The Bible Text

Matthew 5:1-12

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1 At pagkakita sa mga karamihan, ay umahon siya sa bundok: at pagkaupo niya, ay nagsilapit sa kaniya ang kaniyang mga alagad:
2 At binuka niya ang kaniyang bibig at tinuruan sila, na sinasabi,
3 Mapapalad ang mga mapagpakumbabang-loob: sapagka't kanila ang kaharian ng langit.
4 Mapapalad ang nangahahapis: sapagka't sila'y aaliwin.
5 Mapapalad ang maaamo: sapagka't mamanahin nila ang lupa.
6 Mapapalad ang nangagugutom at nangauuhaw sa katuwiran: sapagka't sila'y bubusugin.
7 Mapapalad ang mga mahabagin: sapagka't sila'y kahahabagan.
8 Mapapalad ang mga may malinis na puso: sapagka't makikita nila ang Dios.
9 Mapapalad ang mga mapagpayapa: sapagka't sila'y tatawaging mga anak ng Dios.
10 Mapapalad ang mga pinaguusig dahil sa katuwiran: sapagka't kanila ang kaharian ng langit.
11 Mapapalad kayo pagka kayo'y inaalimura, at kayo'y pinaguusig, at kayo'y pinagwiwikaan ng sarisaring masama na pawang kasinungalingan, dahil sa akin.
12 Mangagalak kayo, at mangagsayang totoo: sapagka't malaki ang ganti sa inyo sa langit: sapagka't gayon din ang kanilang pagkausig sa mga propeta na nangauna sa inyo.

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Swedenborg refers to this text in:

Apocalypse Revealed 209, 285, 323, 526, 956

Arcana Coelestia 1017, 2371, 2658, 3863, 8002, 9263, 9818

Divine Providence 33

Doctrine of Life 17, 84

Doctrine of Sacred Scripture 51, 57

Doctrine of the Lord 49

Heaven and Hell 357

True Christianity 96, 156, 226, 440

Apocalypse Explained 118, 122, 304, 386, 612, 695, 746, 785

Marriage 96

Dicta Probantia 4, 6, 12, 20, 30, 68, 81, 101

Experientiae Spirituales 1325

Commentary

The Beatitudes

See bibliographic information

This fresco was created by Franz Xaver Kirchebner in the Parish church of St. Ulrich in Gröden, Italy, which was built in the late 18th century.

These verses, the opening phrases of the Sermon on the Mount, hold some of the Bible’s most beautiful and best-loved poetry. Part of its beauty, though, lies in the fact that the meaning is not quite clear. What does it mean to be “poor in spirit”? What does it mean to “inherit the earth” or to be called “the children of God.” The fact that there are many possibilities causes us to linger over the phrases, pondering them.

Understood in the internal sense, these blessings show the spiritual states of the various people who could be receptive of the Lord and the new church he was launching. And on a deeper level it shows that states within ourselves that can lead each of us to the Lord and to a deeper understanding of His truth today.

The “poor in spirit” are those who know little about spiritual things, but want to learn. Those that “mourn” are those who want to be good, but see no desire for good in their church. The “meek” are those who love to care for and serve others. To “hunger and thirst after righteousness” shows a desire to rise up, to learn about what’s good and to come to desire it.

The “merciful” are those who love their fellow people. The “pure in heart” are those who love only what is good. “Peacemakers” are those who are in harmony with the Lord, gaining knowledge from Him and wanting what He wants. And to be “persecuted for righteousness’ sake” means acting out of love and care for others, even though you are condemned by others for it.

There’s something of a progression there, from those who simply want to learn to those who actively want to be good people to those who actually are good and acting out of love for others. None of it, though, describes those who are learned in the Jewish traditions, or even necessarily observant in terms of ritual; they are, rather, those who sense that it is possible to be a good person and are willing to make the effort.

And they are promised their rewards! The “kingdom of heaven” is the understanding the angels have of the Lord; “comfort” represents ideas that lead to the good of life; “inheriting the earth” is a state of loving others and being loved by them in return. The overall message is simple: If we truly wish to be good people, and are willing to let the Lord teach us how to be good people, we will end up filled with love and wisdom from Him. And that’s what we need to focus on: The desire to be good, and openness to ideas from the Lord. It’s not about ritual and intellectual “correctness”; it’s about ideas that lead us to be good.

But what of being reviled and persecuted? This depicts temptation, when the hells attack our newborn good desires and true understanding. They cause us to doubt our ability to be truly good and question the ideas that are leading us. And they can do it in many ways, reminding us of the fun we’ll be missing or reminding us of all the bad things we’ve ever done to render us hopeless. They will even attack the Bible and the ideas that come to us through it from the Lord; that’s represented by the idea that people also attacked the prophets.

These states, however, are blessed in their own way; only by battling these evils, which are rooted inside us, can we finally fully embrace the good life we have been striving for. That’s why it is pictured last, and why it leads to the “great reward” in heaven.

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