305.

Some similarities and dissimilarities between the spiritual and natural worlds, by L. H. Houghton. - pp. 295, 344.

Swedenborg and the New Revelation, by Rev. Harold C. Cranch. - p. 18.

Temptations, The Lords, by Rev. Morley D. Rich. - p. 536.

Truth, The Testimony of, by Rt. Rev. Willard D. Pendleton. - p. 7.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 212

Writings, The: A Survey, by W. C. Henderson, Ed. - pp. 35, 80, 125, 162, 242, 277, 320, 359, 407, 450, 515, 556.

New Philosophy, Vol. 70

Free Will, A History of the Concept of, by Edward F. Allen. - p. 411.

I think: Therefore I am, by W. Cairns Henderson. - p. 450.

Presence of Spirits in Madness, The, a confirmation of Swedenborg in recent empirical findings, by Wilson van Dusen, Ph. D. - p. 461.

Swedenborgs Philosophy, The Value of, by George de Charms. - p. 439.

Swedenborgs Selected Subjects - its place in the Academic Curriculum, by Lennart O. Alfelt. - p. 371.

New Church Education, Vol. 31.

Levels of learning ability, About, with children and the accommodation of the nature-science course to them, by Nancy H. Woodard. - p. 166.

Academy Journal, Vol. 6, No. 2.

Swedenborgs Epic of Paradise and its Literary Antecedents by Hugo Lj. Odhner. - p. 2.

PUBLICATIONS
Academy. The: a portrait: Edited by John Raymond and Robert Scott. The sons of the Academy, 1967. Cloth, pp. 182. Rev. in L. 455.

All we like sheer, have gone astray. Compiled by the Social Service Comm. of the General Conference of the New Church. New Church Press, Ltd., London, 1967. Paper, pp. 88. Rev. in L. 517.

Four Doctrines. The: by Emanuel Swedenborg. English trans. John Faulkner Potts, newly edited by Alice Spiers Sechrist. Pub. by the Swedenborg Foundation, New York, 1967. Paper, pp. 329. Rev. in L. 279.

ODHNER, DR. HUGO LJ.: Saul, David and Jonathan. General Church Pub. Comm., Bryn Athyn, Pa., 1967. Cloth. pp. 113. Rev. in L:560.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 213

PITCAIRN, THEODORE: My Lord and My God. With a pictorial essay on the Lords New Church. Bryn Athyn, Pa. by Richard Yardumian. Exposition Press, Inc., New York, 1967. Cloth, pp. 302. Rev. in L:409.

Selected Sentences from L. Annaeus Seneca and Publius Syrus the Mime (June 1, 1709). Emanuel Swedenborg. In New Philosophy Jan-March 1967. pp. 303. Translated into English by Alfred Acton. Revised and edited by Beryl G. Briscoe. Available as paper bound booklet, General Church Book Center. See NP:449.

Souvenir of the Swedenborg Society of South India, The: Pub. by G. Rajamanikkam Chetty, Sw. Sec. and Book Depot, Katpadi, South India, 1967. Paper, pp.16. Rev. in L:322.

Digest of Emanuel Swedenborgs True Christian Religion, A: The Swedenborg Foundation, New York, 1967. Paper, pp. 78. Rev. in L.1968:136.

FRENCH, L. E.: Spiritual Substance and Natural Matter. Swedenborg Foundation, Inc., New York, 1967. Paper, pp. 20. Rev. in L. 1968:88.

True Christian Religion. The: Authors General Index of Contents. Swedenborg Society, London, England, 1967. Paper, pp. 32. Rev. in L:l968 196.

WUNSCH, WILLIAM F.: The Panorama of Divine Revelation. Swedenborg Foundation, Inc., New York, 1967. Paper, pp. 28. Rev. in L.1968:88.

History of the ANC: Professor R. R. Gladish.

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
1967
International.       The so-called Kennedy Round opens up a new era in world commerce as tariff barriers are eased by 53 nations meeting in Geneva, Switzerland (May 15-16).

A dramatic meeting in New Jersey between President Johnson of the U. S. and Premier Kosygin of the USSR results in the famous the spirit of Holly Bush at Glassboro and provides a foretaste of later detente (June 23-25).

Space Exploration.       A tragic space craft fire kills U. S. astronauts Grissom, White and Chaffe on the ground at the famed space center Cape Kennedy, Florida (Jan. 27).

A Soviet probe (Oct. 18) and an American probe (Oct. 19) reveal some of the secrets of the mysterious planet Venus.

Great Britain.       In the end of the imperial era British military forces are withdrawn from Aden and South Arabia Nov. 2.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 214

Greece.              A military junta seizes control of the Greek government in a bloodless coup detat (April 21).

United States.       The Soviet Unions most spectacular defector to date, dictator Stalins daughter, Svetlana Aliluyeva, arrives in New York City (April 21).

Dr. J. Robert Oppenheimer father of the atom bomb dies at age 62.

The first black United States Supreme Court Justice, Thurgood Marshall, is sworn in (Oct. 2) in Washington, D. C.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 215

1968


AFRICA


SOUTH AFRICA
Transvaal, July 2. - Area group recognized as Circle. - L. 480.

AMERICA


CANADA
Toronto, March 1. - Death of Mr. Reginald S. Anderson. - L. 259. A staunch supporter of the Olivet Church, and remembered as a wise man, but especially a kind and affectionate person, truly a gentleman. - L. 357; 1969:178.

Kitchener, Sept. 1. - After 12 years as pastor, which saw the establishment of the new community of Caryndale, the Rev. Geoffrey Childs leaves to assume pastoral duties in the Detroit Society. - L. 472, 525.

UNITED STATES


CALIFORNIA
San Diego, Oct. 6. - Dedication of a chapel for the Circle, by Bishop Willard D. Pendleton. - L. 1969:35-45.

ILLINOIS
Chicago, Sept. 1. - Rev. Robert H. P. Cole accepts appointment as Resident Pastor of Sharon Church. - L. 295, 511.

Glenview, Sept. 1. - Rev. Alfred Acton accepts call to the Immanuel Church as Assistant Pastor. - L. 259, 511.

MARYLAND
Baltimore, Oct. 13. - Death of Dr. Roscoe L. Coffin in his 98th year, organist for the Arbutus Circle for many years. - L. 576.

MICHIGAN
Detroit, Sept. 1. - Rev. Norman H. Reuter resigns from the pastorate of the Detroit Society, and accepts appointment as a pastoral assistant to the Bishop of the General Church, a new office. - L. 68, 525.

PENNSYLVANIA
Bryn Athyn, Jan. - Important statement made by Bishop Willard D. Pendleton to the General Church Salary Committee regarding principles and policies which ought to govern. - L. 6.

Jan. 22-26. - Council of the Clergy meetings. - L. 162.

April 28. - Dedication of Pendleton Hall, by Bishop Willard D. Pendleton. - L. 309. New home for the College of the Academy.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 216

Aug. 19-23. - Educational Council meetings. - L. 505. Bishop Willard D. Pendleton presents a series of five discourses on The Formative States of the Human. At the banquet, three speakers discuss the nature, causes and problems of the current generation gap.

Sept. - Many changes in Academy personnel listed. - L. 260. Burt Friesen, Lennart Alfelt, Margaret York, Michael Brown, Mary Beth Cronlund. - L. 260.

Oct. 24-26. - An outstanding Charter Day, with many attenders and inspiring speeches. - L.572.

Pittsburgh, Laurel Hill State Park, Aug. 31. - Sept. 4. - First Young Peoples General Gathering. Notification of, by the Rev. Erik Sandstrm. - L. 294. Account of: L. 502. Two papers of, on New Church Attitudes on Race Relations Today, and Dating and Marriage Outside of the Church,; L. 494, 497. A lively, provocative and stimulating set of discussions, with many and relevant questions raised.

SOUTH CAROLINA
Pawleys Island, May 24-26. - Gathering of Carolinas and Southern Virginia District, Bishop Willard D. Pendleton presiding. At this second gathering of the District, 65 members and children, under the pastorship of the Rev. Frederick Schnarr, participated in and enjoyed a fine set of meetings. - L. 362.

EUROPE


ENGLAND
Colchester, July 18-21. - First European Assembly, at Essex University, presided over by Bishop Elmo C. Acton, (his first as a bishop). - L. 554. His address on Appearances of Truth discussed in groups, whose leaders reported the conclusions to the Assembly. Addresses: L. 1969:53, 18.

London, Nov. - Announcement and Report by the London Committee for the New Church World Assembly, 1970. - L. 507.

Bury St. Edmonds, Suffolk, July 27-Aug. 10. - Tenth British Academy Summer School. - L. 558. 72 students from 7 countries; staff of five ministers, 7 laymen and women assistants. Subjects presented and discussed: Conjugial Love (Eca), The Last Judgment, Rational Psychology. A high-water mark for this use.

Sept. 1. - The Rev. Frank S. Rose leaves Colchester to assume pastoral duties in Kitchener, Canada. - L. 47, 169, 511,559.

SWEDEN
Stockholm, June-Sept. 1. - The Rev. Bjorn A. H. Boyesen leaves in order to assume the pastorship of the Colchester, England Society. - L. 469, 511.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 217

The Rev. Kurt P. Nemitz, assistant to the pastor in Scandinavia, accepts call to the pastorate of the Society. - L. 511.

NEW ZEALAND
Auckland, N. d. - Full description of the activities of this newly-recognized Circle, and of the radio talks by the Rev. Douglas Taylor. Also, mention of the benefit and enjoyment of the visit and instruction of the Rev. Robert Junge. - L. 470.

SOUTHEAST ASIA
Deaths of Sgt. David Richard Simons (Jan. 4; L. 97, 143) and of Capt. Charles Dandridge Ebert (June 19; L. 480; 1969:478).

NOTEWORTHY ARTICLES
New Church Life, Vol. 88.

Affections and Motives, Mans in a technological society and a growing church, by Rev. Robert S. Junge. - pp. 20, 68.

Art in Education, by Yorvar E. Synnestvedt. - p. 411.

Attendant Angels and Spirits, by Rev. Victor J. Gladish. - p. 426.

Beauty, by Rev. Lorentz R. Soneson. - p. 489.

Blake and Swedenborg, by Stephen Gladish. p. 230.

Compassion, by Rev. Morley D. Rich. - p. 421.

Christmas, The True Meaning of, by Rt. Rev. George de Charms. - p. 596.


Every Idle Word, by Rev. Douglas Taylor. - p. 378.

Eternal Life and Eternal Values, by Rt. Rev. Elmo C. Acton. - p. 8.

God Man, by Rt. Rev. Elmo C. Acton. - p. 129.

Grief, by Rev. Alfred Acton. - p. 451.

Historical Document, An Interesting. p. 462.

Junior College, The Development of the, of the Academy of the New Church, by Rt. Rev. Willard D. Pendleton. - p. 320.

Justice, The Life of, by Rev. Daniel Goodenough , Jr. - pp. 334, 370.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 218

Lords Triumph, The, in the Wilderness, by Rev. Kurt H. Asplundh. - p. 221.

Love of Country and Love of the Human Race, by Rev. Geoffrey Childs. - p. 106.

New Church Education, The Visible God in, by Rev. Erik Sandstrm. - pp. 31, 79, 119.

Two Hundred Years Ago, by Rev. Donald L. Rose. - pp. 159, 419, 456.

Use, The Doctrine of: the new moral Law, by Rev. Harold C. Cranch. - p. 55.

Values, A Question of, by Rt. Rev. Willard D. Pendleton. - p. 270.

Virgin Birth, The, by Rev. Hugo Lj. Odhner. - p. 542.

Witnesses, The Two, by Rt. Rev. Willard D. Pendleton. - p. 401.

Word, The Authority of the, in the External Life of the Church, by Rev. Robert S. Junge. - p. 276.

Word, The Continuous Internal Sense of the, by Rev. Geoffrey H. Howard. - p. 385.

Word, The Form and Style of the, by Rev. Frederick L. Schnarr. - p. 296.

Writings, The Translation of the, by Rev. A. Wynne Acton. - p. 442.

New Philosophy, Vol. 71.

Analysis and Synthesis, Philosophical notes on, by Edward F. Allen. - p. 87.

Evolution, by Dr. Grant R. Doering. - p. 68.

Swedenborg, Emanuel, On the means which Conduce to True Philosophy and on the True philosopher. - p. 1.

New Church Education, Vol. 32 and 33.

Church Specific, The, by Rt. Rev. George de Charms. - p. 241.

True Christian Religion, First Elements of the - an introductory catechism for the New Church, by Rev. Hugo Lj. Odhner. - pp. 15, 44, 58, 91, 118, 138, 161.

Academy Journal, Vol. 7, No. 2.

Curriculum Study, The General Problem of, by Edward F. Allen. - p. 5.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 219

Knowledges, and the Perfection of the Natural Mind by Education, by Erland J. Brock. - p. 10.

Teaching in the Academy: A Profession, by E. Bruce Glenn. - p. 2.

PUBLICATIONS
Apocalypse Revealed. The.       Translation revised and edited by Alice Spiers Sechrist. Pub. by Swedenborg Foundation. New York, 1968. Rev. in L: 1969:94.

DYGERT, OLIN: The Secret Path, Pub. by author, Angola, Indiana, 1968. Paper, pp. 88. Rev. in L. 463.

ODHNER, HUGO LJ.: The Spiritual World. Essays on the after-life and on the Last Judgment. The Academy Pub. Comm., Bryn Athyn, Pa., 1968. Cloth, pp. 470. Rev. in L:199.

PITCAIRN, THEODORE: The Beginning and Development of Doctrine in the New Church. Notes on the development of doctrine in the Church, by Philip N. Odhner. The Lords New Church, Bryn Athyn, Pa., 1968. Paper, pp. 61. Rev. in L.1969:130.

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
1968
International.       A prolonged diplomatic crisis followed the capture by North Korean patrol boats of the U. 5. Navy electronic intelligence ship Pueblo and its 83 man crew (Jan. 23).

Vietnam. The ferocious Tet offensive (Jan. 30) resulted in bitter battles by the Viet Cong against Saigon and Hue and caught Allied forces off guard.

Space Exploration.        In a memorable first orbiting of the moon by three American astronauts on Christmas eve, the world got its first live pictures via six television transmissions of our nearest space neighbor (Dec. 24).

Africa.              The dramatic success of the first human heart transplant, by Prof. Barnard in Capetown, is followed by a rapid succession of such transplants throughout the world (Jan. 2).

United States.       Assassins bullets end the prominent careers and lives of Civil Rights Leader, Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King in Tennessee (April 4), and Senator Robert F. Kennedy in California (June 5).

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 220

A bloody upheaval by left wing students (April 23) virtually paralyzed a top educational institution, Columbia University in New York City. Later, violent student turmoil hit many other U. S. colleges in 1968.

In a close popular vote Former Vice President Richard M. Nixon easily exceeded in the electoral vote his opponent Vice President Hubert H. Humphrey to become the 57th U. S. president (Nov. 5).

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 221

1969

AMERICA

CANADA
Kitchener, June. - First Maple Leaf Academy. 50 students and three ministers; organized by Rev. Frank Rose, assisted by Revs. Alfred Acton, Harold Cranch and Christopher Smith. For high-school students. Subjects treated and discussed: The Moral Life, The Infinite, Divine Providence. - L. 433, 465.

- Report shows 21 homes and almost 100 members in this new community. Four additional farms have been purchased. - L. 432.

Toronto, Aug. 1. - Rev. Christopher R. J. Smith accepts appointment as Assistant to the Pastor of Olivet Church, and as Visiting Minister of the Montreal Circle. - L. 296, 9th Northwest Assembly - 287 - refs.

Sept. 26-28. - 11th Eastern Canada District Assembly. Bishop Willard D. Pendleton, presiding, gives extemporaneous address on mans unwillingness to receive the Lord in His Second Coming, and the use of its Revelation in making the Lord visible to the understanding. Other subjects presented: Conjugial Love - The Hope of the New Church, and Principles of Church Support, The Church Militant. Recommendations and discussion of incorporation of the General Church as a legal body in Canada. - L. 550.

UNITED STATES

ILLINOIS
Glenview, Oct. 31-Nov. 2. - 23rd Midwestern District Assembly, Bishop Pendleton presiding. - L. 1970:40.

MICHIGAN
Detroit, May. - Annual meeting of Sons of Academy. Subject presented and discussed: The Nature of God. Semi annual meeting of society decides to form a committee for a church-building project. - L. 571.

PENNSYLVANIA
Bryn Athyn, Jan. 20-25. - Council of the Clergy meetings. Among the subjects present and/or discussed were: Self-examination, The Initiations of the Betrothal State: a Representation of the Question of Timing, and the drug situation in the Academy schools. - L. 175, 558ff.

Feb. 9. - Death of Dr. Charles R. Pendleton ...by his many uses he has advanced the Academy toward its goal in ways far greater than either he or we can possibly realize. - L. 172, 203.

May 12. - 72nd Annual Meeting of the Swedenborg Scientific Assn. Reported that nearly all of Swedenborgs scientific and philosophical works are now available in print, (translated and published.) Tribute to Dr. Hugo Lj. Odhner. - L. 328.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 222

Aug. 18-22. - Educational Council Meetings. 96 members and a number of guests attend. Subjects included: Exploring World Developments in Education, Learning Disabilities, Teaching Art, and Teaching Religion. - L. 467.

Sept. 26. - Death of Miss Frances M. Buell, former principal of the Girls Seminary for many years. - L. 485, 520.

Oct. 5. - Re-dedication of the Bryn Athyn cathedral on its 50th anniversary, by Bishop Willard D. Pendleton. - L. 481; 1970:27.

- Military Service Comm. - 277.

Oct. 17. - Death of Prof. Otho W. Heilman, for many years the Principal of the Bryn Athyn Elementary School. His love of use to his fellow-man drove him to continue in many good works and activities up to the End. These bear evidence to the quality of his love. L. 1970:37. Report - LEG - 186. Note beginning.

SOUTH CAROLINA
Pawleys Island, May 23-25. - Third Mid-southeastern meeting of members and friends, presided over by Bishop Elmo C. Acton, who spoke to the theme, Fear is the sensitive of Love. - L. 373. 55 adults and 40 children.

WASHINGTON, D.C.
Dec. - A kindergarten is recognized as the first step toward an elementary school in Acton Park. - L. 1970:191.

AUSTRALIA
Hurstville, N. d. - Heartening response to Rev. Douglas Taylors radio talks reported. - L. 432.

EUROPE

ENGLAND
Colchester, July 19-21. - 54th British Assembly, Rev. Bjorn A. H. Boyesen presiding. Two of the subjects presented and discussed: What is Sin? and The Four Horses of the Apocalypse. It is voted to proceed with the incorporation of a body to do the secular work of the General Church in Great Britain. - L. 508; 1970:192.

NEW ZEALAND
Auckland, N. d. - Encouraging news of this new Circle activities. Monthly doctrinal classes begun. - L. 517.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 223

NOTEWORTHY ARTICLES
New Church Life, Vol. 89.

Appearances of the Truth, by Rt. Rev. Elmo C. Acton - p. 53.

Authority, True, and human freedom, by Rev. David R. Simons. Pp. 403, 443, 499, 529.

Baptism, by Rt. Rev. Willard D. Pendleton. - p. 289.

Betrothal, by Rev. Frederick L. Schnarr. - p. 360.

Blessings, What are?, by Rev. Lorentz R. Soneson. - p. 367.

Church Eber, The, by Rev. Ormond Odhner. - p. 267.

Earth, Written in the, by Rev. Victor J. Gladish. - p. 316.

Exposition, The Brief, by Rev. Alfred Acton II. - p. 258.

God, Belief in Jesus as the One, by G. A. deC. de Moubray. - p. 74.

Holy Supper, The, by Rt. Rev. Willard D. Pendleton. - p. 333.

Lord, The Risen - the post resurrection appearances, by Rev. W. Cairns Henderson. - p. 222.

Love, by John Raymond. - p. 213.

Marriage, Inter-Racial, a study in scripture and doctrine, by Rev. Alfred Acton II. - p. 411.

Order, the Protection of, by Rev. Morley D. Rich. - p. 459.

Peace, by Rev. Frank S. Rose. - p. 18.

Palm Sunday, by Rev. Douglas Taylor. - p. 153.

Relevance, The Search for, by James F. Junge. - p. 353.

Schreck. The Three New Church lives of, E. J. E., by Richard R. Gladish. - p. 162.

Self-Examination in Reference to states of the organized church, by Rev. H. Reuter. - p. 230.

South African Mission, The Superintendents Report. - p. 108.

Swedenborg and the Second Coming of the Lord, by Rev. Theodore Pitcairn. - p. 27.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 224

TRUE CHRISTIAN RELIGION, The
       Introduction - W. Cairns Henderson p. 302
       The Universal Theology - W. Cairns Henderson p. 347
       The Holy Spirit - Ormond Odhner p. 491
       The Holy Spirit: the Divine Trinity - Alfred Acton p. 538.

       (Continued in 1970)

Two Hundred Years Ago, by Rev. Donald L. Rose. - pp. 85, 127, 160, 236, 457, 555.

New Philosophy, Vol. 72.

Love in Action, Swedenborgs Concept of - a study of the ethics of Emanuel Swedenborg (1688-1772), by William Ross Woofenden. - pp. 223, 263.

Manuscripts of Emanuel Swedenborg, The Preservation and Reproduction of the, by Lennart O. Alfelt. - p. 127.

Rational Psychology, An introduction to, by Emanuel Swedenborg. p. 151. Swedenborgs Library - an alphabetical list. - p. 115.

New Church Education, Vol. 33 and 34.

French, The case for, in the Elementary Schools of the General Church, by Sally J. Smith. - p. 169.

Religion, Teaching, by Rev. Louis B. King. - pp. 66, 86, 117, 146.

Academy Journal, Vol. 8, No. 2.

College, The Academy: The Choices Ahead, by E. Bruce Glenn. - p. 23.

Curricular Development in the Academy, by George de Charms - p. 2.

Philosophy in the Academy, by Edward F. Allen. - p. 13,

PUBLICATIONS
DE CHARMS, GEORGE: The Tabernacle of Israel. Pageant Press International Corp., New York 1969. Cloth, pp. 293. Rev. in L:469.

Den Nya Kyrkan - Nagra Synpunkter (The New Church - Some Aspects) Bokforlaget Nova Ecclesia, Stockholm, 1969. Text, pp. 7. Rev. in L:281.

GRANGE, ALAN: Psychology as Servant of Religion. Missionary Society of the New Church, 1969. Paper, pp. 126. Rev. in L:556.

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LANG, REG: Death and After. Pub. by the author, England, 1969. Paper, pp. 48. Rev. in L:510.

RYDER, NORMAN: The Second Coming. Missionary Society of the New Church, London, England, 1969. Paper, pp. 20. Rev. in L:510.

WILKIE, JACK AND BARBARA: The Wonder of Sex. Hiltz Pub. Co., Cincinnati, Ohio. 10th printing. Paper, pp. 128. Rev. in L:377.

Angelic Wisdom concerning the Divine Love and Wisdom. By Emanuel Swedenborg. A new translation by Clifford and Doris H. Harley. The Swedenborg Society, London, 1969. Rev. in L. 1970:237.

DUCKWORTH, DENNIS: Better than Gold. Published for the Missionary Society of the New Church by New Church Press, Ltd. London, England, 1969. Paper, pp. 96. Rev. in L.1970:183.

HOUGHTON, L. H.: The Touch-Line of Faith. The Missionary Society of the New Church, London, 1969. Paper, pp. 42. Rev. in L.1970:183.

ODHNER, HUGO Lj.: The Human Mind, its faculties and degrees. A study of Swedenborgs Psychology. Swedenborg Scientific Assoc. Bryn Athyn, Pa., 1969. Cloth, pp. 127. Rev. in L. 1970:385.

RYDER, NORMAN: Old Testament-New Church. The substance of a lecture delivered to the Ministers School, New Church College, 1968. Mimeo., Published by the New Church College, 1969. pp. 27. Rev. in L:1970:336.

Dreams of a Spirit Seer and Other Related Writings - Immanuel Kant, translated from the German by Johan Manolesco. Vantage Press, New York, 1969. 192pp. Rev. in NP 1971:148.

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
1969
International.              President Nixon makes an eight day working trip to five European countries to strengthen and revitalize the North American Alliance (Feb. 23).

President Nixon announces a gradual Vietnam pullout of U. S. troops in a significant step toward peace (Aug. 31).

Space Exploration.       The ten day flight of Apollo 9 around the earth serves as a rehearsal for the lunar modules key role in landing men on the moon (March 3-13).

The historic high light of the 20th century thus far is reached July 20th with mans first landing on the moon. The Apollo II is manned by Neil A. Armstrong (38) and Air Force Col. Edwin E. (Buzz) Aldrin, Jr. (39) who are safely returned to earth (July 24).

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 226

France.        In a needless test of confidence, French voters reject President Charles de Gaulle, who resigns (April 28).

Germany.       The first postwar socialist regime takes over in Bonn and socialist Willy Brandt becomes Chancellor (Oct. 21).

Israel.       Mrs. Golda Meir, at 70, becomes the fourth Premier of Israel (March 17).

United States.       General of the Army Dwight David Eisenhower, 34th President of the U. S. and Supreme Allied Commander in Europe during World War II dies at age 78 in Washington, D. C. Millions see the televised three day state funeral (March 28).

Beloved Senate Republican leader Everett McKinley Dirksen dies (Sept. 7) in Washington D. C. and becomes the fourth senator in U. S. history to be honored with a service in the Capitol rotunda.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 227

1970

AMERICA

CANADA
Toronto, N. d. - A very full report of the activities and uses of this society. 42 pupils in school. Projections of future growth. - L. 1971:435.

UNITED STATES

CALIFORNIA
Los Angeles, Sept. 1. - Rev. N. H. Reuter, Pastoral Assistant to the Bishop, appointed to take charge of the Los Angeles Society and the San Francisco Circle for one year. - L. 579, 159; 1971:258b.

GEORGIA
Atlanta, N. d. - Significant report of this group. - L. 1971:92.

ILLINOIS

Glenview, N. d. - Society reports over 100 elementary school children, plus 26 in high school. Also a Sunday school of 19. - L. 1971:204.

MICHIGAN
Detroit, May 19. - Death of Mr. John Howard. - L. 344, 450, 1971:171.

May 21. - Death of Mr. Willard B. McCardell. - Refs. above.

NEW ENGLAND
Sept. 1. - Rev. L. R. Soneson appointed resident pastor of New England states. - L. 159, 579; L. 1971:257, 574.

OHIO
North Ohio Circle, N. d. - Report of this Circle, and tribute to Rev. Erik Sandstrm. - L. 971:392.

PENNSYLVANIA
Bryn Athyn, Jan. 19-23. - Council of the Clergy. - L. 160. New format: (a) Morning committee meetings, (b) three working luncheons, (c) First full seminar. - L. 161.

May 4. - Death of Miss Freda Pendleton, who contributed much to the spirit and functioning of the Academy Library. - L. 382.

May 18, - Death of Mr. Kesniel C. Acton, Esq. - L. 344, 384; 1971:170. ... a man of profound loyalty to the Heavenly Doctrine, and of constant devotion to whatever use he was called upon to perform.

June 16-19. - 25th General Assembly. Journal of Proceedings, L. 516ff. First panel presentations at a General Assembly, L. 517; cf. 400-428, 458-473. Smaller discussion groups also held for first time, L. 520, organized by young people. Each of three of the sessions were attended by over 1000, the banquet drew 1320. - L. 531. It was also the first time a theme was selected for an Assembly. - L. 161.

227



ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 228 Some General Church and Academy statistics: (as of Sept. 1, 1970): Total membership: 3238; L. 1971:180. Total priests (including Missions): 52, L. 1971:556; see also comparative five-year tables of baptisms, holy supper, confirmations, et al, p. 557.

June. - Rev. Norbert H. Rogers elected by 25th General Assembly as Secretary of the General Church. - L. 519, 580.

Sept. 1. - Rev. Robert S. Junge appointed Acting Principal of the Bryn Athyn Elementary School. Resigns as Secretary of the General Church. - L. 310, 579.

- Rev. David R. Simons appointed Educational Assistant to the Bishop. - L. 310, 580.

Sept. - Appointment of Mr. Gregory L. Baker to the Academy college faculty to teach physics and mathematics. - L. 130.

- Appointment of Mr. Jeremy Odhner to teach mathematics in the Secondary Schools. - L. 204.

Oct. 15-17. - Annual Charter Day of Academy Schools. - L. 608. First Open House held by theological school; Rev. W. Cairns Henderson reports record of 8 students in the theological school. ibid. Rev. Harold Cranch gives address on The Academys Challenge to Youth,. - L. 596. Banquet Program deals with coping with Rapid Change, The Academy and the Revolution of Modernization, Technically Were Living in a Changing World, and Faith in Change.

- N. d. - The most extensive revision of The Order and Organization of the General Church is completed and published. Text and notes in explanation given in L. 568-577.

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
Washington, D. C., Sept. -First New Church school to be opened in 45 years - beginning with a kindergarten. - L. 191,445; 1971:476, 553 (dedication),


Sept. 12. - Dedication of school. - NCE 35:63: cf. ibid, pp. 58-63ff.

EUROPE

ENGLAND
London, July 2-6. - New Church World Assembly. - L. 488; 1971:304; cf. 1972:338 - review of book on it. First genuine world assembly of all New Church bodies. - Mess. 1970: Sept. and Oct. Booklet: The New Church World Assembly, esp. pp. 29-34, 41-47.

- N. d. - Michael Church. - 40 children reported in the Sunday School. - L. 1971:304.

SWEDEN
Stockholm, Sept. 6. - Dedication of societys church building by the Rt. Rev. Elmo C. Acton. - L. 1971:36; 1972:45.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 229

NOTEWORTHY ARTICLES
New Church Life, Vol. 90.

Academy, The Relation of the, to the General Church, by Rt. Rev. Willard D. Pendleton. - p. 297.

Appearances, Natural and Heavenly, by Geoffrey P. Dawson. - pp. 214, 274.

Conjugial, The History of the, with Mankind, by Rev. Geoffrey Childs. - p. 74.

Consummation, The, of the Age (1), The Last Judgment, by Rev. Frederick L. Schnarr. - p. 465.

Doctrinal Studies, by Rev. Hugo Lj. Odhner. - p. 256.

Dreams, Hopes and the Future, by Rev. Alfred Acton II. - p. 438.

Population and the New Church outlook, by Conrad E. Iungerich. - p. 368.

Lord, The, by Rt. Rev. Elmo C. Acton. - p. 350.

Lord, The Second Coming of the, by Rt. Rev. Willard D. Pendleton. - p. 474.

Religion, The Life of
1. Spiritual Life, by Rev. Morley D. Rich. - p. 415.
2. Civil and Moral Life, by Rev. Dandridge Pendleton. - p. 420.
3. Social Life, by Rev. Norman H. Reuter. - p. 423.

Sin, What is?, by Rev. Bjorn Boyesen. - p. 55.

Tithe, The Principle of the, by Rev. Harold C. Cranch. - p. 6.

TRUE CHRISTIAN RELIGION, The
a. The Sacred Scripture, by Rev. W. Calms Henderson. - p. 17.
b. The Decalogue, by Rev. Frederick L. Schnarr. - p. 66.
c. Faith, by Rev. Geoffrey H. Howard. - p. 105.
d. Charity and good works, by Rev. Donald L. Rose. - p. 153.
e. Freedom of Choice, by Rev. Peter M. Buss. - p. 205.
f. Repentance, by Rev. Kurt P. Nemitz. - p. 280.
g. Reformation and Regeneration, by Rev. Louis B. King.
h. Imputation, by Rev. Frank S. Rose. - p. 362.
i. Baptism, by Rev. Erik Sandstrm. - p. 429.
j. The Consummation of the Age, The Coming of the Lord and the New Church, by Rev. Douglas Taylor. - p. 532.

Two Hundred Years Ago, by Rev. Donald L. Rose. - pp. 86, 232, 933.

Virtues, The Presentation of, by Relative Things, by Rev. Victor J. Gladish. - p. 114.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 230

Word, The Authority of the, by Rev. Roy Franson. - p. 586.

Word, The Divine Human Form and the series of the, by Rev. Geoffrey H. Howard. - p. 138.


Word, The Infinite and Ultimate, by Rev. Morley D. Rich. - p. 224.

Word, The Living,
a. The Old Testament, by Rev. Norbert H. Rogers. - p. 400.
b. The New Testament, by Rev. Harold C. Cranch. - p. 404.
c. The Writings, by Rev. Ormond Odhner. - p. 409.

World, The State of the Modern, by Rev. Robert S. Junge. - p. 465.

NEW PHILOSOPHY, Vol. 73.

Correspondences, Categories of, by Hugo Lj. Odhner. - p. 332.

Correspondence, Swedenborgs Doctrine of, by Inge Jonsson. - p. 299.

Correspondences, The Doctrine of: both Science and Philosophy, by Erik Sandstrm. - p. 379.

Degrees, Swedenborgs System of, chronological charts (1717-1771) arranged on the basis of an analysis of Swedenborgs works, by Huge L Odhner. - p. 397.

Philosophy of time, Emanuel Swedenborg and the, by William R. Woofenden. - p. 353.

New Church Education, Vol. 34.

Dawn of Consciousness, The, A growth of the mind paper, by Ragnar Boyesen. - p. 224.

Academy Journal, Vol. 9, No. 1

Remains and Education, by N. Bruce Rogers. - p. 14.

Youth, Todays, by Martin Pryke. - p. 2.

PUBLICATIONS
Apocalypse Revealed. The: By Emanuel Swedenborg. A new transition by Frank F. Coulson. Swedenborg Society, London, 1970. Two volumes, 95pp. Cloth. Rev. in L. 1972:423.

Order and Organization of the General Church of the New Jerusalem. The: An extensive revision by Bishop Willard D. Pendleton. Introduction and Text. - L. 318. Text and italicized changes, - L. 568-577.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 231

Pentateuch. A translation of the first five books of the Old Testament prepared by a Committee of the General Conference of the New Church. Pub. by the General Conference, London, l970. 355pp. Cloth and paper. Rev. in L.1972:512.

ROSENQUIST, S. P.: The Coming of the City. Pub. by the author, 1970. Paper, pp. 93. Rev.
in L. 1971:42.

SMITH, G. ROLAND: My Side of the Grave. - Designed and illustrated by the author. Missionary Society of the New Church, London, 1970. Paper, pp. 151. Rev. in L. 1971:253.

SWANK, SCOTT T.: The Unfettered Conscience. A study of Sectarianism, Spiritualism, and Social Reform in the New Jerusalem Church, 1840-1870. University of Pennsylvania, 1970. Available on microfilm or in xeroxed copy from University Microfilms, Ann Arbor, Mich., 48106. Rev. in NP 1972:321.

SYNNESTVEDT, SIG: The Essential Swedenborg. Basic teaching of Emanuel Swedenborg, Scientist, Philosopher and Theologian. Selected and edited with an introduction by Sig Synnestvedt. Swedenborg Foundation, New York, 1970. pp. 202. Rev. in L. 601.

              
VICKERS, PAUL V.: God-Talk and Man-Talk. New Church Press, Ltd., London, England,1970. Paper, pp. 158. Rev. in L. 492.

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
1970
International.              The United States and the Soviet Union begin Salt (Strategic Arms Limitation Talks) in Finland (Nov. 17).

Space Exploration.       Space exploration continues throughout the year with Soviet Soyuz 9 setting a record of nearly 18 days in a manned space craft (June 19).

Egypt.       The day after bringing about a truce in the Jordan civil war Egypts powerful President Gamal Abdel Nassar dies in Cairo at age 52 (Sept. 28). His career had shaped the destiny of the Mideast. He is succeeded (Oct. 17) by Anwar Sadat for a six year term.

France.       General Charles de Gaulle retired French leader and World War II rallying point of the Free French dies at nearly 80 years old (Nov. 9) - the last of the giant leaders surviving the war.

Great Britain.       Great Britain grants voting and other legal rights to 18-year-olds by Act of Parliament (Jan. 1).

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 232

In a surprise upset Conservative leader Edward R. G. Heath becomes Prime Minister amid a popular swing to the Tories in the House of Commons (June 18).

Peru, South America.       The most destructive historic earthquake in the Western hemisphere spreads death and destruction over hundreds of square miles of Peru (May 31).

United States.       News of the U. S. Cambodian campaign triggers tragic incident at Kent State University in Ohio, which typifies the wide spread protests over the Vietnam in war in all levels of society (May 4).

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 233

1971

AFRICA

SOUTH AFRICA
Durban, June 19. - Dedication of complex of new Church buildings by Bishop Willard D. Pendleton. - L. 503. Beginning of new community of Glencairn. cf. 553; 1972:97.

July 23. - Rev. Peter Buss resigns as Superintendent of the South African Mission, and accepts call to serve as pastor of the society. - L. 555.

Aug. 1. - Rev. Willard L. D. Heinrichs resigns as pastor of Northwest District (U. S. and Canada), and accepts appointment as Superintendent of South African Mission. - L. 555.

Kwa Mashu, June 27. - Dedication of new Mission Church building by Bishop Pendleton. - L. 1972:100.

AMERICA

CANADA
Kitchener, May 7-9. First Canadian National Assembly, Bishop Willard D. Pendleton presiding. - L. 379, 529.

- Incorporation of General Church in Canada. - L. 552.

- Caryndale reports 34 homes and 155 residents. Discussion of possible home for elderly. - L. 529.

Toronto, Sept. 1. - Rev. Eric E. Sandstrm appointed as Assistant to the Pastor. - L. 556.

Dawson Creek, Sept. 1. - Rev. Christopher R. J. Smith appointed to serve as District Pastor to the Northwest District. - L. 556.

UNITED STATES

ARIZONA
Tucson, Sept. 1. - Rev. Norman H. Reuter accepts appointment to serve as pastor of the Southwest District for one year. - L. 555.

CALIFORNIA
Los Angeles, Sept. 1. - Rev. Geoffrey H. Howard resigns as Pastor of the Southwest District to accept call to the Pastorate of the Los Angeles Society and Visiting Pastor to the San Francisco Circle. - L. 555; cf. 1972:238.

ILLINOIS
Chicago, N. d. - Brief history of the Sharon Church. - L. 525.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 234

NEW ENGLAND STATES, Aug. - Recognition of circles and groups in the states of New Jersey, New York, Connecticut and Massachusetts as a new District. - L. 556.

PENNSYLVANIA
Bryn Athyn, Jan. 25-29. - Council of the Clergy. - L. 168. Bishop Pendleton mentions the revised Statement of the Order and Organization of the General Church and asks for reactions thereto by the Council. Main subjects discussed: The Visible Divine Human, by Rt. Rev. Elmo C. Acton; and One Kingdom, by Rev. Erik Sandstrm.

June. - Many staff changes made in the Academy. See L. 308, 393.

- N. d. - Rev. Daniel W. Heinrichs having resigned as pastor of the Durban, South Africa Society, accepts appointment as Visiting pastor to the North Ohio Circle, and as part-time religion instructor in the Academy and the Bryn Athyn elementary school. - L. 555.

- N. d. - The Rev. W. Cairns Henderson having resigned as Dean of the theological school, the Rev. Erik Sandstrm is appointed as Dean. - L. 556.

Pittsburgh, Aug. - Laurel Leaf Acad. Goad description of activities. L. 1972:27. Classes given by Rt. Rev. Elmo C. Acton, Revs. Kurt Asplundh, Daniel Goodenough, Robert S. Junge, Frank S. Rose, Lorentz R. Soneson, and Dr. James Pendleton.

EUROPE

ENGLAND
Colchester, July 23-25. - 55th British Assembly. - L. 489, 552. Incorporation of the General Church in Britain reported as almost complete. - L. 524.

Dec. 17. - Death of Mr. F. G. Colley Pryke. - L. 1972:138, 268. ... a man of sound judgment, whose counsel and leadership were highly esteemed throughout the Church.

London, July. - Swedenborg Society - first Summer-school for translating the Writings. - L. 1972:33.

NOTEWORTHY ARTICLES
New Church Life, Vol. 91.

All things new, by Rev. Willard L.D. Heinrichs. - p. 403.

Conjugial Love, by Rt. Rev. Elmo C. Acton
I - p. 79
II - The Origin of Masculine and Feminine in Creation - p. 102

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 235
III - Similitudes- p. 152
IV - Marriage in the Church - p. 215
V - Apparent Love, Friendship and Favor in Marriage - p. 276
VI - The Conjunction of Conjugial Love with the love of offspring - p. 314.

Discrete Degrees, The Doctrine of, by John White. - p. 460.

Divine Human, The Visible, by Rt. Rev. Elmo C. Acton. - p. 447.

Evangelization, by Sanfrid Odhner. - p. 320.

Freedom, by Rev. Norbert H. Rogers. - p. 234.

Holy Supper, Preparation for the, by Rt. Rev. George de Charms. - p. 290.

Influx, by Roy H. Griffith. - p. 546.

Kingdom, One, by Rev. Erik Sandstrm. - p. 490.

Laugh, Whats in a, by Stephen G. Gladish. - pp. 18, 63.

Love, Second, Preferred, by Richard R. Gladish. - p. 124.

Mirth, The Blessed, of Heaven, by Rev. Morley D. Rich. - p. 332.

Missionary Efforts, John Pitcairns, Renovo, Pennsylvania, 1866-1869, by Richard Kintner. - p. 24.

Nationality and Race, leading to the question of inter-racial marriage, by Rev. Robert S. Junge. Pp. 109, 158, 225.

Providence, The Laws of, by Rev. Harold C. Cranch. - p. 327.

Providence, Seeing, in Ultimates, by Rev. Daniel Goodenough, Jr. - p. 418.

Religion, The Life of: the socio-economic life, by Daniel L. Horigan. - p. 359.

Success and Its Abuse, by Rev. Dandridge Pendleton. - p. 413.

Swedenborgs Preparation as to the will, by Rev. Erik Sandstrm. - p. 7.

Swedenborg Society, The: Twenty-Five Years of Achievement, by Roy H. Griffiths. - p. 30.

Urim and Thurmmin, The, by Rev. Frederick L. Schnarr. - p. 369.

Wisdom, The Beginning of, by Rev. Kenneth O. Stroh. - p. 239.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 236

Word of the Lord, The, and the mind of Swedenborg, by Rev. Theodore Pitcairn. - p. 245.

Writings, On Translating the, by Rev. Norbert H. Rogers. - p. 118.

New Philosophy, Vol. 74.

Aestherics, An Enquiry into, by E. Bruce Glenn. - p. 39.

Discrete Degrees, The Concept of, or Degrees of Nature, by G. A. de C de Moubray.

Evil and Early Man, by Alfred Acton II. - p. 98.

Mythology, A Study of Northwest Coast, in the light of the Writings, by Norman Newton. - p. 122.


Reincarnation, by Donald L. Rose. - p. 140.

Variety, by Edward F. Allen. - p. 1.

Academy Journal, Vol. 11, No. 2.

New Church, Sowing the Doctrines of the, by Eldric S. Klein. - p. 2.

Science in the Curriculum, Remarks on, by Gregory Baker, Grant R. Doering, Erland J. Brock. - p. 14.

Young People, Reflections on Some Principles and Their Application in the Guidance of our,
by Margit K. Boyesen. - p. 18.

PUBLICATIONS
Arcana Coelestia. By Emanuel Swedenborg. Third Latin Edition. Volume VII (nos. 8387-9442). Edited by the Rev. John E. Elliott, B. A. B. D. Swedenborg Society, London, 1971. Cloth, pp. 768. Rev. in L. 1972:30.

Bryn Athyn Cathedral: The Building of a Church. Text by E. Bruce Glenn. Color photography by Michael Pitcairn. Pub. by the Bryn Athyn Church of the New Jerusalem, 1971. Cloth, pp. 190. Rev. in L. 1972:179.

CONSSON, INGE: Emanuel Swedenborg. Translated into English by Catherine Djurklou. Twayne Publishers Inc., New York, 1971. One in Twaynes World Author Series, A survey of the Worlds Literature. Cloth, pp. 195. Rev. in L. 1972:88.

KINGSLAKE, BRIAN: Aqueduct Papers. Christopher Pub. House, North Quincy, Mass. Rev. in L. 86.

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New Church World Assembly, The: Published by the London Committee, 1971. Cloth, pp. 79. Rev. in L. 1972:338.

PRIEUR, JEAN: Swedenborg un prophete pour notre temps. Bibliography par Claude Brufey. Paper, pp. 85. Cercle Swedenborg. Rev. in L:469.

TURLEY, CALVIN: Theology for Theo-therapy: A Swedenborgian Perspective. A Dissertation presented to the Faculty of the School of Theology at Claremount in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Doctor of Ministry. Rev. in NP:1973:447.

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
1971
International.       South Vietnamese troops cross into Laos (Feb. 8) and a 44 day assault on the Ho Chi Minh Trail results in the bloodiest fighting of the Indochina war.

Nine American ping pong players make history by penetrating Red Chinas bamboo curtain for tournaments, opening a new page in the relations of the Chinese and American people (April 6).

Twelve hours of talks in Paris (May 20-21) between French President Georges Pompidou and British Prime Minister Edward Heath paves the way for Englands entry into the European Economic Community the common market.

Space Exploration.       U. S. space craft Apollo 15 highlights a 12 day record-breaking flight with three days of lunar exploration by two of its astronauts in an electric car, the famous moon buggy (July 31-Aug. 2).

England.       In a financial shock wave affecting the United States, Britains Rolls-Royce Ltd., makers of the luxury car, collapse into receivership (Feb. 4).

Hungary.       Fifteen years of exile in the U. S. Embassy in Budapest ends for Josef Cardinal Mindszenty (79) on Sept. 28. His isolation was a protest to the 1956 Russian crushing of Hungarys revolt against tyranny.

India.        India formally recognizes the East Pakistan rebels government of Bangladesh (Bengal nation) on Dec. 6 after a bloody fourteen day conflict.

Iran.       A week of lavish entertainment and pageantry marks the 2,500th anniversary of the Persian Empire. The festivities are launched by the Shah of Iran (Oct. 12) on the ancient site of Persepolis.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 238

United States.       Publication of classified Pentagon documents on U. S. involvement in Vietnam (June) opens a far reaching crisis in government concerning the peoples right to know.

1971 sees the deaths of retired Chief Justice of the Supreme Court Hugo L. Clack (85) on Sept. 24, and Dean Acheson (78) Oct. 12 - U. S. Secretary of State 1949-53 and a chief architect of U. S. cold war policy.

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1972

AMERICA

CANADA
Kitchener, April. - Caryndale community annexed by city. Account of proceedings: L. 387ff. Historic 10th anniversary of community. 34 homes and 160 persons reported. Ibid.

Oct. 7, 8. - Second Canadian National Assembly. - L. 1973:38. Resolution to open membership in the Corporation to Women passed almost unanimously.

UNITED STATES

CALIFORNIA
Los Angeles, May 21. - First service and description of a new church building in La Crescenta. - L. 1973:236. Dedication Feb. 4, 1973; cf. L. 1973:222.

San Francisco, n. d. - Progress of Circle. - L. 1973:139.


GEORGIA
Atlanta, N. d. - Encouraging report on state of group here. - L. 476.

ILLINOIS
Glenview, Nov. 5. - Ordination of the Rev. Louis B. King into the third (episcopal) degree of the priesthood by Bishop Willard D. Pendleton. - L. 559, 567, 575; 1973:46.

OHIO
Sept. 1. - Rev. Daniel W. Heinrichs appointed Pastor of District. - L. 260, 560.

NEW YORK
Larchmont, June 9-11. - First Northeast District Assembly, Bishop Willard D. Pendleton presiding. - L. 475, 560.

PENNSYLVANIA
Bryn Athyn, March 6-10. - Council of the Clergy meetings. Change of time from January to March. - L. 264ff. A new procedure for nominating an Assistant Bishop is recommended by a committee, is approved unanimously, and is used in nominating the Rev. Louis B. King for that office. Nomination accepted by the Joint Council. - L. 265, 269.

May 3. - 75th Annual Meeting of the Swedenborg Scientific Assn. Discussion of subject What is man? Informal remarks in connection with 75th anniversary. Tributes to Bishop Alfred Acton, Dr. Hugo Odhner and Professor Edward F. Allen for their contributions in this field. - L. 347ff.



May 19. - Annual Joint Meeting of Academy Corporation and Faculty. - L. 390. Address on, and account of, the Academy Archives given by Prof. Eldric S. Klein.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 240

Aug. 14-18. Educational Council Meetings. Among the courses given: Cause in Human Events, relating doctrine to historical illustrations; Sensual Scientifics in New Church Education. For the first time, there was a meeting of the headmasters with the Curriculum Committee heads for the purpose of setting up guidelines for the further development of curricula in the General Church. - L. 503.

Sept. 1. - Rev. Kurt H. Asplundh accepts invitation to become Principal of the Bryn Athyn Elementary School. - L. 40. Also accepts call to become Assistant Pastor of the Bryn Athyn Society. - L. 319, 560; cf. 437.

- Rev. B. David Holm accepts appointment to teach in the Academy schools and the Bryn Athyn Elementary School. - L. 260, 560.

- Rev. Robert S. Junge accepts appointment to the faculty of the Academy. - L. 129, 560.

Sept. 29. - Bishop Willard D. Pendleton gives a notable address to the Bryn Athyn Society Annual Meeting on The Bryn Athyn Church: an Episcopal Society. - L. 1973:1.

Oct. 27. - An unusual Charter Day program of the Academy. - L. 574. See open house conducted by the science department, comments on the Charter Day Address and description of banquet woven around The Sound of Music. - a celebration of joy.

Nov. 24. - Death of Miss Dorothy P. Cooper, for many years a devoted teacher in the kindergarten of the Elementary School. - L. 1973:95.

- Schools enrollment reported: Academy schools total: 390; Elementary schools of the General Church: 646; total, all schools: 1036. - L. 129.

Pittsburgh, Sept. 1. - The Rev. Donald L. Rose accepts call to the pastorate of the Pittsburgh Society. - L. 129.

SOUTH CAROLINA
Pawleys Island, May 12-14. - Fifth Southeastern Area Gathering. 81 guests. Bishop Willard D. Pendleton promises an assistant to the pastor for the Washington Society and the district. - L. 377.

SOUTH AMERICA

BRAZIL
Rio de Janeiro, Nov. 15-21. - Episcopal visit by Bishop Willard D. Pendleton. Account of, L. 1973:189, 560.

BRITISH GUIANA
Demerara, Dec. 20. - Death of Rev. Henry Algernon. - L. 1973: 142, 182, 273. He labored virtually alone for many years to establish the New Church in Georgetown, British Guiana.

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EUROPE

ENGLAND
Colchester, July 15, 16. - 56th British Assembly, Rev. David R. Simons presiding as representative of the Bishop. - L. 469.

- Announcement and discussion of new incorporation, named The General Church of the New Jerusalem Council, Ltd. - cf. L. 1973:45

London, Sept. 1. - Rev. Erik E. Sandstrm accepts call to the pastorate of the society. - L. 227, 560.

NOTEWORTHY ARTICLES
New Church Life, vol. 92.

Appearance, Rising above the, by Rev. Alfred Bekuyise Mbatha. - p. 218.

Beauty, The Conjunction of, with morality, by Rev. N. Bruce Rogers. - p. 326.

Challenge of the New Testament, The, by Rev. David R. Simons. - p. 489.

Children and Television, by Kurt Simons. - pp. 211, 249.

Church of the Lord on Earth, The, by Rt. Rev. George de Charms. - pp. 6, 64, 107, 150.

Church, The New, in a new age, by Rev. N. Bruce Rogers. - pp. 70, 121.

Conjugial, Protecting the, by Rev. Willard L. D. Heinrichs. - p. 313.

Divine Love, The Incarnation of, by Rev. Norman H. Reuter. - p. 549.

Education for the Church, by Rev. Ormond Odhner. - p. 228.


Eternal, The Temporal and the, by Rev. Frederick L. Schnarr. - p. 199.

Holy Spirit and the Laity, The, by Rev. Ormond Odhner. - p. 228.

Immortality, The Doctrine of, by Rt. Rev. Willard D. Pendleton. - p. 56.

Laughter, by Rev. Victor J. Gladish.- p. 506.

Memory, The Interior and the Exterior, by Rev. Victor J. Gladish. - p. 205.

Male role, Forward into retreat on the, by Steve Gladish. - p. 413.

Permissions. The Doctrine of, by Rev. Peter M. Buss. - pp. 403, 446, 499, 538.

Priesthood, The, by Rt. Rev. Elmo C. Acton. - p. 256.

Proprium, The, of Man, by Rev. Aaron B. Zungu. - p. 13.

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Providence and Contemporary Life, by Rev. Alfred Acton II. - p. 157.

Swedenborg, Emanuel, and the Holiness of Marriage, by Rev. Kurt P. Nemitz. - p.168.

Word, The Hidden, by Rev. Geoffrey C. Childs. - p. 36.

Writings, Exposition of the, by Rev. Alfred Acton II. - pp. 320, 357.

New Philosophy, Vol. 75.

Ether, Beyond the Luminous, by Gregory L. Baker. - p. 290.

Evolution, by Alfred Acton II. - p. 151.

History, The Basis for a New Church view of, by Geoffrey P. Dawson. - p. 191.

Imagination and Rationality, by George de Charms. - pp. 180, 203, 277, 310.

Man, What is? by Edward F. Allen. - p. 248.

Mythology, A Study of Northwest Coast, in the light of the Writings, by Norman Newton. - pp.166, 221.

New Church Education, Vol. 36 and 37.

Carmel Church School, History of the, by Joan Kuhl. - p. 6.

Education of Children in the Spiritual World, The, by J. Stuart Bogg (1903). - pp. 43, 77.

New Church Education, Implications of Piagets work for, by Michael Brown. - p. 126.

Academy Journal, Vol. 12, No. 2.

Distinctiveness in Action (or why are we here?), by E. Bruce Glenn. - p. 5.

How the Lord in the New Testament challenges the Rational Mind to see Internal Things in Externals, by Rev. David Simons. - p. 12.

Key of Knowledge, Illusions of Grace and the, by Robert W. Gladish. - p. 18.

PUBLICATIONS
Book of Worship, Compiled by a Committee of the General Conference of the New Church, 20 Bloomsbury Way, London. The Campfield Press, 1972, Cloth, pp. 252, Rev. in L. 973:133.

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ODHNER, HUGO LJ.: Essays on the Lords Prayer. General Church Pub. Comm. Bryn Athyn, Pa., 1972. Mimeo., Paper, pp. 84. Rev. in L. 1973:87.

ODHNER, HUGO LJ.: Essays on The Ten Commandments. General Church Pub. Comm. Bryn Athyn, Pa., 1972. Mimeo., Paper, pp. 102. Rev. in L. 1975:31.

Word and its Holiness, The. A translation of extracts in a continuous series from Chapter 17 of the Apocalypse Explained by Emanuel Swedenborg. Translated by Frank F. Coulson. Swedenborg Society, London, 1972. Paper, pp. 59. Rev. in L. 381.

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
1972
International.              President Nixon of the U. S. visits China in an historic eight day journey for peace (Feb. 21-28).

The first visit of a U. S. president to Moscow results in the signing of pacts on Arms, Space and Health (May 22-29) between the U. S. and the Soviet Union.

Eight Arab guerillas cause death and destruction in a tragic end to the Olympic games in Munich, Germany (Sept. 5-6).

Space Exploration.        A successful probe of the planet Venus by the USSR (Mar. 27) transmits data about solar radiation and the hydrogen halo after an 180 million mile journey.

The three Apollo 16 astronauts return (April 27) with a record crop of 214 pounds of rock and soil samples from their 11 day voyage to the moon.

United States.              Hurricane Agnes (June 19) rampages the eastern seacoast causing the most extensive floods in U. S. history.

1972 sees the deaths of J. Edgar Hoover (77) (May 2) the only FBI director in its 48 year history, and Englands only abdicated modern king, the 77 year old Duke of Windsor (May 28).

For the first time in its 88 year history the Dow-Jones Industrial index closes over 1,000 (Nov. 14).

Harry S. Truman, the 33rd U. S. president, and leader of many post World War II crises, dies (Dec 26) in Missouri at age 88.

As a result of president Richard M. Nixons visit to mainland China the Washington National Zoo receives as a gift two rare giant pandas who become a top tourist attraction.

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1973

AFRICA

SOUTH AFRICA
Durban, Natal, Sept. 21. - Golden Anniversary of Kainon school. - L. 1974:43.

Transvaal, Aug. 26. - Inauguration of Circles chapel, by Rev. Willard Heinrichs. - L. 1975:84.

AMERICA


CANADA
Dawson Creek, B. C., June 29-July 1. - 12th Peace River Assembly. - L. 486, 518; 1974:531. Bishop Willard D. Pendleton presiding. 105 attend the service.

Kitchener, Jan. 1. - Caryndale community becomes part of city, after almost a year of protest. - L. 340; cf. 1972:387, Annals. 1972.

UNITED STATES
CALIFORNIA
Los Angeles, Feb. 2-4. - Dedication of Gabriel Church, by Bishop Willard D. Pendleton. - L. 222, 236, 561.

COLORADO
Denver, Sept. 1. - Rev. Morley D. Rich having resigned, the Rev. Kurt P. Nemitz is appointed Pastor of the Central-west District, resident in Denver - L. 15, 174, 562.

CONNECTICUT
N. d. - News of state and activities of the group. - L. 1974:229.

ILLINOIS
Chicago, N. d. - A brief history of the Sharon Church. - L. 424, 475, 476.

Glenview, Sept. 1. - Rev. Alfred Acton accepts call to the pastorate of the Immanual Church. - L. 15, 561; 1974:227. Rev. David R. Simons accepts invitation to become Principal of the Midwest Academy and Assistant Pastor of Immanual Church. - L. 86, 561; 1974:227.

MASSACHUSETTS
Boston, N. d. - Church services of this group now held in the Convention church in Newtonville. - L. 1974:228. First mention of Pine Needle Academy - L. 1974:325.

NEW YORK
New York, N. d. - Description of state and activities of this group. - L. 1974:168, 531.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 245

                                   
PENNSYLVANIA
Bryn Athyn, March 5-9. 75th Annual Meetings of the Council of the Clergy. Rev. Douglas M. Taylor gives brief history of the General Church in Australasia, together with account of its present state, at the General Church Evening. - L. 270ff, cf. 1974:6.

May 18. - Joint meeting of the Academy Corporation and Faculty. - L. 386. Bishop Willard D. Pendleton proposes the office of Chancellor of the Academy for the Executive Bishop of the General Church, and the office of President to be filled by another priest. An account of the newly-organized Academy Museum is given.

June. - After 25 years as Professor of Latin and History, Miss Margaret Wilde retires from Academy faculty. - L. 61.

June 12-15. - 26th General Assembly. Nomination and election of the Rt. Rev. Louis B. King as Assistant Bishop. - L. 463ff. Rev. B. David Holm appointed chairman of the new Extension Committee, now formed as a General Church Committee. - L. 466.

- Panel and first discussion groups fill Fifth Session. - L. 467, 468.

July 18. - Death of Mr. Harry C. Walter, for forty years a devoted worker for the society as treasurer, and in other fields of finance. - L. 480; 1974:179.

Aug. 28. - Death of the Rev. Dr. William Whitehead. - L. 480. 505; 1974:247. A teacher of history and political science in the Academy for over fifty years, he brought to this work a sharp insight, an inexhaustible fund of knowledge, and a keen and understanding wit.

Sept. 1. - Retirement of the Rt. Rev. Elmo C. Acton as Dean of the Bryn Athyn Church becomes effective. - L. 117; 1974:179.

- The Rt. Rev. Louis B. King begins service as Dean of the Bryn Athyn Church. - L. 214, 561; 1974:179, 227.

- Rev. B. David Holm appointed Director of General Church Religion Lessons and Editor of New Church Education. - L. 214. Also as Chairman and Editor of the Sound Recording Committee. - L. 562.

Pittsburgh, Nov. 14. - Death of Mr. James E. Blair, faithful treasurer of the Pittsburgh society for over 30 years. - L. 74.

EUROPE


ENGLAND
London, Sept. - After nearly 30 years of fine service to the Swedenborg Society as Honorary Secretary, Dr. Freda Griffith relinquishes the duties of this office. - L. 525.

Sept. 20. - Completion of the Third Latin Edition of the Arcana Coelestia. - L. 1974:45. See Publications, 1973.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 246

AUSTRALIA
Hurstville, N. d. - News of society, and of its new hall. - L. 478.

Nov. - An episcopal visit by Bishop Willard D. Pendleton, - a notable week during which the New Hall, the Richard Morse Room, was dedicated by the Bishop, and several main events were attended by more than 70 persons. - L. 1974: 168, 531.

NEW ZEALAND
Auckland, Nov. 23-25. - First Episcopal visit to this group since it became a General Church group. - L. 1974:168~531.

NOTEWORTHY ARTICLES
New Church Life, Vol. 93.

Assembly, Reflections on the, a study of friendship, by Stephen G. Gladish. - pp. 498, 547.

Bryn Athyn Church, The: an Episcopal Society, by Rt. Rev. Willard D. Pendleton. - p. 1.

Church, The Organized, a consideration of the need for an organized church with particular reference to the General Church, by Rt. Rev. Willard D. Pendleton. - p. 345.

God, by Rt. Rev. Willard D. Pendleton
a. p. 55
b. The Word p. 103
c. Man p. 154

Grand Man, The, by Rev. Victor J. Gladish. - pp. 62, 118, 169.

Mans Development, by Rev. Benjamin I. Nzimande. - p. 490.

Marriage, The Nature of the Celestial, by Rev. Geoffrey H. Howard. - p. 259.

Priesthood, The, by Rt. Rev. Elmo C. Acton. - p. 399.

Response, by Rt. Rev. Louis B. King. - p. 446.

Science and Cognitions, by Rev. Reginald W. Brown. - pp. 111, 162, 208.

Sensuals, The Use of, in the formative years, by Rev. Frederick L. Schnarr. - pp. 198, 248, 311, 363.

Sharing, by Richard Linguist. - p. 322.

Sharon Church, The History of the: 1903-1973, by Robert H. P. Cole and Michael A. Nash. - p. 331.

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Swedenborg, The Divine Inspiration of, by Rev. Geoffrey Childs. - p. 22.

Waelchli, Father: church builder, by Richard Kintner. - p. 215.

Word, Total Submission to the, by Rt. Rev. George de Charms. - p. 16.

New Philosophy, Vol. 76.

Egyptology, Discoveries in, by Horand K. Gutfeldt. - p. 375.

Epistemology, An Exercise in, by Kenneth Rose. - p. 437.

Historical Events, Causation of, by David J. Roscoe. - p. 327.

Law, Natural, by E. Boyd Asplundh. - p. 471. .

Spiritual Substances, Otho W. Heilman interviews Dr. Alfred Acton. - p. 455.

Swedenborg and the Modern Parapsychology, by Horand K. Gutfeldt. - p. 424.

Swedenborgs Preparation, The Nature of, by Elmo C. Acton. - p. 387.

New Church Education, Vol. 37 and 38.

Benades Conversations on Education. A Commentary on, by Rev. Kurt H. Asplundh. - pp. 35, 48, 89, 116, 135, 144, 175, 196.

Children, Our Duty to the, by William L. Worcester. - pp. 101, 115,1 34,153. (1922)

Swedenborgs Travels, by Lennart O. Alfelt. - pp. 106, 123.


Academy Journal, Vol. 13, No. 2.

Growth of the Mind, An Historical and Doctrinal Perspective on the, an appreciation of Bishop de Charms work, by Rev. Robert 8. Junge. - p. 4.

Growth of the Mind, The, and Modem Psychology and Education, by Michael A. Brown. - p. 9.

PUBLICATIONS
ELLIOTT, JOHN E.: editor An Appendix to Arcana Coelestia. A supplementary volume to the third Latin edition of the Arcana Coelestia (1949-1973). Pub. by the Swedenborg Society, London, 1973. pp. 59, 3 plates Cloth. Rev. in NP 1975:277.

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GLADISH, RICHARD R.: A History of New Church Education.
Sec. I Education under the English Conference (1968)
Sec. II New Church Education in North America in the Sphere of the General Convention. (1968)
Sec. III A History of the Academy of the New Church. (1967)
Sec. IV A History of the Day Schools of Church Societies of the General Church of the New Jerusalem.
Mimeo. by General Church Printing, Bryn Athyn, Pa. 1973. Rev. in L. 569.

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
1973
International.       Great Britain, Ireland and Denmark formally enter the European Common Market (Jan. 1) amid mingled celebration and scepticism.

Prolonged peace agreement rumors climax (Jan. 23) in a cease-fire in Vietnam. The last American troops leave Vietnam (March 29) after nearly ten years of American military presence.

In a wide spread series of cultural exchanges 41 major paintings from the Soviet Union are exhibited in Washington, D. C. and New York City (Feb. 6).

Space Exploration.       The first orbiting U. S. space station, Skylab, is launched (May 14). The flight provides evidence that man can live and work safely in the weightless conditions of space.

Argentina.              Violence marks the return to power of former President Juan D. Peron (June 20) after a 20 year exile. He is reelected Sept. 23.

England.                            Irish Republican Army terrorism begins with a plague of damaging mail bombs in London (August 18).

Chile.                            Forty-six years of civilian rule in Chile ends when a military junta deposes President Salvador Allende (Sept. 11).

United States.                     Former U. S. President Lyndon Baines Johnson, architect of the Great Society, dies in Texas at age 64 (Jan. 23).

Historic Wounded Knee in South Dakota becomes the site of a long siege (Feb. 27-May 8) by the militant American Indian Movement of the U. S.

President Richard M. Nixons second term - begun Jan. 21 - erupts in charges and counter-charges over the Watergate burglary scandal (June 17, 1972) and its subsequent cover up.

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1974


AFRICA


SOUTH AFRICA
Transvaal, April 16-21. - Young Peoples Summer School, with 18 attending. - L. 84.

June 4-9. - Assistant Bishop Louis B. King makes episcopal visit. - L. 85.

N. d. - Land acquired for further church building program.

AMERICA


UNITED STATES


FLORIDA
Miami, Sept. 1. - Rev. Glenn Alden appointed to minister to the Florida District, resident in Miami. - L. 328, 533; cf. 1976:196.

ILLINOIS
Glenview, Sept. 1. - Rev. Alfred Acton II accepts appointment by the Bishop to serve as his representative in the Midwest District. - L. 533.

MASSACHUSETTS
Boston, May 10-12. - Second Northeast District Assembly. Presided over by Assistant Bishop Louis B. King. A very fine and full account of the proceedings. Two Convention ministers present some reflections and facts clearing up some misconceptions concerning The Convention Church and the General Church. - L. 398ff.

NEW YORK
New York, Oct. 8. - Death of Dr. Marguerite Block, author of the scholarly thesis, The New Church in the New World. L. 1975:42.

OHIO
North Ohio Circle, Sept. 20-22. - First Ohio District Assembly. Bishop Willard D. Pendleton presiding. - L. 1975:44, 551.

PENNSYLVANIA
Bryn Athyn, Jan. 4. - Death of the Rev. Dr. Hugo Lj. Odhner. - L. 94, 97, 248. We will miss his wise council, his insight into doctrine, his unfailing support of the uses we are organized to perform, and his friendly presence at our meetings and social gatherings.

Jan. 12. - 100th Anniversary of Academy Founders Day. - L. 207ff.

Jan, 26. - Death of the Rev. W. Calms Henderson, Editor of the New Church Life for many years. - L. 143, 185, 247. ...the church on earth has lost a gifted and devoted servant. In the history of the New Church, few have possessed his editorial ability... to present the essentials of a subject in a brief and understandable form.

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March 4-8. - 76th Annual Meeting of the Council of the Clergy, Bishop Willard D. Pendleton presiding. - L. 242. Two pastors from the South African Mission attend, - the Revs. Benjamin I. Nzimande and Aaron Zungu. It is decided to accept the invitation from the General Convention to send two General Church priests to attend the meetings of their Convention in 1974. The Church Extension Committee is disbanded in favor of a better instrument (cf. below).

Principal subject discussed: The Masculine and Feminine.

- 80th Joint Council of the Clergy and the Corporation Directors, discusses at length the question of using proxies in the election of a Bishop or Assistant Bishop.

- The Extension Committee made an active committee of the General Church under the chairmanship of the Rev. B. David Holm. cf. L. 280.

May 17. - Annual Joint Meeting of the Faculty and Corporation of the General Church. Report of Mr. Lennart Alfelt on the establishment and work of the Swedenborgiana Library. - L. 395.

April. 20. - 77th Meeting of the Swedenborg Scientific Association. Dr. F. Caracena gives major dissertation, on The Finer Things of Nature. - L. 365. N. P.

July 8. - Death of Mr. Harold P. McQueen, a faithful member and staunch supporter of the Glenview society for over 60 years. - L. 408.

July 17. - Death of Mr. Walter L. Horigan, a fine member of the Pittsburgh Society for most of his life. - L. 448.

Aug. 19-23. - Educational Council meetings. Thought to be the largest average attendance of New Church educators in the history of this Council. Some subjects discussed: New Church Philosophy in Curriculum Planning, Freedom and Authority in Education, The New Church Response to Educational Innovations, Affections in Education. - L. 478.

Sept. 1. - The Rev. Martin Pryke, having resigned as Executive Vice-president of the Academy, accepts appointment as acting editor of New Church Life, and as an instructor in homiletics in the theological school. - L. 328, 395, 533.

- The Rt. Rev. Louis B. King is elected by the Board of Directors of the Academy to the office of Executive Vice-President. - L. 328, 532.

- Rev. Kurt H. Asplundh accepts call to the office of Dean of the Bryn Athyn Church. - L. 328, 533.

- Rev. Douglas M. Taylor, former pastor in Hurstville, Australia, accepts call to serve as Assistant Dean of the Bryn Athyn Church. - L. 328, 533, 446, 493, 554.

- Rev. Norman H. Reuter retires. - L. 528, 533, 556.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 251

- Rev. Roy Franson, having resigned as pastor of the Florida District, accepts appointment as pastor of the Southwest District. - L. 328, 533, 556.

Sept. 10. - Death of Mr. William R. Cooper, curator of the Bryn Athyn Cathedral, for 46 years, with a remarkable devotion to his responsibilities, ... meticulous in the care of the church and in protecting it as a house of worship. - L. 552, 559.

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
Washington, D. C., N. d. - Full report of increase in school and the new community of Acton Park. - L. 362.

WASHINGTON
Issaguch, July 27, 28. - 11th Pacific Northwest District Assembly, Bishop Willard D. Pendleton presiding. - L. 1975:85.

AUSTRALIA
Hurstville, Easter. - First Gum Leaf Academy. - L. 1975:~3. Building Fund started. - 1975:235.


Sept. 1. - Rev. Michael Gladish assumes duties as minister to the society. - L. 328, 533; 1975:235.

EUROPE


ENGLAND
London, May 11. - 164th meeting of the Swedenborg Society. Address by the President, D. F. C. Mann, on Christianity and Business. - L. 469, 472.

N. d. - Dr. Freda G. Griffith awarded the M. B. E. (Member of the Order of the British Empire) by the Queen in recognition of the long and distinguished service she has rendered to the Swedenborg Society as its Honorary Secretary... - L. 469.

SOUTH AMERICA


BRAZIL
Mate Grosso, Sept. 18. - Death of General Alberto Carlos de Mendonca Lima, of Brasilla, Brazil, - who was a leader of the General Church Society in Rio de Janeiro. - L. 1975:42, 47.

NOTEWORTHY ARTICLES
New Church Life, Vol. 94.

Abortion, by Rt. Rev. Willard D. Pendleton. - p. 201.

Academy, The, In Crisis, by Rev. Ormond de C. Odhner. - p. 208.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 252

Church, General, The History of the, in Australasia, by Rev. Douglas Taylor. - p. 6.

Divorce, by Rt. Rev. Willard D. Pendleton. - p. 155.

Education, Philosophy of New Church, an historical review of its growth and education, by Nancy Stroh Dawson. - pp. 302, 343.

Evil, How can a loving God permit? by Rev. Frank S. Rose. - p. 116.

Hell, The Eternity of, by Rev. Kenneth O. Stroh. - p. 110.

Lord, Conjunction with the, by Rev. Erik Sandstrm. Pp. 286, 348, 378, 421.

Loves, Changing your, by Rev. Ormond Odhner. - p. 69.

Marital Separation, by; Rev. N. Bruce Rogers. - p. 414.

Marriage, Tenderness in, by Rev. Peter M. Buss. - p. 56.

Method, by Rev. Erik E. Sandstrm. - p. 127.

Miracles, The Use of, by Rev. David R. Simons. - p. 30.

Presidents Pie, by Roy H. Griffith. - p. 214.

Procrastination, by Rev. Kurt H. Asplundh. - p. 63.

Protection, by Rev. Christopher R. J. Smith. - p, 122.

Samuel, The Call of, by Rev. Robert H. P. Cole. - p. 133.

Swedenborg: The Modern Prophet of the Lord, by Rev. Ragnar Boyesen. - p. 23.

Uses, The, of men and women, by Rev. Harold Cranch. - p. 294.

Where two or three are gathered together, by Rev. Frederick L. Schnarr. - p. 161.

New Philosophy, Vol. 74.

Divine Philosophy, The Transitions from Human to, by Hugo Lj. Odhner. - p. 43.

Does Physics Equal Geometry? by Gregory L. Baker. - p. 16.

Finer Things of Nature, The, by Fernando Caracena. - p. 96.

Is Swedenborgs System a Dualism? an ontological inquiry, by Horand K. Gutfeldt. - p. 163.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 253

Odhner, Hugo Ljungberg - an appreciation, by Edward F. Allen. - p. 72.

Swedenborg, Pascal and, by Sylvia M. Gladish. - p. 1.

Ultimates, The Doctrine of, and the nature of Matter, by Hugo Lj. Odhner. - p. 127.

New Church Education, Vol. 39.

New Ethics, The, - an essay on the moral law of use, by Frank Sewall. - pp. 10, 31, 45, 65, 86, 105.

Academy Journal, Vol. 15, No. 1.

College, The Uses of the, by Dean E. Bruce Glenn. - p. 4.

Conviction and Intent, by Rt. Rev. Louis B. King. - p. 6.

PUBLICATIONS
Amour Vraiment Conjugial, An edited French version of Conjugial Love. Pub. by the Cercle Swedenborg, Meudon, 1974. Paperback, pp. 503. Rev. in L. 481.

Coleridges Commentary on Swedenborg. A Dissertation presented to the Faculty of the Graduate School, University of Missouri, in Partial Fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree Doctor of Philosophy, by Leonard Martin Edmisten, June 1974. Pub. on demand by University, Microfilms, Ann Arbor, Michigan. Rev. in NP 1973:498.

Internal Sense of the Word, The. A translation of extracts from chapters 15 to 23 of Arcana Coelestia by Emanuel Swedenborg. Translated by George T. Hill. Swedenborg Society, 20 Bloomsbury Way, London,1974. Paper, pp. 49. Rev. in L. 540.

KINGSLAKE, BRIAN: For Heavens Sake - Forty Six variations on the theme: How to react to the conditions of life on earth in such a way as to prepare oneself for life In the Kingdom of Heaven. Christopher Pub. House, North Quincy, Mass., 1974. Paper, pp. 321. Rev. in L. 121.

Life of Swedenborg, A. An up-dated and revised edition of the late Rev. J. Stuart Boggs An Illustrated Life of Swedenborg, first published c1910, in the New Church Young Peoples Magazine (English Conference); originally revised in 1924 by Rev. H. G. Drummond. Seminar Books, London, 1974. Rev. in L. 1975:421.

VAN DUSEY WILSON: The Presence of other Worlds. The Psychological/Spiritual Findings of Emanuel Swedenborg. Harper and Row, Pub. New York, 1974. Cloth, pp. 240. Rev. in L. 1975:32.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 254

PERIODICALS
Studia Swedenborgiana. Magazine published by the Swedenborg School of Religion, Newton, Mass. Wm. Ross Woofenden, editor. (Swedenborgs Journal of Dreams edited by Dr. Garth Wilkinson). Rev. in NP:126.

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
1974
International.       Inflation and the energy crisis dominate many private, public and political problems during 1974.

Ethiopia.              Ethiopian armed forces Peacefully depose the 82 year old Lion of Judah Emperor Haile Selassie after a 58 year reign (Sept. 12).

Greece.              A violent coup by Creek officers (July 15) overthrows the government of Archbishop Markarios on Cyprus - critical Mediterranean island.

India.              India becomes the sixth member of the nuclear nations club with the successful testing of a nuclear device (May 18).

Philippines.       The Philippine Islands yield up an incredible last Japanese survivor of World War II (March 10). He is returned safely to his native land amid an outpouring of patriotic emotion.

United States.       The kidnapping (Feb. 4) by the Symbionese Liberation Army of young heiress Patricia Hearst leads to a prolonged and fantastic hunt for the return of the victim-turned-criminal.

Following historic confrontations with both the U. S. Congress and the U. S. Supreme Court Richard M. Nixon becomes the first U.S. president to resign that office (August 9). He is succeeded by Vice President Gerald R. Ford.

President Gerald R. Fords proposed amnesties for former President Nixon (Sept. 8) and Vietnam era draft dodgers (Sept. 16) trigger widespread criticism.

Work begins on the controversial Alaska Pipeline - a 789 mile first step towards making the U. S. self-sufficient in energy supplies by 1980.

U. S. S. R.              The Soviet Union (Feb. 13) strips Nobel-prize winning author Alexander Solzhenitsyn of his citizenship and deports him into exile.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 255

1975


AMERICA


CANADA
Kitchener, N. d. - Caryndale community reported as having doubled in seven years, - to 44 houses and 200 people; school has 47 pupils, largest enrollment since 1936. A record 207 people attend Thanksgiving service. - L. 1976:34. A restructuring of the societys executive committee is effected. - L. 1976:115.

Toronto, Oct. 17-19. - Third Canadian National Assembly, Bishop Willard D. Pendleton presiding. This Assembly included the third annual meeting of the General Church in Canada, during which it is reported that substantial funds had been transferred to this body from the General Church, with a view to making the church in Canada self-sustaining in time. - L. 1976:35, 37.

UNITED STATES


CALIFORNIA
Los Angeles, Oct. - Fifth California District Assembly, Assistant Bishop Louis B. King presiding. Record attendance for Church service. Small group discussions held at second session, with leaders. - L. 1976:38.

COLORADO
Denver, N. d. - News from Central-west District. - L. 1976:117.

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
Washington. D. C., N. d. - A 9th grade is added to the school. The church mortgage is paid up completely. - L. 465.

June 13-15. - Episcopal Visit by Bishop Willard D. Pendleton, during which the Rev. Thomas Kline is ordained into the second degree. - L. 466b.

FLORIDA
Miami, Jan. 23-25. - First Florida District Assembly, Asst. Bishop Louis B. King presiding. An attendance of 100 adults and 22 children. Account of Circles activities. - L. 1976:196.

GEORGIA
Atlanta, April 11-13. - Second Southeast District Assembly. Bishop Willard D. Pendleton presiding. - L. 328, 551. First Resident Pastor appointed, Rev. Thomas L. Kline. - cf. 465, 552.

NEW JERSEY
Morris Plains, May 9, 10. - Third Northeast District Assembly, Bishop Louis B. King presiding. - L. 507.

OHIO
Glendale, Nov. 7-9. - Second Ohio District Assembly, Bishop Louis B. King presiding.

255



ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 256 A church building purchased from a small group of Convention members, is re-dedicated. - L. 1976, 116.

PENNSYLVANIA
Bryn Athyn, March 3-7. - 77th Annual Meeting of the Council of the Clergy. Two Convention ministers attend by invitation. - L. 271, 274, 552. The Secretary of the Council and of the General Church reports number of ministers and members, as follows, and as compared with the year 1935:

              1975        1935
Total                     47       42
Bishops                     4       3
Ministers              6       2
Pastors                     36       37
Associate              1
(of these, 7 are retired)              7 retired or in other work

Total Membership of Church - 3389

L. 1975:210, 552              L. 1936:141,144.

South African Mission Statistics

              1975              1925
Pastors                     5              4
Ministers              1              6

                     Leaders 5       

              6              15       

April 21. - 78th meeting of the Swedenborg Scientific Assn. - L. 330. Paper by Rev. Robert S. Junge, - Comparison, Analogy, and Real Correspondence, - in which he demonstrated the importance of analogical thought in the development of the interior natural mind as a basis and nexus to later spiritual thought from correspondences. - NP:264.

April 28. - Death of Mr. Edwin T. Asplundh. - L. 332. To him to be of services was to be of use to the neighbor, and he willingly accepted every opportunity to advance the cause of the New Church and of his beloved Academy. - AJ, Vol. 15, No. 1: p. 47.

May 16. - Joint meeting of the Faculty and Corporation of the Academy. Bishop Willard D. Pendleton announces his change from the office of President to that of Chancellor as of Sept. 1. Bishop Louis B. King includes in his report reference to his move from the office of Executive Vice-president to that of President. Included in report are announcements of the resignations of Rev. Dandridge Pendleton as principal of the Boys School, effective at the end of the school year (June, 1976) and of Prof. E. Bruce Glenn as dean of the college, effective in June, 1977. - L. 378.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 257

Aug. 18-22. - Annual meetings of the Educational Council. Three outstanding series presented: - Human Development, The Accommodation of Affections in Learning, and Report on Open Education. - L. 508.

Aug. 27-Sept. 1. - Inter-denominational Conference on The Ancient Church. This was a first of this nature. Under the auspices of the Academy of the New Church and supported by the Carpenter Fund, a distinguished group of scholars from three branches of the New Church met in Bryn Athyn to share their insights and studies In the field of the Ancient Church. - L. 509.

Oct. 24-26. - Charter Day of the Academy. At the banquet, three ladies and a lady toastmaster give fine program on the Girls School, Past, Present and Future. - L. 1975:75.

Dec. - Resignation of Rev. Martin Pryke as Acting Editor of New Church Life. Rev. Morley D. Rich to be nominated at the General Assembly. - L. 1976:33.

Dec. 25. - Death of the Rt. Rev. Elmo C. Acton. - L. 1976:119. An honest, uncomplicated theologian, he was impatient with intellectual pretense or any obscuration of the truth by embellishments of self-intelligence or ignorance ... He believed that men ought to be led by what the Lord Himself teaches in His Word, regardless of the degree of enlightenment enjoyed by the helping priest at the moment. - L. 1976:81, 222.

- Bishop Willard D. Pendleton announces his retirement as Bishop of the General Church, effective as of Sept. 1, 1976. - L. 469, 495.

N. d. - Academy enrollment highest in history, - a total of 413 in college and secondary schools, Including 9 in theological school. - L. 512.

Pittsburgh, August. - Laurel Leaf Academy. Over 100 people progress and enjoy the presentations by Bishop Louis B. King, Revs. Morley D. Rich, Donald Rose, Kenneth Stroh, Glenn L. Alden and Frank S. Rose, and the group discussions in families, despite a number of unusual difficulties.

WASHINGTON
June 13-15. - Episcopal Visit. - L. 465.

AUSTRALIA
Hurstville, Oct. and Jan. - Society meets with General Conference society (Sydney) for the latters centenary, and for Swedenborg exhibit. - L. 976:197.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 258

NOTEWORTHY ARTICLES
New Church Life, Vol. 95.

Affections, Principles subdue, by Rev. Willard L. D. Heinrichs. - p. 392.

Baptism, Distinctive New Church, by Arne Bau-Madsen. - p. 243.


Body, The Lords Resurrection, by Rt. Rev. Willard D. Pendleton. - p. 29.

Change, by Rev. Kurt H. Asplundh. - pp. 146, 196, 252.

Cloistered Communities, by Phillip Zuber. - p. 159.

Cluster Communities: Why and how, by Kurt Simons. - p. 24.

Contact, Initial, by Richard Linguist. - p. 110.

Correspondence and Education, by Rev. Robert S. Junge. - p. 56.

Disciples, The, also were human, by Rev. Donald L. Rose. - pp. 310, 368, 411.

Holy Place, Come not to that, by Rev. Peter M. Buss. - p. 344.

Human, The, and the Rational, by Rev. Bjorn Boyesen. - p. 6.

Lord, The Genealogies of the, by Rev. Peter M. Buss.- p. 522.

Lord, Loving the, by Rev. Daniel W. Heinrichs. - p. 10.

Love in understanding, by Wilson van Dusen. - p. 401.

Man, The Primitive of, by Rt. Rev. George de Charms. - p. 475.

Marriage, within the Church, by Rt. Rev. George de Charms. - p. 441.

Miracle, The Pentecostal, by Rev. Geoffrey H. Howard. - p. 138.

Ritual, by Rev. Mark R. Carlson. - p. 187.

Women, The work of, in the Church, by Rev. C. V. A. Hasler. - p. 356.

Young, The Social Philosophy of the, by Alec Craigie. - p. 533.

NEW PHILOSOPHY, Vol. 78.

Adam, Noah and the Stone Age, by Erik E. Sandstrm. - p. 211.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 259

Comparison, Analogy and Real Correspondence, by Robert S. Junge. - p. 264.

Evolution and the Origin of Man, by Johannes Klotter. - p. 171.

Influence of the Writings in Western Culture, Notes on, by Richard R. Gladish. - p. 229.

Memory, The, by Robert E. Bruell. - p. 279.

Religious Knowledge, Swedenborgs Concept of, by Theodore Klein. - p. 197.

New Church Education. Vol. 39 and 40 (Changed to New Church Home) Conscience of Childhood, The, by Rt. Rev. George de Charms. - p. 65.

Good, Mediate, by John Odhner. - p. 31.

Lords Prayer, The, and the Seven Days of Creation, by Rev. Erik Sandstrm. - pp. 152,170.

Remains, by Kate Pitcairn. - p. 190.

PUBLICATIONS
FERBER, A. C.: We are immortal. Exposition Press, Hicksville, New York, 1975. Cloth, pp. 143. Rev. in L. 505.

Lexicon to the Latin Text of the Theological Writings of Emanuel Swedenborg (1688-1772, A: Part I A-Byssys, edited by John Chadwick, pub. by the Swedenborg Society, London,1975. Rev. in L. 564.

Missionary Memo from the editors of the General Church Extension Comm. Newsletter, Cairncrest, Bryn Athyn, Pa. Rev. in L. 566.

CONTEMPORARY EVENTS
1975
International.       Eight years after its closing the Suez Canal reopens to all international shipping except Israeli ships (June 5).

Anwar el-Sadat begins the first official visit of an Egyptian president to the United States (Oct. 26).

Space Exploration.       East-West detente is achieved in outer space (July 17) with the linking up of U. S. and USSR space crafts, the climax of the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 260

The first photograph ever taken from the surface of another planet is relayed back from Venus (Oct. 22) in a soft landing by the Soviet space craft Venera 9, after a 4-1/2 month journey.

England.              In a decisive victory (Feb. 4) Conservative Margaret Thatcher defeats incumbent Edward Heath to become the first woman ever to head a British political party.

Saudi Arabia.       A strong proponent of political moderation in the explosive Middle East, King Faisal (70) of Saudi Arabia, is assassinated (March 25) by his own nephew.

Spain.              After a prolonged medical crisis Generalissimo Francisco France dies Nov. 27, after ruling as dictator since 1926. Prince Juan Carlos de Bourbon succeeds him, in a limited monarchy.

United States.       Two assassination attempts by two young women in California on the life of President Gerald R. Ford increase mounting concern for the safety of world leaders (Sept. 5 and Sept. 22).

U. S. S. R.              USSR dissident Andrei D. Sakharov, father of the Soviet hydrogen bomb, becomes the first Soviet citizen to win the Nobel Peace Prize (Oct. 9).

Vietnam.              The Vietnam War ends (April 30) in an unconditional surrender to the communist forces.

THE END

1976

260



ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 261

EDITORS EPILOG
In these two volumes of the Annals of the early Academy and of the General Church, there may be observed a number of emerging characteristics, patterns and features. Among these, though by no means all, we would note the following:

(1)        The steady, progressing work of the General Church and the Academy, only minimally and rarely marked by spurts and set-backs.

(2)        A gradual increase in the number and substance of the District Assemblies.

(3) An increase in the number of episcopal visits to local societies, circles and groups.

(4)        The rise of the summer academies and camps.

(5)        The beginnings of group and seminar methods.

(6)        Growing flexibility in experimentation and new ideas.

(7)        A solidifying process of consensus as to the doctrines of the New Church, caused by, and accompanying, a growing perception of the destructiveness of violent, proprial dissension and division, and also, perhaps, a greater clarity as to the difference between personal, and even institutional, interpretation and application on the one hand, and the Divine Doctrine Itself as it is in the Word, on the other hand.

              
We cannot close these pages without noting the many changes in personnel and administration which have taken place in this year, 1976.

Most important have been administrative changes in the administrative offices of the Academy and the General Church. Schedule for Sept. 1, 1976, these will be:

1.        The retirement of Bishop Willard D. Pendleton as Executive Bishop of the General Church.
2.        Acceptance by the 1976 General Assembly of the Rt. Rev. Louis B. King as Bishop of the General Church.
3.        Appointment of the Rev. Alfred Acton II as President of the Academy.
4.        So many other pastoral and official changes that altogether this year has witnessed an almost complete changing of the guard.

So be it. Change is often the sign of progression and growth.

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ANNALS OF THE GENERAL CHURCH 1938-1976 p. 262

Annals of
The General Church of the New Jerusalem

Vol. II
APPENDIX

Containing Lists of

1. Meetings and Reports
Key: -

C - Church Life, - civil, social and ecclesiastical.

       E - Education

       G - Government and Organization

       M - Evangelization, Missionary

       P - Publication and Translation
2. Notable Memorials
3.               Ordinations

1938
British Assembly L. 467, 471 C
Chicago District Assembly L. 568-9 L. 1939:63 E
Chicago Life Class L. 1939:45
Council of the Clergy, 3 sessions with Academy Faculty L. 250-2, 310, 352, 344
Joint Meeting Corporation and Faculty L. 334
Michigan-Ontario Meetings L. 237
Ontario District Assembly L. 1939:46-7 C
Philadelphia District Assembly L. 325, 295 C
Pittsburgh District Assembly L. 534
Pittsburgh New Philosophy Club L. 574
Sons of the Academy B. S. A. L. 236 Cf. 285
South African Meetings L. 281 L.1939:23-7 E
South African General Assembly L. 1939:27-37, 8 C G
South African Assembly L. 1939:13-17 C
Swedish-Norwegian New Church Assembly L. 185-7

1939
British Assembly L.476-8 C M
Chicago District Assembly L. 571
Council of the Clergy L. 254-6, 248, 351 C P E
Joint Council, Clergy O Executive Committee L. 258-266 268-282, 257 C P
Joint Meeting, Corporation and Faculty L. 378
Middle West Assembly L. 366-71 C
Ontario District Assembly L. 1940:46
Philadelphia District Assembly L.285-7, 337, 385, 444, 481, 536 C
Pittsburgh District Assembly L.526

1940
Academy Finance Assoc. L. 394-6
Chicago District Assembly L. 604
Council of the Clergy L.260-2 E C
General Church General Assembly L.385-403, 442-60, 337, 347, 356, 404, 485, 528, 415-21,428, 432, 439-41
Joint Meeting, Clergy and Executive Committee L. 263-8, 268-281 E M C
Joint Meeting, Corporation and Faculty L. 334 Cf. 385
Ontario District Assembly L. 1941:44, 1
Philadelphia District Assembly L. 237, 289
Pittsburgh District Assembly L. 601,605 L. 1941:1 C
South African Mission Report L. 595-600 G C
Teachers Conference L. 439 E
Theta Alpha Religion Committee L. 1951:454

1941
Baltimore-Arbutus Local Assembly L. 518-20 C
Chicago District Assembly L. 1942:9-26, 49-60
Council of the Clergy L. 254-78 C
Educational Council L. 289-302 E
General Church Report L. 269 C
Joint Council L. 261-5 C
Middle West Assembly L. 522
Military Service Committee L. 1942:203, 384, 430
Philadelphia District Assembly L. 332
South African Mission Report L. 265, 375 L. 1942:84 Cf. L. 1940:595 C G
Swedenborg Society L. 518

1942
Chicago District Assembly L. 573 L. 1943:1
Council of the Clergy L. 248, 346
Educational Council L. 250
General Church Report L. 263, 267 C
Joint Council Gen. Church L. 256-84 P C
Pittsburgh Local Assembly L. 569-70 C
Swedish Vigor Young peoples Org. L. 1946:72 G

1943
Academy Corporation L. 337-40, 373
Chicago District Assembly L. 568 C G
Colchester Young Peoples Assembly L. 525
Council of the Clergy L. 392, 356-73 C
Educational Council L. 414, 403, 443 E C
Executive Committee Gen. Church L. 1944:182 C
General Church Report L. 356, 359, 361 L. 1942:564
Joint Council L. 395, 337 P C
Military Service Committee L. 372 C
South African Mission Report L. 356, 237, 379 L. 1944:130 C

1944
Academy Summer School L. 253, 336, 478
Chicago District Assembly L. 522
Council of the Clergy L. 248, 254, 296, 303, 174 C E
Educational Council L. 248-253, 312, 263, 272
General Church Report L. 174 L. 1943:558
Joint Council L. 289-96, 168-82
South African Mission Meetings L. 1945:21 L. 1947:518
Swedenborg Scientific Assoc. L. 33

1945
Arbutus-Washington Assoc. L. 1946:46, 91
Church Contributions Committee begins L 1946:160-62 C
Colchester Young Peoples Assembly L. 478
Council of the Clergy L. 254-255, 256-9 C
Educational Council L. 320-323, 306-317, 352-363 E
General Church Report L. 165 L. 1946:181 C P
Joint Meeting, Corporation and Faculty L. 375
Joint Council L. 270-279, 165-178 C

1946
Academy Pension Plan begins L. 1951:177 C
British Assembly News Letter, Sept. L. 548-54 C P E
Chicago District Assembly L. 619
Council of the Clergy L.157 C
General Church General Assembly L. 385-405, 412-25, 337-46, 354-65, 426-37, 465-77, 478-93, 493-99, 347-353, 501-6, 499-500, 507, 372-5 C G
General Church Report L. 169
Hurstville Swedenborg Scientific Assoc. L. 380
Joint Council L.158-182 C M G
Joint Meeting, Corporation and Faculty L. 376 J. E.
Kitchener Local Assembly L. 617
Michigan District Assembly L. 573
Pittsburgh District Assembly L. 619
Toronto Local Assembly L. 1947:40-1

1947
Baltimore-Washington Society Meeting L. 1948:136
British Assembly L. 433-445
Colchester Young Peoples Week-end L. 1948:94
Committee on Visual Education L. 117 E
Council of the Clergy L. 241-2, 172-86, 357-65, 246-56 C M
Eastern Canada Assembly L. 1948:37-40 1-10
Educational Council L. 243-245 Cf. 1951:372 C E
General Church Religion Lessons Committee L. 1948:174 E
General Church Report L. 172,48 C
Joint Council, Clergy and Executive Committee L. 289-297 C

Joint Meeting, Corporation and Faculty L. 381
Pittsburgh District Assembly L. 502-6, 523 C
South African Mission Meetings L. 405-412, 456-463 Cf. 400, 236-238 C

1948
British Assembly L. 532-5, 536-57 Cf. 1949:170 C E
Council of the Clergy L. 265-7, 236, 170-81, 248-58 C
Educational Council L. 504-9 E
General Church Report L. 170
Joint Council L. 268-78 C G
Joint Council (special) L. 1949:159 E
South African Assembly L. 1949:1-15, 105 Cf. 38 C
South African General Church Native Mission Assembly L.1949:49-74, 16 C
South African Interracial Meeting L.1949:17-18, 38 C

1949
British Assembly L. 445-50, 433-44, 487-501 L. 1950:134 C
Canadian Young Peoples Weekend L. 427-8
Chicago District Assembly L. 546-54 C E
Council of the Clergy L. 145-7, 236, 148-9 C
Eastern Canada Assembly L. 555-9, 574, C G
Educational Council L. 504-8, 478 E
General Church Sound Recording Committee L. 1950:45, 442 C E
Joint Council L.159-64, 165-75, 234-6
Joint Meeting, Corporation and Faculty L. 376 J. E.1949
Scandinavian Assembly L. 539-45 Nova Ecclesia
Swedish Providentia Assoc. L. 1950:41

1950
British Assembly L. 513-16, 517-37, 577 Cf. 1951:37 C E
Council of the Clergy L.145-7,143,148-60, 200-16 C E
General Church General Assembly L. 409-27,410, 425, 426, 433-47, 289, 337, 358, 375,465, 481, 385, 352, 446-54, 506 Cf. 395, 455 C E P
Joint Council L. 160-4, 165-84, 433 M C
Joint Meeting, Corporation and Faculty L. 399 C E
Maryland, Convention Society meeting (A. Acton) L. 185
Pennsylvania Corporation General Church L. 431, 599

1951
British Assembly L.481-4, 484-91 L.1952:9-19 C
Chicago District Assembly L. 529-32 L. 1952:64,136, 447, 119
Council of the Clergy L. 141, 155-8, 160, 193, 249 C G
Educational Council L. 460-63, 497 E
General Church Corporation L. 1952:188 G
General Church Report L. 164, 167 C
Joint Council L. 158-63, 175,183,164-86,188 P C
Joint Meeting Corporation and Faculty L. 334 C

1952
British Assembly L. 505-9, 549, 509-19 L. 1953:16-25, 60-69
Council of the Clergy L. 175-7, 217, 274 C M
Educational Council L. 457 E
General Church Corporation Meetings A. A. L. 404
General Church Elementary Schools Report L. 551 E
Joint Council L. 177-80, 181-205 G C M
Joint Meeting Corporation and Faculty J. E. Sept. p. 89 L. 398 C
Ohio-Michigan-Pittsburgh District Assembly L. 258 C
Peace River Block District Assembly L. 460 C
Sons Meeting B. S. A. Oct. p. 19 L. 403 C
Swedish Swedenborg Study Circle L. 1953:171

1953
British Academy meeting L. 1954:76 G E
British Assembly L. 1954:25-9, 37, 56 E
Chicago District Assembly L. 1954:29-31, 37, 67 L. 1953:535 C E
Council of the Clergy L. 172-4, 152, 220, 233 C
Eastern Canada District Assembly L. 1954:181, 44 C
Educational Council SAB 38:4 A. L. L. 455 E
General Church Corporation Meeting L. 381
Joint Meeting, Clergy and Board L. 174-8, 178-96 C
Joint Meeting, Corporation and Faculty L. 380
Local Schools Directory Report L. 425, 480
Peace River District Assembly L. 458
Western Pennsylvania-Ohio-Michigan District Assembly L. 490-3, 572, 496

1954
British Assembly L. 517-20, 537, 521,572
Council of the Clergy L. 168, 145, 216, 221 C G
General Church Corporation Meeting L. 396
General Church General Assembly L. 401-14, 305, 360, 372, 432, 435, 465, 478 L.1955:23,79 L.1954:415-23,445, 447, 451, 387, 355, 426, 353 C G
Joint Council L. 168-75, 175-97 C
Joint Meeting, Corporation and Faculty L. 348 J. E. Sept.
Peace River Block District Assembly L. 535
Western District Assembly, First L.1955:33-5, 1

1955
Chicago District Assembly L. 551-4, 529 L. 1956:22, 30 C E
Council of the Clergy L. 172-75, 145-54 C
Eastern Canada Assembly L. 1956:5-8, 529 L. 1956:9
Educational Council L. 441-3
General Church Connecticut meetings, First L. 1956:45
General Church Corporation Meetings L. 376 J. E.
General Conference Mission Year Book Report L. 380 C
Joint Meeting, Clergy, Directors L.175-81,181-98
Joint Meeting, Corporation and Faculty L.376 J. E.

1956
Academy Publication Committee Report L. 400
Connecticut Group Meetings L. 1957:89
Council of the Clergy L. 171-3, 203, 153, 209, 235, 274, 280 C M
Council of the Clergy (London) L.573 Cf. 450
General Church Corporation Meetings L. 363, 470
General Church General Assembly (London) L.469-519, 484-94, 447, 449, 494, 518, 369, 420, 438, 499, 533, 547 L.1957:92
General Church Membership Report L. 576
General Church Publication Committee Report L. 519
Joint Meeting, Clergy and Board of Directors L. 173-80 180-97 C P
Joint Meeting, Corporation and Faculty L. 332
Peace River Block District Assembly L. 574-5 C
South African Mission Ministers Meetings L. 365, 350, 353, 396

1957
British Assembly L.448-92, 493, 498, 503, 535 L. 1958:67 C E
Chicago District Assembly L. 548-56 L. 1958:16-19 C G E
Council of the Clergy L. 179-81, 162 Cf. 186 M
Eastern Canada Assembly L. 545-7, 481 L. 1958:5 C M
Educational Council L. 433
General Church Elementary School Report L. 47C
Joint Council L. 181-90, 191-206
Joint Meeting, Corporation and Faculty L. 383
North West District Assembly L. 473
Peace River District Assembly L. 515-7 C
South African Mission Ministers Meetings L. 235, 238, 245 C
Western Pennsylvania-Ohio-Michigan District Assembly L. 562 C

1958
British Assembly L. 441-5, 489, 454 498 C G
Council of the Clergy L. 176-8, 103, 153, 225 C
Educational Council L. 523 E
General Church Corporation Meetings L. 437
General Church Sound Recording Committee Report L. 65 C
Joint Council L.178-183,183-99 E M
Joint Meeting, Corporation and Faculty L. 400 J. E. E
Peace River District Assembly L. 526 Cf. 531
Philadelphia-New York- New Jersey District Assembly L. 344, 577 Cf. 1959:92
Scandinavian Assembly L. 530, 489
South African Assembly L. 363-6, 489, 370, 353 Cf. 342, 365 C G
South African Ministers Meetings L. 366-70, 353 Cf. 369

1959
British Assembly L. 513-6 Cf. 1960:44 L. 1959:525, 569 C E
Council of the Clergy L. 178-80, 151 Cf. 204 C
Epsilon Society Report L. 539-47 Cf. 1960:334-8 M
General Church General Assembly Assembly Journal L. 453-67, 337, 345, 381, 394, 410, 482, 468-77, 431,429 Cf. 450, 477, 480, 481 C
General Church Local Schools Report L. 553, 558 E
Joint Council L. 80-84,185-98 Cf. 302 C P
Joint Meeting, Corporation and Faculty J. E. L. 331 E
Northwest District Assembly L. 590

1960
British Assembly L. 433, 349, 499 L. 1961:6 Cf. 299 C E
Chicago District Assembly L. 1961:27 Cf. 43, 55 C
Connecticut-Massachusetts Joint Meeting L. 571
Council of the Clergy L.175-7, 222, 270, 156 Cf. 259 C
Dawson Creek District Assembly L. 1961:205
Eastern Canada District Assembly L. 554, 536 C
Educational Council L. 496-8 E
Joint Meeting, Clergy and Directors L. 177-90, 190-206 Cf. 145 C G
Joint Meeting, Corporation and Faculty L. 380 C
Midwest Academy Corporation Meeting L. 1961:27 E
Northeast Regional Assembly L. 375
Western District Assembly, Third L. 1961:133, 140

1961
British Assembly L.463, 457, 499, 549
Council of the Clergy L. 169 Cf. 38, 153 Cf. 196, 96, 154 C G
Educational Council L.518, 520 E
General Church Corporation Meeting L.186
General Church Membership Report L. 177-80
Joint Meeting, Clergy and Directors L. 171-6, 177-97 Cf. 38 C
Midwest District Assembly L. 1962:94
Northwest District Assembly L. 522 C
Sons of the Academy Meetings BSA Sept.
South African Mission Ministers Meetings L. 305, 234 C G

1962
British Assembly L. 546, 525 C E
Council of the Clergy L. 166 G
General Church General Assembly L. 480-501
Joint Council L. 166, 180-99 G
Peace River District Assembly L. 298, 335
South African Ministers Meetings L. 333

1963
British Assembly L.488-91,507, 522 C
Chicago District Assembly L. 78 L. 1964:94, 67
Eastern Canada District Assembly L. 1964:80-2, 296, 18, 54
Educational Council L. 492 E
Midwest Academy Meeting L. 1964:78 G E
Pacific Northwest District Assembly L. 454 C
South African Mission Report L. 1964:178 Cf. 140 C
South West District Report L. 423 Cf. 570
Swedenborg Scientific Association New Philosophy, July Cf. L. 331 G
Swedenborg Society L. 425 P

1964
Council of the Clergy, Annual Meetings and reports L. 166-193
Educational Council Meetings L. 515-518 E G
Holland, The Hague report L. 295
Pacific Northwest report L. 385-6
Peace River District Assembly, Tenth L. 517-20 C G
South African Mission report L. 140 G
Southeastern United States report L. 471
Swedenborg Scientific Association L. 345 New Philosophy 313 P G

1965
British Assembly, Fiftieth L. 470, 208 G C E
Council of the Clergy, Annual Meetings and reports L. 172-204
Eastern Canada District Assembly L. 66 C
Educational Council Meetings L. 467 E G
Midwest District Assembly L. 1966:92 C
New Zealand, Auckland report L. 254 G
Pacific Northwest District Assembly C. 520 C
Scandinavian Summer School, First L. 78 C E
South African District Assembly, Seventh L. 332, 480 G E
Swedenborg Scientific Association L. 247, 348 New Philosophy 75-81 P C
Swedenborg Society, Inc., British L. 484, 33 P

1966
Academy of the New Church, Joint Meeting L. 333 E G
British Summer School, Eighth L. 602 E C
Council of the Clergy, Annual Meetings and Reports L. 166
General Church General Assembly, 24th, Oberlin, Ohio L. June-Oct. C P M E
Swedenborg Scientific Association L. 335 New Philosophy 231 P C

1967
Council of the Clergy, Annual Meetings and Reports L. 164-201
Educational Council Meetings L. 452 E C
Southeastern District Assembly, First L. 1968:572 C
Swedenborg Scientific Association L. 330 New Philosophy 403 P E
Swedenborg Society Library, 1967, The L. 1968:64 P

1968
British, 53rd, and First European Assembly L. 554 C G
Council of the Clergy, Annual Meetings and Reports L. 162
District of the Carolinas and Southern Virginia report L. 362 C
Educational Council Meetings L. 505 E
General Church Translation Committee report L. 116 P
Young Peoples General Gathering, First; Laurel, Pa. L. 294 C

1969
Council of the Clergy, Annual Meetings and Reports L. 175-194
Eastern Canada District Assembly L. 550 C G
Maple Leaf Summer Academy, First L. 433, 465 C
Sound Recording Committee, 20th Anniversary Report L. 464 C

1970
Council of the Clergy, Annual Meetings and Reports L. 160-182
General Church General Assembly, 25th L.-Aug.-Nov.
Maple Leaf Summer Academy, Second L. 443 C E
New Church World Assembly L. 88, 230, 236, 338, 488 Cf. 1967:276 1968:507 1972:338 1973:476
Swedenborg Foundation report L. 493 P
Swedenborg Scientific Association L. 341 New Philosophy 347 P C

1971
British Assembly, 55th L.489 C G
Canadian National Assembly, First L.379 G C
Council of the Clergy, Annual Meetings and Reports L. 168-199
South Africa, Episcopal Visit to L. 97, Cf. 13 CG
Swedenborg Scientific Association L. 348 New Philosophy 87 C G
Swedenborg Society Summer School on Translating the Writings report L.1972:33 P E

1972
Academy of the New Church, Joint Meeting L. 390 G E
British Assembly, 56th L. 469 C G
Canadian National Assembly, Second L. 38 C G
Council of the Clergy, Annual Meetings and Reports L-264
Educational Council Meetings L. 503
Northeast District Assembly L. 475 Cf. 1974:429
Southeast District Gathering, Fifth L. 377 C
Swedenborg Scientific Association, 75th L. 347 New Philosophy 239 C G

1973
Academy of the New Church, Joint meeting report L. 386 C G P
Council of the Clergy, Annual Meetings and Reports L. 270-290
General Church General Assembly, 26th L. Aug.-Oct, Dec.
Northeast District Assembly report L. 398
Peace River District Assembly, 12th L.486 C
Swedenborg Society, Inc., 163 L. 388, 525 L.1974:45 P G

1974
Academy of the New Church, Joint meeting report L. 395 C G P
Council of the Clergy, Annual Meetings and Reports L. 242-2272
Extension Committee Report to the Council of the Clergy L. 309 P M G
Gum Leaf Academy, Australia L. 1875:43 C E
Hurstville, Australia Gathering, report L. 168 C G;
Midwestern Academy Founders Day report L. 553, 5 Cf. 507

Ohio District Assembly L. 1975:45 C G
Pacific Northwest District Assembly L. 1975:85
Swedenborg Scientific Association L. 365 New Philosophy 83 E G
Swedenborg Society London L. 469, Cf. 364 P G

1975
Academy of the New Church, Joint Meeting L. 378 G E
Ancient Church Conference L. 509 C E
Council of the Clergy, Annual Meetings and Reports L. 271-281 Cf. 210-226
Educational Council Meetings L. 508 E
Northeast District Assembly, Third L. 507 C G
Southeastern District Assembly, Second L. 328 G C
Summer Academies, The Laurel Leaf 75 L. 491, 511 C E
Swedenborg Scientific Association L. 330 New Philosophy 251 C G
Swedenborg Society London L. 377 C7 P

NOTABLE MEMORIALS
1938
Caldwell, Sr., Robert Benton L. 479
Daniel, Sir John L. 576, 572
Fogle, John Daniel L. 1939:96, 86
Glenn, Mrs. Robert Morris (Cara Starkey) L. 240, 279
Hussenet, Madame Stephanie L. 1939:96
Lindsay, Samuel Stewart L. 1939:96, 87, 117, 113, 267
Pendleton, Mary Lawson (Young) L. 1939:96, 112, 107
Whittingdon, Mrs. Mary L. 526, 1928:Jan.

1939
Caldwell, Emma Gertrude Beebe L. 432
Cowley, Dr. Wm. L. 1940:96, 80, 93
Elphick, Mrs. F. W. (Louisa Waters) L. 288, 429
Letele, Mrs. Catherine L. 527 Cf. 1943:117
Pendleton, Louis Beauregard L. 288, 306, 301
Rosenqvist, Rev. Joseph Elias L. 240, 234 Cf. 255
Smith, Mrs. Charles S. L. 528
von Moschzisker, the Hon. Robert L. 1940:48, 78

1940
Bellinger, Mrs. Theodore (Elizabeth Doering) L. 287, 284
Carswell, Harold Thorpe L. 96, 79, Cf. 93
Cooper, Mrs. Frederik R. (Laura Procter) L. 511, 508
Fritz, Joachim J. L. 560, 558
Harris, Rev. Thomas Stark L. 192, 191, 185, 261, 268
Howard, Conrad Arthur L. 143, 187 Cf. 379
Lindsay, Mrs. Samuel S. (Helen Pitcairn) L. 143, 139
Scott, George L. 606, L. 1941:48

1941
Anderson, John Pearson L. 1942:431
Carpenter, Esq., Paul L. 1942:48, 23
Cooper, Frederick James L. 576, 546, 550, 572
Cozby, Captain J. D. L. 1942:527 Cf. 1923:630
Doering, Ferdinand L. 240
Grix, Charles R. L. 1942:185
Headsten, Miss Eugenie L. 1942:48, 42, 131
Lindrooth, Oscar Theodore L. 528, 570
Nelson, Seymour Gabriel L. 230, 261
Reuter, Adolph Wm. L.380
Sargeant, Alec Openshaw L. 336, 315-16
Wells, John Augustus L. 476

1942
Forrest, Miss Bessie L. 239
Foster, Miss Emma Rushford L. 192, 19C
Geymuller, Baron Henry de L. 236
Godfrey, Alfred L.1943:48, 28
Homiller, Wm. Foster L.143
Izzard, Flying Officer Lawrence L. 1944:48, 44
Kendig, Joseph Robert L. 1943:46
Marshall, Miss Katherine Hogan L. 143, 139
Moir, Alexander James L. 384
Pitcairn, David A. L. 480
Powell, Arthur Hallium L. 528
Richardson, Mrs. Elizabeth Goheen L. 1943:48
Ridgway, Emma Cordelia (Mrs. James Henry) L. 384
Ridgway, Esq., Robert Melville L. 432, 418, 478
Ridgway, Rowland Alfred L. 384
Tilson, Rt. Rev. Robert James L. 288, 574, 337, 343
van Zyverden, Charles L. 1943:96
Waelchli, Rev. Fred E. L. 480, 445, 451, 479
Walter, Lieutenant Richard Alvin L. 576, 557, 558

1943
Acton, Rev. Wm. Henry L.1944:192,121 Cf. 334, 282
Bellinger, Flying Officer Wm. George L. 566 L. 1944:43, 48
Boatman, Mrs. Nancy Margaret L. 239
Brown, Frederick Albert L. 1944:288
Brown, Wm. Clark L. 288
Coffin, Catherine Raber (Mrs. James Price Coffin Sr.) L. 288
Coffin. James Price L. 336
David, Rev. Llewellyn Warren Towne L. 528, 500, 504 L. 1944:249
Davis, Lieutenant Justin Hugh L. 576, 566
Doering, Dr. Frederich Emanuel L. 1944:94
Finley, Horace L. 480
Fuller, Norris Eugene L. 190
Hill, Sergeant Pilot Ralph Roschman L. 186, 232
Howland, Mrs. Carrie R. (Davenport) L. 239
Lane, Rev. Wm. Harrison L. 1944:48
Lechner, Arthur Otto L. 192, 238
Lindsay, David Pitcairn L. 96
McQuigg, Miss Emma L. 336
Potts, Miss Edith L. 288
Price, Sergeant Kenneth von Waldeck L. 1944:48, 91
Pryke, James Samuel L. 528, 555 L. 1944:70
Pryker, Mrs. Susannah L. 576, 555
Richey, Miss Janet Curry L. 336, 335
Schweitzer, Margueretta (Mrs. Conrad) L. 288
Sellner, Miss Josefine L. 432
Smeal, Miss Florence Little L. 288, 285
Stebbing, Rev. Ernest J. L. 288, 308
Steen, Isaac Bretz L. 144, 143
Stole, Rev. Philip Johannes L. 336, 332, 394, 421
Tilson, Mrs. (Edith Gunton) L. 384, 520
Tyler, Gertrude Price L. 288

1944
Acton, Miss Annie Elizabeth L. 432
Asplundh, Ensign Oswald Eugene Jr. L. 288, 280
Blackman, Mrs. Harry E. L. 96, 137
Burnham, Laurence Bostock L. 288, 334
Buss, Sergeant, James Martin L. 384, 382, 427, 476
Caldwell, Miss Elizabeth L. 384
Craigie, Edward L. 192, 188
Day, Violet Emily (Goodwin) L. 96, 93-4
Finkeldey, Professor Adam L. 432, 460, 571
Freeman, Edwin L. 384, 378
Hallowell, Guernsey A. L. 192
Harris, Emrys L. 576
Howard, Horace Henry L. 1945:143, 184
Junge, Mrs. Wm. H. (Malvina Elise Boericke) L. 536, 334
Kuhl, Lieutenant Allen Wm. L. 479,470
Leonard, Private Jeremy L. 1945:89
Liden, Bertil Gustaf L. 288, 282
Lindsay, Harold Kenneth L. 144, 145
Loomis, Captain Stevens L. 569
Maddock, Mrs. Sara Elizabeth L. 479
Morse, Rev. Richard L. 576, L. 1945:67, 60, 66, 255 Cf. 136,169
Orme, Mrs. Albert Earnest (Sarah Dicks) L. 384
Pemberton, George Elliott L. 384, 381 L. 1945:189
Renkenberger, Miss Laura Belle L. 1945:48
Renkenberger, Tirzah L. 144,123
Richards, Mrs. Walter W. (Eveline de Chazal) L. 384, 381
Rose, Mrs. Frank Hodson (Mary Ann Eearle) L. 432
Steen, Alfred Hachborn L. 192
Sturnfield, Charles Herman L. 576, 575
Vinet, Mrs. Camille (Marie Cantol) L. 76 L. 1945:93
Woefle, Gustav Alexander L. 570, L. 1945:121

1945
Bellinger, Cyril Eugene L. 336, 334
Boggess, Dr. Wm. Benjamin L.143
Evens, Sergeant Pilot Arthur Leslie L. 280. 281
Field, Henry George L. 289
Gardiner, Mrs. Ethel Kate Pritchard (Morgan) (Mrs. Ernest Walton) L. 1946:96, 137
Gunther, Emil Paul L. 528, 565
Hansen, Private First Class Carl L. 143, 281
Maynard, Arthur T. L. 191, 283
McClean, Mrs. Violet Mary (Robinson) L.1946:192, 186
Olds, Dr. Charles Louis L. 576
Pollock, John Daniel L. 288, 331
Riefstahl, Louis Victor L. 191, 236
Smith, Thomas L.191
Stebbing, Elizabeth Stott Cowley L. 528 L. 1946:90
Synnestvedt, Rev. Homer L. 384, 402-6, 407-9 L. 1946:157
Wallenberg, Miss Clara L. 336
Woefle, Oscar Martin L. 1946:144, 138

1946
Beekman, Miss Lillian Grace L. 1947:93
Bostock, Mrs. Mary Elizabeth (Junge) L. 624, 587-590
Cooke, Mrs. Alfred (Phyllis Dorothy Proudman) L. 192, 186
Cooper, Frederick Ryle L. 239, 268, 328
Cowley, Miss Margaret L. 335
Doering, Marie Schill (Mrs. Henry) L. 1947:95, 87
Gladish, Rev. Willis Lindsay L. 287, 297-303, 282
Good, Milton Emerson L. 1947:48, 85, 142
Good, Mrs. Anna Belies L. 1947:48, 85, 142
Hager, Miss Hilda M. L. 335, 462
Holmes, Berger Alfred L. 1947:48, 91
Waters, Edward James L. 1947:135
Wilson, Frank L. 576, 570

1947
Blackman, Harry Edward L. 143, 140-1
Brown, Charles Raynor L. 1948:48, 68-70
Doering, Albert L.1948:135
Graham, Mary Elizabeth Remington (Mrs. John A.) L. 432, 476
Grix, Miss Laura L. 336, 331
Gunther, Adolph K. L. 1948:96
Iungerich, Rev. Dr. Eldred Edward L. 143, 157-61, 242
Ridgway, Colin Owen L. 1948:48, 134, 44
Synnestvedt, Miss Elsa Anna L. 575 L.1948:43 L.1952:242-50

1948
Asplundh, Griffith L.1949:96, 78-9
Boericke, Mrs. Selma (Mrs. Felix Ariel) L. 576
Boker, Anna Andersen (Mrs. Vitus A.) L. 480, 572
Boyesen, Ragnar L. 576, 574
Doering, Catherine Ziegler L. 480, 521
Doering, Henry L. 384
Fiske, George Kendall L. 287, 282 Cf. 1945:363
Gyllenhaal, Mrs. Selma Amanda (Nelson) (Mrs. Anders Leonard) L. 192, 185
Hunter, Jasper Emanuel Swedenborg L. 576, 571
Junge, Wm. Hubbard L.1949:48.74-77
Mcanyana, Rev. Moffat B. L.287, 237, 258-60, 266, L.1928:449
Merle, Joseph Marcel L. 576
Norris, Charles L. 384
Parker, Mary Cole (Mrs. Wm. E.) L. 1949:48
Pleat, Charles Frederick L. 432
Pollock, Esther Vivian (Mareluis) (Mrs. Thomas F.) L.192, 279
Ridgway, Wm. Nicolis L. 432, 425
Robinson, Irene Myrtle (Gordon) (Mrs. Ernest Frankish) L. 480, 476
Scalbom, Elizabeth Ruthven (Burnham) (Mrs. Oscar L.) L. 192, 185
Schnarr, Pearl Hickman (Mrs. Wilfred) L. 384, 430
Smeal, Wm. John L. 1949:48, 92
Trautman, August John L. 528
Umberger, Helen Ruth Arrington (Mr. Charles) L. 576
Waters, Mrs. Gladys Mabel L. 528, 476
White, John F. L.1949:96, 280
Wiedinger, Mrs. Mary Falk L. 384, 427
Williams, Mrs. Caroline Semple L. 1949:96

1949
Bellinger, Peter L. 287, 325
Berninger, Dominique L. 1950: 47, 94
Blake, Minna Crandall (Mrs. George A.) L. 335, 322
Boericke, Edward Emanuel L. 432
Boyesen, Miss Anna L. 1950:33-34
Carswell, Miss M. Roberta L. 1950:47, 39
Carter, Norman Augustus L. 336, 376
Francis, Emanuel L. 384, 464-67
Gubb, Jesse Edgecombe L. 336, 327
Hollem, Howard Ranch L. 576, 574
Merrell, Donald L. 336, 306-9 L. 1950:164
Raymond, Miss Doris Margaret L. 144, 190
Riefstahl, Mrs. Amy Synnestvedt (Mrs. Louis Victor) L. 1950:47, 91
Roschman, Constance Irene (Mrs. Eugene) L.1950:48, 39
Somerville, Miss Blanche Geraldine Guthrie L. 96,190
Staddon, Percival Elias L. 240, 323

1950
Davis, Mrs. Lena Mary (Selina) (Mrs. Hugh Hanlin) L. 511, 508
Diem, Berton W. L. 192, 236
Elphick, Rev. F. W. L. 239, 300-9, 458 L. 1951:157
Kitzelman, Burwood G. L. 560, 553
Kuhl, George S. L. 287, 403
Leonardos, Rev. Henry L. 464, 538-40 L. 1951:157
Synnestvedt, Paul L. 192, 226-8 L.1951:159

1951
Farrington, Mrs. Irene B. L. 288, 329
Fuller, Mrs. Mary Norris L. 480, 573
Horigan, Mrs. Daniel E. (Margaret Dryman) L.156, 153
McFall, Wm. Alexander L. 48, 41
Owens, Mrs. Hannah L. 288, 286
Roschman, Rudolph L.1952:48, 41
Starkey, Mrs. Grace Hathaway L. 1952:48 L. 1951:573
Stebbing, Robert Archibald L. 288, 473
Thompson, Arnold L.144, 234
van Passen, Adrian L. 289
Zorn, Ernest Wm. L. 144, 139

1952
Beljerinck, Wm. L. 311, 305
Bostock, Mrs. Edward Crary (Madeline Glenn) L.156, 211
Daniel, Lady Sarah Ann L. 1953:96
Doering, Mrs. Lucy Lyons (Cooper) L.1953:48, 71
Eckhoff, Michael L. 1953:143, 139, 140
Forfar, James Johnson L. 143, 250, 139
Hobart, Miss Caroline Augusta L. 264, 173
Holm, Mrs. Amanda Oesterberg L. 360, 403
Hyatt, Mrs. Edward Sumner (Mary Leather) L. 456, 451
Pemberton, Mrs. George Elliot (Clara Lilla Cockerell) L. 261, 256
Reuter, Mrs. Gertrude Eva L. 504, 550
Scalbom, Oscar Luther L. 456, 550
Stroh, Frederick Emanuel L. 407, 402

1953
Cole, Charles Snowden L. 208
Fraser, John Alexander L. 256
Gladish, Mrs. Willis Lendsay (Laura Wallenberg) L. 383, 472
Holm, Dr. Alfred Victor L. 208
McQueen, George Alexander L. 208, 108
Odhner, Rev. Vincent Carmond L. 352
Pemberton, Leonard Garth L. 304, 298
Stebbing, Mrs. Robert A. (Ruby Hart) L. 432, 420 L. 1951:473
Walker, Wm. Wayne L. 432, 472

1954
Bell, Samuel L. 207
Bellinger, Miss Celia Centennia L. 516, 581, 537
Berninger, Mrs. Clara (Elgenbrodt) L. 1955:96
Cronlund, Rev. Emil Robert L. 144, 128, 126, 170 Cf. 158
Gladish, Theodore L. 564, 609
Hansen, Emil T. L.144
Heath, Mrs. George (Maude Carter) L. 464
Iungerich, Miss Helene de Lesseps L. 255, 297
Lindrooth, Harold Alvin L.1955:36, 203
Lindsay, Alexander Pitcairn, L. 465, 512, 501, 500 L. 1955:180
Lucas, M. Louis Jules L. 1955:178
Schnarr, Rudolph Robert L. 400, 399
Starkey, Dr. George Goddard L. 464 L. 1955:174
von Moschzisker, Mrs. Anna Bodges L.1955:48
Waters, James Elphick L. 255

1955
Acton, Mrs. Alfred (Emeline Carswell) L. 432, 392, 391
Asplundh, Oswald Eugene L. 1956:95, 61, 60
Caldwell, Robert Beebe L. 383, 426
Nelson, Miss Emelina L. 480
Nordenskiord, Miss Sophie Hedvig Eleonora L. 432, 426
Synnestvedt, Mrs. Anna Elizabeth (Lechner) L. 480

1956
Acton, Rt. Rev. Alfred L. 303, 324, 357, 392, 270, 452, 328, L. 1957:185
Brickman, Rev. Walter Edward L. 143, 225 224 Cf. 173:180
Caldwell, Mrs. Wm. Beebe (Korene Pendleton) L. 1957:96
Childs, Geoffrey Stafford L. 1957:47, 82, 96, 78, 183
Davis, Royal Samuel L. 468
Finkeldey, Mrs. Frederick Adam (Ethne Price) L. 468
Hasen, Alfred Kenneth L.416 L. 1957:44
Merrell, Charles George L. 335, 348 L. 1967:183
Pernis, Adrianus L. 468, 458
Schoenberger, Mrs. Herbert L. 468, 459
Schoenberger, Herbert L. 468, 459
Stroh, Miss Edna L. 1957:351
Vinet, Professor Camille L. 143, 112

1957
Alden, Wm. Hyde L. 144
Doering, Rev. Dr. Charles Emil172, 145, 352 L. 1958:182
Doering, Mrs. Frank L. (Elizabeth Richardson) L. 1958:47, 140
Farrington, Dr. Harvey L. 391
Fuller, Benjamin Delano L. 432
Glebe, Nelson Henry L. 480
Henderson, Albert Dean L. 586 L. 1958:
Jones, Harold Charles L. 1958:96, 256
Lechner, Hermann L. 480
Nelson, Miss Adah L. 308, 389
Rooter, Warren Adolph L. 1958:96, 352
Ridgway, Leonard Albert L. 480
Roehner, Wm. John L. 308
Schnarr, Dr. R. W. L. 144, 549, 351
Sellner, Sr., Anton L. 355
Soderberg, John L. 432
Spalding, Miss Ethel H. L. 1958:47
Synnestvedt, John B. L. 380, 389
Taylor, Thomas Richard L. 576 Cf. 1958:39
Whittingdon, Miss Winifred L. 480, L. 1958:256

1958
Braby, Alfred Cyril L. 440
Drown, Mrs. Reginald W. (Augusta Pendleton) L. 144
Brown, Robert Morgan L. 96 183
Cockerell, Stanley Dunbar L. 584
Gunther, Herman W. L. 403
Hanlin, Miss Clara Hobart L. 307; 336
Junge, Felix L. 307
Kandisa, Rev. Johnson L. 440
Matshinini, Rev. Timothy L. 440
Motsi, Rev. Jonas L. 403
Renkenberger, Dr. Francis Edwin L. 440
Rijksen, Marinus L. 259, 349 L. 1950:137
Schoenberger, Miss Helena Johanns L. 354, 483
Smith Rev. Gilbert Haven L. 1959:96, 120, 176, 182, 57

1959
Caldwell, Rev. Wm. Beebe, D. Th. L. 1960:47, 73, 49, 90, 189
Cole, Mrs. Robert MacFarlan (Wertha Pendleton) L. 96, 166, 206
Cronlund, Mrs. Emil Robert (Mary Guthrie Somerville) L. 143
Davis, Miss Dorothy Evelyn L. 143, 169, 171
Doering, Dr. Frank Lyons L. 1960:95
Everett, Wm. Edward L. 255
Falk, Miss Sophie L. 143
Granfelt, Captain Nils Daniel L. 1961:211
Gyllenhaal, Rev. Frederick Edmund L.1960:47, 24, 1, 188
Hyatt, Winfred Sumner L. 1960:96 L. 1961:289
Klein, Miss Anna Magdalena L. 143
Rhodes, Telford O. L. 608, 556
Roschman, Samuel L. 512 L. 1960:141
Sigstedt, Mrs. Thorsten Isedor (Sigrid Cyriel Ljungberg Odhner) L. 255, 234
Smith, Mrs. Roydon Hamilton (Besse Edmonds) L. 303, 320
Waters, Gilbert Owen L. 255, 301

1960
Alden, Robert M. D. L. 1961:147, 79
Bostock. Edward Crary L. 528, 505
Boyesen, Mrs. Ebba Adolfina L. 348
Brickman, Mrs. Anna Katherine S. L. 576
Burnham, Miss Dorothy L. 144, 171
Carpenter, Mrs. Paul (Venita Pendleton) L. 1961:47
Gyllenhaal, Mrs. Leonard Ephraim (Philo Pendleton) L. 528
Hyatt, Hubert L. 264, 293
Jeunechamp, Colonel Eugene Louis L. 215
Loven, Nils L. 528, 521
Lunga, Rev. Johannes M. L. 312
Maynard, Miss Helen L. 576, 557, 559
Norman, Franklin Parker L. 1961:96
Pendleton, Mrs. Nathaniel Dandridge (Beatrice Walton Childs) L. 144, 168
Pitcairn, Harold Frederick L. 312, 296
Steen, Frederick Wm. L. 264
Wahlstrom, Mrs. Hedvig Sofia Amalia L. 257, 348

1961
Barnitz, Rudolph McClean Sharon Report Dec. L. 1962:47
Boef, Rev. Hendrik Wm. B. A. Post Jan. L. 140,144
Boyesen, Mrs. Agnes (Mrs. Eyvind P) L. 532
Carroll, Edward A., L. 62:47
Cole, Louis S. L. 391, 429
Cranch, Walter Appleton L. 480
Hachborn, Herbert Henry Carmel C. C. Sept. 27
Hubscher, Leonardus Albertus L. 1962:47
Kuhl, George Harold L. 144
Lucas, Mrs. Louis Jules (Bertha Emilie Mack) L. 480
Nelson, Mrs. Alvin E. (Helen Farrington) L. 391, 429
Pollock, Thomas F. L. 1962:47
Scott, Archibald Hachborn L. 1962:47
Smith, Bertrand Louis L. 96
Smith, Mrs. Gilbert H. (Nora Mary Potts) L. 1962:96
Stroh, Mrs. Emil Frederick (Ruth Evelyn Prankish) L. 348

1962
Baeckstrom, Rev. Gustaf L. 356, 512, 542, 513, 540
Cooper, Mrs. Wm. R. (Gertrude Simons) B. A. Post Nov. 22 L. 1963:47, 17
Cranch, Eliot L. 258
Cronlund. Mrs. Jane Synnestvedt L. 1963:41
Gill, Miss Muriel L. 560
Gyllenhaal, Miss Vida Louis L. 132, 214
Lewin, Samuel Robert L. 448
Roschman, Eugene Louis L. 258
Schnarr, George L. 206

1963
Ashby, Miss Harriet Elizabeth L. 575 L. 1964:27
Clennell, James Thomas L. 208, 360, 362
Cole, Robert M. L.243
Elphick, Mrs. Frederick W. L. 1964:48
Grant, Fred Martin L. 472
Hilldale, Robert Coffin, Esq. L. 163, 197, 200
Sigstedt, Thorsten Isedor L. 1964:48
Stebbing, Wm. H. L. 243

1964
Acton, Rev. A. Wynne L. 388-409, 410 Newsletter v. 30, n. 8, p. 6
Alden, Carrie Louis L. 144, 345
Alden, Rev. Karl Richardson L. 49, 72, 96 BA Post v. 45, n. 2
Bostock, Frank G. L. 131, 144 BA Post v. 45, n. 4
Ebert, Charles Henry L. 281, 300 BA Post v. 45, n. 16
Engettjes, Herman Gerard L. 528, 524
Izzard, Herbert Percy L. 348, 476
McQueen, George Alexander L. 251, 337, 344 BA Post v. 45, n. 13
Stevens, Jesse Victor L. 1965:47
Stroh, Nathaniel L. 432, 570

1965
Blackman, Geoffrey Eugene L. 584
Brown, George Percy L. 352, 484
Childs, Randolph W. L. 352, 1966:115, 172 BA Post v. 46, n. 21
Cook, William Francis L. 536, 582
David, Mrs. Warren (Hildrgarde Odhner) L. 300, 582 BA Post v. 46, n. 14
Dawson, Percy L.396, 1966:285 Newsletter vol. 31, n. 9, p. 9; n. 8, pp. 3, 7
Lima, Joao de Mendonca L. 170, 210 1966:171
Maynard, Henry Sherman L. 259
Synnestvedt, Esq., Arthur L. 432, 1966:172 BA Post v. 46, n. 28
Thorine, Signe L. 1966:48, 93
Wiedinger, Arthur John L. 488

1966
Davis, Edward Hugh, Esq., L. 215, 1967:170 BA Post v. 47, n. 9
Horigan, Elmer S. L. 404, obit. 569
Pitcairn, Raymond, Esq., L. 352, 402, 405, 464, 547, 1966:171 BA Post v. 47, July 14, Breeze

1967
Asplundh, Carl Hj. L. 423, 1968:165 BA Post v. 48, n. 27
Barger, Gerrit Henry, Sr. L. 1968:143, 208
Cranch, Rev. Raymond Greenleaf L. 1968:96, 164 BA Post v. 48, n. 49
Gladish, Donald Geoffrey L. 424, 471 BA Post v. 48, n. 27
Lee, Sydney Everdell L. 1968:48, 166, 208

1968
Anderson, Reginald S. L. 259, 357, 1969:177
Coffin, Roscoe Lavett L. 576 BA post v. 49, n. 42
Ebert, Charles Dandridge L. 480
Kitzelman, Otto L. 143, 208
Odhner, Loyal Daniel L. 480 BA Post v. 49, n. 24
Simons, Sergeant David Richard L. 97, 143 BA Post v. 49, n. 2
Tilson, Victor Rudolph L. 308, 1969:202 Newsletter v. 34, n. 5, p. 9

1969
Boericke, Winifred L. 203 BA Post v. 50, n. 7
Buell, Frances Margarita L. 485, 520 BA Post v. 50, n. 40
Heilman, Otho Ward L. 576, 1970:37 BA Post v. 50, n. 43
Pendleton, Charles Rittenhouse L. 172, 203 BA Post v. 50, n. 7 Academy Journal (annual number) 1968-69 p. 24

1970
Acton, Kesniel Carswell L. 344, 384, 1971:170 BA Post v. 51, n. 21
Howard, John L. 344, 1971:171
McCardell, Willard Burton L. 344, 1971:171 BA post v. 51, n. 22
Pendleton, Freda L. 344, 382 BA Post v. 51, n. 19
Potts, John Warren L. 194 BA Post v. 51, n. 9
Rothaermel, Theodore Alisa L. 612, 1971:435

1971
Ashley, Beatrice Eleanor L. 480 BA Post v-51, n. 34
Eklund, Axel A. 1973:48
Posthuma, John Johannes L. 1972:48, 136 Newsletter v, 38, n. 3, p. 5
Potts, Lucy L. 440 BA Post v. 52, n. 30
Pryke, Frederick George Colley L. 1972:138, 268 Newsletter v. 38, n. 1, p. 10
Waelchli, Lucy Boggess (Mrs. Victor E.) L. 1972:96 BA Post v. 1, n. 17, p. 1

1972
Algernon, Rev. Henry L. 1973:142, 273
Cooper, Dorothy Pendleton 1973:95 BA Post v. 11, n. 45, p. 1
Farrington, Harvey Winfred L. 480

1973
Bergstrom, Oscar Albin L. 303
Blair, James Edmund L. 1974:143, 494
Collins, Carolina (Fritz) L. 528
de Charms, Mrs. Richard (Carita Pendleton) L. 239
Walter, Harry C. L.480 BA Post v. VIII, n. 29, p.7
Whitehead, Rev. Dr. William L. 480, 505, 529, 559, 1974:246 BA Post v. VIII, n. 32, pp. 1, 9

1974
Brock, Marguerite L.1975:42
Cooper, William, Ryle L. 552, 559 BA Post v. IV, n.34 p. 1
Gaskill, Jennie May L. 496 BA Post v. IV, n. 34, p. 3
Gill, Rev. Alan L. 1975:72, 47, 280 Newsletter v. 43, n. 11, p. 6
Hansen, Laura (Terkelsen) L. 184 BA Post v. IV, n. 6, p. 1
Henderson, Rev. William Cairns L. 184, 154, 247 BA Post v. 14, n. 6, p. 7
Lima, General Alberto Carlos de Mendonca L. 1975:42, 47
McQueen, Harold Pitcairn L. 408, 556 BA Post v. 1, n. 28, p. 1
Odhner, Rev. Dr. Hugo Lj. L. 94, 97, 248 BA Post v. 14, n. 2, p. 1

1975
Acton, Rt. Rev. Elmo C. L. 1976:81, 119, 222.
Asplundh, Edwin T. L. 332; AJ, vol. 15, No. 1: p. 47.

ORDINATIONS
1958        Buthelezi, S. 1st by Bishop G. de Charms South Africa L. 39:27

       Kandisa, J. 1st by Bishop G. de Charms South Africa L. 39:27
Lunga, J. 1st by Bishop G. de Charms South Africa L. 39:27
Mtize, S. 1st by Bishop G. de Charms South Africa L. 39:27
Mkizo, W. 1st by Bishop G. de Charms South Africa L. 39:27
Mphatse, A. 1st by Bishop G. de Charms South Africa L. 39:27
Nteso, George 1st by Bishop G. de Charms South Africa South Africa L. 39:27
Rich, Morley Dyckman 1st by Bishop G. de Charms U. S. L. 38:333, 336
Rogers, Norbert Henry 1st by Bishop G. de Charms U. S. L. 38:333, 336
Sabela, P. 1st by Bishop G. de Charms South Africa L. 39:23
Stole, Philip 2nd by Bishop G. de Charms South Africa L. 39:23
Zungu, A. 1st by Bishop G. de Charms South Africa L. 39:23

       
1939        Boyesen, Bjorn A. H. 1st by Bishop G. de Charms U. S. L. 336:377

1940 Algernon, Henry 1st and 2nd by Bishop G. de Charms South America L. 578, 560, 580 L. 41:45
Odhner, Ormond de Charms 1st by Bishop G. de Charms U. S. L. 336
Pryke, Martin 1st by Bishop G. de Charms U. S. L. 336
Rich, Morley Dyckman 2nd by Bishop Alfred Acton U. S. L. 608
Rogers, Norbert Henry 2nd by Bishop G. de Charms Canada L. 680

1941        Boyesen, Bjorn A. H. 2nd by Bishop G. de Charms U. S. L. 382

       Cranch, Harold Covert 1st by Bishop G. de Charms U. S. L. 382

1942        Cranch, Harold C. 2nd by Bishop G. de Charms U. S. L. 576

       Odhner, Ormond de C. 2nd by Bishop G. de Charms U. S. L. 528

1943        none

1944        none

1945        none

1946        Pendleton, Willard D. 3rd by Bishop G. de Charms U. S. L. 499

1947        none


1948        none

1949        none

1950        Simons, David Restyn 2nd by Bishop G. de Charms U. S. L. 335, 392

       Stroh, Kenneth 2nd by Bishop G. de Charms U. S. L. 335, 392

1951        King, Louis Blair 1st by Bishop W. D. Pendleton U. S. L. 383, 354

1952        Childs, Geoffrey Stafford 1st by Bishop G. de Charms L. 406

       Holm, Bernhard David 1st by Bishop G. de Charms U. S. L. 406

       Pendleton, Dandridge 1st by Bishop C. de Charms U. S. L. 406

       Rose, Frank Shirley 1st by Bishop G. de Charms U. S. L. 406

1953        Franson, Roy 1st by Bishop G. de Charms U. S. L. 383, 364

       King, Louis Blair 2nd by Bishop G. de Charms U. S. L. 255

1954        Childs, Geoffrey S. 2nd by Bishop G. de Charms U. S. L. 399, 385

       Pendleton, Dandridge 2nd by Bishop G, de Charms U. S. L. 399, 385

1955        Junge, Robert Schill 1st by Bishop G. de Charms U. S. L. 382, 347

       Schnarr, Frederick Laurier 1st by Bishop G. de Charms U. S. L. 383, 347

       Weiss, Jan Hugo 1st by Bishop G. de Charms U. S. L.303, 347

1956        Franson, Roy 2nd by Bishop G. de Charms U. S. L. 142, 125

1957        Heinrichs, Daniel Winthrop 1st by Bishop G. d Charms U. S. L. 390, 378, 379

       Holm, Bernhard David 2nd by Bishop G. de Charms U. S. L. 143, 170

       Junge, Robert S. 2nd by Bishop G. de Charms U. S. L. 431, 403, 472

       Rose, Donald Leslie 1st by Bishop G. de Charms U. S. L. 390, 378, 379

       Schnarr, Frederick L. 2nd by Bishop G. de Charms U. S. L. 308, 337

       Weiss, Jan H. 2nd by Bishop W. D. Pendleton Canada L. 308, 338

1958        Heinrichs, Daniel W. 2nd by Bishop W. D. Pendleton South Africa L. 353, 342, 356

       Kunene, Wm, 1st by Bishop W. D. Pendleton South Africa L. 353, 369

       Lutuli, Mafa 2nd by Bishop W. D. Pendleton South Africa L. 353, 369

       Magelepo, Armstrong 2nd by Bishop W. D. Pendleton South Africa L. 353, 369

       Mbedzi, Paulus 1st by Bishop W. D. Pendleton South Africa L. 353, 362

       Sibeko, Paul Pefeni 2nd by Bishop W. D. Pendleton South Africa L. 353, 362

1959        none

1960        Asplundh, Kurt Horigan 1st by Bishop G. de Charms U. S. L. 383, 3?2, 426
Taylor, Douglas McLeod 1st by Bishop G. de Charms U. S. L. 383, 372, 428

1961        Boolsen, Gudmund Ullrich 1st by Bishop G. de Charms U. S. L. 390, 375
Howard, Geoffrey Horace 1st by Bishop G. de Charms U. S. L. 390, 375

1962        Asplundh, Kurt Horigan 2nd by Bishop W. D. Pendleton U. S. L. 375, 367
Taylor, Douglas McLeod 2nd by Bishop W. D. Pendleton U. S. L. 375, 367

1963        Cole, Robert Hudson Pendleton 1st by Bishop W. D. Pendleton U. S. L. 375, 357
Howard, Geoffrey Horace 2nd by Bishop W. D. Pendleton U. S. L. 334, 323
Nemitz, Kurt Paul 1st by Bishop W. D. Pendleton U. S. L. 375, 357
Rose, Donald Leslie 2nd by Bishop G. de Charms U. S. L. 375, 412
Soneson, Lorentz Ray 1st by Bishop W. D. Pendleton U. S. L. 375, 357

1964        Acton, Alfred 1st by Rt. Rev. Willard D. Pendleton U. S. L. 376, 387

       Buss, Peter Martin 1st by Rt. Rev. Willard D. Pendleton U. S. L. 377, 387

1965        Buss, Peter Martin 2nd by Rt. Rev. Willard D. Pendleton U. S. L. 350

       Fugueiredo, Jose Lopes de 1st by Rt. Rev. Willard D. Pendleton U. S. L. 583

       Goodenough, Daniel Webster Jr. 1st by Rt. Rev. Willard D. Pendleton U. S. L. 381, 394

       Heinrichs, Willard Lewis Davenport 1st by Rt. Rev. Willard D. Pendleton U. S. L. 382, 394

       Soneson, Lorentz Ray 2nd by Rt. Rev. Willard D. Pendleton U. S. L. 350

1966        Acton, Alfred 2nd by Rt. Rev. Willard D. Pendleton U. S. L. 619
Cole, Robert Hudson Pendleton 2nd by Rt. Rev. Willard D. Pendleton U. S. L. 619
Kunene, William 2nd by Rt. Rev. Willard D. Pendleton South Africa L.143
Magelepo, Armstrong 2nd by Rt. Rev. Willard D. Pendleton South Africa L. 143
Mbedzi, Paulus 2nd by Rt. Rev. Willard D. Pendleton South Africa L. 143
Nemitz, Kurt Paul 2nd by Rt. Rev. Willard D. Pendleton U. S. L. 250

1967       Acton, Elmo Carman 3rd by Rt. Rev. Willard D. Pendleton U. S. L. 251, 337, 371
van Rij, Deryck 1st by Rt. Rev. Willard D. Pendleton U. S. L. 357, 371

1968        Goodenough, Daniel Webster 2nd by Rt. Rev. Willard D. Pendleton U. S. L. 95

1969        Heinrichs, Willard Lewis Davenport 2nd by Rt. Rev. Willard D. Pendleton U. S. L. 142

       Rogers, Norbert Bruce 1st by Rt. Rev. Willard D. Pendleton U. S. L.100, 129

       Smith, Christopher Ronald Jack 1st by Rt. Rev. Willard D. Pendleton U.S. L. 383, 376

1970        none

1971        Mbatha, Bhekuyise Alfred 1st by Rt. Rev. Willard D. Pendleton South Africa L. 479

       Sandstrm, Erik Emanuel 1st by Rt. Rev. Willard D. Pendleton U. S. L. 343, 351

       Smith, Christopher Ronald Jack 2nd by Rt. Rev. Willard D. Pendleton Canada L. 351

1972        Boyesen, Ragnar 1st by Rt. Rev. Willard D. Pendleton U. S. L. 380, 395

       King, Louis Blair 3rd by Rt. Rev. Willard D. Pendleton U. S. L. 567, 575 L. 1973:46
Sandstrm, Erik Emanuel 2nd by Rt. Rev. Willard D. Pendleton U. S. L. 350

1973        Boyesen, Ragnar 2nd by Rt. Rev. Willard D. Pendleton U. S. L. 391

       Carlson, Mark Robert 1st by Rt. Rev. Willard D. Pendleton U. S. L. 379, 391

       Gladish, Michael David 1st by Rt. Rev. Willard D. Pendleton U. S. L. 379, 391

       Kline, Thomas Leroy 1st by Rt. Rev. Willard D. Pendleton U. S. L. 380, 391

1974       Alden, Glenn Graham 1st by Rt. Rev. Willard Pendleton U. S. L. 367, 391
Gladish, Michael David 2nd by Rt. Rev. Willard D. Pendleton Canada L.367
Larsen, Ottar Trosvik 1st by Rt. Rev. Willard D. Pendleton U. S. L. 367, 390
Mbatha, B. Alfred 2nd by Rt. Rev. Louis B. King South Africa L. 447
Nkabinde, P. P. 1st by Rt. Rev. Louis B. King South Africa L. 447

1975        Kline, Thomas L. 2nd by Rt. Rev. Willard D. Pendleton U. S. L. 431
Rose, Patrick 1st by Rt. Rev. Willard D. Pendleton U. S. L. 400, 431


262